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Category: NSW Research
There is no doubt, that the establishment of the township of Windsor, was, certainly, a notable event in the early history of New South Wales. The following article, refers to some of the circumstances relative to the foundation of that town.
The Hawkesbury River was discovered during the governorship of Captain Phillip, and the first settlement was made on its banks, in the year 1794. Up to the year 1810, the spot now occupied by the town of Windsor, was known as The Green Hills. From the time of the first settlement on the Hawkesbury, down to the arrival of Governor Macquarie in the colony, frequent floods had devastated the homes, farms, and crops of the colonists settled there. Shortly after Governor Macquarie entered upon his Government, he recognized the importance of the Hawkesbury district as "the granary of the colony," and decided, that some effort should be immediately made to protect, as far as possible, the homes, farms, and crops, of the settlers. Accordingly "in order to guard as far as human foresight could against such calamities," he decided to fix upon several sites where townships could be erected, which would be high and dry during flood time. He chose, among other places, the site upon which the town of Windsor now stands, and granted allotments of land in the newly-formed township to those settlers whose farms were so situated as to come within the influence of the waters of the Hawkesbury during an inundation.
These grants of land within the town were made an 'inseparable part' of those farms with out the town which were esposed to the ravages of the floods. Therefore, those town grants could not be disposed of or sold as separate properties.
The allotment of land given to each settler was proportioned to the size of his farm, and was given to him as a place of refuge for his family, his crops, and his stock; and he was expected to erect thereon a house, a corn yard, and a stockyard. It was decreed that those persons who thus obtained land under the foregoing provisions should build their houses either of brick or weatherboard ; and it was also necessary that every house so built should have a brick chimney and a shingle roof. No house was to be built lower than nine feet high, and each settler had to lodge a plan of his building with the district constable. To give the settlers in the vicinity some place of refuge during flood time, therefore, was the direct cause of the establishment of the town of Windsor
The Hawkesbury settlers from time immemorial have always been loyal subjects.
Even so far back as Governor Bligh's time, when the military deposed Bligh, the Hawkesbury settlers, almost to a man, remained loyal to him.
Bligh stated at the trial of Major Johnston, in England, that had he been able to escape from Sydney to the Hawkesbury, he would have been safe from the attacks of his enemies.
It was natural that after the appointment of a new Governor (Macquarie), the Hawkesbury settlers should exhibit the same loyalty to Bligh's successor, and this feeling was warmly continued throughout the long period of Macquarie's governorship,
The following is from the records, and whilst exhibiting loyalty, at the same time shows
the high opinion the settlers had of William Cox, the founder of the well-known family of that name, and, what is still more interesting, gives the names of the pioneer Hawkesbury settlers who helped to develop the resources, not only of this grand district, but of the then unknown interior.
Many, of their names are familiar to us, and descendents of some are still with us.
Quite an interesting chapter could be written of these old identities would time and space permit.
However, it is interesting to keep a record of the names of these pioneers who first, with axe and fire, prepared the way for agriculture, making the Hawkesbury the first granary of the colony, from which all its food supplies came.
It should. be remembered that only 16 years prior to the address being handed Macquarie,
Governor Phillip had placed the first Hawkesbury settlers - 22 in number on the banks of the Hawkesbury and at the mouth of South Creek.
Strange to say, none of the first settlers' names appear on the address.
HAWKESBURY SETTLERS' ADDRESS.
The following address from the settlers of the Hawkesbnry was presented on the
1st instant (Dec. 1810) to His Excellency the Governor Macquarie at Windsor (formerly the Green Hills),
by Thomas Arndell, Esq.
"1st December, 1810.
We, the undersigned settlers, residents of the Hawkesbuiy and its. vicinity, beg
leave respectfully to congratulate your Excellency on your arrival at this settlement,
and earnestly hope your Excellency will be pleased with the agricultural improvements and
industry that prevails here, and trust that the continuance of our exertions
Will ever merit your Excellency's approbation. We also beg leave to return our unfeigned thanks
for your Excellency's recent appointment of William Cox, Esq., as a magistrate at this
place-a gentleman who for many years has resided among us, possessing our esteem and confidence,
who, from his local knowledge of this settlement, combined with his many other good qualities,
will, we are convinced, promote your Excellency's benign intention of distributing justice and
happiness to all.
-Thomas Arndell,Thomas Hobby, Benjamin Carver, George Hall, Lawrence May, Robert Masters,
James Richards, Henry Baldwin, Paul Bushell, Robert Farlow, William Baker, John Yoel,
Thos. Matcham Pitt, James Blackman, John Merritt, John Cobcroft, John Gregory, Richard Norris,
William Heydon, Thomas Hampson, Daniel McKay, Daniel Fane, John Lyoner, Henry Murray,
John Jones, James Milaman, R. Fitzgerald, John Stevenson, Robert Wilson, Jonathan Griffiths,
Elizabeth Earl, G. Evans, John Bowman, Hugh Devlin, John Watts, William Eaton, David Bell,
James Welsh, Patrick Closhel, William Carlisle, Thomas Gordon, Caleb Wilson, Thomas Markwell,
Thomas Winston, William Baxter, Thomas Hagger, John Baylis, Donald Kennedy, Patrick Murphy,
Owen Tierney, William Shaw, John Dight, Roger Connor, Matthew Lock, Edward Pugh, William Small,
James Wall, William Faithful, William Simpson, Thomas Arkell, Charles Palmer, Thomas Weyham,
Elias Bishop, Thomas Spencer, Joseph McCoulding, Benjamin Baits, John Ryan. Robert Smith,
Paul Randall, John Wild, Benjamin South, William Etrel, Henry Lamb, Martin Mentz, Robert Guy,
John Harris, Thomas Cheshire, Stephen Smith, Thomas Lambley, Edward Field, Rowland Edwards,
George Collis, James Portsmouth, Pierce Collett, Jacob Russell, Thomas Appledore, William Dye,
R. Carr, John Leese, Thomas Cowling, John Embrey, John Benson, John Boulton, William Ezzy.
To which His Excellency, in a letter, on 5th December, 1810, was pleased to make the following answer.
Sir,-I beg you will make known to those respectable settlers of the Hawkesbury who signed the
address presented by you to me that I am much pleased with the sentiments it conveys,
and to assure them that it will always be an object of the greatest interest to me to promote
their prosperity by every means in my power. With this view I have fixed on ground for your
different townships (Windsor, Richmond, Wilberforce, Pitt Town) for the accommodation of
the settlers who have suffered so severely by the floods of the river; and by a
speedy removal to those situations of security, I hope they will enjoy the fruits
of that labor which, I am happy to observe, promises this season to be rewarded;
with one of the finest crops I ever beheld in any country.
I hope on my return to this part of the colony to find the new habitations built on an
improved and enlarged plan to those hitherto erected on the banks of the Hawkesbury.
I am very glad to find that my appointment of Mr.Cox has met with the satisfaction of
the settlers, and I have every reason to believe that he will fulfil the duties of his
office so as to gain the goodwill of all.
-I have, etc.,
Macquarie foresaw shortly after his arrival in the colony, that it was immediately necessary to assist the settlers to ensure regular supplies of food; it was a fortunate thing for Australia that they were assisted and encouraged by him at that period, for as the Hawkesbury district was the ' granary of the colony,' it is morally certain, that the destruction, by floods, of homes and farms, stocks and crops, would have precipitated famines, similar in nature, to that experienced at Port Jackson in 1792. The recurrence, of these famines must have impeded the progress of the colony. If, then, the progress of the colony had, at that time, been retarded, the opening up of Australia would never have proceeded so rapidly as it did. Therefore, in referring to the first days of Windsor, it will be seen, that the circumstances surrounding its foundation, not only proves Macquarie a prudent man, but also shows us that the Hawkesbury settlers, by supplying the colony with the means of its existence food helped very materially to promote the rapid growth of English colonization in Australia.
William Cox was appointed Magistrate after the death of Andrew Thompson.
Frank J. Brewer,1905
Windsor and Richmond Gazette
Windsor, NSW :1902-1945)
Friday 16 October 1903 Page 9
Transcription, Janilye, 2012
My 3rd Great Grandfather was Peter HOUGH, born in Paris, France 1776 and died in Richmond, New South Wales on the 17 March 1833. He was buried at St Peter's Church of England Cemetery Richmond, on the 19 March 1833.
Peter Hough was indicted for burglary, 16th September 1795 and tried at the Old Bailey For steeling money and silver from St.Paul's Coffee Shop in London. For this charge he was found Not Guilty
On the 17 February 1797 Peter Hough was again before the courts. This time in Middlesex and charged with Petty Larceny. He was charged with "that on 8 February 1797 with force and arms that he did steal one Red Morocco Pocket Book of the value of 10 pence from James Daniell. Found guilty and committed to Newgate Prison until the sentence of 7 years Transportation could be carried out. Between 12 October 1797 and 31 December 1797 at Woolwich; England, Peter Hough was imprisoned on board the hulk Prudentia. On 2 January 1798 at Woolwich it was noted he had been ill but was recovering from venereal disease.
Peter HOUGH was named on the Hillsborough ships list as Peter HUFF sailed to New South Wales on the Hillsborough taking 218 days. The captain was William Hingston. She left England on 23 November 1798 and arrived in Sydney Cove on 26 July 1799. As well as convicts, free settlers were also also onboard. 95 died on the voyage.
The convicts were ironed two together and were accommodated on the lowest deck where conditions were extremely grim, there being no direct access to outside light or air. Each man was given a wooden plank two feet wide as a bunk and a blanket and a pillow. The weight of the irons was 11 lbs.
The Hillsborough was one of a convoy of about 15 ships and there was some delay in their sailing because of storms. During the trip typhoid struck and 100 convicts died. The typhoid began on 12 November. The disease was carried by lice and, due to the lack of hygiene, it spread rapidly through the ship.
The convicts were given only 13 pints of water each to last them for a week. This was to be their ration throughout the journey despite the fact that their provisions were salt meat and they had to sail through the tropics in appalling heat. The journey began with a gale and one can only imagine the conditions as the convicts were locked below and many were seasick.
The convicts were deeply rebellious and the Captain and crew responded with dreadful cruelty. A number of the convicts had found ways to remove their irons, but this was reported to the captain by an informer amongst the convicts. They were thereupon all ordered on deck, had their irons examined and, if these had been interfered with, the convicts were punished by between 12 and 72 lashes. The Captain further threatened to hang any more convicts found interfering with their chains.
By March the ship arrived in Table Bay, now the site of Capetown in South Africa, where they stayed for some considerable time as a number of convicts were dying from typhoid and the ship had to be cleaned and provisioned. Conditions on the shore were also very poor, the convicts being forced to dig graves for their dead comrades whilst shackled together.
The Captain finally realised that the treatment he was meting out would interfere with the payment he was to receive for the delivery of live convicts, and conditions began to improve toward the end of May with liberty to go on deck at will if one was sick, as much water as was wanted, but by now the death toll had risen to 63 of the original 300.
The ship sailed down the "roaring forties" going through a number of terrible storms and arrived off Van Diemans Land (now re-named Tasmania) on 4 July. Fighting their way up the east coast of Australia, they arrived off Sydney Heads at 4 am on 26 July. At daylight the ship sailed up the Harbour and the convicts were finally unloaded on 29 July.
Only 205 of the 300 original convicts were landed in Australia, and of these 6 more died in the first few days. The Hillsborough had been one of the worst convict ships ever to bring a load to Australia, and Governor Hunter wrote to the Secretary of the Colonies, the Duke of Portland, acquainting him with the situation and describing the convicts on the Hillsborough as \"a cargo of the most miserable and wretched convicts I ever beheld". The reason for this was a difference in the payment method. Whereas previously the Government had paid 23 per head for every convict transported to Botany Bay, James Duncan owner and contractor of the Hillsborough was to receive only 18 per head with an extra 4/10/6 for every live convict arriving in Australia.
Source; William Noah 1754-1827
In July 1801 Peter appears on the census at Parramatta with Susannah Tillet 1780-1846 convict arrived on the 'Speedy' in 1800
No marriage. They had 2 Children
Henry 1803-1880 m Cordelia TOOTH 1828-1885 in 1848
Spouse Catherine Rigby 1782-xxxx died in Windsor. Convict arrived on the 'Nile' 1801, Catherine Rigby, sailed back to England after gaining her freedom, leaving Louisa in the care of her father.
Children Louisa 1805-1881 m. John CUPITT 1799-1937 in 1819
Spouse Mary WOOD 1793-1880 The daughter of John WOOD 1768-1845 and Ann MATTHEWS 1762-1819. Peter married Mary at St.Phillips C of E Sydney, New South Wales on the 19 September 1809.
The children of this marriage were:-
1.Sophia 1810-1885m. Timothy LACY 1806-1887 in 1827
2.John 1812-1896 m. Margaret MAGUIRE 1812-1904 in 1837
3.George 1813-1878 m. Mary BANNISTER 1820-1875 in 1838
4.Peter Joseph 1817-1888 m. Jane Sharp LOVELL 1823-1894 in 1840
5.Mary 1821-1904 m.William CORNWELL 1827-1906 in 1850
6.Ann 1822-1889 m. William ONUS 1822-1855 in 1842 and William REID 1833-xxxx in 1857
7.Eliza 1825-1870 m. Charles EATHER 1827-1891 in 1848
8.Elizabeth 1830-1909 m. James Edward MARSDEN 1830-1887 in 1850
9.Sarah 1833-1878 m. William BENSON 1830-1923 in 1855
He was Publican of a hotel opposite the Toll Gate on the Sydney Road in Parramatta from 1825 till the end of 1828.
On 4 November 1826 at Parramatta, Peter Hough and Timothy KELLY were committed for trial at the Quarter Sessions, for assault and battery of John Hall of Evan forcibly taking his horse and cart from him on the high road, but the trial did not proceed.
Below is the Toll Gate on Sydney Road. On the Sydney side of Parramatta.
My 4th great grandfather was John WOOD, he was born in 1768 at Ealing, Middlesex, England.
John had been a coachman in England to the commissary General - John Palmer.
John Wood , along with a man named John Jennings were accused of highway robbery on the 2nd March 1789.
Tried on the 27th April 1789 and sentenced to death. In June 1789 the sentence was commuted to transportation for Life then in 1790 reduced again at Somerset assizes to 7 years transportation.
John Wood remained in Newgate prison until 24 February 1791 when he was transferred per "Venus" for the "Albermarle" at Portsmouth from there on the 27 March 1791, he departed, arriving in Sydney on the 13th October 1791
John WOOD arrived in Australia on board the Albemarle on the 13 October 1791.
In the 1828 census, John was working for his son in law, Peter Hough 1776-1833.
John's headstone at St Peter's Cemetery Richmond, stated he was 94 years old when he died. He was actually 77, indeed someone made a blue. His headstone is beside his daughter Mary and her husband Peter Hough.
John partnered Ann Matthews around 1792-3. No marriage has been found. Ann had been born at Enfield in London on the 11 April 1762. The third of seven children born to of Matthew MATTHEWS 1730 and Ann SMITH 1735.
[ANN MATTHEWS was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Lewis Andre, about the hour of two in the night of the 7th of October, and burglariously stealing therein, eight silver table spoons, value 40s. four silver desert spoons, value 16s. four tea spoons, value 8s. five cruet tops, value 20s. two silver salt spoons, value 2s. a diaper table cloth, value 2s. and a linen towel, value 8d. his property.]
Ann was tried at Middlesex and found guilty on the 17 October 1791, then sent to the hulks to await transportation
She departed on the Kitty on 31 March 1792 and arrived in New South Wales on 18th November, 1792.
Ann died on the 21 December 1819 at age 57 and was buried 3 days later from St Phillips's Church Sydney. Her grave is most likley to be under the Sydney Town Hall.
The children of John WOOD and Ann, nee MATTHEWS were:-
1.Mary Matthews WOOD 1793 1880 m. Peter HOUGH 1776-1833 at St.Phillips C of E Sydney, New South Wales on the 18 September 1809.
This couple had 9 children;
Sophia Hough 1810 1885 m. Timothy LACY 1806-1887
John Hough 1812 1896 m. Margaret MAGUIRE 1812-1904
George Hough 1813 1878 m. Mary BANNISTER 1820-1875
Peter Joseph Hough 1817 1888 m. Jane Sharp LOVELL 1823-1894
Mary Hough 1821 1904 m. William CORNWELL 1827-1906
Ann Hough 1822 1889 m. 1.William ONUS 1822-1855 2. William REID 1833-xxxx
Eliza HOUGH 1825 1870 m. Charles HOUGH 1827-1891
Elizabeth Hough 1830 1909 m. James Edward MARSDEN 1830-1887
Sarah Hough 1833 1878 m. William BENSON 1830-1923
2.Ann Wood 1796 1831 m. Daniel PEGG 1791-1860 at St.Phillips C of E Sydney, New South Wales on the 4 April 1820. Daniel was the son of Samuel PEGG 1750-xxxx and Mary TAYLOR 1753-xxxx Daniel died in Victoria and Ann in Tasmania.
This couple had 7 children:-
Eliza Pegg 1817 1875 m. William WHITEHOUSE 1813-1891
Mary Ann Pegg 1821 xxxx m. Thomas GORDON 1810-1887
William Pegg 1822
George Pegg 1824 1870 m.1. Winifred EGAN 1820-1857 2. Ann HEFFERNAN 1825-xxxx
John Pegg 1826 1827
Jane Pegg 1828 1829
James Pegg 1829 1896 committed suicide on 15 September 1896 at Heidelburg, Victoria
3.John Wood 1798 1883 m. Mary Ann DALEY 1811-1894 the daughter of Charles Daley 1775-1831 and Susannah Alderson 1780-1854at St.Matthews C of E Windsor, New South Waleson the 28 December 1829. Both John and Mary Ann died in Windsor.
The children of this marriage were:-
Elizabeth Wood 1830 1901 m. William Thomas GOSPER 1740-1908
Sophia Wood 1832 1837
John Wood 1834 1915 m. Lucina Ann DORSET 1857-1885
George Wood 1836 1889
James Wood 1839 1913 m. Emma SIMMS 1840-1916
William Wood 1841 1920 m. Amelia NORRIS 1840-1927
Mary S Wood 1843
Emma Wood 1845 1916
Henry Charles Wood 1847 1893
Sarah Ann Wood 1849 1850
Thomas Wood 1852 1892
4.George Wood 1807 1881 m. Jane CROSS 1818-1888 the daughter of Thomas CROSS 1775-1843 and Martha Eaton Bryant 1798-1839 at St.Peters C of E Richmond, New South Wales on the 29 April 1834. Both died in Windsor.
The children of this marriage were:-
Thomas Wood 18351881 m. Elizabeth HOSKISSON 1836-1925 in 1855
William Wood 18361924 m. Sarah CUPITT 1837-1923 in 1859
John Wood 18381913 m. Mary RICHARDSON 1841-1912 in 1862
George Wood 1840 1840
Robert Wood 1841 1844
Edward Wood 18431910 m. Margaret LYONS 1841-1902 in 1864
Ann Wood 18451938 m. 1.John Frederick COBCROFT 1838-1875 2.Richard Matthew REYNOLDS 1856-1928 see photo
James Wood 18471931 m. Elizabeth Grace SHAPTON 1845-1908 in 1872
Martha Wood 18491921 m. William Ephraim WILLIAMS 1846-1919 in 1868
George Wood 1851 1851
Henry Wood 1853 1853
Albert Wood 1855
Jane Sophia Wood 18571941 m. Frederick Allan Liddell 1861-1935 in 1889
Andrew Wood 1859 1948
Charles Alfred Wood 1861 - 1902
The photograph is Ann Wood 1845-1938 submitted by Kylie G Carter
A LIST OF SUBSCRIPTIONS for the purpose of erecting a Presbyterian Church in
Windsor, and School House in Richmond and Kurryjong.
WINDSOR ......................................... s. d.
John Harris, Esq., J P., Shanes Park ........50 0 0
John Harris, Jun., Esq., Shanes Park ........50 0 0
Sir John Jamison, M. C. Regentville .........15 0 0
Mrs. Panton, Windsor.............................10 0 0
John Panton, Esq., Windsor .....................10 0 0
John Betts, Esq., Sydney.........................10 0 0
Richard Fitzgerald, Esq. Windsor .............10 0 0
Mr. Robert Smith, Windsor ........................18 18 0
Thomas Cadell, Esq., Windsor..................10 0 0
H. Graham, Esq., Surgeon, Windsor...............5 0 0
Mr. Patrick Anderson, Windsor........ ..........5 0 0
Mr. Peter Adamson, Windsor .....................5 0 0
Mr. William White, Windsor......................5 0 0
Mr. George Knight, Windsor......................6 0 0
Mr. George Walker, Windsor .....................5 0 0
Mr. Peter Alexander, Windsor ...................5 0 0
Captain Moffatt, Parramatta ..................3 3 0
Mr. Richard Bell, Wilberforce ................3 3 0
Samuel North, Esq., P. M .....................1 1 0
Mr. J. Teale, Windsor ........................2 2 0
Mr. John Barker, Windsor......................1 0 0
Mrs. M'Keller, Windsor .......................1 1 0
Messrs. J and J. Tebbutt, Windsor ............2 2 0
Mr. A. M'lntosh, Windsor......................2 2 0
Mr. Robert Stewart, Windsor...................2 2 0
Mr. James Cazalet, Windsor ...................0 10 0
Mr. William Heath, Windsor ....................1 0 0
Mr. Joseph Clegg, Windsor ....................0 5 0
Mr. George Watson, Windsor ...................1 1 0
Dr. White, Windsor ............................2 2 0
A Friend .....................................0 5 0
Mr. A. Baldwin, Freeman's Reach...............0 10 0
A Friend .....................................1 1 0
Mr. George Hall, Junior.......................1 1 0
Mr. P. Byrnes.................................1 0 0
Mr. Charles Gaudry ...........................1 0 0
Mr. John Bullivant............................1 0 0
Mr. G. Seymore ...............................0 10 0
Mr. C. Summer ................................1 0 0
Mr. John Suffolk .............................1 1 0
Mr. John Walden, Wilberforce..................1 0 0
Mr. Reuben Green, Wilberforce.................0 5 0
Mr. John Hogan................................0 10 0
Mr. Israel Lett, Wilberforce .................0 10 0
Mr. Charles Martin ...........................0 5 0
Mr. Thomas Lynn ..............................0 10 0
Mr. J. Scarf .................................0 5 0
Mr. John Masking . ...........................0 10 0
Mr. Isaac Gorrick, Junior ....................1 0 0
Mr. John Yoeman ...............................1 0 0
Mr. Thomas Graham..............................1 0 0
Mr. M. Power...................................0 10 0
Mr. Joshua Rose................................0 5 0
Mrs. Ann Season................................0 10 0
Mr. P. Bushell ................................1 0 0
Mrs. Mary Cunningham.. ........................0 10 0
Mr. W. Nowland ................................1 0 0
John Odell, Esq................................2 2 0
Mr. J. Malony .................................0 10 0
Mr. John Wood ..................................1 0 0
A Friend.......................................0 5 0
Captain Maughan .......... ....................1 0 0
Mr. Williim Cross ............ ................2 2 0
Mr. John Primrose .............................1 1 0
Mr. William Walker ............................1 0 0
Miss Ellen Ferguson ...........................1 0 0
Mr. Joseph Flemming............................1 1 0
Mr. Walter Howell, Penrith ....................0 10 0
Mr. John Gardener..............................1 0 0
Mr. William Walker, Cornwallis ................0 10 0
Mr. J. Frazier.................................0 5 0
Mr. Jessie Upton...............................1 0 0
Mr. Andrew Frazer..............................0 5 0
F. Beddeck, Esq. ..............................1 1 0
Mr. William Salone ............................2 2 0
Rev. J. Fullerton ............................50 0 0
IN RICHMOND AND KURRYJONG
George Bowman, Esq ...... ... ................25 0 0
William Bowman, Esq...........................20 0 0
Mr. John Burns ...............................20 0 0
Thomas Cadell, Junior, Esq.....................1 0 0
Mr. Faithful ..................................5 0 0
Mr. Robert Aull................................2 0 0
Mr. William Farlow ............................1 0 0
Mr. Howell ............. ......................2 0 0
Mr. G. Crosse....... ..........................2 0 0
Mr. Edward Powell..............................1 0 0
Mr. Thomas Markwell............................2 0 0
Mr. John Stevenson ............................5 0 0
Mrs. Hough.....................................1 0 0
Mr. Joseph Stubbs .............................1 0 0
Mr. Robert Wilson .............................3 0 0
Mr. P. M'Alpin .....,..........................5 0 0
Mrs. S. Eather.................................2 0 0
Mr. Samuel Pane ...............................1 0 0
Mr. Wm. M'Alpin................................5 0 0
Mrs. Wm. M'Alpin ..............................2 10 0
Mr. Wm.Sharpe..................................5 0 0
Mr. Thomas Onus ...............................5 0 0
Mr. Joseph Onus ...............................5 0 0
Mr. Daniel Hearskin ...........................1 0 0
Mr. Paul Develin ..............................1 0 0
Dr. Seymour ...................................1 0 0
Mr. W. E. Brew.................................1 0 0
Mr. A. Cornwall....................... ........1 0 0
John Robinson .................................0 10 0
Mrs. Harrington................................0 2 6
Mr. Robert Martin, Senior. ............. ......2 0 0
Mr. R, Martin, Junior..........................2 10 0
Mrs. M.Martin .................................2 10 0
Mr. John Town ...................................1 0 0
Mrs. Town....................... ..............1 0 0
Mr. W. Price ......... ........................1 0 0
Mr. John Henderson ............................5 0 0
Mrs. Mortimer..................................1 0 0
Mrs. J, Wilshire ............................. 2 2 0
Mr. Douglass .............................. ...3 0 0
Mr. Rollinston.................................0 10 0
Mr. John.......................................1 0 0
Mr. John, Junior...............................1 0 0
Mr. Malpass ...................................1 0 0
Mr. Walsh .....................................1 10 0
A Friend ......................................1 10 0
481 2 6
More than two hundred pounds of the above subscriptions have been already received, and the Trustees respectfully inform the Subscribers that John Panton, Esq, is Treasurer for the district of Windsor; and George Bowman, Esq., is the Treasurer for that of Richmond, Subscriptions will be thankfully received and acknowledged by these gentlemen.
Source; The Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840)
Saturday 14 July 1838
Work was started on the building situated in Drummond St, South Windsor in 1839 and completed some time in 1842. The church was officially opened in 1843.
The first minister was Rev. Mathew Adam 1811-1863, who had emigrated from Scotland in 1837 on the Portland and conducted a school. He remained there till his death in 1863.
The last service was on March 12, 1966. The church was then demolished due to termites and damp.
Since then regular services have been held in the hall in the church grounds.
Source: Source: W & R Gazette (from 1888 to December 1982)
Reference: 23 October 1968, p 1
The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842)--Thursday 7 June 1832
Monday.-Mary Madden was charged by her mistress with taking herself off on Sunday morning, for the purpose, as she boldly declared, of spending the day on the water, with a party of choice spirits like herself.
Mary denied the charge; the mistress vociferating it at the top of her lungs, and a very pretty botheration and blarney immediately ensued, which bothered the cause most mightily.
After order was restored, the Bench decided that Mary should sojourn under Mrs. Gordon's wing for fourteen days.
Sarah Dawson, possessing a considerable portion of cambric handkerchief-sensibility, was placed at the bar, charged with being found snoring a charming bass in the Shambles of the Market-place, the previous evening; during her placid slumbers she was heard ejaculating, " give me another drain, and then." -
On hearing the charge, the tears chased each other down her lilly cheeks, "like Orient Pearls at random strung." The exchequer having been previously exchequered, and not one of the bye standers having sufficient gallantry to offer to become her banker, she was fain to put up with three hours reclination in the stocks.
John M'Carthy, picked up, humming to himself, " I've been roaming, I've been roaming," - "I dare say you have" said the constable, and the burden of his song turning out true, to the letter, the Bench sent him to a cell for three days.
Thomas Hewitt, a sort of a lackadaisical visaged youth, was charged with not only getting drunk himself, but making the servants of his master also drunk; entering the parlour where his master was sitting, breaking nine squares of glass, and threatening to set fire to the house, and consign his master and all his household goods to the flames.
On the favourable representation of the master, he was only fined 5s. and discharged.
Tuesday.-William Whaling was charged with being found all the worse for wear, endeavouring to win the affections of a pretty girl, who was just beginning to feel an interest in his small talk, when malheureusement , a baton bearer stepped in and desired Whaling to accept of a lodging at the King's expense, which he wished to avoid, but without success - three days on the Mill were recommended to prevent similar exhibitions of gallantry.
Jacob Porter, a quizzical looking old codger, who, from appearances, carried his name visibly marked on his countenance, was charged with banging a poker and frying pan together through the streets the previous night, at the same time harmoniously chanting, "Hark the bonny Christ Church Bells." - To balance this small adair he enriched the poor fund with five shillings.
Mary Thompson was charged with being picked up the previous afternoon, on the Parramatta road, waving her hand, and exclaiming to a young man, who was getting through the pannel of the fence into the bush, "false, perjured, fleeting Charley." As it appeared that she was a bolter, and was frequently in the habit of making herself scarce, the Bench sent her to the 3 C. for a month.
Mary Macmanus, a regular touch and go lady, with the temper of a Volcano, that was constantly in eruption whenever any thing crossed her, was charged with solacing John the footman the night before, with some comfortable liquors, and a good feed. -1 month Gordon seminary. On hearing the sentence she looked unutterable things and threatened a violent explosion, but the guardians of the peace muzzled her instanter.
Wednesday.-Eliza Ross was charged with absconding with her Mistress's child, and at ten o'clock at night both were brought home drunk. 6 weeks, 3rd class.
Mary Ann Clany, mugging herself with hot punch, as she described it, to rectify the disorganized state of her internals, and when wound up, with flying off at a tangent, refusing work, and all that sort of thing - 1 month, 3rd class.
Ann Carr, for giving her mistress due notice that she intended to quit, as her grub was not of that quality she had been in the habit of feeding upon, was sent to try Mrs. Gordon's fare for 1 month.
William Hervey was charged with being picked up in the streets, rolling over and over, Hervey declared that it was a touch of the Cholera that possessed him, the Bench considering that it might be the gin-cholera, sent him to the stocks for three hours.
John Kerwen was charged with being found on the Race Course, on one knee to a lady of the pave, whom he was thus pathetically addressing
" Oh me, can thus thy forehead lour,
And know'st thou not who loves thee best ;
Oh Sally dear, oh more than dearest.
Say is it me thou hat'st, or fear'st,
Come lay thy head upon my breast,
And I will kiss thee into rest."
The devil, exclaimed the irreverent constable, what's all this palaver about, come with me, my lad, and he was conveyed to the lock-up.
The Bench, to curb these sort of pranks, sent him to take three days exercise on the mill.
Ann Armstrong, who was admonished and discharged only the previous day, was charged, that when she arrived at home, she clapped her arms a-kimbo, and swearing she would nolens volens on the part of her mistress, be Lady of the ascendant.
The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842)--Thursday 19 July 1832
MONDAY.Maria Carney was placed at the bar to answer for bolting, amalgamating, and sundry
BenchWhat have you to say Maria for such
MariaOh, nothing, my mistress is one of the best in the Colony, and I hope I may serve my lagging with her.
BenchI fear not; how long have you to serve?
MariaOnly a streaky bit, say three years.
BenchThen, you will have to serve one month more by taking the air at Mrs. Gordon's for a month.
Maria wished now to say something about bad feedqueer wittles, &c, but the constabulary, very politely, handed her from the bar.
Adam Bond, for threatening to make his mistress smell h-ll, by setting fire to the house, was ordered 14 days on the mill.
Winefred Doyle, a lushington, was placed at the bar on that charge.
BenchPrisoner, will you promise to reform.
WinefredI must have my morning, my leavener and my night cups.
BenchSix weeks 3 C.
William Gorman, was charged with being drunk and skylarking.
Bench Were you drunk
Bench Five shillings to the poor.
GormanThat's meI'm poor.
BenchThree hours stocks.
GormanI wish you were alongside of me just now, see how I'd sarve you-
The Charley's were obliged to remove him vi et-armis, as Gorman, who is a bit of a sledge hammer hitter, wished to show fight.
John Eaton, Thomas Green, and John Tierney were charged with being musically lushey, and while in that state, with singing through the streets, the Glee of "Gently tolls the evening Chimes."
The Bench sent them to chime on the mill for seven days.
Henry Willis, for making free with a pair of fie- for-shames, belonging to the Governor of the gaol, was ordered into his custody, until delivered by due course of law.
Patrick Ryan, with a phiz resembling the back of a lobster when parboiled; a jest leering in his eyecurling on his lipand mantling and diffusing itself over his whole visage, was charged for not having the fear of the mill before his eyes, but being moved and seduced by the rum bottle, which he swigged at so heartily, that he was picked up as stiff as a poker, but the application of an oak sapling, well applied, made him quite supple. Seven days Devil's barrel organ.
TUESDAY.Mary Perkins, when allowed to stroll for an hour, was charged with taking six, which she declared was what she understood by compound interest.
The Bench ordered her for this, to obtain a more correct knowledge of arithmetic at Mrs. Gordon's academy.
" Carry me out, bury me decently" said Mary, as she bounced from the bar.
Mary Carr, with a taste for the sublime and beautiful, was charged with returning home the previous day in a queer state, seizing a knife, and having flourished it over her mistress' head, for a few minutes, exclaimed, "here's into your bread basket," and attempted to put her threat into execution, when she was fortunately prevented. 2 mos. 3 C.
Charles Phillips, an impertinent young dog, was charged with phoo-phooing whenever ordered to do any work. Master would say, "Charles do this," "phoo, phoo," master Charles would reply, "don't you wish you may get it." Seven days mill to teach him manners.
Thomas Darby, rolling through the streets at 12 o'clock at night, singing out,
" Talk of the cordial that sparkled for Helen, Her cup was a fiction, but this is reality."
At the same time flourishing a bottle of grog round his head, and he gave the Charleys the choice of a broken head or the contents of the bottle, they preferred the chance of the former, and after demolishing his bottle, secured him. Darby refused to come down with the ready, and consequently was handed to the stocks.
Eliza Emily Donnithorne born in Cape Town in 1821 and died in Newtown, Sydney in 1886 was the daughter of the former East India Company judge and Master of the Mint, James Donnithorne b: 17 April 1773, St Mary Aldermanbury, London and died 25 May 1852 in Newtown, Sydney. His father was Nicholas Donnithorne 1744-1796 fron Truro, Cornwall.
James DONNITHORNE arrived in New South Wales in 1838 and settled into the Georgian mansion 'Camperdown Lodge' at 36 King Street, Newtown New South Wales. Eliza Emily returned to England after her mother and sisters Maria and Penelope died of Cholera in Calcutta in 1832 and she did not arrive in New South Wales until the 25 June 1846 aboard the 669 ton barque 'Agincourt' with Captain Neatby.
James married Sarah Eliza BAMPTON 1790-1832, the daughter of Captain William Wright BAMPTON 1759-1813 in Mirzapore, Bengal on the 8 October 1807.
Now we all love a good urban legend and Newtown has a beauty. The thing is all legends seem to have a habit of growing and changing shape over the years.
This is the Legend of Emily Eliza Donnithorne
James Donnithorne spoilt his only surviving daughter, catering to all her demands. He arranged several marriages for her which she rejected, instead; falling in love with a shipping clerk named George Cuthbertson. Eliza's father consented to the marriage in 1846.
George Cuthbertson, jilted Eliza Emily Donnithorne he was probably driven away by her overbearing father, Cuthbertson would die in India during the Sepoy rebellion in 1858, while his fiance in Sydney waited anxiously for his return.
Suffering a nervous breakdown due to her abandonment, Eliza insisted the wedding feast be left untouched on the long dining room table in the grand mansion, Camperdown Lodge, ready for festivities and ceremonies to commence once the absent groom arrived.
Her orders were complied with by her father, retired Judge James Donnithorne, over concern for her state of mind. Those concerns were amplified by Eliza's refusal to wear anything except her wedding dress as she whiled away the days waiting for her groom. Unknown to all, Eliza was in the early stages of pregnancy.
To avoid further scandal, her newborn baby was spirited away by the Judge who arranged for its adoption while falsely telling his daughter of its death. This blow, coupled with the subsequent death of her father, sent the pretty young woman over the edge.
After her father's funeral, all but two servants were dismissed. The imposing estate would be sealed off from the world for the next 40 years. Windows and shutters were permanently closed, drapes drawn, and the house was blanketed in total darkness. Expensive European paintings and furnishings were gradually blanketed in the dust of decades, falling to ruin anonymously while weeds and overgrowth consumed the outside of the once stately house.
A generation of neighbors were born, lived and died, believing the house to be abandoned. Oblivious to the passage of time, Eliza grew old. Her wedding dress decayed and hung off her withering body as she drifted like a ghost through the dusty ruins of her world.
She refused to leave the grounds or see anyone except her lawyer and minister, who described rotting chairs collapsing under them as the mistress of the house held court, sitting solemnly in her discolored wedding dress while candles cast eerie shadows on the walls. Merciful death finally arrived in 1886 when Eliza died of heart disease, a fitting end for a woman who suffered so long from a broken heart.
A generous woman, her donations helped build the local church where she was buried, while the bulk of her considerable estate was left to charities and her trusty servants.
Eliza Emily Donnithorne, was widely considered at the time to be Charles Dickens' Miss Havisham, in Great Expectations. Although this cannot be proven, many think it true.
But that, in shutting out the light of day, she had shut out infinitely more; that, in seclusion, she had secluded herself from a thousand natural healing influences; that, her mind, brooding solitary, had grown diseased, as all minds do and must and will that reverse the appointed order of their Maker.. Great Expectations, chapter 49
There are several versions of her story, none of them all quite matching up.
Twickenham Museum version makes very interesting reading and probably as close as we are ever going to get to the truth.
Well here is my contribution:
The following appeared in what can only be described as a gossip column called 'THE DRAMA' in a paper called Bells Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer on Saturday 8 April 1848.
ON DIT.--The member for Durham is about to lead to the hymeneal, altar the accomplished daughter of Judge Donnithorne ; rumour adds that the "man of fashion" has eight thousand reasons for so doing.
Now I do hate to be a myth buster but the member for Durham in 1848 is of course Stuart Alexander DONALDSON 1812-1867. So that puts paid to our shipping clerk Cuthbertson ; or was she jilted twice!!
(now who was Cuthbertson)
Now I did say it was a gossip column so I searched further also reading Matt Murphy's story in The Newtown Project He gives a wedding date of 1856 that's 3 years after Eliza's father dies.(Now who would be around to spirit the baby away?
Matt Murphy asked himself the same question I've been asking;
"Why hasn't anyone gone to St.Stephens Church Newtown and checked the banns for the intended nuptials of Miss Donnithorne?"
Guess what! Matt Murphy checked and from 1845 to 1865 there are no Donnithorne's listed.
Good for you Matt Murphy. But really - Is that it?
How disappointing when urban legends lose their mystery.
James Donnithorne 1773-1852
Obituary Sydney Morning Herald, May 27 1852
THE LATE JAMES DONNITHORNE, ESQUIRE. Amongst the obituaries of the present week we regret to notice that of James Donnithorne, Esq., who for a long period of his life enjoyed some of the highest appointments in the gift of the Honorable East India Company. His father was a personal friend of George the Fourth, while Prince Regent, and held the appointment of Governor of the Stannaries for the Duchy of Cornwall, in which county his property of St. Agnes had long been possessed by his family, his uncles having held the high and honorable offices of Master of the Household, and Ambassador at the Court of Hanover, during the reigns of George the Second and Third. By the personal gift and under the especial patronage of the Prince Regent, his son, the present lamented James Donnithorne, Esq., was sent to India as the first writer in the Hon. East India Company's service. With talent and praiseworthy ability he rose to the highest distinction, and after having
acted for many years as Master of the Mint, at the receipt of 12,000 a year, he resigned to enter upon an appointment more favorable to his constitution. After a period of forty-two years he retired from the service of the company, to enjoy that repose from the fatigue of an honourable and active life which his declining age required ; and preferring the genial clime of this favoured land, adopted it as his home. He has now sunk under the weight of years, leaving behind him a name that will long be remembered by many for his unbounded hospitality, by all for his universal benevolence.- S. M. Herald, May 27.
According to Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary, Donnithorne family tradition had it that they were descended from a Spaniard, Don Thoan, who was shipwrecked off Cornwall
This article, which I have transcribed below was written on the 12 December 1912 and appeared as part of a feature in The Sydney Morning Herald, for Newtown's Municipal Jubilee. The links I added myself. janilye
NEWTOWN'S MUNICIPAL JUBILEE. PAST AND PRESENT.
SOME EARLY HISTORY.
Newtown is an old town-a very old town, in fact, as towns go in Australia.
It may almost be said to have begun with the arrival of Phillip. Certain it is that the man to whom the two grants of land, totalling 210 acres, on which to-day the greater part of Newtown stands, came out to Australia with Governor Phillip in 1788.
This man was one Nicholas Devine, son of a farmer in Burrin, county Cavan, Ireland. For 25 years Nicholas Devine filled the position of principal superintendent of convicts, and he seems to have given satisfaction to his superiors, for we find his services recognised by two grants of the public land the first grant of 120 acres was given to him on January 8, 1734, by "Richard Grose, Esquire, Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony," and the second, a grant of 50 acres, was given by "John Hunter Esquire, Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony," on October 3, 1799.
And Devine settled there, and, after his native town, he called the place Burrin Farm.
The Grose grant reads, In part:-"In pursuance of the power and authority vested in me is aforesaid, I do by these presents give and grant unto Nicholas Devine, his heirs and assigns, to have and to hold for ever one hundred and twenty acres of land, to be known by the name of Burrin Farm, laying: and situated in the
district of Bulanamlng, and separated on the north side by a road of 200ft in width from the land allotted for the maintenance of a schoolmaster, without the town of Sydney. Such timber as may be growing and to grow hereafter upon the said land, "which may be deemed fit for naval purposes, to be reserved for the use of the
The land granted to Devine by Governor Hunter was bounded on the south-west side by Page, Candells, Jenkins, and Field farm, from which it is separated by a road of 60 feet, and on the south side by an allotment granted unto Samuel Burt, the said 90 acres
of land to be known by the name of Burrin"
On these 210 acres Devine lived for many years and there he died. The land was heavily timbered, but whether any of the timber was ever requisitioned for naval purposes we do not know. We know this, however, that the heirs and assigns of Nicholas Devine who were to have and to hold it for ever, have long since ceased to have any interest in the land. Burrin Farm has ceased to be.
All the farms that once were there about have gone, and on the land are thousands of houses closely packed together, and, where once a few men bade each other the time of day, and inquired how the crops were getting on, many thousands of people-in Newtown and Erskinevllle and Camperdown, in Enmore, St Peters, and the places contiguous thereto-are living and moving in these busy times with never a thought of the old farm lands.
But at a time like this, when Newtown Is celebrating its municipal Jubilee, we may with advantage look back on some of the past history of the place, and recall some of the early life of Australia and some of the men of old. History and romance are here blended in a way that should interest all Australians.
A CELEBRATED CASE
Old hands still speak of the great Devine case- or the Newtown ejectment case as the records have it as a 'cause celebre' which lasted for many days and which was crowded with sensational incident.
In it were engaged most of the leading counsel of the day and many prominent families were concerned in it as defendants.
The date was 1857-27 years after Nicholas Devine had died. Devine went to England, it Is said, as a witness for Bligh, after the latter's deposition and there he married. He however left no issue and on his death his property passed to one Bernard Rochfort, yeoman who had become his assigned servant in 1825.
To Rochfort it is alleged he conveyed the whole of the land comprised in the two grants, and from Rochfort it was purchased in parcels of various sizes by citizens of Sydney who built fine country homes there, spending thousands of pounds. Then suddenly relatives of the deceased Nicholas Devine appeared upon the scene and laid claim to all the land. Rochfort was charged with forcing the old man's signature to the will. Moreover it was claimed that being an assigned servant he was not entitled to possess any land whatever.
The families who were now living on the estate combined to defend the case - to defend their own estates.
It was one of the longest if not the longest list of defendants in a case that this country has any record of.
We have not space to follow it further than to state that in the end proceedings were stopped by the defendants paying a certain sum to the claimant as a solatium. But the evildence given in the case-it was published afterwards in pamphlet form and may be seen in the Public Library.
It is interesting because many of the men who were witnesses lived as boys in Sydney at the beginning of the nineteenth century and told of things that happened in the old convict days. And partlcularly interesting, is it to one who wishes to preserve the old history of Newtown.
There were bushrangers at Newtown once, for in 1822 we read Nicholas Devine and his wife were beaten by bushrangers till they were almost senseless". One witness John Lucas said, "I am a native of the colony and have great recollection. I know Nicholas Devine 54 or 55 years ago. I lived on Church Hill then, and Devine lived in Bridge street and afterwards we lived near each other at Newtown. I knew him in 1800, and I recollect his being beaten by the bushrangers in 1822. He had a sap ling fence around his farm, and I used to go there to get firewood". Another witness Michael Willlam Henry said that he came to the colony in 1800 and was formerly in the Marines "The last commander that I sailed under" he said " was Lord Nelson"
There is much interesting history in these Pages but it must be passed over.
O'CONNELLTOWN AND "THE NEW TOWN"
Sydney has grown greatly in the last hundred years the city has expanded, large suburbs have grown up and where once the blacks had corroborees and bushrangers held men up, we have a metropolis with a population of nearlv three quarters of a million. Newtown like so many of our other suburbs has grown from small things to big things It is in fact, the busiest of all our suburbs today.
But before Newtown was O'Connelltown, (called after Sir Maurlce O'Connell, who lies burled In the old Camperdown Cemetery near St. Stephen's Church) was flourishing and though, the name has now gone, some of the old inhabitants still say they live in O'Connelltown.
Exactly how Newtown got its name is not quite clear. But years ago - many years ago- there were half a dozen small cottages situated between Beehag's block (where Hatters' Arcade now stands) and Eliza street and the records of the Wesleyan Church show that services were held in one of these old cottages in 1838.
Probably they were built about 1830. There was a big break from St. John's Tavern (now the Shakespeare Hotel, at the corner of King and Hordern streets) to Beehag's property Then, in addition to the cottages referred
to, there were brickworks, surrounded by a number of old huts, on what is now known as the Gowrie Estate, at the rear of Newtown Markets. In all probability this group of buildings came to be called "the new town," and so the place got its name. There are some who tell us, however, that a small vlllage sprang up at St. Peters, and that it used to be referred to as "New Town."
Many of the streets in Newtown are named after the men of the early days. O'Connell street, for instance, is named after Sir Maurice Charles O'Connell, a cousin of the celebrated Daniel O'Connoll. He landed in Sydney in 1809, In command of the 73rd Regiment, and bearing a commission as Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales and its dependencies and immediately after his arrlval he married Mrs. Putland, the brave and dutiful daughter of Governor Bligh. He died in Sydney on May 25, 1818, and his remains were the first to be interred in the Church of England cemetery at Newtown-known as the old Camperdown Cemotery. It was in Sydney that his no less distinguished son, Sir Maurlce Charles O'Connoll (President of legislatlve Council of Queensland, and four times Actlng-Governor of Queensland), was born. Bligh-street, Newtown, reminds us that the land on the west side of King-street, from Forbes street down to Missenden-road, comprised the grant to Bligh, and in the forties and fifties it was all practically vacant land.
THE OLD TOLL BARS.
There have been great changes since then, and there is scarce a vacant piece of land there now. The old tollbars have gone, and the railway and tramway run through the land where the old farms were. There were three gates on what was then known as Cook's River-road-one at Forbes-street (tho entrance from the city), one on what is now the Newtown railway bridge, and one at the dam, Cook's River. By paying at one of them the traveller was given a pass to clear the others for the same day only. The road, being one of the main roads, was vested in the Cook's River-road trust. Before it was taken over by the trust it was one of the worst out of the city, but a couple of years afterwards it was acknowledged to be the best in the colony. The gates were leased or sold for three-year periods, and the first to take charge was G A. Davis, an old resident of the district. The trust could only raise money by the sale of the tollbars; It had no power to tax anyone save those who went through the gates.
It was near the old toll-bar, and between King-Street and Bligh-street, that Dr. Samson's acadamy for boys and young men stood, and many of his scholars became prominent business men in the city.
Close by, in Bligh street, was the residence of "Parson" Kemp, who was the first minister of St Stephen's. The old house is still standing. At the bottom of Nelson-street, now called Little Queen street, was Gough's College Hotel, afterwards known as "Gough's Folly," because It was built off the main road, with no population near at the time. It certainly did seem an out-of-the-way place for an hotel but probably Gough was a far-seelng man. "I do not think he was mad," said an old resident to a "Herald reporter, "because there was a lot or building going on about there, and he opened his house to catch the trade. More over, the University was being built, St. Paul's College, St. John's College, and several smaller places. " From which It would appear that Mr. Gough expected to do a big trade with the University!
It is not without Interest to note. In those skyscraper days, that the first three-story building in Newtown was put up in King street by a Mr, Peden, who was connected with one of the city banks, and used as a private residence. To-day it is a pastrycook's shop.
WHEN THE TOWN WAS INCORPORATED.
When Newtown was incorporated there were only about 15 buildings on the east side of King-street, extending from Forbes-street to the railway bridge. Mr. Hordern, who laid the foundations of the firm of Hordern Brothers, is said to have lived on the corner of Fitzroy-street. Lower down, on the Cook's River-road, was Dent's large block. It ran from Short-street to Holt-street
The Hon. Thomas Holt, M.L.C., built a very large mansion there, and it was afterward.
used as the Camden College, with the Rev. S. C. Kent as the principal. Many prominent men of the city were educated there, among them the late Mr. Samuel Hordern and his brother Anthony, Dr. A. Watson, and Dr. Knaggs. Mr. Holt also built Camden-terrace, end portion of this terrace is still standing. He is also remembered for having built what was then the largest mansion in the colony. This was at Marrickville, and it was known as "The Warren." He imported a thousand rabbits, and stocked the land, and made it a rabbit run, and is now blamed for the rabbit pest in this country. This property was later occupied by the Carmelite nuns, but it is now unoccupied, and its castle-like character makes it an object of much interest.
The principal business places of Enmore are situated on what was once the "Josephson block."
Joshua Frey Josephson owned a great area of the land thereabouts, and lived in a mansion on the spot where the Enmore tram terminus now is. He was one of our early Judges, and In 1848 was Mayor of Sydney. Another of our Judges who lived out here, in "Stanmore House." was Sir George Long Innes. Still another famous place in this locality was 'Reiby House' once belonging to Mary Reiby
THE OLDEST HOUSE
The Old White Horse, built about 1838 on Cook's River-road, and standing opposite Pat tinson's grocer shop, is the oldest house in Newtown to-day. It Is built of laths and plaster, and so dates back to very early times. The hotel was one of the old-time wayside places that stood back some distance from the road.
It had one of the old colonial water troughs-the trunk of a tree hollowed out in the front. It was kept in the early days by a man named Isaac Titterton and afterwards by James Richards who was one of the first bus propietors plying between Newtown and Sydney. This man drove in one morning to town and reported that gold had been found in Newtown and there was a rush at once, all sorts of fancy prices being paid to the busmen to take people out. The gold was alleged to have been found out in Garsod's brickyards, now known as the Gowrie Estate.
Gold, it is true, was found there, but only a few grains of it, and the old hands state that "Jimmy Richards found it to make business for his hotel and his 'buses." Hundreds of people joined in the "rush."
There was a well at the hotel, and the top of it was left off one night, with the result that a woman with a child in her arms fell in. It was in the days of the crinoline, and so the woman kept afloat until she was taken out, but the child was drowned.
The City Bank building was originally erected by John Donohoe as an hotel, but an iron monger named Matthew Harrison, who had his place a little lower down, offered a big rent, with a long lease, and it was accepted, and the place was never opened as a hotel.
On the same site, before this place was built, there was an old slab hut built with a bark roof, occupied by an old man, known as "Billy the Bull," so called because he used to work an old bull in the shafts of a dray as others worked a horse. He was a hawker and wood carter.
The Bank of Australasia once stood on the site of Ralph Mason's old smithy shop. Then the bank bought it.
Up to that time the price paid was the highest given for land in Newtown. The Bank of Australasia first started opposite where the Bank Hotel is now.
One by one those old houses - the owners of many of which figured as defendants in the Devine case - have disappeared, and the large grounds in which they stood have been sub divided and sold to meet the demands of our modern life. The last to go was "Thurnby." It was the home of T. C. Brellatt, leading flour-miller in the colony at that time, and the first returning officer in Newtown. After living there for many years he sold the property to Mr. Foster, who afterwards became Judge Foster, and represented Newtown in Parliament for some years.
The old place was recently pulled down, and the ground is now nearly all built on. But a few of the old houses that figured in the Devine case are still standing-Reiby House, in Statlon street; Donohoe's old cottage, in Ersklnevllle road (now part of a cordial factory); two shops on Cook's River-road, now occupied by a pawnbroker; and "The Retreat," at the corner of Burrin and Wilson Streets.
There has, indeed, been a transformation since the days when Nicholas Devine lived upon his farm. Life is far swifter now than in the days when the mailman drove leisurely through the place, blowing the old-fashioned horn. Time is far more precious than it was when a large boiler (now in the possession of Mr. Macquarie Walker, of Wells-street) burst, and went rolling with a thunderous noise along King-street, Newtown, and the driver and fireman of a train that had pulled up at the station left their train to go and see what all the commotion was about.
A suggestion has been made to the committee in charge of the celebrations that steps be taken to make the oldest residents guests
of honour at some of the functions. It is a suggestion that will probably be acted upon.
The Newtown Project for the Sydney Archives
Many lists exist of this kind but with this one I have added the ages and marital status or the victims.
M t K e m b l a C o l l i e r y G a s E x p l o s i o n - 1 9 0 2 which killed 96 people.
THE DEATH ROLL.
TOM BEST, 46, married, leaves seven children.
TOM HOWELL, 38, single
FRANK DUNGEY, 46, married, leaves seven
JAMES M'LISTER, 22, single
M. EGAN, 29, single
N. EGAN, 20, single
ALF. HEWLETT, 25, single
JOE WILKINSON, 26, single
STEVE GLEESON, 27, married, leaves five
W. DOHERTY, 24, single
K. STAFFORD. 17
GEORGE YOUNGMAN, 45, married, leaves five
children (married Delia Griffith who later married Kenneth Hilton Guest)
DICK THOMAS, 23, single
BOB JONES, 19, single
GEORGE RUSSELL, 21, single
G. M'DILL, 40, married
C. CHURCH, 65
T. KENDRICK, 25, single
RICHARD BELLERS. 65, single
DAVID SCOTT, 40, married, leaves seven chil
EDWARD ROBERTSON, 65, single
JAMES PURCELL, 65, married
EDWARD GILL, 22, single.
BRYSON, 5O, single
RICHARD C. LANE
JAMES RICH, sen., 60, married
JAMES RICH, jun., leaves six children
W. BRASHIER, 40, married
PATRICK M'CANN. 40, married, leaves three
JACK MURPHY, 40, widower, four children.
TOM EGAN, 28, single.
WILLIAM STAFFORD, 24, single
WILLIAM WALKER, 15
DICK THOMAS, 30, single
WALTER MORRIS. 60, married
HENRY AIKEN (25), single.
PROSPER ANNESLEY (35), single;
W. BRAY (40), married; leaves eight chlldren.
ROBERT BLACKETT (28), single.
P. BLACKETT (24), single.
W. BRACHIER, married.
ARTHUR CARTER (28), single.
J. DOBING. T. DOBING.
G. DIXON (23), married.
D. EGAN (22), single.
W. FILBY (50), married.
E. GALLAGHER (45), married; leaves three children.
D. GALLAGHER (50), single.
GEORGE HARTLEY, single.
J. HEAD (28), single. ' ?
JOHN HITCHIN, married.
PERCY HUNT, jun.
J. JEFFRIES (38), married.
JOHN JAMES (40) married; leaves three children.
P. HUGHES, married.
J. MUIR (18), single.
PETER MUIR, married.
G. MORRIS (30), single
H. MEURANT (20), single.
W. MEURANT (25), married.
W. M'MURRAY (45), single (relief party).
H. O. MACCABE (45), married, leaves two children (relief party).
HENRY MORRISON (18), single.
J. M'LISTER (22), married.
T. MORRIS. -
William NELSON (45), married, leaves five. ohildren
JACOB NELSON (16). Nephew of William Nelson.
W. NIXON, single.
M. PEACE (40), married, leaves one child.
THOMAS PURCELL (40), married, leaves six chlldron.
JOHN PURCELL (26), married, leaves three children.
JAMES PURCELL (30), married, leaves three children.
J. RYAN (38), married, leaves two children.
A. SKILLING, boy.
STEWART (40), single.
FREDERICK SMITH (17), single
WILLIAM SILCOCK (17), single,
THOMAS TOST (30), single.
G. STAFFORD, single.
RICHARD WALKER, Sen. .
WILLIAM WALKER, Jun.
It is said, The Singleton Argus, on 25th September 1835, when writing about Peter McAlpin 1809-1898, described him as a man with "a roaming disposition, a giant and in every sense of the term, physically and morally with high principles, lofty ideals". I have been unable to find this article. Never-the-less, he was, all of that.
Peter McALPIN Senior had taken his family out to the Hawkesbury district and set himself up as a blacksmith at Windsor after arriving with the family as free settlers on the 'General Graham' on the 29 January 1812.
Here the family lived until the end of 1815, when Peter Snr. sold his shop and two houses by auction, the family moved to Richmond early in 1816, again setting up a blacksmith shop, when young Peter was only 7.
In 1822 Peter together with his brother William Glas and Catherine (nicknamed, Kite) attended the school in Richmond for only about a year, just long enough to learn to read and write and do their sums.
In the 1825 census Peter was recorded as living at Richmond, however it was not long after the census that Peter showed his wanderlust by making a trek up north to Muswellbrook, or perhaps he was a little bit envious of his brother's wanderings.
Two years earlier in 1823, Peter's brother William known as Billy Mack at thirteen, had been one of Archibald Bell's party who, with the help of aboriginal guides marked the Bells Line of Road which was an alternative route to Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworths road across the Blue Mountains.
In the 1828 census Peter was living in Bathurst and working as a labourer for John Neville 1780-1854 and his wife Elizabeth nee Vincent, whom Peter had met in Richmond, when they were living there. They had offered him work and Peter was keen to take it.
I'm not sure how long Peter remained with John Neville and his family but John Neville moved from Bathurst to Rylstone in 1830 and Peter didn't like to stay in one place for long.
In 1831 Peter set himself up as the Blacksmith in Patrick's Plains. It's thought that Peter visited Richmond around Christmas 1831 when his little sister Catherine 'Kite' announced she was going to marry William Clark on the 16 January 1832. Of all the family Peter was closest to Kite and I don't see him missing her wedding day.
Another big wedding took place on the 1 February 1833 when brother Billy Mack married Susannah Onus 1815-1882 at Christ Church in Castlereagh. William built a brick home in 1834 in the main street of Richmond, NSW with financial help from Joseph ONUS (the father of his wife, Susannah) and set up a blacksmiths shop at the rear.
On the 9 January 1935 at a chapel in Maitland where his sister and her husband William Clark were now living Peter married Elizabeth Cole alias Harrison, a convict woman whose real name was Phebe Cole, nee Stirrup
1807-1885. Phoebe was a widow with two children.
This marriage was seen as a convenience for both parties and did not last very long. It seems Peter sold the shop bought Phoebe a house, gave her some money and then took off for Victoria. Neither one looking back or having any regrets.
It was on the 30 August 1835 that the first settlers arrived in Melbourne and commenced building along the Yarra River. This pioneering group led by Captain John Lacey with his builder from Launceston George Evans, his servant Evan Evans, carpenters William Jackson and Robert Hay Marr, the Blacksmith James Gilbert and his wife and a ploughman called Charlie Wise. In 1840 Peter McAlpin made his way there not to seek his fortune ( he could have made that in New South Wales), but for the adventure of it all.
From this point on it's not easy to track Peter. He did have a blacksmith shop in Little Bourke Street Melbourne, in 1847. In March 1851 he was shot in his left arm in the city of Melbourne at 1am by George May Smith after Peter called he and his companions some names. George May Smith was charged with assault and fined twenty shillings. Another shot in the arm in 1851 was because Peter was out of the state of nsw for so many years phoebe, had him declared dead. She married Frederick WINGRAVE 1797-1876, at Windeyer on the 31 March 1852.
Then in 1853 we see Peter at the McIvor diggings. I doubt he was digging more likely running the blacksmiths shop.
All told Peter spent thirty five years in Victoria not returning to New South Wales until 1875.
Peter died on the 23 September 1898 in Singleton, New South Wales.
His death certificate states he died without issue
His grave is at the Glenridding Uniting Church Cemetery, formerly known as
the Glenridding Presbyterian Cemetery, on the Putty Road, Singleton, NSW.
The headstone reads-
23 Sep 1898
Singleton Argus (NSW : 1880 - 1954), Saturday 24 September 1898
Death of an Old Colonist.
"In his 90th year, Mr Peter M'Alpin, of Bulga, died in the local Hospital yesterday,
after a short illness, his death being due to senile decay.
The deceased was a native of Sterling, Scotland, but was only three years of age
when he arrived with his parents in Victoria he lived there for 35 years, when he removed
to N. S. Wales, and has since lived in this part of the colonya term of 51 years.
Mr M'Alpin was married in Maitlaud, but there was no issue to the union.
The old gentleman was well respected, and those who knew him intimately
in his earlier days retain many pleasant memories of the acquaintanceship "
Note: He arrived with parents in NSW on 29 Jan 1812.
He Lived in Victoria for 35 Years and
in NSW for a total of 51 years.
written by janilye, 2004
BIRTH: 22 April 1828 at Wollombi, New South Wales.
DEATH: 27 April 1819 at Jerry's Plains New South Wales
MARRIAGE: 1. John Isaac FRITH 1810-1859 at Warkworth Cof E on the 5 April 1847.
Children: Isaac Arthur Frith 1849 1930
Mary Ann Frith 1851 1931
Eliza Frith 1853 1853
Charlotte Frith 1855 1939
Alice Frith 1857 1919
John Frith 1859 1936
MARRIAGE: 2. Henry Hugh TUDOR 1819-1872 at Sydney, on the 5 August 1861
Children: Agnes Tudor 1861 1947
Harriet Tudor 1864 1930
Henry Herbert Tudor 1866 1930
Blanche Maria Tudor 1868 1871
Walter Charles Tudor 1870 1944
Sarah's father was Samuel HEATHER/EATHER born 17 May 1795 at St.Paul's Cray, Kent Sentenced to 7 years for Larceny and transported to New South Wales on board the 'Morley' arriving in Sydney on the 7 November 1818. He married Mary HEDGES Alias DONOVAN on the 15 February 1828 at Newcastle. Mary was born in Cork, Ireland and sentenced to 7 years for House Robbery and transported on the 'Brothers' she arrived in Sydney on the 2 February 1827.
Samuel died on the 10 September 1841
There were 8 children registered to Samuel HEATHER/EATHER and his wife Mary:-
Sarah Eather 1828 1919
Mary Eather 1830 1913
Robert Eather 1832 1897
Samuel Eather 1834 1894
Hannah Eather 1836 1918
Charlotte Eather 1838 1922
Elizabeth Eather 1840 1903
*Thomas Eather 1843 1900
After Samuel died Mary married John Quantrill on the 15 October 1844 at St.Andrews Church, Cockfighters Creek, New South Wales. Mary and John QUANTRILL had a son John QUANTRILL 1847-1874.
Note: Some branches of Quantrill family have hereditory history of "chemodectoma" (coratid-body tumour, non malignant). I have been in contact with a decendant of Thomas EATHER 1843-1900 and the same disease has been discovered in his family as well. Since Thomas was born 2 years after Samuel died and the appearance of the disease in his decendants the odds that John Quantrill was his father are very good.
John Quantrill separated from Mary 22 December 1857 and he died at the Post Office Hotel, Singleton on the 26 May 1882.
Mary died on the 13 November 1880 at Goorangoola, New South Wales.