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Provisions for the First Fleet bound for New South Wales.


1 comment(s), latest 5 years, 8 months ago

Rebecca SMALL 1789-1883


4 comment(s), latest 5 years, 8 months ago

'THE CROPPIES ARE COMING'-1804 New South Wales

Just after supper on the 4th of March 1804, The Reverend Samuel Marsden, preparing for bed at his home in Parramatta, heard shouts from the street,"THE CROPPIES ARE COMING!" He was immediately struck with fear, God knows he'd flogged too many of them to feel safe.
In New South Wales, Marsden had earnt himself the nickname 'The Flogging Parson' for his terrible cruelty and harsh sentences. Therefore, he quickly bundled himself onto a boat and headed for Sydney.

The feared Irish rebellion in New South Wales was born.

The Irish croppies, so called because of their short cropped hair were Irish political prisoners who had arrived in the Colony in 1800.

After 4 years of ill-treatment, they had become desperate and decided it was time to take action.

The first armed rebellion by a group of about fifty convicts from Castle Hill began, marching towards Parramatta burning farms and looting muskets and pikes on the way.

Their leader Phillip CUNNINGHAM, hardened by rebellions in Ireland, knew this rebellion would not succeed without secrecy and discipline and although the convict farms on which the rebels worked were full of informers, word of the planned rebellion didn't leak out until that day, when a convict overseer, turned informer, warned them just hours before of the uprising, he was ignored. It began at nine o'clock in the evening with a signal fire that lit up the sky.

When Marsden arrived in Sydney, he alerted Major George Johnston who gathered fifty of his soldiers from the New South Wales Corps, marching them overnight to Parramatta.

On arrival in Parramatta they found no sign of the rebels and were told that after a night of drinking they'd headed up the Hawkesbury.

Johnston and his Red Coats gave chase and just 10 mile from Windsor, on a hill, the next morning, Johnston found the numbers had swelled to two hundred and thirty three, all shouting "DEATH OR LIBERTY"

Calling on them to surrender, Johnston rode forward to speak with Phillip Cunningham - then breaking all the rules of parley, he suddenly put his pistol to Cunningham's head and arrested him. At the same time, ordering the Corps to open fire. Within a few minutes fifteen convicts lay dead, several were wounded with not one British casualty.

Punishment was swift, nine were hanged and nine were flogged of the rest, some were taken, to serve out long sentences at Coal River* where a convict/military outpost known as Fort Scratchley had been established that year to mine coal, harvest timber and prepare lime. The rest to Van Dieman's Land.

The Hill was forever after known as VINEGAR Hill so named after Vinegar Hill in Wexford, Ireland. Vinegar Hill was the site of the only battle, apart from Eureka, (fought fifty years later) ever fought on Australian soil

NB: Skilled in-fighters in politics, the Irish produced more Australian Prime Ministers than any other group: SCULLIN,LYONS,FADDEN,CURTIN,FORDE,CHIFLEY,MCEWAN,MCMAHON,KEATING and John GORTON had an Irish mother. They were physically and mentally tough they helped to found and later dominated the Australian Labor Party. Their exploits, rebel songs and traditions would mix with those of the English and Scots to form the basis of our folklore.

*Coal River became Newcastle


Elcho Island


2 comment(s), latest 5 years, 4 months ago

George GUEST 1811-1893 Richmond NSW


2 comment(s), latest 5 years, 5 months ago

DEADMAN Deaths New South Wales 1788 - 1980

18214/1950 DEADMAN ALFRED
SYDNEY DAVID CHATSWOOD

15283/1967 DEADMAN ALICE LEONE
JOHN CORA AMANDA GOSFORD

18927/1975 DEADMAN ALMA
RICHARD ALICE NSW

11034/1979 DEADMAN BERTHA MABEL
WILLIAM HANNAH NSW

70629/1973 DEADMAN BOSAN
STEVEN AGED 86 YRS GOSFORD

12604/1944 DEADMAN CONSTANCE BERTHA
EDGAR O'KENDEN ETHEL FRANCES ROCKDALE

3736/1979 DEADMAN ENID
JOHN BARBARA NSW

1698/1920 DEADMAN ESTHER
THOMAS FANNY LIVERPOOL

16066/1918 DEADMAN FRANCES E
SAMUEL RHODA LIVERPOOL

5902/1864 DEADMAN FRANCIS
WILLIAM ELIZABETH TAMBAROORA

18107/1947 DEADMAN FREDERICK DAVID
DAVID JESSIE EMMA REDFERN

16497/1914 DEADMAN GLADYS H
SAMUEL P ESTHER LIVERPOOL
V18491422 34B/1849 DEADMAN JOHN
AGE 60 NSW

12082/1958 DEADMAN LILLIAN HORATIA E
GEORGE J CAROLINE S ROCKDALE

49155/1971 DEADMAN LIZZIE
EDWIN AGED 89 YRS ST LEONARDS

16877/1950 DEADMAN MARTHA FRANCES
WILLIAM JOSEPH MARY PARRAMATTA

26357/1950 DEADMAN MARTHA FRANCES
WILLIAM JOSEPH MARY PARRAMATTA

7176/1877 DEADMAN MARY A
AGE 72 YEARS DIED NEWCASTLE NEWCASTLE

7571/1894 DEADMAN REGINALD F
STEPHEN FANNY E LIVERPOOL

28666/1958 DEADMAN SAMUEL PETER
STEPHEN FRANCIS LIVERPOOL

8050/1923 DEADMAN STEPHEN
PETER HELEN LIVERPOOL

10146/1923 DEADMAN STEPHEN
PETER HELEN ANNANDALE

2910/1960 DEADMAN STEPHEN HARRY
HARRY FRANCES ESTHER MARRICKVILLE

44085/1971 DEADMAN STEPHEN JACK
BOSAN ALICE LEONE LIVERPOOL

V1839339 23A/1839 DEADMAN THOMAS
AGE 21 NSW
58/1954 DEADMAN UNNAMED MALE
JAMES ERIC MARGARET ROSE SYDNEY

18494/1960 DEADMAN UNNAMED STILLBORN
STEPHEN ROBERT ELAINE SYDNEY

45054/1973 DEADMAN VALARIE DAWN
FREDERICK HALE THELMA GRACE LIVERPOOL

853/1951 DEADMAN WILLIAM DAVID
CHARLES ANN KOGARAH

61148/1973 DEADMAN WILLIAM EDGAR
WALTER CHARLES ELIZABETH LIVERPOOL

Also: Service number: NX194065

Rank: Lance Corporal Colin Frederick DEADMAN

Unit: 55/53rd Battalion (Infantry)

Service: Australian Army

Conflict: 1939-1945

Date of death: 14 May 1945

Place of death: Bougainville Island

Cause of death: Killed in action
and:
Service number: Q119810

Rank: Private William Kevin DEADMAN

Unit: 1 SPECIAL SERVICES TRG BN ASSC TRG

Service: Australian Army

Conflict: 1939-1945

Date of death: 24 November 1943

Place of death: Australia

Cause of death: Illness

Source: AWM147 Roll of Honour cards, 1939-1945 War, 2nd AIF (Australian Imperial Force) and CMF (Citizen Military Force)

.The photo below is 21 yr old Lance Corporal Colin Frederick DEADMAN