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John Rowland Eather 1843-1923

John Rowland EATHER, the twelfth child and youngest son of Thomas EATHER 1800-1886 and Sarah, nee McALPIN, was born at Richmond on 14 November 1843. He was baptised at St Peter's Church on 10 December 1843 and his name was recorded in the baptism register of the Church as John Rowling. His father was at that time a publican in Richmond.

In his adult life John tended to dispense with the "w" in his name and most written records show his name as John Roland. He spent his early years with his numerous brothers and sisters at Richmond, where his parents resided in the "Union Inn" in Windsor Street. His father had a farm near the town, which he ran as one of his business activities, and John learned the skills of riding horses and attending to farm chores at an early age.

By 1868, when he was 25, he had left the Hawkesbury district and had joined his elder brothers Charles. Peter, William and James on the family station "Henriendi" on the Namoi River on the Liverpool Plains.

Little is known of John Rowland EATHER's life over the next decade or so. Presumably he worked on "Henriendi" and other stations in the north-west and may have done some droving. By the early 1880's he was working in the Goodooga district some thirty kilometres or so south of the Queensland border and north-east of Bourke. Goodooga was then a tiny township on the Bokhara River, which winds it way down from Queensland to join the Barwon River about fifteen kilometres west of Brewarrina. Somewhere in the Goodooga district John Roland EATHER was married on 29 June 1882 to Hannah Annie CROTHERS. Apparently the nearest Church to Goodooga at that time was at Brewarrina, a township on the Barwon River about 95 kilometres to the south. The record of the wedding is in the register of the Brewarrina Church of England. It states that the wedding was held in the home of the bride's parents. John Rowland EATHER was age 38 years and Hannah Annie CROTHERS age 23 years had been born at Maitland, the daughter of Henry CROTHERS and Jane IRWIN

When the birth of their first child was registered in 1884, John Rowland EATHER was a shopkeeper in the tiny town of Goodooga. This occupation didn't last for very long, as their second child Rowland was baptised at Brewarrina in 1885 and by then John was a grazier residing at "Estherville." When his fourth child was born in January 1888 at "Barlowbie," Goodooga, John was a storekeeper again, but in 1889 when his fifth child Colin Roscoe was christened at Brewarrina, he was a selector on a property in the Goodooga district. In these Church records at Brewarrina his second forename was recorded with the "w".

At some time during his life a family heirloom was passed down to John Rowland EATHER. It was a book, "The Life of Christ", which had been given to his father in 1824 when he married Sarah McALPIN. The book bore the signature of the Reverend SELKIN, who officiated at his parents' wedding. This book was later passed down to John and Hannah's son William Irwin EATHER.

In all John Rowland EATHER and Hannah Annie EATHER had ten children, of whom three died in infancy.

The children of John and Hanna were:-

Bessie Hilton Eather 1884 1965 m. Winsleigh Alexander MURRAY 1885-1917 ANZAC killed in action
Roland C Eather 1885 1885
Jeanie Irwin Eather 1886 1954 m. Samuel Lawrence GOLDMAN 1878-1974
Richmond Cornwallis Eather 1888 1966 ANZAC m. Mary Jane McFarlane LONGMORE 1905-1974
Colin Roscoe Eather 1889 1936 m. May RENNIE 1879-1944
McAlpine Eather 1890 1966 ANZAC m. Mary Janetta De Evelyn
Hutchinson Eather 1892 1892
Kate Eather 1893 1970 Never married
William Irwin Eather 1897 1981 m. 1.Nita Marion CAMPBELL 2. Doris??unknown
Kenneth S Eather 1900 ?? unknown

Following the death of his father in 1886, John Rowland EATHER inherited his father's farm near Richmond; a portion of a house that his father owned in Francis Street, Richmond (his brother Peter EATHER 1831-1911 was to receive the other portion; and half of the residue of his father's personal estate which at the probate was sworn as being under £390 ($780).

John Roland EATHER died in the District Hospital at Tamworth on 15 January 1923 at the age of 79 years.

Eather family Newsletter
Eather Family History Group

James Eather 1839-1934

James EATHER was the sixth son and tenth child of Thomas EATHER 1800-1886 and Sarah, nee McALPIN, he was born at Richmond on 13 December 1839. He was baptised by the Reverend H T STILES on 5 January 1840. James EATHER spent his childhood at Richmond where his father was a hotel-keeper and farmer. By his late teens he had grown to a height of 5 feet 9 inches (175 cm). He was of solid build and he had hazel eyes.
During his teenage years James EATHER learned the skills of saddlery, probably as an apprentice. His father had been apprenticed as a shoemaker when he had been a teenager and he undoubtedly appreciated the value of the skills of a trade. In an era when most travel was on horseback or in a horse-drawn vehicle, saddlery was a trade which promised good remuneration.
As James EATHER later found, the skills that he had gained then in making and repairing saddles and harness generally, proved very useful to him throughout his long life. He probably learned also some of the skills of stock work on his father's farm and these too would have stood him in good stead when, as a young man, he left the Hawkesbury district and joined some of his elder brothers at "Henriendi", the family station on the Namoi River near present-day Baan Baa.

In 1859, at the age of nineteen, James EATHER was stricken with rheumatic fever. According to what he related to his family in later years, his dark hair turned grey after this illness, and he remained grey-headed for the rest of his life. Whether this illness occurred at Richmond or after he had arrived at "Henriendi" is not known, but he was on the Liverpool Plains by the time he was in his early twenties. James EATHER didn't settle permanently at "Henriendi".
He began practising his trade and moved from homestead to homestead repairing saddles and harness wherever he could find customers. It was probably during a visit to one of these stations that he met Victoria PRYKE. She had been born on the 9 June 1840, the daughter of Thomas and Ellen PRYKE, and had been baptised on 18 June in the Roman Catholic Church in the parish of Wollongong. Victoria was a sister of John Thomas PRYKE who was married to Mary Elizabeth EATHER, a grand-daughter of Robert EATHER.

By 1862 James and Victoria were living in a de facto relationship at Cox's Creek near "Henriendi". On 4 April 1863 a son, James Augustus, was born to them at Cox's Creek.
In October 1864 a second son, Augustus, was born. Both of these sons died within three days of each other at Cox's Creek in February 1865. They were probably carried off by some epidemic. The death certificate of Augustus, who died on 16 February, states that he had been sick for two days and no doctor had attended him. It would have been well nigh impossible to obtain the services of a doctor at short notice in that remote region in the years before townships developed on the Liverpool Plains. The deaths were not registered until 31 March when Victoria gave the particulars for the registration.
In 1867 a third son, James, was born to James and Victoria, but he died later in that year at Cox's Creek. Victoria and James parted soon afterwards.

Victoria PRYKE married some years later. James was living at "Henriendi" in 1868 along with his brothers Charles, William, and John Rowland. Perhaps he was using "Henriendi" as a base from which he went out plying his trade of making and repairing harness. Little is known of his life during the next decade. On the electoral rolls for 1878 and 1879 he was recorded as residing at both "Henriendi" and "Breeza", so it appears that he worked from both places from time to time.

On 24 November 1880, when he was forty, James and Isabella Jane were married at Breeza by the Church of England minister Frederick GOUGH. Witnesses were Albert Young and Isabella's sister Evelyn. Albert YOUNG was probably a nephew of James, the son of his sister Ann and her husband Edwin YOUNG. According to the wedding certificate, James was a saddler and his usual place of residence was Breeza. Following their marriage, James and Isabella lived in the Breeza district for about six years and their first three children: Edward Carl (1881), Sarah Elsie (1883) and Pearl Hilton (1885) were born there. A railway line had been constructed northwards gradually across the New England Tableland and by 1884 it was open as far as Glen Innes.
Isabella's brother William joined the railway department and when he was transferred away, his mother Sarah took the remainder of her family with her and moved north to Glencoe, a few miles south of Glen Innes. There she took up the position of railway gatekeeper, which she held until the turn of the century. At the same time, James and Isabella packed their belongings and moved north too, leaving the community where Isabella had lived for almost thirty years.
It was at Glencoe that their fourth child, Ruby Hellice, was born in 1888. By this time James had turned his hand to farming. They stayed at Glencoe for a few years, but by 1894 were further north along the Tablelands at Deepwater.
This was a small township which was developing close by a large sheep station of the same name. In the Post Office Directory for the years 1894 to 1902, James was listed as a farmer. He and Isabella both worked on Deepwater Station for a family named CADELL. James plied his trade as a saddler, mending harness, making whips and tending the horses. Isabella was employed as a cook for the household, and she also attended to washing and ironing. From where they lived they walked two miles (3.2 km) to and from work each day. Their children attended the school at Deepwater which had opened in 1884. After an elapse of almost twelve years, another child was added to the family when Isabella gave birth on 28 December 1899 to another son whom they named Claude Leslie. Isabella was 41 and James had just turned 60. However, their happiness at this new addition to their family was short-lived. On 13 January 1900 baby Claude died after 16 days of "debility and bronchitis'.
The century had ended sadly for James and Isabella, but they were proud of their four surviving children. Edward Carl turned nineteen that year and was quite a young man. By the time Australia became a Commonwealth at the beginning of 1901 the three girls were age 17 years, 15 years and 12 years respectively They assisted with many of the household chores, seeing that both their parents were working. Their duties included carrying buckets of water from the river on each Sunday afternoon in preparation for washing day on the Mondays. This was no mean feat as the river was about 400 metres from their home. About 1902 second daughter Pearl left home and travelled down to Sydney to take up employment with a family who had a young son. Pearl was his "nanny" and earned 7/6 (75 cents) a week. When a second child was born in this family, Pearl's elder sister Elsie joined her in Sydney. Where they lived in Sydney was a far cry from the little community at Deepwater from which they had come. They lived in a two-storey dwelling overlooking Sydney Harbour. When the family for whom they worked was planning to make a trip abroad, Pearl was offered the opportunity of accompanying them. However, she declined the offer because she had met the man with whom she hoped to make her future. Therefore the two sisters returned home to Deepwater.

In 1906, according to the electoral roll, James and his son Carl were both employed as labourers, while Isabella, Elsie and Pearl were all involved in domestic or home duties. Ruby was not yet old enough to be enrolled. The first family wedding took place on 6 May 1908 when second daughter Pearl was married at Deepwater to Robert John Hawksley LOCKWOOD, whom she had known since her school days. Other weddings followed on 21 June 1911 when Elsie married Andrew MOULE, and on 12 January 1914, when Ruby married John William WEBSTER. These weddings were also held at Deepwater. When time permitted, Isabella enjoyed doing embroidery. She was also a very competent seamstress and she stitched ball dresses and the wedding gowns for her daughters. She made everyday clothes for the whole family and later for her grandchildren. She became quite accomplished at making men's jackets and trousers. She also became a capable midwife and it was not unusual for her to be called upon to attend one or another of the wives in the district at the time of a birth. By the time she was in her mid-fifties she had ceased to work at Deepwater Station, but James, although seventy-six, still walked out and back each day and attended to odd jobs there.
According to the 1915 Post Office directory, James was still a saddler. Son Carl was making a living as a hairdresser. Carl was a young man who always had a neat appearance and a quiet demeanour. He worked for some years for the newsagency at Deepwater. He and his sister Ruby both had handwriting skills which won them many prizes in local shows.
In 1917 Carl moved to Glen Innes and joined the staff of the newspaper there. He took up residence in Church Street. By 1921 James and Isabella had joined their son in Glen Innes and were residing in Meade Street. James was then 82 and at last he had retired from work. They always resided in a rented house, and they changed their place of residence on a number of occasions over the years and had a number of different addresses in Meade and Grey Streets at Glen Innes. Carl was still single and hecontinued to live at home with them. Isabella commenced a service doing washing and ironing for prominent people in the town. This entailed a deal of walking between one house and another and back again. She was prepared to work six days a week, but Sunday was always a day for Church and rest. She was not averse to having an occasional bet on a horse-race.
On 31 October 1929 son Carl was admitted to hospital suffering from bronchial pneumonia. James and Isabella visited him in hospital and stayed for long hours, but despite all the care and attention that could be given, he died on 12 November. For a fifth time in his life James had to bear the loss of a son, and he was left with no son to survive him. He and Isabella changed house again soon afterwards, moving back to Meade Street. They were getting away from sad memories, but life was never quite the same again for them.

James EATHER was the longest-lived of all of the children of Thomas and Sarah EATHER, and after the death of his youngest sister Catherine in 1928, was their last surviving child. He was 94 when he was admitted to hospital at Glen Innes in September 1934 suffering from lobar pneumonia. He died on 19 September 1934 and was buried next to his son Carl in the Church of England portion of the Glen Innes Cemetery, following a funeral service in the local Church. The coffin was left open during the service so that those who wished could pay their last respects. Isabella was almost 76 when her husband died, and soon afterwards her daughter Ruby and family moved in to live with her. She was still a strong and independent woman and continued with her washing and ironing undertakings. However she reduced her workload by working just three days each week. For each wash and iron she was paid 5/- (50 cents). She still had a brother and a sister residing in the Glen Innes district and she would see them from time to time.

By 1947 she had moved once again and was residing in McQuarie Street. By then she had retired and no longer did washing and ironing.
When she was 91 Isabella had the misfortune to fall while hanging sheets on the clothes line. She broke her hip and spent the next eighteen weeks in hospital. She eventually made a good recovery and was able to walk quite well again. Her recovery was an indication of the spirit of determination which was a feature of her character. She lived another four years before she was admitted to hospital for the last time. On Saturday 17 July 1954 she died in the Glen Innes Hospital at the age of 95 years. Following a funeral service in Holy Trinity Church of England, her body was laid to rest beside James and Carl. She had survived her husband by almost 20 years. The longevity which they had both portrayed was emulated by the three daughters who survived them. Two lived into their eighties and the third to the age of 94 years.

The children of James EATHER and Victoria PRYKE:-
James Augustus EATHER 1863 1865
Augustus EATHER 1864 1865
James EATHER 1867 1867

The Children of James EATHER and Isabella Jane NOWLAND were:-
Edward Carl EATHER 1881 1929
Sarah Elsie EATHER 1883 1964
Pearl Hilton EATHER 1885 1969
Ruby Hellice EATHER 1888 1982
Claude Leslie EATHER 1899 1900

Eather family Newsletter
Eather Family History

Sarah Eather 1834-1926

Sarah EATHER, the seventh child of Thomas EATHER 1800-1886 and his wife Sarah, nee McALPIN, was born at Richmond on 24 August 1834. The first of the children to be born after her father had become a publican, she was baptised at Richmond on 21 September 1834 by the Reverend R FORREST and named after her mother. Sarah EATHER spent her childhood and teenage years at Richmond amongst an increasing number of sisters and brothers. On 25 January 1854, when she was nineteen, she was married in St Peter's Church to twenty-five years pf age William EATON. The service was conducted by the Reverend J ELDER. The groom was the eldest son of Daniel EATON and his wife Mary, nee THURSTON, farmers who lived near the confluence of the Grose and Nepean Rivers at North Richmond. William's grandfather, William EATON, was still alive and was probably amongst the guests at the wedding, as was Sarah's grandmother, Elizabeth EATHER. Soon after their wedding, Sarah and William EATON left the Hawkesbury district and moved to Murrurundi at the foot of the range on the road from Singleton to the Liverpool Plains. William was in business there as an Inn Keeper by the time their first child, Rowland Richard EATON, was born in August 1855. They were still operating the hotel at Murrurundi two years later when their first daughter, Loretta EATON, was born, and during that year William contributed £2.0.0 to the building of the Murrurundi Roman Catholic Church. On 24 October 1857 he purchased the "White Hart" Inn at Muswellbrook from Richard WARD for the sum of £2,250. Consequently, on 12 November 1857 he advertised in the "Maitland Mercury" that he intended to let the "Australian Arms" at Murrurundi. Soon afterwards William took his wife and children to Muswellbrook. The price of £2,250 that he had paid for the "White Hart" Inn included the hotel on Allotments 9 & 10 Section 5, and Allotment 1 Section 4, which was a block of land across the street from the hotel. On 14 August 1858 William EATON advertised the "White Hart" Inn in the "Maitland Mercury" as being a "first class hotel". During 1858 a valuable horse owned by William EATON was stolen. On 16 July that year he advertised in the "Maitland Mercury" that he was offering a reward of £30 for the return of a stolen horse. During that year he purchased Allotments 68 and 69 in the village of Blandford near Murrurundi from William Henry WARLAND. The purpose of this purchase is not known. At Muswellbrook Sarah and William saw from time to time relatives who called in while travelling to or from the Liverpool Plains. These included some of Sarah's brothers and occasionally her father. On one occasion Sarah's brother William arrived with his wife and children in two spring carts, making their way slowly to the family station "Henriendi" where they intended to settle permanently. They were glad to stay for a few days before moving on up the road. On occasions William's father and brothers called in while travelling between the Hawkesbury district and "Biniguy" and their other runs on the Gwydir River far away to the north. For a few years from 1858 Sarah and William EATON had relatives living at Muswellbrook. William's sister Susannah and husband James WILLIAMS were in business there as the proprietors of the "Family" Hotel in Sydney Street, Muswellbrook. James WILLIAMS was Sarah's cousin, the son of her father's sister Charlotte and the late Robert WILLIAMS. William and Sarah EATON continued to prosper at Muswellbrook. In 1861 William donated £3.3.0 towards the erection of the Muswellbrook Roman Catholic Church and Sarah also donated £1.0.0 to that cause. Sometime in 1861 William purchased from Edward WHITE of Edenglassie, Allotment 8 Section 5, land next door to their hotel. For this he paid £180. Three years later, on 6 December 1864 he advertised that he had 10 loose boxes prepared for horses at the "White Hart " Hotel.
On 29 March 1866 the Muswellbrook correspondent of the "Maitland Mercury" reported:- " At the other end of our town our enterprising townsman, Mr William EATON, contemplates mak­ing very extensive additions and improvements to the well-known "White Hart" Hotel; but not as yet having seen the plans, I cannot fully describe them, but I may say that Mr EATON will provide the most ample accommodation for travellers and the public generally."
Two days later the "Sydney Morning Herald" of 31 March 1866 earned the following notice:­ " To builders - Tenders required by 13th April for building a first-class hotel; at Muswellbrook for Mr EATON. O H LEWIS, Architect, 392 George Street, Sydney". On 16 May 1867 William EATON took out an Equitable Mortgage with the Joint Stock Bank. Allotments 8- 9-10 Section 5 and Allotment 1 Section 4 were listed as collateral. By this time the new hotel had been built and named "Eaton's Hotel" - a name which it retains today. The former "White Hart" Hotel had either been demolished or incorporated in the new hotel. In 1868 part of the land at the rear of the hotel was resumed for the construction of the railway line. William EATON was paid £157/15/6 for the land resumed. During their years at Muswellbrook, Sarah had given birth to six more children, one of whom had died in infancy. Their last child was born in 1870.
Sarah outlived all except the youngest of her children. By 1870 William was one of the important property- owners in the town of Muswellbrook. According to the Muswellbrook Municipal Rate Book, he owned in that year 2 cottages in Market Street, Section 10; 4 cottages and a shop in Bridge Street, Section 4; saleyards and a grass paddock in Sowerby Street, Section 4; and an hotel, offices, store and assembly rooms in Bridge Street, Section 5. However, lie still carried the financial burden of his mortgage with the Joint Stock Bank. Early in 1872 there occurred a serious rift in the marriage relationship of Sarah and William. It was a rift which was aggravated by and may have had its origin in the state of their financial affairs. They parted and William returned to Richmond and his relatives there. Sarah and their children remained in Muswellbrook. On 26 July 1872 there was still an amount of £2,150 outstanding on the mortgage to the Joint Stock Bank. On that day Thomas COOK of Turonville, Scone, agreed to pay to the Bank the sum of £2,150 and to William EATON 5/- and in return he became the owner of the hotel and the allotment of land across the street. In that same month Thomas COOK took out a writ for £1,383/3/-. This resulted in the Sheriff auctioning the two blocks of land that William EATON owned at Blandford, and at the same time Thomas COOK took over four other blocks of land that William EATON had owned at Muswellbrook.
The ownership of the hotel had gone, but for Sarah it was not the end of her association with it. In an arrangement with Thomas COOK, she took out an hotel licence in her own name and became the licensee of "Eaton's Hotel."
On 13 August 1872, Muswellbrook solicitor R G D FITZGERALD wrote the following letter to her husband:­ " Mr William EATON, Richmond, Sir, I am instructed by Mrs EATON to inform you that on 8th July last she obtained a Judge's Order protecting her and her future property from you and from your debts and accounts, and that she now holds the licence for the hotel which you lately among other property conveyed to Mr COOK and that in the event of your returning you will not be admitted to the home. R G D FITZGERALD"
Sarah EATON remained the licensee of "Eaton's Hotel" for six years until 1878 and then she gave it up. She was followed as licensee by her brother, Charles EATHER, who had been a grazier on the Liverpool Plains and further out, but had struck financial problems during the droughts of the late 1860's and had become bankrupt in 1871. He held the licence in 1879 and 1880 and Thomas COOK remained the owner. The fine hotel which William and Sarah provided for Muswellbrook, still stands. In 1990 the Muswellbrook Family History Society produced a gold-rimmed souvenir tumbler depicting Eaton's Hotel twice - as it was in 1880 and as it was in 1990. The building is a large two-storied structure with at least seven brick chimneys. In 1880 it had wrought-iron lacework on the upper-storey veranda. Today it is little changed in external appearance, but the hitching rails for horses in front of the hotel have gone. Apparently Sarah EATON had been the guarantor for her brother Charles when he was granted his inn­keeper's licence. She was residing in Sydney when R G D FITZGERALD, the Muswellbrook solicitor, wrote to her on 15 February 1882 as follows: " Mrs W EATON C/o C W BECK Esq. 132 Elizabeth Lane Sydney, Madam, I am instructed by the Manager of the Commercial Bank, Muswellbrook to apply to you for the payment of the sum of £22/9/6 being the balance due with interest to date, on Charles EATHER's dishonoured promissory note in favour of D EVANS for £84/16/- due 8/2/1879 and I have to inform you that unless the above sum together with one guinea, my charges, be paid to me within seven days from this date my instructions are to commence proceedings against you for the recovery thereof without notice. Your obedient servant, R G D FITZGERALD".
It appears that Sarah EATON settled her brother's debt upon his behalf as instructed. Within a few months of receiving the above letter she travelled north to the town of Rockhampton in Queensland and before 1882 was out had become the licensee of one of the town's leading hotels, the "Criterion". For a few years previously its licensee had been Frederick MORGAN, one of the brothers who discovered gold in the ranges to the south-west and had the mining town there named after them. Sarah remained the licensee of the "Criterion" Hotel from 1882 to 1887 and then relinquished the licence and took a coastal steamer north to Townsville. There she became the licensee of the "Imperial" Hotel, but apparently was not impressed with life in that northern port. After about twelve months there she relinquished the license in 1888 and returned to Rockhampton. In 1889 she returned to the "Criterion" Hotel as licensee and remained there for the next six years. In 1895 she surrendered the licence and became the licensee of the "Grosvenor" Hotel, another of the town's leading hotels. She was still managing the "Grosvenor" at the turn of the century. William EATON was still living at Richmond in 1889 when his father made his last will and testament. He was appointed one of the executors of Daniel EATON's estate. Upon Daniel's death later in that year, William and his brother George, who was a bachelor, inherited "Eatonville", the family farm on the Grose River at North Richmond, which had been founded by Daniel's father in 1804. When George EATON died in 1898 William became the outright owner of the farm. He was then seventy years of age. Whether he and Sarah ever became reconciled is not known, but from the evidence available, it seems most unlikely. He died in the Sydney suburb of Marrickville on 17 April 1906. The family farm then passed down to his eldest son Rowland Richard EATON who sold it. Sarah EATON survived her husband by almost twenty years. Except for occasional holidays in Sydney, where she visited some of her relatives there, she remained in Queensland. When she finally retired from the commercial life of Rockhampton, she went out bush and lived on Glenmore Downs Station in the Clermont district of Central Queensland with her granddaughter Kathleen TOLSON, one of the three children of her eldest daughter Loretta. Sarah EATON (nee EATHER) died at Glenmore Downs on 19 February 1926, at the age of 91 years. Three days later on 22 February her body was buried in the Clermont Cemetery with the Reverend H R SINCLAIR officiating. Her death was registered at Clermont on 10 April 1926 by Kathleen TOLSON, granddaughter, of Glenmore Downs. Of the thirteen children of Thomas EATHER and Sarah McALPIN, Sarah EATON had a longer life than any d the others except her younger brother James. He lived to the age of 94 years. Sarah had had eight children, but sadly, when she died she was survived by only one of them - her youngest son, George Thomas EATON, then age 56 years. She had only a small number of grandchildren.

The children of Sarah EATHER and William EATON were:-

Rowland Richard Eaton 1855 1918
Lauretta Eaton 1857 1890
Ada Blanche Eaton 1859 1889
Florence Mary Eaton 1861 1904
Minnie Eaton 1863 1864
Annie Thurston Eaton 1865 1884
William Daniel Eaton 1868 1924
George Thomas Eaton 1870 1968

Eather Family history'
Peter J. Moore
Carol Moore
Eather Family Newsletter
John St.Pierre

Ann Eather 1829-1918

Ann EATHER, the fourth child and second daughter of Thomas EATHER 1800-1886 and Sarah, nee McALPIN, was born at Bulga on 18 August 1829. She was still a very small girl when her parents moved back to Richmond and it was there that she grew up. She probably had some formal schooling at the little school in Francis Street, and when a teenager used to attend Church services on Sundays in the new St Peter's Church.

On 14 September 1847 at the age of 18 years Ann EATHER married Edwin YOUNG at Richmond. The young couple took up residence in a house in Windsor Street, Richmond owned by the bride's father. It was next door to the "Union Inn" where her parents lived and conducted business as the proprietors of the inn. Edwin had been born in Sussex in 1827 and Baptised in Sedlescomb, Sussex, on the 18 May 1830 the son of John YOUNG and Mary MERRICK 1800-1874. John young died in 1831 and Mary married John CRISFORD 1797-1855 in Sussex and with her extended family they arrived in New South Wales onboard the 'Florist' on the 26 October 1839.

During the next 22 years following their marriage Ann and Edwin had a family of nine children.

In 1856 Edwin YOUNG became the publican at the "Union Inn" next door to his residence. After four years as an innkeeper Edwin retired from the "Union Inn" in 1860 and Thomas EATHER took it over again. After another six years, Thomas EATHER retired from the running of the hotel again in 1866, and Edwin YOUNG assumed the role of innkeeper once more. This situation lasted for the next five years, and then in 1871, Edwin gave up the management of the "Union Inn" once more and on this occasion his wife's cousin, Elizabeth GRIFFITHS, became the new publican at the hotel. Under her management the name of the hotel was changed to that of the "Woolpack Inn', which had been the name of the hotel at North Richmond which Elizabeth had managed previously.

The saga of this hotel in Windsor Street, Richmond was not yet over. Elizabeth GRIFFITHS managed it three years. Then she died suddenly on 28 August 1874 and Thomas EATHER, who owned the hotel, returned to inn keeping once more, and on this occasion changed the name of the hotel to the "Post Office" Hotel. It was quite an appropriate name as the Richmond Post Office was directly across the street. He stayed there as the publican for approximately one year, and then, soon after he turned 75, he sold the hotel to Edwin YOUNG. What occupation Edwin YOUNG had been involved in during those years between his periods as publican is uncertain. Upon his taking possession of the hotel, his parents-in-law moved out and took up residence in a house in Francis Street. Ann and Edwin probably vacated the cottage next door and moved into the hotel. Thomas EATHER still retained ownership of the cottage.

Edwin YOUNG was still an innkeeper in 1881. In that year his father-in-law, Thomas EATHER, made his last will and one of the bequests in it was of the cottage in Windsor Street next door to the hotel. He bequeathed it to Sarah his wife and after her decease it was to go to "Ann YOUNG wife of Edwin YOUNG of Richmond aforesaid innkeeper."

Edwin YOUNG was one of the two executors of his father-in-law's will. Following the death of Thomas EATHER, probate of the will was granted to him and his brother-in-law Charles EATHER on 17 February 1887. Sarah EATHER had predeceased her husband, so amongst the bequests the cottage where Ann and Edwin had resided in earlier years, went directly to Ann.

Over the years from 1867 Ann and Edwin saw seven of their nine children married and their grandchildren increase in number. Only William Henry and Laura May did not marry. Second son, Joseph became a minister of religion.

Edwin died of throat cancer on the 31 December 1896 at 8 Church St., Ashfield, New South Wales, Australia. Ann lived to the age of 88 years, but suffered a great deal of ill health from the age of 82 years.

Ann Young, nee EATHER died on 11 July 1918 at the home of her son William Henry at 24 Marshall Street in the Sydney suburb of Petersham. The cause of death was senile decay.

All of her nine children were still alive and their ages ranged between 70 and 49.
Her funeral was held on 12 July, her body interred in the Church of England section of the Rookwood Cemetery. The service was conducted by her son, the Reverend Joseph YOUNG.
The information for her death certificate was provided by her son, W H Young of 24 Marshall Street, Petersham.
Her death certificate confirms that she had been born at Bulga, NSW.

The children of Ann and Edwin YOUNG were:-
Elizabeth Young 1847 1933 m. William Robert PRICE 1841-1889
Albert Thomas Young 1849 1930 m. Sarah Elizabeth BUTLER 1854-1939
Rev. Joseph Young 1852 1945 m. Marianne CRISFORD 1852-1936
Emma Jane Young 1855 1939 m. John Wesley BOWERS 1843-1897
Edwin James Young 1858 1932 m. Blanche LEWIS 1858-1938
Jessie Sarah Young 1861 1941 m. William PEARSE
William Henry Young 1863 1953
Roland Charles Eather Young 1866 1939 m 1.Flora Grace JOHNSON 1872-1906 2. Jessie GIBSON
Laura May Young 1869 1954

John St.Pierre
Eather family Newsletter
Eather Family History

Elizabeth Eather 1825-1884

Elizabeth EATHER, the second child and first daughter of Thomas EATHER 1800-1886 and Sarah McALPIN, was born at Richmond on Christmas Day 1825.
She spent her early childhood to the age of about seven years on her parents' farm at Bulga, and thereafter lived at Richmond. She probably had formal education at the little school in Francis Street and attended Sunday Church services there with the other members of her family.
When she was sixteen, Elizabeth became involved in a romance with her twenty-one year-old cousin, Thomas ONUS, who lived nearby in Francis Street at Richmond. About April 1842 she realised that she was pregnant. Thomas agreed to do the right thing by her and they were married at Richmond on 22 August 1842.
They were both of the Church of England denomination, but the wedding wasn't held in the new St Peter's Church as would have been the normal practice. Instead the ceremony was performed under the rites of the Presbyterian religion by the Reverend Mathew ADAM of the Scots Church. There was a reason for this.
Thomas had been involved in an earlier romance with another young Richmond girl, Eliza JAMES, and was the father of a baby girl born in July 1841. It would appear that, for this reason the Reverend Henry STILES of the Church of England was not prepared to marry Thomas to anyone other than Eliza JAMES. Witnesses at the wedding were Elizabeth's parents, Thomas and Sarah EATHER, and her elder brother Thomas.
On 5 December 1842 at Richmond, Elizabeth gave birth to a daughter, who was baptised on 22 January 1843 by the Reverend I WALKER and named Ann. Elizabeth's husband was already a landholder and farmer. Upon the death of his father in 1835, he had inherited 490 acres (196 hectares) of land at Bulga and also a 35-acre (14 hectare) farm near Richmond and a couple of smaller allotments, one of which was in the town. He and Elizabeth resided in Richmond and he cultivated the 35-acre farm.
Over at Bulga he had an overseer in charge of his farming activities there. Thomas added to his landholdings at Bulga by purchasing another 300 acre (120 hectare) block from his step-father, William SHARP. This block lay on the western side of Wollombi Brook between the farm of James HALE to the north and William KIRK to the south, and was separated from his inherited farm only by William KIRK's farm and that of his brother-in-law, Thomas EATHER.
Back at Richmond he leased out the forty-acre (sixteen hectare) block that had been Watt's farm. In 1846 Thomas ONUS took out a licence as a publican and under an arrangement with his parents-in-law, he and Elizabeth took over the running of the "Union Inn" in Windsor Street, Richmond. Under the arrangement Elizabeth's parents continued to reside in the building. This arrangement continued for two years, and then Thomas and Elizabeth moved to their own hotel in the building down the street which had been the original "Union Inn'. They conducted it as the "Queen's Arms".
Elizabeth and Thomas continued to add to their family over the years and eventually five daughters and a son were born to them.
Thomas ONUS extended his grazing interests and became a squatter in the north-west of the colony. He established a run on Narran Creek, west of the site of present-day Lightning Ridge, and there in the 1850's he depastured a herd of cattle. His run was named "Ballaubillau," which was probably an aboriginal name for the locality.
On 23 May 1854 Thomas revoked his previous will and made a new one. Elizabeth was expecting her sixth child at the time and this caused some problems in making bequests, as he had to refer repeatedly to 'the child of which my wife is now pregnant', and to make allowance for the uncertainty of whether it would be a son or a daughter.
By 1855 Elizabeth was concerned for her husband because his health seemed to be impaired by a heart ailment of some sort. He consulted Dr WHITAKER, a local medico, who cautioned him about going fast in a trap or gig. One Saturday in March 1855 he ignored the warning and after rushing around the district in a gig with one of his friends, Fred DAVIS, he arrived home doubled up with pains in his chest. A few days later, on 28 March 1855, he died suddenly. He was only 34 years of age. Elizabeth was left a widow at the age of 29 years, with five children under the age of fourteen. She was well-provided for under the terms of her late husband's will. She inherited all of his personal estate, including his money, as well as all of his land, including the cattle station on Narran Creek. His cattle, horses and other stock were to be sold and the proceeds divided amongst his children and his wife, unless his executors decided that it was expedient to keep them.
At the time of her husband's death, the family was residing at the "Queen's Arms", which they were operating. Afterwards Elizabeth continued to run the hotel for two more years.
During this period there must have been many occasions upon which Elizabeth was grateful that her parents were living just a few doors away and were able to provide support and assistance whenever she needed it.
Elizabeth EATHER - After the death of her husband, Thomas Onus in 1855, Elizabeth backed by her father Thomas EATHER and her brother, conducted the "Queens Arms" Hotel in Richmond, NSW until her marriage to Joseph RUTTER in 1857
On 13 May 1857, after two years of widowhood, Elizabeth remarried. Her second husband was Joseph Hirons RUTTER, age 27 years, a butcher of Parramatta. The wedding took place in St Peter's Church at Richmond with the Reverend J ELDER officiating. Witnesses to the ceremony were her brother Charles EATHER and the groom's sister Rebecca Sarah. Joseph Hirons was the son of Dr Robert Champley RUTTER, who had been born in county Surrey, England in 1800, the son of John RUTTER, a brewer, and his wife Rebecca WILLIAMS. He had married Ann Jane FORD about 1825 and they had two small children when they migrated to New South Wales on the ship "Warrior".
Joseph had been born at sea in 1830 during the voyage. The vessel arrived at Sydney on 29 May 1830 and Dr Robert Champley RUTTER subsequently took up a medical practice at Parramatta. Joseph grew up there and became a fine athlete.
In the early 1850's he had become a noted foot runner at sporting events. His father had also been an outstanding athlete in his younger days. At Parramatta Dr RUTTER was quite a distinguished figure, who always looked a perfect gentleman in his black frock coat and silk hat, which contrasted sharply with his grey hair and white Dundreary whiskers.
How Elizabeth had come to meet Joseph is unknown. He was age 27 years when they married and was over four years younger than her. What prompted him to marry a widow with four children remains something of a mystery. He had previously formed an association with a girl, Mary Anne JACKSON, with whom he had been living at Parramatta. By her he had two sons, born in 1854 and 1856 respectively, and he evidently led a double life for a time after his marriage to Elizabeth, as Mary Anne gave birth to his daughter in 1858. As a result of her second marriage, Elizabeth had two more daughters. Elizabeth's second marriage was short-lived. She and Joseph were residing at Richmond and he was in business as a butcher when, on 15 July 1861, he fell ill with a bilious fever. He was attended by Dr BROWN, but despite his care and attention, Joseph died on 21 July 1861 at the age of 31 years. His funeral was held at Parramatta on 23 July, with the Reverend R L KING of the Church of England conducting the burial service.

At the age of 35 years Elizabeth was a widow again. Her last child was scarcely a month old. She never married again and devoted herself to raising her six surviving children. Her eldest daughter Ann was nineteen when her step-father died and would have been good company for her mother and a help in caring for the younger children.

On 2 March 1863 came the first wedding in the family, when seventeen year-old Sarah married John Daniel EATON in St Peter's Church. John was the third son of Daniel EATON and his wife Mary Ann (nee THURSTON) who were farmers at North Richmond. He and Sarah had known each other since childhood. Elizabeth suffered further sadness four years later when her three year-old daughter Rebecca Sarah died at Parramatta from diphtheria.

A happier event occurred in 1868 when third daughter Susannah was married to William Collins GUEST, son of George GUEST. The wedding was held in St Peter's Church on 22 October with a large crowd present. In 1870 Elizabeth's only son Thomas Alexander turned 21 and the occasion was suitably celebrated. Elizabeth had no reason to feel any concern for her son's future. Upon his coming-of-age Thomas inherited a 40 acre (16 hectare) farm near Richmond, and about 500 acres (200 hectares) at Bulga, part of which was leased to his grand-mother's brother-in-law, William Glas McALPIN.

On 9 February 1871 a third family wedding was celebrated when eldest daughter Ann married Samuel CLIFT, son of Samuel CLIFT Snr, grazier of Maitland, and his wife Ann (nee DUNN).. The wedding ceremony was held in St Peter's Church before a large gathering of relatives and friends. One of the witnesses was Joseph ONUS, brother-in-law of the bride's mother and uncle of the bride.

During the 1870's Elizabeth had a new interest in life with the births of several grandchildren. In 1874 her daughter Sarah became a widow when John Daniel EATON died. There had been no issue of her marriage. On 17 June 1876 Sarah remarried. Her second husband was George William PAINE, son of Charles L PAINE and his wife Ruth. A son, who was to be Sarah's only child, was born to them in 1877.
On 28 February 1877, son Thomas Alexander married Jane Charlotte CAPP, daughter of Charles Solomon CAPP and his wife Mary (nee BROWN).

The last of Elizabeth's children to marry was daughter Anne Jane Ford RUTTER. On 25 April 1883 she married Alfred HILL. Elizabeth EATHER was not destined to live an old age as had so many of her relatives. On 1 March 1884 her mother died at the age of 78 years and Elizabeth survived her by only 14 months, Elizabeth died on 5 May 1885 at the age of 58 years, survived by her aged father and siblings.
She was buried in the cemetery near St Peter's, Church of England, Richmond, NSW.

The children of Thomas ONUS and Elizabeth EATHER:-
Ann Onus 1842 1905 M. Samuel CLIFT 1836-1912
Sarah Onus 1845 1910 m. John Daniel EATON 1834-1874
Susannah Onus 1847 1935 m. William Collins GUEST 1839-1900
Thomas Alexander Onus 1849 1934 m. Jane Catherine CAPP 1855-1921
Matilda J Onus 1852 1853
Elizabeth A Onus 1854 1855

The Children of Joseph Hiorns RUTTER and Elizabeth were:-

Anne Jane Ford Rutter 1858 1885 m. Alfred E S HILL 1840-1916
Rebecca Sarah Harborne Rutter 1861 1865

John St.Pierre
Eather family Newsletter
Eather Family History

Primary and Secondary Sources

Many people have asked me about sources and the difference. There is a lot of information about sources on the internet but some people are still confused.

Primary Sources
A primary source is something that comes from the time that the historian is studying.
For instance if a historian is studying the First World War, then letters and diaries written by the soldiers, the uniforms and the weapons are the primary sources. If a soldier who fought in the trenches wrote his memories of the war a long time after the war it is still a primary source.

Secondary Sources
Secondary sources are sources which do not come from the time the historian is studying. These sources have got their information from other sources. Books about the first world war by historians or school textbooks about the First World War, are examples of secondary sources.

with the exception of the 1911 census, returns are not primary sources, they are secondary sources. The information they contain may have been transferred through several people. The individual's details given to head of the house; the head of the house who wrote out the Householders Schedule which was then handed to the enumerator, who then transferred it to the CEB, which itself was subjected to the rules of the census particularly over the classification of occupations. Finally the Census Office clerks may have made alterations. There were mistakes.

I think the diagram shown below, of the various sources historians can use, will make it easier to understand.

William Eather 1832-1915

William EATHER, my 2nd great grand uncle and the sixth child of Thomas EATHER and Sarah, nee McALPIN, was born at Richmond on 8 August 1833 and was named after Sarah's brother, William Glas McALPIN. He was a tiny babe and his mother admitted many years later that she wondered whether she would succeed in rearing him. He was baptised on 2 October 1833 and in the record of his baptism his father was recorded as being a "shoemaker and farmer".
Little Billy, as he was known, was still a baby when his parents took up residence in the "Union Inn" in Windsor Street, Richmond and it was the home in which he grew up. As a child he probably attended the little school in Francis Street, and as a teenager was encouraged by his parents to attend the Sunday Church services in the new St Peter's Church. His father had a farm near the town and William undoubtedly gained some farming skills by assisting there with his older brothers.
On 29 December 1853, when he was twenty, William married eighteen year-old Ann SENIOR in St Peter's Church. It was then that William's mother is claimed to have said, "As a babe he was the tiniest mite that I ever saw. I thought I would never be able to rear him. When his father first saw him he called him "Cricket" but look at him now, he is as good a man as any of them".
Ann SENIOR had been born on 12 January 1835, the daughter of Samuel SENIOR and his wife Ann (nee REASON).
In 1828 Samuel SENIOR was an overseer for William COX at "Clarenden" near Windsor, while Ann REASON, who had arrived on the "Brothers" in 1824, was working here as a nursemaid.
In 1836, when Ann was a baby, Samuel was engaged by Captain Robert TOWNS to be his caretaker at a property he had purchased at #Mount Tomah in the hills near Kurrajong, and the family took up residence in the "Stonehouse" there. It was at Mount Tomah that Ann spent about ten years of her childhood, during which time her sister Mary Jane and brother Samuel were born. In 1848 Samuel SENIOR left Mount Tomah and took his wife and family to live at North Richmond. Ann spent her teenage years there until her marriage.
On 19 May 1854 Ann's first child was born at Richmond and named Sarah Ann. She was the first of ten Children in the family of William and Ann. One son died in infancy and one daughter died at the age of eleven, but the other six daughters and two sons survived to adulthood; married and had children of their own.
For a few years William and Ann lived in the Hawkesbury district and their first four daughters were born there. Then, at some time between 1857 and 1860, William took his family to live at "Henriendi" on the Liverpool Plains, where his brother Peter was already in residence with his family.
The journey from Richmond to the Liverpool Plains was slow and tedious, made in two spring carts. One of these was loaded with the family's household belongings and other possessions, and the other was set up to save as sleeping quarters. Along the way they undoubtedly called upon William's eldest brother Thomas and family at Bulga, and also his sister Sarah and husband William EATON at the "White Hart" Inn at Muswellbrook.
By the time the party arrived at "Henriendi" they had been on the road for two whole months. For their eldest daughter, Sarah Ann, it was an adventure which she remembered vividly for the rest of her long life.
The Liverpool Plains was the home of William and Ann for most of the rest of their lives. Their last six children were born there.
In 1873 the first of a series of family weddings took place when sixteen year-old fourth daughter Amy Susannah was married to Edward Prosper HUXLEY at Narrabri. The groom was the son of Thomas HUXLEY and his wife Mary, nee EVANS. Other family marriages followed.
On 1 June 1876 in another wedding at Narrabri, second daughter, Emeline Sophia, was married to William John FOXE, an English migrant with an obscure background. His name wasn't really FOXE, but BUSSELL, but nobody knew that at the time, unless he had confided it to Emeline.
In 1877 eldest daughter, Sarah Ann, married John Thomas COLEMAN in yet another wedding at Narrabri; and on 11 February 1879, fifth daughter, Mary Jane, married Walter John COLEMAN, a cousin of Sarah's husband.
The first grandchild, Mary Matilda HUXLEY, was born in 1874. Others soon followed and altogether those four daughters produced amongst them no fewer than 42 off-spring, though not all survived infancy. After a time lapse of nine years the two youngest daughters married in 1888 and the two sons married in 1892 and 1896 respectively.
William and Ann lived to see all of their children married. Ann died on 28 January 1906, shortly after her seventy-first birthday. William survived her by nine years and was 84 or 85 when he died in 1915. He had been known as Billy throughout his life.

The children of William Eather and Ann SENIOR 1835-1906 were:-
Sarah Ann EATHER 1854 1954 m. John Thomas COLEMAN 1852-1912 in 1877
Emmeline Sophia EATHER 1855 1939 m. William John FOXE 1846-1898 in 1876
Amy Susannah EATHER 1857 1943 m. Edward Prosper HUXLEY 1848-1921 in 1873
Mary Jane EATHER 1860 1901 m. John Walter COLEMAN 1855-1930 in 1879
Frederick William R. EATHER 1862 1862
Kate Milner EATHER 1864 1941 m. Frederick Wesley BROWN 1851-1935 in 1888
Arthur Thomas Samuel EATHER 1865 1942 m. Ann Louise WILMUTH 1868-1945 in 1892
Rebecca Reason EATHER 1868 1903 m. Alfred Elijah AUDET 1868-1930 in 1888
William Senior EATHER 1870 1961 m. Isabella Theresa LEES 1869-1962 in 1896

# note Mount Tomah is situated at the ridge line of the Hawkesbury and is 35 minutes from Richmond by car today, past Kurrajong Heights and Bilpin along Bells Line of Road.

Below is a portrait of Ann Eather nee Senior 1835-1906

Peter Eather 1831-1911

Peter EATHER, my 2nd great grand uncle, the fifth child and third son of Thomas EATHER 1800-1886 and Sarah nee McALPIN, was born at Richmond on 19 February 1831. He grew up there and at the age of 22 married his first cousin, Charlotte Eather WILLIAMS 1834-1918. The wedding, which was by licence, was held in St Peter's Church at Richmond with the Reverend John ELDER officiating. Witnesses who signed the marriage register were Sarah EATHER, who was probably Peter's younger sister, and Thomas WILLIAMS, who was one of Charlotte's brothers. Charlotte's parents were Robert WILLIAMS 1795-1839 and Charlotte EATHER 1797-1862, the daughter of Thomas EATHER formerly HEATHER 1764-1827 and Elizabeth LEE 1771-1860.
She had been only five years old when her father died and her home had been at Agnes Bank, just a few miles out of Richmond so she and Peter had known each other since childhood

Peter and Charlotte didn't stay at Richmond for long after their wedding. Within eighteen months they had made the long journey to the Liverpool Plains and had taken up residence on "Henriendi", the run that Peter's father had established twenty years previously on the Namoi River. There Peter found employment attending to stock work on the run or droving cattle down to the markets. In January 1855 their first child was born and when the baby was christened a little later in the year, their address was stated as "Namoi River", and Peter's occupation as being a drover. This child, was a daughter, Matilda Jane, who was the first grandchild of Thomas and Sarah EATHER to have been born at "Henriendi". Sadly, Matilda Jane died at the age of ten months. When Peter and Charlotte's second child was baptised in 1856 their address was "Namoi River" and Peter was a squatter. Four years later, when their third child was baptised, their address was "Boggabri" and Peter was once more a drover. Whether they were residing then on the "Boggabri" run, or whether Boggabri was becoming a general name for the district we do not know. By 1860 Peter and Charlotte had been joined at "Henriendi' by Peter's younger brother William, who had brought his wife Ann and young children to live there. In 1861 the run was given by their father to their brother Charles, and by 1863 he and his wife and children had also taken up residence there. Between 1862 and 1877 another seven children were born to Peter and Charlotte and all were born at "Henriendi". Peter and Charlotte experienced further sadness in 1881 when their ninth child, Ida May, who was nearly five, was taken ill. She was conveyed to the town of Boggabri, and was attended by Dr BARACLOUGH, but she died on 25 January 1881 from a ruptured blood vessel. Bad seasons and droughts in the late 1860's were followed by financial problems for Peter's brother Charles and in 1871 he became bankrupt. His eldest son took charge of "Henriendi" and within a few years the control of the station had passed out of the hands of family members. Peter EATHER was relatively little affected by these events. When he wasn't working on "Henriendi" he was working elsewhere in the district. It seems that he spent a good deal of his working life droving and he often described his occupation as "drover". In 1870/1871 he was working at "Glen Quinn", a property owned by Patrick QUINN who disposed of it in 1871. In 1878/1879 his address was "Henriendi" and at that time he was also working on "Gukenddaddy", a run owned by John Kerr CLARK, who had taken over "Henriendi" in 1876. The year 1876 saw the first wedding of Peter and Charlotte's children. Twenty year-old Clara Amy married twenty-three year-old Thomas Henry FULMER. The first two grandchildren of Peter and Charlotte were born during the next few years. On 22 February 1881, the second family wedding was held. Twenty year old daughter Angelina Sophia was married to Arthur Halmney MILNER from nearby Turrawan, in a ceremony conducted according to the rites of the Wesleyan Church by the Reverend William WESTON. On this occasion Peter's occupation was recorded as "drover". Three witnesses signed the marriage certificate. They were Joseph COLE, Peter EATHER (who made his mark - a cross), and Sarah Charlotte EATHER, the younger sister of bride. By the time that the station was resumed and sub-divided in 1898, Peter and Charlotte had been on the Liverpool Plains for over forty years and their children were all adults and they themselves of retirement age. As a result of the sub-division and the resulting ballot for allotments, one of their sons, Peter McALPIN, was fortunate enough to draw Block 104, an area of 320 acres with a river frontage. Peter and Charlotte lived for over fifty years on the Liverpool Plains, and their residence for most of that time was on "Henriendi". They were residing there in 1903 when they celebrated their golden wedding. By then Peter was describing himself as a labourer. By 1911 Peter EATHER was in his eighty-first year and health was failing. He died in Merton Street, Boggabri, on 1 December 1911. Dr L H BEAMAN, who attended him that day, gave as cause of his death, an intestinal obstruction caused by a carcinoma. He was survived by Charlotte and six of their children, who ranged in ages from 55 to 34. There were more than twenty grandchildren, most of whom were already adults. A large crowd of relatives and friends attended his funeral on 3 December 1911, when he was laid to rest in the General Cemetery at Boggabri. His son, Peter McALPIN provided the information for his death certificate, and his son-in-law A MILNER signed it as a witness. In 1915 Charlotte was still residing at "Henriendi" and her sons were scattered around the district. Most of them were farming. Charlotte lived to see the end of World War 1. She died, age 84 years, on 23 December 1918 and was buried beside her late husband in the Boggabri General Cemetery. Their grave with its inscribed headstone can be seen there today.

The children of Peter EATHER and Charlotte Eather WILLIAMS were:-
Matilda Jane EATHER 1855 1855
Clara Amy EATHER 1856 1933 m. Thomas Henry FULMER 1853-1891
Angelina Sophia EATHER 1860 1911 m. Arthur Halmney MILNER 1853-1931
Sarah Charlotte EATHER 1862 1939 m. George Henry STANFORD 1866-1954
George Milton EATHER 1864 1945 m. Mary Agnes STANFORD 1868-1942
Charles EATHER 1867 1868
Peter McAlpin EATHER 1869 1940 m. Ellen Maude Shephard 1891-1961
John Henry EATHER 1872 1943
Ida May EATHER 1875 1881
Florence Ada EATHER 1877 1966 m. Robert Adam PROUDFOOT 1873-1923
John St.Pierre
Eather Family

Below is a photograph of Charlotte with one of her grandchildren

Charlotte had an inheritance under the terms of her father's will. It was in two parts. She inherited 50 head of horned cattle "for her own absolute use upon her attaining the age of twenty-one or day of marriage". Upon reaching the age of twenty-one she was also to receive a share of the proceeds of interest and dividends on investments in bank shares in her father's estate, less the sum expended upon her maintenance and education during her minority. As she had married under the age of twenty-one, she was entitled to the 50 head of cattle.

It was thirteen years since her father's death, and the cattle in the large herd running then on the WILLIAMS family station "Boggabri" would have long since been sold or died. Presumably she was allocated fifty head from the herd running on the station at the time of her marriage.

Germany to Australia

The following letter was written at the time when Queensland was considering German Immigrants.
Mr. Mark Tapley's views expressed the point of view of the man in the street, regarding the German Immigration; which certainly seemed to be the view of the majority.

The Moreton Bay Courier Queensland Saturday 17 July 1852

To the editor of the Moreton Bay Courier

Sir, As the subject of German Immigration to this district occupies a good deal of public attention at the present moment, I beg to offer a few remarks thereon, founded on a residence of four years in the sister colony of South Australia.
'It was somewhere about the year 1837 that a most benevolent and wealthy London and Honduras merchant, by name George Fife Angas, had his attention drawn to the fact that a number of Prussian subjects of his late majesty Frederick William, having had some religious differences with their Sovereign, desired to seek a new home, free from religious persecution, in new Western World. The people were miserably poor and their little community, taken as a whole were quite unable to pay their passage then.
Mr. Angas, being largely interested in the new colony, conceived and carried into execution a plan of conveying them to Port Adelaide at his own expense. Two ship loads were thus landed, with old and young, schoolmasters, parsons, and all.
One section took 200 acres of land in the Mount Barker district about 25 miles from Adelaide and formed the delightful and antiquated looking village of Hahndorf another portion settled near Adelaide, and raised the picturesque hamlet of Klemsig.
To their honour be it recorded that a few years afterwards they returned Mr. ANGAS the whole of his advance,with interest.
These people were admirably adapted for Australian enterprise. There was not a boy or girl amongst them but could shear a sheep to perfection. In the shearing season it is their wont for family parties of them, men, women, and children to pack their household deities on a small Timor pony cart, and tramp about the country, like a small gypsy party, from station to station They came (if remember rightly, but I will not be sure) from Silesia. Wherever they came from, their care of a place was most surprising. Not a speck of dirt was allowed to go near it. and a shorn sheep from their hands bore no striking dissimilarity to a scalded pig.
To be riding through the bush and stumble upon one of their villages, would make a man rub his eyes a little; so ancient looking, they might at least have been standing there a few centuries. There is little division of labour amongst them. Every man builds his own house, and thatches it ; splits his own timber, works his own land, and grows his own tobacco. And this kind of life they had led in their own country. It is but fair to state that the women did the most part of the heavy work. I have met with girls trudging from Hahndorf to Adelaide, through the night,
with about eighteen penny worth of vegetables for sale next morning, and then return the following night. It is not surprising that toilsome perseverance like this should be handsomely rewarded. They have prospered exceedingly.
They have written to their connections in Germany, and the consequence has been a continued , stream of voluntary emigration ever since; and this has by no means been confined to the humble
class of society Mercantile houses in Berlin and in Hamburg have their representatives in Adelaide; a newspaper is published in their language; and a more orderly, well disposed class of people can not be pointed out anywhere in the southern hemisphere.
Should you deem the above observations worthy a place in your journal they are at your disposal.
I am, Sir,
Your obedient servant.
Ipswich, July 5, I852-'

German Passenger Lists to Australia

The Moreton Bay Courier Brisbane, Qld. Saturday 9 December 1854

As there is now good reason to believe that Mr. LORD has been successful in his attempt to introduce immigrants from Germany into Moreton Bay, and as we have recently published advices showing that the Agency of Mr. BUCKLEY for a like purpose has been also successful, we may reasonably entertain and place faith in further proposals of the like nature. We observe that Messrs. HEUSSLER and Company, who are now carrying on business as merchants at South Brisbane, have offered their services as agents for German immigration. Mr. HEUSSLER is about to revisit Germany, and being intimately acquainted with the wants and capabilities of German peasantry and mechanics, engages to secure the services of such labourers as may be required, for a period of two years. The advance required is only £l per head, the remainder of the passage money being payable on the landing of the immigrant, from whose wages the whole cost of the passage is ultimately to be deducted by the employer, who has thus very liberal terms offered to him. It is quite unnecessary to enlarge upon the great value of the Germans as labourer.
Their frugal and industrious habits never fail to become apparent in any spot where they locate themselves, and, next to immigrants from the United Kingdom, they are unquestionably the most desirable persons. The circular of Messrs. HEUSSLER and Co. states the belief of the firm
that in promoting the immigration of eligible persons from Germany, they shall " not only be conferring a great and decided benefit on this place, but also on their native land." There can be no doubt whatever that such results must follow the successful development of enterprises of this nature, and we may reasonably anticipate the hearty co-operation of employers in bringing such adventures to a prosperous issue

Germany and Australia

The portrait below is the first Prussian consul
Johann Christian Heussler, born in Bockenheim, Germany (near Frankfurt-am-Main) in 1820 and he died in Brisbane, Queensland in 1907.
Credited with bringing 2000 German migrants to Queensland

William Gunn 1726-1797


In the name of God Amen,

I William Gunn of Brunswick County and State of Virginia, being weak and low in body, do constitute, make and ordain, this my last will and testament
as follows (vizt)

I commit my body to the grave to be buried after a Chrisian manner and my soul to the mercy of Christ our Savior, and for what worldly goods it hath followed
God to bless me with, I dispose of them as follows:

I give to my daughter Sarah Huff, as much cash as July, a negro, fell on that is now in possession of Mr. John Drummond is thought to be worth, by the
judgement of two reputable men, to her and her heirs forever.

I give to James Huff, six shillings to him and his heirs forever.

I give to my daughter, Milley Barker, Rose and her future increase. Together with her four children (vizt) Lewis, Bob, Peter, and Toney, to her and her
heirs forever.

I give to the orphans of my son William Gunn, deceased, Jency, and Letty, and Billy, to them and their heir forever.

I give to my son Richard Gunn, Daniel, Cloe, Juner, and Dinah, to him and his heirs forever.

I give to Stephen Mosely, six shillings to him and his heirs forever.

I give to my son George Gunn, Hampton, Tabb, and Moll, to him and his heirs forever.

The whole of the balance of my estate, I give to my son, Radford Gunn, to him and his heirs forever.

I appoint Samuel Mosely, John Thomas, and Peter Read executors of this my last will and testament, disallowing and disannulling, all other will or wills
whatsoever, and struck my hand and seal this twenty sixth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and ninety seven.

Signed, Sealed, and Acknowledged in the presence of
Peter Read
John Bowles,
Jesse Holloway
Betsey G. Bookes
Lundrey Huff

Will proven September 25, 1797

Orphans of William to have slaves; son Richard Gunn a slave, Stephen, Stephen Mosely (son-in-law) to have six shillings, Son George Gunn, slaves,
son Radford son, slaves and balance of the estate.

Exors: Samuel Moseley, John Thomas, and Peter Read, Witness, John Bowles, Peter Read, Jesse Holloway, Betsey C. Bowels, Lunday Huff.

Reel 22 Library of Virginia
Will Book 6 1795-1804, pages 156-157-158
Inventory of William Gunn. The inventory covers slaves, horses, cattle, and household furniture, along with equipment, farm equipment, and tobacco.
All itemized it came to a total of 2,647.4.3. pounds

William GUNN B: 7 March 1726 New Kent, Virginia, United States d: 25 September 1797 son of Thomas GUNN 1688-1777 and Sarah BOATWRIGHT 1700-1777. He grew up in Amelia County, Virginia, one of eleven children. He appeared in land records of Brunswick County, Virginia about 1740, purchasing 365 acres on the north side of Great Creek. On June 20, 1769 married and Hannah White b:28 February 1797 Tennessee d: 28 March 1838 Whitesburg, Jefferson, Tennessee the daughter of Samuel WHITE 1751-1804 and Sarah NIXON 1759-1830.

This marriage produced the following children:-

1. Richard S. GUNN born 26 June 1761 in Brunswick, Virginia died 30 June 1840 at Taliaferro, Georgia, and in 1784 married Elizabeth Radford born 16 May 1761 at Powhatan, Virginia, died 10 March 1846 at Buckingham, Virginia. The children of this marriage were:-
Jane Gunn 1785 1814 Nelson Gunn 1787 1829 William Nelson "Buck" Gunn 1789 1854 John Gunn 1791 1795 Richard Gunn 1795 1849 Rev. Radford Gunn 1797 1866 Elizabeth Gunn 1799 1847 Larkin R Gunn 1802 1855 Jonathan Gunn 1809 1857.

2. Nancy Gunn b. 1762 married Stephen Moseley on Jan 2, 2797. Stephen Moseley inherited for his wife.

3. George Gunn b.c. 1763 married Nancy "Anne" Moseley

4. William Gunn, Jr. b. 1767 married Susannah Clanton

5. Sarah Gunn b. 1770 married James Huff July 26, 1797. James Huff inherited for his wife.

6. Milly Gunn b. 1772 married Burwell Barker on the same day as her sister married James Huff July 26, 1797

7. Radford Madison GUNN b: 20 October 1777 Brunswick, Virginia, d: 27 August 1848 Monroe, Mississippi. On the 13 September 1796 married Sylvia REID b: 22 August 1776 at Brunswick, Virginia, Radford and Sylvia left the State of Virginia a few years after the death of Radford's father and moved on to Rutherford County, Tennessee, where their son, Silas Lundy Gunn was born on February 2, 1812 and son Radford Madison Gunn was born on the 2nd of October 1814. Some time between late 1814 and November of 1817 they migrated to Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, where their youngest daughter, Louisa Olive Hannah Gunn was born on the 1st day of November in 1817. Radford and Sylvia then moved on to the fertile lands in North East Mississippi and set up their family on a large plantation. Radford Gunn was a quite well-to-do plantation owner of good wealth. died 27 August 1849 at Muldon, Monroe, Mississippi.
The children of this marriage were:-
Richard Gunn 1795 1849 Hannah White Gunn 1798 1881 William Boatwright Gunn 1800 Peter Reid Gunn 1801 1832 Robert Bowling Gunn 1805 1880 Silas Lundy Gunn 1812 1835 Richard Gunn 1813 1880 Radford Madison Gunn 1814 1906 Louise Olive Gunn 1817 1851