13 SHIPS of WAIKATO IMMIGRATION SCHEME - 1860s - with PASSENGER LISTS
taken fom the WAIKATO IMMIGRATION scheme
The Waikato immigration scheme was part of an attempt by the General Government to bring large numbers of immigrants to the North Island. It was felt that the establishment of European settlements would help to consolidate the Government's position after the Maori Wars, and facilitate the development of the regions involved, to the mutual advantage of the general and provincial governments. The cost of such settlements would be recovered from the sale of neighbouring land.
The Government originally intended to bring about 20,000 immigrants to the Waikato, recruiting them from the Cape colony (South Africa), Britain and Ireland. To finance this scheme and other government expenses, a 3 million pound loan was to be raised in London, of which Auckland Province would be granted 150,000 pounds for introducing settlers plus 450,000 pounds for surveys and other incidental expenses. Immigrants would be recruited by the Auckland Provincial Government's agents acting on behalf of the General Government, plus other agents appointed for the purpose. The immigrants would be settled on land available under the New Zealand Settlements Act 1863.
Four main classes of immigrants were initially sought: 'labourers', 'mechanics', small farmers, and capitalists. The 'labourers' (agricultural and railway workers) and 'mechanics' (industrial craftsmen and artisans) were to be offered free passages plus a land grant if they resided on that land for three years. Exact conditions varied slightly between immigrants from the United Kingdom and immigrants from the Cape. Whereas there was a surfeit of applications from people eager to leave the depressed Cape Colony, the quantity of land offered to English and Scottish immigrants had to be increased to provide an adequate incentive. Thus immigrants from the Cape were entitled to five acres, whereas immigrants from the United Kingdom were entitled to ten, plus five for each child above 12 years old. Both could apply for an additional grant of ten acres, plus five acres for their wives and children over 12 years old, if they repaid half their fare. Small farmers were expected to pay their own passage but would receive a 50 acre land order per adult (plus 25 acres for each person between 12 and 17 years) if they stayed for three years. The capitalists would be attracted by the large areas of land available for purchase and would therefore come and provide supplementary employment for the other immigrants.
... read more at the link above
..ALL highlighted names lead to the PASSENGER LISTS of each ship
SHIP - DEPARTURE date - DATE - ARRIVAL date AUCKLAND
Alfred - Cape of Good Hope - Sep 1864 - 18 Nov 1864
- The Dutch barque, Captain A Decker, anchored off the North Head at 12 o'clock last night. She sailed from Cape Town on the 27th of September, and experienced moderate weather throughout the passage. She brings 251 passengers and 85 tons military stores for the Government, and 5 casks wine consigned to Messrs. Bucholz and Co.
Bombay - London - Nov/Dec 1864 - 18 Mar 1865
- It is not generally known that the Bombay gave the name of Bombay to the settlement situated about 29 miles south of Auckland. Most of the early settlers in this district came out from England by the Bombay on her first voyage to Auckland in 1863. The Bombay seldom had a fair chance when trading to New Zealand of showing what she was capable of doing, as on nearly all the voyages out she had the ill-luck to strike furious storms, either in the Channel or later. The Bombay was a full-rigged ship of 937 tons, and flying the Shaw Savill flag. On the four voyages she made to the colony she was under the command of Captain G. Sellars, a fine old gentleman and a skilful sailor
Dauntless - Kingstown, Cork - 29 Dec 1864 - 15 May 1865
- The Dauntless experienced light winds, varied by heavy gales, throughout the voyage. The sailors on several occasions threatened to mutiny, as they were dissatisfied with the provisions and the miserable accommodation provided. They also considered the vessel was unsafe, and demanded to be landed at the nearest port. The crew succeeded in getting several of the passengers to support them, and when off the Cape of Good Hope threatened to take the life of Captain Moore. He the broke into a case of rifles consigned to the Colonial secretary, and he, with the officers, went about with arms. Three men were eventually put in irons, and handed over to the police on arrival at Auckland. Considering the unsatisfactory state of the accommodation for the steerage passengers, and the inferior food supplied, it is no wonder that twenty deaths occurred before the vessel reached her destination. There were also seventeen births and two marriages during the voyage.
Eveline - Cape of Good Hope - 1864 - 22 Jan 1865
Ganges - Queenstown, Cork - 4 Nov 1864 - 14 Feb 1865
Helenslee - Glasgow - 10 Sep 1864 - 23 Dec 1864
-Many of these passengers went on to settle at Pokeno (Queens Redoubt). The Helenslee was part of the Waikato Immigration Scheme of the 1860s
Lancashire Witch - London - 11 Feb 1865 - 3 Jun 1865
- ... pdf file ...
Maori - Cape of Good Hope - Oct 1864 - 23 Dec 1864
Matoaka - London - 17 Sep 1864 - 3 Jan 1865
- The clipper ship Matoaka arrived off the Heads yesterday afternoon, after a good passage of 93 days from the start. The
Matoaka is a vessel of 1,323 tons one of George Seymour, Peacock, and Co's liners and is a fine specimen of a Brunswick-built clipper ship. She was formerly here in charge of Captain Stevens, but is now commanded by Captain William C. Barnett who has visited our waters on several occasions in the good ship Cresswell, and appears to have gained the confidence and esteem of all on board his ship. The Matoaka was last here in September 1859, coming up harbour with the unfortunate Tornado, out the same number of days from Liverpool direct. On that occasion she made the passage in about 100 days, including a stay of several days at Wellington. She has just been recleansed and is now on the first letter for twelve years. The Matoaka brings a full cargo of general merchandise, and an addition to our population of 441 souls, there being including crew 480 souls on board
Reiherstieg - Cape of Good Hope - Oct 1864 - 24 Dec 1864
- Christmas, 1864, could not have been a very happy time for most of these new arrivals. On Christmas Eve, the "Reihersteig" - the third immigrant ship to arrive within three days - dropped anchor in Auckland Harbour. As there was no room for the passengers at the Onehunga Barracks, they were put in tents there. On 23 January they were forwarded to their settlement at Maioro, opposite Port Waikato where some of the men were able to find employment. It was not until 31 March, however, that they were put in possession of their individual allotments
Resolute - Glasgow - 1 Mar 1865 - 24 Jun 1865
- The Resolute, a full-rigged ship of over 1000 tons, commanded by Captain Wallace, completed three successful and uneventful voyages to New Zealand. She was American built, and chartered by the Patrick Henderson Co. to bring out passengers and general cargo. Her first visit was to Port Chalmers, in 1864. She sailed from Glasgow on December 17, 1863, and after a good passage of 82 days, land to land, and 90 days, port to port, arrived at her destination on March 17, 1864. The Resolute on this occasion brought out two lighthouses. One was erected at Tirau, Port Chalmers, and the other on Dog Island. The following year the Resolute sailed from Glasgow for Auckland on March 14. For the first five days she experienced heavy westerly gales during which some damage was done to the ship
Steinwaerder - Cape of Good Hope - Aug 1864 - 18 Oct 1864
Viola - Glasgow - 7 Dec 1864 - 4 Apr 1865