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John and Jacob Tootell Passengers on the INDIAN 1849

John Tootell arrived on the Indian 7 August 1849 , with his wife, two children and his brother Jacob.

Frederick TOOTELL was born in Radford, Nottinghamshire, England in 1798 and died in Nottingham on the 10 November 1873.
In Nottingham on the 23 May 1819 he married Mary BURTON. Mary had been born at Sneinton, Nottinghamshire, England and died in Nottingham, England on the 4 January 1865.
According to the 1851 Census taken in North Street, Sneinton
the year after John and Jacob left home, Frederick was a silk stocking maker and his wife Mary a lace mender.
The couple had fourteen children:-
Edward 1820, John 1822 1888 , Frederick 1824-1824, Richard 1826, Jacob 1828 , Thomas 1830, Sarah Ann 1831, Mary 1833, Elizabeth 1836 1842, Frederick 1837-1908 in NZ, Emma 1838, Charles 1840, Mary 1843 and James 1845.

John TOOTELL born 18 October 1822 in Snieton, Nottinghamshire married Phoebe HARRISON in Nottingham on the 27 October 1844. Phoebe was born in Nottingham around 1826 according to her age at death. The daughter of George HARRISON 1789-xxxx and Ann SMITH 1791-xxxx.

The couple arrived on the Indian with the first two of their 10 children;

1. Willoughby Harrisson Tootell b: 5 December 1845 Sneinton, Nottinghamshire d: 26 June 1929 Minnivale, Western Australia, which is 180 km. NE of Perth.m. Sarah Ann TILBURN 1856-1926 in Bendigo on the 13 August 1873. The children of this marroage were:-
Victoria Jane 1874-1959, Rose 1876-1942, William Ernest 1878-1960, Florence Ethel 1881-1881, Frances Olive 1883-1921, Claude Percival 1885-1936, Selina Beatrice 1888-1973 and Willoughby Leslie John (1892-1958)

2. Ellen Tootell b: 1847 Radford, Nottinghamshire, England d: 2 May 1929 North Perth, Western Australia. m. Thomas Hosking CARMAN 1838-1888 at Bendigo in 1869.
This couple had eight children :- Richard John 1870-1935, Thomas Henry 1872-1946, Edith Ellen 1874-1948, William 1876-1923, Frederick Willoughby 1878-1959, Phillippa Ethel 1881-xxxx George Harold 1884-1967 and Frank Percival 1886-1942.

3. John Tootell b: 15 June 1850 Adelaide, South Australia. d: 28 November 1853 Bendigo, Victoria

4. Mary Tootell b:1853 Bendigo, Victoria, Australia d: 1903 Bendigo, Victoria, Australia

5. Frederick Tootell b:1856 Epsom, Victoria, d:8 December 1947 Seddon, Victoria. m. Emily Hannah Nankervis
1858-1939 at Sandhurst, Bendigo, Victoria in 1880 This couple had nine children:-
Frederick 18801957, Richard Henry 18821903, Charlotte 1883-1887, Emily 1885, Lillian 1887, Annie 1888-1966
Harold John 1892-1949, Clarice Jubilee 1897-1968 and Arthur Nankervis Tootell 1900-1957.


6. Julia Tootell b:1858 Bendigo, Victoria. d: 1884 Kialla West, Victoria m. Moses Shane HENDERSON 1855-xxxx they had two children:-
Julia May Henderson 1881 1944
James Alexander Henderson 1884 1884


7. Richard Tootell b:1861 Bendigo. d: 9 October 1876 Bendigo, Victoria.

8. Alice Tootell b 12 August 1863 Bagshot, Victoria d: 29 December 1959 Bendigo, Victoria. m. John Frederick Henry Zirkler 1858-1920 in her family home at Bagshot on the 13 April 1887 this couple had five children:-
Lilian Julia 1888-1966, Gladys Vivian 1890-1960, Frank 1892,Alice Thelma 1899-1945 and 1 unnamed male.

9. Emma Tootell b: 18 January 1867 White Hills, Bendigo d: 9 February 1947 Bendigo, Victoria

10. George Tootell b: 1872 Huntley, d: 8 December 1947 Ormond, Victoria. m.
Christina Ottilie Strauch 1879-1959 in St.Georges Church, Burnie, Tasmania on the 18 April 1900. This couple had five children, among them Frederick John George 1903-1962, Marjorie Lillian 1905-xxxx and Edith May 1907.

John TOOTELL died at Huntley a suburb of Bendigo and Phoebe followed on the 17 October 1908 both are buried in the same grave at White Hills Cemetary .


Jacob TOOTELL born on the 13 July 1828 at in Snieton, Nottinghamshire, married Ann BISHOP born between 1830 and 35 in Cheshire, England at St.Patricks Adelaide on the 25 November 1854

The children of this marriage were:-

1. Sarah Anne Tootell b: 1855 in Bendigo, Victoria, Australia. m. William Smith

2. Stephen Samuel Tootell b: 1857 in Epsom (near Bendigo), Victoria. d: 1951 Collingwood, Victoria. m. Elizabeth Ann KIRBY 1863-1947 this couple produced seven children :- Stephen Samuel 1891-1975. Elizabeth Hannah 1893, Jacob Hugo 1894-1972, Olive May 1896-1896, George Frederick 1897-1923, Alice Ruby 1899 and Stanley Theodore in 1901.
Stephen next married Elizabeth Mabel Wheatley, in 1913


3. Hannah Esther Tootell b: 1859 in Epsom, d: 1920 in Bendigo. m. Frederick John CLARKE 1850-1920 in Bendigo in 1884. This couple has six children :- Alice, Beatrice, Dorothy Gladys, Gertrude, Pearl and
Ethel May 1886-1971.

4. Eliza Tootell b: 1861 in Inglewood Victoria m. Thomas ATKIN

5. Charles Tootell b: 1862 in Inglewood, Victoria. d:

6. James Tootell b: 1864 in Inglewood, Victoria d: 1951 at Tailem Bend South Australia. m. Annie Amelia BARNES 1868-1953 don't know when. Their children were:-
Evelyn 1894, James 1895-1983, Lucy 1896 and Edward 1897.


Death of Jacob and Ann in Inglewood / Bendigo?, Victoria No death reg. in Victoria


The Photograph below supplied by great grandson Ron Coles, is Willoughby Harrison Tootell and family.
(l-r back row) Frances Olive, Claude Percival, Victoria Jane, William Ernest, Willoughby Leslie John (front row) Rose, Willoughby Harrison, Sarah Ann, Selina Beatrice


2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago

James William Davey 1769-1851

Dylan Thomas once described Mousehole (pronounced Mowzel) as the lovliest villiage in England.

It was Raginnis Farm near Mousehole where James William DAVEY 1769-1851 and his wife Alice WILLIAMS 1774-1844 raised their eight children;

1.James Davey 1793-1875 m. Mary BOSSENCE 1795-1872
2.William Davey 1795-1880 m. 1.Rebecca FURZE 2.Susannah HOWELL
3.Thomas Davey 1796d:1862 Adelaide. arrived Adelaide 1849 on the "Trafalgar" m. Margaret LEAN 1795-1862
4.John Davey 17981869 Also arrived in Adelaide on the Trafalgar m. Sarah VINGOE 1805-1893
5.Alice Davey 1800 d:1873 in Cornwall . m. Thomas EVA
6.Mary Davey 1802 d: XXXX Cornwall m. 1. Richard KEMP 2. Henry BISHOP
7.Margaret (Peggy) Davey 1803 xxxx Cornwall. m. William MATTHEWS
8.Benjamin Davey 1806 d:1869 Norwood, SA. m. Joanna Harvey DONNITHORNE 1810-1871 Arrived with wife Adelaide 3 May 1847 "Theresa"


2.William Davey 1795-1880 , died in Victoria buried at Frankston Cemetery married twice (1.) Rebecca FURZE 1793-1851. William and Rebecca arrived in Victoria on the 'PHOEBE' on the 29 April 1846.
The couple produced eleven children;

1.REBECCA DAVEY 1815 1903 arriv. Phoebe with family and husband William Williams and died in Bendigo.

2.**James DAVEY 1818 d: 13 July 1884 Frankston, Vic. is in an unmarked grave at Frankston Cemetery. Married Mary WILLIAMSON 1808-1893 at Scott's Church in Melbourne on the 26 January 1843 this couple had five children:-
2a.William Henry DAVEY 18431916 m. Fanny SHEPHERD 1848-1910 m. Catherine CAHILL 1864-1945
2b.***JAMES DAVEY 1845 1911 m. Mary Anne HILLIS 1846-1920
2c.JOHN DAVEY 1848 1920 m. Jesse Lamont MCDOUGALL 1851-1893
2d.Robert DAVEY 1851 d: 1940, Hobart, Tasmania m. Elizabeth CONLAN 1852-1910
2e.Thomas Humphrey DAVEY 18531923. m. Fanny Dewie Raebourne PETRIE 1860-1922

3.WILLIAM DAVEY 1818 1879 m. ?? in Cornwall, arriv. 'Phoebe' died in Moonta, South Australia
4.ELIZABETH DAVEY 1825 ?
5.JOHN DAVEY 1826 1827
6.CHARLES DAVEY 1826 ?
7.GEORGE HENRY DAVEY 1827 ?
8. BENJAMIN WILLIAMS DAVEY 1828- XXXX m. Mary DUNSTAN in Kooringa, South Australia had about 5 children
9.JOHN DAVEY 1830
10.THOMAS HENRY DAVEY 1832 xxxx m. Martha APPLEDORE in Kooringa 25 October 1848
11.JOSEPH DAVEY 1834 1839

Rebecca DAVEY, nee FURZE died at Balnarring, Western Port on the 28 May 1851. She is buried at St.Andrews Brighton, Melbourne.

William DAVEY next married Susanna HOWELL nee ROWNEY at Brighton, Melbourne on the 27 November 1855. Susanna had been born at Bedfordshire in 1817 and died at Frankston on the 19 July 1905.
William and Susanna produced two children;
12.CHARLES EDWARD DAVEY 18561892 m. Emily ROTHERHAM 1847-1906
13. MARY ANNE DAVEY 1859. m. Octavius WELLS 1856-1935

2b***James DAVEY 1845-1911 b:11 November 1845 at Gardiner's Creek, Victoria and died 1911 at Kew a farmer, married Mary Ann HELLIS/HOLLIS/HILLIS 1846-1920 in Melbourne in 1871. The couple had twelve children all but the last two born in Dromana, Victoria:-

James Williamson Davey 1872
William Henry Davey 1873
Ethel Sarah Davey 1875 never married. lived with mother and brother John till 1924 then with Ada
Ada Elizabeth Davey 1876 1944 Ada was a Milliner, never married lived with her sister Ethel
Leeland Robert Davey 1878 d: 1941 in Williamstown,a Gardener lived at Mt.Eliza m. Lucy MOSELY 1870-1937
Frances George Davey 1879 died in 1953, Mornington
John Alexander Davey 1881 died 1960 in Mornington.
Mary Florence Davey 1883
Ernest Victor Davey 1885 died 1902 in Frankston
William Edward Davey 1885 1956
Haddassah Margaret Davey b:1888 Frankston, Victoria
Hugh Stephen Davey b:1890 Frankston, Vic. d: 1961 Malvern, m. Janet Gilbert SMITH 1891-1959

The image below is Raginnis Farm, Cornwall
I haven't tracked the origin of the article below and unfortunately this copy does not have a date attached.

To be auctioned by Mr Rodd at the Union Hotel, Penzance by order of the devisees of the late Edwin Ley, esquire.
Lot 17: fee-simple in reversion of dwelling house and two thirds of tenement at Ragennis Cliff in Paul, held on lease by the representatives of James Davey, for a term determinable on two lives aged 49 and 38 at 35 shillings per annum [sold to James Davey for 60]


9 comment(s), latest 1 year, 9 months ago

KIMMINS marriages in Queensland, Australia

From 01/01/1829 to 01/01/1934

1883/C414 Reinhardt Marie
Kimmins Edward
1886/B10391 Moore Sarah Ann Nellie
Kimmins Edwin Philip
1898/C2078 Dunlop David
Kimmins Hannah
1898/C621 Connors Sarah Ann
Kimmins Francis
1900/C2119 Smith Percy Claude
Kimmins Sylvia
1906/C730 Kimmins William Charles
Schaffer Minnie
1907/C977 Kimmins Louise Smith
Kenelin Chillingly Richard
1912/C3206 Kimmins Silvia May
Stinson Samuel
1915/C3043 Kimmins Gertrude Edith
Farrer James
1915/C773 Kimmins Herbert Vincent
Smith Ethel Maude
1916/C2580 Kimmins Victor
Holden Ivy Emma Ann
1917/B20709 Kimmins Edward Gordon Jubilee
Geddes Wilhelmina
1921/C1866 Kimmins Frank Edward
Holland Ethel Margaret
1921/C3680 Kimmins Arthur Rodney
Henson Alice Mary
1921/C862 Kimmins Mavis Nellie Marie
Hillocks Edward George
1922/C3506 Kimmins William Oscar
Connelly Cecilia Annie
1924/C2988 Kimmins Thelma Marie
Arbuckle William
1924/C739 Kimmins Eric Maitland
Sharry Frances Thelma
1927/C2100 Firth Ezra Septimus
Kimmins Sadie Rosalind
1927/C842 Mitchell Ruth Edna
Kimmins Alfred Thomas
1927/C855 Lau Alice Julia
Kimmins Frank
1928/C3660 Kimmins Leslie Norman
Cleine Rita Mae
1929/C2921 Langton Alan Ward
Kimmins Irene Louisa

William Sanderson 1824-1899

William Sanderson, born in England in 1824, arrived in Adelaide on the ship Indian with his wife Hephzibah, nee HEMBOROUGH. Hephzibah had been born Lincolnshire in 1826 and the couple were married during the last quarter of 1843 at Sculcoates, Yorkshire, England, the daughter of John HEMBOROUGH 1791 and his wife Mary 1796 from Butts Lane, Barton Upon Humber St Mary, Lincolnshire.
William and Hephzibah had eight children their second child, Mary Ann being born on board the Indian 12 weeks after it left Plymouth.
William died on the 26 October 1899 at his home on Light Terrace, Thebarton, Adelaide. Hephzibah followed when she died at the family home in Light Terrace Thebarton on the 11 August 1914. Both were laid to rest at the West Terrace Cemetery in Adelaide.

The children of William and Hephzibah SANDERSON were:-

1. William Sanderson baptised: 25 March 1844 Barton Upon Humber St Mary, Lincolnshire
married Sarah Ann CAUSBY 1847-1889 in Adelaide on the 8 March 1865 they had two children William Sanderson 1866 1868 and George Hembrough Sanderson 1869

2. Mary Ann Indiana Sanderson b:23 June 1849 at sea. d:22 April 1917 at her home 161 O'Connell St., Nth. Adelaide. m. Henry HISSEY 1842-1912, 27 May 1865 at the home of the groom's father Cockatoo Valley

3. Henry Sanderson b: 23 October 1851 Brownhill Creek SA. d: 13 January 1853 South Australia

4. John Henry Sanderson b:25 March 1855 d: xxxx m. Mary Ann JOHNSON

5. Eliza Sanderson b: 20 March 1857 Mitcham, SA. d: xxxx m. William VINEY at Mitcham on 21 September 1875 at the home of her parents.

6. Emily Sanderson b: 9 August 1859 Mitcham, SA d: 10 December 1863 at Bassett Town SA.

7. Hephzibah Hembrough Sanderson b:19 August 1863 Bassett Town SA. d:abt. 1920 m. William PILL xxxx-1916

8. Emily Agnes Sanderson b: 16 Sept.1866 Bassett Town SA. d: 2 May 1939 South Australia. m. George Horatio TEMPERLEY 1860-1925 on the 17 November 1885 in Adelaide. One of their children, a son William George TEMPERLEY b: 1887 met with a tragic death in 1897.

Australia Death Index, 1787-1985
about William Sanderson Name: William Sanderson
Death Date: 26 Oct 1899
Death Place: Parkside
Age: 75
Residence Place: Thebarton
Registration Place: Norwood, South Australia
Page Number: 146
Volume Number: 265
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1824


The only relevance this photograph below has to the above is that the woman comes from Thebarton in South Australia.
She has won the cotton winding race!
I don't know if this sport was unique to South Australia or not, probably, or perhaps New Zealand, both have always been to the forefront when it comes to initiating things to keep us women happy.
This exciting sport is no more.. gone.
Such a shame I think many of us would have been very good at cotton winding.
When you think about it, we have given up so much for the sake of liberation.


Henry Stiggants 1823-1905

Name: Henry STIGGANTS
Birth: 19 August 1823 - Boarhunt, Hampshire, England
Death: 22 April 1905 at Andersons Creek Victoria, Australia
Marriage: 17 October 1848 - Fareham/Southwick, Hampshire, England
FATHER: Thomas John Stiggants, 1792-1861
MOTHER: Elizabeth WIELD 1799-1880.

Spouse: Miriam HOUGHTON b:1830 Hampshire, England. d: 26 September 1914 Anderson's Creek, Victoria. Miriam was the daughter of Uriah HOUGHTON 1791-1878 and Sarah SNELL 1797-1865

Immigration:Arrived 7.08.1849 - aboard The Indian was appointed Mess Captain during the voyage.

As a young man Henry served in the British Navy under Sir John Henry Erskins before emigrating to Australia.
Henry Stiggants was a Shire Councillor and Justice of the Peace in Andersons Creek-Warrandyte district.

The children Of Henry and Miriam were:-
1.Henry Stiggants b:29 December1852 Port Adelaide. d:3 Nov.1929 Box Hill, Victoria m.Amelia Maria WILSON 1857-1939 in Melbourne Victoria in 1875 they had 7 children;
Adelaide Amelia Stiggants 1876 1879
Annie Grace Stiggants 1879 1922
Henry Ernest Albert Stiggants 1881 1947
Gertrude Ruth Stiggants 1882 1949
John Harold Stiggants 1884 1949
George Edwin Stiggants 1886 1960
Clarisse Elizabeth Stiggants 1888 1889

2. George Stiggants b:1855 Richmond Victoria. d: 1857 Richmond Victoria

3. Sarah Jane Stiggants b:1858 Collingwood, Victoria. d: 1933 Moonee Ponds Victoria. m. (1)George HOLLOWAY in 1875 at Heidelberg,three children; Elizabeth Jane 1876, Evelyn Mary 1878 and Eugene Ernest George 1880.
then in 1895 Sarah married ? MCGILL.

Elizabeth Stiggants 1861 in Collingwood. m. George Standish HARTRICK 1858-1934 in Ballarat in 1881. The children of Elizabeth and George were; Victor Standish 1882, Percival George 1883, Daisy Miriam Ruth 1886,
Rosina Adelaide 1887 and Jasper Henry Cecil 1889.

Ruth Stiggants b:1865 Anderson's Creek, Victoria d: 1944. m. William John CROOKS in Broadford in 1886 and had 2 children Mabel Miriam 1887-1954 and Sylvia Stiggants CROOKS 18881976.

Ernest Stiggants b:1871 Anderson's Creek. died 1879 Anderson's Creek

Timeline for Andersons Creek-Warrandyte 1839-1909

before 1839 Aboriginal people of the Wurundjeri clan lived in the area
1839 First selection of land by white settler, James Anderson
1851 Feb - serious bushfires on Black Thursday
1851 Gold found in Andersons Creek - first miners arrive at Andersons Creek - first gold licences in Victoria issued at Warrandyte
1855 Two stores started
1855 Warrandyte Cricket Club started
1856 Andersons Creek School opened, run by Church of England

1856 First coffer dam over Yarra built behind old PO stakes still visible at low water
1856 Punt across Yarra built
1856 Union hotel built, became Warrandyte Hotel burned down 1925 site of present Mechanics Institute
1857 First Post Office opened in a store
1857 First mail service to Melbourne began
1859 Geraghty's Mine started
1859 Mining started in Whipstick Gully area closed 1923
1861 First bridge over Yarra opened (was at back of old PO)
1863 Big Floods washed away first bridge
1866 Cemetery established
1868 First steam-powered crushing battery behind old PO started - Grants
1870 Anderson Creek Hotel built, became Grand Hotel 1895
1870 Holloways Hotel built, closed 1900
1870 Marble Hall Hotel built closed 1894
1870 Mullins Orchard opened in Black Flat area - near site by future Caledonia Mine) (closed 1917)
1870 Pound Bend Tunnel built ceased operations in 1872
1874 Warrandytes largest nugget found, 100 oz
1875 New wooden bridge built
1875 The original building which existed at 111 Yarra St became the PO in 1889

1875 Stone building of State School No 12 opened (remains to present)
1878 Discovery of Diorite Dykes in Black Flat area - Elliot Freehold Company formed stamping crusher built
1879 Crown Company mine started to exploit Diorite Dykes roof subsequently collapsed area now used as a rubbish dump
1883 Warrandyte Railway station on Lilydale line renamed Croydon
1889 Huge Yarra floods washed away much of low-lying Warrandyte
1889 Box Hill to Doncaster electric tramway opened - closed 1896
1889 Vast Wonga Park grazing property opened up for sub-division
1890 Proposal for railway from Kew to Warrandyte via Doncaster, with extension to Templestowe
1890 Jan/Feb - thousands of hectares burnt north of Warrandyte, Kinglake-Christmas Hills
1891 Heidelberg School Artists Trail opened, now passes through Warrandyte along River Walk
1893 PO opened at 111 Yarra St closed 1972
1895 Grand Hotel opened, replaced former Andersons Creek Hotel
1895 Primary School opened in Warrandyte East name changed to Wonga Park School in 1898
1896 Victory Mine started good yields closed 1904
1898 Water-powered privately owned battery owned by William Lewis - east of bridge - opened on south bank originally driven by waterwheel 2m wide 5m diameter then by portable steam engine - closed 1925 waterwheel left standing for several years
1900 Holloways Hotel closed
1900 Warrandyte Wine Hall hotel built closed 1924 became Folk Art Shop - 232 Yarra St
1902 Eight Hours Pioneer Settlement Post Office opened in Wonga Park renamed Wonga Park PO in 1907
1904 Caledonia Mine started, off Tills Rd (now private property) steam-powered and winch closed 1909
1904 Victory Mine closed

1906 Warrandyte Football Club started (played at site next to Caledonia Mine, Black Flat area)
1908 Warrandyte Football Club moved to the new Anderson's Creek Recreation Reserve, where it resides today
1908 Warrandyte Tennis Club started

1909 Andersons Creek officially renamed Warrandyte
1909 Caledonia mine closed
1909 Warrandyte Battery trust formed took over operation of Lewis battery



Below is Andersons Creek - Warrandyte 1898


3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago

THE PASSENGERS' ACT 1849

It was the passengers on the barque Indian and their complaints who essentially caused The Passenger Act of 1842 to be changed.

There are several sections of The Passenger Act this section below deals with regulations to be observed on board passenger ships.


Issued by the Queen in Council : -

1. All passengers who shall not be prevented by sickness, or other sufficient cause, to be determined by the surgeon, or in ships carrying no surgeon by the master, shall rise not later than 7 o'clock a.m., at which hour the fires shall be lighted.

2. It shall be the duty of the cook, appointed under the twenty-sixth section of the said "Passengers' Act, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine," to light the fires and to take care that they be kept alight during the day, and also to take care that each passenger, or family of passengers, shall have the use of the fireplace at the proper hours, in an order to be fixed by the master.

3. When the passengers are dressed their beds shall be rolled up.

4. The decks, including the space under the bottom of the berths, shall be swept before breakfast, and all dirt thrown overboard.

5. The breakfast hour shall be from eight to nine o'clock am.; provided that, before the commencement of breakfast, all the emigrants, except as herein before excepted, be out of bed and dressed, and that the beds have been rolled up, and the deck on which the emigrants live properly swept.

6. The deck shall further be swept after every meal, and, after breakfast is concluded, shall be also dry holy-stoned or scraped. This duty, as well as that of cleaning the ladders, hospitals, and round-houses, shall be performed by a party taken in rotation from the adult males above fourteen, in the proportion of five to every one hundred emigrants, and who shall be considered as sweepers for the day. But the single women shall per- form this duty in their own compartment, where a separate compartment is allotted to them,
and the occupant of each berth shall see that his own berth is well brushed out.

7. Dinner shall commence at one o'clock p.m. and supper at six p.m

8. The fires shall be extinguished at seven p.m., unless otherwise directed by the master, or required for the use of the sick, and the emigrants shall be in their berths at ten o'clock p.m. except under the permission or authority of the surgeon; or if there be no surgeon, of the master.

9. Three safety lamps shall be lit at dusk, and kept burning till ten o'clock p.m.; after which hour,
two of the lamps may be extinguished one being nevertheless kept burning at the main hatchway all night.

10. No naked light shall be allowed at any time or on any account.

11. The scuttles and stemports, if any, shall, weather permitting, be opened at seven o'clock, a.m.
and kept open till ten o'clock p.m.; and the hatches shall be kept open whenever the weather permits.

12. The coppers and cooking utensils shall be cleaned every day.

13. The beds shall be well shaken and aired on deck at least twice a week.

14. The bottom boards of the berths, if not fixtures, shall be removed and dry-scrubbed, and taken on deck
at least twice a week.

19. A space of deck-room shall be apportioned for a hospital, not less, for vessels carrying
one hundred passengers, than forty-eight superficial feet, with two or four bed-berths erected therein;
nor less for vessels carrying two hundred or more passengers, than one hundred and twenty superficial feet,
with six bed-berths therein.

16. Two days in the week shall be appointed by the master as washing days; but no washing or drying of clothes shall on any account be permitted between decks.

17. On Sunday mornings the passengers shall be mustered at ten o'clock a.m. and will be expected
to appear in clean and decent apparel. The Lord's Day shall be observed as religiously as
circumstances will admit.

18. No spirits or gunpowder shall be taken on board by any passenger: and if either of
those articles be discovered in the possession of a passenger, it shall be taken into
the custody of the master during the voyage, and not returned to the passenger until
he is on the point of disembarking.

19. No loose hay or straw shall be allowed below for any purpose.

20. No smoking shall be allowed between decks.

21. All gambling, fighting, riotous or quarrelsome behaviour, swearing and violent language,
shall be at once put a stop to. Swords and other offensive weapons shall, as soon as the passengers embark,
be placed in the custody of the master.

22. No sailors shall be allowed to remain on the passenger deck, among the passengers, except on duty.

23. No passenger shall go to the ship's cookhouse, without special permission from the master, nor remain in the forecastle among the sailors on any account.

24. In vessels not expressly required by the said "Passengers'Act, 1849," to have on board such ventilating apparatus as therein mentioned, such other provision shall be made for ventilation as shall be required, by the emigration officer, at the port of embarkation, or in his absence by the officers of customs.

25. And to prevent all doubts in the construction of this Order in Council, it is hereby further ordered that the terms "United Kingdom" and "Passenger Ship" shall herein have the same significations as are assigned to them respectively in the said "Passengers' Act, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine."
And the Right Honorable Earl Grey, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, is to give the necessary directions herein accordingly.

WM. L. BATHURST.


Electronically translated text taken from The Sydney Morning Herald newspaper issued on Wednesday 11 March 1850. Transcribed and corrected on the 8 January 2012 by janilye
Also, for your interest, I have added Post World War Two migrant ships and in particular the FAIRSEA.
From Museum Victoria and for other information on Immigration, Naturalisation &c. National Archives with their online index.

The photograph below Scene onboard an Australian Emigration Ship. taken from an Australian Newspaper 20 January 1849


3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 2 months ago

THE PASSENGERS ACT. 1842

The Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners Bill adopted by Lord Stanley, for the amendment and enlargement of the then existing Passengers Act was issued and published in The Australian on Monday 25 July 1842. The following is an abridgement of the Bill.

1. The first clause repeals former acts, 5 and 6 Will. IV., c. 53, and 3 and 4 Vic. c.21.

2. The number of passengers to be carried in each vessel is limited: vessels proceeding from the United Kingdom or the Channel Islands to any place out of Europe, not being within the Mediterranean Sea, shall carry no more than one. passenger for every two tons of the registered tonnage. In the lower deck or platform ten clear superficial feet are to be allowed for each passenger; or if the ships pass within the Tropics, the voyage not being computed at more than twelve weeks, twelve feet are to be allowed; at more than twelve weeks, fifteen feet. One passenger may be carried under the poop for every thirty passengers. The master incurs a penalty of 5 for every possenger in access of the proper number

3. Every ship must have a lower deck or platform above or level with the top of the lower beams, properly secured to them, and of an inch and a half in thickness.

4. There must be a height of at least six feet between the upper and lower decks.

5. There must be only two tiers of berths; the lower, six inches from the deck.

6. A supply of not less than three quarts of water must be issued to each passenger per day, and seven pounds of bread stuff per week; of the latter, one third may consist of potatoes, reckoned at the rate of five pounds for one of bread stuffs. No ship to be cleared out without having on board sufficient supplies of provisions and water.

7 Regulations for securing the supply of water and for its preservation on the voyage.

8. The length of voyages, is to be computed according to the following rule: to North America, ten weeks; West Indies, ten weeks; Central or South America, twelve weeks; West Coast of Africa, twelve weeks; Cape of Good Hope or the Falkland Islands, fifteen weeks; Mauritius, eighteen weeks; Western Australia, twenty weeks; other Australian Colonies, twenty two weeks; New Zealand, twenty four weeks.

9. Two children under fourteen years of age to be reckoned as one adult passenger.

10. The Emigration Agent at the port which the vessel leaves, or in the absence of such a functionary, the officers of the Customs, are to examine the provisions and water as to quantity and quality, and the allotment of space; and to ascertain that there is an ample supply of water and stores for the crew of the ship or other persons on board, over and above what Is provided for the passengers.

11. Provides for the rigid survey of the ship, as to its sea worthiness; and gives the Commissioner of Customs or the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners power to detain vessels until rendered seaworthy.

12. Every ship of 150 and under 250 tons must carry two boats; under 500 tons three boats; more than that, four boats.

13. Masters to carry two copies of the act, open to the perusal of passengers.

14. With every ship carrying one hundred passengers a medical practitioner is to sail; in every ship carrying a smaller number, medicines of sufficient amount and of proper kind to be carried

15. Spirits are not to be laden on board by way of stores, except for the master and crew and cabin passengers, or as medical comforts; but the sale of spirits to any passenger during the voyage is absolutely prohibited, under a penalty of not less than 50, nor more than 200.

16. The masters are to keep a list of passengers according to a given form, to be countersigned by the officers of Customs at the port of clearance, and deposited with the officers of Customs or Consul at the port of discharge.

17. A like list is to be kept of additional passengers who may be taken on board during the voyage.

18. Written receipts for passage money to any place in North America are to be given to steerage passengers, according to a given form, under a penalty of 2.

19. Passage brokers contracting for passages to North America are to be licensed by Justices in the Petit or Quarter Sessions of their district; and will incur a penalty of 10 for every passage contracted without a license.

20. All brokers who contract for a passage, without due authority from the parties to whom the vessel belongs, incur a penalty not exceeding 5; with the liability on the part of the licensed broker to have the license taken away.

21. If a contract for a passage is broken, the aggrieved parties, unless maintained at the expense of the con tractors, shall recover the amount of passage money with a sum not exceeding 5 for each passage, by way of compensation

22. In case vessels are detained beyond the appointed day of departure, lodgings and rations are to be provided for each passenger, or he is allowed one shilling a day as subsistence money.

23. At the close of the voyage persons are to be entitled to remain on board for forty eight hours after the arrival in port; and are to be provided for in the same manner as during the voyage; unless, in the ulterior prosecution of her voyage, any such ship shall quit any such port or place within the said period of forty eight hours.

24. The master of the vessel is to afford every facility to the proper officers for the inspection of the ship.

25. This clause enumerates many of the foregoing regulations to the breach of which special penalties have not been affixed, and enforces them under a penalty of not less than 5 nor more than 50.

26. The right is reserved to passengers to proceed at law for any breach of contract.

27. The mode of recovering penalties is directed.

28. Owners or charterers and masters of vessels carrying more than fifty passengers, are to enter into bond, without stamp, for the due performance of the regulations prescribed by the act.

29. Vessels not carrying more than twenty passengers, and ships in the service of the Admiralty or East India Company, ships of war, or transports, are exempted from the operation of the act.

30. The act is extended to the carriage of passengers by sea from any of the British West Indies (in which term, are included the British West India Islands, the Bahamas, and British Guiana,) from Malta, British possessions on the West coast of Africa, and from Mauritius, to any other place whatsoever.

31. Governors of colonies not already enumerated may adopt this act by proclamation.

32. Those Governors are empowered to declare the computed length of voyages from their own colony to any other place for the purposes of the act; but short voyages of less than three weeks are reserved for particular enactment below.

33. The Governor may substitute different articles of provisions from those specified in the act.

34. The proclamation is to be transmitted to the Queen in Council for confirmation or disallowance; but until disallowed, it is to be in force.

35. Governors are to possess the powers vested in Customs-officers for determining the sea worthiness of vessels.

36. Bonds are not required in respect of voyages from colonies.

37. And such voyages are exempted from the regulations as to the keeping: copies of the act, the form of receipts for passage-money , the licensing of passage-brokers, the return of passage-money and compensation, and the payment of subsistence money.

38. With those exceptions, the act is extended to voyages from the West Indies of less than three weeks but, not less than three days duration, except as relates to the construction or thickness of the lower deck, the height between decks,the surgeon and medicine chests, and the maintenance of passengers for forty eight hours. In such short voyages from the West Indies the owner or charterer may contract with passengers to provide themselves with food, not including water; but nevertheless the proper officer must ascertain that the passengers have provided an adequate quantity of food.

39. Governors of colonies other than West Indies may adopt these regulations respecting short voyages.

40. This act is not to prevent local legislatures in the West Indies, the Bahama Islands, and Bermuda, or the Queen in Council, from establishing necessary rules and regulations, unless counter to the provisions of the act.

41. The Governor-General of India is empowered to extend the act from time to time to any ports or places within his jurisdiction.

42. Foreign vessels engaged in any voyages specified in the act are to be subject to its provisions.

43. The term "passengers" in the act is not held to include cabin passengers.

44. In all proceedings it shall be sufficient to cite the act by the title of "The Passengers Act."

NOTE:This act remained in force until October 1849 when because of so called "Ocean Hells and Death Ships" the new Consolidated Passenger Act was brought in. This Act covered both British and foreign vessels and empowered Colonial Governors effectually to interfere on behalf of the passenger, so as to secure for him a clearly defined modicum of sustenance and comfort during the voyage. I shall deliver a copy of this New Consolidated Passenger Act on a future journal.

Electronically translated text taken from The Australian newspaper issued on Wednesday 25 July 1842. Transcribed and corrected on the 8 January 2012 by janilye


1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 3 months ago

The Workhouse

Although the workhouse is no more; poverty and homelessness are still very much with us. Please support the charities and other organisations that work to help those for whom this Christmas may not be all that merry

Above is an appeal on one of the most interesting internet sites I have come across, titled The Workhouse I wanted to share with you.

The photograph below
Child Labour


Primary and Secondary Sources

Many people have asked me about sources and the difference. There is a lot of information about sources on the internet but some people are still confused.

Primary Sources
A primary source is something that comes from the time that the historian is studying.
For instance if a historian is studying the First World War, then letters and diaries written by the soldiers, the uniforms and the weapons are the primary sources. If a soldier who fought in the trenches wrote his memories of the war a long time after the war it is still a primary source.

Secondary Sources
Secondary sources are sources which do not come from the time the historian is studying. These sources have got their information from other sources. Books about the first world war by historians or school textbooks about the First World War, are examples of secondary sources.

with the exception of the 1911 census, returns are not primary sources, they are secondary sources. The information they contain may have been transferred through several people. The individual's details given to head of the house; the head of the house who wrote out the Householders Schedule which was then handed to the enumerator, who then transferred it to the CEB, which itself was subjected to the rules of the census particularly over the classification of occupations. Finally the Census Office clerks may have made alterations. There were mistakes.



I think the diagram shown below, of the various sources historians can use, will make it easier to understand.


Central Goldfields, Victoria, Australia-Lookups

I will be in The Maldon and Castlemaine area from the 16th March till the 27th March

I will be visiting the Maldon Cemetery .
So if you need a photograph or confirmation of a death, let me know
If you have a request for anything at any of the other towns in the central goldfields area, ask and I will do my best to get there.

For 3 days during this time I will be at the Goldfields Research Centre in Bendigo.
If any member has look-ups they would like carried out whilst I'm there. Please contact me or post them on this page. I will notify you whether or not a favourable result is achieved.

After this trip, I will not be returning till 27th April 2013


2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 1 month ago