janilye on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
Pallot's Marriage Index for England: 1780 - 1837 Record for Mary Gale
*see photo below.married 1936 St.Pancras
In the 1851 England Census her Edward and children in March, Cambridgshire:-
Name: Mary Miller
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1813
Spouse's Name: Edward Miller
Gender: F (Female)
Where born: Hartford, Huntingdonshire, England
Civil parish: March
Household Members: Name Age
Edward Miller 40 born at March, Cambridgshire. occupation hard to read
looks like Brewer and ??
Mary Miller 38
Charles Miller 13 March, Cambridgshire
Fred Miller 10 "
Mary E Miller 3 "
Frances Mary Miller 1 "
Sarah Dacher 24 Servant
Mary Ann Sutton 18 Servant
1. The document containing evidence of the missing link in your research has been lost due to fire, flood or war.
2. The keeper of the vital records you need will just have had an argument with a previous genealogist.
3. Your great, great grandfather's obituary states that he died leaving no issue.
4. The town clerk you wrote in desperation, and finally convinced to give to you the information you need, can't write legibly, and doesn't have a copying machine.
5. The will you need is in the safe on board the "Titanic."
6. The spelling of your European ancestor's name bears no relationship to its current spelling or pronunciation.
7. Copies of old newspapers have holes which only occur on last names.
8. No one in your family tree ever did anything noteworthy, they always
rented property, never sued, never went to gaol or were never named in anyone's will.
9. You learned that great aunt Matilda's executor just sold her life's
collection of family genealogical materials to a flea market dealer.
10. Yours is the ONLY last name not found among the three billion in the world-famous Mormon archives in Salt Lake City.
11. Ink fades and paper deteriorates at a rate inversely proportional to the value of the data recorded.
12. The 37 volume, 16,000 page history of your county of origin isn't
13. The critical link in your family tree is named "Smith."
14. No matter how large the collection of special records, the one you are searching for is NEVER there!
15. You finally send away for that necessary certificate, and your aunt tells you she's had the original in a box under her bed for years.
16. The box of family photographs, you found in uncle Edgar's house after he died, have no names or dates on them
17. Your aunt can remember exactly how many times you missed sending her a birthday card, but not why her father went in gaol.
18. Everyone that shares your last name, but is not related is listed in great detail, your ancestor has nothing.
19. The family Bible that contains all the names you are researching was given to a person who doesn't care who any of his relatives are, and either misplaced, sold at a garage sale, or gave away the family Bible to his neighbor who is collecting Bibles to be sent to a mission in a non-English speaking nation.
20. The elderly great-aunt who could help you fill in the missing pieces says, "I don't believe in dredging up the past" and changes the subject - again.
Some of the above laws I found in The Hawkesbury Crier
of June 2006 (archived) author is unknown
The rest have been added by Family Tree Circle members
Charlotte Bond JOHNSON was born at Hamilton's Gully near Lavington, New South Wales. Her mother was Eliza NORRIS b:1843 in Frome,Somerset, England and died in 1922 at Albury New South Wales. Eliza was the 4th daughter of 7 children born to James NORRIS b:1813 in Somerset, England and died at Lavington NSW on the 3 August 1872 buried in Albury.
James NORRIS married in 1832 at Tellisford, Charlotte GEORGE, Charlotte was born in Tellisford on the 27 November 1808 and died at Lavington,nsw on 12 January 1885 she too is buried at Albury. Her parents were Thomas GEORGE and Mary ANDREWS.
The children of James NORRIS and Charlotte GEORGE were:-
Mary Ann NORRIS 1833 - 1920 Arthur NORRIS 1838 - 1898
Elizabeth Betsy NORRIS 1841 - 1923 Eliza NORRIS 1843 - 1922
Hannah NORRIS 1847 - Louisa NORRIS 1849 -
Sarah NORRIS 1851 - 1881
Eliza NORRIS married Frederick JOHNSON at Albury in 1864 they had 4 daughters ;-
Charlotte Bond JOHNSON 1864 -
NSW REG. 4544/1864 JOHNSON CHARLOTTE B FREDERICK ELIZA ALBURY
Charlotte married Charles Henry BRADY at Corowa, NSW in 1891
NSW Reg. 3571/1891 BRADY CHARLES JOHNSON CHARLOTTE COROWA
Eliza Bond JOHNSON 1868 -
NSW Reg. 5136/1868 JOHNSON ELIZA B FREDERICK ELIZA ALBURY
Eliza Bond JOHNSON married Arthur CLARK in Albury in 1892
NSW Reg. 1909/1892 CLARK ARTHUR JOHNSON ELIZA ALBURY
Hannah Bond JOHNSON 1870 - 1955
NSW Reg. 5554/1870 JOHNSON HANNAH B FREDERICK ELIZA ALBURY
Hanna Bond JOHNSON married Francisco (Frank) ROMERO 1888 in Albury
NSW Reg. 3581/1888 ROMERO FRANK JOHNSON HANNAH ALBURY
Mary Bond JOHNSON 1872 - 1964
NSW Reg. 5652/1872 JOHNSON MARY B FREDERICK ELIZA ALBURY
Mary Bond Johnson married James F WELLS in Albury in 1892
NSW Reg. 1939/1892 WELLS JAMES F JOHNSON MARY ALBURY
Frederick JOHNSON died in Albury in 1879.
NSW Reg. 3831/1879 JOHNSON FRED JOHN DIED ALBURY ALBURY
Eliza in 1889 went on to marry Frederick FUGGER born 1859 somewhere around Canberra. He died at Albury He was the son of Christian Friedrich FUGGER 1829-1891 and Christine BENZ 1829-1891 both from Wurtemburg, Germany both buried in Albury,NSW
NSW Reg. 3564/1889 FUGGER FREDERICK JOHNSON ELIZA ALBURY
Eliza FUGGER nee NORRIS formerly JOHNSON died in 1922 in Albury, NSW
NSW Reg. 3501/1922 FUGGER ELIZA JAMES CHARLOTTE ALBURY
* note. On the 15 June 1909 Lavington a suburb north of Albury was officially named, having previously been known as Black Range.
** The Greville's postal list of 1872-Albury has Frederick Johnson listed as a farmer at Hamilton's Gully
The children of Edmund Amyes b:1812 Corely,Shropshire and baptised 20 March 1812 at Corely, Shropshire. Father Thomas Amyes. Mother Frances. Source-B&M&D at FamilySearch.Org. and Elizabeth ICK b:1820 at Stoke,Shropshire, England
Now found some trees that suggest Edmund's mother (Frances) maiden name also was ICK can find no documentary proof.
Now Edmund Amyes had two sons to a woman Mary Ann before he married Elizabeth ICK they were Charles AMYES b:1839 at Norely, Herefordshire. and Edmund b:1841 at Great Whitely, Worcestershire. Mary Ann born abt 1815 in Worcestershire, died in Martley, Worcestershire.
The first child of Robert Henry, was Clara AMYES was born in Hartley. I can't find a spouse for her.
The second child, Emily AMYES b:1847 in Shrawley, Worcestershire married Edmund Marriott DAWE on the 2 September 1878 at Canterbury, NZ. They had 2 children:- Laura Elizabeth Sophia Dawe 1879 ? Edgar Harold Selwyn Dawe 1881 ?
The third child Alice AMYES b:1847 at Wolverhampton, Staffordshire married Robert JOHNSTONE in NZ in 1870 The children of this marriage were:-
Robert Henery Johnstone 1873 ? Emily Jane Johnstone 1875 ?
Albert Edmund Johnstone 1876 ? Alice Johnstone 1878 ?
Louisa Johnstone 1879 ? Maude May Johnstone 1882 ?
Robert Alexander Johnstone 1884 ? William John Johnstone 1887 ?
4th child Robert Henry AMYES b:June 1850 at Enville, Staffordshire, married Cornelia DAWS 18 October 1878 the children of this marriage were:-
5th Child Alfred AMYES b:Dec.1851, Wolverhampton,Staffordshire married Elizabeth Ann HANCOCK 1853-1928 on the 26 April 1882 the children of this marriage were :-
Thomas Reginald Amyes 1883 ? Alfred Cuthbert Amyes 1884 ?
Arthur Edmund Amyes 1886 ? Mary Olive Gwendoline Amyes 1891 ? Constance Sylvia Amyes 1896 ?
Alfred died on 7 October 1941 and is buried at Timaru Cemetery, NZ
6th child, Edward Burton AMYES b:Sept 1853 Wolverhampton, Staffordshire . married Maria Oxley in 1881 in NZ. children of this marriage were:-
Henry Edward Amyes 1882 ? Ernest Oxley Amyes 1884 ?
Pearl Elizabeth Amyes 1887 ?
7th child Joseph Owen AMYES b:June 1855 Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, married twice. firstly to Amy Florence White PARSONS 1876-1917 at Lyttleton, Canterbury NZ on the 9 September 1897. His second wife was Jessie Maria MCLAY whom he married at Canterbury NZ on 2 June 1921
8th Child Selina Eliza AMYES b:June 1856 at Bridgnorth, Shropshire. married Robert Kirtley OXLEY in NZ in 1876. The children of this marriage were:-
Hubert Kirtley Oxley 1877 ? Robert Antony Amyes Oxley 1878 ?
Minnie Victoria May Oxley 1880 ? Kenderdine Owen Sidney Oxley 1887 ?Juanita Violet Ann Oxley 1889 ?
Waikouaiti Collins Preece Oxley 1893 ? Lulu Moss Myrtle Oxley 1895 ? Alma Gwendoline Hidderington Oxley 1898 ?
9th Child Sidney Herbert AMYES b:Sept 1857 at Bridgnorth, Shropshire married Maria SMART b:1861, On the 26 March 1890 at Irwell, Canterbury NZ. Children of this marriage were:-
Harold Cyril Amyes 1891 ? Herbert Westby Amyes 1894 ? Clarence Gordon Amyes 1897 ? Mabel Eileen Vesta Amyes 1900 ?
10th Child, Edmund Philemore Ick AMYES b:March 1859 at Bridgnorth, Shropshire. married Annie Jane GIBB 1866-1910 at Christchurch on the 13 April 1898. Children from this marriage were:-
Stanley Leslie Edmund Amyes 1899 ? 1957
Albert Ernest Amyes 1904 ? 1904
Edmund died 9 February 1943 and is buried at Bromley Cemetery,Christchurch, NZ
11th child Precilla b:January 1861 at Bridgnorth Shropshire died around the end of 1862
Edmund AMYES died on the 30 November 1900 at Irwell, Canterbury, New Zealand
His wife Elizabeth died 12 March 1892 at Hornby, Canterbury, New Zealand. Both had arrived in New Zealand with their children in 1862.
Up until last year, the majority of Eather family research claimed Amy E GUEST who was born on the 6 February 1862 at Muswellbrook, New South Wales married Somerset John VON STURMER. Using this marriage Registration as reference:-
5274/1900 STURMER SOMERSET J V GUEST AMY E SYDNEY
5274/1900 STURMER SOMERSET J VON GUEST AMY E SYDNEY
5274/1900 VON STURMER SOMERSET J GUEST AMY E SYDNEY
5274/1900 VONSTURMER SOMERSET J GUEST AMY E SYDNEY
It wasn't until last year that my research proved conclusively that in fact Somerset John VON STURMER married Amy Elvina GUEST the daughter of the late Henry George GUEST on 25 July 1900 at St Andrews Cathedral. I researched this family thoroughly and there is no doubt whatsoever.
Amy Elvina GUEST died 1901 in Paddington.
Then on the 11 December 1907 at All Saints Petersham Somerset VON STURMER married Bertha Amelia PODMORE, the youngest daughter of A S PODMORE of Narranderra. This marriage being performed by the bride's uncle J H MULLINS.
Once again 4 AMY Von STURMER death registrations-due to spelling differences:
10663/1901 STURMER AMY E VON HENRY C ELVINA PADDINGTON
10663/1901 STURMER (VON) AMY E HENRY G ELVINA PADDINGTON
10663/1901 (VON) AMY E STURMER HENRY G ELVINA PADDINGTON
10663/1901 STURMER(VON) AMY E HENRY G ELVINA PADDINGTON
My evidence is solid and conclusive with many many newspaper articles, certificates and hours of VON STURMER research to back it up.
Having proven the error, and alerted other researchers, I am still faced with the task of finding out exactly what happened to Amy E GUEST the daughter of Laban Thomas GUEST and Charlotte nee EATHER 1836-1888.
Many documents show her as Amy E GUEST. Family history research says the E was for EATHER.
So, Familytreecircles I need a death for Amy E GUEST and /or a marriage if there was one. Her father Laban Thomas GUEST 1835-1903 dropped the Laban and usually went by the name Thomas GUEST.
This is her birth registration:-
10707/1862 GUEST AMY E THOMAS CHARLOTTE MUSWELLBROOK
Below is a photograph of her, You can't see it here but there is a ring on the third finger of her left hand. My 1st cousin 3x removed.
Charlotte EATHER, the eighth child and fourth daughter of Thomas EATHER 1800-1886 and Sarah, nee McALPIN 1805-1884, was born at Richmond in the Hawkesbury district of New South Wales on 12 October 1836. She was baptised at Richmond on 18 December 1836. At that time her parents were residing in the "Union Inn" in Windsor Street, Richmond and her father was the publican there. Charlotte EATHER spent her childhood and teenage years at Richmond amongst her many sisters and brothers and their numerous relatives and friends. She undoubtedly had formal schooling and on Sundays attended church services in St Peter's Church with other members of her family. When she was twenty Charlotte EATHER was married to Laban Thomas GUEST on 3 December 1856. The groom, who was usually known as Thomas, had been born at Richmond on 18 July 1835, the eldest son in the family of fourteen children of George GUEST 1811-1893 and his wife, Jane,nee WHITE 1817-1865.
George GUEST had been born at Sevenoaks in Kent in 1811 and had arrived in New South Wales in 1832. He was a saddler by trade and had set himself up in business, firstly at Windsor and later at Richmond, where he was the proprietor of a tannery. In 1834 he married Jane WHITE, daughter of Laban WHITE, a prominent business man in the Hawkesbury district. George GUEST had shown enthusiastic support for St Peter's Church at Richmond when it was being established in the 1840's and had been generous in making financial donations towards the cost of timber for the building. Although a well respected businessman, George GUEST is probably best remembered as a sportsman, particularly for his prowess as a cricketer and a rifle shot.
During his teenage years Laban Thomas GUEST had served an apprenticeship as a saddler with his father.
Charlotte and Thomas GUEST didn't remain in the Richmond district for very long after their marriage. They moved to the Hunter Valley and were residing in the Maitland district when their first child was born in 1857. They were still there in July 1858, but by the time their second child was born in January 1859 they were at Muswellbrook. In 1863 Laban Thomas GUEST became publican of The Starof The North at Chain of Ponds, in the Muswellbrook district.
At that time Charlotte's sister Sarah was living at Muswellbrook, where her husband, William EATON, was the proprietor of the "White Hart" Inn, so there they were amongst relatives. They remained in the Muswellbrook district for about eight years. Their fifth child was born at Liddell in April 1867.
Between then and September 1869 they moved further up the valley to Murrurundi and lived there for at least the next eight years. The births of their last four children were all registered at Murrurundi.
Charlotte and Thomas Guest had nine children: It would appear that at some date between 1876 and 1885 Tom and Charlotte GUEST moved from Murrurundi to Gunnedah on the Namoi River. It was at Gunnedah that their third daughter, Sarah Jane, died on 25 August 1885 at the age of fifteen. Soon after this sad event the family moved to Tamworth.
Thomas was always one step ahead of the railway. There was a saying around for years, that if you saw Thomas building an hotel in town you could bet the railway was on it's way. Hence the many moves.
Charlotte died in Peel Street, Tamworth on 17 March 1888. She was only 51 years of age, and Tom was left with a family of seven, three of whom were still teenagers. Soon after the death of his wife, Tom and his family moved to Greta in the Hunter Valley about halfway between Singleton and Maitland. Son Lawson Charles married there in 1893, as did eldest daughter Ada Grace in 1899. Tom saw out his old age at Greta and died there on 5 September 1903.
The children of Laban Thomas GUESTand Charlotte nee EATHER :-
Thomas George Guest 1857 ? 1858
Ada Grace Guest 1859 ? 1922 m. Charles Francis PRUDAMES 1831-1909
Amy Eather Guest 1862 ? 1932
Lawson Charles Guest 1864 ? 1958 m. Sarah Thyra PHILLIPS 1872-1961
Walter Richmond Guest 1867 ? 1956 m. Sarah Amelia BOYCE 1865-1946
Sarah Jane Guest 1869 ? 1885
Edith Maud Guest 1871 ? 1948 m. William Julian FORBES
Lancelot Arthur Guest 1873 ? 1955 m. Delia Sarah YOUNGMAN
Kenneth Hilton Guest 1876 ? 1953 m.Amelia Christina FORBES 1882-1946
note Kenneth Hilton Guest was the father of Kenneth Leslie DAY 1897-1973 but mother Phoebe Elizabeth May DAY 1879-1966 refused to marry him prior to Kenneth's birth. Kenneth was then reared as the Youngest Son of Phoebe's mother. Phoebe was always referred to as Aunty May.
The photograph below is Charlotte
There's very little I can say about this shocking 1907 telegram which was sent by a Charles MORGAN from the Broome Station to Henry PRINCEP, who at the time was, Chief Protector of Aborigines for Western Australia, and based in Perth.
I do not know who Charles MORGAN was. I suppose I could find out, but then I don't really want to know.
Henry PRINCEP, recieved many such requests. What his replies were, I don't know. But he did file them away, perhaps for us to reflect and be ashamed.
For those who have trouble reading the telegram, it reads:-
COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA
POSTMASTER-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT, WESTERN AUSTRALIA
20 JUL 07
TELEGRAM from Broome Station
Addressed to H. Princep Esq,
prot. of aborigines
Send cask arsenic exterminate aborigines letter will follow
The first grant in the Parish of Kembla was made to George MOLLE in 1817. It was for 300 acres. In 1818 W. F. Weston received a promise of 500 acres. Both these grants were on the northern side of Mullet Creek. In 1843 four grants were obtained by Henry GORDON which had frontages to American Creek. Another grant on American Creek, 24 acres, was issued to Patrick LEHAEY. A settlement developed in this locality and in March 1859 a National School was completed here.
First record of the name Mount Kembla appeared on H.F. WHITE's map of the Illawarra in 1834.
Parish of Kembla County of Camden
In the late 1800's American Creek was the name more generally applied to the Mount Kembla area. American Creek is the name of the creek which flowed through the valley. It is believed that it was called American Creek because in the 1840's three Americans came to the Illawarra and, with American axes, cleared some land on the banks of a beautiful creek flowing through Avondale.
Parish of Kembla County of Camden
"Violet Hill" was a name given to the area of Mount Kembla south of the main road and near the school. The Public School at Mount Kembla was known as Violet Hill from 1859 to 1883.
Early land grantees in the area as shown on Parish maps include: Amelia Cecilia Georgina BEATSON, David JAMES, Edward JEKYLL, William STAFFORD, William VINCENT and John GERARD, Henry GORDON and Patrick LEHAEY. Much of the parish of Kembla was set aside as a Great Reserve, to be later divided between small land owners. (Stone, 2002)
Henry GORDON and Patrick LEHAEY
On 28 March 1843, four grants with frontages to American Creek were made to Henry GORDON. Shortly afterwards a grant of 24 acres was issued to Patrick LEHAEY also on American Creek.
A large area in the parish was unoccupied for some time and was referred to as the 'Great Reserve'. Much of the land on the mountain slopes was disposed of in numerous small portions by auction between 1831 and 1851.(Stone, 2002 ; Lindsay, 1994)
Born in 1811 in England to William STAFFORD and Hannah (Jane) COCKAYNE. STAFFORD arrived in Australia with his family as a free man in 1852. He had served with the British Army in the 50th Regiment in India and was the Governor of Calcutta Gaol.
From the 1850s to 1864 he lived at Mount Kembla, running a farm. STAFFORD had married Elizabeth GOODALL in 1830, and 6 children had been born in India, one dying before the family came to Australia. After settling in the Mount Kembla area Elizabeth had another 2 children. Nearly all the children lived and had their own families at Mount Kembla. Both William and his wife died and are buried in Mount Kembla. One of the grandsons, David Kembla STAFFORD, died in the Mount Kembla Mine disaster of 1902. (Illawarra Family History Group, 1988)
I have found through In Memoriam notices another son, Adam William known as William also died in the disaster.
JAMES JANE WOLLONGONG.
In 1871, Jane/Jessie James married William's son William Stafford jnr. at Wollongong, Jane/Jessie STAFFORD died on Monday the 29 June 1903 from heart failure. aged 60.
Their children were:
SARAH ELIZABETH ISABELLA 20725/1873 m: James BALLANTYNE
EVA ADELINE A 21573/1874
ADAM WILLIAM 22505/1876 killed Mount Kembla Disaster, July 31, 1902 ; aged 25 years & 11 months
MARY Eden 23157/1877 d: 16 May 1896
MARGARET JESSIE E 27385/1880
JOHN JAMES 21054/1883
DAVID K 23474/1885 killed Mount Kembla Disaster, July 31,1902 age 17
FLORENCE M 24970/1887
In 1863, Mr John GRAHAM had taken up a grant of 180 acres on the slopes of Mount Kembla, along the banks of American Creek. Mr GRAHAM was also one of the owners of the Company "GRAHAM and MULHOLLAND', Commercial Agents, Sydney, that owned land at American Creek.
John GRAHAM was the son of John and Jane, formerly MCFARLAND. GRAHAM originally of County Tyrone, Ireland, who farmed land at 'Avondale' in the Illawarra. After the discovery of oil producing shale on his property, and the subsequent opening of the Kerosene Works, John GRAHAM became its first manager, and continued in this role until 1874
While living in Mount Kembla, GRAHAM married Jane ARMSTRONG and raised a family. In 1874, GRAHAM sold his share in the company and moved to Sydney. The discovery of the oil producing shale, its subsequent mining and the resultant mining of coal in the area, ensured the development of the area. (Ali, 1980 ; Stone, 2002 ; Illawarra Family History Group, 1988 ; Illawarra Mercury)
JAMES was born on the Berkeley Estate in 1834, and moved to the Mount Kembla area at the age of 9. He lived there for the next 80 years. His parents were William JAMES and Isabella MUNRO. Mr. JAMES had many early memories of the area, which he shared with others. He is reputed to have been the first man to work the shale at Mount Kembla, and referred to it as the 'mother' of coal, not knowing what it was called.
Many of the fig trees in the surrounding area are said to have been sold by Robert JAMES to local business men eg., the fig tree at Mt. Keira hotel, and one still standing at Beaton Park. Mr. JAMES remembers driving cattle through the Bong Bong Pass, and bullocks to Wollongong with loads of potatoes and pumpkins, to be loaded onto boats over a temporary jetty made of planks of wood. The JAMES family bull was harnessed with a horse's collar turned upside down, which were then put in the shafts of a dray. The bull pulled a load of over 2 tons along very rough unpaved mountain roads. Later, James bull and dray was replaced by a mountain pony and sulky, to transport produce from the farm to Wollongong.
Ben RIXON was a well known tracker and bushman who lived at Mount Kembla. He had the reputation of being the best white tracker in Australia. In the days before much land clearing and built roads, many men got lost in the thick and inhospitable bushland. Rixon was so good at tracking and finding lost men and cattle that his services were in constant demand. His most famous rescues was of Charles QUIN, whom he tracked for over a week before finding him, by then near death.
On 31st August 1857, Mr. RIXON was presented with 100 Sovereigns at a public meeting held in Wollongong. Part of the presentation included a Certificate which stated "?he is universally held by the inhabitants of the Illawarra and neighbouring districts? for saving Charles QUIN .. after a protracted period of nine days in the wilds of the Illawarra Mountain Ranges." (Illawarra Historical Society Bulletin, October, 1982; Old Pioneers Reminiscences, 1988)
The Pioneer Kerosene Mine
As early as 1849, oil-bearing shale from the slopes of Mount Kembla was tested by the Reverend W.B. CLARKE. "Under the escarpment at the head of the Cordeaux River, and a little to the west of it and below Mount Kembla in the beds intersected by America Creek, a series of Shales exist with coal, a portion of which are found to produce oil."
Subsequently, the first kerosene mine in Australia was sited on a small plateau beside the American Creek. This is the present day site of the Nebo Colliery, but at the time the land was owned by Mr. John GRAHAM.
In 1865, R.J. WANTS and Saul SAMUEL had taken a sample and showed a small vial of oil to Mr. GRAHAM. Mr. GRAHAM had the oil tested by a government analyst and this showed that every 1 ton of shale would yield 50 gallons of mercantile kerosene. When shale was found outcropping at several sites along the creek, men were employed to open up the deposit. An oil refining plant was constructed at a cost of 4,000 pounds, and the first load of mercantile oil was carted to Wollongong in December of that year.
W.J. HAMMILL, an American Oil Refiner was engaged to supply plans and estimates for a retorting plant, later constructed by Longmore Co. in 1865, costing 4,000 pounds. The foundry works were supplied by P.N. RUSSEL and Co. and Mr. HAMMILL was in charge of the retorting operations. In July, 1865 the first buildings needed for production were built.
The first load of marketable oil was transported to Wollongong and sold by a Mr. HERD, a local businessman. The kerosene produced won prizes at the Melbourne Inter-Colonial Exhibition in 1866/67 and the International Exhibition in Paris, in 1868. By 1870, there were 23 retorts and 30 men employed and the proprietors were John, EDWARD and Neville GRAHAM. This company was known as "Graham's Pioneer Kerosene Oil Works'. By 1870, private houses, business premises and public building were using the local oil.
The GRAHAM family sold the business to the Mount Kembla Coal and Kerosene Co. in 1874, for $20,000, and the new company spent a large amount of money altering and modernising the plant. J.M. FELL became the new manager early in 1877. By 1876, the mine was idle and worked only intermittently after that, finally closing down in 1880. (Clarke, 1866; Stone, 2002 ; Illustrated Sydney News, Jan 18, 1873; Jervis, 1942; Fleming, 1967)
The Picture below is Robert JAMES's receipt dated April 27 1888 from John RYAN and Charles CUMMINGS for building his cottage. The cost 26 pounds 10 shillings.