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INSTRUCTIVE CODE ...

FOR MARRIED LADIES.


1. Let every wife be persuaded that there are two ways of governing a family; the first is by the expression of that will which belongs to force; the second by the power of mildness, to which even strength will yield. One is the power of the husband; a wife should never employ any other arms than gentleness. When a woman accustoms herself to say I will, she deserves to lose her empire.

2. Avoid contradicting your husband. When we smell at a rose, it is to imbibe the sweetness of its odour: we likewise look for every thing that is amiable from women. Whoever is often contradicted feels insensibly an aversion for the person who contradicts, which gains strength by time, and, whatever be her good
qualities, is not easily destroyed.

3.Occupy yourself only with household affairs. Wait till your husband confides to you affairs of higher importance, and do not give your advice till he asks it.
'
4.Never take upon, yourself to be a censor of your husband's morals, and do not read lectures to him. Let your preaching be a good example, and practice virtue yourself to make him in love with it.

5.Command his attentions by being always attentive to him; never exact any thing,
and you will obtain much; appear always flattered by the little he does for you,
which will excite him to perform more.

6.All men are vain ; never wound his vanity, not even in the most trifling instances.
A wife may have more sense than her husband, but she' should never seem to know it.

7.When a man gives wrong counsel, never make him feel that, he has done so, but lead him on by degrees to what is rational, with mildness and gentleness; when he is convinced,
leave him all the merit of having found out what was just and reasonable.

8.When a husband is out of temper, behave obligingly to him; if he is abusive, never retort;
and never prevail over him to humble him.

9.Choose well your female friends: have but few, and be careful of following their advice in all matters.

10. Cherish neatness without luxury, and pleasure without excess; dress with taste,
and particularly with modesty; vary the fashions of your dress, especially in regard to colours.
It gives a change to the ideas, and recalls pleasing recollections. Such things may appear trifling, but they are of more importance than is imagined.

11.Never be, - curious to pry into your husband's concerns, but obtain his confidence
by that which, at all times, you repose in him. Always preserve order and economy;
avoid being out of temper, and be careful never to scold.
By these means he will find his own house more pleasant than any other.

12. Seem always to obtain information from him, especially before company,
though you may pass yourself for a simpleton. Never forget that a wife owes all her importance
to that of her husband; Leave him entirely master of his actions, to go or come whenever he thinks fit.
A wife ought to make her company so amiable to her husband that he could not exist without it;
then he will not seek for any pleasure abroad if she does not partake of it with him.


transcribed from The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848) issue Friday 1 August 1828, by janilye on the 29 January 2012

Below;
Still happily living by the code in 1900 in Dungog, New South Wales just as her mother and grandmother did.


9 comment(s), latest 6 years, 2 months ago

All the kings and Queens since William 1st

Horrible Histories has found an easy way to remember all the Kings and Queens of England, just click on This song it's so much more fun!

Here are the lyrics:-
I'm William the Conqueror
My enemies stood no chance
They call me the first English king
Although I come from France

1066, the Domesday book
I gave to history
So fat, on death my body burst
But enough about me

To help remember all your kings
I've come up with this song
A simple rhyme and ditty
For you all to sing along!

Oh! William!
(Bit short, init? We need more kings. Who came next?)

William second, cheeks were red
Killed out hunting, so it's said
I took over, Henry one
That's my next eldest son

Then King Stephen, it's true, check it!
Hi, Henry two, killed Thomas Beckett
Richard Lionheart? That's right!
Always spoiling for a fight

Oh, King John! What a disaster!
Rule restrained by Magna Carta!

William, William, Henry, Stephen
Henry, Richard, John, oi!
Time for my mate, King Henry eight
To take up this song

Henry three built the abbey
Ed one hated Scots
A red hot poker killed Ed two
That must have hurt him lots!

Edward third was a chivalry nerd
Began the hundred years war
Then Richard two was king, aged ten
Then Henry, yes one more!

King Henry four, plots galore
Not least from Henry five, moi
I killed ten score at Agincourt
Then Henry six arrived!

Edward four, Edward five
Richard the third, he's bad
'Cause he fought wars with Henry seventh
First Tudor and my dad

So Henry eight, I was great
Six wives, two were beheaded
Edward the sixth came next, but he died young
And so my dreaded
Daughter Mary ruled, so scary
Then along came... me!
I'm Liz the first, I had no kids
So Tudors RIP!

William, William, Henry, Stephen
Henry, Richard, John, oi!
Henry, Ed, Ed, Ed, Rich two
Then three more Henrys join our song!
Edward, Edward, Rich the third
Henry, Henry, Ed again
Mary one, good Queen Liz
That's me! Time for more men!

James six of Scotland next
Is English James the first, he led
Then Stuarts ruled, so Charles the first
The one who lost his head

No monarchy until came me,
Charles two, I liked to party
King Jimmy two was scary, oooh!
Then Mary was a smarty

She ruled with Will, their shoes were filled
By sourpuss Queen Anne Gloria
And so from then, you were ruled by men
Till along came Queen Victoria!

William, William, Henry, Stephen
Henry, Richard, John, oi!
Henry, Ed, Ed, Ed, Rich two
Then three more Henrys join our song!
Edward, Edward, Rich the third
Henry, Henry, Ed again
Mary one, good Queen liz
Jimmy, Charles and Charles and then
Jim, Will, Mary, Anne Gloria
Still to come, it's Queen Victoria!

And so began the Hanover gang
George one and George two... grim!
Then George the third was quite absurd
Till I replaced old him

King George the fourth and known henceforth
As angry, fat and cross... hang on!
It's true you beat Napoleon
But were mostly a dead loss... bang on!

Old William four was a sailor... ahoy!
That's nearly the end of the storya
As onto the scene comes the best loved queen
Hail to Queen Victoria!

William, William, Henry, Stephen
Henry, Richard, John, oi!
Henry, Ed, Ed, Ed, Rich two
Then three more Henrys join our song!
Edward, Edward, Rich the third
Henry, Henry, Ed again
Mary one, good Queen Liz
Jimmy, Charles and Charles and then
Jim, Will, Mary, Anne Gloria
George, George, George, George
Will, Victoria!
Victoria!

(I ruled for sixty four years, you know!)

Ed seven, George five
Then Ed, George sixth
Liz two then reigned and how!
And so our famous monarch song
Is brought right up to now! Oh!

William, William, Henry, Stephen
Henry, Richard, John, oi!
Henry, Ed, Ed, Ed, Rich two
Then three more Henrys join our song!
Edward, Edward, Rich the third
Henry, Henry, Ed again
Mary one, good Queen Liz
Jimmy, Charles and Charles and then
Jim, Will, Mary, Anne Gloria
George, George, George, George
Will, Victoria!
Edward, George, Edward, George six
And Queen Liz two completes the mix!

That's all the English kings and queens
Since William first that there have been!




1066 King William the Conqueror 1066-1087

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1087 King William Rufus (son of William) 1087-1100

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1100 King Henry I (William Rufus brother) 1100-1135

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1135 King Stephen (nephew of Henry I) 1135-1154

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1154 King Henry II (grandson of Henry I) 1154-1189

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1189 King Richard I (third son of Henry II) 1189-1199

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1199 King John (fifth son of Henry II) 1199-1216

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1216 King Henry III (son of John) 1216-1272

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1272 King Edward I (son of Henry III) 1272-1307

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1307 King Edward II (son of Edward I) 1307-1327

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1327 King Edward III (son of Edward II) 1327-1377

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1377 King Richard II (grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince) 1377-1399

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1399 King Henry IV (grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt) 1399-1413

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1413 King Henry V (son of Henry IV) 1413-1422

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1422 King Henry VI (son of Henry V) 1422-1461

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1461 King Edward IV ( youngest son of Edward III ) 1461-1483

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1483 King Richard III (uncle of Edward V) 1483-1485

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1485 Henry VII (grandson of Henry V) 1485-1509

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1509 Henry VIII ( son of Henry VII)
1509-1547

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1547 Edward V (Henry's son by Jane Seymour) 1547-1553

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1553 Mary (Henry's daughter by Queen Katherine of Aragon) 1553-1558

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1558 Elizabeth I (Henry's daughter by Anne Boleyn) 1558-1603

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1603 James I (great-great-grandson of Henry VII) 1603-1625

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1625 Charles I (second son of James) 1625-1649

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1649 The Commonwealth under the Cromwell rule 1649 - 1659

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1660 Charles II (oldest son of Charles I) 1660-1685

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1685 James II (brother of Charles II) 1685-1688

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1689 William of Orange (grandson of Charles I) and Mary (daughter of James II) 1689-1694

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1694 William III - Ruled alone after death of Mary 1694 - 1702

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1702 Anne (sister of Mary)
1702-1714

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1714 George I (great-grandson of James I) 1714-1727

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1727 George II (son of George I) 1727-1760

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1760 George III (grandson of George II) 1760-1820

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1820 George IV (son of George III)
1820-1830

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1830 William IV (brother of George IV)
1830-1837

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1837 Victoria (niece of William IV) 1837-1901

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1901 Edward VII (son of Victoria and Albert) 1901-1910

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1910 George V (second son of Edward VII) 1910-1936

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1936 Edward VIII (son of George V)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1936 George VI (second son of George V) 1936-1952

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1952 Elizabeth II (daughter of George VI)




I love Horrible Histories


Australians as America saw us in 1942

Nothing like coming here prepared!

AUSTRALIANS AS AMERICANS SEE THEM
"An Outdoors People;Breezy, Democratic"
WASHINGTON, Sunday, 25 October 1942 AAP


["You will find Australians an outdoors people, breezy, very democratic, with no respect for stuffed shirts their own or anyone else's," says a pocket guide on Australia which is being distributed among American troops.

Issued by US War and Navy departments, the booklet states that Australians have much in common with Americans. They are a pioneer people, they believe in personal freedom, and they love sports.

"There is one thing to get straight right off the bat," the booklet says. "You are not in Australia to save a helpless people from the savage Japanese. Recently in a Sydney bar an American soldier turned to an Australian and said, 'Well, Aussie, you can go home now. We've come over to save you.' The Aussie cracked back, 'Have you? I thought you were a refugee from Pearl Harbour.'
Being simple, direct and tough, the Digger is often confused and nonplussed by the manners of Americans' in mixed company; or even in camp. To him those many 'Thank you's" Americans use are a bit too dignifled.

You might get annoyed, at the blue laws which make Australian cities pretty dull places on Sundays.
For all their breezieness Australians do not go in for drinking or woopitching in public, especially on Sunday.

In Australia, the national game is cricket, but they, have another game called Australian rules football.
It is rough, tough, and exciting. There are a lot of rules, which the referee carries in a rule book the size of Webster's dictionary. The game creates the desire on the part of the crowd to tear someone apart. The referees in some parks have runways covered over so that they can escape intact after a game.

As one newspaper correspondent says, Americans and Australians are 2 of the greatest gambling people on earth. It has been said of Australians that if a couple in a bar have not anything else to bet on they will lay odds on which of 2 flies rise first from the bar.
Aussies do not fight out of textbooks. They are resourceful, inventive soldiers with plenty of intiative.
The Australian habit of pronouncing "a" as "I" is pointed out, and an example quoted: "The trine is lite to-di." The booklet includes "Waltzing Matilda" in full."]

I don't know about the too many thank-yous. It would seem that the Australian girls liked it, for 10,000 Aussie brides returned to America with these well heeled, well mannered and certainly well informed troops.


1 comment(s), latest 6 years ago

Convict Assignments. Our first Public Servants

Convict Assignment was like a great big rehabilitation program. It was a sort of nineteenth century 'Outward Bound'. With abrupt change, new surroundings and personal challenge, but without the floggings

John Dunmore LANG told us in 1837,that:- "when a convict-ship arrives it is the practice of the colonial government to reserve as many of the convicts, whether labourers or mechanics, as are required for the public service; the rest are assigned to persons who have previously transmitted duly attested applications for convict-servants, agreeably to a code of regulations recently established by the present Governor, and denominated the Assignment Regulation. One pound sterling is paid to Government for each convict so assigned, as the price of his bedding and slop-clothing, which he carries along with him to his future master's. If the master resides in Sydney, he is employed in the various menial capacities in which house-servants are employed in Europe; if he resides in the country, as is much more frequently the case, he is employed in tending sheep or cattle, or as a farm-servant.

The convict-servants on the different farms of the colony are usually lodged in huts formed of a split-timber, and thatched with long grass or straw, at a little distance from the proprietor's house. Two of these huts, with a partition between them, form one erection; and each of them is inhabited by four men. A large fireplace is constructed at one end of the hut, where the men cook their provisions, and around which they assemble in the winter evenings, with a much greater appearance of comfort than the sentimentalist would imagine. Rations, consisting of ten and a half pounds of flour, seven pounds of beef or four and a half pounds of pork, with a certain proportion of tea, sugar, and tobacco, are distributed to each of them weekly; and they receive shoes and slop-clothing either twice a year, or whenever they require them. Pumpkins, potatoes, and other vegetables, they are allowed to cultivate for themselves.

On my brother's farm at Hunter's River - and I believe a similar system is pursued on most of the large agricultural farms thoughout the colony - the overseer rises at day-break, and rings a bell, which is affixed to a tree, as a signal for the men to proceed to their labour. The greater number follow the overseer to the particular agricultural operation which the season requires; the rest separate to their several employments, one to the plough, another to the garden, and a third to the dairy, while a fourth conducts the cattle to their pasture. The bell is again rung at eight o'clock, when the men assemble for breakfast, for which they are allowed one hour; they again return too their labour till one o'clock, when they have an hour for dinner, and they afterwards labour from two till sunset".


* Lang makes it sound so 'Cosy' and it was for some who were fortunate to have honest and fair masters. But for a great many others it was no more than slavery where they were bullied, flogged and had their rations taken away by their cruel masters. For the ones who ran away, the outcome was often 30 to 50 lashes, 12 months in irons or the rope.

Rev. John Dunmore Lang described the conditions convicts worked under on his brother Andrew Lang's farm.
Source jenwillets.com Free Settler or Felon

Did you Know?


12 comment(s), latest 6 years, 6 months ago

Frequently asked Questions about Heraldry

Answered by The Heraldry & Genealogy Society of Canberra Inc.

Written by Administrator
Saturday, 04 December 2010 16:38

Q.1 What does the word 'Arms' mean in the context of heraldry?

A. The word 'Arms' in the heraldic context (as in 'coat of Arms') refers to a distinctive design worn on a knight's shield, his banner, and elsewhere on his clothing that enabled him to be identified in battle. A knight in full armor, including a face-covering helmet, was difficult to identify without these distinctive insignia. A coat of Arms is depicted on a shield, referring to the origin of the term.

Q.1 How did the term 'coat of Arms' originate and what does it mean?

A. The term 'coat of Arms' is derived from the cloth garment or surcoat that a knight wore over his armor. On the front and back of the surcoat there would often be displayed the knight's arms. Originally the surcoat was full length, reaching almost to the ankles; it was sleeveless and was split at front and back to allow the material to hang freely when the wearer was riding his horse.

Q.2 What is the connection, if any, among heraldry, genealogy and family history?

A. Heraldry can be regarded as the root from which genealogy and family history grew and developed. This is because genealogical studies developed from the work of Heralds in recording pedigrees in order to determine lines of succession and the rights of individuals to inherit arms. All modern library systems recognise this and regard genealogy and heraldry as two faces of the same genre; and similarly, all booksellers group the two together, usually in the reference section.

Q.3 Is there a family or clan coat of Arms, and can all people with the same surname use the same arms?

A. NO. There is no such thing as a coat of Arms for a family, clan or surname. A coat of Arms is a visual mark of identity of an individual. There is an ancient heraldic principle which states that each person's coat of Arms is unique to that individual and cannot be used by anybody else. In Scotland, a Chief of a Clan has his or her personal coat of Arms that belongs to that individual alone. A member of the clan or a person with the same surname may, with the Lord Lyon's approval, have a variation or a ?differenced? version of the Chief's Arms by way of different tinctures (colours), bordures or other devices to make the Arms unique to the individual seeking Arms. A clan member may also use the clan badge consisting of the Chief's ?crest? (see next Q.4) within a belt and buckle design containing the Chief's motto.

Q.4 Is the crest the same thing as a coat of Arms?

A. No. The word ?crest? is often misused, particularly by the popular press, as a general overall description for a coat of Arms. The word ?crest? has the same meaning in heraldry as in the dictionary, namely ?on the top of? as in ?crest of a wave? or ?crest of the hill? or a Cockatoo's crest. In heraldry it refers to the three-dimensional object on top of the helmet, which itself is on top of the shield on which the Arms are shown. The Arms themselves are depicted on the shield. The shield is the essential part of a coat of Arms. Without it the device may be more correctly called a badge, emblem or a logo.

Q.5 Is the 'Bar Sinister' a mark of illegitimacy?

A. In heraldry there is no such thing as the 'bar sinister'. When people talk about the 'bar sinister' they are referring to the couped (cut of at both ends) bendlet sinister. A bendlet sinister extends from the top left (sinister) to the bottom right of the shield. This is just one of the many marks of cadency to differentiate one coat of arms from another and does not necessarily mean illegitimacy. The origin of the 'bar sinister' may have come from the French 'barre' which is always in the sinister position, so the term 'bar sinister' is incorrect and is an example of heraldic tautology.

Q.6 Why are there marks of illegitimacy?

A. Where marks of illegitimacy were used, they were not used to denote punishment or disgrace. They were used simply to denote that the illegitimate child (particularly if he were a first born male) could not inherit his father's arms unchanged. He could carry his father's arms provided they were so marked to indicate that he was establishing a separate branch of the family without any right of succession to the unchanged arms. Some of the illegitimate sons of King Charles II bore the Royal Arms debruised by a 'baton sinister', as do the illegitimate male descendants of King William IV. (The term 'debruised' indicates a charge in front of or obscuring another).

Q.7 Why is the description of coats of Arms made in what seems to be an arcane or technical language instead of plain English so that everyone can understand it?

A. Blazon, which is the technical term for describing the details of a coat of Arms, evolved so that heralds, in whatever country they may be, could describe a coat of Arms precisely, clearly and briefly. The technical terms in a blazon are in Norman French, reflecting their origin. Although blazon may seem strange to the uninitiated, it performs the same function that musical notation does on a sheet of music enabling the musician to reproduce sounds the way the composer intended. Blazon allows the heraldic artist to reproduce accurately the design on the shield as the herald intended. The use of plain English, by way of contrast, would tend to be verbose and open to widely different interpretations thereby destroying the integrity of the original design.

Q.8 Do you have to pronounce heraldic terms (blazon) with a French accent?

A. No. Blazonry in English is pronounced phonetically. Gules (red) is pronounced with a hard 'G', Argent (silver) is ar-gent and so on.

Q.9 Why do heralds confuse people by calling the right side of the shield sinister, which means left, and the left side dexter which means right?

A. The sides of the shield (arms) are described from the point of the armiger standing behind his shield. Therefore the armiger's right is the viewer's left and his left is the viewer's right.

Q.10 Are the colours used in heraldry fixed in any way and do they have any particular significance?

A. No. There are no fixed shades in heraldry. The blazon (description) of a coat of Arms provides the colours (tinctures) as Gules (red), Azure (blue), Sable (black), Vert (green), Purpure (purple). There are two metals, namely Or (gold) and Argent (silver). Other colours are called stains and consist of Murrey (mulberry) , Tenne (orange), and Sanguine (blood red). Sometimes other stains are encountered such as Celestial azure (sky blue) and Carnation ('skin' tone). It is up to the heraldic artist to decide upon the shade he or she thinks is most appropriate for the whole design.

Q.11 Who can have a coat of Arms?

A. In Australia there is no heraldic authority to administer and regulate Arms so there is a legal vacuum as to which individuals or groups are eligible to apply for arms. In practice any adult, male or female, may have a coat of arms granted to them by an officially recognised overseas heraldic authority (which would be authentic), or may self-assume arms (which would not be authentic). (See also below).

Q.12 How and where do I apply for a coat of Arms?

Australians who can prove they are of English descent may apply, by way of a petition, to the English College of Arms in London; those of Scottish ancestry to the Court of the Lord Lyon King of Arms in Edinburgh; and those of Irish ancestry to the Chief Herald of Ireland in Dublin. Australians may also apply for registration of arms by the South African Bureau of Heraldry.

Q.13 Can a person who is not of English, Scottish or Irish ancestry apply for Arms?

A. Yes, if they are an Australian citizen. They can apply to the English College of Arms for a grant of Arms as that organisation asserts it has the right to grant Arms to any of Her Majesty's subjects where there is no indigenous heraldic body in the Commonwealth country in which they reside and where the Queen is still Head of State.

Q.14 Can anyone who is descended from someone who had a coat of Arms use it?

A. No. A coat of Arms belongs to, and is unique to, an individual at any one time. For a person to have the right to a coat of Arms they must either have it granted to them or be descended in a legitimate line of descent from a person to whom Arms were granted or confirmed in the past. As a general rule the Arms pass from the original grantee to his eldest son and continue on to the next eldest son in each succeeding generation. In Scotland a person, depending on their familial relationship and surname, may apply for a ?differenced? version of a particular coat of Arms. (See Q.3 above).

Q.15 I have located ?my? coat of Arms on the Internet. Can I use it?

A. No. Unfortunately many websites which purport to show Arms belonging to a particular name are misleading and completely unauthentic. Usually the Arms shown are those of prominent people or the Chief of a Clan. To use these Arms as though they are yours is akin to fraud. It is no different to stealing another person's passport or driver's licence and using or passing it off as your own.

Q.16 I have bought ?my? coat of Arms from a heraldic shop. Is it authentic and can I display and use it?

A. NO, in so far as using the Arms as though they are yours (See Q.15 above). However, tt is important to note the distinction between the display of Arms and the use of Arms. A person may purchase a copy of the Arms, for display purposes only, of his or her school, college, university, institution or organisation as a means of showing their association or allegiance. The display of Arms as distinct from using them is perfectly legitimate as it can be regarded as a souvenir.

Q.17 What is the relevance of heraldry in the 21st Century?

A. There are several possible reasons why this question is asked. Many people are completely unaware that heraldry is all around them and continues to be a part of their everyday life. The arms of the Nation, the State or Territory, the local municipal council, schools, universities, commercial concerns and other various organisations and associations are on buildings, on letterheads, legal documents and other artefacts, and help in their respective identification. This public display and use of arms is a manifestation of the various interests and loyalties that interact with one another and make up our pluralist society. The current use of logos by various organisations is an indication that a need for a visual symbol of identity is still important in the 21st Century. Heraldry can meet this need in a more timeless way that transcends quickly outdated fashions like logos, which tend to have short 'flavour of the month' lives.

Q.18 In modern society isn't the display and use of arms pretentious and rather snobbish?

A. No. It is most unfortunate that there is sometimes a suspicion that heraldry is somehow associated with snobbery. This attitude could also be a reason why many armigers (people entitled to bear Arms) are reluctant to openly display their armorial bearings in the belief that to do so would be seen as pretentious. Coats of Arms are visual symbols of identity; the use of Arms can only be considered pretentious if they were used without authority and deliberately used and displayed as if they were legitimate. It is interesting to note that the association of heraldry with snobbery coincided with the rise of the industrialist, merchant and middle classes during the latter part of the 18th Century and in the 19th Century which, in the main, assumed arms in an attempt to raise their social standing.

Q.19 I have a coat of Arms granted by an overseas heraldic authority. Is this protected in Australia?

A. No. At present the only way to obtain legal protection is to register an illustration of the Arms with IP Australia at the federal level and with the relevant state or territory organisation dealing with title deeds etc. This can be an expensive exercise if you want Australia-wide coverage. Creation of an Australian Heraldic Authority would rectify this situation.

Q.20 Is there an official body that administers and regulates heraldry in Australia?

A. No. At present there is no official heraldic organisation in Australia so there is a legal vacuum as to the usage and protection of Arms in Australia. HAGSOC supports the creation of an Australian Heraldic Authority.

Q.21 Why does Australia need its own heraldic authority when coats of Arms can be registered with IP Australia?

A. The staff of IP Australia probably will not have any expertise with the rules of heraldry because they are not responsible for the administration of heraldry in Australia. Consequently when a coat of Arms is submitted to them for registration they will most likely not be concerned whether the Arms are authentic or not. Nor will they check with overseas heraldic authorities as to whether the arms have already been granted to somebody else who is an Australian citizen. Their main concern will be to check that the design of the Arms is not the same as any design (as a logo or a trademark) already entered in their Register. Should the design of the arms prove to be original, in so far as they are concerned, it will most likely be registered as submitted. IP Australia only registers a design for 10 years, after which time the protection must be renewed. Only an Australian Heraldic Authority will be able to protect and maintain the integrity of arms granted to Australian citizens, in perpetuity.

Q.22 Will members of the HAGSOC heraldry interest group design arms for me?

A. Some individuals within the group may be prepared to undertake this as a private commission. The group is happy to comment on and make recommendations on the design of any arms.

Q.23 Does the HAGSOC heraldry interest group undertake research?

A. The group undertakes heraldic research at the current HAGSOC scale of research fees.


1 comment(s), latest 2 months, 4 weeks ago

From INDIKA to MALDON

Now I know where Indika is!

Whilst walking down the main street of historic Maldon, in the central goldfields of Victoria, a Kombi van complete with herb garden and solar panels, pulled up and parked. Out of it came some gypsies. Hung up their trinkets to sell and proceeded to tell fortunes. Of course we went to look at the lovely trinkets;

"Where are these from?"

"Indika" answers one of the gypsies.

"Where is that?'

"indika" he says again'

SILENCE

" Ohhhhhhhhhh in the car!"

The above story appeared in the Tarrangower Times
Val Markham of Tarrangower Times snapped the pic.


Itellya's Watson's of Sorrento and Portsea.


2 comment(s), latest 4 years, 8 months ago

Mail Contracts New South Wales January 1861

Particulars for the contracts entered into for the conveyance of Post Office Mails, from 1st January 1861.
The + symbol signifies Per Week.

WESTERN ROADS.
John Hilt, Parramatta, Baulkham Hills, Rouse Hill, and Windsor, six days per week, for £200.
James Connolly, Windsor, Pitt Town, Wiseman's Ferry, and St. Alban's, two days, +£90.
Edward Croft, Wiseman's Ferry, and Mangrove Creek, one day, + £16.
Thomas Crisford, Windsor and Richmond, six days, + for £55.
Charles Bowen, Windsor, Wilberforce, Sackville Reach, and Portland Head, via Ebenezer, three days, + for £70.
Thomas Crisford, Richmond, North Richmond, and Wheeny Creek (Lamrock's Inn), three days, + for £35.
H. J. Kirwan, Sackville Reach and Lower Portland,three days, + for £30.
Edward Crisford, Richmond and Camden, via Castlereagh, Penrith, Mulgoa, and Greendale, three days, + for £198.
William Crane and J. J. Roberts, Parramatta Railway Terminus, and Post Office and Penrith, twice a day; Penrith, Hartley, and Bathurst, six days; Bathurst and Sofala, three days; Hartley and Mudgee, six days; with branch Post from Kean's Swamp to Rylstone, three days, and Bathurst, Guyong, and Orange, six days, + for £3250.
John Beard, Sofala and Tambaroora, one day, + for £190.
James Falconer, Mudgee, Cobbora, and Mundooran, one day, + for £175.
Edward Duckett, Mundooran and Coonamble, one day, + for £200.
David McCullough, Coonamble and Merri Merri by Bimbleyom, Bundy, Ningey, and Coanbone, one day, + for £99.
George O'Shea, Mudgee, Merrindee, and Wellington, one day, + for £180.
Edwin J. Greenwood, Mudgee and Cassilis, one day,+ for £200.
John Smith, Mudgee and Long Creek via Avisford, Grattai, Louisa Creek, Windeyer, and Campbell's Creek, two days, + for £275.
Hugh Wright, Orange and Wellington via Stoney Creek, Ironbarks, Moombla Hill, and Black Rock, three days, + for £795.
Edward Nicholls, Orange and Molong, three days, + for £285.
Thomas O'Brien, Molong and Black Rock, three days, + for £200.
Joseph Morris, Molong and South Wangan, one day, + for £115.
John Gardner, Molong and Obley, one day, + for £49.
D. L. Dalziell, Obley und Algullah, one day, + for £100.
Alexander White, Wellington and Dubbo, two days, + for £150.
James McCubbin, Dubbo and Cobbora, one day, + for £99.
Edward Duckett, Dubbo, Drungalee and Cannonbah, one day, + for £200.
John Minehan, Bathurst and Carcoar, three days, + for £348.
Thomas Walsh, Carcoar and Canowindra via Cliefden and Cowra, three days, + for £420.
Thomas Walsh, Cowra, South Wangan, Bundaburra, and Condobolin, one day, + for £360.
Thomas Grace, Condobolin and Lang's Crossing-place, one day, + for £560.
James James, Bathurst, Lagoons, and Rockley, two days; Rockley and Tuena, one day; Rockley and Swatchfield, one day ; Bathurst, Caloola, and Long Swamp, one day; Bathurst and O'Connell, two days; and O'Connell and Fish River Creek, via Mutton's Falls, one day, + for £400.

SOUTHERN ROADS.
William Crane and J. J. Roberts, Railway Terminus and Post Office, Campbelltown and Camden, via Narellan and Campbelltown and Goulburn, six days, + for £825.
W. B. Campbell, Campbelltown, Riversford, Douglass Park, and Picton, six days, + for £150.
Philip Reily, Camden and Oaks, via Brownlow Hill, and Lowe's Hill, six days; and Oaks and Burrogorang, three days, + for £145.
John Wallace, Berrima and Sutton Forest, six days, + for £70.
Charles Loseby, Berrima and Bong Bong, six days, + for £40.
James Waterworth, Bungonia and Marulan, three days, + for £50.
James Woods, Campbelltown, Appin, Woonona, Wollongong, and Dapto, six days, + for £600.
Edward Graham, Dapto and Shellharbour, two days, + for £30.
Joseph Howard, Dapto, Jamberoo, Kiama, Geringong and Shoalhaven, six days, + £500.
Christopher and William Murray, Shoalhaven, Sassafras, Nerriga, and Braidwood, one day, + for £230.
William Murray, Shoalhaven and Nowra, via Greenhills, three days, + £25.
John Allen, Shoalhaven, Nowra, and Ulladulla, via Greenhills, two days, + for £133 6s. 8d.
Philip Murray, Shoalhaven, Nowra, and Ulladulla, via Greenhills, one day, + for £66 13s. 4d.
Alfred Moult, Ulladulla and Bateman's Bay, two days, + for £120.
Mary Coffee, Bateman's Bay and Moruya, two days, + for £68.
Thomas Moran, Goulburn and Braidwood, via Boro, six days; Boro, Bungendore, and Queanbeyan, six
days; and Queanbeyan and Cooma, six days, + for £900.
David Wilson, Braidwood and Major's Creek, via Bell's Creek and Bell's Paddock, three days, + for
£120.
David Wilson, Braidwood and Little or Mongarlowe River, two days, +for £75.
Thomas Moran, Bungendore and Molonglo, three days, + for £84.
Thomas McGee, Nelligen (Clyde River), and Braid- wood, two days, + for £250.
John Doughty, Major's Creek, Oranmore and Stoney Creek, via Ballalaba, two days, + for £58.
P. Heffernan, Braidwood, Araluen, Mullenderree, and Moruya, via Reidsdale, two days, + for £225.
C. J. McGregor, Moruya, Bodalla, Bega, Merimbula, and Pambula, one day, + for £160.
John Otton, jun., Moruya, Bodalla, Bega, Merimbula, and Pambula, one day, + for £180.
J. J. Roberts, Goulburn, Collector, Gundaroo, Gin- ninderra, and Queanbeyan, two days, + for £220.
Thomas Moran, Queanbeyan and Lanyon, two days, + for £68 12s.
Thomas Moran, Cooma, Adaminiby, Russell's and Kiandra, one day, + for £228 11s. 6d.
J. J. Roberts, Cooma, Adaminiby, Russell's and Kiandra, two days, + for £600.
William McGregor, Adaminiby and Cathcart, one day, + for £300.
William Roohan, Cooma and Buckley's Crossing Place, via Woolway and Jejizrick, one day, + for £138.
David Delves, Cooma and Bombala, two days, + for £350.
Edward Jones, Bombala and Delegate, two days, + for £110.
Charles Robertson, Bombala, Cathcart, Pambula, and Eden, via Big Jack's, one day, + for £210.
Charles Robertson, Pambula and Eden, two days, + for £55.
J. M. Munoz, Goulburn and Kenny's Point, via Bangalore, one day, + for £69.
James Martin, Goulburn, Tarlo, and Taralga, via Chatsbury, one day, + for £58.
Isaac Pratton, Goulburn, Laggan, and Tuena, one day, + for £160.
George Evans, Goulburn and Binda, via Mummell, Pomeroy, Gullen, and Wheo, two days, + for £160.
George Webster, Binda and Tuena, two days, for £80.
W. Henry Smith, Binda and Bigga, one day, + for £37. 10s.
James Maloney, Wheo, Reid's Flat, and Cowra, one day, + for £126 6s. 4d.
William Crane and J. J. Roberts, Goulburn, Gunning, and Yass, daily, + £531 4s.
James Garry, Yass, Binalong, and Burrowa, two days, + for £240.
Patrick Forbes, Yass and Gundaroo, two days, + for £80.
Jacob Marks, Binalong, Murrumburrah, and Wagga Wagga, via Dacey's and the Levels, two days, + for £600.
Allan Hancock, Burrowa, and Reid's Flat, via Hovell's Creek and Phil's Creek, one day, for £60.
Daniel Crottay, Burrowa and Cowra, via Marengo, and Bumbaldrie, one day, + for £135.
Thomas West, Marengo and Morangarell, one day, + for £100.
John Sheehan and Laurence Garry, Yass and Albury, three days, + for £2,285 3s. 2d.
Robert Elliott, Yass and Albury, three days, + for £2,400.
Edward Doyle, Gundagai and Tumut, three days, + for £210.
Edward G. Brown, Tumut and Kiandra, one day, + for £480.
C. W. Crawley, Tumut and Adelong, three days, + for £100.
Frederick Abbott, Tarcutta and Adelong, three days, for £285.
Alexander Bruce, Adelong, Upper Adelong, Tumberumba, and Ten Mile Creek, with a branch post to and from Copabella, Jingillack, and Welaregane, one day, + for £350.
James Gormley, Tarcutta and Wagga Wagga, one day, + for £95.
James Gormley, Tarcutta and Wagga Wagga, two days; Wagga Wagga, Gillinbah, Lang's Crossing Place, and Balranald, one day, + for £852 12s. 8d
James Gormley, Wagga Wogga, Gillenbah, Lane's Crossing Place, and Balranald, one day, +for £685.
James Gormley, Wagga Wagga and Deniliquin, one day, + for £470.
James Gormley, Wagga Wagga and Deniliquin, one day, + for £487 1s. 2d.
James Clifford, Lang's Crossing Place and Deniliquin. one day, + for £228 11s. 6d.
Richard Bill, Lang's Crossing Place and Deniliquin, two days; and Deniliquin and Moama, three days, + for £925.
Ralph Powell, Albury and Deniliquin, one day, + for £220.
Bevan and Co,, Deniliquin and Moama, three days, + for £260.
William Burgess, Deniliquin, Moulamein, and Balranald, one day, +for £250.
Thomas Pain and Robert Driscoll, Wentworth and Mount Murchison, once a fortnight, for £600.

NORTHERN ROADS.
James Cole, Sydney, Lane Cove, and Gosford, via Peat's Ferry, one day, + for £129.
Peter Fagan, Sydney, Lane Cove, and Gosford, via Peat's Ferry, one day, + for £100.
Peter Fagan, Gosford and Kincumber, one day, + for £16.
Morris Magney, Newcastle Wharf, the Post-office, and Railway Terminus, twice or oftener daily, for £100.
Morris Magney, Newcastle Post-office, and Branch Office at Lake Macquarie Road and the Junction, twice or oftener, daily, for £48 11s. 6d.
Thomas Baker, Raymond Terrace and Stroud, four days, + for £178.
John Williams, Stroud and Tinonee, two days, + for £245.
Robert Summerville, Tinonee and Wingham, two days, + for £27.
G. M. Fitzpatrick, Tinonee and Redbank, two days, + for £32 10s.
Reuben Richards, Tinonee and Port Macquarie, two days, + for £210.
Thomas Carney, Port Macquarie and Huntingdon, one day, + for £28.
Henry McCabe, Tinonee, Taree, Candleton, and Jones' Island, two days, +for £35.
Christopher Felton, Port Macquarie, Rolland's Plains, and Kempsey, two days, + for £108.
Otho O. Dangar, Kempsey and Frederickton, one day, + for £36 11s. 6d.
Otho O. Dangar. Kempsey and Armidale, once a fortnight, for £73.
Robert Hyndes, Post Office and Railway Station, West Maitland, twice or oftener, daily, for £52.
Alexander McGilvray, West Maitland, East Maitland, and Morpeth, seven days, for £49.
Alexander McGilvray, Railway Station and Post Office, East Maitland, Morpeth, and Hinton, seven days, for £67.
Lawrence Arnold, Hinton, Seaham, Clarence Town, Brookfield, and Dungog, three days, + for £145.
Thomas Irwin, Dungog and Bandon Grove, three days, + for £28.
Robert Lloyd, East Maitland, Largs, and Paterson, seven days, for £125.
William Shearwood, Paterson and Gresford, three days, + for £35.
Francis Randall, Gresford and Eccleston, one day, + for £20.
Patrick McCloy, Gresford and Lostock, two days, + for £25.
Thomas Moore, East Maitland and Mount Vincent, one day, + for £24.
Thomas Moore, Maitland, Millfield, and Wollombi, three days. + for £180.
John Gill, Railway Terminus and Post Office, Lochinvar, and Singleton, seven days ; and Singleton and Murrurundi, four days. + for £1844 5s.
John Gill, Singleton and Murrurundi, two days; and Murrurundi Land Armidale, three days ; + for £3450.
Joseph Clark, Singleton and Fordwich, two days.+ for £85.
Thomas Howard, Singleton and Jerry's Plains, -via Cockfighter's Creek, and in time of flood via Thorley's, three days.+ for £77.
Patrick Ward, Muswellbrook, Merton, Merriwa, and Cassilis, three days.+ for £777.
William Acheson, Cassilis, Coolan, and Coonabarabran, one day.+ for £142.
James M'Cubbin, Coolah, Denison Town, and Cobbora, one day,+ for £90.
J. A. Johnstone, Coolah and Gulligal, one day. for £149.
Seymour Denman, Wallgett and Coonabarabran, via Kienlry, &c, one day.+ for £179.
John Gill, Murrurundi, Tamworth, Bendemeer, and Armidale, three days. + for £3980.
Joseph Taggart, Murrurundi and Oakey Creek, one day.+ for £120.
John Gill, Murrurundi, Breeza, and Gunnedah, one day, for £159.
John Gill, Murrurundi and Gunnedah, via Warra, Breeza, and Carroll, one day; and Gunnedah, Gulligal, and Wee Waa, one day. + for £550.
Abraham Johnstone, Gulligal and Warialda, one day.+ for £168.
William M'clelland, Goonoo Goonoo and Nundle, via Bowling Alley .Point, two days. + for £175.
A. S. Bourke, Goonoo Goonoo and Nundle, via Bowling Alley Point, one day, + for £71 8s. 7d.
John Gill, Armidale and Drayton, two days ; Tamworth, Warialda, and Calandoon, one day; Warialda and Wee Waa, one day ; Tamworth, Carroll, and Gulligal, one day: Wallgett. Caidmurra, and Callandoon, one day ; Wee Waa and Wallgett, one day; Warwick and Ipswich, via Cunningham's Gap. one day; Wallabadah and Quirindi, one day ; Uralla and Rocky River, three days ; + for £3900.
James Keating, Walgett and Fort Bourke, once a fortnight, for £350.
William Sly, Fort Bourke and Mount Murchison, travelling either side of the Darling, once a fortnight, for £275.
W. M. Stevenson and William Martin, Armidale and Grafton, and Bendemeer and Bundarra, one day, + for £390.
W. M. Stevenson, Armidale and Walcha, one day ; and Bendemeer and Walcha, two days, for £232.+
Gabriel Wardrope, Armidale, Byron, and Frazer's Creek, via Moredun, Paradise Creek, Newstead, Inverell, Buckalla, one day. for £150.
Edward M. Wright, Tenterfield and Frazer's Creek, one day, + for £144.
Charles Tuckwood, Tenterfield, Tabulan, and Grafton, one day, + for £288.
Ellen Thompson, Lawrence and Casino, one day ; Grafton and Casino, one day, + for £400.
Henry Sheldon, Lawrence Tabulam, and Tooloom, via Pretty Gully, one day + for £200.
James Duffy, Casino and Richmond River Heads, one day. + for £150.
John Brown, Casino and Brisbane, one day, for £265.

SUBURBAN.
Peter Fagan. Sydney, St. Mark's, Waverley, and Watson's Bay, six days for £99.
G. H. Stevens, Sydney and St. Leonard's, twice a day, + for £40.
Robert Gannon, Sydney and St. Peter's, twice a day, for £12.
John Grice, Sydney and Randwick, twice a day, for £20.


Mine injuries and deaths Victoria

Another site for your favourites is the Victorian Mining Accident Index compiled by Dave Evans and presented by the Ballarat & District Genealogical Society. This is my way of introducing you to a most informative site. It isn't only these few John Smiths injured or killed in mining accidents, but 5,600 miners from the 1850s to the 1940s.

Smith, Jno
1888/09/13
Injured
Married, 33 Y. O.
Ballarat
Buninyong
(A.R.Sec.Mines)

Smith, John
1862/00/00
Killed
30 Y. O.
Accident drowned
Castlemaine
(Dig. Evans)

Smith, John
1885/09/12
Injured
Single, 21 Y. O.
Castlemaine
Tarrangower
(A.R.Sec.Mines)

Smith, John
1886/08/03
Killed
Married, 28 Y. O.
Sandhurst
Eaglehawk
(A.R.Sec.Mines)

Smith, John
1913/00/00
Injured
Ballarat
Wilkinson & Co Mine
(A.R.Sec.Mines)

Smith, John F.
1892/08/10
Killed
Compo
Sandhurst
Eaglehawk
(A.R.Sec.Mines)

Smith, Jonathon
1875/03/31
Killed
Married, 41 Y. O.
4
Injury in claim
Sandhurst
Sandhurst
(C.I.R.)(Dig. Evans)


This photograph below I took at a little town called Yapeen, Victoria last month December 2011.

I'm always filled with a mixture of excitement and suspicion when I see a John Smith.
I wasn't disappointed this time.

After I took the photo, (I swear there was not another living soul to be seen in this town) I went around to the Guildford Hotel.

As I was showing the photograph to a couple of the locals, this old man pipes up " He was me grand father!"

This is the excitement part.

"I'll have another beer and a beer for this man here too please". I order, as I fossick in my bag for pen and notepad.

"Tell me about him." I coax all smiles and pen poised.

" Well, it wasn't his real name," says my new found drinking partner.

"Oh! I'm not surprised. Most John Smith's were hiding", says pedantic know-it-all me. " What was his real name?" I ask excitement mounting.

"William", says my new friend as I order another two drinks.

"William what," I ask impatiently.

"William Smith!"

Suspicion finally kicks in but not before the laughter from my drinking partner and his friends.