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Eather Family History - Thomas Eather 1764-1827

The Voyage
When the first HEATHER's had settled at Chislehurst, the civil war had been raging in England, with Charles I and the Royalists battling against Cromwell and the Roundheads. By the time the fourth Robert Heather died in 1780, a hundred and forty years had passed. The Commonwealth had come and gone. The restoration which followed had seen the return of the Stuarts who in turn gave way to the House of Hanover. Wars had been fought in Europe and America and the American war of independence was currently in progress. Times had changed and people tended to travel more.

Thomas HEATHER reached adulthood and found employment as a labourer at Chilsehurst, the birthplace of three of his forefathers.

We do not know when or where Robert & Thomas's mother Elizabeth died, but if she was alive in 1787 she must have been appalled by the events which overtook the family. Younger son Thomas, then twenty three years of age and working at Chislehurst, was arrested in October 1787 & held in goal to answer a charge of having robbed a man of money and possessions. Five months later, on 17 March 1788, when the home circuit held it's next sitting at Maidstone, Thomas HEATHER appeared before the judge & jury. He defended himself as well as he was able without the assistance of any legal adviser, but was found guilty of the charges of having robbed one George COTTON of a silver watch and fifty shillings in a field near the Kings highway. He was sentenced to be hanged. On 18 April 1788 the Justices of the Assizes at Whitehall in London reviewed the sentences of the Home Circuit, and Thomas HEATHER was one of those who had their death sentences commuted to fourteen years transportation to a penal settlement beyond the seas.

Thomas spent the first two years of his sentence in goals in England. The first 14 months were probably spent in goal at Maidstone, where most Kent convicts were confined.

In May 1789, Thomas was moved from Maidstone goal to one of the hulks on the Thames river near Gravesend. These hulks were derelict ships tied up in the river to house prisoners who toiled in the nearby dockyards. About mid November, he was transferred to the ship NEPTUNE , the transport ship aboard which he was to make the voyage to New South Wales.

The ship "Neptune" was a vessel of 809 tons which had been built on the Thames in 1779. It was a three-masted, square rigged wooden ship, and was twice as large as any previous convict transport. On 14 November 1789, it left it's anchorage at Longreach and moved down the Thames to Gravesend. Three days later, with it's consignment of convicts on board it sailed for The Downs, the roadstead about five miles North-East of Dover. The part of the ship set up as the Convict's prison was the Orlop deck, the lowest on the vessel, well below waterline, so they had no portholes, no view of the outside world, and very poor ventilation.

There were four rows of one-storey high cabins, each about four feet square, two rows being on each side of the ship from the mainmast forwards, and two shorter rows amidships. Into these cabins no fewer than 424 male and 78 female convicts were crowded.

The appalling conditions under which these convicts were forced to live can be better appreciated when it is remembered that, immediately they had come on board, all convicts had been placed in leg-irons and these were not removed throughout the entire voyage. Into each of these tiny cabins were crowded four to six persons, chained in pairs.

Chained below, Thomas HEATHER would not have been able to take in the scenery as the ship "Neptune" had moved out of the Thames and come to anchor at The Downs, there to spend four days while stores and equipment were taken of board. Then anchors were weighed and the vessel left for Plymouth, a slow voyage which took six days after the ship overshot that port and the error wasn't detected until she was off The Lizard, from where a retreat was made back up The Channel. At Plymouth a series of disputes arose, involving the military, the contractors and the captain of the ship "Neptune". Amongst the military was Captain John MACARTHUR who was on his way out to the Colony for duty there. Accompanying him was his wife, Elizabeth, who kept a diary of events during the voyage. A feature of the dispute was a formal duel between MACARTHUR and Captain GILBERT of the ship "Neptune". As a result of the duel Captain GILBERT was replaced by Captain TRAILL, of whom Mrs MACARTHUR wrote prophetically that "His character was of a much blacker dye than was even in Mr GILBERT's nature to exhibit".

The ship "Neptune" stayed at Plymouth until 10 December and then sailed back along the coast to Portsmouth where it anchored in Stoke's Bay on the 13th. There she met up with two other vessels of the Second Fleet, the "Surprize" and the "Scarborough". The convicts endured the cold weather for twenty-four days before the West winds abated and allowed her to sail on 5 January 1790. She anchored at Spithead until the 8th, but then the winds proved "Faithless" and the vessel arrived back at Mother Bank on the 15th.

At last, on Sunday 17 January 1790, more than two months after leaving The Thames, the ship "Neptune" left Portsmouth and moved down the English Channel. In chains below, Thomas HEATHER would not have had the opportunity to gaze for one last time upon the land of his birth. The voyage was really under way and the convicts became well aware of this fact two days later when they crossed the Bay of Biscay. The sea was so rough that Mrs MACARTHUR recorded in her diary, "It could not be persuaded that the ship could possibly long resist the violence of the sea which was mountain high".

After a month or so the MACARTHUR's succeeded in being transferred to the ship "Scarborough" after they had had a series of disputes withe John's superior, Captain NEPEAN. Captain TRAILL might have been relieved to see them go. The voyage was nothing new to Donald TRAILL. He had been First Mate on the ship "Lady Penrhyn", one of the transports of the First Fleet. Apparently he had learned a few tricks from his earlier experiences.

Historical records indicate clearly that he deliberately starved the convicts on the ship "Neptune" so that he could draw extra rations for himself, and in addition, enrich himself by disposing of surplus rations on the foreign market at ports of call. One convict wrote later to his parents, "we were chained two and two together and confined in the hold during the whole course of our long voyage, without as much as one refreshing breeze to fan our langous cheeks. In this melancholy situation we were scarcely allowed a sufficient quantity of victuals to keep us alive, and scarcely any water".

Sickness was prevalent right from the beginning of the voyage. Heavily ironed and without adequate access to fresh air and sunlight; inadequately fed and without sufficient bedding for warmth at night, the convicts soon began to succumb to the ordeal of their conditions. By the time the ordeal of the cold weather was over they found that they were faced with another which was just as trying - the heat and humidity of the tropics as the ship "Neptune" crossed the Equator and continued south down the coast of Africa. By the time The Cape of Good Hope was reached after 87 days, no fewer than 46 of the convicts had died. Anchoring in False Bay at Capetown on 14 April, the ship "Neptune" stayed for fifteen days, taking on board food, water, a large number of cattle, sheep and pigs, and also twelve convicts from the ill-fated ship "Guardian".

The HMS "Guardian" had been dispatched with supplies for the infant colony of New South Wales in response to an urgent plea sent home by Governor PHILIP with the last returning vessel of the First Fleet. Unfortunately, after the ship "Guardian" had left Capetown on its voyage eastwards, the skipper, Lieutenant RIOU, had taken it too far to the south in his quest for the Roaring Forties, and the ship had run into an iceberg. Two months later RIOU had brought his crippled vessel back into the port at Capetown. The mishap had played a large part in the food shortages which Sydney Town suffered in 1790.

After its stay at Capetown, the ship "Neptune" departed on 29 April to commence its run across to Van Diemen's Land. The existence of the strait we now know as Bass Strait was unknown at that time, so all vessels heading out to Sydney Town via Cape of Good Hope sailed around the south of Van Diemen's Land. More deaths occurred amongst the convicts on board during this leg of the voyage, and while the ship "Neptune" beat its way up the east coast of New South Wales. By the time the ship made its way up Sydney Harbour and dropped anchor in Sydney Cove on 28 June 1790, it had built up the worst record of all convict ships of all time. In all it had lost 147 male and 11 female convicts, and upon its arrival landed 269 others who were sick.

Into Sydney Cove on the same day as the ship "Neptune" arrived, came also the ship "Scarborough". The ship "Surprize" had arrived two days previously. Fortunately the convicts on those ships had fared much better than had the unfortunate souls on the ship "Neptune". The arrival of the Second Fleet was a source of interest for those already in the colony, and many were attracted to the shore to take in the scene. What they observed as the prisoners disembarked was a shocking spectacle. Great numbers of those who came off the ship "Neptune" were not able to walk, or even move a hand of foot. These were slung over the ship's side in the same manner as a box would be slung over. Some fainted as soon as they came out into the open air. Some dropped dead on the deck, while others died in the boat before they reached the shore. Once on the shore some could not stand or walk, or even stir themselves. Some were lead by others and some crept upon hands and knees. All were shockingly filthy, with their heads, bodies, clothes and blankets full of filth and lice.

Somewhere amongst those who came ashore was Thomas HEATHER. It was a scene which he undoubtedly remembered for the remainder of his life. Whether he was one of the sick we do not know, but if he was he soon recovered. He had arrived in a settlement which was so short of food that the hours of public work had recently been shortened, and even the soldiers had pleaded loss of strength. Amongst those who witnessed the shocking spectacle down at the shore that day was Governor PHILIP himself. Not surprisingly, he ordered that an inquiry be held into the conditions on the ship "Neptune".

Thomas HEATHER arrived in the colony when the settlement at Sydney was 2 years old. A second settlement was also being developed on a tract of land at the head of the harbour, and ground prepared for sowing corn. The farm so established became known as Rose Hill. By June 1790 Rose Hill had a population of 200, and in the following month a town was laid out there under the Governors instructions. During that first year that Thomas spent in the colony, many convicts were transferred from Sydney to Rose Hill. It is most likely that Thomas was one of those at the new town before 1790 was out.

The following, is a letter published in the London Morning Chronicle on the 4 August 1791 from a female convict at Sydney Cove, dated 24 July 1790.

"Oh! If you had but seen the shocking sight of the poor creatures that came out in the three ships it would make your heart bleed.
They were almost dead, very few could stand, and they were obliged to fling them as you would goods, and hoist them out of the ships, they were so feeble; and they died ten or twelve a day when they first landed.
The Governor was very angry, and scolded the captains a great deal, and, I heard, intended to write to London about it, for I heard him say it was murdering them. It, to be sure, was a melancholy sight.."



Convict Women on the Neptune
Ships of the Second Fleet

Souces;
A History of THE EATHER FAMILY:
Thomas EATHER and Elizabeth LEE
by John St PIERRE
for the EATHER Family history committee.
The Women of Botany Bay, by Portia Robinson
Australia's Second Fleet - 1790 by Jenny French
janilye

The children of Thomas and Elizabeth LEE :-

1. Ann EATHER 1793 1865
2. Robert EATHER 1795 1881
3. Charlotte EATHER 1797 1862
4. Charles EATHER 1800 1891
5' Thomas EATHER 1800 1886
6. John EATHER 1804 1888
7. Rachel EATHER 1807 1875
8. James EATHER 1811 1899


1 comment(s), latest 2 years, 5 months ago

The Pioneers of Bulga,New South Wales 1888

I have names on seven people in this photograph, taken in 1888. Can anyone name the others. Unfortunately I think the view in here is too small, so if you have an inkling please contact me and I will email you an original. janilye
Standing in the back row is Peter MCALPIN 1809-1898. William Glas McAlpin 1810-1902
Sitting in front of them is Thomas EATHER 1824-1909 and wife Eliza CROWLEY 1822-1897. in front of them is Elizabeth Clark nee McDONALD 1810-1899
The woman in the wheelchair is Elizabeth RUSSELL 1822-1899 and beside her is her husband William PARTRIDGE 1818-1906


1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 5 months ago

James Eather 1811-1899

Although the family settled at Bulga had very close connections with Narrabri, the branch most commonly identified with that district is that of James EATHER, youngest son Thomas EATHER 1764-1827 and Elizabeth LEE 1771-1860 who was born at Windsor on 4 March 1811 and died at Narrabri on 26 May 1899. He was the only one of five original brothers to die outside the Hawkesbury district. and the last survivor of the children of Thomas and Elizabeth. Trained to the trade of Wheelwright, he developed interests in the west of the valley and it was claimed that during the 1840s he was the first man to drive a wagon down the precipitous Victoria Pass between Mount Victoria and Hartley.

He obtained a part interest in 'Henriendi' and settled at Narrabri in 1867. The difficulties experienced on the station by his nephew "Old Charley", apparently influenced James EATHER for he turned to free selection on Maule's Creek near Narrabri. He married Mary Ann HAND at Richmond oN the 10 March 1835 and by her, had a family of thirteen. Their eldest son Thomas, was the progenitor of most of the Eather's in the district today, but another son John, was also long associated with Narrabri.

The children of James EATHER 1811-1899 and Mary Ann HAND 1815-1894

1. Thomas EATHER 18361929 M. Charlotte Margaret Howell 1842-1899 at
Parramatta, New South Wales, ON 22 November 1860

2. James EATHER 18381935 m. Sarah Mary EATHER 1843-1921 on 16 September 1863.

3. John Patrick EATHER 18391916 m. Ellen Mary SPENCER 1853-1946 at
Narrabri, New South Wales in 1874.

4. Elizabeth EATHER 18441876 m. Edward SHADLOW 1837-1905 at
St Peter's, Church Of England, Richmond, 27 March 1861.

5. Anne Eliza EATHER 1844 ? m. Malcolm MCEACHERN 1844-1878 at
Hartley, New South Wales on 24 February 1870.

6. Charles EATHER 18461938 m. Rosalie INGHAM 1865-1950 at
Moree, New South Wales,in 1882.

7. Robert EATHER 18481901 m. Ellen BRYANT 1861-1901 at
Lithgow, New South Wales on 5 December 1883.

8. George Henry EATHER 18501881 m. Sarah POTTS b:1856 at
Narrabri, New South Wales in 1873.

9. Mary Ann EATHER 18521911 m. Eugene Andrew Conmar WHELAN 1842-1941 at Narrabri, New South Wales in 1873.

10. William Abel EATHER 18551917 m. Cecilia Ruth VILE 1865-1948 at
Gunnedah, New South Wales in 1885.

11. Sarah Amy EATHER 18571937 m. Francis William ROBINSON 1857-1886 at Gunnedah, New South Wales on 5 March 1885.

12. Catherine Matilda EATHER 18581939 m. Henry George SPENCER 1855-1936 at Narrabri, New South Wales in 1881.

13. Susannah Charlotte EATHER 1861 1911 m. John PITMAN 1859-1911 at Maule's Creek, New South Wales on the 15 February 1882.


The following was compiled by the EATHER FAMILY NEWSLETTER

James EATHER, the eighth and last child of the pioneers, Thomas EATHER and Elizabeth LEE, was born at Windsor on 4 March 1811. His father was nearly 47 and his mother about 39. His eldest sister Ann was already the wife of Joseph ONUS and had baby daughter two months old. When James was about nine his father purchased an allotment in George Street, Windsor, and a house on this allotment became the family home. By the time James was thirteen most of his brothers and sisters had married and left home. After 1824 only James and his elder brother John were still living at home with their parents. Just after James had turned sixteen in 1827 his father died and the family gathered the next day for the funeral service and interment in the churchyard close by St Matthew's Church. There was nothing of immediate importance for James under the bequests in his father's will. Everything that Thomas EATHER had possessed: the houses in George Street; the cattle, carts, farm equipment, and household furniture and effects, all went to his widow. Upon her death James was to receive the front two rooms of the house in which the family was residing, and one cow and calf. As it turned out, James had to wait over 33 years to receive his inheritance. About the time of his father's death or soon afterwards, James commenced training in the skills of a wheelwright. He seems to have persevered with his chosen trade and became, qualified to make and repair wheels for the various carts and wagons in use in the district. In his adult life he served the public for a number of years as a wheelwright with his business premises located in the Richmond district. At the age of twenty-four James married. The wedding was held on 10 March 1835 and the bride was Mary Ann HAND. Mary Ann had been born at Richmond on 23 July, 1815, the fourth child of Patrick HAND and Catherine HATCH. Her father was Irish, born about 1777 probably in Armagh County, Ireland. He had been convicted at Armagh in August 1801 of some political offence and sentenced to seven years transportation. He had arrived in the colony on the ship "Rolla" on 12 May 1803 and assigned to the Parramatta area. After the completion of his sentence, Patrick had moved to the Hawkesbury district and leased land firstly at Cornwallis and later from Archibald BELL at North Richmond. Mary Ann's mother, Catherine HATCH, also hailed from Ireland. She had been born at Dublin in 1786 and had arrived in New South Wales as a convict on the ship "Experiment" on 25 June 1809. She soon became associated with Patrick. Their first children had been twins, Catherine and Patrick, born at Richmond on 17 April 1812. They had been followed by Elizabeth (1813), Mary Ann (1815), John (1816), Charles (1823) and James (1825). Catherine had died during the birth of their son James at their home at Richmond on 4 February 1825. Her death had been followed by that of Patrick on 15 December 1827 at his home at Richmond, so Mary Ann had been left an orphan at the age of ten. For a time her elder sister Catherine cared for the younger children of the family. In 1828 her sister Elizabeth had married Charles CONLAN. At the time of the 1828 census, Mary Ann was living with them at Cornwallis. Following their wedding, James EATHER and Mary Ann lived at Richmond. On 17 January 1836 their first child, Thomas, was born. When he was baptised by the Reverend Henry STILES of St Peter's Church on 14 February 1836, James and Mary Ann were residing at Richmond and James was a wheelwright. On 17 December 1837 their second son, James, was born. On 7 March 1838 he was christened by the Reverend Henry STILES. James and Mary Ann were still residing at Richmond and James was still a wheelwright. On Christmas Day 1839 another son was born and named John Patrick. When the Reverend STILES baptised him on 30 August 1840, James and Mary Ann were still living at Richmond, but James stated that he was a farmer. Probably he was leasing land somewhere in the Richmond district. By 1844, when their fifth child was born, James and Mary Ann were living at Agnes Bank and James was once again a wheelwright. In 1860, Elizabeth EATHER died and James came into his inheritance at last. The cow and calf that he was to inherit, had expired years before. He became the owner of the front two roams of the old family home, while his brother John inherited the remainder of the building. Four of James's nephews each inherited an interest in the family allotment, so by an agreement the land was sub-divided into six small allotments, each with a frontage to George Street of about 30 feet and a depth of about 128 feet. James's allotment was on the north-eastern end of the land, and upon it stood the old EATHER family home. As his brother John had inherited half of the old house, James had to purchase it from him. As he was farming in the Richmond district, he had no intention of taking up residence in Windsor and on 1 June 1861 he mortgaged his allotment to a grazier, John HOSKISSON, for a loan of 250. He probably rented the allotment to a tenant. In 1861, Charlotte Susannah, the thirteenth and last child of James and Mary Ann EATHER was born. During his years in the Richmond district, James had derived an income from several sources. Besides his farming and business as a wheelwright, he had a wagon and team and made a number of journeys carting supplies over the Blue Mountains to Bathurst. His son James recalled in his later years that, as a boy in the 1840's he had accompanied his father on a journey over the mountains. The journey was made during a cold spell in winter, and the bags of sugar on the wagon became so frozen that at the end of the journey they had to be prised off the load with a crow-bar. James and Mary Ann EATHER continued to live in the Richmond district for a few more years. Their eldest son, Thomas, had married Charlotte Margaret HOWELL on 22 November 1860. Eldest daughter Elizabeth married Edward SHADLOW four months later in March 1861, and second son, James, married his cousin, Sarah EATHER, in 1863. Soon the first of many grandchildren was born and was followed in quick procession by several others. Then, in 1867, when in his middle fifties and married for over thirty years, James left the Hawkesbury Valley and took his wife and family north to the far-off Liverool Plains to live. It was a momentous decision to make at his age, but it appears that he had obtained a part interest in "Henriendi", the EATHER station near Boggabri on the Namoi River. Soon after arriving in the Namoi district, he took up a selection on Maule's Creek near Narrabri and continued with farming and grazing. There, with Mary Ann and those of their children still at home, he lived for nearly twenty years. After James EATHER inherited a part of the property "Henriendi" in 1867 he and certain members of his family departed the Hawkesbury and travelled to the Namoi area, which was where the family estate was located - east of Baan Baa and north of Boggabri. Thus in August of that year a Richmond bank noted his address as, "Care of Mr Charles EATHER, Henriendi, Namoi River." (Mrs Pat Taylor and the 1867 ledger of the Richmond branch of the Bank of New South Wales). At the time of their arrival, "Henriendi" was in the hands of James' nephew Charles EATHER who unfortunately had started to run into financial trouble. (See EATHER Newsletter No 168, March 2005 - Insolvency Papers of Charles EATHER, and EATHER Newsletter No 177, March 2008). It is unclear if James was aware that all was not well at "Henriendi" but whatever the case he wasted little time being idle for in the same year of his arrival there he ventured about 26 kilometers north east of Baan Baa where he selected 300 acres of land on Maule's Creek which was also known as Kihi Creek. This was the old squatting locality of his brother-in-law Joseph ONUS Senior, who in the 1830's, held the run "Theribry/Therribri" - so it is hard to believe that he went there by chance. James' land was recorded on a parish map of Durrisdeer, County Nandewar, as Block 20. Water was on hand as on the south it was bordered by Maule's Creek. Here James commenced building the family home - perhaps with the assistance of the 200 that he had recently borrowed from John HOSKISSON. (See John ST PIERRE for this money transaction of August 1867 in "EATHER Family Volume 1", page 50.)

The money borrowed from HOSKISSON was by way of a second mortgage taken out on his property in George Street, Windsor which he had inherited from his parents, Thomas HEATHER/EATHER and Elizabeth LEE. Whilst James had started to borrow money in June 1861 from HOSKISSON (ibid) it was after the June 1867 flood, when the EATHER home in George Street, Windsor was documented as submerged ("Hawkesbury in Flood" - compiled and Researched by Denise HAYES, 1997) and 12 members of his brother Charles' family were drowned at Comwallis, that he took out an additional mortgage. After which he left the district - as others did. Possibly he used the 200 for his selection and new home at Maule's Creek or even a portion of it may have been spent on repairs occasioned by the flood to his George Street home. According to Samuel BOUGHTON, a local historian, James had erected a new dwelling there: In a letter of 1875 in which he spoke of the 1874 Windsor fire, BOUGHTON said: "In George Street the fire missed the place Jim EATHER built" {See Windsor & Richmond Gazette, August 27, 1958} BOUGHTON was certainly speaking of the section of George Street where the EATHER property was located. Presently the department store of "Target" occupies the site -having replaced "Coles Supermarket". In 1868 James' address was still recorded at "Henriendi" so possibly the family home was incomplete or he deemed the latter address more convenient for incoming mail. Three years later, in 1871, his nephew Charles EATHER signed voluntary sequestration papers when "Henriendi" was also mortgaged to the previously mentioned John HOSKISSON for 3,400. In addition there was a second mortgage for 1,300 on the 32,000 acre property, which was disputed. The total value of the property was stated as 6,000. While John HOSKISSON has been recorded several times in recent EATHER newsletters in relation to family land, in 1869, he also became the owner of James' property in George Street, Windsor. The next selection taken up at Maule's Creek was by James and Mary Ann's unmarried son, Charles EATHER, who selected 150 acres in 1872 in which year James' postal address was also given there. Charles' land, Block 19, adjoined his parents on the east and also had a frontage to Maule's Creek. The following year (1873) Charles' sister, Mary Ann EATHER, married Eugene Andrew Conmar WHELAN who selected land to the east of James and Charles. The last selection taken up by James was in 1878. At this time he took up a further 340 acres which on the east adjoined his first selection of 1867. It was Block 65 on the Parish Map however the block number cannot be seen. This land also adjoined on the south Charles' selection of 1872 and it had no water frontage. In 1878 the family land in the area totalled 790 acres. Subsequently, around seven years later, James took up residence at Narrabri where he had also obtained property. He died there in 1899 while his wife Mary Ann died at the same place in 1894. It is not known at this time when James sold his land at Maule's Creek but by 1902 both of his selections were in the hands of William Francis JAQUES who held the land until at least 1929. JAQUES (who also acquired the block of land that adjoined James' Block 20 on the east) was a big landowner on the Namoi having acquired some 60,000 acres by 1884/5. In 1902 Charles EATHER's land was listed in the hands of W R HALL. He (Charles) had married in 1882 Rosalie INGHAM. It appears in later maps that the EATHER selections on Maule's Creek were partly incorporated into the present day "Elfin" but more research needs to be done to be certain. Dawn McDOBALD, daughter of the Namoi and a descendant of James EATHER is trying to find out more.

On 17 August 1867, during the year that he left the Hawkesbury district, James borrowed another 200 from John HOSKISSON, thus extending the mortgage on his allotment at Windsor to a total of 450. Two years later he came to an arrangement with John HOSKISSON regarding the loan, and on 9 September 1869 an Indenture was drawn up, under which the allotment became the property of the mortgagor in settlement of a debt of 480, consisting of a debt of 450 and interest of 30. James had in effect disposed of his late parents' old home and his share of their allotment for 480. During the 1870's four more of the children of James and Mary Ann married. Anne Eliza married Malcolm McEACHERN in 1870; Mary Ann married Eugene Andrew Conmar WHELAN in 1873; George Henry married Sarah POTTS also in 1873; and John Patrick, at the age of 34, married Ellen Mary SPENCER in 1874. Grief was thrust upon the family however when in 1876, eldest daughter Elizabeth died at the age of 33, leaving her husband Edward with several small children. Second daughter, Anne Eliza, suffered the loss of her husband Malcolm in 1878 and became a widow at the age of 34 with four small children. Further family marriages continued in the next decade, when the remainder of their children married. Catherine Matilda married Henry George SPENCER in 1881. Charlotte Susannah married her distant cousin John PITMAN in 1882; and in that same year her brother Charles married Rosalie INGHAM. Their brother Robert married Ellen BRYANT in 1883, and finally William Abel and Sarah Amy both married in 1885. William was wed to Cecilia Ruth VILE and Sarah took Francis W ROBINSON as her husband. By then some grandchildren had married and in 1883 James and Mary Ann became great-grandparents. Grief had struck the family again in November 1881 when son George Henry had died. To add to family tribulations, two of George's six children succumbed to ailments during the following year.

On 10 March 1885 James and Mary Ann celebrated their golden wedding. He was 74 and she had just turned seventy. Of their fifty years of marriage, they had much to be proud. They had succeeded in rearing thirteen children without loss and had seen them all married. Unfortunately two of them, Elizabeth and George, had already passed on. About this time they decided that with all their family now married it was time to give up living on the farm and to seek an easier life for their remaining years. Over the years James had speculated in various ways and had a reputation for being prudent in his transactions. He had acquired some property in the town of Narrabri, so he and Mary Ann took up residence in a house that he owned there. There they resided until Mary Ann died in 1894. From time to time during the 1880's word reached James that one of his brothers had died down on the Hawkesbury. Each occasion stirred memories of his early years.

In 1881 it was his eldest brother Robert and in 1886 it was Thomas. He was followed in 1888 by bachelor brother John. When word came in 1891 that Charles had died, James knew that he was the last surviving child of his pioneer parents, Thomas and Elizabeth EATHER. Aged eighty, he was still relatively hale and regarded by those who knew him as having a cast-iron constitution. On 9 October 1894, Mary Ann died at the age of 79. Many of her children and grandchildren were amongst the many relatives and friends of the family who gathered at the graveside when her body was interred at the Narrabri Cemetery. James was 83 when his wife died. Members of his family realised that he needed company and care in his declining years, and that he should not be left to live alone in the house that he had hitherto shared with Mary Ann. His son William invited him to live with him and his wife Cecilia. It was an offer that James accepted and he spent the last four years of his life residing in William's home at Narrabri. As time went on he became increasingly deaf and the vigour and energy of earlier years deserted him. By the middle of May 1899 his health was in such a state of decline that the local medico, Dr SEGOL, was called and he provided medication and kindness. The end was inevitable, however, and at the age of 88 years and two months, James EATHER passed away during the evening of 26 May 1899. With him went the last of the original EATHER family in Australia. It was just 102 years since his father had settled in the Hawkesbury district. His funeral procession from the St Cyprian's Church on the Sunday after his death was one of the largest ever seen at Narrabri up to that time. Some 39 horse-drawn vehicles were involved.


THE SECOND FLEET 1790

From the "SYDNEY COVE CHRONICLE", 30th June, 1790


At last the transports are here
DIABOLICAL CONDITION OF THE CONVICTS THEREON
278 died on the fearsome journey to Sydney Cove

-----" The landing of those who remained alive despite their
misuse upon the recent voyage, could not fail to horrify those
who watched.
As they came on shore, these wretched people were hardly able
to move hand or foot. Such as could not carry themselves upon
their legs, crawled upon all fours. Those, who, through their
afflictions, were not able to move, were thrown over the side of
the ships; as sacks of flour would be thrown, into the small
boats.
Some expired in the boats; others as they reached the shore.
Some fainted and were carried by those who fared better. More
had not the opportunity even to leave their ocean prisons for as
they came upon the decks, the fresh air only hastened their
demise.
A sight most outrageous to our eyes were the marks of leg irons
upon the convicts, some so deep that one could nigh on see the
bones. ----
----- We learn that several children have been borne to women
upon the Lady Juliana, the cause for which were the crews aboard
African slave ships which met up with the transport at Santa
Cruz.--- "
------" So the Guardian is lost and with it our provisions.
What, in the name of Heaven, is to become of us ? ----- "


NOTE
This article is extracted from the file CONVICTS.ZIP, which was authored by a Barbara Turner in 1992 and which is available on many genealogical bulletin boards (BBSs) world-wide.

The Sydney Cove Chronicle of 30 June 1790 is a fictitious newspaper which appeared as a four-page "composite newspaper" in the Sydney Daily Mirror on Monday 3 March 1969 . In the article which announced the publication, the Mirror stated that the newspaper, one of a series of two covering the Second and Third Fleets, was "written and compiled by Cirrel Greet, in the style of that time with the assistance of the Public Library of NSW and particularly its Archives Department" (now State Records (NSW)).

Passenger List for The Second Fleet
Guardian, Justinian, Lady Juliana, Surprize, Neptune, Scarborough.

NOTE:
[The Guardian was a Royal Navy escort ship which carried provisions. Unfortunately it never made it to Sydney Cove as it struck ice after leaving the Cape of Good Hope, and later became wrecked. The Lady Juliana was the first ship of the Second Fleet to arrive at Sydney Cove. It was also the first all-female transport ship. Later the other four tranpsort ships arrived including the Justinian which contained a large cargo of food to support the colony.] Source; Australian History.org


NAME, Where Sentenced Term

ABBOTT, William, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 7
ADAMS, William - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
ADAMS, George, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ASSER, Henry - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
AIKEN, John - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
ALDER, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
ALLAM, Francis, Lincoln - - - - - - - - - 5
ALLEN, George - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ALLEN, Richard - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
ALLEN, Samuel, Stafford - - - - - - - - 14
ALLEN, Samuel, Chester - - - - - - - - - 14
ALLEN, Thomas, Oxford - - - - - - - - - - 7
ALLEN, William - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ALLEN, William - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
ALLEN, William, Essex - - - - - - - - - - 7
ALLINGTON, John, Suffolk - - - - - - - - Life
ALSOP, William, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
ALSWORTH, Peter, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 7
AMBLER, Benjamin, London - - - - - - - - - 7
AMBROSE, Thomas, Hants - - - - - - - - - Life
AMOR, William, Wilts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ANDERSON, John, Bucks - - - - - - - - - Life
ANTONY, Mary, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - 7
ARCHER, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
ARIS, William, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - 7
ARBELL, Thomas, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 7
ARLOTT, Solomon, Berks - - - - - - - - - - 7
ARNE, John, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ARNOLD, Richard - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
ASPINALL, William, Lancaster - - - - - - - 7
ASPLAND, Alexander, Cambridge - - - - - 14
ATHERTON, John, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 7
ATKINS, William, Northampton - - - - - - 14
ATWELL, Edward, Cornwall - - - - - - - - - 7
ATWOOD, John, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - 7
AUSTIN, William, Leicester - - - - - - - Life

BACON, Henry, Derby - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BADLIFE, John, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - 7
BAGLEY, John, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BAKER, Ann, Suffolk - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BAKER, Elizabeth, Surrey - - - - - - - - - 7
BAKER, James, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - 7
BAKER, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BAILEY, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BARBER, John, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 14
BARNARD, Thomas, alias BARNETT, Berks - - 7
BARNES, John, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BARNES, John, Worcester - - - - - - - - Life
BARNES, Samuel Robert, Middlesex - - - - - 7
BATEMAN, William, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
BATES, Martha, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BATES, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BATHER, Mary, Chester - - - - - - - - - - 7
BATTY, John, York - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BARNES, William, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 7
BARNETT, Isaac, Chester - - - - - - - - 14
BARNETT, Martha, London - - - - - - - - - 7
BARNICOAT, James, Cornwall - - - - - - - Life
BARNSLEY, Thomas, Berks - - - - - - - - - 7
BARRAH, Uriel, London - - - - - - - - - 14
BARRETT, Jonathan, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
BARTHOLOMEW, Isaac, Essex - - - - - - - 14
BARTLETT, Richard, Gloucester - - - - - - 7
BASSETT, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
BATEMAN, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BATEMAN, Thomas, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 5
BEAD, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
BEADLE, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BEALE, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BECKET, James, Radnor - - - - - - - - - Life
BEILBY, Elizabeth, York - - - - - - - - 14
BELL, Adam, York - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BELL, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
BELDAM, Samuel, Cambridge - - - - - - - - 7
BENSON, John, York - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BERRY, Thomas, Stafford - - - - - - - - 14
BICKNELL, John, Somerset - - - - - - - - Life
BIDDLE, Henry, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - 7
BINCE, Robert, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 7
BIRCH, William, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BIRD, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BLACKMAN, James, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
BLAGBOURN, James, Norfolk - - - - - - - - 7
BLAKE, Richard, alias BLICK, Northampton - 7
BLAND, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
BLOUNT, William, alias BRUNT, Hereford - Life
BLOXWICH, Joseph, Stafford - - - - - - - Life
BLUNDELL, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BOCKERAH, Solomon, London - - - - - - - Life
BOIZE, Abraham, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BOLGIN, John, Berks - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BOLIKS, William, Cornwall - - - - - - - - 7
BOLTON, Peter, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
BOND, Mary, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BOND, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
BONO, Philip, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BOOTLE, John, Somerset - - - - - - - - - 14
BORNHAM, John, Leicester - - - - - - - - - 7
BOTHAM, John, Nottingham - - - - - - - - - 7
BOXLEY, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BRADBURN, John, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 7
BRADLEY, Betty, Chester - - - - - - - - - 7
BRADSHAW, John, alias BASTICK, Surrey - - 7
BRANCHFLOWER, James, Somerset - - - - - - 7
BRANSLEY, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
BRAY, Susannah, alias GAY, Middlesex - - - 7
BRAY, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 14
BRIANT, Michael, Somerset - - - - - - - - 7
BRICKMAN, Benjamin, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
BRION, Anthony, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BRISTOW, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BROAD, Cornelius, Somerset - - - - - - - - 7
BROTHERHEAD, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
BROWN, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BROWN, John, Cambridge - - - - - - - - - 14
BROWN, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
BROWN, Martha, Essex - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BROWN, Mary, Lincoln - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BROWN, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BROWN, Henry, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - 7
BROOM, Samuel, Oxford - - - - - - - - - - 7
BROYDON, Scot, Cambridge - - - - - - - - Life
BRUCE, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
BRUCE, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BRUCKER, James, Oxford - - - - - - - - - Life
BRUIN, John, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BUCKERIDGE, Peter, London - - - - - - - - 7
BUCKLES, Robert, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
BUGGS, Samuel, Suffolk - - - - - - - - - - 7
BURCHAM, Ormond, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 7
BURGYS, William, Wiltshire - - - - - - - - 7
BURMAN, Richard, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
BURROWS, Cornelius, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
BURN, John, London - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BURT, Samuel, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
BURTON, George, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - 7
BURTON, James, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BURTON, Robert, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BUSHELL, Paul, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 14
BUTLER, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
BUTLER, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
BUTTERWORTH, John, Lancaster - - - - - - - 7
BUTTERWORTH, Thomas, Lancaster - - - - - - 7
BUTTS, William, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
BYSELL, Robert, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7

CAIRNS, Marty, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
CALLAHAN, Margaret, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
CALLOW, Josiah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CAMPBELL, Arthur, Lancaster - - - - - - - 7
CARDISS, William, Shropshire - - - - - - - 7
CAREY, Ann, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CARR, Susan, Bedford - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CARROLL, George, alias CATHAM, Middlesex 14
CARPENTER, John, Wiltshire - - - - - - - - 7
CARTER, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CARTER, John, Westmoreland - - - - - - - - 7
CARTER, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
CARTER, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
CARTWRIGHT, William, alias HOPPETT - - - 14
CASH, George, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CASHMORE, John, Worcester - - - - - - - - 7
CASPELL, William, Hertford - - - - - - - - 7
CHADDERTON, Mary, Lancaster - - - - - - - 7
CHAMBERS, Daniel, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
CHANDLER, Thomas, Bedford - - - - - - - - 7
CHANDLER, William, Hants - - - - - - - - - 7
CHAPMAN, James, Hants - - - - - - - - - Life
CHANT, Joseph, Dorset - - - - - - - - - - 7
CHARLES, David, Bedford - - - - - - - - Life
CHARLTON, William, alias CHARRINGTON,
Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - Life
CHEAR, Richard, Surrey - - - - - - - - - Life
CHELL, Richard - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CHESHIRE, Thomas, Surrey - - - - - - - - Life
CHESTER, Samuel, Bucks - - - - - - - - - Life
CHILD, George, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CHILLINGSWORTH, Henry, Warwick - - - - - - 7
CHIPPERHAM, Rebecca, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
CHITTY, George, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - 7
CHOPEY, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
CHURCHES, Samuel, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
CHURCHMAN, William, Suffolk - - - - - - 14
CLARKE, Mary, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CLARKE, Thomas, Stafford - - - - - - - - - 7
CLEAVER, James, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 7
COATES, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
COBCROFT, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
COCK, Aaron, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
COCUTT, Ann, Stafford - - - - - - - - - - 7
CODD, Jane, Pembroke - - - - - - - - - - - 7
COE, Alexander, Northampton - - - - - - - 7
COLDWELL, Thomas, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
COLE, Robert, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - - 7
COLE, Richard, London - - - - - - - - - Life
COLEBROOK, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
COLEMAN, Charles, Kent - - - - - - - - - - 7
COLEMAN, William, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
COLLEGE, Thomas, London - - - - - - - - - 7
COLLIER, Thomas, Stafford - - - - - - - - 7
COLLIER, Peter, Lancaster - - - - - - - 14
COLLINS, Daniel, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
COLLINS, Daniel, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
COLLINS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
COLLINS, Edward, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
COLLINS, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
COLLINS, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
CONE, Henry, Suffolk - - - - - - - - - - Life
CONGDON, John, alias HARRIS, Cornwall - - 7
CONNAWAY, George, London - - - - - - - - Life
CONNER, Michael, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
CONNER, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
CONNOR, Daniel, Devon - - - - - - - - - Life
CONNOR, Patrick, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 5
CONSTABLE, William, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
COOK, William, Bucks - - - - - - - - - - - 7
COOK, John, Northumberland - - - - - - - - 7
COOKSEY, Mary, alias JONES, alias BURNE - 7
COOLEY, Samuel, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
COOMBES, William, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
COOPE, John, alias COOK, Norfolk - - - - - 7
COOPER, Edward, Lincoln - - - - - - - - Life
CORNISH, Charles - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
COUCH, William, Cornwall - - - - - - - - Life
COUCH, Edward, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
COURT, James, Herts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
COWLING, Samuel, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 7
COU'DEN, Isaac, Herts - - - - - - - - - 14
COUSINS, Mary, London - - - - - - - - - - 5
COX, Moses, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - - 7
COX, John, Devon - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
COX, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 14
CRAGG, Mary, York - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CRAMPTON, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
CRAWFORD, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
CRAWTHER, Edward, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
CROSS, Charles - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CROMER, Benjamin, alias CROMMER, Warwick - 7
CROWE, John, Herts - - - - - - - - - - - 14
CROWLEY, Catherine, Stafford - - - - - - - 7
CROWSON, William, Northampton - - - - - - 7
CULLIMBINE, Samuel, alias CULLUDINE, Notts 7
CULLY, James, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 14
CUMPSTONE, John, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
CUNNINGHAM, James, Herts - - - - - - - - 14
CURREY, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7

DAKIN, Daniel, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 14
DALE, Rosamond, alias Mary WOODS,
Wilkinson, Lincoln - - - - - - - 7
DANDY, John, Lincoln - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DAVES, David, Glamorgan - - - - - - - - 14
DAVID, Lewis, alias Thomas, Glamorgan - Life
DAVIES, Thomas, Somerset - - - - - - - - Life
DAVIES, William Philip, Somerset - - - - - 7
DAVIS, Benjamin, Gloucester - - - - - - 14
DAVIS, David, Leicester - - - - - - - - - 7
DAVIS, Elizabeth, London - - - - - - - - - 7
DAVIS, John, London - - - - - - - - - - Life
DAVIS, John, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DAVIS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
DAVIS, John, alias William Armstrong,
Hertford - - - - - - - - - - - 14
DAVIS, Thomas, Hertford - - - - - - - - - 7
DAVIS, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
DAVISON, James, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
DAWS, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
DAWSON, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
DAWSON, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
DELBRIDGE, William, Devon - - - - - - - - 7
DELL, Elizabeth, Berks - - - - - - - - - - 7
DELL, Matthew, Berks - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DESMONT, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
DICKENSON, Richard, Wilts - - - - - - - - 7
DIGBY, John, Leicester - - - - - - - - - 14
DILLION, Thomas, Derby - - - - - - - - - 14
DIXON, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
DIXON, Peter, alias Cains, Berks - - - - - 7
DOD, James, Dorset - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DONNOVAN, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
DORAN, William, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 7
DORE, Simon, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DOVEY, William, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 7
DOUBLEDAY, William, Nottingham - - - - - - 7
DOURBEN, David, Denbigh - - - - - - - - 14
DRIVER, John, Gloucester - - - - - - - - - 7
DRURY, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DUFF, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
DUDLEY, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
DUNCAN, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
DUNFORD, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
DUNNOVAN, Michael, alias John White,
Surrey - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DUNSTAN, George, London - - - - - - - - Life
DUNSTONE, Benjamin, Cornwall - - - - - - - 7
DURHAM, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
DYER, John, London - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DYER, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life

EASTLY, William, Derby - - - - - - - - - - 7
EATON, John, Derby - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
EAVES, Christopher, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
EDDINGTON, John, London - - - - - - - - - 7
EDWARDS, Daniel, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
EDWARDS, Daniel, Essex - - - - - - - - - - 7
EDWARDS, Jane, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
EWARDS, John, Derby - - - - - - - - - - - 7
EWARDS, Joseph, Derby - - - - - - - - - - 7
EDWARDS, Samuel, Worcs - - - - - - - - - - 7
EDWARDS, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
ELKINGTON, Charles, York - - - - - - - - - 7
ELLEY, Jane, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ELLIOT, Isaac, Derby - - - - - - - - - - 14
ELLISON, George, London - - - - - - - - Life
ELWELL, Daniel, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
ELWEN, William, Durham - - - - - - - - - - 7
EVANS, Edward, Montogmery - - - - - - - - 7
EVANS, Francis, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
EVANS, John, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
EVANS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
EVANS, John, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - - 7
EVANS, Sarah, Denbigh - - - - - - - - - - 7
EVANS, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
EVERARD, Janus, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
EYLES, John, Hereford - - - - - - - - - Life

FAIRCLOTH, William, Herts - - - - - - - 14
FALCONER, Alexander, Surrey - - - - - - - 7
FARMER, Isaac, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
FARR, James, Stafford - - - - - - - - - - 7
FARRENDEAN, Thomas, Hants - - - - - - - - 7
FAY, Ann, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
FENWELL, Robert, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
FIBBS, William, alias Fielder, alias
Jack the Gardener, Middlesex - Life
FISH, John, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
FISHER, Thomas, alias Pike, Worcs - - - - 7
FISKE, Thomas, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - Life
FLANNAGAN, Hugh, London - - - - - - - - 14
FLANNAGAN, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
FLAXMORE, Francis, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
FLETCHER, Charles, Norfolk - - - - - - - Life
FLETCHER, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
FLOOD, Rose, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
FLOYD, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
FONSECA, Henry, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
FORBER, William Phillip, Gloucester - - 14
FORTESCUE, William, Herts - - - - - - - - 7
FREEBODY, Leon, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
FREEMAN, Richard, Essex - - - - - - - - - 7
FRENCH, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
FORST, Mary, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - - 7
FRY, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - - 7
FUDGE, Henry, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
FULLER, John, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - 7
FULWELL, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
FURZE, Daniel, Wilts - - - - - - - - - - - 7

GAMBLE, John, Northampton - - - - - - - - 7
GANTLEY, John, Stafford - - - - - - - - - 7
GARDNER, Daniel, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 7
GARTSIDE, Benjamin, Lancs - - - - - - - - 7
GAY, Michael, Wiltshire - - - - - - - - - 7
GEARY, Thomas, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
GELASPEE, Thomas, Hert - - - - - - - - - 14
GENT, Michael, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - 7
GEORGE, Charles, Hants - - - - - - - - - - 7
GEORGE, Richard, Kent - - - - - - - - - - 7
GERWALT, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
GIBBONS, Matthew, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
GILL, Amelia, York - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GILLIES, Peter, alias James Daglish,
alias John Potts, Northampton - 7
GIRDLER, Henry, Berks - - - - - - - - - - 7
GLEDHILL, William, York - - - - - - - - - 7
GLOVER, Henry, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - 7
GLOVER, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
GLOVES, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
GYNN, Edward, London - - - - - - - - - - Life
GODDARD, Thomas, alias Gothard, Devon - Life
GODWIN, Elizabeth, Hereford - - - - - - - 7
GOGAY, alias Smith, John, Middlesex - - - 7
GOLD, John, Essex - - - - - - - - - - - 14
GOLDFINCH, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - 14
GOLDINGAY, John, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
GOLDSMITH, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
GOODING, George, Somerset - - - - - - - 14
GORDON, Joure, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
GOSPORT, Thomas, Surry - - - - - - - - - - 7
GOTT, Ellen, Lancs - - - - - - - - - - - - 3
GOUGH, Thomas, Stafford - - - - - - - - - 7
GRAINGER, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
GRANT, John, Monmouth - - - - - - - - - - 7
GRANT, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
GRAY, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
GREEN, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
GREGORY, Joseph, Nottingham - - - - - - - 7
GREGORY, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
GREGORY, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
GRIFFITHS, Ann, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
GRIFFITHS, David, Carmathen - - - - - - Life
GRIFFITHS, John, London - - - - - - - - Life
GRIFFITHS, John, Montgomery - - - - - - - 7
GRIFFITHS, William, Devon - - - - - - - - 7
GRIFFITHS, Johathon, Glouc - - - - - - - - 7
GRIGGS, Sarah, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GRIST, John, Wiltshire - - - - - - - - - - 7
GROCER, William, London - - - - - - - - - 7
GROSVENOR, William, Somerset - - - - - - - 7
GROVES, Thomas, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
GUY, Robert, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life

HACKET, Robert, Stafford - - - - - - - - - 7
HAGGAR, Thomas, alias Aggar, York - - - - 7
HALL, Stephen, Essex - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HAMMONDS, Thomas, Worcs - - - - - - - - - 7
HANCHARD, Daniel, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
HAND, William, Wilts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HANDLEY, Francis, Stafford - - - - - - - - 7
HANDS, Daniel, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 14
HANDS, Edward, Gloucs - - - - - - - - - - 7
HANDS, James, Gloucs - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HANDS, John, Leics - - - - - - - - - - - 14
HANLEY, John, alias William Bentley,
Northampton - - - - - - - - - 14
HANNAWAY, Ann, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 14
HANSON, William, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 7
HARDING, Samuel, alias Hardy, Middlesex - 7
HARDING, Samuel, Somerset - - - - - - - 14
HARDINGE, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
HARDY, Francis, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
HARTINGTON, John, Somerset - - - - - - - - 7
HARRIS, Francis, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
HARRIS, Jaspar, Somerset - - - - - - - - Life
HARRIS, John, alias James, Surrey - - - 14
HARRIS, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
HARRIS, William, Dorset - - - - - - - - Life
HARRIS, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - Life
HARROP, Richard, Chester - - - - - - - - - 7
HAWKINS, Edward, Bucks - - - - - - - - - - 7
HAWKINS, Elizabeth, Bedford - - - - - - - 7
HAWKINS, Hannah, Stafford - - - - - - - - 7
HAWTHORN, Richard, London - - - - - - - - 7
HAY, Michael, London - - - - - - - - - - Life
HAYES, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
HAYNE, Nicholas, alias Hines, Devon - - - 7
HAYNES, Richard, Notts - - - - - - - - - - 7
HAYRICK, Thomas, Worcs - - - - - - - - - - 7
HAYWARD, Robert, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
HAYWARD, Thomas, Suffolk - - - - - - - - - 7
HEATHCOTE, Rebecca, Chester - - - - - - - 7
HEATHER, Thomas, Kent - - - - - - - - - 14
HEMMING, Thomas, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
HENLEY, Thomas, Bedford - - - - - - - - - 7
HENLY, Daniel, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
HENWELL, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
HERBERT, Joseph, alias Harbourn,
Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HERBERT, Peter, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
HESWELL, James, Essex - - - - - - - - - - 7
HICKS, Richard, Somerset - - - - - - - - 14
HIGGINS, Arthur, Devon - - - - - - - - - 14
HIGGINS, Thomas, Derby - - - - - - - - - 14
HIGGINS, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
HILL, James, Hereford - - - - - - - - - 14
HILL, Thomas, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - 7
HINDLEY, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
HIORNE, John, Warwick - - - - - - - - - Life
HISBURN, Richard, Warwick - - - - - - - - 7
HITCHCOCK, William, Dorset - - - - - - - - 7
HIX, Robert, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOBSON, William, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOCKING, Thomas, Cornwall - - - - - - - - 7
HODGETTS, Thomas, Stafford - - - - - - - - 7
HOGAN, Edward, Herts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
OLDEN, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
HOLDING, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
HOLLAND, Thomas, Radnor - - - - - - - - - 7
HOLLICK, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - 7
HOLLINGSWORTH, Richard, Middlesex - - - - 7
HOLT, Thomas, Warwick - - - - - - - - - Life
HOLTON, Charles, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
HOLTON, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
HOOPER, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
HORNSBY, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
HOSIER, Mathew, Herts - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOWARD, Robert, Bucks - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOWELL, Samuel, Hants - - - - - - - - - Life
HOWITT, John, Derby - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HUFTON, Paul, Notts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HUGHES, John, Chester - - - - - - - - - - 7
HUGHES, Thomas, Bucks - - - - - - - - - - 7
HUGHES, Thomas, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
HUNT, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
HUNT, John, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - 14
HUNTER, William, Westmoreland - - - - - - 7
HURWELL, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
HYDE, Joseph, Warwick - - - - - - - - - Life

ICOM, Samuel, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
INCE, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
INMAN, John, alias West, York - - - - - - 7
INWOOD, Philip, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
IPIC, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
IRELAND, Elizabeth, Kent - - - - - - - - - 7

JACKSON, John, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - 7
JACKSON, Samuel, Derby - - - - - - - - - - 7
JACOBS, Abraham, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
JACOBS, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
JAMES, Richard, alias Thomas DALE,
Carmarthem - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JEFFREY, Joseph, Devon - - - - - - - - - - 7
JENKINS, Carter, Monmouth - - - - - - - - 7
JENKINS, William, Monmouth - - - - - - - - 7
JENKINSON, Joseph, York - - - - - - - - - 7
JENNINGS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
JOHNSON, James, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - 7
JOHNSON, John, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JOHNSON, Richard, Kent - - - - - - - - - - 7
JOHNSON, Simon, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JOHNSON, Thomas, Surrey - - - - - - - - - 7
JOHNSON, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
JOHNSON, William, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
JOINER, Henry, Worcester - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, David, Gloucester - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, David, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Edward, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Elizabeth, Lancaster - - - - - - - 3
JONES, Grace, Denbigh - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, James, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, James, alias Sandy, Middlesex - - - 7
JONES, John, Gloucester - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, John, Worcester - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, John, alias Thomas COLLINGWOOD,
Essex - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
JONES, Joseph, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Luke, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Margaret, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
JONES, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Richard, Hertford - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Robert, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
JONES, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
JOY, Richard, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
JUNIPER, William, Worcester - - - - - - - 7

KEARNS, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 14
KEATE, Thomas, Oxford - - - - - - - - - - 7
KEELING, alias MORRISON, Charles,
Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - - 7
KEELE, Richard, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 7
KELLEY, Lawrence, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
KELLY, alias HENDERSON, John, Middlesex - 7
KELLY, Daniel, Chester - - - - - - - - - - 7
KENT, George, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - - 7
KINCAIRD, David, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
KINDLING, Daniel, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
KING, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
KING, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
KING, Charles, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
KING, Henry, Cambridge - - - - - - - - - Life
KING, Thomas, London - - - - - - - - - - Life
KITSON, Joseph, Devon - - - - - - - - - 14
KNIGHT, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
KNIGHT, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
KNOTT, James, Hertford - - - - - - - - - - 7
KNOWLAND, Charles, Midddlesex - - - - - - 7

LACEY, John, alias JAMES, Middlesex - - - 7
LACEY, J----, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LAKE, Thomas, Essex - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LAKE, Thomas, Bucks - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LANCASTER, Robert, Notts - - - - - - - - 14
LANE, Thomas, Devon - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LANE, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
LANGLEY, John, Lincoln - - - - - - - - - - 5
LANGLEY, Samuel, London - - - - - - - - - 7
LANGDON, Thomas - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LARCOMBE, John, Wiltshire - - - - - - - - 7
LARKMAN, Peter, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 7
LATHAM, David, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
LAWTON, Henry, Lancs - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LAVINDER, Simon, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
LEARY, Mary, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LEE, Abraham, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
LEE, George, London - - - - - - - - - - Life
LESTER, Thomas - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14
LETHBRIDGE, John, Devon - - - - - - - - - 7
LEVELL, John, Suffolk - - - - - - - - - - 7
LEWIS, John, Glamorgan - - - - - - - - - Life
LEWIS, Thomas, Hants - - - - - - - - - - Life
LEWIS, John, Wiltshire - - - - - - - - - - 7
LEY, Isaac, Gloucester - - - - - - - - - - 7
LILLIE, Nathaniel, Suffolk - - - - - - - Life
LILLEY, William, London - - - - - - - - - 7
LINDSAY, Ephraim, Northampton - - - - - - 7
LING, Richard, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
LINSLEY, Elizabeth, Wiltshire - - - - - - 7
LITTLEHALES, Richard, Warwick - - - - - - 7
LOAKE, Thomas, Northampton - - - - - - - - 7
LOCK, Matthew, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
LOFT, John, Surry - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LONG, William, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LONGFORD, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
LOVEGROVE, James, Berks - - - - - - - - - 7
LOVELACE, John - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LOWE, Hugh, alias Cartwright, Chester - 14
LOWE, Robert, Derby - - - - - - - - - - 14
LOWE, Robert, Notts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LUMBER, Isaac - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14
LUXTON, Thomas - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LYNCH, Alice, alias Davies, Monmouth - - - 7

McCARTY, John, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
McDONALD, William, Berks - - - - - - - - - 7
McDONALD, William, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
McDONALD, Hugh, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
McDONAIGH, Mary, Hants - - - - - - - - - - 7
McGURK, Francis, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 7
McINTOSH, John, alias Kirby, Middlesex - - 7
McKAY, William, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
McNAMARA, Michael, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
MACKENZIE, John, London - - - - - - - - - 7
MADELL, John, Essex - - - - - - - - - - 14
MAGGS, George, Radnor - - - - - - - - - 14
MAISEY, William, Gloucester - - - - - - 14
MANLOVE, Sarah, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
MANYPENNY, Richard, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
MAPP, Luke, Herts - - - - - - - - - - - Life
MARSHALL, Daniel, Hants - - - - - - - - - 7
MARKWELL, Thomas, Essex - - - - - - - - 14
MANTON, Broughton, alias Lawrence, Bucks - 7
MARKS, William, Cornwall - - - - - - - - 14
MARTIN, John, Worcester - - - - - - - - - 7
MARTIN, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
MARTIN, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
MARTIN, Charles, Hants - - - - - - - - - 14
MARTIN, William, London - - - - - - - - - 7
MASON, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
MASON, Hall, Chester - - - - - - - - - - 14
MASON, John, Herts - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
MASKEW, John, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
MATTHEWS, Isaac, Berks - - - - - - - - - - 7
MATTHEWS, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
MATTHEWS, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
MAY, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
MAYNARD, Samuel, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
MAYRICK, Edward, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
MAYO, Elizabeth, Herts - - - - - - - - - - 7
MEACHAM, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - 7
MEARS, John - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
MEDLICOTT, William, Hereford - - - - - - Life
MEREDITH, Ann, Worcester - - - - - - - - - 7
MERRICK, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
MERSEY, Betty, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - 7
MESSINGER, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
METCALFE, James, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
METCALFE, John, Berks - - - - - - - - - - 7
MEYERS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
MICHAELS, Michael, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
MIDDLEMASS, John, Norfolk - - - - - - - - 7
MILES, Thomas, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 7
MILLER, Daniel, Bucks - - - - - - - - - - 7
MILLER, John, Northumberland - - - - - - - 7
MILLER, James, Bucks - - - - - - - - - - Life
MILLETT, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
MISHAN, William, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
MITCHELL, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
MOGGERIDGE, George, Monmouth - - - - - - - 7
MOODING, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
MOORE, Thomas, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - 7
MORGAN, John, London - - - - - - - - - - Life
MORGAN, James, Monmouth - - - - - - - - - 7
MORGAN, Martha, Pembroke - - - - - - - - - 7
MORGAN, John, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - 7
MORGAN, Mary, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - 14
MORGAN, Thomas, alias Davies, Wilts - - - 7
MORLEY, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
MORLEY, Richard, Herts - - - - - - - - - 14
MORRIS, George, alias Roberts, London - Life
MORRIS, David, Montgomery - - - - - - - - 7
MORRISON, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
MORRISON, Thomas, London - - - - - - - - - 7
MORTON, William, Northumberland - - - - - 7
MORTON, Phillip, Chester - - - - - - - - 14
MOSSELL, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
MOULSEY, John, Derby - - - - - - - - - - - 7
MUGGERIDGE, William, Surrey - - - - - - - 7
MUILMAN, John, Cornwall - - - - - - - - - 7
MUMFORD, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - 7
MUMFORD, James, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
MULLOY, Jane, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
MURPHY, James, Gloucester - - - - - - - Life
MURRELL, Robert, Norfolk - - - - - - - - 14
MURRY, John, Monmouth - - - - - - - - - Life

NADAN, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
NAGGS, Elizabeth, Kent - - - - - - - - - - 7
NASPER, Francis, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
NEALE, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
NEALE, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
NEALER, James, Herts - - - - - - - - - - 14
NEVE, Margaret, Chester - - - - - - - - - 7
NEWBY, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
NEWETT, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
NOBE, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
NOWLAND, Michael, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
NUGENT, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7

OAKLEY, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
OAKLEY, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
OATS, John, Dorset - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ODDY, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
O'HARA, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
OKEY, James, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 14
ORMAN, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
ORME, Nicholas, Derby - - - - - - - - - - 7
OSMOND, John, alias Osborne, alias
Osment, Dorset - - - - - - - - - 7
OSBORNE, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
OWEN, Thomas, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - Life
OWENS, Joseph, alias Cucko, Berkshire - - 7

PACE, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
PADDLE, George, Somerset - - - - - - - - - 7
PAGETT, James, Gloucester - - - - - - - Life
PAILD, Edward, London - - - - - - - - - Life
PALMER, Henry, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
PALMER, John, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - 7
PALMER, William, Kent - - - - - - - - - - 7
PARKER, George, Stafford - - - - - - - - - 7
PARKER, Thomas, Gloucester - - - - - - - Life
PARSONS, Anselon, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
PARSONS, alias PARISH, William, Devon - - 7
PARTERN, Joseph, Devon - - - - - - - - - - 7
PASS, Charles, Stafford - - - - - - - - Life
PAWSON, William, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
PAYNE, Abraham, Somerset - - - - - - - - - 7
PAYNE, Peter, Gloucester - - - - - - - - - 7
PEACOCK, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
PEARCE, William, London - - - - - - - - - 7
PEASE, John, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - - 7
PEDLAR, alias PENLETHON, John, Cornwall - 7
PENN, Joseph, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - 7
PENTECROSS, Joseph, London - - - - - - - Life
PERKINS, Edward, Durham - - - - - - - - Life
PETERS, James, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 7
PETERS, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
PHILIPS, Thomas, Herts - - - - - - - - - - 7
PHILLIPS, Samuel, Somerset - - - - - - - - 7
PHILLIPS, Thomas, Warwick - - - - - - - Life
PHILLIPS, Sarah, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
PHILLIS, John, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
PHIPPS, Solomon, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 7
PHYEW, Edward, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
PIDGEON, Samuel, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - 7
PIMLETT, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
PLACE, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
PLIMSHOLE, Abraham, Devon - - - - - - - - - 7
POCTER, Richard, Nottingham - - - - - - - Life
PODDY, William, Monmouth - - - - - - - - - 7
POLOCK, Samuel, London - - - - - - - - - Life
POOL, Joseph, Gloucester - - - - - - - - - 7
PORTER, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
PORTER, Thomas, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
POTTER, Samuel, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 14
POYNTON, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
PRENTICE, William, Essex - - - - - - - - 14
PRICE, Thomas, Wilts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
PRICE, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
PRIEST, William, Stafford - - - - - - - - 14
PRIEST, Thomas, Stafford - - - - - - - - 14
PRINCE, Hannah, Chester - - - - - - - - - - 7
PROCTOR, alias Matthews, Lewis, Montgomery 7
PRYOR, John, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
PUGH, William, Stafford - - - - - - - - - - 7
PULLEN, James, Essex - - - - - - - - - - Life

RAND, James, Herts - - - - - - - - - - - 14
RANSON, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
RASBERRY, Phillip, Norfolk - - - - - - - - 7
RASSELL, Robert, Hants - - - - - - - - - - 7
RAYNARD, Henry, alias Ragher, Staffs - - - 7
REAY, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
REDFORD, John, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - 7
REDMAN, John, Sussex - - - - - - - - - - 14
QUARMAN, Robert, Somerset - - - - - - - - 14
QUINTON, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
REDDY, Matthew, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - 7
REDFEARNE, Joseph, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
REID, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
REPEAT, John, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - - 7
REWELL, Thomas, Radnor - - - - - - - - - Life
REYNOLDS, Thomas, London - - - - - - - - - 7
RICE, Elizabeth, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
RICE, John, Devon - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
RICHARD, Christopher, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
RICHARDS, Joseph, Radnor - - - - - - - - - 7
RICHARDS, William, Glamorgan - - - - - - 14
RICHARDS, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - 7
RICHARDSON, Anthony, Surrey - - - - - - - 14
RICHARDSON, Peter, Cambridge - - - - - - 14
RICHARDSON, William, alias Jones, London Life
RICHES, James, Suffolk - - - - - - - - - 14
RILEY, Edward, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
RILEY, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
RILEY, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
RISOM, Elizabeth, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROBBINS, John, alias Short, Somerset - - Life
ROBERTS, John, York - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROBERTS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
ROBERTS, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
ROBINSON, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
ROBINSON, Thomas, Hants - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROBLEY, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
ROBNETT, James, Herts - - - - - - - - - - 14
ROBSON, Joseph, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROGERS, Benjamin, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
ROGERS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
ROGERS, Thomas Charles, Middlesex - - - - - 7
ROSS, John Le, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - Life
ROWE, John, Devon - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROWLEY, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
ROWLING, John, alias Rawling, Cornwall - - 7
ROWLEY, Thomas, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
RUDD, Thomas, London - - - - - - - - - - - 7
RUDGE, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - 7
RUMBLE, Phillip, Southampton - - - - - - - 7
RUMMING, Thomas, Gloucester - - - - - - - - 7
RUSE, Lionel, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - - 7
RYALL, John, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
RYAN, John, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - - 7
RYMES, Elizabeth, London - - - - - - - - - 7

SALES, Martin, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SALTER, George, Devon - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SANDWICK, Eleanor, Cumberland - - - - - - 14
SANE, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
SANSBURN, George, Gloucs - - - - - - - - - 7
SARGEANT, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
SARRA, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
SARVER, Thomas - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SAUNDERS, John, Notts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SAVAGE, Abraham, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SAVAGE, Robert, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
SAXLEBYE, James, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
SAXON, Francis, Chester - - - - - - - - - - 7
SAXTON, Joseph, Derby - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SAYERS, Henry, Lancaster - - - - - - - - 14
SCAMP, Lazarus, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SCINCE, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
SCOTT, James, Gloucs - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SCOTT, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
SCOTTS, William, Wilts - - - - - - - - - - 7
SEABRY, Peter, Somerset - - - - - - - - - Life
SEAPER, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
SEATON, Alexander, London - - - - - - - - Life
SELLICK, John, Somerset - - - - - - - - - Life
SENEY, James, Somerset - - - - - - - - - Life
SHAW, George, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - - 7
SHEPPARD, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
SHIPTON, Thomas, Hants - - - - - - - - - - 7
SHIRLEY, Thomas, Berks - - - - - - - - - - 7
SHORT, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
SHRIMPTON, Richard, Berks - - - - - - - - - 7
SHURBURD, William, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
SIBLEY, James, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SILVAN, William, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 7
SILVERTHORN, James, Somerset - - - - - - - 7
SIMPSON, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
SIMPSON, William, Notts - - - - - - - - - - 7
SINDFIELD, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
SMALL, John, London - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Ambrose, Gloucs - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Ann, Wilts - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Benjamin, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Charles, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Charles, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Elizabeth, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
SMITH, James, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, James, Wilts - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, John, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, John, York - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, John, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - - 14
SMITH, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Nicholas, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Oliver, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Robert, York - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Robert, alias Sains, Essex - - - - - 7
SMITH, Sarah, Essex - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Stephen, Notts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Thomas, Notts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
SMITH, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, William, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, William, alias White, Denbigh - - - 7
SOAN, William, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SOARE, John, Derby - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SOFTLEY, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
SOLOMONS, Frederick, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
SOLOMONS, Samuel, London - - - - - - - - - 7
SOUTH, Elizabeth, Hereford - - - - - - - - 7
SPARKS, Benjamin, Somerset - - - - - - - - 7
SPILEYE, Traverse, Notts - - - - - - - - - 7
STEELE, George, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
STEELE, Robert, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
STEPHENSON, Thomas, Lincoln - - - - - - - - 7
STERNY, Francis, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - 7
STEVENSON, Samuel, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
STEVENSON, William, Middlesex - - - - - - Life
STEWARD, John, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - 7
STICKE, James, Devon - - - - - - - - - - Life
STILES, John, Berks - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
STILES, James, Berks - - - - - - - - - - - 7
STOKES, Charles, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
STONE, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
STONE, James, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
STONE, William, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
STRAKER, Mathew, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
STRUTTON, John, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
STUART, John, alias Hainsworth, Bucks - - 14
STULTZ, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
SULLEY, William, Notts - - - - - - - - - - 7
SUMMERLAND, Thomas, Warwick - - - - - - - - 7
SUMPTON, John, Cumberland - - - - - - - - Life
SUTTLE, Joseph, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - 7
SUTTON, William, London - - - - - - - - - Life

TALBOT, George, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
TAMBROOK, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
TARR, John, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - - 7
TAYLOR, John, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - - - 7
TAYLOR, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
TEAGUE, John, Gloucester - - - - - - - - - 7
TEASDALE, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
TEBY, James, Berks - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMAS, David, Monmouth - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMAS, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMAS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
THOMAS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMAS, John, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMAS, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
THOMAS, William Moses, Brecknock - - - - Life
THOMPSON, Richard, Stafford - - - - - - - Life
THOMPSON, Robert, York - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMPSON, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
THOMPSON, Charles, alias Gullings,
Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMPSON, James - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMPSON, James, Pembroke - - - - - - - - - 7
THORN, Humphrey, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
THORN, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
THORNE, Richard, Berks - - - - - - - - - - 7
THRUSH, Thomas, alias THRUST, Middlesex - Life
TILBROOK, William, Norfolk - - - - - - - - 7
TIMBRELL, George, Gloucester - - - - - - 14
TODD, Henry, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
TOMLINSON, Thomas, Nottingham - - - - - - - 5
TONGE, William, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - 7
TOWERS, Robert, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - 7
TOWNSEND, James, Hants - - - - - - - - - Life
TOWNSEND, John, Hants - - - - - - - - - - Life
TRANTER, James - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14
TREADWELL, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - 7
TRICKER, Edmund, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 7
TUCKER, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
TUCKER, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
TUCKER, John, Buckinghamshire - - - - - - Life
TUCKER, Jonothan, London - - - - - - - - - 7
TUCKER, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 14
TUCKWELL, Thomas, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
TURNER, Francis, Radnor - - - - - - - - - - 7
TURNER, Mark, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - - 7
TURNER, Richard, Somerset - - - - - - - - - 7
TURTON, Samuel, Chester - - - - - - - - - 14
TURWOOD, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - Life
TYACK, Joseph, Cornwall - - - - - - - - - - 7

UNDERWOOD, William, Surrey - - - - - - - - 7
UPTON, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
USHER, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life

VALLANCE, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
VENNER, Boze, Kent - - - - - - - - - - - 14

WADE, Richard, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
WADE, Elizabeth Ann, Middlesex - - - - - - 7
WAIN, James, Northampton - - - - - - - - - 7
WALKER, Samuel, Leicester - - - - - - - - - 7
WALTER, William, Berks - - - - - - - - - 14
WALTERS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
WALTERS, Mary, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
WALTON, Matthew, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
WARD, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
WARD, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
WARD, William, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - 7
WARREN, Benjamin, Dorset - - - - - - - - Life
WARTON, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
WARWICK, William, Essex - - - - - - - - - - 7
WATKINS, William, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
WATKINS, Rachel, Hereford - - - - - - - - - 7
WATKINS, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
WATKINS, Benjamin, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
WATSON, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
WATSON, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
WATTS, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
WEBB, Simon, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WESTWOOD, James, Somerset - - - - - - - - - 7
WESTWOOD, Edward, Somerset - - - - - - - - 7
WESTWOOD, William, Stafford - - - - - - - - 7
WHEELER, Ann, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - 7
WHITE, David, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - 7
WHITE, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 14
WHITE, David, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WHITE, Mary, Surrey - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WHITE, Thomas, Wilts - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WHITEHOUSE, Moses, Warwick - - - - - - - Life
WHITEHOUSE, James, Warwick - - - - - - - - 7
WHITLAM, Sarah, Lincoln - - - - - - - - - - 7
WIEGRASS, George, Norfolk - - - - - - - - - 7
WILDBLOOD, Edward, Radnor - - - - - - - - Life
WILFORD, William, Surrey - - - - - - - - - 7
WILKINSON, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
WILLCOCK, Ann, Lincoln - - - - - - - - - - 7
WILLIAM, Edward, Glamorgan - - - - - - - Life
WILLIAMS, Mary, Monmouth - - - - - - - - Life
WILLIAMS, John, Gloucester - - - - - - - 14
WILLIAMS, Robert, Gloucester - - - - - - - 7
WILLIAMS, John, London - - - - - - - - - - 7
WILLIAMS, Catherine, Surrey - - - - - - - - 7
WILLIS, Sarah, York - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WILMOTT, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
WILSHIRE, John, Hertford - - - - - - - - 14
WILSON, James, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
WILSON, Alexander, Middlesex - - - - - - - 7
WILSON, Joseph, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WILSON, John, Bedford - - - - - - - - - - 14
WILSON, James, Berks - - - - - - - - - - 14
WILSON, Mary, Cumberland - - - - - - - - - 7
WINBOW, John, Hants - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WINS, Edward, Berks - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WINSHIP, William, Durham - - - - - - - - 14
WINSTON, Thomas, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
WISEMAN, John, Suffolk - - - - - - - - - - 7
WITHERS, Robert, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
WOOD, George, Devon - - - - - - - - - - - 14
WOOD, William, Lincoln - - - - - - - - - - 7
WOOD, William, Warwick - - - - - - - - - - 7
WOOD, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - Life
WOOD, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - - Life
WOOD, Elizabeth, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7
WOOD, James, Somerset - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WOODGER, Charles, Middlesex - - - - - - - Life
WOODHAM, Nathaniel, Bradford - - - - - - - 7
WOODHAM, Edward, Gloucester - - - - - - - Life
WOODHAM, James, Gloucester - - - - - - - Life
WOOLEY, Joseph, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7
WRIGHT, Thomas, Derby - - - - - - - - - - Life
WRIGHT, David, Hertford - - - - - - - - - 14
WRIGHT, Joseph, Lancaster - - - - - - - - - 7
WRIGHT, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
WRIGHT, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
WRIGHT, William, Middlesex - - - - - - - - 7

YARDLEY, William, Surrey - - - - - - - - Life
YORK, Henry, Monmouth - - - - - - - - - - - 7
YOUNG, John, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - Life
YOUNG, Michael, Middlesex - - - - - - - - - 7

A list of the names of the women convicts who sailed in
the Lady Juliana:

ACTON, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ANDERSON, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ANSELL, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ARNOLD, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ATKINS, Violetta - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ATKINSON, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
AYRES, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

BARNES, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BARNSLEY, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BARRY, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BATEMAN, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BEACH, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BONE, Ann, alias Smith - - - - - - - - - - 7
BRADY, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BRAY, Susannah, alias Gay - - - - - - - - - 7
BROOKS, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BROOKS, Jane - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BROWN, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BROWN, Grace - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
BROWN, Sarah Sophia Ann - - - - - - - - - - 7
BUTLER, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

CARTER, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CARTER, Margaret - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CARTER, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CAVENAUGH, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CHAFEY, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CHAPLIN, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CHRISTMAS, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CLAPTON, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CLAYTON, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
COTTEREL, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
CURTIS, Esther - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

DANIELS, Martha - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DAVIS, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DAVIS, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DAWSON, Jane - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DAWSON, Mary, alias Bray - - - - - - - - - 7
DORSET, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
DOWLING, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

EMMES, Ann, alias J'Amms - - - - - - - - - 7

FARRELL, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
FITZPATRICK, Rose - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
FLANNEGAN, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
FORBES, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

GALE, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GALLAND, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GEE, Hannah, alias Teesdale - - - - - - - - 7
GIBSON, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GILES, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GITTOS, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GOLDSMITH, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GOMER, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GOSLIN, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
GRAHAM, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

HAGER, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HANNAWAY, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14
HARD'AMAN, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HARDING, Amelia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HARDYMAN, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HAYNES, Alice - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HENDERSON, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HEYLAND, Catherine - - - - - - - - - - - Life
HIGGINS, Mary, alias Harrold - - - - - - - 7
HODDY, Rachael - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOLLOWAY, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOOK, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOPPER, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOUNSETT, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOUSE, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOUSUM, Catherine - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
HOWARD, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

ISRAEL, Maria - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
IVEMAY, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

JOHNSON, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JOHNSON, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JOHNSON, Matilda - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Lydia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
JONES, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
JONES, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

KELLY, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
KEMP, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
KIMES, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

LEICESTER, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LEWIS, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
LLOYD, Jane - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

MADDOX, Grace - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14
MANSON, Isabella, alias Smith - - - - - - - 7
MARSH, Charlotte - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
McDONALD, Eleanor - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
METCALF, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
MICHAEL, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14
MIDDLESEX, Elizabeth Price - - - - - - - - 7
MORGAN, Anne - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
MORGAN, Margaret, alias Mary Jones - - - - 7

NASH, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

OAKLEY, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

PARRY, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
PEALING, Hannah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
PENNINGTON, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - 7
PICKETT, Sussanah - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

RANDALL, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
REID, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROBERTS, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROBINSON, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROCK, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROSTER, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
ROWNEY, Hannah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

SANDERS, Jane, alias Norris - - - - - - - - 7
SHAKESPEAR, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - Life
SIMPSON, Charlotte, alias Hall - - - - - - 7
SIMPSON, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Elizabeth, alias Carr - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
SMITH, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SMITH, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SONG, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
STEEL, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
STEEL, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
STEWART, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
STEWART, Susannah - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SULLEY, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - 14
SUTTON, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
SYONS, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

TALBOT, Dorcas - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
TALBOT, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
TAYLOR, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMAS, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMPSON, Jane, York - - - - - - - - - - - 7
THOMPSON, Mary, Lincoln - - - - - - - - - - 7
THORNTON, Esther - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
TUCK, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
TURNER, Rachael - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

VANDEBUS, Jane - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14

WADE, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
WALKER, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14
WATERS, Jane - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WATSON, Elizabeth, alias Davis - - - - - - 7
WHEELER, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WHITING, Jane - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Life
WHITTAKER, Jane - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WILLIAMS, Jane, alias Vicars - - - - - - - 7
WILLIAMS, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WILLIAMS, Phoebe - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WILSON, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WILSON, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WINSPEAR, Mary - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WISHAW, Elizabeth - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7
WOOD, Ann - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

YOUNG, Sarah - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7

The Neptune of the notorius second fleet 1790

My 4th great grandfather Thomas HEATHER/EATHER 1764-1827 arrived on the Neptune in 1790
The Neptune was built on the river Thames in 1779, at 809 tons she was the largest ship of the second fleet. In company with the Surprise and Scarborough she sailed from England with 421 male and 78 female convicts on 19 January 1790. Her master was Donald Traill and surgeon was William Gray. She arrived at the Cape of Good Hope on 13 April 1790, and spent sixteen days there, taking on provisions, and twelve male convicts from the HMS Guardian which had been wrecked after striking an iceberg. She and Scarborough were parted from Surprize in heavy weather and arrived at Port Jackson on 28 June 160 days out from England. On the first fleet 48 people died on the voyage, but this time 158 convicts died (31%) and 269 (53%) were sick when landed. The voyage was in the hands of private contractors.

The treatment of convicts aboard the Neptune was unquestionably the most horrific in the history of transportation to Australia. Convicts suspected of petty theft were flogged to death; most were kept chained below decks for the duration of the voyage; scurvy and other diseases were endemic; and the food rations were pitiful.

When reports of the complaints reached England, the 'strictest inquiry' was promised into this 'shocking calamity'. Towards the end of November 1791, the depositions of some of the Neptune's crew and several marines were taken before Alderman Clark at the Guildhall in London.

These witnesses certified that Traill and his first mate had kept the convicts short of rations and upon arrival in the colony they opened a warehouse and sold the said provisions.

Traill and his first mate absconded until the outcry died down. Upon their return to England, the Master, Donald Traill and Chief Mate, William Ellerington, were privately prosecuted for the murder of an un-named convict, along with a seaman named Andrew Anderson and a cook named John Joseph. After a trial lasting three hours before Sir James Marriott in the Admiralty Court, the jury acquitted both men on all charges "without troubling the Judge to sum up the evidence". There were no public prosecutions. Traill who had been master of the 'Albermarle' under Nelson went on to become Master at the Cape.

The 2nd fleet contractors Camden, Calvert and King also escaped prosecution.

Amongst the arrivals on the Neptune during this voyage was D'Arcy Wentworth, John Macarthur his wife Elizabeth, and their son Edward. Edward Macarthur who left England on the Neptune, transferred to the Scarborough during the voyage after a quarrel with the captain.

The Family of Richard Norris 1776-1843

Richard NORRIS, was born in Dublin, Ireland 1776. As an adult he was 5'6" (167.6 cm) in height and had a fresh complexion and hazel eyes. On his lower left arm he had the tattoo of a mermaid.
An Irish rebel convicted and sentenced to death for Robbery in Dublin in 1797, the sentence was commuted in 1798 and he was transported to Australia on the conditon that he never return to Ireland. Richard arrived fron Cork to the Colony of New South Wales aboard the ship "Minerva" on 11 January 1800.

As early as 1801, he was granted a provisional ticket of leave which was common because farming was proving to be a major problem in the Colony and farmers were needed.

In 1802 he found a wife in Mary WILLIAMS. She had arrived on the ship "Nile" on 14 December 1801. She had been born at Bath in Somerset England about 1778, Mary was convicted at the Wells Assizes, Somerset Summer Circuit on the 16 August 1800 for stealing 4 muslin handkerchiefs and 3 check aprons the property of Elizabeth Ann COX Widow, Hestor CATTERSON Spinster, and Frances MOUNTEREY Spinster' in the parish of Stone Easton and sentenced to 7 years.

Richard and Mary's first child, John, was born at Cornwallis in the Hawkesbury district in 1803. There does not appear to be a baptism record for him, but when the general census was taken in November 1828, John stated that he was 25 years of age.

By 1805, when the muster of convicts was held, Richard NORRIS was renting Barrington's Farm of about 8 acres near Green Hills. He had the whole of the farm under wheat, and he had three pigs. In storage were 6 bushels of wheat and 2 of maize. Mary WILLIAMS, who had arrived on the ship "Nile", was described as his housekeeper, and they had two children.

1806 NSW General Muster shows Richard had a ticket of Leave and his occupation was that of farmer.

It's believed that Richard and Mary were married by the Reverend Samuel MARSDEN when he visited Windsor in 1806

When the general muster was held in 1814, Richard NORRIS was described as a landholder. Mary WILLIAMS was his wife and the number of their children had increased to six. At that time, Richard had two convicts, Patrick McGUINIS and Thomas HEWITT, assigned to him.

At the 1822 Muster, Richard NORRIS was a landholder with a farm of 50 acres near Windsor. At that time 20 acres were under maize, 16 under wheat, 4 under barley, and he had 2 acres of potatoes. He also had a herd of 24 cattle, and owned 4 horses and 60 pigs. He was doing well with his farming pursuits and had in storage 200 bushels of maize and 20 of wheat. He and Mary then had a family of 11.
The age of their eldest son John was recorded as 20, but it is more likely that he was 19. According to NORRIS family records, Richard NORRIS owned two 30 acre farms (one that had been originally granted to Michael DOYLE, and the other originally granted to Jane EZZY at Cornwallis, and also a town allotment in Brabyn Street, Windsor as a place of refuge in time of flood.

On 3 May 1838 at the Sydney Supreme Court, Richard with two very successful farms and a house in Windsor pleads 'not guilty' to a charge of stealing his neighbour's pig.- He was found guilty and sentenced to death - later commuted to 'life' on Norfolk Island. He was transported on "Phoenix" where his crime is recorded as "robbery.

Mary and Richard Norris had 14 children; 11 boys & 3 girls; and about 92 grandchildren.

On the 19 February 1843 at the Norfolk Island General Hospital Richard NORRIS died. He is buried in the cemetery by the beach at Kingston. The grave is unmarked.

Mary NORRIS, nee WILLIAMS died on 26 January 1863 at Cornwallis and is buried at the Windsor Catholic Cemetery.
The Inscription reads

In Memory of
Mary Norris- Died 18 8 1854
Weep not for me children dear
For I am not dead but sleeping
Now buried in the deep cold clay
For is a debt we all must pay
May she rest in peace Amen



The children of Richard NORRIS and Mary, nee WILLIAMS were:-

1. John NORRIS b:1803 Cornwallis, NSW d:26 Sept. 1864 at Sally's Bottoms. m. Rachel EATHER 1807-1875 on 17 Dec. 1823 at St.Mary's Roman Catholic Church, Sydney, New South Wales.
The children of this marriage were:-
1. Maria NORRIS 18241903 m. (1) Patrick DUNN 1823-1850 (2) Peter PAGE 1816-1878
2. Harriet NORRIS 18281841
3. Michael John NORRIS 18321909 m. (1) Jane COLBRAN 1838-1875. (2) Barbara Ellen GRUBB 1842-1895
4. Elizabeth NORRIS 18341894 m. Cornelius MCMAHON 1824-1894
5. Thomas NORRIS 1836 1903 m. Catherine LONDON 1843-1911
6. Rachael NORRIS 18391915 m. John Michael COLBRAN 1836-1914
7. Ann NORRIS 18421931 m. Henry GREEN 1839-1916
8. Rebecca NORRIS 18441936 m. John COOK 1843-1915
9. Stephen NORRIS 18461888 m. Ellen MCGUINESS 1855-19--
10.Susannah Mary NORRIS 18521940 m. (1) Isaac COOK 1846-1895 (2) Alfred T DRUITT 1859-1934


2. Thomas NORRIS b:1805 Cornwallis d: 16 January 1890 at Old Cullen m. Elizabeth Sarah CONNOR 1810-1876 at Cornwallis 4 April 1826.
The Children from this marriage were:-

Elizabeth Maria NORRIS 18271891 Richard William NORRIS 18291905 Mary NORRIS 18311891 John William Joseph NORRIS 18331887 Sarah NORRIS 18361838 Harriet NORRIS 18381915 Maria NORRIS 1841 Michael NORRIS 18421928
Esther NORRIS 18451890 Anne NORRIS 18481858 Caroline Annie NORRIS 18501923

3. Richard NORRIS b:1807 Cornwallis d:11 April 1868 Windsor m. Mary Ann COSTELLO 1815-1853 at Sydney on 3 September 1835.
The children of this marriage were:-

Julia Ann NORRIS 1836 ? Mary NORRIS 1837 ?
Ellen Ester NORRIS 18391927 Richard NORRIS 18401877
Louisa Mary NORRIS 18451918 John Jeremiah NORRIS 18491921
Albert Joseph NORRIS 18511918 Infant NORRIS 18531853


4. James NORRIS b:1810 Cornwallis d: 7 March 1875 Windsor m.Ann BROWN 1818-1883 in 1834.
The children of this marriage were:-

William NORRIS 18351885 Rachael NORRIS 18361930
James NORRIS 18411845 Edward NORRIS 18431876
Mary Ann NORRIS 1845? James NORRIS 18471926 David NORRIS 18501893 Emma NORRIS 1852 1874
Charles NORRIS 18561858 Elizabeth NORRIS 1856 ?


5. Christopher NORRIS b:6 December 1811, Cornwallis d: 18 May 1898 at Orange m. (1) Mary CRABB/SHRIMPTON 1814-1854 in 1834.
The children of this marriage were:-

Joseph NORRIS 18351899 Thomas NORRIS 18361899
Jane NORRIS 1838 1902 James NORRIS 18401893
Maria Matilda NORRIS 18421892 Robert NORRIS 18461924
Charles NORRIS 1848? Mary A NORRIS 1850 ?

(2) Mary Jane GIBBONS, nee DOUGLASS 1806-1856 at ST Matthews Catholic Windsor 1855 NO children


6. William NORRIS b:18 Nov.1813, Cornwallis. d:25 September 1843 Windsor. m. Lucy UPTON, nee BROWN 1814-1876 at Windsor in 1836 Lucy had been married to Jesse UPTON 1806-1872 and after Williams death went on to marry Laban WHITE 1794-1873.
The children of this marriage were:-

Alfred James NORRIS 18371875 Jane Emma NORRIS 18381916
Emma Amelia NORRIS 1840? William NORRIS 18401887
Henry NORRIS 18431876


7. Harriet NORRIS b: 6 Oct.1815 Cornwallis d: 17 August 1894 Nelson, NSW. m. Samuel MASON 1806-1880 at Windsor on 15 May 1831.
The children of this marriage were:-

Sarah MASON 18321833 William MASON 18331833
Samuel MASON 18361909 Frances MASON 18391839


8. Maria NORRIS b:1818 Cornwallis d:10 September 1853 Cornwallis. m. William Henry MELLISH 1809-1858 at St.Matthews Catholic church Windsor on the 2 August 1835.
The children of this marriage were:-

Maria MELLISH 18371909 Caroline MELLISH 18401902
William Henry MELLISH 18441922 Francis Charles MELLISH 18461905 John Frederick MELLISH 18481935 Edward MELLISH 18501913
Samuel MELLISH 18531854


9. Michael NORRIS b:1820 Cornwallis d:25 September 1854 Cornwallis. m. Margaret DONNELLY 1820-1838 at Windsor on 27 August 1837


10. Ann NORRIS b: 14 September 1821 Cornwallis d:2 March 1906 at Bulli, NSW m.Andrew Alexander FRAZER 1817-1886 at Ebeneza on the 13 Feb. 1837.
The children of this marriage were:-

Elizabeth FRAZER 18381881 Andrew A FRAZER 18401922
George FRAZER 1843? James Christopher FRAZER 18451938
Sarah FRAZER 1846? John Thomas FRAZER 18481917
Richard FRAZER 1850? Ann FRAZER 1853 ?
Francis Stephen FRAZER 18551950 Amelia Jane FRAZER 18571912 Alice Maria FRAZER 18591932 Emily Unah FRAZER 18621948


11. Francis Stephen NORRIS b:14 September 1821 Cornwallis. d: 9 October 1901 at Windsor. m. Mary Ann ELLIOT 1821-1903 at St.Matthews Catholic Church on 14 June 1845.
The children of this marriage were:-

Christopher John NORRIS 18461925 Harriet NORRIS 18481919
Maria NORRIS 1850? Francis NORRIS 18531903
Stephen Francis NORRIS 1853? Patrick Joseph NORRIS 18551930
William NORRIS 18571864 John NORRIS 18601879


12. Patrick NORRIS b:1823 Cornwallis. d:9 March 1890 at Windsor. m. Eliza WILSON 1826-1905 at Windsor on 27 October 1845.
Children of this marriage were:-
Stephen NORRIS ?-? Maria NORRIS 18441891


13. Paul NORRIS b:12 December 1826 Cornwallis d: 19 Feb. 1827 Cornwallis

14. Joseph NORRIS b:1835 Cornwallis d:4 February 1899 at Kogarah, Sydney, New South Wales


8 comment(s), latest 1 year, 4 months ago

John Norris 1803-1864

After their marriage, Rachel EATHER and John Norris became farmers on a small farm of ten acres close by the farm of John's parents at Cornwallis. It was land which had been granted originally to a man named GRIMES, and which John was leasing. At the time of the land and stock muster in 1825, the had all of the ten acres cleared, and had 7 acres sown with wheat and 3 with maize. They had 30 pigs. Their first child, Maria, was born in 1824 when Rachel was about 17. Four years later, when the 1828 census was held, they were living at Cornwallis and were farming ten acres of land, probably the same farm as they had been leasing in 1825. All of the land was under cultivation. They now owned two horses, but no cattle. They still had only one child, Maria, who was four. Nearby, John's parents still had their farm of 50 acres. Of this, 45 acres were cultivated and they had 4 horses and fifteen cattle. Richard's age was recorded as 52 and Mary's as 39. Nine of their twelve children were living at home with them. Their second son, Thomas, was also married and farming nearby, while their third son, Richard, was 20 and working away from home.

A month after the census was taken, Rachel gave birth to their second child, Harriett, on 15 December, 1828 She was baptised at Windsor on 10 February 1829 by the rites of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1932 their first son, Michael John, was born. No record of his baptism has been located. In the autumn of the following year, when Michael John was still a babe in arms, there occurred an event which was to cause a major disruption to the lives of his parents, and which shattered the tranquillity of the lives of their many relatives and friends. The police arrived at John and Rachel's farm; found them in possession of some meat which the police believed to have been from a stolen calf, and arrested John on the charge of cattle stealing. Also arrested that day on charges connected with the same offence, were two of their neighbours, Robert FORRESTER and Jane METCALF. News of the incident spread rapidly through the district and aroused a good deal of gossip and consternation. The trial was held on 25 April 1833 before the Chief Justice, Judge DOWLING. It was alleged that a calf had been stolen from one, Thomas CORBET, and had been slaughtered for meat. John NORRIS was said to have been found in possession of some of the meat. The three accused were found guilty and were remanded for sentence. Alarmed by the situation in which her son had been placed and fearful of the outcome, John's mother, Mary NORRIS, on 5 May 1833, wrote a petition to the Chief Justices, imploring his 'humane interference' upon behalf of her son. John evidently felt that his lawyer had not presented his defence satisfactorily at his trial, and he had a petition prepared on his behalf on 27 May and forwarded to the Chief Justice. His petition was supported by a number of statements by prominent Hawkesbury citizens, including one from Thomas CORBET, the man from who the calf had been stolen. The month of June passed with Rachel and her relatives and friends in state of apprehension as to what effect the petitions might have. On 1 July 1833 to Executive Council met and the petitions were laid before its members, Judges DOWLING and BURTON.
The petition of Mary NORRIS read:-
"To His Honour, Mr Justice DOWLING the Humble Petition of Mary NORRIS Humbly showeth That the Petitioner is the Mother of John NORRIS who was tried and convicted on 25 Ultimo before Your Honor, for Cattle Stealing and remanded for sentence. That Petitioner since her arrival in the Colony has always maintained a respectable Character, now thirty years, and has reared a large family in the paths of virtue and morality and no blemish attached to any of them until the present unfortunate affair, which have thrown them into deep affliction. Petitioner therefore humbly implores Your Honor's humane interference for her son, who is yet to receive sentence, and that Your Honor condescend to inform Petitioner what steps she should persue (sic) in this unfortunate affair. And Petitioner will ever pray.
Sydney, 5th May 1833.
The petition of John NORRIS was a longer document. It read:-
" To His Honor Judge DOWLING Chief Justice of New South Wales The Humble Petition of John NORRIS most respectfully sheweth - That Petitioner was tried for Cattle Stealing on Saturday and found Guilty. That your Petitioner on the day of his trial had three witnesses to prove his innocence but thru' the neglect of his Lawyer they were not called upon - in consequence of which he was found guilty. That the Witnesses your Petitioner has (the benefit of whose testimony he was deprived of) could have Certified upon Oath that the Meat found in his house was sent as a present from the House of the Forresters, without his knowing that it was unlawfully come by, as it was the Custom to make such presents one amongst another - That your Petitioner is a married man and has a Wife and three small children which he is obliged to support by his industry which if they were deprived of Petitioner they would not be able to support themselves. That Petitioner was born in this country and was never before brought to trial for any offence which the accompanying testimonials as to character can certify. That your Petitioner most humbly begs your Honor will be kindly pleased to take his case into your humane consideration to remember that he has a family, dependent upon him, to consider the character that he has formerly bore - to dwell upon the respectable testimonials of Persons that has known him so long and that you will be pleased by the power that is invested in you to use your interference in his behalf with his Excellency the Governor, that he in the humane exercise of his power will be as lenient and show as much mercy to petitioner as circumstances will permit. And Petitioner as is duty bound will ever Pray -
John NORRIS Petitioner"
Accompanying this petition were the following six testimonials:-
" I certify to their Honors the Judges that John NORRIS has been known to me from his infancy. His Father came to the Colony in 1800 with myself and they have always lived in this district. Prior to this conviction I have never heard anything against them. The Father has accumulated some property and I am utterly at a loss to account for him stealing Meat when it is so cheap and the young man in the enjoyment of his health to work and maintain his family.
Wm COX JP 27th May 1833, J BRABYN, Thomas DARGLE"
"I beg leave to certify to their Honourable the Judges of the Colony that I have known the Family of the Petitioner for upwards of twenty years, and that the Crime he has been found guilty of is the first I have ever heard him accused of. I therefore beg leave to recommend him, for the favourable consideration of their Honors, for the most lenient sentence the crime will admit of. John HOWE Coroner Windsor 27th May 1833 George LODER"
"I certify that I have known John NORRIS upwards of four years and that he has never been charged with any offence except the one for which he has lately been tried. S. North JP Supt. of Police Windsor 26th may 1833"
" I certify that I have known John NORRIS upwards of Six years and that he has never been charged with any offence what ever. Benjamin HODSON Chief Constable Windsor"
" I do certify that I have known John NORRIS from his infancy and always considered a sober honest industrious character Patrick BYRNE Thomas CORBET Chief prosecutor"
" I do certify that it does not appear to me that John NORRIS had any part in stealing my Calf that he is convicted for. Given under my hand. Thomas CORBET Witness: Thomas LYNCH"
" I certify that I believe the foregoing statements to be correct. John COBCROFT Jnr District Constable Wilberforce"
The members of the Executive Council studied the petitions that had been laid before them and made decision with regard to them. Soon afterwards they handed down the sentences for which the three accused had been remanded.
The following report appeared in the newspaper, "The Sydney Morning Herald", in its issue that day: " LAW INTELLIGENCE Civil side - The Chief Justice and Judges DOWLING and BURTON took their seats in Banco this morning, when the following persons were put to the bar, and received the judgement of the court Robert FORRESTER and John NORRIS, for Cattle Stealing, Death recorded, and Jane METCALF for receiving part of the meat known to have been stolen, to be imprisoned in the third class of the factory for 12 months". Whatever hopes that Rachel had nourished that the petitions might have had some effect upon the judges were dashed by the announcement of this verdict. Despair engulfed her with the realisation that, within the brief passage of days, her husband could go to the gallows. The cloud was soon lifted. Within a short time John NORRIS's sentence was commuted to 7 years penal servitude in Van Diemen's Land. This verdict, coming after the period of great anxiety and trauma which Rachel had suffered while she had waited for the outcome of her husband's trial and then his sentence, would have been greeted with some feelings of relief, although tempered with the firm belief that fate had dealt him an injustice. For a few weeks John was held in the Sydney Gaol. Then he was transferred to the hulk "Phoenix" in Sydney Harbour, pending his transportation. From there he was transferred to the "Medway", and on it made the voyage from Sydney to Hobart, where he arrived in October 1833. This was a new experience for him, but one which he would have enjoyed much more under different circumstances. His convict indent described him as 31 years of age, over 5'9" tall, with fresh complexion, light brown hair and grey eyes. He was married with three children; his wife Rachel being at Windsor. He stated, "I expect her by the first ship." John was evidently aware that his wife intended to join him in Van Diemen's Land as soon as possible. Early in the following month Rachel bid a sad farewell to her mother; her sisters and brothers and John's relatives, and travelled to Sydney. On 8 November 1833 the vessel "Sir John Rae Ried" under Captain HAIG departed from Sydney Harbour for Hobart. One of the passengers on board was Mrs Rachel NORRIS. Presumably she had her three children with her. The youngest, Michael John, was scarcely a year old. By the middle of November John and his family were reunited and they set up house in Hobart. John had been allocated to 'Public Works' in or near the town. On 27 September 1834 a daughter was born to Rachel at Hobart and named Elizabeth. John's period of penal servitude was whittled away gradually by the passage of time. In 1835 he was still on Public Works. Time probably passed slowly for Elizabeth, who undoubtedly missed the familiar sights of her Hawkesbury surroundings and the familiar faces of loved ones. On 17 July 1837 another son was born and named Thomas. Two more long years passed and on 3 November 1839, after Rachel had been in Hobart for almost six years, a daughter Rachel, was born to her. She and John now had six thriving children. In 1840 John NORRIS completed his sentence and was granted his freedom. The family returned to Sydney by ship in late July or early August and were soon residing once more at Cornwallis. Excitement would have prevailed as they were greeted by their relatives after an absence of nearly seven years. On 23 August 1840 infant Rachel was baptised at Windsor, and a week later daughter Elizabeth and son Thomas were baptised. One sad feature of their homecoming was that John's father was not there to greet them. In 1838, as a grey-haired old man of over sixty years, he had been found guilty of some transgression of the law, and transported once again. Forty years had passed since his former conviction. He made his last will on 15 March 1838, and was transported soon afterwards to Norfolk Island. He was there when John and his family returned from Van Diemen's Land, and they were destined never to see him again, as he died on Norfolk Island on 19 February 1843 and was laid to rest in the cemetery down by the beach at Kingston. Rachel found some changes amongst her relatives too upon her return. Her brothers-in-law, Joseph ONUS and Robert WILLIAMS, were both dead, and her sister Ann was remarried to William SHARP. Her brother James was married and living at Richmond. For a few months John and Rachel resided at Cornwallis and then, on 3 October 1840, John bought 60 acres of land at Kurrajong from Roger CORNER. The family had taken up residence on their new farm by early in 1841. The house into which they moved was a simple dwelling of timber construction. It was a home that twelve year-old daughter Harriet was to know for only a few short months. On 10 October 1841, that year, she died and was buried in the Churchyard of the Roman Catholic Church at Windsor. Her mother, Rachel was pregnant again at that time and five months later, on 17 March 1842, was safely delivered of another daughter who was named Ann. Born at Kurrajong, she was christened in the Roman Catholic Church at Windsor. On 30 January 1843 Rachel and John celebrated the first of their family weddings. On that day their eldest daughter, Maria, aged eighteen, was married to Patrick DUNN of North Richmond. Before the year was out they became grandparents when Maria's daughter, Elizabeth Letitia, was born on 1 October. During the 1840's Rachel and John continued to add to their family. Another daughter, Rebecca, was born at Kurrajong on 30 June 1844 and was later baptised at the Roman Catholic Church at Windsor. She was followed in 1846 by a third son, Stephen, who was also born at Kurrajong. John added to his farming activities by the purchase on 5 April 1851 of 30 acres of land at Kurrajong from Francis BEDDEK. On 7 March 1852, nearly six years after the birth of son Stephen, Rachel gave birth to her tenth and last child. She was 44 years old. The new baby, her seventh daughter, was named Susannah and was baptised on 28 July that year at the Roman Catholic Church at Kurrajong. Throughout the 1850's John persevered with his farming activities on his land at Kurrajong. In 1853 he turned fifty. In 1854 there were two mare weddings in the family. On 26 May eldest son, Michael John, at the age of 21, married Jane COLBRAN, a young English lass who lived on a nearby farm at Kurrajong. The young couple soon settled on a farm of their own in the same district. Six months later, on 2 November 1854, Michael's sister Elizabeth, age 20 years, married Cornelius McMAHON, son of another Kurrajong family. They also settled at Kurrajong and there raised a large family. During the winter of 1855, fifteen year-old daughter Rachel married John COLBRAN, a brother of her sister-in-law Jane. By the end of the decade there were ten Norris grand-children. In the winter of 1860 Rachel's mother died at the venerable age of nearly ninety. Her funeral at St Matthew's Church at Windsor, saw the gathering of numerous relatives and friends who had come to pay their respects for one who had been amongst the pioneer settlers in the Valley, and whom most had known for all of their lives. It was an occasion that Rachel would have remembered vividly in the years that followed. Two more family weddings were celebrated within the next two years. On 30 October 1861, Rachel and John's second son, Thomas, age 24 years, was married at North Richmond to Catherine LONDON, seventeen year-old daughter of a neighbouring farmer, William LONDON and his wife, Dinah (nee RILEY). Seven months later, on 27 May 1862, twenty year-old Ann, the fifth NORRIS daughter, was married to Henry GREEN, a twenty-four year-old farmer who had been born in the Richmond district. In November 1862 Rachel's sister Charlotte died. It was the first death amongst her siblings and undoubtedly Rachel felt the loss deeply. As they had both lived within a few miles of Richmond, the sisters had seen a great deal of each other over the years, ever since Rachel had returned from Tasmania and had moved to the farm at Kurrajong. On 26 January 1863 there was another bereavement in the family when John's elderly mother, Mary NORRIS, died after two decades of widowhood. Mary had retained ownership of the old family farm at Cornwallis which had been granted originally to Jane EZZY. In her will, she bequeathed it to her son John. He and Rachel continued to live at Kurrajong and worked their farm there. Whether John leased the Cornwallis farm or endeavoured to run it as well, is not known. He had had possession of it for less than two years when tragedy struck again, suddenly and unexpectedly. John was proceeding along the road at nearby Sally's Bottom, when he fell from his loaded cart and was crushed as a wheel passed over him. He died instantly. Rachel and her family were thrown into a state of grief as news of the accident spread throughout the community. John had reached the age of 61, but could have enjoyed many more years to see his grandchildren increasing in number and growing to adulthood. Widowhood had been thrust upon Rachel at the age of 56. A large crowd of relatives and friends gathered at St Matthew's, Roman Catholic Church at Windsor a day or two later to pay their last respects as John's body was laid to rest. Rachel inherited the family farm at Kurrajong. The Cornwallis farm, which John had inherited only the previous year, was sold for 65 and the proceeds shared amongst Rachel and her children. Further sadness followed for Rachel, when her eldest sister, Ann SHARP, died on 7 April 1865. Rachel was from then on the only EATHER daughter still living. The 1860's saw the beginning of an exodus of some of the NORRIS children from the Hawkesbury district to the western plains beyond the Blue Mountains. The first to go may have been Rachel's sixth daughter Rebecca. Early in 1865 at the age of 20, Rebecca was married at North Richmond to John COOK, the son of Isaac Cook, who had lived for many years in the Hawkesbury district. Within a few months of their marriage, Rebecca and John packed their family possessions and their farm equipment and proceeded over the ranges to the district of Spring Creek near the town of Orange. There they made their home on 120 acres of land that John had purchased, and began farming. Other members of Rachel's family soon followed and eventually Rachel decided to follow them. Just when she left her Kurrajong home for the last time has not been determined, but she spent her final years in the Orange district and died at Spring Creek on 3 August 1875 age 67 years. All of her children, with the exception of the eldest two of her daughters, survived her. Nearly fifty grandchildren had been born by then, and many more were added to the total in the years that followed.

Daniel ‘Mad Dan’ Morgan 1833-1865

Below is a photograph of the dead Daniel MORGAN. He's propped up against a wool bail holding a pistol, the same pistol he took from sergeant MAGINNITY after he shot him at Tumberumba on the 24 June 1864.

This photograph was taken in the woolshed at Peechelba Station situated at the junction of the Ovens and Murray Rivers about 20 miles north of Wangaratta in Victoria.

Little is known about Daniel Morgans early years but it is thought he was the son of ex-convicts* and that he was born in 1833. He grew up in the Campbelltown area of New South Wales. He was first in trouble in 1854 when he held up a hawker at Castlemaine in Victoria. He was sentenced to 12 years with hard labour under the name of John SMITH, a Jockey. He spent this time on the prison hulk Success where he lost the top joint of the third finger of his right hand. He was released after serving six years.

Morgan used several nicknames including Sydney Jack, Down The River Jack and Bill The Native. But his final nickname Mad Dan was given to him because of his violent mood changes. He could be kind and sentimental one minute and the next shoot a complete stranger in cold blood, as he did when he shot sergeant MAGINNITY, a stranger on the road who wished him good morning.

Mad Dan was 510 tall with a spare build and long dark brown hair and beard. On the back of his head he had a tumorous growth the size of a pigeon egg. His nose was a prominent hook and crooked and apart from his cold grey/blue eyes, was the first thing you noticed.
After his release from prison he began stealing horses and then holding up travellers on the road. In 1863 he was involved in a shootout with magistrate Henry BAYLISS, and the following year on the 19 June 1864 he held up a mail coach at Round Hill Station and shot John MCLEAN a price of 500 was placed on his head.

Morgan once turned up at the homestead of an overseer whom he thought was collaborating with the police, his intention was to shoot him. However, the man was away on a cattle drive and his wife was there alone so Morgan demanded money from her, forcing her back against a blazing fire. When her clothes caught alight, Morgan watched and waited before throwing water on her. She survived but had severe burns to her back and legs.

Another time, Morgan held up a group of chinese workers and, forced them to sing and dance for him. He casually shot one of the men in the arm and he later died of blood poisoning.


By 1865 the bushranger was promising to take the flashness out of the Victorian police and crossed the Murray at Corowa and after several robberies in the area headed for Peechelba Station and the home of the MCPHERSON family. It was here that MORGAN met his end, as Alice KEENAN a housemaid of MCPHERSON was able to slip out of the house unobserved and run over to George RUTHERFORD , a squatter and part owner of Peechelba who lived close by. RUTHERFORD sent James FRAZER a carpenter with a note to Sergeant MONTFORD at Wangaratta, requesting police assistance. MONTFORD dispatched three policemen and twelve volunteers to Peechelba. They, along with Peechelba workers, staked out the MCPHERSON house waiting for Dan to come out.

Around 09:00am on the morning of the 9 April 1865,after Mrs. MCPHERSON cooked Dan a hearty breakfast, Morgan told MCPHERSON he wanted a horse to take him on his way. MCPHERSON offered to send his son Gideon to get one but Morgan said he preferred to choose his own.
The front door opened and two men who were cohorts of Morgan walked outside followed by MCPHERSON then MORGAN with Gideon at the rear in single file. They walked across the paddocks towards the stables, Morgan was walking between MCPHERSON and his son when MCPHERSON noticed the men under cover in the bushes. MCPHERSON stepped to the left away from Morgan and a shot rang out. Morgan was shot in the back by John WINDLAN ** The other men raced forward and disarmed MORGAN and carried him into the woolshed.

MORGAN was still alive and Doctor DOBBYN the coroner was sent for. Just after he arrived Morgan died.His last words when asked how he was feeling by Dr. DOBBYN were, "I'm choking".
The body was sewn in hessian and removed to Wangaratta where it was on display. About 100 people turned up to have a look at Mad Dan many taking locks of his hair as mementos. Then his head was cut off and sent to be cast.

*Some historians think Morgans true name was Jack Fuller the illegitimate son of George Fuller and Mary Owen. There was no family to claim him when he died
**there was a lot of uncertainty about the name of the sharpshooter some said his name was Quinlan and some say Windlaw but the reward of 500, paid by the government went to John Windlan. The housemaid who sounded the alarm also received 500
The old rivalry between NSW and Victoria came to the fore with Victorians jubilant that they managed to catch Morgan after only 3 days in the state and New South Wales had been chasing him for years.
This is a short bio to write the life of Mad Dan Morgan would fill a book, which of course has been done

janilye


2 comment(s), latest 3 years, 4 months ago

Information on Plural Voting

Plural Voting (where rich people voted more than once in Legislative assemblies) abolished in NSW 1893. where can I find out a bit more about this

2 comment(s), latest 3 years, 3 months ago

Peter Lalor 1827-1889 List of Killed and Wounded 1854

also those brought to trial.

I have copied this original report written by Peter Lalor after the massacre at the Eureka Stockade on 3 December 1854.
_____________________________________________
Report of the killed and wounded at the Eureka Massacre

on the morning of the Memorable Third of December, 1854

The following lists are as complete as I can make them. The numbers are well known, but there is a want of names. I trust that friends or acquaintances of these parties may forward particulars to The Times office Ballaarat, to be made available in a more lengthened narrative. P.L.

killed

John HYNES, County Clare, Ireland
Patrick GITTENS, Kilkenny, do.
______MULLINS, Kilkenny, Limerick, do.
Samuel GREEN, England
John ROBERTSON, Scotland
Edward THONEN (lemonade man), Elbertfeldt, Prussia
John HAFELE, Wurtenburg
John DIAMOND, County Clare, Ireland
Thomas O'NEIL, Kilkenny, do.
George DONAGHEY, Muff, County Donegal, do.
Edward QUIN, County Cavan, do.
William QUINLAN, Goulburn, N.S.W
names unknown. One was usually
known as "Happy Jack"

Wounded and since Dead


Lieutenant ROSS, Canada
Thaddeus MOORE, County Clare, Ireland
James BROWN, Newry, do.
Robert JULIEN, Nova Scotia
_____CROWE, unknown
_____FENTON, do.
Edward M'GLYN, Ireland
UNKNOWN,No Particulars

Wounded and Since Recovered

Peter LALOR, Queens County, Ireland
Name Unknown, England
Patrick HANAFIN, County Kerry, Ireland
Michael HANLY, County Tipperary, do.
Michal O'NEIL, County Clare, do.
Thomas CALLANAN, County Clare, do.
Patrick CALLANAN, do. do.
Frank SYMMONS, England
James WARNER, County Cork, Ireland.
Luke SHEEHAN, County Galway, do.
Michael MORRISON, County Galway, do.
Dennis DYNAN, County Clare, do.

(Signed) PETER LALOR,

Commander- in- Chief

Requiescant in pace
______________________________________________________________________
+
Lieutenant ROSS refered to was Captain Henry ROSS

*Of the approximately 120 'diggers' detained after the rebellion, thirteen were brought to trial.
They were:

Timothy HAYES, Chairman of the Ballarat Reform League, from Ireland

James McFie CAMPBELL, a black man from Kingston, Jamaica

Raffaello CARBONI was an Italian revolutionary and writer.He is the author of the ONLY eyewitness account of events.

Jacob SORENSON, a Jew from Scotland

John MANNING, a Ballarat Times journalist, from Ireland

John PHELAN, a friend and business partner of Peter Lalor, from Ireland

Thomas DIGNUM, born in Sydney

John JOSEPH, a black American from New York City

James BEATTIE, from Ireland

William MOLLOY, from Ireland

Jan VENNICK, from the Netherlands

Michael TUOHY, from Ireland

Henry REID, from Ireland

All were charged with treason, the U.S.Consul intervened and had 2 other Americans released, but not John Joseph, this brave black American also faced the court.The jury quickly pronounced them all NOT GUILTY, and the court erupted in loud cheers. The American from New York, John JOSEPH that night was carried triumphantly around the streets in a chair above 10,000 jubilant people.

Many consider 'Eureka' the beginning of true democracy in Australia.

The image below of Peter Lalor was created by Ludwig Becker in 1856
The original resides at the National Library of Australia