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Bardoc Murder suspects.

The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Thursday 20 September 1894
By Telegraph.
COOLGARDIE, Wednesday.
The sensation of the hour is still the discovery of the murdered man five miles beyond Bardoc. In addition to the principal blow several fractures were caused by blows with a pick, all apparently struck from behind. The only property found on the body was an old watch and a small compass. There was also a small speck of gold, evidently overlooked by the murderer when stripping his victim. The police have returned from Bardoc, and confirm the news of the murder committed there. They state that on the body being exhumed it was found that a pick had been driven with terrific force clean through the skull of the deceased. The body had then been huddled into the workings, which were then roughly covered in with dbris lying round the pit's mouth. The murderer, so far, has eluded the vigilance of the police, but as he is a foreignor, and a perfect Hercules appearance, his capture is considered certain. It is thought probable that he will try to make for the Mount Margaret district.
The body of the murdered man was buried without identification. It is generally regretted that the police did not publish a full description of the marks on the body as it is believed that these were sufficiently peculiar to make identification easy. A crowd inspected the body, but only one person had previously seen the deceased but did not know his name.

Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954)
Saturday 29 September 1894

William Sodding was arrested near Londonderry on Saturday, on suspicion of being the Bardoc murderer. He answers to the general description of the assassin, in regard to height, build, etc. and was known to have been out at the rush at or about the time the murder was committed, but beyond that there is nothing to connect him with the tradgedy as yet. Persons who saw the digger at the time he was burying the murdered man, have been telegraphed for to see whether they can identify Sodding. There are stains on the prisoner's trousers, but be states they were merely caused by carelessly eating jam. Sodding is a German tailor, formerly employed in the town.

The West Australian
Wednesday 2 January 1895

The Coolgardie Miner of December 22nd *writes:-
A member of the jury who sat on the Bardoc murder case has called at The Miner office to express his grave suspicion that one of the three 'discoverers' of the victim was actually the murderer.
He observed at the time of the inquest that one of them appeared to be almost paralysed with fear, and had himself to attempt to support him had he needed it. The same juryman was in the neighbourhood of Bardoc at the time of the crime, and thinks then if the three witnesses had done their duty they would have called a roll-up forthwith. Our informant says that he is moved to make this communication by a worrying fear that he has perhaps unwittingly contributed towards throwing justice off the track. He is prepared io identity the object of his suspicions, and to assist the police in every way.
For obvious reasons the juryman's name is not made public, but the police are welcome to it on application to us. It is not a little curious that this opinion coincides with the one so frequently expressed in these columns and echoed by Mr. A. G. Hales in an Adelaide journal. It is probable that intelligent investigation -even at this late hour would lead to a reopening of the case and the ultimate vindication of outraged humanity and law. We earnestly urge upon others who have scraps of evidence in their possesion either favourable or the opposite to our expressed opinion to forward them without delay. We promise the utmost secrecy in regard to such communications, except so far as informing the police ara concerned."

Kalgoorlie Western Argus (WA : 1896 - 1916)
Thursday 6 October 1898

A Lunatic at Large.
THE ALLEGED BARDOC MURDERER. The Bunbury Herald of Saturday has the following : For several months past the vagaries of a lunatic at large named Bret Holsten have been the case of considerable annoyance and no little alarm to the settlers in the Black wood district. The unfortunate man used to sleep in hollow trees, under logs and in such like resting places, and would wander about during the day, turning up at the various homsteads.
Information was conveyed to the police at Bridgetown and Bunbury,amid several attempts were made to capture the " wild" man, but without success. The force at Bridgetown became weakened through the illness of two con stables stationed there, so that when news of the whereabouts of the outcast was again sent to the officer-in-charge of police in Bunbury Constable Shields was sent out with a tracker, but the track was lost by the runaway swimming the river and escaping into the bush. Constable Vaughan, of Bunbury, was then despatched about 10 days ago to assist Shields to capture the man. After many days of fruitless search the tracks of the fugitive were picked up on Saturday last near Mr Wheatley's on the Warren River and going towards the south coast. The tracks led through a dense undergrowth,through which it was impossible to take the horses. The constables therefore dismounted and Shields took the horses round while Vaughan followed the tracks. Traces of the haunts of the man were found in several places, such as rush beds and camp fires, many of which seemed to have been several months old. On Monday the constables found the hollow tree in which the fugitive had slept on the previous night, and fresh tracks leading in the direction of Mr Wheatley's residence. Following the tracks the fugitive was sighted about 9 o'clock in the afternoon. He took refuge in the barn, and when driven to bay turned on his pursuers armed with a tomahawk and a butcher's lknife, remarking, "You will not take me alive, I will fight for my life. I know what I have done, and I know that I will swing for it." A desperate struggle lasting about 20 minutes then ensued, and when the constables disarmed him the lunatic kicked and bit like a dog and foamed at the mouth. He refused, when overpowered, to give his name, saying that the police knew his name, as they had been after him for four years. He refused to walk, and a cart had to be hired to bring him to Bridgetown. Before leaving he started to tell his captors that he had done away with his mate at the diggings." Vaughan warned him in the usual manner, and he started to pray to God to forgive him for what he had done. On the journey to Bridge town he made several attempts to escape, and one of the constables had to sit up at night to watch him. During the night the prisoner conversed with his captors quite rationally, and in the course of the conversation asked why it was that 1000 had been offered for Ned Kelly's head and only 100 for his. He was charged at the Bridgetown Police Court with being of unsound mind, and on the certificate of Dr Dickinson was committed to the Fremantle lunatic asylum. On his arrival in Bunbury in charge of Constable Vaughan; persistent rumors became current that the man was suspected by the authorities to be the man who was wanted in connection with the brutal Bardoc murder which took place on the goldfields nearly four years ago. To ascertain the correctness or otherwise of this rumor, our representative waited on Sergeant. Mitchell yesterday morning and was told by that official that he could not account for such a rumor, as he was not aware of the alleged identity of the prisoner. "If," continued Sergeant Mitchell, "people will circulate wild reports of this descriptin they should have some grounds for their statements." It is also said that at Picton Junction a former resident of the goldfields identified the prisoner as having been on the fields some four years ago.

Was Richard Ashe the man Butler? Was Ashe the Bardoc Murderer?


Butler, according to an old sailor, now resident in Newcastle, New South Wales, was at one time known as Richard Ashe, in which name he shipped about the year, 1893, in the barque, Olive Bank, at Rio de Janeiro. The barque was bound for the port of Newcastle, New South Wales, and during the voyage Ashe is represented to have given a great deal of trouble. On arrival at Newcastle he feigned illness, and on the captain taking him the prescribed medicine, Ashe flew into a violent temper, and threatened to take the master's life. For this offence he was charged at the Newcastle police court, and was sentenced to one month's imprisonment.


A Richard Ashe, presumably the same man, next appears on the scene at Newcastle, Western Australia, where he was sentenced on the 28th of August, 1893, to six months imprisonment for unlawful possession. On the 8th of February, 1894, he again faced Mr. Adam, the Newcastle magistrate, on a similar charge. On this occasion he is alleged to have stolen a horse, saddle and bridle at Newcastle, and started on a journey with them to Perth. He did not, however, get past Guildford, where he was arrested with the stolen property in his possession. For this offence he was sentenced to six months' imprisonment with hard labour.


In a small way Ashe was evidently bent on distinguishing himself in the criminal records of Western Australia. Apparently his term of incarceration at Fremantle had only ended when he journeyed to Northam. There he again committed offences which brought him in trouble with the authorities. Several petty larcenies had occurred from the tents of men who were camping in Northam, en route to the goldfields. Ashe was held under suspicion, and, on a favourable chance offering, was chased by the police to his tent, where a search disclosed that he had concealed much of the stolen property reported. He was, there- fore, again brought before the Newcastle magistrate on the 1st of September, 1894, and tried on three separate charges of larceny. In each case he was sentenced to six months' imprisonment with hard labour.


From inquiries made it appears that Richard Ashe served all his terms of imprisonment at Fremantle gaol. Questioned as to the character of the prisoner while under his charge, the superintendent of that institution, Mr. Samuel Hope, informed a representative of this paper that Ashe had been well behaved. Good behaviour, it appears, is often the characteristic of an old gaol-bird, as previous experience may have shown him the inutility of fighting against the powers that be. It does not, therefore, follow that good behaviour on the part of a prisoner is an outward visible sign of an inward invisible goodness. The front of Mr. Hope's present home is protected by a cement and iron fence, in the erection of which Ashe assisted.


Ashe was released from Fremantle Gaol in about January 1896. It would then appear as if he worked his way on to the Coolgardie goldfield. There is strong pre- sumptive evidence that he was at Coolgardie on or about August, 1896; and, further, on his arrival in New South Wales he is reported to have shown jewellery made from gold which he represented he had obtained in Western Australia. At any rate, on the 2nd of December, 1896, the Sydney police received a telegram from Mr. Frank Horwood, mining engineer and assayer, of Coolgardie, informing them that a black bag had been stolen from him about 4 months previously, in which were contained his assayer's certificate from the Ballarat School of Mines. The bag contained other documents, but this telegram had special reference to the assayer's certificate. It appears that the Sydney police in tracking up Captain Lee-Wellerone of Butler's alleged victimsfound, at one of the camps, an assayer's certificate in the name of Frank Horwood.
Hence the connection of Butler with Coolgardie. In this respect, it must also be remembered that Lee-Weller first came in touch with Butler, owing to an advertisement in a Sydney newspaper, where a prospector enquired for a mate. On answering the advertisement Lee-Weller met Butler, who, it is alleged, introduced himself as Frank Horwood, showing the purloined assayer's certificate as a proof of his identity.


The next appearance of Butler, after the disappearance of Mr. Horwood's bag at Coolgardie, is recorded at Grafton in New South Wales, on the 15th of September, 1896. Here he represented himself as a prospector, and expressed himself well satisfied with the diggings in the locality, to which he promised to return. He is reported, whilst in this neighbourhood, to have presented to a fellow-traveller a mining map of New South Wales, on which was written the name of Frank Horwood. On the 19th of October he left Emu Plains station with young Preston, whose fate and that of Lee-Weller at a later date are now matters of common knowledge.
The embarkation of Butler under the name of Lee-Weller, en route to San Francisco, as a sailor on the Swanhilda, and the termination of his trip, are also matters on which the public have been kept fully informed.


It only now remains to investigate the reasons which lead to the inference that Richard Ashe, whose career in this colony has been referred to, and Butler of the Glenbrook tragedies, are one and the same man. Firstly, there is the statement of the old sailor at Newcastle, New South Wales, to the effect that Butler was known to him in 1893 as Richard Ashe.
Further, it appears that this same old sailor met him again in Newcastle in November, 1896, after the Glenbrook murders had been committed, and when Butler had booked as a sailor in the Swanhilda. It was on this occasion that Butler told his old shipmate that he had done well in Australia. On being asked how he had done so well Butler is alleged to have drawn two cartridges from his pocket and said, " This is how I got my living," with the significant addendum, "If they had any stuff on them it was only a matter of pinking them." The old sailor is positive that his shipmate Richard Ashe on the Olive Bank in 1893 was the same person who booked on the Swanhilda in the name of Butler. Further, the photographs and description issued by the Sydney police to the police of this colony of Butler, the alleged perpetrator of the Glenbrook tragedies, agree with the appearance of the man Richard Ashe, who served some two years in the Fremantle gaol. Both the Northam police, who arrested him, and Mr. Hope, Superintendent of the Fremantle Gaol, who saw him daily for two years, are emphatic on this point. Piecing these various items together, it would appear as if there is reasonable proof of the two names being used by the same man.


The WEST AUSTRALIAN of 16th September, 1894, contained a telegraphic account of a supposed cold-blooded murder committed near Coolgardie. It appears that a digger was discovered apparently working a reef by himself in the bush near Bardoc, ten miles from the Broad Arrow. The party who discovered him asked permission to inspect the workings, but were refused. Their attention, however, was diverted by him to another alleged find, which after careful search they could not discover. The party returned to the scene of the solitary miner's labour, and concluded from his absence and the fact of the workings being newly filled in, that they were on a rich find. On reopening the workings a gruesome discovery was made. A corpse was revealed from hip to shoulder on one side, which discovery being made the hole was again filled in and the matter reported to the police.
The supposed murderer was reported to be of extraordinary appearance, being a fair German or Swede, standing 6ft. 2in. in height, and proportionately built. The police on their return confirmed the murder, and stated that the deceased had been killed by a terrific blow from a pick, which had gone through the skull with great force. The body was buried without identification, as out of a crowd of visitors who viewed it, only one had previously seen the deceased, but did not know his name. Some arrests ware made, but none of them led to anything, and eventually the murder became one of those mysteries which ever and anon crop up. A reference to the dates mentioned will show that this murder could scarcely have been committed, as has been suggested, by the alleged author of the Glenbrook tragedies. The Bardoc murder was committed in September, 1894, at which period Butler, or Ashe, was in Fremantle Gaol; also, the alleged Bardoc murderer was described by those who had seen him as a person of Herculean proportions, which Butler is not, his height being 5ft. 10in., while that of the supposed Bardoc murderer was given at 6ft. 2in. These considerations seem effectually to dispose of the theorynatural under the circumstancesthat the author of the Bardoc murder and the perpetrator of the Glenbrook tragedies were one and the same person.

Printed when Charlie Walsh died-Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954) Sunday 28 July 1918 p 16 Article

Charlie Walsh was a genial and popular pioneer of Bayley-street, where he ran a big store in conjunction with his brothers. It was the rendezvous of many of the prospectors who were probing the unknown wilderness north and north-east of Coolgardie, and Walsh Brothers were kept busy in fitting out the parties that were daily striking out to look for new El Dorados, it was Charlie Walsh who first brought in news of the Bardoc murder, which caused a great sensation in 1894. The body of a man was found in shallow trench, with only a little earth hurriedly thrown upon It. The murderer disappeared, and was never traced, though there was some slight evidence to the effect that he was a German. When Charlie reached Coolgardie, he told the news, to a Journalist connected with the "Golden Age," but it was too late for that day's issue, which was printed, so the journalist resorted to strategy in order to prevent the only man with the information from putting it into the hands of Vosper or Billy Clare, who were running the opposition "Miner." A bottle of whisky was produced, also a roll of copy-paper, and between questions and answers and taking notes, insidious invitations to partake of the potheen ended in a journalist and bis prey going to sleep. But the situation was saved, "for" the "Golden Age" next day came out with the first intimation of "The Bardoc Murder.'*

As ASHE/BUTLER was in Fremantle prison at the time of the Bardoc Murder here are a couple of more SUSPECTS

The photo below- taken in Bailey St., Coolgardie out side The Miner Newspaper office about 1894.
Stay tuned

11 comment(s), latest 3 years ago

John Francis Fitzgerald aka Honey Fitz 1863-1950

Honey Fitz was grand father of the 35th President of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy aka JFK. He was also the Mayor of Boston, an office that no Irish Catholic had ever held before him and a congressional representative.His warmth of character earned him the nickname, "Honey Fitz". He also gained the name because of the sweetness of his singing voice. "Sweet Adeline" was his favorite song to sing.

View- Honey Fitz and Boston's 1905 Mayoral Election .

John Francis FITZGERALD was born on the 11 February 1863 in Boston Massachusetts, and died on the 2 October 1950, he was one of 12 children born to Thomas FITZGERALD and Rosanna COX.

Thomas Fitzgerald was born 4 December 1823 in Bruff, Limerick and died in Boston on 19 May 1885 his parents were Michael Fitzgerald b: 1797 (see Notes)and Ellen WILMOUTH. Ellen had been born in Bruff in 1799 and her and Michael were married in Bruff on the 19 January 1821. Ellen FITZGERALD, nee WILMOUTH died in Boston on the 17 November 1875.
Michael FITZGERALD died on the 19 January 1823 at Duganstown, Wexford, Ireland.
The widow of Michael, Mrs. Ellen Fitzgerald, came to Boston with 3 of her daughters and 1 son and went to Prince Edward Island

Rose Anna Cox Fitzgerald was born in Tonymore County Ireland in 1835. The daughter of Philip COX and Mary MCGOVERN. She emmigrated to America where she married Thomas Fitzgerald at St Stephen's Catholic Church in the North End of Boston on the 15 November 1857.

Rosanna died in childbirth having her 13th child on the 18 March 1879. They lost their first child before he was 2. and two girls died in infancy. They had 9 sons, researchers only know of 5 of the sons marrying and having children: John, Michael, James, Henry, and George. Researchers don't know if James, William, and Edward married, and Joseph was the disabled son

Rosanna Cox was a first cousin to Patrick McGovern. Patrick's sister, Bridget was the maid of honor at the wedding of Rose and Thomas Fitzgerald. His sister Susan was the Godmother to Honey Fitz.

The children of Thomas FITZGERALD 1823-1885 and Rose Anna nee COX 1835-1879 were:-

Michael Fitzgerald 1858 1860
James T Fitzgerald 1860 1950
Thomas J Fitzgerald 1861 1893
John Francis Fitzgerald 1863 1950
Michael J Fitzgerald 1864 1925
William S Fitzgerald 1865 1899
Edward C Fitzgerald 1867 1940
Joseph A Fitzgerald 1868 1920
Ellen R Fitzgerald 1870 1870
George F Fitzgerald 1871 1914
Henry S Fitzgerald 1875 1955
Mary Ellen Fitzgerald 1879 1879

Political Career/Connections of John Francis FITZGERALD 1863-1950

Party Affiliation: Democrat

Member of Boston Common Council
1893-1894: State Senator (Massachusetts)

1895-1901 U.S. House of Representatives (Mass. 9th District)

1906-1907: Mayor of Boston

1910-1913: Mayor of Boston

1912: Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts

1916: Democratic Candidate for U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (lost)

1919: U.S. House of Representatives (Mass. 10th District)

1922: Democratic Candidate for Governor of Massachusetts, (lost)

1932: Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts

1. There is division as to where Michael Fitzgerald 1797-1823 was born. Some say Bruff, Ireland and other's say it was Amelia Springs, Amelia, Virginia!

2.Tom Fitzgerald came from Bruff. These records are on the parish records in both Knockainey & Bruff. when Jean Kennedy Smith was ambassador in Ireland, she visited Bruff and with her sister they viewed the Bruff parish church records, with the FITZGERALD information on it.

3.The bible used to keep the family records and to swear in JFK as president came from the palatine road, Bruff.

There is no disputing these facts.

4. Honey Fitz married a Hannon women whose parents also emigrated from the Bruff area in county limerick, Ireland.

The Bruff church record are still intact and have all the births,death and marriages of the Fitzgerald clan before they emigrated from Ireland. Although not online.

The Bruff Heritage Group are at present embarking upon a project which they hope will help clarify and establish dates of births and dates of death and marriages recorded in our parish records, relating to various member of the Fitzgerald family.

Below is a portrait of James Francis 'Honey Fitz' Fitzgerald

5 comment(s), latest 3 years ago

William Nairn 1791-1870

William NAIRN was born on 1 December 1791 in Nairn, Nairnshire, Scotland. The son of William NAIRN 1766-1863 and Sarah Jane, nee BARBER.
On the 21 August 1814. in Colman, London, William or Billy as he was usually known, married Mary Ann RAWLINSON, she had been born on the 21 August 1796, at St Katherine, Colman, London, England and died on the 16 December 1870 in Perth Western Australia.
The couple arrived in "Marquis of Anglesea" his occupation was listed as Master Whitesmith. The couple settled in Perth and Billy died in Perth on the 28 November 1855 He's buried at East Perth, Cemetery.

The children of Billy and Mary Ann were:-

1. James NAIRN, b: 18 May 1816, Stepney, Middlesex, England , d: 10 December 1897, Dongara, Western Australia, Australia James Nairn was Chairman of the Irwin Road Board in 1874, 1878 and 1879
he married Sarah PETTIT 1821-1893 the daughter of Samuel Baukham PETTIT 1786-1845 and Rebecca LONG 1783-1839, who had arrived on the 'Gilmore' with husband and 7 children in 1829.
James and wife Sarah married on the 16 March 1840.
Both are buried at Dongara.

The children of this marriage were:-

1. William John NAIRN b: 22 Jan 1842 Perth, d: 29 December 1918, Popanyinning, Western Australia
m. Sarah Ann PELL 1852-1924 in 1873
2. Amelia NAIRN, b. 28 July 1843, Victoria Plains, Western Australia, m. Alexander FRANCISCO in 1867
3. Francis Edward NAIRN, b. 1845, Perth, Western Australia d: 1 August 1910, Dongara, m. Harriet Emma LONG in 1877
4. Clementine NAIRN, b. 1847, Perth, Western Australia, Australia , d: 6 August 1934, West Leederville, Western Australia, Australia
5. Sarah NAIRN, b. 1849,
6. Charlotte NAIRN b. 1851, Perth, Western Australia, d: 1942 m. Edward ROBERTS in 1871
7. Emma NAIRN, b. 1854, Perth, Western Australia, d: 2 May 1918
8. Walter James NAIRN, b. 1856, Perth, Western Australia, d: 1903 Byro Station, Upper Murchison
9. Charles Joseph NAIRN b: 1859, Perth, Western Australia,
d: 17 Jul 1935, Claremont, Western Australia, Australia
10. Jane NAIRN, b. 1860, Perth, Western Australia d: 1945
11. Mary NAIRN, b: Abt 1862, Perth, Western Australia, Australia ,
12. Henry Robert Rawlinson NAIRN, b: 7 July 1866, Irwin, Western Australia, Australia d: 18 Jun 1939, Geraldton, Western Australia

2. Margaret NAIRN, b: 1823, in England and died 27 October 1897 at York, m. Thomas GRIGSON 1823-1890 in 1842. The children of this marriage were:-
1. John GRIGSON, b: 1 June 1846,
2. Elizabeth GRIGSON, b: 7 November 1847

3. Charlotte NAIRN, born 1826 in London, died 1895 she married Walter PADBURY 1820-1907 in 1844 in Perth

4. William NAIRN, b. 22 April 1829 in London, died 1898 in Linwood, South Australia. m. Jane GRAVES 1830-1910 in Perth in 1854.
William went to South Australia as a young man to work on the new railway being built between Adelaide and Port Adelaide

The children of this marriage were:-
1. Charles Thomas NAIRN, b: 23 Jan 1855, Perth d: 24 Jan 1862 at Light Scrub, South Australia
2. Ellen NAIRN, b: 10 October 1856,
3. Ann NAIRN, b: 14 April 1858, d: 8 February 1860
4. William NAIRN, b: 5 April 1860, d: 6 Jan 1926
5. Alice NAIRN, b: 5 January 1862,
6. Esther NAIRN, b: 30 September 1863, d: 11 July 1934, Guildford, Western Australia, Australia
7. Charlotte NAIRN, b: 16 May 1865,
8. Anne NAIRN, b: 22 July 1867,
9. James NAIRN, b: 19 April 1869, Grace Plains, South Australia, Australia, d: 1934
10. Albert Victor NAIRN, b: 22 March 1871, Linwood, South Australia ,
11. Sydney NAIRN, b: 1 May 1874,
12. Margaret Daisy NAIRN, b: 8 Jul 1876, d: 17 April 1877

5. Walter James Nairn b: 1830 died in November 1903 at Byro Station, Upper Murchison, leaving to his brother William John Nairn, a total of 2,133-16s.
6. Jane NAIRN, b. 1832, m. Thomas ROACH in 1850
The children of this marriage were:-
1. W. H. ROACH,
2. W. J. ROACH,
3. Thomas William ROACH,

7. Charles NAIRN, b. 1834, d. 1867 Drowned off N.W. coast when the schooner "Emma" owned by Walter PADBURY was lost at sea.

8. Emma NAIRN, b. 22 January 1837, Swan River Colony died 19 October Perth,Western Australia, married James John OUGDEN 1835-1871 in Perth on the 4 March 1858

9. Ellen NAIRN, b. 1838, m. (1) James GRIEVES 1827-1866 at Fremantle in in 1865. This union produced 2 children;
William Charles Grieves 1865 1866
Clara Ellen Grieves 1866 1866
(2)Richard George William MEARES 1848-1882 at Perth in 1874
1 child from thia marriage was Seymour Grant Meares 1875 1947

Swan River Colony, History of Fremantle
Western Australia

Dongara - Irwin Lonely Graves Western Australia

There are some graves in the Dongara/Irwin area, which are not in the Public Cemetery at Dongara but by the area where they died.


BEANDIS FC or likely to be BRANDIS FC at Frione/Leonue Vale
T BISHOP on Mass' farm
JINTARRA J and SINGH P at Big Hill

BUTLER T at upper Irwin
CAIN A between Dongara and Minginew
Johnston J on the property of H&J Broad
ROWLAND F and ROWLAND L in private cemetery
SINGH baby at Fipphord Farm
SINGH T cremated remains at Back Beach



BRADY - 3 babies


BRADY baby (162 Mile Camp)



ASHWORTH W on the coast about 4 miles south of Wedge Island

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 1 month ago

William Criddle 1804-1875

William Criddle was born 18 November 1804 in in Ightham, Kent. The son of William CRITTAL 1777-1815 and Sarah, nee BRATTON.
William arrived from Tunbridge Wells, Kent on 12th October 1829 at the age of twenty-five, at the time and for many years afterwards he was known as "Crittal ";
The name on his marriage certificate is CRIDDLE and the family were
forever after known as CRIDDLE (see note)
He arrived on the 12 October 1829 in Perth, as an indentured servant, Agriculturalist, with Thomas THOMASETT (this name showing as Thom(p)sett on the passenger list), and their employer was, Alfred STONE, a solicitor and prospective farmer. The three men had shipped in the "Caroline" , which had been chartered by James HENTY to bring his many employees and stock to the Colony.

On the journey CRIDDLE and THOMASETT lived with the other steerage passengers on the lower deck, and amongst them John CHIPPER, Charles GEE and George REWELL, together with their wives and families. Their diet of salt meat and ship biscuits was not varied during the long journey as was that of the passengers in the Cuddy who had the money to pay for extra, and more tasty food.
The latter had Hams, Tongues, Cheeses and salt fish, Soups and Eggs and various Pickles and Spices for disguising the unpalatable Salt Meat.

Three weeks after their arrival in the Colony, Stone was granted a villa site of seven acres on the Canning River and a further 5,230 acres 'in the interior', which he ultimately took up on the Avon.

On this villa grant CRIDDLE and THOMASETT worked at erecting a
primitive stone cottage which was named "Speldhurst "after the parish in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, together with accommodation for themselves.

THOMASETT made himself busy about the cottage while Criddle set about
preparing the ground for the vineyards and orchards that he was to
supervise. The two men barely settled when Thomasett drowned in the
river while shooting ducks.

Within a year of his arrival Stone realized that money was not made easily in the colony and he accepted a position under Governor Stirling as the Sheriff of the colony, or Clerk of the Peace, as he was sometimes referred to. It may have been at this time that Stone released CRIDDLE from his indentures.

By August 1834 he was working as a carpenter for J. PHILLIPS, who had
subleased James Henty's property, Stoke Farm, near Bassendean.
Phillips, like so many others, was feeling the pinch of bad times and he applied to the Commissariat for food for CRIDDLE. To-wards the end of the thirties, and as the Avon settlement began to expand, CRIDDLE found his way over the hills to Toodyay where either as an agricultural labourer or as a carpenter he would have found plenty of employment.

By 1840 CRIDDLE was working at Grassdale, and in that year at Deepdale Farm he married the daughter of William THOMAS and Keziah, nee SAUNDERS, Elizabeth THOMAS, she had been born in 1820 and was known to her family as "Betsy"
Within a few years William's financial position had improved considerably and he was then able to lease a farm of 200 acres on the old Jimperdine Road to Toodyay.

In the census of 1849 CRIDDLE declared that his household, besides his
wife and himself, consisted of two males under twelve years (William
the younger and Tom) two females (Anne and Susan) also under
twelve. He also declared that he possessed 2 horses, 3 horned cattle,
11 swine and six acres of wheat. Another son, Henry was born at
Toodyay in late 1850 and by this time, Criddle's lease on the
Jimperdine Road had expired. When the first winter rains fell in 1852
and Lockier Burges returned to the Avon Valley looking for men and
their families who would be willing to migrate northwards to the Irwin

William CRIDDLE went with him taking his wife and 5 children. The
Criddle family remained at the Irwin River until the end of 1859 when
William purchased two sections, totaling 80 acres, on the north front
flats and roughly a mile south-east from the Bootenall Springs. Portion of one section faced Gregory Road, quite near the road William built a three roomed mud brick house. In the garden he planted a Palm Tree.

In the floods of 1862 the house was destroyed. William built another
home, which met a similar fate in 1872. For the third time he built a home from limestone carted from a quarry at Rudd Gully some two
miles to the North, on slightly higher ground to with stand the floods.

Meantime the Palm Tree continued to grow and a hundred years later it
was still thrusting its fonds into the air some forty feet from the ground.

William CRIDDLE died on The 12 May 1875 aged seventy-one. Betsy or 'Granny CRIDDLE' as she was more affectionately known lived until 1909 when she died at the ripe old age of eighty-seven. She had married at 18 and given birth to thirteen children. Mary the first child to be born in the Victoria District died in 1870.

The children of William CRIDDLE and Betsy were:-

1. Anne CRIDDLE Born: 2 May 1842 , Toodyay, and died: 13 Dec 1897, Greenough,
She married (1) John PATIENCE at Lynton (born 1819 in England died 24 September 1870 at Greenough. Arrived in Western Australia 1850 as a convict on the "Scindian'. Lived in Greenough as a Farmer & Shoemaker) on 14 November 1857, at Pt Gregory, WA
She married (2) Thomas HARRISON, son of Stephen and Margaret Harrison. Born in England in 1843. Died at Greenough 15 May 1931. Farmer, Greenough, Western Australia. Arrived WA 1863. On the 19 April 1877 at Greenough.

2. William CRIDDLE Born in Toodyay Western Australia in 1843 and died in Guilford Western Australia on 1 November 1912. He is buried in the Dongara Anglican Cemetery.
He was a Farmer & Grazier in Dongara, Murchison & Gascoyne Districts of Western Australia. He was also an Hotelier at the Dongara Hotel (later the Dominican Convent).
William CRIDDLE was married (1) at Greenough, Western Australia on 19 December 1864 to Mary Anne BUFTON, born 1844 in London, England. Died 1 September 1901 in Dongara, Western Australia. Mary Anne BUFTON was the daughter of William BUFTON 1814-1869 and Hannah, nee WILTSHIRE 1818-1880 who arrived in Western Australia in 1854. They had 13 Children.
William CRIDDLE married (2) Martha REYNOLDS on 25 July 1904. Martha was born at Greenough, Western Australia in 1863. She was the daughter of Peter REYNOLDS and Harriet, nee KENWORTHY, who arrived on the "Berkshire" in 1855. They were farmers and Innkeepers at Greenough, Western Australia. 1 Child

3.Thomas CRIDDLE
born in Toodyay, Western Australia in 1845. He died in Greenough, Western Australia on 21 May 1914, and is buried at the Greenough Central Cemetery. He was a farmer and innkeeper at one time owned the Black Flats Hotel near Bradley's Siding Greenough. Married Mary CONNOLLY 1849-1925 at Greenough on the 24 May 1869.

The children of this marriage were:-
Selena Helena Criddle 1870 1940
John Thomas Criddle 1872 1938
Joseph Alfred CRIDDLE 1874 1937
Robert Criddle 1876 1947
William Ernest Criddle 1878 1949
James Frederick CRIDDLE 1880 1956
Sidney Criddle 1882 1953

4.Susan CRIDDLE 1848-1909. m. David BRAND 1840-1912
married at Greenough, on the 15 September 1869.
David and Susan are both buried at the Dominican Cemetery in Dongara

The children of this marriage were:-

Elizabeth Jane BRAND 1870 1932 m. Horace FAULL
George David BRAND 1871 1952 m Elizabeth Sarah CLARKSON 1875-1952
Isabella BRAND 1873 1947 m. Charles JAMES
William Henry BRAND 1875 1947 m. Annie ROWLAND
Andrew James BRAND 1877 1949 m. Octavia Rosa ROWLAND
Selina BRAND 1879 1955 m. Robert CLARKSON
Fletcher Alderwan BRAND 1881 1947 m. Lola BAYLISS
Albert John BRAND 18831952 m. Hilda MITCHELL on 21 Jan. 1911. The parents of Sir David BRAND 1912-1979
Eugenia Maud BRAND 1886 1933 m. Forest Edwin MORRELL
Frederick Thomas BRAND 1888 1953 m. Sarah May HUGHES

5. Henry CRIDDLE born August 1850 at Toodyay and died 1 August 1903 at Greenough. married Frances Maxton DORAN 1855-1934 on the 13 December 1877.
The children of this marriage were:-
Francis Louisa Criddle 1878 1879
Mary Jane Criddle 1880 1882
Agnes Criddle 1882 1885
Elsie Dora Criddle 1883
Arthur Charles Criddle 1886 1952
Elizabeth May Criddle 1888
James Reginald Criddle 1893 1961
Evelyn Maud Criddle 1897

born 1 August 1852 at Toodyay and died on the 12 November 1873 at Greenough, Western Australia

born 20 February 1855 Irwin River and died 14 May 1934 Midland Junction, Murchison, Western Australia m. Esther Jane PELL 1853-1936 at Dongara on the 28 August 1878.

The Children of this marriage were:-
Grace Mary CRIDDLE b: 30 March 1880 Irwin River, d: 8 Dec. 1969 Perth. m. William Albert KENWORTHY 1876-1948 at Minginew on 27 February 1903
Irwin John CRIDDLE b: 4 May 1883 Irwin River. d:20 October 1959 Rivervale, m. Fanny Oliver HERBERT 1889-1926 in Irwin, 31 May 1911
Charles Glynn CRIDDLE b: 24 June 1884 Irwin River d: 7 June 1966 Victoria Park, Perth m. Emily Jane BRANDIS 1882-1953 at Irwin in 1912
Violet Mary May CRIDDLE b: 31 May 1890 Irwin River d: 14 June 1976. m. Arthur Lewis OLIVER 1884-xxxx at Irwin on 19 May 1908
Jack Farris CRIDDLE b: 24 May 1893 Irwin River, d: 26 August 1972 Perth. m. Eileen Rose MIFFLIN 1901-1989 at Perth in 1925.
Ivy Myrtle CRIDDLE b: 25 June 1897 Irwin River d: 20 December 1980. m. Wellman Edward TURNER 1893-1953 at Fremantle in 1937

8. James CRIDDLE
born 19 August 1857 at Bootenall and died 11 March 1927 Nabawa. married Emma PELL, b: 21 January 1859 Toodyay, d: 9 November 1944 Nabawa, Western Australia. at Dongara on the 21 March 1881.

The children of this marriage were:-
Alfred CRIDDLE b: 8 September 1882 Dongara d: 18 February 1957
Sydney James CRIDDLE b: 13 July 1884 Dongara, d: 1 Oct. 1963 Geraldton
Ethel Margaret CRIDDLE b:1884 Dongara, d: 1885 Dongara
stillborn female CRIDDLE b:1885 Dongara d: 1885 Dongara
Herbert Melbourne CRIDDLE b: 29 September 1886 Dongara,
ANZAC killed in Action 27 October 1917 Flanders, Belgium
Beatrice Adelaide CRIDDLE b: 2 October 1888 Dongara d: 16 June 1966 Geraldton.
Horace John CRIDDLE b: 20 February 1890 Dongara d: 18 March 1928 Nabawa,
David CRIDDLE b:1892 Dongara d: 29 December 1974 Geraldton
Arthur George CRIDDLE b: 18 June 1894 Dongara, d:23 February 1958 Perth
Harold CRIDDLE b: 7 March 1896 Dongara, d: 18 March 1976 Narrogin
Edith Mary CRIDDLE b: 14 July 1898 Greenough d: 26 May 1968 Perth
Ina Phyllis CRIDDLE 1900 Dongara d: 8 January 1975 Geraldton
Ivo Philip CRIDDLE 1900 Dongara d: 2 January 1953 Geraldton

9. Sarah CRIDDLE
born 18 June 1859 Greenough and died 31 July 1937 in Perth.m. Robert Francis HOPE 1856-1942 at Dongara on 21 January 1881.

10. Eliza CRIDDLE
born 11 April 1861 Greenough died on the 23 January 1949 buried at Karrakatta Cemetery, Karrakatta. m. Edward Joseph Miles O'CONNOR 1856-1890 at Dongara on 6 November 1889.
One son was born before Edward was killed on 21 May 1890 by the accidental falling of a tree, at the Water Works, at Canning:-
Edward Francis O'CONNOR 1890 1961

11.Emily CRIDDLE
born 21 December 1862 Greenough, died 23 September 1905 Dongara, m. William DOWNES 1859-1936 the son of Edward Bethel DOWNES 1819-1891 and Amelia, nee WILLIAMS 1831-1877 at Dongara in 1882.

The children of this marriage were:-
Emily Elizabeth DOWNES 1883 1883
Edward Alderwin Downes 1885 1958
Daisy Elizabeth DOWNES 1887 1979
Alma Downes 1889
Charles Downes 1891 1947
Arthur DOWNES 1893 1970
William Downes 1896 1896
Herbert Downes 1897
Victor DOWNES 1899 1901
Louis Roy DOWNES 1900 1901
Vida Charlotte DOWNES 1903
Pearl Clyde DOWNES 1904

12.George CRIDDLE
10 October 1864 Greenough, died 25 July 1952 Perth. Western Australia. married Ada DOWNES 1867-1962 Daughter of Edward Bethel Downes 1819-1891 and Amelia, nee WILLIAMS 1831-1877 at Dongara in 1897.

The children of this marriage were:-
Irene Holly CRIDDLE 1898
Daphne Georgine Criddle 1900 1968
Leila Marian CRIDDLE 1902 1924
Frederick Lionel CRIDDLE 1903 1942
Alan George Criddle 1906
Trixie Rita Criddle 1908
Cora Criddle 1910

13.Charles CRIDDLE
born 22 December 1867 Greenough, died 25 April 1886 at Greenough, Western Australia.

14 Phoebe Elisabeth CRIDDLE
born 15 January 1870 Greenough and died 17 February 1960 Subiaco m George CARTER at Dongara in 1893

[NOTE: It was not until 1926 that a person could only change his name by Deed Poll. Before that he could call himself any name he wanted. janilye ]

The photograph below courtesy of the Geraldton Historical Society is William Criddle 1804-1875 and Elizabeth Criddle nee Thomas 1822-1909
Early Pioneers of Greenough, Western Australia

The Charlotte Gladstone arrival 1866 - Passenger List

Transcribed from

The South Australian Register of June 18 1866 , Adelaide

THE CHARLOTTE GLADSTONE 1866 departed Plymouth, Devon, England with 394 government immigrants, arrived Glenelg, South Australia on April 16, 1866 CHARLOTTE GLADSTONE - PASSENGER LIST, as recorded at SA State Records [66/4 GRG 35/48
The above ship is a capital specimen of the Commissioner's selection, and there can be no doubt but that it is preferable to pay a little more to secure such spacious 'tween decks and ample recreation surface, although in this case those matters have not entirely prevented the appearance of sickness.
She is a new vessel on the first voyage, commanded by Captain Fraser, and superintended by Dr. Crane, whose long experience in the transport of people eminently qualifies him for the post.
His task on the present occasion has been rather more onerous than usual, from hooping-cough existing when the ship left Plymouth.
There were but two mild cases, but unfortunately the epidemic was communicated to others, and a large number were treated for the same, five of whom died, aud the remainder had partially recovered, leaving but two on the Surgeon's list on arrival.

In consequence of this the Assistant forbade communication till Dr. Duncan's visit of inspection; and with praise worthy zeal for the service, that gentleman was early in attendance and mustered the people. From the surgeon's and master's opinion with the general appearance of the immigrants some slight idea may be formed of their suitability for colonial purposes; and it is but fair to remark on the good order and observance of routine manifested.
This resulted from stringency at commencement, which ripened into cheerful obedience at the close. By far the majority are assisted passage certificate holders, imported to the order of friends here, and doubtless many recognitions of familiar faces will occur in the course of the day, for it is unlikely any quarantine regulations will be enforced. The cleanliness in the single females department is very creditable to the feminine part of the floating community, and the same will apply to the married folks, though the number of juveniles is rather against its remaining in strict order long.
The single men have more space than any others, for on the stowage of the hammocks the apartment extends from side to side without obstruction.
As regards the dis tiller and ventilator, Dr. Crane is in favour of both, but recognises the necessity of some modification in the latter, in order more thoroughly to clear the 'tween decks from impure air.

Subjoined are the names of the immigrants

James, Louisa, Elizabeth, Louisa, James, Emma, and Frederick Allen, Jesse, Elizabeth, Adeline, Rosalinde, and Sylvia Aubris, Mary J. Bailey, William Benny, Richard Best, William, Elizabeth, Annie, Samuel, William, and Kate Biles, Isaac, Mary J and Ellen J. Blackmore, Eli Hannah, Sarah, and James Bradbury, Samuel Brand, George, Ann, and George Butter, James and Rachel Bye, William, Harriet, John, and Daniel Cannon, William, Mary, Sarah, Mary, and William Carnail, Marshall, Martha, Fred., and Benj. Carter, Richard and Emma Carter, William Chapman, Charles Curnow, Thomas, Mary T., and William Clarke, Thomas and Selina Davis, Richard Dawe, Miss E. Duffey, Edward, Mary, Ann, Mary, Bertha, and Edward Dingle, James, Emma, James, and Jane Draper, Mark and Sarah Fishlock, Eliza Forrestall, Sarah Forster, Alice Foskett, Lewin, Mary, George, and Anne E. Fry, William George, George, Hope, Edith, and Annie Gibbons, Stephen, Mary A., and Anne Gibbons, Anne Gingall, Thomas Guest, William, Elizabeth, Mary A., and Elizabeth Harris, John and Margaret Harvie, John Hatherby, George and Mary Hearny, Mark N. Hillier, Emanuel, Caroline, Eliza, Elizabeth, Ketty, and Angelina Hellier, Charles and Mary Higgs, Joseph Honniball, John Ingram, David Jones, Joseph Kingston, John Knight. George Lane, Sarah A. Lanthias, Anna Lee, Jane McKeon, Thomas, Charlotte, and Ernest Matthews, Wm. Medland, Daniel Megins, Wm. Merrifield, Richard Nicholls, Henry Osmond, Thomas Page, William Parsons, James Raines, Anty Retallach, James and Alfred Richards, William and Susan Rodda, William G. Roskilly, John, Anna, Sarah, William, Fanny, John, Asenok, and Elijah Smart, Charles Smith, Richard Sahey, John Stocker, Edward Townsend, Thomas Tripconey, Thomas Tuckey. Harry Turpin, Mary A. Welsford, Chas. Wheeler, Mary. A. Wilcocks, Sophia, William, Mary, and Mary Williams.

Scotch:- Mary J ,George, and Robert Anderson, Roderick and Catherine Beaton, William Cameron, Donald Campbell, Ann Campbell, Wm. Fraser, Louis Grant, Alexander Gullard, Robert Hardie, Thomas McDonald, John McKenzie, William Moir, Thomas, Elizabeth, Agnes, and Christina Robertson. Thomas Robertson, Hugh Ross, Mary Ross, Thos. Russell, Albert, Margaret, and Jessie Skirving, John Souter, Jane Stoudart, James Sutherland, William Taylor, Wm. Turnbull, James Watson.

Irish:- Sarah and Elizabeth Abbott, Mary A. Aitchison, Henry and John Allan, Ellen, William, and Hamilton Armstrong, Johanna Bannan, Robert Breaden, Johanna Brown, William Burns. Mary, Bridget, and Margaret Casey, Mary, Catherine, and Margaret Casey, Edmund Casey, William and James Casey, Betchley Cerry, Catherine Comerford. Michael Comerford, Bridget Considine, Mich. Consadine, Mary Conway, Bridget Crowe, Ann Culhiran, Bridget Currnean, James Daly, Maria Daly, John and Daniel Daly, Pat Dillon, Francis Dillon, Mary Dillon, Johanna and Mary Dillon. Pat Doulan, Mich Donnellan, John Donoghue, Honora Doody, William Dowler. Mary A. Eagan, Elizabeth and Anne Eakins. Sarah Eakins, Alexander and James Eakins, Pat Egan. T. J. Ewart, Margaret Farrell, T. Farrell, Mich Farty, Thomas Flanagan. Elizabeth and Margaret Fleming, Peter, Catherine. Mich., Mary, and John Francis. John Francis, Margaret Francis, John and Connor Francis, Kate Francis, Pat, Honora, John, Mich., and Mary Francis, Pat Grady, Eilen Giltemane, Thomas Gleeson, Ellen Green, Mary A. and Margaret Greer, James, Mary. Henry, and Emily Greer, John Greinason, Mary Guthrie, Bridget Guthrie, Edward Halloran. James Hanlan, Mich. Healy, Bridget Healy, Hannah Healy, Bridget Hehir, John and Pat. Hehir, William Henderson, Jane Henderson, Mary Hogan. Thomas Hogan, Margaret Howard, Mary Hynes, Sarah Hynes, William and John Jones, Samuel A. Jones, James and John Keane, Bridget Keef, Anne Keogh, John Keogh, Robert and Thomas Kemp, Elizabeth Kemp, Biddy Kerin. Michael and Margaret Kerin, Dennis and Michael Kerin, James Kerr, Margaret Kiely, Honora Kitt, Ellen and Johanna Leary, Cornelius Leary, Pat. Lee, Mary Lineham, Martin and Mary Lineham, Pat Lunard, Thomas Lucas, Mary Lynch, John, Ellen, John, and James Lynch, James and Catherine Lynch, Margaret Lyons, Pat. and Michael Lyons, Rose Mackill, Pat. Madden. John Madjan, Catherine Mann, Bridget Markham, John McGrath. Mary, Bridget, Catherine, and Catherine McMahon, Julia McGrath, Betty McGaun, Anorah McCormick, Rose McNally. Mich., James, and Pat. McMahon, Thomas Molan, Thomas Moloney, Mary Molloy, Margaret and Margaret Morrissey, Margaret Morissey, Alice Mullen, James, John, and Pat. Murphy, Thomas Murphy, Julia, Margaret, and John Murphy, John, Harriet, Cornelius, Maurice, and Eliza Murphy, Ann O'Brien, William O'Brien. Margaret O'Brien, Mick O'Connell, Edmund O'Donnell. Margaret O'Donnell, Kate O'Loughlin, Terence, John, Thomas, Pat, and John O'Loughlin, Mary O'Neil, Ellen Paterson, Joshua, Mary A., George, William, Ellen, and Eliza Pratt, Bridget Ready, James Ready, John Roach, Bridget Rodgers, Pat. Russell, Margaret Ryan, John, Mick, and Timothy Ryan, Thomas Ryan, James, Martha, Catherine, Thomas, and James Shannon, John and Margaret Sheahan, Bridget, Helen, and Margaret Sheady, Dennis and Margaret Sheady, James and John Sheady, Mick, Mary, John, Pat. Kate, and Mick Shein, James, Isabella, and John Stevenson, Ann Stokes, Michael Stokes, John Stimon, Thomas Sweeney, Bridget Sweeney, Sally Tierney, Thomas Tilson, Catherine Torney, Robert Tweedy, Mary Welsh, Johanna and Hannah Whelan, Nancy, Margaret Bridget, Kate, and Ann Whelan, Hannah and Mary Whelan, Dominick Whelan, Pat, Margaret Catherine, and Mary White, John Wilson, and John Woods.

Married men, 42;
Married women, 43;
single men, 155;
single women, 129.
Children between 1 to 12:
Boys, 31;
Girls, 35.
Children under 1:
Boys, 6;
Girls, 2.

Total, 443 equal to 402 statute adults

2 comment(s), latest 1 year, 8 months ago

Dominican Priory, Dongara, Western Australia

Eight hundred years separates the foundation of the original Dominican Convent, Our Lady of Prouille, in the south of France and the Congregation of Dominican Sisters of Western Australia as we know it today.

From that first ancient convent founded by Domingo de Guzman (later St Dominic) in 1206 has grown a religious Order with many thousands of members, both male and female, across the world. Down the eight centuries the Church has canonized many of these members, notably St Dominic, St Thomas Aquinas, St Catherine of Siena, St Rose of Lima. More recently St Catherine of Siena has been named Doctor of the Church and Patron Saint of Europe.

Domingo de Guzman, the son of Felix Guzman and his wife Jane of Aza (later Blessed Jane of Aza), was born in 1170 in Caleruega in north-eastern Spain. Dominic developed into a young man of great integrity with a caring and charitable nature and, after completing his studies for the priesthood, committed himself to a life of prayer and contemplation of Gods Word in the Scriptures and to preaching the Truth of the Gospel. Dominic had a talent for adapting himself to circumstances and people and especially to the needs of his contemporaries and many young men were drawn to his way of life.

In 1206, a group of noblewomen who had embraced the ascetic lifestyle of an heretical group, the Albigensians, was converted to Christianity by Dominic who founded a convent of Sisters within Albigensian territory at Prouille in Southern France. Their mission was to study Gods Word in the Scriptures and following Dominics lead, spread the Truth through teaching, to all who came to them and their strength lay in their ability to communicate their knowledge and faith with great personal conviction. They supported Dominic and the other friars in the work of preaching Truth thereby establishing the female/male aspect of the Dominican Order and Veritas - Truth - became an accepted motto of the Order.

From this original group of women, foundations spread throughout Europe including England and Ireland. The first known foundation of Dominican nuns in Ireland was established in Galway in 1644.
Two other foundations were eventually formed in Ireland, in Drogheda and at Sion Hill in Dublin. It was from Sion Hill that Mother Mary Gabriel GILL led a mission to Dunedin in New Zealand in 1870 and 29 years later to the Goldfields of Western Australia after Bishop William KELLY, newly appointed Bishop of Geraldton, invited the Dominican Sisters from Dunedin to form a foundation in the recently formed Geraldton Diocese.

On 5th January 1899, Bishop KELLY provided a detailed description of their new mission and added:
I can put before you no inducement to come here, but for the love of God. If you can work for Gods sake and endure hard things and wait for better times, come along. Should you think the prospects too uninviting, I will not blame you.
The Sisters were not discouraged by the Bishops remarks: in March of the same year, Mother Gabriel together with Sisters di Ricci KIRBY, Gonzales WALL, Dominica MURPHY, Di Pazzi Miscall, Bonaventure McENTIRE and a postulant Kate MURPHY, were named as the Western Australian founding members who arrived in Greenough, a tiny hamlet a few miles south of Geraldton on 7th June 1899 to form the first foundation of Dominican Sisters in Western Australia.

It was in July 1901 that the Sisters opened a convent at Dongara and established it as the head house and novitiate in the hope that they would be able to develop there a significant school and college that would offer a wider range of academic and cultural subjects than had previously been possible.

For the next 70 years the Dominican Priory with its boarding and day school for girls became well-known for the high standard of education it provided, first on a small scale, but, after 1928, for its well-equipped and attractive building, the Dominican Ladies College, set in lovely surroundings and for the quality teaching of the Sisters who served Catholic and non-Catholic families of the inland farming and goldmining areas of the Geraldton Diocese and beyond.
As early as 1917, the Sisters experienced the traumas and difficulties associated with living close to a river that periodically burst its banks.

Although there were other floods from time to time, it was the more damaging one caused by Cyclone Mavis in 1971 that was the catalyst that finally saw the closure of the Dominican Priory at Dongara and the termination of the Dominican Ladies College at the end of that year, after serving the area for 70 years.

By that time, a number of the convents and schools founded in the goldmining towns of Yalgoo, Meekatharra, Leonora, Gwalia, Cue, Day Dawn and Reedy were suffering from the decline in the mining activities of their districts and accompanying loss of population. This was gradually reflected in the number of students enrolled. There was no choice for the Sisters in these circumstances but to close the schools and withdraw.

Source: The Dominican Sisters of Western Australia.

Their Motto:-

To contemplate and give to others the fruits of our contemplation

George Brand 1820-1872

George BRAND 1820-1872 had been sent out as a convict aboard the ship "Stag" on the 23 May 1855. Sentenced to fourteen years and was working as a labourer in the Greenough area. His wife Isabella, nee Duncan and four children arrived aboard the ship "Hamilla Mitchell" on the 6 April 1859.
George BRAND and Isabella DUNCAN 1820-1883 had married in the parish of Denny on the 10 January 1840 and had had 4 children there before George was arrested namely ; David , Isabella , Andrew and George, in 1861 son John was born in Dongara, followed by baby Irene in 1867 who did not live past infancy.
In 1867 George Brand bought 90 acres of land at Bootenal Reserve near Dongara.

The children of George BRAND and Isabella, nee DUNCAN were:-

1. David BRAND b: 1 July 1840 Denny, Stirlingshire, Scotland and died on the 9 December 1912 at Dongara, Western Australia, Australia.
David BRAND married Susan CRIDDLE 1848-1909 the daughter of William CRIDDLE 1804-1875 and Elizabeth, nee THOMAS 1822-1909 at Greenough, on the 15 September 1869.
David and Susan are both buried at the Dominican Cemetery in Dongara

The children of this marriage were:-

Elizabeth Jane BRAND 1870 1932 m. Horace FAULL
George David BRAND 1871 1952 m Elizabeth Sarah CLARKSON
Isabella BRAND 1873 1947 m. Charles JAMES
William Henry BRAND 1875 1947 m. Annie ROWLAND
Andrew James BRAND 1877 1949 m. Octavia Rosa ROWLAND
Selina BRAND 1879 1955 m. Robert CLARKSON
Fletcher Alderwan BRAND 1881 1947 m. Lola BAYLISS
Albert John BRAND 18831952 m. Hilda MITCHELL on 21 Jan. 1911. The parents of Sir David BRAND 1912-1979
Eugenia Maud BRAND 1886 1933 m. Forest Edwin MORRELL
Frederick Thomas BRAND 1888 1953 m. Sarah May HUGHES

2. Isabella BRAND b: 13 January 1842 Denny, Stirlingshire, Scotland and died 15 July 1905 in Fremantle, at the home of her son-in-law, Arthur Randolph UREN. Isabella BRAND married Henry Fletcher WALDECK 1843-1883 the son of Frederick WALDECK 1807-1895 and Frederica Wilhelimina Louise, nee KNEIST 1811-1905 on the 5 December 1867 at Mechanics Institute, Greenough Flats, Western Australia.

The children of this marriage were:-

Frederick WALDECK 1869 1939 m. Gertrude CHAPPLE
George WALDECK 1871 1953 m. Annie LANE
Edwin Lowe WALDECK 1872 1899 Never married.
Isabella 'Reca' Fredericka WALDECK b:1875 d: 15 May 1917 Perth. m. Methodist Minister Reverend John Robert THRUM
Henry David WALDECK 1878 1918 m. Eliza Jane SMITH
Elizabeth Kniest WALDECK 1880 1970 m. Arthur Randolph UREN
Clarke Laurance WALDECK 1881 1884 Never married
Fletcherina WALDECK 1883 1924 Never married

3.Andrew BRAND b: 20 January 1844 Denny, Stirlingshire, Scotland and died 12 September 1907 at Dongara, Western Australia. Andrew married Marion EATON nee KANE 1843-1935 an Irish immigrant arrived per "Mary Harrison" on the 24 June 1862 with sisters, Margaret KANE, Sarah KANE, Teresa KANE. the daughters of William KANE and Margaret FRIEND. The marriage Between Andrew and Marion was at Northampton in Western Australia on the 9 December 1863.

The children of this marriage were:-

Sarah BRAND 1864 1866 never married
Isabella BRAND 1867 1952 m. Hugh Sidney SMITH
George BRAND 1868 1919 m. Ellen Elizabeth QUINLAN
Margaret Jane BRAND 1872 1938 m. John George Wallis WILCOX
Marian BRAND 1874-1874 stillborn
Josephine BRAND 1874 d:1885 buried at Church Street Cemetery, Geraldton, Western Australia, Australia
Harriett BRAND 1878 1936 m. Robert Henry WORTHINGTON
Brunette BRAND 1879 unknown
Andrew Duncan BRAND 1881 m. Muriel M DRAGE

4.George BRAND b: 2 November 1848 Falkirk, Stirlingshire, Scotland and died 16 June 1926 at Greenough, Western Australia. George BRAND married perth born Harriett PATTERN 1856-1938 the daughter of John PATTERN and Harriett, nee ENSOR.

The children were :-

George BRAND 1872 xxxx m. Angelina MORGAN
Esther Daisy BRAND 1876 1949 m. George Ernest MORRELL
Duncan Graham BRAND 1883 1961 m. Catherine TEAHAN
Alfred John BRAND 1884 1972 unknown
Fletcher Harold BRAND 1886 1986 M. Ethel TIMMS
Allan BRAND 1888 1889 never married

John BRAND b: 2 September 1861Dongara, Western Australia, Australia and died 22 July 1934 at Geraldton, Western Australia. John married Geraldton born Sarah Jane GOULD 1862-1930 the daughter of Edward James GOULD and Mary Jane, nee TERZWELL. John Brand and Sarah were married at Geraldton on the 15 September 1882. The children of this marriage were:-

Edward George BRAND 1883 1953
Edith BRAND 1884 1939 m. Reginald William FREMLIN
Maud BRAND 1886 1974 m. Julius Adolph LOEPER
John Alfred BRAND 1888 1956 m. Adelaide Mary ANNAKIN
Albert David BRAND 1892 1966 m. Winifred Catherine MCLEAN
Forrest BRAND 1894 1968 m. Jessie MCLEAN
Winifred Alice BRAND 1901 m. John C BUSHELL

Irene BRAND 1867 1867 Stillborn

A Case of Criminal Libel 6 August 1849
Against George BRAND and Charles FORRESTER,

both lately Porters at the Larbert Station for the Scottish Central Railway Company, at Larbert, parish of Larbert, Stirlingshire.

Night of 15th and morning of 16th June 1849. Stole whiskey or spirits, property of John Henderson, spirit-merchant, Saint John Street, Perth, Scotland, or of George Dunlop & Co. distillers at Kilbagie, shire of Clackmannan, in the lawful possession of the Scottish Central railway Company, delivered to the charge of George BRAND and Charles FORRESTER.

George BRAND declares he is about 28 years of age, a Porter, now residing at Larbert, Shire of Stirling, employed at the Larbert Station of the Scottish Central Railway Company, I was there on the night of Friday, 15th when 4 puncheons of spirit were brought from Alloa and put on a truck to be sent to Perth by the goods train next morning. Charles FORRESTER and Duncan PRIMROSE were at the station that night. Shown clasp knives and half a dozen breakfast knives and forks. The Interrogated declares the cutlery was bought by my wife and me in our own house at Parkfort near Falkirk about 4 months ago. They were bought from a Hawker. The smaller clasp knives got at a wheel of fortune at Falkirk F.... Thurs.... in May last. Also shown a book, entitled: "Elizabeth and the Exiles of Siberia".

Notes on the "STAG"

Stag - arrived in WA in 1855

This 678 ton barque was built at Sunderland in 1842. It was employed as a convict transport for Western Australia and left London, England on February 5, 1855 bound for the Swan River Colony.
She carried the
fourteenth of 37 shipments of male convicts destined for Western Australia. The voyage took 107 days and the Stag arrived in Fremantle on May 23, 1855 with 89 passengers and 255 convicts [Erickson]. H.N. Clarke and Jos. Caldwell were the captain and surgeon respectively.
There were no deaths recorded on the convict shipping and description
lists and 225 convict numbers were assigned for the voyage ranging from (3220 to 3444). The [Erickson] figure of 255 convicts would seem to be a typographical error and the [Bateson] account also varies with a claimed that 225 convicts embarked and only 224 arrived. Of the 89 passengers mentioned above, all 89 were pensioner guards and
their families, the number being made up of 30 pensioner guards, 24 wives, 17 sons and 18 daughters.
A copy of H.N. Clarke's captain's log for the voyage is preserved in the Battye Library in Perth, Western Australia. Researchers can only view it in Perth.

Recommended reading "New Horizons". In Erickson, Rica (ed). The Brand on His Coat. Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia Press

Edward Winteringham Clarkson 1845-1927

The son of Charles Foster CLARKSON 1812-1853 and Hannah Eliza LEEDER 1818-1901

Edward Winteringham CLARKSON was born at Perth on the 11 August 1845 and died at 'Twyford', Dongara, Western Australia on the 7 November 1927.

A self-educated man, who at an early age was apprenticed to the blacksmith trade under Solomon COOK of Perth. He then joined the firm of John Summers and Co., coach builders, where he remained until 1868 when he went to Dongara at the age of 23.

He immediately set himself up as a blacksmith, wheelwright and coach builder, all very important trades in the middle of last century, just as garages and filling stations are today. He also assembled furniture, which was brought out from England in large crates and sold it to the nearby settlers.

Edward W. CLARKSON had prospered so well after eight years that he was able to make arrangements to buy from Mr Joseph CHIVERS 700 acre property "Spring Farm" on the west side of the Irwin River and slightly east of Dongara township.

He successfully conducted farming there until 1894 when he bought from Sir George SHENTON a fine estate known as "Tyford" which consisted of 705 acres.
From then on he gradually increased the property to 1,070 acres and by 1912 it embraced approximately 2,000 acres. Wheat growing was the chief industry at "Tyford" but both "Spring Farm" and "Tyford" were stocked with sheep, cattle and horses with Merino and Leicester the chief sheep breeds. The Irwin River flows through "Tyford" farm. A bull which experts considered to be one of the finest Herefords in Western Australia, was imported from England and was used to breed a good class of Hereford cattle at "Tyford". There were, and still are, some pigs kept on the farm.

The 14-roomed homestead was on "Tyford" farm when it was purchased and about 100 yards from the building there was a three acre orchard. One of the biggest improvements on the farm was the installation of a 23,400 gallon underground tank to conserve water for the homestead.
Edward CLARKSON, on the 27 July 1875 at Irwin married Sarah Ann GRANT, 1850-1927 the daughter of William GRANT 1829-1895 and Mary Ann DANIEL 1828-1895 of "Nhargo", Dongara, and who had come to the swan Colony in the early 1850's.

The couple had four daughters and four sons, the sons all going into partnership with their father.

1. Elizabeth Sarah Clarkson born 26 January 1875 Dongara, Western Australia, died 11 June 1952 at Kelmscott Western Australia and married George David BRAND 18711952 at Dongara on the 26 August 1903.

The children of this marriage were:-

Deborah Myrtle BRAND b:1905, Cookerup died 31 March 1981 Bentley m. Victor W BROUN at Beverley WA in 1933.
David Roy (Roy) BRAND b: 28 March 1908 at Cookerup and died 9 March 1970 Katanning, m. Lilian Rose CORBY 1910-1996 at Pingelly in 1936.
Edward Rex BRAND b: 10 December 1910 Cookerup died 7 November 1992 at Beverley. m. Sylvia May LANGE 1915-1988 at Beverley in 1935.
Mina Bessie BRAND b: 27 February 1915 Cookerup died 8 June 1989 Pingelly m. Frank Joseph POWELL 1913-1992 at Beverley in 1937

2. Deborah Mary Clarkson born 1877 Dongara and died 23 May 1965 at Claremont. married James HYDE at Dongara in 1912

3. Robert Wilberforce Clarkson born 26 May 1879 at Dongara died 22 May 1951 at Dongara. married Selina BRAND 1879-1955 at Irwin in 1906

4. Edward Foster Clarkson born 11 October 1882 at Dongara and died 7 October 1956 at Geraldton. married Kate Muriel DOIG 1889-1984 at Wagin on the 15 September 1915

5. Joyce Ella Clarkson born 1884 at Dongara and died 1964 in Perth, Western Australia

6. Joseph William Clarkson born 16 May 1886 in Dongara and died 12 December 1963 in Geraldton. married Myra May DOWNES 1885-1938 at Subiaco in 1910.

The children of this marriage were:-

Norbert Joseph CLARKSON b: 13 June 1910 d: 12 February 1973
Fleta May CLARKSON b: 4 August 1911 Dongara, died 12 April 1995 Myaree WA m. Keith Clement RUSS 1909-1989 at Dongara in 1933
Beryl Edith CLARKSON b: 18 October 1919 d: 23 April 2006 m. Sydney Allan MONEY 1912-1974 at Dongara on 19 March 1940.
Reginald Thomas CLARKSON b: 28 Oct,1921 died 17 January 1971 m. CRIDDLE

7. Thomas Henry Clarkson born 12 February 1888 in Dongara and died 16 June 1962 South Perth, buried at Karrakatta Cemetery

8. Amy Theophila Clarkson born 1891 in Dongara and died 7 August 1980 at Como, Perth. Spinster . Lived with sister Deborah Mary HYDE at Claremont until moved to Nursing Home In Como

Edward Winteringham CLARKSON received his commission of Justice of the Peace in 1901. He was also an active member of both the local Road Board and Irwin Agricultural Society. When the Methodist Church was built in Dongara in 1884 he occupied the office of steward in the church.

Following Edward's death both "Tyford" and "Spring Farm" were taken over by his four sons under the name of the Clarkson Brothers. Both farms were run successfully by them all being married. The youngest of the four, Thomas Henry, lived in the original homestead, with the others living on other parts of the property.

In 1964, only two of the four sisters were living. They are Miss Amy Clarkson and Mrs Debra Hyde and they lived in Claremont. Joseph William the remaining surviving brother at the time was living at "Tyford". "Spring Farm," which was later changed to "Spring-field" was sold. "Tyford" then being worked by one of Joseph's sons, Winston, the elder son of his second marriage.

Background Source taken from : "Clarkson Family State Link Is Back To 1830", article from Geraldton Guardian.

The photograph below is a portrait of the 4 sons of Edward Winteringham Clarkson Robert, Edward, Joseph and Thomas.

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