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John CROWLEY was born on the 13 May 1775 at Millbrook, Bedfordshire, England, the son of Francis CRAWLEY and Elizabeth JACKSON.
At age 26, John CROWLEY was tried on the 16th July 1801, with William PEPPER and John SHERWOOD of stealing a sheep. The property of Edward PLATT of Lidlington.
All three were sentenced to death. William PEPPER was hanged on the 1 August 1801. John CROWLEY and John SHERWOOD had their sentence commuted to transportation for life. John Crowley arrived in Sydney on the 11 March 1803 aboard the HMS Glatton.
John CRAWLEY was described as 5'7" tall with a very fair complexion, flaxen hair and light hazel eyes.
In 1805/1806 he was indented to Mr BADGERY.
On the 28th February 1811 he sought and obtained permission to marry. In all records his name was spelt CRAWLEY when the spelling changed is not known.
His Ticket of Leave was obtained on the 21st July 1810
His conditional pardon granted on 5th June 1815, the same day as his brother-in-law Thomas CROSS.
Both men had a horse and cart and carried goods for the men working on the road over the Blue Mountains.
On the 4th March 1811 at St.Matthews church Windsor John married Jane Charlotte BRYAN/BRYANT, the daughter of Jane ISON/LLOYD and William Bryan(t).
John was 35 and Jane Charlotte was 15. She had been born on the 17th May 1796 and baptised on the 14th August 1796.
On the 30 June 1820 from Windsor, John Crowley wrote a memorial to Governor Lachlan Macquarie asking for a grant of land, saying he was supporting a wife and four children. He received 100 acres fronting the north bank of the Grose River. Only 40 acres separated them from her mother and stepfather, William EATON 1769-1858.
In 1820 he was listed as a farmer at North Richmond, where he had 250 acres of land, of which 52 acres was cultivated and 70 acres were cleared. he was running 220 head of cattle, 7 sheep and 13 horses.
He was employing 7 men:- John MORTON age 53 'Mangles'1820, as his convict servant. James ROBINSON age 27, 'Glory' 1818 as a ploughman, Patrick RILEY age 45 'Guilford 2' 1815 as stockkeeper. John KNOTT age 28 'Baring 2' 1819 as a shoemaker. Then three labourers John VARLEY age 58 'Royal Admiral' 1792. George FORESIGHT age 40 'Cambridge' 1827 and William ASTON age 16 Prince Regent 1827. Over the next 20 years his land holdings grew to 324 acres.
John Crowley died on the 9th May 1833 just 4 days shy of his 58th birthday.
Three years later Jane Charlotte married William ASTON who had been John's labourer. She lived to be 72 and died on the 6th February 1869. On the 8th she was buried in the family vault with John Crowley at St. Peter's Cemetery Richmond.
The children of John CROWLEY and Jane Charlotte, nee BRYANT were:-
1. Jane Crowley b: 21 December 1812 d:13 June 1823
2. Elizabeth Crowley b: 12 May 1815 d: 17 January 1891 m. Thomas HOWELL 1809-1876 at St.Matthews Windsor on 28 February 1832.
3. John Crowley b: 22 June 1817 d: 15 January 1887 m. Mary Ann JOHNSON 1817-1893 at Windsor on the 17 May 1836.
4. William Crowley b: 26 November 1819 d:30 October 1892 m. (1) Emma BAINES 1825-1867 at Windsor in 1845 (2) Sarah WILLIAMS 1834-1920 at Bingara in 1888.
5. Eliza CROWLEY b: 30 August 1822 d: 4 February 1897 m. Thomas EATHER 1824-1909 at St.Peter's Richmond on the 25 July 1843.
6. Charlotte Crowley b: 4 October 1825 d: 26 June 1840
7. Ann Crowley b: 16 January 1828 d: 30 August 1893 m. William H WOOD 1829-1879 at St.Peter's Richmond in 1847.
8. Mary Ann Crowley 1830 ? 1834
DUPEN or DUPIN.
Convict Index from nsw State Records
Select Surname Firstname Alias Vessel Year No Date RecordType Citation Remarks
DUPEN John - Hooghly 1834 45/1118 15 Dec 1845 Ticket of Leave Passport [4/4260; Reel 974] Ticket of Leave 44/0448; On the recommendation of the Penrith Bench
DUPEN John Hooghley 1834 49/0109 27 Apr 1849 Certificate of Freedom [4/4412; Reel 1026] TL 47/779
DUPEN John Hooghley 1834 44/448 Ticket of Leave [4/4185; Reel 951] District: Parramatta; Tried: London GD
DUPEN John Hooghley 1834 47/ 779 Ticket of Leave [4/4213; Reel 960] District: Bathurst; Born: London; Trade: Bakers boy; Tried: London GD
The above 'John' is not found in records again but a George Dupen turns up in Bathurst and marries a Mary Reid at the Presbyterian Church Bathurst.
NSW.BDM. MARRIAGES: 451/1849 V1849451 79
DUPEN GEORGE REID MARY JI
[Bathurst Free Press,Saturday 9 April 1853.
On Wednesday, 30th March, Mrs. DUPEN,
of a DAUGHTER.] I cannot find a registration for this daughter, only for the following - James and Margaret, which are Christening records.
3665/1853 V18533665 39A DUPEN JAMES R GEORGE MARY
2355/1851 V18512355 37A DUPEN MARGARET E GEORGE MARY
And registered as DUPIN 2 marriages in Wellington
*5112/1878 DUPIN JASON R GAGE MARY P WELLINGTON
*5112/1878 DUPIN JAMES RICHARD SAGE MARY PAULINE R WELLINGTON
3210 1899 DUPIN Mary Pauline Raymond DUPIN James Richard
( I tagged a few things in TROVE about James Richard Dupin, he deserted Mary Pauline. Trove might be the best place to find information
George dies 15 April 1856 in Bathurst aged 45.
[Bathurst Free Press, Wednesday 16 April 1856
On the morning of the 15th inst., at his residence in Bentinck-street, Mr. George Dupen,
aged 45 years.]
NSW.BDM. DEATHS: 1617/1856 DUPEN GEORGE GEORGE MARY A BATHURST
CONVICT DEATH State Records of NSW DUPIN
DUPIN John -
Hooghley 15/04/1856 [4/4549; Reel 690 Page 064] District/Parish: Bathurst. vide letter 57/105
DUPIN John -
Hooghley 15/04/1856 Convict Death Register [4/4549; Reel 690 Page 064] District/Parish: Bathurst. vide letter 57/105
I have no doubt that this John DUPEN/DUPIN who arrived on the Hooghley
The Hooghley was built in London in 1819. She transported convicts to New South Wales in 1825, 1828, 1831 and 1834.
Title: John Dupen, one of 260 convicts transported on the Hooghley, 25 July 1834.
Details: Sentence details: Convicted at London Gaol Delivery for a term of 14 years on 10 April 1834.
Date of Departure: 25 July 1834.
Place of Arrival: New South Wales.
Source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 90, Class and Piece Number HO11/9, Page Number 411 (207)
Author/Creator: Great Britain. Home Office.; State Library of Queensland.
Subjects: Dupen, John;
Convicts -- Australia -- Registers;
Australia -- Genealogy
Publisher: Canberra A.C.T. : Australian Joint Copying Project
Is Part Of: Criminal : Convict transportation registers [HO 11]
Record number: 1039235
Link to this record: http://onesearch.slq.qld.gov.au/primo_library/libweb/action/dlSearch.do?institution=SLQ&vid=SLQ&search_scope=SLQ&onCampus=false&group=Guest&query=any,contains,slq_voyager1039235
The sixth child and fourth son of Thomas EATHER and Elizabeth LEE was born at Green Hills in the Hawkesbury district on 3 October 1804 and was named John. Two days previously his twin brothers, Charles and Thomas, had turned four. John had been a family name amongst Thomas's ancestors since 1647. Early in August 1805 Thomas and Elizabeth had their infant son John and the twins christened. These baptisms were recorded at Parramatta on 11 August 1805. In all 42 baptisms were recorded in the Parramatta register that day. In none was the place of the baptism recorded, but from a survey of the names it is obvious that most, if not all, of the baptisms were of Hawkesbury district children. Their birthdates ranged from 1798 to 1805. It is believed this is how the birthdates of the twins Charles and Thomas were given as 1805 to records at NSW BD&M. Obviously a minister of the Church of England had made a rare tour of the Hawkesbury district, which still had no Church, and residents had made use of the occasion to catch up on the christening of their children. When John was an infant his father was farming fifteen acres, apparently half of the land that he had been granted in 1797 on Rickaby's Creek at Green Hills. The family home was on higher land above the farm and it was there that John lived until he was about sixteen. When he was three his sister Rachel was born, and when he was six his brother James joined the family. One of the experiences of his childhood which might have become indelibly etched upon his memory , was the sight of the 1809 record flood, when all of the lowlands around Green Hills were submerged and the Hills rendered into a temporary island. In the hard year for the EATHERS that followed, John was one of their children victualled by the Government store.
John was about seven when Governor Macquarie visited Green Hills; decided that it would be the site of a town named Windsor, and supervised its layout. In the years that followed, the town gradually developed. As a child in a community that was largely illiterate, John grew up without the benefit of formal schooling. As a teenager, he undoubtedly gained experience as a farm labourer, while assisting his father in the various chores on his farm. He saw the gradual growth of the town as new shops, hotels and dwellings were erected. When he was about fourteen he saw his brother-in -law, Joseph Onus, carting loads of bricks in his dray to the site on the hill where the new St Matthew's Church was slowly taking shape. In the early 1820's, when John was in his late teens, his father Thomas EATHER purchased a rectangular allotment on the south-eastern side of George Street, the main street of Windsor. In due course the members of the EATHER family still living at home, took up residence in an L-shaped house on the north-eastern corner of the allotment, close to George Street . After 1824, when his brother Thomas was married, John and his younger brother James were the only EATHER children living at home with their parents. On 22 March 1827, when John was 22, his father died. On the following day John was one of the group of mourners who gathered in the churchyard of St Matthew's to see the old man laid to rest. The only member of the EATHER family who was probably missing from the family group on that sad occasion was John's elder brother Thomas, who was establishing himself as a farmer on land far away over the ranges at Wollombi Brook and was most likely unaware that his father had passed away.
Thomas EATHER left a will which had been written at some time during the last two years of his life, after the birth in 1825 of his grandson, Henry Charles the son of his son Charles and Ann HOUGH. Under the terms of this will, the 'three messuages or dwelling houses situate in George Street in the town of Windsor ... together with all horned Cattle, Carts, Ploughs, Harrows and all the implements' were beqeathed to his 'beloved Wife Elizabeth', along with 'all household furniture, goods and effects'. The will further decreed what was to become of the houses, property and effects upon Elizabeth's death. Under the sixth clause John was to receive ''the three back rooms of the house in which I now dwell also situate in George Street aforesaid with all my working Bullocks, Carts, Ploughs, Harness, Harrows and other Agricultural Implements I may be possessed of at the time of my decease''. John was also to share with his younger brother James the household goods and any other effects not already allocated. James was to receive the front two rooms of the house and one cow and calf. Why John should have been singled out to receive the working bullocks, carts and farm machinery can be readily understood. His three older brothers, Robert, Charles and Thomas, were already out in the world with occupations and families of their own. James was still a teenage lad. John was the single adult amongst the sons. Thomas's decision to divide the house in which he dwelt between John and James, while the other two houses were divided amongst his grandchildren, is also logical. John and James were the two sons still living at home, and therefore they wouldn't have to move out of their home upon the demise of their mother. In real terms the content of his father's will had little immediate impact upon John. He continued to reside at home with his mother. He had probably been the member of the family who had made the most use of the carts and farm machinery during the last few years of his father's life, and he probably continued to do so. Judging from the contents of his will, Thomas EATHER owned no land other than the George Street allotment after 1825, and the farm machinery and working bullocks would have been idle except when John used them in labouring jobs or contracts in the district. He would have shouldered increased responsibility with the passing of his father, as his mother would have become dependant upon him in many ways, ranging from transport to maintenance of the family home. When the census of New South Wales was taken in 1828, John was the only one of Elizabeth EATHER's children residing at home with her. James EATHER was then seventeen and still single, but was away from home at the time that the census was taken. John's occupation then was that of a labourer. Elizabeth had decided to supplement her income by taking in boarders, and in the years that followed, usually had a few lodgers staying at her house. This may have thrown more responsibilities upon John. Unlike his four brothers, John remained a bachelor throughout his life. How much this was due to his feeling of responsibility to his widowed mother, we shall never know.
Little is known about his life after 1828, when he was 24. Research has not revealed any application in his name for a land grant, although his brothers Robert and Thomas both applied for such. He evidently had no interest in squatting on the Liverpool Plains, as had both Robert and Thomas. There is no record of his ever having taken out a licence to depasture stock 'beyond the limits of District'. If he ever did ride up the Hunter Valley to the Liverpool Plains it would have been in the minor role of a stockman or drover. He does not appear to have owned any land in the Hawkesbury district. His name does not appear amongst those enrolled on the electoral roll in 1860. Perhaps he rented land for farming purposes, but whether he was concerned with farming we do not know. Possibly he became skilled in one of the trades as a blacksmith, harness-maker or wheelwright and plied those skills in or near Windsor. Perhaps, being without family responsibilities, he was content to earn a living as a labourer, either in town or on the farms. After 1836 when his brother James married, John was the only single member of the family. It is likely that he continued to reside at home and was a companion to his mother as she got older. Elizabeth had a long widowhood of 33 years and probably continued to live on in her George Street home until the frailties of old age forced her into the care of one of her daughters, all of whom resided in or near Richmond. Elizabeth passed away on 11 June 1860 after having attained the age of about 90. John was then 55 and was almost surely one of the mourners who gathered in the churchyard of St. Matthew's Anglican Church at Windsor to see her laid to rest in a grave beside that of her late husband. With the passing of his mother, John inherited the three back rooms of the George Street house and half of the household possessions. The carts and farm machinery, if they hadn't been disposed of in the intervening years, were his property at last. His father's working bullocks weren't around to be inherited. Age and hard work had gradually claimed their lives over the years. Following Elizabeth EATHER's death the EATHER allotment in George Street, Windsor was surveyed and sub-divided into six small allotments, each approximately fourteen and one -sixth perches in area, with a frontage of about thirty feet to George Street and a depth of about 128 feet. As the result of some agreement amongst those who were to share the land, John was allocated the second of these. The L-shaped house, which he was to share with James, was on the first allotment, which had been allocated to James. A year later, in June 1861, James mortgaged his allotment to a grazier, John HOSKISSON, for ?250. He evidently came to some arrangement with John to compensate him for his half of the family home, which was on the allotment mortgaged. John EATHER retained his small allotment for over nine years. What he did with it in that period we do not know. It is unlikely that he had a cottage erected on it. Judging from the low price at which he eventually sold it, there were no improvements on it. At last, on 9 September 1869, shortly before he turned 65, John sold his allotment to John HOSKISSON for the sum of ?40 sterling. On the same day, HOSKISSON became the owner also of James EATHER's allotment. James had never paid off the ?250 for which he had mortgaged it in 1861. Instead he had borrowed another ?200 from HOSKISSON on 17 August 1867. Thus, on 9 September 1869 an Indenture was drawn up , under which HOSKISSON obtained possession of the house and allotment for the sum of ?480 sterling. James had in effect sold his property for the ?450 he had borrowed, plus interest of ?30 that had accrued over the eight years. How John EATHER spent his later years is a matter for conjecture. The likelihood is that he continued to live in or near Windsor, as he had done for the rest of his life.
The only later information about him is that revealed by his death certificate. On 5 November 1888, a month after he turned 84, he died in the Windsor Hospital. Perhaps he died a lonely man. The informant who registered his death was unable to provide the name of his parents. His three sisters and his brothers Robert and Thomas had all predeceased him. His younger brother James was living far away at Narrabri on the Liverpool Plains. The other brother to survive him was eighty-eight year-old Charles, who was living at Richmond . John had numerous nieces and nephews residing in the Hawkesbury district. Perhaps some of them were present at his funeral when he was buried in the same Churchyard as his parents. John EATHER never married and left no descendants - he died at Windsor hospital and the informant for his death certificate had no knowledge of his family.
After their marriage, Rachel EATHER and John Norris became farmers on a small farm of ten acres close by the farm of John's parents at Cornwallis. It was land which had been granted originally to a man named GRIMES, and which John was leasing. At the time of the land and stock muster in 1825, the had all of the ten acres cleared, and had 7 acres sown with wheat and 3 with maize. They had 30 pigs. Their first child, Maria, was born in 1824 when Rachel was about 17. Four years later, when the 1828 census was held, they were living at Cornwallis and were farming ten acres of land, probably the same farm as they had been leasing in 1825. All of the land was under cultivation. They now owned two horses, but no cattle. They still had only one child, Maria, who was four. Nearby, John's parents still had their farm of 50 acres. Of this, 45 acres were cultivated and they had 4 horses and fifteen cattle. Richard's age was recorded as 52 and Mary's as 39. Nine of their twelve children were living at home with them. Their second son, Thomas, was also married and farming nearby, while their third son, Richard, was 20 and working away from home.
A month after the census was taken, Rachel gave birth to their second child, Harriett, on 15 December, 1828 She was baptised at Windsor on 10 February 1829 by the rites of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1932 their first son, Michael John, was born. No record of his baptism has been located. In the autumn of the following year, when Michael John was still a babe in arms, there occurred an event which was to cause a major disruption to the lives of his parents, and which shattered the tranquillity of the lives of their many relatives and friends. The police arrived at John and Rachel's farm; found them in possession of some meat which the police believed to have been from a stolen calf, and arrested John on the charge of cattle stealing. Also arrested that day on charges connected with the same offence, were two of their neighbours, Robert FORRESTER and Jane METCALF. News of the incident spread rapidly through the district and aroused a good deal of gossip and consternation. The trial was held on 25 April 1833 before the Chief Justice, Judge DOWLING. It was alleged that a calf had been stolen from one, Thomas CORBET, and had been slaughtered for meat. John NORRIS was said to have been found in possession of some of the meat. The three accused were found guilty and were remanded for sentence. Alarmed by the situation in which her son had been placed and fearful of the outcome, John's mother, Mary NORRIS, on 5 May 1833, wrote a petition to the Chief Justices, imploring his 'humane interference' upon behalf of her son. John evidently felt that his lawyer had not presented his defence satisfactorily at his trial, and he had a petition prepared on his behalf on 27 May and forwarded to the Chief Justice. His petition was supported by a number of statements by prominent Hawkesbury citizens, including one from Thomas CORBET, the man from who the calf had been stolen. The month of June passed with Rachel and her relatives and friends in state of apprehension as to what effect the petitions might have. On 1 July 1833 to Executive Council met and the petitions were laid before its members, Judges DOWLING and BURTON.
The petition of Mary NORRIS read:-
"To His Honour, Mr Justice DOWLING the Humble Petition of Mary NORRIS Humbly showeth That the Petitioner is the Mother of John NORRIS who was tried and convicted on 25 Ultimo before Your Honor, for Cattle Stealing and remanded for sentence. That Petitioner since her arrival in the Colony has always maintained a respectable Character, now thirty years, and has reared a large family in the paths of virtue and morality and no blemish attached to any of them until the present unfortunate affair, which have thrown them into deep affliction. Petitioner therefore humbly implores Your Honor's humane interference for her son, who is yet to receive sentence, and that Your Honor condescend to inform Petitioner what steps she should persue (sic) in this unfortunate affair. And Petitioner will ever pray.
Sydney, 5th May 1833.
The petition of John NORRIS was a longer document. It read:-
" To His Honor Judge DOWLING Chief Justice of New South Wales The Humble Petition of John NORRIS most respectfully sheweth - That Petitioner was tried for Cattle Stealing on Saturday and found Guilty. That your Petitioner on the day of his trial had three witnesses to prove his innocence but thru' the neglect of his Lawyer they were not called upon - in consequence of which he was found guilty. That the Witnesses your Petitioner has (the benefit of whose testimony he was deprived of) could have Certified upon Oath that the Meat found in his house was sent as a present from the House of the Forresters, without his knowing that it was unlawfully come by, as it was the Custom to make such presents one amongst another - That your Petitioner is a married man and has a Wife and three small children which he is obliged to support by his industry which if they were deprived of Petitioner they would not be able to support themselves. That Petitioner was born in this country and was never before brought to trial for any offence which the accompanying testimonials as to character can certify. That your Petitioner most humbly begs your Honor will be kindly pleased to take his case into your humane consideration to remember that he has a family, dependent upon him, to consider the character that he has formerly bore - to dwell upon the respectable testimonials of Persons that has known him so long and that you will be pleased by the power that is invested in you to use your interference in his behalf with his Excellency the Governor, that he in the humane exercise of his power will be as lenient and show as much mercy to petitioner as circumstances will permit. And Petitioner as is duty bound will ever Pray -
John NORRIS Petitioner"
Accompanying this petition were the following six testimonials:-
" I certify to their Honors the Judges that John NORRIS has been known to me from his infancy. His Father came to the Colony in 1800 with myself and they have always lived in this district. Prior to this conviction I have never heard anything against them. The Father has accumulated some property and I am utterly at a loss to account for him stealing Meat when it is so cheap and the young man in the enjoyment of his health to work and maintain his family.
Wm COX JP 27th May 1833, J BRABYN, Thomas DARGLE"
"I beg leave to certify to their Honourable the Judges of the Colony that I have known the Family of the Petitioner for upwards of twenty years, and that the Crime he has been found guilty of is the first I have ever heard him accused of. I therefore beg leave to recommend him, for the favourable consideration of their Honors, for the most lenient sentence the crime will admit of. John HOWE Coroner Windsor 27th May 1833 George LODER"
"I certify that I have known John NORRIS upwards of four years and that he has never been charged with any offence except the one for which he has lately been tried. S. North JP Supt. of Police Windsor 26th may 1833"
" I certify that I have known John NORRIS upwards of Six years and that he has never been charged with any offence what ever. Benjamin HODSON Chief Constable Windsor"
" I do certify that I have known John NORRIS from his infancy and always considered a sober honest industrious character Patrick BYRNE Thomas CORBET Chief prosecutor"
" I do certify that it does not appear to me that John NORRIS had any part in stealing my Calf that he is convicted for. Given under my hand. Thomas CORBET Witness: Thomas LYNCH"
" I certify that I believe the foregoing statements to be correct. John COBCROFT Jnr District Constable Wilberforce"
The members of the Executive Council studied the petitions that had been laid before them and made decision with regard to them. Soon afterwards they handed down the sentences for which the three accused had been remanded.
The following report appeared in the newspaper, "The Sydney Morning Herald", in its issue that day: " LAW INTELLIGENCE Civil side - The Chief Justice and Judges DOWLING and BURTON took their seats in Banco this morning, when the following persons were put to the bar, and received the judgement of the court Robert FORRESTER and John NORRIS, for Cattle Stealing, Death recorded, and Jane METCALF for receiving part of the meat known to have been stolen, to be imprisoned in the third class of the factory for 12 months". Whatever hopes that Rachel had nourished that the petitions might have had some effect upon the judges were dashed by the announcement of this verdict. Despair engulfed her with the realisation that, within the brief passage of days, her husband could go to the gallows. The cloud was soon lifted. Within a short time John NORRIS's sentence was commuted to 7 years penal servitude in Van Diemen's Land. This verdict, coming after the period of great anxiety and trauma which Rachel had suffered while she had waited for the outcome of her husband's trial and then his sentence, would have been greeted with some feelings of relief, although tempered with the firm belief that fate had dealt him an injustice. For a few weeks John was held in the Sydney Gaol. Then he was transferred to the hulk "Phoenix" in Sydney Harbour, pending his transportation. From there he was transferred to the "Medway", and on it made the voyage from Sydney to Hobart, where he arrived in October 1833. This was a new experience for him, but one which he would have enjoyed much more under different circumstances. His convict indent described him as 31 years of age, over 5'9" tall, with fresh complexion, light brown hair and grey eyes. He was married with three children; his wife Rachel being at Windsor. He stated, "I expect her by the first ship." John was evidently aware that his wife intended to join him in Van Diemen's Land as soon as possible. Early in the following month Rachel bid a sad farewell to her mother; her sisters and brothers and John's relatives, and travelled to Sydney. On 8 November 1833 the vessel "Sir John Rae Ried" under Captain HAIG departed from Sydney Harbour for Hobart. One of the passengers on board was Mrs Rachel NORRIS. Presumably she had her three children with her. The youngest, Michael John, was scarcely a year old. By the middle of November John and his family were reunited and they set up house in Hobart. John had been allocated to 'Public Works' in or near the town. On 27 September 1834 a daughter was born to Rachel at Hobart and named Elizabeth. John's period of penal servitude was whittled away gradually by the passage of time. In 1835 he was still on Public Works. Time probably passed slowly for Elizabeth, who undoubtedly missed the familiar sights of her Hawkesbury surroundings and the familiar faces of loved ones. On 17 July 1837 another son was born and named Thomas. Two more long years passed and on 3 November 1839, after Rachel had been in Hobart for almost six years, a daughter Rachel, was born to her. She and John now had six thriving children. In 1840 John NORRIS completed his sentence and was granted his freedom. The family returned to Sydney by ship in late July or early August and were soon residing once more at Cornwallis. Excitement would have prevailed as they were greeted by their relatives after an absence of nearly seven years. On 23 August 1840 infant Rachel was baptised at Windsor, and a week later daughter Elizabeth and son Thomas were baptised. One sad feature of their homecoming was that John's father was not there to greet them. In 1838, as a grey-haired old man of over sixty years, he had been found guilty of some transgression of the law, and transported once again. Forty years had passed since his former conviction. He made his last will on 15 March 1838, and was transported soon afterwards to Norfolk Island. He was there when John and his family returned from Van Diemen's Land, and they were destined never to see him again, as he died on Norfolk Island on 19 February 1843 and was laid to rest in the cemetery down by the beach at Kingston. Rachel found some changes amongst her relatives too upon her return. Her brothers-in-law, Joseph ONUS and Robert WILLIAMS, were both dead, and her sister Ann was remarried to William SHARP. Her brother James was married and living at Richmond. For a few months John and Rachel resided at Cornwallis and then, on 3 October 1840, John bought 60 acres of land at Kurrajong from Roger CORNER. The family had taken up residence on their new farm by early in 1841. The house into which they moved was a simple dwelling of timber construction. It was a home that twelve year-old daughter Harriet was to know for only a few short months. On 10 October 1841, that year, she died and was buried in the Churchyard of the Roman Catholic Church at Windsor. Her mother, Rachel was pregnant again at that time and five months later, on 17 March 1842, was safely delivered of another daughter who was named Ann. Born at Kurrajong, she was christened in the Roman Catholic Church at Windsor. On 30 January 1843 Rachel and John celebrated the first of their family weddings. On that day their eldest daughter, Maria, aged eighteen, was married to Patrick DUNN of North Richmond. Before the year was out they became grandparents when Maria's daughter, Elizabeth Letitia, was born on 1 October. During the 1840's Rachel and John continued to add to their family. Another daughter, Rebecca, was born at Kurrajong on 30 June 1844 and was later baptised at the Roman Catholic Church at Windsor. She was followed in 1846 by a third son, Stephen, who was also born at Kurrajong. John added to his farming activities by the purchase on 5 April 1851 of 30 acres of land at Kurrajong from Francis BEDDEK. On 7 March 1852, nearly six years after the birth of son Stephen, Rachel gave birth to her tenth and last child. She was 44 years old. The new baby, her seventh daughter, was named Susannah and was baptised on 28 July that year at the Roman Catholic Church at Kurrajong. Throughout the 1850's John persevered with his farming activities on his land at Kurrajong. In 1853 he turned fifty. In 1854 there were two mare weddings in the family. On 26 May eldest son, Michael John, at the age of 21, married Jane COLBRAN, a young English lass who lived on a nearby farm at Kurrajong. The young couple soon settled on a farm of their own in the same district. Six months later, on 2 November 1854, Michael's sister Elizabeth, age 20 years, married Cornelius McMAHON, son of another Kurrajong family. They also settled at Kurrajong and there raised a large family. During the winter of 1855, fifteen year-old daughter Rachel married John COLBRAN, a brother of her sister-in-law Jane. By the end of the decade there were ten Norris grand-children. In the winter of 1860 Rachel's mother died at the venerable age of nearly ninety. Her funeral at St Matthew's Church at Windsor, saw the gathering of numerous relatives and friends who had come to pay their respects for one who had been amongst the pioneer settlers in the Valley, and whom most had known for all of their lives. It was an occasion that Rachel would have remembered vividly in the years that followed. Two more family weddings were celebrated within the next two years. On 30 October 1861, Rachel and John's second son, Thomas, age 24 years, was married at North Richmond to Catherine LONDON, seventeen year-old daughter of a neighbouring farmer, William LONDON and his wife, Dinah (nee RILEY). Seven months later, on 27 May 1862, twenty year-old Ann, the fifth NORRIS daughter, was married to Henry GREEN, a twenty-four year-old farmer who had been born in the Richmond district. In November 1862 Rachel's sister Charlotte died. It was the first death amongst her siblings and undoubtedly Rachel felt the loss deeply. As they had both lived within a few miles of Richmond, the sisters had seen a great deal of each other over the years, ever since Rachel had returned from Tasmania and had moved to the farm at Kurrajong. On 26 January 1863 there was another bereavement in the family when John's elderly mother, Mary NORRIS, died after two decades of widowhood. Mary had retained ownership of the old family farm at Cornwallis which had been granted originally to Jane EZZY. In her will, she bequeathed it to her son John. He and Rachel continued to live at Kurrajong and worked their farm there. Whether John leased the Cornwallis farm or endeavoured to run it as well, is not known. He had had possession of it for less than two years when tragedy struck again, suddenly and unexpectedly. John was proceeding along the road at nearby Sally's Bottom, when he fell from his loaded cart and was crushed as a wheel passed over him. He died instantly. Rachel and her family were thrown into a state of grief as news of the accident spread throughout the community. John had reached the age of 61, but could have enjoyed many more years to see his grandchildren increasing in number and growing to adulthood. Widowhood had been thrust upon Rachel at the age of 56. A large crowd of relatives and friends gathered at St Matthew's, Roman Catholic Church at Windsor a day or two later to pay their last respects as John's body was laid to rest. Rachel inherited the family farm at Kurrajong. The Cornwallis farm, which John had inherited only the previous year, was sold for ?65 and the proceeds shared amongst Rachel and her children. Further sadness followed for Rachel, when her eldest sister, Ann SHARP, died on 7 April 1865. Rachel was from then on the only EATHER daughter still living. The 1860's saw the beginning of an exodus of some of the NORRIS children from the Hawkesbury district to the western plains beyond the Blue Mountains. The first to go may have been Rachel's sixth daughter Rebecca. Early in 1865 at the age of 20, Rebecca was married at North Richmond to John COOK, the son of Isaac Cook, who had lived for many years in the Hawkesbury district. Within a few months of their marriage, Rebecca and John packed their family possessions and their farm equipment and proceeded over the ranges to the district of Spring Creek near the town of Orange. There they made their home on 120 acres of land that John had purchased, and began farming. Other members of Rachel's family soon followed and eventually Rachel decided to follow them. Just when she left her Kurrajong home for the last time has not been determined, but she spent her final years in the Orange district and died at Spring Creek on 3 August 1875 age 67 years. All of her children, with the exception of the eldest two of her daughters, survived her. Nearly fifty grandchildren had been born by then, and many more were added to the total in the years that followed.
Son of James Eather (1811-1899)and Mary Ann Hand (1815-1899)
John was born in Richmond 25 December 1837 and in 1874 at Narrabri, married Ellen Mary Spencer b:1853 in Surrey, England. She arrived with her parents Richard and Eliza Spencer on the ship 'Dorigo', 13 April 1860.
They had 12 children. 9 boys and 3 girls.
Until 1899, John Eather owned the Mountain View, a property of some 1100 acres situated 2 1/2 miles from Narrabri, where during the 1880s he conducted the Mountain View Hotel.
On selling the property, he moved his family to the Inverell district where his activities during the first years of the new century included farming and keeping the Royal Hotel at Bundarra.
Several of his sons remained in Inverell where they made their name a well established one in the business life of the town.
John Rowland EATHER, the twelfth child and youngest son of Thomas EATHER 1800-1886 and Sarah, nee McALPIN, was born at Richmond on 14 November 1843. He was baptised at St Peter's Church on 10 December 1843 and his name was recorded in the baptism register of the Church as John Rowling. His father was at that time a publican in Richmond.
In his adult life John tended to dispense with the "w" in his name and most written records show his name as John Roland. He spent his early years with his numerous brothers and sisters at Richmond, where his parents resided in the "Union Inn" in Windsor Street. His father had a farm near the town, which he ran as one of his business activities, and John learned the skills of riding horses and attending to farm chores at an early age.
By 1868, when he was 25, he had left the Hawkesbury district and had joined his elder brothers Charles. Peter, William and James on the family station "Henriendi" on the Namoi River on the Liverpool Plains.
Little is known of John Rowland EATHER's life over the next decade or so. Presumably he worked on "Henriendi" and other stations in the north-west and may have done some droving. By the early 1880's he was working in the Goodooga district some thirty kilometres or so south of the Queensland border and north-east of Bourke. Goodooga was then a tiny township on the Bokhara River, which winds it way down from Queensland to join the Barwon River about fifteen kilometres west of Brewarrina. Somewhere in the Goodooga district John Roland EATHER was married on 29 June 1882 to Hannah Annie CROTHERS. Apparently the nearest Church to Goodooga at that time was at Brewarrina, a township on the Barwon River about 95 kilometres to the south. The record of the wedding is in the register of the Brewarrina Church of England. It states that the wedding was held in the home of the bride's parents. John Rowland EATHER was age 38 years and Hannah Annie CROTHERS age 23 years had been born at Maitland, the daughter of Henry CROTHERS and Jane IRWIN
When the birth of their first child was registered in 1884, John Rowland EATHER was a shopkeeper in the tiny town of Goodooga. This occupation didn't last for very long, as their second child Rowland was baptised at Brewarrina in 1885 and by then John was a grazier residing at "Estherville." When his fourth child was born in January 1888 at "Barlowbie," Goodooga, John was a storekeeper again, but in 1889 when his fifth child Colin Roscoe was christened at Brewarrina, he was a selector on a property in the Goodooga district. In these Church records at Brewarrina his second forename was recorded with the "w".
At some time during his life a family heirloom was passed down to John Rowland EATHER. It was a book, "The Life of Christ", which had been given to his father in 1824 when he married Sarah McALPIN. The book bore the signature of the Reverend SELKIN, who officiated at his parents' wedding. This book was later passed down to John and Hannah's son William Irwin EATHER.
In all John Rowland EATHER and Hannah Annie EATHER had ten children, of whom three died in infancy.
The children of John and Hanna were:-
Bessie Hilton Eather 1884 ? 1965 m. Winsleigh Alexander MURRAY 1885-1917 ANZAC killed in action
Roland C Eather 1885 ? 1885
Jeanie Irwin Eather 1886 ? 1954 m. Samuel Lawrence GOLDMAN 1878-1974
Richmond Cornwallis Eather 1888 ? 1966 ANZAC m. Mary Jane McFarlane LONGMORE 1905-1974
Colin Roscoe Eather 1889 ? 1936 m. May RENNIE 1879-1944
McAlpine Eather 1890 ? 1966 ANZAC m. Mary Janetta De Evelyn
Hutchinson Eather 1892 ? 1892
Kate Eather 1893 ? 1970 Never married
William Irwin Eather 1897 ? 1981 m. 1.Nita Marion CAMPBELL 2. Doris??unknown
Kenneth S Eather 1900 ? ?? unknown
Following the death of his father in 1886, John Rowland EATHER inherited his father's farm near Richmond; a portion of a house that his father owned in Francis Street, Richmond (his brother Peter EATHER 1831-1911 was to receive the other portion; and half of the residue of his father's personal estate which at the probate was sworn as being under ?390 ($780).
John Roland EATHER died in the District Hospital at Tamworth on 15 January 1923 at the age of 79 years.
Eather family Newsletter
Eather Family History Group