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The Ship THAMES 1826

Please contact me if you had an ancestor who arrived on the THAMES

The Irish immigration ship the Thames which brought wives and children from Cork Ireland to Sydney to unite with their husband/father who had been transported prior to 1826

The Thames was the first immigration ship to carry families directly from Ireland.

The Thames sailed from Cork 14 November 1825 and arrived 11 April 1826 and carried 37 wives and 107 children. There were also 16 paying passengers and crew captained by Robert Frazier and Surgeon Superintendant Dr. Linton R.N

There is no official passenger list existing in the NSW State Archives, the National Archives in Canberra or the National Archives in Dublin Ireland .

The purpose is to locate extended family members of those that immigrated on the Thames with the view to drawing together background information on what has happened to those Thames families and their convict husbands since 1826.

The objective is to document as many as possible Thames family stories and provide this information to the Mitchell Library and to the Society of Australian Genealogists (SAG) in the form of a manuscript.

A researcher named Lyn Vincent of Lyndon Genealogy has managed to reconstruct a passenger list through using the 1828 Census, the Ship Surgeons Report, Birth, Death and Marriage Indexes and the Australian Biographical & Genealogical Record.

A Constable Michael Sheedy in the 1830s also compiled a list of family names that travelled on the Thames .

Unfortunately there were 16 deaths on the voyage (3 wives and 13 children). Close analysis of the Surgeons Report (Dr. Lynton) has identified 2 of the wives and 8 children) on a microfilm held by the Mitchell Library. It would seem that not all of the Surgeons report has been copied to microfilm

5 comment(s), latest 3 years ago

FORDERICH the itinerant corn cutter

Transcribed by janilye 13 April 2011 from Bells Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer NSW : 1845-1860 published 30 September 1848


In this case one FORDERICH summoned a buxom widow, by the name of Dickson, for the sum of £1 11s. 6d., for sundry attendances and operations on one of the said lady's toes.

The Commissioner.- Let us hear the nature of the claim. Is the debt disputed ?

Mrs. Dickson.-Oh, dear me, yes. It is one of the most abominable and impudent, as ever the law heard of.

The Commissioner.-Then it must be bad indeed-(a laugh) ; but we will hear what it is,before we decide
Mrs. Dickson.-But, sir, I wish to state that the person, who has summoned me here, has committed what, I think, must be contempt of court ; though 1 know very little about law, and have no desire to know more.

The Commissioner (surprised).-A contempt of court ! What has been the nature of it?

The plaintiff, a somewhat, chubby, Dutch-formed personage, stepped forward and said he would explain.

The Commissioner.-Let us hear the lady first, Proceed Mrs Dickson.

Mrs. Dickson (holding down her head.) - He, the bad man, has sent me an order, or note, or subpoena, or whatever it is, to produce in evidence my---(the lady could not go on farther.)

The Commissioner.- Where is the paper?

Mrs. Dickson after some difficulty, and blushing red, handed it to the court.

The Commissioner as soon as he had perused it, laughed heartily. "It was," he said " a novel subpoena, for it requested the defendant to produce her left foot in court."

Plaintiff:- Yes, dat is it.

The Commissioner. - At present we have nothing to decide on, as it is not likely to be called for.

Plaintiff (earnestly.)- Oh, yes! (laughter.)

The Commissioner.- Where is the bill.
The document was handed in, and was as follows : -

Mrs, Amibil Dickson,
Dr. to Forderich, the chiropodist, just arrived from Amsterdam.

Jan. 4.-See your left foot very great bad corn, vich 1 tell you take long time it so big. 2s 2d
Jan. ó.- Put on dis cornu pressum forget him allgedur and take same
oil. 10s 6d
Jan. 7.- Der same-... 10s 6d
Jan. 8...Der fine Amstat salve, as der corn Very hard, and dis always
soften. 2s 6d
Box for him. 6d
Jan. 9.-For lost time, see you when you give back der cornu pressum, an say 1 never cure you. 5s 6d

This precious bill excited roars of laughter during its perusal. The Dutchman did not seem to understand why, and the lady was evidently annoyed at the allusion to her "left foot", which she kept right out of sight.
The Court observed that this was one of the most extraordinary claims among the many extraordinary that daily came before them. A good deal of it, however, they, as yet. could not understand. Did the defendant dispute the whole amount?
Mrs. Dickson said very energetically that she did, and if the commissioner had been put in thc cornu pressum, or whatever it was, he would justly think she ought to complain, instead of being asked for this bill-(loud laughter.)
Tho Commissioner.- What is the plaintiff's case ?

The plaintiff, in broken English, said he had been called in professionally, and should, in time, have cured der lady ; but she would not let him, and said he and his cornu pressum was an "imposture "-(a laugh),

The Commissioner-What is this cornu pres-
sum ?

Plaintiff (leaning over and speaking mysteriously).-That for cure her-but. der foot so bad shape, no shape, that no cornu pressum fit-(loud laughter).

Mrs. Dickson.-Oh you good for nothing

The Commissioner.-Never mind, Mrs. Dickson, we will hear you by and by.

The plaintiff then gave a glowing description of his professional skill, and wished the court to see the shape of the lady's foot, and they would be satisfied it required much time for the completion of his engagement-(laughter).
The Commissioner observed that he would not ask ihe defendant to do anything of the sort, but as the complainant had given notice to Mrs. Dickson to produce her foot, he could perhaps give secondary evidence.

Plaintiff.- Der dieble! What that ?
One of the officers explained. to him that he might show by some other means of what particular form the lady's foot was.

Plaintiff (passionately).-How I do dat, dere is der foot-(pointing under the table) ; look for what I say-(roars of laughter).

The Court.- No, that, we shall not allow. Can you produce a witness, or a drawing, if you like?

Plaintiff - No witness. And looking at the Commissioner with the utmost astonishment - Draw der voot ? Der diable! not draw der voot - (continued laughter).

The Court - We, can assist you no further. Is that all you have to say?

Plaintiff - I vant der voot; look for der voot, mynheer, and den give me my bill.

The Commissioner declined to pry under the table, and called upon Mrs. Dickson for her defence.

Mrs. Dickson said the case on her part was a very hard one. She had unfortunalely a bad corn when she first saw the plaintiff, who, she had discovered, is an itinerant corn-cutter.

Plaintiff-Vot you say? I have my caracter in Amsterdam for chiropodist ; take care -(a laugh). , . .....

Thc Commissioner-You must not interrupt. We have heard you very patiently.

Mrs. Dickson continued, and stated that he called at her house, and spoke of so many wonderful cures he had performed, that she was induced, at the suggestion of her niece, to allow him to attempt the removal of the corn, which had caused her a great deal of pain. He was to call the next day, but then he made a vast number of difficulties, and observed how lucky it was that he had been called in, as there was great danger if the case had been placed in un skilful hands-(loud laughter),-and she was induced to let him apply what he called his cornu pressum, and she really thought, it would, have pulled not only the corn but her foot off. She had been lame ever since, and the allusion to the shape of her foot was nothing but a piece of impudence to deter her from defending this summons.

Several of the defendant's friends gave her foot a " good character," and fully.corroborated her statement, that she had been lame ever since the application of the cornu pressum (laughter).

Thc Commissioner, having consulted, said the charges on the bill were so strange that he did not see what could be allowed. Probably as Mrs. Dickson had been so foolish as to consult the plaintiff she'ought to be charged something, and the first item in the bill Would be enough. The Cornu pressum, or whatever it was, he thought it must be paid for.

Plaintiff.- Oh, my cornu pressum-(loud laughter, and cries of "silence."

Ultimately Mrs. Dixon was ordered to pay
2s. 6d. which she did.

The Commissioner- Mrs. Dickson, let me advise you to beware of the cornu pressum for the future-(a laugh)

Mrs. Dickson said she assuredly would.

The plaintiff', When the result of the decision was made known to him, burst out in a volley of abuse against all present, and running after the defendant called out, " See der voot ! seeder voot !" Mrs. Dickson, however, had a cab waiting, and public curiosity was not gratified.

1 comment(s), latest 4 years, 5 months ago


Have you ever said to yourself, "I should write a book!" Or perhaps someone said it to you.

Family Tree Circles is a great place to start!

Write the things you know, about your family, about where they lived, what their enviroment was like.

There are many, many people who come in here not just to collect names and dates but to collect history and recollections. It puts them in the picture, helps them to relate to what it must have been like for their own ancestors.

Gauge the reaction to what you've written.
Is anyone commenting?
Has it been 'viewed'?
and I mean viewed by others in here besides yourself.

Has your story been completely overlooked?
If it has been overlooked, edit it, change your heading. Headings should tease the reader, make them want to read on.

Back in 1986 I wrote a simple sentence on a blackboard, " My Aunt Laura, sewed her diamonds inside her corsets!" I didn't write another sentence about aunt Laura and I cannot tell you how many times over the last 25 years I've been asked for the whole story.

Below are some tips. Also, a presentation from a woman far more knowledgeable than myself about writing family history.

Share the writing journey, join a writing group, share your writing with other family historians.
Write early, write quickly
Writing can begin at any time
Research and writing go together
Keep your words simple, short, active, vary length, tone and style
Get someone to read and edit your writing. Spelling mistakes and bad grammar is annoying to your readers and a sure fire way of losing their interest.
Write about solving your research
There is no right way to write your family history
Not too many sunsets! show dont tell
Fill in the gaps with interpretation, imagination, judicious assumptions
Revise, re-write, revise, re-write good writing = many drafts
Write for your readers
Plan your writing
Nostalgia and sentiment can provide the passion for writing

Remember its your writing and in the end you can write however, and about whatever you want.

The Presentation below was given by Noeline Kyle at the NSW & ACT Family History Societies Annual conference, in Blackheath, New South Wales on the 18th September, 2004

Share the writing journey

Family history research to be successful is a shared activity. And from my experience this works for writing family history too. Get in touch with me to find out how to start a family history writing
group within your family history society. Join a writing group, learn creative writing, go to writing workshops; all of these will provide inspiration for your writing.

Divide-and-be-conquered barrier

Dont separate your self out from your writing, the writing part of yourself is an integral part of who you are. Let it grow, and go on to meet and enjoy other writing challenges, other writing interests,
write other family stories.

Research and writing go together

If you write early you will familiarise yourself with your characters, with your documents, with the events of your family stories you will see the gaps sooner, and you will be able to determine much earlier whether you actually fill those gaps or you leave them and move on

A Writing Roadmap

For any kind of history writing a roadmap is important. Otherwise you will not know where you are going, just like when you are driving the car. And you wont know how to select and interpret and best use all those documents and other information you have collected.
A writing roadmap is a plan you can begin with a simple list of proposed chapters, or perhaps start with origins, move on to arrival in Australia, perhaps occupations. A roadmap or plan will change as you become more knowledgeable but it will always be there to focus your writing and keep you on track.

Who are your readers? Will they dictate how you write?

Who are your readers? Who are you writing for? Your answer to these questions will determine how you write and what you write . It will determine what other questions you will want to ask when doing the family history, it will determine everything about your writing. For most of us our readers are our family. And thats your market, if you decide you want to publish and sell your book.
From Belfast to Bellbrook! Origin, arrivals and barriers to writing about it We travel back, either by the internet or in reality, to England, Ireland, Scotland, Germany And we feel connected somehow to that place.we see the castles, the cobbled streets, the lochs, the medieval architecture, the thatched roofs, the quaint pubs, and we fall in love This is not such a bad thing, landscape, linking into distance and geography in the past, trying to come to grips with
the different kinds of spaces and place our ancestors lived in.gives us more scope for our writing.
But there is a limit to this your writing about origins should have a level of critique about it,otherwise it becomes sentimental and unreal .

Characters What would we do without them!

Most of us have a character we like a lot in our family history.
One of the ways to begin the process of writing is to focus on that
character and ask yourself why she or he is so compelling for you.
Ask questions such as where did you meet her? (and I mean where in
your research did you meet her). What does she mean to you as a
character in your family history?

Historical context? Imagination? Interpretation? Assumptions? are there too many things to think of? Are these the barriers to your writing?

What I mean by interpretation is that historical activity we do when we draw inferences and assumptions from our documents, and from what we know about broader historical trends and link these to family events. Interpretation sits alongside imagination as one of the key writing strategies to bring your family history to life. Interpretation is a practical task (it can be simply poring over
your documents and taking from these themes and ideas and stories for your writing), or it can be more than this. It can be linking into the imaginative and creative task of assessing your family
history, its events, its ups and downs, and linking to the bigger historical events at a national, or international level

Nostalgia, sentiment and blazing sunsets!

For the professional historian the words nostalgia and sentiment are anathema, they are the scourge of good history. We are told we are simply too romantic about the past, that all we are doing family
history is some kind of pop history that has no value. But in family history I think we should fight back. We need nostalgia and we need sentiment. Nostalgia lives in the same space as memory, and we can see that when we talk to our older relatives. We need that passion that drives us to research and write While at the same time, we recognise that the sunsets and the characters that we do describe are not one-dimensional but complex, contradictory, compassionate and as historically accurate as we can make them.

References and further reading:
Australian Government, Department of Finance & Administration Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers,
John Wiley & Sons, Milton, Qld, 2002.
Cameron, J. The Artists Way: A Course in discovering and Recovering your Creative Self, Pan Books, 1994.
Donovan, Peter, So, You want to Write history? Donovan & Associates, Blackwood, 1992.
Dunn, Irina, The Writers Guide: A Companion to Writing for Pleasure or Publication, Allen & Unwin, Sydney,
Edwards, Hazel, Writing a non-boring Family History, Hale & Iremonger, Sydney, 1997.
Kaplan, Bruce, Editing Made Easy: Secrets of the Professionals, Penguin Books, 2003.
Kempthorne, C., For All Time: A Complete Guide to Writing Your Family History, Boynton/Cook Publishers,
Portsmouth, 1996, available at: the LifeStory Institute.
Kyle, Noeline J., The Family History Writing Book, (available from the author, Mullumbimby, 2003, or from your family history society, see also Gould Genealogy Genealogical Society of Victoria,
& NSW Writer's Centre

Reference: HAWKESBURY CRIER (DECEMBER 2004)ISSN 0811-9031

7 comment(s), latest 4 years, 1 month ago

Reginald Victor EATHER 1873-1946

The eldest son of John William EATHER 1845-1915 and Harriet Clark 1849-1928.
Reg married Harriet Maria COUSINS 1882-1924 at Singleton on the 30 November 1910. Harriet was the daughter of Walter Young COUSINS 1856-1898 and Sarah Jemima nee MCFADDEN 1860-1885.
The children of this marriage were:-
Jack Cousins EATHER 1912 2002 Heather Jean EATHER 1913 2003
Kathleen Mollie EATHER 1915 1983 Wilga Elizabeth EATHER 1918
Ian Finlay EATHER 1921

None of the EATHER family had been fortunate enough to draw the homestead block of 'Henriendi' when land ballots had been held, but Reginald Victor, succeeded in coming to an arrangement with the man who had drawn it, and after the required residential requirements had been complied with, purchased it from him.
Reginald took his bride Harriet (known as Ettie) to live at 'Henriendi. She was 28, having been born at the Caledonian Hotel at Singleton on the 8 October 1882. She had ancestral roots in the English county of Wiltshire, where her paternal grandfather Walter COUSINS had been born at Heytesbury. Her uncle Alexander Munro COUSINS, was married to Reginald's cousin, Matilda Sarah, one of the daughters of his great uncle Charles EATHER 1827-1891.
Henriendi was their home for over forty years and where their children grew up.
Parts of the homestead had been modernised and there were additions, however the original kitchen remained for many years.
And what a marvellous kitchen it was. A very long room built entirely of cyprus pine with a very high ceiling which had white
calico tacked to the rafters which had been adzed flat. Every year just before Christmas the calico was replaced with fresh new calico.
On one side was a huge cast iron stove with two ovens on either side of the woodbox. In the corner was the copper for boiling the water and against the end wall were huge stone laundry tubs. In the winter the children would bathe in these tubs in front of the roaring fire. The walls were of upright logs split in halves with the flat sides on the inside. The scrubbed kitchen table seated at least a dozen. there was a huge pantry stocking all kinds of preserved fruits and vegetables. Big pottery jars of cauliflower pickles and tomato relish big bags of sugar and flour and other staples needed when living so far away from the nearest shop. The walk in fireplace had an iron bar across the top where the hams were smoked. Can just imagine the wonderful warm inviting aroma.

On the north west corner of the Henriendi homestead block was a small public school. In 1920 the Education Department realised that Reginald Eather could lawfully claim the school. They bought two acres of land from the stock route and set about moving the school building. Imagine the excitement of the children when a bullock team arrived to tow the school the ninety feet. They put round logs under the school and little by little they moved it without any trouble at all.

Much of this story has been taken from the book 'The Eather Family' Volune 5 for the Eather family History Committee by John St.Pierre.
Jack and Heather, Two of the children photographed below about 1915

3 comment(s), latest 4 years, 6 months ago

Canada Genealogy sites

Besides The Drouin Collection of Quebec Vital and Church Records. Which I believe can now be accessed through ancestry.com

give these following sites a go.

Library and Archives of Canada

Canada GenWeb Project

Newfoundland Labrador

For Cemeteries D'ADDEZIO.com and GenWeb Cemeteries

Gnalogie du Qubec et de l'Acadie

Canada GenWeb for Kids

Montreal records

Quebec Genealogy

Also Canadian Convicts to Australia 1839-1840
American patriots, convicted at Fort Henry, Toronto
and French Canadians, convicted at Montreal

4 comment(s), latest 3 months, 2 weeks ago

Florence Ada EATHER 1877-1966

Florence Ada EATHER, the youngest of the children of Peter EATHER 1831-1911,and Charlotte, nee WILLIAMS 1834-1918 was born at "Henriendi" in 1877. She grew up there and in 1895 married Robert Adam PROUDFOOT, The wedding was held at Narrabri, and subsequently the couple lived in the Boggabri district for at least fifteen years. Their three children were born there.
Robert Adam PROUDFOOT, son of James PROUDFOOT 1840-1889 and Sarah Ann nee CAMPBELL 1838-1905, Robert was born in 1873 in Warialda, NSW, Australia and died on 18 January 1923 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia at age 50. Robert was generally known as Adam.

Children from this marriage were:

1. Peter Stanley PROUDFOOT was born in 1895 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia and died on 11 Mar 1990 at age 95 at Mt.Isa Queensland

Peter married Florence (--?--)From Gippsland, Victoria (d. 3 Dec 1980).

2. Dorothy Alma PROUDFOOT was born in 1897 in Narrabri, NSW, Australia and died on 2 Jun 1961 in Narrabri, NSW, Australia at age 64.

Dorothy married Edward T CARTER on 9 Oct 1922 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia.

3. Ethel M PROUDFOOT was born in 1900 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia and died in 1912 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia at age 12.

4. Eve PROUDFOOT was born in 1902 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia and died on 23 Aug 1951 in Gunnedah, NSW, Australia at age 49.

Eve married Daryl William SMITH in 1937 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia.

5. Bessie J PROUDFOOT was born in 1905 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia and died on 1 Jun 1988 at age 83.

Bessie married Leonard H SHORT (b. 1904) in 1929 in Gunnedah, NSW, Australia.

6. Colin PROUDFOOT was born in 1908 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia and died in 1908 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia.

7. Henry Joseph PROUDFOOT was born in 1909 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia and died on 11 Apr 1985 at age 76.

Henry married Alice WOOLLEY (b. 1916, d. 17 Sep 2000) on 19 Apr 1939 in NSW, Australia.

8. Errol PROUDFOOT was born on 24 Mar 1912 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia and died on 19 Dec 1993 at age 81.

Errol married Mary Emma WALSH (d. 10 Sep 1993) in 1939 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia.

9. John Campbell PROUDFOOT was born in 1917 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia and died in 1917 in Boggabri, NSW, Australia.

The photo below is Peter Proudfoot and his cousin Robert Peter Milner1889-1997 whose mother was Eva Jane Milner nee Proudfoot 1893-1982

1 comment(s), latest 4 years ago

Matilda Sarah EATHER 1858-1941

Matilda Sarah EATHER, the sixth child and third daughter of Charles EATHER 1827-1891 and Eliza nee HOUGH 1825-1870, was born at North Richmond on 28 April 1858 and baptised at St Peter's Church, Richmond on 9 June 1858. She was still a small girl when her family moved to "Henriendi". On 23 November 1880 she married Alexander Munro COUSINS at Muswellbrook. Alexander Munro COUSINS had been born in 1853, the son of Walter COUSINS and his wife Harriet (nee MUNRO).

Walter COUSINS had been born in 1829 at Heytesbury, Wiltshire, England and had married Harriet MUNRO at Bathurst, New South Wales in 1853. Harriet was the foster/adopted daughter of Alexander MUNRO 1812-1889 and his wife Sophia, nee LOVELL 1812-1889. Her 'father', Alexander MUNRO 1812-1889 , the first Mayor of Singleton, had been born at Campbelltown in Scotland on 18 July 1814, the son of George MUNRO and Isobel MAIN. He had arrived in New South Wales in 1831 and had purchased land in Singleton and had become an hotel-keeper. In due course he had engaged in a number of pastoral investments in the north-west of the colony and became quite wealthy. He built a fine home at Singleton and named it "Ardersier House", and by the time his grandson married Matilda Sarah he was involved in grape growing and wine-making on a large scale.

During the 1880's Matilda and Alexander had four sons: Glencairn, born in 1883 at Patrick's Plains (Singleton); Royston, born 1885 at Patrick's Plains; Alexander, born 1887 at Muswellbrook; and Ardarsier, born 1889 at Singleton. Patrick's Plains was the original name for the Singleton district, so from the birthplaces of their children we can gather that Matilda and her husband resided in the Hunter Valley until at least the year 1890. The youngest of their four sons was named after his great-grandfather's home Singleton.

In their later years Matilda and Alexander resided at Narrabri. They both died there, Alexander in 1923 and Matilda in 1941. Their son Royston had died in infancy. Sons Glencairn and Ardersier both married during the 1920's.
Children from this marriage were:

Glencairn Munro COUSINS was born in 1883 in Patricks Plain, Singleton, NSW, Australia and died in 1941 in Mosman, Sydney, NSW, Australia at age 58.
Glencairn married Ruby Ada Beryl DUNSTAN in 1924 in Quirindi, NSW, Australia.

Royston C COUSINS was born in 1885 in Patricks Plain, Singleton, NSW, Australia and died in 1885 in Newtown, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Alexander Munro COUSINS was born in 1887 in Muswellbrook, NSW, Australia and died in 1946 in Narrabri, NSW, Australia at age 59.
Alexander married Marjorie Agnes R TOWNSEND (b. 1907) in 1941 in Manly, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Ardersier Munro COUSINS was born on 3 Oct 1889 in Singleton, NSW, Australia and died on 10 Dec 1963 at age 74.
Ardersier married Gladys Elvina DENNE (b. 1892, d. 1961) on 12 May 1921 in Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Harriet Munro's birth parents were Thomas and Catherine Phillips
Thomas and Catherine Phillips had two other children Thomas 1838 and Mary A 1839 I have not researched this Phillips Family

Alexander Munro had no biological children

Irish Naming Patterns

These are the Irish naming patterns.

These rules are generally followed.

The 1st son was usually named after the father's father

The 2nd son was usually named after the mother's father

The 3rd son was usually named after the father

The 4th son was usually named after the father's eldest brother

The 5th son was usually named after the mother's eldest brother

The 1st daughter was usually named after the mother's mother

The 2nd daughter was usually named after the father's mother

The 3rd daughter was usually named after the mother

The 4th daughter was usually named after the mother's eldest sister

The 5th daughter was usually named after the father's eldest sister

The Scots and English are similiar. This pattern may help when looking for possible forenames of ancestors.

In Ireland if the first wife dies and the man remarries, the first daughter born to the second wife is named after his deceased first wife.

1 comment(s), latest 4 years, 6 months ago

John Wilkinson 1842-1922 WARNING To aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders contains images and names of deceased Aboriginal people

On the evening of Tuesday 30 October 1900, four nights after Jimmy GOVERNOR was wounded and captured John Wilkinson was riding across his property at Goorangoola Creek to his brother George's property in Glenrock, Fullbrook Creek, near Singleton where he was staying.

Whilst crossing Loder Station about five miles from George's place he noticed a fire in one of the paddocks. He knew that the notorious Governor's had been seen in the area and rode to get his brother George.
He and brother George grabbed rifles and quietly returned to the spot. They hid and watched the campfire all night, not sure if it was a log laying beside the fire or a person.

At about 5:00am on 31 October, George took up a position on the summit of a hill and John rode around the other side of the camp to get a closer look.
John could then see it was an aboriginal asleep beside the fire wearing dark blue serge trousers with a rifle beside him. He called out "Surrender" and Joe Governor, Jimmy's brother, jumped up and reached for his rifle. As he did John fired but the rifle snapped.John loaded again although he had a repeating rifle it's action was not perfect. John fired two more shots and missed. John gave chase. Governor had turned and returned fire and John ran after him, went down on one knee, took careful aim and shot Governor through the back of the head, a distance of 300 feet. Governor somersaulted into the creek and died in the water.

George stayed by the body and John rode into Singleton to fetch the police.

There was much celebration for the Governors had terrorised the area killing and plundering for three and a half months.
John and his brother George shared the thousand pound reward and the jury found the killing justified.

For the story of the Governor's, The Australian Dictionary of Biography online has a version. The story of The Governor's - the film "The Chant of Jimmy Blacksmith" based on the Novel by Thomas Keneally

John WILKINSON the son of Thomas Francis WILKINSON b:20 February 1806 in Leistershire England and died at St.Clair near Singleton on the 26 January 1883 and his wife Janet MCDONALD. Janet was known as Jessie and had been born on the 21 July 1816 at Isle Mull, Scotland and arrived in Australia with her parents Duncan MCDONALD 1771-1855 and his wife Anne nee MCDOUGALD 1779-1839, on the vessell 'British King' on the 28 February 1839

Jessie and Thomas were married at the Scots church in Paterson on the 19 October 1841. Jessie died 3 December 1912 at Carrow Brook near Singleton.

The children of this marriage were:-

John Wilkinson 1842 d:1922
Coll Wilkinson 1843 1924
Duncan Wilkinson 1845 1918
William Wilkinson 1847 1853
Francis Thomas Wilkinson 1849 1936
Ann MacDougall Wilkinson 1851 1922
Isabella Wilkinson 1853
Elizabeth Wilkinson 1855
George Wilkinson 1857 1924

The photo below is post mortem of Joe Governer laid out on a stretcher at the Caledonian Hotel at Singleton.

Elijah PLUCKNETT from Queen Camel to Wollongong NSW

James PLUCKNETT of Sparkford, Somerset England 1780-1850 married Ann HOBBS 1780-1850 abt. 1807.

The children of this marriage were:-
*Frederick Plucknett 1808 1864
Isabella Plucknett 1816 1896
Clarissa Plucknett 1826 1901

Frederick PLUCKNETT a Quarryman b:1808 at Sparkford, Somerset and died on 31 December 1864 at Queen Camel, Somerset. About 1834 Frederick married Sarah MARTIN. Sarah had been born about 1813 and died on the 11 February 1901.

The children of this marriage were:-

Selina Plucknett b:1834 Queen Camel, Somerset d:1909 Wollongong. married John JOLLIFFE b:1833 Somerset d:1914 Wollongong, NSW
*Elijah Plucknett b:1835 Queen Camel d:22 December 1907 Wollongong, NSW married Susan JOLLIFFE 1834-1912
James Plucknett 1838 Queen Camel 1923 Bristol, England
Alfred Plucknett 1840 Queen Camel d:27 Nov. 1908 Bristol, England
Frederick Plucknett 1842 Queen Camel d:21 March 1895 Somerset
William Henry Plucknett b:1843 Western Bamford, d:1890 England
George Plucknett 1846 Somerset, England d:10 Oct. 1893 England
Charles Plucknett 1849 Somerset,England d:16 July 1894 Somerset
Samuel Plucknett 1851 Somerset 1927 Marrickville, Sydney
Sarah Ann Plucknett 1854
Eliza Plucknett 1857

*Elijah Plucknett arrived in New South Wales as an assisted immigrant on board the 'Tartar'on the 27 July 1857.

He married Susan JOLLIFFE at Wollongong in 1863. Susan was the daughter of Thomas JOLLIFFE b:1814 in Somerset and d:21 November 1867 at Dapto, near Wollongong in NSW. her mother was Elizabeth Shepherd Curry born in Somerset in 1811 and died in Wollongong, nsw in 1894.

Thomas, his wife Elizabeth and children John and Selina all arrived as assisted immigrants on the 'Tartar' on 27 July 1857

The children of Elijah and Susan all born in Wollongong,nsw were:-

Susannah Plucknett 1864 1946 Sarah Jane Plucknett 1865 1949
Ellen Elizabeth Plucknett 1869 1907 Mary Jane Plucknett 1871 1954 Sofina Plucknett 1874 1962 Christina Plucknett 1876 1911

The photograph below is the headstone of Frederick Plunkett 1808-1864 and wife Sarah and four Sons George, Charles, Frederick and Alfred
at Queen Camel.
The inscription reads;
Frederick Plucknett who departed this life Dec 31 1864
Also of Sarah his beloved wife who fell asleep in Jesus Feb 11 1901 aged 87 years
Also three of their sons George, who died Oct. 10, 1893 aged 48 years
Charles who died Jul. 16, 1894 aged 46 years
Frederick who died Mar. 21, 1895 aged 51 years
In hope of eternal life
Alfred the fourth son, who died Nov. 27, 1908, aged 67
"Thy will be done."

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