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The Neptune of the notorius second fleet 1790

My 4th great grandfather Thomas HEATHER/EATHER 1764-1827 arrived on the Neptune in 1790
The Neptune was built on the river Thames in 1779, at 809 tons she was the largest ship of the second fleet. In company with the Surprise and Scarborough she sailed from England with 421 male and 78 female convicts on 19 January 1790. Her master was Donald Traill and surgeon was William Gray. She arrived at the Cape of Good Hope on 13 April 1790, and spent sixteen days there, taking on provisions, and twelve male convicts from the HMS Guardian which had been wrecked after striking an iceberg. She and Scarborough were parted from Surprize in heavy weather and arrived at Port Jackson on 28 June 160 days out from England. On the first fleet 48 people died on the voyage, but this time 158 convicts died (31%) and 269 (53%) were sick when landed. The voyage was in the hands of private contractors.

The treatment of convicts aboard the Neptune was unquestionably the most horrific in the history of transportation to Australia. Convicts suspected of petty theft were flogged to death; most were kept chained below decks for the duration of the voyage; scurvy and other diseases were endemic; and the food rations were pitiful.

When reports of the complaints reached England, the 'strictest inquiry' was promised into this 'shocking calamity'. Towards the end of November 1791, the depositions of some of the Neptune's crew and several marines were taken before Alderman Clark at the Guildhall in London.

These witnesses certified that Traill and his first mate had kept the convicts short of rations and upon arrival in the colony they opened a warehouse and sold the said provisions.

Traill and his first mate absconded until the outcry died down. Upon their return to England, the Master, Donald Traill and Chief Mate, William Ellerington, were privately prosecuted for the murder of an un-named convict, along with a seaman named Andrew Anderson and a cook named John Joseph. After a trial lasting three hours before Sir James Marriott in the Admiralty Court, the jury acquitted both men on all charges "without troubling the Judge to sum up the evidence". There were no public prosecutions. Traill who had been master of the 'Albermarle' under Nelson went on to become Master at the Cape.

The 2nd fleet contractors Camden, Calvert and King also escaped prosecution.

Amongst the arrivals on the Neptune during this voyage was D'Arcy Wentworth, John Macarthur his wife Elizabeth, and their son Edward. Edward Macarthur who left England on the Neptune, transferred to the Scarborough during the voyage after a quarrel with the captain.

The Norris Mealey case 1840

WEDNESDAY, 6th May 1840 (Before Mr Justice Stephen).

Richard Norris, and Philip Mealey, were indicted for stealing at Currency Creek, near Richmond, on the 12th March last, one heifer, and one cow, the property of Thomas Lynch.

The prisoners were defended by Messrs Foster and Windeyer.
It appeared from the evidence that the prosecutor, an aged man (upward, of seventy-eight years old) was a small settler residing at Freeman's Reach, distant about four miles from the residence of the prisoners, who were small farmers living about a quarter of a mile apart from each other, at a place called Salley's Bottom.
Lynch had a small herd of milking cattle, about twenty-six in number, which had been depasturing for some years at Currency Creek, near the residence of the prisoners, who likewise possessed a few herd of cattle which were being depastured on an adjoining run.
The prisoner's cattle had occasionally mingled with those of the prosecutor. He mustered his cattle on the 12th March, and found them all correct in number, and in consequence of some information which he received, he mustered them a few days afterwards, and found his herd scattered, and two of his cows missing.
One was a white poley cow, and the other a red one, having very sharp pointed horns, with remarkable small knots at the tip of each horn, and both were branded A. F. on the right rump.
They were in good condition, and fit for slaughtering. The prosecutor made inquiry for them, and advertised their loss, offering a reward for their recovery, both in the township, and at Windsor.
In consequence of some information which the prosecutor subsequently received, he accompanied Mr John Cobcroft, district constable of Wilberforce, and another constable named, Gollagher, to the homes of the two prisoners, in both of which they found a considerable quantity of recently salted beef. The beef was packed in rather a suspicious manner, the fresh meat being at the bottom of the harness-casks which contained it, while two or three layers of beef, which had been cured a much greater length of time, were placed at the top. About a rod in front of Norris's house, the constable picked up the horns of a recently slaughtered beast, lying on a heap of rubbish, and Lynch, on inspecting them, identified them immediately as the horns of his red cow. Their identity was also sworn to by two of the prosecutor's servants, who had milked the animal for some years, and had frequently felt the peculiar knots at the tip of the horns, while the cow was in the bale. About four hundred yards from Mealey's house, there was found by the side of a small pool, part of the offal of a recently slaughtered beast, and a considerable quantity of fat floated on the surface of the pool.
Both prisoners, upon being questioned by the constables, admitted that they each slaughtered a beast, and on being asked to produce the hides, each stated, that he had sold his hide to some person whose name or address he did not know. Norris said, that the horns identified by Lynch as belonging to his red cow, were the horns of a bullock slaughtered by his brother, but he called no evidence to prove this to be the fact.

A woman named Margaret Hawkey, swore most positively that she saw the two prisoners about the middle of the month of March, driving about ten head of cattle across the ranges of Sally's Bottom, in the direction of Mealey's house, and that one of them was a white poley cow, and another a red cow, both branded AF on the right rump; she further stated that she saw Norris a few days afterwards, and informed him of Lynch having lost two cows, to which he replied "d--- him he has plenty of cattle, and can afford to lose them as he has neither chick nor child." This witness however was very pert and flippant in her manner of giving evidence, and prevaricated grossly in her testimony ; it was moreover sworn to by Mr James Gannon (although Hawkey on being questioned had denied the fact) that she met him at the door of the Supreme Court that morning, and asking him whether he was not summoned to attend us a juror, to which he replied in the affirmative, pointed out the prisoners to him telling him she was a witness against them, and requesting him, should he be one of the jury upon their trial, to find them guilty and she would give him anything for doing so.

During Mr Foster's address on behalf of the prisoners, in which he made some allusions to one of the witnesses who endeavoured to tamper with a juryman, Hawkey went out of the court on pretence of obtaining a drink of water, and seeing Mr Gannon in attendance made an attempt to address him, but he declined entering into any conversation with her.

The learned judge, in putting the case to the jury, remarked that he thought they must leave out of their consideration the evidence of the infamous and abandoned woman, Hawkey but it was for them to say, whether independent of her testimony, there was not sufficient evidence to satisfy them of the guilt of the prisoners.

His Honor then went through the evidence remarking on it as he proceeded, how it made for and against the prisoners, and leaving it for the jury to determine the balance of guilt or innocence, at the same time recommending them, should they entertain any reasonable doubt upon the subject, to give that doubt in favor of the prisoners. The jury, after about half an hour's consideration, returned a verdict of Guilty against both the prisoners, at the same time intimating that they believed the evidence of Mr Gannon in opposition to that of Margaret Hawkey. The learned judge, after commenting in severe terms upon the baseness of the witness's conduct sentenced her to be imprisoned for six months. The prisoners were remanded for sentence.

The Australian
Sydney, NSW : (1824 - 1848)
Issue: Saturday 9 May 1840
The Sydney Herald
(NSW : 1831 - 1842)
Issue: Wednesday 13 May 1840
transcription, janilye 2012

The parents of Lord George Gordon Byron

Catharine Gordon of Gight was born in Aberdeenshire in 1765 and died on the 1 August 1811 in Newstead, Lincolnshire, England. Mrs Byron, mother of poet, Lord Byron, was descended on the paternal side from Sir William Gordon, of Gight, the third son, by Annabella Stewart, daughter of James I of Scotland, of George, second Earl of Huntley, Chancellor of Scotland 1498-1502 and Lord-lieutenant of the North from 1491 to his death in 1507.
Both her parents dying early, her father George Gordon born 1741, committed suicide at Bath on the 9 January 1779. I believe her mother Catherine Innes died a few years earlier.

Catharine Gordon was brought up at Banff by her grandmother, commonly called Lady Gight, although a penurious, illiterate woman, made sure her granddaughter was better educated than herself. Gight was worth between £23,000 and £24,000.

Miss Catharine Gordon was a young lady who had her full share of feminine vanity.
At the age of 35, she was a stout, dumpy, coarse-looking woman, awkward in her movements, her accent and manner provincial, but, just like her son who was vain of his personal appearance, and especially of his hands, neck, and ears, so was she. When other charms had vanished, clung to her pride in her arms and hands.
She exhausted the patience of Thomas Stewardson 1781-1859, when he painted the portrait below in 1806. It took 40 sittings, before she was satisfied with how the particular turn in her elbow was exhibited in the most pleasing light.
Of her ancestry she was, according to her son, 'as proud as Lucifer,' and looked down upon the Byron family, and regarded the Duke of Gordon as, an inferior member of her clan.

Born and bred in the strictest Calvanism of the day, a superstitious believer in ghosts, prophecies and fortune-telling, she was subject to fits of melancholy, which her misfortunes intensified.
In later life, at any rate, her temper was ungovernable, her language, when excited, unrestrained, her love of gossip insatiable. Capricious in her moods, she flew from one extreme to the other, passing, for the slightest cause, from passionate affection to equally passionate resentment.

How far these defects were produced, as they certainly, were aggravated, by her husband's ill-treatment and her hard struggle With poverty it is impossible to say. She had many good qualities. She bore her ruin with good sense, dignity; and composure. She lived on a miserable pittance without running into debt she pinched herself in order to give her son a liberal supply of money; she was warm-hearted and generous to those in distress. She adored her scamp of a husband, and, in her own way, was a 'devoted mother.
In politics she affected 'democratic opinions', and took in a daily paper, the Morning Chronicle, which, as is shown by a bill sent in after her death, cost her at the rate of £4 17s 6d for six months no small sum to be deducted out of a narrow income.
She was fond of reading, subscribed 'to book clubs', collected all the criticisms on her son's poetry, made shrewd remarks upon them herself, and corresponded with her friends on literary subjects. It has been said that she died in a fit of rage at an upholsterer's bill. The truth is that she had been in ill-health for months, and her illness was aggravated, if not caused, by Byron's recklessness. She had raised for her son's benefit £1000, for which she made herself personally liable.

In 1809 sho had moved to Newstead in order to protect his interests in his absence abroad, and for two years, as her letters prove, kept his creditors at bay and defended his character with pathetic fidelity. When Brothers, the upholsterer, put in an execution for debts contracted by her son in furnishing Newstead, she saw herself beggared, since all her worldly possessions were liable to seizure, and the shock seems to have proved fatal.

In 1785 Miss Catharine Gordon was at Bath, buying trinkets at Deard's, dancing at Lindsay's or Hayes's, and listening to the Compliments of the fortune-hunters who fluttered round the young heiress. There she met, and there, on May 13, 1785, in the Church of St. Michael, as the register shows, she married Captain John Byron. She was fascinated by his handsome face, charmed by his dancing, piqued by his reputation.
There is no reason to suppose that he was attracted to her by anything but her fortune, and his character, debts and previous career promised her little happiness in her marriage.

Captain John "Mad Jack" Byron 1755-1791, born at Plymouth, was the eldest son of Admiral the Hon. John Byron 1723-1786, known in the Royal Navy as 'Hardy' Byron, or "Foul weather Jack," by his marriage on 8 September 1748 with Sophia Trevannion, of Caerhayes, in Cornwall. The admiral, next brother to William, 1722-1798 fifth Lord Byron, was a distinguished naval officer, whose "Narrative" of his shipwreck in the Wager was published in 1768, and whose Voyage Round the World in the Dolphin was described by "an officer in the said ship in 1767.
His eldest son, John Byron, educated at Westminster and a French military academy, entered the Guards and served in America. A gambler, a spendthrift, a profligate scamp, disowned by his father, he in 1778 ran away with and on 1 June 1779 married Amelia Osborne, Marchioness of Carmarthen, wife of Francis Osborne, afterwards fifth Duke of Leeds, nee Lady Amelia d'Arcy, only child and heiress of the last Earl of Holderness and Baroness Conyers in her own right. Captain Byron and his wife lived in Paris, where were born to them a daughter who died in infancy, and Augusta, born 1783, the poet's half-sister, who subsequently married her cousin, Colonel Leigh.
In 1784 Lady Conyers died, and Captain Byron returned to England, a widower, up to his ears in debt, and in search of an heiress.

Tradition has it that, at the marriage of Catharine Gordon with mad Jack Byron,the heronry at Gight passed over to Kelly or Haddo, the property of the Earl of Aberdeen. "The land itself will not be long in following," said his lordship, and so it proved.

For a few months Mrs Byron Gordon for her husband assumed the name and by this title her Scottish friends always addressed her lived at Gight. But the ready money, the outlying lands, the rights of fishery, the timber failed to liquidate Captain Byron's debts, and in 1786 Gight itself was sold to Lord Aberdeen for £17,850. Mrs Byron Gordon found herself at the end of 18 months stripped of her property and reduced to the income derived from £4200, subject to an annuity payable to her grandmother. She bore the reverse with a composure which shows her to have been a woman of no ordinary courage.

The wreck of their fortunes compelled Mrs Byron Gordon and her husband to retire to France. At the beginning of 1788 she had returned to London, and on the 22 January, 1788, at 16 Holles street, since numbered 24, and now destroyed, in the back drawing room of the first floor, gave birth to her only child George Gordon, afterwards sixth Lord Byron. From his birth the child suffered from what would now be described as partial infantile paralysis of the right foot and leg, especially of the inner muscles. He was born, it may be added, with a caul, then and now treasured by sailors as a preservative against drowning. In this instance, however, the charm failed. The caul was sold by the nurse to Captain James Hanson R N, who on the 26th ofJanuary 1800
was wrecked in H.M.S. Brazar off Newhaven, and with the whole of his crew, one man excepted, was drowned.

At the time when the child was born two lives only, besides that of his father, stood between him and the peerage. His great-uncle William, fifth Lord Byron, 1722-1798, commonly known as the "wicked lord," was still living, separated from his wife and shunned by his neighbours, a moody, half-crazy misanthrope. Like his younger brother the admiral, he had served in the Royal Navy. In 1747 he married Miss Elizabeth Shaw, of Besthorpe Hall, a Norfolk heiress, and by her had two daughters and two sons. The eldest, born in 1748, died in infancy the second son, William 1749-1776, married his cousin Juliana Elizabeth, the daughter of Admiral Byron. Their only son, William John 1772-1794, was the heir to the peerage, and his death on 31 July, 1794, from a, wound received at the battle of Calvi, in Corsica, made George Gordon Byron heir presrumptive to his great-uncle, then a man of 72.

The wicked Lord Byron, in the middle of the eighteenth century, lived in great state in town and at Newstead, and in 1763 was Master of the Staghounds. An eager collector of curiosities, whenever any article of special rarity was offered for sale in London he ordered out his horses, drove to the metropolis, and returned' with his purchase, bought without regard to expense. Passionate, vindictive, and headstrong, he attended as little to the cost of his revenge as to that of his pleasures.

His London life closed with his fatal duel with William CHAWORTH 1726-1765 on Saturday, January 26, 1765. On that evening a club of Nottinghamshire gentlemen, were holding their monthly meeting at the Star and Garter tavern in Pall Mall. They usually dined at 7 o'clock the bill and a bottle were brought, and the company separated. On that particular evening a dispute had arisen between Lord Byron and Mr Chaworth, presumably about whether the former, who did not preserve, or the latter, who was a strict preserver, had most game on his manor. The discussion grew warm, and Mr Chaworth said, "Your lordship knows where to find me in Berkeley Row," or words to that effect.
Nothing further passed at the time the subject was dropped and no serious consequences seem to have been feared. The company, who had dined on the second floor, had paid the bill and were dispersing.
On descending to the first floor Lord Byron came up to William Chaworth and referred to the conversation which had passed between them at dinner. Both seem then to have called a waiter to bring a candle and show them an empty room. The waiter opened a door on the first floor, showed the gentlemen into a room, set down a tallow candle which he was holding in his hand, and left them. In a few seconds the affair was ended. According to Mr Chaworth's account of what passed, he saw Lord Byron's sword half drawn, and, knowing the man, immediately, or as quick as he could, whipped out his sword and had the first thrust, running Lord Byron through some part of his waistcoat. Then Lord Byron, shortened his sword and ran his Chaworth through the body. The bell was rung the landlord entered the room to find Lord Byron supporting Chaworth. Mr Hawkins, the surgeon was immediately summoned; but the wound proved mortal. Chaworth lived long enough to make a will leaving everything to his lady friend, in who's house he lived, in Berkerley Row, Piccadilly.
One of the members of the Nottinghamshire Club, Mr Sherwin took the rapiers away and are both now preserved at Annersley Hall, in Nottinghamshire.

Lord Byron was tried for murder on 16 April, 1765, in Westminster Hall. The peers almost unanimously dismissed the charge of murder, and found him guilty of manslaughter only.
The fatal termination of the duel, and its circumstances --the absence of seconds, the dark room dimly lighted by one miserable tallow candle-- attracted so much attention for the case that, it is said, tickets for the trial were, sold for six guineas apiece.
There seems, however, nothing which, judged by the code of the day, could reflect any special blame on Lord Byron, or discredit him in the county. Thenceforward he absented himself from London.

After the birth of her son Mrs Byron Gordon settled at Aberdeen. There for a time she was joined by her husband, though they soon found it necessary to live at opposite ends of Queen street.
Captain Byron's daughter, Augusta, had been placed under the care of her grandmother, Lady Holderness; his wife could give him no more money she had run into debt to supply him with £300, and on her remaining income she could barely maintain herself and her son. He was free from incumbrances, and had drained the milch cow dry.
Returning in 1790 to France, he died in the summer of the following year at Valenciennes, In his will, dictated by him from his sick bed to two notaries of that city, on 21 June, 1791, he is described as, "John Byron, a native of London, and ordinarily resident there". You'll notice he makes no mention, of his wife or of his daughter.

The operative part, as translated from the French into the English of Doctors' Commons, 17 August, 1791, runs as follows

I give and bequeath to Mrs Leigh, my sister, the sum of £400 sterling, to be paid out of the effects of my deceased father and mother. I appoint my son, Mr George Byron, heir of my real and personal estate, and charge him to pay my debts, legacies, and funeral expenses. I appoint the said Mrs Leigh, my sister, executrix of this my will.

The death of Captain Byron was passionately lamented by his wife, who, in spite of his vices, adored her handsome larrikan of a husband. Already an orphan and almost beggared, she was now a widow of 26, with an income of £122 a year, out of which to lodge, clothe, and feed her son and herself, and to provide for his education.


The Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners Bill adopted by Lord Stanley, for the amendment and enlargement of the then existing Passengers Act was issued and published in The Australian on Monday 25 July 1842. The following is an abridgement of the Bill.

1. The first clause repeals former acts, 5 and 6 Will. IV., c. 53, and 3 and 4 Vic. c.21.

2. The number of passengers to be carried in each vessel is limited: vessels proceeding from the United Kingdom or the Channel Islands to any place out of Europe, not being within the Mediterranean Sea, shall carry no more than one. passenger for every two tons of the registered tonnage. In the lower deck or platform ten clear superficial feet are to be allowed for each passenger; or if the ships pass within the Tropics, the voyage not being computed at more than twelve weeks, twelve feet are to be allowed; at more than twelve weeks, fifteen feet. One passenger may be carried under the poop for every thirty passengers. The master incurs a penalty of £5 for every possenger in access of the proper number

3. Every ship must have a lower deck or platform above or level with the top of the lower beams, properly secured to them, and of an inch and a half in thickness.

4. There must be a height of at least six feet between the upper and lower decks.

5. There must be only two tiers of berths; the lower, six inches from the deck.

6. A supply of not less than three quarts of water must be issued to each passenger per day, and seven pounds of bread stuff per week; of the latter, one third may consist of potatoes, reckoned at the rate of five pounds for one of bread stuffs. No ship to be cleared out without having on board sufficient supplies of provisions and water.

7 Regulations for securing the supply of water and for its preservation on the voyage.

8. The length of voyages, is to be computed according to the following rule: to North America, ten weeks; West Indies, ten weeks; Central or South America, twelve weeks; West Coast of Africa, twelve weeks; Cape of Good Hope or the Falkland Islands, fifteen weeks; Mauritius, eighteen weeks; Western Australia, twenty weeks; other Australian Colonies, twenty two weeks; New Zealand, twenty four weeks.

9. Two children under fourteen years of age to be reckoned as one adult passenger.

10. The Emigration Agent at the port which the vessel leaves, or in the absence of such a functionary, the officers of the Customs, are to examine the provisions and water as to quantity and quality, and the allotment of space; and to ascertain that there is an ample supply of water and stores for the crew of the ship or other persons on board, over and above what Is provided for the passengers.

11. Provides for the rigid survey of the ship, as to its sea worthiness; and gives the Commissioner of Customs or the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners power to detain vessels until rendered seaworthy.

12. Every ship of 150 and under 250 tons must carry two boats; under 500 tons three boats; more than that, four boats.

13. Masters to carry two copies of the act, open to the perusal of passengers.

14. With every ship carrying one hundred passengers a medical practitioner is to sail; in every ship carrying a smaller number, medicines of sufficient amount and of proper kind to be carried

15. Spirits are not to be laden on board by way of stores, except for the master and crew and cabin passengers, or as medical comforts; but the sale of spirits to any passenger during the voyage is absolutely prohibited, under a penalty of not less than £50, nor more than £200.

16. The masters are to keep a list of passengers according to a given form, to be countersigned by the officers of Customs at the port of clearance, and deposited with the officers of Customs or Consul at the port of discharge.

17. A like list is to be kept of additional passengers who may be taken on board during the voyage.

18. Written receipts for passage money to any place in North America are to be given to steerage passengers, according to a given form, under a penalty of £2.

19. Passage brokers contracting for passages to North America are to be licensed by Justices in the Petit or Quarter Sessions of their district; and will incur a penalty of £10 for every passage contracted without a license.

20. All brokers who contract for a passage, without due authority from the parties to whom the vessel belongs, incur a penalty not exceeding £5; with the liability on the part of the licensed broker to have the license taken away.

21. If a contract for a passage is broken, the aggrieved parties, unless maintained at the expense of the con tractors, shall recover the amount of passage money with a sum not exceeding £5 for each passage, by way of compensation

22. In case vessels are detained beyond the appointed day of departure, lodgings and rations are to be provided for each passenger, or he is allowed one shilling a day as subsistence money.

23. At the close of the voyage persons are to be entitled to remain on board for forty eight hours after the arrival in port; and are to be provided for in the same manner as during the voyage; unless, in the ulterior prosecution of her voyage, any such ship shall quit any such port or place within the said period of forty eight hours.

24. The master of the vessel is to afford every facility to the proper officers for the inspection of the ship.

25. This clause enumerates many of the foregoing regulations to the breach of which special penalties have not been affixed, and enforces them under a penalty of not less than £5 nor more than £50.

26. The right is reserved to passengers to proceed at law for any breach of contract.

27. The mode of recovering penalties is directed.

28. Owners or charterers and masters of vessels carrying more than fifty passengers, are to enter into bond, without stamp, for the due performance of the regulations prescribed by the act.

29. Vessels not carrying more than twenty passengers, and ships in the service of the Admiralty or East India Company, ships of war, or transports, are exempted from the operation of the act.

30. The act is extended to the carriage of passengers by sea from any of the British West Indies (in which term, are included the British West India Islands, the Bahamas, and British Guiana,) from Malta, British possessions on the West coast of Africa, and from Mauritius, to any other place whatsoever.

31. Governors of colonies not already enumerated may adopt this act by proclamation.

32. Those Governors are empowered to declare the computed length of voyages from their own colony to any other place for the purposes of the act; but short voyages of less than three weeks are reserved for particular enactment below.

33. The Governor may substitute different articles of provisions from those specified in the act.

34. The proclamation is to be transmitted to the Queen in Council for confirmation or disallowance; but until disallowed, it is to be in force.

35. Governors are to possess the powers vested in Customs-officers for determining the sea worthiness of vessels.

36. Bonds are not required in respect of voyages from colonies.

37. And such voyages are exempted from the regulations as to the keeping: copies of the act, the form of receipts for passage-money , the licensing of passage-brokers, the return of passage-money and compensation, and the payment of subsistence money.

38. With those exceptions, the act is extended to voyages from the West Indies of less than three weeks but, not less than three days duration, except as relates to the construction or thickness of the lower deck, the height between decks,the surgeon and medicine chests, and the maintenance of passengers for forty eight hours. In such short voyages from the West Indies the owner or charterer may contract with passengers to provide themselves with food, not including water; but nevertheless the proper officer must ascertain that the passengers have provided an adequate quantity of food.

39. Governors of colonies other than West Indies may adopt these regulations respecting short voyages.

40. This act is not to prevent local legislatures in the West Indies, the Bahama Islands, and Bermuda, or the Queen in Council, from establishing necessary rules and regulations, unless counter to the provisions of the act.

41. The Governor-General of India is empowered to extend the act from time to time to any ports or places within his jurisdiction.

42. Foreign vessels engaged in any voyages specified in the act are to be subject to its provisions.

43. The term "passengers" in the act is not held to include cabin passengers.

44. In all proceedings it shall be sufficient to cite the act by the title of "The Passengers Act."

NOTE:This act remained in force until October 1849 when because of so called "Ocean Hells and Death Ships" the new Consolidated Passenger Act was brought in. This Act covered both British and foreign vessels and empowered Colonial Governors effectually to interfere on behalf of the passenger, so as to secure for him a clearly defined modicum of sustenance and comfort during the voyage. I shall deliver a copy of this New Consolidated Passenger Act on a future journal.

Electronically translated text taken from The Australian newspaper issued on Wednesday 25 July 1842. Transcribed and corrected on the 8 January 2012 by janilye

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 2 months ago


It was the passengers on the barque Indian and their complaints who essentially caused The Passenger Act of 1842 to be changed.

There are several sections of The Passenger Act this section below deals with regulations to be observed on board passenger ships.

Issued by the Queen in Council : -

1. All passengers who shall not be prevented by sickness, or other sufficient cause, to be determined by the surgeon, or in ships carrying no surgeon by the master, shall rise not later than 7 o'clock a.m., at which hour the fires shall be lighted.

2. It shall be the duty of the cook, appointed under the twenty-sixth section of the said "Passengers' Act, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine," to light the fires and to take care that they be kept alight during the day, and also to take care that each passenger, or family of passengers, shall have the use of the fireplace at the proper hours, in an order to be fixed by the master.

3. When the passengers are dressed their beds shall be rolled up.

4. The decks, including the space under the bottom of the berths, shall be swept before breakfast, and all dirt thrown overboard.

5. The breakfast hour shall be from eight to nine o'clock am.; provided that, before the commencement of breakfast, all the emigrants, except as herein before excepted, be out of bed and dressed, and that the beds have been rolled up, and the deck on which the emigrants live properly swept.

6. The deck shall further be swept after every meal, and, after breakfast is concluded, shall be also dry holy-stoned or scraped. This duty, as well as that of cleaning the ladders, hospitals, and round-houses, shall be performed by a party taken in rotation from the adult males above fourteen, in the proportion of five to every one hundred emigrants, and who shall be considered as sweepers for the day. But the single women shall per- form this duty in their own compartment, where a separate compartment is allotted to them,
and the occupant of each berth shall see that his own berth is well brushed out.

7. Dinner shall commence at one o'clock p.m. and supper at six p.m

8. The fires shall be extinguished at seven p.m., unless otherwise directed by the master, or required for the use of the sick, and the emigrants shall be in their berths at ten o'clock p.m. except under the permission or authority of the surgeon; or if there be no surgeon, of the master.

9. Three safety lamps shall be lit at dusk, and kept burning till ten o'clock p.m.; after which hour,
two of the lamps may be extinguished one being nevertheless kept burning at the main hatchway all night.

10. No naked light shall be allowed at any time or on any account.

11. The scuttles and stemports, if any, shall, weather permitting, be opened at seven o'clock, a.m.
and kept open till ten o'clock p.m.; and the hatches shall be kept open whenever the weather permits.

12. The coppers and cooking utensils shall be cleaned every day.

13. The beds shall be well shaken and aired on deck at least twice a week.

14. The bottom boards of the berths, if not fixtures, shall be removed and dry-scrubbed, and taken on deck
at least twice a week.

19. A space of deck-room shall be apportioned for a hospital, not less, for vessels carrying
one hundred passengers, than forty-eight superficial feet, with two or four bed-berths erected therein;
nor less for vessels carrying two hundred or more passengers, than one hundred and twenty superficial feet,
with six bed-berths therein.

16. Two days in the week shall be appointed by the master as washing days; but no washing or drying of clothes shall on any account be permitted between decks.

17. On Sunday mornings the passengers shall be mustered at ten o'clock a.m. and will be expected
to appear in clean and decent apparel. The Lord's Day shall be observed as religiously as
circumstances will admit.

18. No spirits or gunpowder shall be taken on board by any passenger: and if either of
those articles be discovered in the possession of a passenger, it shall be taken into
the custody of the master during the voyage, and not returned to the passenger until
he is on the point of disembarking.

19. No loose hay or straw shall be allowed below for any purpose.

20. No smoking shall be allowed between decks.

21. All gambling, fighting, riotous or quarrelsome behaviour, swearing and violent language,
shall be at once put a stop to. Swords and other offensive weapons shall, as soon as the passengers embark,
be placed in the custody of the master.

22. No sailors shall be allowed to remain on the passenger deck, among the passengers, except on duty.

23. No passenger shall go to the ship's cookhouse, without special permission from the master, nor remain in the forecastle among the sailors on any account.

24. In vessels not expressly required by the said "Passengers'Act, 1849," to have on board such ventilating apparatus as therein mentioned, such other provision shall be made for ventilation as shall be required, by the emigration officer, at the port of embarkation, or in his absence by the officers of customs.

25. And to prevent all doubts in the construction of this Order in Council, it is hereby further ordered that the terms "United Kingdom" and "Passenger Ship" shall herein have the same significations as are assigned to them respectively in the said "Passengers' Act, one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine."
And the Right Honorable Earl Grey, one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, is to give the necessary directions herein accordingly.


Electronically translated text taken from The Sydney Morning Herald newspaper issued on Wednesday 11 March 1850. Transcribed and corrected on the 8 January 2012 by janilye
Also, for your interest, I have added Post World War Two migrant ships and in particular the FAIRSEA.
From Museum Victoria and for other information on Immigration, Naturalisation &c. National Archives with their online index.

The photograph below Scene onboard an Australian Emigration Ship. taken from an Australian Newspaper 20 January 1849

3 comment(s), latest 3 years, 2 months ago

The Phoenix to Hobart 1825

The ship 'Phoenix', under the guidance of Captain Francis Dixon, left Downs on the 16 September 1824, touched at the Cape of Good Hope, where she remained for a week and arrived in Hobart on Wednesday the 25th.January 1825 with 76 passengers (including children) and merchandize.

The passengers were:


Mrs. Dixon and infant, Dudley Ferriday, Esq., Captain and Mrs. Pike, Miss Pike, Mr. and Mrs. Gough and 3 children, Mrs. and Miss Blachford, Mr. and Mrs. Bignal and 2 children, Mrs. and Miss Clark, Mrs. Johnson and 3 children, Mrs. Landsell and 2 children, Mrs. Dalrymple, Mr. Hill, Mr. G. Ives, S. R. A. Architect, Mr. Redfern and son, and Mr. Griffiths, surgeon of the ship.


Mrs. Scromartie and 2 children, Mr. and Mrs. Fox, Mr. and Mrs. Horsden and 4 children, Mrs. English and son, Mr. and Mrs. Mannington and 2 children, Mrs. Rawlins and child, Miss Ann Bolton, Mrs. Rowe, Mr. and Mrs. Appleton and 2 children, Mr. and Mrs.Watchorn and 4 children, Mr. and Mrs. Chapman and 3 children, Mr. Morgan, Mr. Addison, Mr. H. Addison, Mr. Henderson, Mr. J. Crouch, Bridget Dunn, Charles Radcliffe, John Medhurst, Thomas Bolton,and Samuel Cox.

Also onboard the Phoenix were a considerable number of Merino sheep of the purest breed;some of which were destined for New South Wales.
Those for Hobart Town were from the flock of C. C. WESTERN, Esq. M. P. for Essex, a Gentleman who had already much benefited the Island by previous shipments of his sheep.-Fifteen of them were consigned for W. A. BETHUNE, Esq. and nine for JAMES GRANT, Esq., four having died on the passage.

Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemens Land Advertiser
Friday 28 January 1825

Are you looking for your Tasmanian immigrant ?
Meryl Yost of Launceston is co-ordinator of this AUS-Tasmanian Genealogy Mailing List

The Pioneers of Bulga,New South Wales 1896

I have names on seven people in this photograph, taken on the 11 November 1896. Can anyone name the others? Unfortunately I think the view in here is too small, so if you have an inkling please contact me and I will email you an original. janilye
Standing in the back row is Peter MCALPIN 1809-1898. William Glas McAlpin 1810-1902
Sitting in front of them is Thomas EATHER 1824-1909 and wife Eliza CROWLEY 1822-1897. in front of them is Elizabeth Clark nee McDONALD 1810-1899
The woman in the wheelchair is Elizabeth RUSSELL 1822-1899 and beside her is her husband William PARTRIDGE 1818-1906

January 2014
I now have all the names

The lady standing on the left is Susannah HOLMES, nee TAYLOR b: 1841
in front of her sitting is Thomas Hayes b:1824 d:1914 and beside him his wife Mary ann, nee Broughton b: 1826 d: 1904.
Then the centre group which I had .
Over on the right sitting beside William Partridge is James Coe b:1828 d:1910 and his wife Sarah, nee HOWARD b: 1828 d:1908. All are related by marriage except Mrs. Holmes.

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 11 months ago

The Quin

Talking about Quinn's brought back a memory of a funny story. I was at a roadhouse in the Northern Territory called Threeways,just north of Tennant Creek, back in 1988 and in the bar(where else?) This bar is 24 hours and attracts tourists, truckies,miners,ringers desperados and the locals. The walls of the bar are covered in all sorts of things including car number plates notes to and from people passing through etc. and one wall has money stuck on it from all parts of the world.

In walk two aboriginal boys from a community the other side of Phillip Creek . They barely speak english and are catching the bus to see the doctor 560ks south in Alice Springs.
They see the money on the wall and pay particular attention to the Irish pound note.
They point to the picture of the queen on the colourful note and ask me, "Who That?"
I said, "That's the Queen.
"Yes" I repeated
"Who Quin?"
I said, "She's the boss"
"Where quin live" they ask.
"Oh, she lives a long way away. In England"
"We can go see Quin?"
" NO no no it's too far."
"How long way?" they asked again.
"A very, very long way, on the other side of the world." I explain.
after confering together for a minute, they both said,
"Ahhhhhhh Near Kalgoorlie"
"Yes" said I. " Near Kalgoorlie."

For those of you who don't know. Kalgoorlie is in Western Australia and a short cut is down the Gun Barrell highway from Alice Springs

6 comment(s), latest 3 years, 11 months ago

The rescue of Georgie Porter 1907

14 April 1907, Western Australia
Re: The Swan Boys Orphanage more popularly know as the Coffinage at Middle Swan
conducted by that animated stove-pipe, the Rev. Alfred 'Bully' Burton.

This case came under the notice of The Sunday Times of Western Australia in 1907
and shows up the methods of these sectarian-bossed orphanages at their worst,
and reveals a scandalous abuse not to be borne in a free country.
There was an idea at this time that the days of civil and religious despotism
were done-at least in Australia- But it would seem to have been a fallacy,

There are many people associated with the early days of the eastern gold
fields who will recollect Charlie Porter. He was the typical Australian prospector;
a well-known figure at every rush, one of the first men on Broken Hill, and one of
the multitude, who hit out in the wake of Bayley.
Like so many of his class he died poor, and his widow, after a brave struggle
to support her little family, was obliged to seek the aid of charity.
Through the agency of Warden Finnerty, she got her two eldest boys admitted to
the Swan Orhanage.
The mother was almost heart-broken at parting with her children, but
solaced herself with the reflection--that when the good times dawned on her
she would be able to get them out and lavish a maternal care on them until
the day came for them to quit the family roof-tree.
But she didn't know the sort of 'philanthropy' that rules at Swan Orphanage. It is
four years and four months since her boys became wards of the Anglican Church.
And they are so yet.
In course of time a change came over the fortunes of Mrs. Porter.
She married again, and two of her brothers secured good positions in Westralia.
She thus became in a position to support her boys, and after a
natural delay, due to her anxiety to make sure that
her prosperity was permanent and not transitory--that after getting the,
children from the Orphanage she should not be obliged to send them back
she finally applied for permission to resume control of her children.
It goes without saying that the latter have not been happy in their Dotheboys Hall.
Apart from their natural preference for the society of their own mother and little
sisters, they, in common with the other victims, complain of the poor fare,
the bitter grind, and the gloomy Puritanism supplied in Burton's Boeotian retreat:
The elder boy, who is now 14, expressed a desire to go out to work,
in order to be a help to his step-father, whomore power to him !
is perfectly willing to support the children, but doesn't get more than 10s, a day.
This fact was innocently mentioned by the anxious mother to the
Reverend (?) Burton, and the following letter will show how
he made use of it :-

"Dear Madam,
Your application for your two sons, George and Charley Porter,
was considered by the committee at last meeting.
The committee feel quite confident that their interests and
welfare will be far more securely conserved while under the
control of the manager than if returned to you.
It has therefore been decided that they shall both remain here.
If you had applied for them at the time you married again,
as soon as you were in a position, to keep them, and not when
the elder one is, on your own proposition,
ready to go out and earn wages, the application
might have been differently received.

Yours truly,

[When the mother brought that amazing document to the "Sunday Times," we were willing
to believe that the last word had not been said on the subject, and arranged that she
should interview Bishop Riley. But the Bishop merely told her, in effect, that
"the matter was in the hands of Mr.Burton." which means that the mother
will not get her children if Burton can prevent her. Which means that his Lordship
Bishop Riley actually considers the paternal (?) rule of Bowelless Burton better
for the boys than the loving care of their mother Which sets up the astounding
proposition that the Anglican Church has more right to children to whom it gave
temporary refuge "for charity's sake" than their own decent, capable and natural
guardianthe mother who bore them. Which asserts that the church owns its orphans,
body and soul until they attain their legal majority; postulates, in fact, that the
Anglican Church (which has no civil rights or powers beyond those of the Hokes or
the Seventh Day Adventists) runs a state within a state, and is above the law
of West Australia.
This enormously impudent assumption of private property in children may have been quite
legal in Italy 300 -years ago. It may also be conceded in the Russia of to day.
But in a free-State of the free Australian Commonwealth in the year of grace 1907 it is
nothing else than a shriekinging anachronism and a gross abuse of privilege.
It is opposed both to law and to human nature; it rests on an injustice;
it can't stand the test of critical examination, from any direction. As we take it,
the only "right" by which the church holds these chil dren is the right of possession;
And if the mother chooses to exercise her natural and legal rights as a parent and
forcibly removes her boys from the Swan Orphanage, what power in W. A.
can punish her for it ?. Certainly not the church, for it doesn't possess any
punitive powers in addition to the flesh and blood proprietorship which it arrogates.
Certainly not the State, since maternal love is a more precious consideration that
the 'pecuniary welfare of any religious organisation. And although the law is a
strange and inconsistent aflair, and a frail reed to lean a conjecture on we hardly
think any court of law would punish a decent and capable mother for forcibly assuming
her maternal right to feed, clothe, and cherish her fatherless little ones.

We haven't given the woman this advice. We are procuring an opinion as to the
legal aspects of the position in order to enable her to proceed with! certitude.
But the public may take this for granted.

The. "Sunday Times" is going to get those children out.

'This paper is going to burst the bubble of ecclesiastical arrogance which usurps
proprietary rights over human flesh and blood. The real guardian of these
children is the STATE.
The church is merely a deputy guardian liable to be removed at any time.
By a simple exercise of its supreme power, the State, through its executive, can
wipe away the whole com geries of sectarian orphanages and give the guardianship of
the children into secular hands.
And if all the sectarian orphanageswhich God forfend !are run like Bully Burtons barracks
for boy slaves, the soonest the State does this the better.
If the sectarian orphanages have it as a principle that their charter of guardianship
is superior to the God-given right of a mother to feed, clothe and cherish the babes that
she bore, and who were suckled at her breast, it is the bounden duty of the W.A.
Government to sweep them into nothingness, as the Clemenceau Government is doing in France.]

19 May 1907, Western Australia

'This is the narrative of " Uncle Jim"
Being the personal experience of a " Sunday Times" scribe who rescued George Porter from the clutches of Parson Bully Burton, and also forced him, later on, to disgorge George's little brother Charlie.

It was suggested in the office that as the pedagogue-parson seemed impervious to all sense of humanity, kidnapping of at least one of the boys would precipitate matters.
Writer therefore was introduced to, the mother of the boys ; and assumed the name and
family status of their "Uncle Jim" there being such a person in
the Stott menage.

To lend an air of realism to the family expedition in going out to reconnoitre,
writer's status was fully maintained : Christian names on both sides being, allowed.
In this way family feticity was well-established.

The first shock; came' on its way out.
The Rev. Burton was met half-way!

Knowing the mother would at all times endeavor to obtain possession of her babies;
and as she was knowns to the Rev. B. a judicious re-arrangement, and shuffle of Veils,
arms, and waists fully persuaded the passing parson. that it was nothing more deadly
than a two-and-carry-one - picnic.

The mother was dropped near the soon-to-be-historic river and bridge, and
Auntie Hettie and Uncle Jim drove boldly into the fearsome fortresses.

Half-a-hundred anxious-eyed boys attired in all sorts and conditions of clothing,
paused in their work as the buggy stopped and Auntie Hettie went to spy the land.

The matron came down like a Nor' West willy-willy when Charlie Porter
was asked for.

Suddenly both youngsters came running up from the marsh fields wherein
they were working, severe chest complaints being evidently thought a
trifle at this modern "Dotheboy's Hall".

Then the Superintendent sighted the party and also came down at a Postle-like swing.

"Auntie Hettie was Privately "wording" the boys as to "Uncle Jim from the Fields" when
the Super. swooped down, confiscated the silver coin just handed to the lads and,
making an entry re: it being "invested for them until they were 21," offered to show
the party around.

While "the Super, primed Uncle Jim up with the beauties and benefits of being a
juvenile helot under Burton Squeers; the said quick-witted Auntie Hettie ambled around
ostensibly admiring the ducks, pigs, cabbages, mud and other products of the orphan farm.. '

When a mental map of the locality had been made the boys were told to
be in the lane between 7 and 8 that evening, and they might have a chance
for liberty.

Uncle Jim then drove his dearly beloved sisters back to Midland, gave the
buggy up to the livery stable, sent the ladies home by train and walked back
in the dark to the Orphanage.
Four hours of weary crawling and crouching amongst logs, wire fences pig-styes, etc,
failed to find the boys, the only break to the monotony being the sounds of evening
service held in the adjacent church. Eventually, after having, ruined a suit of clothes
per medium of farm slush and wire fencess : and having been severely trodden on
by a vagrant cow ; Uncle Jim deployed furtively back to town, heart-sick
and disconsolate.

Another rescue expedition was formed on the following Saturday morning-
the parties being a well-known scribe, the step-father of the boys, and Uncle Jim.

This time a complete swaggy's disguise was assumed out in the bush by Uncle Jim, who,
leaving the others secreted under the river bridge, trudged over the ploughed paddock
past the spot where by the aid of a powerful pair of field glasses he located George Porter.

Stopping momentaräy, and pointing over toward Ferguson's vineyard
as if inquiring his way, the disguised Uncle Jim passed a hurried word to the boy to be
at a certain spot on the river bank while the other boys were busy at lunch.
"Bring Charlie," he whispered. "If that isn't possible, come alone."

'An hour later Uncle Jim, the other pressman, and the step-dad, crouching in the river
reeds, saw with quickly-beating hearts a pathetic little figure stealing warily
from tuft to tuft of sheltering grass and bush, from boulder to tree stump,
and from hill to gully.
Nearer and nearer he came, stumbling and slipping by the muddy ooze of the river sedges,
until he came to a big Willow tree, lying prone by the bank. Here the little hero,
opened his guernsey, slipped something grey and alive into the hollow log, and
continued his journey of escape.
The something grey and alive was a half-grown possum, caught by George. at that spot
a week before, and thinking his brother might be soon also rescued, and not having
confidence in leaving his pet with others, he gave it its liberty !

A minute later he reached a spot opposite his rescuers, and began to strip for the swim across.

A whispered shout was wafted to him to cross by the bridge. -To this he shook his head meaningly.
His rescuers soon saw the reason. The bridge stood up and out, in full view of not
only the Orphanage, but of the parsonage, the church, and the cottages of half-a-dozen
local farm laborers.
- He was half undressed, when Uncle Jim and the daily scribe, stripping! in
lightening time, plunged in, crossed the river, and escorted the gallant little kiddie across.

After a necessarily, hurried towelling with soft dry grass, the party set out for home and mummy,
the scribe and the step-dad going away ostentatiously towards Midland Junction.
Uncle Jim and the boy Georgie snaking along, slow, tortuous skirt along the entire river
bank to Guildford,

Before half a mile was covered, a score of stops were made to allow the boy to convulsively
cough and rack his poor iittle frame until he lay panting and exhausted on the river bank.
So slow was the progress that at the end of two hours a mile and a half only had been covered.

After crawling and creeping through rail and wire fences, through and under prickly bushes
and hurdles that barred the track, Uncle Jim called a halt in a gully, planted his weary
little, charge in a hollow covered with boughs, and passing himself off as the skipper of
a broken-down motor-launch, hypnotised a farm slavey for a bottle of milk.
That slavey is hereby asked to forgive the fiction, as is also the presiding genius
of the Lord's Recording Diary.

Further down the river, as the poor little truant was now thoroughly done up,
a punt was commandeered and, using a bough as a paddle it was gondoliered down stream.

Owner of said punt is likewise apologised to, and asked to forgive the sin and trespass.

Near the Guildford bridge, George was again planted, while Uncle Jim, giving him an amazing
list of fictions in case of an inquisitive bail-up, made his apparently casual way to
the Rose and Crown, where the daily scribe and step-dad were unearthed (by appointment)
-assimlating their fifth pint of shandy.

A, 'phone to Perth brought out a pair of speedy nags and a double seated waggonette for
the drive home, the police by this time, right through from Midland to Perth, being busy
examining each and every carriage and trap on railway and road.

Uncle Jim, going back to the poor little, waiting waif, with lemonade and biscuits,
found him still huddled under his covering of leaves and bark, and it was, glad arms,
and hearts beating with thankful emotion, that an hour later swung" him from under the
seat into his. mother's arms.

When Uncle Jim and Georgie separated from the others at the "Sunday Times" office,
and had invaded a restaurant, a barber's shop, and
Sir.James Brennan's emporium (that gentleman having generously clothed the boy from top to toe),
the ultimate destination, Applecross, was reached about midnight.

Monday brought the staggering news that the Rev. Squeers Burton had invoked the
combined forces of Law and Order to hound down the dastardly miscreant who had dared
to prefer his mother's arms and domestic joys to the cold comforts of thc barracks on the Swan Riven,

Then Richard Haynes, K.C., took the said law by the large, ignominious ear, and pointed
out the fact that the law was the same old ass of aforetime, and any impulsive John Hop,
burgling the bough-shed of Uncle Jim at Applecross would land the Government into a
financial muddle that would take some thousands of bright, golden quids to square.

Before the squelching of the warrant came, a dozen policemen and troopers
had scoured the landscape in search of that abandoned felon, to-wit, George Porter,
their instructions being to place him in the lowest and darkest dungeon of the Swan Coffinage.

The acumen of Haynes, K.C., the good sense of Gus Roe, P.M., the whole-hearted ardor and
generosity of Dr. Taaffe, and sundry 'assistance from friends and sympathisers,
eventually squelched the illegitimate criminal warrant and to-day young Georgie Porter
is revelling in God's great glad sunshine on the hills of Applecross,
in place of fretting his little soul out, behind the prison boundaries of Squeers Burton.

Yesterday he was a child grown into man's moodiness, through harshness
and restraint." To-day he is a real, live boy, albeit a sickly one, but a boy with
bright, sunny surroundings, and all that youth should' have, before the woes of manhood
dry the blood, and sour the heart to sordidness.

This was the menu for the boys
in the orphanage up until the Burton Regime finished;
-Breakfast Porridge (made very thin, with no milk,
and the sugar boiled with it for economy's sake),
dry bread to mop it up with.
Dinner/lunch -Soup and bread (no meat or vegetables except what are in the soup-
very little soup if you happen to be late).
Tea-One slice of bread and jam or bread and honey, dry bread to fill up with, and a mug of cocoa.
Butter is seen by the boys, at the very-most, never more than three times a year !
Many of the boys attended the State School at Middle Swan and relied on crusts
of bread and anything else they were given by the non-orphanage pupils.

The West Australian, Monday 12 June 1911
The inquest concerning the death of the boy George Jones, who died recently
in the Children's Hospital, whither he was taken by his mother from the Swan Boys' Orphanage,
will be resumed at the Coroner's Court on Tuesday, June 20.
The case is exciting a great deal of interest, and Detective Dempsey, who is conducting t
he investigations, has subpoenaed a large number of witnesses.
It was ascertained last night that the Rev. Alfred Burton, the manager of the orphanage,
tendered his resignation to the committee of management, after
Mr. F. D. North, C.M,G., had concluded' his recent inquiry into several charges
relating to the conduct of the institution, and that it was accepted.

George Jones was only 9
He died from a cut on his leg which was left untreated.
He was told he was shamming and although he was in excruciating pain
he was made to walk to school for four days, aided by his brothers.

Georgie and Charlie's mother was
Maria Charlotte Leary b: Hotham, Victoria in 1872 and
died in Brunswick, Victoria in 1948.
In Melbourne in 1890 she married 1st. Husband Charles Porter,
b: abt. 1865 died in Kalgoorlie in 1900.
When Charles Porter died he left five children living.
3 girls and 2 boys.
Mini Gertrude Porter b: 1891 in Norwood, South Australia and twin
Roseina Porter b: 1891 in Norwood, South Australia
George Henry Porter b: 1893 in South Australia
Charles Leary Porter b: 1896 Brunswick, Victoria
Ada Victoria Porter b: 1898 in Coolgardie WA.

Her second husband was William Henry Stott,
b: in Victoria in 1878 and died in Richmond, Victoria in 1942
they married in Perth in 1904. Moved to Victoria abt 1917
Young Georgie was born George Henry Porter on the
4 April 1893 in South Australia.
I'm uncertain about the following, but perhaps George married
Joyce Mills in Western Australia in 1936 and remained in Western Australia.
Charlie was taken from the orphanage 4 days after Georgie.
Charlie's full name was Charles Leary Porter b: 1894 in Melbourne.
He joined the 16th Battallion A.I.F at Blackboy Hill, WA
on the 19 July 1916
Embarked from Fremantle on the 'Argyleshire for
France on 9 November 1916
Poor Charlie died of wounds on the 27 September 1917 at the
2nd. Canadian Casualty Clearing Station in Belgium.

THE S.S. DORIC - Passenger List 1886

ARRIVAL OF THE S.S. DORIC. In Adventure Bay, Tasmania

Sailed from London on 22 April and from Plymouth on 24 April 1886
Captain J.W.Jennings

Transcribed from The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954)
Friday 4 June 1886

At 9:15 p.m. yesterday a large steamer was signalled off Adventure Bay, supposed to be the S.S Doric. A telephone message sent later on stated that the pilot had left Pearson's Point to board her, but up to 2:30 this morning she had not put in an appearance in the cove. It is to be presumed that owing to the thick weather she has brought up somewhere down the river. Her arrival may therefore be looked for at an early hour this morning.
According to the Australian Times she has a large passenger list, but how many for Hobart does not appear.
The following is the list of passengers booked from London:

First Saloon Mr. Ampt, Capt. G. Boyes, R.N.,
Mr. R. Dezoete, Mr. J. J. Hamilton, Mr. W. J. Haycraft,
Miss Latham, Mrs. W.S. Lucas,
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Middleton, Master Jas. Middleton,
Mr. Percival S. Mayhew, Mr. John E. Pearson,
Sir W. Stowell, Miss Stowell, Mr. P. E. Singer,
Mr. J. H. Selmes, Colonel J. C. Thompson.

Second Saloon Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ashcroft and family (3), Mr. Arthur Armishaw, Sergeant Brown, Mr. R. V. Clout,
Mr. Chamberlain, Mr. and Mrs. R. Cousins and family (6),
Miss Alice Craven, Mr. Crimes, Mr. C. L. Hartmann,
Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Ledger, Miss M. Ledger.
Mr. B. Ledger, Mr. H. Norton, Mr. and Mrs. A. W Pywell,
Mr. E. Parker, Mrs. Savage, Mr.and Mrs. G. S. Woodman and family (6),
Mr. F. E. Watson, Mr. Webb, Miss Waters.

Third Class Mr. E. Aldis, Mr. A. Aldis, Mr. J Anderson,
Mr. T. Anderson, Mr. J. Adams,
Miss Agnes Allen, Mr. and Mrs. R.Allen,
Mr. and Mrs. G. Allrecht and sons (2), Miss M. Bruce,
Mr. T. Burke, Mr. D. Bell, Mr.J. C.Blamey, Mr. G. Barker,
Mr. J. Burn, Mr. J. F. Burns, Mr. E. Bosham, Mr. J. Broadhurst,
Mr. James Broadhurst, Mr. G. Broadhurst, Mr. P. Bryan.
Mr. and Mrs. John Clay, Mr. J. Convillo, Mr. H. Crofts,
Mr. P. Cashman, Mr. J. Clarke, Mr. E. Clancy,
Mr. D. Charlesworth, Mr. J. Clarke, Mr. J. Clee,
Mr. A Crichton, Mr. and Mrs. J. Croft and family (4),
Mr. and Mrs. J. Cocker and family (3), Mr. R. Dunball,
Miss M. Dumpster, Mr. J. Doig, Miss A. Desmond,
Miss M. Desmond, Miss N. Desmond, Mr. W. Evans, Mr. L. Erikson,
Mr. J. Evans, Mr. W. Evans, Mr. A Erwin, Mr. R, Eberlein,
Mr. W. S. Fee, Mr. T. Gore, Mr. F. W. Gore, Mr. W. Gore,
Mr. M. Gilman, Mr. E. Grove. Miss J. Gambrill, Mr. J. Gallivan,
Mr. W. Greenwood, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Green, Miss L. Green,
Mr. M. Gilhooly, Mrs E. Gambril and family (9),
Mr. H. Hinton, Mr. T. Haslam, Mr. R. Hudner, Mr. C. Hansman,
Mr. J. Harper, Mr. B. W. Hunt, Mr. C. Israng, Mr. A. Jackson,
Mr. A. Johansson, Mr. C. Jonsson, Mr. J. Kemp,
Mr.and Mrs H. Matthews, Mr.and Mrs.W S. Milverton and family (6),
Mr. and Mrs.J. Maynard, Mr. W. McAughem, Mr. J. Aughem,
Mr. D McLean, Mr. T. McCammon, Mr. G. R. Milton, Mr. A.Morrison,
Mr. W. Murdock, Mr. G A. Matheson, Mr. and Mrs, G. North,
Master W. North, Miss S. North, Mr. J. Noss, Mr. H. Nishans,
Mr. J. Nishans, Mrs Nelson, Mr. M. Nicol, Mr. J, Newell,
Mr. J. O'Donnell, Mr. G. Over, Mr. A. Potter, Mrs. Pengelly,
Mr. J. Patrick, Miss A. Poole, Mr.A W.Paul, Mr. C. Posnor,
Mr.and Mrs. T. Rushen, Mr. D. Renton, Miss C. Ryle, Mr. C. Reeve,
Mr. H. Savage, Master G. Savage, Mr. and Mrs. W. Sidwell,
Mr A.Shannon, Mr. P. Shea, Mr. and Mrs. J. Sydenham and family (4), Mr. C A. Squire, Mr. W. Smellie, Mr. R Smellie,
Mr. J. Snelling, Mr. J. Smith; Mr. H. Smith,
Mr. T. Sidwell, Mr. and Mrs. J. Torrington, Master J. Torrington,
Mr. J. Tranter, Mrs. H. Trenham, Mr. J. Taylor, Mr. R Thomson,
Mr. J. Taylor, Miss B. Taylor, Mr. G. Thompson,
Mrs. B. Waters and family (3),Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Whale,
Mr. J.Woodcock, Miss T. Willis, Mr. R, Wilson,
Mr. P. Whearty, Mr. E. Wiggins, Mr. A. Ward, Mr. J. Wren.

And about 150 emigrants.
This is the passenger list on arrival in Hobart. The passenger list for S S Doric arrival in New Zealand on 11 June 1886