janilye on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
Throughout the 19th century Ireland saw an exodus of people to all corners of the world especially to the colonies and former colonies governed by the British, in particular to Canada, United States and Australia. These countries are often referred to now as the Irish Diaspora.
I'd like to bring to the attention of our Australian members the Irish Famine Memorial website which has a free online searchable database for ORPHANS from workhouses in all 32 counties throughout Ireland and SHIPS to Australia between 1848 and 1850.
Compiled initially from article by Trevor McClaughlin, 'Barefoot and Pregnant?Female Orphans who emigrated from Irish Workhouses to Australia, 1848-1850', in Familia: Ulster Genealogical Review, incorporating Ulster Genealogical & Historical Guild 'Newsletter', Vol.2, No.3, 1987, pp.31-36 and updated from shipping lists in New South Wales and South Australia.
The Great Irish Famine Commemoration Committee is gathering stories about all the women, following on from the work of Dr Trevor McClaughlin. Some of the stories are attached as pdfs to the individual girls and are mainly complied by descendants - some have not been authenticated by The Great Irish Famine Commemoration Committee but have been compiled from research conducted by descendants.
NOTE THAT NOT ALL 4114 WOMEN FROM THE 20 SHIPS ARE IN THE DATABASE - 2 South Australian ships are still being researched
© copyright 2011 irish famine memorial
IRISH FAMINE MEMORIALS WORLDWIDE
STATE RECORDS OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE OF NORTHERN IRELAND
National Archives of Ireland
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF AUSTRALIA
THE FRIARS BRITCHES at the Corkman Pub, Carlton, Melbourn
Arrival Tuesday 7 August 1849 Port Adelaide South Australia
The barque Indian, 591 tons, J. F.English, Master, Captain Isaac Thorney, from London.
Departed Plymouth on the 8 April 1849 and Port of London on the 16 April 1849 at 4 o'clock
Cost - £14/-/-
Passengers in the Cabin
A. Bristow, Esq.,and Dr Sanford, Surgeon Superintendent.
The following Emigrants in the steerage
George Andrews, Caroline Arnold Alfred Barlow, Joab Beazley, S. Benbringe wife and child, A Bennett wife and two children (one child born during the voyage), W. Bennett wife and two children, E Birkin wife and two children, J. Bowes wife and two children, Anthony Bradley and wife, H. W. Bowes, Elijah Branford, John Brown, John Barne and wife, W. Buxton, Jas. Charles, John Clarke and wife, Benjamin Conke, John Cook wife and two children, Amos Cousins and wife (one child born during the voyage), Richard Dakin and wife, W. M. Dale wife and one child (one child born during the voyage), W. Denley, John Eley wife and three children, J. B. Elliott, G. Etheridge, J. Evans wife and three children, Catherine Fleming, H. Fish wife and child, Herbert Gater, W. Godson, J. P. Goodman, Thomas Gould, W. J. Green, Ralph Gregory, Margaret Harizon, Joseph Hill wife and five children, R. Holdworth wife and two children, W. Hough, Ellen Hough, Sam. Hempston, A. Hunt and wife (one child stillborn on the voyage), Samuel Illingworth and wife, T. Irons wife and six children, Isaac Jarvis. Mary A. Johnston, W. Johnston wife and three children, Jesse Johnston wife and four children (one born during the voyage), Joseph King, D. Knife and wife, Rebecca Lewis, Fanny Malom, Margaret McEwen, Ann Marshall, Elizabeth Marshall, John H. Marshall, Mary Marshall, W. R. May wife and child, I. Moorcroft and wife (one child stillborn during the voyage), R. Murphy wife aud two children, H. Newbold wife and two children, J. Peacock wife and three children, J. Pearce wife and child, J. Prence wife and four children, T. Paine and wife, W. Peach wife and two children, J. Ritchie wife and child, A. Robertson and wife, J. Sampson wife and two children (one born during the voyage), W. Sanderson wife and child (one born during the voyage), C Sewell, T. Shaw wife and three children, Ann Simms, H Stiggants and wife J Stringer wife and child, T. Snashall wife and child (one child died and another born during the voyage), J. Stokes and wife, G. H. Theobald, D. Thomson wife and child (one child born and died within a few days), J. Thomson wife and two children, Caroline A. Thwaites, Ellen M. Thwaites, Jacob Tootell, J. Tootel wife and two children, B. Turner wife and child (one child born during the voyage, and one died aged six months), W. Ansom wife and five children, Elizabeth Walters, Mary Welshwood, W. Wood wife and four children, J. Wright and wife, A. H. May.
Cargo of The Indian
20 hhds, 10 barrels, Acraman & Co. 392 deals, A. L. Elder & Co. 100 casks, Order; 147 tons coals, 30 Yards water-pipes, G. S. Walters : 1 case, 5 trunks, T. C. Bray ; 651 bars, 50 arm moulds, 98 cart boxes, A. L. Elder & Co.; 1 box, S. stocks, jun.&Co. ; 48 cases, 7 half-hhds, 10 casks, C. and F. J. Beck ; 50 casks, A. L. Elder ; 1 box, Smillie ; 5 cases, J. Heathcote ; 3 boxes, 2 bales, P. Cumming and Son; 114 butts, C. and F. J. Beck.
11 babies born on the trip (incl. 2 stillborn and one neonatal death), 2 other children died and some families travelling with 5 or 6 children!
Public meeting by emigrants and complaints against the First Mate during this voyage and numerous other complaints surrounding this voyage caused a change from The Passenger Act of 1842 to The Passenger Act of 1849
transcribed by janilye
from the South Australian Register
20 May 2010
The Atalanta, Captain John Ballingall, sailed from Plymouth on the 23rd January with emigrants for Adelaide. The names and nationalities of the passengers we give below:
Edward, Anne, Henry, Emily, and Anne Allchurch,
John Arney, Joseph Bailey, Jonathan, Ann, Josiah,
and Stephen Baldwin, Richard Bate, Jeremiah Barron,
Peter, Mary, William J., Jane, Peter, and Mary Bawden,
Charles Bawden, George Bolts, William and Eliza Bonson,
Benjamin, Maria, Mary and James Chick, John Coomb,
Andrew, Ann and Andrew Cooper, Charles, Martha and Helena Courtis,
John Craggy John, Christina, Elizabeth, Arthur, Niel,
Christina, and Mary Curnow, Mary Curnow,
James J., George, Bichard and William Curnow,
Fanny Davis, John and Alice Davy, James, Amanda,
Francis, Thomas, John, and Albert Daymond, Samuel,
Ellen, and Ellen Dennis, William Devine, William and
Elizabeth Diderah, Robert Duddleston, John and
Emma Forseath, Thomas Foster, John, Elizabeth, and
Fred Fowkes, Joseph Freeth, John Fry, John Gill,
William Gray, Henry, Sarah, and Thomas Green, John, Mary,
Mary, John, and Charles Hawke, Henry and Maria Heath,
Elizabeth Helliger, Eliza Henwood, William House,
Catherine and Catherine Hunter, William and
Amelia Jasper, George and Gilbert Jerden, Robert
Johnston, John Jose, Hugh, Elizabeth, James, and
Mary J. Kearns, W. Lake, Joseph Lester, Hannah
Lovell, James and Henry Loveridge, James Lownds,
Eliza Mallett, Tom Marsan, Nicholas, Mary, Thomas,
Mary and Edward May, Thomas, Harriett, Mary,
and Atalanta McCormack, William Mills, Robert
Mitchell, John, Mary, and Anne Mutton; Iltyd
Nicholas, Henry and Bichard Painter, Bichard Parkyn,
Sam. Pigeon, Chadwell Pearce, John Poor, John,
Rebecca Mary, and Edward Potter, Joseph and Eliza
beth Richards, John Richens, John, Martha, John,
James, and Phillip Roberts, James Rule, James Rogers,
Henry Rowe Ellen Sawyer, John Shaw, Philip Snigs,
Mary Skewes, Joseph and Ann Townsend, Walter Tre-
harne, Joseph Treloar, James, Harriet, Thomas, Mary,
and Fanny Trevaill, Charles, Elizabeth, and Maria
Tucker, James and William Turnbull, Edward and
Emma Tippond, James Walker, Thomas Watkins,
Francis and Anne Weller, William, Frank, Emma,
Florence, and Elizabeth Weller, Ann, Winnifred, and
Kate Weller, Elizabeth Welsh, Charles White, William
and Adam Whitehall, William and Elizabeth White
hall, Mary Whitehall.
James Abel, John Allan, James Anderson,
William Anderson, Christina Ballantine, John Banner-
man, Donald and Ann Bremer, James Bradshaw, Sam,
Margaret, Janet. John, and Maria Black, Jessie Calder,
Alexander Cameron, William Cameron, Catherine
Carey, John Chalmers, John Chesser, Alexander Chis-
holm, David Christie, Adam Clark, Thomas Copland,
John Cormack, Ann Cormack, David Cormack, James,
Elizabeth, William, Mary, Louisa, and Sam Cormack,
Thomas, Craigill, John Chricton, John, Jane, Jane,
John, and Eliza Deany, Thomas Duff, John Duncan,
David Duncan, David Ferrier, William, Elspet, and
Peter Foreman, John Forsyth, Alexander Fraser, John,
Ann, and Jessie Fraser, Simon, Mary, James, John
and Elizabeth Fraser, John Gillies, John Grant,
Isabella, John, Ann, Lodovick,James, Margaret, Eliza-
beth, and Fred. Grant, Bernard, Catherine, and Ann
Grogan, John and Mary Innis, John Inverarity,
George Jenkins, David, Rebecca, James, and Mary
Johnston, James, Jane, and Isabella Knight, Catherine
Mecnee, John and Christiana Marton, Edward, Mary,
Janet, and James Mason, Archibald McCallister, John,
and Jane McCann, Duncan and Margaret McCorquidale
Alexander, Eliza, Eliza, and Alexander McDonald,
Daniel and Welter McFarlane, Daniel and Mary
Mcintosh, Alexander McKenzie, John McKay, John,
Barbara, and Kenditfeva McLennon, Isabella and Mar
garet McNaughton, David McQueen, John, Ann, and
Elspet Murdoch, John Munro, William Nicol, Thomas
Oswald, Mary Pearson John, Isabella, Isabella and
and Helen Riddell. John Robertson, James Ross, Wil
liam, Catherine, and Alexander Ross, Mary A. Shaw,
William and Isabella Simpson, W. and E. Smith, James
Smith, John Smith, James Strachan, James Stirling;
Andrew, William, and Peter Sutherland, Thomas
Thompson, Eliza Troup; Duncan Urquhart, George
Walker, Alexander Wann, George Watt, Alexander,
Mary, and Alexander Watt.
Margarett Barrett, James Boucher, Bridget
Brady, Hannah Bridle, James Burns, Elizabeth
Caverby, Wm. Cleary, Honora Cotter, Timothy Dane
ter, Johannah Davidson, Margaret Drisbane, Bridget
Dunne, Boger Dwyer, John, Mary, James, John, and
Margaret Dwyer, Mary Egan, Bridget.Faby, John Fitz-
gerald, Julia Flaherty, Ellen Flanagan, Mary Goomane,
Francis Harrison, Margaret Henessy, Ellen Hoolam,
Mary Hogan, Mary, Johanna and Margaret Kelly,
John, Margaret, John, and Michael Kelly, Mary A
Kenny, Annie Keumane, Catherine Kenny, Mary and
Margaret Kettleby, George and Elizabeth Kidd, Julia
Madigan, John Mahoney, Anne McDermott, James,
Norah, John, and Annie Madigan, Mary McNamara,
Mary McDermott, Ellen Melvin, Patrick Noher, Ellen
O'Brien, John O'Brien, Bridget Quirke, James Rearden,
Francis Schoales, Owen, Isabella, Terence, and
Frederick Shannon, Mary Sheehan, Mary Walsh.
English, 136 ; Scotch, ; 114 ; Irish, 58—total, 308.
Children between 1 and 12 —
English, 39; Scotch, 27; Irish, 6—total, 72.
English, 6; Scotch, 5; Irish, 1—total, 12.
Grand totals—English, 181; Scotch, 146 ; Irish, 65. Equal
to 244 statue adults.
The following are the names of the children who died on the voyage:
Atalanta McCormack, Maria Tucker, Frances Grant,
James Mason, Thomas Green, and two infants.
The Adelaide Express (SA : 1863 - 1866)
Friday 16 March 1866
transcription, janilye 2014
The Ships List
South Australian Weekly Chronicle Saturday 21 April 1866 Page 3
ARRIVAL OF THE ATALANTA, WITH 394 GOVERNMENT EMIGRANTS.
There are very few vessels arriving in the Gulf which cause more interest than immigrant ships. For a period
some slow craft were engaged ; but of late much better passages have resulted, and the AtaLanta has accomplished tier's in 81 days, against every disadvantage of foul winds and a long continuation of calms on the
Line. The vessel is American built, of 930 tons, commanded by Captain Ballingall, a gentleman who has
before visited Port Adelaide in the Omega. In the Surgeon-Superintendent a familar face was recognized
in Dr. Sanger, late of the Morning Star. This system of electing gentlemen of experience evidently works
well, for it almost invariably produces a degree of co-operation highly necessary in promoting the well
being of the persons on board. With regard to the sick list, the cases entered on the hospital record are
by no means important ; some few children and persons in delicate health being the principal patients
treated, and even those cases were partly attributable to inclement weather experienced while
in the depot at Plymouth. The mortality on board, was one less than the increase by births, the former being young children and infants
— two of the latter and one of the former having succumbed to the damp cold weather experienced while
running down the easting in the Southern latitudes.
The general appearance of the people was prepossessing in the extreme, indeed, rather more so than some batches
of importations ; and it is extremely pleasant to add the Surgeon's testimony to a course of good conduct
during the voyage. The only disagreement was some fracas between the feminine portion of the population,
which, however, ended in nothing. Dr. Sanger's experience of the distiller is much to the credit of the
machine, which has produced an ample supply of water.
In the tropics the usual allowance was increased, and proved a valuable assistance in preserving good health.
Of the recently introduced ventilating trunkways. his
opinion is decidedly opposite, and he remorselessly condemns the whole affair as calculated only to monopolise valuable space without corresponding good result. In reviewing the figures in the official lists it is evident the mechanical trades are well represented. There is a most singular collection of designations, some of which must be rather altered before finding occupation here, but as they are all hard working people there is room and to spare for the lot. Perhaps the domestic servants may tend in a measure to relieve the demand for that class.
There are 94 laborers, 51 domestic servants, 2 housekeepers, 1 dressmaker, 2 porters, 1 draper, 3 gardeners,
7 carpenters, 1 printer, 1 papermaker, 1 widow, 1 policeman, 14 ploughmen, 6 miners, 5 blacksmiths, 2 tailors,
2 bricklayers, 5 shepherds, 2 masons, 2 grooms, 2 painters, 8 bootmakers, 2 butchers, 1 sawyer, 1 quarryman, 1 coachbuilder, 1 saddler, 2 wheelwrights, 1 fitter, 1 waiter, 1 platelayer, 3 cooks.
When John Turnbull and his wife, Ann Warr Turnbull, left their native village of
Annan in Dumfriesshire in Scotland (Annan, by the way, is just across the border
from the English town of Carlisle in Cumberland) - Annan is also famous as being
the birth place of Lieut. Col. George Johnston, the crusher of the Rouse Hill
rebellion of 1804, later on to become the tool of that unspeakable bully and land
monopolist, John Macarthur, and when George Johnston received grants for his service
to the military oligarchy (the Rum Corps officials), he used his native town's name
as a prefix to his several estates, hence Annandale, Annan Lodge, Annangrove, etc.
But to come back to the Pioneer Turnbulls.
John Turnbull had established a business in London as a tailor's cutter, where he
had pursued that calling since about the age of 22 years. When in the year 1802 the
couple heard that free settlers were wanted in New South Wales to cultivate the
soil, he was induced to come here along with nine other families, with the promise
of 100 acres of land each on their arrival, and rations for a certain period afterwards,
with the services, of two assigned Government men, assured also to them. (Settlers
were usually allowed one assigned man for each 50 acres in their possession.)
The story of Australia can be told in the lives of such as this worthy
couple and their descendants.
The Turnbulls' early struggles, as told in the lives of these pioneers, contain
strange chapters of personal effort, fierce hardships, of defeat and victory,
of disaster and triumph. The practical elements which made for success were
predominant and to the fore. It was but the qualities of endurance and strength
which tell in a new country. Of the Turnbulls, it may be said they were what
faith and circumstance made them.
John Turnbull must have been of rugged, persevering stock, with the blood of
the old Covenanters in him, and his life's story is well worth the telling.
John Turnbull, pioneer, the founder of the family of Hawkesbury Turnbulls,
was born in the year 1750, learnt the trade of a tailor's cutter, and with
his wife set up in business in London, where a number of children were born,
those being the names of the English-born children of John and Ann Warr Turnbull,
and their respective ages were in the year 1802 (as per "Coromandel" list).—
Ralph (I.), aged 10 years; Mary, aged 5 years; James, aged 4 years;
and Jessica, aged 19 months.
All the children of John TURNBULL 1751-1834 and Ann WAUGH/WARR 1768-1819 were:-
Ralph TURNBULL 1791–1840 m: Grace CAVANOUGH 1794-1828
Mary Ann Turnbull 1792–1792
John Turnbull 1794–1796
Mary Ann Turnbull 1795–1825 m1: James Hartley m2: James Wright
James Warr Turnbull 1798–1881
Jessica Turnbull 1800–1882 m: Denis Benjamin KIRWIN 1795–1851
John Turnbull 1803–1881
George Turnbull 1806–1885 m:Louise CHASELING 1809–1892
William Bligh TURNBULL 1809–1892 m: Sarah DAVIS 1822–1906
After this pioneer couple acquired the 100 acres land grant just below where stands
Ebenezer Church on the Hawkesbury, and where the pioneer built a stone residence on a
high headland of the river (still there) — the place is worthy of preserving, in all
conscience. There it was that great and good man, Dr. J. D. Lang, was "put up" on
the various occasions of his visits to the Hawkesbury, and to the worthy minister
Pioneer Turnbull told his experience at the hands of Governor King on his arrival
by the "Coromandel" on the 13th June, 1802.
After personally interviewing each settler that arrived on that occasion, the
Governor, coming to Turnbull, exclaimed,
"One foot in the grave and the other out
of it! What brought you here, old man?"
It is remarkable of the physical fitness and diligence that the pioneer lived
to the age of 86 years; indeed, the Ebenezer "Burial Register Entry" of
John Turnbull's death records his age at death as being 91 years!
On the 100 acres of land was grown wheat and other cereal crops. John Turnbull's
name often appears in the lists of tenders for supplies to the Government in
issues of "The Sydney Gazette" newspaper, of wheat, pork and beef.
On the Turnbull grant was also a fine orchard planted by the pioneer, where
various kinds of stone and citrus fruits grew in abundance. On one occasion
Pioneer Turnbull, in the late twenties of 19th. century, was taking a cart
load of peaches for sale into the markets at Sydney and was "stuck up" by that
notorious bushranger of the time, Russel Crawford, on the Parramatta-road, near
what is now Grace Bros.' establishment.
The old pioneer held his own and beat the ruffian off until assistance arrived.
I may here remark that Russel Crawford in the year 1832 was hanged in Sydney
after his conviction for attempting to murder Mr. George Banks Suttor by stealing
up on the back of the chaise in which Suttor was driving and delivering him a
violent blow on the head. That blow affected Mr. Suttor all the rest of his life,
although he lived to the great age of 80 years, only dying on the 27th October,
1879 (after a fall from his buggy) at his ancestral home residence and farm
'Chelsea Park,' Baulkham Hills (the original George Suttor's grant).
The story of Mr. George Banks Suttor and his wife, Jane Johnston, an Australian-born
daughter of Andrew Johnston the first, will be told later.
To come back to Pioneer Turnbull, I find
that he was one of the settlers who in the year 1816 gave a donation of ten shillings
to the "Waterloo Fund", to be sent to England to relieve widows and orphans whose
soldier-husbands were killed in the Battle of Waterloo (1815). That list contained
the names of 239 subscribers in all, and the amount in cash collected totalled
£231/8/- (quite a respectable sum of money in those days). From time to time I intend
to quote the amounts given by Hawkesbury pioneers that came by the "Coromandel" —
not in any way for comparison, but to show their unswerving loyalty to the old
land, and also for their good deeds of charity to those bereaved by war. Ralph
Turnbull (I.), eldest and English-born son of the pioneer, contributed £1 to this fund.
But one of the proudest achievements,
that can be spoken of with pride by the descendants of John Turnbull the first, is the
fact of his being one of the main principals (it may be said that there were fifteen
in all) who were the founders of Ebenezer Church. In a family bible of the pioneer
there is inscribed in his handwriting: 'I have agreed this day to contribute £5 per
year to a minister for Ebenezer Chapel' for a date in the year 1817 (for which exact
date and month the writer has mislaid his note). There was also a note stating the
date of his arrival in the 'Coromandel' in the year 1802. All these references are
extremely valuable for the recorders of history, because when notes of events are
made at the actual times one can judge them as being quite veracious and accurate.
After the pioneer occupied his holding at Ebenezer there were born to John and Ann
Warr Turnbull three Australian-born children, respectively named:
John (II.), born year 1804; George (I.), born year 1806; and William Bligh, born year 1809.
It is a great misfortune that no portraits of the Pioneers of Ebenezer exist, of any
of those famous in after years that came by the 'Coromandel.' The reason is very
simple — the earliest form of daguerrotype photo was not invented until the year 1839,
and then in very imperfect form; and mostly all of the pioneers died before that year
with a few exceptions, and in those exceptions no efforts had been made by the
families to secure pictures of their ancestors; but the times were hard, and the
pioneers did not appear to have been willing to leave the old places. In some cases
the pioneers' children did not even visit the neighboring town of Windsor on any
occasion but once. So that it is our misfortune that we cannot look upon their
faces and see what manner of folk they looked in replica and in life.
To return to John Turnbull (I.). The pioneer himself appears to have been a
rigid Presbyterian, although it has been stated that all of the men folk who were
original founders and thus fathers of Ebenezer Church were Nonconformists, or dis-
senting Protestants to the forms of divers church forms of service. My own opinion
is that Turnbull was a staunch believer in the Presbyterian form of service.
However that may be, Mrs. Ann Warr Turnbull was an adherent of the Church of
England form of worship, and when that good woman died her sentiments and wishes
were respected. At her request, Mrs. Ann Turnbull at her death was buried in the
beautiful burial ground of St. John's Church of England on the hill at Wilberforce.
Perhaps in all Australia there is no more beautiful a cemetery than it, over
looking the delightful valley of the Hawkesbury. The inscription- there says: —
To the Memory of
Mrs. ANN TURNBULL,
Wife of Mr. John Turnbull,
Who departed this life December 19th, 1819,
Aged 54 years.
With A.T. on footstone on grave.
Alongside is the grave of her English born daughter, Mary, who was married
firstly to James Hartley and secondly to James Wright. On a smaller headstone is
Sacred to the Memory of
(Mrs.) MARY WRIGHT,
Who departed this life February 11th, 1825.
Aged 28 years.
Actually this lady, was 30 years of age, according to my 'Coromandel' list, and I
take that list of names and ages to be authentic.
There were four children left as orphans after Mrs. Wright's death, two boys and
Ralph Turnbull (I.), the English-born, son of the pioneer, married firstly Miss
Grace Cavanough, daughter of Owen Cavanough (I.), a seaman, one time of the
'Sirius,' but long since a farmer-settler at Ebenezer, and later of the first branch
of the Hawkesbury (Colo, as it was called afterwards). By Grace Cavanough Ralph
Turnbull (I.) had five children — Ralph Turnbull (II), who married firstly Miss
Sarah Reynolds, and secondly Miss Sarah Cross. The second Ralph (or 'Rafe,' as
Hawkesbury people sound it) was the father of Ralph (III.) and William Turnbull (twin
sons), both of Wilberforce, and of Mrs. Lucinda Lockart, of Windsor, and others,
the mother being, of course, the first wife (nee Sarah Reynolds). It is interesting to
know that Mrs. Lockart still has in her keeping the white waistcoat which her
father wore at the marriage ceremony with Miss Sarah Reynolds, which took place at
Colo in the year 1840. The vest appears quite as good to-day as it then was. The
texture must have been good, of good material. Ralph Turnbull (II.) married the
second time when he was 73 years of age, to Miss Sarah Cross. The second wife
pre-deceased him, dying on the 8th of November, 1898, aged 58 years.
Mrs. Sarah Reynolds-Turnbull died October 15th, 1886, aged 63 years.
Ralph Turnbull (II.) died at the age of 86 years and 8 months, on the
14th February, 1901, at Wilberforce. They are buried in a family grave along with
other members of his family at St. John's cemetery, Wilberforce.
Other children of Ralph Turnbull (I) and his wife Grace Cavanough were respective
ly:— Mary, who became firstly Mrs. James Dunston, secondly Mrs. Gurney; Elizabeth,
who became Mrs. John Dunston; Ann who became Mrs. Richard Cox; (this lady was
the mother of Alderman Samuel Cox, of Pitt
Town); John, who married firstly Miss Elizabeth Arnold, and also a second time
(writer cannot just now locate the name).
Ralph Turnbull (I.) by his second wife Mrs. Mary Ann Riley Turnbull, had the fol-
lowing children:— Eliza, Jane, Sarah, Maria and Andrew. The second wife of Ralph
Turnbull (I.) long out-lived him. She married also a second time, to Mr. James Ferris,
to whom she bore a large family. That family removed to Grafton, N.S. Wales
where Mrs. Mary Turnbull Ferris died. Ralph Turnbull (I.) is buried alongside his
first wife (nee Grace Cavanough) at St. Thomas' burying ground, Sackville, where
the inscriptions read: —
Sacred to the Memory of
Mrs. GRACE TURNBULL,
Who departed this life Feby. 1st, 1828
Aged 33 years.
The other reads: —
Sacred to the Memory of
Mr. RALPH TURNBULL,
Who departed this life November 18th, 1840,
Aged 49 years.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) originally had a grant of land which had been promised to
his father, dated 14th June, 1811, of 60 acres, adjoining the original 100 acres
Turnbull grant, the actual grant of which was not made until just a month before
Ralph's death, the date being 21st October, 1840. However, Ralph Turnbull (I.) had a
nice grant of good land at Colo, of 100 acres, which he lived on continuously and
reared two families there. Although the date of promise is given as 1st December, 1821,
the grant itself was only made on the 8th February, 1836.
Mr. Ralph Turnbull (I.) named the Colo property 'Andale,' situate on the Colo
River, and adjoining Owen Cavanough's (I.) grant, as the records say. It is evident
that Ralph (I.) named the place 'Anndale,' after his mother's Christian name, but due
to lack of knowledge of spelling, the clerk in the Surveyor-General's Department,
Sydney, of the time, misspelt it. I am of opinion that that farm at Colo is a very
historical place for many reasons, of which more anon. I believe it to be the exact place
whereon lived Mrs. Mary Hartley (nee Mary Turnbull, of the 'Coromandel').
Some time again I will refer to a Siletta orange tree that is still existing on
'Andale,' and bearing fruit each year, though it is over 90 years old. It was planted by
Mrs. Gurney, Ralph's eldest daughter, Mary, when she was a mere girl.
I come now to Miss Jessica Turnbull the second English-born daughter of the pioneer,
whose age was one year and seven months when Mr. and Mrs. Turnbull came
aboard the 'Coromandel' 'at Deptford on the Thames in the year 1802. This very
good woman when she arrived at the age of 19 years married Mr. Denis Benjamin Kirwan,
who had a grant of 40 acres of land at Sackville. Tizzana vineyard and the
stone house used as a residence by Dr. Fiaschi is in the main the actual building
erected by Mr. Kirwan. Of course there have been many additions made to the
house by the doctor, who has also vastly increased the original property in area by
purchase from other holders. Mr. D. B. Kirwan had a flour mill on his grant which
was worked by a water-wheel. Grain was brought for gristing to it by settlers from
up and down the river for many miles distant. The memory of the old mill wheel
is still mentioned by old Hawkesburyites, but it long since is a thing of the past.
Mrs. Jessica Kirwan bore ten daughters and two sons to Mr. Kirwan. The eldest
girl, who married a Mr. Everingham (Elizabeth Everingham) lived on her property
facing the river Hawkesbury at the rear of Tizzana cellars and residence, and a large
tomb is still to be seen there wherein Mrs. Elizabeth Everingham was buried. The
other daughters were: Diana (Mrs. Millington), Matilda Z. (Mrs. McFetridge),
Ann (Mrs. Hopkins), Phoebe (Mrs. Sanday), Adelaide (Mrs. Thomas Cross),
Victoria (Mrs. Weldon), and three daughters named respectively Henrietta, Harriet and
Angelina, who died as young women (unmarried). The two sons were Hiram John Kirwin,
who married a Miss Charlotte Arnold; this latter couple had in all 11 children; and
Colclough Kirwan, who perished in the bush near Blackall, Queensland; the latter was unmarried.
Amongst the many who knew Mrs. Jessica Kirwan in life is Mr. Hiram A. Turnbull, of
Rose Bay, Sydney, who as a lad used to carry the mail post-bag between
Windsor and Sackville. He refers to her as a dear old lady, who used to keep
something nice for him when on the trips he arrived at her house. One of her
grand-daughter's says of Mrs. Jessica Kirwarn that for over the period of 60 years
in which she lived in the same house, she never slept a night from under its roof.
For over 30 years Mrs. Kirwan was a widow, generally one or more of her daughters
being with her until her death.
At St. Thomas' burial ground at Sackville, in a family grave where the three unmarried
daughters are laid, also is a headstone which is
Sacred to the Memory of
DENIS BENJAMIN KIRWAN,
Died Octr. 15th, 1851,
Aged 57 years.
Also, to the Memory of
(nee Jessica Turnbull)
Died April 1st, 1882,
Aged 82 years. (84. — G. G. R.)
'Waken, O Lord, our drowsy sense,
To walk this dangerous road,
And if our souls are hurried hence,
May they be found with God.
With footstones: D.B.K., 1851, and J.K.,
James Turnbull, the second English-born son of John and Ann Turnbull, never married,
but lived in the Hawkesbury district most of his life. He died about 1882 in
the Windsor Hospital, and is buried in the churchyard of St. Matthew's at that town.
He must have attained the age of 85 years, for his age was given as four years old in
the year 1802 by his parents. In a further article I shall have more to say of James
The Australia-born children of John and Mary Turnbull were John (II.) who
was the eldest of the three sons, being born in the year 1804 at Ebenezer.
John Turnbull (II.), like his English-born brother, James, never married. The
inscription in the churchyard at Ebenezer in the Turnbull enclosure reads: —
In Memory of
JOHN TURNBULL, Junr. (II.) '
Died July 2nd, 1881, ,
Aged 77 years.
That in memory of the pioneer, progenitor and founder of the family reads: -
In Memory of
JOHN TURNBULL (I.),
Died June 7th, 1834,
Aged 86 years.
A rather misleading tablet to the pioneer's wife has of late years been placed on
the same gravestone. I think it should have fully stated that her remains were
interred at St. John's, Wilberforce. From the wording as it is now (1923) future his-
torians will think that Mrs. Ann Turnbull is buried in the same enclosure, whereas it
is not so, for reasons which I have expressed elsewhere.
The second Australian-born son of John and Ann Turnbull was George Turnbull,
who was born in the year 1806. He married Miss Louisa Chaseling at Sackville Reach
chapel on October 9th, 1826, the officiating minister being the Rev. Matthew Devenish
Meares. To this couple in course of time were born 12 children, 6 sons and
6 daughters, one of the sons being George Turnbull (II.), father of Hiram A. Turnbull,
clothing manufacturer of Sydney (residing at Rose Bay). This gentleman's father was
married to a Miss Maria Greentree. Mr. Thomas Turnbull, of Eastwood (still on
deck) is another son of George and Louisa Chaseling Turnbull. This gentleman is
married to Miss Elizabeth Manning, and the couple recently celebrated their golden
wedding anniversary. Another son of George and Louisa Chaseling Turnbull is
Mr. John Warr Turnbull, of 'Kelso,' Sackville, who was married to a Miss Ann Manning.
This Mrs. Turnbull died nearly 12 months ago, and is buried at Ebenezer,
likewise also is Mr. George Turnbull (II.) and his wife, Mrs. Maria Turnbull.
In passing it might be stated that some of the descendants of Pioneer Turnbull
stuck to Presbyterianism, and others, notably the families of Ralph Turnbull I., II.,
and III., all embraced Church of Englandism. In any case it is worth remarking as
a 'family psychology' of Faith originating in the pioneers and pioneeresses particular
beliefs. It is greatly to the credit of all those notable people that they were so
broad-minded in their Protestantism (which of itself is almost enough).
The third Australian-born son of John and Ann Turnbull was named William Bligh
Turnbull. He was born at Ebenezer on the 8th of June, 1809. At the age of 28 years
Mr. W. Bligh Turnbull was married at Ebenezer Church to Miss Elizabeth Wilson,
aged 17 years. That was in the year 1838, the officiating minister being the
Rev. John Cleland. About the month of December, 1868, Mr. William Bligh Turnbull, with
his wife and family left the Hawkesbury
and went to reside at Kempsey, on the Macleay River, where he had purchased
a farming- property. This couple had in all a family of 11 children, 8 boys and 3
girls. W. B. Turnbull was very successful on his farm. He died on the 11th of June,
1892, at the age of 83 years, and is buried in Euroka cemetery, near Kempsey.
The Pioneers of Ebenezer Church were:
Thomas Arndell and Elizabeth, nee BURLEY
Paul Bushell (convict "Surprize" 1790) and Jane, nee SHARP (deceased) and Isabella, nee BROWN
Captain John Grono and Elizabeth, nee BRISTOW
Owen Cavanough and Margaret, nee DOWLING
William Jacklin and Mary, nee CARDELL (deceased) and Elizabeth, nee CONNELL.
John Suddis (murdered 12 July 1817, Wilberforce). and Isabella Suddis
James Davison and Jane ( Johnston)
George Hall and Mary (Smith)
John Howe and Frances (Ward)
Andrew Johnston and Mary (Beard)
John Johnstone and Elizabeth (Lewins)
James Mein and Susannah (Skene)
William Stubbs and Sarah (Wingate)
John Turnbull and Ann (Warr)
Windsor and Richmond Gazette
Friday 6 April 1923
Page 1 and 2
Transcription, janilye 2010
ARRIVED. Port Adelaide
Monday, February 11.1850
The barque Lord Stanley, 336 tons, Hugh McKay, master,
from Gravesend 15th October, touching, at St. Jago on the 13th and sailing thence on the 18th
November with 104 passengers.
Passengers for Adelaide
Mr A D Bottomley
William Elijah Bonnett, wife & 4 children
James Evans and wife
James Ludom, wife, child
Charles Thawe Armitage
Henry Gibbons, wife, 8 children
Charles Cherry, wife, child
Jabez Hughes, wife, 5 children
George Watson and sister
William Mills and wife
John Massey and 2 children
William Cann, wife, 4 children
William Tabor, wife, 2 children
Passengers for Sydney
George Collins Levey
Alfred Burnham, wife, 4 children
George and Charles Mason
James Derrick, wife, 6 children
Thomas Meacher and wife
Passengers for Port Phillip
John Webster and wife
William Turley wife and child
Richard and James Garton
2 children named Reeves and Meacher were born on the voyage
One infant named Tearsley died on the voyage.
South Australian Register
Wednesday 13 Feb 1850
transcription, janilye 2015
ARRIVED Port Adelaide, Tuesday, February 12 1850 —
The ship Statesman, 874 tons, J. W. Lane, master,
from Gravesend 1st November, and Plymouth 19th November.
Passengers for Adelaide
Miss Smallpiece and servant (cabin)
Mrs Palmer (cabin)
Henry James (cabin)
James Westbrook, wife, 8 children
James Fendon and 2 children
Robert William Pearce
Richard Knowles and daughter
Wm Brains and son
John R Kemp
G Ritchie and wife
Timothy Eyde and son
W Webb and wife
Mrs Stock and 7 children
S Edwards, wife, 4 children
Henry Davis and wife
W A Townsend
Mrs Stock and 5 children
Passengers for Port Phillip-
Mr & Mrs Lemann
Mr T H Puckle
Mr H F H Budd
Mr E W V Budd
Mr and Mrs Swatman
Mr J J Hood
Mr & Mrs George Symons
Mr R Tennant
Mr & Mrs F Beggs
Mr G Beggs
Mr & Mrs J Stone
Mr D Stone
John Gill, wife & 3 children
Henry Sims, wife & 4 children
Mr Weston, wife, 2 children
Mr Rhode and son
John Fosey, wife, 3 children
Jessie & Ellen Corbitt
James Gregory and wife
Edward Nurse, wife, 6 children
John Nurse and wife
Robert Nurse, wife and child
Isaac Abraham, wife and child
John Abbs and wife
William Eastaugh, wife, 5 children
Mary Ann Searle
Mary Donaldson, 4 children
G J Bridgeland, wife, 3 children
W Jenkins and wife
John Palmer, wife and child
William Bishop and wife
Charles Baker, wife, 2 children
William Waken and wife
E Haylock, wife, 3 children
G Turner, wife and child
H J Whitbread
E North and wife
J Pritnell, wife, 3 children
Josiah Pritnell and wife
R Cann, wife, 6 children
W Berry, wife, 2 children
W Smith, wife, 4 children
J Wood, wife, 3 children
B Eggleton wife & 5 children
E Fletcher and child
G Brennet and wife
Mr Carnow, wife & 8 children
Mr Dyer, wife & 3 children
John Savin and wife
N McGuire and wife
W B Phillips
M Menton, wife & 4 children
C B Smyth
Mr Morris, wife & 2 children
South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA )
Wednesday 13 Feb 1850
Transcription, janilye 2015
The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser Thu 1 Jan 1824 Page 2
The Sir Godfrey Webster sailed from Sheerness, with male prisoners for Van Diemen's Land,
on the 8th August 1823.
Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen’s Land Advertiser Fri 2 Jan 1824 Page 2
REV. R. KNOPWOOD, M.A.
Ship News.- Arrived on Saturday
last the ship Sir Godfrey Webster, Capt.
Rennoldson, with 180 male convicts.
She left England the 4th September, and
touched at Teneriffe on her passage.
Surgeon Superintendant, Dr. Carter, R.
N. The guard consists of a detachment
of the 40th Regiment, under orders of
Captain Hibbert and Ensign Williams,
of the same corps. The passengers by
this vessel are, Deputy Assistant Com-
missary General Boyes, Deputy Assis-
tant Commissary General Goodsir, and
Mrs. Goodsir and four children, Deputy
Assistant Commissary General Howard,
and Mrs. Howard, and Mr. William
Master: John Rennoldson
Surgeon: Charles Carter
Sailed: 1 September 1823 from London
Arrived on the 30 December 1823 in Van Dieman's Land after a voyage of 120 days
carrying 180 males convicts.
List of convict passengers
Close, William Davis
Parke, Henry Thomas
Note: The number of convicts recorded on this site that are associated with the ship Sir Godfrey Webster (1) is 181 .This figure may not correlate with the full listing of convicts recorded in official documents.
The National Archives (TNA) : HO 11/5, pp.95-104
Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983).
The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed).
Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.358-359, 384
Hawkesbury on the Net home page | Credits
Lesley Uebel & Hawkesbury on the Net © 1998 - 2017
Arrived on the vessel 'FORTH' Master Henry Hutton, Surgeon Superintendent Thomas Robertson.
(The Forth departed Cork 21 October 1834 with 196 male prisoners. Arrived in Port Jackson on Monday 3 February 1835. One man died on voyage.)
Granted Ticket of Leave 16 March 1843 Maitland
A coroner's inquest into the death of Peter Kilduff, held on Tuesday 15 October 1850, at the Fitzroy Hotel, at 7 a. m., before Henry Glennie, Esq.
Peter Kilduff carrier. Employed by Henry Dangar taking goods to station 'Yellowroy' (Yallaroi). Killed when a wheel of the dray passed over his head a mile and a half beyond Rix's Creek, in the Singleton area. He was the brother of John KILDUFF 1793-1854 and
Michael KILDUFF 1799-1874
An inquest was this day held at 7 o'clock A M.' before the
Coroner of the district, at the Fitzroy Hotel, on view of
the body of Peter Kilduff, then lying dead.
The Jury being sworn, proceeded, to view the body which
was in a dray in the adjoining yard, and having returned,
Thomas M'Mahon was called and being sworn, stated
that he resided on a part of Mr. Henry Dangar's
ground at Singleton, from which place he started
with his team, on yesterday, October 14. about eleven
o'clock a.m. in company with two other teams, all
three laden with property for Mr. Dangar's station
at Yallaroi ; and that having accompanied them
about three miles on the road, and having cautioned
deceased, who was then much worse for "liquor"
to take care of himself, left his own team in charge
of a man whom he had employed to drive it and rode
on before them, to the Pound at Full Brook, a few
miles further on. Having delayed here some time,
and the drays not having yet made their appearance,
he returned to see what delayed them and was surprised
to find them but a short distance from where he first
left them. The driver of his own team being,
from drunkenness, incapable of driving, he took
the whip from him, stopped the team, and went back
to the second one which was a short distance behind
his (witness's) and spoke to the driver, John Smith
who did not appear to be drunk. Smith having
looked back and observed that deceased's team stopt
walked back to see what detained it, and shortly
after ran back again to witness exclaiming that Kilduff's
brains were dashed out. Witness himself
went to the spot and saw deceased lying on the road
a short distance behind his team, quite dead— his
brains scattered about, and his head frightfully
crushed, the wheel of the dray, which had on
about forty-five cwts., having passed over it.
The Jury having re-assembled at the appointed
hour, Smith was then called, and being sworn, con
firmed the former witness's statement up to the time
he left them to go to the pound, and stated that after
he (M'Mahon) left them, they halted to have dinner
—after dinner, took a keg (the inseparable curse of
such journeys) containing about four gallons of
wine, from one of the drays, and drew therefrom
about one pint full which they divided between them;
they started again and had not travelled far when
witness observed the team which deceased drove, to
stop ; he halted his own team and went back to that
of deceased to see what detained it; when he arrived
there he did not see deceased till he went a little bit
from the dray: He saw deceased lying quite dead on
the road, the off wheel having passed over his head,
the last time witness saw deceased, about five minutes
before he observed his team stopping, he was walking
on the near side by his bullocks, and did not that
day see deceased sitting on the pole of his dray, nor
was he drunk. The Coroner having summoned up the
evidence the Jury after a few moments deliberation,
returned-a verdict, that deceased met his death
accidentally. the wheel of his dray having passed over
his head, but how it happened they were unable to say.
From the position in which deceased was found, his
head lying immediately in the very track of the off
wheel and his legs near the track of the near wheel.
It is C0njectured that he must have fallen off the
pole while endeavouring to get on it; being at the
time much under the influence of liquor. Of the six
or seven sudden deaths that have occurred in this
neighbourhood, within a very short period, five, we
believe, were the results of intemperance.
The callousness and utter want of sympathy, and the
indifference with which these wretched individuals, who
are habitual drunkards, witness death in its most ap
palling form, may be gathered from the fact, of the
two co-mates of the deceased, having shortly after
the accident, seated themselves round the fatal keg.
from which deceased, doubtless drank his death, and
satisfied their craving thirst.
(Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1932)
Thursday 24 October 1850
Transcription, janilye 2011
NOTE: The license for the Fitzroy Hotel in George-street, Singleton was granted to Alexander Munro 1812-1889 in 1848.
The Peninsular and Oriental Company's (P&O)
R.M.S. Oceana, under the Command of Captain P. S. Tomlin, from London 5th April,
with mails to 12th April, arrived at Albany from Colombo at 1.20
a.m. 9th May 1889, and left Albany at 8.30 a.m
arrived 1.20 a.m. 9th. May
Mr. and Mrs. Hensman, Miss Hensman, Mr. Sandover, Miss Helms.
arrived 2.30 a.m 12th. May.
Mr. and Mrs. Murray, Mr. P. Crank, Mr. P. Waite, Miss Hansen,
Captain and Mrs. Rennie.
arrived 13th May
Mr. and Mrs. Skinner and infant, Mr. and Mrs. Turnbull,
Mr. and Mrs. Merton and three children, Mr. J. R. Talbot,
Messrs. Jacobs (three), Mr. Munro, Mr. Johns, Mr. Lowe,
Mr. Abbot, Mr. Kerr, Miss Talbot, Miss Sherren, Miss Hogg,
Miss Wallace, Miss Lane, Miss Jacobs, Miss Phillips,
Mrs. Hogg, Mrs. Jacobs, Mrs. Coates and four children,
Mrs. A. Cataford, Mrs. Kerr, Mrs. Darling, Dr. and Mrs. Rainey.
arrived 17th. May
Mr. and Mrs. Davies and child,
Mr. and Mrs. Sharrock and three children,
Mr. and Mrs. Silberberg, Mr. and Mrs. Myers,
Mr. and Mrs. Thomson, Mr. and Mrs. Lenhalt,
Mr. and Mrs. Roberts, Mr. W. Synott, Mr. R. L. H. B. Jenkins,
Charles Santley, (click to hear this celebrated English baritone)
Mr. O. Dickinson, Mr. Lachzyrma, Mr. D. Johnston,
Mr. Yorston, Mr. Brooke, Mr. Carpenter, Mr. Kerr,
Mrs. Wylde and two daughters, Mrs. Graham, Mrs. Robertson,
Mrs. Knight and two children, Mrs. Hotham,
Miss Russell, Miss Aidken, Miss Kennedy, Miss Lynain,
Misses Douglas (two), Miss Seale, Miss Pattison,
Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Pearson, Major and Mrs. Martin, Captain Martin.
Mr. and Mrs. Tusan, Misses Tusan (three),
Mr. F. Gore, Rev. P. Brown, Mr. A. Jacquerson,
Dr. George Henry Stanton (the Bishop of North Queensland,)
Miss Ewing, Miss Carmichael, Miss Mayne, Miss White,
Mrs. and Miss Lark, Sir James Garrick.
For New Zealand.
Mr. Pownall, Mr. H. Cardwell, Mr. S. C. Hooper,
Mr. Newman, Mr. James Methven, Mr. W. F. Methven,
Mr. Stephen, Mr. and Mrs. Henderson, Miss Duggan.
There are 150 for all ports in the other classes.
The R.M.S Oceana arrived back in Plymouth on the 10 July 1889
The S.S.Oceana was built in 1887 and sank in 1912 after a collision with German barque Pisagua in English Channel, 14 lives were lost.
The next seminar of the Female Convicts Research Centre will be held on Sunday, 24 April 2016, in the Hobart Town Hall Registration will open early 2016, with members being notified by email closer to the date.
Members are invited to present 15-minute papers at the seminar, The subject will be:
The Cascades Female Factory, 1828 - 1877
Is there an area of the Female Factory you are interested in? Food, clothes, nursing, staff, the 1841 inquiry, the Flash Mob, discipline ... there are many intriguing possibilities.
Note that the date range covers the later period when the Factory was a gaol and old age home.
As experience has shown that few stories of individuals have enough material about the Factory to shed much light on its history, we will be concentrating on more general papers.
Please submit your proposal by 20 December 2015.
If you are not a member; please consider becoming one by completing the Register as a Member form on the site. Membership is free.
Members are welcome from interstate and overseas, as well as those from Tasmania.