janilye on Family Tree Circles
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Category: Australian Research
The following is a list of the persons to whom auctioneers' licenses have been granted
for the year 1857:—
Joel H. Asher,
Thomas W. Bowden,
William G. Burgis,
Ewen W. Wallace,
Henry D. Cockburn.
John G. Cohen,
William E. Day,
Octavius B. Ebsworth,
Henry A. Graves.
David B. Hughes,
William G. Lambert.
John H. Miller,
John C. Molloy,
Francis E. Rishworth,
Launcelot E. Threlkeld,
John G. Valentine,
Samuel J. Wooller,
Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875)
Friday 28 November 1856
Transcription, janilye 2013
Wednesday, January 17th, 1849, The barque John Woodhall, 380 tons, Hill, master, from London.
Mr George Greig, Mr Rowe (surgeon), Mrs Taylor and two children, Miss Powis
Mr F. W. Mitchell, Mr R. Kelly wife and daughter, Mr T. A. Coates, Mr R. Smythe, Mr Buckley, Mr J. M. Green, Mr Simpson wife and three children, Mr H. Haywood, Mr J. Cruik and wife.
C. Ladds, G. Sebo and wife, G. Crisp, C. Betteredge, J. Sharp, G. Cole and wife, R. Cole wife and four children, A. Hurst, J. Johnston, G. Bartlett and wife, J. Robotton, W. Lowe, W. Weedon wife and three children, J. O. Hitch and wife, W. Gudd, J. Porter and wife, G. Hudson, J. Bower, W. D, Grant, C. Kimbee, R. J. Hawes, W. Cole. R. Clagne and wife, T. Kneale, D. Farragher, Joseph Kelly, R. Kelly, John Cowley, H. Christian, W. Kelly, G. Robinson, T. Thomas, E. James, H. Jurman, John Moss, Matthew Moss, John Moss, Eliza Trail, Henry Wilson wife and seven children, H. F. Wilson wife and two children, R. Wilson, John Goodridge, W. C. Allom, James Storr wife and six children, W. Seuser wife and child, E. J. Evans, T. Grey and four children, T. Gale, S. Mudden and wife, John Ellis, W. Hichman, James Hollins wife and child, Amelia Horton and four children, T. Gengard, Elizabeth Hughes and two children, J. Brown and wife, John Turrent, S. Usher and wife, G. Partridge, J. W. Presant, S. Johnson, Wm. Jonson, J. Woofender, J. Sumper, J. Burgoyne wife and two children, Jane Lock, H. J. Watson and wife, F. Martin, Mrs Peters and two children, Henry Groves, John Greir, Margaret Wudmore and two children, J. M. K. Aitken wife and four children, John Cushman, Wm. Poynter wife and six children, Ellen Lee, Henry Hitchen, Robert Thompson, Thos. Tarrance, Robert Johnson, Ed. Prickering, John DeWit, Wm. Wilding.
Cargo of the John Woodhall— 11 cases drapery and clothing, S. Hart; 472 bars 196 bundles iron, Beck & Co; 1 case, Shadgett ; 2 cases, J. Small ; 10,600 bricks, 121 tons coals, 4 tons clay. 20 pipes lead, 2 boxes. 86 pkgs. castings, 8 crates, G. S. Walters ; 5 pkgr., Government ; 4 bales, A. L. Elder; 15 pkgs., Order; 8 cases, 3 casks, J. Roberts ; 1 ease. Rev. J. Long; 2 cases, Acraman & Co.; 1 case, J. Richmond; 2 bales, J. Gilbert; 1 case, T. Wilson; 110 cases, P. D. Valrent; 12 bales, 1 box, A. Scott; 1 box, Dutton ; 20 crates, 1 case, Montefiore & Co. Cargo of the Champion— I donkey, Lord Bishop of Ade laide; 7 pkgs. sundries, Mr Turner Augusta, W.A. ; 6 liqueur cases, Samson.
South Australian Register
(Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900)
Saturday 20 January 1849
Transcription, janilye, 2013
Wednesday, January 17th 1849 The barque Trafalgar, 718 tons, Richardson, master, from London and Plymouth.
Passengers;— Mr and Mrs S. G. Dorday and five children, and — Tweedale. Esq., Surgeon Superintendent in the cabin.
the following Government emigrants in the steerage :—
James Allen, Wm. Henry Brown wife and child, Sarah Babbs, Robert Babbs, Mary Ann Baker, Emma Bacon, Caroline Bacon, Sophia Bailey and infant (Mrs Bailey's husband died at sea on the 16th December, aged 26), John Tallant Bee wife and three children (one, a girl, born at sea 4th January), Wm. Beesley and wife, Henry Bevan, John Bullock and wife, H. W. Burrall, James Childs, Thomas Clarke, Henry J. Congreve, Wm. Congreve, Maria Connor, Robert Cook wife and six children, Joseph Cross, Simon Clark wife and five children, James Davidson, Ann Davis, Charlotte Dodd, Thomas Dyke wife and two children, Bennett Dunstan wife and five children, Richard Dunstan and wife, Thomas Davey wife and four children, John Dewey wife and six children, Eliz. Fitch, John Forby wife and three children. James Foster and wife, Robert Fox, Peter Fox wife and five children, Edward Frost wife and four children, George Frost wife and two children, Mary Ann Gibson, Caroline Goldring, Richard Greaves, Henry Green, Jacob Green, Mary S. Hall, John Harrison wife and three children, Jane Hunt, Emma Hyams, Elizabeth Hyams, John Jones wife and child, John Julian wife and four children (one, a daughter, died at sea 10th January), Ann Kelly, Jane Kitts, Wm. Lanyon, Jane Lock, Louisa Lord, Walter Long wife and child, James Lawson wife and two children, Robert Mactaggart wife and three children, Martha Mawditt, Wm Morton, Thomas May and wife, Samuel Olley and wife, Ann Peatfield, Hezekiah Painter, Mary Ann Pash and child, Mary Ann Payne, Thos. Peacock and four children, Robert Pilbeam, Wm Pointon and wife, James Pollard wife and eight children, Edward Poulton and wife, Wm. Prestidge, Thos. Penny wife and four children, Peter Perring wife and four children. Wm. Rowe wife and two children, Richard Roads wife and eight children, Sarah Shore, Catherine Shuttleworth, Augusta Shuttleworth, John Spencer wife and child, Wm. Spriggs and wife (their infant daughter died at sea on the 9th November), Emily Stapleford, Susannah Stone, Sarah Summers, Joseph Taylor wife and two children, Emma Thacker, Thos. Tucker, John Thompson, Wm.Thomas wife and two children, Wm. Vince wife and four children, Samuel Webb and wife, Maria Welch, Sarah Wheatley, Ann Whitfield, Catherine Whitfield, John Whittle wife and five children (one, a son, born at sea on the 23d of December), James Wigley wife and three children, Charles Winchester wife and four children, James Wright wife and six children, Elizabeth Walters, John Walters, Joseph White, Thomas Williams, Mary Woolf.
Cargo of the Trafalgar— 69 cases, Order; 40 packages, M. & S. Marks ; 1 bale, 7 cases, R. Miller & Co. ; 5 cases, M'Nicol & Young; 1 ditto, John Calder ; 3706 bars, 268 bundles, 451 deals, 30 hhds, 180 casks bottled beer, 20 cases wine, 39 hhds rum, 10 ditto brandy, 5 qr.-casks ditto 1 case, 20 barrels tar, 10 ditto pitch, C. & F. J. Beck ; 200 - packages luggage.
South Australian Register
Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900
Saturday 20 January 1849
Transcription, janilye 2012.
Built 1891 as a first class passenger ship, by Harland & Wolff, in Belfast for the Bibby Line and named the CHESHIRE and later used during the Boer War as a troopship. In 1910, the Cheshire was sold to Lim Chin Tsong, of Rangoon and renamed SEANG CHOON.
In 1915 the Seang Choon became a British army troopship, afterwards a hospital ship and took part in the Dardanelles campaign.
On the 10th July 1917, in Bantry Bay on the South Coast of Ireland, whilst on a voyage from Sydney to London, she was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-87.
Nineteen lives were lost.
On the 2 July 1915, two of the galley staff of the Seang Choon were at Fremantle on board the R.M.S. Malwa, passing through on their way to Sydney, where they expected to be called upon to prepare meals for more troops on the way to the front.
In conversation with a representative of the West Australian newspaper they told some of their experiences as non-combatants in the present struggle in Turkey.
This is their story:-
"To me the whole thing seemed magical. A huge transformation scene, or a tremendous drama, staged on the land and sea, with terrible guns roaring out realistic effects, and real wounded men, who went out in khaki, and returned in scarlet tunics, red with living blood! It was too realistic to be a dream, and yet too terrible to be true." Thus a cook off the transport Seang Choon, which had been engaged in performing emergency hospital work at the Dardanelles, described his reminiscences of a period of five weeks near Gallipoli.
"We went away from peaceful Australia early in the year with the 13th Battalion from Queensland, and after a calm, peaceful voyage. through the tropics by way of Torres Straits, Thursday Island, Colombo, and Aden, we found ourselves hurled into a whirlpool of struggling humanity; the opposing forces eager for each other's blood, and determined at all costs to wipe the other out, or be annihilated in the at tempt. And yet, amid all the pathos of strong men groaning in pain or falling dead in front of one, there was no lack of smiling faces, and those who seemed to be in most pain appeared to be filled with unlimited cheerfulness, and a desire for more fighting and more blood.
At times we laughed aloud and at other moments our eyes welled up with tears. Strong men cried to see the awfulness of man's inhumanity to man, and laughed when the practical joker told some story of the battlefield, that tasted of humour.
With shells falling in uncomfortable proximity to the ship, aeroplanes dropping bombs from above, and modern warships hurling tons of steel and lead into the lines and villages of the enemy, one was conscious of a paleness clouding one's face and of a desire for removal to a place of greater safety. We were anchored off the coast where the Australians landed, about two miles out. In front, on either side, were H.M.S. Triumph and H.M.S. Majestic. We had on board about 1,000 men of the 14th Battalion, and they were to be landed on the morning of April 26. On the previous evening, however, we commenced to take on board dozens of very seriously wounded men, who had been shot down during the first day's operations. The wounded were brought alongside in lighters and lifted on board on stretchers, hoisted by cranes. The next morning our reinforcements transhipped on to torpedo boats, and were taken close to the coast, where they were cast adhrift in smaller boats, and left to get on dry land as best they could.
The whole scene was bristling with incident. One fine young fellow, when saying good bye to me, said that it would be no South African picnic, but a glorious homecoming. He had been all through the South African campaign, and held the rank of quarter master-sergeant. That was at 4 a.m., and at 6.30 he was brought back by the torpedo boat, shot through the heart, without having landed.
On the night the wounded began to come aboard, all hands were kept busy preparing food and beef tea, which we handed down to the men in the lighters.
A strong north-easterly gale made the transference of the wounded a very difficult feat, and some time was required to successfully accomplish it. Most of the men suffered from shrapnel wounds, and those who fell dead were the victims of snipers. When day broke on the 26th we could see the operations on land quite distinctly, and it was a treat to see our fellows get into the fray. So heavy were the casualties and the loss of officers that our men simply took individual action, and each rushed ahead with a gleaming bayonet, regardless of his own safety or of united action. They simply saw red. Some of them got two miles inland before they looked round and found out that they were cut off from ammunition and reserves, and while a lot of them went down many ultimately regained the lines.
The Turks had been so well entrenched that they took some shifting but we have heard that the casualties were not so heavy as was anticipated in official circles.
On board our ship were a large number of army medical men, who did their best to relieve the pain and make the men comfortable until they arrived at Alexandria, which was 48 hours run from the scene of the fighting. We made three trips with wounded, and carried about 2000 men all told to the various hospitals. On each return trip we brought reinforcments, and there was a continual stream of ships doing similar business to ourselves.
There were numerous instances of bravery and courageous acts to be witnessed on all hands. One Australian chaplain declined to remain in safety, and rushed into the trenches, where they were captured, and there rendered first aid to our men. On one occasion he was trying to bring two wounded men, one on each of his arms, behind the lines when both were killed, although he himself was unharmed.
We heard of cases of Turkish treachery, but we saw none that we could vouch for. We can, however, testify to the consideration our Jack Tars showed toward the religion of the enemy.
The 'Majestic' and 'Triumph' were both engaged shelling two villages, and by the time they had thrown in about 300 rounds there was little left but the minarets, which were sacredly avoided and spaired destruction.
The Turkish papers made great capital out of an official declaration that the Turks had driven the Australians into the sea — a statement, no doubt, which gained credence by reason of the Australians partaking of sea bathing along the shore.
Our fellows were really devils let loose, and they seemed to have no fear. Once into the firing line those chaps threw off their packs and went right into the enemy, and more than often got off scot free.
We had many experienoes on board. On one occasion an enemy aeroplane hovered over us and dropped three bombs, all fortunately finding a resting place on the sea floor. A gun from the Triumph, however, soon brought the aircraft down, and put it completely out of action. On another occasion a huge, shell, thought to have come from the Goeben, dropped into the sea about ten yards astern of our ship. and I can tell you we were all glad when we upanchored and made off for Alexandria. It was, as things turned out, a very fortunate thing that we left when we did, as some two hours after we sailed, the Triumph was torpedoed, and a little later the Majestic suffered a similar fate.
On one of our trips to Egypt we took 60 Turkish prisoners, including one officer, and a German and a Syrian officer. We did learn that there were to have been 260 Turks, but somehow or other only 60 survived to make the journey with us. Some of them could speak a little English and they told us that the Turkish soldier was not at all fond of the fighting business, and very often officers had to jump into the trenches and hit some of the men with sticks to prevent them from turning tail. On the same journey we had several Gurkha wounded, and on the first evening at sea one of the Indians crept out of his bunk, and, seizing a knife, stole up behind the bunk of a Turk who was wounded. The latter was only saved from a sudden death through the timely action of an attendant, who had missed his patient. Needless to say, after that the Turks were all removed to quarters further away from the Indians.
A remarkable feature of our work was the entire absence of complaints, for, although the wounded suffered considerable inconvenience through the makeshifts which were provided, all bore their misfortunes with remarkable fortitude. It was pitiable in the extreme to see strong fellows who had left the ship to enter the` firing line, full of hope and ambition, come back absolutely helpless.
One poor, chap was assisted on board our ship by another wounded comrade. The former had lost both eyes and he was endeavouring to undo his belt, when he exclaimed with perfect resignation. 'Good heavens, I've lost all my fingers too.
Another officer came aboard with a terrible gash on his face, and when someone sympathised with him he replied: 'I wish that were all lad, but there are, three more inside.'
It was interesting to hear the officers speak of their men. The affection between them was remarkable and the men came back from the firing line loving them. The young officers acquitted themselves splendidly and with remarkable heroism and bravery. "
Seang Choon SS was a 5,708 g.t., 445.5ft x 49.1ft, twin screw passenger ship, speed 14 knots, accommodation for 100-1st class passengers.
The chaplain mentioned, I believe is Father John Fahey 1883-1959
whose letters I will publish at a later date.
source: The West Australian
The Ships List
Australian War Memorial
Transcribed and written by janilye, 2013
The portrait below is of Wireless Operator Angus Bartlett Clarence McGregor, 1894-1917, the son of Aeneas McGregor 1865-1937 and Adelaide Louise, nee Bartlett 1868-1959, who was aboard the Seang Choon and drowned when it was torpedoed.
Now-a-days wives are occasionally treated with barbarity. When they are, however the husbands are severely dealt with by law. But at one time wives were considered as a mercenary commodity, and the disposal of them for a certain price was a not uncommon occurrence, being recorded in newspapers as " items of everyday news." During this period of dormant sympathy, it was generally considered as lawful for a husband to sell his spouse by auction to the highest bidder, "provided he delivered her over with a halter round her neck." Strange as it may seem, the wife was frequently found to be in favour of the transaction, probably agreeing with the adage that "changes are lightsome."
In July, 1797, The Times in reference to the price of wives, said— "By some mistake in our report of the Smithfield Market, we had not learned the average price of wives for the last week. The increasing value of the fair sex is esteemed by several eminent writers as a certain criterion of increasing civilisation. Smithfield has, on this ground, strong pretensions to refined improvement, as the price of wives has risen in that market from half-a-guinea to three guineas and a-half."
Even in the early years of the 19th. century, cases of the sale of wives in public are recorded.
A few instances of such sales, which appeared in a recent number of "All the Year Round," will be read with considerable interest and amusement:-
In 1750 a man and his wife falling into discourse with a grazier, at Parham, in Norfolk, the husband offered him his wife in exchange for an ox, provided he would let him choose one out of his drove. The grazier accepted the proposal, and the wife readily agreed to it. Accordingly, they met the next day, when the woman was delivered to the grazier, with a new halter round her neck, and the husband received a bullock which he subsequently sold for six guineas.
The first recorded sale after the accession of George III., occurred in the month of March, 1766 in this case a carpenter of Southwark, named Higginson, went into an ale-house for his morning draught: there he met a fellow carpenter, and their conversation turned to wives. The carpenter, whose name, history has not recorded, lamented that he had no wife. Higginson, on the other hand, lamented that he had, and expressed regret there was no way except murder by which he could rid himself of her. The carpenter assured Higginson that there was a way, — the old English custom had made it quite lawful for a husband to sell his own rib. " No one would be such a fool as to buy mine," sighed Higginson. "I would do so," the other promptly replied, "and would think I had made a good bargain, too."
"Done!" shouted the delighted husband, who clinched the bargain on the spot. Mrs. Higginson was duly claimed by her new lord, and went willingly enough and lived with him as his wife.
In a few days, however, Higginson either grew tired of his mateless home or suspected that he had not done right, and went to the other carpenter's house, demanding his wife back. Mrs. Higginson strenuously refused to leave her new lord. "A sale is a sale," said she, "and not a joke."
Higginson went again and again, but to no purpose, and after a week or two he ceased calling. His wife had just begun to conclude that he had at last quietly resigned his claim, when she was cited to appear before a coroner's jury and identify her husband who had settled the question by hanging himself. (The price paid for the woman is not recorded.)
Another sale occurred in the summer of 1767. In this case, however, the man selling the "chattel" had no legal right over it, she being simply a wife by courtesy. Her reputed husband was a bricklayer's labourer, residing at Marylebone, and the price at which she was valued was five shillings and three pence and a gallon of beer. Three weeks after the sale, when the lady was duly housed with her new lord, a wealthy uncle of hers, residing in Devonshire, died, and, quite unexpectedly, acknowledged the kinship by leaving her two hundred pounds and a quantity of plate. The new protector at once decided to sanctify the union by a ceremony of the Church, and so became her husband indeed, and of course, the possessor of the legacy, there being no Married Woman's Property
Act in those days.
Edgbaston, Birmingham, was the scene of the next sale of this character which had to be reeorded. It took place in the month of August, 1773, and the facts are these :—Three men and three women went into the Bell Inn. Edgbaston-street, Birmingham, and called for the toll-book, which was kept there. In this they made the following extraordinary entry: "August, thirty first, 1773. Samuel Whitehouse, of the parish of Willenhill, in the county of Stafford, this day sold his wife, Mary Whitehouse, in open market, to Thomas Griffiths, of Birmingham. Value one shilling. To take her with all faults. (Signed) Samuel Whitehouse, Mary Whitehouse. (Voucher) Thomas Buckley,
of Birmingham." The parties were said to be well pleased, and the purchase-money and the market toll, demanded for the toll, were both cheerfully paid.
This Ipswich Journal, January 28, 1737, states that : "A farmer of the parish of Stownpland sold his wife to a neighbour for five guineas, and being happy to think he had made a good bargain, presented her with a guinea to buy a new gown. He then went to Stowmarket and gave orders for the bells to he rung on the occasion."
The London Chronicle for the 1st of December, 1787, reported that : "On Monday last a person named Goward led his wife to the market place at Nuneaton, and there sold and delivered her up, with a halter about her, to one White, for the sum of three guineas. On their way Goward asked his wife if she was not ashamed of being brought to open market to be sold ; she said she was not, and was happy to think she was going to have another husband, for she knew well who was going to be her purchaser. When they came to the place Goward embraced his wife and wished her well, upon which she returned the compliment. White declared himself extremely well satisfied, and paid down the money, assuring the quondam husband it was good and full weight. The purchase being completed, White gave the ringers a handsome treat to ring a peal, and they spent the remainder of the day with the greatest joy imaginable."
A Case which occurred in 1790 is slightly different to the foregoing, for it is the record of a girl who
actually bought her husband. She was an Oxfordshire lass, and was on the eve of marriage to a young man of the same county, when the bridegroom elect would not consent to name the day unless her friends would advance fifty pounds for her dowry. Her friends being two poor to comply with this demand, the lass, who evidently thought a mercenary husband better than no husband at all, went to London and sold her hair, which was deli- cately long and light, to a chapman in the Strand for three pounds per ounce. As it weighed just twenty ounces, she returned with joy to Oxfordshire with sufficient money to buy her exacting husband, and ten pounds to boot."
It was not just in England where we have recorded the sale of wives but in New South Wales as late as 1803 we have early settler, Israel Rayner, selling his wife Catherine Carpenter. She walked out on Israel and went to live with her lover, Henry Baldwin and refused to return. When Henry Baldwin paid no heed to Israel's threats of legal action, a deal was struck and Israel sold Catherine to Henry for six bushels of wheat and a pig.
The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser
Tuesday 26 September 1893
Victoriavane Word Press
transcription, janilye 2012
Any article or series of articles on the "Good Old Days" that
did not treat the sports of that-period would be like a
meat pie without, the meat. I have attempted to give a complete
and comprehensive digest of the manners and customs of the people
of the times of which I write, and as cock fighting was almost an
institution in those days, some attention must be given to it.
Not many will regret the fact this kind of sport is now a thing of
the past, so far as this district is concerned—and has been allowed to
fall into oblivion along with other relics of barbarism.
From the 1840s cock-fighting was one of the most popular sports
in the Hawkesbury district of New South Wales, and in those days unless you had a
game rooster that could masacre twenty of your neighbours' domestic chooks in as
many minutes, you might as well be dead, for you were considered nobody.
But now things have changed, the cock-fighting instincts of the people
are dead, though the sleek bird still retains all the combative instincts
of the olden leaven, and would even now fight till he dropped on his own or
some other party's dung-hill. Many residents well remember the old rendezvous
of the enthusiasts of this branch of sport—in Holland's paddock,(Windsor)
facing the banks, In this paddock, where there is now a large pond, a pit
existed for many years, and at the trysting-ground large crowds of people
assembled nearly every Saturday to witness a good encounter between two
An edifying spectacle it must have been, truly, yet amongst the votaries of
the sport were many men who were then leading lights of the district.
For years cock-fighting was carried on in public, and was reckoned a legitimate
sport. Then the State stepped in and dubbed it unlawful; yet it was carried on,
almost with impunity, for years—but those who participated in the sport met in
some sequestered nook to hold their meetings, the ti-tree swamp on Ham Common
(Richmond) being a favourite resort.
A man named " Jacky" Carr was among the first to introduce cock-fighting into
the Hawkesbury district. He was an Englishman, and always managed to get hold of
some fine imported birds.
Amongst those who followed the game also were Frank Norris, now residing on the
Brickfields,and one of the best pugilists of his day. Also his brothers Paddy and Jim, (sons of Richard NORRIS 1779-1843)
George Cupitt 1808-1875, Charlie Eather, The Charkers,
Gaudry's and Kable's. William Hopkins 1798-1862,
Joseph and William Onus, (sons of Joseph Onus 1782-1835). Ben Richards 1818-1898, and George Bushell were
also admirers of the game-cock, and they all owned good
fighting birds. The second-named is said to have had a magnificent button-comb
bird, which ended the career of many another good one.
The Dargins, Cornwells, Dan Mayne and Jack Cribb also followed the sport.
W. Hopkins was a great breeder of these birds, and he once owned a cookoo-game,
a very rare bird which was responsible for the death of more than one man's pet.
Jim Norris also had a bird which, after winning. fourteen or fifteen successive
battles met its doom when pitted against "Daddy" Baine's in the Richmond Lane,
close to the residence of Mrs. Onus. The birds always fought with steel spurs,
and a small black red bird weighing 6½ lbs, owned by George Cupitt, on one occasion
slaughtered three oponents without having his heels (as the spurs were termed) taken off.
James 'Jack' Cribb 1785-1841 always had a lot of birds, and used to spare no
expense in getting hold of good fighters to take his friends down.
He had been known to pay as much as £10 apiece for them, and once paid that
sum for a big light-grey bird, of which everybody was afraid.
Birds weighing from 6½lbs to 7lbs were always very strong and fast fighters, whilst
they varied in weight from 5½lbs to 8½lbs. The principal breeds were black red,
duck-wing, hen-feather, and the pile. The latter breed was the progeny of two good
distinct strains, and was considered one of the gamest of the game birds.
The fighting generally carried out in what was termed "mains," i.e.,
a number (say 5 or 7) birds of dififerent weights on either side.
The birds of the opposing forces were pitted on as equal terms as possible as
regards weight, and if the result of the " main" was equal, the contest would be
decided by a "turn-out"—that is, a match between the heaviest bird of both sides.
The :mains" Comprised a party from Parramatta or Sydney on the one side, and
Windsor on the other.
Phil Williams (Sydney), the Waterhouses (Parramatta), and W. Sparks (Cook's River)
frequently brought their birds to Windsor, and were met in the fray by
Cupitt, Norris and Hopkins.
Matches for £50 or to £100 aside were often made, while a good deal of out
side money was also wagered
Windsor and Richmond Gazette
(NSW : 1888 - 1954)
The Good Old Days
Research and Transcription, Janilye
20 June 2012
NEW SOUTH WALES. Census of the Year 1841.
The results of the Census taken, pursuant to the provisions of the
Census Act of 1840, officially published by the government.
The returns consist of five large tables.
It is, impracticable to lay these tables in their original
They are reduced to a form which will be equally accessible and
convenient for reference, at the same time contain all details
which are necessary for general purposes.
The Census includes the population and houses in the different counties,
in the Commissioners districts beyond the bounderies of location,
and in the penal settlements, and the number of persons employed on board
colonial vessels, on the 2nd March, 1841.
The total number of the population is given at 130,856.
The number of houses is given as 16,776,
of which, although 1,447 were unfinished,
there were only 331 uninhabited. Of these houses 6,375 were of stone or brick,
and 10,401 of wood.
The population, as to its civil condition, is stated as follows : —
Free males, 61,324 — of these 14,819 were born in the colony;
30,745 arrived free;
15,760 are described in the terms of the Act as "other free persons."
Free females, 40,425 — of these 14,630 were born in the colony
22,158 arrived free;
and 3,637 are described as "other free persons." —
making the total of the free population 101,749 souls.
Bond males, 23,814 — of these 5,843 held tickets of leave;
6,658 were in government employment;
and 11,343 in private assignment.
Bond females, 3,133 — of these 316 held tickets of leave ;
979 were in government service; and 1,838. in private assignment, —
making, the total Bond population 20,977.
In addition to the above it is stated that 2,130 males are employed in colonial vessels —
no particular information regarding them could be obtained.
Bond Males. 23,844
Bond Females. 3,133
Employed in colonial vessels. 2,130
As to religious persuasion or profession the numbers are given as follow :
Church of England - 73,727;
Church of Scotland,- 13,153;
Wesleyan Methodists,- 3,230 ;
Protestant & Dissenters,- 1,857
Roman Catholics, - 35,690;
Jews, - 856
Mahomedans and Pagans, - 207,
The return as to the occupations of the various classes is not very satisfactory,
but it is not materially important. It states that;
4,477 are landed proprietors, merchants, and professional persons
1,774 shopkeepers, and retail dealers;
10,715 mechanics and artificers ;
the remainder are to be divided into shepherds,
agricultural labourers, domestic servants, &c.
The County of Cumberland contains,
according to the Census Returns, 58,108 souls.
The County is divided into thirteen hundreds, viz:
Sydney, Parramatta, Liverpool, Woranora, Southend, Campbelltown, Bringelly,
Evan, Richmond, Windsor, Hardlnge, Dundas, and Packenham.
The Hundred of Sydney again is divided into nine parishes.
St. Phillip is stated to contain 9,838 souls, of whom
5,752 are males, and 4,080 females.
Free Population. — Of the males. 1,094 were born in the Colony;
3,797 arrived free, and 564 are described as other free persons.
Of the females, 1,151 were born in the Colony, 2,577 arrived free, and
209 are described as other free persons.
Bond, — There were 33 ticket-of-leave holders 100 in Government employment,
and 164 in private assignment.
Females, 8 ticket-of-leave holders, 2 in Government employment,
and 139 in private assignment.
Free — Males... 5455
Free - Females .... 3,937
Bond — Males... 297
Bond - Females .. 149
Church of England, - 5467
Church of Scotland, - 1,203
Wesleyan Methodists, - 231
Protestant denominations, - 226
Roman Catholics, - 2,527
Jews, - 136
Mahomedans and Pagans. - 48
There are 159 returned as landed proprietors, &c,
244 as shopkeers and dealers,
920 as mechanics and artificers,
the remainder as domestic servants, gardeners, &c, &c.
St. Phillip's parish contains 1,444 houses, of which 1,136 are of brick or stone, and
308 of wood; 1,407 of these were inhabited; 29 were unfinished, and only 37 uninhabited.
The next parish is St. James, which contains 6,081 inhabitants,
3,620 males, and 2,461 females.
Of the former, 608 were born in the Colony
1,924 arrived free ;
295 are classified as other free persons;
44 are ticket-of-leave holders;
626 are in Government employment, and
123 in private assignment. Of the latter,
624 were born in the Colony;
1,574 arrived free,
115 are described as other free persons ;
8 are holding tickets-of-leave,
4 are in Government employment, and
136 are in private assignment thus making the Free—
Males ....... 2,827
Bond — Males .. 793
Bond - Females .148
These are divided into
Church of England, - 3,650
Church of Scotland, - 402
Wesleyans, - 155
Protestant & Dissenters, - 164
Roman Catholics, - 1,544
Jews, - 155
Mahomedans and Pagans. - 7
There are 186 returned as landholders, &c.,
200 as shopkeepers and dealers,
702 as mechanics and artificers, and the remainder as
domestic servants, gardeners, &c.
St. James' parish contains 802 houses, of which 645 are stone or brick, and
157 of wood, At the time the Census was taken, 6 of these were unfinished,
and only 7 uninhabited.
St. Lawrence's parish which stands next on the list, has 4,814 inhabitants;
2,707 males, and
2,157 females. Of the males.
2,421 are free, and
286 bond, and of the females,
2,011 are free, and
126 bond ; thus making the
Free — Males .. 2,421
Bond— Males ...286
Bond females... . . . 136
412 —Total. 4,844
Church of England, - 2,633
Church of Scotland, - 422
Wesleyan, - 110
Protestants & Dissenters, - 191
Roman Catholics, - 1,392
Jews, - 88
Mahomedans, - 2
The number is also divided as to occupation, as follows : —
70 landed proprietors, &c ;
126 shopkeepers and dealers;
737 mechanics and artificers,
and the remainder domestic servants, &c, &c.
This parish contains 767 houses, of which 550 are of stone or brick,
and 217 of wood; 746 are inhabited, 17 unfinished, and only 21 uninhabited.
The next parish is that of St. Andrew : it contains 6,925 inhabitants —
3,827 males, and
of the males 3,708 are free, and 119 bond;
of the females 2,998 are free, and 100 bond.
Thus making the
Free— Males.. 3,708
Free Females .. 2,998 6,706
Bond— Males . .. 119
Bond Females ... 100
219 —Total.. 6,225
3,461 belong to the Church of England,
872 to the Church of Scotland,
252 are Wesleyans,
195 other Protestant Dissenters,
2,063 Roman Catholics,
79 Jews, and
3 Mahomedans and Pagans.
As to occupation they are divided into 78 landed proprietors, &c,
189 shopkeepers and dealers,
1,203 mechanics and artificers, and the remainder are described
as domestic servants, gardeners, &c.
The parish contains 1232 houses — 867 of stone or brick,
and 365 of wood; of these 1,214 are inhabited.
The parish of Alexandria contains 3,313 inhabitants —
1,899 males, and 1,444 females;
of the former 1,493 are free, and 406 bond ;
of the latter 1,372 are free, and 72 bond.
Thus making the
Free — Males .. 1,493
Free Females. ...... 1,372 —2,865
Bond — Males .. 406
Bond Females ..... 72
—478 — Total.. 3,343
The above are divided into
Church of England, - 1,844
Church of Scotland, - 278
Wesleyans, - 83
Protestants, - 119
Roman Catholics, - 940
Jews, - 4
Mahomedans and Pagans, - 35
There are 98 landed proprietors,
242 mechnnics, the remainder domestic servants, &c.
The parish contains 475 houses — 330 stone or brick, and 145 of wood;
451 are inhabited.
The parish of Botany is returned as containing 554 inhabitants,
319 males and 235 females.
Of the males
248 are free and 71 bond;
of the females
225 are free and 10 bond,
Free — Males ........ 248
Free — Females ... ..225
Bond — Males .. ..71
Bond Females .... 10
Church of England, - 385
Church of Scotland, - 60
Wesleyans, - 26
Protestants, - 6
Roman Catholics, - 77
Of landed proprietors there are 36, mechanics and artificers 32 ;
the remainder servants, gardeners, farm labourers, &c.
There are 112 houses; 28 of stone or brick, and 84 of wood ; 99 are inhabited.
The parish of Petersham contains 1903 inhabitants,
1201 males and
702 females. Of the former 791 are free and 410 bond ; of the latter 764 are free and 38 bond.
Free — Males .. 791
Free Females .. 664 —1,455
Bond — Males ... 410
Bond — Females ... 38
—448 - Total.. 1,903
Church of England, - 1,151
Church of Scotland, - 157
Wesleyans, - 50
Protestants, - 59
Roman Catholics, - 475
Jews, - 9
Mahomedans, - 2
There are 35 landed proprietors, 7 shopkeepers, and 120 mechanics ;
the remainder are domestics, gardeners, farm servants, &c.
There are 274 houses in the parish, 107 of stone or brick and 167 of wood;
In the Parish of St. George there are 453 in habitants,
288 males and 165 females;
of the males 238 are free and 50 bond ;
of the females 154 are free and 11 bond.
Church of England, - 305
Church of Scotland, - 38
Wesleyan, - 1
Protestant, - 1
Roman Catholics, - 107
Pagan, - 1
There are 10 landed proprietors, 53 mechanics,
the remainder servants, gardeners, &c. &c.
There are 87 houses, 10 of stone or brick and 77 of wood ; 83 are inhabited.
Concord has 884 inhabitants, 548 males and 336 females,
of the males 411 are free and 137 bond;
of the females 311 are free and 25 bond.
Church of England, - 607,
Church of Scotland, - 32
Wesleyans, - 2
Protestants, - 9
Roman Catholics, - 234
There are 32 landed proprietors, 7 shopkeepers, and 83 mechanics,
the remainder are servants, gardeners, &c. &c.
Concord has 145 houses, 30 of stone or brick, and 115 of wood;
136 are inhabited.
Having thus disposed of the Hundred of Sydney, we next come to that of Parramatta,
which is divided into six parishes, viz. :
Hunter's Hill, Field of Mars, Castle Hill, Prospect, St. John, and Liberty Plains.
This hundred contains 8,808 inhabitants, of whom
4,645 are males, and 4,163 females.
Of the males 3,599 are free and 1,046 bond;
of the females 3,073 are free and 1,390 bond.
(This includes 804 in Government employment or Factory.)
Liverpool is divided into four parishes,
Bankstown which contains 217 inhabitants, 95 males and 64 females;
Saint Luke which contains 1,242 inhabitants, 795 males and 447 females;
Minto which contains 278 inhabitants, 169 males and 169 females; and
Holsworthy which contains 184 inhabitants, 110 males and 74 females.
Woranora is divided into four parishes, which together contains 63 Inhabitants,
Southend is divided into three parishes, containing 120 Inhabitants,
Campbelltown is divided into four parishes, containing 2,442 inhabitants,
Bringelly is divided Into three parishes, containing 966 inhabitants.
Evan is divided into three parishes, containing altogether 1,293 inhabitants.
Richmond is divided into four parishes containing altogether 2,610 inhabitants,
Windsor is divided into four parishes containing 2,736 inhabitants.
Hardinge is divided into 3 parishes, containing 460 inhabitants.
Dundas is divided into five parishes, containing 360 inhabitants.
Packenham is divided into five parishes, which contain 1,502 inhabitants.
The County of Cumberland is stated to contain, as
will be remembered, 58,108 inhabitants;
and these are divided as to their civil condition in the following manner: —
Free — Males, .... 27,997
Females, .... 22,203 50,200
Bond — Males ....5,766
Bond - Females ..2,142
7,908— Total,. 58,108
The county of Argyle contains 3,397 inhabitants ;
of these 2,434 are males and 963 females. Of the males 1,436 are free,
and of the females 899. The bond males amount to 998 ;
of these 316 are ticket-of-leave holders, 145 in Government employment,
and 537 in private assignment; the bond females amount only to 64,
Thus the population of Argyle, as to its civil condition stands thus :—
Free— Males ...... 1,436
Free Females .... 899 2,335
Bond — Males 998
Bond - Females .... 64
1,799 belong to the Church of England,
451 to the Church of Scotland,
21 other Protestants,
1,087 Roman Catholics,
30 Jews, and
5 Mahomedans and Pagans.
As to occupation, 102 are returned as landed proprietors, &c,
24 as shopkeepers and dealers, 157 as mechanics and artificers,
the remainder are left to be divided between domestic servants, shepherds, farm-labourers, &c,
The number of houses are returned at 295,
94 of stone or brick and 201 of wood, all in habited except 4.
The next county on the list is Bathurst, the inhabitants are stated to be 2,465 ;
1,793 males, and 672 females. Of the males 1,089 are free, and of the females 628 are free.
The bond males number 704, of these 243 are tlcket-of-leave holders,
42 are in Government employment and 419 in private assignment;
the bond females amount only to 44.
Thus the population as to civil condition stands as follows :—
Free — Males, 1,089
Free - Females .... 628
Bond — Males, 704
Bond - Females. . . . 44
Total .. 3,465
1,416 belong to the Church of England,
247 to the Church of Scotland,
124 are Wesleyans,
3 other Protestants,
671 Roman Catholics, and
As to occupation, 89 are returned as landed proprietors, &c.,
27 as shopkeepers and dealers, 133 as mechanics and artificers,
the remainder are servants, shepherds, agricultural labourers, &c.
The district is said to contain 257 houses; 125 of stone or brick and 132 of wood,
We next come to county Bligh, the population of which is returned at 546.
473 males and 73 females.
Of the males 212 are free, and of the females 72 are free.
The bond males are 261 in number, viz., 80 holding tickcts-of-leave,
2 in Government employment, and 179 in private as signment;
there is only 1 bond female.
Thus as to civil condition the population of Bligh stands.
Free — Males, 212
Free - Females...... 72
Bond — Males, ...261
Bond - Females, 262
—Total. ... 546
As to Religion,
320 belong to the Church of England,
54 to the Church of Scotland,
1 is a dissenter,
200 are Roman Catholics, and
1 a Jew.
As to occupation, 18 are stated to be landed proprietors, 3 shopkeepers and dealers,
18 mechanics and artificers, the remainder to be divided amongst servants, shepherds, &c, &c.
The number of houses is stated to be 31, 4 of brick or stone, and 27 of wood.
Thirty of these are stated to be inhabited.
Brisbane, the next county on the list, is stated to contain 1,560 inhabitants,
1,210 males and 350 females ; of the males 685 are free, and of the females 334.
The Bond males number 625 ; of these 200 hold tickets-of-leave,
2 are in government employment, and 423 in private assignment; there are 16 bond females.
The civil condition may be thus stated :—
Free — Males, 585
Free - Females.... 334
Bond — Males, 625
Bond - Females.. . 16
The religious classification is as follows;
Church of England 899,
other Protestants 10,
Roman Catholics 445,
Of landed proprietors there are 30, shopkeepers 5, mechanics 99,
the remainder to be taken as shepherds, farm labourers, &c., &c.
The number of houses is stated at 94, 18 of stone or brick, and 76 of wood,
all inhabited except I,
Camden, the next on the Returns, is stated to possess a population of 6,286 souls;
4,114 males and 2,172 females. Of the males 2,862 are free, and of the females 2,058 are free.
There are 1,252 bond males, consisting of 372 tlcket-of-leave holders,
263 in government employment, and 617 in private assignment.
There are 114 bond females.
So the civil condition of the population of Camden is as follows:—
Free— Males, 2,862
Free - Females .... 2,058
Bond— Males, 1,963
Bond - Females .... 114
The religious denominations are thus given;
3,359 Church of England,
749 Church of Scotland,
49 other Protestants,
1,929 Roman Catholics,
The occupations are given thus; landed proprietors, &c, 450,
shopkeepers 80, mechanics 549,
the remainder to be divided as stated with regard to previous counties.
There are also stated to be 933 houses, 137 of brick or stone,
and 796 of wood, of which 927 are Inhabited.
Cook, the next county on our list, is returned as having a population of 2,892 souls ;
1,854 , males and 1,036 females; of the males 1,411 are free,
and of the females 1,010 are free.
The bond males number 443 ; of these 162 hold tickets-of-leave,
155 are in government employment, and 126 in private assignment.
The number of bond females 1s 28, thus the population stands :—
Free — Males, 1,411
Free - Females .... 1,010
Bond — Males, 443
Bond - Females .... 28
Of these the Church of England claims 1,796,
the Church of Scotland 211 ;
83 are stated to be Wesleyans,
22 other Protestants,
770 Roman Catholics,
4 Mahomedans or Pagans.
The occupations are set out as follow : —
landed proprietors, 152, shopkeepers, 32, mechanics, 113 ;
the remainder of the population to be divided as in other counties.
Of houses there are stated to be 480; 61 of stone or brick, 419 of wood ;
Cumberland is the next on the list of Counties.
We have before given a lengthened abstract of the return for the county,
and therefore shall not repeat it here.
'Durham, County, has 6,238 inhabitants, 4,287 males, and 1,951 females.
Of the males, 2,754 are free, and of the females, 1,839 are free.
The bond males number, 1,033 ; of these, 421. hold tickets-Of-leave,
22 are in Government employ ment, and 1,090 in private assignment.
The bond, females amount to 112. The population as to civil condition, will be found to stand thus:
Free — Males, 2,754
Free - Females..., 1,839
Bond — Males, 1,533
Bond - Females .... 112
The division of the populatlon as to religion is given in the following manner : —
Church of England, 3,568,
Church of Scotland,- 1,024,
other Protestants, 65,
Roman Catholics, 1,440,
Mahomedans or Pagans, 19.
The number of landed proprietors, &c. is given at 255,
shopkeepers, 45, mechanics, 413,
leaving the remainder to be divided as stated with regard to previous counties.
The number of houses is stated to be 764 ; 52 of stone or brick, and 712 of wood;
Georgiana is stated to contain a population of 749 souls ; 563 males, and 186 females.
Of the former, 375 are free, and of the latter, 112,
The number of bond males is 188 ; 64 of these hold tickets-of-leave,
8 are in Government employment, and 116 in, private assignment;
the bond Females are only 6 in number.
Thus the population as to civil condition is :—
Free — Males, 375
Free - Females .... 180
Bond — Males, 188
Bond - Females .... 6 .
—Total .. 749
429 are stated to be of the Church of England,
46 of the Church of Scotland,
1 Protestant Dissenter,
273 Roman Catholics.
Their occupations are stated as follows : —
35 landed proprietors, 1 shopkeeper, 22 mechanics ;
the remaining number to be divided as stated with regard to other counties.
There are stated to be 64 houses ; 7 of brick or stone, and 57 of wood, all inhabited.
Gloucester, the next County on the list, is stated to contain a population of 1,424 souls;
1,051 males, and 373 females. Of the males, 506 are free, and of the females, 354 are free.
The bond males 545 ; of these 101 hold tickets of-leave, 1 is in Government employment,
and 443 are in private assignment ; the bond females are 19 in number.
The civil condition of the population consequently stands thus:-
Free — Males, 506
Free - Females, 354
Bond — Males, 545
Bond - Females, 19
The religious classification is as follows : —
Church of England, 907,
Church of Scotland, 133,
other Protestants, 15,
Roman Catholics, 327,
Mahomedans and Pagans, 5.
The occupations are stated as 46 landed proprietors,
7 shopkeepers, 169 mechanics; the remainder to be divided Into the various other basics,
The number of houses is given at 274 ; 39 of of brick or stone, and 235 of wood;
261 in habited.
Hunter, the next county in the returns, is returned as having a population of 999 souls,
655 males and 344 females. Of the males 614 are free, and of the females 337.
The bond males number 141, and the females 7.
Thus the civil condition of the population of county Hunter is:—
Free— Males, 514
Free - Females, 337
Bond— Males, 141
Bond - Females .... 7
—Total .... 999
To the Church of England belong 733,
Church of Scotland 46,
14 are Wesleyans,
201 Roman Catholics,
There are 75 landed proprietors and shop keepers and 47 mechanics, the remainder divided into the various classes not mentioned as in other counties.
The number of houses is stated to be 174 ; 11 of brick and stone and 163 of wood;
172 in habited.
King county is returned as containing a population of 598 souls,
433 males and 165 females.
Of the males 260 are free, and of the females 147.
The bond males are 171, 69 holding tickets-of-leave, and 104 being in private assignment;
the bond females number 18.
Thus the civil condition stands as under :—
Free — Males,. 260
Free - Females, 147
Bond— Males ...... 173
Bond - Females .... 18.
—Total .... 598
Of these 368 belong to the Church of England,
14 to the Chureh of Scotland,
2 other dissenters,
213 Roman Catholics.
Landed proprietors are 23 in number, shopkeepers 4, mechanics 31,
the other classes occupying the remainder of the population.
There are 64 houses, 7 of stone or brick, and 57 of wood, 63 inhabited.
Macquarie, the next county, is stated to have a population of 3,409 souls,
1,919 males and 490 females. Of the males 837 are free, and of the females 381.
The bond males number 1,082, of these 150 hold tickets-of-leave,
691 are in Government employment, and 341 in private assignment.
The bond females amount to 109.
Thus the civil condition of the population may be stated as follows: -
Free— Males, 337
Free - Females, 981
Bond— Males .... 1,082 ,
Bond - Females,... 109
Of these 1,361 are returned as belonging to the Church of England,
290 to the Church of Scotland,
39 other Protestants,
709 Roman Catholics,
4 Mahomedans or Pagans,
Of landed proprietors there are 89, shopkeepers 16, mechanics 336,
the remainder may be divided in the same way as stated in previous counties,
The number of houses is 121, 47 of brick or stone and 74 of wood, 120 inhabited.
Murray County is returned as containing a population of 2,111 souls.
1,562 males and 549 females; of the males 896 are free, and of the females 535;
the bond males number 666, of these 186 hold tickets-of-leave, 34 are in government employment,
and 446 are in private assignment ;
the bond females amount to 24.
Thus the civil condition may be recapitulated as
Free — Males ..... 896
Free - Females .... 525
Bond — Males... 666
Bond - Females,.....24
—Total .. 2,111
Of these 1,024 belong the Church of England
238 to the Church of Scotland,
6 are Wesleyans'
26 other Dissenters,
806 Roman Catholics
Landed proprietors 105, shopkeepers 18, mechanics 127,
the remainder to be divided amongst the other classes.
The houses are said to be 274 in number, 31 of brick or stone, and 143 of wood 172 inhabited.
Northumberland County is returned as containing a population of 9,975 souls.
6,567 males and 3,408 females ; of the males 4,362 are free and of the females 3,125.
The bond males number 2,205; of these 632 hold tickets-of-leave, 618 are in government employment,
and 955 are in private assignment.
The bond females amount to 283.
The population as to civil condition will stand thus : —
Free — Males, 4,362
Free - Females.... 3,125
Bond — Males .... 2,205
Bond - Females .... 283
—Total . 9,975
The Church of England claims 6,291,
Church of Scotland 835,
160 are Wesleyans,
63 other Protestants,
2,566 Roman Catholic,
14 Mahomedans or Pagans. ;
The landed proprietors are stated at 442
shopkeepers, at 203, and mechanics at 1,085.
There are stated to be 1,272 houses, 338 of stone or brick, and 934 of wood,
Phillip County is stated to contain 453 inhabitants, 363 males and 90 females ;
of the males 195 are free, and of the females 85.
The bond males number 168, of whom 43 hold tickets-of-leave, 9 are in government employment,
and 116 in private assignment. The bond females are only 5.
Thus the civil condition may be recapitulated as
Free — Males, 195
Free - Females ,.... 85
Bond— Males ...... 168
Bond - Females .... 5
Of these 259 are of the Church of England,
37 of the Church of Scotland,
153 Roman Catholics,
Landed proprietors are put down as 19, shopkeepers 1, mechanics 13.
There are 23 houses, 5 of stone or brick and 18 of wood, all inhabited.
Roxburgh, the next county on the list, contains 1,520 inhabitants, 1,074 males and 446 females.
Of the males 700 are free,and of the females 406.
Of bond males there are 374. 159 holding tickets-of-leave, 5 in Government em ployment,
and 210 in private assignment; the bond females are 40 in number.
The civil con dition of the inhabitants of Roxburgh will show then ; —
Free — Males, 700
Free - Females . .. 406
Bond — Males, 374
Bond - Females .... 40
—Total .. 1,520
These are divided as to religion into the following classes:
Church of England 919,
Church of Scotland 159,
other Protestants 5,
Roman Catholics 388,
Landed proprietors are numbered at 67, shopkeepers at 13, and mechanics at 89.
There are 137 houses, 69 of stone or brick and 68 of wood, all inhabited.
Saint Vincent, County, has a population of 1,762 souls;
1,308 males and 454 females. Of the males 686 are free, and of the females, 434.
The bond males are 622 in number, of them 175 hold Tickets-of-Leave, 22 are in Government employment,
and 425 in private assignment.
The bond females are 20 in number.
Thus the civil condition of the population of Roxburgh may be stated as follows :—
Free— Males, 686
Free - Females .... 434
Bond — Males, 622
Bond - Females .... 20
—Total .. 1,763
262 belong to the Church of England,
259 to the Church of Scotland,
6 are Wesleyans,
6 other dissenters, 5
26 Roman Catholics,
Landed proprietors are returned as 48, shop keepers 6, and mechanics 89.
There 137 houses; 9 of brick or stone and 128 of wood; 136 inhabited.
Wellington, the next County, contains 510 in habitants, 390 males and 120 females.
Of the males 236 are free and of the females 113. The number of bond males is 164;
52 holding tickets-of-leave and 102 in private assignment; the number of bond females is 7.
The civil condition stands thus: —
Free — Males, 236
Free - Females .... 113
Bond — Males, 154
Females .... 7
— Total ....
510 Of these 331 belong to the Church of England,
40 to the Church of Scotland,
3 are Wesleyans and 136 Roman Catholics.
There are 10 landed proprietors, 6 shopkeepers and 25 mechanics.
There are 37 houses; 12 of brick or stone, and 25 of wood; all inhabited.
Westmoreland has a population of 619 souls; 435 males and 184 females.
Of the males 312 are free and of the females 179.
The bond males number 123, of whom 50 hold tickets-of-leave, and 73 are in private assignment.
There are 5 bond females.
The civil condition of this population is therefore as follows:—
Free — Males ...... 312
Free - Females .... 179
Bond - Males, 123
Bond - Females .... 5
—Total .... 619
Of these, 200 are of the Church of England,
46 of the Church of Scotland,
7 other protestants,
267 Roman Catholics.
There are 37 landed proprietors and 15 mechanics.
There are 90 houses; 7 of brick or stone, and 83 of wood; 88 are inhabited,
We now come to tho Commissioners' District beyond the boundaries, These are nine in number, namely— Wellington, Bligh, Lachlan, Monaroo, Murrumbidgee. Peel's River, New England, Clarence River, M'Leay River
Wellington has a population of 935 souls, 837 males and 98 females.
The free males are 466 in number and the free females 95.
The bond males are 371 in number; of them 128 hold tickets-of-leave.
9 are in Government employment, and 234 in private assignment.
There are 3 bond females.
Bligh has 672 inhabitants; 577 males and 95 females.
Of the males 339 are free and of the females 94.
The bond males are 238 in number; 71 hold tlckets-of-leave, 5 are in Government employment,
and 162 in private assignment.
Lachlan has a population of 1,345 souls; 994 males, and 251 females,
Of the males 649 are free and of the females 244.
There are 345 bond males; 121 hold tickets-of-leave, 9 are in Government employment,
and 315 in private assignment.
Monaroo has a population of 1833 souls; 1509 males and 374 females.
Of the males 1041 are free, and of the females 370.
The bond males are 498 in number; 198 hold tickets-of-leave, 6 are in Government employment, and 294 in private assignment.
Murrumbidgee has 1639 inhabitants; 1208 males and 261 females.
Of the males 782 are free and 272 females are free.
The bond males are 476 in number; 104 hold tickets-of-leave,
35 are in Government employment, and 277 in private assignment.
There are 9 bond females.
Peel's River District has 1591 inhabitants ; 1424 males and 167 females.
Of the males 795 are free, and of the females 158. The bond males number 629;
of these 178 have tickets-of-leave, 17 are in Government employment, and 445 in private assignment.
There are 9 bond females.
New England has 1115 inhabitants; 1003 males and 112 females.
Of the males 536 are free, and of the females 107.
The bond males are 467 in number; 76 hold tickets-of-leave, 11 are in Government employment,
and 380 in private assignment. There are 5 bond females.
Clarence River District has 416 inhabitants, 343 males, and 73 females.
Of the males, 237 are free, and of the females 71.
The bond males number 106; 11 hold tlckets-of-leave, 10 are in Government employment,
and 85 in private assignment. There are 2 bond females.
M'Leay River District has 584 inhabitants ; 443 males, and 141 females.
Of the males, 229 are free, and of the females, 123.
The bond males number 214 ; 60 hold tickets-of-leave, and 154 are in private assignment.
There are 18 bond women.
At Moreton Bay there are 200 souls ; 176 males, and 24 females.
Of the. males, 45 are free, and of the females 22.
The bond males number 131 ; 1 holds a ticket-of-leave, and 130 are in Government employment.
There are two bond females.
Norfolk Island here there are 1,288 bond males, and 3 bond females.
There are 254 free males, and 102 free females.
district of Port Phillip, which according to the census contains 11,738 inhabitants.
Of these 8,274 are males, and 3,454 females.
Of the males 8274 are free, and 518 bond ; of the females only 6 are bond.
We have thus concluded our synopsis, which may be resumed as follows : —
Free — Males .. 61,324
Bond — Males .. 23,844
Bond - Females, 3,133
Employed in Colonial Vessels 2,130
New South Wales State Records
(Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848)
Saturday 4 September 1841
Tuesday 7 September 1841
4 June 2012
These 1821 Land Grants listed below appeared in three(3) Sydney Gazettes, rather than lump them all together I have copied them as they appeared.
The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842)
Saturday 28 April 1821
THE following LIST of NAMES of NEW SETTLERS, who are to receive GRANTS of LAND,
and of OLD SETTLERS, who are to have additional LANDS located for them
in the Year 1821,
is published for general Information :
James Atkinson, Thos. Arkell, Edw. Alcorn, Robt. Aull, Jas. Arndell, Thos. Allen,
George Alleburn, Samuel Arndell, Richad Adams, Francis Allen, Jos. Atkins, Wm Alsop,
J. Aiken, Francis Able, Michael Ansell, Edw. Allen, Thos. Asplin, Thomas Ashford,
Charles Armitage, Pat. Allen, J. Andrew, J Agland, Alex Berry, Geo. Barber, Wm. Baker,
David Brown, Wm Bradbury, Robert Bateman. Geo. Best, sen. Bryan Byrne, Mich. Bryan,
J. Brown, Noah Bryan, Charles Beasley, Timothy Brophy, J. Brown, John Bryan,
Wm. Bruce, Thos. Byrne, John Booth, N. Boon, Wm. Beaumont, Thos Bowers, Thos. Bates,
Wm. Beggs, Dennis Bigley, Jas Bolsover, J. Brown, J. Brackfield, George Bradley,
Wm. Bannister, Thos. Bowning, Sam. Barber, Thos. Bird, Michael Byrne, Jas Brackenry,
J. Bent, Thos. Bates, Thos. Baker, J. Barker, J. Byrne, Thos. Biggen, Andrew Biggen,
Jas. Beckett, J. Bell, Thos. Benson, Bursella Bensley, Edw. Burke, Brien Bagnall,
Jos Bullock, Jas. Badgery, H. Batman, Owen Byrne, Jas. Butler, Richard Bryan, H. Butler,
Aaron Burt, J. Burrell, Daniel Brown, J. Bentley, Stephen Burr, Wm. Britain, J. Bradford,
Jon. Broker, J. Bowman, Wm. Barron, Jas. Byrne, Martin Burke, Geo Best, jun. James Barker,
Jas. Brailey, Jas. Burgess, H. Bray, Thomas Byrne, Robert Brodie, Jas. Burke, Thos. Brown,
J. Brown, Thos Brian, Wm. Burridge, D. Burne, Wm. Briant, Eber. Bunker, James Butler,
Silvester Butler, Owen Boyne, J. Bennett, D. Brown, John Bayley, Edward Bailes,
John Bull, John Bailes, jun. Daniel Bisex, Michael Boland, Thos. Cowper, James Cobb,
Donald Cameron, George Cutter, Adam Clink, Isaac Cornwall, William Chadworth,
Timothy Connor, James Carroll, John Cahill, John Cheers, Benj. Carver Owen Connor,
Peter Cooney, John Crawley, Thomas Campbell, Richard Cavanagh, Jas. Cavanagh,
James Cox, George Clarke, Samuel Craft, Thomas Cross, John Cribb, Peter Carrol,
Roger Connor, John Cowley, John Craft, John Colcroft, William Craig, Farrell Cufie,
John Cromen, Dennis Connolly,James Connell, Michael Cartwell, Peter Carroll,
John Collins, Hugh Crabtree, Abraham Champray, Thos. Cowling, John D. Campbell.
Richard Carr, Dennis Conway, John Cummins, William Cheshire, Thos. Clarke,
Edward Churchill, John Chaseling, James Connelly, Thomas Chesbie, John Day,
John Dight, Andrew Doyle, William Davis, Edward Doyle, Thos. Dutton.
Jas. Donnelly, Jas Duffey, Wm. Douglas, Jas. Devlin, Jas. Daly, Jas Dempsey,
Pat. Downey, Thos. Davy, Peter Dunn, Edmund Doyle, Cyrus Doyle, Jas. Donahar,
Stephen Dunn, Pat. Devoy, Pat Dacey, Michael Doran, Nicholas Dukes,
Thos. Downes, Charles Dodding, Geo. Dowling, J. Dell, Francis Dalton,
Jas. Dearing, Wm Dockrell, Michael Duggin, Richard Donelly,
J. Darrah, Isaac Dowse, Garrett Donally, John Dewhurst, Christopher Downes,
John Dogharty, Walter Duggan, Joseph Dargon, George Davis, Shady Davey,
Samuel Davis, John Davis, Thomas Davis, William Davis, John Dalton, Patrick Downey,
Edward Dillon, John Dunn, John Eyre, John England, James Eldridge, Eliker Everitt,
Joseph Eades, Charles Eather, Thomas Eather, Thomas Eather, sen. Joseph Emm,
Joseph Earles, Daniel Eaton, Joseph Eyles, Henry Early, William Edney, John Edney,
Wm. Edwards, Wm. Eagleton, Wm. Etsell, John Ellison, John Wm. Fulton, Wm. John Fitz,
Henry Fleming, Bernard Fitzpatick, John Frazier, Samuel Fry, George Freeman, Wm. Field,
Bernard Fitzpatrick, Robert Farlow, James Frazier, Edward Field, sen. John Finch,
Wm. Fulford, John Freebody, S. Foley; James Freeman, Thomas Frost, Geo.Fieldhouse,
Francis Frendard, John Floyd, and J. Forster.
Settlers, who may have received separate Orders for Land, and whose Names are not inserted in the above general List, are requested to bring their Orders to this Office, that the same may be entered.
JOHN OXLEY, Surveyor General To be continued in our next Gazette
The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842)Saturday 5 May 1821
SURVEYOR GENERAL'S OFFICE, SYDNEY,
28 th April, 1821.
THE; following LIST of NAMES of NEW SETTLERS, who are to receive GRANTS of LAND,
and of OLD SETTLERS, who are to have additional LANDS located for them in the Year
1821, is published for general Information :
Robert Forrester, Wm. Forrester, John Farrell, John Fowler, Richard Friar,
John Foley, Edward Franks, Edward Fletcher, William Flynn, Thomas Francis, jun.,
Patrick Flynn, Peter Fitzpatrick, John Ferguson, J. Golledge, Wm Guise,
J. Galvin, Jas. Gooding, jun., James Goddard, Benj. Grimshaw, P. Garey,
J. Grono, George Graves, Jas. Greenslade, J. Grant, Mich. Geary, Robt. Gray,
Henry Gaskin, Mich. Gavagan, Robt. Garratt, Benjamin Goddard, Wm. Gwillim,
Jas. Griffiths, Dennis Green, Wm. Goodere, Wm. Galvin, Dennis Guinny, John Glade,
Val. Goodwin, Richard Guise, J. Goodwin, Thomas Galvin, Thos. Gilbert,
J. Gosport, Joseph Gosport, J. Gardner, Joseph Gilbert, Isaac Gorrick,
John Higgins, George Howe, J. Howe, Wm. Holmes, Wm. Hayes, Wm. Hardman,
Joseph Hately, Pat. Harper, Francis Hainsworth, William Hearn, Henry Howell,
Mich. Hogan, Richard Haviland, Philip Hogan, J. Harris, J. Harris, William Hawkins,
John Hanabus, Charles Herbert, Thos. Hinton, Pat. Hand, Lawrence Harvey,
David Horton, jun., J. Hope, Thomas Hall, Wm. Hill, Peter Hough, Joseph Hunt,
Henry Hunt, Samuel Harding, D. Hawkins, George Hambridge, Jas. Henry,
Maurice Hallihan. Edw. Harrigan, Thos. Howell, George Hill, Christopher Harris,
Joshua Holt, Tim. Hoy, Wm. Harrington, John Hodges, Mich. Hughes, John Hoile,
Henry Hoile, Joshua Heap, Abraham Herne, Lawrence Halfpenny, James Harper,
John Herbert, jun., J. Hazard, Jas. Higgins. Robt. Higgins, Enoch Hutchinson,
Thos. Higgins, PeteirHibbs, jun., J Holden, Wm. Hewitt, Edw. Hobbs, J. Hearn,
Thos. Hansey, Hugh Hughes, jun., Jas. Hall, Henry Huff, George Hughes, J Holt,
George Higginson, Peter Hibbs, J. Holden, Thos. Hooton, Wm. Howell,
Francis R. Hume, J. Hendle, Jas. Hayden, Jesse Hudson, David Horton sen.,
Robt. Johnston, George James, John Johnston, John Jacklin, Thomas John,
George Johnstone, Wm. Jones, Wm. lkin, Joseph Inch, Wm. Jacklyn, Charles Ivory,
Edward Jones, Mich. Joyce, Thos. Jones, George Jubb, jun., Thos. Jones,
John Innes, John Johnson, Richard Johnson, Charles Jackson, John Joyce,
James Kay, William Klen endorlff, Pat. Kirk, John Kennedy, Wm. Kearns,
J. Keighran, Thos. Keane, J. Kirlaghan, R. Kibble, Cornelius Keoe,
Donald Kennedy, jun., John Kelly, Joseph Lendall, Jas. Kavannagh,
Duncan Kennedy, John Kennedy, Wm. Kellow, Wm. Kenney, Thomas Kelly,
Archibald Kane, Daniel Kelly, Thos. Kelly, D. Knowland, Thos. Kendall,
James Kelly, James Kenney, J. H. Lawson, Walker Lawry, Wm. Lilly,
Francis Lawless, Samuel Leverton, Henry Lendon.
Settlers, who may have received separate Orders for Land, and whose Names are not inserted in the above general List, are requested to bring their Orders to this Office, that the same may be entered.
JOHN OXLEY, Surveyor General. *** To be concluded in our next Gazette.
The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Saturday 12 May 1821
SURVEYOR GENERAL'S OFFICE, SYDNEY,
28th April 1821.
THE following LIST of NAMES of NEW
SETTLERS, who are to receive GRANTS of LAND, and of OLD SETTLERS,
who are to have additional LANDS located for them in the Year 1821,
is published for general Information :
J. Holmes, J. Lynch, Samuel Leverton, jun. Jas. Lewis, Richard Lillis,
Thos. Lawrence, J. Leadbeater, sen. J. Larken, Peter Lawry, George Lilley,
James Lyons, Wm. Land ron, Miles Leary, John Lavis, Jas. Layton, Nicholas Lacy,
William Lees, Peter Lillis, Elijah Lane, Wm. Lawrence, J. Lapish, Mich. Lamb,
J. Lees, J. Lacey, Owen Lenaghan, John Longford, Wm. Lovegrove,, H. Lamb,
J. Lyons, Hannibal M'Arthur, Jas. M'Arthur, Wm. M'Arthur, Charles M'Arthur,
Andrew M'Dougal, J. M' Henry, Henry Marr, Wm. Minchin, Wat Mobbs,
J. Mobbs, George Mobbs, Isaac Mobbs, J. M'Loughlin, Fred. Meurant,
Jos. Meyrick, Tristram Moore, Cornelius M'Arthy, P.Moore, Pat. Mernan,
J. Madden, Mich. Maloney, Wm. Morgan, John Mills, Jas. M'Arty, jun.
Thomas Martin, jun. Jas. M'Arty, J. Mackey, Thos. Miller, Christopher M'Guire,
Thos Mortimer, J. May, Pat. Mason, Put. Moore, Thos. Maloney, Jas. M'Guire,
Matthias Miller, Jas. M'Arty. John M'Arty, William Makepiece, Thos. Moran,
Fred. Murphy, Patrick Mulhall, Thos. M'Caffery, George Maginnis,
Edw Merrick, Thos. M'Kenna, Robert Maxwell, Henry M'AIlister, James M'Manis,
John Murphy, George Marley, Kennedy Murphy, Patrick M'Hall, George Murphy,
Thos. Mustagh, Owen Martin, jun. George Mortimer, Thos Murray, Charles M'Carty,
William Mobbs jun. Jas. Mosely, H. Morton, J. Merzagora, J. M'Peake,
Isaac Mills, Jas. Macdonald, Jas. Milson, Dennis M'Neary, Jas. M'Aloney,
Brian M'Cormic, John Moss Wm. Mannix, Mich. Macdonald, John M'Donald,
Joseph Mason, John. M'Guigan, Joseph Ma'ckinley, Thos. M'Guire, Jas. Marshall,
Thomas Moakson, Andrew' M'Dougall, Jame« M'Dougall, J. M'Dougall, J. Moss,
Alexander M'Guigan, Patrick Mahar, Thomas McVitie, Simon Moulds,
Edward Meurant, jun, J. Matthews, Robt. Marshall, William M'Haslan,
Alexander M'Donald, Hugh M'Avoy, J. Murphy, Mich. Minton, Jas. M'Donald,
Patrick Naughton, Richard Norris, J. Nash, Thos. Nugent, Thos. Newman,
Andrew Nash, Jas. Nugent, James Nowlan, Wm. Newport, J Norris, John Nowland,
George Nash. J. Neil, J. Nicholds, Walter Noy, F. O'Meara, J. O'Meara,
p. Oakes, Jas. O'Brian, Chas. O'Brien, James Owen, Thos Owens, Wm. Osburne,
Saml. Owen, Jas. O'Harra, Wm. Olds, Mark Opong, Brien O'Brien, Wm. Oliver,
Jos. Onus, Terence O'Brien, Chas. Pennon, G. T. Palmer, George Panton,
Wm. Pithers, Mr Parmeter, J. Price, Wm. Parkins F. Pendergral, J. Pike,
J. Pike, Morgan Poor, N. Payton, J. Pitcher, Saml. Paine, Wm. Page,
John J. Peacock, Robt. Plumb, J. Patfield, Thos. Prentice, J.
Phillips, Mich. Parker, George Pinkerton, F. Peisley, George Phillips,
J Pendergrast, Wm. Paris, J. Pye, jun. Wm. Pritchard, Daniel Pegg,
Saml. Perkins George Plummer, H. Pullen, R. Partridge, Joseph Pashley,
Mich. Power, J Pugh Deison Post, Tim Poor, F. Piper, Wm. Piper, H. Paul,
J. Pender, Jas. Pender, Edwin Rouse, Edw. Riley, Thos. Rose, Edw. Redmond,
J. Robinson, Chas. Rushton, John Riley, Malachi Ryan, Thos Riley, J. Ready,
J. Redmond, Wm. Reynolds, J. Ross, Barnabas Rix, Wm Rafter, Mark Russell,
Wm. Rose, Wm. Roberts, Joseph Rye, jun. Mich. Rourke, Alex. Routledge,
J. Riley, Nich. Ryan, Wm. Rixon, Robt. Ray, Owen Riley, Thos. Rudd, J. Rudd,
J. Rentwell, Richard Ruff. H. Rochester, Barnabas Rix, Chas. Smith, Wm. Smith.
Mich. Stack, Jas. Stack, Jas. Shepherd, sen. G. Smith, Wm. Scott, Jas. Shepherd,
jun. F. Spencer, Andrew Scott, J. Sunderland, Martin Sweeney, Dennis Shield,
Dan. Smallwood, George Sewell, Edw. Stinton, Jos. Smith, H. Styles, Jas. Smithers,
Wm. Skinn, Joseph Smith, jun. Wm. Smith, Wm. Stenson, Jas. Smith, Edw. Shipley,
Wm. Speers, Hugh Scott, W. Scott, Wm. Smith, J. Smith, Jas. Smallwood,
Roger Shea, J. Scully, J. Stone, Thos. Stevens, Jos. Stubbs, Jas. Speers,
Wm. Stubbs, Wm Simms, Thos. Stone, Thos. Stack, Jos. Smith, Jas. Smith,
F. Stafford, Jas. Smith, Dennis Stacey, Chas, Summerell, Stephen Smith,
J. Smith, Edw. Stowers, Dan. Step, Thos. Smith, Dan. Sweeney, Thos. Sanders,
jun. J. Smith, J. Stanbury, jun. Robt. Smith, George Scott, Murty Shields,
Wm. Sherries, J. Sewell, Wm. Stabler, Chas. Throsby, jun. Robt. Turnbull,
Chas. Thompson, Wm. Tuckwell, J. Tindell, J. Tarlington, Edw. Tompson,
J. Turnbull, Jas. Thompson, Chas. Thomas, Bishop Thompson, Thos. Thompson,
J.Tague, J.Taylor, H. Fretheway, Jas. Toucher, S. Tuckman, Chas. Tunks,
H. Thorn, jun. J. Thorm, jun. Jos. Tuzo, Jeon Francois Theon, J. Town,
Jas. Turner, Wm Thorn, jun. Jas. Thomas, D.^Thompson, J. Taylor, Thos. Trotter,
Jas. Turner, George Tuckwell, Wm. Tyson, Philip Tully, George Trace,
Owen Tierney, Wm. Tompson, Thos. Turner, Jas. Vaughan, J. Vardy, R. Virgin,
Thos. Vardy, J. Voildes, Thos. Upton, Edw. Wollstonecraft, Wm. Walker,
George Woodhouse, G. P. Wood, George Ward, J. Whalan, Wm. Welsh, Thos. Woolley,
J. Williams, Edmund Wright, Robt. Wilkinson, Daniel Wellings, J. Wright,
J. Walker, Jas. Williams, Wm. Wright, Chas. Wilson, Thos. Warner, P. Workman
Aaron Walkers, Job Wilson, Wm. Williams, Robert Wells, Thos. Wilson,
Thos. Wood, J. K. Williamson J. D. Wood, Wm. White, Chas. Watson, J. Williams,
Jas. Walbourn, J,. Weevers, Chris. Ward, H. Wells, Wm. Walker, J. Warby,
J. Warby, jun. J. Wood, James Wright. Wm. White, Wm. Wakeman, James Whalan,
Jas. Were, J. Wright, Wm. Wall, Jos. Walker and Charles Yorke.
Settlers, who may have received separate Orders for Land, and whose Names are not inserted in the above general List, are requested to bring their Orders to this Office, that the same may be entered.
JOHN OXLEY, Surveyor General.
Early Australian History.
A series of Historical Sketches, bearing upon Australian Colonization and
Convict Life in New South Wales and Van Dieman's Land.
The state of things thus feebly depicted continued until the middle of May, when the Sirius returned from the Cape with a four months' supply of provisions for the settlement. Her arrival was hailed with great joy, and those convicts who had almost given themselves up to despair and the recklessness attendant upon such a condition of mind and feeling, at once became orderly, industrious, and well-behaved.
Full rations produced contentment and even hilarity, and the convicts went so far in this direction as even to indulge in dramatic entertainments, permission to do so having first been obtained from his Excellency.
The 4th of June 1789 was the King's birthday, and free and bond joined in its celebration, rendering the occasion remarkable as the data of the first performance of a play in Australia.
The play produced was George Farquhar's comedy of 'The Recruiting Officer,' and the theatre was a hut fitted up for the occasion, the actors being all convicts. Concerning the merits of this early performance no information has been handed down to us ; but Collins says, ' they (the players) professed no higher aim than 'humbly to excite a smile,' and their efforts 'to please' were not unattended with applause.'
The chief work upon which the prisoners had up to this time been employed was in procuring building materials, erecting houses and stores, building boats and wharves, and in farming operations, 250 of them being engaged, mostly at Parramatta, in clearing the ground and cultivating the soil. The discovery of the Hawkesbury River by the Governor, who spent a large portion of his time in exploring the country in this direction in search of better land for cultivation, furnished a wider scope for operations, and parties of convicts were soon sent further afield to work.
The fine deep soil on the banks of the river was admirably adapted for raising grain, and shortly after its discovery portions of it were allotted to settlers. But another season of distress being feared, in November the people were again placed on short allowance, for although the first crop had been garnered at Parramatta, amounting to upwards of 200 bushels of wheat, with small portions of maize, barley and oats, it was deemed advisable to save the whole for seed for the ensuing year ; and the rats had committed great havoc among the provisions in the public store at the settlement. The rations now served out were barely sufficient to preserve life, the weekly allowance for adults being 2lbs. flour, 2lbs. pork, 1 pint peas, and 1lb. rice, the Governor and the officers again receiving equal measure with the convicts.
And right in the midst of this trouble there came intelligence which intensified the gloom.
The Sirius frigate, which had been sent to Norfolk Island, had been wrecked there, and although two years had elapsed since the foundation of the colony, no intelligence had been received from England, and for all the people knew no fresh supplies had yet started from headquarters.
And again want bred discontent and disorder ; again were issued and enforced stringent regulations against waste; again there followed insubordination, floggings and executions.
The tender Supply was despatched to Batavia, the commander carrying instructions to charter a vessel there and load her as well as the Supply with a full cargo of provisions.
Two months of deepest misery intervened, and then one morning early in June a sail was sighted from the South Head. The vessel proved to be the Lady Juliana, from London, which had been eleven months on her passage, having started in July of the previous year.
The ship Guardian had been dispatched from England about the same time, with a large quantity of live stock and other supplies, but having struck on a rock she was compelled to put into the Cape of Good Hope, almost in a sinking state ; and the Lady Juliana, a much smaller vessel, had come on with a part of her cargo and passengers.
The provisions which thus came to hand at such an opportune time enabled the Governor to increase, but only to a small extent, the scale of provisions, it being thought that the stock would last until the return of the Supply from Batavia.
Then other surprises quickly followed. Three ships from London, transports, put in their appearance, bringing ,out a large number of convicts, and detachments of the New South Wales Corps.
More mouths to feed and very little to feed them ! — the outlook was indeed dark and gruesome.
The character of the New South Wales Corps — afterwards embodied in the 102nd Regiment — has already been dwelt upon in Part I of this history ('The Story of the Ten Governors'), but the subject was not then exhausted, and it is necessary that something more should be said concerning a set of men whose actions proved them to have been cast in the coarsest mould of genteel viciousness.
Concerning the formation of the Corps : A Major Grose had made a proposal to the Secretary of State to enlist a force for service in the penal settlement of Botany Bay, on condition that he received certain emoluments and honours, and his offer being accepted he set his recruiting officers to work, and soon succeeded in raising the requisite number to form the first detachments. Not from the ranks of tried soldiers did he raise his force, and not from the ranks of reputable men. They were to do duty in a land of convicts ; who better for such service than convicts themselves? An Irish political prisoner named Holt, who was transported to the colony some years later than the period here referred to, and whose peculiar experiences will be narrated in a subsequent chapter, describes, the. officers-of this Corps as ' old tailors and shoemakers, stay-makers, man-milliners, tobacconists and pedlars, that were called- captains and lieutenants.' Likely men for the service were sought in the hulks of the prisons of the old land ; soldiers under punishment were taken. from the navy hulk; and those who had been condemned to service in India were reprieved on enlisting in the New South Wales Corps.
-Says Governor Hunter, who found them more, troublesome than the convicts,'Characters who have been disgraced in every other regiment in his Majesty's. service have been thought fit and proper recuits , for the New South Wales Corps. We find among these, men capable of corrupting the hearts of the best disposed, and often superior in every species of infamy to the most expert in wickedness among the convicts !'
And these are only fine lines in the picture.
Those who have read what has already been written of these men, and who read what follows — and after all is said the whole truth will not have , been told — will share in the astonishment of the writer of this story that every element of goodness in the young colony was not swallowed up in this sink of corruption called a Corps.
The vessels which brought to the colony the first contingent of Major Grose's army also brought about : 2,000 male and 250 female convicts. The voyage out was full of horrors to the unfortunate prisoners.
The vessels were not, regular transports, but private ships, whose owners had contracted with the Government to embark prisoners at £17/7/6 per head, without any agreement being made for sufficient accommodation or proper control ; nor were they even liable for any deduction for those who died on the voyage — hence, the greater number of deaths, the more profit to the contractors. Will the reader be astonished to learn that the sharks were well fed on human flesh during the passage. Nearly 300 of the wretched creatures on board in chains perished before the vessels reached Port Jackson, in consequence of the close and improper way in which they had been confined.
Driven to desperation by the treatment they were receiving, some of the convicts made an attempt to overpower the guards and get possession of the ships. They failed, and failure brought increased suffering.
The convicts were after this attempt all heavily ironed : and the bodies of those who died under the hatches were permitted to remain there and putrefy for weeks !
Is there in all the records of the time when slave ships sailed the sea, a story more horrible and horrifying than this?
Some of those who survived the voyage died when being conveyed to the land in boats, and many of the others landed only to die.
No record has been preserved of the number that died after they were landed, but Colonel David Collins makes this grim report : — All possible expedition was used in getting the sick on shore, for even while they remained on board many died. The total number of sick on the last day of June was three hundred and forty-nine.
The melancholy which closed the month of June appeared unchanged in the beginning of July. The morning generally opened with depositing in the burying ground the miserable victims of the night !'But the officers and men of the New South Wales Corps lived through it all, and on their arrival they began to shew their superiority as soldiers wearing the King of England's uniform.
Let Governor Phillip speak. He says : — "They were observed to be very intimate with the convicts, living in their huts, eating, drinking and gambling with them, and perpetually enticing the women to leave the men."
The whole detachment, we are told, with the exception of the non-commissioned officers and five or six of the privates, took an oath to stand by each other, and not to suffer a soldier to be punished for whatever crime he might commit against an inhabitant ; and so we hear Governor Hunter complaining that they had destroyed the dwelling house of one resident, for sport, no doubt, and that the greatest part of the detachment on one occasion left their barracks with their bayonets 'to attack an unarmed people,' continuing for four days in open and avowed mutiny.' The officers did not, certainly, transgress so openly after the fashion of their inferiors, but they committed outrages of another character, as fully detailed in Part I ; and they gave the sanction of silence to the 'innocent pranks' of the privates in the Regiment.
Governor John Hunter it was who wrote to one of the commanding officers (Lieut.Colonel Paterson)- in the following strain, his anger somewhat interfering with his grammar :— "I must declare to you, sir, that the conduct of this part of the New South Wales Corps has been, in my opinion, the most violent and outrageous that was ever heard of by any British Regiment whatever!"
Major Grose and Captain Paterson each served as Lieutenant-Governor during the interregnum, between the departure of Governor Phillip in December, 1792, and the arrival of Governor Hunter in September, 1795 — the former acting two years, and the latter for about nine months.
And here let us drop the: New South Wales Corps. I do not care to handle vice too long.
Again taking up the thread of the narrative proper, we learn that in October (just six months after leaving on her foraging mission) the Supply returned to the colony from Batavia, with a full cargo of provisions, and the captain reported that he had chartered a Dutch ship, which was following, also laden with provisions. This was joyful news, and the whole settlement was immediately put on full allowance.
The action of the Governor in limiting the ration of himself and the officers to that served out-to the soldiers and convicts, while it prevented any expression of discontent, gave the latter the clearest proof that could be offered of Phillip's desire to deal fairly with them ; and when the fresh provisions arrived there was general rejoicing. The frequent recurrence of times of scarcity, however, and the slow growth of internal production, made the convicts very unsettled, and there was a wide-spread desire to escape from a condition where starvation appeared to be a contingency not very remote at any time.
Early in 1791, several daring and successful attempts were made by prisoners to escape from the colony, by means of boats stolen from the settlers on the banks of the Parramatta and Hawkesbury Rivers, and with a view of preventing this an order was issued by the Governor limiting all boats to be built in future to a size so small that none but the most foolhardy would think of escaping in them. Nevertheless, the attempts continued to be made, but in the majority of cases the boats were so small and weak that they were swamped almost before they had cleared the Heads.
It was in August of this year that the convicts whose sentences had expired, and who desired to remain in the colony, were allowed to select small parcels of land to clear and cultivate for their own use. The first party, twelve in number, made selections of land about four miles from Parramatta, at the foot of Prospect Hill. From this time forward grants of land to emancipists continued to be made with more or less liberality, and some of the large estates in the colony at the present day, if traced back for little over
half,a century, will be found to have had their beginning under the rule which extended the system of land grants to convicts whose sentences had expired and whose conduct had been good.
And many of the prisoners had earned all that was given to them, for their services to the colony, apart altogether from the 'labour' which the Government extracted from them as a penalty attaching to crime, were really very valuable — which is more than can be said of the services rendered by the crowds of non-commissioned officers to whom the public estate was served out in such large slices at this and at subsequent periods.
The real pioneers of the country were, not the retired officers or free settlers, but their assigned servants; for these were the men who braved the dangers of the bush, withstood the assaults of the justly incensed aborigines, cleared the land, cultivated it and made it habitable, and developed the resources of the country— while their masters, during the greater portion of the time, took their ease in what was then the only centre of civilization in the colony.
It does not detract at all from the merit of the work in which these men engaged that their labours were not voluntary. It is to their credit that they performed their duties faithfully and well under circumstances of the most discouraging kind; and they deserved all the reward that came to them.
As this story proceeds it will be seen that, as a rule, the men who laid the foundation upon which the industrial prosperity of the colony has been raised more often received kicks than half-pence as a reward for their labours. Many of the more successful of the First Fleeters dwelt on the Hawkesbury and its tributaries, where the first agricultural settlers were planted, and from them, even to a date near the fifties could be obtained reliable reminiscences of the olden time.
One of these settlers,a Mr. S -— , who was in well-to-do circumstances, and who had been freed shortly after arriving in the colony, told the following thrilling story ,in the year 1845 : —
"I arrived in the colony fifty-six years since; it was Governor Phillip's time and I was fourteen years old ; there were only eight houses in the colony then. I know that myself and eighteen others laid in a hollow tree for seventeen weeks, and cooked out of a kettle with a wooden bottom; we used to stick it in a hole in the ground and make a fire round it. I was seven years in service (bond) and then started working for a living wherever I could get it. There was plenty of hardship then. I have often taken grass and pounded it, and made soup from a native dog. I would eat anything then. For seventeen weeks I had only five ounces of flour a day. We never got a full ration except when the ship was in harbour. The motto was 'kill them or work them ; their provision will be in store'.
Many a time have I been yoked like a bullock with twenty or thirty others to drag along timber. About eight hundred died in about six months at a place called Toongabbie, or Constitution Hill. I knew a man so weak he was thrown into the grave; when he said, 'Don't cover me up; I'm not dead; for God's sake don't cover me up!'The overseer answered 'D- your eyes, you'll die tonight, and we shall have the trouble to come back again!
The man recovered; his name is James and he is now alive at Richmond.
They used to have a large hole for the dead; 0nce a day men were sent down to collect the corpses of prisoners, and throw them in without any ceremony or service. The native dogs used to come down at night and fight and howl in packs, gnawing the poor dead bodies.
The Governor would order the lash at the rate of 500, 600, or 800 ; and if the men could have stood it they would have had more. I knew a man hung time and then for having stolen a few biscuits, and another for stealing a duck frock. A man was condemned — no time — take him to a tree, and hang him. The overseers were allowed to flog the men in the fields, Often have the men been taken from the gangs, had fifty, and been sent back to work. Any man would, have committed murder for a month's provisions ; I would have committed three (murders) for a week's provision ! I was chained seven weeks on my back for being out getting greens, wild herbs. The *Rev. — used to come it tightly to force some confession. Men were obliged to tell lies to prevent their bowels being cut out with the lash!
Old -— (an overseer) killed three men at the saw in a fortnight by overwork. We used to be taken in large 'parties to raise a tree; when the body of the tree was raised he (old -— ) would. call some of 'the men away — then more ; the men were bent double — they could not bear it — they fell — the tree on one or two, killed on the spot. 'Take him away; put him in the ground!' There was no more about it.
After seven years I got my liberty and then started about working for a living where I could get it. I stowed myself away on board the 'Barrington, bound for Norfolk Island, with eighteen others ; it was not a penal settlement then. Governor King was there. I had food, in plenty. I was overseer of the Governor's garden. Afterwards I went to live with old D'Arcy Wentworth and a better master never lived in the world. Little Billy, the great lawyer, has often been carried in my arms. Old D'Arcy wanted, me to take charge of Homebush station, but I took to the river (Hawkesbury), worked up and down till I saved, enough money to buy old B-—'s farm at Pitt Town. No man worked harder than I have done. I have by me about £1000 ready cash. I have given that farm of forty acres to my son Joseph, and three other farms and about 500 head of cattle ; and about the same to my other son. I have also got 80 acres besides my house, and some fine cattle. We are never without a chest of tea in the house ; we use two in the year. I have paid £40 for a chest of tea in this colony. Tea is a great comfort."
This old man was described as large-featured, handsome, military sort of face, of a red-brown complexion, clean shaved, and his dress a flannel shirt with black bandanna, tied sailor fashion, exposing his strong neck, and a pair of fustian trousers. A coat to him was like a prison, and he kept religiously away from that article of dress. He was as rough-mannered as he was honest, and a story is told of his meeting with Dr. -—, who had the reputation among the prison population of never having spared any man in his anger or any woman in his lust. It was during the flogging days, and the Dr. met him in Sydney coming out of the bank. Holding out his hand the medico said, "Come Mr. S -—, shake hands, let bygones be bygones; I am glad to see you looking so well." The old man put his hands behind him, and bawled out "I suppose because I have got a velvet waistcoat, and money in the bank, you want to shake hands; but no! Dr. -— , it would take a second resurrection to save such as thee!"
The Dr.-- did not wait to hear any more.
The old man's wife was blind, but had a good memory, and she told the following story with tears : —
"I have seen Dr. -— take a woman who was in the family way, with a rope round her, and duck her in the water at Queen's Wharf. The laws were bad then. If a gentleman wanted a man's wife he would send the husband to Norfolk Island. I have seen a man flogged for pulling six turnips instead of five. One — was overseer, the biggest villain that ever lived — delighted in torment. He used to walk up and down and rub his hands when the blood ran. When he walked out the flogger walked behind him. He died a miserable death ; maggots ate him up, and not a man could be found to bury him. I have seen six men executed for stealing 21 lbs of flour. I have seen a man struck when at work with a handspike, and killed on the spot. I have seen men in tears round Governor —, begging for food. He would mock them with 'Yes, yes, gentlemen; I'll make you comfortable; give you a nightcap and a pair of stockings!"
Another man in the same year gave this account ; —
"I arrived in the third fleet on the 16th October, 1791; it was on a Sunday we landed. The ship's name was Barrington, Captain March. I was sent to Toongabbie. For nine months there I was on five ounces of flour — when weighed out barely four; served daily. In those days we were yoked to draw timber, twenty-five in gang. The sticks were six feet long, six men abreast. We held the stick behind us, and dragged with our hands. One man came ashore in the Pitt; his name was Dixon ; he was a gentleman. He was put to the drag, but it soon done for him. He began on a Thursday and died on a Saturday, as he was dragging a load down Constitution Hill. There were thirteen hundred died there in six months. Men used to carry trees on their shoulders. How they used to die ! The men were weak — dreadfully weak — through want of food. A man named Gibraltar was hung for stealing a loaf out of the Governor's kitchen. He got down the chimney, stole the loaf, had a trial, and was hung the next day at sunrise. At this time a full ration was allowed to the Governor's dog. I have seen seventy men flogged at night, twenty-five lashes each. On Sunday evening they used to read the laws. If any man was found out of the camp he got 25. The women used to he punished with iron collars. In Governor King's time they used to douse them overboard. They killed one.
Dr. -— was a great tyrant. Mine is a life-grant from Governor Bourke — fourteen acres. I grow tobacco, wheat, and corn ; just enough to make a living."
A story was current to the following effect, shewing the arbitrary rule of 1816: —
Governor Bligh having heard from his cowkeeper that the servant of an officer of the staff had made some impertinent remarks because disappointed of the customary supply of milk for his master, on the following morning sent for the disappointed delinquent. Wondering and trembling he was ushered into the presence of His Excellency, who received him with a condescending smile, and told him that as the chief constable's house was on his way home, he (the Governor,) had simply sent for him to save a dragoon the trouble of going there with a letter. The letter was handed to the somewhat bewildered servant, who straightway delivered it to 'the chief constable, and as a reward was immediately tied to the triangles and treated to 25 lashes — the letter, having contained the Governor's warrant for the payment of the reward.
This chapter (5) transcribed from
Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (NSW : 1851 - 1904)
Published, Saturday 5 January 1889
Written by Charles White (1845-1922), editor and author,
Under his pseudonym, 'The Chatterer'
White was born at Bathurst, New South Wales,
the eldest son of John Charles White, bank clerk and Methodist lay preacher,
and his wife Myra, née Oakey, of Demerara, West Indies.
In October 1859 his father bought the Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal
The family owned this paper until 1904.
Notes: Production history of The Recruiting Officer.
It opened at Drury Lane in 1706. It was an immediate hit and went on to become one of the most frequently performed plays of the 18th century. The part of the foppish Brazen proved a notable role for the renowned actor-manager Colley Cibber. The Recruiting Officer was also the first play to be staged in the Colony of New South Wales, which is now Australia, by the convicts of the First Fleet in 1789 under the governance of Captain Arthur Phillip RN (also Commodore of the First Fleet) as well as the first performance of the original Dock Street Theatre in Historic downtown Charleston, SC in 1736. The most famous modern revival was staged at the National Theatre (when at the Old Vic) in 1963 – its inaugural season. Directed by William Gaskill, it had an extremely strong cast which included Laurence Olivier as Brazen, Robert Stephens as Plume, Colin Blakely as Kite, Derek Jacobi as Worthy, Maggie Smith as Silvia and Mary Miller as Melinda. The National Theatre staged the play again in 1991 with Desmond Barrit as Brazen, Alex Jennings as Plume and Ken Stott as Kite. It was directed by Nicholas Hytner.
There have been two television adaptations of the play. The first for Australian television in 1965, the second a BBC Play of the Month in 1973. The latter, directed by David Giles, starred Ian McKellen as Plume, Prunella Ransome as his sweetheart Silvia, Jane Asher as Melinda, John Moffatt as Brazen, and Brian Blessed as Sergeant Kite.
* Rev. Samuel Marsden
The flogging Parson, He was appointed a magistrate in 1796; however, his reputation plummeted as his cruelty and harsh sentences became the stuff of legend. He was removed from the magistracy twice, by Governor Macquarie in 1818 and by Governor Brisbane in 1822-his picture below and depicted in this episode of the highly popular 1978 Australian Television series Against The Wind which may be watched here.
OF LIVERPOOL, built in 1855 at St. John New Brunswick. Captain G RUDOLPH, MASTER, BURTHEN 1291 TONS Surgeon onboard Dr. G.F.Hatch
Departing the PORT OF LIVERPOOL on the 10 March 1858, arriving in SYDNEY, NEW SOUTH WALES, 25TH JUNE 1858
IMMIGRANTS per ship HERALD OF THE MORNING- Notice is hereby given, that the undermentioned persons, for whom passages were provided to this colony. In pursuance of deposits made under the Remittance Regulations, have arrived in the ship Herald of the Morning, and that they will be prepared to join their friends, the single females from the Institution, Hyde Park Barracks on and after their arrival there, and the married families and single men from the ship, THIS DAY, at 4 p.m.The Sydney Morning Herald Friday 25 June 1858.
RUDOLPH G CAPTAIN
BROWN W CHIEF OFFICER 32 BRITISH
BLACK A 2ND OFFICER 29 BRITISH
GONDGE T 3RD OFFICER 21 US
CARLISLE A CARPENTER 26 BRITISH
MCBRIDE W CARPENTERS MATE 25 BRITISH
ROBINSON H BOATSWAIN 22 BRITISH
STEPHENSON W SAILS 22 BRITISH
MURRAY G J STEWARD 34 BRITISH
FLEMMING P COOK 32 BRITISH
MILLER F A. B. 28 BRITISH
NEWTON J A. B. 33 BRITISH
BROWN P A. B. 22 FOREIGN
MCFARLANE J A. B. 25 BRITISH
DAVIS J A. B. 24 BRITISH
WILLIAMS J A. B. 26 BRITISH
SMITH F A. B. 23 BRITISH
MCGEE A A. B. 23 BRITISH
WILLIAMS R A. B. 22 FOREIGN
MARRIER J A. B. 23 BRITISH
LAING J A. B. 28 BRITISH
RATCLIFFE W A. B. 23 BRITISH
FLEETWOOD E A. B. 27 BRITISH
WILSON J A. B. 22 BRITISH
ORR J A. B. 40 BRITISH
FRANK J A. B. 21 BRITISH
ANGEL H A. B. 26 BRITISH
ATKINSON J A. B. 23 BRITISH
WEST T A. B. 24 BRITISH
FREWIN D A. B. 28 BRITISH
JAGHAM J ORDY 22 BRITISH
MORGAN J ORDY 19 BRITISH
MARTIN T ORDY 20 BRITISH
JOHNSTON W ORDY 18 BRITISH
BURRY B BAKER 36 BRITISH
LEWIS T BOY 18 BRITISH
WILLIAMS E BOY 15 BRITISH
GEORGE J A. B. 30 FOREIGN
SEYLAND N A. B. 28 FOREIGN
CARTER P A. B. 32 BRITISH
OLIVER G A. B. 29 GREECE
ROWORTH W A. B. 28 BRITISH
GEORGE N A. B. 29 FOREIGN
GROSS N A. B. 27 FOREIGN
NICHOLOVICK J A. B. 26 FOREIGN
D'SILVA M A. B. 27 FOREIGN
JONES J A. B. 22 FOREIGN
BROWN J A. B. 33 BRITISH
CONNEL J A. B. 25 BRITISH
CONDERRY N A. B. 28 BRITISH
TEMPLETON B A. B. 22 BRITISH
FISHER J A. B. 20 BRITISH
SARAHAN J PASS COOK 55 BRITISH
SPERE W PASS COOK 35 BRITISH
WILDIE J ? ? BRITISH
Name of Immigrant. - From what county selected.
BECKLEY, John - Surrey
BONE. Robert - Middlesex
CAHILL, Thomas - Tipperary
CANE, Thomas - Surrey
DALY. Thomas - Clare
DEVETT, John - Clare
DYNAN, Thomas - Clare
FADDEN, Richard - Mayo
FLOOD, Thomas - Tipperary
GIBBS, Thomas - Middlesex
HAGERTY, James - Derry
HASWELL, Archibald - Surrey
HEAR. John - Down
HEFFERNAN, Dennis - Tipperary
HILL, John - Queen's
KIRK, Armour - Renfrew
LUMSDEN, John - Linlithgow
PACKHAM, Richard - Kent
PEARCE, James - Middlesex
QUEAN, Patrick - Limerick
REEDY, Thomas - Limerick
REGAN, John - Galway
STAPLETON, Alfred - Middlesex
STEWART, James - Donegal
WILLOUGHBY, Joseph - Sussex
WRIGHT, Ephraim - Leicester
ARDLAM, William - King's County
BALLINGER, Michael - Clare
BARNES, Elephteria - Surrey
BARRETT, William - Cork
BRENNAND, James - Mayo
BR?DY, John - Down
BR?DY, James - Down
BURKE. James - Tipperary
BURKE, Thomas - Mouth
BURKE, Ralph - Mouth
BUTLER. Richard - Tipperary
CARR, Edward - Tipperary
Clugston, Samuel - Armagh
CONNOLLY, Bartholomew - Galway
CONNOLLY, John - Galway
CORLEY, Patrick - Louth
CORBY, Francis - Louth
DALY, Michael - Clare
DOHERTY, Robert - Londonderry
DONAGHUE, Michael - Limerick
DUFFY, John - Clare
DUNN, John Tipperary
EGAN, John - Clare
ENRIGHT, John - Limerick
FADDEW, Edward - Lancaster
FENELY, James - Tipperary
FLANNERY. Patrick - Clare
FLOOD, Thomas - Tipperary
FLOOD, Patrick - Tipperary
FLYNN, John - Mayo
GLEESON, John - Tipperary
GRAHAM, Robert - Fermanagh
GRALTON, Cornelius - Mayo
GRALTON, Ann - Mayo
GROVER, George - Sussex
HAGARTY, Charles - Derry
HAGARTY, Richard - Derry
HANLIHAN, John - Kerry
HARTIGAN, James - Monaghan
HEAR, Hugh - Down
HICKEY, John - Clare
HIND, John - Clare
HUDSON, Michael - Kilkenny
HUDSON, James - Kilkenny
KEDDLE, William - Linlithgow
KENNA, Patrick - Queen's County
KENNA, Thomas - Queen's County
KEOGH, John - Clare
Knox, John - Wigton
LIMPHIER, Joseph - Tipperary
LINGARD, William - Tipperary
LITTLE, James - Dublin
LUMSDEN, Alexander - Linlithgow
Mc MULLEN, Charles - Antrim
MADDEN, Thomas - Mayo
MURPHY, Thomas - Cork
MURRAY, Stephen - Clare
MURRAY, James - Clare
NAY, Benjamin - Middlesex
NOONAN, John - Limerick
NOONEN, David - Limerick
O'BYRNE, Garrett - Wicklow
PACKHAM, William - Kent
QUIGLEY, John - Clare
REARDY, Patrick - Clare
REEDY, John - Limerick
REEDY, Thomas - Limerick
REEDY, James - Limerick
REYNOLDS. Martin - Clare
SMITH, Michael - Cavan
TAYLOR, John - Kilkenny
WALSH, Edmund - Clare
WOODLAND, John - Sligo
Ardlam Mary - Kings County
BALLINGER, Bridget - Clare
BALLINGER, Elisabeth - Clare
BARNES, Susannah - Surrey
BARNES, Julia - Surrey
BECKLEY, Laura - Surrey
BENTLEY, Eliza - Stafford
BENTLEY, Eliza Christian - Stafford
BRADY, Elizabeth - Down
BRYAN, Catherine - Tipperary
BURKE, Judy - Kilkenny
BUTLER, Mary - Tipperary
BUTLER, Margaret - Tipperary
BUTLER, Judith - Tipperary
CORLEY, Eliza - Louth
CORLEY, Margaret - Louth
CORLEY, Ellen - Louth
CUPPLES, Ann Eliza - Armagh
CUPPLES, John - Armagh
DALY, Ellen - Clare
DENAN, Bridget - Clare
FLANNERY, Susan - Clare
GEARY, Mary - Cork
GEARY, Bridget - Cork
GOULD, Ellen - Cork
SAUNDERS Marianne - Cork
HAGARTY, Susan - Derry
HARRIS, Harriet - Somerset
HARRIS, Anne - Somerset
HARRIS, Emma - Somerset
HARRIS, Henry - Somerset
HEAR, Jane - Down
HEAR, Elizabeth - Down
HEFFERNAN, Catherine - Tipperary
HEFFERNAN, Bridget - Tipperary
SHANNAHAN Patrick - Tipperary
HOGAN, Ann - Galway
HOGAN, Honorah - Tipperary
HUDSON, Mary - Kilkenny
HUGHES, Margaret - Monaghan
KEATING, Johanna - Tipperary
KIRK, Catherine - Renfrew
LELLIS, Mary - Galway
LOADER, Hannah - Surrey
LUMSDEN, Ann - Linlithgow
LUMSDEN, Agnes , j . -Linlithgow
M'CABE, Margaret - Monaghan
MADDEN, Honora - Lancaster
MOSS, Sarah - Tyrone
MOSS, Mary - Tyrone
MURPHY, Catherine - Cork
MURRAY, Honora - Tipperary
MURRAY, Bridget - Clare
MUSGRAVE, Catherine - Lancaster
MUSGRAVE, George K. - Lancaster
MUSGRAVE, John - Lancaster
MUSGRAVE, Agnes - Westmoreland
O'MARA, Bridget - Kilkenny
QUEAN, Mary - Limerick
QUEAN, Bridget - Limerick
QUEAN, Sarah - Limerick
QUIN, Johanna - Cork
REAVES, Elizabeth - Somerset
REAVES, Janet - Somerset
REDDY, Bridget - Limerick
REYNOLDS, Mary - Clare
ROYCE, Eliza - Lincolnshire
ROYCE, Martha - Lincolnshire
SHINE, Catherine - Athlone
SMITH, Elisabeth - Northampton
STEWART, Martha - Tyrone
SYMONS, Dorcas - Wilts
TAYLOR. Elisabeth - Kilkenny
WALPOLE, Ann - Kilkenny
WOODLAND, Ellen - Sligo.
H. H. BROWNE. Agent for Immigration. Government Immigration Office,
Sydney, 25th Jane, 1858.
This list is not a complete list of all who sailed on the Herald Of The Morning. This is the Agent's List which was published in the Sydney Morning Herald on arrival.
Below is the number onboard according to the official immigration list:-
Married Males 65
Married Females 65
Single Males 14 and upwards 113
Single Females 14 and upwards 118
Males 7-14 16
Females 7-14 10
Males 4-7 10
Females 4-7 11
Males 1-4 12
Females 1-4 22
Males under 1 year 1
Females under 1 year 4
Births on voyage 1 male 2 Female
Deaths on voyage 3 Male 3 Female
Source for Crew List Source: State Records Authority of New South Wales: Shipping Master's Office; Passengers Arriving 1855 - 1922; NRS13278, [X98-100] reel 406. Transcribed by Gloria Sheehan, 2005.
Source Citation: State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood New South Wales, Australia; Persons on bounty ships to Sydney, Newcastle, and Moreton Bay (Board's Immigrant Lists); Series: 5317; Reel: 2477; •New South Wales Government. “Passengers arriving at Sydney 1846 (Agent's Immigrant Lists).” Series 5326, Reel 2457. State Records Authority of New South Wales, Kingswood, New South Wales.
Source for Agents List The Sydney Morning Herald Friday 25 June 1858.
Transcribed by janilye, 2012
NOTE: The Herald of the Morning made a second voyage to Australia arriving in Hobson's Bay from Liverpool on 5 November 1859 with 419 government immigrants.
Ten days later, around midnight, whilst tied up at the dock she caught fire. Attempts to scuttle her by cutting holes in her bow were unsuccessful, so she was towed to Sandridge ( Port Melbourne) and left to burn. janilye