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A mining family of Hopton Wafers, Shropshire,
Knighton Upon Teme, Worcestershire,
and Rushall, Walsall & Tipton, Staffordshire, England
The Pedigree of
Ruby Gwendoline Mary Garbett Taylor of Wellington, New Zealand
compiled by Roy Holderness, her son
Hopton Wafers is a small village and civil parish in south Shropshire, England. It is located on the A4117 road to the west of the market town of Cleobury Mortimer. Its unusual-sounding name is derived from Old English ‘hop’ (a side valley running off a larger valley, originally from a Celtic word) and ‘tun’ (farm or settlement), along with the name of Robert de Wafre, an early holder of the manor. The church of St. Mary in the parish Stottesdon and Farlow was the centre for baptisms and marriages. Knighton-on-Teme, Worcestershire is a parish of some 450 people set pleasantly on the south-facing side of the Teme Valley, in the far west of Worcestershire, about ten miles southeast of Ludlow..It.is.bounded.almost.entirely.by.streams.and.rivers. The church of St. Michael and All Angels
was recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086. Before the arrival of trains the Knighton - Stourport canal was used, though it never reached Stourport. Coal was carried along it from the mines at Mamble to Tenbury. The enterprising can make the impressive walk across the substantial remains of the aqueduct over the river Rea, said to have contained three million bricks. Some of the canal's course is accessible by public footpaths from which the remains of locks and a wharf may be seen. In financial trouble, the canal was eventually bought by the.Great.Western.Railway.Company.which.built.over.part.of.its.course. Rushall is a residential area of Walsall in the West Midlands of England. (Walsall is a large industrial town, located 8 miles north-east of the city of Birmingham and 6 miles east of the city of Wolverhampton.) Rushall is centred on the main road between Walsall and Lichfield. The first record of Rushall occurs in the Domesday Book of 1086, where its total annual value to its lord was assessed as 10 shillings. This was from a village of eight households and a mill. The name means ‘a place in marshy ground where rushes grow’, and the early settlement of the Saxons probably occurred to the north of Rushall Hall where there are remains of a moated site. 19th century excavations found Saxon coins in earth-works in that area. The feudal lordship did not originally have its own parish church as the first mention of the church in 1220 describes it as a chapel of Walsall. However, the lords of Rushall were always independent and they secured the chapel’s parish status. In 1440, John Harpur rebuilt Rushall church on the chapel site, next to his Hall. It survived the Civil War to be rebuilt in 1854-56. The old square.tower.remained.until.1876. Rushall, the village and parish on the Lichfield road, one mile(1.6 km) NE of Walsall, containing about 1,800 acres (7.3 km2) of land, abounded in excellent coal and limestone, the latter much celebrated for its superior quality, taking a polish almost equal to marble, and raised from mines nearly.80.yards (73m).below.the.surface. It was exploited by the Romans and through the Middle Ages for building and agricultural purposes. The use of limestone as flux for smelting iron caused great expansion in mining during the Industrial Revolution. A new settlement grew up at Daw End, and the Hay Head and Linley workings were both on a large scale. The quarries in Rushall Hall's park flooded to become the Park Lime Pits - today a nature reserve. The Arboretum lakes, then.also in Rushall, were similarly formed by quarrying. The town of Tipton was originally called Tibintone and recorded as such in the Domesday Book, the oldest surviving public record that provides information about the 1086 Domesday survey. The.present.spelling.of.Tipton.derives.from.the.16th.century. Until the 18th century, Tipton was a collection of small hamlets. Industrial growth started in the town when ironstone and coal were discovered in the 1770s. A number of canals were built through the town.and,.later,.railways.which.greatly.accelerated.the.pace.of.industrialisation. Tipton was one of the key towns in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century, and even during the 18th century it had established its first key industries. In 1800, it was a predominantly rural area with just a few coal mines and some 4,000 residents. However, mass building of factories and digging of coal mines took place, and resulted in Tipton becoming a heavily built up and industrialised area with more than 30,000 residents by the end of the 19th century. The town's population grew further in the 20th century as new housing developments, mostly by the local council but with a significant number.in.the.private.sector.as.well,.took.place. However, coal mining had disappeared from Tipton by the mid 20th century, and the town lost a large percentage of its factories during the recessions of the 1970s and 1980s, which contributed to a rise in unemployment and poverty in the Tipton area, although living conditions continued to improve.
The name ‘Garbett’ means ‘spear-bright’ and is of Norman Germanic origin. During the Norman invasion of England the Gerberts were sent to the midlands Welsh border to quell unrest. In the Domesday Book of 1086 the Gerberts owned a couple of villages in Leicestershire - Ashby Magna, and Mowsy. The name was changed to Garbett by 1318.
There were, and are, a number of ‘Garbett / Garbet / Garbitt / Garbutt’ families in the Walsall area of Staffordshire. Many, but not all, are related and some are ‘immigrants’ from other counties. The earliest I can find is from the register of St. Matthew’s Church in Walsall which records the burial of a William ‘Garbet’ on 30 June 1571 but, since my lineage descends from a family of Shropshire and Worcestershire Garbetts who came in to the area around 1800, that one is unlikely to be related.
The earliest date of my family’s line is 1660, the year of the re-establishment of the monarchy in Britain. During the years of the Parliamentary rule under Oliver Cromwell many churches, particularly Roman Catholic, had been persecuted, dis-established, run down and destroyed. Unfortunately, along with them went many of the written records kept by the clergy. At that time there was no state requirement for registers of births, deaths and marriages to be kept, so the only parallel evidence of parish records was the duplicate of these events sent to and held by diocesan offices as ‘Bishops’ Transcripts’. Under Parliamentary (mis)-management many of these, too, were destroyed. Many families before the Civil War were Catholic, but Cromwell’s government required all males to sign a ‘protestation’ to renounce their faith and adopt the church established by King Henry VIII. After the re-establishment of the monarchy many did not revert to their old religion, even though it was no longer proscribed. It is, therefore, difficult to establish, with any reliability, family links of the middle, trade and working classes prior to this time.
The old county names of this area have largely been superceded by the collective term of “West Midlands”.
Many of the miners died young as a result of inhaling rock and coal dust in the course of their work. The push for mine production in the early part of the 19th century left many poor, large families without a father or source of income. Tuberculosis was another big killer; in the confined spaces underground contagion was an ever-present danger and the lack of any effective antibiotics meant an early death for many of those who did not died of lung cancer.
Names marked with a yellow highlighter are the direct line of descent to the compiler.
the earliest record
He was the great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather of Roy Holderness, of New Zealand, the compiler of this history.
He was born in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire, about 1660, the earliest Garbett of this family that I have managed to find. He married at Stottesdon, Shropshire on 12 July 1680, Anne Monk(e) of Farlow, Shropshire. The parish of Stottesdon and Farlow lies about 4 miles north east of Hopton Wafers. There was issue of the marriage; two sons and three daughters. See below.
Anne Monke was baptised in the parish of Stottesdon and Farlow (date unknown), There is a record of her brother, John Monke, marring Ursula Palmer of Stottesdon and Farlow. The marriage took place on 5 November 1670 at Caynham, Shropshire, seven miles west of Hopton Wafers. There were three daughters and a son of that marriage.
There is an entry in the marriage register of Stottesdon and Farlow recording the marriage of a Thomas Garbet (sic) and Elizabeth Loughton on 3 October 1689. This is the year of the birth and death of Thomas’ last child Anne. Anne is recorded as having been buried at Hopton Wafers in 1689 so she must have died at that birth and Thomas remarried to provide a mother for his children. There was issue of the second marriage; a further two sons and three daughters.
I The First Generation
The Family of Thomas Garbett of Hopton Wafers, Shropshire
and Anne Monk(e) and Elizabeth Loughton, his two wives
1. Elizabeth, the first born
She was born in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire and baptised at Stottesdon, 2 April 1681
2. Charles, the eldest son
He was born in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire and baptised at Stottesdon, 29 May 1683
3. William Garbett, the second son
He was my great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather.
He was born in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire, England and baptised at Stottesden, six miles away, 21 May 1684. He married about 1710 at Hopton Wafers, Mary…..?..... There was issue of the marriage; at least one son.
For the next generation, see II, below
4. Mary, the second daughter
She was born in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire and baptised at Stottesdon, 29 September 1687
5. Anne, the third daughter
She was born in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire and baptised at Stottesdon, 5 June 1689. She was buried in Stottesdon two days later, 7 June 1689.
Anne Monke died in 1689 and Thomas re-married in October 1689.
6. Anne, the fourth daughter, the first child by Elizabeth Loughton
She was born in Hopton Wafers and baptised at Stottesdon, 29 March 1692.
7. Thomas, the third son
He was born in Hopton Wafers and baptised at Stottesdon, 25 November 1694.
8. John, the fourth son
He was born in Hopton Wafers and baptised at Stotteson, 15 November 1697. He married, 14 April 1735 at Stottesdon, Eleanor Grately, baptised 21 October 1688, daughter of Thomas Grately and Ann Adams, his wife.
9. Elizabeth, the fifth daughter
She was born in Hopton Wafers and baptised at Stottesdon, 4 January 1701
10. Richard, the fifth son
He was born in Hopton Wafers and baptised at Stottesdon, 23 January 1702
II The second Generation
The Family of William Garbett of Hopton Wafers, Shropshire
and Mary …?..., his wife
Thomas Garbet (Garbett) of Knighton Upon Teme, Worcestershire
He was my great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather.
He was born in October 1710 in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire, 7 miles north of Knighton Upon Teme, just across the county line, and baptised 22 October 1710 at Stottesden, Shropshire (the nearest church, six miles north-east of Hopton Wafers). He was the son of William and Mary Garbett of Hopton Wafers. Thomas married twice. His first wife was Ann …?... He married her about 1724. There was issue of this marriage; three sons and two daughters. Ann died, probably in childbirth, in 1734. Richard then married, on 7 February 1735, Margery Rudd of Knighton Upon Teme. There was issue of the second marriage; three sons and three daughters.
For the next generation, see III below.
III the third generation
The Family of Thomas Garbet (Garbett) of Knighton Upon Teme
and Ann ? & Margery Rudd, his two wives
1. Thomas, the eldest child by the first wife
He was baptised 29 March 1725 in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire. He died in Hopton Wafers (before 1735 – another ‘Thomas’ was born then), before the family moved to Knighton Upon Teme.
2. Richard, the second son
He was baptised 15 October 1727 in Hopton Wafers. He died two years later, 15 October 1729 and was buried in Hopton Wafers.
3. Elizabeth, the eldest daughter
She was baptised 13 February 1732 in Hopton Wafers.
4. Hannah, the second daughter
She was baptised 5 January 1734 in Hopton Wafers
5. Thomas, the third son
He was baptised in Hopton Wafers, 3 January 1735. He must have been an infant death because another ‘Thomas’ followed in 1739. His mother Ann may well have died at this birth.
Thomas (senior) married Margery Rudd in February 1735. It could be that, with five children under 10, there was an urgent need to provide a mother for them.
6. William, the first son by the second wife
He was baptised in Hopton Wafers, a village only seven miles north of Knighton Upon Teme, 21 October 1736. [I know nothing more]
7. Mary, the second daughter by the second wife
She was baptised in Hopton Wafers, 10 December 1737. She never married. She was buried in Knighton Upon Teme, 24 October 1823, aged 86.
8. Thomas, the third of that name
He was baptised in Hopton Wafers, 23 June 1739 and died a day later, 24 June 1739. (‘Thomas’ does not appear to have been a particularly lucky name in that family).
9. Richard ‘Garbit’ (Garbett)
He was my great-great-great-great-great grandfather.
He was baptised in Hopton Wafers about 1740. Some time between 1758 and 1764 he moved to the Worcestershire village of Knighton Upon Teme, six miles south of Hopton Wafers. He married, 22 March 1764 in Knighton Upon Teme, Mary Uncles, (baptised 30 June 1749 in Kidderminster, Worcestershire), the third daughter and fourth child of Thomas Uncles of Knighton Upon Teme, (originally of Kidderminster, 8 miles north-east of Knighton) Worcestershire and Ann Bennett, his wife. There was issue of the marriage; five daughters and two sons, but one of the daughters, the first ‘Mary’, died in infancy. Richard was buried 2 July 1820 in Knighton Upon Teme, Worcestershire.
For the next generation, see IV. A. (below)
10. Margery, the third daughter
She was baptised in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire, 17 January 1742.
At this stage the family moved seven miles south to the mining village of Knighton Upon Teme.
11. Elizabeth (Bettie), the fourth daughter
She was baptised in Knighton Upon Teme, 27 August 1743
IV The fourth Generation
IV.A. The Family of Richard ‘Garbit’ (Garbett) of Knighton Upon Teme
and Mary Uncles, his wife
1. Catharina, the first child
She was born 17 July 1764 and baptised 29 July 1764 in Knighton Upon Teme, Worcestershire. She died shortly after her baptism and was buried 31 July 1764.
2. Esther, the second daughter
She was baptised 2 April 1767 in Knighton Upon Teme, Worcestershire. She married at Lindridge, a village seven miles away, on 26 June 1787, John Lawrence of that town. There were three children of the marriage;
= 1. Mary baptised 3 September 1787 in Lindridge, Worcestershire
= 2. William baptised 2 August 1789 in Lindridge, Worcestershire
= 3. John baptised 14 December 1791 in Rock, Worcestershire (6m N.E.)
3. Mary, the third daughter
She was born in Knighton Upon Teme in 1769, but died soon after and was buried on 17 August 1769 at Knighton Upon Teme.
4. Elizabeth, the third daughter
She was baptised 9 December 1770 in Knighton Upon Teme, Worcestershire. She married, 20 January 1791, in Knighton Upon Teme, James Allen, born in February 1777, son of Edward and Jane Allen of Lindridge, Worcestershire. After the birth of their first child the couple apparently moved to Lindridge, a town seven miles east of Knighton Upon Teme.
= 1. Elizabeth Allen baptised 1 March 1795 in Knighton Upon Teme
= 2. Jane Allen baptised 2 July 1797 in Lindridge
= 3. William Allen baptised 14 June 1801 in Lindridge
= 4. James Allen baptised 26 Oct.1803 in Lindridge
= 5. John Allen baptised 29 Jan.1804 in Lindridge
= 6. Edward Allen baptised 26 May 1807 in Lindridge
= 7. Richard Allen baptised 15 Apr.1810 in Lindridge
5. Thomas, the eldest son
He was baptised 18 April 1773 in Knighton Upon Teme, Worcestershire. He married, about 1798 in Knighton Upon Teme, Ann (Nancy) [family name unknown]. There was issue of the marriage; four sons and one daughter.
=1. Ann baptised 1 Jan.1799 in Knighton Upon Teme;
buried 25 Dec.1802 in Knighton Upon Teme
=2. Charles baptised 13 Jan.1800 in Knighton Upon Teme; buried 5 Feb.1808 in Knighton Upon Teme
=3. Allen baptised 10 Oct.1801 in Knighton Upon Teme;
buried 4 Jan.1803 in Knighton Upon Teme
=4. James baptised 17 Apr.1806 in Knighton Upon Teme
(In the 1851 census he was shown as head of household, living in Wales)
=5. Francis baptised 6 Apr.1807 in Knighton Upon Teme
At least three out of five infants dead before age 8! These were hard times.
6. Mary, the fourth daughter (and second of that name)
She was baptised 17 September 1775 in Knighton Upon Teme, Worcestershire. She probably died as an infant, as there is no further information.
7. Richard, the second son
He was baptised 23 November 1777 in Knighton Upon Teme. He must have died as an infant, because he was followed by another ‘Richard’.
8. Richard, the third son
He was my great-great-great-great grandfather.
He was baptised 16 April 1780 in Knighton Upon Teme, Worcestershire, the son of Richard ‘Garbit’ (Garbett) and Mary Uncles. The parish records for this time had not been put into digital form by the time of this transcription, but he married, 14 March 1798, at Clent, Worcestershire, Ann (Nancy) Chatteris. The village of Clent lies 23 miles to the east of Knighton Upon Teme. At the time, both were residents of the parish of Rowley Regis. After their marriage they moved to Rushall, Staffordshire where their first son was born. They then moved to Tipton, Staffordshire, ten miles south west of Rushall, where they raised their family.
For the next generation, see V. A. below
V The fifth Generation
V. A. The Family of Richard Garbett of Knighton Upon Teme
and Ann (Nancy) Chatteris, his wife
1. Richard, the first son
He was baptised in Rushall in April 1801. He married in Rushall, 20 Nov.1820, Phoebe Dean, born 5 March 1802, third daughter of Thomas Dean of Rushall and Phoebe Ross, his wife. There was issue of the marriage; five sons and two daughters. In 1832 they were living in Daw End Lane, Rushall. The 1841 census shows them living in Rushall, Staffordshire. Richard was a miner.
For the next generation, see page 4, VI. A
2. George, the second son
He was my great-great-great grandfather.
He was baptised in Tipton, 25 August 1805. George was described in the 1841 census as ‘limestone worker’, as was most of his family but on the birth certificate of his daughter Susannah, in 1830, he described himself as ‘labourer’, living in Park Road, Rushall. By 1833 he was a ‘miner’, living in Rushall Street. In 1835 the family was living in ‘Townsend’. He married three times.
(1) 21 Feb.1825, Catherine (Kate) Broadhurst, daughter of Charles Broadhurst of Walsall, Staffordshire and Ann Hughes, his wife. There was issue of the marriage; two boys and two girls. Kate died of heart disease in Rushall, Walsall, Staffordshire, 1st April 1843, aged 36.
(2) Late-1843, Caroline Beddoe (née Weston). As a miner with a family of youngsters to care for, George obviously needed a wife as quickly as possible! There was issue of the second marriage; two sons and a daughter. Caroline died in 1861.
That same year George remarried, (3) Martha Bellamy, widow of Shropshire. They had 15 years together before Martha died in 1876. There was no issue of this marriage.
In the1881 census George was shown at age 76, living with his son, John Charles Garbett. When George was 81 at his death, he was living with Emma, his daughter by Katherine.
George died in Tipton, Staffordshire, 22 February 1886.
For the next generation, see page 5, VI. B
3. John, the third son
He was baptised in Tipton, 5 June 1808. He married in St. Michael’s, Rushall, 16 October 1826, Frances (Fanny) Nuttall, daughter of Samuel Nuttall and Frances (Fanny) Bellingham of Rushall. His sister, Susanna was a witness. He was a stone miner, like many of his family. There were eleven children of the marriage.
For the next generation, see page 5, VI. C
4. Susanna, the eldest daughter
She was baptised in Tipton, 10 June 1810. In 1826 she was a witness at the marriage of her older brother, John, to Fanny Nuttall. I know nothing more.
5. Mary, the second daughter and youngest child
She was baptised in Tipton, 17 Oct.1813. In the 1911 census she was recorded, still under her maiden name, living in Tipton so, presumably, she never married.
VI The sixth Generation
VI.A. The Family of Richard Garbett (1801 - ) of Rushall
and Phoebe Dean, his wife
1. Sarah, the first born
She was baptised in Rushall, 23 February 1822. She married in Rushall, 16 Jan.1843, Thomas Gripton, blacksmith of Rushall, son of James Gripton, labourer of Castle Church, Staffordshire. The bride signed her name, but the groom and witnesses, Sam Nuttall and Sarah Dean, Sarah’s cousin, signed with an ‘X’. There was issue of the marriage; three sons and two daughters.
For the next generation, see page 9, VII. A.
2. Thomas, the eldest son
He was baptised in Rushall, 11 March 1824 and was buried only seven months later, 27 October 1824.
3. John, the second son
He was baptised in Rushall, 13 November 1825. He was buried in Rushall, 12 October 1844.
He was only 19 when he died.
4. Richard, the third son
He was baptised in Rushall, 25 November 1827. He was buried in Rushall, 12 October 1844, aged 18.
5. George, the fourth son
He was baptised in Rushall, 3 June 1832. He married 12 May 1856, Sarah Wood, born in 1838, in Brockmoor, 15 miles south-west of Rushall. In the 1861 census George and Sarah were recorded living in Burslem, Staffordshire. George was a ‘limestone worker’. No family was shown. In the 1871 census they were still living in Burslem with no children, but three lodgers. In the 1881 census they were living in Stoke-on-Trent with still no children and no lodgers. George was described as ‘sinker and miner’.
6. William, the fifth son
He was baptised in Rushall, 14 August 1836. He married twice: (1) in Rushall, 13 January 1867, Caroline Smith, daughter of William Smith. There was issue of the marriage: one son and one daughter. Caroline died between 1870 and 1873. William remarried (2) in Walsall in 1873, Ann Darby of Rushall who was 47 at the time. In the 1881 census Ann was recorded living with William in Darlaston Road, Walsall, step-mother to William’s two children. William Garbett was a grocer in Walsall. There was no issue of the second marriage.
For the next generation, see page……..VII.B.
7. Phoebe, the second daughter and youngest of the family
She was baptised in Rushall, 27 October 1839. The 1851 census shows her at age 11, living at home with her parents. She does not appear in any subsequent census, so she may have married or died, but I cannot find any records.
Three sons dead before their twentieth birthdays – a pretty dismal record.
VI. B. The Family of George Garbett (1805 – 1886) of Rushall, Staffordshire
and of Catharine (Kate) Broadhurst, his first wife
and of Caroline Beddoe, his second wife
1. William, the eldest son
He was born in Walsall, Staffordshire in March 1826 and baptised at St. Matthew’s, Walsall, 26 March 1826. In the 1841 census, at age 15, he is shown, living in Wolverhampton, 7½ mile east of Rushall. He may have moved from home for reasons of employment. After that he does not appear in any subsequent census. I know nothing more.
2. Richard, the second son
He was my great-great grandfather.
He was born in Rushall, Staffordshire in February 1828 and baptised, 24 February, at St. Matthew’s Church, Walsall. In the first general census of the United Kingdom in 1841 Richard was described as ‘limestone miner’ as, no doubt, were most of the men in the area. In the 1871 census his occupation was ‘sinker and miner (coal)’.
Richard married at Rushall, 19th July 1847, Elizabeth (Bessie) Urmson, the eldest daughter of John Urmson and Ann Heathcock (née Davis) of Rushall. [Ann previously married John Heathcock of Rushall, at Great Barr, 26 Dec.1817. There was one son of that marriage; John, baptised 20 Feb.1825 in Rushall, an older half-brother to Elizabeth Urmson. John Heathcock senior died 5 Nov.1824, before the birth of his son. Ann remarried, 24 Oct.1825, using her maiden name of Davis.]
In the 1841 census, Elizabeth is shown, at age 14, as a domestic servant in the house of Thomas Humphries, a local hatter. (The Garbetts and the Urmsons were neighbours in Moss Close, Rushall). Their first child, Mary Ann, was born at Rushall in March 1849 and baptised on 1st April that year. Her parents then moved to Tipton, a mining town near Dudley, almost 10 miles south west of Rushall. In 1800, Tipton was a predominantly rural area with just a few coal mines and some 4,000 residents. The family added six more children; Henry (called ‘Harry’) 1851; Eliza 1854; Alfred 1856; Amos 1859; William 1862; Theresa 1865 and Richard 1869. After the birth of Theresa, Richard moved the family to Biddulph, 50 miles north of Tipton, presumably for employment. Biddulph abounded in coal, and had five large collieries, several quarries of hard and durable stone, a scrap iron and spade and shovel manufactory, and a silk mill.
Richard died sometime between 1877 (the year of his youngest daughter’s birth) and 1881 (He does not appear in the 1881 census, but I cannot find a burial entry)
For the next generation, see page 8, VII.C.
3. Susannah, the eldest daughter
She was born in Rushall, Staffordshire in June 1830 and was baptised at St. Matthew’s, Walsall, 20 June 1830. In the baptism record of the day she was entered as ‘Susan’. In the 1841 census, at age 11, she is shown as ‘Susanna’, living at home in Rushall. She married in Walsall parish in 1851, Jabez Lawton, ‘bit maker’, baptised 25 March 1827, son of Joseph Lawton of Walsall and Ann Till, his wife. There was issue of the marriage; two sons and three daughters.
For the next generation, see page…….VII.D.
4. Ann, the second daughter
She was born in Rushall, Staffordshire in 1832. She was baptised at St. Matthew’s, Walsall, 17 February 1833. In the 1841 census she is shown, at age 9, living at home in Rushall. She does not appear to have married and may have been the ‘Ann Garbett’ who died in Walsall parish, in late 1847.
5. Emma, the third daughter
She was born in Rushall, Staffordshire in 1834 and was baptised at St. Matthew’s, Walsall, 5 April 1835. In the 1841 census she is shown, at age 7, living at home in Rushall. She married, 7 September 1856 in Handsworth, Staffordshire, William Hanson, locksmith, son of William Hanson and Mary Hughes of Birmingham (his second marriage – his first wife was a ‘Sarah Dyas’ and they had four children; William,1845; Clara,1847; Thomas,1849; Caroline,1854. Sarah died in November 1854, presumably as a result of the birth of their fourth child). Emma and William had eleven children, in addition to the four from William’s first marriage.
=1. Mary Jane b.1855
=2. Elizabeth b.1857 1901 census, Walsall, age 44
=3. George Henry b.1858 m.1878, Alice Wainwright, Walsall
=4. Ellen b.1861 m.1883, Richard Archer, Walsall
=5. Emily b.1865
=6. Alice b.1866
=7. Jane b.1869
=8. James b.1871 m.1893, Sarah Green, Walsall
=9. Laura b.1873
=10. Alfred b.1875 m.1895, Mary Ann Ranford, West Bromwich
=11. Joseph b.1877
6. Mary Ann, the fourth daughter
She was born in Rushall, Staffordshire in 1836. In the 1841 census she is shown, at age 5, living at home in Rushall. She died in Rushall in December 1856, aged 20.
7. George, the third son
He was born in Rushall, Staffordshire in 1839. In the 1841 census he is shown, at age 7, living at home in Rushall. In the 1861 census he was living, age 23, as a boarder with his sister, Susannah and her husband, Jabez Lawton and their family, working as a ‘snaffle maker’ (part of horse bridles).
8. Roseann (Fanny), the fifth daughter
She was born in Rushall, Staffordshire, 22 May 1841 and baptised at St. Matthew’s, Walsall, 20 June. In the 1851 census she is shown at age 10, as ‘Rosannah Garbit’, living at home in Rushall. In the 1861 census her occupation, at age 20, was shown as ‘lock presser’ (whatever that was).
Kate (Broadhurst) Garbett died in Rushall, Walsall, Staffordshire, 1st April 1843.
9. Betsey, the first child of the second marriage
She was born in Rushall in 1844. She died in Rushall in 1851, aged 7.
10. Samuel, the first son of the second marriage
He was born in Rushall, 5 August 1848. At age 12 (!) he was shown in the 1861 census as ‘stone miner’. He married in Biddulph, Staffordshire, 5 August 1869, Selina Brown, born 1851, daughter of John Brown of Congleton, Cheshire. There was issue of the marriage; a son and two daughters.
For the next generation, see page 10, VII.E.
11. John Charles, the second son of the second marriage
He was born in Rushall, and baptised in Walsall, 8 June 1851. In the 1861 census he was shown as ‘scholar’, living at home with his father, sister Roseanne and brother Samuel. His mother had died earlier that year. He married, in 1870 in Walsall, Elizabeth Ann Earp, born October 1853, daughter of James Earp of Walsall, Staffordshire, and Elizabeth Laban, his wife. (This Earp family was related to Wyatt Earp of ‘Wild West’ fame). In the 1881 census John and Elizabeth are shown living in Bull Street, Darlaston, Staffordshire with their family, John’s father, George, and a servant, Ellen Profitt. John was described as ‘Commercial Traveller’. By 1901 the family was living in Burnley, Staffordshire. There was issue of the marriage; four sons and five daughters. In the 1911 census he was described as ‘colliery lamp inspector’. At age 60, he would have been past any active mining days. John died in Burnley in 1929 and Elizabeth in 1932. They are buried in the Burnley Cemetery.
For the next generation, see page 13, VII. F.
VI. C. The Family of John Garbett (1808 - 1892) of Rushall
and Frances (Fanny) Nuttall, his wife
1. Ann, the first born
She was baptised in Rushall 26 July 1829. She married in Rushall, 29 June 1856, Thomas Boot, son of Thomas Boot, miner of Rushall and Theodosia Cooper, his wife. There was issue of the marriage; three daughters and one son. Thomas (junior) died some time between 1864 and 1871. By the 1871 census Ann was shown as head of the household in Rushall with only the two youngest children at home. Thomas had died in 1869, aged only 39 years.
For the next generation, see page 11, VII.G.
2. Maria, the second daughter
She was baptised in Rushall 6 November 1831. She did not marry and died in Dudley, Staffordshire in 1893 at the age of 62.
3. Charles, the eldest son
He was baptised in Rushall 20 January 1833 and buried 19 December 1834.
He was baptised in Rushall 12 October 1834 with his younger brother Charles, but he must have died as an infant, because another ‘Benjamin’ was baptised in 1836
5. Benjamin, the third son
No birth date is recorded, but he was baptised in Rushall June 1836. He married in Moxley, Staffordshire, 22 June 1862, Hannah Perrins, born in 1840, the daughter of Job Perrins of Darlaston, Staffordshire and Hannah Foster, his wife. The couple spent the first four years in Darlaston but shifted to Rushall in 1866. Benjamin was described as a milk vendor in the 1861 census but, on the baptism certificate of his son Benjamin, in 1867 he styled himself as ‘miner’. There was issue of the marriage; eight sons and two daughters. In 1868 the family was living in Lichfield Street, Walsall. In the 1871 census Benjamin was recorded as ‘limestone miner’.
Benjamin died in January 1898. The 1911 census shows Hannah living in Walsall with her three of her unmarried sons, Frederick, Joseph and Arthur.
For the next generation, see page 11, VII.H.
6. John, the fourth son
No birth date is recorded, but he was baptised in Rushall 19 June 1836, along with his brother Benjamin. He married in Rushall, in 1859, Hannah Gedge, daughter of Christopher Gedge of Horning, Norfolk. On the baptism certificate of his son Frederick, in 1861, John described his occupation as ‘parish clerk’, but on the baptism certificate of his daughter Edith in 1872 he described himself as ‘coal merchant’. In the 1891 census he was shown as ‘house and estate agent’. There must have been enough money because the 1901 census return showed a servant in residence. There was issue of the marriage; four sons and four daughters. John died in Rushall in 1908. Hannah died in 1917.
For the next generation, see page 17, VII.I.
7. Frances (Fanny), the fourth daughter
No birth date is recorded, but she was baptised in Rushall 11 February 1838. She married, 20 April 1859 in Rushall, Thomas Dutton, saddler, son of William Dutton of Rushall and Sarah Tibbetts, his wife. There was issue of the marriage; one son and four daughters.
=1. Thomas bt.1870
=1. Sarah Frances bt.1872
=1. Ada bt.1874
=1. Mercy bt.1877
=1. Henrietta bt.1880
Fanny died in Rushall in 1911. Thomas died in 1908
8. Emma, the fifth daughter
No birth date is recorded, but she was baptised in Rushall July 1839. In the 1861 census she was shown as head of her own house, living in Tipton with a two-year-old daughter, Clara Isabella, born in 1858. She married, 4 October 1863 in Rushall, Thomas Sandles. There is no record of a previous marriage and the 1861 census shows her under her maiden name so, presumably, her daughter was born ‘out of wedlock’.
Emma died in Pottersbury, Northamptonshire, in January 1888.
9. Joseph, the fifth son
He was born 13 November 1842 and baptised in Rushall 1 January 1843. In the 1871 census he was described as ‘coal miner’, in 1881 ‘canal boatman’, but by the 1901 census his occupation had changed to ‘brickyard labourer’. He married, January 16 1869 in Rushall, Elizabeth Nuttall, his cousin, born 6 June 1843, daughter of Samuel Nuttall of Rushall and Elizabeth Boot, his wife. There was issue of the marriage; four sons and seven daughters. In 1889, on the baptism certificate of his daughter Nellie, Joseph described himself as a ‘currier’ (leather process worker). He died in Rushall in 1915. Eliza died in Rushall in 1912.
For the next generation, see page……VII.J.
10. Elizabeth (Eliza), the sixth daughter
She was baptised in Rushall 25 June 1845. She married in Rushall, 19 July 1870, William Harley, born 21 April 1839 in Seisdon, Staffordshire, son of Thomas Harley, blacksmith of Seisdon, and Elizabeth Parkes, his wife. I have only found one child: Arthur Edwin, baptised 16 May 1883 at Christ Church, Stafford, Staffordshire.
11. Mary, the seventh daughter
She was born in Rushall 6 May 1847 and baptised 23 of that month. In the 1881 census Mary was recorded living with her widowed father in Rushall (see below). She did not marry and died in Rushall in 1931.
12. Lucy, the eighth daughter and youngest of the family
She was born in Rushall 26 April 1850. She married 14 August 1869, in Aston Juxta Birmingham, William Roberts, son of William and Sarah Roberts of Rushall. William was a clerk. There were four children of the marriage;
=1. Bertha Elizabeth b.1870 Rushall
=2. Frances May b.1874 Rushall
=3 John William b.1876 Carlisle, Cumberland
=4. Samuel George b.1877 Rushall
By the 1881 census William Roberts must have died because Lucy and two of her children, John and Samuel, were living with her father, John Garbett (widower of Fanny Nuttall) and John’s unmarried daughter, Lucy’s sister Mary, at New Street, Rushall.
VII The seventh Generation
VII.A. The Family of Sarah Garbett (d.o. Richard Garbett and Phoebe Dean)
and Thomas Gripton, her husband
He was born to Sarah Garbett, 6 December 1838 in Rushall, and baptised 27 August 1839. His father was not recorded. Sarah and Thomas Gripton married in 1843.
2. Mary Ann (twin)
She was born 28 Dec.1843 in Rushall and baptised 21 Jan.1844. She married, 31 August 1863 in Ogley Hay, Staffordshire, Thomas Marklew. They had a daughter, Sarah Ann, born 17 August 1865.
3. James (twin)
He was born 28 Dec.1843 in Rushall and baptised 21 Jan.1844
VII.B. The Family of William Garbett (s.o. Richard Garbett and Phoebe Dean)
and Caroline Smith, his wife
1. William James, the only son
He was baptised in Rushall in 1869. He married, in 1894 at St.John's, Walsall, Clara Cox, born in March 1873, daughter of Benjamin Cox of West Bromwich, Staffordshire and Harriet Walker, his wife. There was issue of the marriage. On his daughter Ellen’s baptism certificate William described himself as ‘shoe operative’, but in the 1911 census this was clarified as ‘boot repairer’.
=1. Ellen b.1896 Walsall Purse Stitcher (1911 census)
=2. William James b.1901 Walsall Student (1911 census)
=3. Frederick George b.1903 Walsall Student (1911 census)
=4. Winifred (twin) b.1906 Walsall
=5. Eva (twin) b.1906 Walsall
William died in Walsall in 1931 at the age of 62.
2. Phoebe Ann, the only daughter
She was born in 1870 in Rushall. She married, in Rushall in 1891, Thomas Grundy, baptised 19 November 1865. Thomas became a police officer. He was the son of Henry Grundy, stone-mason of Shenstone, Staffordshire, and Ann Milner, his wife. There was one child of the marriage.
Ann, born in Walsall, 12 November1893 and baptised there, 3 December 1893
VII.C. The Family of Richard Garbett (1828 - ) of Tipton
and Elizabeth (Bessie) Urmson, his wife
1. Mary Ann, the first daughter
She was born in 1849 in Rushall and was baptised at St. Martin’s, Tipton, Staffordshire, on 1 April 1849. In the 1871 census she is shown at age 22, living with both parents at Bradley Green, Biddulph, Cheshire. She married, 10 Nov.1873 at Burslem, Staffordshire, Samuel, son of James Willshaw and Susannah Herman (nee Clowes), his wife. Samuel was born at Biddulph, 11 March 1850 and baptised there 9 September 1852. In 1879 the couple emigrated to the United States of America and settled in Weaverville, Medina, Ohio where they took out naturalization in 1887. Samuel is shown in the US census of 1880, occupation; miner. Medina had large quarries for granite, marble and slate. Samuel died in Wadsworth, Medina, Ohio, USA, 16 November 1929. Mary Ann died in Wadsworth, Medina, Ohio, USA, 25 May 1930, aged 81. There were no children of the marriage, but US census records of the time show various boarders, including a nephew, Will Lester.
2. Henry (Harry), the first son
He was my great grandfather.
He was born in Tipton and baptised at St.Martin’s, Tipton in July 1851. He is shown in the census of 1861, living with his parents at Burnt Tree, Tipton. By the 1880’s Henry had migrated to Nelson, New Zealand. At the age of 32, he was with the Lyell Creek Mining Company in the Buller Valley on the West Coast of the South Island, working in gold mines. He married at Lyell, Buller, 5 Nov.1883, Eleanor (Nellie) Marie Gabrielle, only daughter of Antoine and Mathilde Giraudon, immigrants from Paris. Harry and Eleanor had seven children, two girls and five boys. He was, for a time, a gold mine gang manager at the United Alpine Mine, and also co-proprietor of the Alpine Hotel at Zalatown near Lyell. Harry and Eleanor separated before 1903. Harry died of tuberculosis, 4 Aug.1905 at Lyell and was buried at the Orowaiti Cemetery, just outside Westport. Eleanor re-married (James Jackson) and relocated to Waihi, a mining town in the North Island. She later moved back to the West Coast where James died in 1913 and son Victor died in 1916. She then moved to Wellington and died there of a stroke, 31 Oct.1951, aged 86 years.
For the next generation, see page 18, VIII. A
3. Eliza, the second daughter
She was born in Tipton and baptised at St.Martin’s, Tipton in 1854. In the 1861 census she is shown at 7 years, living with her parents in Tipton. In the 1881 census she is shown at age 27, living with her mother in Biddulph, working as a ‘fustian cutter’. Fustian is a coarse, sturdy cloth made of cotton and flax. In the 1911 census she was shown living in Coseley near Bilston, Staffordshire, still apparently unmarried at the age of 57.
4. Alfred, the second son
He was born in Tipton and baptised at St.Martin’s, Tipton in 1856. In the 1871 census he was
shown at age 14 (!), occupation, miner, living with his parents in Bradley Green, Biddulph, Cheshire. He does not appear in the 1881 (or any subsequent) census, so he could well have been dead by then.
5. Amos, the third son
He was born in Tipton and baptised at St.Martin’s, Tipton in March 1859. In the 1871 census he is shown at age 12, living with both parents at Bradley Green, Biddulph. He married, 21 May.1883 at St.Peter’s, Nottingham, Elizabeth (‘Betsy’, ‘Betsey’ or ‘Betty’), daughter of William Robinson. By the 1891 census he is shown as ’Amos Garbitt’, head of his own household at age 42, with his wife ‘Bekey’ and a family, at Elmton, Nottinghamshire, occupation; stone-miner. On the baptism certificates of their children, Elizabeth signs her name as ‘Betty’. By the 1911 census, Amos was living in Hucknall, Torkard, Nottinghamshire. There was issue of the marriage; three daughters.
=1. Ellen b.1882 Langwith, Chesterfield, Derbyshire.
=2. Edith bt.30 Dec.1883, Whaley Thorns, Derbyshire.
=3. Mary Ann bt.26 Apr.1885, Whaley Thorns, Derbyshire; m.1937, Shadrach Wolsey
Amos died at Hucknall, Nottinghamshire, 1 June 1926.
6. William, the fourth son
He was born in Tipton and baptised at St.Martin’s, Tipton in 1862. The 1871 census shows him at age 9, living with his parents at Bradley Green, Biddulph. In 1881 he was age 19, still at home, working as a coal-miner. By 1901 he was age 39, head of his own household, living at 2 Victoria Street, Pleasley, Nottinghamshire, working as a coal-miner. The 1911 census shows him living in Coseley, Staffordshire with a wife, Elizabeth Jane ?.. who was born in Lichfield, and three children. William’s occupation was listed as ‘Coal Miner (Stoneman)’.
=1. Theresa b.1889 United States
=2. Amos b.1898 Creswell, Derbyshire
=3. Evelyn b.1900 Creswell, Derbyshire
It would appear that, some time between 1881 and 1901, he travelled to America where his first child was born.
7. Theresa, the third daughter
She was born in Tipton and baptised at St.Martin’s, Tipton in 1865. The census of 1871 shows her at 6 years, living with her parents at Bradley Green, Biddulph, Staffordshire. She was still living at home with her mother, aged 16, working as a ‘silk weaver’ at the 1881 census. Her father died sometime between 1877 and 1881. After the 1881 census Theresa disappeared from records. I have found neither marriage nor death entries.
8. Richard, the fifth son
He was born at Bradley Green, Biddulph in 1869, after the family had moved there from Tipton. He is shown in the census of 1871 at age 2, living with his parents at Bradley Green, Biddulph, Staffordshire. In the 1881 census, at 12 years, he is described as ‘scholar’. I have not found any marriage record but he married Lucy Ann ? , born in 1873 and had a daughter, Edith Ann, born in 1896 in Lambeth, London. By the 1901 census he is shown living in Chorlton, South Manchester, Lancashire, as a ‘beer house keeper’ and head of his own household. They were still there in the 1911 census.
Richard died in Manchester in 1941.
9. Agnes, the fourth daughter
She was born in Bradley Green and baptised at Biddulph in 1877. Considering that she was born 8 years after her next eldest sibling and when her mother was 50, she was a very late arrival. In the 1881 census she was shown as a 4 year old ‘scholar’, living with her mother, two sisters and two brothers. In the 1891 census she was recorded as a lodger in Bolsover, near Chesterfield, Derbyshire. She married at Bolsover, 4 April 1896, Thomas Smith, born 1872, son of Robert Smith. There was issue of the marriage:
=1. William b.1897 Langwith, Chesterfield, Derbyshire
=2. Arthur b.1901 Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire
At the 1901 census the family were living in Mansfield Woodhouse, a quarrying and mining town, but by 1911 they had relocated to Wolstanton, near Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire. There was coal mining in the area.
VII.D. The Family of Susannah Garbett (d.o. George Garbett and Kate Broadhurst)
and Jabez Lawton, her husband
1. Emma, the eldest
She was baptised at St.Matthew’s, Walsall, 23 February 1851 but died shortly after her birth.
2. Joseph, the eldest son
He was baptised at St.Matthew’s, Walsall, 25 April 1852. In the 1871 census he was shown, living at home, working as a carter. He married in Rushall, 14 March 1873, Ann Westley, daughter of Thomas and Ann Westley of Walsall. The Lawtons and Westleys were next-door neighbours. There were three sons of the marriage:
=1. George b.1874 Walsall m. Florence?
=2. Joseph b.1879 Walsall
=3. Arthur b.1881 Walsall
3. John, the second son
He was baptised at St.Matthew’s, Walsall, 27 May 1855. He never married. In the 1911 census he was shown living as a naval pensioner, boarding in the home of Thomas and Annie Webster of Walsall. He died in Walsall in 1917.
4. Hannah, the second daughter
She was baptised at St.Matthew’s, Walsall, 9 November 1856. She married in Walsall, 16 August 1875, Francis Murray, ‘brass caster’, son of John and Bridget Murray of Walsall. There were two children of the marriage:
=1. Alice May b.1897 Walsall
=2. Sydney b.1900 Walsall
5. Elizabeth, the third daughter
She was baptised at St.Matthew’s, Walsall in 1861. In the 1881 census she is shown, living at home and working as a press operator. She married at St.Paul’s, Walsall, 6 September 1881, Joshua Jackson of Walsall. I can find no records of a family.
6. Alice, the fourth daughter
She was baptised in Walsall in 1874. Considering that she was born 13 years after her next eldest sibling, and that her mother was 44 at the time, it would appear that she was an ‘accident’. She is shown in the 1881 census as a 7 year old ‘scholar’.
VII.E. The Family of Samuel Garbett (s.o. George Garbett and Caroline Beddoe)
and Selina Brown, his wife
1. Martha, the eldest daughter
She was baptised 29 June 1873 in Biddulph, Staffordshire. She married, 17 May 1897 in Biddulph, Daniel Brindley, born in 1872 in Biddulph, son of William Brindley of Biddulph. A birth registration was made in 1913 in Lichfield, 50 miles south of Biddulph, in 1913 for a ‘Doris’ Brindley (mother’s maiden name ‘Garbett’). The 1911 census shows Martha Brindley living in Congleton with a son, Arthur, born in Biddulph in 1898, but Martha is recorded as ‘head of household’ and Daniel is still shown living in Biddulph. These are the only ‘possible’ records I have found.
2. Emma Jane, the second daughter
She was baptised 4 July 1875 in Biddulph, Staffordshire. She married in 1896 in Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire, Frank Fradley, born 16 May 1875 in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, son of Frank and Kate Fradley. There was issue of the marriage; a son and a daughter.
=1. Alice May b.1897 m.1926, James P Smith, Stoke on Trent
=2. Frank b.1910 m.1934, Mary Berrisford, Stoke on Trent
3. John, the only son
He was baptised 6 March 1881 in Biddulph, Staffordshire. He married, 28 December 1898 in Biddulph, Staffordshire, Louisa Taylor, daughter of Samuel Taylor of Biddulph. In the 1911 census they were recorded living in Biddulph with three children:
=1. Florence b.1899
=2. Annie b.1901 All born in Biddulph
=3. Lilian b.1908
VII.F. The Family of Charles John (John Charles) Garbett
(s.o. George Garbett and Caroline Beddoe [nee Weston])
and Elizabeth Ann Earp, his wife
1. Annie Elizabeth, the eldest daughter
She was baptised in Manchester in 1873. She married twice; (1) 22 Feb.1892 in Habergham Eaves, Lancashire, James Henry Gibson of Burnley; (2) 6 Sept.1920 in Burnley, Lancashire, Robert Henry Jackson, plumber of Burnley. Annie died in 1967 in Burnley, Lancashire.
Children of James Henry Gibson and Annie Elizabeth Garbett;
=1. Elizabeth b.1892 m.1910, Samuel Scott
=2. Florence Mabel b.1894 m.1914, Frank Ellison; d.1895, Burnley
=3. Ivy b.1895 m.1919, John W. Lingard
=4. John Henry b.1897 m.1919, Harriett Burrows
=5. Walter b.1899 m.1923, Elizabeth Ellen Whitehead
=6. Edith Annie b.1901 m.1925, John T. Walton
=7. Ethel b.1904 m.1926, Robert Skeath
=8. Clara b.1906 m.1929, Frederick Hardgreaves
=9. George b.1908 m.1933, Annie Isherwood
=10. Frederick b.1912 m.1934, Alice Nelson
2. Mary Jane, the second daughter
She was baptised in 1876 in Wednesbury, Staffordshire. She married, 27 June 1896 in Harbergham Eaves, Lancashire, Joseph Parkinson. There were two children of this marriage;
=1. Annie b.1896, Burnley, Lancashire
=2. Joseph Albert b.1903, Burnley, Lancashire
Joseph died (date unknown) and Mary Jane formed a partnership with Alan Hartley Berry. There was a child of this relationship;
=3. John Hartley
The family emigrated to Australia where Mary died in 1934 in Williamstown, Victoria.
3. William, the eldest son
He was baptised in 1878 in Wednesbury, Staffordshire. He never married and died in Burnley, Staffordshire in 1917
4. Caroline Maud, the third daughter
She was baptised in 1879 in Darlaston, Staffordshire. She married in Habergham Eaves, Lancashire, 6 Apr.1901, Robert Riley, son of Robert and Mary Ann Riley of Burnley. There was issue of the marriage;
=1. Dorothy b.1901
=2. Clara b.1903 d.1905
=3. William b.1906 d.1917
=4. Albert Victor Guelph b.1907 m. Florence Jane Brown
=5. Ivy b.1910
=6 Florence (Florrie) b.1914 d.1914 (Infant death – same day)
=7. Smith b.1913
=8. Irene b.1917 d.1922
=9. Ann Elizabeth b.1918 d.1918 (Infant death)
= 10. Robert b.1923
Caroline died 28 March 1968 in Burnley, Lancashire.
5. John James Earp, the second son
He was born 18 January 1881 in Darlaston, Staffordshire and baptised later that year. He married in 1904 in Burnley, Lancashire, Elizabeth Ann Watkinson, daughter of Richard Watkinson of Burnley and Eleanor Eastwood, his wife. The couple emigrated to Australia in 1909. They were recorded on the 1914 electoral roll for Maribyrnong, Melbourne, Victoria. There was issue of the marriage:
=1. Frederick Watkinson b.18 May 1907 Burnley, Lancashire. m.16 Mar.1943, Thelma Lynch; d.31 Jul.1916, Nambour, Queensland, Australia.
=2. Victor b.28 Apr.1914, Footscray, Vic. Australia; m.Rita Wood
John died in 1965 in Williamstown, Victoria, Australia. Elizabeth died in 1975. They are buried in the Cheltenham Pioneer Cemetery, south-east of Melbourne, on Port Phillip Bay.
6. George, the third son
He was born in 1881 but died shortly after his birth.
7. Mabel , the fourth daughter
She was baptised in 1884 in Wolverhampton but died the same year.
8. Beatrice Alice, the fifth daughter
She was baptised in 1886 in Prestwich, Manchester. She married in 1908 in Burnley, Lancashire, William Arthur Astin; (b.1887 in Habergham Eaves, Lancashire; d.1955, Footscray, Victoria, Australia). After their marriage the couple emigrated to Victoria, Australia where three daughters were born:
=1. Ivy Florence b.1913, Newport, Victoria, Australia
=2. Beatrice Mary b.1915, Newport, Victoria, Australia
=3. Sylvia b.1919, Newport, Victoria, Australia
Beatrice died in 1951 in Footscray, Victoria.
9. Albert Victor, the fourth son
He was born 28 Dec.1887 in Burnley, Lancashire and baptised 11 Jan.1888. He married, 30 Sept.1911 in Oldham, Lancashire, Maria Pearton, daughter of Robert Thomas Pearton of Dronfield, Derbyshire, and Sara Jane Higginbottom, his wife. Albert and family seem to have moved between Burnley and Oldham a couple of times, and moved to Oldham between 1916-20. In 1943 they were living at 55 Tenth Ave. Abbey Hills, Oldham, and stayed there until Maria's death in 1956. Albert died in a nursing home in Oldham. His occupation was "Engineer", at the time of his marriage. Albert had wanted to migrate to Australia, and was in contact with his brother John James Earp Garbett who was now living in Melbourne, St. Kilda. Apparently Albert’s mother persuaded him not to go. And after an arson attack on John Garbett's "cobbler shop" in St. Kilda, they seem to have lost contact with each other. As a result Stanley never met his cousins Fred and Victor, even though they came to England and were in contact with other family members.
There was issue of the marriage of Albert and Maria; three sons.
=1. Sidney b.1913 Oldham, Lancashire
=2. Clifford b.1915 Burnley, Lancashire. Clifford was born blind. He worked in a broom making factory and, being musical, played a squeeze box accordion in the pubs. He fell in love but was persuaded by his mother not to marry because of his blindness. In the end, he finally married when he was 52, in 1966 at Oldham, Lancashire, Lillian Bolton. He died the following year.
=3. Stanley b.1916 Burnley, Lancashire m.1914 Marion Travis
Albert died in 1974 in Oldham, Lancashire. Maria died in 1956.
10. Samuel Henry b.1889, Burnley, Lancashire; d.1889, Burnley (Infant death)
VII.G. The Family of Ann Garbett (d.o. John Garbett and Fanny Nuttall)
and Thomas Boot, her husband
1. Frances (Fanny), the eldest child
She was born 11 June 1857 in Rushall, Staffordshire. She married, 8 August 1880 at St.George’s, Walsall, Joseph Charles Tranter, son of John Tranter. There was one son of the marriage; Joseph, born in 1884
2. Emma Ann, the second daughter
She was born 5 August 1859 in Rushall, Staffordshire. In the 1881 census she was recorded, age 22, as living and working as a domestic servant in the house of Samuel Nuttall, the 70-year-old widower of her aunt Elizabeth, in Lichfield Road, Rushall. Emma married in Walsall the following year, 9 April 1882, Alfred Griffiths, born in 1857 in Tipton, Staffordshire. I have not found any issue of the marriage.
3. Beatrice Jane, the third daughter
She was born 4 July 1863 in Rushall. She lived 6 months and died in Rushall 15 January 1864.
4. Thomas, the only son
He was born 26 October 1864 in Rushall. In the 1871 census he was shown, at age 6, living with his mother and Emma in Rushall. His father Thomas died in 1869, aged 39.
VII.H. The Family of Benjamin Garbett (s.o. John Garbett and Fanny Nuttall)
and Hannah Perrins, his wife
1. John, the eldest child
He was born in Darlaston, Staffordshire in 1863. He described himself as ‘dray man’. In the 1901 census he was recorded as ‘Railway Carter’. He married in Walsall in September 1888, Florence Ann Garner, daughter of William Garner of Hardingstone, Northamptonshire and Sarah Peach, his wife. There was issue of the marriage;
=1. Herbert Edward b.May 1889, Rushall d.1918 (Killed in action in France)
=2. William John b.1896 Rushall
=3. Laura b.1899 Rushall
=4. Florence Ann b.1901 Rushall d.1904, Rushall
=5. Florence Ann b.1907 Rushall
2. Mary Lucy, the first daughter
She was born in Pleck, Staffordshire in 1865. She married, 22 Dec.1889, Albert Kendall, born 1866, dray-man of Walsall, son of William Kendall, coal merchant of Walsall, and Elizabeth Clarke, his wife. (On Elizabeth’s birth certificate, Albert described himself as ‘mineral water manufacturer’). There were three children born of the marriage;
=1. Bertha Frances b.3 Jul.1891 bt.30 Jul.1891 Rushall
=2. Maud Jane b.31 Aug.1893 bt.23 Sept.1893 Rushall
=3. Elizabeth Mary b.2 Dec.1896 bt.24 Dec.1896 Rushall
3. Benjamin, the second son
He was baptised in Rushall in June 1867. (In the census of 1891 he was shown living at home, employed as a Saddle Tree Riveter.)
He married 19 September 1896, Jane Barnsley, daughter of Thomas Barnsley, lock-maker of Walsall and Ellen ..?.. his wife. There was one child of the marriage; Jessie, born in Walsall in 1898
4. Ernest, the third son
He was born in Rushall, 12 October 1869 and baptised there 7 November 1869. In the census of 1891 he was shown living at home, age 21, employed as a fireman. In the 1901 census he was recorded as ‘Railway Stoker’, which may account for the previous description of ‘fireman’. At age 31 he was still living with his now-widowed mother. He was a witness, at age 27, to his brother Benjamin’s marriage to Jane Barnsley in 1896.
5. Alfred, the fourth son
He was born in Rushall in September 1871 and baptised there 1 October 1871
5. Frederick, the fifth son
He was born in Rushall in 1872. In the 1891 census he was recorded as living at home, age 19, employed as a fireman. In the 1911 census he was still living at home aged 39 and working as a railway stoker.
6. Samuel, the sixth son
He was born in Rushall 18 October 1874. In the 1891 census he was shown living at home, age 17, employed as a groom. He married, in 1899, Fanny Morgan of Rushall. In the 1911 census they are shown living in Walsall with Fanny’s 73 year old widowed mother, Sarah Ann Morgan. Samuel was described as ‘Carter of timber’. There was at least one son of the marriage; Algar, b.1903 in Rushall. Algar married, in 1927, Rosina May Wolleter of Great Barr. Algar died in Walsall in September 1957.
7. Joseph, the seventh son
He was born in Rushall in1876. In the 1891 census he was recorded as living at home, age 15, employed as an errand boy. In the 1911 census he was shown as still living at home at age 35, unmarried, with his widowed mother Hannah, working as a motor works labourer.
8. Fanny, the second daughter
She was born in Rushall, 3 Oct. 1878. In the census of 1891 she was shown at home, age 12, as a scholar. She married, in 1898 in Walsall, Arthur Higginson of Walsall. There were two of the marriage; (1) Joseph Arthur, born 1901 in Smallthorne, Staffordshire (2) Morris Reginald, born 8 Aug.1905 in Walsall. In the 1911 census Fanny was recorded living in Cannock, nine miles north of Rushall.
9. Arthur, the eighth son
He was born in Rushall in 1881. In the 1891 census he was recorded as living at home, age 9, a scholar. In the 1911 census he was shown, at age 30, still living at home, unmarried, with his widowed mother Hannah and two unmarried brothers, Frederick and Joseph, working as a dairyman. Arthur died in Rushall in 1947, aged 65.
10. Edward, the ninth son
He was born in Rushall in 1885. He is not recorded in the 1891 census, so presumably he died before then.
VII.I. The Family of John Garbett (s.o. John Garbett and Fanny Nuttall)
and Hannah Gedge, his wife
1. Eliza, the eldest child
She was born in Rushall, 30 March 1860. She married, 11 October 1883 in Rushall, James Miles, born 1858 in Walsall. In the 1901 census James was recorded (occupation: Merchants Clerk) living in West Bourne Street, Walsall with his wife Eliza Garbett and their younger daughter, 13 year old Dora. Their older daughter, Elsie, a typist, was living with her aunt and uncle, John Garbett and Hannah Gedge. There was issue of the marriage;
=1. Elsie Garbett born 2 Oct.1884; d.1952, Rushall She did not marry
=2. Dora born 28 June 1887 d.1914, Rushall She did not marry
2. Frederick Christopher, the first son
He was born in Rushall, 30 November 1861 and baptised 18 January 1862. He died in Rushall in June 1869, aged 8 years.
3. Frank John, the second son
He was born in Rushall, 17 October 1865 and baptised there 1 January 1866. In the 1891 census he was shown, living at home, age 25, employed as commercial traveler. He emigrated to South Australia and married, 24 September 1901, Clara Louise Maud Watson, born in Adelaide in 1868, the elder daughter of Albert Watson and Clara Amelia Greatrex, his wife. There was issue of the marriage;
=1. Sydney Frank John b.1902 Adelaide; m.1936, Ruth Stewart McNeel; d.1994
=2. Dorothy Alice Maud b.1906 Adelaide
=3. Frank Edward Watson b.1906 Adelaide d.1925 age 19.
=4. Jack Gedge b.1910 Adelaide. d.Mar.1998
Jack Gedge Garbett married Annie Isobel Foggo in Adelaide in 1937. He died 2 March 1998 and was buried in the same cemetery as his father.
Frank John Garbett died in Semaphore, 6 January 1929 and was buried at the Cheltenham Cemetery. Clara lived another 32 years and died 12 April 1961. She was buried at the Cheltenham Cemetery.
There is a record in the LDS Family Search database for the burial of a ‘Maria Sarah Garbett’ at Semaphore on 26 June 1931. This looks as if it should belong to this family, but the South Australia BDM records do not show either a birth or death of this ‘Maria’.
4. Alice, the second daughter
She was born 10 January 1868 in Rushall. She was recorded in the 1891 census as a schoolteacher, age 23, living in Rushall. In the 1911 census she was shown still living at home at age 43 with her parents so, presumably, she did not marry.
5. Louisa, the third daughter
She was born in Rushall, 19 August 1869. Louisa died in Rushall in 1886, age 17.
6. Edward Gedge, the third son
He was born in Rushall, 25 May 1871. (1891 at home, age 19, employed as a clerk in the local iron works. In the 1901 census he was still living at home). Edward never married and died in Walsall in 1905, aged 34.
7. Edith Hannah, the fourth daughter
She was born in Rushall in February 1873. She does not appear to be living at home in the 1891 census. Edith died in Rushall in 1897, age 24.
8. Sydney Gedge, the fourth son
He was born in Rushall, 16 April 1875 and baptised 6 June. In the census of 1891 he was shown living at home, age 15, occupation; saddlers iron apprentice. In the 1901 census, when he was 25, Sydney was still living in the family home, listed this time as ‘Merchants Clerk’. He died in 1941.
With Frank John Garbett’s departure for Australia, and none of the other siblings producing any issue, this line of the family dies out in Staffordshire.
VII.J. The Family of Joseph Garbett (s.o. John Garbett and Fanny Nuttall)
and Elizabeth Nuttall, his wife
1. Florence Nuttall
She was baptised in Rushall, 25 May 1869. In the 1881 census she was shown at age 11, living in Lichfield Road, Rushall with her grandfather, Samuel Nuttall and her cousin, Emma Ann Boot who was working there as a servant . Florence married in 1893 in Rushall, George Cassell of Rushall.
2. Elizabeth (Lizzie)
She was born in Rushall, 4 February 1871 and baptised there on 5 March. She is shown in the 1881 census, at 10 years old, living with her parents in New Street, Rushall. She does not appear in any subsequent census.
3. Frances Mary
She was born on 14 November 1872 in Rushall and baptised there on 5 January 1873. She married, in Rushall in December 1894, Samuel Davis, born in Walsall in 1874. In the 1911 census they were shown living at 30 Hereford Street, Walsall, with three children and Samuel’s mother, Elizabeth.
=1. Samuel Horace b.1895 Walsall
=2. Alice Maud b.1896 Walsall
=3. (un-named newborn) b.1911 Walsall
4. Clara Eliza
She was born in Rushall in 1873 and baptised 3 December 1874. I know nothing more.
5. Eliza Annie
She was born in Rushall, 11 October 1874 and baptised 3 October 1875. She married at Walsall-Wood, 26 December 1898, Charles Jackson Russell, (miner), son of Henry Russell, born 1870 in Walsall-Wood. There was one son of the marriage; Sydney, born in Rushall, 10 Mar.1900 and baptised there, 25 Feb.1901 but died later the same year.
He was born in Rushall on 2 September 1876 and baptised 1 October 1876. He died in Rushall in 1899, age 23.
She was born in Rushall on 4 October 1878 and baptised 3 November 1878. She gave birth to a son, Ernest, 17 January 1896. He was baptised in Rushall 24 July 1896, but no father’s name was recorded. In the 1911 census her name was still ‘Garbett’ so, presumably, she had not married.
He was born in Rushall on 14 June 1880 and baptised 1 August. He died in Rushall in 1908, age 28.
9. Samuel John
He was born in Rushall in 1883. He married in Walsall in 1915, Alice Fletcher, born 1893, daughter of John Hickman Fletcher of Walsall and Henrietta Wilson, his wife. There were three sons born of the marriage;
=1. Eric b.1920 Walsall m.Walsall, 1946, Ivy Evans
=2. Edward b.1926 Lichfield m.Walsall, 1953, Betty Taylor
=3. Ewart b.1929 Lichfield m.Walsall, 1954, Margaret Leeder
He was born in Rushall, 24 May 1886. He died shortly after his birth.
11. Ellen (Nellie)
She was born in Rushall, 4 March 1889. She married in Rushall in 1910, Thomas Holdcroft, born 3 Jul.1891, son of Charles and Elizabeth Holdcroft of Rushall. In the 1911 census she was described as ‘dressmaker’. She, her first daughter, Ellen and her husband were living with her parents in Rushall. There was issue of the marriage;
=1. Edith b.1910 m.1935; Arthur Fletcher
=2. Emma Florence b.1911
=3. Charles b.1912 m.1936; Mary Sivorn
=4. George b.1915 m.1937; Marian Meacham
=5. Hilda b.1919 m.1940; Cyril Cooke
=6. Constance Ellen b.1920 m.1944; Lawrence Arthur Evans
=7. Thomas b.1922
=8. Clara b.1925 m.1947; Ronald Plant
=9. Mary b.1926 m.1948; Kenneth Henry Armshaw
Nellie died in Rushall in 1949.
VIII The eighth Generation
The New Zealand Branch of the Family
VIII. A. The Family of Henry (Harry) Garbett of Tipton, Staffordshire
and Eleanor Marie Gabrielle Giraudon, his wife
1. Thressa Maud (Tess or Tessie), the first born
She was my grandmother. She was born 17 Dec.1885 at Lyell in the Buller Valley, Westland, New Zealand. He mother’s marriage seems to have been more one of convenience and necessity than a love match (Eleanor was only 18 at the time, while Harry was 32). Life in a gold-mining town in the 1880s was hard and, with a large family of siblings, Tess could not have had a happy childhood. She attended the Lyell Primary School and appears on the Register of 1894, aged 9 years. Her father was a gang manager in the United Alpine mine in the mountains behind Lyell, and he was also sometime co-proprietor of the Alpine Hotel at Zalatown, a small mining town near Lyell. The family lived at Lyell and Tess played a large part in bringing up her younger five brothers. Her mother, Eleanor, was, by all accounts, not a very good housekeeper. Tess married 16 Sept.1908, in the Roman Catholic Basilica in Wellington, Randolph Benjamin Taylor, only son of Benjamin Fiddler Taylor (an immigrant master mariner from the Orkney Islands) and his wife, Ellen McCann (nee Gordon, from London). Tess and ‘Dolph’ were, firstly, employees of the Royal Oak Hotel in Wellington, but in 1908 they became the proprietors of the ‘Cricketers’ Arms’. In 1911 Tess was ‘registered as a barmaid under the provisions of the Licensing Amendment Act, 1910’. After their retirement they moved to Napier to be near their daughter. Dolph died in Napier in 1952. Tess survived him for another 13 years and died in Napier, 11 Dec.1965.
There was one child of the marriage;
(Gwen) Ruby Gwendoline Mary Garbett Taylor, born in Wellington, 8 May 1910.
2. Still birth 1887 at Lyell.
3. Matilda Elsie (Tilly), the second daughter
She was born 14 Apr.1889 at Lyell. She married at Reefton, West Coast, 8 March 1909, William Downie, second son of Charles Downie of Dumfries-shire, Scotland and Sarah Ann Goodyer, of Castlemaine, New South Wales, Australia. There was issue of the marriage, a daughter:
= Florence Matilda (Judy) b. 13 Aug.1910; Judy married (William) Maxwell Charlesworth of Auckland. Max was the Senior Transport Officer for St. John’s Ambulance in Auckland and together they ran a private nursing home. Judy’s ‘nickname’ came about from her early nursing days when nurses were often referred to by soldiers as ‘Judy-s’.
Matilda died in Auckland, New Zealand, 11 Apr.1963. William had died three years previously.
4. Amos Henry, the eldest son
He was born at Lyell, 4 Aug.1890. On 29 July 1916 he embarked at Wellington to go to war at a rank of Lance Corporal. On 17 June 1917, while with the New Zealand Rifle Brigade, he was killed in action at Messines, Belgium. Messines was captured by the German 26th Division from the 1st Cavalry Division on the 31st October-1st November, 1914; on the 6th and 7th November it was attacked unsuccessfully by French troops. It was taken by the New Zealand Division on the 7th June, 1917, in the Battle of Messines. It was retaken by the Germans on the 10th-11th April, 1918, after a stubborn defence by the South African Brigade; and it finally passed again into British hands on the 28th-29th September, 1918. It formed a strong position, not only from its height above the plain but from the extensive system of cellars under the convent known as the "Institution Royale". In the British Cemetery is the Memorial to 840 officers and men of New Zealand who fell in the neighbourhood and whose graves are not known.
5. William Richard, the second son
He was born at Lyell, 6 Aug.1892. During WW1 he was a Lance Corporal with the New Zealand Rifle Brigade, serving in France. In 1928 Richard married, in Gisborne, Phyllis Laura Witty, daughter of James and Alice Witty of Gisborne. William died in Gisborne, 11 Feb.1958 and was buried at the Taruheru cemetery. There was issue of the marriage; two daughters:
= 1. Evelyn b.07 Oct. 1929, Gisborne, New Zealand, m.1956, Frank Telford Gordon
= 2. Lois b.16 Dec.1931, Gisborne, New Zealand, m.1951, Harold Clifford Williams
6. Alfred Lewis, the third son
He was born at Lyell, 30 Aug.1894. He was killed in action in WW1, 16 Sept.1916 at the Battle of the Somme, France. His grave is in the New Zealand cemetery there. On the east side of the cemetery is the Caterpillar Valley (New Zealand) Memorial, commemorating more than 1200 officers and men of the New Zealand Division who died in the Battles of the Somme in 1916, and whose graves are not known.
7. Henry (Harry) Ernest, the fourth son
He was born at Lyell, 21 Feb.1897. Harry served in WW1 as a Trooper in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force from January 1916. After the end of the Gallipoli campaign, the NZEF formed its own infantry division, the New Zealand Division, which served on the Western Front for the rest of the war. Harry was wounded in action but returned to New Zealand. He married in Gisborne in 1925, Mary Margaret (Rita) Russell, born 6 April 1900, daughter of James Russell of Gisborne and Mary Samson Black, his wife. Harry died in Wellington, 24 July 1965. There was issue of the marriage:
= 1. James b.bef.1928;
= 2. Olwyn b.1929; m. Robert Neil Miners
= 3. Ngaire b.1931; m.1951, Arthur Dennis Pitt Williams
= 4. David William b.1933; m. Elaine Mary Laffin
8. Albert Lester (Peter), the fifth and youngest son
He was born at Lyell, 21 Jun.1899. He was educated at Nelson College and Victoria University. After the war he became a clerk for the Royal Insurance Co. in Wellington and remained with them for the rest of his working life. He married in Wellington, 25 Sept.1940, Muriel Rodie Saunders, daughter of Edward Saunders and Agnes Rodie. He never liked his given names and called himself ‘Peter’. He was at one time president of the Insurance Institute of New Zealand. Peter and Muriel adopted a son: Alan b.abt.1941. Peter died in Wellington, 3 Oct.1960.
After Harry Garbett’s death in 1905, Eleanor remarried; James Jackson of Greymouth. There was issue of this marriage (see VII.B.)
VIII. B. The Family of Eleanor Marie Gabrielle Garbett (née Giraudon)
and James Jackson
1. James Jackson Garbett
He was born in Waihi, (a small gold-mining town), Coromandel, New Zealand, 25 June 1903 (two years before the marriage of his parents. He was given his ‘Garbett’ surname to overcome the difficulty of having been born ‘out of wedlock’). He graduated Bachelor of Law at Victoria University, Wellington in 1925. He married, 26 July 1943, in Ismalia, Egypt, during WW2 (Jean) Zoe Saunders, born 7 December 1915, second daughter of Edward Saunders and Agnes Rodie of Invercargill, New Zealand. (Zoe and Muriel Saunders [see 8 above] were sisters who married half-brothers). There were three sons and one daughter of the marriage:
= 1. Richard Saunders Garbett b.08 Sept. 1944 m.1972 Judith Isobel Morriss
= 2. James Edward Garbett b.06 Mar. 1946 m.1971 Judith Fay Hartstone
= 3. Margaret Helen Garbett b.16 Apr. 1948 m.1969 Stephen Leonard Westgate
= 4. Peter Henry Garbett b.22 Mar. 1959 m. Janine Isabell Turkington
James died in Auckland, New Zealand, 10 September 1986.
2. John Jackson
He was born in Waihi, Coromandel, 16 Sept.1905. He married, in Wellington, New Zealand, 6 June 1939, Dorothy Winifred Murphy. There were two sons of the marriage.
= 1. Brian Jackson b.?
= 2. Wayne Jackson b.?
John died in Mangakino, Waikato in 1987 and Dorothy died in 1998.
3. Victor Jackson
He was born at Reefton, West Coast (South Island), New Zealand, 29 Oct.1909. He only lived seven years and died in Reefton, 3 January 1916.
Eleanor (Nelly) (Jackson / Garbett / Giraudon) died in Wellington 31 Oct.1951, of a stroke at age 85.
(This family is not connected to the Garbett clan, other than by the marriage link through Eleanor and the naming of John Jackson Garbett.)
Compiled by Roy Francis Holderness, Napier, New Zealand, 2015
The New Zealand branch of the Holderness family of south-west Lincolnshire has associates in Canada, Australia, South Africa and the USA.
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