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James EATHER 1858-1920

Son of James Joseph EATHER 1829-1906 and Bridget Harriet Honan 1833-1886.

James was 21 when the provisional school was opened on the Bellinger and the total length of his formal education was twelve months.
He married Millicent Sarah BATH (1867-1960) at Walcha,New South Wales in 1885. Producing 11 children.
Millicent was the daughter of Thomas Hull BATH (1836-1890) from Wiltshire, England and Rebecca TURNER (1839-1887)from Berkshire, England.

James cut cedar in the Dorrigo mountains for several years, and taught himself to read and write. He joined the police force as a mounted trooper when they started recruiting 'colonials'. He rose to the rank of Inspector and was a recognised court interpreter for the aborigines in New South Wales. He patrolled with constable Walker who captured Thunderbolt, and was with him when Walker captured the Inverell 'Hairy man'

JAMES JOSEPH EATHER 1821-1906

The son of Robert EATHER 1795-1881 and Mary LYNCH 1802-1853.

On his father's squattages near Wee Waa in the north west of New South Wales, and further north on the Narran River, James gained much of his early bush experience at the price of having almost every bone in his body broken at various times.

One of his early reminiscences illustrates the hardships of bush life as well as the toughness of those who undertook it: After a drought the stray cattle were rounded up on a high river-bank and each man was entitled to claim any beast which he could cut off from the herd. James's choice, in trying to evade capture, leaped over a cliff into the river but he pursued and caught it, still on horseback, for bullocks were too precious to be let escape so easily.

Despite his many adventures in the outback, his residence was at North Richmond until 1861 when he took over Thomas's farm at Richmond Bottoms.

James married Bridget Harriet HONAN the daughter of Patrick HONAN and Margaret FLANAGAN, she was born in Croagh a small village about 20 miles north of Limerick city in Ireland. James and Bridget married at St.Matthews Catholic Church in Windsor in 1855.

The benefits of North Richmond, where normal amenities were close at hand, would have been much appreciated by Mrs. Bridget Eather.
She could read, write, sew and play the piano. All accomplishments which were much appreciated after she left the civilisation of Richmond with her husband and several small children for the barely explored wilds of the Bellinger River district. The date on which that difficult journey was undertaken was in 1863 when the Richmond Bottoms proved as unrewarding to James as it had to his brother.

They arrived at Urunga Heads in a sailing vessel and from there on it was hard travelling with a horse and three slides for twenty three miles up the river to the spot where they settled, at Boat Harbour near the later town of Bellingen.

The attractions of the district to which the Eathers came, among the very first who accepted the invitation of paying off their farms under the Free Selection legislation of 1861, were the lush river flats, temperature climate and limitless expanses of virgin land.

At first, however, the only economic use to which the land could be put was cedar-getting. The earliest settlers cut the cedar from the foothills of the valley, axing their way finally onto the Dorrigo plateau and sending out the precious logs on the boats which brought in their supplies.

The land was in it's virgin condition requiring much toil before crops could be sown and it was 1864 before the first blocks, including the Eather's could be surveyed.

There, on what became the "Orange Grove" property, the Eather children grew to sturdy adulthood, the daughters were taught sewing by their mother who had somehow managed to bring both sewing machine and piano to the little clearing in the frowning forrest, and both boys and girls finding their recreation in the Irish jigs which she taught them. She was obliged likewise to instruct the elder children in reading and writing, for a provisional school was not yet established on the Upper Bellinger until 1869 when James Eather became one of the members of the local board.

One of the other members of the board was William Jarrett, reputed to be the first settler on the river. Before many years the link between the two families was made even stronger with the marriage of the eldest Eather daughter, Mary, to Thomas Jarrett.

The Children of James Joseph EATHER and Bridget were:-

1. Mary Eliza EATHER 1856?1933 m. Thomas W Jarrett 1851-1935 in 1875 at Bellingen, New South Wales

2.James Joseph EATHER 1858?1920 m. Millicent Sarah BATH 1867-1960 at Walcha, New South Wales, on 31 August 1885.

3. Abraham Robert EATHER 1860?1860

4. Matilda Sarah EATHER 1861?1942 m. Joseph MURPHY 1860-1940 at
Boat Harbour Bellinger River, New South Wales on 5 March 1889.

5. Teresa Jane EATHER 1865?1886 m. Michael MCCRISTAL 1861-1921 at Bellingen, New South Wales on 25 November 1885.

6. Margaret Charlotte EATHER 1868?1932 m. Charles P KEEBLE 1867-1932 at Bellingen, New South Wales, in 1893.

7. Thomas Charles EATHER 1869?1958 m. Anne BROWNLEE 1879-1933 at
Bellingen, New South Wales in 1899.

8. Abraham R EATHER 1872? XXXX

9. John Louis EATHER 1876?1954 m. Ruth F TAYLOR 1880-? (Queensland) at Glen Innes, New South Wales in 1915.

10. George EATHER 1878 ? XXXXI can't find any record of him apart from an attestation paper on enlistment into the A I F where he claims Mrs. Margaret Keeble is his sister. She is listed as next of kin.

Bridget Harriet died at Bellingen on the 3 May 1886.
James Joseph EATHER died at Bellingen on the 21 November 1906.


James Maiden of Moama, twenty years on..

Below is a transcription of a newspaper article which appeared
in Victoria in December 1860.Ten years before his death.
The founder of Moama, James MAIDEN more familiarly known
as 'Jemmy Maiden' was one of 270 convicts transported to
New South Wales on the Bengal Merchant, 27 September 1834.
He had been convicted at the Lancaster Assizes for stealing
silver ware and candles (burglary) and sentenced to transportation
for 7 years. Arriving on the 30 January 1835.
He married Jane Davies (Registered as DAVIES),at
St John’s Anglican Church, Camden, in 1840.
They produced 7 children, the first three George, Mary and
Richard born in New South Wales. James Maiden received his
Certificate of Freedom in November 1841.
'Jemmy Maiden' died of Bronchial Pneumonia, on the 28 December 1869
at the public hospital in Bendigo. He was broke.
His wife Jane Davis Maiden died on the 2 October 1891 at
her home "Kootanie" Punt-road South Yarra, Melbourne at age 76,
leaving real estate to the value of £900 and a personal wealth
including the furniture and jewelry of £55/3/- Her
son George Maiden was executor....janilye


Mr. James Maiden, whose name must be familiar to a
large portion of the inhabitants of New South Wales
and the adjoining colonies, first became a border man
about sixteen years ago : it was in the year 1840 when
he first crossed the Murray, in the employ of Mr. Purcelwhaite,
in order to settle on that part of the Cowpasture now
known as Jeffries' Station (about twenty-five miles from
the junction of the latter river with the Murray). This
was antecedent to the great rush of the settlers from Maneroo
and the adjacent country to the borders of the Edward and the
Murray, and the outskirts of Port Phillip, which was then
termed the new country.
Mr. Maiden having done the work assigned to him by his employer,
went back to Seymour for a time, from which locality he had
migrated.
In a short period fortune again directed him in the direction
of the Murray and the Edward, and he settled down on
Morogo (Heelyman), on the Edward.
Maiden was at this but little, in position, above a laboring
man; but parties who were acquainted with him for some time
previous to this, state that he was always recognised as a
very superior man for his Station: possessed of great shrewdness,
or what is denominated 'natural talent,' with more than an
average shine of mental and physical energy.
Maiden about this time became connected with a settler of the
name of Clarke, to whom he was related by marriage, and for whom,
on Maiden leaving the station on the Edward, he brought a
large number of cattle down to this favorite portion of the Murray.
The locality in which he was then for many years to act a
prominent part, seemed to have an uncommon attraction for him:
perhaps it was that he saw a wide opening for an active minded
man — it was untrodden ground, whereon any one who sowed might
safely expect to reap.
Travelling with cattle then was a different affair to what it now is.
The country was then, as we have said, uninhabited, — a trackless
waste. There were no yards wherein to stow safely your herds;
no comfortable hotel as now. Wherein speculators could put up
nightly, eat and drink well, and calculate their gains from the
prices current of the daily journals of the colonies.
Camping out day and night, crossing lagoons and rivers, and all
the unpleasant etceteras, which, if it were possible that a
new chum in his mind could realise, would certainly convey to
him no very pleasing ideas of colonisation.
There was also another and a very different affair to contend
with; the natives of this part of the country were by no means
desirous of fraternizing with the whites; on the contrary, were
very troublesome, in driving away and spearing the cattle, and
it required a vigilant eye to protect men and cattle from the
onslaught of the blacks. In all those disagreeables Maiden had
more than his share: and, on one occasion, so hostile had the
aboriginals become, that he and his wife (the latter in
order to deceive the blacks, wore male attire) had to stand a
siege for many weeks, their hut being surrounded, attacked, and
watched day and night, terror having driven away Maiden's mates.
After a year or so 'roughing it,' as the colonial phrase goes,
exerting his energies in the services of others, Maiden began
to turn his attention to setting up for himself.
The start in life is the thing - how to set the machine in
motion, and then to keep it going; these are the two phases
of Australian life.
Maiden's means were small - very small. The Murray here, as
in its whole length, was without a punt, the white man being
up to this time under the necessity of imitating the black fellow
by crossing this fine stream in the frail bark canoe; but
Maiden slightly improved this by building a small punt, which he,
for a time, worked himself; thus it carried 'Caesar and his fortunes.'
This was in the year 1843, hence we date the foundation of his
prosperity. By diligently plying this little punt for two years, Maiden
was enabled to build the large one so well known throughout these
colonies as Maiden's Punt. He now removed the small punt to the Edward
River, at Deniliquin, and thus he had the command of the two crossing
places. Following up his good fortune, he, in July, 1846, opened his
licensed house the 'Junction Inn,' and Maiden's worldly prosperity
improved rapidly. Postal communication now began to occupy his attention,
and he established a private mail from Seymour and Deniliquin, to run
every other week; the year following, he also ran a mail from
Kilmore to Deniliquin. The money for those contracts was raised by
private subscriptions among the few settlers on the route. For the
Seymour and Deniliquin mail, Maiden received the munificent sum of £50
per annum; and for the Murray and Moulamein one he also realised
£50 per year, the sum being made up by subscrptions of 50s. each
settler who received his letters by this medium; the Kilmore and
Deniliquin post(about 150 miles in length) obtained the sum of
£70 - if carried out according to the present rate of payment
for the same work, it would amount to something like £700.
For several years Maiden held these contracts or sub-contracts,
and in the meantime he built a large punt for the Edward, to
correspond with that on the Murray.
Persevering in these matters for a few years, sometimes as
barman at his own inn, at another as his own mailman, and then
again making his own punts - he seemed to be ubiquitous. Always
a hard worker himself, those under him were compelled to
follow his example.
When the gold discovery changed the face of things in Australia,
it found Maiden a man of substance for those days; and ultimately
when the famous Bendigo astonished the people of these colonies,
Maiden (distant about 55 miles from this goliath of all the gold-fields)
received an additional impetus on the road to fortune. He immediately
began buying gold and fitting out parties for the diggings, until he
drew down upon him the wrath of the neighboring settlers, because
as they alleged, he encouraged their men to desert their hired service;
they imagined, 'ruin stared them in the face' their flocks and herds
were deserted. Maiden was therefore made the scapegoat for the sins
of a great many runaways, with whose absence from their legitimate
employers he had, as he said, "neither act or part."
The settlers determined on a victim, and positively met in Maiden's
own inn to consider the best means of depriving him of his license.
He called for proof of his complicity in the guilt of the missing
shepherds and stockmen: none being forth coming, the wrathful settlers
were checkmated in the movement - Maiden soothingly assuring them
that the tide would soon turn in their favor.
The tens of thousands flocking to the Bendigo would require lots
of animal food; "the settlers would thus have a market for their
cattle and sheep in the room of boiling them down"
This foresight of Maiden's was rapidly realised; in less than
three short years, some of the settlers who wished
to take away Maiden's license having gone home to England with
ample fortunes.
This unpleasant affair having thus passed over, Maiden felt that
he wanted 'elbowroom.' Punt, post, and public house were now
subordinate matters, he looked for a wider sphere for the exercise
of his undeniable talents. To supply the Bendigo with cattle and
sheep was his aim; no light matter to provide chops and steaks for
a hundred thousand diggers.
With limited capital, however, he commenced the enterprise, by
gradually creeping onward, boldly but cautiously making his purchases,
he soon accomplished this, and he soon had also a very fair share
in the supply of Melbourne. Beginning with purchases of hundreds of
pounds, he advanced to thousands, from thousands to tens of thousands.
Stock alone have not occupied his attention; but in stations
and land in fee-simple he has invested largely ; he has purchased
seventeen runs, for one of which alone he paid forty thousand guineas!
he owns 18,000 head of horned cattle, many thousands of sheep,
about 500 horses, and has in his employ about 100 men, nearly all
of whom are occupied in driving stock; he owns lands in various parts
of New South Wales and Victoria, which in itself would make him a
wealthy man all the township of 'Moama' or Maiden's Punt, save a few
allotments, is his he is still a publican and post master; in fact,
it is difficult to say what he is not, excepting that he is not an idler.
The men of the rank from which he sprung look upon Maiden as a god.
With them the wonder has been, -
"That one small head should carry all he knew."
Those who are far above him in education and station
(Maiden makes it no secret that he can neither read nor write)
seek and receive his counsel, he certainly is a colonial phenomenon.
His public house, like himself, has crept on apace from its original
size to a large inn, wherein more business is transacted in cattle
and sheep than perhaps in any ten houses in these colonies.
Those who have had an opportunity of judging, estimate that in
Maiden's big parlor, bargains to the amount of a quarter of a million
are annually made — Maiden's purchases reach to £100,000 in the year.
SOURCE:
The Age
(Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954)
Wednesday 26 December 1860
p 7 Article
transcription, janilye


James Swales Clark 1812-1851

Born at Scarborough, Yorkshire, on the 28 December 1812,the son of James CLARK 1777-1863 and Susanna SWALES 1776-1831 who were married at Liverton on the 2 April 1798.
James was employed as a steward at 'Flowery Field' the residence of Cheshire merchant Thomas Ashton. In 1835 he married Elizabeth MCDONALD 1810-1899 from Largs, Scotland, the daughter of David MCDONALD 1781-1835 and Catherine YOUNG.(Catherine died at Black Creek,Branxton,NSW in 1844)
Elizabeth's brother Thomas McDonald, persuaded by family friend, the Rev. John DUNMORE LANG, had emigrated to Australia in 1831. James and Elizabeth with their children, Macdonald (b.1836), Susanna (b.1838), and James (b.1840), and Elizabeth's widowed mother, Catherine, left for Australia in 1842 on the 'Thomas Hughes'.

Arriving in Sydney in early 1843 the family went to the Hunter district; James worked for Helenus SCOTT at 'Glendon' and then later settled at Bulga, near Singleton.

The Clarks had four more children, Ashton (b.1844), Mary (b.1847), Harriet (b.1849) and Elizabeth, born in 1852 after her father's death the previous year. Of the Clark children, Mary died in 1857 and the others were married as follows : Macdonald to Susannah MCALPIN in 1863; Susanna to William T. SQUIRE in 1875; James to Mary DAWES in 1875; Harriet to John W. EATHER in 1872; Ashton to Sara EATHER in 1885; Elizabeth to Thomas S. COLLINS in 1879.

The Bulga farmers were plunged into sadness over the new year of 1852 when word reached them that their neighbour, James Swales CLARK of "Willow Farm", had been drowned on Christmas Eve in the river at Narromine. He had gone out there with his team of bullocks to load wool for transporting down to the coast. With him were his two eldest sons, McDonald and James Jnr. The news arrived in a letter from the station manager advising Elizabeth CLARK that her husband had drowned in the river and had been buried. When her sons returned she heard how James had gone swimming after lunch to help some of the station hands to learn to swim. He had appeared to dive but did not resurface and an aborigine who was a strong swimmer dived repeatedly and eventually found his body. They had buried him on Christmas Day on the bank of the river.James CLARK and his family had become popular members of the community in the three years that they had lived at "Willow Farm", and the community grieved with them in their sad loss. Six months later Elizabeth CLARK gave birth to another daughter and named her Elizabeth Catherine after her two grandmothers. James CLARK had wanted a daughter named after his own mother, so his wish was fulfilled. Elizabeth CLARK and her family continued to live on at "Willow Farm" in the years that followed.


James William Davey 1769-1851


9 comment(s), latest 5 years, 1 month ago

Jane Charlotte Eather 1851-1897

Jane Charlotte, the second child to survive infancy in the family of Thomas EATHER 1824-1909
and Eliza, nee CROWLEY 1822-1897, was born at Bulga on Wollombi Brook on 14 January 1851 and grew up there on her parents' farm. As a child she attended school in the local St Mark's Church, which was used as a school house on week days. At the age of 24 Jane was married on 8 October 1875 to Samuel PARTRIDGE, the 3rd. son of nine children to William PARTRIDGE 1818-1906 and Elizabeth nee RUSSELL 1822-1899 both from Kent, England, who were farming in the Bulga district. Samuel PARTRIDGE was known as Sam. He was very short in stature, being scarcely five feet (152 cm) in height. As a fourteen year-old boy he had been present during the hold-up on Warland?s Range, when Peter CLARK 1837-1863 had been killed. It was Sam who had ridden off to Murrurundi to alert the police.
The young couple settled on a farm in the Bulga district and over the years had a family of four sons and one daughter.

1.Edgar Clarihew PARTRIDGE 1875-1960, their eldest son, married Susan Jane METTAM on 2 October 1905. The daughter of James METTAM 1838-1930 and Elizabeth, nee MERCER 1842-1880. They had two sons and five daughters. Both the sons died in childhood. All the five daughters married and four had issue numbering fifteen altogether.
Edgar and Susan both enjoyed long lives. They had been married for 55 years when Edgar died at the age of 85 on 28 November 1960. Susan survived him by over eight years and was 92 when she passed away on 6 July 1969.

2.Vera Caroline PARTRIDGE 1879-1941, the eldest daughter of Jane and Samuel, married Alfred CLARK 1864-1951 on 19 April 1911 when she was 32. He was generally known as Andrew and was about fifteen years older than her. They had two sons and a daughter.

3.Guy Russell PARTRIDGE 1881-1954, the second son and third child of Jane and Samuel, married Elizabeth Hazel SQUIRE on 2 November 1940 at Singleton. She was the daughter of Victor William SQUIRE 1878-1930 and Annie Felicia, nee CLARK 1891-1970. Annie was a daughter of Jane's sister Sarah Eather 1861-1923 who had married Ashton CLARK. Therefore Guy and Elizabeth were first cousins once removed. He turned 60 in the month that he married. His bride had been born at Quirindi on 29 March 1918 and was 22. They had three sons all born at Singleton.

4.The fourth child of Jane and Samuel Partridge, Oscar EATHER PARTRIDGE 1884-1963, he married Ethel Florence Isolda May MORGAN 1885-1962 in 1911 at Armidale, NSW. She had been born at Armidale 17 September 1885, the daughter of Hananiah MORGAN 1846-1904 and his wife, Jemima Agnes, nee McMICHAEL 1852-1928. They had four sons. Oscar died at Traralgin in Victoria in 1963 at the age of 88.

5.The fourth son and fifth child Darrell PARTRIDGE 1891-1953 married Ada Teresa CALLAGHAN 1893-1979 the daughter of Patrick and Margaret CALLAGHAN from Dungog, New South Wales.

Jane PARTRIDGE who suffered from heart disease, died suddenly whilst doing her housework on 3 June 1897 at the early age of 46, so she did not live to see any of her children married or any of her grandchildren. Samuel survived her by 31 years. Beulah SQUIRE, a sister of Guy PARTRIDGE's wife, lived at her parents' home "Gerale" at Bulga when she was young. In later years she remembered Samuel PARTRIDGE - 'Uncle Sam'. He used to go to "Gerale" every Saturday. He rode a pretty cream horse and tied it up behind the cow bails. When the school van was running, Beulah and her siblings caught it at Bill COOKE's gate. Uncle Sam used to time his arrival from town to be at the gate so that the young ones could open it for him. He then used to give them a lift down to his gate, thereby saving himself from having to open and close three gates. Sam was a small man, as were his two brothers. Sam's brother Peter PARTRIDGE 1859-1918 married Amy Hilton CLARK daughter of Macdonald CLARK 1836-1918 and Susannah, nee MCALPIN 1842-1882 at Patrick's Plain in 1887. Sam was age 72 years when he died on 11 June 1928 - his death was registered at Singleton, New South Wales
Sam and Jane are buried together at St.Mark's Church of England Cemetery, Bulga, New South Wales.

The photo below was taken in 1896, at the side of Thomas EATHER's house 'Meerea' at Bulga, NSW
Standing from left Peter McAlpin, William Glas McAlpin, William Partridge 1817-1906
Sitting Thomas Eather, Eliza Eather, nee Crowley, Elizabeth Partridge, nee Russell 1822-1899 and James Coe 1828-1910
Sitting in front is Elizabeth McDonald relict of James Swales Clark.
There are altogether 12 people in this photograph unfortunately not all are shown here, Mrs Sarah Coe, nee Howard 1828 - 1908 is seated beside her husband; whilst on the left-hand side were Thomas Hayes 1824 - 1914 with his wife Mary Ann , nee Broughton 1826 - 1904 and standing behind them is Mrs. Susannah Holmes, nee Taylor. All are related by marriage except for Mrs. Holmes.


John and Jacob Tootell Passengers on the INDIAN 1849

John Tootell arrived on the Indian 7 August 1849 , with his wife, two children and his brother Jacob.

Frederick TOOTELL was born in Radford, Nottinghamshire, England in 1798 and died in Nottingham on the 10 November 1873.
In Nottingham on the 23 May 1819 he married Mary BURTON. Mary had been born at Sneinton, Nottinghamshire, England and died in Nottingham, England on the 4 January 1865.
According to the 1851 Census taken in North Street, Sneinton
the year after John and Jacob left home, Frederick was a silk stocking maker and his wife Mary a lace mender.
The couple had fourteen children:-
Edward 1820, John 1822 ? 1888 , Frederick 1824-1824, Richard 1826, Jacob 1828 , Thomas 1830, Sarah Ann 1831, Mary 1833, Elizabeth 1836 ? 1842, Frederick 1837-1908 in NZ, Emma 1838, Charles 1840, Mary 1843 and James 1845.

John TOOTELL born 18 October 1822 in Snieton, Nottinghamshire married Phoebe HARRISON in Nottingham on the 27 October 1844. Phoebe was born in Nottingham around 1826 according to her age at death. The daughter of George HARRISON 1789-xxxx and Ann SMITH 1791-xxxx.

The couple arrived on the Indian with the first two of their 10 children;

1. Willoughby Harrisson Tootell b: 5 December 1845 Sneinton, Nottinghamshire d: 26 June 1929 Minnivale, Western Australia, which is 180 km. NE of Perth.m. Sarah Ann TILBURN 1856-1926 in Bendigo on the 13 August 1873. The children of this marroage were:-
Victoria Jane 1874-1959, Rose 1876-1942, William Ernest 1878-1960, Florence Ethel 1881-1881, Frances Olive 1883-1921, Claude Percival 1885-1936, Selina Beatrice 1888-1973 and Willoughby Leslie John (1892-1958)

2. Ellen Tootell b: 1847 Radford, Nottinghamshire, England d: 2 May 1929 North Perth, Western Australia. m. Thomas Hosking CARMAN 1838-1888 at Bendigo in 1869.
This couple had eight children :- Richard John 1870-1935, Thomas Henry 1872-1946, Edith Ellen 1874-1948, William 1876-1923, Frederick Willoughby 1878-1959, Phillippa Ethel 1881-xxxx George Harold 1884-1967 and Frank Percival 1886-1942.

3. John Tootell b: 15 June 1850 Adelaide, South Australia. d: 28 November 1853 Bendigo, Victoria

4. Mary Tootell b:1853 Bendigo, Victoria, Australia d: 1903 Bendigo, Victoria, Australia

5. Frederick Tootell b:1856 Epsom, Victoria, d:8 December 1947 Seddon, Victoria. m. Emily Hannah Nankervis
1858-1939 at Sandhurst, Bendigo, Victoria in 1880 This couple had nine children:-
Frederick 1880?1957, Richard Henry 1882?1903, Charlotte 1883-1887, Emily 1885, Lillian 1887, Annie 1888-1966
Harold John 1892-1949, Clarice Jubilee 1897-1968 and Arthur Nankervis Tootell 1900-1957.


6. Julia Tootell b:1858 Bendigo, Victoria. d: 1884 Kialla West, Victoria m. Moses Shane HENDERSON 1855-xxxx they had two children:-
Julia May Henderson 1881 ? 1944
James Alexander Henderson 1884 ? 1884


7. Richard Tootell b:1861 Bendigo. d: 9 October 1876 Bendigo, Victoria.

8. Alice Tootell b 12 August 1863 Bagshot, Victoria d: 29 December 1959 Bendigo, Victoria. m. John Frederick Henry Zirkler 1858-1920 in her family home at Bagshot on the 13 April 1887 this couple had five children:-
Lilian Julia 1888-1966, Gladys Vivian 1890-1960, Frank 1892,Alice Thelma 1899-1945 and 1 unnamed male.

9. Emma Tootell b: 18 January 1867 White Hills, Bendigo d: 9 February 1947 Bendigo, Victoria

10. George Tootell b: 1872 Huntley, d: 8 December 1947 Ormond, Victoria. m.
Christina Ottilie Strauch 1879-1959 in St.Georges Church, Burnie, Tasmania on the 18 April 1900. This couple had five children, among them Frederick John George 1903-1962, Marjorie Lillian 1905-xxxx and Edith May 1907.

John TOOTELL died at Huntley a suburb of Bendigo and Phoebe followed on the 17 October 1908 both are buried in the same grave at White Hills Cemetary .


Jacob TOOTELL born on the 13 July 1828 at in Snieton, Nottinghamshire, married Ann BISHOP born between 1830 and 35 in Cheshire, England at St.Patricks Adelaide on the 25 November 1854

The children of this marriage were:-

1. Sarah Anne Tootell b: 1855 in Bendigo, Victoria, Australia. m. William Smith

2. Stephen Samuel Tootell b: 1857 in Epsom (near Bendigo), Victoria. d: 1951 Collingwood, Victoria. m. Elizabeth Ann KIRBY 1863-1947 this couple produced seven children :- Stephen Samuel 1891-1975. Elizabeth Hannah 1893, Jacob Hugo 1894-1972, Olive May 1896-1896, George Frederick 1897-1923, Alice Ruby 1899 and Stanley Theodore in 1901.
Stephen next married Elizabeth Mabel Wheatley, in 1913


3. Hannah Esther Tootell b: 1859 in Epsom, d: 1920 in Bendigo. m. Frederick John CLARKE 1850-1920 in Bendigo in 1884. This couple has six children :- Alice, Beatrice, Dorothy Gladys, Gertrude, Pearl and
Ethel May 1886-1971.

4. Eliza Tootell b: 1861 in Inglewood Victoria m. Thomas ATKIN

5. Charles Tootell b: 1862 in Inglewood, Victoria. d:

6. James Tootell b: 1864 in Inglewood, Victoria d: 1951 at Tailem Bend South Australia. m. Annie Amelia BARNES 1868-1953 don't know when. Their children were:-
Evelyn 1894, James 1895-1983, Lucy 1896 and Edward 1897.


Death of Jacob and Ann in Inglewood / Bendigo?, Victoria No death reg. in Victoria


The Photograph below supplied by great grandson Ron Coles, is Willoughby Harrison Tootell and family.
(l-r back row) Frances Olive, Claude Percival, Victoria Jane, William Ernest, Willoughby Leslie John (front row) Rose, Willoughby Harrison, Sarah Ann, Selina Beatrice


2 comment(s), latest 5 years, 7 months ago

John ARROW 1829-1859 and the Brutal Murder of Catherine Leary

John ARROW, was born at Bathurst on the 26 February 1829. He was the son of William Arrow 1802-1886 and Sarah BURTON 1814-1867.

William ARROW had been born in Albury, Surrey the son of John ARROW 1778-c1810 and Ann ATFIELD 1779-1845 William was sentenced to 7 years transported for 7 years for stealing a bottle of whisky and shooting game fowls belonging to "Weston Manor" Albury, Surrey.

He arrived on the vessel Hindostan in 1821 and was assigned to the church of England minister at Bathurst whom I believe was William HASSALL.
After receiving his ticket of leave William worked as a shoemaker at Kelso where he met and married Sarah BURTON in 1828.

Sarah was born in Albury, Surrey on the 24 December 1814, the daughter of James BURTON 1792-1856 and Elizabeth Hillyer 1795-1829. James had been transported in 1816 and Elizabeth and daughter Sarah followed him out here in 1819.

William ARROW took up a grant of 40 acres at O'Connell, in the Bathurst district, in 1836, where he built a house and they raised their fifteen children. His eldest son John took land further up on Mick's Mount.

The children of William ARROW and Sarah, nee BURTON:-

* 1.John Arrow 1829-1859 m. Sarah Ann CAMPBELL 1838-1884 in 1858

2. William Arrow 1831-1841

3. Anne Arrow 1833-1896 m. (1) Joseph FARNORTH in 1850 (2) Arthur Robert BURTON in 1854 (3) Matthew CONROY in 1882

4. Ellen Arrow 1834-1877 m. Michael William FARRELL 1815-1877 in 1851

5. George Arrow 1838-1921 m. Catherine McNAMARA 1847-1917 on the 30 April 1864.

6. James Arrow 1840-1915 m. Euphemia WALLACE 1835-1908 in 1867

7. Roland Arrow 1841-1866 m. Catherine FINES 1845-1942 in 1863

8. Samuel Godschall Arrow 1845-1910

9. Peter Arrow 1848-1901 m. Ann KITT 1857-1897 in 1878

10. William Arrow 1848-1905 m. Martha LAWRENCE on 23 January 1875

11. Sarah Arrow 1851-xxxx m. George F CLEMENT in 1869

12. Mary Arrow 1852-1899 m. Denis RUSHWORTH in 1871

13. Susannah Arrow 1854-1899 m. Richard HODGINS in 1871

14. Elizabeth Dinah Arrow 1858-1928 m. John James PEARSON 1851-1923 in 1875

*John ARROW married 24 year old Sarah Ann CAMPBELL 1838-1884 in Bathurst in 1858. John unhappy with this marriage and Sarah Ann rarely saw him.
The couple had no children and John left Bathurst soon after the marriage. Using the alias John HALL, he took a job as a labourer for Edward NICHOLLS at Summerhill near Orange. He moved in with Catherine LEARY and the couple were known as Mr.and Mrs.John HALL, husband and wife. Catherine gave birth to a daughter, she named Eliza.

The following year, on Tuesday the 22 March 1859 John ARROW was indicted for having on the 3rd. of December 1858 at Summer Hill in the Colony of New South Wales, wilfully and feloniously and with malice aforethought murdered Catherine LEARY
BATHURST CIRCUIT COURT TUESDAY 22ND MARCH 1859
(Before His Honor the Chief Justice )
John arrow was indicted for that he, on the third day of December 1858 at Summer Hill,
in the state of New South Wales, did willfully and feloneously and of his malice aforesought,
kill and murder one Catherine Leary. The prisoner pleaded not guilty and was defended by Mr. Dalley.
Attorney, Mr Wadeson.



On the evening of Friday the 3rd of December 1858 when doctor Henry WARREN entered a hut at Summerhill near Orange, New South Wales, he found half naked, laying on the floor partially hidden under a mattress, Catherine LEARY whom he knew as the prisoner's wife, as he had been treating Catherine over the past three weeks for another complaint.

On closer examination of the body Doctor WARREN determined she had been dead no more than two or three hours, as the body was quite warm. Her body was covered in bruises, some recent some older. Over the head and face there were a great many bruises and contusions. Several of her teeth had been knocked out, her nose was broken as was her jaw and her skull was fractured. Catherine Leary groaned, just once before she died.
The walls and floor of the hut were covered in blood. He saw an old gun barrel in the hut also covered
in blood which he deemed to be the murder weapon.

Dr Henry Warren deposed, I am legally qualified medical practitioner;
on the third day of December last I saw the dead body of a female in a
hut at Summerhill, near Orange.
When I first went to the hut, Mr. Thomas Finnerty, C. C.
of Orange was there and I saw the body of a female who I had known as
the wife of the prisoner at the bar ; I went into the inner room
of the hut, and saw a mattress on the floor,
when the mattress was removed I saw the
woman under it, she was nearly naked having
only a small bandage round the loins; she could
not have been long dead as the body was quite
warm. On examining the body externally I
found a great number of bruises upon it
some of them of recent date and others of longer
standing; on the head and face were several severe contusions,
the bridge of the nose was broken in, and the lower jaw was
broken on each side. The next morning I made a further
examination, and on dissecting back the scalp
of the head I found that all the muscles and integuments
were in one coagulated mass;
the skull was not fractured, but there was an
effusion on the brain, several of the teeth were
dislodged from the jaw, evidently by violence, as
the teeth were in the mouth;' 0n opening the
body I found the organs generally healthy;there
were several bruises on the body but none of
any great consequence; one, a bruise upon the
arm appeared to have been caused by a blow
with some heavy instrument ; I believe, indeed
I have not the slightest doubt that the woman
died in consequence of the injuries I have
described ; I discovered marks of blood on the
wall of the hut near the place where the body
was lying; the body was- on the bare floor and
covered with the mattress ; the deceased had
been confined five or six weeks before, and I had
attended her in her confinement, from the effects
of which she had recovered ; I saw an old gun
barrel in the hut and found same blood upon it,
(the gun barrel was here produced and identified)
there were no gun shot wounds in the body;
the woman would not have bee dead more than
two or three hours as the body was quite warm
when I first saw it.
Cross-examined by Mr. Didley : I attended
the deceased' during her confinement; on that
occasion the prisoner came for me some bours
before she was confined ; I visited her three or
four times after that, and the prisoner was
present once or twice while I was there, and he
appeared to be kind and attentive.


Although the evidence against John ARROW was circumstantial, the jury only took five minutes to pronounce him guilty.

John ARROW preserved a remarkably cool demeanour throughout the trial, not the slightest emotion having been exhibited by him even during the recital of the most shocking and most painful portions of the evidence.

When his honour sentenced John ARROW to hang and said. " May the Lord have mercy on your soul". John ARROW petulantly exclaimed, "God will have mercy on me." He was then removed from the court quite unconcerned for the awful situation in which he had been placed.

The afternoon of the murder John had been drinking at a nearby public house and Catherine LEARY went to the Inn and asked him to come home for his dinner. He ignored her the first time and she repeated the request. He then left the Inn and went home with her where they quarelled and he then bludgeoned her to death with the barrel of a gun, stripped her of her clothes and burnt them.

On the 11 May 1859 the day of execution a special train was dispatched for John ARROWS's wife and his family for their final farewell. According to The Sydney Morning Herald 100 people attended the execution and John Arrow confessed his guilt and acknowledged the justice of the sentence.
After the execution, the ARROW Family returned to O'Connell's Plain with John's body for burial on the family property.
Here is part of the description given by the Bathurst Free Press
14 May 1859
EXECUTION OF JOHN ARROW AND
THOMAS RYAN, alias WILLIAM MARTIN.
The last dread penalty of the law was carried
into execution upon these wretched men on
Wednesday morning, within the precincts of the
Gaol, in the presence of the Under Sheriff and
the other authorities required by the Act to be
witnesses of the terrible scene. A considerable
assemblage of persons, "adult freeholders," were
also present, probably numbering as many as one
hundred individuals. The hour of 9 a.m., had
been appointed for the execution, but the fatal
ceremony had not concluded until shortly after
10 o'clock. A large number of persons were
congregated outside the walls of the Gaol, and
we regret to add that the roof of the new
Wesleyan Chapel was occupied by several individuals,
who, anxious to obtain a sight of the
awful proceedings, had availed themselves of that
opportunity, to gratify their morbid feelings of
curiosity, without any sanction from the
authorities, and who, more than once, disturbed
the scene by their most unseasonable clamour
and merriment.
About half-past-9, the two prisoners, having
been previously pinioned in the interior of the
building, came forth into the yard; Arrow, who
was a young man, of good height, was extremely
pale, and appeared to be labouring under very
great exhaustion; his companion, Ryan, who
was of dimminutive stature and of most
unprepossessing appearance, did not seem to have
suffered so much from the confinement or the
anticipation of the terrible fate which lay
before him, and moved with considerable
activity. Arrow was attended by the Revds.
Thomas Sharp and G. M. Fox: Ryan by the
Very Reverend Dean Grant. On reaching the
scaffold, both criminals knelt, still attended by
their spiritual advisers, in front of the ghastly
machine of death, and were both entirely
absorbed in prayer for about half an hour. This
period was, we understand, somewhat unnecessarily
prolonged in consequence of an accidental
misunderstanding between the clergy present, as
to the exact time when their respective ministrations
were concluded. During this time
Arrow never once removed his eyes from the
scaffold, and the "strong man's agony" was
painfully evident to the spectators of the
sad scene, in the spasmodic motion of his hands
and limbs generally; Ryan made the responses
to the Litany for the dying with great fervour,
and seemed to desire to manifest by his gestures
his penitence and humiliation of soul. At
length, having shaken hands with those persons
nearest to them, the two unfortunate men
ascended the scaffold, accompanied by the
Dean and Mr. Sharpe; Arrow being so much
exhausted as to require assistance, while Ryan
mounted the steps entirely without aid. Immediately
on being placed under the fatal beam,
both commenced uttering the most earnest
supplications for mercy to the Throne of Grace,
and their heartrending cries fell most piteously
on the ears of the spectators. The clergy, having
commended their souls to the mercy of God, then
quitted the scaffold, and after a few moments
of most painful agitation, the bolt was
drawn, and the two wretched men speedily
ceased to exist. Arrow's struggles soon subsided,
but Ryan, whose frame was far more slender,
was convulsed for some minutes. And here a
most horrible scene presented itself; it was
immediately obvious to the by-standers that the
executioner had left the ropes several inches too
long, so that Arrow lay in a semi-recumbent
position on the ground, while Ryan's feet rested
on the earth; death having been evidently
caused by the violent jerk of the rope rather
than by suspension. This discovery elicited
the most unqualified expressions of disgust on the
part of all the bystanders against the Executioner.
We have since been informed
that it has always been customary to stretch the
ropes, and test them adequately with weights,
previous to their being used for their dreadful
purpose, a precaution which had evidently been
neglected on this occasion. We have surgical
authority, however, for believing that, happily,
the sufferings of these unfortunate men were in
all probability not in any wise increased or
prolonged by this circumstance, but we trust
that it will serve as a caution to the individual
who fills the unenviable post of public executioner
to make such arrangements as shall prevent the
recurrence of an accident of so shameful
and even barbarous a nature. Probably it was
intended, by making the scaffold of its present
altitude, to preclude the gratification of improper
curiosity on the part of persons on the outside of
the Gaol, but this defect might be easily obviated
on such melancholy occasions, by the temporary
removal of the soil beneath the machine, so as
to permit a sufficient fall from the platform.
After hanging the usual time, the bodies were
taken down and placed in coffins; Ryan's being
conveyed for interment to the Roman Catholic
Cemetery, while Arrow's was given up to his
relations, to be buried at O'Connell Plains, in
the same grave with some other members of his
family.
As we have already stated, the clergy
have been most indefatigable in their ministrations
upon these unfortunate men, and had
spent the greater part of the preceding day,
and all the night with them, engaged in
religious exercises, and prayer, and we have good
reason to hope that their efforts were attended in
both instances with decided success. Both criminals
died in a most penitent state, and made
confessions of their commission of the crime laid
to their charge, accompanied by a request that
their confessions might be made public. We are
informed on the best authority, that Arrow
attributed his ignominious end, in the first
place to his defective religious education and the
obstacles to improvements which had been placed
in his way by his own kindred, and secondly, to
the fact of his estrangement from his wife, whom
he passionately loved, and with whom he had
hoped to live happily. This separation appears
to have caused an entire apathy to the consequences
of the state of life into which he then
plunged, and thus resulted in the horrible
tragedy which caused the forfeiture of his life.
On the day previous to the execution he was
visited by his parents and brothers, and considered
them most ???? advice, exhorting
them, by the example of his sad fate, to reform
their own lives. He also requested that a
devotional work which had been presented to
him by the Revd. T. Sharpe, should be given
to them, with a written message, dictated by
[??] in the above effect. It should be
observed that Arrow particularly stated that,
with some few trifling discrepancies as to time,
that all the witnesses on his trial, and especially
the boy Coomber, had given their evidence most
truthfully. Ryan also, in the presence of the
Sheriff, stated his sorrow for the crimes which he
had committed against God and against society,
and admitted the justice of his sentence. He
also requested that he might be permitted to
address the assemblage from the scaffold to this
effect, but the Dean, fearing that the excitement
resulting from such a procedure might disturb
his peace of mind at the awful moment of his
impending dissolution, dissuaded him from this
purpose, especially as he had alreaded stated this
to the Sheriff.


The newspapers at the time described it as one of the most savage and barbarous murders ever committed against a woman.

Catherine Leary had a daughter in 1858 she named Eliza. The infant died a month after her mother was killed whilst John Arrow was in gaol on the 5th January 1859 the death was registered at Orange.

The children of James BURTON and Elizabeth, nee HILLYER were:-
Sarah Burton 1814 1867
James Burton 1819 1868
Elizabeth Burton 1821
Elizabeth Burton 1823
Hannah Burton 1825 1912
Catherine Burton 1827 1876

bd&m.nsw marriages;
1254/1858 ARROW JOHN CAMPBELL SARAH A BATHURST
1499/1863 ARROW ROWLAND FINES CATHERINE BATHURST
1457/1864 ARROW GEORGE MACNAMARA CATHERINE BATHURST
1457/1864 ARROW GEORGE MCNAMARA CATHERINE BATHURST
1553/1867 ARROW JAMES WALLACE EUPHEMIA BATHURST
1831/1875 ARROW WILLIAM LAWRENCE MARTHA BATHURST
2329/1878 ARROW PETER KITT ANNE BATHURST
V1850831 36B/1850 FARNORTH JOSEPH ARROW ANN OA
V1851467 97/1851 FARRELL MICHAEL ARROW ELLEN LG
1794/1869 CLEMENT GEORGE F ARROW SARAH BATHURST
1559/1871 HODGINS RICHARD ARROW SUSAN BATHURST
1562/1871 RUSHWORTH DENIS ARROW MAY BATHURST
1935/1875 PEARSON JOHN ARROW DINAH E BATHURST

# NOTES:
WILLIAM ARROW 1848-1905
It was early in February in the year of 1904 that William Arrow was reported missing by his family. Advertisements appeared in all the newspapers and posted in the stores and inns across the state. An unsuccessful search was mounted.
At the time of his disappearance William owned a farming property at Yeoval valued around 2,000 pounds and another at Wellington valued around the same. He had several hundreds of pounds in fixed deposit. When he went missing he had a 100 pounds in his pocket. William was known to be eccentric and had spent some time twice previously in the asylum.
In June 1904 Martha Arrow, nee LAWRENCE successfully petitioned the court to release funds to appoint a manager for the properties and maintain the family, because of William's mental infirmity and the fact that he had been missing nearly five months.
Almost two years went by without a word on the whereabouts of William. Then, early one Thursday morning on the 21 September 1905 a Mr. Johnson, whilst hunting in the hills behind Yullundry Station discovered a skeleton. There was no clothing, save for a felt hat. The skeleton was declared to be that of William Arrow and it is that skeleton that lies in the grave of William Arrow at Yeoval
I don't know if he was robbed or died of exposure, the 100 pounds he had when he left home was not mentioned.

DENIS RUSHWORTH, The husband of Mary Arrow 1852-1899, in 1873 was thrown in Bathurst Gaol for ten months for stealing a cheque from his father-in-law, William Arrow.


Researched and Written by janilye 1990

* please note. In Australia up until only about forty years ago Australians had three meals a day namely, Breakfast, Dinner and Tea so when looking at records etc. Dinner was our midday meal and usually our main meal. It occurred between noon and 1:00pm


20 comment(s), latest 2 years, 1 month ago

John C. Pell 1830-1906

John PELL, son of William PELL 1802-1887 and Frances, nee HAGGAR 1804-1881 was born in Wimpole, Cambridgeshire and baptised in 1830 at Arrington, Cambridgeshire, he died 11 August 1906 at Dongara, Western Australia and is buried at the Dongara Cemetery.

On the 17 November 1849 at Whadden, Cambridgeshire, John married Esther Jane BRIGHT 1828-1905 the daughter of William BRIGHT 1792-1862 and Hannah SKINNER 1798-1878

John with Esther and his 19 year old brother George PELL arrived in Fremantle in Western Australia on the ship 'Sophia' on the 27 July 1850 on the passenger list he is a labourer from Cambridgehire, in England.

Together with his pregnant wife Esther John was hired on arrival by Gerald de Courcy LEFROY of 'Walebing' in the Victoria Plains district. The annual wages for the two of them was ?16 plus keep.

On the 15 November 1850, their son was born in the isolated rural area, without a nurse, while John was working away from 'Walebing'. He was possibly the first white child to be born in Victoria Plains district.

The Pells remained in Lefroy's employ until after the birth Sarah Ann in 1852. John then moved to Toodyay and worked for 'Squire' Phillips of "Culham". When John took up land in the Irwin district in late 1880's, he was employed as Phillip's shepherd. The ruins of their first home are close to Cadji Station east of Mullewa.

John and Esther named their farm 'Wimpole' after his birthplace in Cambridgeshire, The farm is by 'Pell Bridge' near Dongara.

John and Esther's Children were:-

1.George PELL, b: 15 November 1850 Victoria Plains, W.A. d: 5 September 1893 Dongara, married Elizabeth BROWN on 28 November 1884 at Dongara. The children of this marriage were:-

William PELL 1884 - 1943 m Mary A FITZGERALD in 1909

Charles John PELL b: 15 November 1885 Victoria Plains Western Australia d: 3 March 1952 Dongara buried at Karrakatta Cemetery

Clarence Ethelbert PELL b: 1888 Dongara died 15 July 1945 at Three Springs buried at the Three Springs Cemetery

Robert PELL b:1888 Dongara

Claudius Clement PELL b:1891 Dongara, ANZAC killed in action on 20 Sept. 1917 Belgium. his name appears on the Dongara War Memorial

Gertrude Amelia PELL 1892 - 1991 m. Silas J. ROWLAND at Irwin in 1912

Ursula PELL 1893 m. Joseph T PAYNE in Perth in 1913


2. Sarah Ann PELL, b: 10 January 1852 Toodyay, died 2 August 1924 at her residence, Myrtle Vale Farm, Popanyinning,in her 73rd year. m. William John NAIRN 1842-1918 at Irwin River on 28 October 1873.
The Western Mail, Friday 24 January 1919, OBITUARY for William John Nairn
POPANYINNING.?The death occurred after a short illness, in Perth on the 29th ult. of Mr. W. J. Nairn, of Popanyinning, formerly of Byro station. Murchison. The eldest son of the late Mr. James Nairn, of Claremont, he was born in Perth on January 22, 1842 and was educated at the High school, Perth. On finishing his education he joined his father, in York; later on taking up land in the Victoria district. From there, he made several trips through the Murchison, sometimes, alone, but mostly accompanied by his brother, the late Mr. Walter Nairn, of the Murchison. Finally they selected an area of country, starting the Mt.Joubert station, afterwards known at Byro station. Here he resided with his family for 31 years. He was very popu- lar on the Murchison, and acted as chairman of the roads board for many years In 1873 he married a daughter of the late Mr. J. Kell,(sic) of Dongarra, who with a family of five sons, five daughters, and 19 grandchildren survive him, one son having been killed on active service in October, 1917. For the last 4? years the deceased resided in Popanyinning.
The children of this marriage were:-

1. James NAIRN b: 11 August 1874 Irwin died 8 Sept. 1950 Narrogin m. May EVANS 1875-1963 at Perth on 6 January 1906.

2. Emma NAIRN b: 22 March 1876 Irwin, d: 29 Dec. 1958 Fremantle. m. George Douglas Graham STEWART 1870-xxxx at Dongara 23 Mar. 1905

3. Christine Clementine NAIRN b: 21 July 1877 Irwin d: 1934 West Leederville. m. Robert TIMMS at Gascoyne in 1908.

4. Mary Ann NAIRN b: 29 July 1879 Irwin, d: 3 September 1959 m. James GORDON at Gascoyne in 1907


5. Walter NAIRN b.1881 Irwin m. Sarah SEWARD 1912 at Geraldton, Western Australia. - This is not Walter Maxwell Nairn. MHR (WA) 1879-1958 the solicitor, who was born in Victoria, the son of William NAIRN of Scotland and Margaret MERRIT. This is Walter Nairn the Farmer. Many family trees have confused the two. janilye

6. William John NAIRN b: 4 June 1883 Irwin, d: 25 May 1958 Palmyra, Western Australia.

7. Charlotte NAIRN b: 13 December 1885 Irwin d:xxxx. m. Alfred PAYNE at Gingin, Western Australia in 1914

8. Arthur Augustus NAIRN 1886 - 1969 m: Hilda A. M. PAYNE at Irwin in 1924

9. Charles Joseph Byro NAIRN b:1889 Byro Station Murchison, m. Winifred Margery HUGHES at Dongara on the 7 April 1914. They had 2 children, Fred and Beulah
ANZAC killed in Action 9 October 1917 Flanders, Belgium
IN MEMORIUM, The West Australian, Tuesday 8 October 1918
NAIRN.?In loving memory of my dear husband Private C. J. Byro Nairn, 11th Battalion, killed in action at Belgium on October 9 1917, daddy of little Fred and Beulah (Dongarra), son of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Nairn (Popanyinning) brother to Jim, Walter Will., Alec., Arthur, also to Mesdames Stuart, Gordon, Timms, Payne, and Dew.

10. Alexander Murchison NAIRN b: 29 January 1892 Irwin, d: 8 October 1962 Leederville. m. Florence Lillian Kate BLUNT 1900-1993 at Perth in 1923

11. Nora NAIRN b:1894 Irwin, m: William C DEW in 1916 at Beverley, Western Australia


3.Esther Jane PELL, b: 17 April 1853 Toodyay, and died 7 July 1936 at Darlington. m.John CRIDDLE 1855-1934 at Dongara on the 28 August 1878.

The children of this marriage were:-

Grace Mary CRIDDLE b: 30 March 1880 Irwin River, d: 8 Dec. 1969 Perth. m. William Albert KENWORTHY 1876-1948 at Minginew on 27 February 1903

Irwin John CRIDDLE b: 4 May 1883 Irwin River. d:20 October 1959 Rivervale, m. Fanny Oliver HERBERT 1889-1926 in Irwin, 31 May 1911

Charles Glynn CRIDDLE b: 24 June 1884 Irwin River d: 7 June 1966 Victoria Park, Perth m. Emily Jane BRANDIS 1882-1953 at Irwin in 1912

Violet Mary May CRIDDLE b: 31 May 1890 Irwin River d: 14 June 1976. m. Arthur Lewis OLIVER 1884-xxxx at Irwin on 19 May 1908

Jack Farris CRIDDLE b: 24 May 1893 Irwin River, d: 26 August 1972 Perth. m. Eileen Rose MIFFLIN 1901-1989 at Perth in 1925.

Ivy Myrtle CRIDDLE b: 25 June 1897 Irwin River d: 20 December 1980. m. Wellman Edward TURNER 1893-1953 at Fremantle in 1937



4.Frances Hannah PELL, b: 17 June 1855 Newcastle, WA and died 1 February 1905 at Midland m. George COUSINS 1854-1906 at Greenough on the 29 March 1876.

The children of this marriage were:-

Henry COUSINS b:1876 Irwin, d: 1876 Irwin, Western Australia

Esther Maud COUSINS 11 September 1877 Irwin, d: 21 December 1961 Midland

May COUSINS b: 21 May 1879 Irwin d: 8 March 1973 Midland Junction

Harriet COUSINS b: 22 April 1881 Irwin, d: 15 Sept. 1975 Carlisle.

Frances Hannah COUSINS 10 November 1883 Irwin

Robert John COUSINS b: 10 November 1883 Irwin d: 24 June 1966 Perth. m. Rose May HENDY at Irwin in 1908.

August Albert Cousins 1885 - 1886

Georgina COUSINS 1887 - 1892

Walter Alfred COUSINS 1890 - 1893

George Oriel COUSINS b:1892 Dongara
ANZAC Killed in action 25 April 1918 France

Ada COUSINS 1896 - 1961


5.John PELL, b: 21 November 1856 Toodyay, died 4 June 1884 Dongara, m. Agnes MCMEEKIN 1864-xxxx at Dongara on the 2 January 1883. 1 child of this marriage:-
Florence Mary PELL 1883 ? 1950
NOTE: Agnes re-married Frederick RICHARDS in Fremantle 14 December 1887 and had a daughter Olive Elizabeth RICHARDS b:1888


6. Emma PELL, b: 21 January 1859 Toodyay, d: 9 November 1944 Nabawa, Western Australia. m. James CRIDDLE 1857-1927 at Dongara on the 21 March 1881. The children from this marriage were:-

Alfred CRIDDLE b: 8 September 1882 Dongara d: 18 February 1957

Sydney James CRIDDLE b: 13 July 1884 Dongara, d: 1 Oct. 1963 Geraldton

Ethel Margaret CRIDDLE b:1884 Dongara, d: 1885 Dongara
stillborn female CRIDDLE b:1885 Dongara d: 1885 Dongara

Herbert Melbourne CRIDDLE b: 29 September 1886 Dongara,
ANZAC killed in Action 27 October 1917 Flanders, Belgium

Beatrice Adelaide CRIDDLE b: 2 October 1888 Dongara d: 16 June 1966 Geraldton.

Horace John CRIDDLE b: 20 February 1890 Dongara d: 18 March 1928 Nabawa,

David CRIDDLE b:1892 Dongara d: 29 December 1974 Geraldton

Arthur George CRIDDLE b: 18 June 1894 Dongara, d:23 February 1958 Perth

Harold CRIDDLE b: 7 March 1896 Dongara, d: 18 March 1976 Narrogin

Edith Mary CRIDDLE b: 14 July 1898 Greenough d: 26 May 1968 Perth

Ina Phyllis CRIDDLE 1900 Dongara d: 8 January 1975 Geraldton

Ivo Philip CRIDDLE 1900 Dongara d: 2 January 1953 Geraldton


7. Mary Ann PELL, b: 13 January 1861 Toodyay, died 15 May 1943 Nabawa, m. George DOWNES 1861-1946 the son of Edward Bethel DOWNES 1819-1891 and Amelia Eliza, nee WILLIAMS 1831-1877. at Dongara in 1884. The children of this marriage were:-

Myra May DOWNES 1885?1938 m. Joseph William CLARKSON 1886-1963

Horace George DOWNES b:1887 Dongara d: 1887 Dongara Western Australia

Eunice Amelia DOWNES b: 18 November 1888 Dongara d: 3 June 1961 m. Robert PEARSON

Eugenia Violet DOWNES b: 30 November 1891 Dongara d: 24 September 1969 m. Fred FLOAT

Reginald Harold DOWNES b: 1894 Dongara d: 1961 Geraldton

Horace John DOWNES b: 29 May 1898 Dongara d: 18 July 1979

Victoria Alexandra DOWNES b: 1901 Dongara d: 27 November 1977 m. Arthur RAMSAY

Cyril Frederick George DOWNES b:1902 Dongara d: 1904 Dongara

Gladys Mary 1907 -


8. William PELL, b: 21 April 1862 Toodyay, died 21 October 1940 at Dongara, Western Australia. buried at Dongara on the 22nd.
Did not marry.

9.Louisa PELL, b:11 August 1864 Toodyay, died 11 January 1865 Toodyay, Western Australia


10. Eliza PELL,b: 8 November 1865 Toodyay died 1 April 1959 Geraldton. m. Charles OSBORN 1862-1936 the son of William John OSBORN 1824-1894 and Sarah, nee NEWSON 1825-1909 at Dongara in 1895.

The children of this marriage were:-

Douglas John OSBORN b: 28 Dec. 1896 Dongara, d:9 Feb. 1897 Dongara.

Olive Irene OSBORN b:1899 Dongara d: 1899 Dongara

Arthur Reginald OSBORN b: 11 June 1900 Dongara d: 4 January 1959 at Walkaway. m. Bridget B BAGLEY at Greenough in 1932

Ivy May OSBORN b: 5 January 1903 Dongara d: 9 February 1984 Mt.Lawley. m. Francis Patrick BOND 1896-1939 in 1925

Irene Esther OSBORN b:1905 Dongara d: 1908 Dongara

Dora Sarah OSBORN b: 9 June 1906 Irwin. d: 24 June 1985, Kalgoorlie, m. Joseph Norman George JOHNSON 1905-1949 at Irwin in 1930



11. Louisa PELL b: 16 March 1868 Toodyay, died 5 August 1938 North Perth m. Henry James CRIDDLE 1865-1949 the son of William CRIDDLE 1843-1912 and Mary Ann, nee BUFTON 1843-1901. in Dongara on 23 April 1889
The children of this marriage were:-

Herbert Henry CRIDDLE b: 1890 Dongara. d: 27 August 1944 in Perth. m. Beatrice Mary TERRELL 1885-1963 at Coolgardie in 1930

Mary CRIDDLE b:1891 Dongara d:1891 Dongara, Western Australia

Idahlia Gertrude CRIDDLE b: 12 July 1892 Dongara d: 25 November 1933 Subiaco. m. Eric Henry Raymond LINTHORNE 1891-1935 in 1911

Clarence Ethan CRIDDLE b: 20 September 1894 Dongara d: 17 January 1983 Perth. m. Olive May MCGREGOR 1900-1996 in Swan on 15 April 1922

Athol Douglas CRIDDLE b: 6 April 1897 Irwin. d: 15 November 1971 Perth. m. Sylvia Jane Hempsell KNOWLER 1900-1981 at Irwin in 1930

Francis R CRIDDLE b: 1901 Irwin, d: 7 July 1983 Western Australia. m. Ivy Ethelinda WESTON 1897-1955 at Fremantle in 1941

Doris May CRIDDLE b: 1902 Dongara d: 16 February 1997 Dianella, Perth. m. Henry George PAYNE 1902-1960 at Perth in 1924

Eileen Mabel CRIDDLE b:1904 Dongara d: 11 May 1969 Perth. m. Basil Oscar JOHNSON 1902-1966 in Irwin in 1897


12. Robert PELL, b: 13 September 1869 Dongara, died 1949 in Western Australia. Did not marry.


13. Amelia PELL, b: 30 March 1872 Dongara, died 31 August 1938 South Guildford m. Frederick Charles POLLARD 1864-1948 at Dongara in 1896.
The children of this marriage were:-

Arthur Ephraim POLLARD b: 4 March 1898 Geraldton d: 27 August 1962 Inglewood, Western Australia

Clarence POLLARD b: 26 September 1900 Carnarvon d: 23 August 1970 Como

Gladys Evelyn POLLARD b: 21 February 1903 Dongara


1 comment(s), latest 6 years ago

John Crowley 1775 -1833

John CROWLEY was born on the 13 May 1775 at Millbrook, Bedfordshire, England, the son of Francis CRAWLEY and Elizabeth JACKSON.

At age 26, John CROWLEY was tried on the 16th July 1801, with William PEPPER and John SHERWOOD of stealing a sheep. The property of Edward PLATT of Lidlington.
All three were sentenced to death. William PEPPER was hanged on the 1 August 1801. John CROWLEY and John SHERWOOD had their sentence commuted to transportation for life. John Crowley arrived in Sydney on the 11 March 1803 aboard the HMS Glatton.

John CRAWLEY was described as 5'7" tall with a very fair complexion, flaxen hair and light hazel eyes.

In 1805/1806 he was indented to Mr BADGERY.
On the 28th February 1811 he sought and obtained permission to marry. In all records his name was spelt CRAWLEY when the spelling changed is not known.
His Ticket of Leave was obtained on the 21st July 1810
His conditional pardon granted on 5th June 1815, the same day as his brother-in-law Thomas CROSS.
Both men had a horse and cart and carried goods for the men working on the road over the Blue Mountains.

On the 4th March 1811 at St.Matthews church Windsor John married Jane Charlotte BRYAN/BRYANT, the daughter of Jane ISON/LLOYD and William Bryan(t).
John was 35 and Jane Charlotte was 15. She had been born on the 17th May 1796 and baptised on the 14th August 1796.

On the 30 June 1820 from Windsor, John Crowley wrote a memorial to Governor Lachlan Macquarie asking for a grant of land, saying he was supporting a wife and four children. He received 100 acres fronting the north bank of the Grose River. Only 40 acres separated them from her mother and stepfather, William EATON 1769-1858.

In 1820 he was listed as a farmer at North Richmond, where he had 250 acres of land, of which 52 acres was cultivated and 70 acres were cleared. he was running 220 head of cattle, 7 sheep and 13 horses.

He was employing 7 men:- John MORTON age 53 'Mangles'1820, as his convict servant. James ROBINSON age 27, 'Glory' 1818 as a ploughman, Patrick RILEY age 45 'Guilford 2' 1815 as stockkeeper. John KNOTT age 28 'Baring 2' 1819 as a shoemaker. Then three labourers John VARLEY age 58 'Royal Admiral' 1792. George FORESIGHT age 40 'Cambridge' 1827 and William ASTON age 16 Prince Regent 1827. Over the next 20 years his land holdings grew to 324 acres.

John Crowley died on the 9th May 1833 just 4 days shy of his 58th birthday.

Three years later Jane Charlotte married William ASTON who had been John's labourer. She lived to be 72 and died on the 6th February 1869. On the 8th she was buried in the family vault with John Crowley at St. Peter's Cemetery Richmond.

The children of John CROWLEY and Jane Charlotte, nee BRYANT were:-

1. Jane Crowley b: 21 December 1812 d:13 June 1823

2. Elizabeth Crowley b: 12 May 1815 d: 17 January 1891 m. Thomas HOWELL 1809-1876 at St.Matthews Windsor on 28 February 1832.

3. John Crowley b: 22 June 1817 d: 15 January 1887 m. Mary Ann JOHNSON 1817-1893 at Windsor on the 17 May 1836.

4. William Crowley b: 26 November 1819 d:30 October 1892 m. (1) Emma BAINES 1825-1867 at Windsor in 1845 (2) Sarah WILLIAMS 1834-1920 at Bingara in 1888.

5. Eliza CROWLEY b: 30 August 1822 d: 4 February 1897 m. Thomas EATHER 1824-1909 at St.Peter's Richmond on the 25 July 1843.

6. Charlotte Crowley b: 4 October 1825 d: 26 June 1840

7. Ann Crowley b: 16 January 1828 d: 30 August 1893 m. William H WOOD 1829-1879 at St.Peter's Richmond in 1847.

8. Mary Ann Crowley 1830 ? 1834