janilye on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
Cometville renamed Comet on the 19 March 1931 is 859 kilometres or 534 miles north west of Brisbane, Australia, on the Comet River which was named by explorer Ludwig Leichhardt in December 1844 after Wilmot's Comet which was visible in the Southern Hemisphere at that time.
Comet is where Leichhardt's famous "dig tree" was established to indicate to others where he had buried food and journals.
It was a very important day for the outback settlement of Cometville when the State school opened on the 23 October 1878.
Below is a list of the Head School Teachers and the years in which they served up until 1930
Samuel Clark........................ 23 October 1877 to 19 September 1879
Alexander Blyth..................... 01 January 1879 to 30 September 1879
John Boland (acting) ............... 01 October 1879 to 30 September 1881
John Hassell........................ 01 October 1881 to 02 September 1883
William Henry Allen Jeffreys........ 20 August 1883 to 31 December 1884
William Henry Smith ................ 19 January 1885 to 25 April 1889
John Mills ......................... 06 May 1889 to 25 April 1891
Phillp Henry Robinson............... 26 May 1891 to 31 December 1896
Louis Charles Francis .............. 01 January 1897 to 06 February 1898
George Henry Osmond ................ 28 February 1898 to 31 December 1900
Denis sheahan....................... 01 January 1901 to 13 March 1902
Hubert George Ladbrook ............. 07 April 1902 to 31 March 1905
Clement Bleakley ................... 01 April 1905 to 30 June 1910
Patrick Kehoe....................... 01 July 1910 to 28 February 1911
Albert Boettcher ................... 27 February 1911 to 30 March 1914
James Thiele........................ 01 May 1914 to 15 September 1918
John Henry Langford ................ 18 September 1918 to 30 September 1921
Gladys Fannv Kidd .................. 01 October 1921 to 24 January 1926
William Leslie Kemp ................ 25 January 1926 to 31 December 1929
William Charles Thomas Jordan....... 01 January 1930
The photograph below which is not all that well preserved, but I've not ever been able to find another.
Taken in the 1930s it shows the original Cometville State School in the foreground and the new Comet State School behind. after this photograph was taken the old school was removed.
The new school behind was bought in 1936 by the Country Women's Association (Gindie branch) and turned into a rest home.
My 3rd Great Grandfather was Peter HOUGH, born in Paris, France 1776 and died in Richmond, New South Wales on the 17 March 1833. He was buried at St Peter's Church of England Cemetery Richmond, on the 19 March 1833.
Peter Hough was indicted for burglary, 16th September 1795 and tried at the Old Bailey For steeling money and silver from St.Paul's Coffee Shop in London. For this charge he was found Not Guilty
On the 17 February 1797 Peter Hough was again before the courts. This time in Middlesex and charged with Petty Larceny. He was charged with "that on 8 February 1797 with force and arms that he did steal one Red Morocco Pocket Book of the value of 10 pence from James Daniell. Found guilty and committed to Newgate Prison until the sentence of 7 years Transportation could be carried out. Between 12 October 1797 and 31 December 1797 at Woolwich; England, Peter Hough was imprisoned on board the hulk Prudentia. On 2 January 1798 at Woolwich it was noted he had been ill but was recovering from venereal disease.
Peter HOUGH was named on the Hillsborough ships list as Peter HUFF sailed to New South Wales on the Hillsborough taking 218 days. The captain was William Hingston. She left England on 23 November 1798 and arrived in Sydney Cove on 26 July 1799. As well as convicts, free settlers were also also onboard. 95 died on the voyage.
The convicts were ironed two together and were accommodated on the lowest deck where conditions were extremely grim, there being no direct access to outside light or air. Each man was given a wooden plank two feet wide as a bunk and a blanket and a pillow. The weight of the irons was 11 lbs.
The Hillsborough was one of a convoy of about 15 ships and there was some delay in their sailing because of storms. During the trip typhoid struck and 100 convicts died. The typhoid began on 12 November. The disease was carried by lice and, due to the lack of hygiene, it spread rapidly through the ship.
The convicts were given only 13 pints of water each to last them for a week. This was to be their ration throughout the journey despite the fact that their provisions were salt meat and they had to sail through the tropics in appalling heat. The journey began with a gale and one can only imagine the conditions as the convicts were locked below and many were seasick.
The convicts were deeply rebellious and the Captain and crew responded with dreadful cruelty. A number of the convicts had found ways to remove their irons, but this was reported to the captain by an informer amongst the convicts. They were thereupon all ordered on deck, had their irons examined and, if these had been interfered with, the convicts were punished by between 12 and 72 lashes. The Captain further threatened to hang any more convicts found interfering with their chains.
By March the ship arrived in Table Bay, now the site of Capetown in South Africa, where they stayed for some considerable time as a number of convicts were dying from typhoid and the ship had to be cleaned and provisioned. Conditions on the shore were also very poor, the convicts being forced to dig graves for their dead comrades whilst shackled together.
The Captain finally realised that the treatment he was meting out would interfere with the payment he was to receive for the delivery of live convicts, and conditions began to improve toward the end of May with liberty to go on deck at will if one was sick, as much water as was wanted, but by now the death toll had risen to 63 of the original 300.
The ship sailed down the "roaring forties" going through a number of terrible storms and arrived off Van Dieman’s Land (now re-named Tasmania) on 4 July. Fighting their way up the east coast of Australia, they arrived off Sydney Heads at 4 am on 26 July. At daylight the ship sailed up the Harbour and the convicts were finally unloaded on 29 July.
Only 205 of the 300 original convicts were landed in Australia, and of these 6 more died in the first few days. The Hillsborough had been one of the worst convict ships ever to bring a load to Australia, and Governor Hunter wrote to the Secretary of the Colonies, the Duke of Portland, acquainting him with the situation and describing the convicts on the Hillsborough as \"a cargo of the most miserable and wretched convicts I ever beheld". The reason for this was a difference in the payment method. Whereas previously the Government had paid £23 per head for every convict transported to Botany Bay, James Duncan owner and contractor of the Hillsborough was to receive only £18 per head with an extra £4/10/6 for every live convict arriving in Australia.
Source; William Noah 1754-1827
In July 1801 Peter appears on the census at Parramatta with Susannah Tillet 1780-1846 convict arrived on the 'Speedy' in 1800
No marriage. They had 2 Children
Henry 1803-1880 m Cordelia TOOTH 1828-1885 in 1848
Spouse Catherine Rigby 1782-xxxx died in Windsor. Convict arrived on the 'Nile' 1801, Catherine Rigby, sailed back to England after gaining her freedom, leaving Louisa in the care of her father.
Children Louisa 1805-1881 m. John CUPITT 1799-1937 in 1819
Spouse Mary WOOD 1793-1880 The daughter of John WOOD 1768-1845 and Ann MATTHEWS 1762-1819. Peter married Mary at St.Phillips C of E Sydney, New South Wales on the 19 September 1809.
The children of this marriage were:-
1.Sophia 1810-1885m. Timothy LACY 1806-1887 in 1827
2.John 1812-1896 m. Margaret MAGUIRE 1812-1904 in 1837
3.George 1813-1878 m. Mary BANNISTER 1820-1875 in 1838
4.Peter Joseph 1817-1888 m. Jane Sharp LOVELL 1823-1894 in 1840
5.Mary 1821-1904 m.William CORNWELL 1827-1906 in 1850
6.Ann 1822-1889 m. William ONUS 1822-1855 in 1842 and William REID 1833-xxxx in 1857
7.Eliza 1825-1870 m. Charles EATHER 1827-1891 in 1848
8.Elizabeth 1830-1909 m. James Edward MARSDEN 1830-1887 in 1850
9.Sarah 1833-1878 m. William BENSON 1830-1923 in 1855
He was Publican of a hotel opposite the Toll Gate on the Sydney Road in Parramatta from 1825 till the end of 1828.
On 4 November 1826 at Parramatta, Peter Hough and Timothy KELLY were committed for trial at the Quarter Sessions, for assault and battery of John Hall of Evan forcibly taking his horse and cart from him on the high road, but the trial did not proceed.
Below is the Toll Gate on Sydney Road. On the Sydney side of Parramatta.
My 4th great grandfather was John WOOD, he was born in 1768 at Ealing, Middlesex, England.
John had been a coachman in England to the commissary General - John Palmer.
John was convicted at Somerset Assizes and sentenced to seven years transportation.
John WOOD arrived in Australia on board the Albemarle on the 13 October 1791.
In the 1828 census, John was working for his son in law, Peter Hough 1776-1833.
John's headstone at St Peter's Cemetery Richmond, stated he was 94 years old when he died. He was actually 77, indeed someone made a blue. His headstone is beside his daughter Mary and her husband Peter Hough.
John partnered Ann Matthews around 1792-3. No marriage has been found. Ann had been born at Enfield in London on the 11 April 1762. The third of seven children born to of Matthew MATTHEWS 1730 and Ann SMITH 1735.
[ANN MATTHEWS was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Lewis Andre, about the hour of two in the night of the 7th of October, and burglariously stealing therein, eight silver table spoons, value 40s. four silver desert spoons, value 16s. four tea spoons, value 8s. five cruet tops, value 20s. two silver salt spoons, value 2s. a diaper table cloth, value 2s. and a linen towel, value 8d. his property.]
Ann was tried at Middlesex and found guilty on the 17 October 1791, then sent to the hulks to await transportation
She departed on the Kitty on 31 March 1792 and arrived in New South Wales on 18th November, 1792.
Ann died on the 21 December 1819 at age 57 and was buried 3 days later from St Phillips's Church Sydney. Her grave is most likley to be under the Sydney Town Hall.
The children of John WOOD and Ann, nee MATTHEWS were:-
1.Mary Matthews WOOD 1793 – 1880 m. Peter HOUGH 1776-1833 at St.Phillips C of E Sydney, New South Wales on the 18 September 1809.
This couple had 9 children;
Sophia Hough 1810 – 1885 m. Timothy LACY 1806-1887
John Hough 1812 – 1896 m. Margaret MAGUIRE 1812-1904
George Hough 1813 – 1878 m. Mary BANNISTER 1820-1875
Peter Joseph Hough 1817 – 1888 m. Jane Sharp LOVELL 1823-1894
Mary Hough 1821 – 1904 m. William CORNWELL 1827-1906
Ann Hough 1822 – 1889 m. 1.William ONUS 1822-1855 2. William REID 1833-xxxx
Eliza HOUGH 1825 – 1870 m. Charles HOUGH 1827-1891
Elizabeth Hough 1830 – 1909 m. James Edward MARSDEN 1830-1887
Sarah Hough 1833 – 1878 m. William BENSON 1830-1923
2.Ann Wood 1796 – 1831 m. Daniel PEGG 1791-1860 at St.Phillips C of E Sydney, New South Wales on the 4 April 1820. Daniel was the son of Samuel PEGG 1750-xxxx and Mary TAYLOR 1753-xxxx Daniel died in Victoria and Ann in Tasmania.
This couple had 7 children:-
Eliza Pegg 1817 – 1875 m. William WHITEHOUSE 1813-1891
Mary Ann Pegg 1821 – xxxx m. Thomas GORDON 1810-1887
William Pegg 1822 –
George Pegg 1824 – 1870 m.1. Winifred EGAN 1820-1857 2. Ann HEFFERNAN 1825-xxxx
John Pegg 1826 – 1827
Jane Pegg 1828 – 1829
James Pegg 1829 – 1896 committed suicide on 15 September 1896 at Heidelburg, Victoria
3.John Wood 1798 – 1883 m. Mary Ann DALEY 1811-1894 the daughter of Charles Daley 1775-1831 and Susannah Alderson 1780-1854at St.Matthews C of E Windsor, New South Waleson the 28 December 1829. Both John and Mary Ann died in Windsor.
The children of this marriage were:-
Elizabeth Wood 1830 – 1901 m. William Thomas GOSPER 1740-1908
Sophia Wood 1832 – 1837
John Wood 1834 – 1915 m. Lucina Ann DORSET 1857-1885
George Wood 1836 – 1889
James Wood 1839 – 1913 m. Emma SIMMS 1840-1916
William Wood 1841 – 1920 m. Amelia NORRIS 1840-1927
Mary S Wood 1843 –
Emma Wood 1845 – 1916
Henry Charles Wood 1847 – 1893
Sarah Ann Wood 1849 – 1850
Thomas Wood 1852 – 1892
4.George Wood 1807 – 1881 m. Jane CROSS 1818-1888 the daughter of Thomas CROSS 1775-1843 and Martha Eaton Bryant 1798-1839 at St.Peters C of E Richmond, New South Wales on the 29 April 1834. Both died in Windsor.
The children of this marriage were:-
Thomas Wood 1835–1881 m. Elizabeth HOSKISSON 1836-1925 in 1855
William Wood 1836–1924 m. Sarah CUPITT 1837-1923 in 1859
John Wood 1838–1913 m. Mary RICHARDSON 1841-1912 in 1862
George Wood 1840 – 1840
Robert Wood 1841 – 1844
Edward Wood 1843–1910 m. Margaret LYONS 1841-1902 in 1864
Ann Wood 1845–1938 m. 1.John Frederick COBCROFT 1838-1875 2.Richard Matthew REYNOLDS 1856-1928 see photo
James Wood 1847–1931 m. Elizabeth Grace SHAPTON 1845-1908 in 1872
Martha Wood 1849–1921 m. William Ephraim WILLIAMS 1846-1919 in 1868
George Wood 1851 – 1851
Henry Wood 1853 – 1853
Albert Wood 1855 –
Jane Sophia Wood 1857–1941 m. Frederick Allan Liddell 1861-1935 in 1889
Andrew Wood 1859 – 1948
Charles Alfred Wood 1861 - 1902
5.Sophia Wood 1809 – 1832 Sophia became the mistress of Charles CONNOLLY 1784-1825 in 1821. Charles sailed to England in 1825 where he died. On the 3 September 1825 Sophia gave birth to a daughter Elizabeth. Next Sophia married Benjamin HYRONS 1795-1873 in New Norfolk, Tasmania on the 23 March 1829.
One son was born at New Norfolk, Tasmania in July 1828 John Hyrons he died on the 25 October 1901 whilst visiting his daughter at South Melbourne, Victoria.
The photograph is Ann Wood 1845-1938 submitted by Kylie G Carter
A LIST OF SUBSCRIPTIONS for the purpose of erecting a Presbyterian Church in
Windsor, and School House in Richmond and Kurryjong.
WINDSOR .........................................£ s. d.
John Harris, Esq., J P., Shanes Park ........50 0 0
John Harris, Jun., Esq., Shanes Park ........50 0 0
Sir John Jamison, M. C. Regentville .........15 0 0
Mrs. Panton, Windsor.............................10 0 0
John Panton, Esq., Windsor .....................10 0 0
John Betts, Esq., Sydney.........................10 0 0
Richard Fitzgerald, Esq. Windsor .............10 0 0
Mr. Robert Smith, Windsor ........................18 18 0
Thomas Cadell, Esq., Windsor..................10 0 0
H. Graham, Esq., Surgeon, Windsor...............5 0 0
Mr. Patrick Anderson, Windsor........ ..........5 0 0
Mr. Peter Adamson, Windsor .....................5 0 0
Mr. William White, Windsor......................5 0 0
Mr. George Knight, Windsor......................6 0 0
Mr. George Walker, Windsor .....................5 0 0
Mr. Peter Alexander, Windsor ...................5 0 0
Captain Moffatt, Parramatta ..................3 3 0
Mr. Richard Bell, Wilberforce ................3 3 0
Samuel North, Esq., P. M .....................1 1 0
Mr. J. Teale, Windsor ........................2 2 0
Mr. John Barker, Windsor......................1 0 0
Mrs. M'Keller, Windsor .......................1 1 0
Messrs. J and J. Tebbutt, Windsor ............2 2 0
Mr. A. M'lntosh, Windsor......................2 2 0
Mr. Robert Stewart, Windsor...................2 2 0
Mr. James Cazalet, Windsor ...................0 10 0
Mr. William Heath, Windsor ....................1 0 0
Mr. Joseph Clegg, Windsor ....................0 5 0
Mr. George Watson, Windsor ...................1 1 0
Dr. White, Windsor ............................2 2 0
A Friend .....................................0 5 0
Mr. A. Baldwin, Freeman's Reach...............0 10 0
A Friend .....................................1 1 0
Mr. George Hall, Junior.......................1 1 0
Mr. P. Byrnes.................................1 0 0
Mr. Charles Gaudry ...........................1 0 0
Mr. John Bullivant............................1 0 0
Mr. G. Seymore ...............................0 10 0
Mr. C. Summer ................................1 0 0
Mr. John Suffolk .............................1 1 0
Mr. John Walden, Wilberforce..................1 0 0
Mr. Reuben Green, Wilberforce.................0 5 0
Mr. John Hogan................................0 10 0
Mr. Israel Lett, Wilberforce .................0 10 0
Mr. Charles Martin ...........................0 5 0
Mr. Thomas Lynn ..............................0 10 0
Mr. J. Scarf .................................0 5 0
Mr. John Masking . ...........................0 10 0
Mr. Isaac Gorrick, Junior ....................1 0 0
Mr. John Yoeman ...............................1 0 0
Mr. Thomas Graham..............................1 0 0
Mr. M. Power...................................0 10 0
Mr. Joshua Rose................................0 5 0
Mrs. Ann Season................................0 10 0
Mr. P. Bushell ................................1 0 0
Mrs. Mary Cunningham.. ........................0 10 0
Mr. W. Nowland ................................1 0 0
John Odell, Esq................................2 2 0
Mr. J. Malony .................................0 10 0
Mr. John Wood ..................................1 0 0
A Friend.......................................0 5 0
Captain Maughan .......... ....................1 0 0
Mr. Williim Cross ............ ................2 2 0
Mr. John Primrose .............................1 1 0
Mr. William Walker ............................1 0 0
Miss Ellen Ferguson ...........................1 0 0
Mr. Joseph Flemming............................1 1 0
Mr. Walter Howell, Penrith ....................0 10 0
Mr. John Gardener..............................1 0 0
Mr. William Walker, Cornwallis ................0 10 0
Mr. J. Frazier.................................0 5 0
Mr. Jessie Upton...............................1 0 0
Mr. Andrew Frazer..............................0 5 0
F. Beddeck, Esq. ..............................1 1 0
Mr. William Salone ............................2 2 0
Rev. J. Fullerton ............................50 0 0
IN RICHMOND AND KURRYJONG
George Bowman, Esq ...... ... ................25 0 0
William Bowman, Esq...........................20 0 0
Mr. John Burns ...............................20 0 0
Thomas Cadell, Junior, Esq.....................1 0 0
Mr. Faithful ..................................5 0 0
Mr. Robert Aull................................2 0 0
Mr. William Farlow ............................1 0 0
Mr. Howell ............. ......................2 0 0
Mr. G. Crosse....... ..........................2 0 0
Mr. Edward Powell..............................1 0 0
Mr. Thomas Markwell............................2 0 0
Mr. John Stevenson ............................5 0 0
Mrs. Hough.....................................1 0 0
Mr. Joseph Stubbs .............................1 0 0
Mr. Robert Wilson .............................3 0 0
Mr. P. M'Alpin .....,..........................5 0 0
Mrs. S. Eather.................................2 0 0
Mr. Samuel Pane ...............................1 0 0
Mr. Wm. M'Alpin................................5 0 0
Mrs. Wm. M'Alpin ..............................2 10 0
Mr. Wm.Sharpe..................................5 0 0
Mr. Thomas Onus ...............................5 0 0
Mr. Joseph Onus ...............................5 0 0
Mr. Daniel Hearskin ...........................1 0 0
Mr. Paul Develin ..............................1 0 0
Dr. Seymour ...................................1 0 0
Mr. W. E. Brew.................................1 0 0
Mr. A. Cornwall....................... ........1 0 0
John Robinson .................................0 10 0
Mrs. Harrington................................0 2 6
Mr. Robert Martin, Senior. ............. ......2 0 0
Mr. R, Martin, Junior..........................2 10 0
Mrs. M.Martin .................................2 10 0
Mr. John Town ...................................1 0 0
Mrs. Town....................... ..............1 0 0
Mr. W. Price ......... ........................1 0 0
Mr. John Henderson ............................5 0 0
Mrs. Mortimer..................................1 0 0
Mrs. J, Wilshire ............................. 2 2 0
Mr. Douglass .............................. ...3 0 0
Mr. Rollinston.................................0 10 0
Mr. John.......................................1 0 0
Mr. John, Junior...............................1 0 0
Mr. Malpass ...................................1 0 0
Mr. Walsh .....................................1 10 0
A Friend ......................................1 10 0
£ 481 2 6
More than two hundred pounds of the above subscriptions have been already received, and the Trustees respectfully inform the Subscribers that John Panton, Esq, is Treasurer for the district of Windsor; and George Bowman, Esq., is the Treasurer for that of Richmond, Subscriptions will be thankfully received and acknowledged by these gentlemen.
Source; The Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840)
Saturday 14 July 1838
Work was started on the building situated in Drummond St, South Windsor in 1839 and completed some time in 1842. The church was officially opened in 1843.
The first minister was Rev. Mathew Adam 1811-1863, who had emigrated from Scotland in 1837 on the Portland and conducted a school. He remained there till his death in 1863.
The last service was on March 12, 1966. The church was then demolished due to termites and damp.
Since then regular services have been held in the hall in the church grounds.
Source: Source: W & R Gazette (from 1888 to December 1982)
Reference: 23 October 1968, p 1
The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842)--Thursday 7 June 1832
Monday.-Mary Madden was charged by her mistress with taking herself off on Sunday morning, for the purpose, as she boldly declared, of spending the day on the water, with a party of choice spirits like herself.
Mary denied the charge; the mistress vociferating it at the top of her lungs, and a very pretty botheration and blarney immediately ensued, which bothered the cause most mightily.
After order was restored, the Bench decided that Mary should sojourn under Mrs. Gordon's wing for fourteen days.
Sarah Dawson, possessing a considerable portion of cambric handkerchief-sensibility, was placed at the bar, charged with being found snoring a charming bass in the Shambles of the Market-place, the previous evening; during her placid slumbers she was heard ejaculating, " give me another drain, and then." -
On hearing the charge, the tears chased each other down her lilly cheeks, "like Orient Pearls at random strung." The exchequer having been previously exchequered, and not one of the bye standers having sufficient gallantry to offer to become her banker, she was fain to put up with three hours reclination in the stocks.
John M'Carthy, picked up, humming to himself, " I've been roaming, I've been roaming," - "I dare say you have" said the constable, and the burden of his song turning out true, to the letter, the Bench sent him to a cell for three days.
Thomas Hewitt, a sort of a lackadaisical visaged youth, was charged with not only getting drunk himself, but making the servants of his master also drunk; entering the parlour where his master was sitting, breaking nine squares of glass, and threatening to set fire to the house, and consign his master and all his household goods to the flames.
On the favourable representation of the master, he was only fined 5s. and discharged.
Tuesday.-William Whaling was charged with being found all the worse for wear, endeavouring to win the affections of a pretty girl, who was just beginning to feel an interest in his small talk, when malheureusement , a baton bearer stepped in and desired Whaling to accept of a lodging at the King's expense, which he wished to avoid, but without success - three days on the Mill were recommended to prevent similar exhibitions of gallantry.
Jacob Porter, a quizzical looking old codger, who, from appearances, carried his name visibly marked on his countenance, was charged with banging a poker and frying pan together through the streets the previous night, at the same time harmoniously chanting, "Hark the bonny Christ Church Bells." - To balance this small adair he enriched the poor fund with five shillings.
Mary Thompson was charged with being picked up the previous afternoon, on the Parramatta road, waving her hand, and exclaiming to a young man, who was getting through the pannel of the fence into the bush, "false, perjured, fleeting Charley." As it appeared that she was a bolter, and was frequently in the habit of making herself scarce, the Bench sent her to the 3 C. for a month.
Mary Macmanus, a regular touch and go lady, with the temper of a Volcano, that was constantly in eruption whenever any thing crossed her, was charged with solacing John the footman the night before, with some comfortable liquors, and a good feed. -1 month Gordon seminary. On hearing the sentence she looked unutterable things and threatened a violent explosion, but the guardians of the peace muzzled her instanter.
Wednesday.-Eliza Ross was charged with absconding with her Mistress's child, and at ten o'clock at night both were brought home drunk. 6 weeks, 3rd class.
Mary Ann Clany, mugging herself with hot punch, as she described it, to rectify the disorganized state of her internals, and when wound up, with flying off at a tangent, refusing work, and all that sort of thing - 1 month, 3rd class.
Ann Carr, for giving her mistress due notice that she intended to quit, as her grub was not of that quality she had been in the habit of feeding upon, was sent to try Mrs. Gordon's fare for 1 month.
William Hervey was charged with being picked up in the streets, rolling over and over, Hervey declared that it was a touch of the Cholera that possessed him, the Bench considering that it might be the gin-cholera, sent him to the stocks for three hours.
John Kerwen was charged with being found on the Race Course, on one knee to a lady of the pave, whom he was thus pathetically addressing
" Oh me, can thus thy forehead lour,
And know'st thou not who loves thee best ;
Oh Sally dear, oh more than dearest.
Say is it me thou hat'st, or fear'st,
Come lay thy head upon my breast,
And I will kiss thee into rest."
The devil, exclaimed the irreverent constable, what's all this palaver about, come with me, my lad, and he was conveyed to the lock-up.
The Bench, to curb these sort of pranks, sent him to take three days exercise on the mill.
Ann Armstrong, who was admonished and discharged only the previous day, was charged, that when she arrived at home, she clapped her arms a-kimbo, and swearing she would nolens volens on the part of her mistress, be Lady of the ascendant.
The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842)--Thursday 19 July 1832
MONDAY.–Maria Carney was placed at the bar to answer for bolting, amalgamating, and sundry
Bench–What have you to say Maria for such
Maria–Oh, nothing, my mistress is one of the best in the Colony, and I hope I may serve my lagging with her.
Bench–I fear not; how long have you to serve?
Maria–Only a streaky bit, say three years.
Bench–Then, you will have to serve one month more by taking the air at Mrs. Gordon's for a month.
Maria wished now to say something about bad feed–queer wittles, &c, but the constabulary, very politely, handed her from the bar.
Adam Bond, for threatening to make his mistress smell h-ll, by setting fire to the house, was ordered 14 days on the mill.
Winefred Doyle, a lushington, was placed at the bar on that charge.
Bench–Prisoner, will you promise to reform.
Winefred–I must have my morning, my leavener and my night cups.
Bench–Six weeks 3 C.
William Gorman, was charged with being drunk and skylarking.
Bench– Were you drunk
Bench– Five shillings to the poor.
Gorman–That's me–I'm poor.
Bench–Three hours stocks.
Gorman–I wish you were alongside of me just now, see how I'd sarve you-
The Charley's were obliged to remove him vi et-armis, as Gorman, who is a bit of a sledge hammer hitter, wished to show fight.
John Eaton, Thomas Green, and John Tierney were charged with being musically lushey, and while in that state, with singing through the streets, the Glee of "Gently tolls the evening Chimes."
The Bench sent them to chime on the mill for seven days.
Henry Willis, for making free with a pair of fie- for-shames, belonging to the Governor of the gaol, was ordered into his custody, until delivered by due course of law.
Patrick Ryan, with a phiz resembling the back of a lobster when parboiled; a jest leering in his eye–curling on his lip–and mantling and diffusing itself over his whole visage, was charged for not having the fear of the mill before his eyes, but being moved and seduced by the rum bottle, which he swigged at so heartily, that he was picked up as stiff as a poker, but the application of an oak sapling, well applied, made him quite supple. Seven days Devil's barrel organ.
TUESDAY.–Mary Perkins, when allowed to stroll for an hour, was charged with taking six, which she declared was what she understood by compound interest.
The Bench ordered her for this, to obtain a more correct knowledge of arithmetic at Mrs. Gordon's academy.
" Carry me out, bury me decently" said Mary, as she bounced from the bar.
Mary Carr, with a taste for the sublime and beautiful, was charged with returning home the previous day in a queer state, seizing a knife, and having flourished it over her mistress' head, for a few minutes, exclaimed, "here's into your bread basket," and attempted to put her threat into execution, when she was fortunately prevented. 2 mos. 3 C.
Charles Phillips, an impertinent young dog, was charged with phoo-phooing whenever ordered to do any work. Master would say, "Charles do this," "phoo, phoo," master Charles would reply, "don't you wish you may get it." Seven days mill to teach him manners.
Thomas Darby, rolling through the streets at 12 o'clock at night, singing out,
" Talk of the cordial that sparkled for Helen, Her cup was a fiction, but this is reality."
At the same time flourishing a bottle of grog round his head, and he gave the Charleys the choice of a broken head or the contents of the bottle, they preferred the chance of the former, and after demolishing his bottle, secured him. Darby refused to come down with the ready, and consequently was handed to the stocks.
The applications for licenses for the 2nd quarter in 1856 were held over three days the 15th April and the 27 May the district licenses were granted and the city Licenses on the 23 April. These are not all the licenses for the whole of Victoria. In this list I have combined Melbourne City and the surrounding districts.
Abraham, Joseph, Collingwood Hotel, Collingwood. Granted
Allen, J. W. Sandridge Inn, Sandridge. Granted
Amos, J. J. South Yarra Club Hotel, South Yarra. Granted
Balch, W. Australia Fellix-Bourke street. Granted
Banfield, Thomas, Eagle Hotel, Swanston Street. Granted
Barnes,C.W, St. Kilda Family Hotel, St.Kilda.Granted
Barry, D. Butchers' Arms, Elizabeth street. Granted
Barry, J. Harvest Home, Flinders street.Granted
Bartholomew, J. Bull and Mouth, Bourke street.
Bastings,William. Peacock Inn, Northcote.Granted.
Batt, Thos, Commercial Inn, Little Bourke street. Granted
Baxter, Chas. Star and Garter, Robe street, St. Kilda. Granted
Bickerton, Thomas. Australian Hotel, Brighton. Granted.
Bignell,William. Commercial Hotel, Victoria street.
Black, Jas. Andrew's Hotel, Nicholson street. Granted
Bloomfield,J. Merrijig Hotel Elizabeth street. Granted
Bonalface, B.,Manchester Inn, Queen street. Granted
Bourke, J., Western Port Hotel, Queen street. Granted
Bourke, Michael. La Trobe Inn, Western Port. Granted.
Bourke,Patrick. Travellers' Home, Darebin Creek. Granted.
Bourke, Pat. Freemasons' Hotel, Little Collins street. Granted
Bourke, Thos, Royal Arch Hotel, Gore street, Collingwood. Granted
Bowles, Jeremiah. Military Hotel, Prahran. Granted.
Brandt, W. Black Eagle, Lonsdale street. Granted
Broad, Samuel. The Greyhound, St. Kilda. Granted,
Brown, H. D., Corkscrew Hotel, King steet. Granted
Brown, Edward, Chusan Hotel, Sandridge.Granted
Bowen, T.C. Marine Hotel, Brighton.Granted.
Bowman, David. Gipps Land Hotel, Cardinia. Granted.
Burke, Michael Travellers' Home, Darebin Creek. Granted.
Butler, Tobias, Castle Inn, Webb street. Granted
Butterworth. J., Exchange Hotel, Swanston street. Granted
Butterworth, W.H. Golden Cross Hotel,King street. Withdrawn
Boyle, S. Mazeppa Hotel Spring street. Granted
Byng, J. Digby Hotel, Stephen street. Granted
Camron, John. Balmoral Hotel, Prahran. Granted.
Cantwell, Richard, Glenmore Family Hotel, Spencer street. Granted
Carchan, Thomas, Ayrshire Hotel, Chetwynd street. Granted
Carpenter, H. G. North Star Inn, Howard street. Granted
Carter, Benjamin. Prahran Inn, Prahran. Granted.
Cartwright, William W. Union Hotel, Prahran.Granted
Corcoran, Jeremiah. Dove Hotel, Richmond. No appearance.
Censick, Paul. Boundary Inn, Flemington. Granted.
Coates, C. E., Royal Hotel, Flemington road. Granted
Cooper, R. A., Treasury Hotel, Queen-street. Granted
Corbin, James. Bee Hive. Hawthorne. Granted.
Chadwick, Thomas. Broadmeadows Hotel, Broadmeadows. Granted.
Chambers, James. New Bridge Hotel, Prahran. Granted.
Cameron, Hugh. Victoria Hotel, Prahran. Granted.
Chamberlain, Benjamin. Mount Erica Hotel, Prahran. Granted.
Chinhall, J., La Trobe -Inn. Fitzroy street. With a caution that the house
was to be kept in better order for the future.
Clancy, T., Duke of Wellington Hotel, Flinders street. Granted
Clark, B. D., Union Hotel, Bourke-street. Granted
Clarke, Maryann, Waterman's Arms, Little Collins-street,Granted
Clarke, John. Stanley Arms, Footscray. Granted.
Cleary, Win., Noah's Ark Hotel, Victoria street. Granted
Clifford, H. Railway Refreshment Rooms, Flinders-street. Granted
Clift, Edward. Prince of Wales Hotel, Prahran.Granted
Clinton, Jas., White Hart Inn, Little Bourke street. Granted
Clinton, William. Brunswick Hotel, Brunswick. Granted.
Colls, S., Clarendon Hotel, Collins-street. Granted
Connell, James. Bridge Inn, Hawthorne. Granted,
Connell, John. Hawthorne Hotel, Hawthorne. Granted.
Connolly, P., Carlow Hotel, Little Bourke street. Granted
Connor, David. Bunyip Inn, Bunyip, Western Port. Granted.
Conron, John. Governor Hotham HotelHawthorne. Granted.
Cosgrave, J., FitzRoy Arms, King-street. Granted
Coverlid, John. Gipsy Village, Church steet, Richmond. Granted.
Cox, G,, Lightning Hotel. Bourke street. Granted
Crosbie, Wm, Albert Hotel, Stephen-street. Granted
Cronin, D., Black Boy Hotel, Little Collins street. Granted
Crowie, Thomas, Victoria Hotel, Little Bourke-street. Granted
Crook, Thos., Birmingham Hotel, Smith street. Granted
Crowley, J., Royal Exchange, Gertrude street. Granted
Cumings, J. W., Royal Highlander Hotel, Flinders street. Granted
Davidson, S.J, Royal Hotel, Victoria street. Granted
Davis, T. Sarsfield Inn, Little Bourke street. Granted
Davies, J. New Imperial Hotel, Elizabeth Street. Granted
Delaney, Dennis. Royal Hotel, Nunawading. Granted.
De Moulder, J. B. Sandridge Coffee House, Sandridge. Granted
Devine. John. Belmount, near Darebin Creek. Granted.
Dick, J. Builders' Arms, Gertrude street. Granted
Dickins, W. Mount Gambier Hotel, Palmer street. Granted
Disher. W.J. Tattersalls Hotel, Lonsdale street. Granted
Dolan, P. Olive Branch, Little Collins street Granted
Donovan, C. Travellers' Home, Swanston Street. Granted
Dowling, R. Farmers' Arms, Little Collins street. Granted
Downing, R. Newmarket Hotel, Bourke street. Granted
Doyle, A. Ship Hotel, Sandridge. Granted
Drewery.B. Olive Branch Hotel, LaTrobe street. Granted
Dunbar, George. Dandenong Hotel, Dandenong. Postponed to Friday to investigate
a charge of misconduct against the occupier.
Dunnon, W. Builders' Arms, Cardigan street. Granted
Dwyer, Matthew. Yarra Hotel, Richmond.Granted.
Edmonds. E. Carlton Inn Restaurant, Pelham street. Granted
Edwards, William. Frankston Hotel, Snapper Point. Granted.
Ellis, J. European Hotel, Fitzroy street. Granted
Embden, Chas. Spread Eagle, Richmond. Granted.
Empson, W. Duke of York, Collins street. Collins
Finnerty, James. Dublin Inn, Little Brighton. Granted.
Fleming, James. Elsternwick Hotel, Elsternwick. Granted.
Forbes, George Whittlesea Inn, Upper Plenty. Granted.
Farrell, R., South Melbourne Hotel, South Melbourne. Granted
Fahy, T. Terminus Hotel. Elizabeth street. Granted
Farner, Jas. Britannia Hotel, Swanston street. Granted
Fitzgerald, M., Hibernian Hotel, Little Lonsdale street. Granted
Feehan, B. City Arms Hotel, Elizabeth street. Granted
Feehan, M. Friend in Hand Hotel, Little Collins street. Granted
Filmore, E. J. Royal Mail Hotel, Swanston street. Granted
Fitzgerald, J Empire Hotel, Errol street. Granted
Fisher, W. Rochester Castle Hotel, Johnston street. Granted
Finlay, W. Council Club Hotel, Lonsdale street. Granted
Fitzgerald, M. Hare and Hounds Hotel, Grey street. St. Kilda. Granted
Flamer W. Old White Hart Inn, Bourke street. Granted
Forman, P. Elephant and Castle Hotel, Little Bourke street. Granted
Fraser, A. Frazer's Family Hotel, William street. Granted
Frencham, J. Original Scottish Hotel, Bourke street. Granted
Gallagher, M., Rose of Australia Hotel, King street. Granted
Gallagher, Robert. Carriers' Arms, Windsor.Granted.
Garton, J. Pier Hotel, Sandridge. Granted
Geraghty, Patrick. Richmond Hotel, Richmond. Granted,
Gibson, Joseph. Oakleigh Hotel, Oakleigh. Granted.
Gildea, John. The Young Queen, Pascoe vale. Refused.
Gillespie, James. Village Belle, Prahran. Granted.
Glasgow, T., Bird in Hand Hotel, Flinders lane. Granted
Glover, James. Royal Hotel, Richmond. Granted.
Glynn, Edward. Harp of Erin, Boroondara.Granted.
Graham, Samuel. Gardiner's Creek Hotel. Gardiner's Creek road. Granted.
Gregory. E.H. Hall of Commerce Restaurant. Granted
Griffiths, Thomas. Wattle-Tree Inn, Prahran. Granted.
Haidhans, Alfred. Prince Albert Hotel,Brighton. Granted.
Halfpenny, Daniel. Phillips Town Hotel,Phillips Town. Granted.
Halliday, Wm., George Hotel, Victoria street. Granted
Hallett, G., Freemasons' Hotel, Smith street.Granted
Hamilton, D., Cross Keys Hotel, Lonsdale street.Granted
Harrison, D.J. Punt Inn, Saltwater River. Granted.
Harris, E.L. Admiral Napier Hotel, Richmond. Granted.
Harding, William. Kingston Hotel, Richmond.Granted
Haslitt, Ellen. National Hotel, Moonee Ponds. Granted.
Hastie, W., Tankerville Arms, Nicholson street. Granted
Hauger, Samuel Spencer. Sir Robert Nickle Hotel, Hawthorne. Granted.
Hawkins, W. J., Queen's Arms, Swanston street. Granted
Hayward, G., Supreme Court Hotel, Russell street, Granted
Heaton, John. White Horse Inn, Richmond. Granted.
Hayes, Dennis. Shannon Hotel, Northcote. Granted.
Heath, H., Buck's Head Hotel, Condell street. Granted
Heir, 0. E., Star Inn, Swanston-street. Granted
Henry, W., Blue Bell Hotel, Little Collins street. Granted
Heffernan, M., Governor Bourke Hotel Little Lonsdale street. Granted
Heffernan, Rody, Melbourne Tavern, Lonsdale street. Granted
Heffernan, William. River Plenty Inn, Upper Plenty. Granted.
Henessy, Michael Paul. Victoria Hotel. Broadmeadows. Granted.
Henessy, Michael. Squatters' Rest. Dandenong. Granted
Hickey, Ellen, Limerick Castle Hotel, Elizabeth street. Granted
Hinds, W. Ulster Family Hotel, Little Collins street.Granted
Hill, R. G. Great Britain Hotel, Flinders street. Granted
Hockin, W., Commercial Hotel, Elizabeth Street. Granted
Holland, J. Globe Inn, Swanston street. Granted
Holmes, John. Epping Hotel, Epping. Granted
Hoole, William. Bridge Inn, Flemington. Granted.
House, G. W. Parade Hotel, Richmond road. Granted
Hunter, W. Tam o' Shanter Hotel, Lothian street. Granted
Hyde, Geo., Labor in Vain Hotel, Brunswick street. Granted
Howe, John. Royal Hotel, Richmond. Granted. Granted
Hutchinson, W. National Hotel, Bourke street. In this application the Bench said the reason of the postponement on the annual day was the objection to the connection which existed between
the pastry cooks shop next door and the Athenaeum Assembly rooms behind
License granted on condition of both these connections being cut off.
Irving, Thomas. Mulgrave Arms, Mulgrave. Granted.
Jelf, T. Ship Inn, Flinders lane. Granted
Jenkins, H. Jenkins's Hotel, Swanston street. Granted
Jenkins, Hy. Cheltenham Hotel, Cheltenham. Granted.
Jones, C. Colonial Bank Hotel, Little Collins street. Granted
Jordan, J. Rainbow Hotel, Swanston street. Granted
Johnston, W. Clarence Hotel, Collins street. Granted
Jones, E. B. Black Bull Hotel, Bourke street. Granted
Jones, J. Yarra Family Hotel, Flinders street. Granted
Jones, Robert. Junction Inn, Footscray.Granted.
Kenny, U.A. Caledonian Hotel, Prahran. Postponed.
Kelly, William. Black Horse, Prahran.Granted.
Kelly, P. Galway Family Hotel, Flinders lane. Granted
Keddie, R. Rob Roy Hotel, Flinders lane. Granted
Keeley, M. Australasian Family Hotel, Spring-street.Granted
Kennedy, J. Lalla Rookh Hotel, Queensberry street. Granted
Kennedy, T. Black Prince Hotel, Curzon Street. Granted
Keppel, M. Old Governor Bourke Hotel, Spring street. Granted
Keys, Robert. Little Brighton Hotel, Little Brighton. Granted.
King, A.P. Crown Hotel, Prahran. Refused.
Laffan, J. King's Arms Hotel, Madeline street. Granted
Lamtle, Robert. Wellington Hotel, Richmond. Granted.
Lane, T. Foundry Hotel, King street. Granted
Lang. W., Turf Hotel, Swanston street. Granted
Lauders, Sarah. Fletcher's Hotel, Hawthorne. Granted.
Lawlor James. Royal Oak, Queen street. Granted
Lefoe. Levi. Canada Hotel, Madeline street. Granted
Leitchford, R., Seven Stars Hotel, Madeline street. Granted
Letchford, C,, Crown and Anchor Hotel, Charles street. Granted
Lewis, W. jun. Bridge Inn, Flinders lane. Granted
Lewis, William. Darebin Hotel, Darebin Creek.Granted.
Libby, G. Royal Hotel, St. Kilda. Granted
Liddy, J. Adam and Eve, Little Collins street. Granted
Light, William F. Gardiner's Hotel, Gardiner.Granted.
Louchet, H. Central City Hotel, Collins street. Granted
Loughnan, C, London Hotel, Market square. Granted
Lowe, S. Shakespeare Hotel, Collins street Granted
Lowe, T. Bush Inn, Elizabeth-street. Granted
Lusher, E., Brunswick Hotel, Brunswick street. Granted
Lynch, Jno. Golden Age Hotel, La Trobe street. Granted
Macdonald, Alex. Wardy Yallock Hotel, Windy Yallock. Granted.
Macnamara, William. Pilgrim Inn, Plenty road. Granted
Maher, James. Footscray Punt Hotel, Footscray. Granted.
Mallett. D. Botanical Hotel, Domain road. Granted
Manallock,Thomas. Cornish Arms, Brunswick, Granted.
McCarthy, T. Kerry Hotel, King street. Granted
M'Clellan, T. Belvidere Hotel, Victoria rarade. Granted
M'Donald, A. Northcote Arms, Northcote, Granted
McDonogh. W. Mercantile Hotel, Flinders street. Refused
McDougall, Charles. Upper Plenty Hotel, Upper Plenty road. Granted
McGirr, W. P., Railway Refreshment Rooms, Sandridge. Granted
M'Gregor, J. Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock Hotel, Elizabeth-street. Granted
M'Gregor, A. Buck's Head, Little Lonsdale street. Granted
McIntosh, D. British Hotel, Queen street. Granted
M'Kee, J. M., Duke- of Kent Hotel, Latrobe street. Granted
M'Keown, Patrick. Armagh Hotel, Moorabbin.Granted.
M'Kinnon, E., Robert Burns Hotel, Lonsdale street. Granted
McKnight, George. Plough Inn, Plenty road.Granted.
M'Lean, J. Scotch Thistle Hotel, Northcote. Granted
Manuel, H. W., Misletoe Hotel, Mackenzie street. Granted
M'Micking, Robert. Grange Hotel, Prahran. Granted.
Meaney, Daniel. Boroondara Family Hotel,Hawthorne. Granted.
Menzies, A. Menzies' Hotel, La Trobe street. Granted
Merritt, James. Prince Albert Hotel, Prahran.Granted.
Michel, F. Beehive Hotel, Blackwood street. Granted
Midgely, J. Liverpool Arms, Brunswick street. Granted
Moore, T.J. Bay View Hotel, St. Kilda. Granted.
Moore, William. the Welcome Home Hotel,Prahran. Refused.
Moreland, William. Bridge Inn, Richmond Bridge. Granted.
Mornane, P. Clare Castle Hotel, Stephen street. Granted
Morris, T. Lincoln Inn, Cardigan street. Granted
Morrow, Thomas. Morrow's Hotel, Prahran. Granted.
Muir, M. Mac's Hotel, Franklyn street. Granted
Mulcahoy, James. Kangaroo Inn, Eumemmerring. Granted.
Mullins, John. Park Hotel, Oakleigh. Granted.
Murphy, M. Royal Oak, Swanston street. Granted
Murray, M. Railway Hotel, Sandridge. Granted
Murray, J. New Constitution Hotel, North Melbourne. Granted
Murray, J. J. Southern Cross Hotel, Bourke street. Granted
Murray, Edward. Rose and Crown, Flemington. Granted.
Murray, Matthew. Prince Albert Hotel, Flemington. Granted.
Murphy, Richard. Vine Hotel, Richmond. Refused.
Murphy, Patrick. Fitzpatrick Hotel, Richmond. Granted
Myers, William. Sarah Sands Hotel, Brunswick. Granted.
Nealor, J. Railway Hotel, Swanston street. Granted
Neck, W. Cornwall Arms, Bourke street. Granted
Newstead, R. Parkside Hotel, Flemington road. Granted
Neylan, P. Farmers' Arms, Swanston street. Granted
Nicholson, B, Tattersalls Hotel Withdrawn
Nolan, J. North Melbourne Hotel, Howard street. Granted
North, J. Mechanics' Arms, Little Collins street.Granted
Nottley, William. Toorak Hotel, Toorak. Granted. The Bench remarked on the high charges made at this hotel!
Nunn, Thomas. Olympic Hotel, Lonsdale street. Granted
Oakley, C, Temple Court Hotel, Queen street. Granted
O'Callaghan, 0., Woolpack Inn, Queen Street.Granted
O'connell, D. Horse and Jockey Hotel, Little Bourke street. Granted
O'Connor, John. Picnic Hotel, Gypsy Village. Granted.
O'Halloran, D., Royal Railway Hotel, Elizabeth street. Granted
Oliver, William. Windsor Hotel, Windsor.Granted.
Ollis, O, Apollo Inn, Flinders lane. Granted
O'Reilly, D., Sportsman's Arms, Little Bourke street.Granted
Orkney, J., Sir Charles Hotham Hotel,Flinders street. Granted
O'Shanassy, Patrick. Kew Hotel, Kew. Granted.
O'Shea, Michael. Grand Junction Hotel,Windsor. Granted.
O'sullivan. J.v.Telegraph Hotel, Little Bourke street. Granted
Packham, Samuel. Frankston Hotel, Frankston. Granted.
Pachley, George. Lemon Tree Inn, Richmond. No appearance. Granted
Painter, Ezekiah. Myall Hotel, Prahran.Granted.
Parsons, George. Brighton Hotel, Brighton Granted.
Parsons, T.G. Brighton Hotel, Brighton. No appearance. Granted.
Passfield, J. Sydney Hotel, William street. Granted
Paterson, J. Glasgow Arms, Elizabeth street. Granted
Payne, J. Red Lion Hotel, Lonsdale street. Granted
Pearce, E. British Queen Hotel, Nicholson street. Granted
Pemberton, T. IL, Ship Inn, Sandridge. Granted
Perrin, William. Greyhound Inn, Richmond. Granted.
Plummer, Edward Sheldrake. Preston Arms, Preston, Plenty road. Granted.
Poole, F. Drewery's Family Hotel, Gertrude street. Granted
Powell, William H. Railway Hotel, Footscray. No appearance.
Poynton, George. Oxford and Cambridge Hotel,Richmond. Granted.
Prevot, E. J. Queensberry Hotel, Madeline street. Granted
Price, John. Edinburgh Castle, Brunswick. Granted
Price, T. Crystal Palace Hotel, Little Bourke street. Granted
Purnell, Thos. Plough Inn, Bourke street. Granted
Punch, R. Leinster Anns, Lonsdale street. Granted
Rees, F. Pembroke Family Hotel, St. Kilda. Granted
Rennie, Robert. Tookarook Inn, Tookarook, near Arthur's Seat. Granted.
Rennison, Thomas. Lord Raglan, Richmond.Granted.
Reynolds, W. Queen's Head, Queen street. Granted
Richards, Thomas. Star and Garter, Richmond. Granted.
Rigby, W. H. British Hotel, St. Kilda. Granted
Ring. P. Old Ship Inn, Russell street. Granted
Robinson, Thomas. Hawksburn Hotel, Prahran No appearance. No notice affixed to the door.
Rose, William. Devonshire Arms Hotel, Brighton. Granted.
Rourke, Hugh. Bushy Creek Hotel, Bushy Creek. Granted.
Ryan, A. Britannia Inn, Queen street.Granted
Ryan, Michael. Windsor Castle, Windsor. Granted.
Ryan, T. Lamb Inn, Elizabeth-street. Granted
Ryan, W. Carriers' Arms, Elizabeth street. Granted
Ryan, W., Rising Sun Hotel, Little Bourke street. Granted
Salisbury, R. B. Cavan Hotel, Queensberry street.
Scuffam, Charles. Red Lion, Hawthorne. Granted.
Scott, E. Port Phillip Club Hotel, Flinders street. Granted
Scott, John. East Brighton Hotel, Brighton.Granted
Scott, Percival. Cremorne Gardens, Richmond. Granted.
Shehan, T. Bouverie Hotel, Bouverie street. Granted
Shelton, H. Paddington Hotel, Little Collins street. Granted
Short, H. Australian Hotel, Bourke street. Granted
Sinclair, Hugh. Bridge Inn, Plenty road, Granted.
Slattery. J. Lightning Hotel, North Melbourne. Granted conditionally on improve ments
being completed on the 1st July.
Smart, A. Golden Fleece Hotel, Little Bourke street. Granted
Smith, George. Mount View Hotel, Gardiner.Granted.
Smith, James. Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock, Plenty road. Granted.
Spiers F.W. Royal Hotel, Bourke street. Granted. The premises only to extend to
the division wall between the Concert room and the theatre. ( see note 1)
Stanway, William. Red Lion, Hawthorne Granted.
Stephen, J. Great Western Hotel, Queen street. Granted
Stephens, William. Swan Hotel, Richmond. Granted. The landlord cautioned as to his conduct,
several complaints having been made. Applicant also directed to clean his house out,
and keep himself sober.
Sterck, C, FitzRoy Hotel Napier street. Granted
Stevens, Thomas. Railway Hotel, Windham. Granted.
Stone, Thomas P. Bush Inn, Prahran. Granted.
Sullivan, W. Harp of Erin Hotel, King street. Granted
Sutcliffe, R. Governor Arthur Hotel, Little Bourke street. Granted
Tatchell, T., St. John's Hotel, Queen street. Granted
Terry, Thomas. Racecourse Hotel. Granted.
Thomas, M., City Hotel, Madeline street. Granted
Threlkeld, AV. Saracen's Head Hotel, Bourke street. Granted
Tilke, W., Tilke's City Hotel, Bourke-street. Granted
Tobin, M.Devonshire Arms, FitzRoy street. Granted
Toohey, P. Kilkenny Inn, Lónsdale street. Granted
Trainer, Patrick. White Horse Inn, Nunawading. Granted.
Vallance, W. Caledonian Hotel, Jeffcott street. Granted
Vinson, James. Royal George, Prahran. Granted.
Wälder, G. Golden City Hotel, Cecil-street. Wallace, R., Prince Albert Hotel, Little Argyle-street.
Walters, J. Marine Family Hotel, Sand ridge.
Warley, G. Argus Hotel. Collins-street.
Watson. J. Albion Hotel, Bourke street.
Wedel, Ch. Criterion Hotel, Collins-street.
Webber, James. Royal Hotel, Richmond (Sheedy's). Granted.
Whitby, Woodcock Hotel, Darebin Creek. Granted.
White, James. Burwood Hotel, Hawthorne. This application was opposed on the ground of the misconduct of the landlord.The misconduct alleged was of a grievous character, and there was also stated to be a charge of felony against him, but which it was alleged had been abandoned. Refused.
Whitehead, Ed., Crown iHotel, Queen street.
Whiteman, William. Prahran Hotel, Prahran. Postponed.
Wicks, R., Waterloo Hotel, Little Collins street. Granted
Williams, C, Williams's hotel and Dining Rooms, Elizabeth street. Granted
Wills. H. C, Odd Fellows' Hotel, Little Lonsdale street.
Wilson, R., Metropolitan Hotel, William street.
Wilson, R., Carlton Club Hotel, Gertrude street.
Wilson, Robert. Doncaster Castle, Doncaster. Granted.
Wilson, Samuel. Flemington Hotel, Flemington. Granted.
Wolfe, H. Travellers' Rest Hotel, Collingwood. Granted
Wood, J. W. Swan Hotel, Gertrude street. Granted
Wood, J. Wood's Hotel, Brunswick street. Granted
Wood, Jacob, Shepherds' Arms, Smith street. Granted
Wood. T.F. Yarra Club Hotel. Granted.
Woodward, G. Leicester hotel, Leicester street. Granted
Worley, Jessie. Plough and Harrow, Brighton.Granted.
H.Wyse Golden Cross, King street, (see note2 below) Granted
Yeend, H., Derwent Hotel, Lonsdale-street. The following were postponed.
Note 1. Felix Spiers license application was granted on the 23 April. Luckily a month before this hearing before His Honour Judge Pohlman at the County Court, on the 20 May 1856.
Note: 2 H.Wyse Golden Cross, King street; Mr. Frank Stephen supported the application
Mr. Inspector Cooke opposed the application on the ground of the general bad character of the applicant.
The charges against him were that he formerly kept a sly-grog shop, and was now
conducting a public house -the Golden Cross King street- in the name of Mr Bowern the former
landlord of the hotel.
Mr. Inspector Smith (detective force stated that he knew Wyse to be the keeper of a sly-grog shop in New South Wales. His character was very bad. He stated this from the information which had come to
his knowledge as a police officer and from personal knowlege of him
Mr. Bowern formerly landlord of the Golden Cross, was called.
Mr Stephen advised the witness not to give evidence, as his statements might tend to eliminate himself, but Mr Bowern stated that he had no reluctance to tell the truth and eventually entered the box.
Mr. Bowern then stated that he was formerly landlord of the Golden Cross Hotel,
but in consequence of the house being condemned he took the Marine Hotel, St Kilda
and sold the license of the Golden Cross to Mr Whitehead. He believed that Wyse
lent Whitehead the purchase money (£70) He owned no stock in the hotel, but from observation
believed it to be properly managed He could not say whose property was in the house. If he had not believed
Wyse to be a respectable person he should not have allowed his name to be left over the door.
Cross-examined: He did not appear to obtain the magistrates consent to a transfer of the license.
He sold it openly, and obtained another license for another house. His name was over the door
up to the annual licensing day.
Mr Frank Stephen produced testimonials of Wyse's good character from Beechworth, signed by Mr Cameron, M L C, and several magistrates and other persons; also from several of the wine and spirit merchants of the city, and numerous others from other places.
The Bench granted the application.
a case of my magistrates trump your coppers.
Lithograph by Clarence Woodhouse 1852-1931, below, shows The Pier Hotel at Frankston owned by Mark Young with Young's Baths in the background. The Colonial Bank of Australasia is to the right of the image. A coach and horses careers down the street in front of the hotel, watched by five men on horses. The bay is visible behind the hotel, with a steamer and yachts on a calm sea.
It isn't dated, but it is 1888, well after the licenses above were granted.
After hearing the old story about not asking the 'right questions' or 'not paying attention', when you were younger and the grannies were still around.
I went in search of an answer and I found these questions below on a blog posted by Ancestry Australia and New Zealand on January 9, 2012 in Australia. I have added a couple of things, as you can too.
I have printed out some copies and intend to pass them around to the oldies (the other oldies) in the family at our next get-together. Of course they'll all roll their eyes and think, 'ohhhh nooooooooo here she goes again'. But hopefully they will humour me and maybe your family will too.
Do you have a family legend or story that has been passed down for generations?
What traditions do you look forward to at family get-togethers?
What is unique about your family background or ethnicity?
How did your ancestors change your life?
Do you have any advice for future generations?
What is the most important thing you learned from your parents?
When was the best time in your life and why was it great?
What are you most proud of about your family?
How do you want to be remembered?
What is your favorite thing about being part of your family?
What quirky personality traits run in your family?
What physical characteristics run in your family?
What is/was your favorite activity to do with your mother or father?
How would your family spend a typical day together?
How would your mother or father punish or reward you as a child?
What things did you do with your brothers and sisters when you were growing up?
How have your brothers and sisters influenced your life?
Fun Family Questions
Who is the biggest troublemaker in your family?
Who in your family would you want to be stranded on a desert island with?
Which family member do you think could be famous?
Who is the best cook?
What is your favourite food?
What is your favourite song?
Who do you most want to be like in your family?
Who has the best sense of humour in your family?
What do you think was the biggest problem facing the world when you were growing up?
What do you think is the biggest problem facing the world today?
What do you think are the discoveries and inventions that changed your life?
What do you think the world will be like for your family’s future generations in 100 years?
What is your wish for the future generations of your family?
Eliza Emily Donnithorne born in Cape Town in 1821 and died in Newtown, Sydney in 1886 was the daughter of the former East India Company judge and Master of the Mint, James Donnithorne b: 17 April 1773, St Mary Aldermanbury, London and died 25 May 1852 in Newtown, Sydney. His father was Nicholas Donnithorne 1744-1796 fron Truro, Cornwall.
James DONNITHORNE arrived in New South Wales in 1838 and settled into the Georgian mansion 'Camperdown Lodge' at 36 King Street, Newtown New South Wales. Eliza Emily returned to England after her mother and sisters Maria and Penelope died of Cholera in Calcutta in 1832 and she did not arrive in New South Wales until the 25 June 1846 aboard the 669 ton barque 'Agincourt' with Captain Neatby.
James married Sarah Eliza BAMPTON 1790-1832, the daughter of Captain William Wright BAMPTON 1759-1813 in Mirzapore, Bengal on the 8 October 1807.
Now we all love a good urban legend and Newtown has a beauty. The thing is all legends seem to have a habit of growing and changing shape over the years.
This is the Legend of Emily Eliza Donnithorne
James Donnithorne spoilt his only surviving daughter, catering to all her demands. He arranged several marriages for her which she rejected, instead; falling in love with a shipping clerk named George Cuthbertson. Eliza's father consented to the marriage in 1846.
George Cuthbertson, jilted Eliza Emily Donnithorne he was probably driven away by her overbearing father, Cuthbertson would die in India during the Sepoy rebellion in 1858, while his fiancée in Sydney waited anxiously for his return.
Suffering a nervous breakdown due to her abandonment, Eliza insisted the wedding feast be left untouched on the long dining room table in the grand mansion, Camperdown Lodge, ready for festivities and ceremonies to commence once the absent groom arrived.
Her orders were complied with by her father, retired Judge James Donnithorne, over concern for her state of mind. Those concerns were amplified by Eliza's refusal to wear anything except her wedding dress as she whiled away the days waiting for her groom. Unknown to all, Eliza was in the early stages of pregnancy.
To avoid further scandal, her newborn baby was spirited away by the Judge who arranged for its adoption while falsely telling his daughter of its death. This blow, coupled with the subsequent death of her father, sent the pretty young woman over the edge.
After her father's funeral, all but two servants were dismissed. The imposing estate would be sealed off from the world for the next 40 years. Windows and shutters were permanently closed, drapes drawn, and the house was blanketed in total darkness. Expensive European paintings and furnishings were gradually blanketed in the dust of decades, falling to ruin anonymously while weeds and overgrowth consumed the outside of the once stately house.
A generation of neighbors were born, lived and died, believing the house to be abandoned. Oblivious to the passage of time, Eliza grew old. Her wedding dress decayed and hung off her withering body as she drifted like a ghost through the dusty ruins of her world.
She refused to leave the grounds or see anyone except her lawyer and minister, who described rotting chairs collapsing under them as the mistress of the house held court, sitting solemnly in her discolored wedding dress while candles cast eerie shadows on the walls. Merciful death finally arrived in 1886 when Eliza died of heart disease, a fitting end for a woman who suffered so long from a broken heart.
A generous woman, her donations helped build the local church where she was buried, while the bulk of her considerable estate was left to charities and her trusty servants.
Eliza Emily Donnithorne, was widely considered at the time to be Charles Dickens' Miss Havisham, in Great Expectations. Although this cannot be proven, many think it true.
But that, in shutting out the light of day, she had shut out infinitely more; that, in seclusion, she had secluded herself from a thousand natural healing influences; that, her mind, brooding solitary, had grown diseased, as all minds do and must and will that reverse the appointed order of their Maker.. Great Expectations, chapter 49
There are several versions of her story, none of them all quite matching up.
Twickenham Museum version makes very interesting reading and probably as close as we are ever going to get to the truth.
Well here is my contribution:
The following appeared in what can only be described as a gossip column called 'THE DRAMA' in a paper called Bell’s Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer on Saturday 8 April 1848.
ON DIT.--The member for Durham is about to lead to the hymeneal, altar the accomplished daughter of Judge Donnithorne ; rumour adds that the "man of fashion" has eight thousand reasons for so doing.
Now I do hate to be a myth buster but the member for Durham in 1848 is of course Stuart Alexander DONALDSON 1812-1867. So that puts paid to our shipping clerk Cuthbertson ; or was she jilted twice!!
(now who was Cuthbertson)
Now I did say it was a gossip column so I searched further also reading Matt Murphy's story in The Newtown Project He gives a wedding date of 1856 that's 3 years after Eliza's father dies.(Now who would be around to spirit the baby away?
Matt Murphy asked himself the same question I've been asking;
"Why hasn't anyone gone to St.Stephens Church Newtown and checked the banns for the intended nuptials of Miss Donnithorne?"
Guess what! Matt Murphy checked and from 1845 to 1865 there are no Donnithorne's listed.
Good for you Matt Murphy. But really - Is that it?
How disappointing when urban legends lose their mystery.
James Donnithorne 1773-1852
Obituary Sydney Morning Herald, May 27 1852
THE LATE JAMES DONNITHORNE, ESQUIRE. Amongst the obituaries of the present week we regret to notice that of James Donnithorne, Esq., who for a long period of his life enjoyed some of the highest appointments in the gift of the Honorable East India Company. His father was a personal friend of George the Fourth, while Prince Regent, and held the appointment of Governor of the Stannaries for the Duchy of Cornwall, in which county his property of St. Agnes had long been possessed by his family, his uncles having held the high and honorable offices of Master of the Household, and Ambassador at the Court of Hanover, during the reigns of George the Second and Third. By the personal gift and under the especial patronage of the Prince Regent, his son, the present lamented James Donnithorne, Esq., was sent to India as the first writer in the Hon. East India Company's service. With talent and praiseworthy ability he rose to the highest distinction, and after having
acted for many years as Master of the Mint, at the receipt of £12,000 a year, he resigned to enter upon an appointment more favorable to his constitution. After a period of forty-two years he retired from the service of the company, to enjoy that repose from the fatigue of an honourable and active life which his declining age required ; and preferring the genial clime of this favoured land, adopted it as his home. He has now sunk under the weight of years, leaving behind him a name that will long be remembered by many for his unbounded hospitality, by all for his universal benevolence.- S. M. Herald, May 27.
According to Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary, Donnithorne family tradition had it that they were descended from a Spaniard, Don Thoan, who was shipwrecked off Cornwall
FOR MARRIED LADIES.
1. Let every wife be persuaded that there are two ways of governing a family; the first is by the expression of that will which belongs to force; the second by the power of mildness, to which even strength will yield. One is the power of the husband; a wife should never employ any other arms than gentleness. When a woman accustoms herself to say I will, she deserves to lose her empire.
2. Avoid contradicting your husband. When we smell at a rose, it is to imbibe the sweetness of its odour: we likewise look for every thing that is amiable from women. Whoever is often contradicted feels insensibly an aversion for the person who contradicts, which gains strength by time, and, whatever be her good
qualities, is not easily destroyed.
3.Occupy yourself only with household affairs. Wait till your husband confides to you affairs of higher importance, and do not give your advice till he asks it.
4.Never take upon, yourself to be a censor of your husband's morals, and do not read lectures to him. Let your preaching be a good example, and practice virtue yourself to make him in love with it.
5.Command his attentions by being always attentive to him; never exact any thing,
and you will obtain much; appear always flattered by the little he does for you,
which will excite him to perform more.
6.All men are vain ; never wound his vanity, not even in the most trifling instances.
A wife may have more sense than her husband, but she' should never seem to know it.
7.When a man gives wrong counsel, never make him feel that, he has done so, but lead him on by degrees to what is rational, with mildness and gentleness; when he is convinced,
leave him all the merit of having found out what was just and reasonable.
8.When a husband is out of temper, behave obligingly to him; if he is abusive, never retort;
and never prevail over him to humble him.
9.Choose well your female friends: have but few, and be careful of following their advice in all matters.
10. Cherish neatness without luxury, and pleasure without excess; dress with taste,
and particularly with modesty; vary the fashions of your dress, especially in regard to colours.
It gives a change to the ideas, and recalls pleasing recollections. Such things may appear trifling, but they are of more importance than is imagined.
11.Never be, - curious to pry into your husband's concerns, but obtain his confidence
by that which, at all times, you repose in him. Always preserve order and economy;
avoid being out of temper, and be careful never to scold.
By these means he will find his own house more pleasant than any other.
12. Seem always to obtain information from him, especially before company,
though you may pass yourself for a simpleton. Never forget that a wife owes all her importance
to that of her husband; Leave him entirely master of his actions, to go or come whenever he thinks fit.
A wife ought to make her company so amiable to her husband that he could not exist without it;
then he will not seek for any pleasure abroad if she does not partake of it with him.
transcribed from The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848) issue Friday 1 August 1828, by janilye on the 29 January 2012
Still happily living by the code in 1900 in Dungog, New South Wales just as her mother and grandmother did.
This article, which I have transcribed below was written on the 12 December 1912 and appeared as part of a feature in The Sydney Morning Herald, for Newtown's Municipal Jubilee. The links I added myself. janilye
NEWTOWN'S MUNICIPAL JUBILEE. PAST AND PRESENT.
SOME EARLY HISTORY.
Newtown is an old town-a very old town, in fact, as towns go in Australia.
It may almost be said to have begun with the arrival of Phillip. Certain it is that the man to whom the two grants of land, totalling 210 acres, on which to-day the greater part of Newtown stands, came out to Australia with Governor Phillip in 1788.
This man was one Nicholas Devine, son of a farmer in Burrin, county Cavan, Ireland. For 25 years Nicholas Devine filled the position of principal superintendent of convicts, and he seems to have given satisfaction to his superiors, for we find his services recognised by two grants of the public land the first grant of 120 acres was given to him on January 8, 1734, by "Richard Grose, Esquire, Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony," and the second, a grant of 50 acres, was given by "John Hunter Esquire, Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony," on October 3, 1799.
And Devine settled there, and, after his native town, he called the place Burrin Farm.
The Grose grant reads, In part:-"In pursuance of the power and authority vested in me is aforesaid, I do by these presents give and grant unto Nicholas Devine, his heirs and assigns, to have and to hold for ever one hundred and twenty acres of land, to be known by the name of Burrin Farm, laying: and situated in the
district of Bulanamlng, and separated on the north side by a road of 200ft in width from the land allotted for the maintenance of a schoolmaster, without the town of Sydney. Such timber as may be growing and to grow hereafter upon the said land, "which may be deemed fit for naval purposes, to be reserved for the use of the
The land granted to Devine by Governor Hunter was bounded on the south-west side by Page, Candells, Jenkins, and Field farm, from which it is separated by a road of 60 feet, and on the south side by an allotment granted unto Samuel Burt, the said 90 acres
of land to be known by the name of Burrin"
On these 210 acres Devine lived for many years and there he died. The land was heavily timbered, but whether any of the timber was ever requisitioned for naval purposes we do not know. We know this, however, that the heirs and assigns of Nicholas Devine who were to have and to hold it for ever, have long since ceased to have any interest in the land. Burrin Farm has ceased to be.
All the farms that once were there about have gone, and on the land are thousands of houses closely packed together, and, where once a few men bade each other the time of day, and inquired how the crops were getting on, many thousands of people-in Newtown and Erskinevllle and Camperdown, in Enmore, St Peters, and the places contiguous thereto-are living and moving in these busy times with never a thought of the old farm lands.
But at a time like this, when Newtown Is celebrating its municipal Jubilee, we may with advantage look back on some of the past history of the place, and recall some of the early life of Australia and some of the men of old. History and romance are here blended in a way that should interest all Australians.
A CELEBRATED CASE
Old hands still speak of the great Devine case- or the Newtown ejectment case as the records have it as a 'cause celebre' which lasted for many days and which was crowded with sensational incident.
In it were engaged most of the leading counsel of the day and many prominent families were concerned in it as defendants.
The date was 1857-27 years after Nicholas Devine had died. Devine went to England, it Is said, as a witness for Bligh, after the latter's deposition and there he married. He however left no issue and on his death his property passed to one Bernard Rochfort, yeoman who had become his assigned servant in 1825.
To Rochfort it is alleged he conveyed the whole of the land comprised in the two grants, and from Rochfort it was purchased in parcels of various sizes by citizens of Sydney who built fine country homes there, spending thousands of pounds. Then suddenly relatives of the deceased Nicholas Devine appeared upon the scene and laid claim to all the land. Rochfort was charged with forcing the old man's signature to the will. Moreover it was claimed that being an assigned servant he was not entitled to possess any land whatever.
The families who were now living on the estate combined to defend the case - to defend their own estates.
It was one of the longest if not the longest list of defendants in a case that this country has any record of.
We have not space to follow it further than to state that in the end proceedings were stopped by the defendants paying a certain sum to the claimant as a solatium. But the evildence given in the case-it was published afterwards in pamphlet form and may be seen in the Public Library.
It is interesting because many of the men who were witnesses lived as boys in Sydney at the beginning of the nineteenth century and told of things that happened in the old convict days. And partlcularly interesting, is it to one who wishes to preserve the old history of Newtown.
There were bushrangers at Newtown once, for in 1822 we read Nicholas Devine and his wife were beaten by bushrangers till they were almost senseless". One witness John Lucas said, "I am a native of the colony and have great recollection. I know Nicholas Devine 54 or 55 years ago. I lived on Church Hill then, and Devine lived in Bridge street and afterwards we lived near each other at Newtown. I knew him in 1800, and I recollect his being beaten by the bushrangers in 1822. He had a sap ling fence around his farm, and I used to go there to get firewood". Another witness Michael Willlam Henry said that he came to the colony in 1800 and was formerly in the Marines "The last commander that I sailed under" he said " was Lord Nelson"
There is much interesting history in these Pages but it must be passed over.
O'CONNELLTOWN AND "THE NEW TOWN"
Sydney has grown greatly in the last hundred years the city has expanded, large suburbs have grown up and where once the blacks had corroborees and bushrangers held men up, we have a metropolis with a population of nearlv three quarters of a million. Newtown like so many of our other suburbs has grown from small things to big things It is in fact, the busiest of all our suburbs today.
But before Newtown was O'Connelltown, (called after Sir Maurlce O'Connell, who lies burled In the old Camperdown Cemetery near St. Stephen's Church) was flourishing and though, the name has now gone, some of the old inhabitants still say they live in O'Connelltown.
Exactly how Newtown got its name is not quite clear. But years ago - many years ago- there were half a dozen small cottages situated between Beehag's block (where Hatters' Arcade now stands) and Eliza street and the records of the Wesleyan Church show that services were held in one of these old cottages in 1838.
Probably they were built about 1830. There was a big break from St. John's Tavern (now the Shakespeare Hotel, at the corner of King and Hordern streets) to Beehag's property Then, in addition to the cottages referred
to, there were brickworks, surrounded by a number of old huts, on what is now known as the Gowrie Estate, at the rear of Newtown Markets. In all probability this group of buildings came to be called "the new town," and so the place got its name. There are some who tell us, however, that a small vlllage sprang up at St. Peters, and that it used to be referred to as "New Town."
Many of the streets in Newtown are named after the men of the early days. O'Connell street, for instance, is named after Sir Maurice Charles O'Connell, a cousin of the celebrated Daniel O'Connoll. He landed in Sydney in 1809, In command of the 73rd Regiment, and bearing a commission as Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales and its dependencies and immediately after his arrlval he married Mrs. Putland, the brave and dutiful daughter of Governor Bligh. He died in Sydney on May 25, 1818, and his remains were the first to be interred in the Church of England cemetery at Newtown-known as the old Camperdown Cemotery. It was in Sydney that his no less distinguished son, Sir Maurlce Charles O'Connoll (President of legislatlve Council of Queensland, and four times Actlng-Governor of Queensland), was born. Bligh-street, Newtown, reminds us that the land on the west side of King-street, from Forbes street down to Missenden-road, comprised the grant to Bligh, and in the forties and fifties it was all practically vacant land.
THE OLD TOLL BARS.
There have been great changes since then, and there is scarce a vacant piece of land there now. The old tollbars have gone, and the railway and tramway run through the land where the old farms were. There were three gates on what was then known as Cook's River-road-one at Forbes-street (tho entrance from the city), one on what is now the Newtown railway bridge, and one at the dam, Cook's River. By paying at one of them the traveller was given a pass to clear the others for the same day only. The road, being one of the main roads, was vested in the Cook's River-road trust. Before it was taken over by the trust it was one of the worst out of the city, but a couple of years afterwards it was acknowledged to be the best in the colony. The gates were leased or sold for three-year periods, and the first to take charge was G A. Davis, an old resident of the district. The trust could only raise money by the sale of the tollbars; It had no power to tax anyone save those who went through the gates.
It was near the old toll-bar, and between King-Street and Bligh-street, that Dr. Samson's acadamy for boys and young men stood, and many of his scholars became prominent business men in the city.
Close by, in Bligh street, was the residence of "Parson" Kemp, who was the first minister of St Stephen's. The old house is still standing. At the bottom of Nelson-street, now called Little Queen street, was Gough's College Hotel, afterwards known as "Gough's Folly," because It was built off the main road, with no population near at the time. It certainly did seem an out-of-the-way place for an hotel but probably Gough was a far-seelng man. "I do not think he was mad," said an old resident to a "Herald reporter, "because there was a lot or building going on about there, and he opened his house to catch the trade. More over, the University was being built, St. Paul's College, St. John's College, and several smaller places. " From which It would appear that Mr. Gough expected to do a big trade with the University!
It is not without Interest to note. In those skyscraper days, that the first three-story building in Newtown was put up in King street by a Mr, Peden, who was connected with one of the city banks, and used as a private residence. To-day it is a pastrycook's shop.
WHEN THE TOWN WAS INCORPORATED.
When Newtown was incorporated there were only about 15 buildings on the east side of King-street, extending from Forbes-street to the railway bridge. Mr. Hordern, who laid the foundations of the firm of Hordern Brothers, is said to have lived on the corner of Fitzroy-street. Lower down, on the Cook's River-road, was Dent's large block. It ran from Short-street to Holt-street
The Hon. Thomas Holt, M.L.C., built a very large mansion there, and it was afterward.
used as the Camden College, with the Rev. S. C. Kent as the principal. Many prominent men of the city were educated there, among them the late Mr. Samuel Hordern and his brother Anthony, Dr. A. Watson, and Dr. Knaggs. Mr. Holt also built Camden-terrace, end portion of this terrace is still standing. He is also remembered for having built what was then the largest mansion in the colony. This was at Marrickville, and it was known as "The Warren." He imported a thousand rabbits, and stocked the land, and made it a rabbit run, and is now blamed for the rabbit pest in this country. This property was later occupied by the Carmelite nuns, but it is now unoccupied, and its castle-like character makes it an object of much interest.
The principal business places of Enmore are situated on what was once the "Josephson block."
Joshua Frey Josephson owned a great area of the land thereabouts, and lived in a mansion on the spot where the Enmore tram terminus now is. He was one of our early Judges, and In 1848 was Mayor of Sydney. Another of our Judges who lived out here, in "Stanmore House." was Sir George Long Innes. Still another famous place in this locality was 'Reiby House' once belonging to Mary Reiby
THE OLDEST HOUSE
The Old White Horse, built about 1838 on Cook's River-road, and standing opposite Pat tinson's grocer shop, is the oldest house in Newtown to-day. It Is built of laths and plaster, and so dates back to very early times. The hotel was one of the old-time wayside places that stood back some distance from the road.
It had one of the old colonial water troughs-the trunk of a tree hollowed out in the front. It was kept in the early days by a man named Isaac Titterton and afterwards by James Richards who was one of the first bus propietors plying between Newtown and Sydney. This man drove in one morning to town and reported that gold had been found in Newtown and there was a rush at once, all sorts of fancy prices being paid to the busmen to take people out. The gold was alleged to have been found out in Garsod's brickyards, now known as the Gowrie Estate.
Gold, it is true, was found there, but only a few grains of it, and the old hands state that "Jimmy Richards found it to make business for his hotel and his 'buses." Hundreds of people joined in the "rush."
There was a well at the hotel, and the top of it was left off one night, with the result that a woman with a child in her arms fell in. It was in the days of the crinoline, and so the woman kept afloat until she was taken out, but the child was drowned.
The City Bank building was originally erected by John Donohoe as an hotel, but an iron monger named Matthew Harrison, who had his place a little lower down, offered a big rent, with a long lease, and it was accepted, and the place was never opened as a hotel.
On the same site, before this place was built, there was an old slab hut built with a bark roof, occupied by an old man, known as "Billy the Bull," so called because he used to work an old bull in the shafts of a dray as others worked a horse. He was a hawker and wood carter.
The Bank of Australasia once stood on the site of Ralph Mason's old smithy shop. Then the bank bought it.
Up to that time the price paid was the highest given for land in Newtown. The Bank of Australasia first started opposite where the Bank Hotel is now.
One by one those old houses - the owners of many of which figured as defendants in the Devine case - have disappeared, and the large grounds in which they stood have been sub divided and sold to meet the demands of our modern life. The last to go was "Thurnby." It was the home of T. C. Brellatt, leading flour-miller in the colony at that time, and the first returning officer in Newtown. After living there for many years he sold the property to Mr. Foster, who afterwards became Judge Foster, and represented Newtown in Parliament for some years.
The old place was recently pulled down, and the ground is now nearly all built on. But a few of the old houses that figured in the Devine case are still standing-Reiby House, in Statlon street; Donohoe's old cottage, in Ersklnevllle road (now part of a cordial factory); two shops on Cook's River-road, now occupied by a pawnbroker; and "The Retreat," at the corner of Burrin and Wilson Streets.
There has, indeed, been a transformation since the days when Nicholas Devine lived upon his farm. Life is far swifter now than in the days when the mailman drove leisurely through the place, blowing the old-fashioned horn. Time is far more precious than it was when a large boiler (now in the possession of Mr. Macquarie Walker, of Wells-street) burst, and went rolling with a thunderous noise along King-street, Newtown, and the driver and fireman of a train that had pulled up at the station left their train to go and see what all the commotion was about.
A suggestion has been made to the committee in charge of the celebrations that steps be taken to make the oldest residents guests
of honour at some of the functions. It is a suggestion that will probably be acted upon.
The Newtown Project for the Sydney Archives