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INVERELL'S ROLL OF HONOR.

INVERELL'S ROLL OF HONOR.
The following Honor List had been officially compiled by the civic
authorities in 1916, and included volunteers who enlisted from Inverell
up until 18 January, 1916.

ATKINSON, Herbert Sidney Charles, Jerry's Plains, Inverell.
ANDERSON, Patrick, Newstead,
ADDISON, John Henry, Inverell.
ABRAHAM, George, St. Neot's, Herts, England.
ADAMS, Frank Edward, Inverell.
ANDERSON, Arnold, Oakwood, Inverell.
ASIMUS, Ernest James, Bukkulla, Inverell
ASIMUS, Geoffrey, Bukkulla, Inverell
ALLEN, George, Inverell
ADDISON, Archibald Walter; Inverell.
ARCHIBALD, Rowley Heyland, Mt.
Russell, Inverell.
ABBOTT, James Henry, Inverell
ANDERSON, A., Oakwood.
ASDERSON, N., Oakwood.
ANDERSON, E., Post Office, Oakwood.
ANDERSON, Ernest, Oakwood.
BULLUSS, James Edward, Inverell.
BURGIN, Walter, Croydon, Inverell.
BONE, Belfield, Inverell.
BONE, Anthony, Inverell.
BONE, Robin A., Inverell.
BERGIN, Henry Patrick. Sydney.
BROWN, Alexander Kirkwood, Goondiwindi, Queensland.
BLAIN, Norman George Howard, Goondiwindi, Queensland.
BOND, Percy, Inverell.
BRISSETT, Norman B., Inverell.
BOYD, John Adair, Inverell
BICE, Luke, Inverell.
BROWN, Duncan N., lnevrell.
BROWN, Hugh Horatio, Inverell.
BROWN, Alexander D., Inverell.
BOWD, Harry, Inverell.
BULLUSS, Herbert Gordon, Inverell.
BULMER, Albert, Melbourne.
BISHOP, Frederick kJames, Redfern.
BARRATT, David, Cornwall. England.
BATHERSBY, Charles, Tingha,
BANNISTER, Charles Frederick, Derby,England.
BAILEY, Stanley Meek, Ryltone, Mudgee.
BURGE, Herbert, Inverell.
BLAXEY, John Edward, Inverell.
BRICK, John Whittaker, Knighton.South Wales.
BROWN, Edward Lloyd, Woodstock.
BENSON, George, Captain's Hat, Inverell.
BALDWIN, Frank, Gum Flat, Inverell
BENJAMIN, William Henry, Bristol England.
BREW, William Ernest, Inverell.
BENJAMIN, Jocob Edward, Gum Flat,
BOURKE, Michael Herbert, Inverell.
BANKS. Frederick Henry. Gournama,
Warialda.
BELL, Percy Frederick, Bundarra Rd.
BENTLEY, Percy Herbert, Inverell.
BURNS, Robert, Nullamanna, Inverell
BULLUSS, Joseph Henry, Inverell.
BOTTOM, Joseph Charles, Inverell.
BULLUSS, Edward James, Inverell.
BOTTRELL, Alexander, Tingha,
BURKE, Richard Henry, Inverell.
BURNS, Patrick, Bonshaw, Inverell.
BARBOUR, Alexander, Inverell.
BARTLEY, Edward Charles, Howell.
BYRNES, Michael Henry, Inverell.
BARCLAY. David Gregg, Nullamanna.
BOURKE, Richard, Inverell.
BENSON, Albert James, Captain's Flat.
BAKER, Charles William, Ashford.
BROWN, William, Inverell.
BROWN, Arthur Thomas, Ashford.
BENTLEY, Lewis Stanley, Glen Alpin. Ashford, Inverell.
BURNS, Patrick, Nullamanna, Inverell.
BYRNE, Patrick Joseph, Inverell.
BOYS, Frederick George, Inverell.
BARTLEY, Reginald, Howell, Inverell.
BENGER, Henry John, Warialda.
BURNS, George, Nullamanna, Inverell.
BROWN, Edward Nullamanna.
BUTLER, Spencer, Inverell.
BRIGGS, Walter Edward, Bukkulla.
BUCKNELL, Wilfred John, Nullamanna
BRYNES, E., Inverell.
BUTLER, S., Inverell.
BUCKNELL. W. J., Spring Vale, Nullamanna.
BACON, W. M., Ross Hill, Inverell.
BURNES, G., Nullamanna.
BYRNE, P. J., Henderson St, Inverell.
BAKER, J. H., Rob Roy.
BARTLEY, P. J., Post Office, Howell.
BRYANT, A. G., Delungra Post Office.
BYRNE, C. S. J., Inverell.
BRIGGS, W. E., Bukkulla.
BARTLEY, R., Howell.
BACON, Cyril, Yamalia, Delungra.
BACON, Harley, Yamalia, Delungra.
COOK, Reginald Walter, Southampton, Inverell.
CHISHOLM, Norman Harold, Bonshaw,
CROSS, Arthur, The Ponds, Inverell.
CAMPBELL. Harold, Paddington, Inverell.
CALDOW, William Inverell.
CLARKE, C. E., Inverell.
CROSS, Hugh Ross, Copeton, Inverell.
CAMPBELL, Clifford, Hillgrove.
COOPER, Joseph Thomas, Armidale.
CANNONS, Edward Wilford, Inverell.
CORNOCK, Alfred Gardiner, London.
CHAFFERS-WELSH, John Thomas, Nullamanna, Inverell.
CLEEVE, Gordon, Inverell.
CAMPBELL, Archibald Bruce, Inverell.
CUTTS, Lionel Ray, Atholwood, Inverell.
CRUVEY, Donald, Mt. Russell, Inverell.
CAMERON, Joseph William, Dalrymple Warwick, Queensland.
CURTIS, George Henry, Inverell.
CHISHOLM, Sydney Herbert, Bonshaw.
CLARKE, James Joseph, Goondiwindi, Queensland.
COLLEY, Lewis Rowland, Inverell.
CAMPBELL, William James, Inverell.
CUSICK, Claude Reginald, Inverell.
CHAPPELL, William Thomas, Inverell.
CUMMINS, Ernest William, Inverell.
CAMPBELL, Archibald Duncan. Graman, Warialda, Inverell.
COGGAN, Clarence George, Inverell.
CAVANAGH, Charles Harold, Inverell.
COOK, William Black, Mundole, Ashford, Inverell.
COLE, Norman Henry, Nullamanna.
COOK, Robert Glass, Atholwood, Ashford, Inverell.
COOPER, Francis William, Little Plain.
CUGGEY, Gilroy Harold, Inverell.
CLUTERBUCK, Sylvester John, Inverell. .
CLYNE, Ridhard Herbert, Goondiwindi,Queensland.
CARTEWRIGHT, George, Elsmore, Inverell.
CONWAY, Michael Edward, Barraba.
GALEY, Thomas Delungra, Inverell.
CALLINAN, Stanhope John, Inverell.
CHAMBERS, N., Koloona.
CASEY, W., Moree.
CALLINAN, S. J., Little Plain.
CONWAY, M. E., Edward Street, Barraba.
CALEY, T., Post Office, Delungra.
COLE, N. H., Nullamanna.
COOPER, F. W., Little Plain.
COOK, R. G., Inverell.
CONDON, T., Inverell.
CUTCHER, H. L., Ross Hill, Inverell.
CANT, P,. Copeton, Inverell.
DUNN, John, Adelaide.
DOYLE, Thomas, Warwick (Q.)
DOUST, Robert, Inverell.
DANIEL. Edmund Wentworth B., Newstead, Inverell.
DAVIDSON, Cuthbert Glen, Inverell.
DAVIS, Joseph, Inverell.
DEAN, Leslie, Inverell.
DUFFIELD, Harry, Forbes.
DICK, Herbert Desmond Joseph,Arrawatta, Inverell.
DEER, Harry. Dog Trap, Inverell.
DRINAN, George, Inverell.
DOYLE, Francis Bernard, Inverell.
DAWSON, Donald, Inverell.
DOUGLAS, Alfred, Bukkulla, Inverell.
DAWES, George Herbert, Cherry Tree
Hill, Inverell.
DYER, Charles, Delungra, Inverell.
DORN, Allan, Oakwood, Inverell.
DOOLIN, Ray, Howell, Inverell.
DYER, C, C/o J W Watters, "Boronia, Delungra.
DIX, Harold, Inverell.
EWEN, John Finlay, Inverell.
EVANS, Cyril, Inverell.
EGAN, Edwin, Inverell.
EGAN, Ernest, Inverell.
ELLIS, Sidney Joseph, Inverell.
EDDY, George Hosken, Rob Roy,
ELLIOTT, James, Myall Creek, Delungra, Inverell.
ELLIS, Arthur Roymond, Stannifer.
EDWARDS, W., Bronsleigh, Elsmore.
ELLIOTT, J., Myall Brae, Delungra.
KNIGHT, J. T. S., Byron Street, Inverell.
ELLIS, A. R., Stannifer.
FLEMING, William, Victorian Border, Inverell.
FERRIS, Cyril, Botany.
FORGHAM, John, Crewe, Cheshire.
FRASER, Alexander Claude, Bonshaw.
FITZPATRICK, Thomas H, Delungra.
FARLAND, Fraser, Bukkulla, Inverell.
FOWLER, Aubrey Arthur, Brodie's Plains, Inverell.
FRAME, John Thomas, Ashford.
FOLLEY, Joseph Neal, Spencer's Gully.
FRISBY, John Albert, Spencer's Gully.
FRATER, Alexander Douglas, Arrawatta.
FUTTER, Reginald Lumley, Newstead.
FRASER, Harold Campbell, Brodie's Plains, Inverell.
FERGUSON, Harry, Clinton, Inverell.
FARLEY, Jack, Inverell.
FULMER, H. S., P.O., Narrabri.
FRASER, H. C., Brodie's Plain,Inverell.
FARLEY, J., Inverell.
FINNEY, W. J., Little Plain, Inverell.
GOLDTHORPE, Arthur, Sheffield,England.
GREEN, Frederick Stanley A, Ballymena, Ireland.
GARRATT, Horace, Charlestown, Newcastle.
GORDON, Charles G, Major, Inverell.
GROVE, Cecil, Inverell.
GIBSON, George, West Maitland.
GIBSON, Ray, Inverell.
GIBBS, Leslie, Inverell.
GILLIGAN, John, Gilgai, Inverell.
GIBBONS, John, Durham, England.
GAMBLE, Robert Dill, Inglewood, (Q.)
GILLIGAN, James Studley, Gilgai.
GILCHRIST, Alexander J. S., Inverell.
GRAY, Sidney Francis, Elsmore,
GRIFFEY, Charles Thomas, Inverell.
GATES, Langley Stuart, Newstead, Elsmore, Inverell.
GARRETT, Henry, Inverell.
GALVIN, William John, Oakwood, Inverell.
GALLAGHER, Bernard Patrick, Inverell.
GLASSER, Harold Malcolm, Ashford.
GOLDMAN, F. W., Sapphire, Inverell.
GAWKWELL, G. A., Codatai, Warialda
GILMORE, J. W., Elsmore.
GALLAGHER, B. P., Inverell.
GALVIN, W. J., Oakwood.
GOLDMAN, J. W., Sapphire, Inverell.
GOVER, Arthur William, Copeton.
HARDY, Ernest, H., Howell, Inverell.
HEWISON, Albert Walter, Inverell.
HARSTON, Stanley H., Inverell.
HORAN, Fenton, Dublin, Ireland.
HOWLETT, John Wyson, Brewarrina.
HUNTER, Robert, North London.
HOGG, Gordon, Tamworth.
HUGHES, Roland, Dudley, England.
HAMILTON, James Exeter, Devonshire.
HUNT, Thomas, Cambridge, England.
HARRIS, Frank Moreima, Inverell.
HINES, Hugh, Oakwood, Inverell.
HOWARD. William, Inverell.
HUNT, George James, Inverell.
HICKEY, Edward, Sydney.
HAYES, John, Sydney.
HARDY, Charles, Rob Roy, Inverell.
HUMPHRIES, Alexander Hugh Inverell.
HARNETT, Henry George, Inverell.
HUGHES, Henry Russell St Clair, Elsmore, Inverell.
HADLEY, John, Emmaville, Inverell.
HARDY, Reginald James, Inverell.
HOEY, Erick, Elsmore, Inverell.
HUNTRISS, Alexander Hughes, Inverell.
HARGRAVE, Carl Fletcher, Warialda.
HOBBINS, Martin Walter, Arrawatta.
HORNER, William James, Little Plain.
HICKEY, John Fitzpatrick, Inverell.
HUNDLEY, Richard, Shearer's Creek,Inverell.
HARGRAVE, Ernest, Kulki, Inverell
HOLDEN, David, Graman, Inverell.
HEATH, Robert, Gravesend, Inverell.
HOBBS, John Edward, Little Plain.
HUNT, George John, Lochinvar, Inverell.
HOBBS. Donald Baker, Little Plain.
HARDWICK, Reginald Alfred, Hillgrove.
HONEY, Ernest, Rosecarra, Delungra.
Hayes, N., Copeton, Inverell.
HOBDAY, W. E., Little Plain, Inverell.
HOBBS, J. S., Little Plain.
HINES, W. T., Graman.
HARPER, D. D., Oakwood.
HADKIN, W. L., Inverell.
HUNT, T., Nullamanna.
HOBBINS, L., Inverell.
HOBBS, D. B., Little Plain.
HALLORAN, George Edgar, Bindingle,Ashford.
McCHRONE, —, Tingha.
IRWIN, Colin James, Ashford, Inverell.
JONES, Bertie, Melbourne.
JOHNSON, Sidney Ellis Clare, Little
Plain, Inverell.
JONES, Frederick Theodore, Dumbold, Victoria.
JONES, William Winter, Inverell.
JOHNSTON, Osborne William, Delungra Inverell.
JONES, Stanley South, Inverell.
JONES, Oliver Richard, Inverell.
JOBSON Albert W., Barraba, Inverell.
JACKSON, Charles Edwin, Inverell.
JUDGE, J., Coolatai, Warialda.
JARRETT, E. H., Goomoorah, Inverell.
KIRKPATRIGK, Hugh, Ireland.
KRAMER, Edward James, Gilgai.
KENNEWELL, F., Howell, Inverell.
KERR, Frederick Raymond, Elsmore.
KNIGHT, William John, Inverell.
KNIGHT, John Thomas Stewart, Inverell.
KITCHING, Henry, Myall Creak, Delungra, Inverell.
KENNEDY, Frederick Donald John, Inverell.
KRUG, C. G., Gragin Station, Warialda.
KITCHING, H., Myall Creek, Delungra
KENNEDY, F. D. J., Inverell.
KRIPPNER, Lionel, Inverell.
LIPSCOMBE, Albert Ernest, England.
LILLIS, Leo, Windsor.
LAMB, Alick, Gulgong.
LEWIS, Eyre, Bathurst, Wales.
LYALL, John Arrawatta, Inverell.
LEE, Frank Richard, Inverell.
LEESE, Arthur Jackson, Arrawatta.
LYALL, William, Forfordshire, Scotland.
LEDGE, George Edwin, Inverell.
LOCKWOOD, Frederick Richmond, Monlameu, Riverina.
LEECH, Samuel, Rob Roy, Inverell.
LAMONT, James, Bannockburn, Scotland.
LOWREY, William, Inverell.
LEHLIE, Henry James, Inverell.
LENNARD, Charles Augustus, Inverell.
LAMROCK, Thomas Henry, Inverell.
LEWIS, Norman, Inverell.
LACEY, Phillip Warner, Delungra.
LAMONT, James, Arrawatta, Inverell.
LEWIN, Grovenor B, Nordale, Delungra, Inverell.
LORD, Percival Vivian, Inverell.
LLOUD, Norman Stanley, Newstead North, Inverell.
LENNARD, James Archibald, Swanvale.
LOWREY, W. J., Spencer's Gully.
LLOYD, N. S., Newstead North.
LLOYD, E. P., Newstead South.
LENNARD, J. A., Swan Vale, Inverell.
MATHER, Allan J., Inverell.
MAURER, Christopher George, Long Plain, Inverell.
MATTHEWS, John Henry, Staffordshire, England.
MILLER, William, Bromley, Kent.
MASON, Donald, Gum Flat, Inverell.
MOONEY, John, Macleay River.
MILLER, Gordon Hamilton, Bromley,Kent, England.
MILLS, James Edgar, Glasgow, Scotland.
MURRAY. Charles, Ballockshields, Glasgow, Scotland.
MOY, Patrick J., Inverell.
MOORE, Clarence, Glen More, Inverell.
MILLAR, M., Ashford, Inverell.
MURRAY, James Harold, Inverell.
MEDHURST, Walter Edward, Inverell.
MUNSTER, Samuel Clarence, Wallangra, Inverell.
MARTIN, Francis Paxton, St Kilda, Victoria.
MORGAN. William Andrew, England.
MAHONEY, Barry, Inverell.
MITCHELL, Bert, Wallangra, Inverell.
MASON, Elijah, Leviathan Mine,Inverell.
MADDIGAN, William, Inverell.
MOORE, Stanley Clarence, Kia Ora,
Ashford, Inverell.
MILLER, Herbert Robert Henry, Inverell.
MOORE, Clarence Stuart, Goulburn.
MOFFITT, Henry Briston, Bukkulla.
MILLER. John Keith, Rev, Inverell.
MATTHEWS, Harry, Clinton, Inverell.
MOORE, Charles Meryn, Inverell.
MANSFIELD, Frank, Mt. Russell.
MASON, Thomas Walter George, Newtown, Sydney.
MILLS, J., Copeton, Inverell.
MAYNES, L. V. W., Arrawatta, Inverell.
MILBDRN, T., C/o G. F. Lewin, Delungra.
MITCHELL, A., Coolatai, Warialda.
MOORE, H., Post Office, Gilgai.
MASON, T. W. G., 201 King Street,Newtown.
MOORE, C. M., Elsmore, Inverell.
MANSFIELD, F., Mt Russell.
MILLER, David A., Gilgai
MELDRUM, David William Inverell.
McLEAN, Archibald Alexander, Inverell.
McGUFFICK, Frederick Leslie, Inverell.
McNAUGHT, Charles, Douglas, Inverell.
McKENZIE, Septimus Alister, Bonshaw.
MoDONALD, John, Perth, Inverell.
McGRATH, John, Melbourne.
McMAHON, Charles Walter, Collingwood.
McGREGOR, Donald, Hurstville, Sydney.
McMULLEN,Walter Purvis, Ashford,
McDIARMID, Allan Montrose, Inverell.
McELROY, Charles John, Ashford, Inverell.
McLEAN, Dougald, Inverell.
McCARTHY, Stanley Arthur, Goulburn.
McDONALD, John, Elsmore, Inverell.
McDONALD, Godfrey Sampson, Nulla Namma, Inverell.
McCALLUM. Peter Alexander, Scotland.
McCARTHY, Clarence Edwin, Inverell.
McGILL, William, Inverell.
MclLVEEN, Archibald Lang, Inverell.
McKEON, Rupert Clyde, Oakwood.
McERLEAN, Arthur, South Brisbane.
McKAY, Ronald Samuel Stewart, Purfleet, Taree.
McCOSKER, Ernest Owen, Kinross,
Wallangra, Inverell.
McLEOD, Lester Vivian, Delungra,
McCOLL. Eton, Inverell.
McTAVISH, George Alexander, Elsmore, Inverell.
McDONALD, Reuben Charles, Oakey Creek.
McGEE, Little Plain. Inverell.
MCLAUGHLIN, J. K., Evans Street, Inverell.
MCTAVISH, G. A., Elsmore.
McDONALD, R. C., Oakey Creek.
McLEOD, L. V., Delungra.
McGEE, J., Little Plain.
McGEE, E. H., Hope Street, Warialda.
McCUBBIN, Jno, Tingha.
McCUBBIN, George, Tingha.
NOONAN, John, Fermor, Ireland.
NEWMAN, Roy Allan, King's Plains.
NOBBS, George Rawdon French, Inverell.
NICHOLS, Colin Claude, Dinton Vale.
NORRIS, Cecil James, Inverell.
NELSON, Frederick, Hillgrove.
NICHOLSON, William Henry, Kenilworth
Bonshaw, Inverell.
NICHOLS, John Ernest Thomas, Moree.
NELSON, Sidney Raymond, Delungra.
NICHOLSON, Robert Alexander, Inverell.
NICHOLSON, R. A., Mandoie, Bonshaw.
O'REILLY, Edgar Jeremiah, St. George
Bridge, Queensland.
OAKES, Kentuck, Parramatta.
O'BRIEN, Norman Roy, Inverell.
PATTERSON, William Arthur Ernest,
Warialda, Inverell.
PILLEW, Leslie Charles, Clapham, England.
PARR, Urban Cambridge, England.
PERROTT. Sydney Clarence, Oakwood.
PALMER, Robert Clifford, Oakwood.
PITKEN, Thomas Henry, Dinton Vale.
PALMER, Frank Byron, Prairie Park,
Oakwood, Inverell.
POLLOCK, William, Sunnyside, Dinton
Vale, Inverell.
PATTERSON, W. E., Copeton.
PIGOTT, A. J., Inverell.
PITKIN, T. H., Dinton Vale.
POLLOCK, W., Sunny Side, Dinton Vale.
PALMER, F. B., Prairie Park, Inverell.
PALMER, A. L,. Oakwood Post Office.
PEACOCKE, Gerald, Inverell.
REDDINGTON, Francis Lynch, Copeton, Inverell.
ROWLEY, Alfred, Inverell.
ROSER, Alfred, Texas.
RIXON, Andy, Bannockburn, Inverell.
RYAN, Joseph, Bondi, Sydney.
RILEY, Clement, Warialda.
ROLFE, Claude Rolber, Cherry Tree Hill, Inverell.
RYAN, Cecil James, Inverell.
ROURKE, Harold, Branxton.
ROBERTS, Ernest Hugh, Warialda.
RAYNER, Edward, Sharlestone, England.
RIORDAN, John Hastings, Bendemeer.
RICHARDSON, George Francis Gerald, London.
ROBINSON, Stanley Joseph, Bundarra.
ROBERTS, Albert Leslie, Graman,
ROSSITER, Frank Gordon, Islington, North London.
RATLIFF, Herbert, Inverell.
ROBERTS, Richard Henry, Inverell.
RAMSAY, Thomas, Emamaville.
ROLLS, George Henry, Inverell.
ROBINSON, Ernest Albert, Gum Flat.
ROBERTS, William Ellis, Bundarra.
RYAN, Victor William. Inverell.
RYAN, Ernest Alwin James, Howell.
RYAN, Thomas James, Inverell.
RABBITT, William Robert, Yetman.
ROSS, James, Beaulleu, Inverell.
RYAN, Michael John, Howell, Inverell.
RABBITT, Alexander John, Inverell.
ROLFE, Francis Lawrence, Cherry Tree Hill, Inverell.
ROBERTS, Albert Hillar, Delungra.
ROLFE, S. E., Inverell.
RILEY, Clement, Aram, Oakey Creek. Warialda.
RANGER, George Harold, Inverell.
ROLFE, C. R., Cherry Tree Hill.
ROBINSON, W., Gum Flat.
RAINGER, C. H., Little Plain.
ROBERTS, A. H,. Green Hill, Delungra.
ROLFE, S. E., Woodall, Inverell.
ROBERTS, W. E., Bundarra.
SCOTT, John, Inverell.
STAGGS, Neil, Inverell.
STAGGS, Andrew, Inverell.
STAGGS, Frederick, Inverell.
SALMON, William, Inverell.
SMITH, Ashford, Inverell.
SMITH, Linde Ross, Woodstock.
SHAW. James Edward. Inverell.
SAWYER, John Willlam, HarrietvilIe, Victoria.
SMITH, Bertered George, Manilla.
SQUIRES, Samuel Thomas John, Little Plain, Inverell.
SMITH, David, Kent England.
SANDERSON, James, Westwratling, Cambridgeshire, England.
SMITH, Ernest William Rothertino, London.
STRONG, Frederick William, Inverell.
SOUTH, Walter Stewart, Gilgai.
STUART, Robert George, Dufftown, Scotland.
SMITH, William Forbes, Insch, Scotland.
SAUNDERS, Arthur Edwin Warwick,
Myall Downs, Delungra, Inverell.
STRACHAN, Frederick William, Inverell.
SENIOR, George, Inverell.
STORMER, Ernest Albert, Stannifer.
SPILSBURY, Claude A., Inverell.
SCOTT, James Roy, Nullamanna.
SEAGROTT, George Frederick, Gilgai.
SUTHERLAND, Robert, Ashford.
SUTHERLAND, George, Ashrord.
STORMER, George Henry, Stannifer.
STUTCHBURY, Kenneth Powell, Neutral Bay.
SINGH. Davy, Kelly's Gully, Warialda.
SIATWELL, H., Caloona.
SCHOLTZ, L. B., Delungra.
SMITH, J., Ashford Road, Inverell.
SQUIRES, H., Oakwood.
SIMPSON, F. J., Pond's Creek, Gilgai.
SINGH, D., Kelly's Gully, Warialda.
SUTHERLAND, R., Ashford.
SUTHERLAND, G., Ashford.
SCOTT, J. R., Nullamanna.
SMALE, Leslie, Dinton Vale, Inverell.
STEWART. John Alexander Duncan, Greenock, Inverell.
STEWART, Donald R., Greenock, Inverell.
TRENOUTH Sidney John. Mukadilla, Queensland.
TAYLOR, Edgar... Bristol, England.
TAYLOR, Edward, Bristol. England.
TRENERY, Harris Martyn, Inverell.
TURNER, Ernest Douglas, Ascot.
TOMLINSON, David, Inverell.
THOMAS, Ernest N., Inverell.
THOROGOOD, Henry Walter, Gum Flat.
THORLEY, Edwin, Brodie's Plains.
TAYLOR Horace Joseph, Binneguy.
THOMPSON, Roy, Red Rock.
TUBIE, Henry Harold, Inverell.
TOLLEY, Neal, Fern Hill, Inverell.
THOMPSON, Herbert, Kia Ora, Ashford
THORN, Leo Dam, Gilgai, Inverell.
THOMAS, Gordon, Inverell.
TURNER, Frank Gordon, Inverell.
THOMAS, G. D., Inverell.
THOROGOOD, O., Birilee, Inverell.
THORNE, L. D., Gilgai, Inverell.
TURNER, P. G., Inyerell.
TURNER, N. V,. 'Lisgar,' Wallangra.
TROTH, Alexander, Gilgai.
TROTH, Alfred W., Gilgai.
TIGHE. Frederick, Willow Grove, Bukkulla.
TIGHE, Victor, Willow Grove, Bukkulla.
TAYLOR, Henry Alexander, Inverell.
VALE, Percy, Beechworth, Victoria.
WALLACE, George, Queensland.
WHELDON, Walter, Burton on Trent, England.
WHITE, Leslie Galveston, Inverell.
WISKENS, Reginald, Inverell.
WOLSLEY, P., Ashford, Inverell.
WALMSLEY, William George, Stannifer.
WILSON, Albert Henry, Tingha.
WOODFORD, George Gordon, Middle Creek, Inverell.
WELSH, Francis, Queensland.
WRIGHT, Duncan Claude, Dog Trap.
WISDOM, Frank Allan, Glen Innes.
WILKINS, C., Inverell.
WARD, Patrick Michael, Scotland.
WILSON, John Harold, Inverell.
WHITE, Roland, Inverell.
WRIGHT, Percy, Inverell.
WALKER, Keith Thomas, Osborne, Greta.
WARBY, Charles, Inverell.
WRIGHT, Gordon Francis, Dog Trap.
WOODS, Charles Albert, Oakwood,
WETZLER, Frederick George, Inverell
WILLIAMS, Francis Wakefield, Arrawatta, Inverell.
WOODFORD; Austin Ainsley, Inverell.
WETZLER, Kenneth Beeton, Inverell.
WILSON, Valdemar Christian, Tingha.
WERNER, George Andrew, Swan Peak, Elsmore, Inverell.
WALKDEN, Donald Duncan, Inverell.
WOODBURY, Samuel, Inverell.
WELLS, Amos, Warialda.
WILLIS, Cecil, Inverell.
WILLIAMS. Reginald, Oakwood.
WIEGOLD, Arthur James John, Delungra, Inverell.
WALSH, J, Brodie's Plains.
WALDEN, L, Gilgai..
WHITE, R., Byron Arcade, Inverell.
WATSON, G. F., Inverell.
WILLIS, C., Tingha.
WIEGOLD, A. J. J., Delungra.
WILLIAMS, R., Oakwood.
WERNER, G. H., Swan Peak, via Elsmore.
WELLS, William, Ashford, lnverell.
WELLS, Oswald, Ashford, Inverell.
WELLS, Leslie, Ashford, Inverell.
YOUNG, James, Inverell.

Photograph below is Otho-street, Inverell taken around 1912.
In 1912 the Pharmacy in the foreground was run by Ernest A. Thomas There were about five dentists in town four in Otho-street, in the Phoenix Chambers was J. P. Bede Donovan.
The vet was around in Byron-street his name was Charles R. Albrey and he had come from Victoria.
The Cloonan brothers had the butchers and the baker in Byron-street was Mr. White.
James Ingram was the tailor and the undertaker was C. S. Thorley.
There were six or seven pubs, The Royal Hotel was run by Gabe Williams, The Telegraph Hotel was A. N. Brissett
The Federal was R. J Elbra and Kate Gilmore had The Australia Hotel.
There were six doctors; R. M. Kinross, W. J. Morton, F. S. Stuckey, E. Mooney, G Dansey and M. M.Vernon.
And six banks and Fred Futter was the manager of the Commercial Bank.
But the pride of Inverell was auctioneering; there were fourteen including Loxton & Son the Stock and Station agent.
By janilye.
Sourced from 1911-1912 Inverell Telephone Directory.
In my possession.


3 comment(s), latest 1 month ago

Arthur Murray WIMSHURST

This family,is WIMSHURST not WILMSHURST from Pembrokeshire Wales.

I think Arthur Murray Wimshurst was born about 1870 in Pembrokeshire. He died of Pneumonia in 1919, in what was once known as Rangoon, Burma, whilst in Military service. (He was in the merchant Navy)
His father was John Benjamin WIMSHURST and mother Sarah, nee xxxx
One brother George Hilton WIMSHURST b:1867, Pembrokeshire d: 1937, Fremantle, Western Australia, (worked for Govt. Stores).
Children of John Benjamin Wimshurst and Sarah:
Rebecca Sarah Wimshurst c.1859 m. Edward William GREAVES
Alice Maud Wimshurst 1864–
Henry James Wimshurst 1866–1930
George Hilton Wimshurst 1867–1937 m. Sarah BEADEL
Ada Marie Wimshurst 1869–xxxx m. Arthur Holdsworth DAVIS
Arthur Murray Wimshurst 1870–1919

The Father of John Benjamin WIMSHURST was Henry Wimshurst 1804-1884 John Benjamin Wimshurst's brother inventor James Wimshurst 13 April 1832 – 3 January 1903
Any information on this family greatly appreciated

4 comment(s), latest 6 months, 3 weeks ago

Publicans Licenses - Sydney. 1840

GRANTED AND REFUSED.
Below we insert a list, as correct as we have been able for the present to obtain, of those per
persons who have had Licenses granted them for the ensuing year ; but as there are some yet
remaining for the further consideration of the Magistrates, it will doubtless be some days before
the whole are disposed of.
Peter Hanslow, Horse and Jockey, George street;.
John Martin, Steam Engine Inn, ditto.
Andrew Byrne, Peacock, ditto.
William Joseph Bollard, Woolpack, ditto.
W. Stephenson, Square and Compass, ditto.
M. Nathali, Baldfaced Stag, ditto.
John Blackwell, Britannia Arms, corner of George and Goulburn streets.
John Meillion. Jews' Harp, ditto.
Thomas Johnston, Crown, ditto.
Henry R. Reuben, Black Swan, ditto.
Isaac Titterton, Talbot Inn, ditto.
Charles Bath, Currency Lass, ditto.
William Dargin, Emu Inn, corner of George and Bathurst streets.
John Nobbs, Swan with Two Necks, corner of George and Park streets.
Edward Boston, London Tavern, ditto.
James Reynolds, Bull's Head, ditto.
Robert Murray, Farriers' Arms, ditto.
John Sparkes, Royal Hotel, ditto.
George Watkins, White Horse ditto.
Michael Farrel, Welch Harp, ditto.
John Hart, Golden Fleece, corner of George and King-street.
T. Baker, Crown and Anchor, George-street.
William Barns, St. John's Tavern, corner of George and Bridge-streets.
William Perry, Liverpool Arms, ditto.
John Harris, Blue Posts, ditto.
Edward Chambers, Brown Bear, ditto.
Henry Vaughan, New South Wales Hotel, ditto.
William Paxton, Australian Hotel, ditto.
George Venables, Blue Anchor, ditto.
Patrick O'Brien Murphy, Bard's Legacy, ditto.
Robert White Moore, Fortune of War.
Benjamin Morris, Red Lion, Pitt and Goulburn streets.
William Coates, Staffordshire Arms, Pitt and Liverpool streets.
J. A. Cook, Edinburgh Castle, corner of Pitt and Bathurst-streets.
George Hill, Carpenters' Arms, Pitt-street.
Henry S. Green, Cricketers' Arms, corner of Pitt and Market-streets.
Thomas Hilson, British Hotel, Pitt-street.
Frederick Gibson, Victoria Hotel, ditto.
William Stone, King's Arms, ditto.
Alexander Johnston, Noah's Ark, ditto.
Charles Newman, Cornwallis Frigate, ditto.
Samuel Dean, New Inn, ditto.
Charles Morris, Elephant and Castle, ditto.
William Gill, Brougham Tavern, ditto.
Emanuel Martin, Golden Fleece, Castlereagh-street.
William Tunks, Curriers' Arms, Castlereagh and Bathurst-streets.
George Segerson, Barley Mow, Castlereagh and Park-streets.
J. Murdoch, Seven Stars, Castlereagh-street.
Michael Gaynor, Globe Inn, ditto.
Elizabeth Sandwell, Rose and Crown, ditto.
William Toogood, Rainbow Tavern, ditto.
Christopher Crane, Leather Bottle, ditto.
William Pullinger, Spread Eagle, Elizabeth and Park-streets.
Richard Driver, Three Tuns Elizabeth-street.
John Leary, Erin-go-Bragh, York and Druitt street.
Solomon Levien, Pulteney Hotel, York-street.
Bernard McLoughlin, Harp of Erin.
Benjamin Lee, Flower Pot, York and Market-streets.
Andrew Higgins, Cheshire Cheese, ditto, ditto.
John O'Dowd, Harp and Shamrock, ditto, ditto.
Bridget McLoughlan, Donnybrook Fair, York street.
Robert Johnston, Builders Arms, ditto.
James Warman, Masonic Hall, ditto.
Henry Webb, Hope Tavern, York-street and Barrack lane.
Patrick Conlon, Tradesman's Arms. Clarence-street, South.
Thomas Martin, Ship Inn, Clarence-street.
W. J. Edwards, Old King George the Third, ditto.
John Little, White Hart, Clarence and King-streets.
Thomas Aiton, Crispin Arms, Clarence-street.
James Aylward, Thistle, Kent and Bathurst-streets.
Abraham Levey, Red Cross, Kent and Druitt-streets.
Hugh F. O'Donnell, Australian, Kent and Market-streets.
William Smith, Cross Keys, King and Kent-streets.
William Walker, St. Andrew's Cross, Kent-street.
James Cracknell, Green Dragon, Kent and Erskine-streets.
Jabez Bushby, Dove and Olive Branch, Kent-street.
William Bergin, Sprig of Shillelah, Sussex and Erskine-streets.
S. Miller, Blue Bell, ditto.
Robert Harvey, Wheelwrights' Arms, Sussex-street.
George Simpson, Angel and Crown, ditto.
Alexander Grey, Light House, Sussex-street.
Thomas Winterup, Sir Walter Scott Inn, Sussex and Bathurst-streets.
Thomas Leggatt, Hope and Anchor, Sussex and Druitt-streets.
Thomas Ashton, Settlers' Arms, Sussex-street.
John Solomon, Albion Inn, ditto.
Samuel Jones, Governor Bourke, Sussex and Market-streets.
Robert Beatson, Paterson River Hotel, Market Wharf.
Henry Linden, Woolpack, Sussex-street.
John Rayner, Star Inn, Phillip-street.
Robert Cummins, Lemon Tree, ditto .
J. Gannon, Sportsmans's Arms, ditto.
James Cunningham, Bunch of Grapes, Phillip and King-streets.
Robert Ward, Forth and Clyde, Bridge-street.
Frederick Carrick, City of Oxford Arms, ditto.
F. Phillips, Founders' Arms, Hunter-street.
Joseph Jennings, Freemasons' Arms, Market-street.
John Leathlean Dumbarton Castle, corner of Liverpool and Dickson-streets.
James Spears, Shamrock Inn, Campbell-street.
Michael Reilly, Bee Hive, ditto.
John Wright, Pack Horse, ditto.
Thomas Petty, Petty's Hotel, Church-hill.
John Rochester, Erin Go Bragh, Prince-street.
William Cole, Bee Hive, Prince-street.
Alexander Duncan, Labour in Vain, Harrington-street.
C. J. Bullivant, Three Crowns, corner of Cumberland-street and Charlotte-place.
J. Sims, Currency Lass, Cumberland-street.
Thomas Share, Plymouth Inn, ditto.
Mathew Charlton, Glenmore Cottage, ditto.
Thomas G. Bolton, Black Dog, Gloucester-street.
John Johnston, Dundee Arms, Gloucester-street and Essex-street.
Sarah Byrne, Saint Patrick, ditto.
Andrew Coss, Punch Bowl, ditto.
M. Gannon, New York Hotel, Arglye-street.
Matthew Hooper, King's Head, ditto.
Patrick Reynolds, Custom House, ditto.
William Wells, Quarryman's Home, ditto.
John Redgrave, Napoleon Inn, Windmill-street.
Patrick Byrne, Whaler's Arms; ditto.
Charles Whitney, Steam Packet, ditto.
Alex. Chape, Royal Oak, Millers' Point.
W.Andrews, Ship and Mermaid, Millers' Road, conditional.
E. T. McDonald, Rainbow Inn, Clyde-street.
Joseph Le Brun, Hope and Anchor, Parramatta-street.
Daniel Stewart, Wellington Inn, ditto.
John Dearcy, Red Bull, ditto.
Edward Turner, Stonemasons' Arms, ditto.
William Taverner, Bee Hive, Petersham.
Thomas Weedon, Cherry Gardens, Parramatta Road.
John Robinson, Boundary Stone, Surry Hills.
Joseph Ward, Cockatoo Inn, ditto.
John Armstrong, Queen's Arms, South Head-Road.
Neil McElheran, Doves lnn, Liverpool Road.
J. Richardson, Sportsman, Parramatta-street.
Daniel Bullock, Sawyers' Arms, ditto.
David Dillon, Curriers' Arms, George-street.
R. N. Hedge, Land o'Cakes, to the house known as the Kangaroo, George-street.
Vernon Puzey, Crooked Billet, for the house known as the Daniel O'Connell, ditto.
Henry Maddox, Jolly Miller, Sussex-street. from the house known as the Tom and Jerry.
James Edrop, Patent Slip, ditto.
Alexander Clagston, Commercial Hotel, ditto.
William Andrews, Cottage of Content, corner of Pitt-street and Bathurst-street.
SOURCE:
The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (NSW)
Wed 13 May 1840
Page 2
Transcription, janilye

Below Mr. Sparkes Royal Hotel
source:
Gutenberg


LIST of Transfers of Male Prisoners made in New South Wales during April and May, 1835

Convicts, on arrival in New South Wales, had to work. Either in public works, or through assignment to an individual. Both free settlers and emancipists (convicts who had served their time or been pardoned) were assigned convicts as servants or laborers, etc.
This is a list containing the settlers' name and the type of convict assigned to him/her.
Addair James, Paterson's River, one shoemaker.
Allen John, Cornwallis, one ploughman
Badgery Henry, Camden, one farm laborer
Brown Thomas, Belle Vue, one stockinger, two farmer's boys, one carter, one chimney sweep, three farm laborers, one shoemaker, and one groom.
Bingle John, Hunter's River, one weaver and carter
Bourke Sir R., Sydney, 1 groom
Booth John, Windsor, 1 laborer
Bates Elizabeth, Prospect, 1 milker and reaper
Bloodsworth James, Sydney, 1 errand boy
Clements Henry, John's Grove, 1 weaver and laborer
Crampton Richard, Sydney, 1 waterman
Chambers David, Sydney, 1 groom and servant
Cooper Joseph, Liverpool, 1 groom and farm laborer
Dangar Henry, Neotsfield, 1 laborer
Davis I. M., Hunter' River, 1 jockey
Dacey Patrick, Hunter-street, 1 tailor
Daly Joseph, Maitland, 1 violin player
Dutton H. P., Hunter's River, 1 coachmaker
Dutton W. H, Yass, 1 waiter
Erskine John, Maitland, 1 tap boy
Ellis T. W., Sussex-street, 1 servant and groom
Frost William, Maitland, 1 servant and groom
Grace Patrick, Burrogorang, 1 farmer's man
Gardener John, Argyle, 1 errand boy
Gonaghty Patrick, Wollongong, 1 inn-door servant
Gordon Lieutenant, 17th Regiment, 1 butler and cook
Howe Robert, Sydney, 1 farm laborer, and 1 silk dyer
Howe William, Glenlee, 1 baker's laborer, 1 farm servant, and 1 pedlar
Hallen Edward, Sydney, 1 tailor
Higgins Thomas, George-street, 1 coachman and groom
Hayes Richard, Wilberforce, 1 errand boy
Hilas George, Parramatta, 1 boatman
Jones J Both, York-street, 1 seaman
Kenny W. R., Smeaton, 1 confectioner
Klensendoriffe William, Point Farm, 1 tailor
Kelly Daniel Wilberforce, 1 waterman
Kinghorne Alexander, Liverpool, 1 servant and groom.
King Richard, Hunter's River, 1 baker, 1 farmer, 3 farm servants, 1 shepherd, 1 farmer's man, 1 reaper, 1 wax chandler, 2 porters, 1 stockman and shepherd, 3 farm servants and shepherds, 1 ploughman, &c., 2 tailor's boys, 1 farmer's boy, 1 butcher's boy, 2 errand boys, 1 cotton- weaver, 1 silk twister, 3 farm labourers, 1 tailor, 1 shoemaker, 1 soldier and calenderer, and 1 kitchen gardener
Levien Solomon, Pulteney Hotel, 1 in-door servant and groom
Livingstone John, Bathurst, 1 brickmaker and farmer
Livan Edward, junior, Wollongong, 1 errand boy
Lethbridge R. C., Werrington, 1 groom and ostler
Loder A., Hunter's River, 1 warehouseman and laborer
Laidley James, Sydney, 1 farm servant and shepherd
McQuoid Thomas, Sydney, 1 farming man and shepherd
Mackie John, George-street, 1 farm laborer and cowherd
Marshall Sampson, Sydney, 1 house carpenter, 2 farm servants, and 1 frame-work knitter
Murray Robert, George-street, 1 stable boy and sweep
Mowatt Francis, Narellan, 1 labourer
McQuade Michael, Sydney, 1 linen weaver
Moffatt Captain, Parramatta, 1 reaper, &c.
Myles Laurence, Hunter's River, 1 ploughman, &c.
Onions Samuel, Sydney, 1 bricklayer's laborer
O'Brien Cornelius, Illawarra, 1 navigator
Peat Clement, Sydney, 1 footman
Pearcey Matthew, Patrick's Plains, 1 beat boy
Poulton George, Maitland, 1 currier's boy
Reid David, Inverary, 1 farm servant
Ruse Thomas, Appin, 1 farm servant
Richardson W., Windsor, 1 stone mason
Richardson J., Richmond, 1 weaver
Robins John, Wollongong, 1 file cutter
Rutter Robert Champley, Parramatta, 1 gardener's laborer
Roberts Robert, Argyle, 1 keeper, &c.
Ryan Thomas, Prince-street, 1 in-door servant and groom
Stockfish Henry, Evan, 1 laborer
Sparke A. B., Sydney, 1 servant
Solomon John, Sydney, 1 stableman
Staff John, Parramatta, 1 weaver
Scott A W., Ash Island, 1 farm servant
Stewart General, Bathurst, 1 laborer
Tucker John, Albion Farm, 1 whitewasher's boy and 1 factory boy
Therry Roger, Sydney, 1 in-door servant and groom
Thomas John, Newcastle, 1 laborer
Thorn John, Parramatta, 1 bookbinder's apprentice
Thorn Humphrey, Parramatta, 1 shoemaker's boy
Unwin F. W., Pitt-street, 1 painter and glazier
Wood John, Windsor, 1 brickfield boy
White G.B., Patrick's Plains, 1 farrier and groom and 1 boatman
Williams William, Sydney, 1 seaman
Walker James, Sydney, 1 porter
Wilton Reverend C., Newcastle, 1 file cutter and 1 weaver
Wilson Sophia, Lane Cove, 1 shoemaker
FRED A. HELY.
Principal Superintendent of Convict's Office,
11th July, 1835.

Listen to this very interesting MACQUARIE and the EMANCIPISTS opposition debate


LETTERS lying at the SYDNEY POST OFFICE 1817

Announced on Saturday 15 March 1817 p 4 in The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser.

Lucy Atherton, Mr. Ansell, W. Beet, Jas. Bower, Jas. Botton, Margaret Battersby, Lieut. A. Bell,
Mr. D. Bowndewyn, Chas. Ball, Eleanor Murry Bourke, Edw. Browne, Ann Barrell, Mrs. Bryatt, Henry Botjer,
Sophia Crouch, R. Campbell, Esq. Thos. Clements, Mr. R. Clarke, Mr. F. Careless, Tim. Coakley,
Thos. Cowell, J. Campbell, J. Clarke, Jas. Connor, J. Cant, Mr. R. S. Cox, Rt. Dalliver, Pat. Dowry,
Rt. Douthirt, Mr. Dirby, G. Edwards, Ayman Franks, Mary Green, W. Gardiner, W. Gordore, Eliz. Gibbs,
Sam. Hansblow, W. Holding, Rt. Hundley, J. Husting, Chas. Hadley, Jos. Hibbart, J. Heinrick, Jas. Hemmings,
Enoch Kindage, Solomon Joseph, Dan. Jurd, W. Jenkins, Jonathan Jennings, Mr. Jones, Mr. Johnston,
Thos. Jones, Ant. Jonquay, Steph. Kibbell, Mr. King, Jas. Kemp, W. Leopard, W. Lawrence, D. D. Matthew,
Gervis Marshall, W. Martin, W. Marshall, Rd. Morris, Rd. Millard, J. Mealing, R. T. Mansell,
G. Mackey, Uriah Monk, W. Maquick, W. Maher, C—N. Jas. North, Henry Neale, Christopher Gray,
Thos. Odish, Ann Proctor, Jas. Parker, Geo. Pocock, Mich. Power, Henry Page, Jas. Page, Mrs. J. Purcell,
Mary Perry, J. Perron, — Reece, John Roble, S. T. Roberts, Rt. Renner, J. Rebson,W. Rice, Dan. Riley,
Henry Rose, W. Rook, Chas. Rumley, Jas. Scott, Ann Shyan, J. Jas. Sillett, Mr. W. Stewart, Mr. Stevens,
Jas, Sharland, Rt. Sell, Edw. Syler, Thos. Summers, Nath. Sherry, J. Sherrock, Alex. Ternes,
Margaret Thomas, Peter Wright (4), Francis Webb, T. White, Stephen Wain, Simon Webber, Jas. Welsh,
David Wakefield, J. Dale, Mary Wade, Sam. Warsall, M.r O'Hara, and Henry Ruckley.
I. NICHOLS, Post master.


ON THE DEATH OF THE ABORIGINAL CRICKETER, JOHN TAYLOR. 1847-1875

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this document contains names of people who have since passed away.

Farewell to all the games on earth,
Where honestly thou play'dst thy part,
Then let me sing the native worth
Of Jackey Taylor's cricket art.

The willow-bat he handled well,
And urged afar the flying ball ;
His bowls dead on the wicket fell—
Best all-round player of them all.

We'll miss him at his wonted place,
When the next Wagga match is play'd ;
And see no more the Darkey's face
When friendly after-feast is laid.

Now sports he's in another land—
Perchance a spirit fair and bright
As any of the chosen and—
Among the happy sons of light.

Within the many-mansion'd hall
I feel there is a place for thee ;
Blackfellow of the white man's fall
Thou'lt rise as sure and fair as he.
June 29 1875
DEATH OF JOHNNY TAYLOR 1847-1875
THE following article and lines on the death of John Taylor,
a native of Gininderra, have been handed to us for publication,
and are taken from the Tumut and Adelong Times


"Taylor was brought up on the
station of Mr Davis, of Gininderra, in
the Queanbeyan district, where he remained
till he was thirteen years of age.
He then came to Tumut, and
entered the service of Mr E. G. Brown,
of Blowering , in whose employ he was
till within a month of his death.
He was well tended but, like all his race,
the moment sickness overtook him, his
physical energies became paralysed—
he had no power, did not even "make
an effort to shake himself up," but
quietly lay down and died.
In a cattle muster, in a drafting-yard,
or in travelling with stock he was perfectly
at home, and his services always valuable.
Besides, he was thoroughly trustworthy —so much so,
indeed, that Mr Brown has frequently given him
charge of a mob of cattle, and even empowered
him to sell.
In all athletic exercises he excelled ; few could beat
him in a foot-race, and he was the best
all-round cricketer in the district. His
funeral, which took place on Monday,
was attended by fifty or sixty respectable people,
not ashamed to pay the last tribute of respect to a
fellow being, though his skin was black. Not
the least affecting sight at the funeral
was the solitary representative of the
male aboriginals in the district following as chief mourner.
There was no deception about his grief ; he could
not hide it, and lacked the policy to feign it.
The Rev. Mr. Jones read the impressive funeral service.
We hope to see a move among the townspeople
to erect some simple memorial over his grave."

nsw.bd&m.
DEATHS
TAYLOR JOHN 387/1875 187500387 159AGE 28 YEARS DIED TUMUT

TURNBULL - EBENEZER PIONEERS OF THE HAWKESBURY

THE TURNBULLS'
When John Turnbull and his wife, Ann Warr Turnbull, left their native village of
Annan in Dumfriesshire in Scotland (Annan, by the way, is just across the border
from the English town of Carlisle in Cumberland) - Annan is also famous as being
the birth place of Lieut. Col. George Johnston, the crusher of the Rouse Hill
rebellion of 1804, later on to become the tool of that unspeakable bully and land
monopolist, John Macarthur, and when George Johnston received grants for his service
to the military oligarchy (the Rum Corps officials), he used his native town's name
as a prefix to his several estates, hence Annandale, Annan Lodge, Annangrove, etc.
But to come back to the Pioneer Turnbulls.
John Turnbull had established a business in London as a tailor's cutter, where he
had pursued that calling since about the age of 22 years. When in the year 1802 the
couple heard that free settlers were wanted in New South Wales to cultivate the
soil, he was induced to come here along with nine other families, with the promise
of 100 acres of land each on their arrival, and rations for a certain period afterwards,
with the services, of two assigned Government men, assured also to them. (Settlers
were usually allowed one assigned man for each 50 acres in their possession.)
The story of Australia can be told in the lives of such as this worthy
couple and their descendants.
The Turnbulls' early struggles, as told in the lives of these pioneers, contain
strange chapters of personal effort, fierce hardships, of defeat and victory,
of disaster and triumph. The practical elements which made for success were
predominant and to the fore. It was but the qualities of endurance and strength
which tell in a new country. Of the Turnbulls, it may be said they were what
faith and circumstance made them.
John Turnbull must have been of rugged, persevering stock, with the blood of
the old Covenanters in him, and his life's story is well worth the telling.
John Turnbull, pioneer, the founder of the family of Hawkesbury Turnbulls,
was born in the year 1750, learnt the trade of a tailor's cutter, and with
his wife set up in business in London, where a number of children were born,
those being the names of the English-born children of John and Ann Warr Turnbull,
and their respective ages were in the year 1802 (as per "Coromandel" list).—
Ralph (I.), aged 10 years; Mary, aged 5 years; James, aged 4 years;
and Jessica, aged 19 months.
All the children of John TURNBULL 1751-1834 and Ann WAUGH/WARR 1768-1819 were:-
Ralph TURNBULL 1791–1840 m: Grace CAVANOUGH 1794-1828
Mary Ann Turnbull 1792–1792
John Turnbull 1794–1796
Mary Ann Turnbull 1795–1825 m1: James Hartley m2: James Wright
James Warr Turnbull 1798–1881
Jessica Turnbull 1800–1882 m: Denis Benjamin KIRWIN 1795–1851
John Turnbull 1803–1881
George Turnbull 1806–1885 m:Louise CHASELING 1809–1892
William Bligh TURNBULL 1809–1892 m: Sarah DAVIS 1822–1906
After this pioneer couple acquired the 100 acres land grant just below where stands
Ebenezer Church on the Hawkesbury, and where the pioneer built a stone residence on a
high headland of the river (still there) — the place is worthy of preserving, in all
conscience. There it was that great and good man, Dr. J. D. Lang, was "put up" on
the various occasions of his visits to the Hawkesbury, and to the worthy minister
Pioneer Turnbull told his experience at the hands of Governor King on his arrival
by the "Coromandel" on the 13th June, 1802.
After personally interviewing each settler that arrived on that occasion, the
Governor, coming to Turnbull, exclaimed,
"One foot in the grave and the other out
of it! What brought you here, old man?"
It is remarkable of the physical fitness and diligence that the pioneer lived
to the age of 86 years; indeed, the Ebenezer "Burial Register Entry" of
John Turnbull's death records his age at death as being 91 years!
On the 100 acres of land was grown wheat and other cereal crops. John Turnbull's
name often appears in the lists of tenders for supplies to the Government in
issues of "The Sydney Gazette" newspaper, of wheat, pork and beef.
On the Turnbull grant was also a fine orchard planted by the pioneer, where
various kinds of stone and citrus fruits grew in abundance. On one occasion
Pioneer Turnbull, in the late twenties of 19th. century, was taking a cart
load of peaches for sale into the markets at Sydney and was "stuck up" by that
notorious bushranger of the time, Russel Crawford, on the Parramatta-road, near
what is now Grace Bros.' establishment.
The old pioneer held his own and beat the ruffian off until assistance arrived.
I may here remark that Russel Crawford in the year 1832 was hanged in Sydney
after his conviction for attempting to murder Mr. George Banks Suttor by stealing
up on the back of the chaise in which Suttor was driving and delivering him a
violent blow on the head. That blow affected Mr. Suttor all the rest of his life,
although he lived to the great age of 80 years, only dying on the 27th October,
1879 (after a fall from his buggy) at his ancestral home residence and farm
'Chelsea Park,' Baulkham Hills (the original George Suttor's grant).
The story of Mr. George Banks Suttor and his wife, Jane Johnston, an Australian-born
daughter of Andrew Johnston the first, will be told later.
To come back to Pioneer Turnbull, I find
that he was one of the settlers who in the year 1816 gave a donation of ten shillings
to the "Waterloo Fund", to be sent to England to relieve widows and orphans whose
soldier-husbands were killed in the Battle of Waterloo (1815). That list contained
the names of 239 subscribers in all, and the amount in cash collected totalled
£231/8/- (quite a respectable sum of money in those days). From time to time I intend
to quote the amounts given by Hawkesbury pioneers that came by the "Coromandel" —
not in any way for comparison, but to show their unswerving loyalty to the old
land, and also for their good deeds of charity to those bereaved by war. Ralph
Turnbull (I.), eldest and English-born son of the pioneer, contributed £1 to this fund.
But one of the proudest achievements,
that can be spoken of with pride by the descendants of John Turnbull the first, is the
fact of his being one of the main principals (it may be said that there were fifteen
in all) who were the founders of Ebenezer Church. In a family bible of the pioneer
there is inscribed in his handwriting: 'I have agreed this day to contribute £5 per
year to a minister for Ebenezer Chapel' for a date in the year 1817 (for which exact
date and month the writer has mislaid his note). There was also a note stating the
date of his arrival in the 'Coromandel' in the year 1802. All these references are
extremely valuable for the recorders of history, because when notes of events are
made at the actual times one can judge them as being quite veracious and accurate.
After the pioneer occupied his holding at Ebenezer there were born to John and Ann
Warr Turnbull three Australian-born children, respectively named:
John (II.), born year 1804; George (I.), born year 1806; and William Bligh, born year 1809.
It is a great misfortune that no portraits of the Pioneers of Ebenezer exist, of any
of those famous in after years that came by the 'Coromandel.' The reason is very
simple — the earliest form of daguerrotype photo was not invented until the year 1839,
and then in very imperfect form; and mostly all of the pioneers died before that year
with a few exceptions, and in those exceptions no efforts had been made by the
families to secure pictures of their ancestors; but the times were hard, and the
pioneers did not appear to have been willing to leave the old places. In some cases
the pioneers' children did not even visit the neighboring town of Windsor on any
occasion but once. So that it is our misfortune that we cannot look upon their
faces and see what manner of folk they looked in replica and in life.
To return to John Turnbull (I.). The pioneer himself appears to have been a
rigid Presbyterian, although it has been stated that all of the men folk who were
original founders and thus fathers of Ebenezer Church were Nonconformists, or dis-
senting Protestants to the forms of divers church forms of service. My own opinion
is that Turnbull was a staunch believer in the Presbyterian form of service.
However that may be, Mrs. Ann Warr Turnbull was an adherent of the Church of
England form of worship, and when that good woman died her sentiments and wishes
were respected. At her request, Mrs. Ann Turnbull at her death was buried in the
beautiful burial ground of St. John's Church of England on the hill at Wilberforce.
Perhaps in all Australia there is no more beautiful a cemetery than it, over
looking the delightful valley of the Hawkesbury. The inscription- there says: —
Sacred
To the Memory of
Mrs. ANN TURNBULL,
Wife of Mr. John Turnbull,
Who departed this life December 19th, 1819,
Aged 54 years.
With A.T. on footstone on grave.
Alongside is the grave of her English born daughter, Mary, who was married
firstly to James Hartley and secondly to James Wright. On a smaller headstone is
inscribed:—
Sacred to the Memory of
(Mrs.) MARY WRIGHT,
Who departed this life February 11th, 1825.
Aged 28 years.
Actually this lady, was 30 years of age, according to my 'Coromandel' list, and I
take that list of names and ages to be authentic.
There were four children left as orphans after Mrs. Wright's death, two boys and
two girls.
Ralph Turnbull (I.), the English-born, son of the pioneer, married firstly Miss
Grace Cavanough, daughter of Owen Cavanough (I.), a seaman, one time of the
'Sirius,' but long since a farmer-settler at Ebenezer, and later of the first branch
of the Hawkesbury (Colo, as it was called afterwards). By Grace Cavanough Ralph
Turnbull (I.) had five children — Ralph Turnbull (II), who married firstly Miss
Sarah Reynolds, and secondly Miss Sarah Cross. The second Ralph (or 'Rafe,' as
Hawkesbury people sound it) was the father of Ralph (III.) and William Turnbull (twin
sons), both of Wilberforce, and of Mrs. Lucinda Lockart, of Windsor, and others,
the mother being, of course, the first wife (nee Sarah Reynolds). It is interesting to
know that Mrs. Lockart still has in her keeping the white waistcoat which her
father wore at the marriage ceremony with Miss Sarah Reynolds, which took place at
Colo in the year 1840. The vest appears quite as good to-day as it then was. The
texture must have been good, of good material. Ralph Turnbull (II.) married the
second time when he was 73 years of age, to Miss Sarah Cross. The second wife
pre-deceased him, dying on the 8th of November, 1898, aged 58 years.
Mrs. Sarah Reynolds-Turnbull died October 15th, 1886, aged 63 years.
Ralph Turnbull (II.) died at the age of 86 years and 8 months, on the
14th February, 1901, at Wilberforce. They are buried in a family grave along with
other members of his family at St. John's cemetery, Wilberforce.
Other children of Ralph Turnbull (I) and his wife Grace Cavanough were respective
ly:— Mary, who became firstly Mrs. James Dunston, secondly Mrs. Gurney; Elizabeth,
who became Mrs. John Dunston; Ann who became Mrs. Richard Cox; (this lady was
the mother of Alderman Samuel Cox, of Pitt
Town); John, who married firstly Miss Elizabeth Arnold, and also a second time
(writer cannot just now locate the name).
Ralph Turnbull (I.) by his second wife Mrs. Mary Ann Riley Turnbull, had the fol-
lowing children:— Eliza, Jane, Sarah, Maria and Andrew. The second wife of Ralph
Turnbull (I.) long out-lived him. She married also a second time, to Mr. James Ferris,
to whom she bore a large family. That family removed to Grafton, N.S. Wales
where Mrs. Mary Turnbull Ferris died. Ralph Turnbull (I.) is buried alongside his
first wife (nee Grace Cavanough) at St. Thomas' burying ground, Sackville, where
the inscriptions read: —
Sacred to the Memory of
Mrs. GRACE TURNBULL,
Who departed this life Feby. 1st, 1828
Aged 33 years.
The other reads: —
Sacred to the Memory of
Mr. RALPH TURNBULL,
Who departed this life November 18th, 1840,
Aged 49 years.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) originally had a grant of land which had been promised to
his father, dated 14th June, 1811, of 60 acres, adjoining the original 100 acres
Turnbull grant, the actual grant of which was not made until just a month before
Ralph's death, the date being 21st October, 1840. However, Ralph Turnbull (I.) had a
nice grant of good land at Colo, of 100 acres, which he lived on continuously and
reared two families there. Although the date of promise is given as 1st December, 1821,
the grant itself was only made on the 8th February, 1836.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) named the Colo property 'Andale,' situate on the Colo
River, and adjoining Owen Cavanough's (I.) grant, as the records say. It is evident
that Ralph (I.) named the place 'Anndale,' after his mother's Christian name, but due
to lack of knowledge of spelling, the clerk in the Surveyor-General's Department,
Sydney, of the time, misspelt it. I am of opinion that that farm at Colo is a very
historical place for many reasons, of which more anon. I believe it to be the exact place
whereon lived Mrs. Mary Hartley (nee Mary Turnbull, of the 'Coromandel').
Some time again I will refer to a Siletta orange tree that is still existing on
'Andale,' and bearing fruit each year, though it is over 90 years old. It was planted by
Mrs. Gurney, Ralph's eldest daughter, Mary, when she was a mere girl.
I come now to Miss Jessica Turnbull the second English-born daughter of the pioneer,
whose age was one year and seven months when Mr. and Mrs. Turnbull came
aboard the 'Coromandel' 'at Deptford on the Thames in the year 1802. This very
good woman when she arrived at the age of 19 years married Mr. Denis Benjamin Kirwan,
who had a grant of 40 acres of land at Sackville. Tizzana vineyard and the
stone house used as a residence by Dr. Fiaschi is in the main the actual building
erected by Mr. Kirwan. Of course there have been many additions made to the
house by the doctor, who has also vastly increased the original property in area by
purchase from other holders. Mr. D. B. Kirwan had a flour mill on his grant which
was worked by a water-wheel. Grain was brought for gristing to it by settlers from
up and down the river for many miles distant. The memory of the old mill wheel
is still mentioned by old Hawkesburyites, but it long since is a thing of the past.
Mrs. Jessica Kirwan bore ten daughters and two sons to Mr. Kirwan. The eldest
girl, who married a Mr. Everingham (Elizabeth Everingham) lived on her property
facing the river Hawkesbury at the rear of Tizzana cellars and residence, and a large
tomb is still to be seen there wherein Mrs. Elizabeth Everingham was buried. The
other daughters were: Diana (Mrs. Millington), Matilda Z. (Mrs. McFetridge),
Ann (Mrs. Hopkins), Phoebe (Mrs. Sanday), Adelaide (Mrs. Thomas Cross),
Victoria (Mrs. Weldon), and three daughters named respectively Henrietta, Harriet and
Angelina, who died as young women (unmarried). The two sons were Hiram John Kirwin,
who married a Miss Charlotte Arnold; this latter couple had in all 11 children; and
Colclough Kirwan, who perished in the bush near Blackall, Queensland; the latter was unmarried.
Amongst the many who knew Mrs. Jessica Kirwan in life is Mr. Hiram A. Turnbull, of
Rose Bay, Sydney, who as a lad used to carry the mail post-bag between
Windsor and Sackville. He refers to her as a dear old lady, who used to keep
something nice for him when on the trips he arrived at her house. One of her
grand-daughter's says of Mrs. Jessica Kirwarn that for over the period of 60 years
in which she lived in the same house, she never slept a night from under its roof.
For over 30 years Mrs. Kirwan was a widow, generally one or more of her daughters
being with her until her death.
At St. Thomas' burial ground at Sackville, in a family grave where the three unmarried
daughters are laid, also is a headstone which is
Sacred to the Memory of
DENIS BENJAMIN KIRWAN,
Died Octr. 15th, 1851,
Aged 57 years.
Also, to the Memory of
JESSICA KIRWAN,
(nee Jessica Turnbull)
Died April 1st, 1882,
Aged 82 years. (84. — G. G. R.)
'Waken, O Lord, our drowsy sense,
To walk this dangerous road,
And if our souls are hurried hence,
May they be found with God.
With footstones: D.B.K., 1851, and J.K.,
1882.
James Turnbull, the second English-born son of John and Ann Turnbull, never married,
but lived in the Hawkesbury district most of his life. He died about 1882 in
the Windsor Hospital, and is buried in the churchyard of St. Matthew's at that town.
He must have attained the age of 85 years, for his age was given as four years old in
the year 1802 by his parents. In a further article I shall have more to say of James
Turnbull.
The Australia-born children of John and Mary Turnbull were John (II.) who
was the eldest of the three sons, being born in the year 1804 at Ebenezer.
John Turnbull (II.), like his English-born brother, James, never married. The
inscription in the churchyard at Ebenezer in the Turnbull enclosure reads: —
In Memory of
JOHN TURNBULL, Junr. (II.) '
Died July 2nd, 1881, ,
Aged 77 years.
That in memory of the pioneer, progenitor and founder of the family reads: -
In Memory of
JOHN TURNBULL (I.),
Died June 7th, 1834,
Aged 86 years.
A rather misleading tablet to the pioneer's wife has of late years been placed on
the same gravestone. I think it should have fully stated that her remains were
interred at St. John's, Wilberforce. From the wording as it is now (1923) future his-
torians will think that Mrs. Ann Turnbull is buried in the same enclosure, whereas it
is not so, for reasons which I have expressed elsewhere.
The second Australian-born son of John and Ann Turnbull was George Turnbull,
who was born in the year 1806. He married Miss Louisa Chaseling at Sackville Reach
chapel on October 9th, 1826, the officiating minister being the Rev. Matthew Devenish
Meares. To this couple in course of time were born 12 children, 6 sons and
6 daughters, one of the sons being George Turnbull (II.), father of Hiram A. Turnbull,
clothing manufacturer of Sydney (residing at Rose Bay). This gentleman's father was
married to a Miss Maria Greentree. Mr. Thomas Turnbull, of Eastwood (still on
deck) is another son of George and Louisa Chaseling Turnbull. This gentleman is
married to Miss Elizabeth Manning, and the couple recently celebrated their golden
wedding anniversary. Another son of George and Louisa Chaseling Turnbull is
Mr. John Warr Turnbull, of 'Kelso,' Sackville, who was married to a Miss Ann Manning.
This Mrs. Turnbull died nearly 12 months ago, and is buried at Ebenezer,
likewise also is Mr. George Turnbull (II.) and his wife, Mrs. Maria Turnbull.
In passing it might be stated that some of the descendants of Pioneer Turnbull
stuck to Presbyterianism, and others, notably the families of Ralph Turnbull I., II.,
and III., all embraced Church of Englandism. In any case it is worth remarking as
a 'family psychology' of Faith originating in the pioneers and pioneeresses particular
beliefs. It is greatly to the credit of all those notable people that they were so
broad-minded in their Protestantism (which of itself is almost enough).
The third Australian-born son of John and Ann Turnbull was named William Bligh
Turnbull. He was born at Ebenezer on the 8th of June, 1809. At the age of 28 years
Mr. W. Bligh Turnbull was married at Ebenezer Church to Miss Elizabeth Wilson,
aged 17 years. That was in the year 1838, the officiating minister being the
Rev. John Cleland. About the month of December, 1868, Mr. William Bligh Turnbull, with
his wife and family left the Hawkesbury
and went to reside at Kempsey, on the Macleay River, where he had purchased
a farming- property. This couple had in all a family of 11 children, 8 boys and 3
girls. W. B. Turnbull was very successful on his farm. He died on the 11th of June,
1892, at the age of 83 years, and is buried in Euroka cemetery, near Kempsey.

The Pioneers of Ebenezer Church were:
Thomas Arndell and Elizabeth, nee BURLEY
Paul Bushell (convict "Surprize" 1790) and Jane, nee SHARP (deceased) and Isabella, nee BROWN
Captain John Grono and Elizabeth, nee BRISTOW
Owen Cavanough and Margaret, nee DOWLING
William Jacklin and Mary, nee CARDELL (deceased) and Elizabeth, nee CONNELL.
John Suddis (murdered 12 July 1817, Wilberforce). and Isabella Suddis
Lewis Jones
James Davison and Jane ( Johnston)
George Hall and Mary (Smith)
John Howe and Frances (Ward)
Andrew Johnston and Mary (Beard)
John Johnstone and Elizabeth (Lewins)
James Mein and Susannah (Skene)
William Stubbs and Sarah (Wingate)
John Turnbull and Ann (Warr)

Windsor and Richmond Gazette
Friday 6 April 1923
Page 1 and 2
Geo.G.Reeve
Transcription, janilye 2010


1 comment(s), latest 1 year, 5 months ago

Peter Kilduff 1804 - 1850

Tried: Westmeath
Arrived on the vessel 'FORTH' Master Henry Hutton, Surgeon Superintendent Thomas Robertson.
(The Forth departed Cork 21 October 1834 with 196 male prisoners. Arrived in Port Jackson on Monday 3 February 1835. One man died on voyage.)
Granted Ticket of Leave 16 March 1843 Maitland
A coroner's inquest into the death of Peter Kilduff, held on Tuesday 15 October 1850, at the Fitzroy Hotel, at 7 a. m., before Henry Glennie, Esq.
Peter Kilduff carrier. Employed by Henry Dangar taking goods to station 'Yellowroy' (Yallaroi). Killed when a wheel of the dray passed over his head a mile and a half beyond Rix's Creek, in the Singleton area. He was the brother of John KILDUFF 1793-1854 and
Michael KILDUFF 1799-1874
SINGLETON
An inquest was this day held at 7 o'clock A M.' before the
Coroner of the district, at the Fitzroy Hotel, on view of
the body of Peter Kilduff, then lying dead.
The Jury being sworn, proceeded, to view the body which
was in a dray in the adjoining yard, and having returned,
Thomas M'Mahon was called and being sworn, stated
that he resided on a part of Mr. Henry Dangar's
ground at Singleton, from which place he started
with his team, on yesterday, October 14. about eleven
o'clock a.m. in company with two other teams, all
three laden with property for Mr. Dangar's station
at Yallaroi ; and that having accompanied them
about three miles on the road, and having cautioned
deceased, who was then much worse for "liquor"
to take care of himself, left his own team in charge
of a man whom he had employed to drive it and rode
on before them, to the Pound at Full Brook, a few
miles further on. Having delayed here some time,
and the drays not having yet made their appearance,
he returned to see what delayed them and was surprised
to find them but a short distance from where he first
left them. The driver of his own team being,
from drunkenness, incapable of driving, he took
the whip from him, stopped the team, and went back
to the second one which was a short distance behind
his (witness's) and spoke to the driver, John Smith
who did not appear to be drunk. Smith having
looked back and observed that deceased's team stopt
walked back to see what detained it, and shortly
after ran back again to witness exclaiming that Kilduff's
brains were dashed out. Witness himself
went to the spot and saw deceased lying on the road
a short distance behind his team, quite dead— his
brains scattered about, and his head frightfully
crushed, the wheel of the dray, which had on
about forty-five cwts., having passed over it.
The Jury having re-assembled at the appointed
hour, Smith was then called, and being sworn, con
firmed the former witness's statement up to the time
he left them to go to the pound, and stated that after
he (M'Mahon) left them, they halted to have dinner
—after dinner, took a keg (the inseparable curse of
such journeys) containing about four gallons of
wine, from one of the drays, and drew therefrom
about one pint full which they divided between them;
they started again and had not travelled far when
witness observed the team which deceased drove, to
stop ; he halted his own team and went back to that
of deceased to see what detained it; when he arrived
there he did not see deceased till he went a little bit
from the dray: He saw deceased lying quite dead on
the road, the off wheel having passed over his head,
the last time witness saw deceased, about five minutes
before he observed his team stopping, he was walking
on the near side by his bullocks, and did not that
day see deceased sitting on the pole of his dray, nor
was he drunk. The Coroner having summoned up the
evidence the Jury after a few moments deliberation,
returned-a verdict, that deceased met his death
accidentally. the wheel of his dray having passed over
his head, but how it happened they were unable to say.
From the position in which deceased was found, his
head lying immediately in the very track of the off
wheel and his legs near the track of the near wheel.
It is C0njectured that he must have fallen off the
pole while endeavouring to get on it; being at the
time much under the influence of liquor. Of the six
or seven sudden deaths that have occurred in this
neighbourhood, within a very short period, five, we
believe, were the results of intemperance.
The callousness and utter want of sympathy, and the
indifference with which these wretched individuals, who
are habitual drunkards, witness death in its most ap
palling form, may be gathered from the fact, of the
two co-mates of the deceased, having shortly after
the accident, seated themselves round the fatal keg.
from which deceased, doubtless drank his death, and
satisfied their craving thirst.

Source:
Freeman's Journal
(Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932)
Thursday 24 October 1850
Page 10
Transcription, janilye 2011
NOTE: The license for the Fitzroy Hotel in George-street, Singleton was granted to Alexander Munro 1812-1889 in 1848.

EBENEZER PIONEERS OF THE HAWKESBURY.

When John Turnbull and his wife, Ann
Warr Turnbull, left their native village of
Annan in Dumfriesshire in Scotland (Annan,
by the way, is just across the border
from the English town of Carlisle in Cumberland)
Annan is also famous as being
the birth place of Lieut. Col. George Johnston,
the crusher of the Rouse Hill rebellion of 1804,
later on to become the tool of that unspeakable
bully and land monopolist, John Macarthur, and when George
Johnston received grants for his service
to the military oligarchy (the Rum Corps officials),
he used his native town's name as a prefix to his several
estates, hence, Annandale, Annan Lodge, Annangrove, etc.
But to come back to the Pioneer Turnbulls.
John Turnbull had established a business
in London as a tailor's cutter, where he
had pursued that calling since about the
age of 22 years. When in the year 1802 the
couple heard that free settlers were wanted
in New South Wales to cultivate the
soil, he was induced to come here along
with nine other families, with the promise
of 100 acres of land each on their arrival,
and rations for a certain period afterwards,
with the services, of two assigned Govern-
ment men, assured also to them. (Settlers
were usually allowed one assigned man for
each 50 acres in their possession.) The
story of Australia can be told in the lives
of such as this worthy couple and their descendants.
The Turnbulls' early struggles, as told
in the lives of these pioneers, contain
strange chapters of personal effort, fierce
hardships, of defeat and victory, of disaster
and triumph. The practical elements
which made for success were predominant
and to the fore. It was but the qualities
of endurance and strength which tell in a
new country. Of the Turnbulls, it may
be said they were what faith and circum-
stance made them. John Turnbull must
have been of rugged, persevering stock,
with the blood of the old Covenanters in
him, and his life's story is well worth the
telling. John Turnbull, pioneer, the found-
er of the family of Hawkesbury Turnbulls,
was born in the year 1750, learnt the trade
of a tailor's cutter, and with his wife set
up in business in London, where a number
of children were born, those being the
names of the English-born children of
John and Ann Warr Turnbull, and their
respective ages were in the year 1802 (as
per "Coromandel" list).—Ralph (I.), aged
10 years; Mary, aged 5 years; James, aged
4 years; and Jessica, aged 19 months. After
this pioneer couple acquired the 100 acres
land grant just below where stands Ebenezer
Church on the Hawkesbury, and where the pioneer
built a stone residence on a high headland of
the river (still there) the place is worthy
of preserving, in all conscience. There it was
that great and good man, Dr. J. D. Lang, was 'put up'
on the various occasions of his visits to the
Hawkesbury, and to the worthy minister
Pioneer Turnbull told his experience at
the hands of Governor King on his arrival
by the "Coromandel" on the 13th June,
1802. After personally interviewing each
settler that arrived on that occasion, the
Governor, coming to Turnbull, exclaimed,
''One foot in the grave and the other out
of it! What brought you here, old man?"
It is remarkable of the physical fitness and
diligence that the pioneer lived to the age
of 86 years; indeed, the Ebenezer "Burial
Register Entry" of John Turnbull's death
records his age at death as being 91 years!
On the 100 acres of land was grown wheat
and other cereal crops. John Turnbull's
name often appears in the lists of tenders
for supplies to the Government in issues of
'The Sydney Gazette' newspaper of wheat, pork and beef.
On the Turnbull grant was also a fine orchard planted by
the pioneer, where various kinds of stoneand citrus fruits
grew in abundance.
On one occasion Pioneer Turnbull, in the late
twenties of last century, was taking a cart
load of peaches for sale into the markets at Sydney and
was 'stuck up' by that notorious bushranger of the time,
Russel Crawford, on the Parramatta-road, near what is now
Grace Bros. establishment.
The old pioneer held his own and beat the
ruffian off until assistance arrived.
I may here remark that Russel Crawford
in the year 1832 was hanged in Sydney after
his conviction for attempting to murder
Mr. George Banks Suttor by stealing up
on the back of the chaise in which Suttor
was driving and delivering him a violent
blow on the head. That blow affected Mr.
Suttor all the rest of his life, although he
lived to the great age of 80 years, only dy-
ing on the 27th October, 1879 (after a fall
from his buggy) at his ancestral home residence
and farm 'Chelsea Park,' Baulkham Hills (the
original George Suttor's grant).
The story of Mr. George Banks Suttor and
his wife, Jane Johnston, an Australian-born
daughter of Andrew Johnston the first, will
be told later.
To come back to Pioneer Turnbull, I find
that he was one of the settlers who in the
year 1816 gave a donation of ten shillings
to the "Waterloo Fund", to be sent to England
to relieve widows and orphans whose soldier-husbands
were killed in the Battle of Waterloo (1815). That
list contained the names of 239 subscribers in all, and
the amount in cash collected totalled £231/8/-
(quite a respectable sum of money in
those days). From time to time I intend
to quote the amounts given by Hawkesbury
pioneers that came by the "Coromandel"
not in any way for comparison, but to
show their unswerving loyalty to the old
land, and also for their good deeds of
charity to those bereaved by war. Ralph
Turnbull (I.), eldest and English-born son
of the pioneer, contributed £1 to this fund.
But on of the proudest achievements,
that can be spoken of with pride by the de-
scendants of John Turnbull the first, is the
fact of his being one of the main princi-
pals (it may be said that there were fifteen
in all) who were the founders of Ebenezer
Church. In a family bible of the pioneer
there is inscribed in his handwriting: 'I
have agreed this day to contribute £5 per
year to a minister for Ebenezer Chapel'
for a date in the year 1817 (for which exact
date and month the writer has mislaid his
note). There was also a note stating the
date of his arrival in the 'Coromandel' in
the year 1802. All these references are
extremely valuable for the recorders of his-
tory, because when notes of events are
made at the actual times one can judge
them as being quite veracious and accurate.
After the pioneer occupied his holding at
Ebenezer there were born to John and Ann
Warr Turnbull three Australian-born chil-
dren, respectively named: John (II.), born
year 1804; George (I.), born year 1806; and
William Bligh, born year 1809.
It is a great misfortune that no portraits
of the Pioneers of Ebenezer exist, of any
of those famous in after years that came
by the 'Coromandel.' The reason is very
simple — the earliest form of daguerrotype
photo was not invented until the year 1839,
and then in very imperfect form; and most-
ly all of the pioneers died before that year
with a few exceptions, and in those excep-
tions no efforts had been made by the
families to secure pictures of their ances-
tors; but the times were hard, and the
pioneers did not appear to have been will-
ing to leave the old places. In some cases
the pioneers' children did not even visit
the neighboring town of Windsor on any
occasion but once. So that it is our mis-
fortune that we cannot look upon their
faces and see what manner of folk they
loked in replica and in life.
To return to John Turnbull (I.). The
pioneer himself appears to have been a
rigid Presbyterian, although it has been
stated that all of the men folk who were
original founders and thus fathers of Ebe-
nezer Church were Nonconformists, or dis-
senting Protestants to the forms of divers
church forms of service. My own opinion
is that Turnbull was a staunch believer in
the Presbyterian form of service. How-
ever that may be, Mrs. Ann Warr Turn-
bull was an adherent of the Church of Eng-
land form of worship, and when that good
woman died her sentiments and wishes
were respected. At her request, Mrs. Ann
Turnbull at her death was buried in the
beautiful burial ground of St. John's
Church of England on the hill at Wilber-
force. Perhaps in all Australia there is
no more beautiful a cemetery than it, over
looking the delightful valley of the Hawkesbury.
The inscription- there says:-
Sacred
To the Memory of
Mrs. ANN TURNBULL,
Wife of Mr. John Turnbull,
Who departed this life December 19th, 1819,
Aged 54 years.
With A.T. on footstone on grave.
Alongside is the grave of her English
born daughter, Mary, who was married
firstly to James Hartley and secondly to
James Wright. On a smaller headstone is
inscribed:-
Sacred to the Memory of
(Mrs.) MARY WRIGHT,
Who departed this life February 11th, 1825.
Aged 28 years.
Actually this lady, was 30 years of age,
according to my 'Coromandel' list, and I
take that list of names and ages to be au-
thentic.
There were four children left as orphans
after Mrs. Wright's death, two boys and
two girls.
Ralph Turnbull (I.), the English-born,
son of the pioneer, married firstly Miss
Grace Cavanough, daughter of Owen
Cavanough (I.), a seaman, one time of the
'Sirius,' but long since a farmer-settler
at Ebenezer, and later of the first branch
of the Hawkesbury (Colo, as it was called
afterwards). By Grace Cavanough Ralph
Turnbull (I.) had five children— Ralph
Turnbull (II), who married firstly Miss
Sarah Reynolds, and secondly Miss Sarah
Cross. The second Ralph (or 'Rafe,' as
Hawkesbury people sound it) was the father
of Ralph (III.) and William Turnbull (twin
sons), both of Wilberforce, and of Mrs.
Lucinda Lockart, of Windsor, and others,
the mother being, of course, the first wife
(nee Sarah Reynolds). It is interesting to
know that Mrs. Lockart still has in her
keeping the white waistcoat which her
father wore at the marriage ceremony with
Miss Sarah Reynolds, which took place at
Colo in the year 1840. The vest appears
quite as good to-day as it then was. The
texture must have been good, of good ma-
terial. Ralph Turnbull (II.) married the
second time when he was 73 years of age,
to Miss Sarah Cross. The second wife predeceased
him, dying on the 8th of November, 1898, aged 58 years.
Mrs. Sarah Reynolds-Turnbull died
October 15th, 1886, aged 63 years.
Ralph Turnbull (II.) died at the age of
86 years and 8 months, on the
14th February, 1901, at Wilberforce. They
are buried in a family grave along with
other members of his family at St. John's
cemetery, Wilberforce.
Other children of Ralph Turnbull (I) and
his wife Grace Cavanough were respective
ly:— Mary, who became firstly Mrs. James
Dunston, secondly Mrs. Gurney; Elizabeth,
who became Mrs. John Dunston; Ann who
became Mrs. Richard Cox; (this lady was
the mother of Alderman Samuel Cox, of Pitt
Town); John, who married firstly Miss
Elizabeth Arnold, and also a second time
(writer cannot just now locate the name).
Ralph Turnbull (I.) by his second wife
Mrs. Mary Ann Riley Turnbull, had the fol-
lowing children:— Eliza, Jane, Sarah, Maria
and Andrew. The second wife of Ralph
Turnbull (I.) long out-lived him. She mar-
ried also a second time, to Mr. James Fer-
ris, to whom she bore a large family. That
family removed to Grafton, N.S. Wales
where Mrs. Mary Turnbull Ferris died.
Ralph Turnbull (I.) is buried alongside his
first wife (nee Grace Cavanough) at St.
Thomas' burying ground, Sackville, where
the inscriptions read:-
Sacred to the Memory of
Mrs. GRACE TURNBULL,
Who departed this life Feby. 1st, 1828
Aged 33 years.
The other reads:-
Sacred to the Memory of
Mr. RALPH TURNBULL,
Who departed this life November 18th, 1840,
Aged 49 years.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) originally had
a grant of land which had been promised to
his father, dated 14th June, 1811, of 60
acres, adjoining the original 100 acres
Turnbull grant, the actual grant of which
was not made until just a month before
Ralph's death, the date being 21st October,
1840. However, Ralph Turnbull (I.) had a
nice grant of good land at Colo, of 100
acres, which he lived on continuously and
reared two families there. Although
the date of promise is given as 1st Decem-
ber, 1821, the grant itself was only made
on the 8th February, 1836.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) named the Colo
property 'Andale,' situate on the Colo
River, and adjoining Owen Cavanough's
(I.) grant, as the records say. It is evident
that Ralph (I.) named the place 'Anndale,'
after his mother's Christian name, but due
to lack of knowledge of spelling, the clerk
in the Surveyor-General's Department, Syd-
ney, of the time, misspelt it. I am of opin-
ion that that farm at Colo is a very histori-
cal place for many reasons, of which more
anon. I believe it to be the exact place
whereon lived Mrs. Mary Hartley (nee
Mary Turnbull, of the 'Coromandel').
Some time again I will refer to a Siletta
orange tree that is still existing on 'An-
dale,' and bearing fruit each year, though
it is over 90 years old. It was planted by
Mrs. Gurney, Ralph's eldest daughter,
Mary, when she was a mere girl.
I come now to Miss Jessica Turnbull the
second English-born daughter of the pion-
eer, whose age was one year and seven
months when Mr. and Mrs. Turnbull came
aboard the 'Coromandel' 'at Deptford on
the Thames in the year 1802. This very
good woman when she arrived at the age of
19 years married Mr. Denis Benjamin Kirwan
who had a grant of 40 acres of land
at Sackville. Tizzana vineyard and the
stone house used as a residence by Dr.
Fiaschi is in the main the actual building
erected by Mr. Kirwan. Of course there
have been many additions made to the
house by the doctor, who has also vastly
increased the original property in area by
purchase from other holders. Mr. D. B.
Kirwan had a flour mill on his grant which
was worked by a water-wheel. Grain was
brought for gristing to it by settlers from
up and down the river for many miles dis-
tant. The memory of the old mill wheel
is still mentioned by old Hawkesburyites,
but it long since is a thing of the past.
(The writer would be pleased to know of
anyone having a picture, of it.)
RALPH TURNBULL (II.),
son of the first Ralph Turnbull and Grace
Cavanough Turnbull. Born year 1815.
Died at Wilberforce 14th February, 1901,
aged 86 years and 8 months.
The writer wishes to express his thanks
to Miss M. D. Turnbull, of "Karoola," Wilberforce,
for the use of her paternal, grandfather's picture.
The writer is also largely indebted to Mrs. Lucinda Lockart,
of Windsor, for her help in many ways.

Mrs. Jessica Kirwan bore ten daughters
and two sons to Mr. Kirwan. The eldest
girl, who married a Mr. Everingham (Eliza-
beth Everingham) lived on her property
facing the river Hawkesbury at the rear of
Tizzana cellars and residence, and a large
tomb is still to be seen there wherein Mrs.
Elizabeth Everingham was buried. The
other daughters were: Diana (Mrs. Mil-
lington), Matilda Z. (Mrs. McFetridge), Ann
(Mrs. Hopkins), Phoebe (Mrs. Sanday),
Adelaide (Mrs. Thomas Cross), Victoria
(Mrs. Weldon), and three daughters named
respectively Henrietta, Harriet and Ange-
lina, who died as young women (unmar
ried). The two sons were Hiram John
Kirwin, who married a Miss Charlotte Ar-
nold; this latter couple had in all 11 chil-
dren; and Colclough Kirwan, who perished
in the bush near Blackall, Queensland; the
latter was unmarried.
Amongst the many who knew Mrs. Jessica Kirwan
in life is Mr. Hiram A. Turnbull, of Rose Bay, Sydney,
who as a lad used to carry the mail post-bag between
Windsor and Sackville. He refers to her
as a dear old lady, who used to keep some-
thing nice for him when on the trips he
arrived at her house. One of her grand-
daughter's says of Mrs. Jessica Kirwarn that
for over the period of 60 years in which
she lived in the same house, she never slept
a night from under its roof . For over 30
years Mrs. Kirwan was a widow, generally
one or more of her daughters being with
her until her death. At St. Thomas' burial
ground at Sackville, in a family grave
where the three unmarried daughters are
laid, also is a headstone which is
Sacred to the Memory of
DENIS BENJAMIN KIRWAN,
Died Octr. 15th, 1851,
Aged 57 years.
Also, to the Memory of
JESSICA KIRWAN,
(nee Jessica Turnbull)
Died April 1st, 1882,
Aged 82 years. (84. — G. G. R.)
'Waken, O Lord, our drowsy sense,
To walk this dangerous road,
And if our souls are hurried hence,
May they be found with God.
With footstones: D.B.K., 1851, and J.K.,
1882.
James Turnbull, the second English-born
son of John and Ann Turnbull, never married,
but lived in the Hawkesbury district
most of his life. He died about 1882 in
the Windsor Hospital, and is buried in the
churchyard of St. Matthew's at that town.
He must have attained the age of 85 years,
for his age was given as four years old in
the year 1802 by his parents. In a further
article I shall have more to say of James
Turnbull.
The Australia-born children of John and Mary Turnbull were John (II.) who
was the eldest of the three sons, being born
in the year 1804 at Ebenezer. John Turn-
bull (II.), like his English-born brother,
James, never married. The inscription in
the churchyard at Ebenezer in the Turn-
bull enclosure reads:-
In Memory of
JOHN TURNBULL, Junr. (II.)
Died July 2nd, 1881,
Aged 77 years.
That in memory of the pioneer, progeni-
tor and founder of the family reads: -
In Memory of
JOHN TURNBULL (I.),
Died June 7th, 1834,
Aged 86 years.
A rather misleading tablet to the pion-
eer's wife has of late years been placed on
the same gravestone. I think it should
have fully stated that her remains were
interred at St. John's, Wilberforce. From the
wording as it is now (1923) future historians
will think that Mrs. Ann Turnbull
is buried in the same enclosure, whereas it
is not so, for reasons which I have express-
ed elsewhere.
The second Australian-born son of John
and Ann Turnbull was George Turnbull,
who was born in the year 1806. He married
Miss Louisa Chaseling at Sackville Reach
chapel on October 9th, 1826, the officiating
minister being the Rev. Matthew Devenish
Meares. To this couple in course of time
were born 12 children, 6 sons and 6 daugh-
ters, one of the sons being George Turn-
bull (II.), father of Hiram A. Turnbull,
clothing manufacturer of Sydney (residing
at Rose Bay). This gentleman's father was
married to a Miss Maria Greentree. Mr.
Thomas Turnbull, of Eastwood (still on
deck) is another son of George and Louisa
Chaseling Turnbull. This gentleman is
married to Miss Elizabeth Manning, and
the couple recently celebrated their golden
wedding anniversary. Another son of
George and Louisa Chaseling Turnbull is
Mr. John Warr Turnbull, of 'Kelso,' Sack-
ville, who was married to a Miss Ann Manning.
This Mrs. Turnbull died nearly 12
months ago, and is buried at Ebenezer,
likewise also is Mr. George Turnbull (II.)
and his wife, Mrs. Maria Turnbull.
In passing it might be stated that some
of the descendants of Pioneer Turnbull
stuck to Presbyterianism, and others, nota-
bly the families of Ralph Turnbull I., II.,
and III., all embraced Church of England-
ism. In any case it is worth remarking as
a 'family psychology' of Faith originating
in the pioneers and pioneeresses particular
beliefs. It is greatly to the credit of all
those notable people that they were so
broad-minded in their Protestantism
(which of itself is almost enough).
The third Australian-born son of John
and Ann Turnbull was named William Bligh
Turnbull. He was born at Ebenezer on the
8th of June, 1809. At the age of 28 years
Mr. W. Bligh Turnbull was married at
Ebenezer Church to Miss Elizabeth Wilson,
aged 17 years. That was in the year 1838,
the officiating minister being the Rev. John
Cleland. About the month of December,
1868, Mr. William Bligh Turnbull, with
his wife and family left the Hawkesbury
and went to reside at Kempsey, on the
Macleay River, where he had purchased
a farming property. This couple had in
all a family of 11 children, 8 boys and 3
girls. W. B. Turnbull was very successful
on his farm. He died on the 11th of June,
1892, at the age of 83 years, and is buried
in Euroka cemetery, near Kempsey.

Source:
GEO. G. REEVE.
Windsor and Richmond Gazette
Friday 6 April 1923
Transcription, janilye 2014

The Pioneers of Ebenezer Church were:
Thomas Arndell and Elizabeth (Burley)
Paul Bushell and Jane (Sharp) (deceased) and Isabella (Brown)
Captain John Grono and Elizabeth (Bristow)
Owen Cavanough and Margaret (Dowling)
William Jacklin and Mary (Cardell) (deceased) and Elizabeth (Connell)
John Suddis and Isabella Suddis
Lewis Jones
James Davison and Jane ( Johnston)
George Hall and Mary (Smith)
John Howe and Frances (Ward)
Andrew Johnston and Mary (Beard)
John Johnstone and Elizabeth (Lewins)
James Mein and Susannah (Skene)
William Stubbs and Sarah (Wingate)
John Turnbull and Ann (Warr)
NOTE:
In 2006 decendant, and Australia's current Prime Minister Malcolm Bligh Turnbull donated a considerable sum towards the restoration of the Ebenezer Church


Ralph TURNBULL 1846–1935

Decendants of The EBENEZER PIONEERS OF THE HAWKESBURY
The son of Ralph TURNBULL 1814 - 1901 and Sarah Matilda, nee REYNOLDS 1823 - 1886.
Ralph, and his twin brother William were born at Colo on the 8 June 1846. The third birth and the first boys of Thirteen children. ( Ralph pronounced RAFE by the locals )
Sarah Matilda TURNBULL 1842–1930 m: Patrick DALEY 1844-1898
Sophia TURNBULL 1844–1881
William TURNBULL 1846–1940 m: Phoebe BALDWIN 1854-1938
Ralph TURNBULL 1846–1935 m: Maria Ann DUNSTON 1850-1939
Henry George TURNBULL 1848–1926 m: Drucilla Sophia EVERINGHAM 1850-1933
John TURNBULL 1850–1938 m: Phoebe Martha COBCROFT 1854-1918
Lucinda TURNBULL 1852–1938 m: Henry LOCKART
James Benjamin TURNBULL 1854–1899 m: Mary Matilda GRAHAM 1855-1918
Reuben TURNBULL 1856–1869
Elizabeth Ann TURNBULL 1858–1942 m: Thomas Jerome SALTER 1860-1921
Edward 'Ned' TURNBULL 1860–1923 m: Mazella Adeline CROSS 1871-1912
Alfred Ernest TURNBULL 1863–1915 m: Ada Emily BOWMAN 1867-1954
Edith Grace TURNBULL 1866–1866


Ralph Turnbull OBITUARY
Another of the Hawkesbury's oldest and best known identities, Mr. Ralph Turnbull, passed away at his residence, "Karoola," Wilberforce, on Monday, after a lengthy illness and at the ripe age of 88 years. Had he lived a few more days he would have reached his 89th milestone. By his death a link in a unique chain of twins has been snapped his surviving twin brother, Mr. William Turnbull, being still hale and hearty, whilst Messrs Arthur and Fred. Daley, of Wilberforce, are twin nephews, and Peter and John Nolan; sons of Mr. and Mrs. Geoff. Nolan (nee Miss Doll Greentree, of Wilberforce) are twin great-grandsons of the deceased.

Born at Colo, the deceased was a son of the late Ralph and Sarah Turnbull, and had lived in the district all his life — for the major portion at Wilberforce, where he carried on farming operations. He was married at Redfern 64 years ago to Miss Maria Ann Dunston, sister of the late Mrs. Henry Dunston, of Grose Vale, who survives, together with a family of one son and seven daughters, viz., Amy Amelia (Mrs. Fred Greentree, Mt. Keira), Willie (Wilberforce), Edith Alice (at home), Fanny (Mrs. McGregor, Wilberforce), Jessie (Mrs. Poidevin, Wollongong), Minnie (Mrs. Arthur Bootle, Pitt Town), Gladys (at home), and Dulcie (Mrs. Ronald Hall, Wilberforce). Two sons and one daughter predeceased their father.

Right throughout his long life, until he retired owing to ill health a few years ago, the late Mr. Turnbull had been a hard worker, and even in his 80's could be found tilling the soil on his farm at Wilberforce. Although he did not take a prominent part in public life, he was always keenly interested in the welfare of the district, and for many years was a member of the council of the Hawkesbury District Agricultural Association, for which he rendered yeoman service. Upon his retirement from the council he, as well as his brother, who retired some years later, were made honorary life members - an honor which has been conferred on only two other councilors since the inception of the society. Kindhearted and generous, and a Christian gentleman in the true sense of the term, Mr. Turnbull's life trail is strewn with the memories of kindly deeds, and to known him was to respect and esteem him.

It is said that the late Mr. Turnbull and his brother had never at any time lived more than a mile from each other, and that up till a few years ago the resemblance was so striking that it was difficult to tell them apart. It is true that Ralph's name often appeared under William's photograph, and vice versa, but this mistake was quite excusable considering the remarkable resemblance of the brothers. It is on record also that many years ago a well known and highly respected attorney of Windsor, who did not mix his drinks, mistaking one brother for the other, went into a long business negotiation under the misapprehension that he was dealing with William instead of Ralph, who kept the joke up in good style until the right brother came on the scene. Then there was a good laugh all round.

The funeral on Tuesday afternoon was attended by a large concourse of people from all parts of the district — a striking demonstration of the respect and esteem in which the deceased was held by the community. The remains were laid to rest in St. John's Church of England cemetery, Wilberforce, the Rector (Rev. Stanley Howard, M.A.) conducting the last sad rites. Mr. Chandler reverently carried out the funeral arrangements.
OBITUARY
MARIA ANN TURNBULL, nee DUNSTON

AS briefly announced in our last issue, there passed away on Tuesday evening
of last week, at Wilberforce, one of the oldest and most highly-esteemed identities
of the Hawkesbury, in the person of Mrs. Maria Ann Turnbull, at the age of 89 years,
the end coming after a rather long illness, and bringing to a close a very full and
useful life spent in the service of the community.
A daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. John Dunston, the late Mrs Turnbull was
born at "Woodside," Wilberforce, the present home of Miss S. M. Dunston, and
resided in the district throughout her whole life. In her younger days she always lent
her support to all local affairs which had as their objective the advancement of the
area in which she resided, and the district generally. The deceased was always a very
enthusiastic and untiring church worker and a regular church attendant, until advancing
years and illness obliged her to curtail her activities. Throughout her life deceased was
keenly interested in all charitable movements but, being of a retiring disposition, even
her many friends knew little of many of her charitable and Christian actions, and of
the many wayfarers who blessed her for her hospitality and her cheerful,
comforting and encouraging words, which enabled them to continue their journey with
a better outlook on life.
During her rather long illness deceased was devotedly nursed by the
two daughters who resided with her.
The late Mrs. Turnbull is survived by seven daughters, Amy (Mrs. F. Greentree,
Wollongong), Edith (Wilberforce), Fanny (Mrs. McGregor, Strathfield),
Jessie (Mrs. Poidevin, Wollongong), Minnie (Mrs. Bootle, Pitt Town),
Gladys (Wilberforce), and Dulcie (Mrs. Hall, Wilberforce), and one son,
Willie (Wilberforce). Her husband, the late Mr. Ralph Turnbull, predeceased
her some four years ago.
The funeral, which was largely attended, took place on the following Wednesday,
the remains being interred in the Church of England cemetery, Wilberforce,
the Rev. K. F. Saunders officiating at the graveside.
A feature was the profusion of beautiful wreaths which were evidence of the
respect of old friends in all parts of the district.
Mr. Chandler, of Windsor, had charge of the funeral arrangements.

AN APPRECIATION
LATE MRS. MARIA ANN TURNBULL
(By FLORA A. TIMMS)

With the passing away of Mrs. M. A.
Turnbull, of "Karoola," Wilberforce, in her
89th year, on April 11, another link with the
romantic past of the Hawkesbury District
has been severed.
"Woodside," the present home of Miss S.
M. Dunston, was the old homestead of the
late Mr. and Mrs. John Dunston, and it
was there that their daughter was born,
within a mile of ''Karoola." In 1872 she
married the late Mr. Ralph Turnbull, who
predeceased her by a few years. Miss Dun-
ston, of Dight-street, Windsor, is the only
surviving sister.
Mrs. Turnbull was a lady of outstanding
character, and her keen mental faculties re-
mained unimpaired. A good conversation-
alist, it was a delight to listen to her remin-
iscences of the pioneering days, some of
which are now housed in the Mitchell Li-
brary. On a recent visit—the last one alas—
the writer was impressed by her wonderful
memory, clear diction, and touches of humor.
Although confined to the couch, her eye was
as bright, and her laugh as hearty as ever,
creating the usual atmosphere of the home-
maker that she had ever been. It was touch-
ing to see the cheerful resignation with
which she bore the trial of not being able
to get about the house and among the
flowers, a trial softened by the devoted care
of her daughters, the Misses Edith and
Gladys Turnbull.
Integrity and sincerity were marked traits
in Mrs. Turnbull's character, and her sound
judgment was ever tempered with mercy.
"Karoola" was a centre where friends liked
to meet, attracted thither by the genial per-
sonality of the "lady of the house," and now,
after her long life of loving service, she is
resting in the beautiful old cemetery on the
hillside where so many of her kith and kin
had gone before. She loved the sacred "God's
Acre," and never wearied of telling stories
connected with the crumbling old vaults.
"Father, in Thy gracious keeping,
Leave we now Thy servant sleeping."

This letter below from Dulcie Dunston HALL nee Turnbull gives a more informed history of the Dunstons'
Janilye
Referring to two articles by Mrs. Flora A. Timms in your issues of June 16
and July 28, in one of which she asks, 'Has the clan no theories on the subject?'
Yes! Being a daughter of the late Maria Ann Turnbull (nee Dunston), I have a very
decided theory on the subject. Mother's father was. John Dunston, son of the first
David Dunston— who evidently arrived in Australia on the ship 'Nelantus' in 1791— and
brother of the second David. The first David and his wife Mary— not Maria— are buried in
the family vault in old St. John's C. of E. Cemetery, Wilberforce, along with my grand-
father, John, and his two brothers, Stephen and James.
The inscriptions on this vault all read Dunston:—"David Dunston, died 5th Decr. 1836,
aged 72 years." (He must have been born in 1764, making him 27 on his arrival in
Australia). "Mary Dunston, died 27th March, 1836, aged 67 years." (Thus proving her born
in 1769, and 21 years of age when she arrived in Australia in 1790. "Stephen Dunston,
died 4th Feb., 1840, aged 40 years." (Making his birth in 1800).
John Dunston, died July, 1876, aged 74 years," (making his birth in 1802).
"James Dunston, died 20th Nov., 1841, aged 38 years," (making his birth
in 1803).
The three last named were sons of David and Mary, and their brother David lies in
the C. of E. Cemetery, at Windsor, beside his wife, Maria. The inscriptions read: -
"Maria Dunstan, died Feb. 1st., 1878, aged 81."
"David Dunstan, died Aug. 2nd. 1881, aged 86," (making his birth in 1795).
There was another brother, Richard, and I think he is buried in the
Windsor C. of E. cemetery, but in what year he was born, I have
not yet discovered. I think it is apparent that David (the first) spelled his name
with the "o," or why inscribe it thus on his tombstone? It may be argued that a
dead man would have no say in the matter, and that my grandfather had it written
"o" just because he spelled his name with the "o "
Stephen, the other brother, father of John, the Kurrajong branch of the family,
used the "o" also, as did James.
Mother has often told us that her father, John, and his brother
David, had a row resulting in David saying that he would never bear the same name
again as John. David it was who changed
the "o" to "a" and I think it is likely that he was the David who married
Maria, daughter of Major Cushley, or Cusley. Miss Rachel Dunstan would be a
grand-daughter of the second David, and great-grand-daughter of the first David.
There is nothing to indicate that Dunston has any connection with any English name,
seeing that the first David was a Welshman.
In her article dated July 28th., Mrs. Timms says David Dunstan, farmer, Wilberforce,
came to Australia in the ship 'Nelantus,' in 1791. His wife, Mary, came in the 'Julia
Ann' in 1790.
If I remember rightly, the first free settlers came out early after 1800, on
the 'Coromandel.' Seemingly, then, David was either a naval or military man,
or else a convict, and his wife, coming out a year previous to his arrival, would seem to have
been a convict. Is there any record of their marriage after their arrival, or did she come
as Mary Dunston, or Dunstan? The fact that David came out as early as 1791, and if they
were married then, and that the eldest child was born in 1895, would lead one to think
that either the wife or perhaps both were convicts.
I think it probable that the correct name of the ship that Mary came out in was the
'Julia Ann,' and that Maria Cusley, who evidently married Mary's and David's son, David,
came in a much later ship — perhaps the 'Lady Juliana.' Yours etc.,
DULCIE D. HALL.
Wilberforce, Aug. 21st., 1939.


Sources:
Windsor & Richmond Gazette
7 June 1935, p 11
Windsor and Richmond Gazette
Fri 21 Apr 1939 Page 4
The TURNBULL twins were Councillors for many years on the
Hawkesbury District Agricultural Association and
"being confirmed tea drinkers, at afternoon tea time, supplied
their own cups - huge affairs, more than three times the size of
ordinary cups".
One of the giant size china cups was mounted and designated
the "Turnbull Cup", as an annual trophy awarded to
"the most successful exhibitor in the draught horse classes".
The trophy was awarded from 1930 to 1940. Shows were not
staged during the war years and when they resumed in 1947, the
Turnbull Cup was awarded for the last time. The tractor had replaced
the draught horse for many farm activities so there were very few
entries in that section. The cup is now a museum piece ....
[page 103, Hawkesbury Journey, ISBN 0 908120 87 7]
'Macquarie Country' is a companion volume to 'Hawkesbury Journey'.