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This article published in The Sydney Morning Herald on the 25 September 1886 has not appeared fully transcribed online before.
Parts of the text may be offensive to non historians today. I have transcribed this article as it was written in 1886.
This article contains data which should be added to other history collected by the Fisk University.
The history of the Fisk Jubilee Singers, their work and its results, as told by Mr. J. B. T. Marsh, in a volume recently published, rivals in interest the most absorbing romance, with this notable difference, that the reader lays down the book not with the sense of gratified amusement, but with a feeling of deep sympathy, amazement, and admiration at the wonderful results, and the magic power of song.
The original band was a company of emancipated slaves, who, in 1871, set out with a determination to raise by their singing 20,000 dollars for the school of which they were students. To persons in Sydney with the fine Public schools, in which the children receive cheap education, the state of the slaves in America before emancipation is almost incomprehensible They were by law debarred from acquiring any book-learning. With greediness, and under immense privations and difficulties, men, women, and children laboured to acquire elementary knowledge, and the severest punishment in those early days, following the triumph of the Northern States, was to be suspended from school privileges. From the small start made by the American Missionary Association 17 academics and normal schools, with seven chartered institutions for collegiate and theological education, have been established. So interesting is the account of the educational work, the establishment of the Fisk University for freed people, and the progress of the institution in the 20 years it has now been established, that readers will, it is believed, be glad to know that a condensed history will be on sale during the stay of the Jubilee Singers here. There is a touching significance in the fact that at Nashville, in the former slave-pen of the city, a pile of rusty handcuffs and fetters came into possession of the school authorities, and were sold as old iron, the money being spent in Testaments and spelling books. The first teacher of the Jubilee singers was Mr. White, a native of Cadig, New York, who had a marvellous aptitude for picking out and training the best voices in vocal music. After a few months training, the Fisk choir became so successful, and their efforts in local concerts were so well appreciated, though many a scornful phrase was hurled at "the niggers," that Mr. White followed the active biddings of his earnest heart and started from Nashville with a company of 13 to provide a fund for maintaining the schools.
During their first year, indignities and insults were frequent; at some hotels they were refused admission because of their colour ; at others they were compelled to take their meals in secret ; their first concerts barely paid expenses, and many a time they had to sing with the fear that their lodging and travelling money would not be paid from the proceeds of their work.
The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher on their arrival at New York took up their cause, and thenceforth their cares were lightened.
Their first successful trip was through Connecticut ; in seven days their gross receipts exceeded 3900 dollars. In Newark one hotelkeeper, at whose house rooms had been engaged in advance, turned them literally out of their beds when he discovered that they were negroes and not niggers[sic]. This indignity bore good fruit. The City Council, to mark their sense of the wrong, passed an ordinance opening to the coloured people all the privileges of the Public schools.
Washington, Boston, many points in Massachusetts, and Rhode Island, and places in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont were visited.
In Boston a thousand dollar organ was presented to them for the University ; books for their library and many valuable presents were made. Their first season of three months cleared 20,000 dollars.
A second campaign began with another cruel insult, which again was turned to the advantage of the Jubilees. At Princeton a church had been tendered for their concert; the coloured people who had bought reserved-seat tickets were compelled to occupy an out-of-the-way corner. Such an indignity, offered in the House of God, provoked a hot rebuke from their manager, who was stoutly hissed for his speech. The second campaign also produced 2000 dollars profit.
The third campaign was a visit to England. Lord Shaftesbury was their friend, and the invitations to the first concert were sent in his name, The success of their singing was complete, and the singers had the best fortune throughout their trip. The Queen, the Duke and Duchoss of Argyle, Dean Stanley, Mr. Samuel Gurney, the Rev. Newman Hall, Mr. George Macdonald, and Mr. and Mrs. Gladstone, at whose house they sang to the Prince of Wales, the Grand Czareons, and many royal and noblo personages attended their concerts. Mr. Spurgeon, too, helped them much, and was himself most deeply impressed with their music. From London they went to Scotland, singing in connection with Messrs. Moody and Sankey in the North of England, and, besides large audiences, at many places they received valuable gifts. Mr. John Crossley, after hearing them at Halifax, promised
a supply of carpets, and many gave £10 to furnish a room in the Jubilee Hall. Four concerts in Manchester produced £1200. Their journey to Britain resulted in £10.000 being raised for Jubilee Hall and many gifts of apparatus, books, and money for special purposes.
In May, 1875, a second English campaign was planned. The Jubilee Hall was too small, and the Livingstone Missionary Hall was deemed necessary. The singers determined to reise beyond their ordinury earnings-which wore needed for existing demands of the school the sum of £10,000 for its erection, in their first year more than a third of the sum was raised, exclusive of the usual concert work.
Through the influence of Mr. G. P. Ittman, of Rotterdam, who heard the Jubilee Singers in London, a trip to the Continent was planned; and the grand cathedrals of the Netherlands were thronged to hear the plaintive melodies sung by those who had been slaves in America; 10,000 dollars profit from that trip. In October, 1877, they pushed on to Germany and had a warm welcome. In Berlin the Crown Prince and Princess invited them to the new palace, where their singing excited the liveliest admiration.
The company has necessarily gone through several changes; but it is asserted that the standard of the singers, who will shortly commence a season here, is quite equal to the original company. The songs are of the simplest charactor. The great charm seems to lie in the varying forms of interpretation, and the changing moods, the perfect intonation, and the light and shade with which they invest their singing. In a preface to the music, the unique origin, and some of the characteristics are pointed out. Though they are in reality the simple ecstatic utterances of un- tutored minds stirred into fervour by the meeting in church or camp, there are none of the crudities which shook the musician. The rhythm is always good, though at times complicated and often distinctly original. Three part measure, or triple time is rarely found; more than half the melodies follow the national Scottish music, in the fact that in the scale the fourth and seventh tones are omitted ; and as many maintain the Greek to have been written in a similar scale, the thoughtful student may well ask if this is not perhaps the easiest musical alphabet. Tho Jubilee Singers have secured the Y. M. C. A. hall, and will commence a season in Sydney on Monday, 4th October.
The Sydney Morning Herald
(NSW : 1842 - 1954)
Dated Saturday 25 September 1886
Ogiginal Document Tagged
The Fisk Jubilee Singers
7 November 2012
State library of Victoria
Note: The Fisk Jubilee Singers found appreciative audiences in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia throughout 1886 and 1887.j
THE name "Neptune" conjures up for, most people the
image of a, benevolent-looking old personageusually to be
seen depicted on the reverse of certain English coinswhose
main characteristic is the possession of a three-pronged fork
known in- mythology as a trident.
To others the term suggests the most distant of the planets, estimated
to be 2,780 million miles from the sun.
In Australian history, however, "Neptune" is identified with a convict
transport ship, a fine vessel of 792 tons, but a hell-ship if ever there-was
one, whose story, conjointly with that of her fellow transports, the Surprise
and the Scarborough, constituted one of the darkest and grimmest pages
in the establishment of the settlement of Port Jackson.
The tragic drama of the Neptune opens with a prologue, the leading
roles falling to John and Elizabeth Macarthur, with Captain John Gilbert
as the arch-villain, the chorus consisting of male and female convicts
and soldiers of the newly-raised N.S.W. Corps.
The scene is set, first at Gravesend, where-the ship lay for
a few days', and then at Plymouth. On board were 421 male and 78 female
convicts; two officersCaptain Nepean and Lieutenant Macarthurand
42 soldiers of the Corps, six convict wives, all free women, 13 children, and
a few passengers.
Amongst the crew was the surgeon, D'Arcy Wentworth, who was himself to be
distinguished in our early history and also in the person of his famous
son, William Charles. Just prior to embarkation, on December 9, 1783, he
had stood his trial at the Old Bailey Sessions for highway robbery, and
been acquitted on this and three later Indictments.
THE casus belli between Macarthur and John Gilbert, the captain of
the ship, arose from the former's complaints regarding the location and
fittings of his cabin, and "the stench of the buckets belonging to the
convict women of a morning." Hotter and hotter grew the language: Gilbert
threatened to write to the War Office and have Macarthur and his wife
turned out of the ship; Gilbert gave Macarthur a punch on the breast:
Nepean interfered and patched up the quarrel temporarily. This all happened
On the seven days trip round to Plymouth there was another flare-up.
Macarthur accusing the captain of ungentlemanly conduct towards, himself
and his wife, and calling him publicly on the quarter-deckhe had
a fine capacity for vituperation"a great scoundrel." In retaliation,
Gilbert told Macarthur that he had "settled many a greater man than
him," and that he was to be seen on shore, whereupon Macarthur named
4 o'clock at the Fountain Tavern, Plymouth Docks.
They met a duel was foughtapparently a bloodless one
honour was satisfied, and both parties agreed, to live in harmony thereafter.
The wranglings between Macarthur, Nepean, the officers, and Gilbert, not
only continued, but grew in violence, so that the authorities took action
and superseded Gilbert by Captain Donald Traill, who had formerly been a
Master in the Navy under Nelson.
The change, however, appeared to be much for the worse, so that after a
few weeks of misery on the Neptune, the
Macarthurs could stand the conditions no longer, and exchanged to the
Scarborough. The details still survive in Elizabeth Macarthur's Private
So much for the Prologue. With the appointment of Traill opens the
main action of the tragedy. The ship was so shamefully overcrowded that
200 seamen deserted before she left England. Conceive the sardine-like
packing of the convicts on the orlop, that is the lowest of the three decks.
Within a space 75 feet long, 35 broad and six feet high, were built the
miserable apartments for housing 40 men, in four rows of cabins one-storey
high, one row on each side of the ship; and two rows down the centre.
These cabins were six feet square.
A simple calculation will show that to each convict was allotted about
36 cubic feet of air space, about the capacity of two coffins of ordinary size.
It was not, however, until February 15 1792, when the report of the
Commissioners of the Navy was published that the whole of the sordid details
relating to the treatment of these "unhappy sacrifices to the justice of their
country" was made public.
On the Neptune was Lieutenant John Shapcote, the naval agent, whose
duty it was to see that the convicts received their full rations and the best
possible treatment. Apparently he failed in his duty. The crew, too, was
very disorderly, and "inclined to be riotous" throughout the voyage.
Before the Neptune left London, Shapcote put all the male convicts into
ironshe was not risking an uprising.
Even while in the river many of them died, their bodies being thrown
overboard. When a search was made for concealed weapons nearly a hundred
knives were found, so overboard they too went, with many of the
convicts' personal belongings, though rumour hath it that Traill and his
officers, appropriated everything of value. To make congestion worse, the
ship was crammed with goods, "ventures" as they were called, being taken
out as speculations by officers of the N.S.W. Corps, with the connivance of
Traill and Shapcote.
The whole voyage was one long horror. Shapcote and the ship's officers
kept every man in irons the whole six months of the voyage, many of them
coupled together, though batches of 50 or 60 were allowed on deck for two
hours each per day. The convict women were better off, having, much
to Mrs. Macarthur's disgust, the full range of the quarter deck and the
poop. At night, however, the ship's company invaded the rooms of the
women, whom they carried off to their own quarters.
DEATH soon began to take its toll.
The supply of water, was very limited, washing facilities non-existent.
An outbreak of scurvy and "a violent epidemical fever" killed scores of the
poor unfortunates, some of whom actually died in irons. Sometimes the
deaths were concealed until the stench of the corpses revealed their
presence to the surgeon. By such concealment, the survivors were enabled
to draw and share the rations of the deceased.
Sometimes a living man was discovered chained to a putrefying corpse.
There were 46 deaths on the Neptune before arrival at Cape Town.
Captain Hill, who came out on the Surprise, complained bitterly of the
treatment of the convicts., "The slave trade." he said, "is merciful,
compared with what I have seen in this fleet."
As the contractors, and thc captain of the Neptune were being paid 17/7/6
per head, not for the number of convicts landed, but for the number
shipped, the greater the number of deaths the fewer were the mouths to
feed and the higher the total profit.
Captain Traill, of the Neptune, appears to have been a first-class rogue
and an inhuman monster. On his return to England three of his
quartermasters and seven others of his crew lodged a formal complaint
before Alderman Clark at the Guildhall, that during the voyage he and
William Elrington, the chief mate, had cut down the convicts' water to
half a-pint-a day: that 171,(the official number is 158) died on the
voyage; that many of them were so starved that they had been seen to
take the chews of tobacco from the mouths of corpses; that men stole
and ate the hogs' swill; that on arrival at Botany Bay the captain, and
mate ransacked the convicts' boxes for anything saleable, opened a
warehouse, and disposed of the goods at a high profit;
that the ships swarmed with vermin. To these and other charges the
contractors. Camden, Calvert, and King, replied seriatim, publishing also
Traill's defence, which is not convincing. According to a letter from one
Thomas Evans to Under-secretary King. Traill and Elrington were next
charged before Alderman Boydell with the murder of Andrew Anderson, sixth
mate of the Neptune, Jno. Joseph, the cook, and an unnamed convict. Traill,
however, vanished into smoke, and the case did not come to trial. I cannot
find any details of the allegations beyond the bare affidavit in the
records, though Governor Phillip himself stated that "an enquiry into the
conduct, of the master of the Neptune
will, I make no doubt, have a good
effect. . . . for the convicts were certainly very ill-treated."
AT Cape Town further disorders occurred, it being alleged that a
certain Dutch captain and a Major Delisle came on board, ostensibly
to visit Captain Nepean, but in reality, "on account of the female convicts."
Shortly after leaving the Cape, a female convict, "who had constantly,
attended Lieutenant Shapcote"whatever that phrase may implyone morning
between three and four o'clock, came and informed the chief mate that the
agent, was dead. This "untimely death" was never investigated, for as
Traill asserted that the body was very offensive it was cast overboard that,
very morning; To say the least, the circumstances were all very suspicious.
By the time the Neptune reached Sydney 147 men and ll women convicts had died;
another 269 were placed in hospital. "The Governor," wrote one-correspondent,
"was very angry', and scolded the captains a great deal, and I heard
intended to write to London-about it, for I heard him say it was murdering them."
We possess several eye-witnesses' accounts of the landing of this mass
of human misery from the three transports.
The Rev. Richard Johnson, who went aboard one of them, he couldn't face up to
the Neptune, said he found men lying "some half and others nearly quite
naked, without bed or bedding, unable to help themselves"; the stench was
intolerable, dead bodies had been thrown into the
harbour, had drifted ashore, and were lying naked on the rocks; "some
creeped on hands and knees." Some were carried ashore on the backs of
others; "their heads, bodies, clothes, blankets, all full of lice";
within three weeks he had buried "not less than eighty-six."
And so the terrible tale, substantiated to the last detail
by dependable witnesses, draws to its conclusion, and the curtain drops.
Though many months later. Mr.Secretary Dundas informed the
Governor that he had "thoroughly investigated" and "taken the necessary
steps to bring forward the conduct of the parties concerned in the
treatment of the convicts on board the Neptune." no active measures to
sheet home the crime ever took place.
Sydney Morning Herald
Saturday 10 February 1945
Affair of the Neptune
1. The document containing evidence of the missing link in your research has been lost due to fire, flood or war.
2. The keeper of the vital records you need will just have had an argument with a previous genealogist.
3. Your great, great grandfather's obituary states that he died leaving no issue.
4. The town clerk you wrote in desperation, and finally convinced to give to you the information you need, can't write legibly, and doesn't have a copying machine.
5. The will you need is in the safe on board the "Titanic."
6. The spelling of your European ancestor's name bears no relationship to its current spelling or pronunciation.
7. Copies of old newspapers have holes which only occur on last names.
8. No one in your family tree ever did anything noteworthy, they always
rented property, never sued, never went to gaol or were never named in anyone's will.
9. You learned that great aunt Matilda's executor just sold her life's
collection of family genealogical materials to a flea market dealer.
10. Yours is the ONLY last name not found among the three billion in the world-famous Mormon archives in Salt Lake City.
11. Ink fades and paper deteriorates at a rate inversely proportional to the value of the data recorded.
12. The 37 volume, 16,000 page history of your county of origin isn't
13. The critical link in your family tree is named "Smith."
14. No matter how large the collection of special records, the one you are searching for is NEVER there!
15. You finally send away for that necessary certificate, and your aunt tells you she's had the original in a box under her bed for years.
16. The box of family photographs, you found in uncle Edgar's house after he died, have no names or dates on them
17. Your aunt can remember exactly how many times you missed sending her a birthday card, but not why her father went in gaol.
18. Everyone that shares your last name, but is not related is listed in great detail, your ancestor has nothing.
19. The family Bible that contains all the names you are researching was given to a person who doesn't care who any of his relatives are, and either misplaced, sold at a garage sale, or gave away the family Bible to his neighbor who is collecting Bibles to be sent to a mission in a non-English speaking nation.
20. The elderly great-aunt who could help you fill in the missing pieces says, "I don't believe in dredging up the past" and changes the subject - again.
Some of the above laws I found in The Hawkesbury Crier
of June 2006 (archived) author is unknown
The rest have been added by Family Tree Circle members
John Samuel EDMONDS was born in 1799, baptised 25 December 1799 the second son and 4th of 6 children to William EDMONDS who had been born in the coastal town of Swanage, Dorset in 1768 and Pricilla, also born in Swanage in 1770. William amd Pricilla were married on the 24 May 1791 at Langton, Dorset.
The children of William and Pricilla Edmonds were:-
Thomas Edmonds 1792 Sarah Edmonds 1794
Hannah Edmonds 1797 John Samuel Edmonds 1799 1865
Elizabeth Edmonds 1803 William Edmonds 1805 1861
On the 25 July 1822 at Swanage John Edmonds married local girl,Mary Anne STICKLAND born in 1804 the daughter of William STICKLAND 1784-1859 and Mary ANDREWS 1783-1825.
In 1833 John EDMONDS with the children and Mary Anne heavily pregnant boarded the 'Elizabeth' and sailed for New Zealand via Hobart.
John Samuel EDMONDS had been sent to New Zealand to build the Stone Store in Kerikeri by the Christian Missionary Society who, unfortunately, omitted to inform the Missionaries of this fact.
In the meantime, William PARROTT, a stonemason from Sydney, had been employed to do this job since July 1832, and by the time that John EDMONDS arrived with his wife and children on 7 February 1834 the stonework was almost finished. He did, however, help with the finishing off of the Stone Store.
Missionary,Henry WILLIAMS found him somewhat of an embarrassment and wrote on 9 July, 1834: "Spoke to Mr EDMONDS at the request of the brethren, respecting his removal to the colony, as there did not appear to be any prospect of employment for him. Mr E. to give his views of the subject in a few days."
But John EDMONDS refused to leave NZ, and for nearly six years rented a house near the foreshore close to the Stone Store. During this time he did odd jobs such as putting in chimneys, etc. for the mission.
In their report to the CMS, the missionaries wrote: " Of those who are here, there is Mr EDMONDS, costing the Society 300 pounds per annum, of little more use than a fifth wheel on a coach."
During 1837-1838, John EDMONDS, seeing the writing on the wall. Bought about 2,700 acres on both sides of the Kerikeri River, and described it as: "Covered with fern, stones of a volcanic nature, caves. Swamps and rough grass and a very little wood.
In March, 1839 he agreed to retire from the mission, but he did not move onto his property at Paetae on the Kerikeri Inlet until 1840, when he had a house "imported from Hobart Town" to live in.
Sometime between 1841 and 1859 he built his sturdy stone house which had walls over half a metre thick.
The building itself appears to have been about 38 feet long and 28 feet wide. It had a large living room with tall windows on two sides, and a big open fireplace. Next to the living room was a large bedroom, while at the rear was a roomy kitchen in which was a stone oven. Directly opposite the kitchen door was another smaller building, also with a fireplace, while at the back door was a stone wash basin. The roof was of shingles and descendants of the Edmonds family think the house had a wooden verendah on three sides. He called his house "Belle Vue" after his home in Worcestor.
John EDMONDS and his sons then set to work to surround their home, garden and orchard with rock walls, and eventually it was almost impossible to approach the house from any direction but the north without first scrambling over one, two or even three of these near-impregnable stone fences. Within his compound was a cowbail, also of stone. To help him clear the land and plant it in wheat, potatoes, maize and fruit trees, he constructed a stone roller, the first to be made in New Zealand.
Locally, John EDMONDS was described as a "character who supervised his sons in the planting of wheat and building of stone walls with a stock whip."
Nevertheless, even though the wooden part of the house was later destroyed by fire, the Edmonds Ruins remain as a unique example of a farmhouse of an early settler who worked in stone.
The children of John EDMONDS and Mary Anne,nee STICKLAND were:-
1.Samuel John EDMONDS b:19 November 1823 Yorkshire. d: 18 June 1888 Auckland, New Zealand.m. Louisa MAKEPEACE 1833-1896 at Auckland, on the 8 November 1853.Louisa Makepeace was born in Tasmania. They had 11 children. Samuel is buried in Symonds St Cemetery, Auckland.
2.Arthur EDMONDS b: 21 September 1825 Worcester, Dorset. d:20 June 1914 at Otahuao, Kerikeri, Northland, New Zealand m. (1) Erana Kaire KAREARIKI at Paihia,in 1842 Produced 7-9 children. (2) Ani Ngarepe at Kaikohe in 1874, produced 4 children.
3.William EDMONDS b:20 Nov. 1829 Bidborough, Kent d:13 January 1897 in Ponsonby, Auckland, New Zealand. m. Emmaline Marie IRVING 1820-1910 at Kerikeri on 14 January 1856.
4.Henry EDMONDS b:4 November 1831 Southborough, Kent d:1 Nov. 1906 Honoroa, NZ m. Anne Catherine Wilson KEMP 1844-1914 on the 6 June 1861 at Paihia Bay of Islands, New Zealand
5.Alfred Stickland EDMONDS b: 4 JUly 1833 Kerikeri, NZ d:1898 m. Sarah Ann MAKEPEACE 1834-1916 in Auckland, New Zealand on the 12 December 1857
6.John Tucker EDMONDS so named after the Reverend John Tucker in England was born on 17 July 1834 Waimate, Bay of Islands, NZ d: 8 December 1918 Ngawha, Far North.married twice the second to Eliza PEKAMA 1858-1931 on 4 August 1878 and produced 16 children.
7.Jane Elizabeth EDMONDS b:30 May 1837 NZ d:23 July 1910 USA m.Edward George BUDLONG 1836-1907 at Kerikeri,18 May 1857.
8.Reuben Edmonds b:1839 NZ d: ?
9. Sarah Gammon EDMONDS b:1839 Kerikeri d:11 Sept. 1903 Waimate Bay m. (1)Louis Clifford GOFFE 1836-1882 at Paihia, Bay Of Islands in 1857 (2) Samuel PROCTOR in 1887.
10. Matilda EDMONDS b: 27 Dec.1843 NZ d:21 Aug. 1921 Waimate, Bay of Islands. m.John Wright HINGSTON 1842-1890 at Kerikeri, in 1864.
11. Joseph Edmonds b: 27 December 1845 Auckland d: 1878 Auckland. m. (1)Felicia Ann TREMAIN 1845-1872 in 1872 (2) Ann COYLE 1856-1931 in 1878 NZ
Mary Anne died on the 9 March 1862 at son's home in Parnell, Auckland, New Zealand
On the 21 January 1863 John Samuel EDMONDS remarried in Auckland, to Ellen DAVIES nee HUNTER,who had been born in England in 1805. He had 2 more children from his second marriage John George Petingale EDMONDS and Mary Anne EDMONDS.
Two years later on the 15 July 1865 John Samuel EDMONDS passed away at Kerikeri, Bay of Islands and was buried on that day 15 July 1865 at Kerikeri..
Researched and written by Janilye using several sources including notes from Florence Keene's "Legacies in Kauri, Old Homes and Churches of the North" Northern Publishing Co, 1978
I know this lone grave has been photographed before,but I decided to do this one for Family Tree circles. On my visit to Maldon, Victoria, last week I went to see the lone grave of Elizabeth ANSET and her infant son. The grave in on the nature strip of a lane off Chaple Street in Maldon. I had a talk with Neil who lives in the house beside the grave. Neil has spent the last 30 years tending this grave and before him many others looked after it.
Elizabeth the wife of William ANSET 1824-1902 was born Elizabeth BURTON in Brixton, Surrey, England in 1827 she died in childbirth on the 19 July 1854 and her infant son 14 days later.
There were other children, The ones I know of are Elizabeth Hannah 1850-1921 and William 1851-1852 and Neil tells me the decendants of Elizabeth Hannah have visited on occassion. These decendants added the extra 'T' to ANSET
William Anset was the son of John ANSET 1803-1861 and Sarah WOODALL 1799-1852. William died in Castlemaine, Victoria October 1902
He and wife Elizabeth had been living in Lambeth, Surrey with his parents, until arrival in Victoria.
In answer to an email I received yesterday.
On 10 January 1921 a fire and water damage from the subsequent efforts to extinguish the fire destroyed and damaged much of the 1890 US Census. Although several groups lobbied to begin salvage attempts, they could not get the money appropriated. From 1922 through 1932 there is little history on the storage and use of the 1890 census schedules.
[In 1932, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers no longer necessary for business. The Librarian was not asked to report back with any documents that should be retained for their historical interest. On the Chief Clerk's list for the Bureau of the Census was "Schedules, Population . . . 1890, Original." The Librarian identified no records as permanent, and Congress authorized destruction.]
The actual date of destruction was probably sometime in 1935.
In 1942 during a move of the Census Bureau the National Archives came across a damaged bundle of Illinois schedules. It was thought that they were the only surviving fragments. However, in 1953, more fragments were found.
These fragments are from Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, Texas, and the District of Columbia. There are no fewer than 6,160 names indexed on the surviving 1890 population schedules
If anyone can get hold of it, the National Archives in their quarterly magazine 'Prologue" in 1996 published the full details of this sad tale.
The surviving 1890 schedules which can be viewed on ancestry,com provide the address, number of families in the house, number of persons in the house, and number of persons in the family. Individuals are listed by name; whether a soldier, sailor, or marine during the Civil War; and whether Union or Confederate or whether the widow of a veteran; relationship to head of family; whether white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian; sex; age; marital status; whether married during the year; if a mother, number of children and number living; place of birth of the individual and his or her father and mother; if foreign born, how many years in the United States; whether naturalized or in the process of naturalization; profession, trade, or occupation; months unemployed during census year; ability to read and write; ability to speak English; if not, language or dialect spoken; whether suffering from acute or chronic disease (if so, name of disease and length of time afflicted); whether defective in mind, sight, hearing, or speech; or whether crippled, maimed, or deformed (with name of defect); whether a prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper; whether the home is rented or owned by the head or a member of the family (if so, whether mortgaged); if the head of family was a farmer, if he or a family member rented or owned the farm; and, if mortgaged, the post office address of the owner.
D. North west yard
151. (157) Here lyes ye body of John COLLENES who dyed October ye 4th 1710 aged 57. Neare this place lye the bodyes of Thomas MEERE and Elizabeth his wife and 2 sons John and George. Also Sarah ye wife of John COLLENES who dyed November ye 8th 1730 aged 87 years.
152. Altar, north side On this side lieth buried the body of Grace his wife / Also the body of Grace his daughter and the body of John SMITH his brother. South side facing all gone. Early 18th century
153. On left side? In memory of A(?ndrew) HOARE of this who died M . Foot AH
On right side .Hoare wife of William GIBB ?November 15 Aged.Foot AH
154. (416) On left side Richard HOARE of this parish Yeoman died April 4 1723 aged 58 On right side Ann? wife of Richard Hoare died January 23rd 1723 in her 41st
155. (160) On left side John HOARE of this parish died February 10 1758 (or 38?) aged 21 On right side
In memory of Richard Hoare of this parish who died March the 30th 1783 aged 73.
156. Jane widow of the late Charles OSBORNE born October 31 1803 died July 22 1886.
157. (156) Ann wife of William FUGGLE daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth TOLHURST died 29 April 1817 aged 24. Left issue one son William Marchant.
158. (155) Ann wife of Richard RATCLIFFE died 3 June 1767 aged 43. The said Richard died 3 January 1788 aged 61(or 4).
159. (158) Altar, south side The body of Mrs Elizabeth BRIDGLAND / who departed this life ye 1st day of May 1746 aged 88.
160. (159) Altar. Here lyeth the body of Mrs Ann LIGHT daughter of Mr John Light who died 21 day of June 1734 in ye 31st year.
161. (163) Altar Here lyeth the body of John LIGHT of this parish, yeoman, who died ye 18 day of September 1730 in ye 66th.
162. (162). Altar, north side Reb. LIGHT wife of John Light died 18 of July 1704 in the 39th year of her age Issue 2 sons and 2 daughters, William, Rebeckah, Ann and John. South side cannot be read as 161 top falls over it.
163. (161) Here lyeth / body of / William . (LIG)HT son of John .. and Rebeckah Light of this parish, yeoman, died the 14 September 1737 in his 37th year.
164. (154) Mary Ann wife of William FENELL of this parish died 4 August 1822 aged 23 years.
165. (148) Margaret wife of Henry STEPHENS junior, died March 27 1755 aged 24. Left issue one son Henry. Sarah their daughter died 31 March 1755 aged 3 weeks.
166. (150) Henry STEPHENS of this parish died 11 July 1799 aged 70. Elizabeth second wife of above Henry Stephens died February 15 1813 aged 72.
167. (151) John BENNETT of this parish died 25 April 1770 aged 79. Sarah his wife died 10 August 1740 aged 42. Left issue William, John, Sarah, Henry and Richard.
168. (152) Elizabeth wife of Thomas TOLHURST of this parish died 21 August 1809 aged 48. Above Thomas Tolhurst died August 14 183- (broken) aged 76. Left issue 2 sons and 5 daughters Thomas, John, Elizabeth, Ann, Sarah, Mary and Jane.
169. (153) John BEARSBY for many years blacksmith at Stone Crouch in this parish died 1 August 1839 aged 80. Elizabeth his wife died 29 June 1860 aged 86.
170. Flat possibly head face down no inscription visible.
171. (145) Hannah wife of William FULLER of this parish died 17 February 1798 aged 57. Near lieth Hannah daughter of William and Hannah Fuller aged 15 years. Also James aged 11 weeks.
172. (149) Ann wife of Edward . JURY of this parish ..ied April 30 1800 aged 30 years.
173. (147) Elizabeth wife of John COLLENS late of Burrs Farm [NB Twyssenden] in this parish died 20 November 1846 aged 71. Above John COLLENS died 6 October 1852 aged 73.
174. (146) John COLLENS eldest son of John and Elizabeth Collens of Burrs Farm in this parish died 15 June 1836 aged 23.
175. (144) William HEATH late of Bosell Hall, Bosell Heath near Birmingham Warwickshire died 18 May 1821 agd 61. An affectionate husband, loving father. Leaving a widow and 2 children William Henry Wilkins and Harriet Jordan Knowlys [Left half blank]
176. (137) James BESBEECH of this parish died (?May) ye 2nd 1740 aged 77. Mary his wife April 14
176- (transcript has 1748). They left issue. daughters Anngone.
177. (138) Elizabeth wife of ???? COLLENS died 9 October 1758 aged 56. Left issue 2 sons John and William. Above John Collens died 2 August 1797 in the 90th year of his age.
178. (141) Marsha BESBEECH of this parish died January 1786 in her 78th year.
179. (139) Ann wife of John LAMBERT died 2 May 1751 aged 40. Left issue one son and 1 daughter John and Ann. Above John Lambert died August 23 1794 aged 81.
180. (140) John COLLENS of this parish died 15 January 1807 aged 66. Sarah his wife died 12 February 1809 aged 63. Left surviving 2 sons and 3 daughters John, William, Elizabeth, Sarah and Mary. Also James Tompsett Collens who died at Jamaica 20 June 1805 aged 27.
181. (142) Isaac BATES died 7 October 1840 aged 66. Sarah his wife died 1 January 1842 aged 81. Mary their daughter died January 25 1814 aged 14.
182. (143) Eleanor daughter of Anthony and Martha BROWNLESS of Paynetts in this parish died 15 September 1836 in her 17th year.
183. Large flat stone on bank by side of walk, no inscription.
184. (135 and 417) . body of Robart JAFFARY who died 23 of October 1715 aged 51.
185. (136) William FUGGLE died 11 October 1828 aged 86. Ann his wife died 20 January 1836 aged 92.
186. (134) Sarah COLLENS daughter of John and Sarah Collens died 20 August 1836 aged 52.
187. (133) Fanny wife of Benjamin WICKHAM of this parish died 16 July 1835 aged 51 leaving issue 2 sons and 1 daughter Humphrey, Thomas and Elizabeth. Above Benjamin Wickham, yeoman of the Guards upwards of 60 years died 26 February 1863 aged 81. Also Elizabeth daughter of Benjamin and Fanny Wickham died 28 March 1862 aged 42.
188. (132) Humphrey WICKHAM died 2 May 1837 aged 83. Sarah Wickham wife of above died 8 October 1828 aged 73. Issue 3 sons and 3 daughters Mary, Humphrey, Elizabeth, Benjamin, Thomas and Sarah.
189. (131) upper part blank John son of John and Sarah DIPLOCK of Brighton died 7 January 1832 aged 10 years.
190. (130) Sarah WICKHAM daughter of Mr W Wickham of Tudeley died at the Gatehouse (Riseden Quarter) 12 September 1858 aged 16. (Back) Humphrey Wickham died at his residence Grove Place in this parish 2 April 1866 in 57th year.
191. All gone
192. (164) Mrs Rebecca HEABLE wife of Mr John Heable and daughter of Mr John LIGHT died 12 September 1733 in her 32nd year. She lieth interred in Yalding Church. 193. (120) Mary wife of John FIELD of this parish died 12 March 1756 aged 36. Left issue one son and one daughter Larrance??? and Ann.
194. (121) Ann wife of Mr Charles FIELD (this place) died 3 December 1832 aged 42. Near Charles their son died 1 May 1823 aged 5. An? an infant who died 13 September 1825 aged 2 weeks.
195. (122) Francis son of John and Ann HANSON died 29 June 1798 aged 35. Erected by Edward RUSSELL of Maidstone as a token of gratitude for his faithful services and respect for his virtues.
196. (123) John HANSON junior of this parish died 13 July 1788 aged 31. Left Mary his wife and 2 daughters Harriot and Mary.
197. (124) Mrs Hannah HANSON wife of Mr John Hanson of this parish died 8 March 1806 aged 74. Above John Hanson born 27 June 1721 died 18 August 1808.
198. (126) Thomas WICKHAM late of Maidstone died 3 June 1823 aged 34. Leaving issue by Phebe his wife 2 sons and 3 daughters Henry, George, Elizabeth, Mary Ann and Emily.
199. (125) Ann HAMMOND spinster daughter of George Hammond of Broadhurst in Sussex died June 22 17(?57) aged 35.
200. (127) Elizabeth wife of Benjamin TANNER late of Maidstone, woolstapler, died 4 November 1790 aged 34. John their son died 24 February 1792 aged 4 years 5 months. Elizabeth their daughter died 11 March 1792 aged 1 year 5 months. Left issue 2 sons and 1 daughter Benjamin, John and Elizabeth. Benjamin their son died 11 November 1855 aged 70.
201. (128) John HAMMOND of this parish died 10 September 1784 aged 70. Elizabeth his wife died 1 June 1780 aged 69. Elizabeth their daughter died 5 April 1717 aged 17 weeks. Left surviving 3 sons George, John and Thomas.
202. (129) Thomas HAMMOND died 18 February 1787 aged 27. Thomas son of George and Sarah Hammond died 3 March 1787 aged 6 months. Elizabeth their daughter died November 1791 aged 1 year 10 months.
203. (165) ??? in rails Ada daughter of Thomas and Anne WICKHAM of Goudhurst died 14 June 1864 aged 9 years 11 months.
204. (166) Cross in same rails as 203 Thomas WICKHAM died at his residence Grove Court 7 December 1868 aged 31.
205. (109) ody .. William HESELDEN son of John Heselden and Bridget his wife He died 12 of June 1716 aged 6 years.
206. (108) William HAZELDEN died 28 May 1783 aged 67. Issue William,Mary, Elizabeth, Deborah, Sarah, John, Thomas, Hester. Deborah wife of William Hazelden died 9 April 1807 aged 79.
207. (107) Mary wife of John BESFORD died 3 June 1790 aged 35 (?55). Issue 3 sons John, Edward, William. Also above William died 17 January aged 20 months.
208. (106) Sarah wife of Richard EVANS daughter of William and Deborah Hazelden of this parish died May - 1791 aged 30 years and months. Left issue Richard, John, Tarcon? Also the above Richard died November 1791 aged 3 years and 9 months. Sarah his second wife died 2 May 1797 aged 40. The aforesaid Richard Evans died 16 November 1814 aged 59.
209. (105) William HAZELDEN of this parish died 7 October 1824 aged 72. Jane his wife died 29 May 1836 aged 82.
210. (104) Harriott-Mary Hanson HAZELDEN only daughter of William and Mary Hazelden died 23 October 1869 aged 26. William Hazelden died 23 February 1875 aged 59. Mary Hazelden wife of William Hazelden died at Maidstone 21 November 1893 aged 78.
211. Altar, south side Katherine ..ertus wife of Sa..TURK changed this life for a better .ll. 29. 1675 aged 52 years. North side Her husband Harri.. / that sh- did wil edv / who hath issu o. baptized Samuel Richards.
212. (119) Here lyethe interred ye body of Margaret Ellis late wife of Edward Ellis BAKER in ye town of Chatham in ye county daughter of Stephen and Margaret BARBER of this parish who died ye 12 of December 1717 aged 30 years. Also ye bodys of Edward Ellis their son aged 6 months. Here lyeth the body of Elizabeth Barber daughter of Stephen and Margaret Barber of this parish died 13 August in the year of our Lord 1718.
213. (118) Stephen BARBER and Margaret his wife. He died August 28 1709 in his 79th year. She died March 12 1709 aged 65. They left issue five daughters Jane, Elizabeth, Margaret, .., Mary.
214. (117) Richard TICKNER, clothier, of this parish died 27 September 1718 in ye 37 year. They left issue 2 daughters Elizabeth and Mary. Mary wife of Richard Tickner and daughter of Stephen and Margaret BARBER died 28 May 1729 in her 37th year.
215. (115) Thomas TANNER of this parish, clothier, died 26 May 1758 aged 77.
216. (116) Ye body of Elizabeth ye wife of Thomas TANNER of this parish died 17 January 1742 aged 52 years..(this part ommited in transcript).C Here also lieth ye body of John son of ye said Thomas and Elizabeth .. Tanner who died..August ye 13th 1741 aged 25 years.
217. (114) Thomas TANNER of this parish, woolstapler, died 10 March 1799 aged 48. Ann his wife died 18 January 1811 aged 68.
218. (113) Sarah daughter or Thomas and Elizabeth TANNER died ye 10 October 1745 aged 30 and Mary their daughter died 17 March 1745/46 aged 28.
219. (112) Benjamin TANNER of this parish, clothier, died July 2 1783 aged 60. Left issue 3 sons and 3 daughters Thomas, John, Benjamin, Mary, Sarah and Elizabeth.
220. (110) Mary wife of Benjamin TANNER of this parish, clothier, died 24 April 1777 (?3) aged 5(?2).
221. (111) William WICKHAM late of Maidstone died 1 January 1795 aged 36. Elizabeth his wife died 10 May 1842 aged 80. Left issue 3 sons and 2 daughters Thomas, William, Edward, Fanny and Elizabeth. Near lieth Elizabeth daughter of above William Wickham and Elizabeth Wickham of Maidstone died 17 August 1785 aged 3 years. Also William their son died 18 August 1792 aged 6.
222. (98) George BURR died 1 February 1830 aged 73. Hannah the wife of George Burr of Chart Sutton died 9 February 1839 aged 61. Left issue 6 sons George, Henry, Robert, Alfred-Edward, Edgar-Walter, Charles-Rowles. Also of 3 deceased sons John died 13 April 1809 aged 7, Thomas died 4 November 1823 aged 18, James died 10 March 1825 aged 18.
223. (99) John son of Henry and Barbara BURR died 30 September 1804 aged 31.
224. (101) Heneretta daughter of Henry and Barbara BURR of this parish died 16 April 1792 agd 12 years. Jane their daughter died 9 October 1792 aged 15. Foot HB 1792.
225. Barbara wife of Henry BURR of this parish died 27 October 1803 aged 61. Henry Burr died 10 February 1822 aged 78. Left 2 sons Henry and George.
226. (102) Elizabeth wife of Henry BURR died 3 April 1823 aged 49. Above Henry Burr died 29 November 1851 aged 80. Leaving issue 9 children Henry, Frederick Hayward, Henrietta, Jane, Barbara Rowles and Caroline. Thomas, Francis and Elizabeth by a former husband.
227. (103) Thomas HAZELDEN, butcher, of this parish died 20 October 1828 aged 63. Jane Balcomb Hazelden his wife died 27 June 1869 aged 91. Likewise following sons and daughters of above Thomas and Jane Balcomb Hazelden Eliza died 26 July 1832 aged 20 Walter died November 1832 aged 15 Deborah died 6 June 1863 aged 57 and lies interred at Hawkhurst. and Thomas who died at Islington 8 June 1870 aged 51 and is buried in the cemetery of that place.
228. (94) Mary wife of Older WAGHORN of this parish died 7 July 1800 aged 34. Left issue surviving 4 sons and 4 daughters Older, Thomas, William, Charles, Mary, Elizabeth, Ann and Frances. Also Older Waghorn died 17 February 1811 aged 46 years. Also 2 children of Thomas and Elizabeth STANDING JS and WS (sic) who died in infancy.
229. (95) Sarah wife of Thomas MASTERS of this parish died 4 February 1792 aged 56. Left issue 7 sons and 4 daughters George, Thomas, William, John, Robert, Richard, Samuel, Ann, Sarah, Mary, Frances. Also Thomas Masters aforesaid died 4 October 1821 aged 89.
230. (97) Richard MASTERS of Milkhouse Street in the parish of Cranbrook died 30 September 1834 aged 57. Left surviving Elizabeth his wife and 3 children Elizabeth, Ricahrd and Thomas. Also Elizabeth wife???? of the above Richard Masters died 13 February 1844 aged 68.
231. (96) George MASTERS of this parish died 26 June 1818 aged 59. Left a widow and 1 daughter Elizabeth.
232. (93) Older WAGHORN late of Pembury died 3 July 1819 aged 30. Charlotte daughter of above died 18 August 1833 aged 21. His widow erected this stone.
233. (92) John UDALL of this parish who died October 1800 aged 70 years. Left issue 5 sons and 3 daughters
John, Gains???, William, George, Jesse, Mary, Sarah and Ketura??? Foot JU???
234. (91) Elizabeth daughter of John and Catherine UDALL of this parish died 23 April 1787 aged 3 years. Also David son of John and Catherine Udall who died 29 October 1791 aged 13.
235. (88) Eliza(beth) ye wife of Thomas VENIS She dyed ye 15th day of September 1718 aged 70.
236. (89) William Dawson JENNINGS of this parish died 7 February 1808 aged 38. Left issue by Elizabeth his wife one daughter Ann.
237. (90) Edward JENNINGS of this parish died 26 August 1787 aged 50. Mary his wife died 27 November 1805 aged 63. Thomas Jennings son of above Edward and Mary Jennings died 5 May 1775 aged 1 month. Left issue William, Dawson, Susannah, Mary, James, Francis, Alice and Zachariah.
Four in one iron railed enclosure
238. (170) Here lieth Stephen LAW Esquire late resident of Bedgebury in this parish in expectation of the last day. What sort of a man he was that day will discover. He was born December 26 1699 and died December 20 1787.
239. (169) To the memory of John CARTIER Esquire late of Bedgbury in this parish who died 24 January 1802 aged 68. He was a man respected etc.
240. (168) To the memory of Stephana CARTIER relict of John Cartier Esquire of Bedgbury in this parish who died 22 August 1825 aged 80. She so imitated her husbands benevolence etc.
241. (167) Sacred to the memory of Ann Mary the Right Honourable Baroness FORRESTER who died at
Bedgbury in this parish on December 30 1808 aged 63.
242. (171) Here are interred the remains of Mary WYCHE daughter of the late Peter Wyche Esquire who died at Bedgbury on June the 8th 1810 aged 75.
2 in iron rails.
243. (173) Flat Abram TWOPENNY of this parish, clothier, and of Mary his wife He died 6 February 1747 aged 55. She died 16 November 1759 aged 75. Had issue 5 sons George, William, John, Abram and Richard. Abram died 26 April 1758 aged 34.
244. (172) Richard TWOPENNY Esquire of Weni House in West Malling in Kent died 30 May 1809 aged 81.
245. Jane CHAPMAN died 12 February 1897 aged 60. Belson Chapman husband of above died 29 July 1902 aged 83.
246. Jarvis LAMBERT of this parish died 4 August 1882 aged 76. Mary Wickham Lambert wife of above died 8 August 1892 aged 78.
247. (87) Kate only daughter of Jarvis and Mary Wickham LAMBERT died 9 February 1873 aged 31.
248. (and see 257) in churchyard wall outside Here lyeth buried the / body of John SABB of / this parish clothier who / died the XV day of February / 1636 being of the age / of LXXVI yeares and upwards / [Note the Sabbs of Riseden Gatehouse] This seems to be the side of an altar tomb.
249. (84) Richard PRICE late of this parish died January 22 1819 aged 77. Elizabeth his wife died 18 April 1838 in her 90th year leaving one daughter Sarah.
250. (83) Ann wife of Thomas STEPHENS one of the daughters of David MORGANDER who died 25 January 1735 aged 37. who left issue one son and one daughter Thomas and Ann Morgander.
251. (82) Judith wife of Thomas COLVILL of this parish died 6 January 1812 aged 6(?5). Above Thomas Colvill died 20 December 1827 aged 83.
252. (81) Elizabeth wife of William COLVILL of this parish died 12 January 1790 aged 27. Also William Colvill aforesaid died 18 January 1826 aged 76. Also Rachel his second wife died 8 June 1835 aged 71.
253. (80) Josiah COLVILL of this parish, carpenter, died 28 March 1786 aged 71. Elizabeth his wife died January 7 1786 aged 77. Issue 8 sons and 2 daughters: Joyhn, .iah, Thomas, George, William, Edward, Elizabeth and Mary. Also Thomas and Charles their. near this place.
254. (79) Mary widow of the late William BURTON of Strood in this county died 11 January 1812 aged 74.
255. (86) William BRACKFIELD of this parish died 30 August 1811 aged 38. William son of above William Brackfield and Sarah his wife who died February 7 1795 aged 23.
256. (85) Robert BRACKFIELD of this parish died 3 January 1808 aged 66. Left surviving Mary his wife and 3 sons and one daughter William, Thomas, George and Mary. Mary the relict of the above and late wife of Thomas CHATFIELD of Wadhurst died 1st April 1826 aged 78.
257. Low altar South side blank North side missing? Is it the stone in the wall of SABB No. 248?
258. (69) William HAINES, died 8 May 1717 in his 22nd year. Also Thomas Haines died 17 November 1719 in ye 27th year.
259. (70) Ye body of Elizabeth HAINES youngest daughter of Gabriel Haines departed this life February 11 1711 aged 15 years 9 months and 11 days. William Haines her uncle erected this stone.
260. (72) Elizabeth wife of Thomas WILLIAMS of Combourne in this parish died 28 April 1843 aged 64. Above Thomas Williams died 22 May 1856 aged 78.
261. (71) Joseph LIDWELL died 7 March 1724 in his 49th year. Left issue 5 sons and 2 daughters Joseph, Thomas, Mary, William, Haines and Elizabeth. Also Mary Lidwell, wife of above, died 7 May 1731 aged 67.
262. (73) William HAINES, yeoman, died October 18 Ano Dom 1737 in ye 89th year. Also Martha Haines, wife of above William Haines, died 17 December 1729 in her 83rd year.
263. (74) Altar, south side Here lieth the body of Richard WOODE son of William Woode of Horsmonden who departed this life the 24 of January 1652 (age gone) and left no issue.
264. (75) Thomas AYEARST of this parish, carpenter, died May ye 29 1746 aged 62.
265. (76) Richard HOLINES???? son .. and Mary died 7 of June 1716 aged 28 years.
266. (77) William and Martha son and daughter of Laurence and Martha COLLENS. He died December ye 12 1774 aged 6 years. She died May ye 16 1772 aged 1 year.
267. (78) Ann daughter of William and Phoebe FREEMAN of this parish who died with the enoculation of the small pox January 11 1798 aged 11 years.
268. (68) William MANWARING of Trottenden in this parish died 2 July 1803 aged 50. Mary his wife died 30 April 1812 aged 57. Left issue 2 sons, 3 daughters Thomas-Williams; William, Mary, Elizabeth and Nancy. Near remains of James and John, sons of above, died in infancy. Charlotte daughter of William and Eliz???? COLLENS, granddaughter William and Mary Manwaring, died at Hastings 30 April 1823 aged 4 years 3 months.
269. (69) Peter TICKNER of this parish, cloathier, died 23 November 1752 aged 64. Issue 2 daughters Mary and Elizabeth. Mary wife of above died 21 February 1753 aged 69.
270. (66) Peter TICKNER junior died February 20 1739 aged 22.
271. (65) Elizabeth wife of Thomas WILLIAMS of this parish died 11 September 1770 aged 46. Issue one son and one daughter Thomas and Mary.
272. (63) Thomas WILLIAMS of this parish died 9 January 1785 aged 52. Issue Thomas and Mary.
273. (64) Thomas WILLIAMS of the Gore Farm in this parish died 21 September 1820 aged 61. Deborah his wife died 11 October 1821 aged 64. Left issue 5 sons and 3 daughters Thomas, William, John, Elizabeth, Mary, Joseph, Deborah and Charles. 274. (62) John WILLIAMS of this parish died 12 March 1835 aged 49. Jane his wife died at Hastings 12 March 1878 aged 86.
275. (69B) In affectionate remembrance of Lilly FRY who died September 21st 1875 aged 6 months.
276. (56) Here lyeth ye body of John NEWNHAM who dyed May ye 4 1707 in ye 50th year. Here lyeth also ye body of William Newnham who dyed March ye 19th 1705 in ye 39th year.
277. (57) Elizabeth wife of John KING of the parish of Wateringbury in Kent died 2 March 1804 aged 38. Also Mary GIBBON of this parish (sic).
278. (58) Thomas Wickham WILLIAMS late of Combourne died 26 December 1872 aged 66. Charlotte his wife died 10 March 1889 aged 81. Sarah daughter of above died 1 July 1847 aged 17. Humphrey son of above died at Hereford 19 November 1869 aged 30 years and was buried there.
279. (59) Edward PENFOLD died 7 June 1846 aged 75. Mary his wife died 30 June 1848 aged 78.
280. (60) Mary wife of Peter BONNICK died 20 February 1788 aged 73. Also Peter Bonnick died December 7 1783 aged 82. William FRIEND died May 1- 1791 aged 44. Also Mary wife of William Friend died 9 November 1836 aged 86. Peter Bonnick died 8 August 1838 aged 86. Sarah wife of John Bonnick died 19 September 1848 aged 71.
281. (61) Mary Smith FRIEND daughter of Sarah FAGG of this parish died 28 March 1821 aged 13 years.
282. Here lyeth ye body of ..bug-s who died January ye in 1679 aged 22 years.
283. The . Will .w August 10 1699 Aetatis sue 73
284. The .. .f Elizabeth .. Will ..er-s who died February (?15) 1686 Aetatis suae 73.
285. (55) Mary Ann only daughter of Lawrence and Jane THURGOOD of Gore Farm in this parish, born at Debden in Essex died 14 June 1846 aged 7 years and 9 months.
286. Stephen DOUST of this parish, many years a faithful and useful Christian died 21 January 1880 aged 83. Helena his wife died 1 July 1856 aged 55.
287. (49) Samuel ATWOOD of this parish died 16 November 1811 aged 67. Charity his wife died 9 February 1827 aged 59.
288. (50) Catherine MANWARING died 26 April 1847 aged 76. James Manwaring died 3 June 1836 aged 80. Left surviving 3 sons and 3 daughters.
289. (51) James SMITH of Cliff who died July 25 1778 aged 45.
290. (52) Charles OSBORNE of this parish, baker, died 15 March 1864 aged 62. William son of above died 3 August 1839 aged 11. Charles son of above Charles Osborne who was drowned in Australia. Mark son of said Charles Osborne died 19 December 1861 aged 22 and 5 other children died in infancy.
291. (53) John TOLHURST of this parish died December 2 1805 aged 78. Ann his wife died 10 September 1810 aged 74. Left issue 3 sons and 3 daughters John, Thomas, William, Mary, Ann and Elizabeth.
292. (54) Martha wife of Henry CARLOW of this parish died 15 July 1830 aged 44. Henry Carlow died 28 December 1846 aged 65. Leaving issue 3 sons and 4 daughters Thomas, John, James, Mary, Harriott, Sarah and Caroline.
293. (48) Here is interred the body of William PAWLEY who dyed ye 26th of July 1715 in ye 20 year of his age. In remembrance of whom Robert MERCHANT his uncle erected this stone.
294. (47) Back. Sarah wife of John BONNICK died 19 September 1848 aged 71. Front. Mary wife of George LEIGH died 11 March 1804 aged 22. Also two infants. George Leigh aforesaid died 18 January 1817 aged 41.
295. (45) William son of William and Mary DODSON of this parish died 18 November 1795 aged 8 years.
296. (44) Emma wife of Edwin BUSS died 27 April 1864 aged 42. Edwin Buss died 7 May 1907 aged 79.
297. Richard BUSS died 21 December 1873 aged 82. Sophia Buss wife of above died 16 September 1863 aged 72.
298. Coped Eliza SWATLAND of this parish born 8 October 1830 died 7 November 1911 aged 81.
299. (46) George BROWN died 30 November 1781 aged 78. He married Elizabeth only daughter of John LAMBERT of this parish, butcher. Also Elizabeth wife of above George Brown died 15 September 1796 aged 85. Left issue 2 sons and 5 daughters.
300. (42) George BROWN, yeoman, of this parish, died 26 October 1822 aged 81. Mary his wife died 29 August 1823 aged 64.
301. (43) Cross by north gate Mary Annie wife of John KEMP died 8 April 1874 (no age).
E. North-east portion
302. (40) William MASTERS who departed this life February the 13 1767 aged 50 years. Through the blood of Christ his name etc. (etc sudden death)
303. (39) William KINGSMELL of Bethersden in this county died 6 November 1764 aged 77. Also Edward Kingsmell, son of above William Kingsmell, who died at Cranbrook 16 May 1792 aged 57.
304. Edward WENHAM, late of this parish, died at Maidstone 31 May 1890 aged 74.
305. Thomas WENHAM died 27 December 1882 aged 90. Mary wife of above and daughter of Mary NOAKES died 4 January 1855 aged 67. The above Mary Noakes died 14 December 1844 aged 85 and the following children of above Thomas and Mary Wenham. Thomas, died 27 April 1836 aged 12. Matilda, died 9 September 1839 aged 21. Mary died 30 January 1851 aged 29. Caroline died 26 April 1881 aged 53.
306. (41) Here lyeth interred the body of Edward SCOOT (sic) who departed this life 8th day of January 1704 aged 84. He left issue 2 daughters Elizabeth and Mary. Here lyeth ye body of Mary SCOTT of Goudhurst, wife of Edward Scott, who departed this life 5 April 1714 aged 93.
307. (38) Mary Ann, daughter of Robert and Ann STONE of this parish, died 30 May 1824 aged 20. Also Ann, wife of Robert Stone, died 13 December 1847 aged 74. Also Robert Stone died 11 June 1856 aged 78.
2 in rails
308. (36) In vault beneath Thomas MILLER Esquire of this parish died 11 December 1823 (no age). Mary his wife died 10 June 1826. Also Mary, daughter of above, at Maidstone 18 January 1894 aged 98.
309. (37) Giles MILLER Esquire, late of this parish, died 30 March 1853 aged 55. Anne Augusta his wife, died 14 May 1837 aged 31. Also Edward Lewis, their only child, killed by a fall from a cliff at Freshwater in Isle of Wight, 28 August 1846 age 15. Their remains are deposited in a vault beneath this stone.
310. (35) Mercy MILLER late of this parish died 8 October 1798 aged 57.
311. (34) Jane wife of Thomas STEPHENS of this parish died 3 October 1777 aged 51. Above Thomas Stephens, Gentleman, died 26 April 1787 aged 55.
312. (30) Mr Henry STEPHENS of this parish died 12 December 1761 aged 74.
313. (28) Mr Thomas STEPHENS of this parish died 16 October 1759 aged 51. Left issue by Ann his wife one son and one daughter Edward and Ann. [Transcript has 1739 aged 71 and issue Thomas and Ann and name STEVENS.]
314. Flat in rails. In memory of Robert Henry ALEXANDER, late of Brandfold in this parish, born 2 May 1838 died 26 May 1901. Catherine his wife born 28 October 1838 died 2 April 1914.
315. (27) John LINGHAM late of Park Farm, Horsmonden, died 22 February 1859 aged 77. Ann his wife died 8 February 1874 aged 83.
316. (24) Sarah wife of John LINGHAM of this parish died 23 March 1824 aged 69. Left surviving 3 sons John, Thomas and James. Above John Lingham died 17 February 1833 aged 80.
317. (31) Jane wife of Thomas HONESS of this parish died 23 March 1850 aged 28. A sudden change dear friends upon me fell.
318. (33) William HUNT of this parish died October 22 1799 aged 70. Also Elizabeth wife of above William Hunt likewise the wife of William HONESS died June 26 1809 aged 79.
319. (32) Henry HAYWARD for 50 years occupier of Trillinghurst Farm in this parish died 29April 1866 aged 76 leaving a widow, 1 son and 2 daughters George, Emma and Jane. Jane Hayward his wife died 23 August 1875 aged 79.
320. William COLWELL, builder, late of this parish, died 4 June 1867 aged 65. Ann his wife died 24 March 1870 aged 75.
321. (26) Henry WESTON of this parish September 1833 aged 69. Foot HW 1833
322. (25) Jane Colvill CLEMETSON wife of James Clemetson junior of this parish died 5 July 1872 aged 44.
323. (24) Mary wife of William VOUSDEN of Iden Green in this parish died 14 December 1869 aged 77. Edward son of above died 4 May 1871 aged 44. Above William Vousden died 19 May 1889 aged 92.
324. (23) Harriet SIVYER died 28 December 1869 aged 70. John Sivyer died 11 November 1878 aged 89. Near 4 of their children taken away by fever in the year 1848.
325. (22) In memory of Miss Sarah KITE, spinster of this parish, daughter of Mr and Mrs Kite of Hancock in Cranbrook died 22 July 1796 aged 67. Foot SK
326. Mary wife of James GILBERT of this parish died 18 June 1871 aged 24. Matilda second wife of above died 13 May 1891 aged 43.
327. Old coffin shaped tomb low no inscription.
328. (20) Mary MESSENGER, eldest daughter of George and Sarah Messenger of this parish died 19 April 1875 aged 58.
329. (21) James HAYWARD (late) of the Vine Inn in this parish died 10 April 1873 aged 60. Ann, wife of James Hayward, died 22 June 1871 aged 62. Jane, daughter of above James and Ann Hayward, died 13 January 1870 aged 24.
330. (19) George MESSENGER of this parish, tailor, died 22 August 1863 aged 80. Sarah Messenger, wife of above, died 30 August 1853 aged 64.
331. Thomas MESSENGER of this parish died 19 October 1899 aged 76. George Messenger of this parish died 7 April 1903 aged 83.
332. (18) Ann wife of Henry FALKNER died 14 June 1848 aged 25.
333. (17) John BAKER of this parish died 25 October 1862 aged 68. Elizabeth wife of above died 20 March 1879 aged 82.
334. (14) Richard RUSSELL died 21 December 1836 aged 44. Elizabeth his wife died 22 December 1867 aged 74. William their son died 21 June 1861 aged 33. All of this parish.
335. (15) Elizabeth daughter of Henry and Mary HARRIS of this parish died 26 June 1822 aged 31.
336. (16) Richard SOUTHON son of Charles and Ann Southon of this parish died 27 March 1882 aged 43.
2 coped in one rail
337. (10) William only son of Thomas and Elizabeth BRISSENDEN of this parish died 16 January 1848 aged 18. Sarah only daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Brissenden of this parish died 16 April
1846 aged 18.
338. (9) Elizabeth wife of Thomas BRISSENDEN who died at Wolseley House, Tunbridge Wells, 13 April 1883 aged 78. Thomas Brissenden of Pleasant Place in this parish died 17 December 1872 aged 70.
339. (13) Ann SOUTHON of this parish died at Horsmonden 26 January 1872 aged 46. George, eldest son of
David and Harriett Southon born 13 September 1860 died 24 August 1881.
340. (12) Charles SOUTHON, butcher, of this parish died 15 December 1875 aged 77. Ann wife of above died 19 October 1886 aged 85 years 11 months.
341. Thomas APPS died 3 March 1869 aged 52. Eliza his wife 20 June 1895 aged 75.
342. (8) John APPS died 25 January 1871 aged 44.
343. (11) Hannah wife of John APPS died 28 March 1832 aged 41. Also 3 of their children William died 29 November 1823 aged 15 months. Mary Ann died 6 March 1831 aged 9 months. Elizabeth died 16 April 1832 aged 7 years. Also John Apps died 23 August 1846 aged 73.
344. (4) Richard SUTTON son of Richard and Mary Sutton of St James in the Isle of Grain died 2 February 1810 aged 17 years.
345. (7) Mary daughter of William and Ann APPS died 23 December 1851 aged 47.
346. (6) Ann wife of William APPS died 27 February 1863 aged 83. Above William Apps died 14 March 1871 aged 92. Leaving 3 daughters Ann, Elizabeth and Sarah.
347. (5) Ann APPS died 1 October 1877 aged 74. Mary daughter of above died 4 October 1880 aged 56.
348. (1) Elizabeth daughter of George and Mary Ann WOOLLETT died 14 February 1835 aged 15.
349. (2) George WOOLLETT of Brompton in this county died 18 August 1826 aged 37. Mary Ann Woollett his wife died 10 August 1855 aged 67. Elizabeth Wilmshurst Woollett, Michael George, George and George Augustus all died in their infancy.
350. (3) William WOOLLETT of this parish, miller, died 16 January 1832 aged 74. Elizabeth his wife December 21 1832 aged 73. Left surviving 4 sons and 4 daughters.
351. Harriett WOOLLETT daughter of George and Mary Ann Woollett died 8 August 1886 (no age).
End of north east yard.
F. Eastern Yard
352. (264) Sarah wife of Thomas USHERWOOD of this parish died 13 June 1819 aged 62. Thomas Usherwood died 25 April 1826 aged 76. Left issue one daughter Elizabeth.
253. William FORWOOD who dyed October ye 30th 1734 aged 51. Left issue ?4 sons and 4 daughters.
354. (297) William COLLISON of this parish died 15 October 1797 aged 53. Mary his wife October 1 1801 aged 60.
355. (386) Low altar Daniel COLLISON of this parish died December ye 2 1740 aged 67. Also Mary his wife died 12 February 1749 aged 73. Also Catherine their daughter died 5 February 1729 aged 11. Left surviving 3 sons and 7 daughters Daniel, Ann, Constance, Eliza, Sarah, Martha, John, Susanna, Thomas, Emma and Mercy.
356. (296) William ROWLES late of the Nags Head Inn Boro? died 12 April 1824 aged 58. Left issue one son and 5 daughters.
357. (245) Walter ROWLES of this parish died 30 August 1794 aged 56. Alice his wife died 11 August 1790 aged49. Barbara their daughter died 27 June 1784 aged 2. Left issue 5 sons and 1 daughter viz William, Walter, Thomas, Edward, John and Mary.
358. (294) Ann BAKER died 16 February 1787 aged 22.
359. (243) Thomas BAKER died 4 June 1789 aged 17.
360. (292) Robert BAKER died 13 November 1789 aged 21.
361. (291) John BAKER late of Marling Gate died 30 March 1803 aged 71. Left surviving his wife and one daughter. Mary his wife who died 23 April 1809 aged 81.
362. (290) William CHILDER died 27 May 1792 aged 26. Ann his wife died 18 January 1793 aged 27.
363. (300) Harriet STANDEN wife of Thomas Standen died 5 August 1866 aged 52.
364. Alfred, eldest son of Thomas and Mary HONESS, born 9 November 1858 died 8 September 1890.
365. (301) William HONESS died 21 December 1813 aged 69. Ann his wife died 24 January 1798 aged 47. Left issue William, Thomas, Richard, Henry, Ann, Sarah, Elizabeth and Fanny.
366. (303) Charlotte wife of Thomas HONESS of this parish died 19 September 1850 aged 70. Above Thomas Honess died 22 May 1851 aged 77. Left issue 2 sons and 1 daughter Mary, Thomas and John.
367. (302) Elizabeth wife of Richard HOLBROOK of Brighton, Sussex, died 15 December 1843 aged 75.
368. Thomas HONESS died 1 January 1897 aged 81. Mary his wife died 18 July 1906 aged 73.
369. (298) Daniel COLLISON died 15 July 1811 aged 82. Ann his wife died 25 December 1816 aged 81.
370. (299) Mercy DAVIS of this parish died 21 May 1796 aged 75.
371. (?388) Flat, ?head. No inscription. See end after 476.
372. (387) William TWORT of this parish, Gentleman, died 11 June 1777 aged 51. Left issue 2 sons and 3 daughters William, James, Ann, Elizabeth and Jenny.
373. (304) Sarah CONSTABLE died 9 December 1835 aged 79. Near be her father and mother Henry and Mary Constable formerly of Marden in this county.
374. (265) Rhoda daughter of William and Mary USHERWOOD of this parish died 2 January 1838 aged 27.
375. William USHERWOOD, wheel wright of this parish 55 years, died 30 October 1867 aged 81. Mary, wife of above, died 20 May 1867 aged 77. Left surviving William, Elizabeth, Sophia, Thomas, Edwin and Alfred. Also Thomas, son of above, died at Hoo 13 March 1876 aged 50.
376. (275) Mary Harriet Lucy CLOUTT, eldest daughter of William and Martha Cloutt, late of this parish, died 1 September 1865 aged 18 years 8 months. Also Martha Cloutt, mother of above, died 10 May 1867 aged 55. Eliza Martha, daughter of the last named Marth Cloutt, died 15 November 1876 aged 22.
377. (274) Stephen Henry FREELAND late of this parish died 16 October 1857 aged 30 leaving a widow and 2 children viz William-Henry and Harriote-Eliza-Mary-Martha.
378. (276) William WAGHORN of this parish died 5 June 1821 aged 57.
379. (306) Thomas BRATTLE of this parish died 21 March 1746 aged 72. Elizabeth his wife died December 25 1753 aged 79. Thomas their eldest son died October 1773 aged 77.
380. (307) James BRIGHTRIDGE of this parish died 23 December 1723 or 5 in 47th or 41st year and in ys place lies two children.
381. (305) Charles CUTBUSH died 13 November 1839 aged 36.
382. (312) Harriet LEWIN wife of C D Lewin Esquire of this parish died 16 July 1826 aged 34. Also Harriet, second daughter of above Harriet and Charles Lewin died 27 April 1838 aged 37.
383. (311) Flat Mary Ann widow of the late Thomas WELSH of Brighton died 13 December 1867 aged 65.
384. (309) ??? Cross Lydia LARGE, daughter of William and Caroline Large of Taywell died 2 March 1862 aged 3 years 6 months.
385. Here lyeth the body of / William CHAR.. / Yeoman departed this life / the day of May / 1686 aged years. Here lyeth .. . 18 .. .this life T.. D. AR .. J . ES in the 5- year of this age.
386. (310) Ambrose COVENEY of this parish died 6 January 1791 or 4 aged 77. Susanna, wife of above, died February 14 1776 aged 61. Left issue one son and one daughter Ambrose and Susanna.
387. (308) Ann HONESS wife of Charles HONESS of this parish died 10 February 1873 aged 52. Charles Honess died 28 April 1903 aged 81.
388. (273 John HUMPRIS (sic) of this parish died 10 March 1757 aged 88.
389. (314) Samuel VOUSDEN of this parish died 9 April 1830 in his 67th year. Mary his second wife died 1 October 1833 in her 67th year. James their son died 21 March 1824 aged 19.
390. (316) Martha VOUSDEN, wife of Samuel Vousden of this parish, died January 19 1787 aged 25. Issue one daughter Martha.
391. (315) John VOUSDEN late of Iden Green died 29 November 1833 aged 29.
392. (313) William VOUSDEN, son of William and Mary Vousden of Iden-Green in this parish, died 27 December 1862 aged 34.
393. (317) William VOUSDEN late of Iden Green in this parish, died 14 November 1803 aged 47. Left surviving his wife and 3 children Ann, William and Jane and John unbornd. Also of Ann, wife of above, who died 1 March 1848 aged 75.
394. (318) Peter POPE son of John and Elizabeth Pope died 7 August 1819 aged 25. Harriet Pope, daughter of said John and Elizabeth Pope died 10 January 1821 aged 25.
395. (279) Here lyeth the body of Robert FULLER who departed this life the 19th day of November Ano Dom 1678
396. (332) James GATES of this parish who died in the year 1803 and was buried near this stone. Also 2 children who died in their infancy. Also Dorothy his wife died in the year 1839. Also following sons and daughters of above who died and were buried at the places named. Mercy at Norwich in 1803 John at Canterbury in 1807 George at Tunbridge in 1811 Mary at Goudhurst in 1839 Richard at Portsmouth in 1845 James at Halden in 1847 Thomas at Crowborough in 1853 Stephen at West Wickham in 1855 Hannah at Tunbridge in 1857 William at Plumsted in 1873 Captain late Royal Artillery by whom this stone has been erected Ann at Pembury in 1873 The last of the family.
397. (330) John WILLIAMS third son of William and Judith Williams born 25 November 1818 died 23 August 1821. John Williams, fourth son of above, born 2 July 1824 died 7 April 1831.
398. (329) George son of John and Susanna WILLIAMS of Cranbrook died 3 February 1820 aged 24.
399. (327) coped in rails Judith WILLIAMS, widow of William Williams, died 3 September 1872 aged 79 of Triggs. To husband and father William Williams of Triggs Farm in this parish died 29 June 1860 aged 72.
400. (328) Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William and Judith Williams of Triggs in this parish born July 11 1821 died 2 July 1881.
401. (326) Susanna wife of John WILLIAMS of Cranbrook died 18 July 1806 aged 47. Left issue 4 sons and 3 daughters Mary, William, Thomas, John, George, Frances and Sarah. Above John Williams died 12 March 1826 aged 78.
402. (325) Charles son of William and Elizabeth MANWARING died 10 April 1795 aged 18.
403. (324) John MANWARING late of Cranbrook died 30 March 1772 aged 81. Gardener.
404. (323) William MANWARING of this parish died February 24 1762 or 4 aged 80. Left issue one son William
405. (322) Mary wife of William MANWARING of this parish junior died 17 February 1763 aged 37. Left issue 2 sons and 3 daughters William, Thomas, Mary, Susannah, Martha. Also the above William MANWARING died June 14 1805 aged 82.
406. (321) Elizabeth second wife of William MANWARING of this parish died December 7 1783 aged 43. Leaving issue 2 sons and 2 daughters George, Charles and Elizabeth and Ann.
407. (320) Thomas VOUSDEN of this parish died 21 March 1787 aged 45. Left surviving a wife and 4 children John, Thomas, William and Richard. Sarah his wife who after the death of her husband married Henry MANWARING and died June 16 1826 aged 83.
408. (319) Thomas KNIGHT of this parish died 20 April 1854 aged 66. Jemima Knight, wife of above, died 13 November 1867 aged 79. Ann their eldest daughter died 22 May 1844 aged 35. Ellen their ninth daughter aged 15 died 17 August 1848 at Milton and was buried there.
409.(333) Emila HARDEN died 17 May 1828 aged 11 years.
410. (331) Thomas-Williams MANWARING of Trottenden in this parish died 11 October 1868 aged 82 leaving issue 2 sons and 4 daughters Eliza, Mary, William, Thomas, Elizabeth and Anne. Elizabeth his wife died at Summer Hill 20 November 1877 aged 88.
411. (338) David STANDEN died 11 May 1872 aged 60. Elizabeth his widow died 7 May 1900 aged 92.
412. (339) Richard SCOONES of this parish died 30 April 1870 aged 73. Mary wife of above died 14 August 1870 aged 65.
413. (267) Small cross William ROBERTS born 21 March 1824 died 4 September 1873.
414. (266) Henry BLUNT died 30 May 1874 aged 79. Ann his wife died 29 June 1877 aged 74.
415. (334) Large altar in rails North side Beneath this tomb are deposited the remains of Thomas MARTIN late of this parish, Gentleman, who died July the 4th 1801 aged 61 years.
416. (335) Stephen GROOMBRIDGE late of this parish and Mary his wife. Stephen died 28 November 1785 aged 67. Mary died 28 October 1785 aged 65. Also Elizabeth sister of said Stephen Groombridge died 18 October 1790 aged 75.
417. (336) Thomas GROOMBRIDGE died 6 March 1797 aged 76. Mary his wife died 1 April 1793 aged 75. Had issue 7 children viz Thomas, John, Mary, Peter, Elizabeth, Stephen and Ann. Thomas born 16 July 1746 died 3 December 1754 John born 13 April 1748 died 15 March 1751 Mary born 31 August 1750 died 7 December 1751 Peter born 26 August 1752 died 23 October 1752 Elizabeth born 26 August 1752 died 23 October 1752 Ann born 22 November 1756 died 2 November 1763 and lie buried at Westminster.
418. (337) Large altar. South Here lieth the body of John GROOMBRIDGE of this parish, Gentleman, who departed this life ye 16 day of October 1727 in ye 42nd year of his age. North Here also lieth the body of Elizabeth wife of ye said John Groombridge, daughter of Peter PARIS late of this parish, mercer, who departed this life ye 29 day of March 1736 in ye 51st year of her age. East end Leaving issue 5 sons and 2 daughters Peter, Alexander, Stephen, Thomas, James, Elizabeth and Mary.
419. (351) Mary Jane EVENDEN wife of Thomas Evenden of this parish died 4 January 1874 aged 46. Thomas Charles Evenden, husband of the above died 8 December 1877 aged 72.
420. (349?) .. . ONGLEY..aged Foot IO This is probably 349 of transcript: Thomas ONGLEY died 7 July 1801 aged 60. Left issue by Elizabeth his wife (who survived him) 4 sons and 5 daughters viz Thomas, Edward, Nicholas, William, Elizabeth, Nancy, Mary, Fanny and Maria.
421. (350) John ONGLEY of this parish died 21 August 1769 aged 72.
422. (348) Thomas ONGLEY son of Thomas and Margaret Ongley died June ye [19 . 1703 aged 20]. Also Margaret daughter of Thomas and Margaret Ongley died December ye 12 1726 aged 35.
423. (347) Catherine daughter of Thomas and Margaret ONGLEY died 1 April 1757 aged 71.
424. (345) Thomas ONGLEY of this parish, yeoman, died June ye 10 1717 aged 69. Margaret wife of Thomas Ongley died May 16 1741 aged 79. They had issue ten children.
425. (346) Nicholas ONGLEY son of Thomas and Margaret Ongley died October ye 17 1741 aged 59. Ann ye daughter of Thomas and Margaret Ongley died 7 March 1742 aged 49.
426. (354) [Edward son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth ALLEN] [of] Marden died [February] 3rd 9 aged 23. [all you that] are young [prepare to die] Though I was young yet here I lie My wedding bride [lies in the dust] [Christ is my bridegroom in whom I trust]
427. (344) [Eli]zabeth [wife] of William [ALLEN] of this parish [Marden] [May 1]0th 17 Left [issue surviving one] son [William]. 2 footstones 1 JA????? 2 blank
428. (343) Alfred TEMPSON who died at the Vicarage 25 February 1839 aged 21. The Reverend B HARRISON MA for his faithful services dedicates this stone to his memory.
429. (341) Mary Ann wife of John GULLIVER died 4 December 1851 aged 64. John Gulliver died 29 September 1863 aged 72 for 37 years the faithful servant of the Reverend Sir William Smith MARRIOT, Baronet??, Rector of Horsmonden in serving whom he did not forget his higher duty to his heavenly master.
430. (342) Frances SCOONES died 4 July 1834 aged 62. She lived 44 years with a mistress by whom she is greatly lamented.
431. (340) Small cross Herbert JENNINGS for 10 years master of the National School died at his post aged 56 on 6 March 1868. Faint yet pursuing.
432. .. departed this.. of December 1689 .ar of his age.
433. (352) Ed[ward ONG]LEY late of [Brenchley] yeoman [he had 2] w[ives Ann and] Elizabeth H[e died November] ye 7th 5 82 years.
434. (353) Elizabeth wife of Edward ONGLEY died May 22 1760 aged 61. The said Edward Ongley died February 8 1762 aged 73. Margaret their daughter April 8 1765 aged 23. Left issue 2 sons and 2 daughters Edward, Thomas, Elizabeth and Ann.
435. (355) Flat Edward ONGLEY of Smugley in this parish who died January 9 1803 aged 69. Frances Ongley died 29 September 1814 aged 65. Issue one daughter Fanny.
436. (356) Richard SCOONES late of this parish died 24 April 1837 aged 65. Mary his wife died 22 December 1854 aged 77. Had issue one son and 7 daughters Richard, Frances, Mary, Sarah, Ann, Elizabeth, Harriet and Jane.
437. (357) Mary SCOONES of this parish died 1 November 1850 aged 19.
438. (364) Henrietta GODFREY relict of William Godfrey of Brookland Kent died 26 February 1870 aged 83. Also their son William Godfrey of this parish who died 21st November 1844 aged 29 and his son William Godfrey born 9 March 1845 died January 31 1849 Also his daughter Henrietta Godfrey born 29 January 1836 died 6 March 1867 Foot WG 1844
439. (362) Hannah eldest daughter of Richard and Mary CUTBUSH of this parish died 14 May 1863 aged 29.
440. (361) John PENFOLD died 9 July 1876 aged 81. Elizabeth his wife died 20 September 1883 aged 85. Also Richard third son of above died 6 April 1882 aged 57.
441. (360) Mercy widow of the late William DAVYE died 27 January 1872 aged 69. Mary PENFOLD sister of above died 19 December 1873 aged 73.
442. (359) Mary Ann wife of William PENFOLD of this parish bricklayer died 14 July 1865 aged 72. Above William Penfold died 26 February 1874 aged 82.
443. (358) Fanny wife of Thomas MILLER of this parish died 8 June 1846 aged 66. Thomas Miller died 16 October 1865 aged 84. Left issue one son Edward.
444. (363) Small cross Albert FORDHAM died 27 May 1873 aged 27.
445. (365) Mary SATTIN of this parish died July 23 1803 aged 72. Near lieth her father and mother.
446. Sundial 1801 Hugh WELCH Humphrey WICKHAM Churchwardens.
447. (368) Small iron cross inscription lost [Francis Wellesley third son of Frederick Thomas and Louisa MONKHOUSE died 21 June 1871 aged 11 years].
448. (366) Miss Ann WOOLLVEN daughter of John and Elizabeth Woollven of St Georges, Southwark, died 11 December 1831 aged 18 months.
449. (367) Mary WOOLLVEN wife of William Woollven died November 27 1824 aged 25. Also William Woollven died 6 May 1827 aged 32. Richard son of William and Mary Woollven died 31 May 1825 aged 2 years and 7 months. William son of William and Mary Woollven died 15 August 1848 aged 29.
450. (371) William second son of John and Mary Ann RAYNER died 26 April 1852 aged 18.
451. (369) Henry WOOLLVEN son of Charles and Sarah WOOLLVEN of this parish died 1 May 1828 aged 4 years and 2 months. Also of William their son died 15 January 1850 aged 24. Sarah wife of Charles Woollven late of this parish died 29 April 1858 aged 71. Charles Woollven late of this parish died 29 March 1866 aged 78.
452. 2 crosses in a curb On curb:
Stewart Algernon CLARKE killed in action Hulluch October 13 1915
Basil Edward Clarke killed in action Ypres 24 April 1915
Seaforth St John Clarke died on active service Doullens 26 March 1918.
453. Cross in above curb Rest in Peace. James Sanderson CLARKE 47 years Vicar of this parish died 19 May 1911 aged 90. Also Annie his wife born 14 July 1841 died 4 July 1921.
454. (271) Another cross head in above curb Mabil Emily infant daughter of James Sanderson and Annie Clarke died 1 September 1868
455. (268) Mary Ann BEECHING child of Samuel and Ann Beeching died 2 February 1868 aged 10 years 9 months. Also of Samuel-Henry, Frederick-John and Edgar-George 3 children of above Samuel and Ann Beeching, died in infancy.
456. (269) Samuel BEECHING late of this parish died 23 February 1850 aged 59. Sarah his wife died 12 November 1865 aged 73. Catherine fifth daughter of above Samuel and Sarah Beeching died 16 October 1840 aged 6. Mary Ann second daughter of above died 9 May 1848 aged 22. Elizabeth fourth daughter of same died in infancy.
457. (270) Samuel DRAWBRIDGE died 22 April 1866 aged 64 years 11 months. Harriett Drawbridge, daughter of above, died 6 March 1898 aged 91.
458. (278) in rails Beatrice Jessica daughter of Benjamin Sidney and Beatrice Sophia WILMOT of Highams, Goudhurst born 26 April 1873 died 21 October 1873
459. Coped with flat cross in rails Robert Samuel NEWINGTON born 13 December 1834 died 23 October 1891. For 25 years surgeon of this parish. Also his wife Lucy SIDDLE died 12 August 1902 aged 68.
460. (370) Coped with flat cross in rails Samuel Wilmott NEWINGTON 40 years surgeon of this parish died 13 July 1868 aged 67. Mary wife of above died 7 January 1855 aged 57. Jane, second daughter of Samuel Wilmott and Mary Newington, wife of Roger NUNN, surgeon, Bisceter??? Oxon, whose remains are interred in the cemetery of that place died 7 September 1866 aged 34.
461. (372) Samuel Plasted NEWINGTON late of this parish, surgeon, died 22 August 1832 in 71st year and left issue by Elizabeth his wife Anne, Elizabeth, Samuel, Frances Georgiana, John and Emma. Above Elizabeth Newington died 5 July 1834 aged 68.
462. (373) James THOMPSON of this parish died 17 May 1834 aged 66. Ann his wife died 28 March 1843 aged 78. Left issue 5 sons and 2 daughters James, William, Thomas, John, George, Ann and Jane.
463. (374) Catharine Ann ELLIOTT late of Bramley, Surrey, died 21 November 1817 aged 21.
464. (375) Long narrow tomb North side Beneath this tomb have been deposited the earthly remains of James WEBB late of this parish, Gentleman, who died on the 20 January 1828. Also of three of his children namely Harriet who died 15 May 1826 James 22 August 1848 and Mary the wife of Richard WHITE also of this parish died 29 June 1849. South side Anna Maria HILLS daughter of Richard and Mary WHITE died 26 June 1851. Also Sarah daughter of James WEBB the elder and widow of John POPE, Gentleman, late of this parish, died 9 October 1857. Also the before named Richard White, solicitor, who died 21 May 1864 aged 90. Also Mary White of Barnet, Herts, and niece of the said Richard White who died 25 May 1857 aged XI.
Top is sloping, on south slope. Also Emily White the fifth daughter of the said Charles White and niece of the said Richard White, who died 8 February 18(?69) aged 51.
North slope Also Sarah White, eldest daughter of Anna Maria Hills, died 31 July 1862 aged 23. And of Ellen, youngest daughter of Anna Maria Hills, died 12 September 1867 aged 30.
465. (376) Thomas BELLINGHAM of this parish, died 29 March 1825 aged 80. Mary, sister of above, died at Pembury 3 September 1830 aged 78 and is there buried.
466. (378) Elizabeth wife of John JONES of this parish died 20 January 1835 aged 80 leaving issue 3 daughters Hannah, Susannah and Jane. Above John Jones, died 5 August 1848 aged 83.
467. (377) Susannah daughter of John and Elizabeth JONES of this parish died 2 July 1840 aged 49.
468. (379) Anna Blinks wife of Alfred POILE, only daughter of James and Ann CLEMETSON of Hope Mill in this parish died 15 September 1865 aged 28. Also Anna Clemetson, only child of Alfred and Anna Poile died 2 November aged 9 weeks (no year so apparently 1865?)
469. (381) Maria wife of Edward CLEMETSON died 28 December 1867 aged 33. Also Margaret Clemetson died in infancy.
470. (380) Charles KEMP of Bockingfold in this parish, died 24 November 1869 aged 64. Charles son of Charles and Olivia Kemp died 29 April 1861 aged 23 years 10 months. John, son of above Charles and Olivia Kemp died 26 February 1853 aged 3 weeks and 5 days and is buried near. Also Olivia, wife of above Charles Kemp, died 2 March 1879 aged 68.
471. (385) Flat Thomas SMART died 8 April 1837 aged 19. Also Samuel LEWIN, Esquire, died 21 June 1846 aged 46. Also Ann Smart died 2 November 1846 aged 21. John Smart, Esquire, died 24 February 1849 aged 63. Sarah Lewin, wife of Samuel Lewin, died 24 October 1876 aged 62.
472. Lucy THOMPSON died 24 January 1892 aged 58.
473. (384) Coped ???? cross William DURRANT died 25 May 1852 aged 25.
474. (383) ????? coped cross Frederick William SPRINGETT deceased July IX MDCCCLIX aged XXX.
475. (382) Coped with cross Richard SPRINGETT died 6 November 1869 aged 84 and Ann Elizabeth his wife who died 9 November 1862 aged 70.
476. Coped at east gate. Maria, daughter of Richard and Ann E SPRINGETT of Finchcocks, died 7 September 1900 aged 83.
Location of following not clear from Duncans notes
477 (? 371) seems a head lying on its face ?is this 388 of transcript to Samuel Dent RUDDUCK of this parish died 19 July 1802 aged 70. Left issue by Elizabeth his wife 1 son Thomas Dent. Elizabeth wife of above Samuel Ruddock was buried at Kimbolton in Huntingdonshire.
478 (No. 415) of transcript is Thomas Dent RUDDOCK of this parish died 28 July 1803 aged 42.
479 (420). This is probably 349 of transcript: Thomas ONGLEY died 7 July 1801 aged 60. Left issue by Elizabeth his wife (who survived him) 4 sons and 5 daughters Thomas, Edward, Nicholas, William, Elizabeth, Nancy, Mary, Fanny and Maria.
480. (194) Thomas DODGE of this parish died 23 May 1827 aged 80. Alice his wife died 12 May 1808 -- years. 193 is my 26 and 195 my 21
481. (272) John DUGGIN died 3 September 1872 aged 16 ? now lost
482. (415) Thomas Dent RUDDOCK of this parish died 28 July 1803 aged 42.
This is a photograph of Edward Murray's sons, taken on Bruny Island. I'm not sure who is who but I do know the two in the middle would be John (Jack) and Walter both Tasmanian champion sawyers for 12 years.
Bruny Island is an island off the south-eastern coast of Tasmania, from which it is separated by the DEntrecasteaux Channel. Both the island and the channel are named after French explorer Bruni d'Entrecasteaux.
Edward David MURRAY was born on the 10 September 1852 at Spring Bay, Tasmania. The son of Thomas Murray and Maria DENISON/WRIGHT.
In 1871 at Esperance, Tasmania, Edward married Mary Ann PRICE 1855-1934 the daughter of Daniel PRICE 1823-1906 and Hannah Crow 1833-1927
The children of this marriage were:-
Male Murray 1876 ?
Sarah Ann Murray b:15 August 1879 Esperance d:22 July 1900
John (Jack) Murray b:21 Aug.1881 Esperance d:28 Oct.1961 m. Angelina HANKIN 1886-1972 on 23 August 1911. 5 children
Male 'infant' Murray 1883 1883
Walter Murray b:6 July 1884 Gordon d:16 July 1955 m.Beatrice Elizabeth HANKIN 1887-1957 on 2 February 1913
Maria Jane Murray b: 1 Jan 1887 Gordon d:11 January 1962
Albert Daniel Murray b:18 July 1889 Gordon d:7 November 1924
Elizabeth Jane Murray b:5 Feb.1892 Gordon d:16 October 1966 m. Lars Edmund HANSSON 1892-1973
Lionel Henry Murray b: 3 May 1895 Gordon d:6 October1950
Percy George Murray b: 5 January 1897 Gordon d:27 October 1945
Sydney Earnest Murray b:27 October 1899 Gordon d:28 December 1900 m. Irene Mary HANKIN 1901-1972
When Edward David MURRAY died on the 6 March 1922 at Adventure Bay on Bruny Island, Tasmania he left a family of six sons and two daughters.
Mary Ann died on 2 November 1934 at Adventure Bay, Bruny. Tasmania and was buried at the Adventure Bay Cemetery on the 3rd.
My 4th great grandfather Thomas HEATHER/EATHER 1764-1827 arrived on the Neptune in 1790
The Neptune was built on the river Thames in 1779, at 809 tons she was the largest ship of the second fleet. In company with the Surprise and Scarborough she sailed from England with 421 male and 78 female convicts on 19 January 1790. Her master was Donald Traill and surgeon was William Gray. She arrived at the Cape of Good Hope on 13 April 1790, and spent sixteen days there, taking on provisions, and twelve male convicts from the HMS Guardian which had been wrecked after striking an iceberg. She and Scarborough were parted from Surprize in heavy weather and arrived at Port Jackson on 28 June 160 days out from England. On the first fleet 48 people died on the voyage, but this time 158 convicts died (31%) and 269 (53%) were sick when landed. The voyage was in the hands of private contractors.
The treatment of convicts aboard the Neptune was unquestionably the most horrific in the history of transportation to Australia. Convicts suspected of petty theft were flogged to death; most were kept chained below decks for the duration of the voyage; scurvy and other diseases were endemic; and the food rations were pitiful.
When reports of the complaints reached England, the 'strictest inquiry' was promised into this 'shocking calamity'. Towards the end of November 1791, the depositions of some of the Neptune's crew and several marines were taken before Alderman Clark at the Guildhall in London.
These witnesses certified that Traill and his first mate had kept the convicts short of rations and upon arrival in the colony they opened a warehouse and sold the said provisions.
Traill and his first mate absconded until the outcry died down. Upon their return to England, the Master, Donald Traill and Chief Mate, William Ellerington, were privately prosecuted for the murder of an un-named convict, along with a seaman named Andrew Anderson and a cook named John Joseph. After a trial lasting three hours before Sir James Marriott in the Admiralty Court, the jury acquitted both men on all charges "without troubling the Judge to sum up the evidence". There were no public prosecutions. Traill who had been master of the 'Albermarle' under Nelson went on to become Master at the Cape.
The 2nd fleet contractors Camden, Calvert and King also escaped prosecution.
Amongst the arrivals on the Neptune during this voyage was D'Arcy Wentworth, John Macarthur his wife Elizabeth, and their son Edward. Edward Macarthur who left England on the Neptune, transferred to the Scarborough during the voyage after a quarrel with the captain.
SUPREME CRIMINAL COURT.
WEDNESDAY, 6th May 1840 (Before Mr Justice Stephen).
Richard Norris, and Philip Mealey, were indicted for stealing at Currency Creek, near Richmond, on the 12th March last, one heifer, and one cow, the property of Thomas Lynch.
The prisoners were defended by Messrs Foster and Windeyer.
It appeared from the evidence that the prosecutor, an aged man (upward, of seventy-eight years old) was a small settler residing at Freeman's Reach, distant about four miles from the residence of the prisoners, who were small farmers living about a quarter of a mile apart from each other, at a place called Salley's Bottom.
Lynch had a small herd of milking cattle, about twenty-six in number, which had been depasturing for some years at Currency Creek, near the residence of the prisoners, who likewise possessed a few herd of cattle which were being depastured on an adjoining run.
The prisoner's cattle had occasionally mingled with those of the prosecutor. He mustered his cattle on the 12th March, and found them all correct in number, and in consequence of some information which he received, he mustered them a few days afterwards, and found his herd scattered, and two of his cows missing.
One was a white poley cow, and the other a red one, having very sharp pointed horns, with remarkable small knots at the tip of each horn, and both were branded A. F. on the right rump.
They were in good condition, and fit for slaughtering. The prosecutor made inquiry for them, and advertised their loss, offering a reward for their recovery, both in the township, and at Windsor.
In consequence of some information which the prosecutor subsequently received, he accompanied Mr John Cobcroft, district constable of Wilberforce, and another constable named, Gollagher, to the homes of the two prisoners, in both of which they found a considerable quantity of recently salted beef. The beef was packed in rather a suspicious manner, the fresh meat being at the bottom of the harness-casks which contained it, while two or three layers of beef, which had been cured a much greater length of time, were placed at the top. About a rod in front of Norris's house, the constable picked up the horns of a recently slaughtered beast, lying on a heap of rubbish, and Lynch, on inspecting them, identified them immediately as the horns of his red cow. Their identity was also sworn to by two of the prosecutor's servants, who had milked the animal for some years, and had frequently felt the peculiar knots at the tip of the horns, while the cow was in the bale. About four hundred yards from Mealey's house, there was found by the side of a small pool, part of the offal of a recently slaughtered beast, and a considerable quantity of fat floated on the surface of the pool.
Both prisoners, upon being questioned by the constables, admitted that they each slaughtered a beast, and on being asked to produce the hides, each stated, that he had sold his hide to some person whose name or address he did not know. Norris said, that the horns identified by Lynch as belonging to his red cow, were the horns of a bullock slaughtered by his brother, but he called no evidence to prove this to be the fact.
A woman named Margaret Hawkey, swore most positively that she saw the two prisoners about the middle of the month of March, driving about ten head of cattle across the ranges of Sally's Bottom, in the direction of Mealey's house, and that one of them was a white poley cow, and another a red cow, both branded AF on the right rump; she further stated that she saw Norris a few days afterwards, and informed him of Lynch having lost two cows, to which he replied "d--- him he has plenty of cattle, and can afford to lose them as he has neither chick nor child." This witness however was very pert and flippant in her manner of giving evidence, and prevaricated grossly in her testimony ; it was moreover sworn to by Mr James Gannon (although Hawkey on being questioned had denied the fact) that she met him at the door of the Supreme Court that morning, and asking him whether he was not summoned to attend us a juror, to which he replied in the affirmative, pointed out the prisoners to him telling him she was a witness against them, and requesting him, should he be one of the jury upon their trial, to find them guilty and she would give him anything for doing so.
During Mr Foster's address on behalf of the prisoners, in which he made some allusions to one of the witnesses who endeavoured to tamper with a juryman, Hawkey went out of the court on pretence of obtaining a drink of water, and seeing Mr Gannon in attendance made an attempt to address him, but he declined entering into any conversation with her.
The learned judge, in putting the case to the jury, remarked that he thought they must leave out of their consideration the evidence of the infamous and abandoned woman, Hawkey but it was for them to say, whether independent of her testimony, there was not sufficient evidence to satisfy them of the guilt of the prisoners.
His Honor then went through the evidence remarking on it as he proceeded, how it made for and against the prisoners, and leaving it for the jury to determine the balance of guilt or innocence, at the same time recommending them, should they entertain any reasonable doubt upon the subject, to give that doubt in favor of the prisoners. The jury, after about half an hour's consideration, returned a verdict of Guilty against both the prisoners, at the same time intimating that they believed the evidence of Mr Gannon in opposition to that of Margaret Hawkey. The learned judge, after commenting in severe terms upon the baseness of the witness's conduct sentenced her to be imprisoned for six months. The prisoners were remanded for sentence.
Sydney, NSW : (1824 - 1848)
Issue: Saturday 9 May 1840
The Sydney Herald
(NSW : 1831 - 1842)
Issue: Wednesday 13 May 1840
transcription, janilye 2012