janilye on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
Emigrant on the barque Indian, Elijah Branford was just 22 when he arrived in Port Adelaide.
Born in Lakenham, Norfolk, England on the 3 March 1827, the son of Samuel BRANFORD b:abt.1805 and died 14 March 1833 at Swainsthorpe, Norfolk, England. Elijah's mother was Hannah Elizabeth Baxter born 25 December 1807 in Barford, Norfolk, England. Hannah also migrated to Adelaide, South Australia and died on the 7 June 1852 under the name Hannah PALLENT from her second marriage.
Elijah had two syblings also emigrants;
James BRANFORD b:1828 Norfolk. d: 8 December 1888, Little Adelaide, South Australia
Elizabeth BRANFORD b:1831 Norwich, Norfolk, England d:12 March 1915, Mount Gambier, South Australia
Elijah BRANFORD married Susanna LEWIS in Adelaide on the 20 April 1852. Susanna was born in Breconshire, Wales on the 5 February 1834 one of five children on Edward LEWIS and Harriet.
The children of Elija BRANFORD and Susannah, nee LEWIS all born in Kangarilla, South Australia 41 km (25 miles) from Adelaide, were:-
1. WILLIAM BRANFORD 1853 1853
2. EZRA BRANFORD b:24 March 1854 d: xxxx m. Lucy Rose WOODS 1866-xxxx I've found three children born to this couple; DORIS (-) Veda Laurel (1889-1923) OLIVER LESTER (1891-1918
3. JOHN BRANFORD b: 16 March 1856 ?
4. SAMUEL BRANFORD b: 11 March 1859 Kangarilla. d:15 March 1939 at Brighton, South Australia. m. Jane SHEARING 1862-1902 at the Congregational Church, Glenelg on the 24 September 1884. their four children were:-
GRACE EVA (1885-1944) HENRY ERNEST (1887-1954) BERTHA ALICE (1891-1974) ADELINE MAY (1896-1985).
In 1910 Samuel next married Ellen Florence Elliott 1871-1956.
5. JAMES LEWIS BRANFORD b: 14 July 1861 Kangarilla.
6. RUTH ELIZABETH BRANFORD b: 12 July 1863 Kangarilla
7. ELIZA JANE BRANFORD b: 30 August 1865 Kangarilla. m. William TOOP on the 22 October 1884 at the home of the bride's parents, 'Glengrove' Kangarilla
8. SUSAN BRANFORD b: 24 March 1875 died 7 October 1879 Kangarilla, South Australia
9. ELIJAH DAVID BAXTER BRANFORD b: 1 June 1876 Kangarilla. d: 10 September 1946 Tumby Bay,South Australia m. Louisa Jane ?
Elijah David was Licensee of the Mintaro Hotel in 1902 which is now known as The Magpie and Stump hotel. He Joined the A.I.F at age 40, a motor mechanic by trade he joined as a driver on 16 September 1916. ANZAC
THE ADVERTISER, Thursday 12 September 1946
BRANFORD.- On September 11, at Tumby Bay, Elijah (Jack), beloved husband of Louisa Branford. Aged 70 years
Please note: The Port Lincoln Times gave date of death 10 September and the Advertiser and The Chronicle the 11 September. He was buried on the 11th. at the
TUMBY BAY CEMETERY and his headstone gives date of death as the 10th.
Susannah Branford nee Lewis died at 'Glengrove' Kangarilla on the 6 February 1885 of Heart disease.
The South Australian Advertiser. Friday 13 February 1885
BRANFORD.On the 6th February at Glengrove. Kangarilla, after three weeks of extreme pain, caused by heart disease, Susannah, the beloved wife of Elijah Branford, aged 51, leaving a large family to mourn their loss.
Elijah BRANFORD died on the 10 July 1905 at the Adelaide hospital. He was a colonist for over 56 years.
He was buried the next day in the old section of the Clarendon-Kangarilla Cemetery, Plot 244
The image below is Mrs. Bennett in her bonnet, with her two daughters and grandchildren in front of the Post Office, in Kangarilla, South Australia, which was formerly Eyre's Flat Post Office
From 01/01/1829 to 01/01/1934
1883/C414 Reinhardt Marie
1886/B10391 Moore Sarah Ann Nellie
Kimmins Edwin Philip
1898/C2078 Dunlop David
1898/C621 Connors Sarah Ann
1900/C2119 Smith Percy Claude
1906/C730 Kimmins William Charles
1907/C977 Kimmins Louise Smith
Kenelin Chillingly Richard
1912/C3206 Kimmins Silvia May
1915/C3043 Kimmins Gertrude Edith
1915/C773 Kimmins Herbert Vincent
Smith Ethel Maude
1916/C2580 Kimmins Victor
Holden Ivy Emma Ann
1917/B20709 Kimmins Edward Gordon Jubilee
1921/C1866 Kimmins Frank Edward
Holland Ethel Margaret
1921/C3680 Kimmins Arthur Rodney
Henson Alice Mary
1921/C862 Kimmins Mavis Nellie Marie
Hillocks Edward George
1922/C3506 Kimmins William Oscar
Connelly Cecilia Annie
1924/C2988 Kimmins Thelma Marie
1924/C739 Kimmins Eric Maitland
Sharry Frances Thelma
1927/C2100 Firth Ezra Septimus
Kimmins Sadie Rosalind
1927/C842 Mitchell Ruth Edna
Kimmins Alfred Thomas
1927/C855 Lau Alice Julia
1928/C3660 Kimmins Leslie Norman
Cleine Rita Mae
1929/C2921 Langton Alan Ward
Kimmins Irene Louisa
It was the passengers on the barque Indian and their complaints who essentially caused The Passenger Act of 1842 to be changed.
There are several sections of The Passenger Act this section below deals with regulations to be observed on board passenger ships.
Issued by the Queen in Council : -
1. All passengers who shall not be prevented by sickness, or other sufficient cause, to be determined by the surgeon, or in ships carrying no surgeon by the master, shall rise not later than 7 o'clock a.m., at which hour the fires shall be lighted.
2. It shall be the duty of the cook, appointed under the twenty-sixth section of the said "Passengers' Act, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine," to light the fires and to take care that they be kept alight during the day, and also to take care that each passenger, or family of passengers, shall have the use of the fireplace at the proper hours, in an order to be fixed by the master.
3. When the passengers are dressed their beds shall be rolled up.
4. The decks, including the space under the bottom of the berths, shall be swept before breakfast, and all dirt thrown overboard.
5. The breakfast hour shall be from eight to nine o'clock am.; provided that, before the commencement of breakfast, all the emigrants, except as herein before excepted, be out of bed and dressed, and that the beds have been rolled up, and the deck on which the emigrants live properly swept.
6. The deck shall further be swept after every meal, and, after breakfast is concluded, shall be also dry holy-stoned or scraped. This duty, as well as that of cleaning the ladders, hospitals, and round-houses, shall be performed by a party taken in rotation from the adult males above fourteen, in the proportion of five to every one hundred emigrants, and who shall be considered as sweepers for the day. But the single women shall per- form this duty in their own compartment, where a separate compartment is allotted to them,
and the occupant of each berth shall see that his own berth is well brushed out.
7. Dinner shall commence at one o'clock p.m. and supper at six p.m
8. The fires shall be extinguished at seven p.m., unless otherwise directed by the master, or required for the use of the sick, and the emigrants shall be in their berths at ten o'clock p.m. except under the permission or authority of the surgeon; or if there be no surgeon, of the master.
9. Three safety lamps shall be lit at dusk, and kept burning till ten o'clock p.m.; after which hour,
two of the lamps may be extinguished one being nevertheless kept burning at the main hatchway all night.
10. No naked light shall be allowed at any time or on any account.
11. The scuttles and stemports, if any, shall, weather permitting, be opened at seven o'clock, a.m.
and kept open till ten o'clock p.m.; and the hatches shall be kept open whenever the weather permits.
12. The coppers and cooking utensils shall be cleaned every day.
13. The beds shall be well shaken and aired on deck at least twice a week.
14. The bottom boards of the berths, if not fixtures, shall be removed and dry-scrubbed, and taken on deck
at least twice a week.
19. A space of deck-room shall be apportioned for a hospital, not less, for vessels carrying
one hundred passengers, than forty-eight superficial feet, with two or four bed-berths erected therein;
nor less for vessels carrying two hundred or more passengers, than one hundred and twenty superficial feet,
with six bed-berths therein.
16. Two days in the week shall be appointed by the master as washing days; but no washing or drying of clothes shall on any account be permitted between decks.
17. On Sunday mornings the passengers shall be mustered at ten o'clock a.m. and will be expected
to appear in clean and decent apparel. The Lord's Day shall be observed as religiously as
circumstances will admit.
18. No spirits or gunpowder shall be taken on board by any passenger: and if either of
those articles be discovered in the possession of a passenger, it shall be taken into
the custody of the master during the voyage, and not returned to the passenger until
he is on the point of disembarking.
19. No loose hay or straw shall be allowed below for any purpose.
20. No smoking shall be allowed between decks.
21. All gambling, fighting, riotous or quarrelsome behaviour, swearing and violent language,
shall be at once put a stop to. Swords and other offensive weapons shall, as soon as the passengers embark,
be placed in the custody of the master.
22. No sailors shall be allowed to remain on the passenger deck, among the passengers, except on duty.
23. No passenger shall go to the ship's cookhouse, without special permission from the master, nor remain in the forecastle among the sailors on any account.
24. In vessels not expressly required by the said "Passengers'Act, 1849," to have on board such ventilating apparatus as therein mentioned, such other provision shall be made for ventilation as shall be required, by the emigration officer, at the port of embarkation, or in his absence by the officers of customs.
25. And to prevent all doubts in the construction of this Order in Council, it is hereby further ordered that the terms "United Kingdom" and "Passenger Ship" shall herein have the same significations as are assigned to them respectively in the said "Passengers' Act, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine."
And the Right Honorable Earl Grey, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, is to give the necessary directions herein accordingly.
WM. L. BATHURST.
Electronically translated text taken from The Sydney Morning Herald newspaper issued on Wednesday 11 March 1850. Transcribed and corrected on the 8 January 2012 by janilye
Also, for your interest, I have added Post World War Two migrant ships and in particular the FAIRSEA.
From Museum Victoria and for other information on Immigration, Naturalisation &c. National Archives with their online index.
The photograph below Scene onboard an Australian Emigration Ship. taken from an Australian Newspaper 20 January 1849
Although the workhouse is no more; poverty and homelessness are still very much with us. Please support the charities and other organisations that work to help those for whom this Christmas may not be all that merry
Above is an appeal on one of the most interesting internet sites I have come across, titled The Workhouse I wanted to share with you.
The photograph below