janilye on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
After hearing the old story about not asking the 'right questions' or 'not paying attention', when you were younger and the grannies were still around.
I went in search of an answer and I found these questions below on a blog posted by Ancestry Australia and New Zealand on January 9, 2012 in Australia. I have added a couple of things, as you can too.
I have printed out some copies and intend to pass them around to the oldies (the other oldies) in the family at our next get-together. Of course they'll all roll their eyes and think, 'ohhhh nooooooooo here she goes again'. But hopefully they will humour me and maybe your family will too.
Do you have a family legend or story that has been passed down for generations?
What traditions do you look forward to at family get-togethers?
What is unique about your family background or ethnicity?
How did your ancestors change your life?
Do you have any advice for future generations?
What is the most important thing you learned from your parents?
When was the best time in your life and why was it great?
What are you most proud of about your family?
How do you want to be remembered?
What is your favorite thing about being part of your family?
What quirky personality traits run in your family?
What physical characteristics run in your family?
What is/was your favorite activity to do with your mother or father?
How would your family spend a typical day together?
How would your mother or father punish or reward you as a child?
What things did you do with your brothers and sisters when you were growing up?
How have your brothers and sisters influenced your life?
Fun Family Questions
Who is the biggest troublemaker in your family?
Who in your family would you want to be stranded on a desert island with?
Which family member do you think could be famous?
Who is the best cook?
What is your favourite food?
What is your favourite song?
Who do you most want to be like in your family?
Who has the best sense of humour in your family?
What do you think was the biggest problem facing the world when you were growing up?
What do you think is the biggest problem facing the world today?
What do you think are the discoveries and inventions that changed your life?
What do you think the world will be like for your family?s future generations in 100 years?
What is your wish for the future generations of your family?
The census was held on a Sunday either that last weekend in March or the beginning of April. Sunday night when most people would be at home.
You'll notice the first census in 1841 was held in June and not successful at all, because the bright sparks in the city who organised it, didn't realise, it was during the agricultural season and most people were away for the harvest. The 1841 census in England and Wales was the first census where the names of all the occupants of the household were taken.
They were administered in census districts which were based on the registration districts used in the civil registration of births, deaths and marriages. These districts were made into divisions of about 200 households called enumeration districts and enumerators were employed ( yes! they were paid)to visit the households and explain the forms, much the same as they do today.
The districts did not always match the existing parish boundaries.
The date of the census were:
Sunday 6 June 1841
Sunday 30 March 1851
Sunday 7 April 1861
Sunday 2 April 1871
Sunday 3 April 1881
Sunday 5 April 1891
Sunday 31 March 1901
Sunday 2 April 1911
Census returns are subject to a 100 years' privacy rule
I couldn't resist adding this History of the British Empire from Horrible Histories.
Special forms were supplied for asylums, hospitals, schools and similar institutions
with over 100 occupants.
The form below is the 1911 Census
Emigrant on the barque Indian, Elijah Branford was just 22 when he arrived in Port Adelaide.
Born in Lakenham, Norfolk, England on the 3 March 1827, the son of Samuel BRANFORD b:abt.1805 and died 14 March 1833 at Swainsthorpe, Norfolk, England. Elijah's mother was Hannah Elizabeth Baxter born 25 December 1807 in Barford, Norfolk, England. Hannah also migrated to Adelaide, South Australia and died on the 7 June 1852 under the name Hannah PALLENT from her second marriage.
Elijah had two syblings also emigrants;
James BRANFORD b:1828 Norfolk. d: 8 December 1888, Little Adelaide, South Australia
Elizabeth BRANFORD b:1831 Norwich, Norfolk, England d:12 March 1915, Mount Gambier, South Australia
Elijah BRANFORD married Susanna LEWIS in Adelaide on the 20 April 1852. Susanna was born in Breconshire, Wales on the 5 February 1834 one of five children on Edward LEWIS and Harriet.
The children of Elija BRANFORD and Susannah, nee LEWIS all born in Kangarilla, South Australia 41 km (25 miles) from Adelaide, were:-
1. WILLIAM BRANFORD 1853 1853
2. EZRA BRANFORD b:24 March 1854 d: xxxx m. Lucy Rose WOODS 1866-xxxx I've found three children born to this couple; DORIS (-) Veda Laurel (1889-1923) OLIVER LESTER (1891-1918
3. JOHN BRANFORD b: 16 March 1856 ?
4. SAMUEL BRANFORD b: 11 March 1859 Kangarilla. d:15 March 1939 at Brighton, South Australia. m. Jane SHEARING 1862-1902 at the Congregational Church, Glenelg on the 24 September 1884. their four children were:-
GRACE EVA (1885-1944) HENRY ERNEST (1887-1954) BERTHA ALICE (1891-1974) ADELINE MAY (1896-1985).
In 1910 Samuel next married Ellen Florence Elliott 1871-1956.
5. JAMES LEWIS BRANFORD b: 14 July 1861 Kangarilla.
6. RUTH ELIZABETH BRANFORD b: 12 July 1863 Kangarilla
7. ELIZA JANE BRANFORD b: 30 August 1865 Kangarilla. m. William TOOP on the 22 October 1884 at the home of the bride's parents, 'Glengrove' Kangarilla
8. SUSAN BRANFORD b: 24 March 1875 died 7 October 1879 Kangarilla, South Australia
9. ELIJAH DAVID BAXTER BRANFORD b: 1 June 1876 Kangarilla. d: 10 September 1946 Tumby Bay,South Australia m. Louisa Jane ?
Elijah David was Licensee of the Mintaro Hotel in 1902 which is now known as The Magpie and Stump hotel. He Joined the A.I.F at age 40, a motor mechanic by trade he joined as a driver on 16 September 1916. ANZAC
THE ADVERTISER, Thursday 12 September 1946
BRANFORD.- On September 11, at Tumby Bay, Elijah (Jack), beloved husband of Louisa Branford. Aged 70 years
Please note: The Port Lincoln Times gave date of death 10 September and the Advertiser and The Chronicle the 11 September. He was buried on the 11th. at the
TUMBY BAY CEMETERY and his headstone gives date of death as the 10th.
Susannah Branford nee Lewis died at 'Glengrove' Kangarilla on the 6 February 1885 of Heart disease.
The South Australian Advertiser. Friday 13 February 1885
BRANFORD.On the 6th February at Glengrove. Kangarilla, after three weeks of extreme pain, caused by heart disease, Susannah, the beloved wife of Elijah Branford, aged 51, leaving a large family to mourn their loss.
Elijah BRANFORD died on the 10 July 1905 at the Adelaide hospital. He was a colonist for over 56 years.
He was buried the next day in the old section of the Clarendon-Kangarilla Cemetery, Plot 244
The image below is Mrs. Bennett in her bonnet, with her two daughters and grandchildren in front of the Post Office, in Kangarilla, South Australia, which was formerly Eyre's Flat Post Office
John Tootell arrived on the Indian 7 August 1849 , with his wife, two children and his brother Jacob.
Frederick TOOTELL was born in Radford, Nottinghamshire, England in 1798 and died in Nottingham on the 10 November 1873.
In Nottingham on the 23 May 1819 he married Mary BURTON. Mary had been born at Sneinton, Nottinghamshire, England and died in Nottingham, England on the 4 January 1865.
According to the 1851 Census taken in North Street, Sneinton
the year after John and Jacob left home, Frederick was a silk stocking maker and his wife Mary a lace mender.
The couple had fourteen children:-
Edward 1820, John 1822 ? 1888 , Frederick 1824-1824, Richard 1826, Jacob 1828 , Thomas 1830, Sarah Ann 1831, Mary 1833, Elizabeth 1836 ? 1842, Frederick 1837-1908 in NZ, Emma 1838, Charles 1840, Mary 1843 and James 1845.
John TOOTELL born 18 October 1822 in Snieton, Nottinghamshire married Phoebe HARRISON in Nottingham on the 27 October 1844. Phoebe was born in Nottingham around 1826 according to her age at death. The daughter of George HARRISON 1789-xxxx and Ann SMITH 1791-xxxx.
The couple arrived on the Indian with the first two of their 10 children;
1. Willoughby Harrisson Tootell b: 5 December 1845 Sneinton, Nottinghamshire d: 26 June 1929 Minnivale, Western Australia, which is 180 km. NE of Perth.m. Sarah Ann TILBURN 1856-1926 in Bendigo on the 13 August 1873. The children of this marroage were:-
Victoria Jane 1874-1959, Rose 1876-1942, William Ernest 1878-1960, Florence Ethel 1881-1881, Frances Olive 1883-1921, Claude Percival 1885-1936, Selina Beatrice 1888-1973 and Willoughby Leslie John (1892-1958)
2. Ellen Tootell b: 1847 Radford, Nottinghamshire, England d: 2 May 1929 North Perth, Western Australia. m. Thomas Hosking CARMAN 1838-1888 at Bendigo in 1869.
This couple had eight children :- Richard John 1870-1935, Thomas Henry 1872-1946, Edith Ellen 1874-1948, William 1876-1923, Frederick Willoughby 1878-1959, Phillippa Ethel 1881-xxxx George Harold 1884-1967 and Frank Percival 1886-1942.
3. John Tootell b: 15 June 1850 Adelaide, South Australia. d: 28 November 1853 Bendigo, Victoria
4. Mary Tootell b:1853 Bendigo, Victoria, Australia d: 1903 Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
5. Frederick Tootell b:1856 Epsom, Victoria, d:8 December 1947 Seddon, Victoria. m. Emily Hannah Nankervis
1858-1939 at Sandhurst, Bendigo, Victoria in 1880 This couple had nine children:-
Frederick 1880?1957, Richard Henry 1882?1903, Charlotte 1883-1887, Emily 1885, Lillian 1887, Annie 1888-1966
Harold John 1892-1949, Clarice Jubilee 1897-1968 and Arthur Nankervis Tootell 1900-1957.
6. Julia Tootell b:1858 Bendigo, Victoria. d: 1884 Kialla West, Victoria m. Moses Shane HENDERSON 1855-xxxx they had two children:-
Julia May Henderson 1881 ? 1944
James Alexander Henderson 1884 ? 1884
7. Richard Tootell b:1861 Bendigo. d: 9 October 1876 Bendigo, Victoria.
8. Alice Tootell b 12 August 1863 Bagshot, Victoria d: 29 December 1959 Bendigo, Victoria. m. John Frederick Henry Zirkler 1858-1920 in her family home at Bagshot on the 13 April 1887 this couple had five children:-
Lilian Julia 1888-1966, Gladys Vivian 1890-1960, Frank 1892,Alice Thelma 1899-1945 and 1 unnamed male.
9. Emma Tootell b: 18 January 1867 White Hills, Bendigo d: 9 February 1947 Bendigo, Victoria
10. George Tootell b: 1872 Huntley, d: 8 December 1947 Ormond, Victoria. m.
Christina Ottilie Strauch 1879-1959 in St.Georges Church, Burnie, Tasmania on the 18 April 1900. This couple had five children, among them Frederick John George 1903-1962, Marjorie Lillian 1905-xxxx and Edith May 1907.
John TOOTELL died at Huntley a suburb of Bendigo and Phoebe followed on the 17 October 1908 both are buried in the same grave at White Hills Cemetary .
Jacob TOOTELL born on the 13 July 1828 at in Snieton, Nottinghamshire, married Ann BISHOP born between 1830 and 35 in Cheshire, England at St.Patricks Adelaide on the 25 November 1854
The children of this marriage were:-
1. Sarah Anne Tootell b: 1855 in Bendigo, Victoria, Australia. m. William Smith
2. Stephen Samuel Tootell b: 1857 in Epsom (near Bendigo), Victoria. d: 1951 Collingwood, Victoria. m. Elizabeth Ann KIRBY 1863-1947 this couple produced seven children :- Stephen Samuel 1891-1975. Elizabeth Hannah 1893, Jacob Hugo 1894-1972, Olive May 1896-1896, George Frederick 1897-1923, Alice Ruby 1899 and Stanley Theodore in 1901.
Stephen next married Elizabeth Mabel Wheatley, in 1913
3. Hannah Esther Tootell b: 1859 in Epsom, d: 1920 in Bendigo. m. Frederick John CLARKE 1850-1920 in Bendigo in 1884. This couple has six children :- Alice, Beatrice, Dorothy Gladys, Gertrude, Pearl and
Ethel May 1886-1971.
4. Eliza Tootell b: 1861 in Inglewood Victoria m. Thomas ATKIN
5. Charles Tootell b: 1862 in Inglewood, Victoria. d:
6. James Tootell b: 1864 in Inglewood, Victoria d: 1951 at Tailem Bend South Australia. m. Annie Amelia BARNES 1868-1953 don't know when. Their children were:-
Evelyn 1894, James 1895-1983, Lucy 1896 and Edward 1897.
Death of Jacob and Ann in Inglewood / Bendigo?, Victoria No death reg. in Victoria
The Photograph below supplied by great grandson Ron Coles, is Willoughby Harrison Tootell and family.
(l-r back row) Frances Olive, Claude Percival, Victoria Jane, William Ernest, Willoughby Leslie John (front row) Rose, Willoughby Harrison, Sarah Ann, Selina Beatrice
From 01/01/1829 to 01/01/1934
1883/C414 Reinhardt Marie
1886/B10391 Moore Sarah Ann Nellie
Kimmins Edwin Philip
1898/C2078 Dunlop David
1898/C621 Connors Sarah Ann
1900/C2119 Smith Percy Claude
1906/C730 Kimmins William Charles
1907/C977 Kimmins Louise Smith
Kenelin Chillingly Richard
1912/C3206 Kimmins Silvia May
1915/C3043 Kimmins Gertrude Edith
1915/C773 Kimmins Herbert Vincent
Smith Ethel Maude
1916/C2580 Kimmins Victor
Holden Ivy Emma Ann
1917/B20709 Kimmins Edward Gordon Jubilee
1921/C1866 Kimmins Frank Edward
Holland Ethel Margaret
1921/C3680 Kimmins Arthur Rodney
Henson Alice Mary
1921/C862 Kimmins Mavis Nellie Marie
Hillocks Edward George
1922/C3506 Kimmins William Oscar
Connelly Cecilia Annie
1924/C2988 Kimmins Thelma Marie
1924/C739 Kimmins Eric Maitland
Sharry Frances Thelma
1927/C2100 Firth Ezra Septimus
Kimmins Sadie Rosalind
1927/C842 Mitchell Ruth Edna
Kimmins Alfred Thomas
1927/C855 Lau Alice Julia
1928/C3660 Kimmins Leslie Norman
Cleine Rita Mae
1929/C2921 Langton Alan Ward
Kimmins Irene Louisa
William Sanderson, born in England in 1824, arrived in Adelaide on the ship Indian with his wife Hephzibah, nee HEMBOROUGH. Hephzibah had been born Lincolnshire in 1826 and the couple were married during the last quarter of 1843 at Sculcoates, Yorkshire, England, the daughter of John HEMBOROUGH 1791 and his wife Mary 1796 from Butts Lane, Barton Upon Humber St Mary, Lincolnshire.
William and Hephzibah had eight children their second child, Mary Ann being born on board the Indian 12 weeks after it left Plymouth.
William died on the 26 October 1899 at his home on Light Terrace, Thebarton, Adelaide. Hephzibah followed when she died at the family home in Light Terrace Thebarton on the 11 August 1914. Both were laid to rest at the West Terrace Cemetery in Adelaide.
The children of William and Hephzibah SANDERSON were:-
1. William Sanderson baptised: 25 March 1844 Barton Upon Humber St Mary, Lincolnshire
married Sarah Ann CAUSBY 1847-1889 in Adelaide on the 8 March 1865 they had two children William Sanderson 1866 ? 1868 and George Hembrough Sanderson 1869
2. Mary Ann Indiana Sanderson b:23 June 1849 at sea. d:22 April 1917 at her home 161 O'Connell St., Nth. Adelaide. m. Henry HISSEY 1842-1912, 27 May 1865 at the home of the groom's father Cockatoo Valley
3. Henry Sanderson b: 23 October 1851 Brownhill Creek SA. d: 13 January 1853 South Australia
4. John Henry Sanderson b:25 March 1855 d: xxxx m. Mary Ann JOHNSON
5. Eliza Sanderson b: 20 March 1857 Mitcham, SA. d: xxxx m. William VINEY at Mitcham on 21 September 1875 at the home of her parents.
6. Emily Sanderson b: 9 August 1859 Mitcham, SA d: 10 December 1863 at Bassett Town SA.
7. Hephzibah Hembrough Sanderson b:19 August 1863 Bassett Town SA. d:abt. 1920 m. William PILL xxxx-1916
8. Emily Agnes Sanderson b: 16 Sept.1866 Bassett Town SA. d: 2 May 1939 South Australia. m. George Horatio TEMPERLEY 1860-1925 on the 17 November 1885 in Adelaide. One of their children, a son William George TEMPERLEY b: 1887 met with a tragic death in 1897.
Australia Death Index, 1787-1985
about William Sanderson Name: William Sanderson
Death Date: 26 Oct 1899
Death Place: Parkside
Residence Place: Thebarton
Registration Place: Norwood, South Australia
Page Number: 146
Volume Number: 265
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1824
The only relevance this photograph below has to the above is that the woman comes from Thebarton in South Australia.
She has won the cotton winding race!
I don't know if this sport was unique to South Australia or not, probably, or perhaps New Zealand, both have always been to the forefront when it comes to initiating things to keep us women happy.
This exciting sport is no more.. gone.
Such a shame I think many of us would have been very good at cotton winding.
When you think about it, we have given up so much for the sake of liberation.
Name: Henry STIGGANTS
Birth: 19 August 1823 - Boarhunt, Hampshire, England
Death: 22 April 1905 at Andersons Creek Victoria, Australia
Marriage: 17 October 1848 - Fareham/Southwick, Hampshire, England
FATHER: Thomas John Stiggants, 1792-1861
MOTHER: Elizabeth WIELD 1799-1880.
Spouse: Miriam HOUGHTON b:1830 Hampshire, England. d: 26 September 1914 Anderson's Creek, Victoria. Miriam was the daughter of Uriah HOUGHTON 1791-1878 and Sarah SNELL 1797-1865
Immigration:Arrived 7.08.1849 - aboard The Indian was appointed Mess Captain during the voyage.
As a young man Henry served in the British Navy under Sir John Henry Erskins before emigrating to Australia.
Henry Stiggants was a Shire Councillor and Justice of the Peace in Andersons Creek-Warrandyte district.
The children Of Henry and Miriam were:-
1.Henry Stiggants b:29 December1852 Port Adelaide. d:3 Nov.1929 Box Hill, Victoria m.Amelia Maria WILSON 1857-1939 in Melbourne Victoria in 1875 they had 7 children;
Adelaide Amelia Stiggants 1876 ? 1879
Annie Grace Stiggants 1879 ? 1922
Henry Ernest Albert Stiggants 1881 ? 1947
Gertrude Ruth Stiggants 1882 ? 1949
John Harold Stiggants 1884 ? 1949
George Edwin Stiggants 1886 ? 1960
Clarisse Elizabeth Stiggants 1888 ? 1889
2. George Stiggants b:1855 Richmond Victoria. d: 1857 Richmond Victoria
3. Sarah Jane Stiggants b:1858 Collingwood, Victoria. d: 1933 Moonee Ponds Victoria. m. (1)George HOLLOWAY in 1875 at Heidelberg,three children; Elizabeth Jane 1876, Evelyn Mary 1878 and Eugene Ernest George 1880.
then in 1895 Sarah married ? MCGILL.
Elizabeth Stiggants 1861 in Collingwood. m. George Standish HARTRICK 1858-1934 in Ballarat in 1881. The children of Elizabeth and George were; Victor Standish 1882, Percival George 1883, Daisy Miriam Ruth 1886,
Rosina Adelaide 1887 and Jasper Henry Cecil 1889.
Ruth Stiggants b:1865 Anderson's Creek, Victoria d: 1944. m. William John CROOKS in Broadford in 1886 and had 2 children Mabel Miriam 1887-1954 and Sylvia Stiggants CROOKS 1888?1976.
Ernest Stiggants b:1871 Anderson's Creek. died 1879 Anderson's Creek
Timeline for Andersons Creek-Warrandyte 1839-1909
?before 1839 Aboriginal people of the Wurundjeri clan lived in the area
?1839 First selection of land by white settler, James Anderson
?1851 Feb - serious bushfires on Black Thursday
?1851 Gold found in Anderson?s Creek - first miners arrive at Anderson?s Creek - first gold licences in Victoria issued at Warrandyte
?1855 Two stores started
?1855 Warrandyte Cricket Club started
?1856 Anderson?s Creek School opened, run by Church of England
?1856 First coffer dam over Yarra built behind old PO ? stakes still visible at low water
?1856 Punt across Yarra built
?1856 Union hotel built, became Warrandyte Hotel ? burned down 1925 ? site of present Mechanics Institute
?1857 First Post Office opened in a store
?1857 First mail service to Melbourne began
?1859 Geraghty's Mine started
?1859 Mining started in Whipstick Gully area ? closed 1923
?1861 First bridge over Yarra opened (was at back of old PO)
?1863 Big Floods washed away first bridge
?1866 Cemetery established
?1868 First steam-powered crushing battery behind old PO started - Grant?s
?1870 Anderson? Creek Hotel built, became Grand Hotel 1895
?1870 Holloways Hotel built, closed 1900
?1870 Marble Hall Hotel built ? closed 1894
?1870 Mullins Orchard opened in Black Flat area - near site by future Caledonia Mine) (closed 1917)
?1870 Pound Bend Tunnel built ? ceased operations in 1872
?1874 Warrandyte?s largest nugget found, 100 oz
?1875 New wooden bridge built
?1875 The original building which existed at 111 Yarra St became the PO in 1889
?1875 Stone building of State School No 12 opened (remains to present)
?1878 Discovery of Diorite Dykes in Black Flat area - Elliot Freehold Company formed ? stamping crusher built
?1879 Crown Company mine started to exploit Diorite Dykes ? roof subsequently collapsed ? area now used as a rubbish dump
?1883 Warrandyte Railway station on Lilydale line renamed Croydon
?1889 Huge Yarra floods washed away much of low-lying Warrandyte
?1889 Box Hill to Doncaster electric tramway opened - closed 1896
?1889 Vast Wonga Park grazing property opened up for sub-division
?1890 Proposal for railway from Kew to Warrandyte via Doncaster, with extension to Templestowe
?1890 Jan/Feb - thousands of hectares burnt north of Warrandyte, Kinglake-Christmas Hills
?1891 Heidelberg School Artists? Trail opened, now passes through Warrandyte along River Walk
?1893 PO opened at 111 Yarra St ? closed 1972
?1895 Grand Hotel opened, replaced former Anderson?s Creek Hotel
?1895 Primary School opened in Warrandyte East ? name changed to Wonga Park School in 1898
?1896 Victory Mine started ? good yields ? closed 1904
?1898 Water-powered privately owned battery owned by William Lewis - east of bridge - opened on south bank ? originally driven by waterwheel 2m wide 5m diameter then by portable steam engine - closed 1925 ? waterwheel left standing for several years
?1900 Holloways Hotel closed
?1900 Warrandyte Wine Hall hotel built ? closed 1924 ? became Folk Art Shop - 232 Yarra St
?1902 Eight Hours Pioneer Settlement Post Office opened in Wonga Park ? renamed Wonga Park PO in 1907
?1904 Caledonia Mine started, off Tills Rd (now private property) ? steam-powered and winch ? closed 1909
?1904 Victory Mine closed
?1906 Warrandyte Football Club started (played at site next to Caledonia Mine, Black Flat area)
?1908 Warrandyte Football Club moved to the new Anderson's Creek Recreation Reserve, where it resides today
?1908 Warrandyte Tennis Club started
?1909 Anderson?s Creek officially renamed Warrandyte
?1909 Caledonia mine closed
?1909 Warrandyte Battery trust formed ? took over operation of Lewis? battery
Below is Andersons Creek - Warrandyte 1898
It was the passengers on the barque Indian and their complaints who essentially caused The Passenger Act of 1842 to be changed.
There are several sections of The Passenger Act this section below deals with regulations to be observed on board passenger ships.
Issued by the Queen in Council : -
1. All passengers who shall not be prevented by sickness, or other sufficient cause, to be determined by the surgeon, or in ships carrying no surgeon by the master, shall rise not later than 7 o'clock a.m., at which hour the fires shall be lighted.
2. It shall be the duty of the cook, appointed under the twenty-sixth section of the said "Passengers' Act, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine," to light the fires and to take care that they be kept alight during the day, and also to take care that each passenger, or family of passengers, shall have the use of the fireplace at the proper hours, in an order to be fixed by the master.
3. When the passengers are dressed their beds shall be rolled up.
4. The decks, including the space under the bottom of the berths, shall be swept before breakfast, and all dirt thrown overboard.
5. The breakfast hour shall be from eight to nine o'clock am.; provided that, before the commencement of breakfast, all the emigrants, except as herein before excepted, be out of bed and dressed, and that the beds have been rolled up, and the deck on which the emigrants live properly swept.
6. The deck shall further be swept after every meal, and, after breakfast is concluded, shall be also dry holy-stoned or scraped. This duty, as well as that of cleaning the ladders, hospitals, and round-houses, shall be performed by a party taken in rotation from the adult males above fourteen, in the proportion of five to every one hundred emigrants, and who shall be considered as sweepers for the day. But the single women shall per- form this duty in their own compartment, where a separate compartment is allotted to them,
and the occupant of each berth shall see that his own berth is well brushed out.
7. Dinner shall commence at one o'clock p.m. and supper at six p.m
8. The fires shall be extinguished at seven p.m., unless otherwise directed by the master, or required for the use of the sick, and the emigrants shall be in their berths at ten o'clock p.m. except under the permission or authority of the surgeon; or if there be no surgeon, of the master.
9. Three safety lamps shall be lit at dusk, and kept burning till ten o'clock p.m.; after which hour,
two of the lamps may be extinguished one being nevertheless kept burning at the main hatchway all night.
10. No naked light shall be allowed at any time or on any account.
11. The scuttles and stemports, if any, shall, weather permitting, be opened at seven o'clock, a.m.
and kept open till ten o'clock p.m.; and the hatches shall be kept open whenever the weather permits.
12. The coppers and cooking utensils shall be cleaned every day.
13. The beds shall be well shaken and aired on deck at least twice a week.
14. The bottom boards of the berths, if not fixtures, shall be removed and dry-scrubbed, and taken on deck
at least twice a week.
19. A space of deck-room shall be apportioned for a hospital, not less, for vessels carrying
one hundred passengers, than forty-eight superficial feet, with two or four bed-berths erected therein;
nor less for vessels carrying two hundred or more passengers, than one hundred and twenty superficial feet,
with six bed-berths therein.
16. Two days in the week shall be appointed by the master as washing days; but no washing or drying of clothes shall on any account be permitted between decks.
17. On Sunday mornings the passengers shall be mustered at ten o'clock a.m. and will be expected
to appear in clean and decent apparel. The Lord's Day shall be observed as religiously as
circumstances will admit.
18. No spirits or gunpowder shall be taken on board by any passenger: and if either of
those articles be discovered in the possession of a passenger, it shall be taken into
the custody of the master during the voyage, and not returned to the passenger until
he is on the point of disembarking.
19. No loose hay or straw shall be allowed below for any purpose.
20. No smoking shall be allowed between decks.
21. All gambling, fighting, riotous or quarrelsome behaviour, swearing and violent language,
shall be at once put a stop to. Swords and other offensive weapons shall, as soon as the passengers embark,
be placed in the custody of the master.
22. No sailors shall be allowed to remain on the passenger deck, among the passengers, except on duty.
23. No passenger shall go to the ship's cookhouse, without special permission from the master, nor remain in the forecastle among the sailors on any account.
24. In vessels not expressly required by the said "Passengers'Act, 1849," to have on board such ventilating apparatus as therein mentioned, such other provision shall be made for ventilation as shall be required, by the emigration officer, at the port of embarkation, or in his absence by the officers of customs.
25. And to prevent all doubts in the construction of this Order in Council, it is hereby further ordered that the terms "United Kingdom" and "Passenger Ship" shall herein have the same significations as are assigned to them respectively in the said "Passengers' Act, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine."
And the Right Honorable Earl Grey, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, is to give the necessary directions herein accordingly.
WM. L. BATHURST.
Electronically translated text taken from The Sydney Morning Herald newspaper issued on Wednesday 11 March 1850. Transcribed and corrected on the 8 January 2012 by janilye
Also, for your interest, I have added Post World War Two migrant ships and in particular the FAIRSEA.
From Museum Victoria and for other information on Immigration, Naturalisation &c. National Archives with their online index.
The photograph below Scene onboard an Australian Emigration Ship. taken from an Australian Newspaper 20 January 1849
The Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners Bill adopted by Lord Stanley, for the amendment and enlargement of the then existing Passengers Act was issued and published in The Australian on Monday 25 July 1842. The following is an abridgement of the Bill.
1. The first clause repeals former acts, 5 and 6 Will. IV., c. 53, and 3 and 4 Vic. c.21.
2. The number of passengers to be carried in each vessel is limited: vessels proceeding from the United Kingdom or the Channel Islands to any place out of Europe, not being within the Mediterranean Sea, shall carry no more than one. passenger for every two tons of the registered tonnage. In the lower deck or platform ten clear superficial feet are to be allowed for each passenger; or if the ships pass within the Tropics, the voyage not being computed at more than twelve weeks, twelve feet are to be allowed; at more than twelve weeks, fifteen feet. One passenger may be carried under the poop for every thirty passengers. The master incurs a penalty of ?5 for every possenger in access of the proper number
3. Every ship must have a lower deck or platform above or level with the top of the lower beams, properly secured to them, and of an inch and a half in thickness.
4. There must be a height of at least six feet between the upper and lower decks.
5. There must be only two tiers of berths; the lower, six inches from the deck.
6. A supply of not less than three quarts of water must be issued to each passenger per day, and seven pounds of bread stuff per week; of the latter, one third may consist of potatoes, reckoned at the rate of five pounds for one of bread stuffs. No ship to be cleared out without having on board sufficient supplies of provisions and water.
7 Regulations for securing the supply of water and for its preservation on the voyage.
8. The length of voyages, is to be computed according to the following rule: to North America, ten weeks; West Indies, ten weeks; Central or South America, twelve weeks; West Coast of Africa, twelve weeks; Cape of Good Hope or the Falkland Islands, fifteen weeks; Mauritius, eighteen weeks; Western Australia, twenty weeks; other Australian Colonies, twenty two weeks; New Zealand, twenty four weeks.
9. Two children under fourteen years of age to be reckoned as one adult passenger.
10. The Emigration Agent at the port which the vessel leaves, or in the absence of such a functionary, the officers of the Customs, are to examine the provisions and water as to quantity and quality, and the allotment of space; and to ascertain that there is an ample supply of water and stores for the crew of the ship or other persons on board, over and above what Is provided for the passengers.
11. Provides for the rigid survey of the ship, as to its sea worthiness; and gives the Commissioner of Customs or the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners power to detain vessels until rendered seaworthy.
12. Every ship of 150 and under 250 tons must carry two boats; under 500 tons three boats; more than that, four boats.
13. Masters to carry two copies of the act, open to the perusal of passengers.
14. With every ship carrying one hundred passengers a medical practitioner is to sail; in every ship carrying a smaller number, medicines of sufficient amount and of proper kind to be carried
15. Spirits are not to be laden on board by way of stores, except for the master and crew and cabin passengers, or as medical comforts; but the sale of spirits to any passenger during the voyage is absolutely prohibited, under a penalty of not less than ?50, nor more than ?200.
16. The masters are to keep a list of passengers according to a given form, to be countersigned by the officers of Customs at the port of clearance, and deposited with the officers of Customs or Consul at the port of discharge.
17. A like list is to be kept of additional passengers who may be taken on board during the voyage.
18. Written receipts for passage money to any place in North America are to be given to steerage passengers, according to a given form, under a penalty of ?2.
19. Passage brokers contracting for passages to North America are to be licensed by Justices in the Petit or Quarter Sessions of their district; and will incur a penalty of ?10 for every passage contracted without a license.
20. All brokers who contract for a passage, without due authority from the parties to whom the vessel belongs, incur a penalty not exceeding ?5; with the liability on the part of the licensed broker to have the license taken away.
21. If a contract for a passage is broken, the aggrieved parties, unless maintained at the expense of the con tractors, shall recover the amount of passage money with a sum not exceeding ?5 for each passage, by way of compensation
22. In case vessels are detained beyond the appointed day of departure, lodgings and rations are to be provided for each passenger, or he is allowed one shilling a day as subsistence money.
23. At the close of the voyage persons are to be entitled to remain on board for forty eight hours after the arrival in port; and are to be provided for in the same manner as during the voyage; unless, in the ulterior prosecution of her voyage, any such ship shall quit any such port or place within the said period of forty eight hours.
24. The master of the vessel is to afford every facility to the proper officers for the inspection of the ship.
25. This clause enumerates many of the foregoing regulations to the breach of which special penalties have not been affixed, and enforces them under a penalty of not less than ?5 nor more than ?50.
26. The right is reserved to passengers to proceed at law for any breach of contract.
27. The mode of recovering penalties is directed.
28. Owners or charterers and masters of vessels carrying more than fifty passengers, are to enter into bond, without stamp, for the due performance of the regulations prescribed by the act.
29. Vessels not carrying more than twenty passengers, and ships in the service of the Admiralty or East India Company, ships of war, or transports, are exempted from the operation of the act.
30. The act is extended to the carriage of passengers by sea from any of the British West Indies (in which term, are included the British West India Islands, the Bahamas, and British Guiana,) from Malta, British possessions on the West coast of Africa, and from Mauritius, to any other place whatsoever.
31. Governors of colonies not already enumerated may adopt this act by proclamation.
32. Those Governors are empowered to declare the computed length of voyages from their own colony to any other place for the purposes of the act; but short voyages of less than three weeks are reserved for particular enactment below.
33. The Governor may substitute different articles of provisions from those specified in the act.
34. The proclamation is to be transmitted to the Queen in Council for confirmation or disallowance; but until disallowed, it is to be in force.
35. Governors are to possess the powers vested in Customs-officers for determining the sea worthiness of vessels.
36. Bonds are not required in respect of voyages from colonies.
37. And such voyages are exempted from the regulations as to the keeping: copies of the act, the form of receipts for passage-money , the licensing of passage-brokers, the return of passage-money and compensation, and the payment of subsistence money.
38. With those exceptions, the act is extended to voyages from the West Indies of less than three weeks but, not less than three days duration, except as relates to the construction or thickness of the lower deck, the height between decks,the surgeon and medicine chests, and the maintenance of passengers for forty eight hours. In such short voyages from the West Indies the owner or charterer may contract with passengers to provide themselves with food, not including water; but nevertheless the proper officer must ascertain that the passengers have provided an adequate quantity of food.
39. Governors of colonies other than West Indies may adopt these regulations respecting short voyages.
40. This act is not to prevent local legislatures in the West Indies, the Bahama Islands, and Bermuda, or the Queen in Council, from establishing necessary rules and regulations, unless counter to the provisions of the act.
41. The Governor-General of India is empowered to extend the act from time to time to any ports or places within his jurisdiction.
42. Foreign vessels engaged in any voyages specified in the act are to be subject to its provisions.
43. The term "passengers" in the act is not held to include cabin passengers.
44. In all proceedings it shall be sufficient to cite the act by the title of "The Passengers Act."
NOTE:This act remained in force until October 1849 when because of so called "Ocean Hells and Death Ships" the new Consolidated Passenger Act was brought in. This Act covered both British and foreign vessels and empowered Colonial Governors effectually to interfere on behalf of the passenger, so as to secure for him a clearly defined modicum of sustenance and comfort during the voyage. I shall deliver a copy of this New Consolidated Passenger Act on a future journal.
Electronically translated text taken from The Australian newspaper issued on Wednesday 25 July 1842. Transcribed and corrected on the 8 January 2012 by janilye