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Veteran Soldiers 1900 Fremantle

In February 1900 contingents from New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia gathered at the Fremantle oval before being shipped off to South Africa.
A banquet was organised by Archibald McKinnon, the then licensee of the Cleopatra Hotel, and the ladies of Fremantle to farewell the troops.
It was attended by His Excellency the Governor General, Sir Gerald Smith and Lady Smith, the then Mayor of Fremantle Elias Solomon and many other digniteries.
The veterans living in Fremantle were also asked to participate in the fte. Twenty-two of them were discovered, and most of them appeared on the Oval, decorated with their service medals, and ready with their stories for interested listeners.
The veterans who were invited were :-

Thomas CONOLLY, Naval Brigade.
- CONOLLY, 29th Foot.
John CRAIG, Scots' Guards.
John DOYLE, 55th Foot.
John FELTHAM, 65th Bengal ("Tigers.")
Michael FITZPATRICK, 103rd Foot
Edward GREEN, 18th Foot.
Owen GRIFFEN, 9th Foot.
P. HERRICKS, 73rd Foot.
Walter HODGES, 12th Lancers.
Joseph JARVIS, 2nd Fusiliers.
T. QUINN, Royal Artillery.
Peter RUBERY, Cape Mounted Rifles.
- RYAN, Second Queen's.
Benjamin SHEMELDS, 73rd Foot.
George SIMMS, Naval Brigade
- THACKER, 1st Foot.
Samuel TREW, 11th Foot.
- McGrath, 106th Foot.
Sergeant McCARTHY, 1st Royal Irish,
Henry McILWAINE, Royal Artillery.
John McMAHON, 47th Foot.


S.S. Seang Choon 1891-1917

Built 1891 as a first class passenger ship, by Harland & Wolff, in Belfast for the Bibby Line and named the CHESHIRE and later used during the Boer War as a troopship. In 1910, the Cheshire was sold to Lim Chin Tsong, of Rangoon and renamed SEANG CHOON.

In 1915 the Seang Choon became a British army troopship, afterwards a hospital ship and took part in the Dardanelles campaign.

On the 10th July 1917, in Bantry Bay on the South Coast of Ireland, whilst on a voyage from Sydney to London, she was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-87.
Nineteen lives were lost.

On the 2 July 1915, two of the galley staff of the Seang Choon were at Fremantle on board the R.M.S. Malwa, passing through on their way to Sydney, where they expected to be called upon to prepare meals for more troops on the way to the front.
In conversation with a representative of the West Australian newspaper they told some of their experiences as non-combatants in the present struggle in Turkey.
This is their story:-

"To me the whole thing seemed magical. A huge transformation scene, or a tremendous drama, staged on the land and sea, with terrible guns roaring out realistic effects, and real wounded men, who went out in khaki, and returned in scarlet tunics, red with living blood! It was too realistic to be a dream, and yet too terrible to be true." Thus a cook off the transport Seang Choon, which had been engaged in performing emergency hospital work at the Dardanelles, described his reminiscences of a period of five weeks near Gallipoli.

"We went away from peaceful Australia early in the year with the 13th Battalion from Queensland, and after a calm, peaceful voyage. through the tropics by way of Torres Straits, Thursday Island, Colombo, and Aden, we found ourselves hurled into a whirlpool of struggling humanity; the opposing forces eager for each other's blood, and determined at all costs to wipe the other out, or be annihilated in the at tempt. And yet, amid all the pathos of strong men groaning in pain or falling dead in front of one, there was no lack of smiling faces, and those who seemed to be in most pain appeared to be filled with unlimited cheerfulness, and a desire for more fighting and more blood.

At times we laughed aloud and at other moments our eyes welled up with tears. Strong men cried to see the awfulness of man's inhumanity to man, and laughed when the practical joker told some story of the battlefield, that tasted of humour.
With shells falling in uncomfortable proximity to the ship, aeroplanes dropping bombs from above, and modern warships hurling tons of steel and lead into the lines and villages of the enemy, one was conscious of a paleness clouding one's face and of a desire for removal to a place of greater safety. We were anchored off the coast where the Australians landed, about two miles out. In front, on either side, were H.M.S. Triumph and H.M.S. Majestic. We had on board about 1,000 men of the 14th Battalion, and they were to be landed on the morning of April 26. On the previous evening, however, we commenced to take on board dozens of very seriously wounded men, who had been shot down during the first day's operations. The wounded were brought alongside in lighters and lifted on board on stretchers, hoisted by cranes. The next morning our reinforcements transhipped on to torpedo boats, and were taken close to the coast, where they were cast adhrift in smaller boats, and left to get on dry land as best they could.

The whole scene was bristling with incident. One fine young fellow, when saying good bye to me, said that it would be no South African picnic, but a glorious homecoming. He had been all through the South African campaign, and held the rank of quarter master-sergeant. That was at 4 a.m., and at 6.30 he was brought back by the torpedo boat, shot through the heart, without having landed.
On the night the wounded began to come aboard, all hands were kept busy preparing food and beef tea, which we handed down to the men in the lighters.

A strong north-easterly gale made the transference of the wounded a very difficult feat, and some time was required to successfully accomplish it. Most of the men suffered from shrapnel wounds, and those who fell dead were the victims of snipers. When day broke on the 26th we could see the operations on land quite distinctly, and it was a treat to see our fellows get into the fray. So heavy were the casualties and the loss of officers that our men simply took individual action, and each rushed ahead with a gleaming bayonet, regardless of his own safety or of united action. They simply saw red. Some of them got two miles inland before they looked round and found out that they were cut off from ammunition and reserves, and while a lot of them went down many ultimately regained the lines.

The Turks had been so well entrenched that they took some shifting but we have heard that the casualties were not so heavy as was anticipated in official circles.
On board our ship were a large number of army medical men, who did their best to relieve the pain and make the men comfortable until they arrived at Alexandria, which was 48 hours run from the scene of the fighting. We made three trips with wounded, and carried about 2000 men all told to the various hospitals. On each return trip we brought reinforcments, and there was a continual stream of ships doing similar business to ourselves.

There were numerous instances of bravery and courageous acts to be witnessed on all hands. One Australian chaplain declined to remain in safety, and rushed into the trenches, where they were captured, and there rendered first aid to our men. On one occasion he was trying to bring two wounded men, one on each of his arms, behind the lines when both were killed, although he himself was unharmed.

We heard of cases of Turkish treachery, but we saw none that we could vouch for. We can, however, testify to the consideration our Jack Tars showed toward the religion of the enemy.
The 'Majestic' and 'Triumph' were both engaged shelling two villages, and by the time they had thrown in about 300 rounds there was little left but the minarets, which were sacredly avoided and spaired destruction.

The Turkish papers made great capital out of an official declaration that the Turks had driven the Australians into the sea a statement, no doubt, which gained credence by reason of the Australians partaking of sea bathing along the shore.
Our fellows were really devils let loose, and they seemed to have no fear. Once into the firing line those chaps threw off their packs and went right into the enemy, and more than often got off scot free.

We had many experienoes on board. On one occasion an enemy aeroplane hovered over us and dropped three bombs, all fortunately finding a resting place on the sea floor. A gun from the Triumph, however, soon brought the aircraft down, and put it completely out of action. On another occasion a huge, shell, thought to have come from the Goeben, dropped into the sea about ten yards astern of our ship. and I can tell you we were all glad when we upanchored and made off for Alexandria. It was, as things turned out, a very fortunate thing that we left when we did, as some two hours after we sailed, the Triumph was torpedoed, and a little later the Majestic suffered a similar fate.

On one of our trips to Egypt we took 60 Turkish prisoners, including one officer, and a German and a Syrian officer. We did learn that there were to have been 260 Turks, but somehow or other only 60 survived to make the journey with us. Some of them could speak a little English and they told us that the Turkish soldier was not at all fond of the fighting business, and very often officers had to jump into the trenches and hit some of the men with sticks to prevent them from turning tail. On the same journey we had several Gurkha wounded, and on the first evening at sea one of the Indians crept out of his bunk, and, seizing a knife, stole up behind the bunk of a Turk who was wounded. The latter was only saved from a sudden death through the timely action of an attendant, who had missed his patient. Needless to say, after that the Turks were all removed to quarters further away from the Indians.

A remarkable feature of our work was the entire absence of complaints, for, although the wounded suffered considerable inconvenience through the makeshifts which were provided, all bore their misfortunes with remarkable fortitude. It was pitiable in the extreme to see strong fellows who had left the ship to enter the` firing line, full of hope and ambition, come back absolutely helpless.
One poor, chap was assisted on board our ship by another wounded comrade. The former had lost both eyes and he was endeavouring to undo his belt, when he exclaimed with perfect resignation. 'Good heavens, I've lost all my fingers too.

Another officer came aboard with a terrible gash on his face, and when someone sympathised with him he replied: 'I wish that were all lad, but there are, three more inside.'
It was interesting to hear the officers speak of their men. The affection between them was remarkable and the men came back from the firing line loving them. The young officers acquitted themselves splendidly and with remarkable heroism and bravery. "

NOTES
Seang Choon SS was a 5,708 g.t., 445.5ft x 49.1ft, twin screw passenger ship, speed 14 knots, accommodation for 100-1st class passengers.
The chaplain mentioned, I believe is Father John Fahey 1883-1959
whose letters I will publish at a later date.

source: The West Australian
nsw.bd&m
The Ships List
Australian War Memorial
Transcribed and written by janilye, 2013


The portrait below is of Wireless Operator Angus Bartlett Clarence McGregor, 1894-1917, the son of Aeneas McGregor 1865-1937 and Adelaide Louise, nee Bartlett 1868-1959, who was aboard the Seang Choon and drowned when it was torpedoed.


The rescue of Georgie Porter 1907

14 April 1907, Western Australia
Re: The Swan Boys Orphanage more popularly know as the Coffinage at Middle Swan
conducted by that animated stove-pipe, the Rev. Alfred 'Bully' Burton.

This case came under the notice of The Sunday Times of Western Australia in 1907
and shows up the methods of these sectarian-bossed orphanages at their worst,
and reveals a scandalous abuse not to be borne in a free country.
There was an idea at this time that the days of civil and religious despotism
were done-at least in Australia- But it would seem to have been a fallacy,

There are many people associated with the early days of the eastern gold
fields who will recollect Charlie Porter. He was the typical Australian prospector;
a well-known figure at every rush, one of the first men on Broken Hill, and one of
the multitude, who hit out in the wake of Bayley.
Like so many of his class he died poor, and his widow, after a brave struggle
to support her little family, was obliged to seek the aid of charity.
Through the agency of Warden Finnerty, she got her two eldest boys admitted to
the Swan Orhanage.
The mother was almost heart-broken at parting with her children, but
solaced herself with the reflection--that when the good times dawned on her
she would be able to get them out and lavish a maternal care on them until
the day came for them to quit the family roof-tree.
But she didn't know the sort of 'philanthropy' that rules at Swan Orphanage. It is
four years and four months since her boys became wards of the Anglican Church.
And they are so yet.
In course of time a change came over the fortunes of Mrs. Porter.
She married again, and two of her brothers secured good positions in Westralia.
She thus became in a position to support her boys, and after a
natural delay, due to her anxiety to make sure that
her prosperity was permanent and not transitory--that after getting the,
children from the Orphanage she should not be obliged to send them back
she finally applied for permission to resume control of her children.
It goes without saying that the latter have not been happy in their Dotheboys Hall.
Apart from their natural preference for the society of their own mother and little
sisters, they, in common with the other victims, complain of the poor fare,
the bitter grind, and the gloomy Puritanism supplied in Burton's Boeotian retreat:
The elder boy, who is now 14, expressed a desire to go out to work,
in order to be a help to his step-father, whomore power to him !
is perfectly willing to support the children, but doesn't get more than 10s, a day.
This fact was innocently mentioned by the anxious mother to the
Reverend (?) Burton, and the following letter will show how
he made use of it :-

"Dear Madam,
Your application for your two sons, George and Charley Porter,
was considered by the committee at last meeting.
The committee feel quite confident that their interests and
welfare will be far more securely conserved while under the
control of the manager than if returned to you.
It has therefore been decided that they shall both remain here.
If you had applied for them at the time you married again,
as soon as you were in a position, to keep them, and not when
the elder one is, on your own proposition,
ready to go out and earn wages, the application
might have been differently received.

Yours truly,
"A. BURTON."


[When the mother brought that amazing document to the "Sunday Times," we were willing
to believe that the last word had not been said on the subject, and arranged that she
should interview Bishop Riley. But the Bishop merely told her, in effect, that
"the matter was in the hands of Mr.Burton." which means that the mother
will not get her children if Burton can prevent her. Which means that his Lordship
Bishop Riley actually considers the paternal (?) rule of Bowelless Burton better
for the boys than the loving care of their mother Which sets up the astounding
proposition that the Anglican Church has more right to children to whom it gave
temporary refuge "for charity's sake" than their own decent, capable and natural
guardianthe mother who bore them. Which asserts that the church owns its orphans,
body and soul until they attain their legal majority; postulates, in fact, that the
Anglican Church (which has no civil rights or powers beyond those of the Hokes or
the Seventh Day Adventists) runs a state within a state, and is above the law
of West Australia.
This enormously impudent assumption of private property in children may have been quite
legal in Italy 300 -years ago. It may also be conceded in the Russia of to day.
But in a free-State of the free Australian Commonwealth in the year of grace 1907 it is
nothing else than a shriekinging anachronism and a gross abuse of privilege.
It is opposed both to law and to human nature; it rests on an injustice;
it can't stand the test of critical examination, from any direction. As we take it,
the only "right" by which the church holds these chil dren is the right of possession;
And if the mother chooses to exercise her natural and legal rights as a parent and
forcibly removes her boys from the Swan Orphanage, what power in W. A.
can punish her for it ?. Certainly not the church, for it doesn't possess any
punitive powers in addition to the flesh and blood proprietorship which it arrogates.
Certainly not the State, since maternal love is a more precious consideration that
the 'pecuniary welfare of any religious organisation. And although the law is a
strange and inconsistent aflair, and a frail reed to lean a conjecture on we hardly
think any court of law would punish a decent and capable mother for forcibly assuming
her maternal right to feed, clothe, and cherish her fatherless little ones.

We haven't given the woman this advice. We are procuring an opinion as to the
legal aspects of the position in order to enable her to proceed with! certitude.
But the public may take this for granted.

The. "Sunday Times" is going to get those children out.

'This paper is going to burst the bubble of ecclesiastical arrogance which usurps
proprietary rights over human flesh and blood. The real guardian of these
children is the STATE.
The church is merely a deputy guardian liable to be removed at any time.
By a simple exercise of its supreme power, the State, through its executive, can
wipe away the whole com geries of sectarian orphanages and give the guardianship of
the children into secular hands.
And if all the sectarian orphanageswhich God forfend !are run like Bully Burtons barracks
for boy slaves, the soonest the State does this the better.
If the sectarian orphanages have it as a principle that their charter of guardianship
is superior to the God-given right of a mother to feed, clothe and cherish the babes that
she bore, and who were suckled at her breast, it is the bounden duty of the W.A.
Government to sweep them into nothingness, as the Clemenceau Government is doing in France.]

19 May 1907, Western Australia

'This is the narrative of " Uncle Jim"
Being the personal experience of a " Sunday Times" scribe who rescued George Porter from the clutches of Parson Bully Burton, and also forced him, later on, to disgorge George's little brother Charlie.

It was suggested in the office that as the pedagogue-parson seemed impervious to all sense of humanity, kidnapping of at least one of the boys would precipitate matters.
Writer therefore was introduced to, the mother of the boys ; and assumed the name and
family status of their "Uncle Jim" there being such a person in
the Stott menage.

To lend an air of realism to the family expedition in going out to reconnoitre,
writer's status was fully maintained : Christian names on both sides being, allowed.
In this way family feticity was well-established.

The first shock; came' on its way out.
The Rev. Burton was met half-way!

Knowing the mother would at all times endeavor to obtain possession of her babies;
and as she was knowns to the Rev. B. a judicious re-arrangement, and shuffle of Veils,
arms, and waists fully persuaded the passing parson. that it was nothing more deadly
than a two-and-carry-one - picnic.

The mother was dropped near the soon-to-be-historic river and bridge, and
Auntie Hettie and Uncle Jim drove boldly into the fearsome fortresses.

Half-a-hundred anxious-eyed boys attired in all sorts and conditions of clothing,
paused in their work as the buggy stopped and Auntie Hettie went to spy the land.

The matron came down like a Nor' West willy-willy when Charlie Porter
was asked for.

Suddenly both youngsters came running up from the marsh fields wherein
they were working, severe chest complaints being evidently thought a
trifle at this modern "Dotheboy's Hall".

Then the Superintendent sighted the party and also came down at a Postle-like swing.

"Auntie Hettie was Privately "wording" the boys as to "Uncle Jim from the Fields" when
the Super. swooped down, confiscated the silver coin just handed to the lads and,
making an entry re: it being "invested for them until they were 21," offered to show
the party around.

While "the Super, primed Uncle Jim up with the beauties and benefits of being a
juvenile helot under Burton Squeers; the said quick-witted Auntie Hettie ambled around
ostensibly admiring the ducks, pigs, cabbages, mud and other products of the orphan farm.. '

When a mental map of the locality had been made the boys were told to
be in the lane between 7 and 8 that evening, and they might have a chance
for liberty.

Uncle Jim then drove his dearly beloved sisters back to Midland, gave the
buggy up to the livery stable, sent the ladies home by train and walked back
in the dark to the Orphanage.
Four hours of weary crawling and crouching amongst logs, wire fences pig-styes, etc,
failed to find the boys, the only break to the monotony being the sounds of evening
service held in the adjacent church. Eventually, after having, ruined a suit of clothes
per medium of farm slush and wire fencess : and having been severely trodden on
by a vagrant cow ; Uncle Jim deployed furtively back to town, heart-sick
and disconsolate.

Another rescue expedition was formed on the following Saturday morning-
the parties being a well-known scribe, the step-father of the boys, and Uncle Jim.

This time a complete swaggy's disguise was assumed out in the bush by Uncle Jim, who,
leaving the others secreted under the river bridge, trudged over the ploughed paddock
past the spot where by the aid of a powerful pair of field glasses he located George Porter.

Stopping momentary, and pointing over toward Ferguson's vineyard
as if inquiring his way, the disguised Uncle Jim passed a hurried word to the boy to be
at a certain spot on the river bank while the other boys were busy at lunch.
"Bring Charlie," he whispered. "If that isn't possible, come alone."

'An hour later Uncle Jim, the other pressman, and the step-dad, crouching in the river
reeds, saw with quickly-beating hearts a pathetic little figure stealing warily
from tuft to tuft of sheltering grass and bush, from boulder to tree stump,
and from hill to gully.
Nearer and nearer he came, stumbling and slipping by the muddy ooze of the river sedges,
until he came to a big Willow tree, lying prone by the bank. Here the little hero,
opened his guernsey, slipped something grey and alive into the hollow log, and
continued his journey of escape.
The something grey and alive was a half-grown possum, caught by George. at that spot
a week before, and thinking his brother might be soon also rescued, and not having
confidence in leaving his pet with others, he gave it its liberty !

A minute later he reached a spot opposite his rescuers, and began to strip for the swim across.

A whispered shout was wafted to him to cross by the bridge. -To this he shook his head meaningly.
His rescuers soon saw the reason. The bridge stood up and out, in full view of not
only the Orphanage, but of the parsonage, the church, and the cottages of half-a-dozen
local farm laborers.
- He was half undressed, when Uncle Jim and the daily scribe, stripping! in
lightening time, plunged in, crossed the river, and escorted the gallant little kiddie across.

After a necessarily, hurried towelling with soft dry grass, the party set out for home and mummy,
the scribe and the step-dad going away ostentatiously towards Midland Junction.
Uncle Jim and the boy Georgie snaking along, slow, tortuous skirt along the entire river
bank to Guildford,

Before half a mile was covered, a score of stops were made to allow the boy to convulsively
cough and rack his poor iittle frame until he lay panting and exhausted on the river bank.
So slow was the progress that at the end of two hours a mile and a half only had been covered.

After crawling and creeping through rail and wire fences, through and under prickly bushes
and hurdles that barred the track, Uncle Jim called a halt in a gully, planted his weary
little, charge in a hollow covered with boughs, and passing himself off as the skipper of
a broken-down motor-launch, hypnotised a farm slavey for a bottle of milk.
That slavey is hereby asked to forgive the fiction, as is also the presiding genius
of the Lord's Recording Diary.

Further down the river, as the poor little truant was now thoroughly done up,
a punt was commandeered and, using a bough as a paddle it was gondoliered down stream.

Owner of said punt is likewise apologised to, and asked to forgive the sin and trespass.

Near the Guildford bridge, George was again planted, while Uncle Jim, giving him an amazing
list of fictions in case of an inquisitive bail-up, made his apparently casual way to
the Rose and Crown, where the daily scribe and step-dad were unearthed (by appointment)
-assimlating their fifth pint of shandy.

A, 'phone to Perth brought out a pair of speedy nags and a double seated waggonette for
the drive home, the police by this time, right through from Midland to Perth, being busy
examining each and every carriage and trap on railway and road.

Uncle Jim, going back to the poor little, waiting waif, with lemonade and biscuits,
found him still huddled under his covering of leaves and bark, and it was, glad arms,
and hearts beating with thankful emotion, that an hour later swung" him from under the
seat into his. mother's arms.

When Uncle Jim and Georgie separated from the others at the "Sunday Times" office,
and had invaded a restaurant, a barber's shop, and
Sir.James Brennan's emporium (that gentleman having generously clothed the boy from top to toe),
the ultimate destination, Applecross, was reached about midnight.

Monday brought the staggering news that the Rev. Squeers Burton had invoked the
combined forces of Law and Order to hound down the dastardly miscreant who had dared
to prefer his mother's arms and domestic joys to the cold comforts of thc barracks on the Swan Riven,

Then Richard Haynes, K.C., took the said law by the large, ignominious ear, and pointed
out the fact that the law was the same old ass of aforetime, and any impulsive John Hop,
burgling the bough-shed of Uncle Jim at Applecross would land the Government into a
financial muddle that would take some thousands of bright, golden quids to square.

Before the squelching of the warrant came, a dozen policemen and troopers
had scoured the landscape in search of that abandoned felon, to-wit, George Porter,
their instructions being to place him in the lowest and darkest dungeon of the Swan Coffinage.

The acumen of Haynes, K.C., the good sense of Gus Roe, P.M., the whole-hearted ardor and
generosity of Dr. Taaffe, and sundry 'assistance from friends and sympathisers,
eventually squelched the illegitimate criminal warrant and to-day young Georgie Porter
is revelling in God's great glad sunshine on the hills of Applecross,
in place of fretting his little soul out, behind the prison boundaries of Squeers Burton.

Yesterday he was a child grown into man's moodiness, through harshness
and restraint." To-day he is a real, live boy, albeit a sickly one, but a boy with
bright, sunny surroundings, and all that youth should' have, before the woes of manhood
dry the blood, and sour the heart to sordidness.


This was the menu for the boys
in the orphanage up until the Burton Regime finished;
-Breakfast Porridge (made very thin, with no milk,
and the sugar boiled with it for economy's sake),
dry bread to mop it up with.
Dinner/lunch -Soup and bread (no meat or vegetables except what are in the soup-
very little soup if you happen to be late).
Tea-One slice of bread and jam or bread and honey, dry bread to fill up with, and a mug of cocoa.
Butter is seen by the boys, at the very-most, never more than three times a year !
Many of the boys attended the State School at Middle Swan and relied on crusts
of bread and anything else they were given by the non-orphanage pupils.

The West Australian, Monday 12 June 1911
THE SWAN BOYS' ORPHANAGE.
RESIGNATION OF THE REV. A. BURTON.
The inquest concerning the death of the boy George Jones, who died recently
in the Children's Hospital, whither he was taken by his mother from the Swan Boys' Orphanage,
will be resumed at the Coroner's Court on Tuesday, June 20.
The case is exciting a great deal of interest, and Detective Dempsey, who is conducting t
he investigations, has subpoenaed a large number of witnesses.
It was ascertained last night that the Rev. Alfred Burton, the manager of the orphanage,
tendered his resignation to the committee of management, after
Mr. F. D. North, C.M,G., had concluded' his recent inquiry into several charges
relating to the conduct of the institution, and that it was accepted.

NOTES:
George Jones was only 9
He died from a cut on his leg which was left untreated.
He was told he was shamming and although he was in excruciating pain
he was made to walk to school for four days, aided by his brothers.

Georgie and Charlie's mother was
Maria Charlotte Leary b: Hotham, Victoria in 1872 and
died in Brunswick, Victoria in 1948.
In Melbourne in 1890 she married 1st. Husband Charles Porter,
b: abt. 1865 died in Kalgoorlie in 1900.
When Charles Porter died he left five children living.
3 girls and 2 boys.
Mini Gertrude Porter b: 1891 in Norwood, South Australia and twin
Roseina Porter b: 1891 in Norwood, South Australia
George Henry Porter b: 1893 in South Australia
Charles Leary Porter b: 1896 Brunswick, Victoria
Ada Victoria Porter b: 1898 in Coolgardie WA.

Her second husband was William Henry Stott,
b: in Victoria in 1878 and died in Richmond, Victoria in 1942
they married in Perth in 1904. Moved to Victoria abt 1917
Young Georgie was born George Henry Porter on the
4 April 1893 in South Australia.
I'm uncertain about the following, but perhaps George married
Joyce Mills in Western Australia in 1936 and remained in Western Australia.
Charlie was taken from the orphanage 4 days after Georgie.
Charlie's full name was Charles Leary Porter b: 1894 in Melbourne.
He joined the 16th Battallion A.I.F at Blackboy Hill, WA
on the 19 July 1916
Embarked from Fremantle on the 'Argyleshire for
France on 9 November 1916
Poor Charlie died of wounds on the 27 September 1917 at the
2nd. Canadian Casualty Clearing Station in Belgium.


William Nairn 1791-1870

William NAIRN was born on 1 December 1791 in Nairn, Nairnshire, Scotland. The son of William NAIRN 1766-1863 and Sarah Jane, nee BARBER.
On the 21 August 1814. in Colman, London, William or Billy as he was usually known, married Mary Ann RAWLINSON, she had been born on the 21 August 1796, at St Katherine, Colman, London, England and died on the 16 December 1870 in Perth Western Australia.
The couple arrived in "Marquis of Anglesea" his occupation was listed as Master Whitesmith. The couple settled in Perth and Billy died in Perth on the 28 November 1855 He's buried at East Perth, Cemetery.

The children of Billy and Mary Ann were:-

1. James NAIRN, b: 18 May 1816, Stepney, Middlesex, England , d: 10 December 1897, Dongara, Western Australia, Australia James Nairn was Chairman of the Irwin Road Board in 1874, 1878 and 1879
he married Sarah PETTIT 1821-1893 the daughter of Samuel Baukham PETTIT 1786-1845 and Rebecca LONG 1783-1839, who had arrived on the 'Gilmore' with husband and 7 children in 1829.
James and wife Sarah married on the 16 March 1840.
Both are buried at Dongara.

The children of this marriage were:-

1. William John NAIRN b: 22 Jan 1842 Perth, d: 29 December 1918, Popanyinning, Western Australia
m. Sarah Ann PELL 1852-1924 in 1873
2. Amelia NAIRN, b. 28 July 1843, Victoria Plains, Western Australia, m. Alexander FRANCISCO in 1867
3. Francis Edward NAIRN, b. 1845, Perth, Western Australia d: 1 August 1910, Dongara, m. Harriet Emma LONG in 1877
4. Clementine NAIRN, b. 1847, Perth, Western Australia, Australia , d: 6 August 1934, West Leederville, Western Australia, Australia
5. Sarah NAIRN, b. 1849,
6. Charlotte NAIRN b. 1851, Perth, Western Australia, d: 1942 m. Edward ROBERTS in 1871
7. Emma NAIRN, b. 1854, Perth, Western Australia, d: 2 May 1918
8. Walter James NAIRN, b. 1856, Perth, Western Australia, d: 1903 Byro Station, Upper Murchison
9. Charles Joseph NAIRN b: 1859, Perth, Western Australia,
d: 17 Jul 1935, Claremont, Western Australia, Australia
10. Jane NAIRN, b. 1860, Perth, Western Australia d: 1945
11. Mary NAIRN, b: Abt 1862, Perth, Western Australia, Australia ,
12. Henry Robert Rawlinson NAIRN, b: 7 July 1866, Irwin, Western Australia, Australia d: 18 Jun 1939, Geraldton, Western Australia


2. Margaret NAIRN, b: 1823, in England and died 27 October 1897 at York, m. Thomas GRIGSON 1823-1890 in 1842. The children of this marriage were:-
1. John GRIGSON, b: 1 June 1846,
2. Elizabeth GRIGSON, b: 7 November 1847


3. Charlotte NAIRN, born 1826 in London, died 1895 she married Walter PADBURY 1820-1907 in 1844 in Perth

4. William NAIRN, b. 22 April 1829 in London, died 1898 in Linwood, South Australia. m. Jane GRAVES 1830-1910 in Perth in 1854.
William went to South Australia as a young man to work on the new railway being built between Adelaide and Port Adelaide

The children of this marriage were:-
1. Charles Thomas NAIRN, b: 23 Jan 1855, Perth d: 24 Jan 1862 at Light Scrub, South Australia
2. Ellen NAIRN, b: 10 October 1856,
3. Ann NAIRN, b: 14 April 1858, d: 8 February 1860
4. William NAIRN, b: 5 April 1860, d: 6 Jan 1926
5. Alice NAIRN, b: 5 January 1862,
6. Esther NAIRN, b: 30 September 1863, d: 11 July 1934, Guildford, Western Australia, Australia
7. Charlotte NAIRN, b: 16 May 1865,
8. Anne NAIRN, b: 22 July 1867,
9. James NAIRN, b: 19 April 1869, Grace Plains, South Australia, Australia, d: 1934
10. Albert Victor NAIRN, b: 22 March 1871, Linwood, South Australia ,
11. Sydney NAIRN, b: 1 May 1874,
12. Margaret Daisy NAIRN, b: 8 Jul 1876, d: 17 April 1877

5. Walter James Nairn b: 1830 died in November 1903 at Byro Station, Upper Murchison, leaving to his brother William John Nairn, a total of 2,133-16s.
6. Jane NAIRN, b. 1832, m. Thomas ROACH in 1850
The children of this marriage were:-
1. W. H. ROACH,
2. W. J. ROACH,
3. Thomas William ROACH,


7. Charles NAIRN, b. 1834, d. 1867 Drowned off N.W. coast when the schooner "Emma" owned by Walter PADBURY was lost at sea.

8. Emma NAIRN, b. 22 January 1837, Swan River Colony died 19 October Perth,Western Australia, married James John OUGDEN 1835-1871 in Perth on the 4 March 1858

9. Ellen NAIRN, b. 1838, m. (1) James GRIEVES 1827-1866 at Fremantle in in 1865. This union produced 2 children;
William Charles Grieves 1865 1866
Clara Ellen Grieves 1866 1866
(2)Richard George William MEARES 1848-1882 at Perth in 1874
1 child from thia marriage was Seymour Grant Meares 1875 1947


Swan River Colony, History of Fremantle
Western Australia


John C. Pell 1830-1906

John PELL, son of William PELL 1802-1887 and Frances, nee HAGGAR 1804-1881 was born in Wimpole, Cambridgeshire and baptised in 1830 at Arrington, Cambridgeshire, he died 11 August 1906 at Dongara, Western Australia and is buried at the Dongara Cemetery.

On the 17 November 1849 at Whadden, Cambridgeshire, John married Esther Jane BRIGHT 1828-1905 the daughter of William BRIGHT 1792-1862 and Hannah SKINNER 1798-1878

John with Esther and his 19 year old brother George PELL arrived in Fremantle in Western Australia on the ship 'Sophia' on the 27 July 1850 on the passenger list he is a labourer from Cambridgehire, in England.

Together with his pregnant wife Esther John was hired on arrival by Gerald de Courcy LEFROY of 'Walebing' in the Victoria Plains district. The annual wages for the two of them was 16 plus keep.

On the 15 November 1850, their son was born in the isolated rural area, without a nurse, while John was working away from 'Walebing'. He was possibly the first white child to be born in Victoria Plains district.

The Pells remained in Lefroy's employ until after the birth Sarah Ann in 1852. John then moved to Toodyay and worked for 'Squire' Phillips of "Culham". When John took up land in the Irwin district in late 1880's, he was employed as Phillip's shepherd. The ruins of their first home are close to Cadji Station east of Mullewa.

John and Esther named their farm 'Wimpole' after his birthplace in Cambridgeshire, The farm is by 'Pell Bridge' near Dongara.

John and Esther's Children were:-

1.George PELL, b: 15 November 1850 Victoria Plains, W.A. d: 5 September 1893 Dongara, married Elizabeth BROWN on 28 November 1884 at Dongara. The children of this marriage were:-

William PELL 1884 1943 m Mary A FITZGERALD in 1909

Charles John PELL b: 15 November 1885 Victoria Plains Western Australia d: 3 March 1952 Dongara buried at Karrakatta Cemetery

Clarence Ethelbert PELL b: 1888 Dongara died 15 July 1945 at Three Springs buried at the Three Springs Cemetery

Robert PELL b:1888 Dongara

Claudius Clement PELL b:1891 Dongara, ANZAC killed in action on 20 Sept. 1917 Belgium. his name appears on the Dongara War Memorial

Gertrude Amelia PELL 1892 1991 m. Silas J. ROWLAND at Irwin in 1912

Ursula PELL 1893 m. Joseph T PAYNE in Perth in 1913


2. Sarah Ann PELL, b: 10 January 1852 Toodyay, died 2 August 1924 at her residence, Myrtle Vale Farm, Popanyinning,in her 73rd year. m. William John NAIRN 1842-1918 at Irwin River on 28 October 1873.
The Western Mail, Friday 24 January 1919, OBITUARY for William John Nairn
POPANYINNING.The death occurred after a short illness, in Perth on the 29th ult. of Mr. W. J. Nairn, of Popanyinning, formerly of Byro station. Murchison. The eldest son of the late Mr. James Nairn, of Claremont, he was born in Perth on January 22, 1842 and was educated at the High school, Perth. On finishing his education he joined his father, in York; later on taking up land in the Victoria district. From there, he made several trips through the Murchison, sometimes, alone, but mostly accompanied by his brother, the late Mr. Walter Nairn, of the Murchison. Finally they selected an area of country, starting the Mt.Joubert station, afterwards known at Byro station. Here he resided with his family for 31 years. He was very popu- lar on the Murchison, and acted as chairman of the roads board for many years In 1873 he married a daughter of the late Mr. J. Kell,(sic) of Dongarra, who with a family of five sons, five daughters, and 19 grandchildren survive him, one son having been killed on active service in October, 1917. For the last 4 years the deceased resided in Popanyinning.
The children of this marriage were:-

1. James NAIRN b: 11 August 1874 Irwin died 8 Sept. 1950 Narrogin m. May EVANS 1875-1963 at Perth on 6 January 1906.

2. Emma NAIRN b: 22 March 1876 Irwin, d: 29 Dec. 1958 Fremantle. m. George Douglas Graham STEWART 1870-xxxx at Dongara 23 Mar. 1905

3. Christine Clementine NAIRN b: 21 July 1877 Irwin d: 1934 West Leederville. m. Robert TIMMS at Gascoyne in 1908.

4. Mary Ann NAIRN b: 29 July 1879 Irwin, d: 3 September 1959 m. James GORDON at Gascoyne in 1907


5. Walter NAIRN b.1881 Irwin m. Sarah SEWARD 1912 at Geraldton, Western Australia. - This is not Walter Maxwell Nairn. MHR (WA) 1879-1958 the solicitor, who was born in Victoria, the son of William NAIRN of Scotland and Margaret MERRIT. This is Walter Nairn the Farmer. Many family trees have confused the two. janilye

6. William John NAIRN b: 4 June 1883 Irwin, d: 25 May 1958 Palmyra, Western Australia.

7. Charlotte NAIRN b: 13 December 1885 Irwin d:xxxx. m. Alfred PAYNE at Gingin, Western Australia in 1914

8. Arthur Augustus NAIRN 1886 1969 m: Hilda A. M. PAYNE at Irwin in 1924

9. Charles Joseph Byro NAIRN b:1889 Byro Station Murchison, m. Winifred Margery HUGHES at Dongara on the 7 April 1914. They had 2 children, Fred and Beulah
ANZAC killed in Action 9 October 1917 Flanders, Belgium
IN MEMORIUM, The West Australian, Tuesday 8 October 1918
NAIRN.In loving memory of my dear husband Private C. J. Byro Nairn, 11th Battalion, killed in action at Belgium on October 9 1917, daddy of little Fred and Beulah (Dongarra), son of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Nairn (Popanyinning) brother to Jim, Walter Will., Alec., Arthur, also to Mesdames Stuart, Gordon, Timms, Payne, and Dew.

10. Alexander Murchison NAIRN b: 29 January 1892 Irwin, d: 8 October 1962 Leederville. m. Florence Lillian Kate BLUNT 1900-1993 at Perth in 1923

11. Nora NAIRN b:1894 Irwin, m: William C DEW in 1916 at Beverley, Western Australia


3.Esther Jane PELL, b: 17 April 1853 Toodyay, and died 7 July 1936 at Darlington. m.John CRIDDLE 1855-1934 at Dongara on the 28 August 1878.

The children of this marriage were:-

Grace Mary CRIDDLE b: 30 March 1880 Irwin River, d: 8 Dec. 1969 Perth. m. William Albert KENWORTHY 1876-1948 at Minginew on 27 February 1903

Irwin John CRIDDLE b: 4 May 1883 Irwin River. d:20 October 1959 Rivervale, m. Fanny Oliver HERBERT 1889-1926 in Irwin, 31 May 1911

Charles Glynn CRIDDLE b: 24 June 1884 Irwin River d: 7 June 1966 Victoria Park, Perth m. Emily Jane BRANDIS 1882-1953 at Irwin in 1912

Violet Mary May CRIDDLE b: 31 May 1890 Irwin River d: 14 June 1976. m. Arthur Lewis OLIVER 1884-xxxx at Irwin on 19 May 1908

Jack Farris CRIDDLE b: 24 May 1893 Irwin River, d: 26 August 1972 Perth. m. Eileen Rose MIFFLIN 1901-1989 at Perth in 1925.

Ivy Myrtle CRIDDLE b: 25 June 1897 Irwin River d: 20 December 1980. m. Wellman Edward TURNER 1893-1953 at Fremantle in 1937



4.Frances Hannah PELL, b: 17 June 1855 Newcastle, WA and died 1 February 1905 at Midland m. George COUSINS 1854-1906 at Greenough on the 29 March 1876.

The children of this marriage were:-

Henry COUSINS b:1876 Irwin, d: 1876 Irwin, Western Australia

Esther Maud COUSINS 11 September 1877 Irwin, d: 21 December 1961 Midland

May COUSINS b: 21 May 1879 Irwin d: 8 March 1973 Midland Junction

Harriet COUSINS b: 22 April 1881 Irwin, d: 15 Sept. 1975 Carlisle.

Frances Hannah COUSINS 10 November 1883 Irwin

Robert John COUSINS b: 10 November 1883 Irwin d: 24 June 1966 Perth. m. Rose May HENDY at Irwin in 1908.

August Albert Cousins 1885 1886

Georgina COUSINS 1887 1892

Walter Alfred COUSINS 1890 1893

George Oriel COUSINS b:1892 Dongara
ANZAC Killed in action 25 April 1918 France

Ada COUSINS 1896 1961


5.John PELL, b: 21 November 1856 Toodyay, died 4 June 1884 Dongara, m. Agnes MCMEEKIN 1864-xxxx at Dongara on the 2 January 1883. 1 child of this marriage:-
Florence Mary PELL 1883 1950
NOTE: Agnes re-married Frederick RICHARDS in Fremantle 14 December 1887 and had a daughter Olive Elizabeth RICHARDS b:1888


6. Emma PELL, b: 21 January 1859 Toodyay, d: 9 November 1944 Nabawa, Western Australia. m. James CRIDDLE 1857-1927 at Dongara on the 21 March 1881. The children from this marriage were:-

Alfred CRIDDLE b: 8 September 1882 Dongara d: 18 February 1957

Sydney James CRIDDLE b: 13 July 1884 Dongara, d: 1 Oct. 1963 Geraldton

Ethel Margaret CRIDDLE b:1884 Dongara, d: 1885 Dongara
stillborn female CRIDDLE b:1885 Dongara d: 1885 Dongara

Herbert Melbourne CRIDDLE b: 29 September 1886 Dongara,
ANZAC killed in Action 27 October 1917 Flanders, Belgium

Beatrice Adelaide CRIDDLE b: 2 October 1888 Dongara d: 16 June 1966 Geraldton.

Horace John CRIDDLE b: 20 February 1890 Dongara d: 18 March 1928 Nabawa,

David CRIDDLE b:1892 Dongara d: 29 December 1974 Geraldton

Arthur George CRIDDLE b: 18 June 1894 Dongara, d:23 February 1958 Perth

Harold CRIDDLE b: 7 March 1896 Dongara, d: 18 March 1976 Narrogin

Edith Mary CRIDDLE b: 14 July 1898 Greenough d: 26 May 1968 Perth

Ina Phyllis CRIDDLE 1900 Dongara d: 8 January 1975 Geraldton

Ivo Philip CRIDDLE 1900 Dongara d: 2 January 1953 Geraldton


7. Mary Ann PELL, b: 13 January 1861 Toodyay, died 15 May 1943 Nabawa, m. George DOWNES 1861-1946 the son of Edward Bethel DOWNES 1819-1891 and Amelia Eliza, nee WILLIAMS 1831-1877. at Dongara in 1884. The children of this marriage were:-

Myra May DOWNES 18851938 m. Joseph William CLARKSON 1886-1963

Horace George DOWNES b:1887 Dongara d: 1887 Dongara Western Australia

Eunice Amelia DOWNES b: 18 November 1888 Dongara d: 3 June 1961 m. Robert PEARSON

Eugenia Violet DOWNES b: 30 November 1891 Dongara d: 24 September 1969 m. Fred FLOAT

Reginald Harold DOWNES b: 1894 Dongara d: 1961 Geraldton

Horace John DOWNES b: 29 May 1898 Dongara d: 18 July 1979

Victoria Alexandra DOWNES b: 1901 Dongara d: 27 November 1977 m. Arthur RAMSAY

Cyril Frederick George DOWNES b:1902 Dongara d: 1904 Dongara

Gladys Mary 1907 ?


8. William PELL, b: 21 April 1862 Toodyay, died 21 October 1940 at Dongara, Western Australia. buried at Dongara on the 22nd.
Did not marry.

9.Louisa PELL, b:11 August 1864 Toodyay, died 11 January 1865 Toodyay, Western Australia


10. Eliza PELL,b: 8 November 1865 Toodyay died 1 April 1959 Geraldton. m. Charles OSBORN 1862-1936 the son of William John OSBORN 1824-1894 and Sarah, nee NEWSON 1825-1909 at Dongara in 1895.

The children of this marriage were:-

Douglas John OSBORN b: 28 Dec. 1896 Dongara, d:9 Feb. 1897 Dongara.

Olive Irene OSBORN b:1899 Dongara d: 1899 Dongara

Arthur Reginald OSBORN b: 11 June 1900 Dongara d: 4 January 1959 at Walkaway. m. Bridget B BAGLEY at Greenough in 1932

Ivy May OSBORN b: 5 January 1903 Dongara d: 9 February 1984 Mt.Lawley. m. Francis Patrick BOND 1896-1939 in 1925

Irene Esther OSBORN b:1905 Dongara d: 1908 Dongara

Dora Sarah OSBORN b: 9 June 1906 Irwin. d: 24 June 1985, Kalgoorlie, m. Joseph Norman George JOHNSON 1905-1949 at Irwin in 1930



11. Louisa PELL b: 16 March 1868 Toodyay, died 5 August 1938 North Perth m. Henry James CRIDDLE 1865-1949 the son of William CRIDDLE 1843-1912 and Mary Ann, nee BUFTON 1843-1901. in Dongara on 23 April 1889
The children of this marriage were:-

Herbert Henry CRIDDLE b: 1890 Dongara. d: 27 August 1944 in Perth. m. Beatrice Mary TERRELL 1885-1963 at Coolgardie in 1930

Mary CRIDDLE b:1891 Dongara d:1891 Dongara, Western Australia

Idahlia Gertrude CRIDDLE b: 12 July 1892 Dongara d: 25 November 1933 Subiaco. m. Eric Henry Raymond LINTHORNE 1891-1935 in 1911

Clarence Ethan CRIDDLE b: 20 September 1894 Dongara d: 17 January 1983 Perth. m. Olive May MCGREGOR 1900-1996 in Swan on 15 April 1922

Athol Douglas CRIDDLE b: 6 April 1897 Irwin. d: 15 November 1971 Perth. m. Sylvia Jane Hempsell KNOWLER 1900-1981 at Irwin in 1930

Francis R CRIDDLE b: 1901 Irwin, d: 7 July 1983 Western Australia. m. Ivy Ethelinda WESTON 1897-1955 at Fremantle in 1941

Doris May CRIDDLE b: 1902 Dongara d: 16 February 1997 Dianella, Perth. m. Henry George PAYNE 1902-1960 at Perth in 1924

Eileen Mabel CRIDDLE b:1904 Dongara d: 11 May 1969 Perth. m. Basil Oscar JOHNSON 1902-1966 in Irwin in 1897


12. Robert PELL, b: 13 September 1869 Dongara, died 1949 in Western Australia. Did not marry.


13. Amelia PELL, b: 30 March 1872 Dongara, died 31 August 1938 South Guildford m. Frederick Charles POLLARD 1864-1948 at Dongara in 1896.
The children of this marriage were:-

Arthur Ephraim POLLARD b: 4 March 1898 Geraldton d: 27 August 1962 Inglewood, Western Australia

Clarence POLLARD b: 26 September 1900 Carnarvon d: 23 August 1970 Como

Gladys Evelyn POLLARD b: 21 February 1903 Dongara


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