janilye on Family Tree Circles
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In answer to an email I received yesterday.
On 10 January 1921 a fire and water damage from the subsequent efforts to extinguish the fire destroyed and damaged much of the 1890 US Census. Although several groups lobbied to begin salvage attempts, they could not get the money appropriated. From 1922 through 1932 there is little history on the storage and use of the 1890 census schedules.
[In 1932, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers no longer necessary for business. The Librarian was not asked to report back with any documents that should be retained for their historical interest. On the Chief Clerk's list for the Bureau of the Census was "Schedules, Population . . . 1890, Original." The Librarian identified no records as permanent, and Congress authorized destruction.]
The actual date of destruction was probably sometime in 1935.
In 1942 during a move of the Census Bureau the National Archives came across a damaged bundle of Illinois schedules. It was thought that they were the only surviving fragments. However, in 1953, more fragments were found.
These fragments are from Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, Texas, and the District of Columbia. There are no fewer than 6,160 names indexed on the surviving 1890 population schedules
If anyone can get hold of it, the National Archives in their quarterly magazine 'Prologue" in 1996 published the full details of this sad tale.
The surviving 1890 schedules which can be viewed on ancestry,com provide the address, number of families in the house, number of persons in the house, and number of persons in the family. Individuals are listed by name; whether a soldier, sailor, or marine during the Civil War; and whether Union or Confederate or whether the widow of a veteran; relationship to head of family; whether white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian; sex; age; marital status; whether married during the year; if a mother, number of children and number living; place of birth of the individual and his or her father and mother; if foreign born, how many years in the United States; whether naturalized or in the process of naturalization; profession, trade, or occupation; months unemployed during census year; ability to read and write; ability to speak English; if not, language or dialect spoken; whether suffering from acute or chronic disease (if so, name of disease and length of time afflicted); whether defective in mind, sight, hearing, or speech; or whether crippled, maimed, or deformed (with name of defect); whether a prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper; whether the home is rented or owned by the head or a member of the family (if so, whether mortgaged); if the head of family was a farmer, if he or a family member rented or owned the farm; and, if mortgaged, the post office address of the owner.
I've just begun research on John Taylor and would appreciate some help from anybody who may have some clue as to his ancestry.
I have been told, John was a runaway slave who made his way to Nantucket around the 1850s He took a job on one of the Whalers which made it's way to Bass Strait between Tasmania and Victoria, Australia. John Taylor must have made quite a bit of money at the job because he settled in Port Fairy and built a very grand hotel named 'The Star of the West' in 1856, which still stands today.
He married and his decendants continued to run the hotel and live in the Port Fairy district. From oral history I have heard that John Taylor never complained about his time on the vessel and was paid the same money as a white man and treated fairly by his captain. In Port Fairy he was very well liked and respected. That's about all I do know, and so it seems, does anybody else know.
I know about Nantucket,the whalers, the runaway slaves and Port Fairy and the Whaling industry. It's just John Taylor I'm interested in.
Recorded in the spellings of Smith, Smithe, Smythe, and the patronymics Smiths, and Smithson, this is the most popular surname in the English speaking world by a considerable margin. Of pre 7th century Anglo-Saxon origins, it derives from the word 'smitan' meaning 'to smite' and as such is believed to have described not a worker in iron, but a soldier, one who smote. That he also probably wore armour, which he would have been required to repair, may have lead to the secondary meaning. The famous Anglo-Saxon Chronicles sometimes known as the first newspaper, in the 9th century a.d. uses the expression 'War-Smith' to describe a valiant warrior, whilst the later medieval Guild List of specialist trades has blacksmith, whitesmith, tinsmith, goldsmith and silversmith amongst its many members, but no trade of 'smith'. These descriptions of the skilled workers of the Middle Ages were exact, and it is our opinion after studying many early records that the original smiths were probably the guards of the local lord of the manor. This would account for the singular popularity of the name, as the early social records indicate that the trades of tailor and baker were much more prevalent than that of Smith in any form. What is certain is that over five hundred coats of arms have been granted to Smith nameholders, surely an indication of the soldier background, rather than a humble ironworker. The great family Smith is 'first' in all major cities of the English speaking world, yet curiously the greatest concentration of Smith's are in Aberdeenshire, Scotland! Why this should be so is far from clear. Not surprisingly the Smith name was one of the very first into the New American colonies, being held by the famous John Smith (1580 - 1631), explorer and writer, who helped to found the state of Virginia. He was reputedly saved from execution by Pocahontas, the Indian chief's daughter, who died in England in 1622. The first recorded spelling of the family name, and probably the first surname recorded anywhere in the world, is that of Eceard Smid. This was dated 975 a.d., in the English Surname Register for County Durham, during the reign of King Edward of England, known as "The Martyr", 975 - 979 a.d
Read more: Surname Smith
? Copyright: Name Origin Research www.surnamedb.com 1980 - 2011
Just in case you're ever talking to a Scot and to save some embarrassment AYRSHIRE is pronounced ALESHIRE.
The reason being the name Ayrshire came from the 12th century A.D. when the Scottish alphabet did not include the letter 'L'. For this reason the spelling had to be changed in order for it make sense in a written context. However the oral traditions have remained from the Gramian region of Scotland and confirm the correct pronunciation is actually 'Aleshire'. It was believed at this early stage in the language that the 'yr' between the 'A' and the 'Shire' was the best way in which to navigate this problem and hence this is the reason for the spelling today.
I doubt a Scot or anyone else could say Mamungkukumpurangkuntjunya Hill which is in South Australia, not an 'L' to be found till we get to the Hill.
Mamungkukumpurangkuntjunya is pitjantjatjara (pronounced pitjanjara) for 'where the devil urinates'
Then again, I guess the kiwi's didn't have any 'Ls' either. I'd like to hear from anyone that can pronounce this uninhabited hill in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand, Taumata?whakatangihanga?koauau?o?tamatea?turi?pukakapiki?maunga?horo?nuku?pokai?whenua?kitanatahu
Which translates to;-The summit where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, the climber of mountains, the land-swallower who travelled about, played his nose flute to his loved one.
I won't mention the Welsh.
Of the 232 SMITH's who served in the Boer War, these are the fallen.
SMITH - Albert Edward. Service number: 58 Rank: Private.Unit: Mounted Rifles, NSW, A Sqn Date of death: 31 May 1900 Place of death: Bloemfontein
SMITH - D'Arcy. Service number: 1439 Rank: Trooper Unit: 3rd Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse. Date of death: 07/1902 Place of death: At sea
SMITH - Frederick Victor. Service number: 106 Rank: Private Unit: First NSW Mounted Rifles, E Sqn Date of death: 1 May 1900 Place of death: Houtnek
SMITH - James Anderson. Service number: 204 Rank: Lance Corporal Unit: Fourth (Imperial) Contingent, Vic Date of death: 11 January 1901 Place of death: Mafeking
SMITH - Sydney James. b:18 August 1880, Orange NSW. Son of Charles SMITH 1850-? and Elizabeth Ann Wilkinson BRAY 1849-1933 Service number: 264 Rank: Sergeant Unit: Third NSW Mounted Rifles, D Sqn Date of death: 12 October 1901 Place of death: Leeuwkop
SMITH - Thomas. Service number: 74 Rank: Private Unit: Army Medical Corps First Contingent Date of death: 26 February 1900 Cause of death: Illness (Fever)
SMITH - William. Service number: 789 Rank: Corporal Unit: Third NSW Imperial Bushmen Date of death: 11 December 1901 Place of death: Middelburg
SMITH - William Edwin. Service number: 118 Rank: Private Unit: First South Australian Mounted Rifles (Australian Regiment) Date of death: 18-21/02/1900 Place of death: Arundle Cause of death: Killed in action
Source: AWM142 Roll of Honour cards, War in South Africa, 1899-1902
Israel Rayner born about 1762 in London, England. A shoemaker by trade when he arrived as a free settler on the ship 'Nile' on the 14 December 1801 with his wife Elizabeth, nee Carpenter born on 21 October 1775,in London and their two daughters Elizabeth Jemima 1798-1872 and Sarah 1799-1803.
Elizabeth Jemima known as Jemima was born 1798 in England she married John MARTIN 1792-1848 at St. Lukes Church of England Liverpool, New South Wales and died at Forestwood Farm, Beckham, near Gostwyck in New South Wales, on the 16 January 1872.
On arrival he was granted 100 acres of land, given twelve months of supplies and two convicts to help work the land, which was considered by most to be an excellent start in the new colony. However, Israel was lazy, had no idea about farming and and got heavily into debt.
Phillip Gidley King, the then governor of New South Wales, described Israel Rayner as "worthless and the laziest man I've ever met".
His treatment of Elizabeth was appalling and she endured terrible hardship.
Indeed, legend has it he once dragged Elizabeth through the market on a rope offering to sell her. This is partly true.
The proven story is that around 1802 Elizabeth met and fell in love with Henry BALDWIN. Henry had been born in Chipping Barnet, Hertfordshire on the 4 October 1769 and had arrived in New South Wales, on the 'Admiral Barrington in 1791.
Elizabeth left Israel and went to live with Baldwin. Israel refused to give Elizabeth a divorce and placed an ad in classifieds of The Sydney Gazette on 16 October 1803 threatening any person who harbours or shelters his wife with legal action. When Henry Baldwin seemed not to be too worried about any legal action Israel might bring upon him, Israel negotiated a price for his wife with Baldwin and agreed to hand her over for six bushells of wheat and a pig.
Wives were considered as a mercenary commodity, and the disposal of them for a certain price was not an uncommon occurrence. It was at the time legal provided the wife was wearing a halter when handed over at the time of purchase.
Below is the transcription of Henry BALDWIN's reply to Israel RAYNER's advertisement in The Sydney Gazette, appeared on October 1803
"The man at Baulkham Hills who lately cried down the Credit of his wife did so merely to raise her reputation, and enhance her Worth, as he was desirous probably of making the "best of a bad bargain". He has since converted her into an article of traffick, the nett produce of which amounted to six bushels of wheat and a large black inhabitant of the stye, received in barter from a settler at Hawkesbury.
His public Notice was simply intended as a caution against sheltering; and though we cannot readily ascertain the Rate per cent Advance upon the prime colt, yet the demand does not appear exorbitant, when we consider the expense and trouble attending the Importation of so brittle a Merchandise, that was ever in danger of "slipping though his fingers".
The children of Henry BALDWIN and Elizabeth were:-
Wellow Baldwin 1804 - 1869 m. Elizabeth CONNOLLY
Edwin Baldwin 1805 - 1868 m Alice CLARKE 1810-1863 parents of Charles BALDWIN
Job Baldwin 1806 - 1806
Eve Baldwin 1807 - 1881 m. William John Robert PHILLIPS 1814-1884
Otto Baldwin 1809 - 1874 m. Mary Ann MASKEY 1811-1890
Wynn Baldwin 1811 - 1860 m. Julia YOUNG
Arletta Baldwin 1812 - 1881 m. William EVANS
Harvest Baldwin 1813 - 1865 m. Kezia MASKEY 1816-
Tulip Baldwin 1814 - 1869 m. Henry MASKEY 1814-
Virgo Baldwin 1816 - 1816
Bemarr Baldwin 1817 - 1878 m Catherine WILLIAMSON
Dio Baldwin 1818 - 1878 m. Phoebe GOUGH 1823-1905
SOURCES:Middlesex, England, Extracted Parish Records Israel Rayner & Eliz. Carpenter 25 Dec 1796 Book: Marriages at Ealing, 1582 to 1837. (Marriage) Collection: Middlesex: - Register of Marriages, 1582-1837, Pallot's Marriage Index for England: 1780 - 1837
MARTIN RAYNER FAMILY
In 1788, a colony of convicts was founded in Australia, and for awhile Australia was thought of mostly as a British Gaol.
The Governors of early Australian colonies were ordered by the British government to grow enough food to support their population. The Governors replied that they did not have enough of the right kind of people to do that; most convicts knew nothing of farming.
The Governors then asked for settlers to come to Australia. So, the British government promised land to emigrants with enough convicts to work it and supplies for a year.
A few thousand people took up this offer and emigrated. But they were mostly retired soldiers and paupers. The colony was still struggling to feed itself and the land was difficult to farm.
So the explorers took off inland to investigate and returned with news that the land was excellent for farming and grazing.
The settlers made their way inland from the coastal cities.
But still not enough came to Australia, so then the government wanted immigrants with money, who wished to get rich by running big farms. They also wanted immigrant workers who could work on these farms.
So, instead of giving land to those who arrived the government sold it to them and used the money raised to pay people's passage out here.
Once these free passengers arrived in Australia, life was not easy. There were few jobs in the cities during the early days and immigrants would have to travel out into the newly settled areas. The assignment of convicts as unpaid workers had stopped in 1841. Farmers were eager to hire helpers and paid good money.These newcomers were refered to as 'New Chums and 'Jimmy Grants'
Then in 1851 gold was discovered and the diggers streamed in, in their thousands. Many liked the country and stayed.
The picture below which I suppose you could call a very early government ad campaign, was published in London in 1848. It shows how poor British families would be better off if they went to Australia
Now I know where Indika is!
Whilst walking down the main street of historic Maldon, in the central goldfields of Victoria, a Kombi van complete with herb garden and solar panels, pulled up and parked. Out of it came some gypsies. Hung up their trinkets to sell and proceeded to tell fortunes. Of course we went to look at the lovely trinkets;
"Where are these from?"
"Indika" answers one of the gypsies.
"Where is that?'
"indika" he says again'
" Ohhhhhhhhhh in the car!"
The above story appeared in the Tarrangower Times
Val Markham of Tarrangower Times snapped the pic.