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This 1920 photograph tells the whole story.
Administration centre in Dundas. for Norseman area.
Balladonia: J COOK, A E CROCKER, MCINERNY, PONTON, NO NAME. and N MAHOMET (Afghan Rocks)
Balbinya Station: E H BROOKS and J P BROOKS
Bedomia: J J DIMER 10 miles west
Caiguna: J BAXTER
Circle Valley: G K HARRIS, A LEWIS
Eucla: FAIRIE, WOOLIE (North) unnamed grave half mile east between cliff and sea at a soak and well.
Eyre: 2 unnamed graves
Frazer Range Station: T FOWLER, E HARRIS, W MEAD, S NEWMAN
Lady Mary Goldmining Lease: (about 3 miles south of Norseman) one grave of a man killed in mining accident about 1910 (can't read name)
Lake Cowan: a grave between Norseman and Buldania
Lake Dundas: an unidentified grave with part of a saddle beside it. A hollow log close by used as a 'Long Tom" not much wash beside it.
Mundrabilla: A STEWART (on the coast about 20 miles from Mundrabilla Station
Nanambinia: Baby DIMER, T DIMER
Norseman: (6 miles south) James DENNIS (photo below), headstone on side of road to Kalgoorlie. WHALEGO alias NALGAR
Pine Hill: A KOLODZEIT, J MCCOY
Pioneer: C F COGDON
Princess Royal North Mine: baby CUNNINGHAM
Rawlinna: J C HAMMELL (about 55 miles south)
Trans Australian Railway Line: J COCHRANS, alias J EWART
Two Mile Rocks: An American Negro (no name)
Wongabilla: one unidentified grave near Eyre
Woorlba Station: J W BRANCH
Mundrabilla: T KENNEDY, A MCGILL
Buldania, Dundas (Whitehead SA) Eucla, Norseman, including Aboriginal and Pioneer
This work, part of the Western Australian Burial Location Index was collated by Yvonne and Kevin Coates and published by the Western Australian Genealogical Society Inc.
The following is a list of names of the candidates who were successful in passing the examination held by the Nurses' Registration Board on 18, 19 and 20 November 1930.
The list is as follows:
Auburn District Hospital: Freda Mary Eliza Dowdle, Violette Helen Macgregor.
Balmain and District Hospital: Gertrude Gladys Giersch, Amy Josephine Hayes, Ellen Harken Needs.
Braeside Private Hospital: Clare Aileen O'Connell.
Coast Hospital: Hazel Anderson, Diana Ferguson Breckenridge, Elizabeth Stuart Brennan, Noreen Mary Brophy, Helen Little Clarke, Jeane Edna Cruickshank, Mabel Elizabeth Alice Douglas, Eileen Frost, Myee Alice Hartley, Cicely Josephine Longhurst, Enid Eliza Looke, Mabel Wakeham Meathrel, Elizabeth May Moppett, Monica Honnorah O'Neill, Claire Hannan O'Reilly, Elizabeth Edna Solling, Doris Mabel Mackintosh Stewart, Catherine Sullivan, Gertrude Evelyn Tully, Clarice Irene Wright.
Lewisham Hospital: Marie Therese Howard.
Mater Misericordiac Hospital (North Sydney): Phyllis Margaret Corkhill, Elizabeth Margaret Croghan, Margaret Carmen McCrone, Lorna Isabel Riley, Reta Magdalen Schrader, Julia Patricia Smith.
Parramatta District Hospital: Mary Eileen Connors, Millicent Irene Crutch, Violet Adelaide Quick.
Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children: Myrtle Isabella Aynsley, Aphra Winifred Black, Muriel May Cowdery, Winifred Joan Drummond, Helen Haviland Evans, Ada Dorothy Weeks Gale, Alexandria Kathleen Goudge, Thelma Elsie Grills, Elizabeth Lee Gunn, Janet Isabella Hunter, Freda Mavis Shaw, Florence Dora Souter, Olive Margery Spen- cer, Enid Jessie Stewart, Katharine Spears Stobo, Ethel Alice Seavington Stuckey, Nita Maud Thomson.
Royal Prince Alfred Hospital:Evelyn Ada Angwin, Winifred Edith Bate, Ina Phyllis Bayliss, Lucy Jean Caldwell, Beryl Thelma Dickson, Yvonne Cecilia Evens, Miriam Blanche Gardner, Gwendoline Alice Green, Hazel Mary Harris, Edith Phyllis Kemmis, Agnes Mary Lions. Yolande Mary Pain, Emmie Thelma Hope Roberts, Audrey Scott-Young, Thelma Inez Squire, Margaret May Stanwell, Evelyn Sydenham Styche, Hannah Thomas, Evelyn Ward, Doreen Edna Watson, Charlotte Ann Brough Williams, Janet Doreen Wrightson.
Royal North Shore Hospital: Kathleen Elizabeth Conway, Nellie Marshall, Kathleen Mary Moore, Noeline Ellen Sheehy, Doris Alice Ruby Walsh.
Royal South Sydney Hospital: Ruby Kathleen Betts
Scottish Private Hospital:Jean Edna Reardon.
St George District Hospital: Vallery Nina Beahan, Kathleen Mary Payne.
St Joseph's Hospital, Auburn: Mary Elizabeth Kearney, Annie Veronica Marsden, Amy Theresa Spencer.
St. Luke's Private Hospital: Dorothy May Hayes.
St. Vincent's Hospital: Naomi Margaret Annear, Mary Bridget Anthony, Dorothea Ormonde Bourke, Eugenie Patricia Burke, Sylvia Clancy, Margaret Joy Egan, Joan Mullins, Eileen Elizabeth Phelan, Eileen Isabel Quinnell, Frances Ryan, Helen Jessie Thomas.
Sydney Hospital: Alice Agnes Louise Andersen, Jean Anderson, Leigh Allison Dowell, Laura Elizabeth Kienzle, Nancy Leake, Agnes Bertha Lien, Constance Gertrude Read, Marjorie Cecilia Wilkinson.
Sydney Sanitarium: Myrtle Louisa Brandstater, Laura Vivian Brumby, Clara Olive Melita Dudd, Viola Mary Eardley, Doris Myrtle Felsch, Dorothy Martin, Marjorie Louie Mills, Jean McKean, Gladys Aileen Tiedeman, Reinetha Scholtz Van Wyk, Edna Mabel Wadman.
War Memorial Hospital: Ethne Mary Cutts, Jean Madeline Higgins, Beatrice Mary James, Alice Vera Pearson, Annie May Watt.
Western Suburbs Hospital: Barbara Mary Estella Mockler.
Wootton Private Hospital: Margery Heather Moore.
Hospitals Outside the State: Peggy Jean Clark, Elsie Hilda Farrell, Josephine Claudia Lloyd.
Broken Hill and District Hospital: Victoria Ivy Bennett, Agnes Bootes, Rita Mavis Egan, Bianka Bertha Mathilda Kretschmer, Lydia Ottilie Noack, Emily Elsie Simper.
Albury District Hospital: Harriet Lucas, Annie Margaret Martin.
Armidale and New England Hospital: Minna Doralice Drinan.
Bathurst District Hospital: Mary Gladys Ellis, Gwendoline Darcie Shillabeer.
Cessnock District Hospital: Dorothea Mary Cullen, Mary Ellen Drane, Beatrice Ruby Jones, Catherine Mary Vaisey.
Cootamundra District Hospital: Kathreen Isabell Harvey.
Corowa Public Hospital: Mary Veronica Sophia Dormer, Millicent Hilda Jones, Winifred Alvera Jones.
Dubbo District Hospital: Grace Bailey, Margaret Maud Gibson, Amy Josephine McManus.
Goulburn District Hospital: Agnes Gibbs.
Grafton District Hospital: Harriet Elizabeth Anderson, Gwendolen Florence James, Beatrice Laura Palmer, Violet Marjory Paulin, Alice Isabel Shannon.
Leeton District Hospital: Margaret Grace Playford.
Lismore District Hospital: Rebecca Jean Armstrong, Thelma Linda Bannister.
Lithgow District Hospital: Mary Genevieve Roach, Gwendoline Mabel Tydeman.
Maitland District Hospital: Annie Somerset Davidson, Jessie McDonald.
Manning River District Hospital (Taree): Mary Carey, Hilda Knight.
Mater Misericordiae Hospital (Waratah): Mary Damien Houston, Mary Berchmans Howard.
Moree District Hospital: Helen Amy Allison, Melita Jane Francis.
Newcastle General Hospital: Marjorie Alice Braithwaite, Isabel Beatrice Bryce, Lenore Mowbray Connolly, Florence Cramp, Thelma May Crew, Marjorie Weston Galton, Lola Vivian Caroline Kelly.
Barbara Mosbacher, Blanche McGuigan, Edna May Russell, Dorothy May Waddell.
Orange District Hospital: Alma Clarice Ray.
Sacred Heart Hospital (Young): Mary Gordon.
Tamworth District Hospital: Mary Brigid Freemen, Jessie Adelaide Glasser, Annie McIlveen.
Wagga District Hospital: Janet Victoria Saunderson.
Wallsend Mining and District Hospital: Elizabeth Crittenden, Alma Vera Halse, Ilma Gertrude Herron.
Wollongong District Hospital: Jean Emily Ferguson, Gwen Jones, Iris Gwendoline Marks, Leila Dorothy Stanton, Marjorie Edna Dolores Whittle.
Royal Hospital for Women: Ada Annie Allen, May Neville Bartholomew Baillie, Myrtle Isabel Marie Bath, Nellie Barker, Ethel Mary Barnes, Jessie Maude Adele Boulton, Edith May Candish, Elma Jean Cannons, Fanny Elsie Clark, Olive Cole, Elizabeth McLaren Crawford, Hope Croll, Ivy Mary Crothall, Mary Estelle Crowe, Mary Violet Curran, Phyllis Isobel Maud Dalrymple, Eileen Doris Davison, Alice Kathleen Delsorte, Margaret Elizabeth Donald, Ethel Lillian Erhardt, Elizabeth Grace Flett, Edna Mary Green, Daphne Linda May Hearps, Ina Edith May Hourigan, Annie Isabel Hyland, Dorothy Enid Annie James, Gladys Kathleen Eunice Johnson, Ethel Catherine Alice Jordan, Lily Jullie, Mary Lucy Keenan, Jessie Hannah Kerr, Martha Alice Lear, Agnes Marjorie Lee, Annie Henderson Levick, Lena Mary Lewin, Madge Mary Lyons, Kathleen Maguire, Martha Moncrieff, Katherine Isabelle Mooney, Blanche Vere Mowle, May Rebecca Murphy, Annie Gillan McAllister, Daisy Bishop Neilsen, Selena Ellen Newbigging, Olive Cecilia Parrish, Jessie Paterson, Edith Emily Pugh, Catherine Amelia Regan, Doree Hinda Revelman, Mildred Ila Richards, Doris Mabel Roberts, Jane Edith Roweth, Mabel Eileen Scanes, Elizabeth Marjorie Schofield, Phylis Ruth Skardon, Ivy Jean Slennett, Sylvia Gwendoline Sly, Olive Caroline Sonnadere, Thelma Elizabeth Sorensen, Bessie Tipping, Irene Maud Turner, Gladys Mary Vance, Kathleen Ellen Jane Walsh, Mary Greer Watson, Mabel Grace Went, Gertrude Mail Whibley, Selina Mary Jean White, Mary Wilmot.
Royal North Shore Hospital: Vida Blackwell, Maisie Olga Deignan, Violet Frances Winifred Harvey, Florence Gertrude Lees, Edna Elizabeth Matthews, Jeannie Muriel Muir, Isabel Mary McAllan.
South Sydney Women's Hospital: Marie Heise, Florence Elsie Jeffrey, Frances Mary Lawson, Ethel Monica McDonald, Elizabeth May Ogilvie, Alice May Wilkinson, Eva Martha Keevil Williams.
St. George District Hospital:Minnie Elizabeth Austen, Helen Boulton, Ada Lillian Flanagan, Winifred May Passmore, Noreen Tunnicllffe Whitlow.
St. Margaret's Hospital: Margaret Theresa Daniel, Mary Mavis Dowie, Margaret Mary Goodwin, Mavis Annabel Greenaway, Caroline Slader Hays, Agnes Isabel Healy, Ruby Ellen Hill, Lillian Elizabeth Leach, Marie Bernardene Maher, Ada Josephine Noland, Norah O'Hanlon, Maud O'Sullivan, Grace Anne Sheridan,
Elsie Josephine Tarlinton.
Women's Hospital: Ettie May Basham, Florence Biggs, Eileen Mary Breckenridge, Coralene Maude Brodie, Myra Isabel Brook-Smith, Veronica Clara Byrne, Charlotte Minnie Cody, Zita Catherine Duffy, Eileen May Errington, Margaret Elsie Fisk, Eileen Ada Giffin, Doris Hartnett, Katharin Ross Henson, Kathleen Doris Hollway, Bertha Ibbitson, Maisie Lillian Jarman, Helen May Kentwell, Vera Muriel Kilkenny, Phillis Bertha Lampe, Annie Larkin, Millie Amy Lillian Lawless, Theresa Lawliss, Annie Euphemia McColl, Ellen McGahan, Evelyn Mary Quinlan, Doris Mary Richards, Dorothy Mary Emelie Rodgers, Winifred Grace Rodgers, Dorothy Muriel Rogerson, Mary Margaret Ryan, Edith Clara Schrock, Elizabeth Edith Daphney Searle, Una Iona Selby, Helen Staley, May Alice Thorney- croft, Dorothy Mary Edith Todd, Ethel Walsh, Veronica Anne Weber, Ellen Elizabeth Westacott, Ruth Elizabeth Wiley, Edith Ellen Wood.
Hospitals outside the State: Ellen Bennett, Minnie Ida Caroline Darknell, Marion Gardiner, Catherine Hickey, Daisy Lee.
Broughton Hall, Leichhardt: Bruce Henry Dulin, William Henry Hearn, William Charles Ruder,
Nina Patricia Stuart.
Callan Park Hospital: Edna Myrtle Schofield, Roy Frederick James Thompson.
Orange Mental Hospital: Rosa Grace West.
Parramatta Mental Hospital: Marjarie Frances Allester, Eacie Josephine Dalton, Winifred May Eddy, Amy Helmers.
Stockton Mental Hospital: Elizabeth Stella Cromarty, Florence Rachel Ann Davies, Catherine
Dorrington, Eleanor Hart.
Renwick Hospital. Sophie Chessell, Edna Muriel Clifton, Phyllis Coles, Jessie Roberton MacFarlane Thomson.
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The claim on the headstone of James Ruse 1760-1837 that he sowed the first grain in the Colony is not accurate. Ruse certainly was the first person to cultivate the ground for his own benefit, but he was not our first farmer. That distinction belongs to Henry Edward Dodd, Governor Phillip's servant, who was instructed by him to cultivate an area of ground near Sydney Harbour on part of the present Botanical Gardens, called Farm Cove to the present day. That was during 1788.
The Farm Cove attempt failing, Phillip turned his attention to Rose Hill, afterwards called Parramatta, and Dodd was instructed to commence operations west of the present town. This area became known as the Government Farms, and was situated between Westmead and Wentworthville. Here was gathered the first harvest in the colony during December, 1780, It consisted of two hundred bushels of wheat, sixty bushels of barley, and a small quantity of flax corn and oats. This was a few weeks after Ruse entered into possession of his grant and twelve months before he reaped his first harvest.
This, of course, does not detract from the credit due to Ruse as the first to cultivate the ground on his own behalf, but it is not an historical fact to assort that he sowed the first grain.
Henry Edward Dodd died in 1791, and is buried in St. John's Cemetery, Parramatta, his grave being marked by a large flat stone inscribed with his name and the year of his death.
In "The History of New South Wales" we read, "The first farm in the colony was at Farm Cove, whence its name." And there nine acres were laid in corn soon after the settlement was formed. But nine acres were not enough, and Phillip had to explore the country for bettor soil. The only available land he found, was at a place which he had named Rose Hill, not knowing at the time that the native name was Parramatta. Here in November, 1788, he commenced operations on a large scale, In a foot note to page 142 we read that Phillip, "had luckily brought out with him. from England a man servant who, joined to much agricultural knowledge a perfect idea of the labour to be required from and that might be performed by the convicts. This man was said to be the only free person in the colony who had any knowledges of farming."
Thirty years ago I often found military buttons, old coins, portions of old farming tools, and, on one occasion, a pair of leg irons in the paddocks just west of Hawkesbury Road, Westmead, when part of this area was cultivated by the late Richard Houison (d:1922). Subsequently the timber on the portion near the railway line was cut down by my old friend, the late William Garner.
In the early records reference is made to the sufferings of the convicts working at Toongabbie. Large numbers died every week from overwork, exposure, and insufficient food, I remember many years ago a round flat stone being found close to the railway at Wentworthville, which had been the floor of one of the sentry boxes, and there is a similar stone near tho railway close to the bridge in Parramatta Park, east of Westmead.
Saturday 21 January 1933
Transcription, janilye 2012
Born 20 June 1762 at Gosport, Hampshire. His parents were Owen and Grace CAVENDER
seaman on the Syrius 1788. arrived with first fleet
Legend has him first man ashore at Sydney Cove.
Discharged and farming on Norfolk Island, he married Dubliner Margaret DOWLING (1766-1834) already a mother of a son by marine Charles GREEN.
Margaret, in London, had stolen cutlery from a shop: Old Bailey 1786, 7 years: Prince of Wales.
Children of Margaret and Owen were:-
Charles Green Cavanough 1788 1864
James Henry Cavanough
1807 1879 married Jane GOSPER 1820-1896
Owen was probably farming at Bardonarrang in 1796, as well as transporting grain to Sydney. The boat that gave his family livelihood was stolen in January 1798 but, still financially afloat two years later, he was of those who asked, presumably unavailingly, to share in a spirits import with the officers. As a farmer he signed the appeal of 1801 to have the civil courts deferred.
Rated industrious in 1803, he was awarded 100 acres on the left of Swallow Rock Reach, adjoining Coramandel Settler Davison. By 1804 he was also proprieter of the grainboat UNION, but farming had become his prime concern. Little involved in the Rum Rebellion he tilled his ground with the help of growing sons, and the stepson on whose behalf in 1810 he sought confirmation of a land grant. Charles Green was a sober, industrious young man, he wrote, quite capable of managing a farm.
Himself Anglican and Margaret a Catholic (reason enough for no recorded marriage) the Presbyterian Ebenezer Church stands on four acres donated from his farm. The Cavanoughs left Portland Head a short time afterwards. The farm was advertised but perhaps not sold in 1811. During 1814-1815 as lessee of the South Creek Bridge, Owen probably lived in Windsor. At all events the future of the Cavanough clan lay down river on the Colo. Well known and highly regarded on their area, the widowed Owen lived on among them until the waters so often braved claimed him in his eigthieth year.
He drowned in Wheeny Creek ON THE 27 November 1841. ( how ironic)
Some of the info above came from Bobbie Hardy's book 'Early
Hawkesbury Settlers' published about 1985 ( still available)
First person to Set foot in Australia
On May 13, 1787, eleven ships, soon to be known as the First Fleet, began an eight-month journey from Southampton, bound for Botany Bay. Arriving on January 18, 1788, they found Botany Bay highly unsuitable, lacking a safe, deep harbour but just as important, no fresh drinking water. A longboat dispatched to search for an alternative settlement site, soon returned with news of the discovery of one of the great harbours of the world. On January 26, 1788, in Sydney Harbour, Governor Arthur Phillip was rowed ashore from the flagship H.M.S "Sirius to raise the Union Jack and lay claim to Australia in the name of "Mother England". After much controversy it has now been firmly established that the first person actually ashore to secure the longboat on that historic day, was able seaman Owen Cavanough.
A Newspaper dated 26 January, 1842 has the following paragraph:
The Government have ordered a pension of one shilling a day to be paid to the survivors of those who came on the first Fleet to the colony. The number of these really old hands is now reduced to three, of whom two are now in the Benevolent Asylum, and the other is a fine old fellow, who can do a days work more spirit than many of the young fellows lately arrived in the colony. We are glad the Government have commemmorated the auspicious day of our anniversary in so handsome a manner.
The Sydney newspaper approbation was occasioned by the publicity given of the death at Sackville Rreach, Hawkesbury River, of Mr Owen Cavanough (I) who died on 27.11.1841, not too well endowed with the worlds riches. Mr Cavanough was a pioneer free seaman and was attached to the HMAS SIRIUS (1788) The pioneer who was drowned in a small rivulet which ran into the Hawkesbury on rented property adjoining Mr Charles Turnbull's 'Kelso' orchard (Lambs Grant) A very historic property made famous by more than one onslaught made on the Lambs by the Maroota Blacks.
Establishment of Ebenzer Church
Settlement of Portland Head was undertaken by free settlers, most of whom arrived on the Coromandel on 13th June, 1802. They were instructed by Governor King to settle on the Government Farm at or near Toongabbie, where they could plant wheat, maize and potatoes. The following year they were each granted 100 acre allotments on either side of the Hawkesbury River at Portland Head. The river formed the major means of transport between farms. The Society was formed at a meeting held in the home of Thomas Arndell on 22nd September, 1806. It was decided to erect a schoolroom and chapel on four acres of land donated by Owen Cavanagh. James Mein acted as Pastor until John Youl took up his position as minister and schoolmaster. The Church was completed in 1809 and the schoolmaster's residence in 1817. Both were designed by Andrew Johnston. Ebenezer was the first non-conformist, then Presbyterian, Church in the colony.
Those who covenanted to build Ebenezer Church were the families of Dr. Thomas Arndell, Paul Bushell, Owen Cavanagh, James Davidson, Capt. John Grono, George Hall, John Howe, William Jacklin, Andrew Johnston, John Johnstone, Lewis Jones, James Mein, William Stubbs, John Studdis and John Turnbull.
The Ebenezer Church is now the oldest operating church in Australia.
Charlotte Bond JOHNSON was born at Hamilton's Gully near Lavington, New South Wales. Her mother was Eliza NORRIS b:1843 in Frome,Somerset, England and died in 1922 at Albury New South Wales. Eliza was the 4th daughter of 7 children born to James NORRIS b:1813 in Somerset, England and died at Lavington NSW on the 3 August 1872 buried in Albury.
James NORRIS married in 1832 at Tellisford, Charlotte GEORGE, Charlotte was born in Tellisford on the 27 November 1808 and died at Lavington,nsw on 12 January 1885 she too is buried at Albury. Her parents were Thomas GEORGE and Mary ANDREWS.
The children of James NORRIS and Charlotte GEORGE were:-
Mary Ann NORRIS 1833 1920 Arthur NORRIS 1838 1898
Elizabeth Betsy NORRIS 1841 1923 Eliza NORRIS 1843 1922
Hannah NORRIS 1847 Louisa NORRIS 1849
Sarah NORRIS 1851 1881
Eliza NORRIS married Frederick JOHNSON at Albury in 1864 they had 4 daughters ;-
Charlotte Bond JOHNSON 1864
NSW REG. 4544/1864 JOHNSON CHARLOTTE B FREDERICK ELIZA ALBURY
Charlotte married Charles Henry BRADY at Corowa, NSW in 1891
NSW Reg. 3571/1891 BRADY CHARLES JOHNSON CHARLOTTE COROWA
Eliza Bond JOHNSON 1868
NSW Reg. 5136/1868 JOHNSON ELIZA B FREDERICK ELIZA ALBURY
Eliza Bond JOHNSON married Arthur CLARK in Albury in 1892
NSW Reg. 1909/1892 CLARK ARTHUR JOHNSON ELIZA ALBURY
Hannah Bond JOHNSON 1870 1955
NSW Reg. 5554/1870 JOHNSON HANNAH B FREDERICK ELIZA ALBURY
Hanna Bond JOHNSON married Francisco (Frank) ROMERO 1888 in Albury
NSW Reg. 3581/1888 ROMERO FRANK JOHNSON HANNAH ALBURY
Mary Bond JOHNSON 1872 1964
NSW Reg. 5652/1872 JOHNSON MARY B FREDERICK ELIZA ALBURY
Mary Bond Johnson married James F WELLS in Albury in 1892
NSW Reg. 1939/1892 WELLS JAMES F JOHNSON MARY ALBURY
Frederick JOHNSON died in Albury in 1879.
NSW Reg. 3831/1879 JOHNSON FRED JOHN DIED ALBURY ALBURY
Eliza in 1889 went on to marry Frederick FUGGER born 1859 somewhere around Canberra. He died at Albury He was the son of Christian Friedrich FUGGER 1829-1891 and Christine BENZ 1829-1891 both from Wurtemburg, Germany both buried in Albury,NSW
NSW Reg. 3564/1889 FUGGER FREDERICK JOHNSON ELIZA ALBURY
Eliza FUGGER nee NORRIS formerly JOHNSON died in 1922 in Albury, NSW
NSW Reg. 3501/1922 FUGGER ELIZA JAMES CHARLOTTE ALBURY
* note. On the 15 June 1909 Lavington a suburb north of Albury was officially named, having previously been known as Black Range.
** The Greville's postal list of 1872-Albury has Frederick Johnson listed as a farmer at Hamilton's Gully
Arrival Tuesday 7 August 1849 Port Adelaide South Australia
Departed Plymouth - 8 April 1849 and Port of London - 16 April 1849 at 4 o'clock
Cost - 14/-/-
The barque Indian, 591 tons, J. F.English, Master (Captain Isaac Thorney), from London..
Passengers A. Bristow, Esq.,and Dr Sanford, Surgeon Superintendent, in the cabin;
The following Emigrants In the steerage :
George Andrews, Caroline Arnold Alfred Barlow, Joab Beazley, S. Benbringe wife and child, A Bennett wife and two children (one child born during the voyage), W. Bennett wife and two children, E Birkin wife and two children, J. Bowes wife and two children, Anthony Bradley and wife, H. W. Bowes, Elijah Branford, John Brown, John Barne and wife, W. Buxton, Jas. Charles, John Clarke and wife, Benjamin Conke, John Cook wife and two children, Amos Cousins and wife (one child born during the voyage), Richard Dakin and wife, W. M. Dale wife and one child (one child born during the voyage), W. Denley, John Eley wife and three children, J. B. Elliott, G. Etheridge, J. Evans wife and three children, Catherine Fleming, H. Fish wife and child, Herbert Gater, W. Godson, J. P. Goodman, Thomas Gould, W. J. Green, Ralph Gregory, Margaret Harizon, Joseph Hill wife and five children, R. Holdworth wife and two children, W. Hough, Ellen Hough, Sam. Hempston, A. Hunt and wife (one child stillborn on the voyage), Samuel Illingworth and wife, T. Irons wife and six children, Isaac Jarvis. Mary A. Johnston, W. Johnston wife and three children, Jesse Johnston wife and four children (one born during the voyage), Joseph King, D. Knife and wife, Rebecca Lewis, Fanny Malom, Margaret McEwen, Ann Marshall, Elizabeth Marshall, John H. Marshall, Mary Marshall, W. R. May wife and child, I. Moorcroft and wife (one child stillborn during the voyage), R. Murphy wife aud two children, H. Newbold wife and two children, J. Peacock wife and three children, J. Pearce wife and child, J. Prence wife and four children, T. Paine and wife, W. Peach wife and two children, J. Ritchie wife and child, A. Robertson and wife, J. Sampson wife and two children (one born during the voyage), W. Sanderson wife and child (one born during the voyage), C Sewell, T. Shaw wife and three children, Ann Simms, H Stiggants and wife J Stringer wife and child, T. Snashall wife and child (one child died and another born during the voyage), J. Stokes and wife, G. H. Theobald, D. Thomson wife and child (one child born and died within a few days), J. Thomson wife and two children, Caroline A. Thwaites, Ellen M. Thwaites, Jacob Tootell, J. Tootel wife and two children, B. Turner wife and child (one child born during the voyage, and one died aged six months), W. Ansom wife and five children, Elizabeth Walters, Mary Welshwood, W. Wood wife and four children, J. Wright and wife, A. H. May.
Cargo of The Indian;
20 hhds, 10 barrels, Acraman & Co. 392 deals, A. L. Elder & Co. 100 casks, Order; 147 tons coals, 30 Yards water-pipes, G. S. Walters : 1 case, 5 trunks, T. C. Bray ; 651 bars, 50 arm moulds, 98 cart boxes, A. L. Elder & Co.; 1 box, S. stocks, jun.&Co. ; 48 cases, 7 half-hhds, 10 casks, C. and F. J. Beck ; 50 casks, A. L. Elder ; 1 box, Smillie ; 5 cases, J. Heathcote ; 3 boxes, 2 bales, P. Cumming and Son; 114 butts, C. and F. J. Beck.
11 babies born on the trip (incl. 2 stillborn and one neonatal death), 2 other children died and some families travelling with 5 or 6 children!
Public meeting by emigrants and complaints against the First Mate during this voyage and numerous other complaints surrounding this voyage caused a change from The Passenger Act of 1842 to The Passenger Act of 1849
transcribed by janilye
from the South Australian Register
20 May 2010
NOTES on the The INDIAN 1849
(On August 30th 1849 a meeting of the emigrants from on board the INDIAN met at the "Norfolk
Arms in Rundle Street, Adelaide, for the purpose of hearing the statements of a number of persons
who were dissatisfied with the way in which the ship was found, and 97 passengers signed
complaints against the captain, the 2nd mate, the purser, the captain's clerk, the surgeon and the
steward for a range of things including assault, fornication, adultery, selling of ardent spirits,
permitting gambling aboard the ship, smoking and drinking between decks and other crimes.
E.L. Grundy Esq was invited to preside.
In opening the business of the evening he stated that,
although not personally involved, he took a lively interest in emigration affairs and, almost as soon
as he arrived he found that the office of Emigration Agent was in abeyance. On his reporting this
to his Excellency the Governor, Captain Brewer was almost immediately appointed.
Captain Brewer's report to the Government commented that the selection of immigrants in general
needed closer attention.
He discussed some of the problems on board the ships including an occasional need to discipline,
and indicated a need to provide an area of confinement on board the ships.
Mr Grundy agreed, declaring 'they are sending us the sweepings of old England' and that, if public
opinion and the attention of the press was directed towards the complaints raised by many of the
immigrants and settlers, these matters could be remedied. [applause]
Some of the INDIAN complaints:
Mr G. WILSON of North Adelaide, spoke on behalf of Miss Caroline Arnold, who was in service with
Mr MYERS of Morphett Vale, and therefore was unable to be present. She was a young woman of
superior manners and education for her status in life. Before she left England she was assured that
every protection would be afforded her on the outward voyage. "Miss ARNOLD complains that very
soon after she went on board, the second mate (Mr Hames) and the steward went down to the
cabins occupied by the single females, and took liberties with them. She repelled the advances of
these ruffianly men (termed officers of the ship), and when she reported their conduct to the
Captain, he dismissed he complaint telling her he could not receive it without confirmation. This, in
her case was difficult as only five or six besides herself had resisted the indecent attentions of the
At length she was again compelled to complain and the Captain investigated the matter, and
declared that Miss Arnold would be confined if she complained again. Several voices interjected
"It's true, I heard him".
To save herself from the annoyances of the second mate, she had been compelled to take refuge
at night in the births of the married people's children, sleep in her clothes for weeks together and
could only change her linen during the daytime. Miss Arnold was never asked by the Boarding
Officer if she had any complaint. Apparently many of the emigrants believed that if they did
complain, their luggage might be detained, or destroyed.
Mr WILSON also cited the case of a plasterer Mr SHAW who took a box of valuable plaster moulds
(valued at 20) on board with him. This person, like many others, openly complained of the
shortness of provisions, and was often seen noting down the irregularities to which they were
subject. He naturally set great store by his moulds, and was greatly distressed to find his box was
badly damaged and most of the moulds irreparably destroyed.
Mr Joseph HILL and his wife, both elderly gentlepeople and of quiet deportment, saw the "goings
on" and was determined, if possible, to preserve the virtue of their two elder daughters (aged 19
and 22). Because their efforts were successfull, they were subject to physical abuse by the second
mate (throttling him, thrusting his knees into the old gentleman's bowels, and nearly breaking his
leg). Mr HILL concluded by stating that on arrival he had to pay 27s duty and 7s extra expenses
before the Captain would allow his luggage to be landed. (His family consisted of six people
brought out a total of 15cwt 3qrs 12lbs of luggage, and the Ship's Charter allowed them 10cwt per
Mr BOWES had two daughters, and could confirm the statements of the previous
speakers regarding the second mate who was also in the habit af being tipsy. Mr BOWES also
mentioned the extraordinary "short commons" - where sixteen people dieted off on tins of soup and
bovill, weighing 6.5lbs.
Mr PEARCE remarked that, on one occasion when under the influence of strong liquor, the second
mate went below and declared "he would send the ship and passengers to hell". In such imminent
danger were they that Mr PEARCE had frequently known Mr James DAVIS (the chief mate) to rush
from his berth in his night-dress to right the ship, and had, for the safety of the ship, often done
double duty. Following a complaint by one of the crew to the Captain about short rations, the
Captain had him locked up. The crew "struck" and the ship was running for a week towards the
South Pole without an able-bodied seaman to work her.
Mr PEARCE continued by mentioning that, following passengers quietly discussing the food
shortage, the second mate announced he would weigh the meat out himself, and the first man
who complained would be thrown overboard. [loud applause]
Mr BURNES confirmed all the above and went on to discuss the provisions, and admitted that,
following his complaints, his wife used to fancy he had been pitched overboard if he stayed on
deck longer than usual. He also complimented the first mate as the saviour of the ship, and
confirmed that the second mate used to rattle at the door of the single womens area demanding
admission, and demanded the keys from the matron. Mr BURNES declared that the doctor could not
possibly plead ignorace of the second mate's nocturnal behaviour.
It was elicited during the meeting that, in contravention of the Passengers' Act, spirits had been
openly sold during the whole voyage to the emigrants and crew, and that the captain is exposed
to a penalty of 100. Constable STOKES admitted he had sold between 30s and 40s worth of porter
and ale to the emigrants, and about 5 to the ship's crew. STOKES was aware of the shortage of
provisions supplied to the emigrants, and had frequently deprived his own mess in order to help
make up the deficiencies of the others. The Passengers had drawn up a Memorial to the Doctor
and Captain, and eventually the provisions were increased.
Mr James DAVIS (the chief mate) attended this meeting and, at the conclusion, was presented with
a Memorial of Appreciation.
When it seemed that no attention was being paid to the above charges, the emigrants from the
INDIAN declared "having, on two public occasions", and had heard that an opinion had gone
abroad "that no case had been made out to justify his Excellency's interference", now felt bound to
reiterate these serious charges against the Captain and certain members of the crew (not one of
which has been disproved). "Since the forgoing document mentioned was adopted for signature,
His Excellency has withheld the gratuitites normally paid for service to the passengers on these
emigrant ships were witheld in this case." The Governor also severely reprimanded the
Immigration Agent Mr BREWER for the very tardy and imperfect manner in which he investigated
and reported on the emigrants complaints by that vessel. Mr BREWER was later dismissed from his
privileged position as Agent
This report was published in a special supplement of the South Australian REGISTER on October 3,
1849 (viewable on microfilm at State Libraries around Australia) and repeats the charges, with
some additional information to that recorded the above.
1. A letter was written by ten families on August 31st, 1849 and published in the SA REGISTER.
They felt it their duty to exonerate the accused officers, and declared they were well treated and
perfectly satisfied during the voyage.
2. Mr BECK, of C & FJ Beck, stated at the meeting on September 10th, that there were no surplus
stores on board the INDIA. If so they must have been landed, because this company advertised a
sale by auction at the Port, of the Surplus Stores &c. of the barque INDIAN.
Captain THORNEY appeared in the Adelaide Police Court on October 3, 1849 in relation to false
documents which had come to light regarding the stores on board the INDIAN.
This report was published in a special supplement of the South Australian REGISTER on October 3,
1849 (viewable on microfilm at State Libraries around Australia) and repeats the charges, with
some additional information to that recorded the above.
The following is a list of immigrants per ROOPERELL, which left Gravesend for New Zealand on the 23rd of February 1874 and arrived in Auckland on the 30 May 1874.
Sharp: Stephen W. 27, Emma. 26, William W. 4, Ernest A. 2, Ellen, infant.
Fryer: Thomas 42, Elizabeth 41, James 11, Ann 8.
Winter: James 40 Mary 34, Ann 13, Alice 12, Emily 10, Rose 8, Jane 6, William W. 4, Herbert 1.
Stevens: William 38, Martha S. 3l, Amy F. 2.
Laurence: Maliu? 28, Sophie 26, Sarah A. 8, Rose E. 6, Cornelius 4, Alice S. 1
Barrows: Henry W. 38, Sarah A. 37, Frances S. 10, Louise 7, Susan 5, Henry E. 3, Mark W. l.
Whittle: Charles 34, Maria 35, Ann M 4, Christianne 3.
Caro: George 31, Sarah 20 Emma 1.
Rogers: Henry 46, Mary 42, Joshua 10, Lydia 8, Edward 6, Kate 5, George 1.
Crayford: William 37, Anne 37, Ellen E. 4, Edith M. 2 Daisy M. 1.
James: James 40, Lucy 3O, Emily 6, Willie 1.
Archibald: Thomas 59, Harriett 46, Catherine 18
Archibald: William 22, Esther C. 22, William 1.
Curtis: Stephen 28, Sarah 20
Bland: John 33, Ann 22, Alfred 10, Charles 9, Stephen 7
French: Robert 31, Catherine 33, Peter 10, John 7, Robert 5, Catherine 3, Thomas 1
Hunt: Frederick A. 29. Maria 30, Millicent 11, Emma 10, Clara 6, Elizabeth 4, Ellen 1
Gabon ?: Robert 56, Rachel 35, Ann S. 12, Robert, W 10, John S 9, Eliza 7, Ellen 5,
Mo?e.: David 21, Maria J 22;
Curtis: Henry 31, Sarah 3l,Anne 9, Henry 7, James 3, Florence 1.
Connoll Wm. 36, Mary A 35, Phillip 8, Alice 11, Frances 6, Agnes 4, Catherine 2. Florence 1.
Hines: Robert 22, Emily C. 20.
Downy: Charlotte 37, Benjamin R 37.
McGraham: Thomas 26, Catherine 25.
Wey: William 32, Emily 30, Charles 6, Martha 4.
Beaney: George 38, Elizabeth 36.
Battishall: Thomas 30, Sophie 29, Florence J. 2, Charles T.1.
Hayes: Charles 40, Maria 38, Mary E. 15, William 11, Charles 7, John 4, George 1.
Payne: Albert 30, Alice 26,
Gregg: Alfred 24, Rebecca 24,
Port:Thomas 44, Susannah 28, Francis 20, Martha 16, Ann 15, Robert 13, Henry 5, Emma 4, Edith 2, Frederick C.1.
Dann: Thomas 30, Esther W. 23.
Harris: James 36, Margaret 33, Elizabethh 10, Mary ?.8, John 1.
Fuller: George 26, Hannah 26.
Grange: August 38, Melanie 36, Marie 15, Jules 8, Henrietta 5, Emile 1.
Watts: Thomas 32, Ruth 34, Thomas 13, Ann 11, June 9, A?? 4, Hannah 1.
Pewtress: William 24, Grace 26.
Grisby: George 26, Frances C. 31 Gertrude 5, Charles 3, William 1.
Mitchell: Henry 34, Elizabeth 30, Fanny 10. Hannah 8, Ruth 6, Charlea 4, Henry 1.
Wood: Thomas 26, Matilda 28, Matilda 6.
McDonald: William F. 30, Alice 23, Alice 4, William J. 2, Thomas 1.
Langdridge: James 30, Sarah 32, Elizabeth 2.
Saunders: John 38 Catherine 40, John 19, Henry 15, Walter 13, Clara 10, Alfred 8, James 6.
Williams: Alfred E. 30, Amelia 8, Elizabeth 5, Arthur 4, James 2.
Andrews: Alfred 33, Rachael 33, Harriet 12.
Jarvis: William 37, Anne 35, William 13, Kate 10, Minnie 7, Kermey 4, Rose 1.
Tapp: Thomas 21, Harriet 22.
Imison: William 32, Sarah 29, Sarah M. 9, Elizabeth J. 1.
Double: Charles 27, Ellen 21, Charles 3, William 1
Lovenzi?: Bertha 30, Rosa 30, Rosa 4.
Banks: Benjamin 29, Francis 25.
Williams: Elizabeth J. 24, Willie 1, Thomas 18;
McGaghan: Margaret 43, Thomas 21, John 19, Catherine 17, Margaret 16.
Gamble, William 23; Rutlege, George 19; Groom, Walter 20;
Davies, John 37; Hunt, William R. 30; Papps, James 19; Hill James H. 19;
Green, Thomas 18; Madden, Charles 20; Wading, William 19; Draper, James 23;
Philpot Thomas G. 18; Owen P. 17; Urquhart, John 26; Dayton, John 25;
Exeter, William 26; Smallman, Edward 24, Robert 17; Apps, Robert 40;
Reading, Thomas 25; Barakt, Isaac 20; Jefferies, John 20; Carr, Robert 23;
Skeggs, James 21; Barnes, James 21; Parkins, John T. 21; Prevost, Thomas 19;
Wooer, Robert E. 19; Holloway, James 28; Hudson, John 20; Williamson, Mark 21;
Wheaton, Hector E. 19; Lloyd, John 27; Daly, Stephen 21; Smith, John K 37;
Bold, John T. 25; Foy, William 27; Slyth, John H. 19; Hand. John 21; Stephen, William 23;
Nicholas, R. 22; Wright, James 33; Grover, Albert 21; Williamson, John 33;
Strenlocks, Thomas 22; Pearce, Edward 24; Cockfield, John 20; Jamieson, Arthur 22;
Bracewell, James 22; Stillwell, William A. 28; Tyack Joseph P. 24; McMahon, John 24;
Pegg, Richard J. 19; Porter, Alfred 19; Cooper, Henry S. 20; Larter, Henry A 20;
Robinson, William T. 19; Miller, Henry V. 30; Putman, Frederick 23; Trimmer, W. 30;
Wenn, John E. 19; Attwood, George 25; Daubney, John H. 21; Alfrey, Alfred 27;
Savill, Walter, 18; lacey. William, 28; Simmonds, James 27; Taylor, Joshua W. 25;
Quayle, Alfred, 24; Card, Thomas, W. 21; Scotchmer, William 22; Ward, H. 34;
Janes, William J. 19; Brooks, James 27; McCarthy, Thomas 20; Byrne, John 21 ;
Albaret, Charles E. 22; Sirkett, Walter 22; Kewley, Charles 42; Marshall, William H. 23;
Sykes, Thomas A. 20 Norris Charles, 33 William, 8; Merganeth, J. 22; Martisi, Emanuel 23;
Accolino Anton 23; Pader, Louis 27; Gosetti, Jacob 23; Willendorf, Albert 26;
Voigt, Frederick 28; Delewalli, Peter 30; Luge, Luoni 29; Caloas, Leopold 26;
Spannazel, Carl 25; Crawford, Dan 22; Roe, Henry 23; Tucker, Stephen 19;
Schnell, Anton 33; Thiegel, Carl 36 Lehmann, F. 26; Erdman. R. 24, Quible, 24;
Baylis, George W. 23.
Frost, Martha 19; Hunt, Catherine 24; Spackman, Sarah 19; Brewer, Sarah 20;
Rogers Mary 19, Helen 17, Emily 15, Fanny 12; Raines, Esther 19; Bowsher, Kate 14;
Bailey Mary G. 19, E. C. 24; Lanfear, Elizabeth 20; Jennings, Caroline 19; Saunders, Mary A. 17;
Fryer, E. 17;Middleton, Ann 18.
It's my belief that this was the one and only voyage to New Zealand for the Rooperell (aka Rooperel) After leaving New Zealand the ship was towed into Newcastle New South Wales, demasted.
The source for this transcription:
Mr. Patrick Brennan, late of Hollymount Station, Moonie River
one of the oldest pioneers of the district, passed over to the
great majority early on Saturday morning.
He had been suffering for many years from a chronic tumor
in the face, the result of an accident.
Surgical skill could do nothing but prolong life for a few
years, as the affecttion was unanimously pronounced by all
the doctors consulted, as incurable.
He was a strongly-made man of a very, robust physique, and
but for the complaint from which he suffered might have
lived for many years to come.
Although the day on which the funeral took place was wet,
a large number, of townspeople followed the remains to their
The body was interred in the Roman Catholic portion of the
cemetery, the service, in the absence of a clergyman, being
read by Mr. L. B. Coughlan.
Mr. Brennan was born in Gaily House, Shannon View,
Roscommon county, Ireland, in the year 1824, and was therefore
about 66 years of age at the time of his decease, but in
life he did not look anything near that age.
In 1841 he emigrated to New South Wales and spent four years
as colonial experience on Mitkin station, Big river,
the property, of the Hon. R. FitzGerald, M.L.A.
In 1845 he came to the Balonne and formed Burgorah and
Warroo stations for his old employer and managed, them
In that year he resigned his position for the purpose of
looking after his own properties personally, on the Moonie.
On this river he had taken up the blocks known as Ballyndyne,
Hollymount, Durin Durin, Foxborough, Ula Ula, and Brushy Park,
and stocked them according to the requirements of the Act then in force.
He prospered well until the great flood of 1864, which wrought
such widespread destruction. Few of the squatters of that period
escaped loss, and amongst the greatest sufferers was Mr. Brennan.
A prolonged drought raged in 1865-67, and further losses were sustained.
For some years succeeding he had fair luck. 1885 was, however, a
most disastrous year, and in 1886 Mr.Brennan lost his stations.
What made that event still more sad was that after it
occurred Mr. Brennan's health rapidly declined, and during, the
last year he suffered at times great bodily pain, but
throughout he preserved a cheerful demeanour, and bore his lot with
a Christian fortitude. The deceased gentleman was the the son of the
late Mr, Michael Brennan, of Shannon View, Ireland, and was connected
by marriage to Colonel Eyre, of Eyre Court, Galway county.
Western Star and Roma Advertiser
Saturday 9 August 1890
Transcription, janilye 2014.
Hollymount Station, comprised an area of
37,440 acres and is situated 40 miles from
Talwood and 70 miles from Mungindi