ngairedith on Family Tree Circles
Journals and Posts
William JEFFERY (1845-1901)
married Sarah Jane KELLY (1852-1922) 3 January 1873
- he was 28, she was 21
they had 13 CHILDREN
1874 - ? Kate Isabel Jeffery
- Kate married Walter James JACKMAN in 1892
- no children
- it's possible that this was the Walter Jackman, of Franklin road, who was drowned 12 Feb 1899 near Ponsonby wharf, when an open boat capsized while rturning from a sail. His three companions were rescued, James & Osborne Harnden and Arthur Richards
1876 - 1933 Louisa Mary Jeffery Jeffery
- Louisa married Albert Edward HAZLEMAN (1874-1954) in 1897
12 Aug 1897 On August 12 1897, Albert Edward, eldest son of the late Horace Hazleman, to Louisa Mary, second daughter of William Jeffery, both of Auckland
- their known children:
1898 - Dorothy May Hazleman
1903 - Gladys Rose Hazleman
1878 - 1879 William Robert Jeffery
- William died aged 9 months
1879 - 1923 Nellie Violet Jeffery
- married William John McMULLEN (1878-1949) 11 April 1907 in Waipu
- she was 28, he was 43
1881 - ? Selina Rose Jeffery
- Selina married Charles McWarne SMITH 20 June 1903 in St David's Khyber Pass Auckland
1884 - 1962 William Robert Jeffery
- William married Florence GRIBBLE in 1915
- he served as Private 66117 in WWI with the NZEF, 33rd Reinforcements Auckland Infantry Regiment, A Company, embarking from Wellington 31 Dec 1917
- his Next Of Kin was his wife, Mrs F. Jeffery, 12 Murdoch Road, Grey Lynn, Auckland
1886 - 1886 Eliza Mary Jeffery
- Eliza died aged 9 days
1888 - ? Maud Gertrude Jeffery
1890 - 1891 Charles Jacob Jeffery
- Charles died aged 16 months
1891 - ? Frank Arthur Jeffery
1894 - ? Henry James Jeffery
1896 - 1897 Ivy Lilly Jeffery
- Ivy died aged 1
1898 - 1899 Ivy Lily Jeffery
- Ivy died aged 9 months
On 17 March 1909
... Sarah Jane Jeffery (nee Kelly) remarried to Alexander KENNY
- he was 60, she was 57
WILLIAM JOHN LOBB (1850-1913)
married GRACE VIBERT (1853-1940) 18 June 1874, St Ives, Cornwall
William was listed as a 'Miner from Cornwall' when they sailed from London
25 June 1874, arriving in Wellington 11 October 1874 on the CARTVALE
WILLIAM & GRACE had 11 children
1874 - 1875 William Cartvale Lobb
- born 10 Sep 1874 on board the Cartvale
WILLIAM CARTVALE Lobb died 17 January 1875 aged 4 months
- burial not found at Wellington
1876 - 1957 Florence Ada Lobb
- born 27 August 1876 in Wellington
- Florence married Arthur Clark RAVEN (1877-1957) in 1901
- they had at least 5 children:
1902 - 1986 Florence May Raven
1905 - 1910 Ethel Grace Raven
1910 - 1983 Edwin Arthur Raven
1911 - 2005 Edna Mary Raven
1913 - 1997 Marjory Ellen Raven
FLORENCE ADA Raven died 21 January 1957 aged 80
ARTHUR CLARK Raven died 19 November 1957 aged 80
- they are buried Plot 199 Y, CH ENG at Karori
1877 - 1951 Lilian Alice Lobb
- born 12 September 1877, she did not marry
LILIAN ALICE Lobb died 9 June 1951 aged 73
- she is buried Plot 361 X, CH ENG at Karori
1878 - 1941 William Francis Lobb
- born 23 November 1878 in Wellington, William was a Storeman
- William married Rita Jane TOWNSHEND (1888-1969) in 1914
- a daughter of Edward TOWNSHEND & Margaret Jane Ann JOHNSTON
WILLIAM FRANCIS Lobb died 23 March 1941 aged 62
RITA JANE Lobb died 31 Jan 1969 aged 80
- they are buried Plot 68 O, CH ENG2 at Karori
1880 - 1881 Grace May Lobb
- born 18 July 1880 in Wellington
GRACE MAY Lobb died 21 January 1881 aged 6 months
- she is buried unknown plot, C of E at Bolton street
1881 - 1962 Ethel Jane Lobb
- born 16 October 1881 in Wellington
- Ethel married Reginald BELL (1890-1932) in 1914
- a son of Hodgson BELL & Mary Ann PERRY
REGINALD Bell died 17 October 1932 aged 42
ETHEL JANE Bell died 2 July 1962 aged 80
- they are buried Plot 349 L, CH ENG2 at Karori
1883 - 1955 Eva Grace Lobb
- born 18 April 1883 in Wellington
- Eva married John James BOYD (1878-1961) in 1902
- a son of John James BOYD & Annie Elizabeth BARKER
- they had 7 children:
1904 - 1995 John James Boyd
1907 - 1978 Clarence William Boyd
1909 - 1992 Eric Walter Boyd
1910 - 1990 Leonard James Boyd
1912 - 1959 Ivan Reginald Boyd
1915 - 1989 Maurice Leonard Boyd
& 2 daughters, Shirley & Vera Boyd
EVA GRACE Boyd died 29 March 1955 aged 71
JOHN JAMES Boyd died 6 November 1961 aged 83
- they are buried Plot 360 I, PUBLIC at Karori
1888 - 1908 Philip John Lobb
- born 16 April 1888 in Wellington, Philip was a Printer
PHILIP JOHN Lobb died 15 March 1908 aged 19
Evening Post, 5 March 1908 LOBB - On the 5th March 1908, at his parents residence, 78 Riddiford-street (Newtown), Philip John, second son of William John and Grace Lobb, aged 19 years and 11 months. So loved, so mourned
- he is buried Plot 361 X, CH ENG at Karori
1890 - 1962 Walter Harold Lobb
- born 4 March 1890 in Wellington, Walter was a Grocer
- Walter married Ruth PATTERSON (1891-1946) in 1921
RUTH Lobb died 12 February 1946 aged 54
WALTER HAROLD Lobb died 12 May 1963 aged 73
- they are buried Plot 302 K, PUBLIC2 at Karori
1892 - 1927 Gladys Myrtle Lobb
- born 16 January 1892 in Wellington
- Gladys married Bernard Stephen LANGRIDGE (1890-1960) in 1913
GLADYS MYRTLE Langridge died 18 September 1927 aged 35
- Bernard remarried in 1928 to Sybil Warburton VILE (1898-1985)
- a daughter of Henry VILE & Agnes Ann MARSDEN
1894 - 1981 Mabel Ivy Lobb
- born 14 February 1894 in Wellington
- Mabel married Howard Terence ELLISON (1890-1969) in 1916
- a son of John Wybrants ELLISON & Frances Sarah HOWARD
MABEL IVY Ellison died 15 August 1981 aged 87 in Taupo
WILLIAM JOHN LOBB died 7 January 1913 aged 62
- he was an Engine Driver
Evening Post, 8 January 1913 LOBB - On the 7th January, 1913, at his residence, No 82 Russell-terrace (Berhampore, Wellington), William John, beloved husband of Grace Lobb; aged 62 years
GRACE LOBB died 28 September 1940 aged 87
Evening Post, 28 September 1940 LOBB - On September 28, 1940, at her daughter's residence, 83 Breaker bay Road, Seatoun, Grace, widow of the late William John Lobb and beloved mother of Mesdames A. Raven, E. Bell, J. J. Boyd, T. Ellison and Miss L. Lobb; also William and Walter Lobb; in her 88th year
... The friends of the late Grace Lobb are invited to attend her Funeral, which will leave St Thomas' Anglican Church, Riddiford-street, on Monday, September 30, 1940, at the conclusion of a Service, which commences at 2p.m., for the Karori Cemetery.
WILLIAM & GRACE are buried Plot 361 X, CH ENG at Karori Cemetery, Wellington
Plot 361 X, Section CH ENG at Karori cemetery
* William John Lobb in 1913
* his son Philip John Lobb in 1908
* his wife Grace Lobb in 1940
* his daughter Lilian Alice Lobb in 1951
WILLIAM JOSEPH FOX (1862-1950)
- married in New Zealand in 1892 to:
EUPHEMIA CHRISTIE McINTYRE (1872-1944)
- they had 4 known children:
1893 - 1968 William Joseph Fox
- William married Monica Isabel CROWTHER (1899-?) in 1915
- Monica was the 4th of 8 children of Samuel CROWTHER & Caroline Monica BOWERMAN
- POSSIBLY married Eva Adelaide HARTWELL (1899-1972) in 1928
1894 - 1985 Dorothy FLorence Fox
- Dorothy married Robert William HOLLIS in 1911
- she married Christopher MUNNS in 1925
1896 - ? Alexander Thomas Fox
- Alexander married Sigrid Aurelia (aka Lily) NIELSEN (1898-1980) in 1921
- Lily was a daughter of Niels NIELSEN & Sophia Amelia WILDE
1907 - 1948 Gladys Elaine Fox
- she married *Ronald Lew HART (1908-1960) in 1928
- she married **Hugh Gregg ADAMS (1908-1983)
... would you like to add the children of these couples ?
Euphemia Fox died 3 February 1944 aged 72
William Josph Fox died 8 May 1950 aged 88
*Ronald Lew Hart was a son of:
JOHN WEBLEY HART (1870-1928) and Annie MOSS
- John & Annie were in Parewanui (in the south Taranaki Bight, 17km E of Bulls)
- their known children:
1892 - 1960 Sidney Jack Hart
- Sidney served in WWI as Trooper 13/3126 with the NZEF, Auckland Mounted Rifles, A Squadron. His next of kin was his mother in Bulls
1894 - 1894 Bertie Hart
- born 14 Feb 1894
- Bertie died 4 December 1894 aged 9 months
1895 - 1969 Claude Hart
- Claude served in WWI as Trooper 35967 with NZEF, 23rd Reinforcements, Mounted Rifles. His next of kin was his mother in Bulls
1897 - Annie Hart
1899 - 1957 Ruby Ellen Hart
- Ruby married Horace St Clair RICHARDS (1897-1971) in 1921
- Horace was a son of John Knight RICHARDS & Clara EDDIE
- (in 1905 John Knight Richards was in court for arrears of Alimony. In Feb 1909 John Knight & Clara were in Divorce proceedings. Clara later moved to Sydney with some? of the children. Some later returned)
1903 - 1903 Jessie Hart
- born 6 June 1903
- Jessie died 11 Sep 1903 aged 3 months
1904 - 1980 Mervyn Webley Hart
- Mervyn married Lily BUTTON (1905-1972) in 1925
- Lily was a daughter of Walter Ernest BUTTON & Willimea Caroline MEYER
1907 - 1957 Mabel Oliver Hart
- Mabel married Harold GROUCOTT (1908-1960) in 1929
- they lived at Foxton Beach
- Mabel died 7 Feb 1957 aged 49
- Harold died 14 Dec 1960 aged 52
- they are buried Plot 032, Block 012, Area M at Kelvin Grove, Palmerston North
1908 - 1960 Ronald Lew Hart
- Ronald married Gladys Elaine FOX in 1928
**Hugh Gregg Adams was a son of:
James ADAMS and Maud Elizabeth BRIEN
- their known children:
1907 - 1985 Matilda Leonora Adams
- Matilda married Clifford Eward Oliver WALKER (1906-1979) in 1927
- Clifford was a son of Edward Luther WALKER & Eustelle Emerinze de MALMANCHE
1908 - 1983 Hugh Gregg Adams
1912 - 1966 Mary Ellen Adams
- Mary married Leslie James DONALDSON in 1931
PLAQUE of William & Euphemia Fox
Plot 30F, Row 89, Block 2 at Feilding cemetery
William John KENDRICK was a son of James KENDRICK & Mary GOODER, immigrants from England to Wellington and Wanganui
William married Maria Eleanor HUNT in New Zealand in 1874
- their known children were:
1875 Sarah Maria Kendrick
- she married Robert Alexander Andrew HASTIE
1876 Mary Elizabeth Kendrick
- she married Martin ANSO
- Martin was from Abja-Paluoja, Viljandimaa, Estonia
1877 William James Kendrick
- he married Mary MATHER
- sister of James Mather who married his sister Ada
1879 Eleanor Kendrick
- she married Arthur John THEOBALD
1881 Charlotte Kendrick
- she married James Stewart SEAY
1883 Charles Kendrick
- he married Hannah Maria WALTON
1884 John Edward Kendrick
- he died in 1918 aged 34 (flu pandemic?)
1885 Maria Eleanor Kendrick
- she married Ernest GILBERT
1886 Olive Ann Kendrick
- she married James Henry SIMONS
1888 Eliza Kendrick
- she married John Saunders Leo RINDBERG
1889 Ada May Kendrick
- she married James MATHER
- brother of Mary Mather who married her brother William
1890 Stephen Alfred Kendrick
- he died aged 10 months
1892 Alfred Stephen Henry Kendrick
- he died in 1975 aged 82
1893 Edward John Kendrick
- he was killed in action in Havrincourt, France aged 25
- he is buried Bancourt
1896 David Kendrick
- he died in 1984 aged 87
1897 Lavinia Olga Kendrick
- she married Arthur CHAPMAN
William LOCKLEY was born 1817 in Birmingham, West Midlands, England, son of John Joseph Lockley (1770-1826) a gamekeeper & his 2nd wife Elizabeth Kirk (1771-). At least 2 of his brothers were sent as convicts to Australia
As a young man William worked in a Birmingham cutlery factory. He enlisted as a regular soldier in the 65th Regiment and served in the Crimea and India.
He came to New Zealand about 1844 and married Elizabeth Connell (who had a daughter Fanny) 25 June 1852 in the Church of the Nativity, Blenheim.
They then had 9 known children.
William enlisted in the 3rd Waikato Militia on 23 November 1863 in Nelson. His Regiment Number was Private 945 and occupation a soldier. They farmed on the Hamilton Road bordering the Town's Green Belt and later lived in Bowen Street.
From 1870 to 1888 William's occupation was listed as a sawyer
He died 31 May 1890 and buried Hautapu Cemetery, Cambridge
William LOCKLEY married Elizabeth CONNELL (1832-1903) in 1852. Daughter of Basil Connell & Mary Wood (buried Motueka)
their 9 known children were:
1851 - 1919 Frances Isabella 'Fanny' Connell/Lockley
- born in Motueka
Fanny married Alfred Elias FARR (1841-1893) from Scotland in 1878
- they had 2 known children
Fanny died 9 January 1919 aged 68 in Blenheim
1853 - 1923 Mary Lockley
- born 8 May 1853 in Te Aro Flat, Wellington
Mary married James COLLINS (1848-1926) in 1871
- they had 14 known children
Mary died 20 October 1923 aged 70
1858 - 1917 Ellen Sarah Lockley
- born 19 June 1858 in Nelson
Ellen married Daniel Patrick SCELLY (1850-1919) in 1875
- they had 11 known children
Ellen died 4 November 1917 aged 59 in Auckland
1860 - 1926 Henry 'Harry' Lockley
- born 9 June 1860 in Moutere, Motueka
Henry married Elizabeth FERGUSON (1860-1932) in 1882
(sister of Robert who married Isabella Lockley)
- they had 10 known children
Harry died 6 April 1926 aged 65 in Opunake, Taranaki
1862 - 1936 Isabella Lockley
- born 11 June 1862 in Nelson
Isabella married Robert FERGUSON (1856-1942) in 1880
(brother of Elizabeth who married Harry Lockley)
- they had 11 known children
NOTE read the story under David Lockley for the death of a son, William Ferguson aged 24, in an accident at Cambridge
Isabella died 13 Sep 1936 aged 74 in Cambridge, Waikato
New Zealand Herald, 16 Sep 1936 71 YEARS IN WAIKATO
The death occurred at Cambridge on Sunday of Mrs Isabella Ferguson, wife of Mr Robert Ferguson, of Richmond Street, aged 74. She was the fourth daughter of the late Mr and Mrs William Lockley, of Birmingham, England. The family came to New Zealand and resided at Nelson, where the late Mrs Ferguson was born in 1862. After three years she was brought to the Waikato. In 1880 she married Mr Robert Ferguson and had resided in Cambridge ever since. She is survived by her husband, two sons and five daughters. There are nine grandchildren and one great-grandchild.
1865 - 1939 Basil Lockley
- born in Cambridge, Waikato
Basil married Mary DAVITT (1871-1939) in 1892
- they had 11 known children
They died in Cambridge, Waikato
1868 - 1950 Caroline Emily Locley
- born in Cambridge
Caroline married Joseph McMILLAN (1863-1958) in Auckland 1888
- they had 1 known daughter
Caroline died 4 May 1950 aged 82 in Cambridge
1873 - 1921 David Lockley
- born in Cambridge
Waikato Independent, 21 Sep 1905 SHOCKING FATALITY AT CAMBRIDGE
A sad accident, whereby a young man named William Ferguson, aged 24, son of Mr Robert Ferguson, lost his life ... read here
David died 14 May 1921 in Auckland aged 48
Waikato Times, 23 May 1921 DEATH of DAVID
LOCKLEY - On May 14, 1921, at Mental Hospital, Auckland, David Lockley, fourth son(?) of the late William Lockley, of Cambridge, late of Hinuera; aged 50 years(sic). At Rest. Interred Purewa Cemetery Wednesday, May 18
NOTE NZ BDM has aged 48
1875 - 1927 Alice Eliza Lockley
- born 19 March 1875 in Cambridge, Waikato
Alice married Thomas Nichol HESLOP (1858-1934) in 1893
- 2 known children
Alice died 30 October 1927 aged 52 in Cambridge
Waikato Times, 3 June 1890 DEATH OF WILLIAM
SUDDEN DEATH AT CAMBRIDGE
An old man named William Lockley, aged 72, expired suddenly at Cambridge on Saturday evening. An inquest was held yesterday by Mr VV. N. Searancke (coroner), the jury consisting of Messrs Dickenson (foreman), W. McMillan, J. Burroughs, J. Brown, R. Fergusson and G. Collins.
The wife of the deceased deposed that he felt unwell on Saturday morning and complained of pains in the chest. He, however, did not seem seriously indisposed until the evening when he got rapidly worse and expired about 8.10 p.m., before a doctor had visited him. Dr. Waddington arrived soon after the deceased died and he deposed that the body of deceased was well nourished and he attributed death to sudden sycophancy. Constable Brennan also gave evidence.
The jury returned a verdict of death from natural causes.
The deceased is an old resident, having been in the district for a quarter of a century. He formerly was a regular and belonged to the 65th Regiment and afterwards he joined the 3rd Waikatos. He leaves a large family, most of whom are married.
New Zealand Herald, 3 Feb 1903 DEATH OF ELIZABETH
LOCKLEY - On January 26, at Auckland, Elizabeth, relict of the late William Lockley, of Cambridge and sister of the late basil Connell, of Motueka, Nelson, aged 72 years. "At Rest" - Nelson papers please copy.
- please leave a coment below if you can help with this family
William McGavin MUIR (1860-1927)
- he married Elizabeth 'Lizzie' Thompson HARRISON (1867-1943) in 1890
their known children were:
29 June 1891 - 1977 Gladys Cunninhgam Muir
- Gladys married Oswald Keith JEFFS (1893-1980) in 1923
1894 - 1935 William Alexander Muir
- possibly married Gertrude Marguerite HAYHOW (1895-1979) in 1919
11 Nov 1896 - 1975 Christina Mary Muir
- Christina married Alfred RAMSAY in 1925
1898 - 1991 Nora Muir
- Nora may have not married
William McGavin Muir is buried at Karori Cemetery
From the SMITH database
- FAMOUS (or INFAMOUS) SMITHs in NEW ZEALAND
William Mein SMITH (1799-1869) Surveyor, artist, runholder
William Mein SMITH is said to have been born on 7 September 1799 at Cape Town, South Africa and was baptised there on 3 October 1799.
He was the eldest son of William Proctor SMITH, a naval purser, later secretary to the Port Admirals at Plymouth and his wife, Mary MEIN.
Mary Mein's family home was Eildon Hall, near Melrose, Scotland.
William Mein Smith belonged to a military family. He went to school in Devon, entered the army as a gentleman cadet at the age of 14, and obtained his commission in the Royal Artillery in 1822, eventually rising to the rank of captain. From 1822 to 1828 he served in Canada.
On 12 March 1828, at Kingston, Upper Canada (Ontario), he married Louisa Bargrave WALLACE. The couple had nine children, of whom five survived infancy.
After his marriage Smith was stationed at Gibraltar, where he established a library to save soldiers from drink's 'disgrace and ruin.' He assumed the post of master of plan drawing at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich in May 1836. In July 1839 the New Zealand Company engaged him for three years as its first surveyor general.
Late in 1839 Smith arrived in New Zealand on the Cuba, entering Port Nicholson (Wellington) on 5 January 1840. Louisa Smith and their three children arrived on 7 March 1840 on the Adelaide.
Smith's first task was to lay out the company's settlement at Port Nicholson. Beginning in January, he and his three assistants laid out two towns, first at Petone and then, after April, at Thorndon. In July and August he conducted the ballot for 1,100 town sections, at Dicky Barrett's hotel. By 1841 he and his staff had surveyed a number of country sections from Pencarrow to Porirua, considerably fewer than the company's specification, in bush-clad, hilly country. To meet the shortfall, the company attempted to purchase Wanganui, where in September Smith superintended the selection of country acres, only to find that Maori considered the land had not been sold. He made a reconnaissance of Manawatu in December 1841, and supervised its survey by Charles Kettle in 1842.
Smith was in Manawatu when Samuel BREES arrived to supersede him.
In September 1842 Smith was directed to map the harbours on the South Island's east coast, and he explored as far as Bluff, Stewart Island and the Chatham Islands. Unluckily, in November his cutter, Brothers, sank in Akaroa Harbour, with his sketches, charts and instruments. Afterwards he climbed the Port Hills, above Rapaki, to view the Canterbury Plains, but his report, written from memory, was of little use to the company in deciding sites for future settlement.
Smith participated quietly in Wellington public life. The first meeting of the committee formed to maintain the law of England met at his house in 1840; in 1841 he was gazetted a resident magistrate, and in 1845 became captain of the Thorndon militia. He was happiest alone with his sketchbook. His best-known work, an 1842 vista in oils of Wellington, was published as a lithograph in E. J. Wakefield's Illustrations to 'Adventure in New Zealand' (1845). It is one of about 100 of his works now housed in the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington. As a committee member of the Literary, Scientific and Philanthropic Institute Smith was active in establishing a library, and as a prize-winning gardener and Wellington Horticultural Society member, he introduced bamboos to Wellington. He also promoted the installation of a harbour beacon.
Early in 1845 Smith and his family moved to Huangarua, between Greytown and Martinborough, in Wairarapa, where in partnership with Samuel REVANS he became a successful runholder. Smith and Revans made their first profits from their Maori lease negotiated with Te Manihera Te Rangi-taka-i-waho, by supplying meat to government troops.
By 1858 Huangarua ran 20,000 sheep.
By 1868 it had grown to more than 20,000 acres.
Between 1854 and 1865 Smith and Revans had purchased 13,680 acres from the Crown.
Although Smith proved a clever farmer, he was reluctant to leave his profession and returned to the New Zealand Company during 1849 and 1850 as a contract surveyor. He made a sketch survey of Wairarapa and was involved with Henry Tacy Kemp in abortive purchase negotiations with Wairarapa Maori, at a time when it was proposed that the Canterbury Association settlement should be located there. In 1849 he explored Manawatu to estimate the cost of survey, and to inspect the New Zealand Company's purchase north of the Rangitikei River. Later he completed the survey with Maori assistance.
As government district surveyor in Wairarapa from 1853 to 1857, Smith surveyed Crown purchases by Donald McLEAN, and determined Maori reserves. He partly mapped Wairarapa, including the Wharekaka Plains, in 1854, surveyed eastward, completed a coastal survey to Castle Point and the triangulation of the Taratahi, defined the boundaries of Masterton and Greytown during his trigonometrical survey and in 1856 laid out the town of Featherston.
Smith was a member of the Legislative Council from 1851 to 1853, and represented Wairarapa from 1858 to 1865 on the Wellington Provincial Council. For years Wairarapa's sole resident magistrate, he blocked the licence for Morrisons Bush Inn because he was tired of being disturbed by drunken shepherds. In 1865 he retired to Woodside, near Greytown, where he and Revans established a sawmill. He died at Woodside on 3 January 1869.
That Smith adapted readily to the colonial environment is demonstrated by his multifarious achievements. Today he is remembered chiefly for his exact sketches and watercolours of early Wellington, the Hutt Valley and Wairarapa. But it is as a surveyor, and a teacher of young surveyors such as Kettle, that his central contribution to frontier society was made. Arguably the best theoretician in the colony, he tackled new problems scientifically, being an early exponent of triangulation. His career is controversial, however, because he planned the city of Wellington, which is notable for its poor design. Wellington's topography made nonsense of the company's scheme. In accordance with his instructions, Smith tried first to ensure that every holder of a land order obtained one town acre, and only latterly 'to provide for the future rather than the present'. From a pragmatic viewpoint it was no small achievement to survey two towns in six months, in steep bush and bad weather, with inadequate staff and equipment, and amid Maori protest, settler complaints and skulduggery by William WAKEFIELD and his cronies. 'In due time', Revans wrote, 'the difficulties of his task will be his exoneration.'
In addition to his practical surveying work, Smith's reports of his exploratory journeys and surveys have significance for their record of colonial conditions. He noted land-forms and human activity, such as new modes of dressing flax by Manawatu Maori. As a Wairarapa pastoralist he helped to establish New Zealand's wool and beef industry, importing stock from New South Wales. Essentially a scholarly gentleman, religious, and diffident until toughened by Wakefield's deviousness, Smith commanded respect from his fellow settlers. He made a path for others.
taken from PAPERS PAST
the GREY RIVER ANGUS - 27 August 1878
... the Residents Magistrate's Court at Wellington was occupied recently with a case of an alleged attempt to murder.
Accused, William Naylor Arnold - is a young man with a dullard appearance, and from the evidence it would seem that he had tried to shoot his former employer, a farmer at Porirua, because the latter put a stop to prisoner paying attention to his neice.
Arnold is evidently non compos mentis. His behaviour in the dock was very eccentric. During the hearing of the case he made use of such onservations as the following:- "Well, I know how the world was fixed last Thursday. I see it all in the sun. I see the compass in the sun."
His Worship, in committing him for trial, said he had little doubt as to his insanity.
the EVENING POST - 10 September 1878o
... The Wellington Circuit Sittings of the Supreme Court are appointed to commence on Monday, 7th October. The following are the criminal cases at present set down for trial:- ... and William Naylor Arnold, attempt to murder;
the EVENING POST - 8 October 1878
A LUNATIC PRISONER
William Naylor Arnold was indicted for shooting at James WARD on the 4th August.
In answer to the usual formal question by te Registrar and to queries by his Honor, prisoner merely smiled and pulled horrible faces.
Mr IZARD, Crown Prosecutor, said he had information from medical sources that the prisoner was not in a fit state of mind to plead. He suggested that the proper course would be to empanel a jury to try the question of the prisoner's sanity.
- HIS HONOUR - It is not the prisoner's demeanor now which influences me to yield to your request, though, coming from the Crown Prosecutor, I ought to attend to it. I have known a case in which a man behaved in a precisely similar manner in the dock, and yet was perfectly able to plead. I sentenced him to two years' imprisonment. He kept up the farce - for farce it was - for nearly the whole of the two years, until the prison doctor really began to think he had softening of the brain. The next time the man was brought before me he was charged with highway robbery, and he made the best defence I ever heard from a prisoner. But on the face of the depositions in this case there is a good deal which is stated raising doubts of his sanity; and if, in addition to this, you tell me that you have medical testimony, it would doubtless be expedient to empannel a jury to decide the question. I would not have it supposed by anyone that because a prisoner stands silent and pulls grimaces the Court concluded that he is insane. I have seen that tried before.
The jury was then sworn.
Dr JOHNSTON, medical officer to the Wellington Gaol, said he believed the prisoner to be suffering from softening of the brain. Witness believed that he would not get better.
Mr REID, gaoler, gave evidence to the effect that during the nine weeks prisoner had been in gaol he had acted very strangely. Sometimes he would remain silent for hours, and would then begin to talk rapidly to some imaginary person in the sun or under the ground.
Wiliam KEMP, uncle of the prisoner, and James WARD, in whose employ he had been, stated that he had recently been strange in his manner.
His Honour said he had in this case little doubt that the prisoner was insane.
The jury returned a verdict that the prisoner was of unsound mind, and he was then handed over to the gaoler as a dangerous lunatic
EVENING POST 4 January 1882
... A man named William Nayler Arnold, (sic) a patient at the Mount View Asylum, affected his escape from that institution last evening. It supposed he would make off in the direction of Porirua, but he returned this morning of his own accord to his old quarters, without, however, giving any explanation of his wanderings.
William died in 1930 aged 73-75
- he is buried Church of England Area, Row F Plot 37 in PORIRUA