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Surveyor General's Office, Sydney, 25th August, 1820
Notice is hereby given, that Grants and Leases to the undermentioned persons, will
be ready for delivery at this office, on Monday, September 4; and persons who do not
apply for their grants within one month from that date, will be considered as having
relinquished all claim to the land measured to them; the grants will consequently be
cancelled and allotted to such persons having orders for land, as may make
applications for the same.
John Anderson, Thomas Acres, Thomas Adams,
William Aspinall, Richard Alcorn, John Austen,
H. C. Antill, and Thomas Moore, Esquires, Robert Bostock,
Thomas Brown, William Bateman, William Blackman, William Bowman, sen.
William Bowman, jun. George Bowman, John Brabyn, Esq. William Burgin,
George Barnett, Samuel Blackman, Robert Bolton, Thomas Blackett,
William Barnett, James Byrne, John Butcher, John Coleman, Andrew Coss,
George Carr, William Craft, William Coomb, William Clark, William Carter,
George Cribb, Thomas Cosgrove, Michael Conroy,
** Colebee, (Black Native),
[known as Coley's grant at Black Town ( Blacktown) Given to sister, Maria LOCK 1805-1878
whose marriage in 1824 with Robert LOCK was the first officially sanctioned union between
a convict and an Aboriginal woman .]
Daniel Clarke, John Cupitt, William Cupitt, William Cossar, Mr. Robert Campbell,
George Core, John Coogan, William Cosgrove, George Collesse, Henry Davis,
John Donnelly, William Davis, William Dean, Frederick Dixon, Samuel Dent,
Thomas Douglas. Lachlan Doyle. James Darbyshire, Roger Doyle, Philip Devine,
William Dean, William Dean, William Duckett, James Duff, William Dye,
James Everett, Rowland Edwards, Samuel Fair, Peter Finnamore, John Fenton,
Richard Farrington, William Fairburn, Edward Field, jun. Richard Freeman,
Samuel Freeman, William Farrell, John Freeman, Mr. Richard Fitzgerald,
Daniel Geary, Thomas Gorman, Frederick Garling, Esq. Edward Gould, John Grover,
Thomas Green, John Goldsmith, George Guest, William Hill, Samuel Haynes,
Richard Hicks, James Hayes, James Horse, Mr. R. Howe, Mrs. Sarah Howe, James Hart,
John Harris, Esq., John Harris, Esq., John Harris Esq., Patrick Hoy,
Mr. William Hutchinson, John Harris Hamilton Hume, Samuel Haslam, Edmund Hobson,
Sir John Jamieson, Knt. Benjamin Jamison, Mr. John Jaques, Mr William Johnston,
Francis Kenney, Mr. Henry Kitchen, Joseph Kearnes John Kennedy.
James Leek, William Lawson, Esq. Paul Loutherborough, John Leadbetter, jun.,
John Liquorish, Andrew Loder, Robert Lowe, Esq., Francis Lloyd, John Lamb,
William Lane, Mr. Daniel Dering, Mathew, Wiliam Marson, William Mahoney,
Sarah Middleton, Daniel Millar, Edward McGee, John Murphy, Michael May,
Bernard Moran. Mr. Joshua John Moore, Mary Marshall, Julia McNally,
James Morris, Denis Molloy, Joseph McLaughlin, Peter McAlpin, Giles William Moore,
Thomas McGuire, James McGrath, Thomas McDougal, John Norman, James O'Neal,
Matthew Pearce, George Percival, Richard Partridge, jun., George Panton Esq,
William Pawson, George Pashley, jun., John Palfrey, Thomas Quinn. Henry Rolfe,
Stephen Richardson, John Randall, Jacob Russel, Jacob Russel, jun. James Ridley,
James Richard, William Ragan, John Riley, Richard Rouse, Richard Rouse, Richard Rouse,
John Roper, William Sykes, George Simpson, Alfred Sims, John Smith. Thomas Styles,
Henry Stockfish. George Smith, Timothy Sheady, Robert Sherringham John Stephenson,
James Smith, James Smith, William Shedworth, George Stanbury, James Stuart,
James Sherrard, Thomas Slaven, Charles Stuart, John Small, James Smith, John Smith,
William Shelly, Walter Thompson, Edward Tutty, Daniel Tindall, jun., Andrew Thompson,
Mr. Samuel Terry. Doctor Townson, John Tonks Thomas Upton, Antonio Vitrio,
James Watson, Major West. John Williams, James Wilshire, John White, John Wood,
Sylvanus Williams, William West, George Wilson, George Williams, James Wilbow, jun.
James Wright, Henry York. Charles York.
Thomas Abbott, John Blakefield, Serjeant Jonas Bradley, James Bull, William Biggs,
Thomas Beams, Owen Connor, Farrel Cuffe, Patrick Cullen, John Davis, John Graham.
John Harris, William Hibberd, John Jeffreys, Catherine Johnston, John Dawrie,
Serjeant George Lodar, James Lane, Hugh McAvoy, John Manning, James Morris, Mary Moore,
Thomas Massey, Richard Palmer, James Phelan, Mary Skinner, J. H. Stroud, Mary Stafford,
William Thomas, William Trigg, George Woodhead, John Wood, John Jones.
By Command of His Excellency
The Governor.
JOHN OXLEY, Surveyor General

LIST of passengers on the barque INDIAN 1849

Arrival Tuesday 7 August 1849 Port Adelaide South Australia
The barque Indian, 591 tons, J. F.English, Master, Captain Isaac Thorney, from London.
Departed Plymouth on the 8 April 1849 and Port of London on the 16 April 1849 at 4 o'clock
Cost - £14/-/-
Passengers in the Cabin
A. Bristow, Esq.,and Dr Sanford, Surgeon Superintendent.
The following Emigrants in the steerage
George Andrews, Caroline Arnold Alfred Barlow, Joab Beazley, S. Benbringe wife and child, A Bennett wife and two children (one child born during the voyage), W. Bennett wife and two children, E Birkin wife and two children, J. Bowes wife and two children, Anthony Bradley and wife, H. W. Bowes, Elijah Branford, John Brown, John Barne and wife, W. Buxton, Jas. Charles, John Clarke and wife, Benjamin Conke, John Cook wife and two children, Amos Cousins and wife (one child born during the voyage), Richard Dakin and wife, W. M. Dale wife and one child (one child born during the voyage), W. Denley, John Eley wife and three children, J. B. Elliott, G. Etheridge, J. Evans wife and three children, Catherine Fleming, H. Fish wife and child, Herbert Gater, W. Godson, J. P. Goodman, Thomas Gould, W. J. Green, Ralph Gregory, Margaret Harizon, Joseph Hill wife and five children, R. Holdworth wife and two children, W. Hough, Ellen Hough, Sam. Hempston, A. Hunt and wife (one child stillborn on the voyage), Samuel Illingworth and wife, T. Irons wife and six children, Isaac Jarvis. Mary A. Johnston, W. Johnston wife and three children, Jesse Johnston wife and four children (one born during the voyage), Joseph King, D. Knife and wife, Rebecca Lewis, Fanny Malom, Margaret McEwen, Ann Marshall, Elizabeth Marshall, John H. Marshall, Mary Marshall, W. R. May wife and child, I. Moorcroft and wife (one child stillborn during the voyage), R. Murphy wife aud two children, H. Newbold wife and two children, J. Peacock wife and three children, J. Pearce wife and child, J. Prence wife and four children, T. Paine and wife, W. Peach wife and two children, J. Ritchie wife and child, A. Robertson and wife, J. Sampson wife and two children (one born during the voyage), W. Sanderson wife and child (one born during the voyage), C Sewell, T. Shaw wife and three children, Ann Simms, H Stiggants and wife J Stringer wife and child, T. Snashall wife and child (one child died and another born during the voyage), J. Stokes and wife, G. H. Theobald, D. Thomson wife and child (one child born and died within a few days), J. Thomson wife and two children, Caroline A. Thwaites, Ellen M. Thwaites, Jacob Tootell, J. Tootel wife and two children, B. Turner wife and child (one child born during the voyage, and one died aged six months), W. Ansom wife and five children, Elizabeth Walters, Mary Welshwood, W. Wood wife and four children, J. Wright and wife, A. H. May.

Cargo of The Indian
20 hhds, 10 barrels, Acraman & Co. 392 deals, A. L. Elder & Co. 100 casks, Order; 147 tons coals, 30 Yards water-pipes, G. S. Walters : 1 case, 5 trunks, T. C. Bray ; 651 bars, 50 arm moulds, 98 cart boxes, A. L. Elder & Co.; 1 box, S. stocks, jun.&Co. ; 48 cases, 7 half-hhds, 10 casks, C. and F. J. Beck ; 50 casks, A. L. Elder ; 1 box, Smillie ; 5 cases, J. Heathcote ; 3 boxes, 2 bales, P. Cumming and Son; 114 butts, C. and F. J. Beck.

11 babies born on the trip (incl. 2 stillborn and one neonatal death), 2 other children died and some families travelling with 5 or 6 children!

Public meeting by emigrants and complaints against the First Mate during this voyage and numerous other complaints surrounding this voyage caused a change from The Passenger Act of 1842 to The Passenger Act of 1849

transcribed by janilye
from the South Australian Register
20 May 2010

4 comment(s), latest 6 months, 3 weeks ago

The barque ATALANTA to South Australia 1866

The Atalanta, Captain John Ballingall, sailed from Plymouth on the 23rd January with emigrants for Adelaide. The names and nationalities of the passengers we give below:

Edward, Anne, Henry, Emily, and Anne Allchurch,
John Arney, Joseph Bailey, Jonathan, Ann, Josiah,
and Stephen Baldwin, Richard Bate, Jeremiah Barron,
Peter, Mary, William J., Jane, Peter, and Mary Bawden,
Charles Bawden, George Bolts, William and Eliza Bonson,
Benjamin, Maria, Mary and James Chick, John Coomb,
Andrew, Ann and Andrew Cooper, Charles, Martha and Helena Courtis,
John Craggy John, Christina, Elizabeth, Arthur, Niel,
Christina, and Mary Curnow, Mary Curnow,
James J., George, Bichard and William Curnow,
Fanny Davis, John and Alice Davy, James, Amanda,
Francis, Thomas, John, and Albert Daymond, Samuel,
Ellen, and Ellen Dennis, William Devine, William and
Elizabeth Diderah, Robert Duddleston, John and
Emma Forseath, Thomas Foster, John, Elizabeth, and
Fred Fowkes, Joseph Freeth, John Fry, John Gill,
William Gray, Henry, Sarah, and Thomas Green, John, Mary,
Mary, John, and Charles Hawke, Henry and Maria Heath,
Elizabeth Helliger, Eliza Henwood, William House,
Catherine and Catherine Hunter, William and
Amelia Jasper, George and Gilbert Jerden, Robert
Johnston, John Jose, Hugh, Elizabeth, James, and
Mary J. Kearns, W. Lake, Joseph Lester, Hannah
Lovell, James and Henry Loveridge, James Lownds,
Eliza Mallett, Tom Marsan, Nicholas, Mary, Thomas,
Mary and Edward May, Thomas, Harriett, Mary,
and Atalanta McCormack, William Mills, Robert
Mitchell, John, Mary, and Anne Mutton; Iltyd
Nicholas, Henry and Bichard Painter, Bichard Parkyn,
Sam. Pigeon, Chadwell Pearce, John Poor, John,
Rebecca Mary, and Edward Potter, Joseph and Eliza
beth Richards, John Richens, John, Martha, John,
James, and Phillip Roberts, James Rule, James Rogers,
Henry Rowe Ellen Sawyer, John Shaw, Philip Snigs,
Mary Skewes, Joseph and Ann Townsend, Walter Tre-
harne, Joseph Treloar, James, Harriet, Thomas, Mary,
and Fanny Trevaill, Charles, Elizabeth, and Maria
Tucker, James and William Turnbull, Edward and
Emma Tippond, James Walker, Thomas Watkins,
Francis and Anne Weller, William, Frank, Emma,
Florence, and Elizabeth Weller, Ann, Winnifred, and
Kate Weller, Elizabeth Welsh, Charles White, William
and Adam Whitehall, William and Elizabeth White
hall, Mary Whitehall.
James Abel, John Allan, James Anderson,
William Anderson, Christina Ballantine, John Banner-
man, Donald and Ann Bremer, James Bradshaw, Sam,
Margaret, Janet. John, and Maria Black, Jessie Calder,
Alexander Cameron, William Cameron, Catherine
Carey, John Chalmers, John Chesser, Alexander Chis-
holm, David Christie, Adam Clark, Thomas Copland,
John Cormack, Ann Cormack, David Cormack, James,
Elizabeth, William, Mary, Louisa, and Sam Cormack,
Thomas, Craigill, John Chricton, John, Jane, Jane,
John, and Eliza Deany, Thomas Duff, John Duncan,
David Duncan, David Ferrier, William, Elspet, and
Peter Foreman, John Forsyth, Alexander Fraser, John,
Ann, and Jessie Fraser, Simon, Mary, James, John
and Elizabeth Fraser, John Gillies, John Grant,
Isabella, John, Ann, Lodovick,James, Margaret, Eliza-
beth, and Fred. Grant, Bernard, Catherine, and Ann
Grogan, John and Mary Innis, John Inverarity,
George Jenkins, David, Rebecca, James, and Mary
Johnston, James, Jane, and Isabella Knight, Catherine
Mecnee, John and Christiana Marton, Edward, Mary,
Janet, and James Mason, Archibald McCallister, John,
and Jane McCann, Duncan and Margaret McCorquidale
Alexander, Eliza, Eliza, and Alexander McDonald,
Daniel and Welter McFarlane, Daniel and Mary
Mcintosh, Alexander McKenzie, John McKay, John,
Barbara, and Kenditfeva McLennon, Isabella and Mar
garet McNaughton, David McQueen, John, Ann, and
Elspet Murdoch, John Munro, William Nicol, Thomas
Oswald, Mary Pearson John, Isabella, Isabella and
and Helen Riddell. John Robertson, James Ross, Wil
liam, Catherine, and Alexander Ross, Mary A. Shaw,
William and Isabella Simpson, W. and E. Smith, James
Smith, John Smith, James Strachan, James Stirling;
Andrew, William, and Peter Sutherland, Thomas
Thompson, Eliza Troup; Duncan Urquhart, George
Walker, Alexander Wann, George Watt, Alexander,
Mary, and Alexander Watt.
Margarett Barrett, James Boucher, Bridget
Brady, Hannah Bridle, James Burns, Elizabeth
Caverby, Wm. Cleary, Honora Cotter, Timothy Dane
ter, Johannah Davidson, Margaret Drisbane, Bridget
Dunne, Boger Dwyer, John, Mary, James, John, and
Margaret Dwyer, Mary Egan, Bridget.Faby, John Fitz-
gerald, Julia Flaherty, Ellen Flanagan, Mary Goomane,
Francis Harrison, Margaret Henessy, Ellen Hoolam,
Mary Hogan, Mary, Johanna and Margaret Kelly,
John, Margaret, John, and Michael Kelly, Mary A
Kenny, Annie Keumane, Catherine Kenny, Mary and
Margaret Kettleby, George and Elizabeth Kidd, Julia
Madigan, John Mahoney, Anne McDermott, James,
Norah, John, and Annie Madigan, Mary McNamara,
Mary McDermott, Ellen Melvin, Patrick Noher, Ellen
O'Brien, John O'Brien, Bridget Quirke, James Rearden,
Francis Schoales, Owen, Isabella, Terence, and
Frederick Shannon, Mary Sheehan, Mary Walsh.
Adults —
English, 136 ; Scotch, ; 114 ; Irish, 58—total, 308.
Children between 1 and 12 —
English, 39; Scotch, 27; Irish, 6—total, 72.
Infants —
English, 6; Scotch, 5; Irish, 1—total, 12.
Grand totals—English, 181; Scotch, 146 ; Irish, 65. Equal
to 244 statue adults.
The following are the names of the children who died on the voyage:
Atalanta McCormack, Maria Tucker, Frances Grant,
James Mason, Thomas Green, and two infants.
The Adelaide Express (SA : 1863 - 1866)
Friday 16 March 1866
Page 3
transcription, janilye 2014
The Ships List

South Australian Weekly Chronicle Saturday 21 April 1866 Page 3

There are very few vessels arriving in the Gulf which cause more interest than immigrant ships. For a period
some slow craft were engaged ; but of late much better passages have resulted, and the AtaLanta has accomplished tier's in 81 days, against every disadvantage of foul winds and a long continuation of calms on the
Line. The vessel is American built, of 930 tons, commanded by Captain Ballingall, a gentleman who has
before visited Port Adelaide in the Omega. In the Surgeon-Superintendent a familar face was recognized
in Dr. Sanger, late of the Morning Star. This system of electing gentlemen of experience evidently works
well, for it almost invariably produces a degree of co-operation highly necessary in promoting the well
being of the persons on board. With regard to the sick list, the cases entered on the hospital record are
by no means important ; some few children and persons in delicate health being the principal patients
treated, and even those cases were partly attributable to inclement weather experienced while
in the depot at Plymouth. The mortality on board, was one less than the increase by births, the former being young children and infants
— two of the latter and one of the former having succumbed to the damp cold weather experienced while
running down the easting in the Southern latitudes.
The general appearance of the people was prepossessing in the extreme, indeed, rather more so than some batches
of importations ; and it is extremely pleasant to add the Surgeon's testimony to a course of good conduct
during the voyage. The only disagreement was some fracas between the feminine portion of the population,
which, however, ended in nothing. Dr. Sanger's experience of the distiller is much to the credit of the
machine, which has produced an ample supply of water.
In the tropics the usual allowance was increased, and proved a valuable assistance in preserving good health.
Of the recently introduced ventilating trunkways. his
opinion is decidedly opposite, and he remorselessly condemns the whole affair as calculated only to monopolise valuable space without corresponding good result. In reviewing the figures in the official lists it is evident the mechanical trades are well represented. There is a most singular collection of designations, some of which must be rather altered before finding occupation here, but as they are all hard working people there is room and to spare for the lot. Perhaps the domestic servants may tend in a measure to relieve the demand for that class.
There are 94 laborers, 51 domestic servants, 2 housekeepers, 1 dressmaker, 2 porters, 1 draper, 3 gardeners,
7 carpenters, 1 printer, 1 papermaker, 1 widow, 1 policeman, 14 ploughmen, 6 miners, 5 blacksmiths, 2 tailors,
2 bricklayers, 5 shepherds, 2 masons, 2 grooms, 2 painters, 8 bootmakers, 2 butchers, 1 sawyer, 1 quarryman, 1 coachbuilder, 1 saddler, 2 wheelwrights, 1 fitter, 1 waiter, 1 platelayer, 3 cooks.


When John Turnbull and his wife, Ann Warr Turnbull, left their native village of
Annan in Dumfriesshire in Scotland (Annan, by the way, is just across the border
from the English town of Carlisle in Cumberland) - Annan is also famous as being
the birth place of Lieut. Col. George Johnston, the crusher of the Rouse Hill
rebellion of 1804, later on to become the tool of that unspeakable bully and land
monopolist, John Macarthur, and when George Johnston received grants for his service
to the military oligarchy (the Rum Corps officials), he used his native town's name
as a prefix to his several estates, hence Annandale, Annan Lodge, Annangrove, etc.
But to come back to the Pioneer Turnbulls.
John Turnbull had established a business in London as a tailor's cutter, where he
had pursued that calling since about the age of 22 years. When in the year 1802 the
couple heard that free settlers were wanted in New South Wales to cultivate the
soil, he was induced to come here along with nine other families, with the promise
of 100 acres of land each on their arrival, and rations for a certain period afterwards,
with the services, of two assigned Government men, assured also to them. (Settlers
were usually allowed one assigned man for each 50 acres in their possession.)
The story of Australia can be told in the lives of such as this worthy
couple and their descendants.
The Turnbulls' early struggles, as told in the lives of these pioneers, contain
strange chapters of personal effort, fierce hardships, of defeat and victory,
of disaster and triumph. The practical elements which made for success were
predominant and to the fore. It was but the qualities of endurance and strength
which tell in a new country. Of the Turnbulls, it may be said they were what
faith and circumstance made them.
John Turnbull must have been of rugged, persevering stock, with the blood of
the old Covenanters in him, and his life's story is well worth the telling.
John Turnbull, pioneer, the founder of the family of Hawkesbury Turnbulls,
was born in the year 1750, learnt the trade of a tailor's cutter, and with
his wife set up in business in London, where a number of children were born,
those being the names of the English-born children of John and Ann Warr Turnbull,
and their respective ages were in the year 1802 (as per "Coromandel" list).—
Ralph (I.), aged 10 years; Mary, aged 5 years; James, aged 4 years;
and Jessica, aged 19 months.
All the children of John TURNBULL 1751-1834 and Ann WAUGH/WARR 1768-1819 were:-
Ralph TURNBULL 1791–1840 m: Grace CAVANOUGH 1794-1828
Mary Ann Turnbull 1792–1792
John Turnbull 1794–1796
Mary Ann Turnbull 1795–1825 m1: James Hartley m2: James Wright
James Warr Turnbull 1798–1881
Jessica Turnbull 1800–1882 m: Denis Benjamin KIRWIN 1795–1851
John Turnbull 1803–1881
George Turnbull 1806–1885 m:Louise CHASELING 1809–1892
William Bligh TURNBULL 1809–1892 m: Sarah DAVIS 1822–1906
After this pioneer couple acquired the 100 acres land grant just below where stands
Ebenezer Church on the Hawkesbury, and where the pioneer built a stone residence on a
high headland of the river (still there) — the place is worthy of preserving, in all
conscience. There it was that great and good man, Dr. J. D. Lang, was "put up" on
the various occasions of his visits to the Hawkesbury, and to the worthy minister
Pioneer Turnbull told his experience at the hands of Governor King on his arrival
by the "Coromandel" on the 13th June, 1802.
After personally interviewing each settler that arrived on that occasion, the
Governor, coming to Turnbull, exclaimed,
"One foot in the grave and the other out
of it! What brought you here, old man?"
It is remarkable of the physical fitness and diligence that the pioneer lived
to the age of 86 years; indeed, the Ebenezer "Burial Register Entry" of
John Turnbull's death records his age at death as being 91 years!
On the 100 acres of land was grown wheat and other cereal crops. John Turnbull's
name often appears in the lists of tenders for supplies to the Government in
issues of "The Sydney Gazette" newspaper, of wheat, pork and beef.
On the Turnbull grant was also a fine orchard planted by the pioneer, where
various kinds of stone and citrus fruits grew in abundance. On one occasion
Pioneer Turnbull, in the late twenties of 19th. century, was taking a cart
load of peaches for sale into the markets at Sydney and was "stuck up" by that
notorious bushranger of the time, Russel Crawford, on the Parramatta-road, near
what is now Grace Bros.' establishment.
The old pioneer held his own and beat the ruffian off until assistance arrived.
I may here remark that Russel Crawford in the year 1832 was hanged in Sydney
after his conviction for attempting to murder Mr. George Banks Suttor by stealing
up on the back of the chaise in which Suttor was driving and delivering him a
violent blow on the head. That blow affected Mr. Suttor all the rest of his life,
although he lived to the great age of 80 years, only dying on the 27th October,
1879 (after a fall from his buggy) at his ancestral home residence and farm
'Chelsea Park,' Baulkham Hills (the original George Suttor's grant).
The story of Mr. George Banks Suttor and his wife, Jane Johnston, an Australian-born
daughter of Andrew Johnston the first, will be told later.
To come back to Pioneer Turnbull, I find
that he was one of the settlers who in the year 1816 gave a donation of ten shillings
to the "Waterloo Fund", to be sent to England to relieve widows and orphans whose
soldier-husbands were killed in the Battle of Waterloo (1815). That list contained
the names of 239 subscribers in all, and the amount in cash collected totalled
£231/8/- (quite a respectable sum of money in those days). From time to time I intend
to quote the amounts given by Hawkesbury pioneers that came by the "Coromandel" —
not in any way for comparison, but to show their unswerving loyalty to the old
land, and also for their good deeds of charity to those bereaved by war. Ralph
Turnbull (I.), eldest and English-born son of the pioneer, contributed £1 to this fund.
But one of the proudest achievements,
that can be spoken of with pride by the descendants of John Turnbull the first, is the
fact of his being one of the main principals (it may be said that there were fifteen
in all) who were the founders of Ebenezer Church. In a family bible of the pioneer
there is inscribed in his handwriting: 'I have agreed this day to contribute £5 per
year to a minister for Ebenezer Chapel' for a date in the year 1817 (for which exact
date and month the writer has mislaid his note). There was also a note stating the
date of his arrival in the 'Coromandel' in the year 1802. All these references are
extremely valuable for the recorders of history, because when notes of events are
made at the actual times one can judge them as being quite veracious and accurate.
After the pioneer occupied his holding at Ebenezer there were born to John and Ann
Warr Turnbull three Australian-born children, respectively named:
John (II.), born year 1804; George (I.), born year 1806; and William Bligh, born year 1809.
It is a great misfortune that no portraits of the Pioneers of Ebenezer exist, of any
of those famous in after years that came by the 'Coromandel.' The reason is very
simple — the earliest form of daguerrotype photo was not invented until the year 1839,
and then in very imperfect form; and mostly all of the pioneers died before that year
with a few exceptions, and in those exceptions no efforts had been made by the
families to secure pictures of their ancestors; but the times were hard, and the
pioneers did not appear to have been willing to leave the old places. In some cases
the pioneers' children did not even visit the neighboring town of Windsor on any
occasion but once. So that it is our misfortune that we cannot look upon their
faces and see what manner of folk they looked in replica and in life.
To return to John Turnbull (I.). The pioneer himself appears to have been a
rigid Presbyterian, although it has been stated that all of the men folk who were
original founders and thus fathers of Ebenezer Church were Nonconformists, or dis-
senting Protestants to the forms of divers church forms of service. My own opinion
is that Turnbull was a staunch believer in the Presbyterian form of service.
However that may be, Mrs. Ann Warr Turnbull was an adherent of the Church of
England form of worship, and when that good woman died her sentiments and wishes
were respected. At her request, Mrs. Ann Turnbull at her death was buried in the
beautiful burial ground of St. John's Church of England on the hill at Wilberforce.
Perhaps in all Australia there is no more beautiful a cemetery than it, over
looking the delightful valley of the Hawkesbury. The inscription- there says: —
To the Memory of
Wife of Mr. John Turnbull,
Who departed this life December 19th, 1819,
Aged 54 years.
With A.T. on footstone on grave.
Alongside is the grave of her English born daughter, Mary, who was married
firstly to James Hartley and secondly to James Wright. On a smaller headstone is
Sacred to the Memory of
Who departed this life February 11th, 1825.
Aged 28 years.
Actually this lady, was 30 years of age, according to my 'Coromandel' list, and I
take that list of names and ages to be authentic.
There were four children left as orphans after Mrs. Wright's death, two boys and
two girls.
Ralph Turnbull (I.), the English-born, son of the pioneer, married firstly Miss
Grace Cavanough, daughter of Owen Cavanough (I.), a seaman, one time of the
'Sirius,' but long since a farmer-settler at Ebenezer, and later of the first branch
of the Hawkesbury (Colo, as it was called afterwards). By Grace Cavanough Ralph
Turnbull (I.) had five children — Ralph Turnbull (II), who married firstly Miss
Sarah Reynolds, and secondly Miss Sarah Cross. The second Ralph (or 'Rafe,' as
Hawkesbury people sound it) was the father of Ralph (III.) and William Turnbull (twin
sons), both of Wilberforce, and of Mrs. Lucinda Lockart, of Windsor, and others,
the mother being, of course, the first wife (nee Sarah Reynolds). It is interesting to
know that Mrs. Lockart still has in her keeping the white waistcoat which her
father wore at the marriage ceremony with Miss Sarah Reynolds, which took place at
Colo in the year 1840. The vest appears quite as good to-day as it then was. The
texture must have been good, of good material. Ralph Turnbull (II.) married the
second time when he was 73 years of age, to Miss Sarah Cross. The second wife
pre-deceased him, dying on the 8th of November, 1898, aged 58 years.
Mrs. Sarah Reynolds-Turnbull died October 15th, 1886, aged 63 years.
Ralph Turnbull (II.) died at the age of 86 years and 8 months, on the
14th February, 1901, at Wilberforce. They are buried in a family grave along with
other members of his family at St. John's cemetery, Wilberforce.
Other children of Ralph Turnbull (I) and his wife Grace Cavanough were respective
ly:— Mary, who became firstly Mrs. James Dunston, secondly Mrs. Gurney; Elizabeth,
who became Mrs. John Dunston; Ann who became Mrs. Richard Cox; (this lady was
the mother of Alderman Samuel Cox, of Pitt
Town); John, who married firstly Miss Elizabeth Arnold, and also a second time
(writer cannot just now locate the name).
Ralph Turnbull (I.) by his second wife Mrs. Mary Ann Riley Turnbull, had the fol-
lowing children:— Eliza, Jane, Sarah, Maria and Andrew. The second wife of Ralph
Turnbull (I.) long out-lived him. She married also a second time, to Mr. James Ferris,
to whom she bore a large family. That family removed to Grafton, N.S. Wales
where Mrs. Mary Turnbull Ferris died. Ralph Turnbull (I.) is buried alongside his
first wife (nee Grace Cavanough) at St. Thomas' burying ground, Sackville, where
the inscriptions read: —
Sacred to the Memory of
Who departed this life Feby. 1st, 1828
Aged 33 years.
The other reads: —
Sacred to the Memory of
Who departed this life November 18th, 1840,
Aged 49 years.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) originally had a grant of land which had been promised to
his father, dated 14th June, 1811, of 60 acres, adjoining the original 100 acres
Turnbull grant, the actual grant of which was not made until just a month before
Ralph's death, the date being 21st October, 1840. However, Ralph Turnbull (I.) had a
nice grant of good land at Colo, of 100 acres, which he lived on continuously and
reared two families there. Although the date of promise is given as 1st December, 1821,
the grant itself was only made on the 8th February, 1836.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) named the Colo property 'Andale,' situate on the Colo
River, and adjoining Owen Cavanough's (I.) grant, as the records say. It is evident
that Ralph (I.) named the place 'Anndale,' after his mother's Christian name, but due
to lack of knowledge of spelling, the clerk in the Surveyor-General's Department,
Sydney, of the time, misspelt it. I am of opinion that that farm at Colo is a very
historical place for many reasons, of which more anon. I believe it to be the exact place
whereon lived Mrs. Mary Hartley (nee Mary Turnbull, of the 'Coromandel').
Some time again I will refer to a Siletta orange tree that is still existing on
'Andale,' and bearing fruit each year, though it is over 90 years old. It was planted by
Mrs. Gurney, Ralph's eldest daughter, Mary, when she was a mere girl.
I come now to Miss Jessica Turnbull the second English-born daughter of the pioneer,
whose age was one year and seven months when Mr. and Mrs. Turnbull came
aboard the 'Coromandel' 'at Deptford on the Thames in the year 1802. This very
good woman when she arrived at the age of 19 years married Mr. Denis Benjamin Kirwan,
who had a grant of 40 acres of land at Sackville. Tizzana vineyard and the
stone house used as a residence by Dr. Fiaschi is in the main the actual building
erected by Mr. Kirwan. Of course there have been many additions made to the
house by the doctor, who has also vastly increased the original property in area by
purchase from other holders. Mr. D. B. Kirwan had a flour mill on his grant which
was worked by a water-wheel. Grain was brought for gristing to it by settlers from
up and down the river for many miles distant. The memory of the old mill wheel
is still mentioned by old Hawkesburyites, but it long since is a thing of the past.
Mrs. Jessica Kirwan bore ten daughters and two sons to Mr. Kirwan. The eldest
girl, who married a Mr. Everingham (Elizabeth Everingham) lived on her property
facing the river Hawkesbury at the rear of Tizzana cellars and residence, and a large
tomb is still to be seen there wherein Mrs. Elizabeth Everingham was buried. The
other daughters were: Diana (Mrs. Millington), Matilda Z. (Mrs. McFetridge),
Ann (Mrs. Hopkins), Phoebe (Mrs. Sanday), Adelaide (Mrs. Thomas Cross),
Victoria (Mrs. Weldon), and three daughters named respectively Henrietta, Harriet and
Angelina, who died as young women (unmarried). The two sons were Hiram John Kirwin,
who married a Miss Charlotte Arnold; this latter couple had in all 11 children; and
Colclough Kirwan, who perished in the bush near Blackall, Queensland; the latter was unmarried.
Amongst the many who knew Mrs. Jessica Kirwan in life is Mr. Hiram A. Turnbull, of
Rose Bay, Sydney, who as a lad used to carry the mail post-bag between
Windsor and Sackville. He refers to her as a dear old lady, who used to keep
something nice for him when on the trips he arrived at her house. One of her
grand-daughter's says of Mrs. Jessica Kirwarn that for over the period of 60 years
in which she lived in the same house, she never slept a night from under its roof.
For over 30 years Mrs. Kirwan was a widow, generally one or more of her daughters
being with her until her death.
At St. Thomas' burial ground at Sackville, in a family grave where the three unmarried
daughters are laid, also is a headstone which is
Sacred to the Memory of
Died Octr. 15th, 1851,
Aged 57 years.
Also, to the Memory of
(nee Jessica Turnbull)
Died April 1st, 1882,
Aged 82 years. (84. — G. G. R.)
'Waken, O Lord, our drowsy sense,
To walk this dangerous road,
And if our souls are hurried hence,
May they be found with God.
With footstones: D.B.K., 1851, and J.K.,
James Turnbull, the second English-born son of John and Ann Turnbull, never married,
but lived in the Hawkesbury district most of his life. He died about 1882 in
the Windsor Hospital, and is buried in the churchyard of St. Matthew's at that town.
He must have attained the age of 85 years, for his age was given as four years old in
the year 1802 by his parents. In a further article I shall have more to say of James
The Australia-born children of John and Mary Turnbull were John (II.) who
was the eldest of the three sons, being born in the year 1804 at Ebenezer.
John Turnbull (II.), like his English-born brother, James, never married. The
inscription in the churchyard at Ebenezer in the Turnbull enclosure reads: —
In Memory of
Died July 2nd, 1881, ,
Aged 77 years.
That in memory of the pioneer, progenitor and founder of the family reads: -
In Memory of
Died June 7th, 1834,
Aged 86 years.
A rather misleading tablet to the pioneer's wife has of late years been placed on
the same gravestone. I think it should have fully stated that her remains were
interred at St. John's, Wilberforce. From the wording as it is now (1923) future his-
torians will think that Mrs. Ann Turnbull is buried in the same enclosure, whereas it
is not so, for reasons which I have expressed elsewhere.
The second Australian-born son of John and Ann Turnbull was George Turnbull,
who was born in the year 1806. He married Miss Louisa Chaseling at Sackville Reach
chapel on October 9th, 1826, the officiating minister being the Rev. Matthew Devenish
Meares. To this couple in course of time were born 12 children, 6 sons and
6 daughters, one of the sons being George Turnbull (II.), father of Hiram A. Turnbull,
clothing manufacturer of Sydney (residing at Rose Bay). This gentleman's father was
married to a Miss Maria Greentree. Mr. Thomas Turnbull, of Eastwood (still on
deck) is another son of George and Louisa Chaseling Turnbull. This gentleman is
married to Miss Elizabeth Manning, and the couple recently celebrated their golden
wedding anniversary. Another son of George and Louisa Chaseling Turnbull is
Mr. John Warr Turnbull, of 'Kelso,' Sackville, who was married to a Miss Ann Manning.
This Mrs. Turnbull died nearly 12 months ago, and is buried at Ebenezer,
likewise also is Mr. George Turnbull (II.) and his wife, Mrs. Maria Turnbull.
In passing it might be stated that some of the descendants of Pioneer Turnbull
stuck to Presbyterianism, and others, notably the families of Ralph Turnbull I., II.,
and III., all embraced Church of Englandism. In any case it is worth remarking as
a 'family psychology' of Faith originating in the pioneers and pioneeresses particular
beliefs. It is greatly to the credit of all those notable people that they were so
broad-minded in their Protestantism (which of itself is almost enough).
The third Australian-born son of John and Ann Turnbull was named William Bligh
Turnbull. He was born at Ebenezer on the 8th of June, 1809. At the age of 28 years
Mr. W. Bligh Turnbull was married at Ebenezer Church to Miss Elizabeth Wilson,
aged 17 years. That was in the year 1838, the officiating minister being the
Rev. John Cleland. About the month of December, 1868, Mr. William Bligh Turnbull, with
his wife and family left the Hawkesbury
and went to reside at Kempsey, on the Macleay River, where he had purchased
a farming- property. This couple had in all a family of 11 children, 8 boys and 3
girls. W. B. Turnbull was very successful on his farm. He died on the 11th of June,
1892, at the age of 83 years, and is buried in Euroka cemetery, near Kempsey.

The Pioneers of Ebenezer Church were:
Thomas Arndell and Elizabeth, nee BURLEY
Paul Bushell (convict "Surprize" 1790) and Jane, nee SHARP (deceased) and Isabella, nee BROWN
Captain John Grono and Elizabeth, nee BRISTOW
Owen Cavanough and Margaret, nee DOWLING
William Jacklin and Mary, nee CARDELL (deceased) and Elizabeth, nee CONNELL.
John Suddis (murdered 12 July 1817, Wilberforce). and Isabella Suddis
Lewis Jones
James Davison and Jane ( Johnston)
George Hall and Mary (Smith)
John Howe and Frances (Ward)
Andrew Johnston and Mary (Beard)
John Johnstone and Elizabeth (Lewins)
James Mein and Susannah (Skene)
William Stubbs and Sarah (Wingate)
John Turnbull and Ann (Warr)

Windsor and Richmond Gazette
Friday 6 April 1923
Page 1 and 2
Transcription, janilye 2010

1 comment(s), latest 6 months, 3 weeks ago

R.M.S. OCEANA 1889

The Peninsular and Oriental Company's (P&O)
R.M.S. Oceana, under the Command of Captain P. S. Tomlin, from London 5th April,
with mails to 12th April, arrived at Albany from Colombo at 1.20
a.m. 9th May 1889, and left Albany at 8.30 a.m

For Albany.
arrived 1.20 a.m. 9th. May
Mr. and Mrs. Hensman, Miss Hensman, Mr. Sandover, Miss Helms.
For Adelaide.
arrived 2.30 a.m 12th. May.
Mr. and Mrs. Murray, Mr. P. Crank, Mr. P. Waite, Miss Hansen,
Captain and Mrs. Rennie.
For Melbourne.
arrived 13th May
Mr. and Mrs. Skinner and infant, Mr. and Mrs. Turnbull,
Mr. and Mrs. Merton and three children, Mr. J. R. Talbot,
Messrs. Jacobs (three), Mr. Munro, Mr. Johns, Mr. Lowe,
Mr. Abbot, Mr. Kerr, Miss Talbot, Miss Sherren, Miss Hogg,
Miss Wallace, Miss Lane, Miss Jacobs, Miss Phillips,
Mrs. Hogg, Mrs. Jacobs, Mrs. Coates and four children,
Mrs. A. Cataford, Mrs. Kerr, Mrs. Darling, Dr. and Mrs. Rainey.
For Sydney.
arrived 17th. May
Mr. and Mrs. Davies and child,
Mr. and Mrs. Sharrock and three children,
Mr. and Mrs. Silberberg, Mr. and Mrs. Myers,
Mr. and Mrs. Thomson, Mr. and Mrs. Lenhalt,
Mr. and Mrs. Roberts, Mr. W. Synott, Mr. R. L. H. B. Jenkins,
Charles Santley, (click to hear this celebrated English baritone)
Mr. O. Dickinson, Mr. Lachzyrma, Mr. D. Johnston,
Mr. Yorston, Mr. Brooke, Mr. Carpenter, Mr. Kerr,
Mrs. Wylde and two daughters, Mrs. Graham, Mrs. Robertson,
Mrs. Knight and two children, Mrs. Hotham,
Miss Russell, Miss Aidken, Miss Kennedy, Miss Lynain,
Misses Douglas (two), Miss Seale, Miss Pattison,
Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Pearson, Major and Mrs. Martin, Captain Martin.
For Brisbane.
Mr. and Mrs. Tusan, Misses Tusan (three),
Mr. F. Gore, Rev. P. Brown, Mr. A. Jacquerson,
Dr. George Henry Stanton (the Bishop of North Queensland,)
Miss Ewing, Miss Carmichael, Miss Mayne, Miss White,
Mrs. and Miss Lark, Sir James Garrick.
For New Zealand.
Mr. Pownall, Mr. H. Cardwell, Mr. S. C. Hooper,
Mr. Newman, Mr. James Methven, Mr. W. F. Methven,
Mr. Stephen, Mr. and Mrs. Henderson, Miss Duggan.
There are 150 for all ports in the other classes.
The R.M.S Oceana arrived back in Plymouth on the 10 July 1889

The S.S.Oceana was built in 1887 and sank in 1912 after a collision with German barque Pisagua in English Channel, 14 lives were lost.

Publicans' Licenses Melbourne 1860

Tuesday, 17th April.
Before the Mayor; Messrs Walsh. Benjamin,
Elliot, O'Brien, Watson, Degraves, Bennett, and
The following were GRANTED
Thomas Adams, Paddington Hotel, Little Bourke-street.
George Aitchison, British Hotel, Queen-street.
Charles Alexander, Odd Fellows Hotel, Little Lonsdale-street.
John Allen, Olive Branch Hotel, Latrobe and Stephen streets.
Joseph Weaver Allen, Sandridge Inn, Sandridge.
George Milton Allen, Tattersalls', Lonsdale-street.
John James Amos, South Yarra Club House, Domain road,
William Armitage, Peacock Hotel, Errol-street.
William Baker, Bull and Mouth Hotel Bourke-street,
John Bailey, Young Queen, Therry-street.
William Balch, Australia Felix Bourke-street.
William Bancroft, Bancroft's Hotel, Lonsdale-street.
Robert Barber, Newmarket Hotel, Bourke and Stephen-streets.
Thomas Barnfield, Eagle Hotel, Swanston-street.
Richard Barrows, Governor Bourke, Little Lonsdale-street,
William Bignell, Bignell's Hotel, Victoria-street.
William Blannin, Parliamentary, Spring and Lonsdale-street.
William James Boobier, Colonial Family, Little Bourke-street.
Andrew Brown, Rising Sun, little Bourke-street.
Henry Donovan Brown, Exchange Hotel, Swanston-street.
Malcolm Brown, Buck's Head, Little Lonsdale-street,
Charles Bryan, Cumberland and Westmoreland, Franklyn-street.
James Bultitude, Harp of Erin, Madeline-street.
Richard Burke, Golden Age, Latrobe-street.
Edward Butler, Duke of York, Collins-street.
Peter Cameron, Canada Hotel, Madeline-street.
Johanna Cantwell, Glenmore Hotel, Spencer-street.
Benjamin Campion, Prince Patrick, Latrobe-street.
William King Chisholm, Niagara Hotel, Londale-street.
William Clarkson, North Star, Abbotsford-street.
Daniel Cleal, Cleal's Hotel, Swanston-street.
John Cleland, Albion Hotel, Bourke-street,
James Cleghorn, Caledonian Hotel, Jeffcott-street.
Henry Clifford, Railway Refreshment Rooms, Flinders-street.
Frederick Coates, Parkside Hotel, North Melbourne.
Lewis Coates, Royal Hotel, Flemington-road.
James Colvin, Golden Cross, King-street.
Jamea Council, Butchers' Arms, Flemington-road.
James Cooper, Cooper's Family Hotel, Stephen-street.
Richard Austin Cooper, Rainbow, Swanston-street.
William Corcoran Conroy, Royal, Victoria-street.
John Cosgrove, Fitzroy Arms, King-street.
Robert Cuttler, Nelson Hotel, Cardigan-street.
Lewis Count, Spanish Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
William Cowpar, Bendigo Hotel, Bourke-street.
John Cozens, Carlton Inn, Leicester-street.
William Daly, Glasgow Arms, Elizabeth-street.
Michael D'Arcy, D'Arcy's Hotel, Swanston-street.
Henry L. Davis, Egremont Hotel, Northcote.
Thomas Davis, Sarsfield Inn, Little Bourke-street.
Charles Edward Deane, Royal Charter, Bourke-street.
James Dempsey, Joiners' Arms, Cardigan-street.
Charlotte De Ruyter, Woolpack, Queen-street.
Mark Dian, Australian Arms, Little Bourke-street.
James Dillon, Lamb Inn, Little Latrobe-street,
Phillip Garnett Dixon, Suburban Railway Refreshment Rooms, Flinders-street.
George Douse, Salutation Inn, Bourke-street,
Christopher Donovan, Travellers' Home, Swanston-street,
Charles Dowule, Commercial, Little Bourke-street.
Christopher Doyle, Emu Hotel, Bouverie-street.
Patrick Doyle, Haymarket Hotel, Blackwood-street.
William Dunlop, Heather Bell, Flinders-lane,
William Dunnon, Builders' Arms, Cardigan-street.
Edward Fitzgerald Eager, Rook of Cashel, Little Bourke-street.
Thomas Emmerson, Queensberry Hotel, Madeline-street.
Richard Feehan, City Arms, Elizabeth-street.
William Finlay, Royal Mail, Bourke-street.
Owen Fisher, South Melbourne Hotel, Gardiner's Creek road.
Bridget Fitzgerald, Hibernian Hotel, Little Lonsdale-street.
Maurice Otho Fitzglbbon, Mechanics' Arms, Little Collins-street.
Honoria Fitzmaurice, Kerry Hotel, King-street.
William Planner, Old White Hart, Bourke-street.
Alfred Ford, Royal Artillery, Elizabeth-street.
Peter Forman, Elephant and Castle, Little Bourke-street.
Charles Forrester, Metropolitan, William-street.
William Freer, Madeline Hotel, Madeline-street.
Michael Gallagher, Rose of Australia, King-street
George D, Gallagly, Duke of Wellington, Flinders-street.
James Geehan, Harp of Erin, Queen-street.
Jam:s Augustus Glynn, City Hotel, Madeline-street.
Alexander Allen, Grant, Treasury Hotel, Queen-street.
John Grant, Bush Inn, Elizabeth-street.
James Gray, King's Arms Queensberry-street
Charles Groman, Golden Fleece, Russell-street.
Benjamin Halliday, George Hotel. Victoria-street.
David Hamilton, Exford Arms, Russell-street.
William Hawkins, Queen's Arms, Swanston-street
Michael Hayes, Barkly Hotel, Barkly-street.
Arthur David Harvey, White Hart, Little Bourke-street.
John Kirby, Empire Hotel, Errol-street.
Rody Heffernan, Melbourne Tavern, Lonsdale-street.
Christian Henry Heler, Star Hotel, Swanston-street.
William Henry, Blue Bell, Little Collins-street.
James Sloper Hill, Waverley Hotel, Little Collins-street.
Richard Evans Hill, Great Britain, Flinders-street
William Hinds, Ulster Family Hotel, Spring-street.
William Hockin, Commercial Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
Henry Hooper, Prince of Wales, Flinders-street.
Barnett Isaacs, London Tavern, Elizabeth-street.
Harry Jenkins, Jenkins's Hotel, Swanston-street.
Joshua Jessop, Saracen's Head, Bourke-street.
Waldron Johnstone, Clarence Hotel, Collins-street.
Joseph Farrar Jones, Excelsior Hotel, Bourke-street.
Ann Jones, Yarra Family Hotel, Flinders street.
John Pritchard Jones, Welsh Harp Hotel, King-street
Charles George Jones, Jones's Hotel, William-street.
Sarah Anne Judd, Royal Oak, Queen street.
William Kavanagh, Britannia Hotel, Bourke-street.
Catherine Kelly, Galway Family Hotel, Flinders-lane.
James Kelly, Reform Hotel, Bourke-street.
William Launcelot Kelly, Argus Hotel, Collins-street
Morgan Kennedy, Edinburgh Castle, North Melbourne.
William Kennedy, Sir Walter Scott Hotel, Elizabeth-street
William Kennon, Black Eagle, Lonsdale-street,
Archibald Kyle, Cavan Hotel, Queensberry-street.
Richard Lecher, Seven Stars, Madeline-street.
Robert Lewis, Royal Railway, Elizabeth-street.
John Leyden, Lamb Inn, Elizabeth-street.
James Liddy, Adam and Eve, Little Collins-street.
Samuel Lowe, Shakspeare Hotel, Collins-street.
Henry Ludwick, Assembly, Bourke-street.
Augustus B. Macdonald, Mac's Hotel, Stephen-street.
Alexander Macgregor, Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock, Elizabeth-street.
Ronald Macgildowney, Telegraph Hotel, Little Bourke-street.
John M'Clure, Scotch Thistle, Northcote.
James Maguire, Clarendon, Collins-street.
Tbomas Maher, Victorian Railway, King-street.
David Mallett, Botanical Hotel, South Yarra.
Henry William Manuel, Royal Oak, Swanston-street.
James Marks, Cross Keys, Russell-street.
James Hall Marris, Ayrshire Hotel, Chetwyn-street.
Thomas Marris, Lincoln Inn, Rathdowne-street.
James Maver, Argyle Hotel, Lygon-street.
David Meikle, Pembroke Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
Henry Mendell, Black Prince, Curzon-street.
Archibald Menzies, Menzles' Hotel, Latrobe-street.
Martin Melzger, Albert Hotel, Stephen-street.
Sutherland Miller, Southern Cross, Bourke-street.
William Mitchell, Foundry Hotel, King-street.
James Morony, Carriers' Arms, Elizabeth street.
Christian Mozer, Farmers' Arms, Little Collins-street.
Robert Cooke Moore, Melbourne Exchange Hotel, William-street.
Michael Moran, Central City, Collins-street.
Patrick Mornane, Clare Castle, Stephen-street,
William Morton, Morton's Hotel, Bourke-street.
William Muir, Corkscrew Hotel, King-street.
Ann Murray, Tam O'Shanter Hotel, Lothian-street.
John Murray, Harvest Home, Queen-street.
John Murray, New Constitution Hotel, North Melbourne.
James Nealer, Railway Hotel. Swanston-street.
Patrick Neylan, Farmers' Arms, Swanston-street.
John Neeson, Butchers' Arms, Elizabeth-street.
George Neeson, Royal George Hotel, Bourke-street.
William Nottley, Old Lincoln Inn, Queensberry-street.
Thomas Nunn, Nunn's Hotel, Bourke-street.
Denis O'Callaghan, Crown Hotel, Queen-street.
Patrick O'Connor, Mansion House Hotel, Stanley-street.
Dennis O'Halloran, Union Hotel, Bourke-street.
Charles Oakley, Temple Court Hotel, Queen-street.
Charles Ollis, Apollo Inn, Flinders-Lane.
Michael O'Meara, Lygon Hotel, Lygon-street.
Eugene O'Neil, Royal Highlander, Flinders-street.
James Orkney, Sir Charles Hotham Hotel, Flinders-street.
Thomas Orkney, Duke of Rothsay Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
Charles Parsons, Victoria Hotel, Sandridge.
Elisha Pearce, British Queen, Nicholson-street.
Elizabeth Penglase, London Hotel, Market-street.
William Perritt, Freemason's Hotel, Swanston-street.
Peter Pilcher, Royal Saxon Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
William Pitt, Olympian Hotel, Lonsdale-street.
Jobn Plummer, University Hotel, Grattan-street.
Christopher Pond, Piazza Hotel, Spring-street.
Thomas Purnell, Plough Inn, Bourke-street.
Ellen Rahilly, Olive Branch Hotel, Little Collins-street.
Ellen Reed, Limerick Castle Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
John Frederick Richardson, Western Port Hotel,Queen-street.
Edward Rigby, Council Club Hotel, Queen-street.
Patrick Ring, Old Ship Inn, Russell-street.
Charles. Rupprecht, Sabloniere Hotel, Queen-street.
Daniel Ryan, Lalla Rookh, Queensberry-street.
Patrick Ryan, Colonial Bank Hotel, Little Collins-street.
Michael Ryan, Essex Hotel, Cardigan-street.
Rody Ryan, Loughmore Castle, Leveson-street.
Benoni Salway, William's Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
Edward Scott, Port Phillip Club Hotel Flinders-street.
James Seymour, Friend-in-Hand Hotel, Little Collins-street.
Thomas Sheahan, Bouverie Hotel, Bouverie-street.
William Shiels, James Watt Hotel, Spencer-street.
Alexander Short, Union Hotel, Spencer-street.
Hugh Short, Australian Hotel, Bourke-street.
William Philip Simons, Governor Arthur Hotel, Little Bourke-street.
Archibald Smart, Prince George Hotel, Swanston-street
William S. Southwood, Stork Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
Felix W. Spiers, Royal Hotel, Bourke-street.
George Spray, Stratford Arms, Drummond-street.
Henry Spray, Carlton Hotel, Lygon-street.
Thomas Stevens, King's Arms, Madeline-street.
Charles Stewart, Old Ship Inn, Flinders-lane.
William J. Sugden, Globe Hotel, Swanston-street.
Henry Taylor, Waterloo Inn, Little Collins-street.
Henry Thompson, New Imperial Inn, Elizabeth-street.
Alexander Thompson, Beehive Hotel, Blackwood-street
William Tilks, City Hotel, Bourke-street.
James Turner, Mercantile Hotel, King-street.
Patrick Toohey, Kilkenny Inn Lonsdale-street.
James Walley, Mistletoe Hotel, M'Kenzie-street.
Patrick Walsh, Supreme Court Hotel, Latrobe-street.
John Walker, Britannia Hotel, Swanston-street.
Charles Wedel, Criterion Hotel Collins street.
James Wheeler, Royal Railway Hotel, Elizabeth-street
Henry Williamson, Hotham Arms, North Melbourne.
Robert Wilson, Cornwall Arms, Bourke-street.
George Whitcomb, Waterman's Arms, Little Collins-street.
James Woodward, Leicester Hotel, Leicester-street.
William Wood, Duke of Kent Hotel Latrobe-street.
George Charles Wyld, Sydney Hotel, William-street.
John M'Millan, Mac's Hotel, Franklyn-street.
James Carroll, Robert Burns Hotel, Franklyn-street
The consideration of new licenses, and others in
which there was any opposition, was postponed till Tuesday 24 April 1860.
Here are the results of that meeting published on page 5 of
The Argus 25 April 1860
The Age, Thursday 19 April 1860, page 7
The Argus, Wednesday 25 April 1860, page 5
Transcription, janilye 2015

The glass negative below is Madeline-street Carlton; the Harp of Erin on the right.
Queensberry-street on left.
Madeline-street is an extension of Swanstone-street, over Grattan-street.

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 7 months ago

QUARTERLY LICENSES Melbourne September 1855

Melbourne, Tuesday 4 September 1855 at noon the Bench heard
applications for special licenses, transfers, &c.

The following gentlemen were on the Bench: Messrs. Sturt (chairman),
Vignolles, Hodgson, Greeves, O'Shanassy, and Noel.

The following were granted:-
Henry Russell, Liverpool Arms, Brunswick street, Collingwood,
from Joseph Hobbs.
James Bartholomew, Bull-and-Mouth Inn, Bourke-street.
from D. M'lntosh.
William Balch, Australia Felix Family Hotel, Bourke-street,
from Rachel Sawyer.
Thomas Crowle, Victoria Hotel, Little Bourke-street,
from D'Arcy Mundy.
Patrick Costello, Travellers' Home, Swanston-street,
from Michael D'Arcy.
Samuel Darby, Newmarket Hotel, Bourke and Stephen streets,
from Charles Lester.
J. E. Ellis, The Botanical Hotel, South Yarra,
from Charles Rogers.
Robert Frost, Royal Highlander, Flinders-street,
from William Blake.
Walter Ferguson, Union HoTel, Bourke-street,
from James Laurie
Edward Ford, Drewery's Family Hotel, Gertrude street, Collingwood,
from Thos. Drewery.
George W. Howse, The Parade, East Melbourne,
from John Thomas Shea.
Waldron Johnston, Clarence Hotel, Elizabeth and Collins-street,
from John Whitehead.
Michael Kelly, Australian Family Hotel, Spring-street,
from William Abbott.
David Lewis, Napoleon III , Emerald Hill, from
James M'Carthy.
Wm. J. N. Lewis, Bridge Inn, Flinders-lane,
from Thomas Seaward.
Augustus M'Donald, Royal Arch Inn, Gore street, Collingwood,
from Thomas Sutherland.
John M. McKee, Duke of Kent, Latrobe-street,
from Edward Steel.
Patrick Noylan, Farmer's Arms, Swanston street,
from James Stone.
Charles Oakley, Temple Court Hotel, Queen street,
from Michael Woodlock.
E. J. Prevot, Queensberry Hotel, Madeline-street,
from C. T. Hume.
James Pasfleld, Sydney Hotel,
from Benjamin Brittell.
Henry Reynolds, Queen'e Head, Queen-street,
from William Whitmore.
James Tenniel, Market Tavern, Emerald Hill,
from George Duncan.
George Wailey, Argus Hotel, Collins street,
from Charles Wedel.
Charles Wedel, the Criterion Hotel, Collins-street,
from John E. Jones.
John Wood, the William Tell, Brunswick street,
Collingwood, from John Filgate. Adjourned Transfers.
Charles Frahm/Frahan, the Northcote Arms, Northcote,
from Augustus McDonald. Granted
Charles Baxter, Star and Garter Hotel, St. Kilda. Granted.
Thomas Bryce, Cambrian Hotel, North Melbourne. Adjourned. (refused 12 Sept)
Peter Connelly, the Carlow Hotel, Little Bourke-street. Granted.
Wilson Cornwall, the Labor in Vain, North Melbourne, adjourned. (refused 12 Sept.)
Stephen Dorman, the Highway House, Sandridge-Road, granted.
James Lawler, Belle Vue Hotel, Little Collins-street, refused.
George Lewis, the Mazeppa Hotel, Spring and Little Bourke-streets, granted.
Patrick O'Connell, the Black Prince, Curzon-street, North Melbourne, adjourned. (granted 12 Sept.)
Edward Lloyd Robinson Smith, Yarra Club House Granted.
Benoni Salway, Yarra Steam Packet Hotel Flinders-street, refused,
as being next door to a new house.
George Walder, Golden City, Cecil street, refused.
Frederick Chambers, applied for a license for a restaurant
for the Cellar of the Hall of Commerce. Mr. Frank Stephen
appeared to oppose the application on the ground that the
restaurant was not required, or adapted for the business.
It was situated next door to the Imperial Hotel, and close
to the Criterion, and there were no accomodations
suitable for an Inn provided.
Mr. Trenchard supported the application on the
ground that it was a convenience much required by
the mercantile community. The Hall of Commerce
formed a centre of the public business of the city,
and a requisition for the establishment of refreshment
rooms had been signed by every member of the
Chamber of Commerce, save one ; and by a great
number of the merchants of the city.
The Bench adjourned the application.
George Coppin applied for a license for Coppin's Olympic Hotel,
Lonsdale-street. Mr. Head opposed the application, on the ground
that Mr. Coppin already held a license for the Olympic Theatre ;
this objection he considered must be a fatal one.
The premises were not such as would be entitled to a license: they
had not been constructed in accordance with the provisions of the act,
and were communicated with by several openings to the theatre. He
was sure that Mr. Coppin had enough already to attend to with theatrical
matters without the Bench imposing on him the Herculean task of another license.
Mr. Frank Stephen supported the application. Mr.Coppin had kept one of
the first hotels in Sydney, in Pitt street, and continued to hold his
license to the satisfaction of the citizens. He was then
connected with a theatre in Sydney, and if it were competent to him to
hold a license then, it would be now. The opposition to the application
had been got up by the proprietor of the house opposite. If this were
not so there would have been a petition from the neighbors against
the granting of the license, but no such a petition had been got up,
and he was consequently justified in supposing that the present
opposition arose from interested motives. The public-house opposite
did not afford sufficient accommodation to persons who frequented the
theatre, and the privilege had already been granted to the Theatre Royal.
The petition which had been presented to the Bench had been signed by
five or six hundred respectable persons in the city.
The application was granted.
Charles Jones applied for a license for his eating house, in Little Collins street,
for the establishment of a printer's club, for the convenience of the printers
of the city. A petition signed by a great number of compositors was handed to the Bench.
The application was refused.
Catherine Featly, Little Bourke-street; Granted.
Andrew Thomas Keny, bathing-ship, Beach-street, St. Kilda. Granted.
Ann Marks/Monks, Little Lonsdale-street east. Adjourned.(granted 11 September)
John Palmer, Bourke-street east. Adjourned. (granted 11 September.)
William James Robinson, Bourke-street east. Adjourned. (granted 11 September)
Edward Costello, Collins-street. Granted.
Jacques Sibberly, Queen street. Granted.
William Robert Hawkins Robertson. Granted.
The applications of the following persons
for hawkers' and pedlars' licenses were
granted on the 11 September 1855 :
Thomas Littleton, Susan Waters, John Williams, William Toun

Portrait below is George Selth Coppin
by Photographer FALK about 1890

1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 7 months ago

Publicans License Tasmania 1837

5 October 1836
Each of the undermentioned parties residing in the division of the Island commonly called Cornwall,
has obtained a license to retail wines and spirits etc, for the period ending the
29th September in the year now next ensuing, provided it be not forfeited before such day.
George Archer, Black Swan;
John Ashton, King's Arms;
Philip Best, Currency Lass;
Joseph Barrett, King's Head ;
Edmund Bartlett, London Tavern;
George Sinclair Brodie, Caledonia Wine Vaults;
Jane Cowl, Jovial Carpenters;
J. E.Cox. Cornwall Hotel ;
Wm. Collins, Bull's Head;
James Corbett, Green Gate ;
John Daniels. Ferry House;
J. Driver, Whale Fishery ;
H. Davis, Brisbane Hotel ;
W. Frost, Launceston Hotel ;
James Hopkins, Plough ;
G. Hart, Royal Oak;
J.Ives, George and Dragon ;
Mary Lenoy, Cross Keys ;
John Moore, Rose and Thistle;
J. Main, York Wine Vaults;
W. Milne, Union ;
J. Mills, Black Lion ;
J. McKenzie, Scottish Chief;
Antonio Martini, Sawyers' Arms ;
Josias McAllan, Glasgow Tavern;
John Marsden, Star and Garter ;
D. O'Neal, Irish Harp ;
J. Pitcher, Hibernia ;
G. Radford, Golden Lion ;
Henry Reading, Edinburgh Castle;
Thomas Twinning, Kangaroo;
J. G. Thomas, George Inn ;
A. Walsh, Gardeners' Lodge ;
J. Wiggins, Black Boy ;
A. Wales, Crown ;
G. Williams, Half Moon ;
J. Whitehead, Ship Inn ;
J. Weavers, Duke of York;
J.Yates, Bricklayers' Arms;
George Coulson, Friend's Arms, River Tamar;
H. Jones, Sir William Wallace, Long Meadows ;
George Lawson, Traveller's Rest, Muddy Plains ;
R. H. Marr, Harrow, Sand-hills ;
Joseph Thorn, Blue Bell, ;
J. Williatt, William the Fourth, New River.
William Dibble, Gray's Arms.
Sarah Dickenson, Robin Hood ;
Thos. Hughes, Ross Hotel.
James Earls, Carrick Inn.
William Forbes, Westbury Inn;
Charles. Robinson, Hope Inn.
James Houghton, Mitre ;
Daniel Judson, Longford Wine and Spirit Vaults;
C. S. Kent, Crown Inn;
Samuel Cox, Bird-in-hand, Norfolk Plains East.
Richard Hesney, Tasmanian Hotel;
Richard Pitt, St. Andrew's Inn;
Isaac Solomon, Perth
Jim.Thomas Gibson, Return of the Eagle, Snake Banks;
William Thornell, Bald-faced Stag, Epping Forest.
Campbell Town.
George Scott, Caledonian Inn.
George Town.
Samuel Sherlock, White Hart ;
T. G. Williams, Waterloo Tavern.

William 'King Billy' Lanné 1835-1869

Warning: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples should be aware that this website contains images and names of people who have since passed away

On Saturday afternoon 6 March 1869 the remains
of William Lanne or as he was generally called,
"King Billy," the last male Aboriginal of Tasmania,
were committed to the grave in presence of a
very large concourse of the citizens.
On the announcement of the "death of the last man,"
it was generally supposed that the funeral would
be made a public affair, and that some part in
the arrangements would be taken by the Government;
the first announcement made, however, was simply to
the effect that the funeral would move from the establishment
of Mr. Millington, Undertaker, of Murray-street,
at 9 a.m. on Saturday, and inviting friends of the
deceased to attend. As previously stated by us,
the body had been removed from the Dog and
Partridge Hotel, where the man died, to the
dead-house at the Hospital, and on an order
being sought for its removal to the undertakers,
it was declined, on the ground that as the body
was of the greatest scientific value, the authorities
were determined to do all in their power to
protect it. An application to the Colonial Secretary
met with the same reply, and the hon. Sir Richard Dry
sent positive instructions to Dr. Stokell that the body
of "King Billy" should be protected from mutilation,
on this subject, however, we have more to communicate presently.
On its being ascertained that the authorities were taking no
steps respecting the obsequies, the matter was taken in
hand by Mr. J. W. Graves, and invitations were
issued to a number of old colonists and natives,
requesting their attendance, the funeral being
postponed until 2 o'clock. At that hour between
fifty and sixty gentlemen presented themselves
at the institution, and found all in readiness for
the burial. Rumours had, meanwhile, got afloat
to the effect that the body had been tampered
with, and Capt. McArthur, Mr. Colvin, and
some others interested in the deceased, from his
connection with the whaling trade, requested
that the coffin should be opened in order to
satisfy their minds that the ceremony of burial
was not altogether a "vain show." This was
done by Mr. Graves, and the body was seen, by
those who desired to see it, in the condition
which will be hereafter described. The lid was
then again screwed down, and at the suggestion
of some of those present the coffin was sealed. In
connection with this part of the proceedings a
singular accident occurred. On a seal being
asked for, it was found that there was not such a
thing in the institution, but on a search being
made in the dispensary an old brass stamp was
found, and on its being impressed upon the wax,
it left the simple word "world." What such an
odd seal could have been cut for is unknown, but
its turning up under such circumstances, and its
accidental use to seal down the coffin of the last
man of his race, is a circumstance so singular as
to be worth recording. Having been duly sealed,
the coffin was covered with a black opossum skin
rug, fit emblem of the now extinct race to which
the deceased belonged ; and on this singular
pall were laid a couple of native spears and
waddies, round which were twined the ample
folds of a Union Jack, specially provided by the
shipmates of the deceased. It was then mounted
upon the shoulders of four white native lads,
part of the crew of the Runneymede, who
volunteered to carry their aboriginal countryman
to his grave. Their names were, John Silvester,
John Timms, James Davis, and George Attwell.
The pall was borne by Captain Hill, of the
Runneymede, himself a native of Tasmania, and
by three colored seamen, John Bull, a native of
the Sandwich Islands, Henry Whalley, a half-
caste native of Kangaroo Island, S. A., and
Alexander Davidson, an American. The chief
mourners were Captain McArthur, of the whaling
barque Aladdin, and Captain Bayley, owner
of the whaling barque Runneymede. Among the
mourners were nearly all the masters of vessels in
port, and many gentlemen connected with the
whaling trade. There was also a large muster of
old colonists and native born Tasmanians. As
the procession moved along Liverpool and Murray
streets to St. David's Church it gathered strength,
and was followed by a large concourse of spectators.
The Rev. F. H. Cox read the service, and
preceded the body to the grave, clothed in his
surplus. On leaving the church the procession numbered
from a hundred to a hundred and twenty
mourners, and the event re-called to the minds of
the old colonists present many an interesting
episode of the early days of the colony, and of
that race, the last male representative of which
was about to be consigned to his tomb. At the
cemetery the Rev. Mr. Cox read the second
portion of the impressive burial service of the
English Church, and the grave closed over
"King Billy" the breast-plate on whose coffin
bore the simple inscription "William Lanne,
died March 3rd, 1869. Aged, 34 years."
Notwithstanding the precautions above referred
to, the body of poor "King Billy" has not been
respected, nor does the grave around which so
many persons gathered on Saturday, contain a
vestige of Tasmania's "last man." It is a
somewhat singular circumstance that although it
has been known for years that the race was be-
coming extinct, no steps have ever been taken in
the interests of science to secure a perfect skeleton
of a male Tasmanian aboriginal. A female skeleton is
now in the Museum, but there is no male, consequently
the death of "Billy Lanne" put our surgeons on the alert.
The Royal Society, anxious to obtain the skeleton for
the Museum, wrote specially to the Government upon the
subject, setting forth at length the reasons why,
if possible, the skeleton should be secured to
them. The Government at once admitted their
right to it, in preference to any other institution,
and the Council expressed their willingness at
any time to furnish casts, photographs, and all
other particulars to any scientific society
requiring them. Government, however, declined
to sanction any interference with the body,
giving positive orders that it should be decently
buried; nor did they feel at liberty to give
their sanction to any future action which might
be taken; although it is needless to say that so
valuable a skeleton would not have been permitted to
remain in the grave, and possibly no
opposition would have been made to its removal,
had it been taken by those best entitled to hold
it in the interests of the public and of science,
and without any violation of decency.
Besides the Royal Society, it seems that there
were others who desired to secure Billy Lanne's skeleton,
and who were determined to have it in spite of the
positive orders of the Colonial Secretary.
The dead-house at the Hospital was entered on Friday night,
the head was skinned and the skull carried away,
and with a view to conceal this proceeding, the
head of a patient who had died in the hospital
on the same day, or the day previously, was
similarly tampered with and the skull placed
inside the scalp of the unfortunate native, the
face being drawn over so as to have the appear-
ance of completeness, On this mutilation being
discovered the members of the Council of the
Royal Society were greatly annoyed, and feeling
assured that the object of the party who had
taken the skull was afterwards to take the body
from the grave, and so possess himself of the perfect
skeleton, it was resolved to take off the feet and
hands and to lodge them in the museum, an opera-
tion which was carefully done. The funeral then
took place as above described. On the mutilation
of the bodies in the dead-house becoming known,
a letter was addressed by the Colonial Secretary
to Dr. Stokell, requiring a report upon tho case,
and we have it upon the very highest authority
that Dr. Stokell reported the circumstances much
as they are described above, informing the
Colonial Secretary that the only persons who
had been present in the dead-house during Friday
night were a surgeon, who is one of the
honorary medical officers, his son, who is a
student, and the barber of the institution, and
neither of those persons were seen to remove
anything from the hospital. It is believed, how-
ever, that the skull was thrown over the wall at
the back of the dead-house with a string attached
to it, and that it was scoured by a confed-
erate stationed in the creek on the other side.
Those reports occasioned a very painful impression
among those present at the funeral, and a
deputation consisting of Messrs. Colvin,
McArthur, and Bayley,waited upon Sir Richard
Dry in the evening, and requested that steps
should be taken to have the grave watched
during the night. Sir Richard at once acquiesced
in the proposal, and instructions were given to
the police, but in some way they miscarried,
possibly owing to the fact that they were not
communicated through His Worship the Mayor,
and the consequence was that the grave was found
disturbed yesterday morning, when Constable
Mahony reported that the earth had been re
moved, that a skull had been found lying on the
surface, that a part of the coffin was visible, and
that the ground surrounding the grave was
saturated with blood. During the morning this
report spread through the city, and several
hundreds of persons visited the cemetery in the
afternoon. On the facts being communicated to
Sir Richard Dry, he, in company with the
hon. Attorney-General, visited the grave, where
they were met by Mr. J. W. Graves. The skull
found on the surface was buried in their presence,
and a general examination of the ground
was made. Whether any other step will be
taken respecting the violation of the grave
we are unable to say. The visit of ministers
to the grave was, we understand, consequent
upon a report that the coffin had been
removed, and had this been the case a
search warrant would have been issued
at their instance, as executors of "Billy Lanne,"
with instructions in the event of any portions of
the body being found in the course of its execution,
that they should be taken possession of Sir Richard
and Mr. Dobson satisfied themselves, however, of the
presence of the coffin, and therefore no step was taken,
as it is doubtful whether any legal property in the
body exists. Many rumors are afloat as to
what has become of the body, and the men
employed in the cemetery state that blood
was traced from the grave to the gate opposite
the stores of the Anglo-Australian Guano Company
in Salamanca Place, but that there the
traces were lost. There can be little doubt
that the body has been secured by the individual
who made off with the head, and possibly the fact
that it is minus feet and hands may yet lead to the
restoration of that important portion, as the skeleton
will be comparatively valueless unless perfect.
We have been informed by the Hon. Sir Richard Dry that
Dr. Crowther waited upon him on Saturday morning prior
to the mutilation being reported, and made a request
that the body should be granted to him, in order that he
might secure the skeleton for the Royal College of Surgeons, England.
Sir Richard Dry informed the Doctor of the
prior claim of the Royal Society, and expressed
his opinion that if the skeleton was to be
preserved at all, it should be in the
Hobart Town Museum, where all scientific
enquiries respecting the aboriginal race would
most probably be made. Dr. Crowther concurred
in this view, and received an assurance from Sir
Richard that, should any future opportunity
present itself of securing a skeleton for the
Royal College of Surgeons from among the graves
of the aborigines without violating the feelings
of individuals or of the community, that should
he Sir Richard continue in office, no impedient
would be placed in Dr. Crowther's way. The
report and other documents connected with the
proceedings at the dead-house of the hospital
have been referred to the Chairman of the
Board of Management of that institution, and it
is understood that an inquiry will be at once
The Mercury, Hobart, Tasmania
Monday 8 March 1869
page 2
Transcription, janilye 2014

Today's Aboriginal community after a very long campaign succeeded in obtaining the return of Lanne's skull from Edinburgh and his remains were buried in his tribal land,
The mutilation and removal of King Billy's body led to the Anatomy Act of 1869 being passed in the Tasmanian Parliament, The Act made it law that medical experiments of any sort could only take place if the deceased had agreed to it before they died or the relatives gave permission.

From David Davies, 1973 'The last of the Tasmanians', Frederick Muller, London. 235-6
Dr. Crowther of the hospital vainly applied to the Government for permission to send the skeleton to the Royal College of Surgeons in London. However, a rather macabre note was struck at Lanne’s funeral, for it was found that the head of the corpse was missing. During the night after the burial the rest of the body was dug up and several parts removed. Crowther was blamed for the removal of the head and his honorary appointment as surgeon at the Colonial Hospital terminated, but it is interesting to note that the Council of the Royal College of Surgeons awarded him during 1869 a gold medal and a Fellowship of the College, the first instance of an Australian having been given this honour.

WINDSOR nsw Local Recruits.1916

Windsor and Richmond Gazette, Friday 21 April 1916
Local Recruits.

ARNOLD, W., Windsor
BRADSHAW, R. N., Scheyville
BAIRD, ERIC J., Pitt Town.
BALL, WILFRID A., Lower Portland
BAKER, W., Oakville.
BENNETT, W. H.. Windsor
BELL, ROBERT, Wilberlorce
BLACKET, ULRIC A., Vineyard.
BLACKET, NIGEL A., Vineyard.
BOLTON, Hy. H., Windsor (wounded).
BROOKS, JOHN, Freeman's Reach.
BROWN, BOY, Wilberforce.
BROWN, WILLIAM EDWIN, Oakviile (rejected).
BRENNAN, SERGT. G., Scheyville
CALLAGHAN, CLEN. C, Windsor (not accepted.)
CAMPBELL, WALTER, Lower Portland
CASE, G. (not accepted)
CASE THOMAS, Bullridqe
CAMBRIDGE, K., Windsor
CAREY THOMAS, Magrath's Hill (killed)
CLARKE, B., Oakviile
COBCROFT, B. H., Windsor
COOPER, ALICE, Windsor (Matron Hospital Ship)
CONNELLY, FRED., Windsor (killed)
CAMPBELL, ROD, Leet's Vale (not accepted).
CHRISTIE, JERSEY, Lower Portland.
DAVIS, ERIC, Windsor
DAVIS, TRISTRAM J., Pitt Town' (not accepted)
DEAL. LESLIE, Laughtondale
DICKSON, P. A., Windsor
DWYER, JOHN, Clarondon
EATHER, CECIL George. Windsor (killed 1915 Gallipoli)
EATHER, FRANK Hilton, Windsor(Killed 1917, Bullecourt)
EATHER, FREDERICK Reuben, Upper Colo
EATHER, ROLAND JAMES, Upper Colo.(killed 1917, Ypres)
FIASCHI, Dr. THOMAS. Sackville
FULLERTON, Dr. A. Y., Windsor
FARLOW, ALWYN, Freeman's Reach
FLEMING, GEORGE, Central McDonald(killed).
FORD, A. E., Windsor
FORD. HERBERT, Windsor.'
GREEN. MERVYN, Magrath's Hill
GOW, HAROLD, Windsor
GIBSON, GEOF. V., Windsor
GIBSON, V. J. V., Windsor
GREENTREE, C. A., Cattai
GREENTREE, D. S., Cattai
GADSDEN, E. JEFFERY, (not accepted)
HAGEL, ERNEST, Lower Portland
HALL, RONALD, Wilberforce (not accept
HARDRES ALFRED, Scheyville (not accepted)
HAXBY, E. C. H. Windsor (twice wounded)
HEARNE, ARTHUR, Central McDonald
HERPS, ARTHUR M. C, Lower Portland.
HERPS, CLAUDE, Lower Portland
HERPS, CARL, Lower Portland.
HERPS, RUPERT, Lower Portland.
HONEMAN, GARNET, Windsor (rejected)
HONEMAN, GORDON, Windsor (rejected)
HIDER, F., Windsor
HIPWELL, H., Windsor
HUDSON, SID, Vineyard
HULBERT, WILLIAM, Windsor (wounded).
HUMPHRIES, T. (not accepted)
HENNING, WILLIAM, Lower Portland
HUNT, GEORGE C, Windsor, (rejected).
IRELAND, G., Windsor
JENNINGS, C. R. E., Windsor
JENKINS, THOMAS, Lower Portland (wounded;
JOHNSTON, CLARENCE (not accepted)
JONES, BERT, Sackville.
JURD C. C. St. Albans (wouridadj
JURD, OWEN PEARSON, Central McDonald (wounded)
KELLY, EDMUND, Scheyville
KEMP, ARTHUR, Ebenezer
KINGHAM, ARTHUR, Freeman's Reach
KINGHAM, JOHN, Freeman's Reach
KINGHAM, STANLEY, Freeman's Reach
LARAGHY, JACK, Sackviile
LARAGHY, ROY, Sackville
LAYCOCK, G. C, Scheyville (not accepted)
LIDDLE, FRED., Windsor
LINDSAY, A. J. H., Cattai
LINDSAY, W. S. T., Cattai
LEE, - , Lower Hawkesbury
LEET, SIDNEY, Leet's Vale (ill)
LILLIS, LEO, Freeman's Reach
LOCKART, WILLIAM RALPH, Wilberforce (not accepted).
LYE, ERIC, Upper Colo.
MAISEY, FRED. T.. Windsor
MALONEY, D., Central McDonald.
MALES, HENRY. Upper Colo
MALES, ARTHUR. Upper Colo.
MARSHALL, STEWART, Cattai (not accepted).
MARTIN, ERNEST, Freeman's Reach
MITCHELL, BENTLEY (Bullridge), recovered from illness.
MITCHELL, G. W. Bullridge.
MOLLOY, JAS. V., Windsor
MOSES, JAS. W., Windsor
MULL1NGER, ROYr, Windsor
McCULLOCH, D., gcheyvfllo
McDONALD, LIEUT. A. J., Scheyville
McDOUGALL, HAROLD, Lower Portland.
MARTIN, WILLIAM, Freeman's Reach
NAGLE, E., Upper Colo
NOLAN, THOMAS, Lower Portland (died of illness)
O'BRIEN, V.. Windsor
OGDEN, JOSEPH, Oakviile (wounded)
PAGE, PHILIP C, Lower Portland
PARKIN, R. T., Windsor
PYE, Dr. CECIL R. A, Windsor
PYE, ERIC J. D., Windsor
ROBERTSON, Wm, Windsor
ROBERTSON, F. J., Windsor (not accepted).
RHODES, WILLIAM R., Wilberforce (not accepted).
RIGG, WILLIAM, Sackviile
RYAN, HUGH, Jun., Pitt Town (not accepted).
SCHOLER, JOHN, Windsor (not accepted)
SMITH, WALTER C, Currency Creek
SIM, E., Windsor
SMITH, ROBT., Freeman's Reach
SPARKES, THOMAS, Lower Portland
START1N, Wm., Mulgrave
SMITH, FREDERICK, Freeman's Reach.
SWORDS, R. E., Windsor
SOUTH, R. B., Scheyville
SIMPSON, CECIL, Wilberforce
SIMPSON, NORMAN, Wilberforce(wounded).
SHADLOW, CECIL D. (no! accepted)
SMITH. JOHN, Scheyville
STREETER, FREDERICK, Windsor,(wounded).
STREETER, ROY, Windsor (killed).
TURNBULL, CECIL G. W. Wilberforco(wounded).
TAYLOR CHARLES, Lower Portland
TAYLOR, FRED. C, Windsor
TEALE, ALEX., Wilberforce
THOMSON, F. S., Cattai
TOOMEY, ALFRED, Windsor (killed)
TURNBULL, FRED., Wilberforce 1890-1966 (wounded)
TURNBULL, HARRY N., Wilberforce
TUCKERMAN, JACK, Windsor (not accepted).
UREN, Dr. CECIL, Windsor
WALL, STANLEY, Windsor (wounded)
WOODS, WILLIAM H., Sackville
WARD, OSCAR D., Windsor (injured).
WHITE, W. FRANK Vineyard (wounded).


GRENSHAW, CECIL (not accepted;
KENNY, JACK (wounded). :
KENNY, R. E. G. (wounded
PYE, J. J.
SCHOFIELD, S. R. (not accepted)
SHOWERS, A. R. (killed)
SMITH, AUSTIN, (wounded)
WIGGINS, C.F., seriously ill
Service No.1544 Private Cecil "Curly" George Eather, 3rd Battalion of Windsor, New South Wales.
He died at sea on 17 May 1915 aboard the SS Lutzow from wounds received in action at Gallipoli, Turkey, on the 8 May 1915, aged 22. He has no known grave and is remembered with honour on the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey.

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