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Peter Kilduff 1804 - 1850

Tried: Westmeath
Arrived on the vessel 'FORTH' Master Henry Hutton, Surgeon Superintendent Thomas Robertson.
(The Forth departed Cork 21 October 1834 with 196 male prisoners. Arrived in Port Jackson on Monday 3 February 1835. One man died on voyage.)
Granted Ticket of Leave 16 March 1843 Maitland
A coroner's inquest into the death of Peter Kilduff, held on Tuesday 15 October 1850, at the Fitzroy Hotel, at 7 a. m., before Henry Glennie, Esq.
Peter Kilduff carrier. Employed by Henry Dangar taking goods to station 'Yellowroy' (Yallaroi). Killed when a wheel of the dray passed over his head a mile and a half beyond Rix's Creek, in the Singleton area. He was the brother of John KILDUFF 1793-1854 and
Michael KILDUFF 1799-1874
An inquest was this day held at 7 o'clock A M.' before the
Coroner of the district, at the Fitzroy Hotel, on view of
the body of Peter Kilduff, then lying dead.
The Jury being sworn, proceeded, to view the body which
was in a dray in the adjoining yard, and having returned,
Thomas M'Mahon was called and being sworn, stated
that he resided on a part of Mr. Henry Dangar's
ground at Singleton, from which place he started
with his team, on yesterday, October 14. about eleven
o'clock a.m. in company with two other teams, all
three laden with property for Mr. Dangar's station
at Yallaroi ; and that having accompanied them
about three miles on the road, and having cautioned
deceased, who was then much worse for "liquor"
to take care of himself, left his own team in charge
of a man whom he had employed to drive it and rode
on before them, to the Pound at Full Brook, a few
miles further on. Having delayed here some time,
and the drays not having yet made their appearance,
he returned to see what delayed them and was surprised
to find them but a short distance from where he first
left them. The driver of his own team being,
from drunkenness, incapable of driving, he took
the whip from him, stopped the team, and went back
to the second one which was a short distance behind
his (witness's) and spoke to the driver, John Smith
who did not appear to be drunk. Smith having
looked back and observed that deceased's team stopt
walked back to see what detained it, and shortly
after ran back again to witness exclaiming that Kilduff's
brains were dashed out. Witness himself
went to the spot and saw deceased lying on the road
a short distance behind his team, quite dead— his
brains scattered about, and his head frightfully
crushed, the wheel of the dray, which had on
about forty-five cwts., having passed over it.
The Jury having re-assembled at the appointed
hour, Smith was then called, and being sworn, con
firmed the former witness's statement up to the time
he left them to go to the pound, and stated that after
he (M'Mahon) left them, they halted to have dinner
—after dinner, took a keg (the inseparable curse of
such journeys) containing about four gallons of
wine, from one of the drays, and drew therefrom
about one pint full which they divided between them;
they started again and had not travelled far when
witness observed the team which deceased drove, to
stop ; he halted his own team and went back to that
of deceased to see what detained it; when he arrived
there he did not see deceased till he went a little bit
from the dray: He saw deceased lying quite dead on
the road, the off wheel having passed over his head,
the last time witness saw deceased, about five minutes
before he observed his team stopping, he was walking
on the near side by his bullocks, and did not that
day see deceased sitting on the pole of his dray, nor
was he drunk. The Coroner having summoned up the
evidence the Jury after a few moments deliberation,
returned-a verdict, that deceased met his death
accidentally. the wheel of his dray having passed over
his head, but how it happened they were unable to say.
From the position in which deceased was found, his
head lying immediately in the very track of the off
wheel and his legs near the track of the near wheel.
It is C0njectured that he must have fallen off the
pole while endeavouring to get on it; being at the
time much under the influence of liquor. Of the six
or seven sudden deaths that have occurred in this
neighbourhood, within a very short period, five, we
believe, were the results of intemperance.
The callousness and utter want of sympathy, and the
indifference with which these wretched individuals, who
are habitual drunkards, witness death in its most ap
palling form, may be gathered from the fact, of the
two co-mates of the deceased, having shortly after
the accident, seated themselves round the fatal keg.
from which deceased, doubtless drank his death, and
satisfied their craving thirst.

Freeman's Journal
(Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932)
Thursday 24 October 1850
Page 10
Transcription, janilye 2011
NOTE: The license for the Fitzroy Hotel in George-street, Singleton was granted to Alexander Munro 1812-1889 in 1848.


When John Turnbull and his wife, Ann
Warr Turnbull, left their native village of
Annan in Dumfriesshire in Scotland (Annan,
by the way, is just across the border
from the English town of Carlisle in Cumberland)
Annan is also famous as being
the birth place of Lieut. Col. George Johnston,
the crusher of the Rouse Hill rebellion of 1804,
later on to become the tool of that unspeakable
bully and land monopolist, John Macarthur, and when George
Johnston received grants for his service
to the military oligarchy (the Rum Corps officials),
he used his native town's name as a prefix to his several
estates, hence, Annandale, Annan Lodge, Annangrove, etc.
But to come back to the Pioneer Turnbulls.
John Turnbull had established a business
in London as a tailor's cutter, where he
had pursued that calling since about the
age of 22 years. When in the year 1802 the
couple heard that free settlers were wanted
in New South Wales to cultivate the
soil, he was induced to come here along
with nine other families, with the promise
of 100 acres of land each on their arrival,
and rations for a certain period afterwards,
with the services, of two assigned Govern-
ment men, assured also to them. (Settlers
were usually allowed one assigned man for
each 50 acres in their possession.) The
story of Australia can be told in the lives
of such as this worthy couple and their descendants.
The Turnbulls' early struggles, as told
in the lives of these pioneers, contain
strange chapters of personal effort, fierce
hardships, of defeat and victory, of disaster
and triumph. The practical elements
which made for success were predominant
and to the fore. It was but the qualities
of endurance and strength which tell in a
new country. Of the Turnbulls, it may
be said they were what faith and circum-
stance made them. John Turnbull must
have been of rugged, persevering stock,
with the blood of the old Covenanters in
him, and his life's story is well worth the
telling. John Turnbull, pioneer, the found-
er of the family of Hawkesbury Turnbulls,
was born in the year 1750, learnt the trade
of a tailor's cutter, and with his wife set
up in business in London, where a number
of children were born, those being the
names of the English-born children of
John and Ann Warr Turnbull, and their
respective ages were in the year 1802 (as
per "Coromandel" list).—Ralph (I.), aged
10 years; Mary, aged 5 years; James, aged
4 years; and Jessica, aged 19 months. After
this pioneer couple acquired the 100 acres
land grant just below where stands Ebenezer
Church on the Hawkesbury, and where the pioneer
built a stone residence on a high headland of
the river (still there) the place is worthy
of preserving, in all conscience. There it was
that great and good man, Dr. J. D. Lang, was 'put up'
on the various occasions of his visits to the
Hawkesbury, and to the worthy minister
Pioneer Turnbull told his experience at
the hands of Governor King on his arrival
by the "Coromandel" on the 13th June,
1802. After personally interviewing each
settler that arrived on that occasion, the
Governor, coming to Turnbull, exclaimed,
''One foot in the grave and the other out
of it! What brought you here, old man?"
It is remarkable of the physical fitness and
diligence that the pioneer lived to the age
of 86 years; indeed, the Ebenezer "Burial
Register Entry" of John Turnbull's death
records his age at death as being 91 years!
On the 100 acres of land was grown wheat
and other cereal crops. John Turnbull's
name often appears in the lists of tenders
for supplies to the Government in issues of
'The Sydney Gazette' newspaper of wheat, pork and beef.
On the Turnbull grant was also a fine orchard planted by
the pioneer, where various kinds of stoneand citrus fruits
grew in abundance.
On one occasion Pioneer Turnbull, in the late
twenties of last century, was taking a cart
load of peaches for sale into the markets at Sydney and
was 'stuck up' by that notorious bushranger of the time,
Russel Crawford, on the Parramatta-road, near what is now
Grace Bros. establishment.
The old pioneer held his own and beat the
ruffian off until assistance arrived.
I may here remark that Russel Crawford
in the year 1832 was hanged in Sydney after
his conviction for attempting to murder
Mr. George Banks Suttor by stealing up
on the back of the chaise in which Suttor
was driving and delivering him a violent
blow on the head. That blow affected Mr.
Suttor all the rest of his life, although he
lived to the great age of 80 years, only dy-
ing on the 27th October, 1879 (after a fall
from his buggy) at his ancestral home residence
and farm 'Chelsea Park,' Baulkham Hills (the
original George Suttor's grant).
The story of Mr. George Banks Suttor and
his wife, Jane Johnston, an Australian-born
daughter of Andrew Johnston the first, will
be told later.
To come back to Pioneer Turnbull, I find
that he was one of the settlers who in the
year 1816 gave a donation of ten shillings
to the "Waterloo Fund", to be sent to England
to relieve widows and orphans whose soldier-husbands
were killed in the Battle of Waterloo (1815). That
list contained the names of 239 subscribers in all, and
the amount in cash collected totalled £231/8/-
(quite a respectable sum of money in
those days). From time to time I intend
to quote the amounts given by Hawkesbury
pioneers that came by the "Coromandel"
not in any way for comparison, but to
show their unswerving loyalty to the old
land, and also for their good deeds of
charity to those bereaved by war. Ralph
Turnbull (I.), eldest and English-born son
of the pioneer, contributed £1 to this fund.
But on of the proudest achievements,
that can be spoken of with pride by the de-
scendants of John Turnbull the first, is the
fact of his being one of the main princi-
pals (it may be said that there were fifteen
in all) who were the founders of Ebenezer
Church. In a family bible of the pioneer
there is inscribed in his handwriting: 'I
have agreed this day to contribute £5 per
year to a minister for Ebenezer Chapel'
for a date in the year 1817 (for which exact
date and month the writer has mislaid his
note). There was also a note stating the
date of his arrival in the 'Coromandel' in
the year 1802. All these references are
extremely valuable for the recorders of his-
tory, because when notes of events are
made at the actual times one can judge
them as being quite veracious and accurate.
After the pioneer occupied his holding at
Ebenezer there were born to John and Ann
Warr Turnbull three Australian-born chil-
dren, respectively named: John (II.), born
year 1804; George (I.), born year 1806; and
William Bligh, born year 1809.
It is a great misfortune that no portraits
of the Pioneers of Ebenezer exist, of any
of those famous in after years that came
by the 'Coromandel.' The reason is very
simple — the earliest form of daguerrotype
photo was not invented until the year 1839,
and then in very imperfect form; and most-
ly all of the pioneers died before that year
with a few exceptions, and in those excep-
tions no efforts had been made by the
families to secure pictures of their ances-
tors; but the times were hard, and the
pioneers did not appear to have been will-
ing to leave the old places. In some cases
the pioneers' children did not even visit
the neighboring town of Windsor on any
occasion but once. So that it is our mis-
fortune that we cannot look upon their
faces and see what manner of folk they
loked in replica and in life.
To return to John Turnbull (I.). The
pioneer himself appears to have been a
rigid Presbyterian, although it has been
stated that all of the men folk who were
original founders and thus fathers of Ebe-
nezer Church were Nonconformists, or dis-
senting Protestants to the forms of divers
church forms of service. My own opinion
is that Turnbull was a staunch believer in
the Presbyterian form of service. How-
ever that may be, Mrs. Ann Warr Turn-
bull was an adherent of the Church of Eng-
land form of worship, and when that good
woman died her sentiments and wishes
were respected. At her request, Mrs. Ann
Turnbull at her death was buried in the
beautiful burial ground of St. John's
Church of England on the hill at Wilber-
force. Perhaps in all Australia there is
no more beautiful a cemetery than it, over
looking the delightful valley of the Hawkesbury.
The inscription- there says:-
To the Memory of
Wife of Mr. John Turnbull,
Who departed this life December 19th, 1819,
Aged 54 years.
With A.T. on footstone on grave.
Alongside is the grave of her English
born daughter, Mary, who was married
firstly to James Hartley and secondly to
James Wright. On a smaller headstone is
Sacred to the Memory of
Who departed this life February 11th, 1825.
Aged 28 years.
Actually this lady, was 30 years of age,
according to my 'Coromandel' list, and I
take that list of names and ages to be au-
There were four children left as orphans
after Mrs. Wright's death, two boys and
two girls.
Ralph Turnbull (I.), the English-born,
son of the pioneer, married firstly Miss
Grace Cavanough, daughter of Owen
Cavanough (I.), a seaman, one time of the
'Sirius,' but long since a farmer-settler
at Ebenezer, and later of the first branch
of the Hawkesbury (Colo, as it was called
afterwards). By Grace Cavanough Ralph
Turnbull (I.) had five children— Ralph
Turnbull (II), who married firstly Miss
Sarah Reynolds, and secondly Miss Sarah
Cross. The second Ralph (or 'Rafe,' as
Hawkesbury people sound it) was the father
of Ralph (III.) and William Turnbull (twin
sons), both of Wilberforce, and of Mrs.
Lucinda Lockart, of Windsor, and others,
the mother being, of course, the first wife
(nee Sarah Reynolds). It is interesting to
know that Mrs. Lockart still has in her
keeping the white waistcoat which her
father wore at the marriage ceremony with
Miss Sarah Reynolds, which took place at
Colo in the year 1840. The vest appears
quite as good to-day as it then was. The
texture must have been good, of good ma-
terial. Ralph Turnbull (II.) married the
second time when he was 73 years of age,
to Miss Sarah Cross. The second wife predeceased
him, dying on the 8th of November, 1898, aged 58 years.
Mrs. Sarah Reynolds-Turnbull died
October 15th, 1886, aged 63 years.
Ralph Turnbull (II.) died at the age of
86 years and 8 months, on the
14th February, 1901, at Wilberforce. They
are buried in a family grave along with
other members of his family at St. John's
cemetery, Wilberforce.
Other children of Ralph Turnbull (I) and
his wife Grace Cavanough were respective
ly:— Mary, who became firstly Mrs. James
Dunston, secondly Mrs. Gurney; Elizabeth,
who became Mrs. John Dunston; Ann who
became Mrs. Richard Cox; (this lady was
the mother of Alderman Samuel Cox, of Pitt
Town); John, who married firstly Miss
Elizabeth Arnold, and also a second time
(writer cannot just now locate the name).
Ralph Turnbull (I.) by his second wife
Mrs. Mary Ann Riley Turnbull, had the fol-
lowing children:— Eliza, Jane, Sarah, Maria
and Andrew. The second wife of Ralph
Turnbull (I.) long out-lived him. She mar-
ried also a second time, to Mr. James Fer-
ris, to whom she bore a large family. That
family removed to Grafton, N.S. Wales
where Mrs. Mary Turnbull Ferris died.
Ralph Turnbull (I.) is buried alongside his
first wife (nee Grace Cavanough) at St.
Thomas' burying ground, Sackville, where
the inscriptions read:-
Sacred to the Memory of
Who departed this life Feby. 1st, 1828
Aged 33 years.
The other reads:-
Sacred to the Memory of
Who departed this life November 18th, 1840,
Aged 49 years.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) originally had
a grant of land which had been promised to
his father, dated 14th June, 1811, of 60
acres, adjoining the original 100 acres
Turnbull grant, the actual grant of which
was not made until just a month before
Ralph's death, the date being 21st October,
1840. However, Ralph Turnbull (I.) had a
nice grant of good land at Colo, of 100
acres, which he lived on continuously and
reared two families there. Although
the date of promise is given as 1st Decem-
ber, 1821, the grant itself was only made
on the 8th February, 1836.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) named the Colo
property 'Andale,' situate on the Colo
River, and adjoining Owen Cavanough's
(I.) grant, as the records say. It is evident
that Ralph (I.) named the place 'Anndale,'
after his mother's Christian name, but due
to lack of knowledge of spelling, the clerk
in the Surveyor-General's Department, Syd-
ney, of the time, misspelt it. I am of opin-
ion that that farm at Colo is a very histori-
cal place for many reasons, of which more
anon. I believe it to be the exact place
whereon lived Mrs. Mary Hartley (nee
Mary Turnbull, of the 'Coromandel').
Some time again I will refer to a Siletta
orange tree that is still existing on 'An-
dale,' and bearing fruit each year, though
it is over 90 years old. It was planted by
Mrs. Gurney, Ralph's eldest daughter,
Mary, when she was a mere girl.
I come now to Miss Jessica Turnbull the
second English-born daughter of the pion-
eer, whose age was one year and seven
months when Mr. and Mrs. Turnbull came
aboard the 'Coromandel' 'at Deptford on
the Thames in the year 1802. This very
good woman when she arrived at the age of
19 years married Mr. Denis Benjamin Kirwan
who had a grant of 40 acres of land
at Sackville. Tizzana vineyard and the
stone house used as a residence by Dr.
Fiaschi is in the main the actual building
erected by Mr. Kirwan. Of course there
have been many additions made to the
house by the doctor, who has also vastly
increased the original property in area by
purchase from other holders. Mr. D. B.
Kirwan had a flour mill on his grant which
was worked by a water-wheel. Grain was
brought for gristing to it by settlers from
up and down the river for many miles dis-
tant. The memory of the old mill wheel
is still mentioned by old Hawkesburyites,
but it long since is a thing of the past.
(The writer would be pleased to know of
anyone having a picture, of it.)
son of the first Ralph Turnbull and Grace
Cavanough Turnbull. Born year 1815.
Died at Wilberforce 14th February, 1901,
aged 86 years and 8 months.
The writer wishes to express his thanks
to Miss M. D. Turnbull, of "Karoola," Wilberforce,
for the use of her paternal, grandfather's picture.
The writer is also largely indebted to Mrs. Lucinda Lockart,
of Windsor, for her help in many ways.

Mrs. Jessica Kirwan bore ten daughters
and two sons to Mr. Kirwan. The eldest
girl, who married a Mr. Everingham (Eliza-
beth Everingham) lived on her property
facing the river Hawkesbury at the rear of
Tizzana cellars and residence, and a large
tomb is still to be seen there wherein Mrs.
Elizabeth Everingham was buried. The
other daughters were: Diana (Mrs. Mil-
lington), Matilda Z. (Mrs. McFetridge), Ann
(Mrs. Hopkins), Phoebe (Mrs. Sanday),
Adelaide (Mrs. Thomas Cross), Victoria
(Mrs. Weldon), and three daughters named
respectively Henrietta, Harriet and Ange-
lina, who died as young women (unmar
ried). The two sons were Hiram John
Kirwin, who married a Miss Charlotte Ar-
nold; this latter couple had in all 11 chil-
dren; and Colclough Kirwan, who perished
in the bush near Blackall, Queensland; the
latter was unmarried.
Amongst the many who knew Mrs. Jessica Kirwan
in life is Mr. Hiram A. Turnbull, of Rose Bay, Sydney,
who as a lad used to carry the mail post-bag between
Windsor and Sackville. He refers to her
as a dear old lady, who used to keep some-
thing nice for him when on the trips he
arrived at her house. One of her grand-
daughter's says of Mrs. Jessica Kirwarn that
for over the period of 60 years in which
she lived in the same house, she never slept
a night from under its roof . For over 30
years Mrs. Kirwan was a widow, generally
one or more of her daughters being with
her until her death. At St. Thomas' burial
ground at Sackville, in a family grave
where the three unmarried daughters are
laid, also is a headstone which is
Sacred to the Memory of
Died Octr. 15th, 1851,
Aged 57 years.
Also, to the Memory of
(nee Jessica Turnbull)
Died April 1st, 1882,
Aged 82 years. (84. — G. G. R.)
'Waken, O Lord, our drowsy sense,
To walk this dangerous road,
And if our souls are hurried hence,
May they be found with God.
With footstones: D.B.K., 1851, and J.K.,
James Turnbull, the second English-born
son of John and Ann Turnbull, never married,
but lived in the Hawkesbury district
most of his life. He died about 1882 in
the Windsor Hospital, and is buried in the
churchyard of St. Matthew's at that town.
He must have attained the age of 85 years,
for his age was given as four years old in
the year 1802 by his parents. In a further
article I shall have more to say of James
The Australia-born children of John and Mary Turnbull were John (II.) who
was the eldest of the three sons, being born
in the year 1804 at Ebenezer. John Turn-
bull (II.), like his English-born brother,
James, never married. The inscription in
the churchyard at Ebenezer in the Turn-
bull enclosure reads:-
In Memory of
Died July 2nd, 1881,
Aged 77 years.
That in memory of the pioneer, progeni-
tor and founder of the family reads: -
In Memory of
Died June 7th, 1834,
Aged 86 years.
A rather misleading tablet to the pion-
eer's wife has of late years been placed on
the same gravestone. I think it should
have fully stated that her remains were
interred at St. John's, Wilberforce. From the
wording as it is now (1923) future historians
will think that Mrs. Ann Turnbull
is buried in the same enclosure, whereas it
is not so, for reasons which I have express-
ed elsewhere.
The second Australian-born son of John
and Ann Turnbull was George Turnbull,
who was born in the year 1806. He married
Miss Louisa Chaseling at Sackville Reach
chapel on October 9th, 1826, the officiating
minister being the Rev. Matthew Devenish
Meares. To this couple in course of time
were born 12 children, 6 sons and 6 daugh-
ters, one of the sons being George Turn-
bull (II.), father of Hiram A. Turnbull,
clothing manufacturer of Sydney (residing
at Rose Bay). This gentleman's father was
married to a Miss Maria Greentree. Mr.
Thomas Turnbull, of Eastwood (still on
deck) is another son of George and Louisa
Chaseling Turnbull. This gentleman is
married to Miss Elizabeth Manning, and
the couple recently celebrated their golden
wedding anniversary. Another son of
George and Louisa Chaseling Turnbull is
Mr. John Warr Turnbull, of 'Kelso,' Sack-
ville, who was married to a Miss Ann Manning.
This Mrs. Turnbull died nearly 12
months ago, and is buried at Ebenezer,
likewise also is Mr. George Turnbull (II.)
and his wife, Mrs. Maria Turnbull.
In passing it might be stated that some
of the descendants of Pioneer Turnbull
stuck to Presbyterianism, and others, nota-
bly the families of Ralph Turnbull I., II.,
and III., all embraced Church of England-
ism. In any case it is worth remarking as
a 'family psychology' of Faith originating
in the pioneers and pioneeresses particular
beliefs. It is greatly to the credit of all
those notable people that they were so
broad-minded in their Protestantism
(which of itself is almost enough).
The third Australian-born son of John
and Ann Turnbull was named William Bligh
Turnbull. He was born at Ebenezer on the
8th of June, 1809. At the age of 28 years
Mr. W. Bligh Turnbull was married at
Ebenezer Church to Miss Elizabeth Wilson,
aged 17 years. That was in the year 1838,
the officiating minister being the Rev. John
Cleland. About the month of December,
1868, Mr. William Bligh Turnbull, with
his wife and family left the Hawkesbury
and went to reside at Kempsey, on the
Macleay River, where he had purchased
a farming property. This couple had in
all a family of 11 children, 8 boys and 3
girls. W. B. Turnbull was very successful
on his farm. He died on the 11th of June,
1892, at the age of 83 years, and is buried
in Euroka cemetery, near Kempsey.

Windsor and Richmond Gazette
Friday 6 April 1923
Transcription, janilye 2014

The Pioneers of Ebenezer Church were:
Thomas Arndell and Elizabeth (Burley)
Paul Bushell and Jane (Sharp) (deceased) and Isabella (Brown)
Captain John Grono and Elizabeth (Bristow)
Owen Cavanough and Margaret (Dowling)
William Jacklin and Mary (Cardell) (deceased) and Elizabeth (Connell)
John Suddis and Isabella Suddis
Lewis Jones
James Davison and Jane ( Johnston)
George Hall and Mary (Smith)
John Howe and Frances (Ward)
Andrew Johnston and Mary (Beard)
John Johnstone and Elizabeth (Lewins)
James Mein and Susannah (Skene)
William Stubbs and Sarah (Wingate)
John Turnbull and Ann (Warr)
In 2006 decendant, and Australia's current Prime Minister Malcolm Bligh Turnbull donated a considerable sum towards the restoration of the Ebenezer Church

Turnbull, Ralph 1846–1935

Another of the Hawkesbury's oldest and best known identities, Mr. Ralph Turnbull, passed away at his residence, "Karoola," Wilberforce, on Monday, after a lengthy illness and at the ripe age of 88 years. Had he lived a few more days he would have reached his 89th milestone. By his death a link in a unique chain of twins has been snapped his surviving twin brother, Mr. William Turnbull, being still hale and hearty, whilst Messrs Arthur and Fred. Daley, of Wilberforce, are twin nephews, and Peter and John Nolan; sons of Mr. and Mrs. Geoff. Nolan (nee Miss Doll Greentree, of Wilberforce) are twin great-grandsons of the deceased.

Born at Colo, the deceased was a son of the late Ralph and Sarah Turnbull, and had lived in the district all his life — for the major portion at Wilberforce, where he carried on farming operations. He was married at Redfern 64 years ago to Miss Maria Ann Dunston, sister of the late Mrs. Henry Dunston, of Grose Vale, who survives, together with a family of one son and seven daughters, viz., Amy Amelia (Mrs. Fred Greentree, Mt. Keira), Willie (Wilberforce), Edith Alice (at home), Fanny (Mrs. McGregor, Wilberforce), Jessie (Mrs. Poidevin, Wollongong), Minnie (Mrs. Arthur Bootle, Pitt Town), Gladys (at home), and Dulcie (Mrs. Ronald Hall, Wilberforce). Two sons and one daughter predeceased their father.

Right throughout his long life, until he retired owing to ill health a few years ago, the late Mr. Turnbull had been a hard worker, and even in his 80's could be found tilling the soil on his farm at Wilberforce. Although he did not take a prominent part in public life, he was always keenly interested in the welfare of the district, and for many years was a member of the council of the Hawkesbury District Agricultural Association, for which he rendered yeoman service. Upon his retirement from the council he, as well as his brother, who retired some years later, were made honorary life members - an honor which has been conferred on only two other councilors since the inception of the society. Kindhearted and generous, and a Christian gentleman in the true sense of the term, Mr. Turnbull's life trail is strewn with the memories of kindly deeds, and to known him was to respect and esteem him.

It is said that the late Mr. Turnbull and his brother had never at any time lived more than a mile from each other, and that up till a few years ago the resemblance was so striking that it was difficult to tell them apart. It is true that Ralph's name often appeared under William's photograph, and vice versa, but this mistake was quite excusable considering the remarkable resemblance of the brothers. It is on record also that many years ago a well known and highly respected attorney of Windsor, who did not mix his drinks, mistaking one brother for the other, went into a long business negotiation under the misapprehension that he was dealing with William instead of Ralph, who kept the joke up in good style until the right brother came on the scene. Then there was a good laugh all round.

The funeral on Tuesday afternoon was attended by a large concourse of people from all parts of the district — a striking demonstration of the respect and esteem in which the deceased was held by the community. The remains were laid to rest in St. John's Church of England cemetery, Wilberforce, the Rector (Rev. Stanley Howard, M.A.) conducting the last sad rites. Mr. Chandler reverently carried out the funeral arrangements.
SOURCE: Windsor & Richmond Gazette (NSW), 7 June 1935, p 11

Last Will and Testament Ralph Turnbull 1791-1840

NSW Probate Office
Last Will and Testament of Ralph Turnbull No 7253 In The name of God Amen.
I, Ralph Turnbull Senior of Portland Head in the Colony of New South Wales, Farmer, being of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding do make, publish, & declare this my last Will and Testament, hereby revoking all wills, codicils, & other testamentary dispositions made by me at any time or times heretofore.
I give and recommend my soul into the hand of the mighty God who gave it, and my body I recommend to the Earth, to be decently interred at the discretion of my Executors; and touching such worldly estate as it hath pleased God to bless me with, I will bequeath it as follows; that is to say -
I give & bequeath all my goods, chattels, capital, money and securities for money, Debts, & all other my personal Estate and Effects, or what kind soever, of, in, or to which I or any person or persons in trust for me, shall be entitled at the time of my decease unto my dear brothers, George Turnbull of Portland Head, and John Turnbull senior, of Mangrove Creek, in the aforesaid Colony, Farmers, upon trust, that the said George Turnbull, & John Turnbull senior, & the survivors of them, & the Executors, Administrators, & Assigns of such survivors do, and shall, with all convenient speed after my decease, appropriate & dispose of the several Items of my Estate & effects in the manner & for the purposes hereinafter specifically mentioned, and first,
I give and bequeath unto my dear Wife Mary Ann Turnbull my Farm of seventy acres known as Henry Lamb's farm at Crescent Reach, Portland Head on the Hawkesbury River with all its appurtenances, Rents, Interests & profits hereunto belonging & I do hereby declare that she, the said Mary Ann Turnbull my wife shall occupy, enjoy & otherwise make use of for her own personal benefit & emolument the aforesaid farm its appurtenances & profits, for & during the minority of each and all of our six children now living, namely Eliza Mary, Jane Isabella, Sarah, Maria, Andrew Warr, & Martha, provided the six children herenamed be maintained and educated in the principles of the protestant Religion, by the said Mary Ann Turnbull my wife & their mother out of the Rents & profits arising from & pertaining to the said farm, provided also, that the lower or North West part of the farm, commencing at a line to be drawn by the aforenamed trustees, George & John Turnbull, from the Bridge that crosses the Drain towards the Rocks to the banks of the River be reserved & appropriated exclusively as a Stock-run.
I do hereby also, will & bequeath to the said Mary Ann Turnbull the two years old filly, & yearling Colt, now running up on the said farm - the said filly & Colt to be hers entirely & absolutely from the time of my decease.
And I do hereby further declare it to be my will that the aforesaid farm with its appurtenances shall not be sold or otherwise disposed of during the minority of the aforenamed children, but upon my youngest daughter Martha coming of age, it is my will & I hereby declare that the said farm with all its appurtenances shall immediately revert to my youngest son Andrew Warr aforementioned, provided & on condition that he shall not sell it or allow it to pass out of the family of the Turnbulls, provided also that he, the said Andrew Warr, upon his coming into possession of the said farm, according to my afore expressed will & intention, do allow & pay or cause to be paid unto the aforesaid Mary Ann Turnbull, the annual sum of fifty two pounds sterling, the same to be paid to her in quarterly instalments of thirteen pounds sterling per quarter of a year, the first payment to be made at the expiration of three months after the said Andrew Warr shall come of age, & the payments to be regularly continued until the decease or marriage of the aforesaid Mary Ann Turnbull.
I do hereby further declare & will that should my son the said Andrew Warr die before he comes of age to take possession of the aforesaid farm according to the tenor of this my will, it shall then be lawful for the aforementioned Trustees, or Trustee, or the survivor of them, or the Executors Administrators & Assigns of such survivor, upon the youngest of the hereinbefore-named children' s coming of age, to sell & dispose of at a fair valuation the said farm, to either of my sons Ralph or John Turnbull, in order that the family name may be continued in the Estate, & should both of my said sons Ralph & John Turnbull decline the purchase, it shall then be lawful for either of the aforenamed Trustees to purchase it on the same terms. I do moreover hereby declare it to be my will that the proceeds arising from the sale of the said farm shall be invested in one of the Colonial Banks, or in such other Public Company or Security, or at Interest on real Securities in New South Wales aforesaid, as shall to the Trustees, or Trustee for the time being, of this my will seem advisable: the said Trustees or Trustee, paying or causing to be paid unto the hereinmentioned Mary Ann Turnbull my wife, at the expiration of every three months, the sum or thirteen pounds sterling out of the interest or other profits arising out of this investment, in the same manner and subject to the same conditions & restrictions as intended by this my Will, had the farm remained in the prossession of her son Andrew Warr. I do hereby further declare & will, that the Trustees or Trustee, for the time being of this my will, shall on the marriage or demise of the said Mary Ann Turnbull cause both the principal of this part of my Estate to be equally divided between all my children who may be at that time living, being the issue of both my first and second marriage.
And I do hereby further declare it to be my will, that my four Breeding Mares & one young filly, now running upon my aforementioned farm at Cresent Reach, shall be kept & retained for the sole benefit of my six children hereinbefore named, & that they, the said four mares & one filly, nor any one of them, shall be sold or otherwise disposed of, but my will is that the Trustees or Trustee or this my will shall from time to time at their discretion, sell & dispose of the produce of the said four mares & one filly, (still retaining the original Stock,) & shall invest or put out to interest in some one or other of' the Banking Companies of the Colony or other public Security or Securities, or at interest on real securities as to the said Trustees or Trustee shall appear expedient, the proceeds of such sales, as they from time to time to be placed.
And my will is, & I hereby further declare that it shall be lawful for the said Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my will, immediately upon each & either of the aforenamed six children coming of age, to value or cause to be valued, the four Brood Mares & one filly with their produce, & the proceeds of them & their produce up to the time of each child's coming of age, & after deducting all reasonable charges & expenses therefrom, to divide the nett amount of their value equally between the children remaining under age & the child at that time come of age: And my will further is that the shares or those children still continuing under age shall continue & remain in the hands & under the control of the Trustees or Trustee of this my will in the same manner & subject to the same regulations as before such division was made. And as to the remaining unapplied portion of my personal Estate consisting at five hundred & fifty pounds sterling which is now vested in the Commercial Bank at Windsor, after all my just Debts & funeral & Testamentary Expenses shall be paid, I give & bequeath unto my eldest son Ralph Turnbull of the Colo River, the sum of One hundred pounds sterling for his own use & benefit: And I give & bequeath unto my son John Turnbull of Portland Head the sum of One hundred pounds sterling for his own use & benefit: And I likewise give & bequeath the sum of two hundred pounds sterling to be equally divided between my nine grandchildren whose names follow, that is to say, Elizabeth, & Mary, & David, the children at James & Mary Ann Dunstan, & Stephen, & Ralph, the sons of John & Elizabeth Dunstan of' the Colo River And Lucinda, & Elizabeth daughters of John & Elizabeth Turnbull of Portland Head; & Grace, & John, children of Richard & Ann Cox of the Colo River, being in all nine grand-children, & I do hereby declare it to be my will that the Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my will, shall pay or cause to be paid unto the persons hereinbefore named the aforementioned legacies & bequests.
And as to the remaining part of the five hundred & fifty pounds aforementioned as deposited in the Commercial Bank at Windsor, I declare it to be my will that the charges & expenses which may be incurred by the Trustees for fencing or other neccefsary work required to be done on my aforementioned farm at Cresent Reach, shall be defrayed out of the remaining part of the said deposit. And I further declare it to be my will that the said Trustees, or Trustee for the time being of this my will, shall & may alter, vary, & transfer into other Stocks, Funds, or Securities of a like nature the monies or any part thereof which by this my will are vested in their hands, - provided they or he shall deem it expedient so to do; And further, that on the Death, refusal, or incapacity to act of either of the said Trustees, or of any Trustees or Trustee to be appointed in his or their place or steed, it shall be lawful for the surviving or continuing Trustee to appoint a new Trustee, or Trustees in the place or stead or such Trustee or Trustees so dying, refusing to act, or becoming incapable of acting as aforesaid, & thereupon the aforesaid trusts, monies, Estates, & Premises hereinbeforementioned, shall be afsigned, transferred & conveyed respectively, so that the same may vest in such new Trustee or Trustees jointly with the surviving or continuing Trustee or solely as the case may require, & in his, her, or their Executors, Administrators or Assigns, upon the trusts, &. for the ends, intents & purposes herein before mentioned, & every such Trustee either before or after such afsignment, shall have, & may exercise the same power & authority as if he had been appointed, a trustee by this my will; And none or the Trustees appointed, or to be appointed as aforesaid shall be answerable for the other of them, or for the Acts, Deeds, or Defaults, of the other of' them, nor for involuntary lapses; nor for money received under Receipts in which they shall join only for conformity. And I further declare that the present & every future Trustee shall & may reimburse themselves & each other, out of the said trust premises, or out of the monies that may come into their hands by virtue of the trusts aforesaid, for all Costs, & Expenses incurred by them in the execution of the trusts aforesaid, or in anywise related thereunto. And I do hereby nominate & appoint the aforesaid George Turnbull of Portland Head, & John Turnbull senior of Mangrove Creek, Executors or this my will, And I do hereby authorize & empower the said George Turnbull & John Turnbull senior to pay any Debts owing by me, or claimed from me, upon any evidence they shall think proper; & to accept any security real or personal, for any Debt or Debts owing to me, & to allow such time for the payment thereof' as to them or him shall seem reasonable. And I moreover give & bequeath unto the said George Turnbull, & John Turnbull senior the sum ot twenty five pounds sterling each, as an acknowledgement of their kindness in acting in execution of this my Will, And as to any residue of monies that may remain in the hands & under the control of the aforesaid Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my Will, & which residue or monies is not hereinbefore appointed to be appropriated to any specific object, Thereby declare it to be my will that such residue of monies shall be applied to such purposes for the benefit of the Estate, as to the said Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my Will seem advisable.
In Witness whereof I the said Ralph Turnbull senior, the Testator have to this my last Will and Testament set my hand and seal; to wit, my hand to the three preceeding Sheets, and my hand and Seal to this fourth and last Sheet, this third day of November in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and forty.
Ralph Turnbull Sen.

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the said Testator Ralph Turnbull senior as and for his last Will and Testament, the same having been first read over to him, and he having first signed his name to each of the Sheets thereof in the presence of us, who in his presence, and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as Witnefses thereto
D.B.Kirwan Portland Head
James Cotton of Portland Head

Capt. George Manning 1811–1907

A convict arrived on the 'Norfolk' 27 August 1829 sentenced to seven years at the Surrey Quarter Sessions.
It is not given to many (writes a correspondent) to pass the end of their lives close to the place where their life work has been carried on, but such was the case with Capt George Manning, who died at Sackville, on the 22 July 1907.
His home was the farm originally built by Mr George Loder, one of the pioneers of farming on the fertile river when it was the granary for the infant colony an important agricultural asset of the land in times when food was often famine prices. The late Mr Manning was in his 96th year at the time of his death; and two years ago, when the writer visited him, had a vivid remembrance of the river from the days of the very early sailing vessels there. He remembered the boat building that made the river a busy place, and the forests of cedar that the sawyers felled and floated down the numerous creeks and rivers, Although before his time, he could speak of such early men as Griffiths, the boat builder, whose Bee took Governor Bligh on his many expeditions to the Green Hills, as Windsor was then called, 'Boat and ship building formed a most important river industry in my early days,' said Captain Manning. 'Beazley's Wharf, between Richmond and Windsor, was still busy, though the building of the Mary and Elizabeth and the Governor Bourke was before my time. The Glory was the last of Griffiths' boats, built about 1819, and the Francis and the Norfolk were still talked of. Captain Manning's sailing vessel, so many years the favorite passenger and cargo boat of the Hawkesbury, was the Maid of Australia, 'but I suppose,' said the ex-master, 'most of those who travelled by her have joined the great majority,' for few live to bear the weight of 90 years. The Loders, Halls, Churchills, Doyles, Parnells, Bowmans, and many other men who first lived at Hawkesbury, though now their names are known throughout the land, were my passengers, and gladly paid 12/6 for a trip from Sydney to Windsor in The Maid. Many a little girl, now a middle aged woman, has been put under my care for her first trip to the big city, as it was then looked on as quite an adventure for young people to go so far from home as from the river to Sydney.' Captain Manning was long the only survivor of the band of river shipmasters who all rest in the graveyards along the banks of the Hawkesbury - Captains Grono, Herd, Christie, Sternbeck, Books, and his partner, Mitchell, being his early contemporaries. Among his passengers was the one-time almost king of the river, old Solomon Wiseman. 'I knew him well,' said the captain. 'He was providore for the convicts, and made many thousands out of that job. A rough mannered man, but very hospitable, and hand-in-glove with the Government. The judges on circuit, especially Judge Roger Therry used to stay with him, in his old house (now an hotel at the Ferry), in the days of overlanding, when they travelled on horseback that way between Sydney and Maitland. Captain Manning came out from England when a child in the very early emigration days.[sic]
After steamers were introduced on to the river as passenger carriers, he continued to command a vessel; and was, for over 50 years, until his retirement into private life on his farm, constantly engaged in the Hawkesbury River traffic. Even to the last he showed traces of what a fine personage physically he was, being fully 6ft high, and a broad, well-built figure. His daughters, who have lived all their lives in the district, tended him in his declining years, and carried on the work of the farm since he ceased to be able to do so.

The late George Manning had been 78 years in New South Wales, and in 1838, at the age of 26, at Sackville Reach, he married Elizabeth Elkins. The issue of the marriage was 11 children, (three of whom are dead, viz, James, who died at Lower Portland, George, and William, who died on the Clarence River. The surviving members of the family are Mrs T. Turnbull (Canterbury); Ann, Mrs John Warr Turnbull (Sackville) Miss Sarah Manning (Sackville); Mr Frederick Manning (Narrabri); Mrs Griffiths (Colo Vale); Mr Andrew Manning (Terrace, Windsor); Mr Charles Manning (Lithgow); and Miss Clara Manning (Sackville). The funeral took place on Tuesday last, the remains being conveyed from deceased's late residence in Mr Jones' steamer, and interred in the family vault in the Sackville C.E cemetery, where a large concourse of people had assembled. Rev W. S. Newton, M A., carried out the last solemn rites, and Mr J. W. Chandler was the undertaker. The cause of death was bronchitis, and deceased had been ill about a fortnight.
Windsor & Richmond Gazette (NSW), 27 July 1907, p 4
Original Copy

Narrabri Cyclone 1902

NARRABRI, Saturday.
One of the most severe cyclones,-almost equal to
that of last year, when it was estimated that £4000
worth of damage was done -passed over the town this afternoon.
The weather throughout the day was oppressive and the sky overcast.
About 3.40 p.m. there were indications of a severe storm in the
west, and lightning accompanied by heavy claps of thunder,
followed almost immediately.
The residents became alarmed, and windows doors, &c., were
securely fastened down, preparations being made for the worst.
Immense clouds of dust were noticed coming from
the west and the roaring of the wind and the peals
of thunder almost made many of the residents panic
stricken, some people taking refuge in places that they
considered were the safest.
When the full force of the storm reached the town
it carried before it almost every conceivable article
that was movable. Hail fell with terrific force, and
rain amounting to almost 60 points fell within a short
space of time.
Houses were unroofed, some being completely
levelled to the ground.
The storm only lasted about five minutes. People
were almost panic-stricken. At the northern end of
the town many places suffered considerably, in some
instances only chimneys being left. This portion of
the town also suffered terrible damage during the
cyclone of 1809.
Mr. E. Rooney's residence, a four roomed cottage
was completely wrecked, also his detached kitchen
and store
Mr. W. T. Ground's residence of four rooms
suffered considerably, the roof being blown off and
the furniture destroyed. The fencing, outhouses,
&c., were also blown down.
Mr. T. Nation's residence suffered considerably,
all the windows being smashed and the outhouses
blown down.
Mr. F. Tribe's place was damaged to a great ex
tent, the verandah being completely carried away,
The whole of the structure was twisted a good deal.
Mr. A. Tindall's premises suffered considerably, the
doors being completely blown away.
Mrs. Knight's had a roof blown off, and her furniture
was ruined.
A house, the property of Mr. G. Smith, was completely
demolished, besides many trees in the street.
Mr. Henry Perrett suffered the loss of a chimney,
a verandah &c. Another place belonging to the
same person was completely unroofed, the chimney
and kitchen being levelled to the ground.
A hayshed of Dr. Segol was blown down. Nearly
all of the telegraph posts and wires at this portion of
the town were also blown down.
Mr. H. G. Spencer had the roof of his house blown
off, damage to the private residence and shop being
estimated at £150. A good deal of fencing was also
Mr. E. W. Carrington's store suffered consider-
ably , tho windows being broken tho verandah blown
down, and most of the stock destroyed.
Mr. F. W. Tranter's business premises and stores
suffered to a great extent. The roof was blown off
both places. The estimated damage in this case is £300
Mr. J. Fardill, grocer, had the windows of his
premises smashed, the roof was partly taken off, and
considerable damage was done to the stock. A house
on the opposite side of the street was almost completely
wrecked, the roof and verandah being demolished.
The workshops of Messrs. Boake Brothers, coach
builders, were blown down, several sulkies and bug-
gies being destroyed.
Mr. H. Panton's residence suffered considerably
The chimneys and the roof were blown down.
Mr. H. Locke's blacksmith shop was partly blown
down and his private residence was unroofed.
In Narrabri proper a good deal of damage was
done Mr. E. V. Coleman s shop, a two story
building in Maitland street, had the roof completely
blown away. The windows in the shop were
smashed, and considerable damage was done to the
The roof of Mr. M. Hardy's business premises was
taken off. The old buildings at the side of Mr. C.
Wall's Commercial Hotel were completely unroofed
Mr. J. Turner's stables were unroofed and Mr. E.
H. Wall's premises were partly unroofed.
The Commercial Hotel occupied by Mr. W. Con-
way had the roof partly removed and the chimney
blown down, the estimated damage being £150.
The windows in the local post office were blown
in. Mr. W. H. Coleman's hotel also suffered considerably,
the stables at the rear being blown down.
The goods shed at the local railway station was
blown down and a couple of trucks were removed
from the rails.
Mr. S. Faulkner's premises were damaged considerably.
Reports from the outlying districts are not yet to
hand. The telegraph lines along the railway line on
the eastern side of the town are blown down and
greatly damaged.
Mr. W. Herbert, a man employed by Mr. E. H.
Wall, was killed near Narrabri by lightning.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 6 January 1902
page 7
Transcription, janilye 2014.

Inquest on the body of James Fitzpatrick

AN inquest was held at the Lion of Waterloo Inn, Montefiores,
on Wednesday, 27th March, 1850 before Dr. Curtis, and a
Jury of twelve, on the view of the body of James Fitzpatrick,
then laying dead near Mr. Drew's residence at Wellington.
James Drew stated:
"the deceased was my hired servant; yesterday, I sent him
to Montefiores on an erand, there was nothing to
detain him, but he was nearly two hours away;
when he returned, which was a little after
sunset, I desired him to fetch the mare up
from where she was tethered near the river ;
shortly afterwards, I heard somebody galloping
towards the house, and went to the door to see
who it was coming at such a pace, and, observed that
it was the deceased riding the mare, without saddle or bridle,
and who immediately fell and lay there ; Captain Mayne and
some gentlemen came up at the time, and
examined him, and found no bones broken and
left him where he was, after bathing his head
with cold water, under the impression that he
was drunk. I supposed that he was drunk
from the circumstance of his having been so
long on his errand, and his riding the mare at
such a pace without saddle or bridle; some
time after the Chief Constable and constable
Maher came by; I wished them to take him
in charge for drunkeness,but they did not I
did not go near him after that, all night, nor do
I believe anybody else did. He was alive this
morning and died about half past seven this
morning , I dld not send for a doctor because
I thought he was only drunk and would come
to in a short time , I wished to send him to the
lock up because if he did really require
medical assistance he would be nearer to it in
the lock up than a my place; my place is, I
believe, nearly two miles from the nearest
medical man, and the lock is not more than
a quarter of a mile; one of the constables pro-
posed to put him into a shed or outhouse, if I
had any, but I objected to it; I objected to it
because if he was only drunk I thought
the cool night air would tend to recover him
sooner than a close warm room , the mare had
an halter on when deceased was riding her;
she is shy, but otherwise free from vices;
deceased had no bed or covering taken to him
all night, but when I found that he was dead I
threw a rug over him.
Susannah Chandler corroborated the former.
going as to the deceased being drunk and the
accident, and stated in addition that she heard
him groan in the night and that morning
and reported it to her mistress, who made no remark
Chief Constable Rhodes stated that he knew
deceased, and assisted to bathe his head, and
slapped his hands to endeavour to bring him
to, he did not think himself justified in taking
him in charge, as deceased was so near his
home, and the lock-up so far away, had his
(the Chief Constable) met him elsewhere in
that state he should certainly have taken him
to the lock-up, but as it was, the Chief
Constable considered him in the care of his
Constable Maher corroborated the above,
and stated in addition that deceaseds hands
were clenched, and he had a gurgling in his
throat, and he remarked to Mr Drew that
there was more the matter with the man than
drunkenness, and that deceased would not live
long, that witness proposed to put deceased
into some outhouse or shed, but Mr. Drew objected to it.
Robert Cowell stated that he was talking to
deceased about ten minutes about sunset on
the evening of the accident, and that he was
perfectly sober.
Mr Matthews also stated that deceased was
sober, and that if he had loitered on his errand
it was not in Montefiores.
The Jury returned a verdict that deceased
died from injuries received by accidentally
falling from a horse, and added the following
rider: -
The Jury cannot fully express their horror and disgust at the great want of feeling
shown by Mr. Drew, and are of opinion that had medical aid been procured, the
man's life might probably have been saved, or his sufferings considerably lessened.

The Sydney Morning Herald
Monday 15 April 1850
page 2
Transcription, janilye 2014

James Drew's Reply
To the Editors of the Sydney Morning Herald.
Perceiving in your impress of the 15th instant, the report
of an inquest held at Montefiores on the 27th March, on the
body of one James Fitzpatrick, lately in my
employment, I beg to offer a few remarks on the censure
the Jury thought proper to pass on my conduct on
that occasion.
In my evidence I stated that on the man
falling from the mare, he was carefully examined
to ascertain if any limbs were broken,
and not finding such to be the case, I did not
think he required medical assistance , and this
was not only my opinion, but also the opinion
of the gentlemen who came up almost immediately
on the accident occurring, one of whom assisted
me to place the man against a log, in order to
keep his head up.
This unfortunate circumstance is the first of
this nature that I ever witnessed, therefore,
I had no previous experience to guide me, and
not finding any bones broken, or any blood flowing
either from the mouth or nose, it was but natural that
I should merely suppose the man was suffering
under the combined effects of intoxication and the stun
from the fall, and under these circumstances I most
humbly beg to submit that an impartial jury would not
be justified in passing such a censure as it certainly
is by no means an uncommon occurrence in this mild climate
for drunken men to sleep in the open-air all night; and
that the man was in a state of intoxication there can
be no doubt for although I was not in a position
to swear positively that such was the case, still,
I am confident he really was so; and the girl who swore
to his being intoxicated has, since the inquest,
stated that before he went for the mare, he
went into the kitchen, close to where she was
standing, for a drink of water, and that she
then noticed the fumes of liquor on him.
According to a statement the Coroner made to
the jury, it was also the impression of Captain
Mayne that the man was intoxicated, although
that gentleman's evidence was not considered
necessary. With respect to the evidence of the
Chief Constable, wherein he stated that had he
found the man elsewhere he should have taken
him to the lock-up, and that he was only Pre
vented doing so, from the proximity of my
premises, and considering him under my care,
I beg to observe that "If he should have taken
him into custody, the proximity of my premises
should be no excuse for him not doing so,"
and as for considering the man under my care,
after I had expressly requested him to convey
the man to the lock-up, is too absurd to require
The constabulary, I imagine, are instituted and
supported for the protection of the lives and property
of Her Majesty's subjects ; and if so, a drunken man
is as much entitled to that protection as a sober one,
consequently if any censure was deserved in this
affair, I think it should have been bestowed
where a positive neglect of duty was proved,
"but this did not suit the intentious of those
who sat in judgement,"
The Jury's reproof conveys an idea that it is
the duty of employers (who have the misfortune to
have drunkards in their service, which in these remote
districts, from the scarcity of labour is too frequently
a matter of compulsion) to look after their servants
and attend carefully to them in any troubles and
difficulties the said servants may bring themselves
into through their own debauchery, whilst they are
neglecting their employer's interests.
Now, with all due submission, I beg to observe
that such an idea is contrary to all existing
notions which have hitherto regulated society.
Has a man any right to convert his employer's
house into a hospital, and intrude on the privacy
of a family, because he meets with an accident
through his own intemperance.
The law of England does not acknowledge intoxication
as an excuse for any crime a man may commit whilst
in a state of inebriety ; neither should common sense
suppose that the peace and happiness of a household
is to be disturbed by the brawls of a drunkard.
I have no intention, however, of sheltering
myself either by the foregoing remarks, or at
the expense of the constabulary from any
justly merited blame, as I do not conceive
cause for such to exist, I have merely made
them to show the injustice of the censure ; had
I been aware that the man had received any
internal injury, I should not have suffered him
to expire without having sent for medical
assistance, and affording him every comfort in
my power; but as I have before stated, I had
not the slightest idea such was the case. It is
true that Maher expressed his belief that the
man would not live long, but as he was the
only one that did express such an opinion, it is
not to be supposed that I should place reliance
on what he said, in opposition to the opinions
expressed by every other person who saw the
deceased ; and as to my objecting to allow the
man to be put into a shed or out-house, I
have only to remark that I do not see what
the benefit of such a removal would have
Trusting you will excuse my having trespassed on
your space to such a length in vindication of myself,
I beg to subscribe myself,
Your humble servant,
Wellington, April 19.
The Sydney Morning Herald
Friday 26 April 1850
transcription, janilye 2014

St Peters Church Richmond. NSW

AT A PUBLIC MEETING of the Inhabitants of Richmond,
held at the School House, on the 23d October, 1835,
the Rev. Samuel Marsden in the Chair,
It was proposed by Mr. Cox, sen.; seconded by
the Rev. H. T. Stiles ; and resolved unanimously ---
1st.... That it is expedient to erect a Church in
this Town, for the celebration of Divine Worship,
according to the Form of the Protestant Episcopal
Church of England, on the Ground at the end of
George-street, originally set apart for that purpose.
Proposed by Mr. W. Cox, jun.; seconded by Mr.
G. Bowman ; and resolved unanimously ---
2nd.... That, to carry this object into effect, a Committee
be formed, consisting ot the following Members, of whom any
seven be competent to despatch business : ---
Mr. Cox, sen., Fairfield,
Mr. Cox, jun., Hobartville,
Mr. Bell, Belmont,
Mr. George Bowman,
Mr. William Bowman,
Mr. Faithful,
Rev. H. T. Stiles,
Mr. Martin, sen.,
Mr. C. Palmer,
Mr. Dight,
Mr. C. Powell,
Mr. Parnell,
Mr. G. P. Wood.
Proposed by Mr. William Bowman ; seconded by
Mr. Faithful ; and resolved unanimously
3rd..... That, to forward the object of this Meeting,
Funds be immediately raised by voluntary Subscription ---
that the Members of the Committee do agree to use their best
exertions to this end ---
that Subscription Lists be opened at the several Banks ---
and that an Appeal be made to the Public through the medium
of the following Newspapers :---
Sydney Herald, Monitor, Colonist, Australian, and Sydney Gazette,
to be inserted three times in each Newspaper.
Proposed by Mr Martin ; seconded by Mr. William Bowman ;
and resolved unaminously ---
4th.... That William Cox senior, Esq., be requested to take the
office of Treasurer, and the Rev. H. T. Stiles that of Secretary.

THE Protestant Population of Richmond and its Neighbourhood, as shewn by
the last Census, is upwards of 1300. The present Building used as a
Church will barely accommodate one hundred Persons : and as the other
engagements of the Chaplain prevent him from having more than one service
on the Sunday, it is obvious that out of every thirteen Inhabitants who
may wish to participate in the ordinance of Divine Worship, twelve
must be deprived of that privilege, because there is no room for them.
This simple fact constitutes, in itself, a strong appeal to the
liberality of the Residents, not of Richmond only, but of the Colony
generally. It is earnestly hoped that the individual, domestic, and
social advantages to be derived from a due observance of the Public
Worship of Almighty God, will be so appreciated by the Colonists
universally, as to produce a corresponding willingness to contribute,
when, as at present, an opportunity is offered them towards an object
so fraught with benefits to our adopted country, our families, and ourselves.

Contributions will be thankfully received by William Cox, Esq., Hobartville ;
by the Rev. H. T. Stiles, Windsor; by the Rev. S. Marsden, Parramatta;
by the Members of the Committee ; and at either of the Banks in Sydney.

Subscriptions already promised :—
£. s. d.

The Archdeacon....... ...........200 0 0
Mr. Cox, senior, Fairfield.........35 0 0
Mr. Cox, junior..... .....................25 0 0
Mr. George Bowman ..............20 0 0
Mr. William Bowman .... ......... 20 0 0
Mr. Faithful .... ............. .......... 20 0 0
Mr. John Town, junior.......... ..20 0 0
Rev. H.T. Stiles............... ..10 0 0
Mr. Onus.... .................. ..........10 0 0
Mr. John Town, senior. ...........10 0 0
Mr. Martin..... .... ......................6 0 0
Mr. Martin, junior. ... ............ ......6 0 0
Mr. Seymour... ..... ... ..... .........5 0 0
Mr. Cross .... .............. .... .......5 0 0
Mr. Hughes...... . ......... ... .........5 0 0
Mr. Dight ..... ........... ....... .... ....5 0 0
Mr. George Pitt. ..... .......... ..... ..5 0 0
Mr. Robert Williams. ..... .... .....5 0 0
Mr. Price ...... ..... .............. .. ....5 0 0
Mr. G. P. Wood . .... ..... ..... ......2 0 0
Mr. J. Markwell ... ..... ......... ....1 0 0
Mr. Robert Aull ...... ..................1 0 0
Mr. William Farlow..... .............1 0 0
Mr. C. Palmer ...... ...................1 0 0
Mr. Benjamin Cawer.... ...........1 0 0
Mr. George Mortimer..... .........1 0 0
Mrs. Crawley. ... ..... ... ............1 0 0
Mr. John Brown. .... ..... ..........3 0 0
Mr. Thomas Eather..... ... .......2 0 0
Mr. P. M'Alpin...... ... ...............2 0 0

Collected by the Rev. S. Marsden.

Rev. Richard Hill.... ....... .....2 0 0
Mr. R. Jones, M C...... ...... .6 0 0
Mr. R. Smith. ... ..... .......... ..2 0 0
Mr. Thomas Marsden......... .2 0 0
Mr. Caleb Wilson..... ...........2 0 0
Mr. Richard Fitzgerald. &
Mr. Robert Fitzgerald ..... ...5 0 0
Mr. James Chisholm. ... .....5 0 0
Mr. Samuel Terry.... ..........10 0 0
Mr. Edward Terry..... ............2 0 0
Mr. John Terry.... .. ... ...........2 0 9
Mr. P. W. Flower...... ...........2 0 0
Mr. C. S. Marsden. .... .........1 0 0
Mr. John Connell...... .... .......2 0 0
Mr. William Walker...... .......3 0 0
Mr. Thomas Walker..... .......2 0 0

The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser
Saturday 21 November 1835
Page 1
Transcription, janilye 2014.

Historical notes: The site of St Peter's church was nominated in Governor Lachlan Macquarie's planned layout for Richmond. He intended to have the church, schoolhouse and burial ground on a very beautiful elevated block immediately above Pugh's Lagoon, a fine basin of fresh water. The burial ground, then 1 hectare, was surveyed by James Meehan and consecrated by the Rev Samuel Marsden and fenced by William Cox. The first burial was George Rouse and contains the headstones of many early Hawkesbury settlers The first school/church opened in 1810. It played an important part in the early life of Richmond. It was situated in Francis Street near the northern corner of the cemetery. The lower floor was the residence of the schoolmaster whilst the upper room was used for school and church purposes.

This building soon became too small to meet the ever increasing congregation and at a meeting chaired by the Reverend Samuel Marsden on 26 November 1835 the inhabitants of Richmond resolved to erect a church for the celebration of divine worship. A notice calling for tenders to erect the church appeared in The Australian on 18 October 1836. The committee formed to forward the project included Mr Cox, Sen,"Fairfield', Mr Cox, Jnr 'Hobartville', Mr Bell, 'Belmont', Mr George Bowman, Mr William Bowman. Mr. Faithful, Rev H.T.Styles, Mr Martin, Snr., Mr. G Palmer, Mr. Digit, Mr C Powell, Mr Parnell and Mr CP Wood. By 1833 the sum of 570 pounds had been subscribed and 200 pounds had been donated by the English Church Society. Tenders were called for the erection of the church in 'The Australian' on October 1836.

Built as a result of the establishment of the Church Act of 1840 St Peter's church was one of four churches consecrated in 1841. The church was built on a site overlooking Ham Common and the Hawkesbury River flats. It was agreed 162 hectares of the common would be given as Glebe land for the church. It was opened by Bishop Broughton on 15 July and designed by Francis Clark and built by James Atkinson who also built St Bartholomew's, Prospect and St Thomas, Mulgoa at the same time. It was designed in the Georgian style in contrast to most of the other churches, except St Batholomew's, which have Gothic style detailing. Clarke was responsible for a number of Sydney houses and the church of St Mary Magdalene at St Marys. A simple rectangular building with a square tower topped with a timber spire the original layout of the pews was to face inwards to the centre of the church. In 1850 a porch designed by E Blackett was added to the northern side and not long after, in 1857, a chancel was added. Once the chancel had been added the internal pew layout was altered to face the chancel. William Woolls, a prominent late nineteenth century writer on the botany and flora of Australia was incumbent at St Peter's from 1873 and from 1877 to 1883, Rural Dean of Richmond. . In the churchyard a small obelisk was built of bricks from the old school church building. THE CEMETERY is older than the church and contains the graves of many early pioneers including John Bowman, Thomas Matcham Pitt and Lt Thomas Hobby of the NSW Corps. Chief Officer at Hawkesbury in 1800 and a supporter of Maquarie. It was the second cemetery dedicated in the Hawkesbury district, around 1814, four years after St Matthews. THE RECTORY was designed by Francis Clarke and completed in 1847 and is said to have been a copy of an English rectory known to Bishop Broughton in the mid 19th century vogue for picturesque rectories. It was added to in 1863 by Edmund Blacket. Later alterations have changed its quality.
Reference: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/heritageapp/ViewHeritageItemDetails.aspx?ID=3880010


Sydney, 18th September 1820.
By Command of His Excellency the Governor,
JOHN OXLEY, Surveyor General.

NOTICE is hereby given, that GRANTS to the undermentioned Persons are ready for Delivery
at this Office ; and Persons who do not apply for their Grants within one Month from this Date,
will be considered as having relinquished all Claim to the Lands measured to them
the Grants will consequently be cancelled and allotted to such Persons (having Orders for Land)
as may make Application for the same.

Thomas Acres, Thomas Adams, William Aspinall,
Robert Bostock, William Bateman, William Blackman,
Wiliam Burgen, Thomas Blackett, William Barnett,
James Byrne, George Carr, William Clark, William
Carter, George Cribb, Thomas Cosgrove, Colebee (Black Native),
George Core, John Coogan, George Collisse, John Donnelly,
Roger Doyle, Philip Devine, William Deane, James Duff, William Dye,
Rowland Edwards, William Fairburn, Richard Freeman, Sam. Freeman,
John Freeman, Thomas Gorman, Frederick Garling, Esq. Edward Gould,
John Grover, Thomas Green, John Goldsmith, Richard Hicks, John Harris,
Esq. John Harris, Esq. John Harris, Esq. John Harris, Hamilton Hume,
Edmund Hobson, Mr. William Johnston, John Kennedy, William Lawson, Esq.
Paul Loutherborough, Robert Lowe, Esq. Francis Lloyd,
John Lame, William Lane, Sarah Middleton, Edward M'Gee, Bernard Moran,
Dennis Molloy, Joseph McLaughlin Peter McAlpin , Giles William Moore,
Thomas M'Guire,Thomas M'Dongal, Matthew Pearce, George Percival,
Richard Partridge, jun. George Panton, Esq. William Pawson,
George Pashley, jun. John Palfrey, Stephen Richardson, Jacob Russell,
Richard Rouse, Richard Rouse, Richard Rouse, William Sykes,
John Smith, George Smith, Timothy Sheady, Robert Sherringam,
John Stephenson, James Smith, James Smith, George Stanbury,
James Sherrard, John Small, James Smith, John Smith, William Shelly,
Edward Tutty, Daniel Tindall, jun. Andrew Thompson, Doctor Townson,
John Tonks, Antonio Vitrio, James Wilshire, John White; William West,
George Wilson, Henry York, Charles York.

The Sydney Gazette
Saturday 7 October 1820
Transcription, janilye 2014

Land Grants for 1821

Inverell & district schools Qualifying Certificates 1919


Ashford School.
Robert Schmidt,
Thelma Donaldson,
Frederick Henderson.

Ashley Public
Arnold Hiscock.

Bingara Public
Reta Brown
Robert Brooks
Leslie Smart
Sidney Steel.

Bingara Upper Public.
Edith White,
Linda Macey

Boomi Public
Clarence McMaster,
Dorothy Butler,
John Newman.

Bonshaw Provisional.
Claude Bentley.

Brodies Plains Public
Lucy Marquart.

Bundarra Public
Allan Jones,
Kathleen Munro,
Joseph Baker,
Milton Chapman
Keith Carey,
Eric Doak,
John Grieve,
Jean Mulligan,
Allan Mallyon,
Clarence Smith.

Chellas Public
Constance Browning,
Bert Schuman,
Ernest Schuman,
Alfred Schuman.

Delungra Public.
Marjoric Arnold,
John Behl,
Charlotte Ewan,
Nicholas Lennon,
Ellis Wasson.

Elcombe Provisional.
Douglas Cook.

Elsmore Public
Robert Sinclair,
Charles Fuller.

Emmaville Public
Dorothy Schumacher,
Doris Barrett,
Jeffrey Bawlay,
Archibald Bailey,
Leslie Cussen,
Thomas Dwyer,
Myrtle Gay,
Leonard Hartnett,
Richard Lennon,
Vera O'Donnell,
Harold Sheridan,
Phyllis Smith,
Beatrice Schumacker.

Fernhill Public
Corinda Clarke,
Marion Abbott,
Frank Hunt,
Wm. Joseph Whitby.

Garah Public.
Dorothy Horder,
Stephen Ure.

Gilgai Public.
Lily Hines,
Athol Hunt.

Goonoowigal Public.
Clifford Ellicott,
Juanita Ellicott.

Gravesend Public
Roy Manuel,
Ethel Beard,
Eva Daly,
Frank Floyd.

Greylands Subsidised.
Stanley Batterham,
Georgina Codrington.
Haystack Subsidised. —
Gladys Jurd.

Horton Upper Public.
Frederick Carlos.

Howell Public
Amiel Sobb,
Edna Allwell,
August Berndt.

Lance Armstrong,
Nina Blanch,
Mavis Campbell,
John Fuller,
Joseph Furniss,
Matthew Girle,
Margaret Halloran,
Vivienne Jones,
Harry Kee,
Malcolm Kilminster,
Stella McDonald,
Rita McLane,
Francis O'Lauchlin.

Keera Public.
James Sullivan,
Kelly Guss,
Una Hanscombe,
Samuel Robinson,
Vera Clay,
Marjorie Moore,
Thomas Smith.

Laura Provisional.
Elsie Ridgewell.

Little Plains Public.
William Killingbeck.

Maidenhead Public
Leslie Purvis,
Irving Thompson.

John Hodge,
Leslie Meulman,
Charles H. Boughtou,
Moreton Benson,
Trevor Buxton,
Eileen Childs,
Eileen Conroy,
Norman Davis,
Clement Eather,
Walter Francis,
Neville Glennie,
Francis Girard
Wolsley Hyland,
Marjorie Hollis,
Zena Kimmorley,
Harold Lewis,
Agnes MacKenzie,
Jack McDonald,
Dorothy Nell,
Miriam Tomkinson,
Reginald Wright.

Mount Drummond Public
Enid Turner

Nullamanna Public
Eric Ireland,
Somerlad MacDonald,
Harold Smith.

Pallamallawa Publlc.
Hilston Oldham,
vera Maunder.

Ross Hill Public
Ernest Finlayson,
John Lydiard,
John Toohey,
Jessie Northcott,
Allene Fitzgerald,
Allan Reardon,
Jean MacDonald.

Sinclair Public
Ray Allan.

Stanborough Public
Reginald Gray,
Gladys Nielsen.

Stannifer Public
Ernest Costello,
Veronica McCann,
Harvey Osborne.

The Glen Public.
Laura Russell.

Tingha Public.
Royal Deasey,
Ronald Dunstan,
Ivy Greg,
Aubrey Osborne,
Maude Wilson,
Marjoric Eggins,
Geoffrey Hay,
Henry Jones,
Dorothy Piper,
John Price,
William Tetong.

Topwater Subsidised.
Thelma Daley.

Warialda Public.
Owen Ryan,
Joan Scutt,
Bertha Graham,
Lucy Marshall,
Charles McGee,
Grace McGregor,
Roger Stewart,
Aubrey Young.

Ernest Armstrong,
Walter Baker,
Ivy Burtenshaw,
Frederick Delbridge,
Jessie Fraser,
Ellen Gilhome,
Olive Irwin,
Ida Jurd,
Elsie Trump,
Doris Williams,
Ronald Williams,
Alexander McRae,
H. Lawry.

St. Joseph's, Bundarra.
Eileen Smith.

Convent school, Emmaville.
James Callaghan,
Ellen Crowley,
Madge Collins,
Gregory Elsworthy,
Reginald Jennings.

Sacred Heart, Inverell.
Florence Carney,
Ada Curtis,
Peter Doyle,
Sybil Elbra,
Robert Esling,
Daisy Facer,
Marjorie Henderson,
Rebeccah Kersey,
Elsie Kelleher,
John Walshe,
Vera Judge.

St. Philomenas, Moree.
Mary McCarthy,
Heather Munro,
Doris Wilson,
Marion Webster.

Inverell Grammar.
Ethel Stucky,
Ida Wilson.

Downs Public
Dora Hurst.