janilye on Family Tree Circles
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I've just begun research on John Taylor and would appreciate some help from anybody who may have some clue as to his ancestry.
I have been told, John was a runaway slave who made his way to Nantucket around the 1850s He took a job on one of the Whalers which made it's way to Bass Strait between Tasmania and Victoria, Australia. John Taylor must have made quite a bit of money at the job because he settled in Port Fairy and built a very grand hotel named 'The Star of the West' in 1856, which still stands today.
He married and his decendants continued to run the hotel and live in the Port Fairy district. From oral history I have heard that John Taylor never complained about his time on the vessel and was paid the same money as a white man and treated fairly by his captain. In Port Fairy he was very well liked and respected. That's about all I do know, and so it seems, does anybody else know.
I know about Nantucket,the whalers, the runaway slaves and Port Fairy and the Whaling industry. It's just John Taylor I'm interested in.
Recorded in the spellings of Smith, Smithe, Smythe, and the patronymics Smiths, and Smithson, this is the most popular surname in the English speaking world by a considerable margin. Of pre 7th century Anglo-Saxon origins, it derives from the word 'smitan' meaning 'to smite' and as such is believed to have described not a worker in iron, but a soldier, one who smote. That he also probably wore armour, which he would have been required to repair, may have lead to the secondary meaning. The famous Anglo-Saxon Chronicles sometimes known as the first newspaper, in the 9th century a.d. uses the expression 'War-Smith' to describe a valiant warrior, whilst the later medieval Guild List of specialist trades has blacksmith, whitesmith, tinsmith, goldsmith and silversmith amongst its many members, but no trade of 'smith'. These descriptions of the skilled workers of the Middle Ages were exact, and it is our opinion after studying many early records that the original smiths were probably the guards of the local lord of the manor. This would account for the singular popularity of the name, as the early social records indicate that the trades of tailor and baker were much more prevalent than that of Smith in any form. What is certain is that over five hundred coats of arms have been granted to Smith nameholders, surely an indication of the soldier background, rather than a humble ironworker. The great family Smith is 'first' in all major cities of the English speaking world, yet curiously the greatest concentration of Smith's are in Aberdeenshire, Scotland! Why this should be so is far from clear. Not surprisingly the Smith name was one of the very first into the New American colonies, being held by the famous John Smith (1580 - 1631), explorer and writer, who helped to found the state of Virginia. He was reputedly saved from execution by Pocahontas, the Indian chief's daughter, who died in England in 1622. The first recorded spelling of the family name, and probably the first surname recorded anywhere in the world, is that of Eceard Smid. This was dated 975 a.d., in the English Surname Register for County Durham, during the reign of King Edward of England, known as "The Martyr", 975 - 979 a.d
Read more: Surname Smith
? Copyright: Name Origin Research www.surnamedb.com 1980 - 2011
Just in case you're ever talking to a Scot and to save some embarrassment AYRSHIRE is pronounced ALESHIRE.
The reason being the name Ayrshire came from the 12th century A.D. when the Scottish alphabet did not include the letter 'L'. For this reason the spelling had to be changed in order for it make sense in a written context. However the oral traditions have remained from the Gramian region of Scotland and confirm the correct pronunciation is actually 'Aleshire'. It was believed at this early stage in the language that the 'yr' between the 'A' and the 'Shire' was the best way in which to navigate this problem and hence this is the reason for the spelling today.
I doubt a Scot or anyone else could say Mamungkukumpurangkuntjunya Hill which is in South Australia, not an 'L' to be found till we get to the Hill.
Mamungkukumpurangkuntjunya is pitjantjatjara (pronounced pitjanjara) for 'where the devil urinates'
Then again, I guess the kiwi's didn't have any 'Ls' either. I'd like to hear from anyone that can pronounce this uninhabited hill in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand, Taumata?whakatangihanga?koauau?o?tamatea?turi?pukakapiki?maunga?horo?nuku?pokai?whenua?kitanatahu
Which translates to;-The summit where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, the climber of mountains, the land-swallower who travelled about, played his nose flute to his loved one.
I won't mention the Welsh.
Of the 232 SMITH's who served in the Boer War, these are the fallen.
SMITH - Albert Edward. Service number: 58 Rank: Private.Unit: Mounted Rifles, NSW, A Sqn Date of death: 31 May 1900 Place of death: Bloemfontein
SMITH - D'Arcy. Service number: 1439 Rank: Trooper Unit: 3rd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse. Date of death: 07/1902 Place of death: At sea
SMITH - Frederick Victor. Service number: 106 Rank: Private Unit: First NSW Mounted Rifles, E Sqn Date of death: 1 May 1900 Place of death: Houtnek
SMITH - James Anderson. Service number: 204 Rank: Lance Corporal Unit: Fourth (Imperial) Contingent, Vic Date of death: 11 January 1901 Place of death: Mafeking
SMITH - Sydney James. b:18 August 1880, Orange NSW. Son of Charles SMITH 1850-? and Elizabeth Ann Wilkinson BRAY 1849-1933 Service number: 264 Rank: Sergeant Unit: Third NSW Mounted Rifles, D Sqn Date of death: 12 October 1901 Place of death: Leeuwkop
SMITH - Thomas. Service number: 74 Rank: Private Unit: Army Medical Corps First Contingent Date of death: 26 February 1900 Cause of death: Illness (Fever)
SMITH - William. Service number: 789 Rank: Corporal Unit: Third NSW Imperial Bushmen Date of death: 11 December 1901 Place of death: Middelburg
SMITH - William Edwin. Service number: 118 Rank: Private Unit: First South Australian Mounted Rifles (Australian Regiment) Date of death: 18-21/02/1900 Place of death: Arundle Cause of death: Killed in action
Source: AWM142 Roll of Honour cards, War in South Africa, 1899-1902
In 1788, a colony of convicts was founded in Australia, and for awhile Australia was thought of mostly as a British Gaol.
The Governors of early Australian colonies were ordered by the British government to grow enough food to support their population. The Governors replied that they did not have enough of the right kind of people to do that; most convicts knew nothing of farming.
The Governors then asked for settlers to come to Australia. So, the British government promised land to emigrants with enough convicts to work it and supplies for a year.
A few thousand people took up this offer and emigrated. But they were mostly retired soldiers and paupers. The colony was still struggling to feed itself and the land was difficult to farm.
So the explorers took off inland to investigate and returned with news that the land was excellent for farming and grazing.
The settlers made their way inland from the coastal cities.
But still not enough came to Australia, so then the government wanted immigrants with money, who wished to get rich by running big farms. They also wanted immigrant workers who could work on these farms.
So, instead of giving land to those who arrived the government sold it to them and used the money raised to pay people's passage out here.
Once these free passengers arrived in Australia, life was not easy. There were few jobs in the cities during the early days and immigrants would have to travel out into the newly settled areas. The assignment of convicts as unpaid workers had stopped in 1841. Farmers were eager to hire helpers and paid good money.These newcomers were refered to as 'New Chums and 'Jimmy Grants'
Then in 1851 gold was discovered and the diggers streamed in, in their thousands. Many liked the country and stayed.
The picture below which I suppose you could call a very early government ad campaign, was published in London in 1848. It shows how poor British families would be better off if they went to Australia
Now I know where Indika is!
Whilst walking down the main street of historic Maldon, in the central goldfields of Victoria, a Kombi van complete with herb garden and solar panels, pulled up and parked. Out of it came some gypsies. Hung up their trinkets to sell and proceeded to tell fortunes. Of course we went to look at the lovely trinkets;
"Where are these from?"
"Indika" answers one of the gypsies.
"Where is that?'
"indika" he says again'
" Ohhhhhhhhhh in the car!"
The above story appeared in the Tarrangower Times
Val Markham of Tarrangower Times snapped the pic.
I know this lone grave has been photographed before,but I decided to do this one for Family Tree circles. On my visit to Maldon, Victoria, last week I went to see the lone grave of Elizabeth ANSET and her infant son. The grave in on the nature strip of a lane off Chaple Street in Maldon. I had a talk with Neil who lives in the house beside the grave. Neil has spent the last 30 years tending this grave and before him many others looked after it.
Elizabeth the wife of William ANSET 1824-1902 was born Elizabeth BURTON in Brixton, Surrey, England in 1827 she died in childbirth on the 19 July 1854 and her infant son 14 days later.
There were other children, The ones I know of are Elizabeth Hannah 1850-1921 and William 1851-1852 and Neil tells me the decendants of Elizabeth Hannah have visited on occassion. I was told these visiting decendants added the extra 'T' to ANSET; however see comment below by Tony Ansett.
William Anset was the son of John ANSET 1803-1861 and Sarah WOODALL 1799-1852. William died in Castlemaine, Victoria 4 October 1902
He and wife Elizabeth had been living in Lambeth, Surrey with his parents, until arrival in Victoria.
Bendigo Advertiser,Tuesday 7 October 1902.
CASTLEMAINE, 6th October.
Mr. W. Anset, who arrived on Forest Creek in the early fifties, died on Saturday
night, aged 79 years.
Before the opening of the Melbourne to Bendigo railway, deceased used to drive
the coach between Forest Creek and Harcourt.
Some 53 years ago Mr Anset had the misfortune to be run over by a dray, and
his left leg was so injured that it had to be amputated. Not-
withstanding this misfortune deceased was of a cheery, genial disposition, and was