janilye on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
Joseph Braithwaite, Owner of Braithwaite's Book Store, Dunedin.
Mayor of Dunedin 1905-1909
Birth 2 January 1848 in Cliburn, Westmorland, England
Death 27 March 1917 in Dunedin, New Zealand
Immigration England to Melbourne, Australia 1852
Immigration Melbourne to Dunedin, NZ 1860
Married:2 July 1872 Dunedin to Mary Ann Bellett
Birth 1856 in Rotherham, England
Death 1 Apr 1921 in Auckland, New Zealand
Mabel Braithwaite 1874 1928
Percy Braithwaite 1876 1959
Lillian Braithwaite 1878 1894
Sarah Braithwaite 1879 1880
Joseph Aubrey Braithwaite 1881 1907
Mary Gwendoline Braithwaite 1882 1928
Cecil James Braithwaite 1885 1916
Kathleen Minnie Braithwaite 1886 ?
Horace Algernon Braithwaite 1888 1916
Eric Wharton Braithwaite 1889 1955
Olive Christabel Braithwaite 1890 1967
Noel Denis Braithwaite 1892 1897
Neville Douglas Braithwaite 1893 1959
Henry Warwick Braithwaite 1896 1971
John Rewi Ferguson Braithwaite 1897 1987
Roderick Alistair MacDonnell Braithwaite 1901 1963
William Tobias EATHER 1852-1922 and Charlotte Elizabeth, nee STRATFORD 1854-1932 had eight sons, one of whom, Joseph Henry EATHER, born Henry Joseph on the 1 December 1876 at Richmond in New South Wales.
In their family bible a note, testifying to the breaking-up of families in the jobless nineties, records that on the 7 February 1897 Joseph EATHER left Richmond with his uncles, (Leslie STRATFORD 1862-1904 and Joseph STRATFORD 1868-1943), bound for Coolgardie Western Australia, two thousand miles away.
Joseph's fortunes in Western Australia were ill-starred. He never married and he met a mysterious death by drowning in the Avon River. His body was recovered from the river at Dale's Bridge, Beverley, on the 12 June 1930 and it was noted that his hands were tied behind his back. The Acting Coroner at the time, Mr.D.H. FORBES began an inquest the next day, which was adjourned sine die.
I have never been able to find whether or not this inquest was resumed or the outcome.
* The William Tobias EATHER Family bible was in the possession of Mrs. Eric Rogers of Ashfield NSW, many years ago, I do not know it's present whereabouts.
William Tobias EATHER and Charlotte Elizabeth STRATFORD were married in 1874 at Richmond NSW
The children of William Tobias EATHER -son of Robert Vincent EATHER 1824-1879 and Ann, nee CORNWELL 1831-1889 and his wife Charlotte Elizabeth, nee STRATFORD the daughter of Joseph STRATFORD 1826-1885 and Rachel ROBERTS 1827-1882. were:-
William Frederick Charles EATHER 1875 1917
**Joseph Henry EATHER 1876 1930
Albert Edward EATHER 1878 1881
John Roland EATHER 1880 1918
Elsie Rachel EATHER 1883 1954
Ruby Elvina EATHER 1885 1948
Cassma Carrington EATHER 1888 1960
Robert Carrington EATHER 1889 1941
Hilton Claude EATHER 1892 1959
Reginald Gordon EATHER 1894 1894
This is the Robert EATHER 1795-1881 Mary LYNCH 1802-1853 line
Story Source: janilye
Joseph Onus was born in 1782 to Thomas Honess and Sarah (nee Field) at Sheerness on the Isle of Sheppey (Thames Estuary), Kent and died at Richmond NSW on 22 June1835. He is buried at St Peters, Richmond.
Joseph was a labourer aged 19 and living at Sheerness, when, early in 1801, he was arrested. At the Lent Assizes on 16 March 1801, he was tried before Judge Baron Hotham and jury, on the charge of having stolen naval stores to the value of 5 pounds 17 shillings and 11 pence. He was sentenced to be hanged by the neck until he was dead.
He was obviously granted a reprieve, duly arriving in Sydney on the "Glatton" on 11 March 1803.
On 11 March 1810 he married Ann Eather 1793-1865 and had a family of six children.
He began his farming career with 25 acres on the river flats near Richmond. He rapidly prospered, and in about 1820, he built the fine two-storied house - now called the 'farmhouse - on the north side of Francis St, Richmond.
In the early 1820's his interests spread to the Hunter Valley, and in some of his ventures he worked in partnership with his wife's brother-in-law, Robert Williams. In December 1823, he sought a pass for 40 head of cattle of this partnership to go from the Hawkesbury to Benjamin Singleton's property on the Hunter River and from there selected land on the Woolombi Brook. On 12 August 1825, Joseoph Onus received Grant No. 225 of 1550 acres of riverflat land at Bulga. Williams was also granted 1000 acres adjacent. In 1826 the partners took cattle over the Liverpool Ranges establishing the property Boorambil on Onus Creek, a tributary of the Mooki River.
In 1832, they were forced off Boorambil when the famous Australian Agricultural Company was granted 600,000 acres of prime land. They were forced to move their stock onwards.
He took up several 'runs' particularly at Wollombi and in the Hunter Valley.
Thomas Eather, assisted by Joseph Onus's head stockman, John Bazley, is understood to have taken up three runs on thr Namoi River in 1833, namely, 'Hendriendi" for himself and brothers Charles and Robert; "Boggabri" for his brother-in-law, Robert Williams; and "Theribry" for another brother-in-law, Joseph Onus.
From The Eather Newsletter March 2001 No 152 Editorial. Editor Mildred Reynolds.
The following newspaper snippet reveals that Joseph Onus and the three men he was convicted with, spent about ten weeks in Maidstone Goal, and in Joseph's case, around 15 months on a hulk in Woolwich before being transported to New South Wales.
5th June 1801: "Early on Saturday morning the following convicts were conveyed by Mr Watson from Maidstone Goal under strong guard to Woolwich, and there put on board a hulk to remain till a vessel is prepared for their transportation to New South Wales." (Kentish Gazette)
The newspaper listed 25 convicts. Four of these men were - Joseph Oness, Jacob Inness, Joshua Appleton and Thomas Gibbons. (Joseph's name also appeared in the ship's indent of convicts as Joseph Onness.)
Joseph Onus was tried on the 16th March 1801, was transported to the colony on the "Glatton," which sailed from England on the 23rd September 1802. He arrived at Port Jackson on 11th March 1803.
Maidstone Goal was also the prison, which housed the pioneer, Thomas Heather/Eather.
From Eather Family Newsletter dated December 2002. Editor Mildred J Reynolds.
Police District of Wee Waa - Namoi District, 16th November 1854
Cattle brands supposed to have been stolen therefrom, October last.
Mr Joseph Onus - cattle on Murran Creek Station.
JO near rump, 22 near shoulder, top off near ear.
WS near rump, 7 on near shoulder, with a hole in near ear.
TO near shoulder, 22near rump, TO on near rump and 6 near shoulder
70 pounds reward to prosecute to conviction.
The above information obtained from the Victoria Police Gazette by the editor, shows that in 1854, Joseph Onus Junior was at (or also at) Murran Creek Station. The cattle branded WS would have belonged to William Sharp - his mother's second husband and the TO would have belonged to his brother, Thomas Onus, who at that time was married to Elizabeth Eather - a daughter of Thomas Eather Junior and his wife Sarah (nee McAlpin).
Joseph Onus b:1782 in Sheerness, Kent d:22 June 1835 Richmond New South Wales
Son of Thomas Honess b:1750 and Sarah Field b:1756
Married Ann Elizabeth Eather 1793-1865 at Windsor, New South Wales, on the 11 March 1810
Produced 6 children:-
1. Elizabeth Onus b: 1 January 1811 Windsor, NSW d:23 August 1882 Richmond, NSW m. John Gordon TOWN 1806-1883 on the 17 June 1830 at Windsor. The children of this marriage were:-
John Thomas Town 18311889 Elizabeth Jessie Town 18331908
William Barker Town 18361838 William Gordon Town 18381858
Mary Ann Town 1842 1846
2. Mary Ann ONUS b:14 August 1813 Windsor, NSW d:19 March 1887 Maryborough, Queensland. m. John EATON 1811-1804 at Windsor on 17 January 1831. The children of this marriage were:-
Mary M Eaton 1831 1831
Charlotta Eaton 1844 1923
Baby Eaton 1846 1846
William Eaton 1847 1887
Caroline Eaton 1850 1850
Euphemia Eaton 1854 1939
Veronica Eaton 1854 1942
3. Susannah ONUS b:28 October 1815 Cornwallis, NSW d: 12 August 1882, 'Glen Alpin' Bulga, NSW. m.William Glas MCALPIN 1810-1902 on the 1 February 1833 at Christ Church, Castlereagh, NSW.
The children of this marriage were:-
Elizabeth McAlpin 1833 1835
Ann McAlpin 1836 1838
Peter McAlpin 1838 1838
William McAlpin 1840 1923
Susannah McAlpin 1842 1882
Sarah McAlpin 1845 1922
Joseph McAlpin 1849 1913
Mary McAlpin 1852 1915
4. Joseph ONUS b: 2 May 1818 Richmond, NSW and died 3 December 1895 Richmond, NSW. m.(1) Emma POWELL 1819-1865 on the 13 June 1837 at Richmond. The children of this marriage were:-
Mary Ann ONUS 1838 1861
Joseph Edward ONUS 1840 1891
Emma Susannah ONUS 1843 1931
Joseph Tertius ONUS 1844 1928
Laura Australia ONUS 1854 1855
(2) Clara HUNT 1820-?? on the 28 May 1867at Richmond had one child Linda ONUS 1869 1894
Joseph also had a relationship with Margaret SILK 1824-1884 she had one child to ONUS. Maria Emma SILK 1841 1883
5. Thomas ONUS b:29 April 1820 Richmond, NSW and died 28 March 1855 at Richmond, NSW. m. Elizabeth EATHER 1825-1884 on 22 August 1842 at St.Andrews Presbyterian, Windsor, NSW. The children of this marriage were:-
Ann Onus 1842 1905
Sarah Onus 1845 1910
Susannah Onus 1847 1935
Thomas Alexander Onus 1849 1934
Matilda J Onus 1852 1853
Elizabeth A Onus 1854 1855
Before his marriage Thomas ONUS had a relationship with Eliza JAMES 1819-1862 which produced a daughter Ann ONUS in 1841 hence his marriage in the Presbyterian Church after Rev. Henry STILES of the Church of England refused to marry him.
6. William ONUS b: 3 September 1822, Richmond, NSW and died on 8 May 1855 at Richmond, NSW. m. Ann HOUGH 1822-1889 the daughter of Peter HOUGH 1776-1833 on 1 March 1882 at Richmond, NSW.
The children of this marriage were:-
Joseph Onus 1844 1928
Elizabeth Onus 1848 1892
Emily A. Onus 1851 1907
Andrew Onus 1853 ??
Credit for some of the above belongs to the Eather Family Newsletter of January 1976 and September 1998.
On Monday, 22 September 1834, Joseph ONUS wrote his last will and testament.
He evidently thought that it was time that he safeguarded the fruits of his years of endeavour for the lasting benefit of his children and grandchildren. In drawing up his will he appointed his son-in-law John EATON, and his eldest son, Joseph ONUS Jnr, as his
executors. In the introduction to his will, which was quite a lengthy document, Joseph stated that he was "in good health and sound of mind and understanding". The document was witnessed by John EATON, George PAWLING, Joseph ONUS Jnr and James GRIFFITTHS.
In the autumn of 1835, Ann and Joseph had their daughter Mary Ann back with them again for another lying-in. On 8 May she was delivered of another daughter who was named Mary Ann Elizabeth.
Five weeks later, on 17 June 1835, Joseph ONUS added a codicil to his will. Perhaps he took advantage of the presence of John EATON in town to add the codicil while both of his executors were able to be present to witness it. Perhaps his health had declined since he had drawn up his will in the previous year.
The codicil was witnesed by the same four persons who had witnessed the will itself.
On 22 June 1835, just five days after he had added the codicil to the will, Joseph ONUS died. Ann ONUS was a widow at the age of forty-two. Her three sons were still teenagers. Joseph had become a well-known identity in Richmond, and indeed, throughout the whole of the Hawkesbury district. It was a large crowd that gathered for the funeral when his mortal remains were interred in the burial ground that is now St Peter's Cemetery, and where the ONUS family vault still stands. Recorded as being fifty-four when he died, Joseph had failed to live long enough to enjoy the experience of seeing his sons reach adulthood, marry and have children of their own; an experience that is dear in the hearts of most fathers.
Transported across the seas to permanent exile from his native land for a part in the theft of stores to the paltry value of less than six pounds sterling, Joseph had died a farmer and pastoralist of prestige and honour, and had earned for himself a minor place in the pages of Australian history. Many of the landed gentry in England would have envied him the extent of his estates; the number of stock that he grazed upon them, and the size of his bank account.
It is obvious from the wording of his will, which Joseph appears to have written himself, that he was determined to be the progenitor of a dynasty of land-owners. Repeatedly in his will he stressed that the lands which he bequeathed were "not to be sold, exchanged, mortgaged or given away on any pretence whatsoever but shall fall from heir to heir and in default of any issue then to the next eldest brother's son and so on in the succession of heirship".
It would have been a sad occasion when the family gathered soon after the funeral to hear the contents of Joseph's will. The reading of it would have been rather tedious because of the spelling errors, inconsistent punctuation and some quaint modes of expression that he had used.
The codicil which he had added just prior to his death, covered the disposal of lands which he had apparently bought after he had made his will the previous year. At that time he had appointed another executor, his son-in-law William McALPIN. However, both John EATON and William McALPIN withdrew from their responsibilities, so Joseph ONUS Jnr was left as the sole executor. Because he was a minor, the court granted, on 28 September 1835, Ann ONUS widow of the deceased, administration of the estate during the minority of Joseph ONUS.
Under the terms of the will the following allocation of property and stock was made:-
To Ann ONUS, widow of the deceased:-
- the house and outbuildings in Francis Street, Richmond, and all the lands belonging thereto, namely farms known as LANGLEY's and GILE's, which Joseph had purchased;
- Andrew NORTH's allotment in the township. These were to be passed on to William ONUS upon the decease of Ann; or if she remarried she was to forfeit all right to them and they were to go to Joseph ONUS to hold until William turned 21.
- 560 acres of land in Howe's Valley known as Welsh's Farm which was a purchase from the Crown ;
- 50 of the best cows; 7 horses or mares; and a fourth of the remaining cattle.
Ann was to receive all rent and pay all debts on land allocated to the children until they turned 21. Presumably Ann received also the money in Joseph's bank accounts, although the will does not stress this specifically.
To Elizabeth TOWN, eldest daughter, aged 24:-
- 50 acres at Kurrajong (the grant made in 1821), to go to John TOWN Jnr when he turned 21; - 20 cows.
To Mary Ann EATON, second daughter, aged 22:-
- 300 acres (the northern part of the 1000 acres on the west bank of Cockfighter Creek or Wollombi Brook, that Joseph had been granted in 1825). Upon her death it was to be divided amongst her three eldest children not including the deceased one or any other deceased.
- 5 cows.
- husband John EATON received half the sheep.
To Susannah McALPIN, third daughter, aged 19:-
- 40 rods of land, being part of 4 acres in the main street (George Street), to go to her eldest surviving child when it turned 21;
- 20 cows.
To Joseph ONUS, eldest son, aged 17:-
-25 acres, part of Dight's Farm, currently held by Daniel EATON;
-45 acres known as Reeve's Farm, currently held by Jacob INNESS;
-3 allotments facing George BOWMAN's - "one where they are making bricks at present; one occupied by Henry CRICKETT and one occupied by Daniel EATON".
- 650 acres adjoining Festus TONG's purchase, "part of it is 100 acres grant from the Crown and THomas SPICER's and sold by auction";
- 500 acres in Howels Valley, known as Welsh's Station, adjoining Mrs ONUS's land;
- a third of the remaining horses and a fourth of the remaining cattle;
- 3 allotments (currently held by Daniel SWEET, Arthur ELLINGHAM and John CORNWELL) until William turned 21 when they were to go to him.
To Thomas ONUS, second son, aged 15:-
-190 acres at Wollombi Brook, 100 acres of which was George EATON's grant next to John EATON's and 90 acres of which were Thomas TAILBY's grant next to Thomas EATHER's farm;
- 300 acres "at the back of Thomas EATHER's land at Wollombi";
- 5 acres purchased from John WATTS adjoining Daniel SWEET's land and bounded by the Lagoon on one side and the Government Road on the other;
- 35 acre farm purchased from John WATTS, bounded on two sides by Government Roads; on one side by Mr WILSON and on one side by Mr SKUTHORPE;
- three and three-quarter acres ofthe 4 acres in the main street (George Street) of Richmond "which I purchased from Mr Edward POWELL;
a third of the remaining horses and a fourth of the remaining cattle.
To William ONUS, third son, aged 15:-
- 700 acres lying "around the big lagoon and bordered on one side by Mr WILLIAMS; on one side by the creek; on one side by Mary Ann EATON and on the other side by Government land" (the southern half of the 1000 acres on the western side of Cockfighter Creek at Bulga);
- 300 acres adjoining Thomas ONUS's 300 - "my last purchase on the Wollombi";
- 10 acres now held by Daniel SWEET lying by Kirby's Lagoon; 9 acres known as Kirby's Farm, now rented by Arthur ELLINGHAM; 25 acres known as part of Dight's Farm now let to John CORNWELL;
- a third of the remaining horses and a fourth of the remaining cattle;
- the gold watch, chain and keys, engraved with "my name, Mrs ONUS's name and William ONUS's name";
- the big iron boiler fixed to the brickwork behind the house;
- the house and land belonging thereto when his mother died, or if she remarried, when he turned 21.
The "remainder of the horses" were those left after Ann ONUS had had her pick of them, and the "remainder of the cattle" were those left after Ann had selected 50 and the three daughters had made their selections. The three ONUS sons, still in their teenage years, found themselves in the position in which they had no need to be concerned about their respective futures. All would, upon reaching their respective majorities, be able to establish themselves as well-to-do farmers with extensive acreages and adequate stock.
Mary Ann and John EATON found their position in life suddenly improved, with their farm increased from 100 to 400 acres and their flock of sheep greatly increased in size. Elizabeth and Susannah were able to add to the sizes of their respective husband's dairy herds. William McALPIN could give up his life as a smithy and turn to being a dairy farmer if he so desired. Elizabeth's husband was already established as a very successful dairy farmer in the Richmond
The will reveals that Joseph ONUS had at least one acquaintance in the district whom he had known in the days before he had been transported over thirty years previously. Jacob INNESS, who was leasing from him 45 acres in the Richmond district, hailed from his home town of Sheerness, and was one of the other three men tried and convicted with him in 1801 for stealing naval stores.
A History of THE EATHER FAMILY:
Thomas EATHER and Elizabeth LEE
by John St PIERRE
for the EATHER Family history committee.
Below is a map of ONUS's land holdings in Bulga, New South Wales
A few months ago I visited the town of Maldon in Victoria.
My purpose was to collect some inscriptions from the Maldon Cemetery. Whilst there, I was struck by the beauty of the flowers blanketing the cemetery, known as 4 o'clockers because they open on sunny days around 4 o'clock.
I asked Daryl the caretaker of the cemetery if he had planted them.
He told me this yarn;
"During the gold rush, a South African clipper docked in Melbourne whereby the crew took off for the gleam of gold.
Unable to sail without them, the captain set off to bring them back.
But like many before him he succumbed to a fever and never recovered.
Back in South Africa, when the news of his death reached his widow, she was immediately struck with the melancholy thought of him lying alone in foreign soil, with no one around him from his homeland.
So, when the next South African ship berthed in Melbourne it carried a small parcel of bulbs to be scattered on a lonely grave in Maldon.
From then on they thrived and spread. Eventually covering the whole cemetery in a rainbow of colours."
To get there; travel along High Street Maldon towards Baringup for abt 2.5ks. Turn right on Nuggetty Road. You'll see the cemetery on the right
Mirabilis Jalapa = 4 o'clocks
This isn't genealogy but a little bit about our interesting history.
My aunt told me, owning an air-raid bag and doing the drills was a marvellous adventure which lasted about a week then it became a chore and many bags were left at home or on the bus.
Nah, children haven't changed
World War Two was a difficult time for children. Some children didn't see their father for long periods of time and others would never see their father again. Many children were evacuated from England to Australia or from cities to country towns. Some pets had to be put down because of the lack of food due to rationing. School children contributed to the war effort by collecting rubber, paper and saucepans. Our empty toothpaste tubes were taken to school for scrap metal collections. There were also strict rules about wasting paper.
Many teachers left their jobs to join up. The return to school at the beginning of 1942 was delayed by two weeks while trenches were being dug in all the school grounds. Pupils were taught the procedures for moving into the trenches. Air-raid drills were performed regularly and children had to take their own air-raid bag to school containing all the items they needed for emergency.
The photo below shows children at a Sydney kindergarten practicing their air-raid drill. The headgear was designed to muffle the sound of explosions, protect their teeth and prevent them from biting their tongues.
Archbold Mrs. Cath. Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Ashby George Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Ashby George Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Ashby George Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Bagwell Maj. Hamilton Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Barker William P., Esq. Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Barker William P., Esq. Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Barker William P., Esq. Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Barker Wm. P., Esq. Deerpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Barker Wm. P., Esq. Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Barker Wm. P., Esq. Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Barrett John Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Barry Thomas Deerpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Barry Thomas Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Beethel Margaret Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Beethel Robert Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Bell Bridget Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Bell Bridget Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Bell Mary Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Bell Nicholas Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Bell Nicholas Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Bell Nicholas Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Bible William Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Boe Edward Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Boe Edward Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Boe Eleanor Sallybog Kilcooly Tipperary
Boe John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Bowden John Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Bowe Edward Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Bowe John Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Bowe William Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Breen Thomas Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Brennan James Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Brennan John Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Brennan John Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Brennan Margaret Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Brennan Margaret Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Brennan Michael Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Brennan Thomas Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Brien Honoria Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Brien John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Brien Martin Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Brien Mary Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Britten James Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Britten Thomas Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Britten William Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Brittin Mrs. Anastasia Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Brodrick John Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Brohy Patrick Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Brohy Thomas Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Brophy James Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Brophy Mary Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Brophy Patrick Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Brophy Thomas Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Brophy Thomas Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Brophy Thomas Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Brown Joseph Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Browne Joseph Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Bryan Catherine Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Buckley Eliza Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Buckley James Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Buckley James Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Buckley John Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Buckley Michael Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Buggy Richard Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Burbridge Catherine Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Burke Edward Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Burke James Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Burke Thomas Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Burke Walter Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Butler James Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Butler John Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Butler Rev. John Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Butler Rev. John Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Butler Toby Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Butler William Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Butler Bryan Robt., Esq. Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Caesar Joseph Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Caesar Joseph Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill Catherine Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill James Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill James Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill James Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill Margaret Kilbrannel Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill Mary Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill Mrs. Mary Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill Patrick Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill Thomas Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Cahill Thomas Sallybog Kilcooly Tipperary
Cantling David Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Cantling Jacob Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Cantwell Anthony Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Carey John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Carey John Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Carroll Catherine Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Carroll James Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Carroll John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Carroll John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Casey Michael Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashen Richard Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashin Catherine Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashin James Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashin John Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashin John Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashin John Newhall Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashin Laurence Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashin Lawrence Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashin Lawrence Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Cashin Mary Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Cass John Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Clancy Edward Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Clear James Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Cleary James Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Cleary James Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Cleary Timothy Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Clohessy Thomas Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Clohesy Thomas Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Clonmel ??? Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Coal Henry Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Cody John Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Cody Keirns Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Cody Patrick Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Cole Henry Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Commons James Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Commons Thomas Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Connor Nicholas Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Connors Daniel Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Conway John Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Conway Patrick Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Cooke Adam Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Cooke Henry Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Cooke James Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Cooke John Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Cooke Peter Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Cooke Peter Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Coote Michael Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Coppinger John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Coppinger Thomas Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Corcoran Margaret Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Corcoran Stephen Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Cormack Michael Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Cormick Daniel Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Cormick Denis Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Cormick Edward Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Cormick Edward Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Cormick John Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Cormick Michael Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Cormick Mrs. Cath. Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Cormick Patrick Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Corrigan Judith Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Corrigan Michael Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Corrigan Patrick Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Corrigan Thomas Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Costelloe Anne Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Costigan Anthony Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Costigan Denis Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Costigan James Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Cotter William Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Croak Mrs. Mary Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Cushen Laurence Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Dalton Catherine Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Daly Eleanor Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Daly Honoria Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
De Vere Baronet Vere Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
De Vere Baronet Vere Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
De Vere Baronet Vere Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
De Vere Baronet Vere Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
De Vere Baronet Vere Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
De Vere Baronet Vere Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Deeves Richard Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Deeves Stephen Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Delahunty James Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Delahunty John Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Delahunty Mrs. Mary Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Delane John Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Delane Mary Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Delane Philip Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Delany Denis Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Delany Edward Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Delany James Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Delany Michael Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Delany Patrick Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Delany Patrick Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Delany Patrick Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Delany Richard Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Delmege Jacob Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Delmege Jacob, Jr. Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Delmege Jacob, Sr. Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Delmege John Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Demer Henry Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Dermody Lawrence Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Despard Alexander Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Doheney Patrick Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Donnell Anastasia Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Donovan Daniel Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Doyle Patrick Kilbrannel Kilcooly Tipperary
Duggan Anastasia Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Duggan John Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Duggan John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Duggan John Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Duggan Patrick Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Dunne Judith Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Dunne Kieran Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Dunne Patrick Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Dunning William Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Dunning William Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Dwyer James, Jr. Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Dwyer James, Sr. Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Dwyer Michael Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Egan Eleanor Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Euzell Adam Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Euzell Anne Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Euzell Peter Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Fanning Catherine Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Fanning Mary Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Farrell ??? Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Farrell James Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Farrell John Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Farrell Matthew Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Farrell Timothy Kilbrannel Kilcooly Tipperary
Faulkner John Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Feehan John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Feehan Michael Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Feeney Laurence Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Fenelly Philip Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Fennelly Eleanor Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Fennelly Michael Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Fennilly Roger Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald Edward Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald Judith Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald Judith Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald Richard Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald Richard Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald Richard Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald William Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald William Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald Wm. Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzgerald Wm. Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzpatrick John Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Fitzpatrick William Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Fogarty Charles Longford Pass South Kilcooly Tipperary
Ford Timothy Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Ford Timothy Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Gilbert John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Glazier John Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Gleeson James Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Gleeson Thomas Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Going Ambrose, Esq. Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Going James Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Going Patrick Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Going William, Esq. Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Gorman William Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Gorman William Newhall Kilcooly Tipperary
Grace Mrs. Ellen Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Grady Nicholas Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Grady Patrick Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Grant Mary Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Grattan Catherine Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Grimes Judith Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Guilfoyle Anastasia Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Guilfoyle John Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Hackett James Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Hackett Mary Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Hackett Michael Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Hackett Patrick Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Hackett Patrick Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Hackett Thomas Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Hackett Thomas, Sr. Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Hackett William Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Hall Mary Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Harding Ellen Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Harding Nicholas Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Harrington Mary Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Harrington Michael Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Harrington Michael Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Hayde Matthew Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Hayden Martin Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Hayden Martin Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Hayden William Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Heafey John Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Heafey Mary Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Heafey Patrick Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Healy John Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Herin Catherine Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Hickey John Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Hickey Mrs. Judith Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Hickey Thomas Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Hickey Thomas Longford Pass East Kilcooly Tipperary
Hickey Timothy Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Hill Mary Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Hill Mrs. Mary Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Hogan Ellen Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Hogan Patrick Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Houlahan John Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Houlahan Matthew Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Hunt Frederick Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Hunt Mary Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Hunt Vere Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Hunt William Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Hynes James Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Hynes Michael Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Hynes Mrs. Margaret Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Hynes Richard, Sr. Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Hynes Thomas Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Ireland Richard Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Kearney John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Keeffe Edmund Grangecastle Kilcooly Tipperary
Keeffe Edmund Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Keely Catherine Sallybog Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Catherine Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Eleanor Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Hugh Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly James Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly James Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly James Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly James Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly James Newhall Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly James Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly James Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly John Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Malcahy Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Margaret Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Michael Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Mrs. Ellen Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Mrs. Mary Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Patrick Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Kelly Thomas Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kenna Richard Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Kenna Thomas Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Kennedy Edward Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Kennedy Eleanor Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Kennedy Patrick Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Keogh Mary Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Kervick Denis Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kervick Denis, Jr. Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kervick John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kervick Patrick Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kervick Paul Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kervick Timothy Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kervick Timothy, Sr. Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kervick Going Denis Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kiely Laurence Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Kiely Laurence Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Kiely Michael Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Kiely Richard Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Kiely Thomas Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
King Charles Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Kirwan Laurence Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Laffan Michael Sallybog Kilcooly Tipperary
Lahard William Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Lane Vere, Esq. Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Lane Vere, Esq. Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Langley Henry, Esq. Longford Pass South Kilcooly Tipperary
Langton Thomas Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Lanigan James, Esq. Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Lannen Michael Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Lanton John Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Lathem Michael Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Laurence Harriett Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Lawler William Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Lawless Robert Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Leahy Denis Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Liston Michael Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Lonergan James Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Long Thomas Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Long William Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Loughnane Edward Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Loughnane Thomas Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Lowry Michael Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Lynch Michael Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Lyster William, Esq. Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Magrath Thomas Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Catherine Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Cornelius Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Edward Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Eleanor Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher James Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher James Sallybog Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher John Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher John Sallybog Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Mary Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Michael Kilbrannel Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Michael Sallybog Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Mrs. Margaret Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Mrs. Mary Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Patrick Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher Philip Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Maher William Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Mahoney Richard Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Mahony Alice Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Mahony Jeremiah Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Mahony Jeremiah Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Mahony John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Mahony Richard Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Mahony William Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Mahony William Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Mahony William Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Manton John Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Manton Judith Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Manton Mrs. Margaret Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Mara Thomas Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Marah John Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Marnell John Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Mason Edward Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Mason John Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Mason Robert Grangecastle Kilcooly Tipperary
Mason Robert Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Mason Robert, Esq. Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Mason William Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Mason William Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Carthy William Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Cormick Richard Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Cormick Richard Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Donnell Catherine Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Donnell John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Donnell Owen Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Evoy Eliza Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Evoy Eliza Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Evoy Patrick Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Gee Thomas Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Namara Edward Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Mc Namara Mary Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Meara John Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Meara Thomas Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Miller George Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Miller John Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Miller Peter Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Miller Peter Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Millet James, Esq. Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Minchin William Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Moloney Eliza Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Moloney Jeremiah Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Moloney Mrs. Anne Kilbrannel Kilcooly Tipperary
Morris Richard Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Morris William Longford Pass South Kilcooly Tipperary
Mullally Edward Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Mullally John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Mullally Mary Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Mullin Michael Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy Catherine Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy John Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy John Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy Laurence Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy Mary Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy Mary Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy Mary Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy Philip Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy William Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Murphy William Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Murray Anastasia Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Noonan Eliza Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Noonan Eliza Newhall Kilcooly Tipperary
Noonan Mrs. Eliza Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Noonan Rev. John Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Norton Michael Sallybog Kilcooly Tipperary
O'Flynn William Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
O'Flynn William Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
O'Flynn William Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
O'Reilly Catherine Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Parker Thomas Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Payne Thomas Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Pembrick Mary Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Pimlott William Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Pimlott William Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Pollard John Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Pollard Joseph Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Pollard Mrs. Catherine Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Pollard William Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Power Edward Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Power Patrick Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Poyne Edward Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Purcell John Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Purcell Michael Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Purcell Michael Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Purcell Patrick Grangecastle Kilcooly Tipperary
Purcell Philip Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Purcell William Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Purcell William Newhall Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinlan Daniel Ballyrickane Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinlan Denis Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinlan Judith Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinlan Judith Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinlan Judith Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinlan Mrs. ??? Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinlan Nicholas Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinlan Nicholas Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinn James Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Quinn Robert Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Quirk Thomas Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Radcliff Rev. John Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Rafter Fanny Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Rafter James Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Rahill Edward Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Ready Mary Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Reid Michael Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Reid Michael Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Reilly Edward Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Reilly Michael Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Reilly William Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Renahan Thomas Longford Pass South Kilcooly Tipperary
Ringwood Mrs. Bridget Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Rooney Eleanor Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Ruckle James Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Ruckle John Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Russell Patrick Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Russell Thomas Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Russell William Ballinunty Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Andrew Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Anne Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Catherine Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Catherine Coonagun Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Catherine Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Daniel Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Edmund Longford Pass South Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Edward Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Edward Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Edward Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Edward, Jr. Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan James Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan James Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan James Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan John Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan John Grangecastle Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan John Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan John Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan John Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan John Longford Pass South Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan John Pound Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Michael Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Mrs. ??? Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Patrick Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Philip Longford Pass North Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Sarah Coonagun Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Thomas Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Thomas Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Thomas Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan Timothy Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Ryan William Newhall Kilcooly Tipperary
Sausse Richard Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Sausse Richard Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Sausse Richard Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Scanlan James Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Scott John Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Scott Mrs. Ellen Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Semple James Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Semple James Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Shanahan Cornelius Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Shanahan Thomas Longford Pass South Kilcooly Tipperary
Shannahan John Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Shannahan Margaret Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Shea Daniel Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Shea Mary Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Sheehan Daniel Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Sheehan Jeremiah Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Sheehan Michael Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Sherry Anne Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Shortall Cornelius Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Shortall Mary Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Shortall Matthew Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Skehan Patrick Longford Pass South Kilcooly Tipperary
Smee James Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Smee Thomas Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Smeltzer John Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Smeltzer Philip, Jr. Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Smeltzer Philip, Sr. Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Smeltzer Thomas Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Smith Bridget Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Smith Erasmus Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Smith James Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Sparling Peter Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Sparling Samuel Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Sparling Samuel Garransilly Kilcooly Tipperary
Sparling Samuel Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
St. John Edward Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
St. John Mrs. Judith Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Steep Michael Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Steep Peter Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Stokes Matthew Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Sullivan Denis Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Sutcliffe John Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Sutcliffe John Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Sutcliffe Joseph Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Sutcliffe Joseph, Jr. Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Sutcliffe Joseph, Sr. Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Sutcliffe Joseph, Sr. Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Sutcliffe Williaam Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Sutcliffe William Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Sweeney Charles Grangecrag Kilcooly Tipperary
Sweeny John Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Switzer John Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Switzer John Newpark Kilcooly Tipperary
Talbott William Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
Tehan John Springfield Kilcooly Tipperary
Thompson Robert Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Thompson Robert Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Tierney Lawrence Derryvella Kilcooly Tipperary
Tierney Lawrence Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Tracey Thomas Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Tracey Thomas Crossoges Kilcooly Tipperary
Tracy Philip Graigaheesha Kilcooly Tipperary
Tyne Denis Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
Wall Luke Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Wall Margaret Newhall Kilcooly Tipperary
Wall Mary Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Wall Michael, Sr. Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Wall Thomas Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Wall Thomas, Jr. Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Walsh Francis Glengoole South Kilcooly Tipperary
Watson John Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Watson Patrick Kilcoolyabbey Kilcooly Tipperary
Webster Catherine Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Webster James Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Webster John, Jr. Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Webster John, Sr. Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Webster Thomas Blackcommon Kilcooly Tipperary
Wellwood Eliza Renaghmore Kilcooly Tipperary
Whelan John Main Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Whelan Mary Back Street Kilcooly Tipperary
Whelan Patrick Lisduff Kilcooly Tipperary
White Joseph, Esq. Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
White Joseph, Esq. Newhall Kilcooly Tipperary
Williams Patrick Glengoole North Kilcooly Tipperary
Wilson Rev. J. Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Young Joseph Bawnlea Kilcooly Tipperary
Young Joseph Grangehill Kilcooly Tipperary
Young Joseph Knockatooreen Kilcooly Tipperary
From 01/01/1829 to 01/01/1934
1883/C414 Reinhardt Marie
1886/B10391 Moore Sarah Ann Nellie
Kimmins Edwin Philip
1898/C2078 Dunlop David
1898/C621 Connors Sarah Ann
1900/C2119 Smith Percy Claude
1906/C730 Kimmins William Charles
1907/C977 Kimmins Louise Smith
Kenelin Chillingly Richard
1912/C3206 Kimmins Silvia May
1915/C3043 Kimmins Gertrude Edith
1915/C773 Kimmins Herbert Vincent
Smith Ethel Maude
1916/C2580 Kimmins Victor
Holden Ivy Emma Ann
1917/B20709 Kimmins Edward Gordon Jubilee
1921/C1866 Kimmins Frank Edward
Holland Ethel Margaret
1921/C3680 Kimmins Arthur Rodney
Henson Alice Mary
1921/C862 Kimmins Mavis Nellie Marie
Hillocks Edward George
1922/C3506 Kimmins William Oscar
Connelly Cecilia Annie
1924/C2988 Kimmins Thelma Marie
1924/C739 Kimmins Eric Maitland
Sharry Frances Thelma
1927/C2100 Firth Ezra Septimus
Kimmins Sadie Rosalind
1927/C842 Mitchell Ruth Edna
Kimmins Alfred Thomas
1927/C855 Lau Alice Julia
1928/C3660 Kimmins Leslie Norman
Cleine Rita Mae
1929/C2921 Langton Alan Ward
Kimmins Irene Louisa
Laban ( pronounced Law-Bawn) WHITE was born in Pedington, Wiltshire, England in 1794,the son of Robert WHITE 1754-1829 and Mary HOLLOWAY 1752-1844, Laban was in his early twenties when he married Jane WILLIAMS nee EVANS 1778-1846, a widow with a daughter called Mary Ann born in 1801 and Jane was aged about thirty-eight. There was one child from this marriage, also, Jane WHITE, baptised in Bristol in December 1817.
Laban WHITE had served an apprenticeship as chemist and druggist in Bristol but is listed in a Bristol directory as china and glass dealer. In October 1821 he was committed to Bristol Gaol on a charge of embezzlement. He was sent to trial the following January and sentenced to fourteen years transportation. He left in the convict ship "Eliza" on her second voyage to New South Wales. The ship arrived in November 1822. Laban was assigned to a wealthy landowner, William Cox, who also happened to be a friend of Laban's parents,and sent inland to Bathurst.
His wife Jane, daughter Jane, and step-daughter Mary Ann WILLIAMS were left behind in England. It was probable that the women were virtually destitute. Some support came from Uncle William WILLIAMS and his wife Harriett, nee BALL-WILMOTT. A sentence of fourteen years meant that Laban could never return to Britain. The women had not expected to ever see Laban again.
However by 1828 the NSW Governor Sir Ralph DARLING was encouraging families to emigrate and join their convict menfolk. Jane WHITE with her daughters Jane White and Mary Ann Williams embarked for Sydney on the "Borneo". After various mishaps, the ship arrived in port. Laban WHITE drove to the docks to meet them.
In the intervening time Laban had been employed by William COX, first as butler and then estate manager at Clarendon, near Windsor. However while at Bathurst he had fathered a child, Lydia Jane,1827-1862 to a young convict woman named Mary JOHNSTONE. The child was adopted into another family, although Laban acknowledged and supported his daughter.
In 1845 Laban began a relationship with Lucy BROWN 1814-1876 The wife of Jesse UPTON 1806-1872 and just coming out of a relationship with William NORRIS 1813-1843 Lucy and Laban produced a son Laban WHITE b: 5 June 1846 3 months after his wife Jane died on 12 March (probably wishing she'd stayed in England)June was a big month for Laban for just 25 days after Laban junior was born, on the 30 June Laban walks down the aisle with the twice widowed Mary HOWE 1798-1882 Mary's previous husbands had been firstly George LODER 1796-1894 then Thomas DARGIN 1800-1843 both very famous and prosperous men in the Hawkesbury district.
Laban too became a prosperous and well respected member of the community. He was local chemist, druggist Auctioneer and in 1860 appointed the Coroner for the district of Windsor.
Laban's daughter Jane WHITE married George GUEST at St Peter's Church of England, Richmond in 1834. There were fourteen children, all (half) nieces and nephews of Mary Ann WILLIAMS. Laban's daughter Lydia Jane WHITE married Richard EDWARDS 1823-1862,a chemist from Herefordshire, the son of Thomas EDWARDS and Susan BENNETT. There were five children from this marriage.
Mary Ann sought employment in NSW. She was appointed by the Misses MARSDEN to be the first matron of the Parramatta School of Industry, which opened in June 1829. The school was troubled financially, but Mary Ann received a glowing report from the trustees.
In September 1831 Mary Ann embarked for Paihia in the Bay of Islands, where she was to assist with the European "Girls' School" of the Church Missionary Society. She later transferred to Kerikeri Mission where she assisted with the "Native Girls' School".
In January 1833 she married Catechist James PREECE in the CMS chapel overlooking the Kerikeri Basin. It was said that her young Maori pupils helped to stitch her wedding dress.
Mrs Jane WHITE died in 1846.Buried at Richmond
Her tombstone bears the words "Thy Will By Done".
Laban WHITE died in 1873.also interred with his wife Jane and daughter Jane and and son-in-law George GUEST
Oh! Yes and Jesse UPTON in 1853 was indicted for bigamy at the Central Criminal Court, in Sydney Before Mr. Justice THERRY. The first witness (Jesse Upton's sister Ann BOLLARD nee UPTON, called failed to produce proof of marriage to Lucy Brown and the charge was abandoned and prisoner acquitted. Including Lucy Brown, Jesse had three wives and died at Emu Plains on the 15 November 1872, without ever having divorced Lucy who died four years later.
Early Australian History.
A series of Historical Sketches, bearing upon Australian Colonization and
Convict Life in New South Wales and Van Dieman's Land.
The state of things thus feebly depicted continued until the middle of May, when the Sirius returned from the Cape with a four months' supply of provisions for the settlement. Her arrival was hailed with great joy, and those convicts who had almost given themselves up to despair and the recklessness attendant upon such a condition of mind and feeling, at once became orderly, industrious, and well-behaved.
Full rations produced contentment and even hilarity, and the convicts went so far in this direction as even to indulge in dramatic entertainments, permission to do so having first been obtained from his Excellency.
The 4th of June 1789 was the King's birthday, and free and bond joined in its celebration, rendering the occasion remarkable as the data of the first performance of a play in Australia.
The play produced was George Farquhar's comedy of 'The Recruiting Officer,' and the theatre was a hut fitted up for the occasion, the actors being all convicts. Concerning the merits of this early performance no information has been handed down to us ; but Collins says, ' they (the players) professed no higher aim than 'humbly to excite a smile,' and their efforts 'to please' were not unattended with applause.'
The chief work upon which the prisoners had up to this time been employed was in procuring building materials, erecting houses and stores, building boats and wharves, and in farming operations, 250 of them being engaged, mostly at Parramatta, in clearing the ground and cultivating the soil. The discovery of the Hawkesbury River by the Governor, who spent a large portion of his time in exploring the country in this direction in search of better land for cultivation, furnished a wider scope for operations, and parties of convicts were soon sent further afield to work.
The fine deep soil on the banks of the river was admirably adapted for raising grain, and shortly after its discovery portions of it were allotted to settlers. But another season of distress being feared, in November the people were again placed on short allowance, for although the first crop had been garnered at Parramatta, amounting to upwards of 200 bushels of wheat, with small portions of maize, barley and oats, it was deemed advisable to save the whole for seed for the ensuing year ; and the rats had committed great havoc among the provisions in the public store at the settlement. The rations now served out were barely sufficient to preserve life, the weekly allowance for adults being 2lbs. flour, 2lbs. pork, 1 pint peas, and 1lb. rice, the Governor and the officers again receiving equal measure with the convicts.
And right in the midst of this trouble there came intelligence which intensified the gloom.
The Sirius frigate, which had been sent to Norfolk Island, had been wrecked there, and although two years had elapsed since the foundation of the colony, no intelligence had been received from England, and for all the people knew no fresh supplies had yet started from headquarters.
And again want bred discontent and disorder ; again were issued and enforced stringent regulations against waste; again there followed insubordination, floggings and executions.
The tender Supply was despatched to Batavia, the commander carrying instructions to charter a vessel there and load her as well as the Supply with a full cargo of provisions.
Two months of deepest misery intervened, and then one morning early in June a sail was sighted from the South Head. The vessel proved to be the Lady Juliana, from London, which had been eleven months on her passage, having started in July of the previous year.
The ship Guardian had been dispatched from England about the same time, with a large quantity of live stock and other supplies, but having struck on a rock she was compelled to put into the Cape of Good Hope, almost in a sinking state ; and the Lady Juliana, a much smaller vessel, had come on with a part of her cargo and passengers.
The provisions which thus came to hand at such an opportune time enabled the Governor to increase, but only to a small extent, the scale of provisions, it being thought that the stock would last until the return of the Supply from Batavia.
Then other surprises quickly followed. Three ships from London, transports, put in their appearance, bringing ,out a large number of convicts, and detachments of the New South Wales Corps.
More mouths to feed and very little to feed them ! the outlook was indeed dark and gruesome.
The character of the New South Wales Corps afterwards embodied in the 102nd Regiment has already been dwelt upon in Part I of this history ('The Story of the Ten Governors'), but the subject was not then exhausted, and it is necessary that something more should be said concerning a set of men whose actions proved them to have been cast in the coarsest mould of genteel viciousness.
Concerning the formation of the Corps : A Major Grose had made a proposal to the Secretary of State to enlist a force for service in the penal settlement of Botany Bay, on condition that he received certain emoluments and honours, and his offer being accepted he set his recruiting officers to work, and soon succeeded in raising the requisite number to form the first detachments. Not from the ranks of tried soldiers did he raise his force, and not from the ranks of reputable men. They were to do duty in a land of convicts ; who better for such service than convicts themselves? An Irish political prisoner named Holt, who was transported to the colony some years later than the period here referred to, and whose peculiar experiences will be narrated in a subsequent chapter, describes, the. officers-of this Corps as ' old tailors and shoemakers, stay-makers, man-milliners, tobacconists and pedlars, that were called- captains and lieutenants.' Likely men for the service were sought in the hulks of the prisons of the old land ; soldiers under punishment were taken. from the navy hulk; and those who had been condemned to service in India were reprieved on enlisting in the New South Wales Corps.
-Says Governor Hunter, who found them more, troublesome than the convicts,'Characters who have been disgraced in every other regiment in his Majesty's. service have been thought fit and proper recuits , for the New South Wales Corps. We find among these, men capable of corrupting the hearts of the best disposed, and often superior in every species of infamy to the most expert in wickedness among the convicts !'
And these are only fine lines in the picture.
Those who have read what has already been written of these men, and who read what follows and after all is said the whole truth will not have , been told will share in the astonishment of the writer of this story that every element of goodness in the young colony was not swallowed up in this sink of corruption called a Corps.
The vessels which brought to the colony the first contingent of Major Grose's army also brought about : 2,000 male and 250 female convicts. The voyage out was full of horrors to the unfortunate prisoners.
The vessels were not, regular transports, but private ships, whose owners had contracted with the Government to embark prisoners at £17/7/6 per head, without any agreement being made for sufficient accommodation or proper control ; nor were they even liable for any deduction for those who died on the voyage hence, the greater number of deaths, the more profit to the contractors. Will the reader be astonished to learn that the sharks were well fed on human flesh during the passage. Nearly 300 of the wretched creatures on board in chains perished before the vessels reached Port Jackson, in consequence of the close and improper way in which they had been confined.
Driven to desperation by the treatment they were receiving, some of the convicts made an attempt to overpower the guards and get possession of the ships. They failed, and failure brought increased suffering.
The convicts were after this attempt all heavily ironed : and the bodies of those who died under the hatches were permitted to remain there and putrefy for weeks !
Is there in all the records of the time when slave ships sailed the sea, a story more horrible and horrifying than this?
Some of those who survived the voyage died when being conveyed to the land in boats, and many of the others landed only to die.
No record has been preserved of the number that died after they were landed, but Colonel David Collins makes this grim report : All possible expedition was used in getting the sick on shore, for even while they remained on board many died. The total number of sick on the last day of June was three hundred and forty-nine.
The melancholy which closed the month of June appeared unchanged in the beginning of July. The morning generally opened with depositing in the burying ground the miserable victims of the night !'But the officers and men of the New South Wales Corps lived through it all, and on their arrival they began to shew their superiority as soldiers wearing the King of England's uniform.
Let Governor Phillip speak. He says : "They were observed to be very intimate with the convicts, living in their huts, eating, drinking and gambling with them, and perpetually enticing the women to leave the men."
The whole detachment, we are told, with the exception of the non-commissioned officers and five or six of the privates, took an oath to stand by each other, and not to suffer a soldier to be punished for whatever crime he might commit against an inhabitant ; and so we hear Governor Hunter complaining that they had destroyed the dwelling house of one resident, for sport, no doubt, and that the greatest part of the detachment on one occasion left their barracks with their bayonets 'to attack an unarmed people,' continuing for four days in open and avowed mutiny.' The officers did not, certainly, transgress so openly after the fashion of their inferiors, but they committed outrages of another character, as fully detailed in Part I ; and they gave the sanction of silence to the 'innocent pranks' of the privates in the Regiment.
Governor John Hunter it was who wrote to one of the commanding officers (Lieut.Colonel Paterson)- in the following strain, his anger somewhat interfering with his grammar : "I must declare to you, sir, that the conduct of this part of the New South Wales Corps has been, in my opinion, the most violent and outrageous that was ever heard of by any British Regiment whatever!"
Major Grose and Captain Paterson each served as Lieutenant-Governor during the interregnum, between the departure of Governor Phillip in December, 1792, and the arrival of Governor Hunter in September, 1795 the former acting two years, and the latter for about nine months.
And here let us drop the: New South Wales Corps. I do not care to handle vice too long.
Again taking up the thread of the narrative proper, we learn that in October (just six months after leaving on her foraging mission) the Supply returned to the colony from Batavia, with a full cargo of provisions, and the captain reported that he had chartered a Dutch ship, which was following, also laden with provisions. This was joyful news, and the whole settlement was immediately put on full allowance.
The action of the Governor in limiting the ration of himself and the officers to that served out-to the soldiers and convicts, while it prevented any expression of discontent, gave the latter the clearest proof that could be offered of Phillip's desire to deal fairly with them ; and when the fresh provisions arrived there was general rejoicing. The frequent recurrence of times of scarcity, however, and the slow growth of internal production, made the convicts very unsettled, and there was a wide-spread desire to escape from a condition where starvation appeared to be a contingency not very remote at any time.
Early in 1791, several daring and successful attempts were made by prisoners to escape from the colony, by means of boats stolen from the settlers on the banks of the Parramatta and Hawkesbury Rivers, and with a view of preventing this an order was issued by the Governor limiting all boats to be built in future to a size so small that none but the most foolhardy would think of escaping in them. Nevertheless, the attempts continued to be made, but in the majority of cases the boats were so small and weak that they were swamped almost before they had cleared the Heads.
It was in August of this year that the convicts whose sentences had expired, and who desired to remain in the colony, were allowed to select small parcels of land to clear and cultivate for their own use. The first party, twelve in number, made selections of land about four miles from Parramatta, at the foot of Prospect Hill. From this time forward grants of land to emancipists continued to be made with more or less liberality, and some of the large estates in the colony at the present day, if traced back for little over
half,a century, will be found to have had their beginning under the rule which extended the system of land grants to convicts whose sentences had expired and whose conduct had been good.
And many of the prisoners had earned all that was given to them, for their services to the colony, apart altogether from the 'labour' which the Government extracted from them as a penalty attaching to crime, were really very valuable which is more than can be said of the services rendered by the crowds of non-commissioned officers to whom the public estate was served out in such large slices at this and at subsequent periods.
The real pioneers of the country were, not the retired officers or free settlers, but their assigned servants; for these were the men who braved the dangers of the bush, withstood the assaults of the justly incensed aborigines, cleared the land, cultivated it and made it habitable, and developed the resources of the country while their masters, during the greater portion of the time, took their ease in what was then the only centre of civilization in the colony.
It does not detract at all from the merit of the work in which these men engaged that their labours were not voluntary. It is to their credit that they performed their duties faithfully and well under circumstances of the most discouraging kind; and they deserved all the reward that came to them.
As this story proceeds it will be seen that, as a rule, the men who laid the foundation upon which the industrial prosperity of the colony has been raised more often received kicks than half-pence as a reward for their labours. Many of the more successful of the First Fleeters dwelt on the Hawkesbury and its tributaries, where the first agricultural settlers were planted, and from them, even to a date near the fifties could be obtained reliable reminiscences of the olden time.
One of these settlers,a Mr. S - , who was in well-to-do circumstances, and who had been freed shortly after arriving in the colony, told the following thrilling story ,in the year 1845 :
"I arrived in the colony fifty-six years since; it was Governor Phillip's time and I was fourteen years old ; there were only eight houses in the colony then. I know that myself and eighteen others laid in a hollow tree for seventeen weeks, and cooked out of a kettle with a wooden bottom; we used to stick it in a hole in the ground and make a fire round it. I was seven years in service (bond) and then started working for a living wherever I could get it. There was plenty of hardship then. I have often taken grass and pounded it, and made soup from a native dog. I would eat anything then. For seventeen weeks I had only five ounces of flour a day. We never got a full ration except when the ship was in harbour. The motto was 'kill them or work them ; their provision will be in store'.
Many a time have I been yoked like a bullock with twenty or thirty others to drag along timber. About eight hundred died in about six months at a place called Toongabbie, or Constitution Hill. I knew a man so weak he was thrown into the grave; when he said, 'Don't cover me up; I'm not dead; for God's sake don't cover me up!'The overseer answered 'D- your eyes, you'll die tonight, and we shall have the trouble to come back again!
The man recovered; his name is James and he is now alive at Richmond.
They used to have a large hole for the dead; 0nce a day men were sent down to collect the corpses of prisoners, and throw them in without any ceremony or service. The native dogs used to come down at night and fight and howl in packs, gnawing the poor dead bodies.
The Governor would order the lash at the rate of 500, 600, or 800 ; and if the men could have stood it they would have had more. I knew a man hung time and then for having stolen a few biscuits, and another for stealing a duck frock. A man was condemned no time take him to a tree, and hang him. The overseers were allowed to flog the men in the fields, Often have the men been taken from the gangs, had fifty, and been sent back to work. Any man would, have committed murder for a month's provisions ; I would have committed three (murders) for a week's provision ! I was chained seven weeks on my back for being out getting greens, wild herbs. The *Rev. used to come it tightly to force some confession. Men were obliged to tell lies to prevent their bowels being cut out with the lash!
Old - (an overseer) killed three men at the saw in a fortnight by overwork. We used to be taken in large 'parties to raise a tree; when the body of the tree was raised he (old - ) would. call some of 'the men away then more ; the men were bent double they could not bear it they fell the tree on one or two, killed on the spot. 'Take him away; put him in the ground!' There was no more about it.
After seven years I got my liberty and then started about working for a living where I could get it. I stowed myself away on board the 'Barrington, bound for Norfolk Island, with eighteen others ; it was not a penal settlement then. Governor King was there. I had food, in plenty. I was overseer of the Governor's garden. Afterwards I went to live with old D'Arcy Wentworth and a better master never lived in the world. Little Billy, the great lawyer, has often been carried in my arms. Old D'Arcy wanted, me to take charge of Homebush station, but I took to the river (Hawkesbury), worked up and down till I saved, enough money to buy old B-'s farm at Pitt Town. No man worked harder than I have done. I have by me about £1000 ready cash. I have given that farm of forty acres to my son Joseph, and three other farms and about 500 head of cattle ; and about the same to my other son. I have also got 80 acres besides my house, and some fine cattle. We are never without a chest of tea in the house ; we use two in the year. I have paid £40 for a chest of tea in this colony. Tea is a great comfort."
This old man was described as large-featured, handsome, military sort of face, of a red-brown complexion, clean shaved, and his dress a flannel shirt with black bandanna, tied sailor fashion, exposing his strong neck, and a pair of fustian trousers. A coat to him was like a prison, and he kept religiously away from that article of dress. He was as rough-mannered as he was honest, and a story is told of his meeting with Dr. -, who had the reputation among the prison population of never having spared any man in his anger or any woman in his lust. It was during the flogging days, and the Dr. met him in Sydney coming out of the bank. Holding out his hand the medico said, "Come Mr. S -, shake hands, let bygones be bygones; I am glad to see you looking so well." The old man put his hands behind him, and bawled out "I suppose because I have got a velvet waistcoat, and money in the bank, you want to shake hands; but no! Dr. - , it would take a second resurrection to save such as thee!"
The Dr.-- did not wait to hear any more.
The old man's wife was blind, but had a good memory, and she told the following story with tears :
"I have seen Dr. - take a woman who was in the family way, with a rope round her, and duck her in the water at Queen's Wharf. The laws were bad then. If a gentleman wanted a man's wife he would send the husband to Norfolk Island. I have seen a man flogged for pulling six turnips instead of five. One was overseer, the biggest villain that ever lived delighted in torment. He used to walk up and down and rub his hands when the blood ran. When he walked out the flogger walked behind him. He died a miserable death ; maggots ate him up, and not a man could be found to bury him. I have seen six men executed for stealing 21 lbs of flour. I have seen a man struck when at work with a handspike, and killed on the spot. I have seen men in tears round Governor , begging for food. He would mock them with 'Yes, yes, gentlemen; I'll make you comfortable; give you a nightcap and a pair of stockings!"
Another man in the same year gave this account ;
"I arrived in the third fleet on the 16th October, 1791; it was on a Sunday we landed. The ship's name was Barrington, Captain March. I was sent to Toongabbie. For nine months there I was on five ounces of flour when weighed out barely four; served daily. In those days we were yoked to draw timber, twenty-five in gang. The sticks were six feet long, six men abreast. We held the stick behind us, and dragged with our hands. One man came ashore in the Pitt; his name was Dixon ; he was a gentleman. He was put to the drag, but it soon done for him. He began on a Thursday and died on a Saturday, as he was dragging a load down Constitution Hill. There were thirteen hundred died there in six months. Men used to carry trees on their shoulders. How they used to die ! The men were weak dreadfully weak through want of food. A man named Gibraltar was hung for stealing a loaf out of the Governor's kitchen. He got down the chimney, stole the loaf, had a trial, and was hung the next day at sunrise. At this time a full ration was allowed to the Governor's dog. I have seen seventy men flogged at night, twenty-five lashes each. On Sunday evening they used to read the laws. If any man was found out of the camp he got 25. The women used to he punished with iron collars. In Governor King's time they used to douse them overboard. They killed one.
Dr. - was a great tyrant. Mine is a life-grant from Governor Bourke fourteen acres. I grow tobacco, wheat, and corn ; just enough to make a living."
A story was current to the following effect, shewing the arbitrary rule of 1816:
Governor Bligh having heard from his cowkeeper that the servant of an officer of the staff had made some impertinent remarks because disappointed of the customary supply of milk for his master, on the following morning sent for the disappointed delinquent. Wondering and trembling he was ushered into the presence of His Excellency, who received him with a condescending smile, and told him that as the chief constable's house was on his way home, he (the Governor,) had simply sent for him to save a dragoon the trouble of going there with a letter. The letter was handed to the somewhat bewildered servant, who straightway delivered it to 'the chief constable, and as a reward was immediately tied to the triangles and treated to 25 lashes the letter, having contained the Governor's warrant for the payment of the reward.
This chapter (5) transcribed from
Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal (NSW : 1851 - 1904)
Published, Saturday 5 January 1889
Written by Charles White (1845-1922), editor and author,
Under his pseudonym, 'The Chatterer'
White was born at Bathurst, New South Wales,
the eldest son of John Charles White, bank clerk and Methodist lay preacher,
and his wife Myra, née Oakey, of Demerara, West Indies.
In October 1859 his father bought the Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal
The family owned this paper until 1904.
Notes: Production history of The Recruiting Officer.
It opened at Drury Lane in 1706. It was an immediate hit and went on to become one of the most frequently performed plays of the 18th century. The part of the foppish Brazen proved a notable role for the renowned actor-manager Colley Cibber. The Recruiting Officer was also the first play to be staged in the Colony of New South Wales, which is now Australia, by the convicts of the First Fleet in 1789 under the governance of Captain Arthur Phillip RN (also Commodore of the First Fleet) as well as the first performance of the original Dock Street Theatre in Historic downtown Charleston, SC in 1736. The most famous modern revival was staged at the National Theatre (when at the Old Vic) in 1963 its inaugural season. Directed by William Gaskill, it had an extremely strong cast which included Laurence Olivier as Brazen, Robert Stephens as Plume, Colin Blakely as Kite, Derek Jacobi as Worthy, Maggie Smith as Silvia and Mary Miller as Melinda. The National Theatre staged the play again in 1991 with Desmond Barrit as Brazen, Alex Jennings as Plume and Ken Stott as Kite. It was directed by Nicholas Hytner.
There have been two television adaptations of the play. The first for Australian television in 1965, the second a BBC Play of the Month in 1973. The latter, directed by David Giles, starred Ian McKellen as Plume, Prunella Ransome as his sweetheart Silvia, Jane Asher as Melinda, John Moffatt as Brazen, and Brian Blessed as Sergeant Kite.
* Rev. Samuel Marsden
The flogging Parson, He was appointed a magistrate in 1796; however, his reputation plummeted as his cruelty and harsh sentences became the stuff of legend. He was removed from the magistracy twice, by Governor Macquarie in 1818 and by Governor Brisbane in 1822-his picture below and depicted in this episode of the highly popular 1978 Australian Television series Against The Wind which may be watched here.