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FRIIS Deaths- Registered in Queensland, Australia

21 matches from search 1840-1964

1952/B39463 Andrea Darling Friis Ole Hojland Hansina Frederikke Wittendorff
1886/C4051 Heinrich Friis Heinrich Friis Wilhelmina Yax
1908/C2380 Gladys Mary Ellen Friis - Mary Ann Dillworth ** now Friis
1890/C4013 August Friis Henrich Friis Wilhelmina Yax
1930/B12934 Edna Maude Friis Andrew Peter Friis Edith Maude Brooks
1957/B22380 Lucy Friis Henry Gilbert Costin Emily Baldwin
1948/B17901 Robert William Friis Ole Hyland Hansine Frederikke Wittendorf
1878/B12122 Carl Christina Friis Christian Friis Ingar Maria Neilson
1878/B12023 Margaret Darling Friis Ole Hojland Friis Hansine Frederikke Withendorff
1954/B1996 Edith Maude Friis George Brooks Maude Lowry
1928/B3969 Robert William Friis William Friis Emily May Tucker
1943/B60149 Nellie Evelena Friis William Davidson Ross Emma Andrews
1936/B31936 James Andrew Friis Andrew Darling Ellen Lindsay
1954/B1943 William Friis William Ellen Andersen ** then Stephensen
1927/B319 Betty Friis Andrew Peter Friis Edith Maude Brooks
1934/B24269 Ellen Friis John Lindsay Hannah McIlloy
1928/B3371 William Friis - - ** born Denmark aged 78 years
1939/B44581 William George Friis Andrew Peter Edith Maude Brooks
1883/B15604 Margaret Darling Friis Ole Hojland Friis Hansine Frederikke Wittendorff
1937/C2745 John Harold Friis Andrew Darling Ellen Lindsay
1906/C2761 Margaret Friis


Passengers on the barque Indian 1849

Arrival Tuesday 7 August 1849 Port Adelaide South Australia

Departed Plymouth - 8 April 1849 and Port of London - 16 April 1849 at 4 o'clock
Cost - 14/-/-



The barque Indian, 591 tons, J. F.English, Master (Captain Isaac Thorney), from London..

Passengers A. Bristow, Esq.,and Dr Sanford, Surgeon Superintendent, in the cabin;

The following Emigrants In the steerage :

George Andrews, Caroline Arnold Alfred Barlow, Joab Beazley, S. Benbringe wife and child, A Bennett wife and two children (one child born during the voyage), W. Bennett wife and two children, E Birkin wife and two children, J. Bowes wife and two children, Anthony Bradley and wife, H. W. Bowes, Elijah Branford, John Brown, John Barne and wife, W. Buxton, Jas. Charles, John Clarke and wife, Benjamin Conke, John Cook wife and two children, Amos Cousins and wife (one child born during the voyage), Richard Dakin and wife, W. M. Dale wife and one child (one child born during the voyage), W. Denley, John Eley wife and three children, J. B. Elliott, G. Etheridge, J. Evans wife and three children, Catherine Fleming, H. Fish wife and child, Herbert Gater, W. Godson, J. P. Goodman, Thomas Gould, W. J. Green, Ralph Gregory, Margaret Harizon, Joseph Hill wife and five children, R. Holdworth wife and two children, W. Hough, Ellen Hough, Sam. Hempston, A. Hunt and wife (one child stillborn on the voyage), Samuel Illingworth and wife, T. Irons wife and six children, Isaac Jarvis. Mary A. Johnston, W. Johnston wife and three children, Jesse Johnston wife and four children (one born during the voyage), Joseph King, D. Knife and wife, Rebecca Lewis, Fanny Malom, Margaret McEwen, Ann Marshall, Elizabeth Marshall, John H. Marshall, Mary Marshall, W. R. May wife and child, I. Moorcroft and wife (one child stillborn during the voyage), R. Murphy wife aud two children, H. Newbold wife and two children, J. Peacock wife and three children, J. Pearce wife and child, J. Prence wife and four children, T. Paine and wife, W. Peach wife and two children, J. Ritchie wife and child, A. Robertson and wife, J. Sampson wife and two children (one born during the voyage), W. Sanderson wife and child (one born during the voyage), C Sewell, T. Shaw wife and three children, Ann Simms, H Stiggants and wife J Stringer wife and child, T. Snashall wife and child (one child died and another born during the voyage), J. Stokes and wife, G. H. Theobald, D. Thomson wife and child (one child born and died within a few days), J. Thomson wife and two children, Caroline A. Thwaites, Ellen M. Thwaites, Jacob Tootell, J. Tootel wife and two children, B. Turner wife and child (one child born during the voyage, and one died aged six months), W. Ansom wife and five children, Elizabeth Walters, Mary Welshwood, W. Wood wife and four children, J. Wright and wife, A. H. May.

Cargo of The Indian;

20 hhds, 10 barrels, Acraman & Co. 392 deals, A. L. Elder & Co. 100 casks, Order; 147 tons coals, 30 Yards water-pipes, G. S. Walters : 1 case, 5 trunks, T. C. Bray ; 651 bars, 50 arm moulds, 98 cart boxes, A. L. Elder & Co.; 1 box, S. stocks, jun.&Co. ; 48 cases, 7 half-hhds, 10 casks, C. and F. J. Beck ; 50 casks, A. L. Elder ; 1 box, Smillie ; 5 cases, J. Heathcote ; 3 boxes, 2 bales, P. Cumming and Son; 114 butts, C. and F. J. Beck.

NOTES:
11 babies born on the trip (incl. 2 stillborn and one neonatal death), 2 other children died and some families travelling with 5 or 6 children!
Public meeting by emigrants and complaints against the First Mate during this voyage and numerous other complaints surrounding this voyage caused a change from The Passenger Act of 1842 to The Passenger Act of 1849



transcribed by janilye
from the South Australian Register
20 May 2010


NOTES on the The INDIAN 1849

(On August 30th 1849 a meeting of the emigrants from on board the INDIAN met at the "Norfolk
Arms in Rundle Street, Adelaide, for the purpose of hearing the statements of a number of persons
who were dissatisfied with the way in which the ship was found, and 97 passengers signed
complaints against the captain, the 2nd mate, the purser, the captain's clerk, the surgeon and the
steward for a range of things including assault, fornication, adultery, selling of ardent spirits,
permitting gambling aboard the ship, smoking and drinking between decks and other crimes.
E.L. Grundy Esq was invited to preside.
In opening the business of the evening he stated that,
although not personally involved, he took a lively interest in emigration affairs and, almost as soon
as he arrived he found that the office of Emigration Agent was in abeyance. On his reporting this
to his Excellency the Governor, Captain Brewer was almost immediately appointed.
Captain Brewer's report to the Government commented that the selection of immigrants in general
needed closer attention.

He discussed some of the problems on board the ships including an occasional need to discipline,
and indicated a need to provide an area of confinement on board the ships.
Mr Grundy agreed, declaring 'they are sending us the sweepings of old England' and that, if public
opinion and the attention of the press was directed towards the complaints raised by many of the
immigrants and settlers, these matters could be remedied. [applause]

Some of the INDIAN complaints:

Mr G. WILSON of North Adelaide, spoke on behalf of Miss Caroline Arnold, who was in service with
Mr MYERS of Morphett Vale, and therefore was unable to be present. She was a young woman of
superior manners and education for her status in life. Before she left England she was assured that
every protection would be afforded her on the outward voyage. "Miss ARNOLD complains that very
soon after she went on board, the second mate (Mr Hames) and the steward went down to the
cabins occupied by the single females, and took liberties with them. She repelled the advances of
these ruffianly men (termed officers of the ship), and when she reported their conduct to the
Captain, he dismissed he complaint telling her he could not receive it without confirmation. This, in
her case was difficult as only five or six besides herself had resisted the indecent attentions of the
brutal fellows."
At length she was again compelled to complain and the Captain investigated the matter, and
declared that Miss Arnold would be confined if she complained again. Several voices interjected
"It's true, I heard him".
To save herself from the annoyances of the second mate, she had been compelled to take refuge
at night in the births of the married people's children, sleep in her clothes for weeks together and
could only change her linen during the daytime. Miss Arnold was never asked by the Boarding
Officer if she had any complaint. Apparently many of the emigrants believed that if they did
complain, their luggage might be detained, or destroyed.

Mr WILSON also cited the case of a plasterer Mr SHAW who took a box of valuable plaster moulds
(valued at 20) on board with him. This person, like many others, openly complained of the
shortness of provisions, and was often seen noting down the irregularities to which they were
subject. He naturally set great store by his moulds, and was greatly distressed to find his box was
badly damaged and most of the moulds irreparably destroyed.

Mr Joseph HILL and his wife, both elderly gentlepeople and of quiet deportment, saw the "goings
on" and was determined, if possible, to preserve the virtue of their two elder daughters (aged 19
and 22). Because their efforts were successfull, they were subject to physical abuse by the second
mate (throttling him, thrusting his knees into the old gentleman's bowels, and nearly breaking his
leg). Mr HILL concluded by stating that on arrival he had to pay 27s duty and 7s extra expenses
before the Captain would allow his luggage to be landed. (His family consisted of six people
brought out a total of 15cwt 3qrs 12lbs of luggage, and the Ship's Charter allowed them 10cwt per
adult.)

Mr BOWES had two daughters, and could confirm the statements of the previous
speakers regarding the second mate who was also in the habit af being tipsy. Mr BOWES also
mentioned the extraordinary "short commons" - where sixteen people dieted off on tins of soup and
bovill, weighing 6.5lbs.

Mr PEARCE remarked that, on one occasion when under the influence of strong liquor, the second
mate went below and declared "he would send the ship and passengers to hell". In such imminent
danger were they that Mr PEARCE had frequently known Mr James DAVIS (the chief mate) to rush
from his berth in his night-dress to right the ship, and had, for the safety of the ship, often done
double duty. Following a complaint by one of the crew to the Captain about short rations, the
Captain had him locked up. The crew "struck" and the ship was running for a week towards the
South Pole without an able-bodied seaman to work her.
Mr PEARCE continued by mentioning that, following passengers quietly discussing the food
shortage, the second mate announced he would weigh the meat out himself, and the first man
who complained would be thrown overboard. [loud applause]

Mr BURNES confirmed all the above and went on to discuss the provisions, and admitted that,
following his complaints, his wife used to fancy he had been pitched overboard if he stayed on
deck longer than usual. He also complimented the first mate as the saviour of the ship, and
confirmed that the second mate used to rattle at the door of the single womens area demanding
admission, and demanded the keys from the matron. Mr BURNES declared that the doctor could not
possibly plead ignorace of the second mate's nocturnal behaviour.

It was elicited during the meeting that, in contravention of the Passengers' Act, spirits had been
openly sold during the whole voyage to the emigrants and crew, and that the captain is exposed
to a penalty of 100. Constable STOKES admitted he had sold between 30s and 40s worth of porter
and ale to the emigrants, and about 5 to the ship's crew. STOKES was aware of the shortage of
provisions supplied to the emigrants, and had frequently deprived his own mess in order to help
make up the deficiencies of the others. The Passengers had drawn up a Memorial to the Doctor
and Captain, and eventually the provisions were increased.

Mr James DAVIS (the chief mate) attended this meeting and, at the conclusion, was presented with
a Memorial of Appreciation.

When it seemed that no attention was being paid to the above charges, the emigrants from the
INDIAN declared "having, on two public occasions", and had heard that an opinion had gone
abroad "that no case had been made out to justify his Excellency's interference", now felt bound to
reiterate these serious charges against the Captain and certain members of the crew (not one of
which has been disproved). "Since the forgoing document mentioned was adopted for signature,
His Excellency has withheld the gratuitites normally paid for service to the passengers on these
emigrant ships were witheld in this case." The Governor also severely reprimanded the
Immigration Agent Mr BREWER for the very tardy and imperfect manner in which he investigated
and reported on the emigrants complaints by that vessel. Mr BREWER was later dismissed from his
privileged position as Agent
.
This report was published in a special supplement of the South Australian REGISTER on October 3,
1849 (viewable on microfilm at State Libraries around Australia) and repeats the charges, with
some additional information to that recorded the above.
Notes:
1. A letter was written by ten families on August 31st, 1849 and published in the SA REGISTER.
They felt it their duty to exonerate the accused officers, and declared they were well treated and
perfectly satisfied during the voyage.

2. Mr BECK, of C & FJ Beck, stated at the meeting on September 10th, that there were no surplus
stores on board the INDIA. If so they must have been landed, because this company advertised a
sale by auction at the Port, of the Surplus Stores &c. of the barque INDIAN.

Captain THORNEY appeared in the Adelaide Police Court on October 3, 1849 in relation to false
documents which had come to light regarding the stores on board the INDIAN.

This report was published in a special supplement of the South Australian REGISTER on October 3,
1849 (viewable on microfilm at State Libraries around Australia) and repeats the charges, with
some additional information to that recorded the above.

Source:-
http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/fh/passengerlists/1849IndianAffair.htm


11 comment(s), latest 2 years, 7 months ago

I SHOULD WRITE A BOOK !!

Have you ever said to yourself, "I should write a book!" Or perhaps someone said it to you.

Family Tree Circles is a great place to start!

Write the things you know, about your family, about where they lived, what their enviroment was like.

There are many, many people who come in here not just to collect names and dates but to collect history and recollections. It puts them in the picture, helps them to relate to what it must have been like for their own ancestors.

Gauge the reaction to what you've written.
Is anyone commenting?
Has it been 'viewed'?
and I mean viewed by others in here besides yourself.

Has your story been completely overlooked?
If it has been overlooked, edit it, change your heading. Headings should tease the reader, make them want to read on.

Back in 1986 I wrote a simple sentence on a blackboard, " My Aunt Laura, sewed her diamonds inside her corsets!" I didn't write another sentence about aunt Laura and I cannot tell you how many times over the last 25 years I've been asked for the whole story.

Below are some tips. Also, a presentation from a woman far more knowledgeable than myself about writing family history.

Share the writing journey, join a writing group, share your writing with other family historians.
Write early, write quickly
Writing can begin at any time
Research and writing go together
Keep your words simple, short, active, vary length, tone and style
Get someone to read and edit your writing. Spelling mistakes and bad grammar is annoying to your readers and a sure fire way of losing their interest.
Write about solving your research
There is no right way to write your family history
Not too many sunsets! show dont tell
Fill in the gaps with interpretation, imagination, judicious assumptions
Revise, re-write, revise, re-write good writing = many drafts
Write for your readers
Plan your writing
Nostalgia and sentiment can provide the passion for writing

Remember its your writing and in the end you can write however, and about whatever you want.


The Presentation below was given by Noeline Kyle at the NSW & ACT Family History Societies Annual conference, in Blackheath, New South Wales on the 18th September, 2004


Share the writing journey

Family history research to be successful is a shared activity. And from my experience this works for writing family history too. Get in touch with me to find out how to start a family history writing
group within your family history society. Join a writing group, learn creative writing, go to writing workshops; all of these will provide inspiration for your writing.

Divide-and-be-conquered barrier

Dont separate your self out from your writing, the writing part of yourself is an integral part of who you are. Let it grow, and go on to meet and enjoy other writing challenges, other writing interests,
write other family stories.

Research and writing go together

If you write early you will familiarise yourself with your characters, with your documents, with the events of your family stories you will see the gaps sooner, and you will be able to determine much earlier whether you actually fill those gaps or you leave them and move on

A Writing Roadmap

For any kind of history writing a roadmap is important. Otherwise you will not know where you are going, just like when you are driving the car. And you wont know how to select and interpret and best use all those documents and other information you have collected.
A writing roadmap is a plan you can begin with a simple list of proposed chapters, or perhaps start with origins, move on to arrival in Australia, perhaps occupations. A roadmap or plan will change as you become more knowledgeable but it will always be there to focus your writing and keep you on track.

Who are your readers? Will they dictate how you write?

Who are your readers? Who are you writing for? Your answer to these questions will determine how you write and what you write . It will determine what other questions you will want to ask when doing the family history, it will determine everything about your writing. For most of us our readers are our family. And thats your market, if you decide you want to publish and sell your book.
From Belfast to Bellbrook! Origin, arrivals and barriers to writing about it We travel back, either by the internet or in reality, to England, Ireland, Scotland, Germany And we feel connected somehow to that place.we see the castles, the cobbled streets, the lochs, the medieval architecture, the thatched roofs, the quaint pubs, and we fall in love This is not such a bad thing, landscape, linking into distance and geography in the past, trying to come to grips with
the different kinds of spaces and place our ancestors lived in.gives us more scope for our writing.
But there is a limit to this your writing about origins should have a level of critique about it,otherwise it becomes sentimental and unreal .

Characters What would we do without them!

Most of us have a character we like a lot in our family history.
One of the ways to begin the process of writing is to focus on that
character and ask yourself why she or he is so compelling for you.
Ask questions such as where did you meet her? (and I mean where in
your research did you meet her). What does she mean to you as a
character in your family history?

Historical context? Imagination? Interpretation? Assumptions? are there too many things to think of? Are these the barriers to your writing?

What I mean by interpretation is that historical activity we do when we draw inferences and assumptions from our documents, and from what we know about broader historical trends and link these to family events. Interpretation sits alongside imagination as one of the key writing strategies to bring your family history to life. Interpretation is a practical task (it can be simply poring over
your documents and taking from these themes and ideas and stories for your writing), or it can be more than this. It can be linking into the imaginative and creative task of assessing your family
history, its events, its ups and downs, and linking to the bigger historical events at a national, or international level

Nostalgia, sentiment and blazing sunsets!

For the professional historian the words nostalgia and sentiment are anathema, they are the scourge of good history. We are told we are simply too romantic about the past, that all we are doing family
history is some kind of pop history that has no value. But in family history I think we should fight back. We need nostalgia and we need sentiment. Nostalgia lives in the same space as memory, and we can see that when we talk to our older relatives. We need that passion that drives us to research and write While at the same time, we recognise that the sunsets and the characters that we do describe are not one-dimensional but complex, contradictory, compassionate and as historically accurate as we can make them.

References and further reading:
Australian Government, Department of Finance & Administration Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers,
John Wiley & Sons, Milton, Qld, 2002.
Cameron, J. The Artists Way: A Course in discovering and Recovering your Creative Self, Pan Books, 1994.
Donovan, Peter, So, You want to Write history? Donovan & Associates, Blackwood, 1992.
Dunn, Irina, The Writers Guide: A Companion to Writing for Pleasure or Publication, Allen & Unwin, Sydney,
1999.
Edwards, Hazel, Writing a non-boring Family History, Hale & Iremonger, Sydney, 1997.
Kaplan, Bruce, Editing Made Easy: Secrets of the Professionals, Penguin Books, 2003.
Kempthorne, C., For All Time: A Complete Guide to Writing Your Family History, Boynton/Cook Publishers,
Portsmouth, 1996, available at: the LifeStory Institute.
Kyle, Noeline J., The Family History Writing Book, (available from the author, Mullumbimby, 2003, or from your family history society, see also Gould Genealogy Genealogical Society of Victoria,
& NSW Writer's Centre

Reference: HAWKESBURY CRIER (DECEMBER 2004)ISSN 0811-9031
NEWSLETTER OF THE HAWKESBURY FAMILY HISTORY GROUP
THE HAWKESBURY FAMILY HISTORY GROUP TAKES NO RESPONSIBLITY FOR THE ACCURACY OR THE AUTHENTICITY OF ARTICLES, OR ANY STATEMENTS EXPRESSED IN THIS NEWSLETTER.


7 comment(s), latest 2 years, 11 months ago

SMITH burial Index for combined SINGLETON district of New South Wales

SMITH Ada 14th Jan 1952 87 years Female 30 31b Whittingham
SMITH Ada Elizabeth 9th July 1974 82 years Female 29 37b Whittingham
SMITH Ada Jane 8th July 1968 Female 9 28 Whittingham Mother
SMITH Agnes Catherine 26 years Female 10 23b Whittingham
SMITH Alan 17/07/1979 55 years Male 2 40 All Saints, High Street Wall 2 North Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Alfred 14th Nov 1938 80 years Male 1 24b Whittingham Father
SMITH Alfred Flood 27th Aug 1977 84 years Male 2 17c Whittingham Brother
SMITH Alfred Gordon 23rd Oct 1955 68 years Male 29 37a Whittingham
SMITH Alfred H.D 15th June 1956 52 years Male 11 10a Whittingham Husband & Father
SMITH Allan 26th April 1931 38 years Male 26 50 Whittingham Accidentally killed
SMITH Ann E 9th March 1868 18 years Female 14 27b Whittingham
SMITH Annie 20th Aug 1941 72 years Female 31 37 Whittingham
SMITH Annie 25th May 1923 67 years Female 25 13a Whittingham
SMITH Anthony John 11th Aug 1977 20 years Male 7 10 Sedgefield Roman Catholic Section 4
SMITH Arthur 14th Jan 1952 33 years Male 3 14 Sedgefield Anglican 1
SMITH Athol 22nd Sept 1937 46 years Male 22 28 Whittingham
SMITH Barbara Louise 10/12/1975 7 weeks Female 1 8 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 North Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Bertie Eric 9th July 1945 60 years Male 17 17b Whittingham Husband of Elizabeth Mary Smith
SMITH Beryl Eileen 26th Apr 1997 88 years Female 16 38b Whittingham
SMITH Caroline 25/01/1980 79 years Female 1 4 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 South Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Caroline 7th July 1969 84 years Female 3 16b Sedgefield Anglican 1
SMITH Caroline Mary 6th Jan 1979 81 years Female 17 46a Whittingham Wife, Mother & Grandmother
SMITH Cecil William 16th July 1979 57 years Male 4 12 Sedgefield Anglican 2
SMITH Charles 15th Nov 1887 61 years Male 24 25 Whittingham Late of Bundaberg, Qld
SMITH Charles Edward 26th Feb 1932 55 years Male 25 13b Whittingham
SMITH Clara 27th Feb 1943 74 years Female 25 13d Whittingham Vase from Elsie.
SMITH Clifford Gregory 28th April 1976 68 years Male 3 7 Sedgefield Uniting Church Columbarium No 1
SMITH Clyde McGregor 7th Dec 1967 58 years Male 2 1 Sedgefield Christian Israelite Section
SMITH D. Burdekin Park, George Street Cenotaph, Returned Servicemen 1914-1918. This memorial was unveiled by-MAJOR General C.H. Brand C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., on 29 Nov 1925. This stone was laid by- Edward Lloyd Jones on 25 Apr 1925. To the Men and Women who enlisted from Singleton and District to serve in the Great War 1914 - 1918.

SMITH Don 17th Dec 1953 77 years Male 3 11a Sedgefield Uniting 1
SMITH Don 5th July 1949 56 years Male 6 3a Queen St 3rd Catholic
SMITH Dorothy 29th June 1973 79 years Female 2 11a Quenn St 4th Catholic
SMITH DOUGLAS Male Carrowbrook Roll of Honour This Roll of Honour is held in the Singleton Historical Societies Museum
SMITH Druce Allen 21st March 1954 85 years Male 18 42b Whittingham Husband of Mary Smith
SMITH Druce Harold Wallace 11/09/1992 70 years Male 3 5 All Saints, High Street Wall 2 South Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH E.J. Bulga Memorial Gates World War II 1939-1945
SMITH Edith Mary 2nd May 1957 80 years Female 6 3b Whittingham Mother, Wife of Green William Smith
SMITH Edward 18th Sept 1862 10 years Male 159 Queen St 1st Catholic Son of Martin and Catherine
SMITH Edward James 3rd Nov 1971 91 years Male 2 17b Whittingham
SMITH Elizabeth 28th Sept 1925 71 years Female 1 24a Whittingham Mother
SMITH Elizabeth (Betty) 22nd Nov 1979 54 years Female 7 11 Sedgefield Roman Catholic Section 4
SMITH Elizabeth E 24th Oct 1887 14 years Female 30 14 Whittingham
SMITH Elizabeth Ivy 7/10/1992 82 years Female 5 6 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 South Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Elizabeth Lucy 7th Sep 1965 79 4 12b Branxton Catholic
SMITH Elizabeth Mary 11th April 1921 34 years Female 17 17a Whittingham Wife of Bertie E Smith
SMITH Ellen 31st July 1922 64 yers Female 48c St Clements Wife of Samuel Smith.
SMITH Emma 14th Jan 1965 92 years Female 16 33 Whittingham Mother
SMITH Emma Maria Female 18b Glenridding Cemetery Free Presbyterian This vault is very worn and hard to read.
SMITH Esther 14th Dec 1902 53 yrs 17 13a Branxton General w of Richard
SMITH Ethel Alice 9th May 1955 68 yrs 19 4b Branxton General dear parents & grandparents
SMITH Ethel Evelyn 5th Sept 1956 76 years Female 3 11b Sedgefield Uniting 1
SMITH Ethel Georgina 29th Dec 1971 79 years Female 17 47b Whittingham
SMITH Eva 14th March 1984 70 years Female 6 3e Whittingham Wife of Thomas
SMITH Eva Janet 2nd Jan 1980 83 years Female 58b St Clements
SMITH Evelyn P 13th Apr 1980 96 yrs 15 6b Branxton General wife & mother
SMITH Flora Maria 28th April 1938 81 years Female 17 18a Whittingham
SMITH Forbes Marcus 2nd June 1970 81 years Male 17 47a Whittingham
SMITH Frank 29 37c Whittingham Infant Son of Alfred & Ada Smith
SMITH George 15th July 1935 58 years Male 3 16a Sedgefield Anglican 1
SMITH George 19th Jan 1930 59 years Male 28 31a Whittingham
SMITH George 28th June 1904 79 years Male 146a Queen St Old Methodist, Now The Uniting Husband of Mary
SMITH George 28th June 1904 79 years Male 146a Queen St Old Methodist, Now The Uniting Husband of Mary
SMITH George Henry Thomas 8th May 1986 89 years Male 2 17d Whittingham Our dear Brother
SMITH George Herbert 18th Dec 1967 79 years Male 58a St Clements
SMITH Gertrude May 25/03/1990 85 years Female 2 12 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 North Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Gordon 9th Sept 1986 67 years Male 7 12 Sedgefield Roman Catholic Section 4
SMITH Gordon Horace 28/07/1981 69 years Male 3 35 All Saints, High Street Wall 2 North Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Gordon James 12th Oct 1961 42 years Male 31 40 Whittingham
SMITH Gordon Roy 24th Aug 1899 15 years Male 44 Warkworth Church of England accidently drowned at Denman, 4th Son of J.J. & Alice Smith.
SMITH Graham Herbert 26th Nov 1976 31 years Male 59 St Clements Father of Lynne and Robyn.
SMITH Green William 11th Feb 1946 72 years Female 6 3a Whittingham Husband & Father
SMITH H.G 8th June 1947 81 years 7b Glenridding Cemetery Uniting Church
SMITH H.H. Burdekin Park, George Street Cenotaph Honoured Dead This memorial was unveiled by-MAJOR General C.H. Brand C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., on 29 Nov 1925. This stone was laid by- Edward Lloyd Jones on 25 Apr 1925. To the Men and Women who enlisted from Singleton and District to serve in the Great War 1914 - 1918.
SMITH H.H. Carrowbrook Roll of Honour This Roll of Honour is held in the Singleton Historical Societies Museum

SMITH H.T. Burdekin Park, George Street Cenotaph, Returned Servicemen 1914-1918. This memorial was unveiled by-MAJOR General C.H. Brand C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., on 29 Nov 1925. This stone was laid by- Edward Lloyd Jones on 25 Apr 1925. To the Men and Women who enlisted from Singleton and District to serve in the Great War 1914 - 1918.

SMITH Hamilton 9th Aug 1898 39 years Male 19 31a Whittingham
SMITH Harold James 26th July 1970 52 years Male 18 48b Whittingham A.I.F.
SMITH Harry James 22nd Sept 1915 44 years Male 1 13a Sedgefield Uniting 1
SMITH Henry 19th July 1891 64 years Male 14 27a Whittingham
SMITH Henry 18th Apr 1957 62 years Male 47a St Clements
SMITH Henry James 21st Jun 1944 75 yrs 19 4a Branxton General
SMITH Henry William 12th Aug 1937 68 years Male 30 1a Whittingham rememberd by Grandsons Don & Doug
SMITH Henry William 13th Dec 1937 80 years Male 6 20a Whittingham
SMITH Herbert Andrew 2/11/1961 73 years Male Western Side Row 1 13 St Andrew's United Church Singleton Columbarium
SMITH Herbert C.C 1st Aug 1883 5th Dec 1884 1 year 4 moths Male 29 30c Whittingham
SMITH Hilda Amy 16th April 1959 Female 10 43a Whittingham
SMITH Hilda Mary 3rd Nov 1973 49 years Female 18 48a Whittingham
SMITH Ida Isabel 2nd Sept 1996 84 years Female 3 8 Sedgefield Uniting Church Columbarium No 1
SMITH Isabella Alice 23rd Feb 1961 84 years Female 28 31b Whittingham Mother

SMITH J. Burdekin Park, George Street Cenotaph, Returned Servicemen 1914-1918. This memorial was unveiled by-MAJOR General C.H. Brand C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., on 29 Nov 1925. This stone was laid by- Edward Lloyd Jones on 25 Apr 1925. To the Men and Women who enlisted from Singleton and District to serve in the Great War 1914 - 1918.

SMITH J.D 19th Dec 1901 84 years 25 1 Whittingham
SMITH James Irwin 8th Dec 1928 73 years Male 31 Glenridding Cemetery Uniting Church
SMITH Jane 76 years Female 10 23c Whittingham Mother of Agnes Catherine Smith
SMITH Jane 12th Aug 1907 72 years Female 14 27d Whittingham Wife of Henry Smith
SMITH Jessie 1st June 1937 69 years 7a Glenridding Cemetery Uniting Church
SMITH John 10th June 1933 82 years Male 26 51a Whittingham Father
SMITH John 16th March 1841 24 years Male 14 27c Whittingham
SMITH John 25th June 1885 85 years Male 22 26 Whittingham Late of Brixton, Surrey, England
SMITH John 27th April 1927 65 years Male 30 31a Whittingham
SMITH John 3 or 5 Mar 1851 61 years Male 18a Glenridding Cemetery Free Presbyterian This vault is very worn and hard to read.
SMITH John 30th May 1922 60 years Male 1 7a Whittingham
SMITH John 4th Aug 1898 69 years Male 19 31c Whittingham
SMITH John 4th Aug 1899 77 years Male 27 5a Whittingham
SMITH John Alexander 7th Sept 1981 68 years Male 6 9 Sedgefield Uniting Church Columbarium No 1
SMITH John Louis 21st April 1975 80 years Male 17 46b Whittingham
SMITH Joseph L. 4th April 1953 38 years Male 6 3c Whittingham Son & Brother
SMITH Joseph T.R 21st Dec 1880 30 June 1881 6 months Male 29 30b Whittingham
SMITH Juanita 24th Feb 1982 Female 66a Glenridding Cemetery Uniting Church
SMITH Keith Maynard 19th May 1936 2 years Male 66b Glenridding Cemetery Uniting Church Son
SMITH Kenneth 21st June 1942 41 years Male 17 44 Whittingham Husband & Father
SMITH Lachlan Druce 20th Aug 1973 82 years Female 15 55 Whittingham Brother & Uncle
SMITH Leslie Alfred 24th March 1973 44 years Male 12 30a Whittingham Husband, Father, Son & Brother
SMITH Lillian Grace 4/01/1971 62 years Female 4 23 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 North Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Lillian M. 24th May 1958 49 years Female 3 12 Sedgefield Uniting 1
SMITH Louisa May 3/03/1975 70 years Female 5 5 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 South Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Mabel Olive 26th June 1984 99 years Female 4 8 Sedgefield Uniting Section 2
SMITH Margaret 16th Sept 1943 75 years Female 30 1b Whittingham Plaque on ground.
SMITH Margaret Dorothty 28th Nov 1920 8th Mar 1996 Female 18 37b Whittingham Daughter of Vernice Gertrude Gover
SMITH Margaret Miriam 5th Aug 1942 82 years Female 6 20b Whittingham
SMITH Mark Hunter 9th May 1969 10th May 1969 1 day Male 7 20 Sedgefield Anglican 1
SMITH Mary 16th May 1936 66 years Female 18 42a Whittingham Wife of Druce Allen Smith
SMITH Mary 21st June 1913 79 years Female 146b Queen St Old Methodist, Now The Uniting Wife of George
SMITH Mary 21st June 1913 79 years Female 146b Queen St Old Methodist, Now The Uniting Wife of George
SMITH Mary Ann 11th Dec 1898 67 years Female 27 5b Whittingham
SMITH Mary Beatrice 23rd July 1942 71 years Female 25 13c Whittingham
SMITH Maurice Leslie 21/12/1975 44 years Male 1 11 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 North Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Mildred May 13th Jul 1987 88 yrs 17 6 Branxton General (Patton)
SMITH Milton Eugene 17/05/1976 72 years Male 2 11 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 North Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Muriel 9th Aug 1915 11 months Female 3 16c Sedgefield Anglican 1
SMITH Nellie Royale 16th July 1995 91 years Female 11 10b Whittingham His dear Wife & Our Mother
SMITH Norma Verle 20 16 Branxton General dau of Elsie & Joseph Smith
SMITH Norman (Wiz) 5th Oct 1991 84 years Male 16 38a Whittingham
SMITH Olga Elizabeth Pauline 4/04/1994 63 years Female 2 3 All Saints, High Street Wall 2 South Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Oliver C 21st Dec 1880 14 May 1881 4 months Male 29 30a Whittingham
SMITH P.G.C. Burdekin Park, George Street Cenotaph, Returned Servicemen 1914-1918. This memorial was unveiled by-MAJOR General C.H. Brand C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., on 29 Nov 1925. This stone was laid by- Edward Lloyd Jones on 25 Apr 1925. To the Men and Women who enlisted from Singleton and District to serve in the Great War 1914 - 1918.
SMITH Percy Male 9 8 Whittingham Husband of Grace, Father of Warren & Neville
SMITH Percy F 21st may 1953 77 yrs 15 6a Branxton General
SMITH Phillip John 5th Apr 1946 70 4 12a Branxton Catholic
SMITH R. Burdekin Park, George Street Cenotaph, Returned Servicemen 1914-1918. This memorial was unveiled by-MAJOR General C.H. Brand C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., on 29 Nov 1925. This stone was laid by- Edward Lloyd Jones on 25 Apr 1925. To the Men and Women who enlisted from Singleton and District to serve in the Great War 1914 - 1918.
SMITH Radford Claude "Jim" 6th Nov 1994 80 years Male 30 53b Whittingham A.I.F. badge NX45365
SMITH Rae Estelle 14th May 1993 73 years Female 6 10 Sedgefield Uniting Church Columbarium No 1
SMITH Rebecca 3rd Dec 1935 82 years Female 26 51b Whittingham
SMITH Reginald George Hurnall 8/02/1995 87 years Male 4 24 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 North Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Richard 20th Dec 1914 66 yrs 17 13b Branxton General h of Esther
SMITH Richard 21st Jul 1876 17 13c Branxton General s of richard & Esther
SMITH Robert Alexander Male 18c Glenridding Cemetery Free Presbyterian This vault is very worn and hard to read.
SMITH Robert L 15th Feb 1981 90 years Male 2 11b Quenn St 4th Catholic
SMITH Rupert Stuart 12th Apr 1996 86 years Male 6 10 Sedgefield Uniting Section 2
SMITH Russell Albert 18th Mar 1984 78 years Male 3 34 Sedgefield Roman Catholic Section 7
SMITH Samuel 30th Aug 1935 81 years Male 48a St Clements
SMITH Sarah 4th Oct 1919 87 years Female 19 31b Whittingham
SMITH Selina 25th Aug 1935 65 years Female 1 7b Whittingham Wife of above
SMITH Sibina 4th July 1940 74 years Female 19 30b Whittingham Aunt
SMITH Stanley Edward 1/03/1972 76 years Male 1 3 All Saints, High Street Wall 1 South Side Cremation Plaques
SMITH Stephen Robert 15th Oct 1988 15 years Male 6 39 Sedgefield Roman Catholic Section 7
SMITH Thomas G 8th June 1960 49 years Male 6 3d Whittingham Husband of Eva & Father of Shirley
SMITH Voilet May "May" 4th Sept 1967 46 years Female 30 53a Whittingham
SMITH Wallace Allan 17th Jan 1970 69 years Male 10 43b Whittingham
SMITH Walter 17th June 1934 71 years Male 16 32 Whittingham Father
SMITH Walter Gordon 27th Feb 1993 65 years Male 7 33 Sedgefield Anglican 4
SMITH Walter John 28th July 1910 31 years Male 48b St Clements Son of Samuel and Ellen Smith.
SMITH Walter Simpson 3rd May 1970 63 years Male 19 49 Whittingham
SMITH Wilhemina Dorothea 11th Sept 1947 75 years Female 1 13b Sedgefield Uniting 1
SMITH William 1879 17 years Male 146c Queen St Old Methodist, Now The Uniting Their Son
SMITH William 14th Oct 1919 66 years Male 17 18b Whittingham
SMITH William 1879 17 years Male 146c Queen St Old Methodist, Now The Uniting Their Son
SMITH William 7th Oct 1924 4 years Male 3 16d Sedgefield Anglican 1
SMITH William 18th July 1856 40 years Male 1a Warkworth Church of England Outside of Church Fence

SMITHURST Marjorie (nee Gray) 11th Nov 1918 11th Dec 1986 68 years Female 1 32b Sedgefield Christian Israelite Section
SMITHURST Sidney William 8th Jan 1923 15th Sept 1994 71 years Male 1 32a Sedgefield Christian Israelite Section
SMYTH Bernard 16th Feb 1950 81 years Male 26 41c Whittingham
SMYTH Elizabeth 3rd Jan 1914 69 years Female 1 20c Queen St 2nd Catholic
SMYTH Emily 24th Nov 1909 36 years Female 1 20a Queen St 2nd Catholic Wife of Phil
SMYTH Emma Jean 4th Aug 1916 74 years Female 26 41b Whittingham Wife of B. Smyth
SMYTH Isabella Ann 24th July 1942 85 years Female 26 41a Whittingham
SMYTH Phillip 9th Aug 1925 91 years Male 1 20d Queen St 2nd Catholic Son
SMYTHE Phillip 26th Dec 1946 76 years Male 1 20b Queen St 2nd Catholic Buried Lismore

THE Telegram

There's very little I can say about this shocking 1907 telegram which was sent by a Charles MORGAN from the Broome Station to Henry PRINCEP, who at the time was, Chief Protector of Aborigines for Western Australia, and based in Perth.

I do not know who Charles MORGAN was. I suppose I could find out, but then I don't really want to know.

Henry PRINCEP, recieved many such requests. What his replies were, I don't know. But he did file them away, perhaps for us to reflect and be ashamed.

For those who have trouble reading the telegram, it reads:-

COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA
POSTMASTER-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT, WESTERN AUSTRALIA

20 JUL 07

TELEGRAM from Broome Station
Addressed to H. Princep Esq,
prot. of aborigines

Send cask arsenic exterminate aborigines letter will follow

Chas Morgan


http://www.lettersofnote.com


13 comment(s), latest 2 years, 8 months ago

INDEX of names Buried at Goudhurst Church, Kent

Index of Names, buried at Goudhurst Church, Kent

Name Index
ALEXANDER 314
ALLEN 426, 427
ALPHE 62
APPS 69, 71, 341-347
ATWOOD 287
AYEARST 264
Bagshaw 511, 512, 515
BAKER 21, 36, 42, 95,
211, 333, 358-361
BARBER 38, 211, 213, 214


BARTON 149
BATES 181
BATHURST 53, 54, 60,129,
135, 493, 494, 495, 496,
498, 503, 504, 517, 522
BEALE 537
BEARSBY 169
BEECHING 455, 456
BELLINGHAM 465
BENNETT 167
BESBEECH 176, 178 BESFORD 207
BIRCH 45
Birchet? 39
BIRD 521
BISHOP 82
BLUNT 414, 521
BOLDING 7
BONNICK 280, 294
BRACKFIELD 255, 256
BRATTLE 379
BRIDGLAND 72, 73, 159 BRIGHTRIDGE 380
BRISELDEN 71
BRISSENDEN 337, 338
BROOKER 114
BROWN 299, 300
BROWNLESS 182
BURGESS 65, 66
BURR 222-226
BURTON 254
BUSS 296, 297
BVOINAND 64
CAMPION 514, 520
CARLOW 292
CARTIER 239,240,241,530
CAVEY 49
CHALKIN 18, 19
CHANTLER 96, 101, 111
CHAPMAN 245
CHAR* 385

CHATFIELD 256
CHILDER 362
CHOWNE 520
CLARKE 141, 452-454, 529
CLEMETSON 322,468,469
CLOUTT 376
COALE 21
COLEPEPYR 519 COLLENES 151
COLLENS 173, 174, 177,
180, 186, 266, 268
COLLISON 354, 355, 369
COLVILL 251-253, 322
COLWELL 320
COMDEN 60
CONSTABLE 373 COPPER 32, 33
Cordell 520
COVENEY 386
CROUCH 92, 93
Culpeper 532
CUTBUSH 381, 439
DACRE 519
DAVIS 370
DAVYE 441
DIPLOCK 189
DOBELL 1
DODGE 480
DODSON 295
DOUST 10, 102, 286
DOWN 134
DOWTHWAITE 484

DRAWBRIDGE 457
DRURY 110
DUGGIN 481
DUNN 499
DURRANT 473
Earl of Shrewsbury 519
ELLIOTT 463
Ellis 211
ERNIOT 507
EVANS 208 EVENDEN 419
FAGG 281
FALKNER 332
FARLEY 112
FENELL 164
FIELD 193, 194
FINCH 500, 501
FORD 4
FORDHAM 444
FORRESTER 241 FORSTER 142
FORWOOD 353
FOULE 533
FOWLE 533
FREELAND 78, 90, 377
FREEMAN 267
FRIEND 118, 280, 281
FRY 275
FUGGLE 157, 185
FULLER 171, 395
GATES 396
GATLAND 86
GIBB 153
GIBBON 277
GIBBS 5, 6
GILBERT 326
GLYN 514
GODFREY 438
GOZWITT 492
GROOMBRIDGE 416-418
515, 518
GULLIVER 429
GUNNER 130

C.A.H. 541
M.H. 51
W.H. 541
HAINES 258, 259, 262
HAMMOND 22,199,201,202
HANCOCK 325, 329
HANSON 195, 196, 197
HARDEN 409
HARRIS 79, 80, 335
HARRISON 428, 511-513, 515, 530, 534, 539, 540
HASKETT-SMITH 74
HAWT 519 HAYWARD 40, 89, 91, 319, 329
HAZELDEN 208-210,227
HEABLE 192
HEATH 175
HENLEY 519
HESELDEN 205, 206
HICKLING 149
HICKMOT 507
HILLS 464
HINDS 531, 535
HOARE 153, 154, 155 HOBBS 20
HODGSKIN 129, 135, 136
HOLBROOK 367
HOLINES???? 265
HONESS 317,318,364-366,
368, 387
HOOK 126
HOOPER 495
HORDEN 498
HUMPRIS 388
HUNT 318
HUSSEY 77
JAFFARY 184
JARVIS 29
JEFFERY 533
JENNINGS 236, 237, 431
JOHNSON 75, 76
JONES 466, 467
JURY 172
KEMP 301, 470

KING 277
King Charles 495
King Charles the First 514
KINGSMELL 84, 127, 303
KIRILL 507
KITE 325
KNIGHT 408
Knowlys 175 LAKE 502, 507
LAMBERT 30, 31, 179,
246, 247, 299
LARGE 384
LATTER 48
LAUSDELL 121, 122,
LAW 238, 530
LEE 504 LEIGH 294
LEWIN 382, 471
LIDWELL 261
LIGHT 160-163, 192
LINGHAM 315, 316
LOCK 3
LONGSTAFF 503
LUCAS 507
MANWARING 268, 288,
402-407, 410
Marchant 157
MARRIOT 429
MARTIN 124, 415, 519
MASCALL 133
MASTERS 229-231,302
MATHEWS 85
MEERE 151

MERCER 8, 9
MERCHANT 293
MESSENGER 328,330-331
MICHELBORNE 520
MILLER 308-310, 443, 509,
510
MONKHOUSE 447
MORGANDER 250
MORRIS 44, 113 MUNK? 47
MYNN 137, 138, 140
NEWINGTON 459-461
NEWNHAM 276
NOAKES 305
NUNN 460
NYE 22 OAKDEN 150, 524
OLIVER 498
OLLIVE 483, 484
ONGLEY 420-425,433-435,
479
ONION 125
OSBORNE 108, 156, 290,
499
PACK 509
PARIS 418, 487, 488, 538
PAWLEY 293
PEIRCE 120
PENFOLD 279, 440-442
PHILP 491
PIERS 507
POILE 468
POLHILL 486, 505
POOLEY 87, 88
POPE 394, 464, 490
PRICE 249
T.R. 16
Rachell 520
RAIKES 55

RATCLIFFE 140, 158
RAYNER 450
RIDGWAY 542 543
ROBERTS 2, 413, 521
ROBINSON 150
ROWLES 146, 356, 357
RUDDUCK 477, 478, 482
RUSSELL 11-15, 195, 334
B.S. 50
R.S. 52
SABB 248, 257
Sanderson 453
SATTIN 445
SAWYER 497
SCOONES 412,430,436/7 SCOOT 306
SIDDLE 459
SIMS 56, 57, 58
SIVYER 324
SMART 471, 517
SMITH 74, 118, 152, 289
SMITHE 61, 506
SOUTHON 336, 339, 340
SPRANGE 143, 144
SPRINGETT 474-476, 489,
508
STANBRIDGE 97-99,
103-105
STANDEN 26, 28, 34, 35,
115-117, 363, 411 STANDING 228
STANFORD 486
STENNARD 21
STEPHENS 165, 166, 250,
311, 312, 313
STEVENS 147, 148, 313
STIRLING 536
STOAKES 119
STONE 307, 520
STRINGER 62-64,506, 522
STYLES 17
SUTTON 344
SWATLAND 298

TAMPSETT 139
TANNER 200, 215-220
TEMPSON 428
THOMPSON 462, 472
THORPE 23, 24, 25

THURGOOD 285
TICKNER 214, 269, 270
TOLHURST 157, 168, 291
TONKIN 539
TURK 211 TURNER 520
TWOPENNY 243, 244
TWORT 372
UDALL 233, 234
UPTON 145 USHERWOOD 352, 374,
375
VENIS 235
VOUSDEN 42, 43, 323,
389-393, 407
WAGHORN 100, 228, 232,
378
Warmington 515
WATERHOUSE 41
WATERS 77
WEBB 83, 464
WELCH 27, 446

WELDON 59
WELSH 383
WENHAM 304, 305
WEST 81, 138
WESTON 107, 109, 321
WHITE 464
WICKHAM 106, 131, 132,
187, 188, 190, 198, 203,
204, 221, 446 Wilkins 175
WILLETT 94
WILLIAMS 260, 271, 272,
273, 278, 397-401
WILMOT 458, 460
Wilmshurst 349 WOODE 263
WOOLLETT 348-351,
WOOLLVEN 448, 449, 451
WORSLEY 37
WYCHE 242
Wyment 515


The Monumental Inscriptions in the churchyard of Goudhurst Church Noted by Leland L. Duncan August 1923

Transcribed and typed up by Dawn Weeks for the Kent Archaeoligical Society


2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 9 months ago

Hiding Your Convict Past

Because of embarrassment and the desire to gain status in their community, there was a widespread cover-up involving ordinary families and officials to keep their convict past secret. During the early nineteenth century some families who had aquired wealth thought their convict antecedants were a handicap to them attaining status and respect. A case in point is Mary REIBY, nee HAYDOCK 1777-1855, the first female retailer in Sydney. At 13 she was transported to New South Wales for dressing up as a boy and stealing a horse. She arrived in 1792 on the 'Royal Admiral' and spent two years as a nursemaid. She married Thomas REIBY 1769-1811, an irish officer she had met on the voyage from Britain. Mary and Thomas set up a store near Sydney Harbour. Thomas spent a good deal of time buying ships and travelling and Mary looked after the business and their 7 children.
Thomas died in 1811 and Mary was left with the lot including a new warehouse in George Street. Mary was one of the earliest settlers of Hunters Hill. She built a cottagelater known as Fig Tree Houseon land that fronted the Lane Cove River; Reiby Street is named after her.
In 1821 She travelled back to England and bought valuable property and buildings over there, She lived off her investments and died a very wealthy woman.
Mary was far-sighted and when a sequence of official musters culminating in the census of 1828 came around she recorded the ship on which she had returned on after her visit to England, thereby appearing in the 1828 muster as came free on the 'Mariner' in 1821.
If Mary had not been so well known this stratagem would have created a huge puzzle for her decendants and family researchers.
*The full story of Mary REIBY as Mary REIBEY 1777-1855 can be obtained online.
**Dr.Alison Alexander an academic historian at the university of Tasmania asked 127 of her students if they were decended from convicts. Of nearly 20% who knew they were. 60% had only, discovered the information through research done by a family member.


Gold Fever and women

Some people believed that finding gold would be easy!

Indeed! The reality was hard work. Intense heat and dust in the summer, bringing clouds of flies and mosquitoes then very cold winters and of course there was the mud.

Wives and children had little choice but to accompany their men to the diggings and they were among the thousands of people who became ill with dysentery and typhoid.

Drinking water was polluted by panning and by sewage that escaped from the thousands of holes the miners dug to use as toilets. The diet was inadequate, the basic food was mutton, damper, tea and sugar and nobody escaped the inflated food prices. You truly had to find more than a few specks to afford fruit and vegetables. Most diggers didn't bother to wash and shared their beds with fleas. 'Cures" for just about every imaginable ailment were available from the 'quacks, Sunday was observed everywhere as a day of rest. On this day men repaired their equipment mended their clothes and wrote letters home. Some sought out the sly-grog shops and drank away their aches and pains and blot out the fact they had failed to find gold and relieve their homesickness. Overall, the diggings were not a very pleasant place to be for most people.
Even getting to the goldfields was a life and death struggle.

As news of Australian gold rushes swept the world all available ships were crammed with people hoping to make their fortunes. Up to half of the children on those ships died of contaminated food and water and diseases like Scarlet fever, measles and typhoid. On the diggings children continued to be at risk. In the first half of the 1850s 200 European and chinese children under two died at the Mt.Alexander diggings alone. Goldfields cemeteries are today resting places for thousands of children.

Official estimates have reckoned the total population on the Victorian goldfields in 1853 as 46,550 men, 10,747 women, and 11,590 children. Gold digging was an almost exclusively male activity.

Women on the goldfields have often been stereotyped as entertainers and prostitutes but most women were wives of miners or single women accompanying their families. Many women died in childbirth and had to cope with poor diet, the threat and fact of disease, the loneliness and the worries of trying to bring up a family on the goldfields. As towns developed , women played an active role in changing them into places where children could go to school and where the sick could be properly looked after.

A woman by the name of Ellen Clacy recorded her observations of life on the goldfields in Victoria in 1852:-

"But night at the diggings is the characteristic time: murder here-murder there- revolvers cracking-blunderbusses bombing-rifles going off-balls whistling-one man groaning with a broken leg.....Here is one man grumbling because he brought his wife with him, another ditto because he left his behind, or sold her for an ounce of gold or a bottle of rum. Donnybrook Fair is not to be compared to an evening at Bendigo. Success at the diggings is like drawing lottery tickets-the blanks far outnumber the prizes; still, with good health and strength, and above all perseverance, it is strange if a digger does not in the end reap a reward for his labour. Meanwhile he must endure almost incredible hardships. In the rainy season, he must not murmur if compelled to work up to his knees in water, and sleep on the wet ground, without a fire, in the pouring rain, and perhaps no shelter above him more waterproof than a blanket or a gum tree.....In the summer, he must work hard under a burning sun, tortured by the mosquito and the little stinging March flies....."

Some women were successful miners in their own right. Alice CORNWELL 1852-1932 known on the goldfields as "Princess Midas" or "Madam Midas" began mining on her father George CORNWELL's lease at Ballarat. She supervised miners who worked for her and instructed them where to dig for gold. She was so good at finding gold that she once paid 20,000 for a mine. The mine yielded her 100,000 in one year.
In 1887 she went to London and listed her Midas mine on the stock exchange. She also owned the London newspaper, The Sunday Times for five years.
She was enormously wealthy, with many financial and industrial enterprises.
Her financial operations were not less notable than her diamonds which were the talk of London. There is a book and a stage play based on her life.Also the National Gallery does own some biographical cuttings which may be viewed.

*The Photograph of Alice Ann Cornwell, below, was taken in 1900.


3 comment(s), latest 2 years, 7 months ago