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QUARTERLY LICENSES Melbourne September 1855

Melbourne, Tuesday 4 September 1855 at noon the Bench heard
applications for special licenses, transfers, &c.

The following gentlemen were on the Bench: Messrs. Sturt (chairman),
Vignolles, Hodgson, Greeves, O'Shanassy, and Noel.

The following were granted:-
Henry Russell, Liverpool Arms, Brunswick street, Collingwood,
from Joseph Hobbs.
James Bartholomew, Bull-and-Mouth Inn, Bourke-street.
from D. M'lntosh.
William Balch, Australia Felix Family Hotel, Bourke-street,
from Rachel Sawyer.
Thomas Crowle, Victoria Hotel, Little Bourke-street,
from D'Arcy Mundy.
Patrick Costello, Travellers' Home, Swanston-street,
from Michael D'Arcy.
Samuel Darby, Newmarket Hotel, Bourke and Stephen streets,
from Charles Lester.
J. E. Ellis, The Botanical Hotel, South Yarra,
from Charles Rogers.
Robert Frost, Royal Highlander, Flinders-street,
from William Blake.
Walter Ferguson, Union Holel, Bourke-street,
from James Laurie
Edward Ford, Drewery's Family Hotel, Gertrude street, Collingwood,
from Thos. Drewery.
George W. Howse, The Parade, East Melbourne,
from John Thomas Shea.
Waldron Johnston, Clarence Hotel, Elizabeth and Collins-street,
from John Whitehead.
Michael Kelly, Australian Family Hotel, Spring-street,
from William Abbott.
David Lewis, Napoleon III , Emerald Hill, from
James M'Carthy.
Wm. J. N. Lewis, Bridge Inn, Flinders-lane,
from Thomas Seaward.
Augustus M'Donald, Royal Arch Inn, Gore street, Collingwood,
from Thomas Sutherland.
John M. McKee, Duke of Kent, Latrobe-street,
from Edward Steel.
Patrick Noylan, Farmer's Arms, Swanston street,
from James Stone.
Charles Oakley, Temple Court Hotel, Queen street,
from Michael Woodlock.
E. J. Prevot, Queensberry Hotel, Madeline-street,
from C. T. Hume.
James Pasfleld, Sydney Hotel,
from Benjamin Brittell.
Henry Reynolds, Queen'e Head, Queen-street,
from William Whitmore.
James Tenniel, Market Tavern, Emerald Hill,
from George Duncan.
George Wailey, Argus Hotel, Collins street,
from Charles Wedel.
Charles Wedel, the Criterion Hotel, Collins-street,
from John E. Jones.
John Wood, the William Tell, Brunswick street,
Collingwood, from John Filgate. Adjourned Transfers.
Charles Frahm, the Northcote Arms, Northcote,
from Augustus McDonald. Granted
Charles Baxter, Star and Garter Hotel, St. Kilda. Granted.
Thomas Bryce, Cambrian Hotel, North Melbourne. Adjourned. (refused 12Sept)
Peter Connelly, the Carlow Hotel, Little Bourke-street. Granted.
Wilson Cornwall, the Labor in Vain, North Melbourne, adjourned. (refused 12 Sept.)
Stephen Dorman, the Highway House, Sandridge-Road, granted.
James Lawler, Belle Vue Hotel, Little Collins-street, refused.
George Lewis, the Mazeppa Hotel, Spring and Little Bourke-streets, granted.
Patrick O'Connell, the Black Prince, Curzon-street, North Melbourne, adjourned. (granted 12 Sept.)
Edward Lloyd Robinson Smith, Yarra Club House Granted.
Benoni Salway, Yarra Steam Packet Hotel Flinders-street, refused,
as being next door to a new house.
George Walder, Golden City, Cecil street, refused.
Frederick Chambers, applied for a license for a restaurant
for the Cellar of the Hall of Commerce. Mr. Frank Stephen
appeared to oppose the application on the ground that the
restaurant was not required, or adapted for the business.
It was situated next door to the Imperial Hotel, and close
to the Criterion, and there were no accomodations
suitable for an Inn provided.
Mr. Trenchard supported the application on the
ground that it was a convenience much required by
the mercantile community. The Hall of Commerce
formed a centre of the public business of the city,
and a requisition for the establishment of refreshment
rooms had been signed by every member of the
Chamber of Commerce, save one ; and by a great
number of the merchants of the city.
The Bench adjourned the application.
George Coppin applied for a license for Coppin's Olympic Hotel,
Lonsdale-street. Mr. Head opposed the application, on the ground
that Mr. Coppin already held a license for the Olympic Theatre ;
this objection he considered must be a fatal one.
The premises were not such as would be entitled to a license: they
had not been constructed in accordance with the provisions of the act,
and were communicated with by several openings to the theatre. He
was sure that Mr. Coppin had enough already to attend to with theatrical
matters without the Bench imposing on him the Herculean task of another license.
Mr. Frank Stephen supported the application. Mr.Coppin had kept one of
the first hotels in Sydney, in Pitt street, and continued to hold his
license to the satisfaction of the citizens. He was then
connected with a theatre in Sydney, and if it were competent to him to
hold a license then, it would be now. The opposition to the application
had been got up by the proprietor of the house opposite. If this were
not so there would have been a petition from the neighbors against
the granting of the license, but no such a petition had been got up,
and he was consequently justified in supposing that the present
opposition arose from interested motives. The public-house opposite
did not afford sufficient accommodation to persons who frequented the
theatre, and the privilege had already been granted to the Theatre Royal.
The petition which had been presented to the Bench had been signed by
five or six hundred respectable persons in the city.
The application was granted.
Charles Jones applied for a license for his eating house, in Little Collins street,
for the establishment of a printer's club, for the convenience of the printers
of the city. A petition signed by a great number of compositors was handed to the Bench.
The application was refused.
Catherine Featly, Little Bourke-street; Granted.
Andrew Thomas Keny, bathing-ship, Beach-street, St. Kilda. Granted.
Ann Marks, Little Lonsdale-street east. Adjourned.
John Palmer, Bourke-street east. Adjourned.
William James Robinson, Bourke-street east. Adjourned.
Edward Costello, Collins-street. Granted.
Jacques Sibberly, Queen street. Granted.
William Robert Hawkins Robertson. Granted.
The applications of the following persons
for hawkers' and pedlars' licenses were
granted on the 11 September 1855 :
Thomas Littleton, Susan Waters, John Williams, William Toun

Portrait below is George Selth Coppin
by Photographer FALK about 1890

Publicans License Tasmania 1837

5 October 1836
Each of the undermentioned parties residing in the division of the Island commonly called Cornwall,
has obtained a license to retail wines and spirits etc, for the period ending the
29th September in the year now next ensuing, provided it be not forfeited before such day.
Launceston.- George Archer, Black Swan; John Ashton, King's Arms; Philip Best, Currency Lass;
Joseph Barrett, King's Head ; Edmund Hartlett, London Tavern;
George Sinclair Brodie, Caledonia Wine Vaults; Jane Cowl, Jovial Carpenters;
J. E.Cox. Cornwall Hotel ; Wm. Collins, Bull's Head;
James Corbett, Green Gate ; John Daniels. Ferry House;
J. Driver, Whale Fishery ; H. Davis, Brisbane Hotel ;
W. Frost, Launceston Hotel ; James Hopkins, Plough ;
G. Hart, Royal Oak; J.Ives, George and Dragon ;
Mary Lenoy, Cross Keys ; John Moore, Rose and Thistle;
J. Main, York Wine Vaults; W. Milne, Union ;
J. Mills, Black Lion ; J. McKenzie, Scottish Chief;
Antonio Martini, Sawyers' Arms ; Josias McAllan, Glasgow Tavern;
John Marsden, Star and Garter ; D. O'Neal, Irish Harp ;
J. Pitcher, Hibernia ; G. Radford, Golden Lion ;
Henry Reading, Edinburgh Castle; Thomas Twinning, Kangaroo;
J. G. Thomas, George Inn ; A. Walsh, Gardeners' Lodge ;
J. Wiggins, Black Boy ; A. Wales, Crown ;
G. Williams, Half Moon ; J. Whitehead, Ship Inn ;
J. Weavers, Duke of York; J.Yates, Bricklayers' Arms;
George Coulson, Friend's Arms, River Tamar; H. Jones, Sir William Wallace, Long Meadows ;
George Lawson, Traveller's Rest, Muddy Plains ; R. H. Marr, Harrow, Sand-hills ;
Joseph Thorn, Blue Bell, ; J. Williatt, William the Fourth, New River.
Avoca.- William Dibble, Gray's Arms.
Ross.- Sarah Dickenson, Robin Hood ; Thos. Hughes, Ross Hotel.
Carrick.- James Earls, Carrick Inn.
Westbury.- William Forbes, Westbury Inn; Charles. Robinson, Hope Inn.
Longford.-James Houghton, Mitre ; Daniel Judson, Longford Wine and Spirit Vaults;
C. S. Kent, Crown Inn; Samuel Cox, Bird-in-hand, Norfolk Plains East.
Perth.- Richard Hesney, Tasmanian Hotel; Richard Pitt, St. Andrew's Inn;
Isaac Solomon, Perth; Jim.Thomas Gibson, Return of the Eagle, Snake Banks;
William Thornell, Bald-faced Stag, Epping Forest.
Campbell Town.- George Scott, Caledonian Inn.
George Town.- Samuel Sherlock, White Hart ; T. G. Williams, Waterloo Tavern.

Annual Licensing Meeting MELBOURNE 1859

The following is a list of the applications for publicans' licences
heard at the Annual Licensing Meeting, Tuesday 19 April 1859.

Amos, John Jervis, South Yarra Club, Punt hill.
Armitage, William, Peacock, Errol-street
Abrey, Jane, Red Lion, Londsale-street.
Alexander, Charles, Oddfellows, Little Lonsdale-street.
Allen, Joseph Weaver, Sandridge Inn, Sanridge.
Aitcheson, George, British Hotel, Queen street.
Allen, John, Olive Branch, Stephen-street.
Annett, James, Morning Star, Little Bourke street.
Brown, Henry Donovan, Waverly, Little Collins-street.
Brownlow, Samuel, Northcote Arms, Northcote.
Boniface, Benjamin, Manchester Inn, Queen street,
Bennett, Thomas Knight, Garrick's Head, Swanston-street.
Bryant, James Mark, Parade Hotel, Wellington-parade.
Bryan, Charles, Leinster Hotel, Franklin street.
Butler, Edward, Duke of York, Collins-street
Barrows, Richard, Governor Bourke, Little Lonsdale-street
Brown, Andrew, The Rising Sun, Little Bourke-street.
Brighouse, John, Royal Park, Howard-street
Butterworth, Joseph Frank, Exchange Hotel, Swanston-street.
Blannin, William, Parliamentary Hotel. Lonsdale-street
Batch, William, Australia Felix, Bourke-street.
Bourke, George, Ship Inn. Flinders-lane.
Bignall, William, Bignall's Hotel, Victoria-street.
Bultitude, James, Harp of Erin, Madeline-street.
Barben, Robert, Newmarket Hotel, Bourke-street.
Barnfield, Thomas, Eagle Hotel, Swanston-street.
Brown, Malcolm, Buck's Head, Little Lonsdale-street.
Bancroft, Ricluud, City Hotel, Madeline-street.
Boobirr, William James, Colonial Hotel, Little Bourke-street.
Conroy, William C Conroy's Hotel, Victoria-street.
Crawford, John, City Hotel. Bourke-street.
Crawford, James, Saracens Head, Bourke-street.
Cameron, Alexander, Merri Jig Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
Clifford, Henry R, Railway Refreshment rooms, Elizabeth-street.
Carroll, James, Robert Burns, Lonsdale-street.
Cleghorn, James, Caledonian Hotel, Jeffcott-street.
Cosgrave, John, Fitzroy Arms, King-street.
Cooper, James, Cooper's Family Hotel, Stephen-street.
Cooper, Richard Austin, Treasury Hotel, Queen-street,
Coates, Frederick, Parkside Hotel, Flemington-road.
Champion, Benjamin, Prince Patrick Hotel, La Trobe-street.
Cantwell, Johanna, Glenmore Hotel, Spencer street.
Chandler, Henry, Butchers' Arms, Elizabeth-street.
Chanter, John, Royal Highlander, Fliiiders-street.
Cronin, Daniel, Black Boy, Little Collins-street.
Currie, John, Hall of Commerce, Collins-street.
Chisholm, William King, Niagara Hotel, Lonsdale-street.
Cleal, Daniel, Cleal's Hotel, Swanston-street.
Clarkson, William, North Star Hotel, Abbotsford-street.
Colvin, James, Golden Cross, King-street.
Dowling, Thomas. Empire Hotel. Errol-street.
Doyle, Andrew, Ship Hotel, Sandridge.
Daley, William, Glasgow Arms, Elizabeth-street.
Dewis, Thomas, Sarsfield Inn, Little Bourke-street.
Dempster, Andrew, Sydney Hotel, William-street.
Dunnon, William, Builders' Arms, Cardigan-street,
Doyle, Patrick, Telegraph Hotel, Little Bourke-street.
Dunlop, William, Heather Bell, Flinders-lane.
Davidson, George, George Hotel, Victoria-street.
Downie, Charles Commercial Inn, Little Bourke-street.
Donne, George, Salutation Inn, Bourke-street.
Donovan, Christopher, Travellers' Home, Swanton-street
Dillon, James, Lamb Inn, Little La Trobe-street.
Dempsey, James, Ship Inn, Russell-street
D'Arcy, Michael, D'Arcy's Hotel, Swanston-street.
Dias, Mark, Australian Arms, Bourke-street.
Deane, Charles Edmund, Royal Charter, Bourke-street.
Dixon, Philip Garnett, Suburban Railway Refreshment-rooms, Flinders-street.
Eastwood, Henry, Prince George Hotel, Swanston-street.
Evans, Thomas South Melbourne Hotel, South Yarra.
Eager, Edward Fitzgerald, Rock of Cashel, Little Bourke-street.
Edmonds, George, Carlton Inn, Pelham-street.
Farrell, Robert, Melbourne Hotel, South Yarra.
Feinaigle, Charles Gregory, Crown Hotel, Lonsdale-street.
Feehan, Richard, City Arms, Elizabeth-street,
Filmore, Egerton J., Royal Mail, Swanston-street
Fitzgerald J-Bridget, Hibernian Hotel, Little Lonsdale-street.
Ford, Alfred, Royal Artillery, Elizabeth-street,
Flanner, William, Old White Hart, Bourke-street.
Forman, Peter, Elephant and Castle, Little Bourke-street.
Ferris, William, Royal Hotel, Flemington-road.
Gilmore, Martin, Telegraph Hotel, Little Bourke-street.
Griffiths, Thomas, Powess Arms, 99 Flinders street.
Glynn, Henry, Freemasons Tavern, Sandridge.
Gallpen, George, Haymarket Hotel, Flemington-road.
Garton, James, Pier Hotel, Sandridge.
Gallogley, George Dunn, Duke of Wellington, Flinders-street.
Gallagher,Michael, Rose of Australia, King-street.
Grant, John, Bush Inn, Elizabeth-street.
Glassbrook, Isaac Knowles, Egremont Hotel, Northcote
Geach, Thomas, Spread Eagle, Elizabeth-street.
Hayes, Michael, Barkly Hotel, Barkly-street
Hill, Richard Evans, Great Britain, Flinders-street
Henry, William, Blue Bell, Little Collins-street
Heffernan, Rody, Melbourne Tavern, Lonsdale-street.
Hamilton, David, Rose and Thistle, Lonsdale-street.
Hooper, Henry, Prince of Wales, Flinders-lane.
Hockin, William, Commercial Hotel, Elizabeth-street
Hawkins, William, Queen's Arms, Swanston-street.
Heier, Christian H., Star Hotel, Swanston-street.
Hills, Thomas, Tattersall's Hotel, Lonsdale-street
Hill, John. Erin Hotel, Bouverie-street.
Hinds, Willam, Ulster Family Hotel, Spring-street.
Hassett, John, Young Queen, Therry-street.
Holmes, Robert, Victoria Hotel, Sandridge
Holland, William, Globe Inn, Swanston-street.
Hayward, George, Bull and Mouth, Bourke-street
Jones, Jos. F., Excelsior Hotel, Bourke-street
Johnston, Waldron, Clarence Hotel, Collins-street
Jordan, John, Rainbow Hotel, Little Collins-street
Judd, Sarah Ann, Royal Oak, Queen-street
Jones, Charles George, Jones's Family Hotel William-street
James, Daniel Gray, Waterman's Arms, Nott-street Sandridge.
Jones, Charles, Colonial Bank Hotel, Little Collins-street
Johnston, James, Canada Hotel, Queensberry-street
Jenkins, Harry, Jenkins's Hotel, Swanston-street
Jones, John Yarra Family Hotel, Flinders-street
Isaacs, John Andrade, Crown Hotel, Queen-street
Isaacs, Barnet, London Tavern, Elizabeth-street
Kyle, Archibald, Cavan Hotel, Queensberry-street
Kelly, James, Reform Hotel, Bourke-street.
Kelly, Patrick, Galway Family Hotel, Flinders lane.
Kennedy, Morgan, Edinburgh Castle, Courtney-street.
Kennedy, William, Sir Walter Scott, Elizabeth-street.
Kennon, William, Black Eagle, Lonsdale-street.
Kennedy, John, Lalla Rookh, Queensberry-street
Kelly, William Launcelot, Argus Hotel, Collins-street
Keller, William, Golden Fleece, Russell-street.
Keppel, Maurice, Old Governor Bourke, Spring-street.
Laffen, James, King's Arms, Queensberry-street.
Lecher, Richard, Seven Stars, Queensberry-Street.
Lowe, Samuel, Shakespeare, Collins-street,
Liddy, James, Adam and Eve, Little Collins-street.
Lynch, James, Golden Age, La Trobe-street.
Leyden, John, Lamb Inn, Elizabeth-street.
Mark, James, Cross Keys, Lonsdale-street
Mickle, David, Pembroke Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
M'Millan, James, Carriers' Arms, Elizabeth-Street,
Muir, Matthew, Mac's Hotel, Franklyn-Street.
M'Gregor, Alexander, Supreme Court Hotel, La Trobe-street.
Murray, George, Tam O'shanter, Lothian-street
Murray, John, Constitution Hotel, Lothian-Street.
Menzies, Archibald, Menzies' Hotel, La Trobe street
Miller, Sutherland, Southern Cross Hotel, Bourke-street.
Meaney, Daniel, Harvest Home Hotel, Flinders-street.
Mallett, David, Botanical Hotel, South Yarra.
Morris, James Nall, Ayrshire Hotel, Chetwynd-Street.
Murray, John, Harvest Home Hotel, Flinders-street.
Moore, Robert Cooke, Exchange Hotel, William-street,
Moser, Christian, Farmers' Hotel, Little Collins-street.
Merton, William, Tavistock Hotel, Bourke-street
Marris, Thomas, Lincoln Inn Cardigan-street
Murray, Margaret, Railway Hotel, Sandridge
Manuell, Henry William, Royal Oak Hotel Swanston-street.
Moran, Michael, Central City Hotel, Collins-street.
Mills, Stephen, Chusan Hotel, Sandridge.
Mendel, Henry, Black Prince Hotel Curzon-street
Mitchell, William, Foundry Hotel, King-street
M'Cowen, Thomas, Spanish Hotel, Elizabeth-street
M'Carthy, Thomas, Kerry Hotel, King-street.
M'Donald, Augustus, Tavistock, Hotel, Queen-street.
Muir, William, Corkscrew Hotel, King-street.
Maroney, James, Carriers' Arms, Elizabeth-street
M'Guire, James, Clarendon Hotel, Collins-street
M'Gregor, John, Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock, Elizabeth-street.
Metzger, Martin, Albert Hotel, Stephen-street.
Norman, Patrick, Clare Castlea, Stephen-street.
Maher, Thomas, Railway Hotel, King-street.
M'Lean, Jolm, Scotch Thistle, Northcote.
M'Girr, William Peter, Railway Refreshment rooms, Sandridge.
Nicholson, Robert, Governor Arthur, Little Bourke-street.
Nutter, Edward, Hotham Arms, Leveson-street.
Neeson, John, Paddington! Hotel, Little Collins-street
Nissen, George, Royal George, Bourke-street.
Nunn, Thomas, Nunn's Hotel, Bourke-street.
Nealer, James, Railway Hotel, Swanston-street.
Orknoy, James, Sir C. Hotham Hotel, Flinders-street
O'Halloran, Dennis, Union Hotel, Bourke-street.
Oakley, Charles, Temple-court Hotel, Queen-street.
O'Callaghan, Owen, Woolpack Inn, Queen-street
O'Brien, James, Madeline Hotel, Madeline-street.
Ottaway, George, Queen's Head Hotel, Queen-street.
O'Connor, Patrick, Mansion House Hotel, Stanley-street.
Orkney, Thomas, Duke of Rothesay Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
Ollis, Charles, Apollo Inn, Little Flinders-street.
Punch, Richard, Leinster Arms, Lonsale-street
Perritt, William, Freemasons' Hotel, Swanston-street.
Pemberton, Thomas Lloyd, Royal Hotel Sandrldge.
Power, James, White Hart Hotel, Little Bourke-street.
Paynter, Robert, Mechanics' Arms, Little Collins-street.
Pitt, William, Olympian Hotel, Lonsdale-street.
Pierce, Elisha, British Queen, Nicholson-street.
Phelan, Michael, Farmers' Arms, Swanston-street
Purneil, Thomas, Royal Saxon, Elizabeth-street
Prendergast, Patrick, Assembly Hotel, Bourke-street.
Penglese, Elizabeth, London Hotel, Market-street.
Plomer, John, University Hotel, Grattan-street.
Price, Thomas, Leinster Arms, Lonsdale-street.
Boss, William Alfred, Princess's Hotel, Spring-street.
Reed, Ellen, Limerick Castle, Elizabeth-street
Robertson, Lachlan, Queensberry Hotel, Madeline-street
Richards, Thomas, United States Hotel, Sandridge.
Ryan, Michael, Windsor Castle, Little Bourke-street,
Ryan, John, Joiners' Arms, Queensberry-street.
Rahilly, Patrick, Olive Branch, Little Collins-street
Richardson, John Frederick, Western Port Hotel, Queen-street.
Ryan, Rody, Loughnan Castle, Leveson-street
Ryan, Andrew, Britannia Hotel, Queen-street.
Rigby, Edward, Council Club Hotel, Queen-street.
Rupprecht, Charles, Sabloniere Hotel, Queen-street
Richardson, Richard, Royal Hotel, Victoria-street.
Short, Hugh, Australian Hotel, Bourke-street.
Stephens, Thomas, King's Arms Hotel, Madeline-street.
Simpson, George, Royal Charter Hotel, Bourke-street.
Simpson, James, Mercantile Hotel, Flinders-street.
Shcaham Thomas, Bouverie Hotel, Bouverie-street
Swannie, David, Howard Hotel, North Melbourne.
Southwood, William Stocker, Stork Hotel, Elizabeth-street
Stirling, John, Beehive., Hotel, Blackwood-street.
Shields, William, James Watt Hotel, Spencer-street.
Spray, Henry, Stratford Arms, Drummond-street.
Seymour, James, Friend-in-Hand Hotel, Little Collins-street.
Solway, Benoni, Williams's Hotel, Elizabeth-street
Spiers, Felix William, Royal Hotel, Bourke-street.
Scott, Edwaid, Port Phillip Club Hotel, Flinders-street
Simms, George, Bay View Hotel, Sandridge-street.
Sheedy, Michael, Plough Inn, Bourke-street.
Schadowsky, Henry Gustav, Imperial Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
Spence, Francis, Spanish Hotel, Elizabeth-street
Taylor, Henry, Waterloo Hotel, Little Collins-street
Tookey, Patrick, Kilkenny Hotel, King-street.
Taylor, William, All Nations Hotel, Sandridge.
Walley, James, Mistletoe Hotel, M'Kenzie-street.
Wheeler, James, Royal Railway Hotel, Elizabeth-street.
Watson, John. Albion Hotel, Bourke-street.
Wedel, Charles, Criterion Hotel, Collins-street.
Wright, Walter, Marine Hotel, Sandridge.
Wallack, Joseph, Original Scottish Hotel, Bourke-street,
Woodward, James, Leicester Hotel, Leicester-street
Washford, Edward, Exford Arms Hotel, Russell-street.
Walker, John, Britannia Hotel, Swanston-street.
Wood, William, Duke of Kent Hotel, La Trobe-street,
Witcomb, George, Waterman's Arms, Little Collins-street.
Wilson, Hugh, Metropolitan Hotel, William-street.
Wilson, Robert, Cornwall Arms, Bourke-street.


When John Turnbull and his wife, Ann
Warr Turnbull, left their native village of
Annan in Dumfriesshire in Scotland (Annan,
by the way, is just across the border
from the English town of Carlisle in Cumberland)
Annan is also famous as being
the birth place of Lieut. Col. George Johnston,
the crusher of the Rouse Hill rebellion of 1804,
later on to become the tool of that unspeakable
bully and land monopolist, John Macarthur, and when George
Johnston received grants for his service
to the military oligarchy (the Rum Corps officials),
he used his native town's name as a prefix to his several
estates, hence, Annandale, Annan Lodge, Annangrove, etc.
But to come back to the Pioneer Turnbulls.
John Turnbull had established a business
in London as a tailor's cutter, where he
had pursued that calling since about the
age of 22 years. When in the year 1802 the
couple heard that free settlers were wanted
in New South Wales to cultivate the
soil, he was induced to come here along
with nine other families, with the promise
of 100 acres of land each on their arrival,
and rations for a certain period afterwards,
with the services, of two assigned Govern-
ment men, assured also to them. (Settlers
were usually allowed one assigned man for
each 50 acres in their possession.) The
story of Australia can be told in the lives
of such as this worthy couple and their descendants.
The Turnbulls' early struggles, as told
in the lives of these pioneers, contain
strange chapters of personal effort, fierce
hardships, of defeat and victory, of disaster
and triumph. The practical elements
which made for success were predominant
and to the fore. It was but the qualities
of endurance and strength which tell in a
new country. Of the Turnbulls, it may
be said they were what faith and circum-
stance made them. John Turnbull must
have been of rugged, persevering stock,
with the blood of the old Covenanters in
him, and his life's story is well worth the
telling. John Turnbull, pioneer, the found-
er of the family of Hawkesbury Turnbulls,
was born in the year 1750, learnt the trade
of a tailor's cutter, and with his wife set
up in business in London, where a number
of children were born, those being the
names of the English-born children of
John and Ann Warr Turnbull, and their
respective ages were in the year 1802 (as
per "Coromandel" list).âRalph (I.), aged
10 years; Mary, aged 5 years; James, aged
4 years; and Jessica, aged 19 months. After
this pioneer couple acquired the 100 acres
land grant just below where stands Ebenezer
Church on the Hawkesbury, and where the pioneer
built a stone residence on a high headland of
the river (still there) the place is worthy
of preserving, in all conscience. There it was
that great and good man, Dr. J. D. Lang, was 'put up'
on the various occasions of his visits to the
Hawkesbury, and to the worthy minister
Pioneer Turnbull told his experience at
the hands of Governor King on his arrival
by the "Coromandel" on the 13th June,
1802. After personally interviewing each
settler that arrived on that occasion, the
Governor, coming to Turnbull, exclaimed,
''One foot in the grave and the other out
of it! What brought you here, old man?"
It is remarkable of the physical fitness and
diligence that the pioneer lived to the age
of 86 years; indeed, the Ebenezer "Burial
Register Entry" of John Turnbull's death
records his age at death as being 91 years!
On the 100 acres of land was grown wheat
and other cereal crops. John Turnbull's
name often appears in the lists of tenders
for supplies to the Government in issues of
'The Sydney Gazette' newspaper of wheat, pork and beef.
On the Turnbull grant was also a fine orchard planted by
the pioneer, where various kinds of stoneand citrus fruits
grew in abundance.
On one occasion Pioneer Turnbull, in the late
twenties of last century, was taking a cart
load of peaches for sale into the markets at Sydney and
was 'stuck up' by that notorious bushranger of the time,
Russel Crawford, on the Parramatta-road, near what is now
Grace Bros. establishment.
The old pioneer held his own and beat the
ruffian off until assistance arrived.
I may here remark that Russel Crawford
in the year 1832 was hanged in Sydney after
his conviction for attempting to murder
Mr. George Banks Suttor by stealing up
on the back of the chaise in which Suttor
was driving and delivering him a violent
blow on the head. That blow affected Mr.
Suttor all the rest of his life, although he
lived to the great age of 80 years, only dy-
ing on the 27th October, 1879 (after a fall
from his buggy) at his ancestral home residence
and farm 'Chelsea Park,' Baulkham Hills (the
original George Suttor's grant).
The story of Mr. George Banks Suttor and
his wife, Jane Johnston, an Australian-born
daughter of Andrew Johnston the first, will
be told later.
To come back to Pioneer Turnbull, I find
that he was one of the settlers who in the
year 1816 gave a donation of ten shillings
to the "Waterloo Fund", to be sent to England
to relieve widows and orphans whose soldier-husbands
were killed in the Battle of Waterloo (1815). That
list contained the names of 239 subscribers in all, and
the amount in cash collected totalled £231/8/-
(quite a respectable sum of money in
those days). From time to time I intend
to quote the amounts given by Hawkesbury
pioneers that came by the "Coromandel"
not in any way for comparison, but to
show their unswerving loyalty to the old
land, and also for their good deeds of
charity to those bereaved by war. Ralph
Turnbull (I.), eldest and English-born son
of the pioneer, contributed £1 to this fund.
But on of the proudest achievements,
that can be spoken of with pride by the de-
scendants of John Turnbull the first, is the
fact of his being one of the main princi-
pals (it may be said that there were fifteen
in all) who were the founders of Ebenezer
Church. In a family bible of the pioneer
there is inscribed in his handwriting: 'I
have agreed this day to contribute £5 per
year to a minister for Ebenezer Chapel'
for a date in the year 1817 (for which exact
date and month the writer has mislaid his
note). There was also a note stating the
date of his arrival in the 'Coromandel' in
the year 1802. All these references are
extremely valuable for the recorders of his-
tory, because when notes of events are
made at the actual times one can judge
them as being quite veracious and accurate.
After the pioneer occupied his holding at
Ebenezer there were born to John and Ann
Warr Turnbull three Australian-born chil-
dren, respectively named: John (II.), born
year 1804; George (I.), born year 1806; and
William Bligh, born year 1809.
It is a great misfortune that no portraits
of the Pioneers of Ebenezer exist, of any
of those famous in after years that came
by the 'Coromandel.' The reason is very
simple â the earliest form of daguerrotype
photo was not invented until the year 1839,
and then in very imperfect form; and most-
ly all of the pioneers died before that year
with a few exceptions, and in those excep-
tions no efforts had been made by the
families to secure pictures of their ances-
tors; but the times were hard, and the
pioneers did not appear to have been will-
ing to leave the old places. In some cases
the pioneers' children did not even visit
the neighboring town of Windsor on any
occasion but once. So that it is our mis-
fortune that we cannot look upon their
faces and see what manner of folk they
loked in replica and in life.
To return to John Turnbull (I.). The
pioneer himself appears to have been a
rigid Presbyterian, although it has been
stated that all of the men folk who were
original founders and thus fathers of Ebe-
nezer Church were Nonconformists, or dis-
senting Protestants to the forms of divers
church forms of service. My own opinion
is that Turnbull was a staunch believer in
the Presbyterian form of service. How-
ever that may be, Mrs. Ann Warr Turn-
bull was an adherent of the Church of Eng-
land form of worship, and when that good
woman died her sentiments and wishes
were respected. At her request, Mrs. Ann
Turnbull at her death was buried in the
beautiful burial ground of St. John's
Church of England on the hill at Wilber-
force. Perhaps in all Australia there is
no more beautiful a cemetery than it, over
looking the delightful valley of the Hawkesbury.
The inscription- there says:-
To the Memory of
Wife of Mr. John Turnbull,
Who departed this life December 19th, 1819,
Aged 54 years.
With A.T. on footstone on grave.
Alongside is the grave of her English
born daughter, Mary, who was married
firstly to James Hartley and secondly to
James Wright. On a smaller headstone is
Sacred to the Memory of
Who departed this life February 11th, 1825.
Aged 28 years.
Actually this lady, was 30 years of age,
according to my 'Coromandel' list, and I
take that list of names and ages to be au-
There were four children left as orphans
after Mrs. Wright's death, two boys and
two girls.
Ralph Turnbull (I.), the English-born,
son of the pioneer, married firstly Miss
Grace Cavanough, daughter of Owen
Cavanough (I.), a seaman, one time of the
'Sirius,' but long since a farmer-settler
at Ebenezer, and later of the first branch
of the Hawkesbury (Colo, as it was called
afterwards). By Grace Cavanough Ralph
Turnbull (I.) had five childrenâ Ralph
Turnbull (II), who married firstly Miss
Sarah Reynolds, and secondly Miss Sarah
Cross. The second Ralph (or 'Rafe,' as
Hawkesbury people sound it) was the father
of Ralph (III.) and William Turnbull (twin
sons), both of Wilberforce, and of Mrs.
Lucinda Lockart, of Windsor, and others,
the mother being, of course, the first wife
(nee Sarah Reynolds). It is interesting to
know that Mrs. Lockart still has in her
keeping the white waistcoat which her
father wore at the marriage ceremony with
Miss Sarah Reynolds, which took place at
Colo in the year 1840. The vest appears
quite as good to-day as it then was. The
texture must have been good, of good ma-
terial. Ralph Turnbull (II.) married the
second time when he was 73 years of age,
to Miss Sarah Cross. The second wife predeceased
him, dying on the 8th of November, 1898, aged 58 years.
Mrs. Sarah Reynolds-Turnbull died
October 15th, 1886, aged 63 years.
Ralph Turnbull (II.) died at the age of
86 years and 8 months, on the
14th February, 1901, at Wilberforce. They
are buried in a family grave along with
other members of his family at St. John's
cemetery, Wilberforce.
Other children of Ralph Turnbull (I) and
his wife Grace Cavanough were respective
ly:â Mary, who became firstly Mrs. James
Dunston, secondly Mrs. Gurney; Elizabeth,
who became Mrs. John Dunston; Ann who
became Mrs. Richard Cox; (this lady was
the mother of Alderman Samuel Cox, of Pitt
Town); John, who married firstly Miss
Elizabeth Arnold, and also a second time
(writer cannot just now locate the name).
Ralph Turnbull (I.) by his second wife
Mrs. Mary Ann Riley Turnbull, had the fol-
lowing children:â Eliza, Jane, Sarah, Maria
and Andrew. The second wife of Ralph
Turnbull (I.) long out-lived him. She mar-
ried also a second time, to Mr. James Fer-
ris, to whom she bore a large family. That
family removed to Grafton, N.S. Wales
where Mrs. Mary Turnbull Ferris died.
Ralph Turnbull (I.) is buried alongside his
first wife (nee Grace Cavanough) at St.
Thomas' burying ground, Sackville, where
the inscriptions read:-
Sacred to the Memory of
Who departed this life Feby. 1st, 1828
Aged 33 years.
The other reads:-
Sacred to the Memory of
Who departed this life November 18th, 1840,
Aged 49 years.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) originally had
a grant of land which had been promised to
his father, dated 14th June, 1811, of 60
acres, adjoining the original 100 acres
Turnbull grant, the actual grant of which
was not made until just a month before
Ralph's death, the date being 21st October,
1840. However, Ralph Turnbull (I.) had a
nice grant of good land at Colo, of 100
acres, which he lived on continuously and
reared two families there. Although
the date of promise is given as 1st Decem-
ber, 1821, the grant itself was only made
on the 8th February, 1836.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) named the Colo
property 'Andale,' situate on the Colo
River, and adjoining Owen Cavanough's
(I.) grant, as the records say. It is evident
that Ralph (I.) named the place 'Anndale,'
after his mother's Christian name, but due
to lack of knowledge of spelling, the clerk
in the Surveyor-General's Department, Syd-
ney, of the time, misspelt it. I am of opin-
ion that that farm at Colo is a very histori-
cal place for many reasons, of which more
anon. I believe it to be the exact place
whereon lived Mrs. Mary Hartley (nee
Mary Turnbull, of the 'Coromandel').
Some time again I will refer to a Siletta
orange tree that is still existing on 'An-
dale,' and bearing fruit each year, though
it is over 90 years old. It was planted by
Mrs. Gurney, Ralph's eldest daughter,
Mary, when she was a mere girl.
I come now to Miss Jessica Turnbull the
second English-born daughter of the pion-
eer, whose age was one year and seven
months when Mr. and Mrs. Turnbull came
aboard the 'Coromandel' 'at Deptford on
the Thames in the year 1802. This very
good woman when she arrived at the age of
19 years married Mr. Denis Benjamin Kirwan
who had a grant of 40 acres of land
at Sackville. Tizzana vineyard and the
stone house used as a residence by Dr.
Fiaschi is in the main the actual building
erected by Mr. Kirwan. Of course there
have been many additions made to the
house by the doctor, who has also vastly
increased the original property in area by
purchase from other holders. Mr. D. B.
Kirwan had a flour mill on his grant which
was worked by a water-wheel. Grain was
brought for gristing to it by settlers from
up and down the river for many miles dis-
tant. The memory of the old mill wheel
is still mentioned by old Hawkesburyites,
but it long since is a thing of the past.
(The writer would be pleased to know of
anyone having a picture, of it.)
son of the first Ralph Turnbull and Grace
Cavanough Turnbull. Born year 1815.
Died at Wilberforce 14th February, 1901,
aged 86 years and 8 months.
The writer wishes to express his thanks
to Miss M. D. Turnbull, of "Karoola," Wilberforce,
for the use of her paternal, grandfather's picture.
The writer is also largely indebted to Mrs. Lucinda Lockart,
of Windsor, for her help in many ways.

Mrs. Jessica Kirwan bore ten daughters
and two sons to Mr. Kirwan. The eldest
girl, who married a Mr. Everingham (Eliza-
beth Everingham) lived on her property
facing the river Hawkesbury at the rear of
Tizzana cellars and residence, and a large
tomb is still to be seen there wherein Mrs.
Elizabeth Everingham was buried. The
other daughters were: Diana (Mrs. Mil-
lington), Matilda Z. (Mrs. McFetridge), Ann
(Mrs. Hopkins), Phoebe (Mrs. Sanday),
Adelaide (Mrs. Thomas Cross), Victoria
(Mrs. Weldon), and three daughters named
respectively Henrietta, Harriet and Ange-
lina, who died as young women (unmar
ried). The two sons were Hiram John
Kirwin, who married a Miss Charlotte Ar-
nold; this latter couple had in all 11 chil-
dren; and Colclough Kirwan, who perished
in the bush near Blackall, Queensland; the
latter was unmarried.
Amongst the many who knew Mrs. Jessica Kirwan
in life is Mr. Hiram A. Turnbull, of Rose Bay, Sydney,
who as a lad used to carry the mail post-bag between
Windsor and Sackville. He refers to her
as a dear old lady, who used to keep some-
thing nice for him when on the trips he
arrived at her house. One of her grand-
daughter's says of Mrs. Jessica Kirwarn that
for over the period of 60 years in which
she lived in the same house, she never slept
a night from under its roof . For over 30
years Mrs. Kirwan was a widow, generally
one or more of her daughters being with
her until her death. At St. Thomas' burial
ground at Sackville, in a family grave
where the three unmarried daughters are
laid, also is a headstone which is
Sacred to the Memory of
Died Octr. 15th, 1851,
Aged 57 years.
Also, to the Memory of
(nee Jessica Turnbull)
Died April 1st, 1882,
Aged 82 years. (84. â G. G. R.)
'Waken, O Lord, our drowsy sense,
To walk this dangerous road,
And if our souls are hurried hence,
May they be found with God.
With footstones: D.B.K., 1851, and J.K.,
James Turnbull, the second English-born
son of John and Ann Turnbull, never married,
but lived in the Hawkesbury district
most of his life. He died about 1882 in
the Windsor Hospital, and is buried in the
churchyard of St. Matthew's at that town.
He must have attained the age of 85 years,
for his age was given as four years old in
the year 1802 by his parents. In a further
article I shall have more to say of James
The Australia-born children of John and Mary Turnbull were John (II.) who
was the eldest of the three sons, being born
in the year 1804 at Ebenezer. John Turn-
bull (II.), like his English-born brother,
James, never married. The inscription in
the churchyard at Ebenezer in the Turn-
bull enclosure reads:-
In Memory of
Died July 2nd, 1881,
Aged 77 years.
That in memory of the pioneer, progeni-
tor and founder of the family reads: -
In Memory of
Died June 7th, 1834,
Aged 86 years.
A rather misleading tablet to the pion-
eer's wife has of late years been placed on
the same gravestone. I think it should
have fully stated that her remains were
interred at St. John's, Wilberforce. From the
wording as it is now (1923) future historians
will think that Mrs. Ann Turnbull
is buried in the same enclosure, whereas it
is not so, for reasons which I have express-
ed elsewhere.
The second Australian-born son of John
and Ann Turnbull was George Turnbull,
who was born in the year 1806. He married
Miss Louisa Chaseling at Sackville Reach
chapel on October 9th, 1826, the officiating
minister being the Rev. Matthew Devenish
Meares. To this couple in course of time
were born 12 children, 6 sons and 6 daugh-
ters, one of the sons being George Turn-
bull (II.), father of Hiram A. Turnbull,
clothing manufacturer of Sydney (residing
at Rose Bay). This gentleman's father was
married to a Miss Maria Greentree. Mr.
Thomas Turnbull, of Eastwood (still on
deck) is another son of George and Louisa
Chaseling Turnbull. This gentleman is
married to Miss Elizabeth Manning, and
the couple recently celebrated their golden
wedding anniversary. Another son of
George and Louisa Chaseling Turnbull is
Mr. John Warr Turnbull, of 'Kelso,' Sack-
ville, who was married to a Miss Ann Manning.
This Mrs. Turnbull died nearly 12
months ago, and is buried at Ebenezer,
likewise also is Mr. George Turnbull (II.)
and his wife, Mrs. Maria Turnbull.
In passing it might be stated that some
of the descendants of Pioneer Turnbull
stuck to Presbyterianism, and others, nota-
bly the families of Ralph Turnbull I., II.,
and III., all embraced Church of England-
ism. In any case it is worth remarking as
a 'family psychology' of Faith originating
in the pioneers and pioneeresses particular
beliefs. It is greatly to the credit of all
those notable people that they were so
broad-minded in their Protestantism
(which of itself is almost enough).
The third Australian-born son of John
and Ann Turnbull was named William Bligh
Turnbull. He was born at Ebenezer on the
8th of June, 1809. At the age of 28 years
Mr. W. Bligh Turnbull was married at
Ebenezer Church to Miss Elizabeth Wilson,
aged 17 years. That was in the year 1838,
the officiating minister being the Rev. John
Cleland. About the month of December,
1868, Mr. William Bligh Turnbull, with
his wife and family left the Hawkesbury
and went to reside at Kempsey, on the
Macleay River, where he had purchased
a farming property. This couple had in
all a family of 11 children, 8 boys and 3
girls. W. B. Turnbull was very successful
on his farm. He died on the 11th of June,
1892, at the age of 83 years, and is buried
in Euroka cemetery, near Kempsey.

Windsor and Richmond Gazette
Friday 6 April 1923
Transcription, janilye 2014

The Pioneers of Ebenezer Church were:
Thomas Arndell and Elizabeth (Burley)
Paul Bushell and Jane (Sharp) (deceased) and Isabella (Brown)
Captain John Grono and Elizabeth (Bristow)
Owen Cavanough and Margaret (Dowling)
William Jacklin and Mary (Cardell) (deceased) and Elizabeth (Connell)
John Suddis and Isabella Suddis
Lewis Jones
James Davison and Jane ( Johnston)
George Hall and Mary (Smith)
John Howe and Frances (Ward)
Andrew Johnston and Mary (Beard)
John Johnstone and Elizabeth (Lewins)
James Mein and Susannah (Skene)
William Stubbs and Sarah (Wingate)
John Turnbull and Ann (Warr)
In 2006 decendant, and Australia's current Prime Minister Malcolm Bligh Turnbull donated a considerable sum towards the restoration of the Ebenezer Church

William 'King Billy' Lanné 1835-1869

Warning: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples should be aware that this website contains images and names of people who have since passed away

On Saturday afternoon 6 March 1869 the remains
of William Lanne or as he was generally called,
"King Billy," the last male Aboriginal of Tasmania,
were committed to the grave in presence of a
very large concourse of the citizens.
On the announcement of the "death of the last man,"
it was generally supposed that the funeral would
be made a public affair, and that some part in
the arrangements would be taken by the Government;
the first announcement made, however, was simply to
the effect that the funeral would move from the establishment
of Mr. Millington, Undertaker, of Murray-street,
at 9 a.m. on Saturday, and inviting friends of the
deceased to attend. As previously stated by us,
the body had been removed from the Dog and
Partridge Hotel, where the man died, to the
dead-house at the Hospital, and on an order
being sought for its removal to the undertakers,
it was declined, on the ground that as the body
was of the greatest scientific value, the authorities
were determined to do all in their power to
protect it. An application to the Colonial Secretary
met with the same reply, and the hon. Sir Richard Dry
sent positive instructions to Dr. Stokell that the body
of "King Billy" should be protected from mutilation,
on this subject, however, we have more to communicate presently.
On its being ascertained that the authorities were taking no
steps respecting the obsequies, the matter was taken in
hand by Mr. J. W. Graves, and invitations were
issued to a number of old colonists and natives,
requesting their attendance, the funeral being
postponed until 2 o'clock. At that hour between
fifty and sixty gentlemen presented themselves
at the institution, and found all in readiness for
the burial. Rumours had, meanwhile, got afloat
to the effect that the body had been tampered
with, and Capt. McArthur, Mr. Colvin, and
some others interested in the deceased, from his
connection with the whaling trade, requested
that the coffin should be opened in order to
satisfy their minds that the ceremony of burial
was not altogether a "vain show." This was
done by Mr. Graves, and the body was seen, by
those who desired to see it, in the condition
which will be hereafter described. The lid was
then again screwed down, and at the suggestion
of some of those present the coffin was sealed. In
connection with this part of the proceedings a
singular accident occurred. On a seal being
asked for, it was found that there was not such a
thing in the institution, but on a search being
made in the dispensary an old brass stamp was
found, and on its being impressed upon the wax,
it left the simple word "world." What such an
odd seal could have been cut for is unknown, but
its turning up under such circumstances, and its
accidental use to seal down the coffin of the last
man of his race, is a circumstance so singular as
to be worth recording. Having been duly sealed,
the coffin was covered with a black opossum skin
rug, fit emblem of the now extinct race to which
the deceased belonged ; and on this singular
pall were laid a couple of native spears and
waddies, round which were twined the ample
folds of a Union Jack, specially provided by the
shipmates of the deceased. It was then mounted
upon the shoulders of four white native lads,
part of the crew of the Runneymede, who
volunteered to carry their aboriginal countryman
to his grave. Their names were, John Silvester,
John Timms, James Davis, and George Attwell.
The pall was borne by Captain Hill, of the
Runneymede, himself a native of Tasmania, and
by three colored seamen, John Bull, a native of
the Sandwich Islands, Henry Whalley, a half-
caste native of Kangaroo Island, S. A., and
Alexander Davidson, an American. The chief
mourners were Captain McArthur, of the whaling
barque Aladdin, and Captain Bayley, owner
of the whaling barque Runneymede. Among the
mourners were nearly all the masters of vessels in
port, and many gentlemen connected with the
whaling trade. There was also a large muster of
old colonists and native born Tasmanians. As
the procession moved along Liverpool and Murray
streets to St. David's Church it gathered strength,
and was followed by a large concourse of spectators.
The Rev. F. H. Cox read the service, and
preceded the body to the grave, clothed in his
surplus. On leaving the church the procession numbered
from a hundred to a hundred and twenty
mourners, and the event re-called to the minds of
the old colonists present many an interesting
episode of the early days of the colony, and of
that race, the last male representative of which
was about to be consigned to his tomb. At the
cemetery the Rev. Mr. Cox read the second
portion of the impressive burial service of the
English Church, and the grave closed over
"King Billy" the breast-plate on whose coffin
bore the simple inscription "William Lanne,
died March 3rd, 1869. Aged, 34 years."
Notwithstanding the precautions above referred
to, the body of poor "King Billy" has not been
respected, nor does the grave around which so
many persons gathered on Saturday, contain a
vestige of Tasmania's "last man." It is a
somewhat singular circumstance that although it
has been known for years that the race was be-
coming extinct, no steps have ever been taken in
the interests of science to secure a perfect skeleton
of a male Tasmanian aboriginal. A female skeleton is
now in the Museum, but there is no male, consequently
the death of "Billy Lanne" put our surgeons on the alert.
The Royal Society, anxious to obtain the skeleton for
the Museum, wrote specially to the Government upon the
subject, setting forth at length the reasons why,
if possible, the skeleton should be secured to
them. The Government at once admitted their
right to it, in preference to any other institution,
and the Council expressed their willingness at
any time to furnish casts, photographs, and all
other particulars to any scientific society
requiring them. Government, however, declined
to sanction any interference with the body,
giving positive orders that it should be decently
buried; nor did they feel at liberty to give
their sanction to any future action which might
be taken; although it is needless to say that so
valuable a skeleton would not have been permitted to
remain in the grave, and possibly no
opposition would have been made to its removal,
had it been taken by those best entitled to hold
it in the interests of the public and of science,
and without any violation of decency.
Besides the Royal Society, it seems that there
were others who desired to secure Billy Lanne's skeleton,
and who were determined to have it in spite of the
positive orders of the Colonial Secretary.
The dead-house at the Hospital was entered on Friday night,
the head was skinned and the skull carried away,
and with a view to conceal this proceeding, the
head of a patient who had died in the hospital
on the same day, or the day previously, was
similarly tampered with and the skull placed
inside the scalp of the unfortunate native, the
face being drawn over so as to have the appear-
ance of completeness, On this mutilation being
discovered the members of the Council of the
Royal Society were greatly annoyed, and feeling
assured that the object of the party who had
taken the skull was afterwards to take the body
from the grave, and so possess himself of the perfect
skeleton, it was resolved to take off the feet and
hands and to lodge them in the museum, an opera-
tion which was carefully done. The funeral then
took place as above described. On the mutilation
of the bodies in the dead-house becoming known,
a letter was addressed by the Colonial Secretary
to Dr. Stokell, requiring a report upon tho case,
and we have it upon the very highest authority
that Dr. Stokell reported the circumstances much
as they are described above, informing the
Colonial Secretary that the only persons who
had been present in the dead-house during Friday
night were a surgeon, who is one of the
honorary medical officers, his son, who is a
student, and the barber of the institution, and
neither of those persons were seen to remove
anything from the hospital. It is believed, how-
ever, that the skull was thrown over the wall at
the back of the dead-house with a string attached
to it, and that it was scoured by a confed-
erate stationed in the creek on the other side.
Those reports occasioned a very painful impression
among those present at the funeral, and a
deputation consisting of Messrs. Colvin,
McArthur, and Bayley,waited upon Sir Richard
Dry in the evening, and requested that steps
should be taken to have the grave watched
during the night. Sir Richard at once acquiesced
in the proposal, and instructions were given to
the police, but in some way they miscarried,
possibly owing to the fact that they were not
communicated through His Worship the Mayor,
and the consequence was that the grave was found
disturbed yesterday morning, when Constable
Mahony reported that the earth had been re
moved, that a skull had been found lying on the
surface, that a part of the coffin was visible, and
that the ground surrounding the grave was
saturated with blood. During the morning this
report spread through the city, and several
hundreds of persons visited the cemetery in the
afternoon. On the facts being communicated to
Sir Richard Dry, he, in company with the
hon. Attorney-General, visited the grave, where
they were met by Mr. J. W. Graves. The skull
found on the surface was buried in their presence,
and a general examination of the ground
was made. Whether any other step will be
taken respecting the violation of the grave
we are unable to say. The visit of ministers
to the grave was, we understand, consequent
upon a report that the coffin had been
removed, and had this been the case a
search warrant would have been issued
at their instance, as executors of "Billy Lanne,"
with instructions in the event of any portions of
the body being found in the course of its execution,
that they should be taken possession of Sir Richard
and Mr. Dobson satisfied themselves, however, of the
presence of the coffin, and therefore no step was taken,
as it is doubtful whether any legal property in the
body exists. Many rumors are afloat as to
what has become of the body, and the men
employed in the cemetery state that blood
was traced from the grave to the gate opposite
the stores of the Anglo-Australian Guano Company
in Salamanca Place, but that there the
traces were lost. There can be little doubt
that the body has been secured by the individual
who made off with the head, and possibly the fact
that it is minus feet and hands may yet lead to the
restoration of that important portion, as the skeleton
will be comparatively valueless unless perfect.
We have been informed by the Hon. Sir Richard Dry that
Dr. Crowther waited upon him on Saturday morning prior
to the mutilation being reported, and made a request
that the body should be granted to him, in order that he
might secure the skeleton for the Royal College of Surgeons, England.
Sir Richard Dry informed the Doctor of the
prior claim of the Royal Society, and expressed
his opinion that if the skeleton was to be
preserved at all, it should be in the
Hobart Town Museum, where all scientific
enquiries respecting the aboriginal race would
most probably be made. Dr. Crowther concurred
in this view, and received an assurance from Sir
Richard that, should any future opportunity
present itself of securing a skeleton for the
Royal College of Surgeons from among the graves
of the aborigines without violating the feelings
of individuals or of the community, that should
he Sir Richard continue in office, no impedient
would be placed in Dr. Crowther's way. The
report and other documents connected with the
proceedings at the dead-house of the hospital
have been referred to the Chairman of the
Board of Management of that institution, and it
is understood that an inquiry will be at once
The Mercury, Hobart, Tasmania
Monday 8 March 1869
page 2
Transcription, janilye 2014

Today's Aboriginal community after a very long campaign succeeded in obtaining the return of Lanne's skull from Edinburgh and his remains were buried in his tribal land,
The mutilation and removal of King Billy's body led to the Anatomy Act of 1869 being passed in the Tasmanian Parliament, The Act made it law that medical experiments of any sort could only take place if the deceased had agreed to it before they died or the relatives gave permission.

From David Davies, 1973 'The last of the Tasmanians', Frederick Muller, London. 235-6
Dr. Crowther of the hospital vainly applied to the Government for permission to send the skeleton to the Royal College of Surgeons in London. However, a rather macabre note was struck at Lanneâs funeral, for it was found that the head of the corpse was missing. During the night after the burial the rest of the body was dug up and several parts removed. Crowther was blamed for the removal of the head and his honorary appointment as surgeon at the Colonial Hospital terminated, but it is interesting to note that the Council of the Royal College of Surgeons awarded him during 1869 a gold medal and a Fellowship of the College, the first instance of an Australian having been given this honour.

Turnbull, Ralph 1846–1935

Another of the Hawkesbury's oldest and best known identities, Mr. Ralph Turnbull, passed away at his residence, "Karoola," Wilberforce, on Monday, after a lengthy illness and at the ripe age of 88 years. Had he lived a few more days he would have reached his 89th milestone. By his death a link in a unique chain of twins has been snapped his surviving twin brother, Mr. William Turnbull, being still hale and hearty, whilst Messrs Arthur and Fred. Daley, of Wilberforce, are twin nephews, and Peter and John Nolan; sons of Mr. and Mrs. Geoff. Nolan (nee Miss Doll Greentree, of Wilberforce) are twin great-grandsons of the deceased.

Born at Colo, the deceased was a son of the late Ralph and Sarah Turnbull, and had lived in the district all his life â for the major portion at Wilberforce, where he carried on farming operations. He was married at Redfern 64 years ago to Miss Maria Ann Dunston, sister of the late Mrs. Henry Dunston, of Grose Vale, who survives, together with a family of one son and seven daughters, viz., Amy Amelia (Mrs. Fred Greentree, Mt. Keira), Willie (Wilberforce), Edith Alice (at home), Fanny (Mrs. McGregor, Wilberforce), Jessie (Mrs. Poidevin, Wollongong), Minnie (Mrs. Arthur Bootle, Pitt Town), Gladys (at home), and Dulcie (Mrs. Ronald Hall, Wilberforce). Two sons and one daughter predeceased their father.

Right throughout his long life, until he retired owing to ill health a few years ago, the late Mr. Turnbull had been a hard worker, and even in his 80's could be found tilling the soil on his farm at Wilberforce. Although he did not take a prominent part in public life, he was always keenly interested in the welfare of the district, and for many years was a member of the council of the Hawkesbury District Agricultural Association, for which he rendered yeoman service. Upon his retirement from the council he, as well as his brother, who retired some years later, were made honorary life members - an honor which has been conferred on only two other councilors since the inception of the society. Kindhearted and generous, and a Christian gentleman in the true sense of the term, Mr. Turnbull's life trail is strewn with the memories of kindly deeds, and to known him was to respect and esteem him.

It is said that the late Mr. Turnbull and his brother had never at any time lived more than a mile from each other, and that up till a few years ago the resemblance was so striking that it was difficult to tell them apart. It is true that Ralph's name often appeared under William's photograph, and vice versa, but this mistake was quite excusable considering the remarkable resemblance of the brothers. It is on record also that many years ago a well known and highly respected attorney of Windsor, who did not mix his drinks, mistaking one brother for the other, went into a long business negotiation under the misapprehension that he was dealing with William instead of Ralph, who kept the joke up in good style until the right brother came on the scene. Then there was a good laugh all round.

The funeral on Tuesday afternoon was attended by a large concourse of people from all parts of the district â a striking demonstration of the respect and esteem in which the deceased was held by the community. The remains were laid to rest in St. John's Church of England cemetery, Wilberforce, the Rector (Rev. Stanley Howard, M.A.) conducting the last sad rites. Mr. Chandler reverently carried out the funeral arrangements.
SOURCE: Windsor & Richmond Gazette (NSW), 7 June 1935, p 11

William Turnbull 1846-1940

AS briefly announced in our last issue,
the death occurred at his residence,
"Wenona," Wilberforce, on Tuesday of last week
of one of the Hawkesbury's most widely
known and respected identities, and one
whose passing is regretted by the whole
community, in the person of Mr. William
Turnbull, at the advanced age of 94 years.
The deceased was a native of Colo, being
a twin son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Ralph
Turnbull, who were among the pioneers of
that centre, where they were engaged in
farming operations. Deceased and his twin
brother, Ralph, who were inseparable companions
for the greater period of the latter's life,
(Ralph predeceased his brother some five years ago,
in his 89th year)inherited a love of the land from
their parents, and in their younger days jointly
conducted farming operations at Wilberforce.
Later, however, after his brother was married,
the subject of this notice moved to
Queensland, where he lived for several years,
but finally the call of his native district
could be ignored no longer, and he returned
to take over a farm at Freeman's Reach.
He worked this property until, at 75 years,
he retired, and moved to Wilberforce, where
he resided until his death.
Throughout their lives there were probably
no district residents who were generally
known and widely esteemed as "the Turnbull twins,"
as they were generally known.
Coming of that sturdy pioneer stock to which
the present-day Hawkesbury owes so much,
they had inculcated in their parental training
those simple, and honest precepts which distinguished
their generation, and better neighbors or citizens
it would be difficult indeed to discover. Their
forthright honesty and invariable kindliness earned
them a legion of friendships and the severing of their
David and Jonathan partnership by the death of Ralph
was a sorrow for William which was shared by the whole community.
Deceased took a keen interest in all progressive projects
in his own area and the Hawkesbury generally, and
for many years, with his brother, served on the council of
the Hawkesbury District Agricultural Association, of
which deceased was a Life Vice-President. He had been
at all times a keen supporter of the Hawkesbury Show,
and the association owes much to the service which
he rendered it as a member of the council.
In connection with the service of the Turnbull twins on
the council, incidentally, there has arisen a tradition
probably unique in the history of such bodies. Both being
confirmed tea drinkers, the twins, for convenience at
the "cup of tea" which traditionally follows meetings
of the council even to this day, supplied their own
cups, huge affairs more than twice the size of ordinary
cups. These were a stock subject for badinage from their
colleagues, but later, after they had left the council,
it was decided that one of these cups, suitably ornamented,
be presented as a trophy for perpetual competition, and
now the "Turnbull Cup" has become, the chief and most prized
trophy in the Clydesdale section of each successive show.
And so, after a full and useful life, much
of which was devoted to the interests of his
fellow man and the district which he loved,
William Turnbull has gone to join the Great
Majority, leaving not an enemy in the
world, and an army of friends to lament
his passing. No monument will be needed
to keep his memory evergreen in the Hawkesbury.
In addition to a sister (Mrs. T. Salter,
Haberfield), deceased is survived by a family of three sons,
Malcolm (Riverstone), Ralph (Wilberforce) and Dio (Tom), of Mulgrave,
and four daughters, Fanny (Mrs.C. Greentree, Wilberforce),
Linda (Mrs. Stinson, Haberfield), Ruby (Mrs. E. Salter, Wilberforce)
and Vera (Mrs. Stewart, Haberfield), to whom heartfelt sympathy
is extended in their bereavement.
The wide esteem in which deceased had
been held by all sections of the community
was evident from the attendance at the funeral,
which moved from the residence to
St. John's Church, Wilberforce, where a
service was conducted by Rev. K. F. Saunders,
during which the hymn "Abide With
Me" was sung by the congregation, and at
the conclusion the Funeral March was played
by the organist, Mr. F. J. Palmer.
The interment took place in the family enclosure
of the Church of England cemetery, the
grave being covered with a profusion of
floral tributes, including a wreath from the
Hawkesbury District Agricultural Association, (which
was represented by a number of councillors) and one
from the Wilberforce P. and C. Association.
Windsor and Richmond Gazette
Friday 16 August 1940
Page 3
Transcription, janilye
The TURNBULL twins were Councillors for many years on the
Hawkesbury District Agricultural Association and
"being confirmed tea drinkers, at afternoon tea time, supplied
their own cups - huge affairs, more than three times the size of
ordinary cups".
One of the giant size china cups was mounted and designated
the "Turnbull Cup", as an annual trophy awarded to
"the most successful exhibitor in the draught horse classes".
The trophy was awarded from 1930 to 1940. Shows were not
staged during the war years and when they resumed in 1947, the
Turnbull Cup was awarded for the last time. The tractor had replaced
the draught horse for many farm activities so there were very few
entries in that section. The cup is now a museum piece ....
[page 103, Hawkesbury Journey, ISBN 0 908120 87 7]
'Macquarie Country' is a companion volume to 'Hawkesbury Journey'.

Last Will and Testament Ralph Turnbull 1791-1840

NSW Probate Office
Last Will and Testament of Ralph Turnbull No 7253 In The name of God Amen.
I, Ralph Turnbull Senior of Portland Head in the Colony of New South Wales, Farmer, being of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding do make, publish, & declare this my last Will and Testament, hereby revoking all wills, codicils, & other testamentary dispositions made by me at any time or times heretofore.
I give and recommend my soul into the hand of the mighty God who gave it, and my body I recommend to the Earth, to be decently interred at the discretion of my Executors; and touching such worldly estate as it hath pleased God to bless me with, I will bequeath it as follows; that is to say -
I give & bequeath all my goods, chattels, capital, money and securities for money, Debts, & all other my personal Estate and Effects, or what kind soever, of, in, or to which I or any person or persons in trust for me, shall be entitled at the time of my decease unto my dear brothers, George Turnbull of Portland Head, and John Turnbull senior, of Mangrove Creek, in the aforesaid Colony, Farmers, upon trust, that the said George Turnbull, & John Turnbull senior, & the survivors of them, & the Executors, Administrators, & Assigns of such survivors do, and shall, with all convenient speed after my decease, appropriate & dispose of the several Items of my Estate & effects in the manner & for the purposes hereinafter specifically mentioned, and first,
I give and bequeath unto my dear Wife Mary Ann Turnbull my Farm of seventy acres known as Henry Lamb's farm at Crescent Reach, Portland Head on the Hawkesbury River with all its appurtenances, Rents, Interests & profits hereunto belonging & I do hereby declare that she, the said Mary Ann Turnbull my wife shall occupy, enjoy & otherwise make use of for her own personal benefit & emolument the aforesaid farm its appurtenances & profits, for & during the minority of each and all of our six children now living, namely Eliza Mary, Jane Isabella, Sarah, Maria, Andrew Warr, & Martha, provided the six children herenamed be maintained and educated in the principles of the protestant Religion, by the said Mary Ann Turnbull my wife & their mother out of the Rents & profits arising from & pertaining to the said farm, provided also, that the lower or North West part of the farm, commencing at a line to be drawn by the aforenamed trustees, George & John Turnbull, from the Bridge that crosses the Drain towards the Rocks to the banks of the River be reserved & appropriated exclusively as a Stock-run.
I do hereby also, will & bequeath to the said Mary Ann Turnbull the two years old filly, & yearling Colt, now running up on the said farm - the said filly & Colt to be hers entirely & absolutely from the time of my decease.
And I do hereby further declare it to be my will that the aforesaid farm with its appurtenances shall not be sold or otherwise disposed of during the minority of the aforenamed children, but upon my youngest daughter Martha coming of age, it is my will & I hereby declare that the said farm with all its appurtenances shall immediately revert to my youngest son Andrew Warr aforementioned, provided & on condition that he shall not sell it or allow it to pass out of the family of the Turnbulls, provided also that he, the said Andrew Warr, upon his coming into possession of the said farm, according to my afore expressed will & intention, do allow & pay or cause to be paid unto the aforesaid Mary Ann Turnbull, the annual sum of fifty two pounds sterling, the same to be paid to her in quarterly instalments of thirteen pounds sterling per quarter of a year, the first payment to be made at the expiration of three months after the said Andrew Warr shall come of age, & the payments to be regularly continued until the decease or marriage of the aforesaid Mary Ann Turnbull.
I do hereby further declare & will that should my son the said Andrew Warr die before he comes of age to take possession of the aforesaid farm according to the tenor of this my will, it shall then be lawful for the aforementioned Trustees, or Trustee, or the survivor of them, or the Executors Administrators & Assigns of such survivor, upon the youngest of the hereinbefore-named children' s coming of age, to sell & dispose of at a fair valuation the said farm, to either of my sons Ralph or John Turnbull, in order that the family name may be continued in the Estate, & should both of my said sons Ralph & John Turnbull decline the purchase, it shall then be lawful for either of the aforenamed Trustees to purchase it on the same terms. I do moreover hereby declare it to be my will that the proceeds arising from the sale of the said farm shall be invested in one of the Colonial Banks, or in such other Public Company or Security, or at Interest on real Securities in New South Wales aforesaid, as shall to the Trustees, or Trustee for the time being, of this my will seem advisable: the said Trustees or Trustee, paying or causing to be paid unto the hereinmentioned Mary Ann Turnbull my wife, at the expiration of every three months, the sum or thirteen pounds sterling out of the interest or other profits arising out of this investment, in the same manner and subject to the same conditions & restrictions as intended by this my Will, had the farm remained in the prossession of her son Andrew Warr. I do hereby further declare & will, that the Trustees or Trustee, for the time being of this my will, shall on the marriage or demise of the said Mary Ann Turnbull cause both the principal of this part of my Estate to be equally divided between all my children who may be at that time living, being the issue of both my first and second marriage.
And I do hereby further declare it to be my will, that my four Breeding Mares & one young filly, now running upon my aforementioned farm at Cresent Reach, shall be kept & retained for the sole benefit of my six children hereinbefore named, & that they, the said four mares & one filly, nor any one of them, shall be sold or otherwise disposed of, but my will is that the Trustees or Trustee or this my will shall from time to time at their discretion, sell & dispose of the produce of the said four mares & one filly, (still retaining the original Stock,) & shall invest or put out to interest in some one or other of' the Banking Companies of the Colony or other public Security or Securities, or at interest on real securities as to the said Trustees or Trustee shall appear expedient, the proceeds of such sales, as they from time to time to be placed.
And my will is, & I hereby further declare that it shall be lawful for the said Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my will, immediately upon each & either of the aforenamed six children coming of age, to value or cause to be valued, the four Brood Mares & one filly with their produce, & the proceeds of them & their produce up to the time of each child's coming of age, & after deducting all reasonable charges & expenses therefrom, to divide the nett amount of their value equally between the children remaining under age & the child at that time come of age: And my will further is that the shares or those children still continuing under age shall continue & remain in the hands & under the control of the Trustees or Trustee of this my will in the same manner & subject to the same regulations as before such division was made. And as to the remaining unapplied portion of my personal Estate consisting at five hundred & fifty pounds sterling which is now vested in the Commercial Bank at Windsor, after all my just Debts & funeral & Testamentary Expenses shall be paid, I give & bequeath unto my eldest son Ralph Turnbull of the Colo River, the sum of One hundred pounds sterling for his own use & benefit: And I give & bequeath unto my son John Turnbull of Portland Head the sum of One hundred pounds sterling for his own use & benefit: And I likewise give & bequeath the sum of two hundred pounds sterling to be equally divided between my nine grandchildren whose names follow, that is to say, Elizabeth, & Mary, & David, the children at James & Mary Ann Dunstan, & Stephen, & Ralph, the sons of John & Elizabeth Dunstan of' the Colo River And Lucinda, & Elizabeth daughters of John & Elizabeth Turnbull of Portland Head; & Grace, & John, children of Richard & Ann Cox of the Colo River, being in all nine grand-children, & I do hereby declare it to be my will that the Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my will, shall pay or cause to be paid unto the persons hereinbefore named the aforementioned legacies & bequests.
And as to the remaining part of the five hundred & fifty pounds aforementioned as deposited in the Commercial Bank at Windsor, I declare it to be my will that the charges & expenses which may be incurred by the Trustees for fencing or other neccefsary work required to be done on my aforementioned farm at Cresent Reach, shall be defrayed out of the remaining part of the said deposit. And I further declare it to be my will that the said Trustees, or Trustee for the time being of this my will, shall & may alter, vary, & transfer into other Stocks, Funds, or Securities of a like nature the monies or any part thereof which by this my will are vested in their hands, - provided they or he shall deem it expedient so to do; And further, that on the Death, refusal, or incapacity to act of either of the said Trustees, or of any Trustees or Trustee to be appointed in his or their place or steed, it shall be lawful for the surviving or continuing Trustee to appoint a new Trustee, or Trustees in the place or stead or such Trustee or Trustees so dying, refusing to act, or becoming incapable of acting as aforesaid, & thereupon the aforesaid trusts, monies, Estates, & Premises hereinbeforementioned, shall be afsigned, transferred & conveyed respectively, so that the same may vest in such new Trustee or Trustees jointly with the surviving or continuing Trustee or solely as the case may require, & in his, her, or their Executors, Administrators or Assigns, upon the trusts, &. for the ends, intents & purposes herein before mentioned, & every such Trustee either before or after such afsignment, shall have, & may exercise the same power & authority as if he had been appointed, a trustee by this my will; And none or the Trustees appointed, or to be appointed as aforesaid shall be answerable for the other of them, or for the Acts, Deeds, or Defaults, of the other of' them, nor for involuntary lapses; nor for money received under Receipts in which they shall join only for conformity. And I further declare that the present & every future Trustee shall & may reimburse themselves & each other, out of the said trust premises, or out of the monies that may come into their hands by virtue of the trusts aforesaid, for all Costs, & Expenses incurred by them in the execution of the trusts aforesaid, or in anywise related thereunto. And I do hereby nominate & appoint the aforesaid George Turnbull of Portland Head, & John Turnbull senior of Mangrove Creek, Executors or this my will, And I do hereby authorize & empower the said George Turnbull & John Turnbull senior to pay any Debts owing by me, or claimed from me, upon any evidence they shall think proper; & to accept any security real or personal, for any Debt or Debts owing to me, & to allow such time for the payment thereof' as to them or him shall seem reasonable. And I moreover give & bequeath unto the said George Turnbull, & John Turnbull senior the sum ot twenty five pounds sterling each, as an acknowledgement of their kindness in acting in execution of this my Will, And as to any residue of monies that may remain in the hands & under the control of the aforesaid Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my Will, & which residue or monies is not hereinbefore appointed to be appropriated to any specific object, Thereby declare it to be my will that such residue of monies shall be applied to such purposes for the benefit of the Estate, as to the said Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my Will seem advisable.
In Witness whereof I the said Ralph Turnbull senior, the Testator have to this my last Will and Testament set my hand and seal; to wit, my hand to the three preceeding Sheets, and my hand and Seal to this fourth and last Sheet, this third day of November in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and forty.
Ralph Turnbull Sen.

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the said Testator Ralph Turnbull senior as and for his last Will and Testament, the same having been first read over to him, and he having first signed his name to each of the Sheets thereof in the presence of us, who in his presence, and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as Witnefses thereto
D.B.Kirwan Portland Head
James Cotton of Portland Head

Capt. George Manning 1811–1907

A convict arrived on the 'Norfolk' 27 August 1829 sentenced to seven years at the Surrey Quarter Sessions.
It is not given to many (writes a correspondent) to pass the end of their lives close to the place where their life work has been carried on, but such was the case with Capt George Manning, who died at Sackville, on the 22 July 1907.
His home was the farm originally built by Mr George Loder, one of the pioneers of farming on the fertile river when it was the granary for the infant colony an important agricultural asset of the land in times when food was often famine prices. The late Mr Manning was in his 96th year at the time of his death; and two years ago, when the writer visited him, had a vivid remembrance of the river from the days of the very early sailing vessels there. He remembered the boat building that made the river a busy place, and the forests of cedar that the sawyers felled and floated down the numerous creeks and rivers, Although before his time, he could speak of such early men as Griffiths, the boat builder, whose Bee took Governor Bligh on his many expeditions to the Green Hills, as Windsor was then called, 'Boat and ship building formed a most important river industry in my early days,' said Captain Manning. 'Beazley's Wharf, between Richmond and Windsor, was still busy, though the building of the Mary and Elizabeth and the Governor Bourke was before my time. The Glory was the last of Griffiths' boats, built about 1819, and the Francis and the Norfolk were still talked of. Captain Manning's sailing vessel, so many years the favorite passenger and cargo boat of the Hawkesbury, was the Maid of Australia, 'but I suppose,' said the ex-master, 'most of those who travelled by her have joined the great majority,' for few live to bear the weight of 90 years. The Loders, Halls, Churchills, Doyles, Parnells, Bowmans, and many other men who first lived at Hawkesbury, though now their names are known throughout the land, were my passengers, and gladly paid 12/6 for a trip from Sydney to Windsor in The Maid. Many a little girl, now a middle aged woman, has been put under my care for her first trip to the big city, as it was then looked on as quite an adventure for young people to go so far from home as from the river to Sydney.' Captain Manning was long the only survivor of the band of river shipmasters who all rest in the graveyards along the banks of the Hawkesbury - Captains Grono, Herd, Christie, Sternbeck, Books, and his partner, Mitchell, being his early contemporaries. Among his passengers was the one-time almost king of the river, old Solomon Wiseman. 'I knew him well,' said the captain. 'He was providore for the convicts, and made many thousands out of that job. A rough mannered man, but very hospitable, and hand-in-glove with the Government. The judges on circuit, especially Judge Roger Therry used to stay with him, in his old house (now an hotel at the Ferry), in the days of overlanding, when they travelled on horseback that way between Sydney and Maitland. Captain Manning came out from England when a child in the very early emigration days.[sic]
After steamers were introduced on to the river as passenger carriers, he continued to command a vessel; and was, for over 50 years, until his retirement into private life on his farm, constantly engaged in the Hawkesbury River traffic. Even to the last he showed traces of what a fine personage physically he was, being fully 6ft high, and a broad, well-built figure. His daughters, who have lived all their lives in the district, tended him in his declining years, and carried on the work of the farm since he ceased to be able to do so.

The late George Manning had been 78 years in New South Wales, and in 1838, at the age of 26, at Sackville Reach, he married Elizabeth Elkins. The issue of the marriage was 11 children, (three of whom are dead, viz, James, who died at Lower Portland, George, and William, who died on the Clarence River. The surviving members of the family are Mrs T. Turnbull (Canterbury); Ann, Mrs John Warr Turnbull (Sackville) Miss Sarah Manning (Sackville); Mr Frederick Manning (Narrabri); Mrs Griffiths (Colo Vale); Mr Andrew Manning (Terrace, Windsor); Mr Charles Manning (Lithgow); and Miss Clara Manning (Sackville). The funeral took place on Tuesday last, the remains being conveyed from deceased's late residence in Mr Jones' steamer, and interred in the family vault in the Sackville C.E cemetery, where a large concourse of people had assembled. Rev W. S. Newton, M A., carried out the last solemn rites, and Mr J. W. Chandler was the undertaker. The cause of death was bronchitis, and deceased had been ill about a fortnight.
Windsor & Richmond Gazette (NSW), 27 July 1907, p 4
Original Copy

WW1 Eathers

Eather, Albert Charles. 1887-1948
Eather, Albert Ernest. 1897-1956
Eather, Athol Bert. 1893-1915
Eather, Cecil George. 1893-1915
Eather, Colin Charles. 1894-1966
Eather, Eugene Alfred. 1894-1988
Eather, Frank Hilton. 1883-1917
Eather, Frederick Reuben. 1893-1964
Eather, George. 1874-1939
Eather, George Roland. 1890-1970
Eather, Gordon Cecil. 1897-1936
Eather, Ivo Mack. 1883-1952
Eather, James. 1867-1949
Eather, James Joseph. 1897-1974
Eather, John. 1895-1915
Eather, John Thomas 1891-1920
Eather, Joseph Bernard. 1883-1944
Eather, Joseph Mark. 1887-1971
Eather, Kenneth Stewart. 1900-1989
Eather, McAlpine. 1890-1966
Eather, Neil Rogan. 1896-1970
Eather, Percy Douglas. 1892-1974
Eather, Reginald James. 1899-1948
Eather, Richmond Cornwallis. 1888-1966
Eather, Roland Alfred. 1889-1967
Eather, Roland James. 1896-1917
Eather, Royal John Leslie. 1896-1969
Eather, Stanley Robert. 1895-1966
Eather, Thomas Joseph. 1891-1956
Eather, Thomas Robert Lynch. 1887-1944
Eather, William Irwin. 1897-1981
Colin Charles Eather