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Arthur Frederick PRUDEN + Hannah Elizabeth BLOOMFIELD

researched for anafred

Arthur Frederick PRUDEN (1876-1916)
...was born in North Canterbury, a son of:
George Eugene PRUDEN (1842-1918) & (1st wife) Mary Ann WILLIAMS (1843-1912)
who lived in the South Island before later moving to settle in the North Island

George Eugene Pruden remarried in 1913 (when he was 71) to Eva Clayton (1882-1953) who had a 3 year old daughter, Eva Selbie Clayton (1910-2002)
Eva Clayton (his wife) was a daughter of James Henry CLAYTON (1851-1929) & Emma Amelia HESTER (1855-1939), originally from London - died in Tauranga
Eva Selbie Clayton was adopted by George & her name became 'Betty' Pruden

* ARTHUR's siblings (found to date):
* 1865 - 1941 Letitia Mary 'Letty' Pruden (+William George Jones +William Crump)
* 1868 - 1944 Gertrude Pruden (+James Edward Patrick Hagan)
* 1870 - George Ernest Pruden New Zealand Artist (+Catherine Ada Pegler)
* 1872 - 1957 Albert Thomas 'Bert' Pruden (+Emma Thomas King)
* 1874 - 1874 unnamed Pruden
* 1876 - 1916 Arthur Frederick Pruden
* 1880 - 1971 Winifred Ada Pruden (+John Dryden Webber +Henry John Wells)
* 1882 - 1958 Lancelot Harold Pruden (+Eleanor Mary Belcher +Dorothy Ethel Nicholls (nee Crisp), see story at link: Lancelot had the Cheviot Hotel in 1929

Hannah Elizabeth BLOOMFIELD (1878-1963)
...was born Essex, Greater London, a daughter of:
Joseph BLOOMFIELD (1849-1918) & Elizabeth Thorp READ (1849-1928)

* HANNAH's siblings (found to date):
* 1873 - 1963 Lillian Evangeline Bloomfield (+George Thomas Hine)
* 1874 - 1904 Joseph Edward Bloomfield (+Violet Emmeline Quarrell (1876-1954)
...Hawera & Normanby Star, 30 March 1904
... BLOOMFIELD - On 29th March, accidentally, Joseph Edward, only son of Joseph and Elizabeth Thorp Bloomfield, Lower Hastings Road, aged 30
... A young married farmer named Joseph Bloomfield was killed this afternoon by a fall of earth in a pit at Matapu. NOTE Joseph & Violet had 3 sons before his death. A 4th son was born 11 weeks after. Violet didn't remarry
* 1876 - Louisa Bloomfield
* 1878 - Hannah Elizabeth Bloomfield

ARTHUR & HANNAH married 20 March 1897
(Arthur was 20 & Hannah was 18.11)

their known children (born in Mangatoki, Eltham):
... 1
1897 - 1973 Leslie John 'Les' Pruden
...born 11 July 1897
He attended Matapu School, Taranaki
He attended the Te Puke No 2 Road School
Leslie served in WWI as Private 21328 with the NZEF, 16th Reinforcements Auckland Infantry Battalion, A Company. When he embarked on 19 Aug 1916 his mother, as next of kin, was listed as living at No. 2 Road, Te Puke, Bay of Plenty. (His father was already at the front & was killed in action the following month)
New Zealand Herald, 7 March 1918 BACK FROM THE WAR
Sick and Wounded men return on duty. Total 622 of all ranks
PRUDEN, Leslie J. (Mrs A. F. Pruden, Te Puke)
* Leslie married Gertrude May BEARNE (1897-1989) in 1920
LESLIE JOHN 'Les' Pruden died 21 January 1973 aged 75
GERTRUDE MAY Pruden died 19 November 1990 aged 92
- her last address was Smith St., Frankton, Hamilton
they are buried together MAGN-32-07 at Hamilton Park cemetery

... 2
1898 - 1923 Ethel 'Vera' Pruden
...born 9 December 1898
She attended the Te Puke No 2 Road School
* Ethel married Thomas BARNETT (1894-1986) in 1915
- son of James BARNETT & Johanna PRATT
Te Puke Times, 30 December 1915
A pretty wedding took place on Friday last, when Miss Vera Pruden, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs Arthur Pruden, of No 2 Road, was married to Mr Thos. Barnett, only son of Mrs J. Barnett, also of No 2 Road. The ceremony was performed by Mr F. G. Brown, at the residence of the bride's parents. The bride, who was given away by her father was tastefully attired in white figured lustre, with wreath and orange blossoms. Miss Lily Pruden acted as bridesmaid, and was dressed in white embroidered muslin. The duties of best man were carried out by Mr Reginald Alexander. After the nuptial knot had been tied the happy couple and the guests sat down to a dainty spread, at which the usual toasts were honoured. Both bride and bridegroom were the recipients of numerous presents
* Thomas Barnett served as Private 33504 with the NZEF, 21st Reinforcements E Company. He embarked from Wellington 19 Jan 1917. Ethel was his next of kin
ETHEL VERA Barnett died 20 March 1923 in Te Puke aged 24
* Thomas remarried in 1927 to Jean DUNLOP (1910-1971)
- daughter of Thomas James Victor DUNLOP (1889-1961) & Rebecca Winifred Mary MAY (1888-1964). In 1913 her father was a J.P. in Pukekawa, Raglan
JEAN Barnett died 21 January 1971 aged 71 & buried at Te Puke
THOMAS Barnett died 14 April 1986 aged 92 & buried at Te Puke

... 3
1899 - 1902 Arthur Harold Pruden
...born 26 December 1899
ARTHUR died 8 November 1902 aged 2.10
Arthur is buried Old Plot 15, New Plot 5527, Block 2 at Eltham General Interdenominational (incorrect death date on database)

... 4
1901 - 1977 Lillian Winifred 'Lily' Pruden
...born 26 February 1901
She attended the Te Puke No 2 Road School
* Lillian married William John Campbell CAVANAGH (1893-1950) 16 October 1920
- William was born in Gisborne to James CAVANAGH (1863-1901) & Mary Ann 'Polly' ARDERN (1866-1944). He had sisters, Olive, Georgina, Hazel Mary & Elizabeth Stewart Cavanagh
their known children (born Waikato):
* 1922 - 2008 Ada Phillis Cavanagh (+ Norman Allan Heenan + ? McLeod)
* 1923 - 1990 Frederick Thomas Henery Cavanagh
* 1924 - 2003 Hazel Alice Cavanagh (+ Richard Wensor, +Raymond Ebbett London, + Ivan Rex Climo. Lived Keri Keri, buried Pongaroa - see also)
* 1926 - 1994 Allan John Pruden Cavanagh
? - ?
? - ?
? - ?
* 1939 - 2014 Gail Janette Cavanagh (+ James Carrington Benjamin (1940-2010)
* Gail passed 21 Feb aged 74 (last week at time of writing)
WILLIAM JOHN CAMPBELL Cavanagh was a plumber. He died in Auckland 24 Aug 1950 and is buried Plot 53, Row 4, RC Division E at Waikumete cemetery
In 1969 Lillian was in Waitemarama, (30km south of Hokianga) Northland. She died 15 August 1977 in Rawene, aged 76 and her ashes buried with husband William

... 5
1907 - 2003 Bethel Thelma Pruden
...born 7 February 1907
Bethel attended the Te Puke No 2 Road School
She attended the Ngaere School
In 1921 Bethel (aged 14) was at Ngaere School and 'cleaned up' at the end-of-year annual prize-giving ceremony: A prize for Good Attendance, Collection of grasses, & for her marigold growing as a member of the girls' and boys' agricultural club. She came 6th for her dairy cow
In 1922 Bethel (aged 15), still at Ngaere School, won prizes at the New Plymouth Winter Show. In the Rural Section, Plan of their school grounds: 1st Roma Hanora (Ohangai school), 2nd Roi Rangihaeata (Ohangai school), 3rd Bethel Prude (Ngaere school). She came 1st for her new & skim milk & 2nd with her collection of grasses. She received a 'Very Highly Commended' for her dairy cow
* Bethel married Arthur John ANDREWS (1899-1963) in 1928
- son of Albert James ANDREWS (1854-1914) & Kate Annie CROCKER (1858-1923)
BETHEL THELMA Andrews died 24 September 2003 aged 96

... 6
1911 - 1984 Rhoda Elizabeth 'Betty' Pruden
...born 9 September 1911
when Rhoda attended the Te Puke No 2 Road School her parent/guardian was 'Mrs Pound' (as opposed to all her siblings whose parent/guardian was their father)
* There was a Percy Daniel POUND (1885-1939) farming in No 2 Road, Te Puke. He married Emily Laura SMITH (1883-1956) in 1916. They had a daughter, Jane Hilda Pound (1918-2007) born at No 2 Rd., but possibly others. They were in Harris street, Te Puke in 1928. Percy died 21 Jan 1939, his probate was in the High Court, Auckland. Emily Louisa died 4 March 1956 & they are buried in Te Puke
* Rhoda married ? JACKSON, year unknown
RHODA ELIZABETH Jackson died 27 Jan 1984 & cremated at Rotorua
- her ashes were returned

... 7
1914 - 2001 Olive Freda Pruden
...born 8 July 1914
* Olive married Leslie Philip HOLMES (1910-1989) in 1936
* Olive married Robert Alfred CATLEY (1915-1993) in 1963
* Olive married ? PINK in 1994
OLIVE THELMA Pink died 8 July 2001 in Whangarei on her 87th birthday

* ARTHUR FREDERICK Pruden embarked for war 5 February 1916 as Sergeant Major 26/57 with the New Zealand Rifle Brigade, 4th Battalion, C Company. His wife Hannah and parents George & Mary Ann, were then listed as living in Te Puke.
Arthur was Killed In Action at Somme France on 15 Sep 1916 aged 41.
He is buried Caterpillar Valley Cemetery, Longueval, Somme, France
Colonist, 2 November 1916 Sergeant-Major Pruden, who was recently reported missing, and is now reported killed in action on September 15th, was the third son of Mr George Pruden, of Kati-Kati, Bay of Plenty. Before enlisting he was a farmer at Te Puki. He leaves a wife and six children, his only son being with the Fifteenth Reinforcements. He was a sergeant in the Volunteers, and always keenly interested in the Territorials. He was born at Mason's Flat, North Canterbury (86km north of Christchurch), and was forty-three (sic) years of age

HANNAH ELIZABETH next married ALBERT POTTS (1886-1961) 15 July 1921
(Albert was 35 & Hannah was 43) they had 2 children
* Nancy Lynette Potts (+ Ivan 'Jack' Vuletich)
* unknown child Potts (died an infant)

Albert Potts was born in Waipukurau to Robert POTTS (1849-1925) & Matilda CROMBIE (1845-1919) who arrived into Napier 16 Dec 1876 on the Waitara with 2 month old Mary Lilias Potts (lived in Nelson St., Newcastle on Tyne in 1861 & at Shieldfield Green in the parish of St Nicholas when Mary was born}
Albert's paternal grandparents were Robert POTTS (1818-1839) & Elizabeth BURNETT, confectioners at Grainger St., (living at 3 Nelson St), Newcastle on Tyne
Albert's maternal grandparents were John CROMBIE & Lilias RENTON from Scotland to Newcastle on Tyne
the children of ROBERT & MATILDA (born Hawkes Bay):
1876 - Mary Lilias/Lillian Potts (born England)
1877 - 1950 Robert Potts (+ Minnie May Rogers in 1907)
- they had 10 known children
- Minnie was a granddaughter of William ROGERS & Eliza SCANDLYN
1877 - 1950 Matilda Potts (+ Richard Rogers in 1899)
- Richard was a son of William ROGERS & Eliza SCANDLYN
- they had 11 known children
1882 - 1955 William George Potts (+ Harriett Dodd in 1921)
1884 - 1934 Julia Wilhelmina Potts (+ Robert Saunders Mutton 19 Sep 1903)
- they had 6 known children
1886 - 1961 Albert Potts (+ Hannah Elizabeth Pruden as above), 1 child

ALBERT Potts died 27 January 1961 aged 75
- he is buried SOLD3-0-35 at Hamilton East Cemetery
HANNAH ELIZABETH Potts died 8 February 1963 aged 84 in Te Awamutu
- she is buried CHRRY-24-01 at Hamilton Park Cemetery
From the death notices pasted into scrapbooks by Mrs Jean Barnett who lived in Te Puke all her life ...
* wife of the late Albert
- mother of:
* Leslie Pruden (Frankton)
* Lillian (Mrs Cavanagh, Northland)
* Betty (Mrs Andrews, Rotorua)
* Rhoda (Mrs Jackson, Roxburgh)
* Freda (Mrs Cateley, Whangarei)
* Nancy (Mrs Vuletich, Rotorua)
* & the late Vera (Mrs Barnett)


TIMELINE for this PRUDEN line
Taranaki Herald, 2 December 1890 LAND BOARD
Perpetual Leases - G. Pruden, sec 6, block 16, Waitara, 1s

Two compact 'Villa Residences' by auction at Land Sale Rooms, Cashel street.
Messrs H. Matson and Co have received instructions from Mr George Pruden (who has settled in the North Island), to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION his property situated in Tomes Road, off Papanui Road, known as 'Guildford' and 'Lyndon' The Houses are built of Totara timber, are on high concrete foundations, water laid on to bath room and scullery, fitted with Venetian blinds and well finished in every way. Detached wash houses, with coppers, water laid on, &c. With Lyndon property there is a stable, with loft. The area of land to each house is three-eighths of an acre, which is planted and laid out with ornamental trees, flower gardens, &c

Feilding Star, 14 December 1894 ADVERTISEMENT
Mr A. Pruden, of Campbelltown, (Rongotea) artist, sign writer, carriage and house painter etc., Good Work Guaranteed. Prices suitable for the hard times.
Address, c/o Mr H. Bishop

Hawera & Normanby Star, 6 January 1898 GEORGE's FARM SALE
On the Farm, Mangatoki, CLEARING DAIRY SALE
Monday, 10th, January at 12.30 o'clock
NOLAN, TONKS & CO., have received instructions from Mr Geo. Pruden, who is giving up dairying, to sell as above, the whole of his Dairy Stock consisting of-
52 choice cows in milk and to calf
12 superior calves
1 Shorthorn bull
Spring dray and spring trap
cans, coolers, etc., etc.
The auctioneers can strongly recommend the above cows, as being a superior lot and invite inspection of same

Hawera & Normanby Star, 15 June 1898 KAPONGA NEWS
Mr R. Newitt has been appointed manager to the new Dairy Co., and the following tenders have been accepted:- Mackie, White and Co. for firewood to factory; J. H. Richardson for Mangawhero Creamery; G. Pruden, building Mangawhero Creamery

Hawera & Normanby Star, 21 July 1898 MANGATOKI
NOTICE - POISON laid for dogs on my farm. G. Pruden, Mangatoki

Hawera & Normanby Star, 31 December 1898 KAPONGA SPORTS
... in the evening the usual dance was held and was a great success.
Among the many pretty dresses and costumes worn we noticed particularly several fancy ones, being:
Miss Coffey, nurse
Miss Collins, sailor lass
Miss B. Law as Highland lassie
Miss Constance Mellor, flower girl
Miss Pruden, swansdown
and many others whose names we could not obtain

Hawera & Normanby Star, 1 March 1899 ACCIDENT AT ELTHAM
A runaway occurred from the station on Monday when a horse attached to a cart, the property of Mr Theobold, carrier, got away. It appears that in some manner the winkers came off, and the horse took fright and careered down Railway street turning into Bridge street till opposite Mr Cole's, blacksmith, when it collided with Mr Pruden's trap. Mrs Pruden had a very narrow escape, she being thrown out of the trap on to her head, but strangely she was not much hurt beyond a great shaking. The horse continued his run till he arrived at his stable without any further mishap

Taranaki Herald, 5 April 1899 LAND BOARD
sec 95, block 10, Ngaere, 22 acres, G. Pruden

Hawera & Normanby Star, 24 July 1899 LAND SALES
Charles Martin, land agent, Eltham, reports the following sales
90 acres freehold, Geo. Pruden to J. Phillips

Hawera & Normanby Star, 25 July 1899 MANGATOKI BAZAAR
The gift-auction and bazaar upon which the hopes of the hall committee have been so long founded was held on Friday last, and proved for Mangatoki the great event of the year
... Great excitement was caused by the nail-driving competition, which was won after a hard contest by Miss Pruden

Hawera & Normanby Star, 18 August 1899 KAPONGA
Mr Pruden, the contractor for the Rowan Creamery, has the frame erected, so that the competion is not so far distant

Hawera & Normanby Star, 21 August 1899 BALL AT MATAPU
The ball held on Wednesday night, 16th inst., was a great success, visitors being present from all the surrounding districts. The music was supplied by Mr A. Allen, and was excellent both for "time and tune", as the alliterative phrase goes.
I have been asked by the committee to specially thank the following ladies for their assistance:-
Mesdames Allen, Preece & Pruden and Misses Crocker, O'Sullivan, Morrison & Muir

Hawera & Normanby Star, 4 January 1900 LOST & FOUND
3 REWARD (Jan 2014 equivalent of $543) - Lost from Rowan, a Light Bay Horse, 4 years old, about 16 hands; small white on hind and fore foot; no visible brand. Anyone returning him to Geo, Pruden, Eltham Road, Mangatoki, will receive the above reward. G. Pruden

Hawera & Normanby Star, 3 February 1900 SOCIAL AT MATAPU
The social held here on Wednesday night in aid of the Patriotic Fund was a great success, probably one of the most successful of its kind yet held here ...
The following are the vocal items on the programme:-
Song, "Bide-a-Wee" Mr S. Longney
Song, "Soldiers of the Queen" Mr D. F. Patterson
Recitation, "The Grace of a Hundred Dead" Mr Pruden
Song, "The Toilers" Mr Putt
Song, "In Old Madrid" Miss Shearer

Hawera & Normanby Star, 26 February 1900 LAND FOR SALE BY TENDER
Ten acres of First-class land, well fenced and watered, with a good 6-roomed house, with water laid on to kitchen, shed and other outbuilding. Tenders to be addressed to the owner on the property. Tenders to close on 5th march, 1900. No tender necessarily accepted. G. PRUDEN, Eltham Road, Mangatoki

Hawera & Normanby Star, 8 March 1900 ELTHAM ANNUAL SPORTS
The above sports were held yesterday (Wednesday), on the Eltham racecourse (Mr T. Mabey's farm), and though the weather was threatening in the morning the attendance was fair, with a good sprinkling of ladies
The following are the results:-
Half-mile handicap: B. Hayward 1, W. J. Hotter 2, H. Pruden 3

Hawera & Normanby Star, 23 April 1900 ROAD MAINTENANCE TENDERS
No. 60 Eltham road, A. F. Pruden, 6 12s 6d per mile
No. 61 Hastings road, A. F. Pruden, 6 per mile

Hawera & Normanby Star, 27 August 1900 ELTHAM COUNTY COUNCIL
Messrs Parrott, Judd, Pruden, Seed, Dawes, Pierce, Neville, R. A. Adams, and R. Mumby drew attention to the dangerous state of the Anderson road, opposite sections 25 and 26, block 10 and urged on the council the necessity of reducing the present grade and widening the filling

Hawera & Normanby Star, 5 March 1901 RAWHITIROA
... Mr Pruden was formerly settled on the Eltham road, and is only a recent addition to the settlers at Rawhitiroa

Hawera & Normanby Star, 21 March 1901 ELTHAM 3rd ANNUAL SHOW
The third annual show of the above society was held at the Athenaeum on Wednesday. The weather was somewhat against a good attendance, but, notwithstanding the threatening aspect, a large gathering assembled, and the hall was crowded
Following is the prize list:-
Chutney, home-made: Mrs Ferguson 1; Mrs A. F. Pruden 2;

Hawera & Normanby Star, 28 March 1901 ENDORSING WASHING MACHINE
Messrs Dixon and Bates, Hawera
Dear Sirs - It is with pleasure I bear testimony to the excellent quality of the 'Sellers' Washer that I obtained from you about 12 months ago. As a health and labour saving I consider it a triumph, and would not go back to the old way at any price
- Yours truly, H. E. Pruden, Mangatoki

Hawera & Normanby Star, 3 June 1901 RECEPTION for TROOPER WARD
Never before has Mangatoki Hall held such a crowd as it did on Friday evening, when a social and dance was given as a welcome to Trooper J. G. Ward on his return from the Transvaal. Prior to proceeding to South Africa, Mr Ward was located in this district, being employed at Mangatoki factory, and Friday's gathering was largely due to the efforts of the factory employees, especially prominent being Messrs Swede and Bennett.
... Miss Pruden recited "The Soldier Boy's Return"

Evening Post, 28 September 1901 PATENTS & INVENTORS
Messrs Henry Hughes, patent agents, Queen's Chambers (opposite Post Office), Wellington, report the acceptance of the following patents in New Zealand during the fortnight ending 18th September:-
Hawkes Bay - T. A. Pruden, composition for destroying cockroaches

Evening Post, 14 June 1902 COLONIAL INVENTIONS
Applications for letters patent, with provisional specifications, have been accepted by the Registrar as:-
... George E, Pruden, of Christchurch (Arthur's brother as their father was living in the North by this date) carpenter, an improved cramp utilisable as a flooring cramp and for other analogous purposes

Hawera & Normanby Star, 26 June 1902 RAWHITIROA SCHOOL COMMITTEE
One of the largest meetings in connection with school matters was held on Monday evening, for the purpose of electing a new committee.
Mr E. Parrott was voted to the chair
The following seven members were elected without opposition:- Messrs
Bond, Brew, Coplestone (Secretary), Maber, Nairn (Chairman), Pruden

Manawatu Standard, 9 December 1902 BOCK'S HERBAL REMEDIES
Mr Thomas A. Pruden, of Waipukurau, New Zealand, writes:- "I have great pleasure in recommending your Rheumatic Powder. I had a severe attack of lumbago this winter. I began to get relief in a few minutes after taking the first dose, and in a few days was alright again ... "

Three men engaged on the erection of a house at Merivale for Mr Cox, met with a rather serious accident on Saturday. The scaffold in which they were standing collapsed, and the men fell a distance of from fifteem to eighteen feet to the ground. One escaped with a few bruises, but the other two had to be taken to the Hospital, where it was found that Thomas Bates, aged twenty-eight years, was suffering from a severe scalp wound and shock to the system. The third man, George Pruden (Arthur's brother) aged thirty-three years, had fared more seriously and was found to have concussion of the brain, in addition to a bad cut on his lip and several broken ribs. Both men are now progressing satisfactorily

Bay Of Plenty Times, 28 August 1907 PAINTING LESSONS
Mr T. A. Pruden (Thomas Albert, Arthur's brother) will commence oil painting classes

Bay Of Plenty Times, 27 March 1908 COCKROACH EXTERMINATOR
Some time ago, Mr T. A. Pruden, a resident of Tauranga, discovered a preparation which possesses the qualities needed to bring about an immediate extermination of the much-hated cockroach ... more at above link

Bay Of Plenty Times, 13 July 1908 MOVE TO TE PUKE
Mr A. Pruden, late of Eltham, who has purchased Mr J. Ward's property at Te Puke, arrived here on Saturday, accompanied by Mrs Pruden and family

Bay Of Plenty Times, 26 July 1911 PROPOSED NEW COUNTY
A petition in favour of the creation of a Te Puke county is now being circulated in the Te Puke and Maketu Ridings. The area of the proposed county lies between the Tauranga harbour on the west, the Whakatane boundary on the east and the Rotorua boundary on the south. The petition is in the hands of Mr A. F. Pruden, who has already secured a large number of signatures. It is intended to present the petition to the coming session of Parliament

Wanganui Chronicle, 21 August 1912 SALE OF THE OIL PAINTINGS
The auction sale of high-class oil paintings to-day at 2.30 at Veitch and Muir's rooms, promise to be a pronounce success. Quite a number of citizens have visited the rooms and admired the splendid display. Mr Pruden is much better known in the South Island, where he has done some very good work indeed, and this is practically his first visit to Wanganui. A sketch 'Putiki Pah' is included in to-day's sale and will no doubt find a purchaser. The Southern Press has referred in very flattering terms to Mr Purden's productions and we anticipate spirited bidding at to-day's sale. The pictures are now all hung, and may be inspected this morning

Bay Of Plenty Times, 19 June 1914 STOCK SALE
The New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Agency Co., will hold three sales in the county next week. On Friday a clearing sale will be held at Riversdale, Katikati, on behalf of Mr T. A. Pruden (Thomas Albert, Arthur's brother)

Te Puke Times, 27 April 1915 TE PUKE ROAD BOARD
The monthly meeting of the Te Puke Road Board was held on Saturday. Present: Messrs A. F. Pruden, C. Barrow and F. Bostock. Mr Pruden was voted to the chair

Te Puke Times, 7 July 1916 ARTHUR PRUDEN writes home from the front
We have been given permission by Mrs A. F. Pruden to publish the following extract from a letter she received this week from her husband, Sergt-Major A. F. Pruden, who is "somewhere in France" -
"We are billeted at present in a French village, just where, of course, I cannot say. The men are all in barns, bedded down with straw, etc. It is fairly cold weather just now, very much like Taranaki spring weather, a good deal of rain, mostly at night, with dull days and a cold wind. We go on a route march every afternoon, with packs up, and that warms us up, I can tell you. But it is pretty cold at night. I am living in a house with our Major and two sergeants, the acting quarter-master-sergeant, and Major's batman, and am very comfortable. We have a nice room to sit in, furnished with a warmer that sends heat out all around. By the time you get this I expect we will be in the trenches doing our bit and about time too. It is about eight months now that I have been in camp, and nothing done. We passed through a good bit of France coming here, and it is, without doubt, a beautiful country. No wonder the Germans wanted it. It was a great sight to see hundred of acres of grape vines. The whole country seems to be under crop, but in such small patches. A field of about ten acres will have in most cases about a dozen patches of crop, all in different stages of growth. They use every yard of ground right up to the doors of the houses, and also up the slopes and to the top of the hills. It must be all spade work, as the patches they have in are too small for a plough to be worked, especially on the hill-sides. There is hardly any stock to be seen, and in the country hardly a fence. The roads even are not fenced. How they get cattle from one place to another I don't know, unless they lead them. In the villages they have live hedges, and there are a good many trees about. In the summer it must be very pretty. At present the trees are just coming into leaf. The country must carry a great population, for there is a village every two or three miles, and farm houses in between. You never saw such old-fashioned houses as they have here - all built of stone or brick, with tile roofs. A lot of them have the date of their building let into the wall or roof with different coloured tiles or bricks. One in this village is dated 1871, which makes it 155 years old. Yet the street of the place are a disgrace. Some of them, or I may say, most of them, are only half a chain wide, with a ditch along one side half full of stagnant mud and water. All the slops and refuse from the houses are thrown into the streets, which in most cases are half up to the boot-tops in mud, so you can guess the state things are in. Inside the houses the people are as clean as any I ever saw, so I suppose it is the town boards that are to blame. There is no water supply or drainage of any sort. The people get their water from the public pumps by the bucket-full. Out of the towns the roads, or most of them are good, metalled in most cases, and level for miles. In some districts they are as white as chalk and as smooth as a table.
We are working seven days a week now, no holiday, even on Easter Monday, and we had none on Good Friday (yesterday). On Sundays we have Church parade in the morning and route march in the afternoon. The four Company Sergt-Majors went through orders last night as 2nd class warrant officers, so look our for 'swank' when i come home. We had a shuffle round of officers before we left Egypt and the Major of our Company was appointed 2nd in command of the 3rd battalion. We got a major form the 1st battalion and a grand officer he is. He will do me for the rest of my time in the army.
I am keeping very well, and like this part of the globe much better than the desert. Remember me to all friends.

Te Puke Times, 31 October 1916 A & P ASSOCIATION
A meeting of the Committee of the Te Puke Agricultural and Pastoral Association was held on Saturday evening. Mr H. A. Vercoe (President) occupied the chair.
Prior to proceeding with business, on the motion of the President, a vote of condolence was passed with Mrs A. F. Purden in her recent bereavement, and the Secretary was instructed to forward to her a letter expressing they sympathy of the Association and its appreciation of the services rendered by her late husband

Te Puke Times, 14 May 1918 MILITARY SERVICE BOARD
At a meeting of the Military Service board at Rotorua on Friday last, Mrs Pruden appeared to support the appeal of her only son, Pte. L. J. Pruden, who had been at the front for 14 months, and was now at Trentham camp, about to return with the 40th reinforcements. She said her husband had been killed at the front, and she wanted her boy to help on the farm. He had come back from the front on leave owing to his mother's application. - The Board informed Mrs Pruden that they would give her application most sympathetic consideration and send her their decision in a note

Bay Of Plenty Times, 11 September 1918 KATIKATI NOTES
The thirteen-roomed house, known as Junction House and owned by Mr Pruden, was burned down last Wednesday. The house was a hotel in the early days and was situated near the old Katikati-Te Aroha Track

Hawera & Normanby Star, 15 November 1918 DEATH OF GEORGE senior
... We regret having to record the first death from the epidemic, that of Mr G. Pruden, well known in this district and Ratikati, which occurred at 11 o'colock this morning. The deceased gentleman was taken with influenza last week, and on Sunday his condition was such as to necessitate his removal to the hospital, ehre he gradually grew worse, succumnbing this morning.
Te Puke Times, 18 November 1918
... The death took place at Tauranga last week of Mr George Pruden, father of the late Sergt-Major Pruden, of Te Puke, who lost his life on the Western front
Hawera & Normanby Star, 18 November 1918
... Word has been received in Eltham of the death at Te Puke of Mr Geo. Pruden, at the age of 76 years. Mr Pruden lived at Mangatoki for some years, afterwards removing to Rawhitiroa road, where he built the house on the farm now owned by Mr H. A. Woods. One of his sons, Lieut. A. Pruden, was killed at the front. Another son is married to a daughter of Mr C. J. Belcher, of Rawhitiroa

Bay Of Plenty Times, 29 March 1920 TE PUKE HAPPENINGS
Mrs Pruden's farm on the No 2 Road has been sold to Mr Grant of Mangere, at a satisfactory figure

Auckland Star, 11 July 1927 DAIRY PRODUCE EXPORTER
I read with pleasure your editorial on the 'Dairy Produce Exporter'. I am glad to see someone with more brains than I possess sees eye to eye with me. I consider the publication of such a paper as the 'Exporter' a waste of good money these hard times. The excellent papers of the larger towns of New Zealand are always ready to give ample airing to both sides of such an important question as the marketing and selling of our butter. I understood it was the policy of the Control Board to save money for the farmer. I am quite certain the bulk of the farming community would much prefer to do without such a publication as the 'Exporter' and get the cost of producing it added to their butterfat cheques. EVA PRUDEN, Tauranga

Auckland Star, 7 February 1933 TAURANGA NOTES
Miss Eileen Bennett, who has been visiting Tauranga as the guest of Mrs Pruden, Cameron Road, has returned to Hamilton

* Arthur Pruden was a Ratepayer in 1908-09 on Section 32, Shaw Rd, Tauranga
* Eva Pruden (nee Clayton, widow) was living in Cameron Rd., Tauranga in 1928
* descendants of this family are still living No 2 Rd., Te Puke
* Thomas Albert Pruden (Arthur's brother) was also an artist. When the new hotel at Te Puke opened in July 1908, the Bay of Plenty Times reported on the opening.
They wrote: "The painting, papering and general decoration effected by Mr. T A Pruden of Tauranga, has given an artistic finish to the structure which does him the greatest credit"

the PRUDEN home at Rawhitiroa
thank you to anafred for the use of this photo taken from her posting

anafred is a direct descendant and writes:
... "The photograph was taken approximately 10 years ago (2004). There was at that stage still pieces of the original glass around the outside of the house although no windows were intact. The homestead is now in a very dilapidated state. it is situated on Anderson Road, Rawhitiroa which is on the outskirts of Eltham"
... "there is actually a "hidden" staircase behind the front fireplace (what I presume would have been the scullery/parlor) which leads to the attic which I was informed had been set aside for the "maids" quarters. The hallway of the house is wide enough to drive a small car down. From one of the top windows you used to be able to see the words "my love" in the stonework of the garden area. Unfortunately the last time I went there the cattle had destroyed most of this and it was just rubble"

3 comment(s), latest 3 years, 8 months ago

unusual names at WESTPORT cemetery

some of the unusual names on the Wesport cemetery database 1867-1873

* database:
George ABER aged 20 (miner)
buried: 1 December 1868 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: drowned
* other:
BDM also has George Aber aged 20 (only Aber surname listed on BDM)
Grey River Argus, 5 December 1868 A miner named George Aber has been drowned at the Ohiki River, Buller District. The Westport Times says that his brother, Edward Aber, reached town on Tuesday evening, 1st instant. Both brothers had been working for some time up the Lyell river. The canoe in which the deceased was crossing is described as having been a most miserable apology for a boat, scarcely deserving the name of boat or canoe. The crossing-place, in anything like ordinary weather, is a very safe one, though the boat at no time was capable of holding two persons with any degree of safety. The only paddle in use also was a make-shift, a short-handled shovel, which was used by the boatman, Fred Moore. We understand the boatmen are subsidised by receiving a free license, which is certainly equal to whatever outlay it would be to have a good boat provided for such a crossing. Either there should be some other kind of subsidy or some penalty enforced on obtaining such subsidy; but these are matters too often only remedied by serious accidents of this kind.
NOTES I believe this was George Albert Aber, born in 1841 at Mint Street, Bermondsey, 9th of 12 children to William ABER (formerly A'Bear, see link) & Hannah BAKER, as on this extensive family tree site ABER. They also seem to think this was 'their' George, the only trouble being an incorrect age. Click all links to discover more

* database:
John CACICK aged 30
buried: 14 October 1868 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: drowned
* other: nothing on BDM or newspapers

* database:
Margaret A. COUBROUGH aged 7
buried: 25 February 1869 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: general debility
* other: nothing on BDM or newspapers

* database:
James ERWINE accountant aged 30
buried: 21 August 1867 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: consumption
* other: nothing on BDM or newspapers

* database:
William EVERTE aged 33
buried:28 November 1867 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: land slip
* other:
Colonist, 3 December 1867 Fatal Accident Near Westport A very melancholy accident occurred about one o'clock on the morning of November 26th, at the Caledonian Lead by which two men met with a most sudden death... at the inquest the verdict by the jury:- "That the said Thomas KILBURN and William EVERESTE were by misfortune killed by an accidental fall of earth, attributable solely to natural causes and not to any negligence or carelessness of themselves or others" The funeral of the two unfortunate men to place on Nov 28th. There was between 400 and 500 miners and others present, the mates of the deceased being next to the corpse

* database:
Michael HENIG aged 32
buried: 13 November 1869 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: natural
* other:
BDM has Michael HENIG aged 82 (only Henig recorded death on BDM)

* database:
James Batman HILBECK aged 27
buried: 16 Dec 1868 in mass grave at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: accident at Giles Terrace
* other:
JAMES BALMAN HILDECK was killed on December 16 at Giles Terrace, Buller district. The deceased was standing near the wash-boxes at the side of the creek, a stone weighing about three or four hundred-weight, and which took two men to lift, fell from a truck at the mouth of the tunnel, a distance of sixty feet, and struck the deceased on the side. Driver was attempting to hold the stone when it slipped on to the shoot. Driver and Griffiths (deceased's mates) called "Look out," and the deceased jumped a distance of eight feet, but the stone caught him on the right shoulder, broke his arm, almost severing it, and crushing him so severely about the chest that he died on the spot. The Coroner's jury added "great carelessness was attributable to Griffiths and Driver"

* database:
John HOFFREN aged 42
buried: 10 January 1871 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: abscess of brain
* other:
West Coast Times, 16 January 1871 John Hoffren, a native of Belgium, died on the 9th inst., at the District Hospital, Westport. He was admitted about three months ago, with symptoms of disease of the brain, which he attributed to injuries of the head, received some two or three years back, when he was the subject of a violent assault at Hokitika, An examination after death disclosed the existence of extensive disease of the base of the skull and of abscess of the brain. Deceased was well-known as a prospector both in this province and in other parts of New Zealand, and was much respected by all who knew hi,

* database:
Alfred JEPHCOTE aged 19 months (born in NZ)
buried: 31 August 1872 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: catarrh
* other:
BDM also has Alfred Jephcote aged 19 months

* database:
Anne KAPLER aged 31 (from Germany)
buried: 22 November 1871 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: cerebral disease
* other: nothing on BDM or newspapers

* database:
Ellen KOPINAM aged 6 days
buried: 4 April 1869 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: convulsions
* other: nothing on BDM or newspapers

* database:
John LEECE aged 33 (baker from Isle of Man)
buried: 5 February 1871 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: drowned near the old school
* other:
West Coast Times, 7 February 1871 John Leece, baker, was drowned at Westport this morning while bathing

* database:
Lucritia MARRIS aged 39 (wife of William)
buried: 7 December 1872 at Charleston cemetery
reason: known given
* other:
BDM has Lauretta Marris aged 89 which is incorrect
she was born Lauretta HORE 1833 in Devon, England & married William Marris in Melbourne in 1853
their children were:
* 1854 - Annie Lauretta Marris (born Melbourne)
* 1855 - James Barmby Marris
* 1856 - John Marris
* 1858 - William Percival Marris
* 1859 - Thomas Marris
* 1860 - Albert Edward Marris
* 1862 - Emma Jane Marris
* 1864 - Elizabeth Marris (born Dunedin, Otago)
* 1866 - Samuel Arthur Marris
* 1868 - Amelia Marris (born Charleston, West Coast)
* 1870 - Lauretta Marris
NOTE Grey River Argus, 18 May 1904 Another old and esteemed resident of the district has passed away (says the Westport Times). Mr William Marris, senior, of the firm of W. and J. Marris, timber merchants, died at 7 o'clock this morning, at his residence, Waimangaroa. The deceased was in his seventy-sixth year and death resulted from general break-up of the system. Mr Marris was a native of Nottingham, England. Deceased was a man of most kindly nature, beloved by all who knew him. He was always a conscientious church worker and was a Past master of the Phoenix Masonic Lodge, Westport. He leaves four daughters and three sons - all grown up. His wife predeceased him at Charleston in 1872.

* database:
Mary McGOOLVEN aged 43 (from Ireland)
buried:30 May 1869 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: apoplexy
* other: nothing on BDM or newspapers

* database:
Ellen NOICE aged 27
buried: 13 July 1868 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: luamp fever ??
* other:
BDM has Ellen NOICE aged 27 (only 3 other recorded deaths of this name)

* database:
Charles OSTERLAND aged 51 (miner from Germany)
buried: 5 June 1872 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: drowned
* other:
BDM has Charles Osterland aged 51
Daily Southern Cross, 8 June 1872 A well-known miner, named Charles osterland, or German Charlie, is missing from Deaman's Creek, Westport. It is feared that he has been drowned

* database:
Joseph PUFFLETT aged 27 (born Essex, England)
buried: 19 August 1870 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: killed by fall of earth, iron fence
* other:
BDM has Joseph PUFFLETT aged 27 (only 1 other recorded death of this spelling)
Colonist, 9 September 1870 On August 29, at the Caledonia Terrace, Joseph Pufflett was killed through the fall of a large mass of earth in his claim. Deceased's brother, Robert Pufflett, was buried up to the throat, and was very much crushed and bruised
The Westport Times informs us that a melancholy and fatal accident occurred near Caledonia Terrace on the 29th ult., resulting in the death of a miner named Joseph Pufflett, and the serious injury of his brother Robert Pufflett. From what we can gather, there were three men in the claim, which is situate on a spur leading to Donovan's Creek, and within a short distance of Caledonia Terrace. The party were working by ground-sluicing, the two brothers being engaged at the face, while a third attended to the boxes some distance away. The deceased, when the accident occurred, had charge of the hose, and the elder with a shovel was easing down the face, when a large mass of earth gave way unexpectedly, completely burying the deceased, and covering the survivor to the throat. The third mate, owing to the position of the boxes, was not in view of the accident, which fortunately witnessed by Peter Gray and another man, who immediately made for the scene, and who succeeded, after half an hour's labor, in extricating the surviving brother. Joseph Pufflett, when discovered, was found to be dead, and, but for the timely assistance, Robert must have met with a similar fate, on man, while the work of extrication proceeded, being fully engaged keeping him free from the debris that continued to fall. The survivor is very much crushed and bruised, and it was deemed expedient by Dr Thorpe, who was quickly in attendance, not to remove him

* database:
William David RUSZ aged 26
buried: 8 April 1873 at Charleston cemetery
reason: accidentally drowned, Incumbent of St Marks Church, Charleston
* other:
BDM has nothing recorded on any event for this name
Colonist, 11 April 1873 Another name has just been added to the terrible list of persons who have lost their lives by drowning in that of the Rev W. D. Rusz, who lost his life while bathing in the surf at Charleston, in company with Mr Montague Browne, editor of the Charleston Herald. This gentleman was educated at King's College, London and was associated with the Bishop of Nelson in the very active labors in the east of London, which preceded their arrival here. We can well believe that the sudden loss of one whom he had so carefully trained, and then intimately connected with, almost from childhood, will be a sad blow to his Lordship now absent in England, and now the less so that this is the second of his protegees who has been drowned within the space of a few months, the Rev Mr Guskin having met his death in crossing the Aorere river (the funeral was attended by 400 persons)

* database:
Henry TIBBY aged 47 (from England - Publican)
buried: 20 December 1867 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: liver complaint
* other:
Colonist, 3 January 1868 TIBBY - December 20, at the Westport Hotel, Westport, Nelson Province, Mr Henry Tibby
NOTE Grey River Argus, 25 October 1866
DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP - The Partnership hitherto existing between John Dick and Henry Tibby, Bakers and Publicans, Twelve-Mile and North Beach, has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. The business in future will be carried on by John Dick, to whom all debts must be paid

* database:
John WITTLESEA aged 59
buried: 20 March 1868 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: jaundice
* other:
BDM has John WHITTLESEA aged 59 (only person in NZ recorded with that name)

* database:
Anne WORMALL aged 30 (from Ireland)
buried: 4 January 1869 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: accidentally burnt
* other:
BDM has Annie Wormall aged 30
Colonist, 8 January 1869 a Mrs WARMOLL, who burnt herself severely at Giles Terrace a few weeks ago, has died in the Westport Hospital from the injuries she received

* database:
Romana ZALA aged 51 (miner from Italy)
buried: 18 August 1872 at Orowaiti cemetery
reason: drowned, Lyell
* other:
BDM has Romana ZALA aged 17
Grey River Argus, 26 August 1872 On Sunday evening last, a melancholy accident took place below the Lyell Junction, resulting in the death by drowning of Roseno Zala and James Edmondson (database has Edminson), both residents of Lyell. Zala was a cousin of the prospector of the same name who opened the now famous reef in that district. The accident occurred by the canoe being swamped on the rip of a fall and it adds greatly to the distressing character of the affliction that one at least, if not both lives would have been saved had a boar been available. On the intelligence reaching Antonio Zala at the reef on Sunday evening, all the workmen in the Alpine Company volunteered to search for the bodies, but up to Tuesday morning their efforts had been unsuccessful. The deceased Zala leaves a wife and children in Europe. Edmondson is well known on the Coast, having been in the employ of Mr McBeath, draper, Hokitia and Messrs Thomas and McBeach, Charleston. His friends are resident in Lancashire
NOTES a week earlier ... 'Highly favorable news has come to hand from the Lyell district. Affairs in the Little Wonder and Excelsior claims are progressing most satisfactorily. A report is current that in Zala's claim, twenty pounds weight of nearly pure gold has been obtained (a value in NZ$ as I write this of $449,218)
* Charles Zala (1848-1900) is also buried at Orowaiti. Database has him from Switzerland
Press, 26 February 1900 Charles Zala, who sustained a compound fracture of his skull while working on his claim at German Gully on Wednesday, died on Friday night. He never regained consciousness. At the inquest, a verdict of 'Accidental Death' was returned


TWOMEY marriages New Zealand - Grooms

3 comment(s), latest 3 years, 9 months ago

Benjamin EDE + Bessie KING - Ashburton

Benjamin EDE (1866-1927)
born in Ashburton to Benjamin EDE & Amy BREWER, married in 1890 to:
Bessie KING (1873-1960)
born in Devon, England to Richard KING & Elizabeth LIDDLE

BENJAMIN & BESSIE had 14 children:
(born in Ashburton, South Canterbury)
... 1
1892 - 1967 Amy Elizabeth Ede

Amy married Henry George CAMERON in 1910

... 2
1893 - 1956 Ernest Edward Ede

Ernest married Elizabeth HAAR (1891-1969) in 1912
daughter of Johann Diedrich HAAR & Mary McCLELLAND

... 3
1895 - 1897 Laura Helena Ede

LAURA died 17 March 1897 aged 18 months in Ashburton

... 4
1896 - 1937 Joseph Henry Ede

Joseph married Eileen Dorothy SHUKER (1897-1991) in 1920

... 5
1898 - 1983 Ruby Jane Ede

Ruby married Cecil Thomas HUNT (1902-1966) in 1928

... 6
1899 - 1952 Harold James Ede

Harold married Elizabeth LUSK (1896-1974) in 1924
daughter of John LUSK & Annie RANNINGTON

... 7
1901 - ? Maud Irene Ede

Maud married John McCONNOCHIE in 1927

... 8
1902 - 1991 Florence Mabel Ede

Florence married Richard Newton HUGHES (1903-1984) in 1923
son of George Henry Jackson HUGHES & Ada Jane WILLS

... 9
1904 - 1974 William Robert Ede

William married Effie Florence WOOD (1905-1999) in 1924
daughter of Stephen Henry WOOD & Margaret 'Maggie' CREAMER

... 10
1905 - 1974 Gerald Ede

Gerald married Muriel May PHELPS (1905-1969) in 1931
daughter of John PHELPS & Florence Evelyn May WAY

... 11
1906 - 1995 Benjamin Raymond Ede

spouse not found

... 12
1908 - 1994 Arthur Edgar Ede
married Margaret Wallace PURDIE (1912-1978) in 1932
ARTHUR died 24 April 1994, his 86th birthday

... 13
1908 - 1994 Percival 'Percy' Stephen Ede
Percy married Mabel Emily Mary REDDECLIFFE (1908-1974) in 1930
PERCY died 7 May 1994 aged 86, 13 days after his twin Arthur

... 14
1911 - 1989 Gladys Bessie Ede

Gladys married James Felix BURROWS (1911-2002) in 1931
son of James BURROWS & Bernice GOOD

Benjamin EDE died 11 June 1927 aged 61
Bessie EDE died 10 Aug 1960 aged 87
- they are buried together Plot 19, Area 20 at Ashburton cemetery

HEADSTONE of Gerald & Muriel May Ede

Plot 561, Old Lawn Area Ashburton cemetery

Benjamin Ede looks back - Ashburton 1864-1921

Benjamin Ede (1833-1925) married Amy Brewer (1831-1912) 24 April 1853 in Reigate, Surrey. (journal in progress for Ben & Amy and their 11 children -

...(taken from Papers Past)
Ashburton Guardian, 25 May 1921 - LIFE'S LONG SPAN

...To few people is it given to be able to look back over a life extending to 88 years and still be able to remember clearly and discourse interestingly of the varied experiences that go to make up that lengthy span.
This is found, however, in the case of Mr Ben Ede, of Wellington Street, Hampstead, who chatted to a "Guardian" reporter yesterday. Cheery and contented, the old man was a mine of reminiscences, and he related a great deal of the history of Ashburton from its early days. He saw Ashburton first in 1862, and has lived here since 1864, a stretch of 57 years.
"Out of my lifetime of 88 years I have been working for 80 years," said Mr Ede with pardonable pride, "and I can say I have done plenty for the country but not much for myself. As for New Zealand, I have helped to people it. I am the father of 11 children, and have 92 grandchildren and over 100 great-grandchildren."

...Born in Surrey in 1833, Mr Ede commenced life's long labours at the early age of eight years. His first job was keeping birds off the crops, at the munificent wage of fourpence a day and "find" himself. It was not long before the 'young shaver' was promoted to a job driving horses. The horses were then harnessed in front of each other, so that the three in a team could walk in the furrow with a boy to drive them.
...Mr Ede spoke with scorn of the rising generation whom it was proposed to keep at school till they were 16 beacuse they could not stand work. "Look at me, at 88 years. I have been working for 80 years, and am none the worse for it," he exclaimed. "Children were not pampered with fine food in my young days, either. I never saw a leg of mutton in my father's house. Threepennyworth of 'pieces' was all we saw of meat, and that only twice a week. I believe a lot of the ills among the rising generation are due to 'fine' feeding. We were more contented and happy in those days than the great majority today."
...The early Victorian days are well remembered by Mr Ede. He touched interestingly on Queen Victoria's marriage and the celebrations at that time, which included a 'treat' in the park near his home town. There were few railways in those days, and Mr Ede recounts the story of how Queen Victoria made a triumphal progress from London to Brighton in her carriage. Very shortly afterwards the railway was opened between these two places

...When as a young man Mr Ede left the Homeland, Australia was his goal. He came out on the Arabian, with his wife and two infant boys, to Geelong, where he settled for some time. While in Australia his family was increased by the addition of three girls. From Australia the family set sail to Dunedin on a ship packed with men eager to get to the gold diggings at Gabriel's Gully. Of the 300 men on the ship not one was over 30 years old, said Mr Ede. Included in the cargo were 30 stowaways, the two first Cobb's coaches, and the first inspector of police in Otago. Mr Robert Alcorn, once a well-known resident of Ashburton, was among the passengers. "Food was scarce on the boat," said Mr Ede, "although I was not consuming much of it, and when the steward appeared with the meals there was a rush for the viands. I remember the steward appearing once at the head of the companion way and, evidently in disgust at the rush of people who surrounded him, tipped the contents of the dish on the deck and let the passengers scramble for it like dogs. I think it was the exceptional number of stowaways which caused the shortage of provisions."
...It was in 1862 that Mr Ede first came to Canterbury, and was engaged by Mr Acland to go to Mount Peel and engage in making bricks for the homestead there. Mr Acland lent Mr Ede a Sydney tip-dray (the size used for carting a yard of shingle) and a single horse to transport his wife and five children with all their belongings to Mount Peel. The dray's load was increased by the addition of another man, his wife, and two children. "You can guess how much of the world's goods were in our possession when so small a dray accommodated so large a party," said Mr Ede.

...It was on this journey that Mr Ede had his first glimpse of Ashburton, destined to be his home for so many years. There was not much to see in those days - tussock and 'wild Irishman' everywhere, with a good deal of flax where the railway line now runs. The bed of the river, according to Mr Ede, is four or five feet higher to-day than in those days, owing to the constant accumulation of shingle from the hills.
...Turton's accommodation house stood near the river, but the ford was two or three miles up, just above the intake of the present Wakanui Creek. It was called the Timaru crossing, and the regular bullock track to it over the plains left out Ashburton, breaking off from Dromore. There was an accommodation house at Dromore later, and no doubt its position as a break on the main road caused the cutting up into town sections of an acre at Dromore. Many people never considered the site of Ashburton as the coming centre, and Mr Ede, like Mr Andrew McFarlane, was among the number, and neglected the opportunity to buy cheaply the town sections made available by Mr Park's survey at a later date.
...Before finally settling in Ashburton in 1864 Mr Ede spent some time at Mount Peel, and later on Longbeach. Here he was again engaged in brick-making for Mr John Grigg. The first load moved was a crop of rye which Mr Grigg took off the southern terrace of the Ashburton River near the spot now named Wheatstone. Even after the railway came through, Mr Ede carted grain to Christchurch for Mr Grigg at the same price as the railway freight. It was not that freights were so high, but that labour was cheap. Mr Ede got 1s a mile each way for this work, loading on both outward and return journeys

...The great flood of 1868 was the interesting subject raised by Mr Ben Ede in speaking of his recollections of Ashburton during the past three score years. He was living just below Digby's Bridge at the time, and he gives a graphic account of the heavy two days' rain that preceded the deluge. This had the effect of melting the record snow that preceded the downpour, and the two sources combined to let three separate torrents loose upon Ashburton.
Mr Ede tells how his wife and himself watched the rapid rise in the waters of the Ashburton River. Higher and higher rose the flood, bearing on it turgid waters "any quantity of sheep" from the up-country stations. Presently Mr and Mrs Ede saw a bed floating past, which Mrs Ede recognised as belonging to Mrs Williamson, living higher up the river. It transpired later that the Williamson's sod house was completely washed away by the flood, and Mrs Williamson almost accompanied it. With great presence of mind she tied herself to a post in the sheepyards until rescued and taken to higher ground.

...The serious nature of the rise of the river was borne home on Mr Ede, and he mounted his horse to go into Ashburton to discover what was happening at Turton's accommodation house. When he came to the Mill Creek he found that the river had here burst its banks, and was rolling along an old course towards the town. It may be stated here that this branch of the flood waters found its way through the Domain ponds and across the present site of the post office, landing up at the rear of the High School grounds before pushing through the Netherby of to-day to join the old Wakanui Creek. Still another torrent broke through at Winchmore and flowed down the plains, passing Ashburton beyond the present cemetery.
...When Mr Ede reached Ashburton he found Turton's house was fairly safe. Certainly a little water was getting in, but it was perched on a little knob near the present bridge which may be seen to this day. The stables were on lower ground, and the horses were standing in water trace-high. The main flood reached to the present site of Robertson's mill, and extended over hundreds of acres at Tinwald. There was not a thing to be seen above the roaring flood, and yet there was flax and other growth 9ft high thereabouts.
..."It would be a bad job if we had another flood like that to-day," Mr Ede pertinently remarked. "The riverbed itself is three or four feet shallower than in those days owing to its own action in bringing down shingle; also, its course is choked with willows, gorse, and other growth, and about Ashburton its bed has been narrowed and its course obstructed by the rubbish dumps of 50 years."

...An amusing incident in connection with the flood was related by Mr Ede. The waters swept the homestead of a Mr C. Reid on the river terrace at Westerfield, and, of course, did great damage. Among other flotsam which the deluge bore away on its bosom was a small haystack, which was later found miraculously intact where it had grounded a mile away. A hen had been sitting on this new style of Noah's Ark, and it was the only fowl remaining to Mr Reid after the flood. The story ends triumphantly by the hen hatching out a full brood of chickens from the eggs, which, like her, had defied the fury of the elements. Talk about the luck of the wet hen!
...Stories such as the foregoing naturally led to an enquiry as to what other 'amusements' the pioneers had. Mr Ede could not think of any off-hand, but brightened up when horse-racing was suggested. Yes, there was some very comical horse-racing in those days, and he could remember a kind of super-steeplechase which lasted about an hour. There was one 'old grey nag' which on one occasion "jibbed and would not start for a long time," but when at length he was got going he went so fast that he was still in time to win the race.
...Pig-hunting was another sport which Mr Ede recalled with great pleasure. There were "any amount" of wild pigs between Ashburton and Digby's Bridge in those days and great were the hunts to bring these fellows down. Even the golden glamour that falls upon events long past could not induce Mr Ede to speak appreciatively of the eating qualities of wild pig, especially the old ones; "and we were well used to hard tack in those day," he added.

...The weather in Canterbury has sobered down since former days, in the opinion of Mr Ede. This was especially the case with the prevailing winds, both nor'-west and sou'-west. The latter used to blow with great violence and piercingly cold for three days at a time, rain being continuous. As for the nor'-westers, it was hard to believe to-day the ravages which they wrought 30 and 40 years ago. They would literally lift the whole surface soil off land prepared for sowing and deposit it lower down. Gorse hedges three feet in height were obliterated from the landscape in these big blows, and one could ride for miles without knowing that any such obstruction existed. Mr Ede recalled that on one occasion he and his son were ploughing land for cropping near Methven, and Mr Andrew McFarlane, riding across from Alford Forest, stopped to speak to them. He asked what had become of the hedges; but, of course, he knew they had acted as dams to collect the flying soil and were themselves 'snowed under' in the process. Mr Ede believed that tree-planting had been mainly responsible for the lessened violence of nor'-westers in recent years.

...The majesty of the law was little regarded in the early days of Ashburton's history, as Mr B. Ede's account of judicial procedure will show. In fact, the justice had more of that rough and ready style which nowadays is associated with the court-rooms of the Western States of America. Mr Ede says for the matter of that the charges were seldom any more serious than the procedure, drunkenness being the staple on which the magistrates had to adjudicate.
...The first policeman in Ashburton was Constable Horniman, and his equipment was so scanty that he had not even a lock-up, says Mr Ede. A small lean-to was the make-shift for this inseparable adjunct of the law, and the intrepid Horniman was not long before he secured a lodger. Drunkenness was the cause of the arrest and the prisoner was an old man from the bush who had previously followed the more exciting pastime of a whalers in the Southern Seas. The magistrate in those days was Mr Moorhouse, of Greenstreet and Shepherd's Bush, and he was duly sent for to try the old man.

..."Now, Mr Moorhouse was a thorough sport," said Mr Ede, kindled to enthusiasm by the memory, "and when he arrived at the 'gaol' the prisoner was lying on the broad of his back, snoring. Horniman went to awaken him, but Mr Moorhouse protested against this treatment of the offender. 'Let him lie,' he said, 'But what will I do with him?' asked the perplexed Horniman, baulked of the glories of giving evidence at the trial. From Mr Moorhouse came the generous reply: 'Let the old fellow alone till he wakes, then give him a pint of beer and send him home.'" Evidently the quality of mercy was not strained in those days, even if justice was not held too rigidly.
...Later on the lock-up attained a new dignity, continued Mr Ede, offenders against the law being accommodated in some stables. The stables were anything but gaol-bird proof, and the policeman was obliged to chain up his charges. On one occasion when the narrator was in the tap-room at Turton's accommodation house, a drunk managed to break his chains to come over to the house for a mug of beer. Having received this solace, the disciple of Bacchus returned of his own accord to 'durance vile' to await his sentence in the morning. With regard to Mr Andrew McFarlane's escapade in appearing as proxy for an escaped drunk, Mr Ede remembered the occasion and chuckled over it with great good humour.

...Turning from the comic opera of justice, Mr Ede related some of the stern realities of life when he first settled at Ashburton in 1864. For the first three months his diet made up of wild pig which, as Mr Ede stated previously, was not an attractive diet at the best of times. His first house he built of sods with his own hands just below the present site of Digby's Bridge. He stated that the excavation made to obtain the sods may still be found near the Timaru crossing of the Ashburton River.
...This modest little roof-tree, the first home of this pioneer in his adopted country, consisted of two rooms, no chimney, no windows and no doors, except such as were covered with sacking. To this house he brought his wife and seven children, and was troubled no more by the "housing problem." To the kind-hearted as expression of pity for this humble home circle naturally springs to the lips, but Mr Ede banishes any such sentiment by his sturdy declaration that he and his were quite as happy in their two rooms of sod as any of the young people in bungalows to-day with chimneys, doors, windows and electric light, all complete.
...Having settled his family in this "Englishman's Castle," Mr Ede went off to Orari to work for Mr Tripp. The Rangitata Crossing was then about two miles above the present railway bridge and people were punted across. The bullock teams, often with their wagons hitched on behind, were let go to swim across as best they might. Mr Ede remembers the spectacle of their swim across as an exciting event and often very amusing, especially when the leaders struck ground and stupidly halted while the tail of the team were still in the swirl of the current.
...While Mr Ede was away at Orari, his wife had the charge of a household of seven little ones at the two-roomed sod house near Digby's. In addition to these cares she walked the three miles to Turton's to do a day's washing, carrying a three-months' old baby with her. (The infant is still alive and working in Ashburton.) This she did several days in the week. Like Mr McFarlane, Mr Ede asked what the women of now-a-days would do in like circumstances.

...Of the founding of Hampstead, Mr Ede could say very little, except that the Chalmers' family was settled there very early. The first two farmers at Ashburton were Mr Hunt and himself. Mr Ede's first crops were oats and potatoes, and later, wheat. His first crop of wheat he carted all the way to Geraldine to have it ground. Geraldine then was called Rakapuki from the name of the bush in the neighbourhood.
...Settlement was slower on the plains than up towards the hills, although the latter was then, as now, only the lightest grazing country, said Mr Ede. The reason why all the big families seemed to gravitate at that time towards the hills was that the timber was there to provide buildings. Ashburton did not really begin to grow until the railway came through and "from then on, as you know, its extension has been steady and its days prosperous," concluded Mr Ede

from NZETC written 1903, with early photos: ASHBURTON was first surveyed and partly pegged out in 1863, by Mr. Robert Park
... The first settlers of the Ashburton district went there in the early fifties as squatters and flockowners. Mr. Thomas Moorhouse took up a large run near the present town, and Mr. Moore, of Glenmark, settled similarly at Wakanui. Other settlers arrived gradually, and it was those sturdy, persevering pioneers who began the efforts, which, having been worthily continued by their successors, have transformed the wilderness into a veritable agricultural paradise.
* Mr. William Turton acted as fordsman on the river
* Mr. Louis Berliner established the first store
* John Grigg took up the (later famous) Longbeach run in 1865
* Mr Fooks constructed a water-race 6 miles long on Mr Reid's farm in 1869
* Mr Mainwaring was appointed clerk to the Council in 1877
* Mr Thomas Bullock was the first mayor
Others later were: Hugo Friedlander, Donald Williamson, Rudolph Friedlander, Thomas Sealy, Joseph Sealy, Alfred Harrison. David Thomas, John Orr, Charles Reid and William Henry Collins
* the first Ashburton Borough Council met in 1878. The first councillors were:
Donald Williamson, Weymouth Roberts, Robert Shearman, James Campbell, Andrew Orr, George Parkin, Edward Saunders, Rudolph Friedlander and Joseph Ivess

* The first building in Ashburton was an accommodation house built on a ferry reserve on the northern bank of the Ashburton River in 1858 by William Turton. William Turton also ran a ferry service and was the Postmaster

* Benjamin Ede was the first farmer in the county of Ashburton

* Benjamin Ede had 16 grandsons serving in WWI

The following text (and photo) was taken from the very interesting story on early Ashburton which was originally written in the Ashburton Guardian 30 August 1918 from the reminiscences of Alexander Hewson and mentions many of the names and facts as has Benjamin Ede's reminiscences above
See the link for the full story and more photos at:
Back Country Musterers - behind Geraldine
* ... There were no sheep on Orari Gorge Station when the Smiths went there, but 2000 sheep were brought from Mount Peel shortly afterwards. There being no woolshed on the place, the shearing was done on a tarpaulin the first season. The terms Smith had Orari Gorge from Mr Tripp was a fixed price per year, with a percentage on the increase of sheep and the wool per sheep. The first house built at Orari Gorge was built of totara slabs, cobbed with clay, and roofed with snowgrass tussock. The first part of the present woolshed (the first woolshed) was built in 1860. The first shearers in the shed were Tom Burgess, Harry Sorby, Jim Kimber, Charley Weddell, James Pithie, and Charlie Rippingale. The first five miles of fencing done on Orari Gorge were posts and four rails; there were no wires or standards to be had in those days. The winter of 1862 was the hardest ever experienced at Orari Gorge Station, the snow around the woolshed being four feet deep. No sheep were seen for six weeks, all, being under snow, but the losses were light on account of the sheep being able to get snowgrass tussocks to eat beneath the snow. The losses on the plains were four or five times heavier than on the hills. The summer of 1864 was the driest ever experienced in the district, no rain falling for nine months. The Orari River was dry as far up as tie Black Birch Creek. Ben Ede went to Orari Gorge in 1863, and burned a kiln of bricks to build a large station house, but the bricks were used to build a shearer's hut and sheep-dip. The big house was built of wood taken from the bush, most of the timber being hand-sawn...
* ... Among the instances of animals returning to where they were bred, I recall that when Ben Ede (now living in Hampstead) left Mount Peel, after making and burning the bricks for the present Mount Peel House in 1865, he and Mrs Ede and family were coming from Mount Peel to near Digby's Bridge, the first place Ben Ede settled in Ashburton. They came by bullock dray. When they were having their lunch ? they had brought a cat from Mount Peel over the Rangitata, they let the cat out of the box while they had lunch. When they looked for pussy she had disappeared. The cat returned to Mount Peel three weeks later. How it crossed the Rangitata no one knows, but we surmised it swam, as there were no bridges over the river then. I know a horse that was ridden from Rangiora to Mount Peel ? a two days' journey, fording all the rivers. It was turned out at Mount Peel with the other horses. In the morning the horse was gone, and 48 hours after the horse was in Rangiora...

* WILLOWBY, is a farming locality 11km south west of Ashburton.
Early settler, Ben Ede, obtained willow cuttings from the banks of the River Avon in Christchurch and planted them by the stream that passed close to his homestead. From these tress the district got its name

where Ben worked for a time for Mr Tripp

This is a similar hut as the first home of Ben & Amy where they lived and raised 7 of their 11 children. Theirs had no windows or doors and was made of sod.

Photograph taken in 1943 by John Dobree Pascoe
Sheep musterers and dogs standing in front of a hut on Orari Gorge Station, Canterbury. The musterers are, from left:
The hut had been the home of a boundary rider and was known as the Devonshire Arms. It was originally built of cob with a stone chimney and a thatched roof.

William BEAUMONT + Frances Polynesia JAGGER

William BEAUMONT (1844-1920)
was born in Portadown, Armagh, Ireland 9 March 1844
he died in Auckland 19 January 1920 aged 75
Auckland Star, 19 January 1920 An old and highly-esteemed resident of Auckland, Mr William Beaumont, died at his residence, Argyle Street, Ponsonby, after a very brief illness early this morning, aged 74 years. Mr Beaumont was for very many years an active member of the Methodist Church, and in his earlier days did good work as a local preacher. He was associated with the late Mr W. H. Smith in founding the Helping hand Mission in Freeman's Bay, which subsequently was taken over by the Methodist Church. Mr Beaumont was a native of the North of Ireland, and came to Auckland in the early sixties. After being employed in various business capacities, he was engaged by Messrs Reed and Brett in 1871, on the staff of the 'Auckland Star," and continued in the capacity of business manager until failing health resulted in his retirement on superannuation at the end of 1913. Mr Beaumont was present at the Jubilee gathering of the staff of the "Auckland Star" last Thursday week, and on their behalf presented the congratulatory address to the proprietors. Mr Beaumont then appeared to be in good health and spirits. Last week, however, he over-exerted himself in the garden, and suffered a collapse from which he never recovered, gradually sinking, until death tool place peacefully this morning. Mr Beaumont married Miss Jagger, and is survived by his widow and an adult family. A thoroughly upright man, and a faithful friend, Mr Beaumont was very popular, both in business circles as manager of the "Auckland Star," and also with his fellow-members of the Staff

Frances Polynesia JAGGER (1844-1925)
was born in Rewa, Fiji
she died in Auckland 21 February 1925 aged 80
Auckland Star, 23 February 1925 An old resident of Ponsonby, Mrs Frances Polynesia Beaumont, died at her residence, Argyle Street, Herne Bay, on Saturday, in the 81st year of her age. The interment took place at Waikaraka Cemetery this afternoon. She was the widow of the late Mr William Beaumont, who was for many years commercial manager of the Auckland 'Star'. He was connected with the 'Star' form early days, and only retired when advancing years rendered rest imperative. An adult family survive their parents.

William & Frances married in New Zealand 17 May 1867
they had 11 children:

... 1
1868 - 1949 Richard Wentworth Beaumont
Richard was a Gardener
spouse not found
RICHARD WENTWORTH Beaumont died 1 September 1949 in Auckland aged 81
- his ashes were scattered from Waikumete

... 2
1870 - 1875 Evelyn Frances Beaumont
born in Auckland 12 April 1870
EVELYN FRANCES Beaumont died 10 March 1875 aged 4.11
Daily Southern Cross, 12 March 1875 BEAUMONT - On March 10, at her father's residence, Collingwood-street, Evelyn Frances, eldest daughter of Wm. Beaumont; aged 4 years and 11 months. The funeral will take place this (Friday) afternoon at 3 o'clock. Friends are invited.

... 3
1872 - 1930 Edith Mary Beaumont
born in Auckland 18 April 1872
Edith didn't marry
EDITH MARY Beaumont died 28 December 1930 aged 58

... 4
1874 - 1942 Leona May Beaumont
born in Collingwood street, Freemans Bay, Auckland 5 May 1874
Leona married Albert Victor FURNESS (1882-1932) in 1907
ALBERT died 14 July 1932 in Auckland aged 50
Auckland Star, 18 July 1932 The funeral of Mr Albert V. Furness at Waikumete on Saturday afternoon was very largely attended by commercial men of the city. The family has had many letters and telegrams expressing sympathy from all parts of the province. Mr Furness was in France for about two and a half years, and was wounded at the battle of Ypres. On his return he resumed his position with Messrs A. J. Entrican, Ltd., and had been a director of the firm for several years past. His wife was Miss Leona Beaumont, daughter of the late Mr William Beaumont, the former business manager of the 'Auckland Star'
LEONA MAY Furness died 22 October 1942 aged 68
- they are buried WESLEY DIVISION C Row 2, Plot 18 at Waikumete

... 5
1876 - William Melville Beaumont
born in Auckland
William Melville Beaumont possibly died in Orange, NSW

... 6
1878 - 1943 Alfred Leslie Beaumont
Alfred was a Draper
spouse not found
In July 1910 Alfred was a visitor to the NZ pavilion at Shepherd's Bush, London
Alfred served in WWI as Private 26771 with the NZEF, 17th Reinforcements Auckland Infantry Battalion, A Company. He embarked from Wellington 25 Sep 1916 (with brother Harold) listing his next of kin as his sister Evelyn of 18 Argyle Street, Ponsonby, Auckland
Auckland Star, 9 September 1931 Knocked down by a motor car near Wallace Street, Herne Bay, yesterday afternoon, Mr A. L. Beaumont, aged 54 of 18 Argyle Street, Herne Bay, had his arm broken. he was taken to Auckland Hospital
New Zealand Herald, 20 March 1939 Mr Alfred Leslie Beaumont, aged 61, of 28 Argyle Street, Herne Bay, suffered an injury to the shoulder when he slipped and fell at a picnic at Pine Island yesterday
ALFRED LESLIE Beaumont died 1 September 1943 in Auckland aged 65
he is buried SOLDIERS BURIAL A Row 4a, Plot 16 at Waikumete

... 7
1880 - 1944 Ethel Madge Beaumont
born in Auckland 27 April 1880, Madge was her the name of her paternal grandmother
Ethel married Joshua Cobden KEESING (1865-1945) in 1900
Ethel next married Thomas? LUXTON
ETHEL MADGE Luxton died 19 August 1944 aged 64
- they were cremated at Waikumete

... 8
1882 - 1965 Evelyn Florence Beaumont
born in Auckland 29 April 1882
spouse not found
EVELYN FLORENCE Beaumont died 8 December 1966 aged 84

... 9
1884 - 1972 Muriel Constance Beaumont
born in Auckland 30 June 1884
Muriel married Edward Lester METHERELL Christmas Eve 1914
Auckland Star, 16 January 1915 METHERELL-BEAUMONT - On December 24 1914, at the residence of the brides parents, Edward Lester, son of the late William Edward Metherell of South Norwood, England and Auckland, to Muriel Constance, daughter of William Beaumont, of Argyle Street, Ponsonby
MURIEL CONSTANCE Metherell died 2 May 1972 aged 87 (a widow)
- she was cremated at Waikumete

... 10
1887 - 1976 Clara Lillian Beaumont
born in Auckland 22 December 1887
Clara married Keith Anthony Wallace MacKENZIE (1892-Oct 1976) in 1919
Auckland Star, 13 August 1919 MACKENZIE-BEAUMONT - On July 21, at St Peter's Church, by the Rev Haselden, Keith Anthony Wallace, son of Dr. F. Wallace Mackenzie of Wellington, to Clara Lillian, daughter of William Beaumont of Auckland
CLARA LILLIAN MacKenzie died 25 June 1976 aged 88

... 11
1890 - 1943 Harold Leonard 'Sam' Beaumont
Harold was a Clerk, he didn't marry
he served in WWI as Private 26770 with the NZEF, 17th Reinforcements Auckland Infantry Battalion, A Company. He embarked from Wellington 25 Sep 1916 (with brother Alfred) listing his next of kin as his sister Edith of 18 Argyle Street, Ponsonby, Auckland
HAROLD LEONARD 'Sam' Beaumont died 6 August 1943 in Auckland aged 53
Auckland Star, 7 August 1943 BEAUMONT - On August 6, at his residence, 28 Argyle Street, Herne bay, Harold Leonard (Sam), son of the late William and Frances beaumont. Funeral leaves the above address 11 a.m., Monday for Waikumete
he is buried SOLDIERS BURIAL G Row 3, Plot 2A at Waikumete

Mr Arthur R. BRETT reminiscences: earliest days of the 'Auckland Star' when the press was a primitive little machine of the flat-bed type, operated by hand ...