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WESTERN MONARCH arrived BLUFF Jan 1879

Journal by ngairedith

Southland Times, 20 January 1879
ARRIVAL OF THE WESTERN MONARCH

The fine clipper ship Western Monarch, with our old friend Captain Watson on board in command, arrived at the lower anchorage at the Bluff yesterday morning, from London. She has on board 369 immigrants and 9 saloon passengers, besides a crew of 46 men all told.
As soon as she came to an anchor Captain Thomson, Harbor Master, proceeded to the pilot station, accompanied by the representatives of the press, and went on board as health officer, and after receiving the report from the doctor gave the press representatives permission to board.

Captain Watson courteously intimated his willingness to give every information respecting the boyage and ship, and after detailing the passage out, assisted by the doctor, he accompanied the health officer and your own and went over the whole of the immigrants quarters.

The Western Monarch left Plymouth on the 30th October, after having embarked all her passengers on the previous day. Fifteen minutes after leaving port the first death occurred on board - an infant which had been brought on board having wasted away - and although this at the time may have been considered an ill omen, yet in this instance it proved not to be so, as the passage of the Western Monarch throughout has been one of the finest. Here we may state also that during the whole passage there were only three deaths, one being the infant named above, another an infant dry nursed, and another a single man named Arthur O'Keefe, aged 28 years, from consumption, who had come on board almost in the last stage of that disease with a faint hope that the sea voyage might prove beneficial.
Three births also took place and all are doing well.

Whilst examining the 'tween decks, the immigrants, both married and single, expressed their heartfelt satisfaction at the treatment accorded them by Captain Watson and his officers, and especially by Dr James W. P. Hosking, who was unwearying in attending to their medicinal requirements. There was not trace of contagious disease on the passage, and all on board arrived in a fine state of health excepting one poor fellow, John Baldwin, aged 30, of Waterford, who is confined to bed suffering from consumption. (He died in the Hospital on 26 Jan)
The immigrants themselves appear to be a fine class of people, and what renders them a greater acquisition is the fact that several bring the wherewithal to give them a good footing ashore - one having given the doctor charge of £150 (Jan 2014 equivalent of $23,370), another £50, and others possessed of sums sufficient to give them a start.

The arrangement for comfort in the 'tween decks were of the best, the only part which would admit of improvement being the divisions between the berths of the married couples, which has been represented several times to the Commissioners, and although the Western Monarch has been better fitted in this respect than the generality of immigrant vessel, yet there is still room for improvement. The state of cleanliness and order throughout the immigrants' quarters not only says great things for the passengers themselves but redounds to the credit of Captain Watson and Dr Hosking, the usual disinfectants which so annoy visitors in emigrant vessel being apparently quite unnecessary on the Western Monarch, and only noticeable by their absence.

The ship herself is particularly well adapted for an emigrant vessel, being over 1300 toms register, with a spacious 'tween decks, which gave the passengers an abundance of room and consequently added to their comfort considerably. She was built in Barrow-in-Furness, by the Barrow Shipbuilding Company, and is almost a new vessel. She registers 1315 tons, and is owned by the Royal Exchange Shipping Company. She is fitted with all the latest improvements in every way, having steam winch, condenser, and steam appliances for working the yards and anchors, also fire apparatus. She is also possessed of a marked improvement on ordinary vessels, in that her lifeboats forward, which are capable of carrying 160 passengers, are always slung aboard in davits, ready to lower at a moments notice, and this in the event of colliding would be an immense advantage, the usual custom being to have all boars, excepting one or two aft, turned bottom up and well secured on the skids, which necessitates considerable loss of valuable time before they can be lowered. She is also furnished with patent anchors with improved detaching gear, which does away with the usual billhooking at the catheads, the anchors being slipped off the forecastle-head, at a moments notice.

After sailing from Plymouth the Western Monarch got moderate winds until sighting the Island of Maderia, on the 6th Nov,m where she was becalmed for four days, all the time in sight of the Island; got away again on the 10th November and had a complete change in the weather, a severe thunderstorm overtaking her, with vivid flashes of lightning. This settled into a steady N.W. gale, which necessitated her running under close-reefed topsails for three days. On the 16th of November, got the N.E. trades in 20 N. They, however, proved very limited and of little use and were lost in 7 N. on the 24th November. Got the S.E. trades in 4 N., which proved far more serviceable, they being well easterly, which enabled her to make two points easting the whole time, and did not run out of them till the 9th December.
Sighted Nightingale and Inaccessible Islands on the 14th December and Gulf Island on the 15th, with fine weather, On the 22nd passed the meridian of the Cape to the north of the Crozets. Run the easting down on meridian 47, with good steady westerly winds, and averaged 270 miles daily until within 200 miles of New Zealand, when she run into a thick fog and dodged along under easy canvass for three days, a strong N.E. to S. breeze blowing until the morning of the 18th inst., when the fog lifted and Solanders Island was sighted and the yards squared for the Straits.
The s.s. Arawata was passed off the Solanders, also a barque beating to the westward. At 6 p.m. on the 18th hove to under Stewarts island and at daylight yesterday morning run across the Straits, but a thick fog hanging over the Bluff hill Captain Watson deemed it prudent to run back to Stewarts Island, but the fog lifting soon afterwards he stood across the Straits and receiving the signal from the Flagstaff to run in to the pilot boar he ran in under Look-out Point, where received the Pilot on board, who brought her up to the lower anchorage.
As soon as the passengers are cleared Captain Watson will land them either in boats at the Pilot Station or by steamer at the wharf and proceed on his voyage to Dunedin, where he will discharge his cargo, none of it being for Southland

West Coast Times, 9 January 1879 - INVERCARGILL
Labor generally is scarce and the arrival of the ship Western Monarch with immigrants, is anxiously looked forward to. She has nearly four hundred souls on board

Southland Times, 9 January 1879 - IMMIGRANT STATISTICS
From the certified list which the immigration officer, Mr Lillicrap, has just received, and to which he has courteously granted us access, we glean some interesting details regarding this shipment of immigrants.
The 369 souls in the ship are apportioned as to age generally ans sex as follows:-
ADULTS:
194 male & 111 female
CHILDREN:
28 male & 24 female
INFANTS:
6 male& 6 female

Of the males there are 172 farm laborers, 7 general laborer, 2 gardeners, 2 shepherds, 1 rough carpenter, 1 carpenter & 1 painter
Of the females there are 38 general servants, 5 housemaids, 4 dairymaids, 3 cooks, 2 nurses & 1 nursemaid

213 are English, 125 are Irish, 13 are Scottish, 15 are Welsh, 2 are Australian & 1 Channel Islander. Nearly half of the English immigrants are from the counties of Gloucestershire, Cornwall and Devon, the remainder representing over a score of counties between Berwick-on-Tweed and Lands End. The Scotch hail from various parts and the Irish chiefly from Kerry, Clare, Limerick and Derry. Of the Welsh counties Merioneth contributes most largely

Southland Times, 21 January 1879 - SOUTHLAND HOSPITAL
Three patients were admitted yesterday to the Hospital. One came from the newly-arrived ship the Western Monarch, and was very far gone in consumption. The second was suffering from a large abscess down the right, extending from the armpit almost to the knee. The third was admitted suffering from pneumonia. The hospital is full to overflowing, beds having to be made up in the committee-room

Southland Times, 22 January 1879 - A DAY AT THE CIRCUS
At Burton's Great Australian Circus, the last day performance takes place this day (Wednesday) 22nd January. The last night of the circus as the Troupe leaves for Hobart Town per 'Ringarooma' on Thursday. The immigrants who have arrived by the Western Monarch are invited by Mr Burton to attend the Day Performance at the Circus FREE OF CHARGE

Star, 24 January 1879 - DELAYS
The immigrants that arrived the other day by the Western Monarch are not going off by any means so rapidly as had been expected. The whole of the married couples are still in the barracks, while a number of the single men and women have not yet succeeded in obtaining engagements

Southland Times, 25 January 1879 - HOUSING PROBLEMS
Two or three of the families of the Western Monarch have, with difficulty, secured house shelter, and left the depot, the immigration officer has also secured for another two or three places on stations, but the bulk remain. Several of the married men have obtained work about the town, while a few have left for the Wallacetown branch railway works, together with a good may of the single men. It seems a pity contractors have not agents in town authorised to engage and send up men to the railway works on arrival of an immigrant vessel. To-day may still decrease the number left in the depot. Of the single women only some four remain, and Mr Lillicrap expects places for these by Monday

Evening Post, 27 January 1879 - DEMANDING HIGHER PAY
The Western Monarch immigrants are giving some trouble by demanding exorbitant wages. Many employers left the barracks in disgust. An offer of temporary employment by the Corporation at 5s a day, wet or dry, was indignantly refused.
Several of the immigrants found engagements on Saturday and more could have been accommodated if they had chosen to accept reasonable wages. The ideas of too many of them are exorbitant in this respect. The Immigration Officer informs us that many of the men (single and married) refused excellent wages in his presence. The immigrants have not displayed the ready spirit fro work that was so apparent amongst the Waitara's immigrants, and farmers and contractors who were seeking labor could make nothing of them. Not wishing to be harsh the Immigration Officer has not yet stopped food supplies, but he says there is reason for such a course. We have no wish to say unkind things to the new-comers, but we would remind them of the great distress and misery they have escaped from in the old country by emigrating to this one, where they will find that their lives have fallen in pleasant places if they will be but industrious and steady and put their shoulder to the wheel with a will, But work they must, and the sooner they recognise the position the better for them


THE PASSENGERS
I have listed same names together for easy reading
this does not necessarily mean they were of the same family
* approximate birth dates in brackets help for later research
* treat all name spelling, dates etc with caution, use as a guide only


NAME ......AGE ......NOTES
...A
Ablem Mary A. 23

Alderson David 21
Alcherley John 37

Arnold George 44 (1834-)
Arnold Anna 43
Arnold Alfred 11
Arnold Mary E. 9
Arnold Emily 3

...B
Bailey Noah 24 (1854-)

Baird David 21 (from Ayr)

Baldwin William J. 40 (1838-)
Baldwin Mary 32
Baldwin Albert William 11 (1867-1946)
Baldwin Catherine 9
Baldwin John 30 (from Waterford, Ireland, died of consumption 27 Jan)

Barlow James 36
Barlow Ellen 38
Barlow Ellen 12
Barlow Margaret 6

Bartlett Henry 17 (from Middlesex)

Beavel Frederick 22 (1854-1901)
NOTE Frederick is the only Beavel mentioned anywhere in NZ. Nothing on Births or Marriages for this name and his is the only recorded death.
His is the only Beavel name mentioned in papers Past
Hawera & Normanby Star, 4 February 1888 A Ride Through Whakamara ,,, half a mile further on and on the opposite side of the road is the bachelor residence of Mr Beavel ...
Hawera & Normanby Star, 23 September 1901 BEAVEL - At Whakamara, on Sunday, September 22nd, 1901, Frederick Beavel aged 47 years
Hawera & Normanby Star, 13 November 1901 We remind those in search of a snug farm that Messrs Nolan, Tonks and Co., instructed by the Public Trustee, will tomorrow offer 102 acres, lately occupied by the late Frederick Beavel, and situated upon the Ingahape road, Whakamara, about two miles from the Mells Co-operative Dairy Factory. Conditions may be seen at Mr C. A. Budge's office

Bennett William 23

Blee Samuel 43 (1835-)
Blee Elizabeth 42 (1836-)
Blee Margaret 'Maggie' 18 (married Frederick Noah Bailey)
Blee Elizabeth 16 (1862-)
Blee Edward 14 (1864-)
Blee Isabella 13 (1865-1927)
Blee Joseph Henry 8 (1870-1943)
Blee Henry 6 (1872-)
see BLEE marriages
It is possible Samuel & Elizabeth lowered their ages. A Samuel Curteous snr (1829-1907) & Elizabeth Ann (1830-1897) BLEE are buried together in Winton cemetery with Samuel Blee jnr (1854-1899). See Blee marriages link

Botterill Ambrose 37 (Mr. 1843-)

Bradley James 22

Brady Thomas 20 (with Philip Donohue)
Brady Mary 21

Brooker Robert 29
Brooker Henrietta 27
Brooker John 7
Brooker Thomas 5
Brooker James 3
Brooker William 2 months

Brown Thomas 25

Brunsdon Charles 23 (1855-1942)
Brunsdon William 22 (married Catherine White Aug 1879)

Burke Mary 21 (with Thomas & Mary Spellman)
Burke Anne 19 (from Galway)
Burke Mary 18 (from Galway)

Butler John 22

Billing Mary 17

Black Sarah J. 19

Boyd Margaret 21 (from Antrim)

Boyle Mary 20

...C
Callaghan John 21

Carroll John 25

Carson Thomas 30
Carson Ellen 32
Carson Mary 7
Carson Jane 5
Carson John 2

Casserly John 21 (1857- from Galway)

Cleave Richard 20 (1858-1919)

Cole Albert 22

Colling Frederick 22

Connor Mary 21

Coombs Thomas 23 (1855-1896)
Coombs Mary 24
Coombs Charles 1

Coombes George 33
Coombes Sarah 42
Coombes William R. 12
Coombes Mary E. 8
Coombes George Thomas 3

Cooney John 24
Cooney Mary 18

Corbett James 19

Craig Archibald 40 (1838-)
Craig Sarah Mary 40 (1838-1914)
Craig John George 18
Craig Mary J. 15
Craig Ann E. 12
Craig William Robert 10
Craig Archibald 7

Craigie James 23

Cross William 24

Curnow William 31
Curnow Jane 29

...D
Daly Michael 20
Daly Bridget 20

Davie Joseph 18

Davis Joshua 37
Davis Mary A. 30
Davis Rosina 9
Davis George 6
Davis Charlotte 2

Diamond Thomas 28
Diamond Elizabeth J. 29
Diamond William J. 4
Diamond Maria 2
Diamond Thomas 1

Dobbs John 13 (1865-1930)

Donohue Philip 18 (with Thomas & Mary Brady)

Dyer Thomas 27
Dyer Mary J. 27
Dyer William 2
Dyer Ernest 6 months

...E
Eddy Sillias 24 (or Eady, from County Cork)
Eddy Susan 20 (with Jennings + Denis McCarthy)

Eslin Bridget 19

Everall George 39 (with Frederick & Walter White)
Everall Elizabeth 50
Everall Charles 19
Everall Thomas 17
Everall Sarah 16
Everall John 13

...F
Fahy Julia 19 (from Galway)

Fahey John 25

Fannery Maria 30

Fenaughty Roger 25
Fenaughty Bridget 23
Fenaughty Bridget 1

Fitzgerald Gauel (?) 21 (farm laborer from Armagh)
Fitzgerald James 23 (from Armagh)

Fitzmaurice Joseph 21

Flynn Mary 19

Ford(e) James 25
Ford(e) Mary 26

Fox Liley 21

...G
Gallagher Michael 20 (with Edward & Margaret McGee)
Gallagher Annie 20

Gedney John 21

Gibson Frederick 26

Gobbe Robert 43 (painter from Bedfordshire)
Gobbe Margaret 42
Gobbe Thomas 18

Gorman Michael 19

Graham Thomas 42

Grey William 19

...H
Hackett Mary 17

Halloran John 22
Halloran Patrick 25

Hammill James 23

Hannaford John 22

Harding William 24

Havard William 27
Havard Elizabeth 23
Havard Elenor A. 2
Havard Sarah E. 9 months

Hawley Philip 21

Hays Catherine 20

Haywood Charles 23

Hennessy Francis 22 (from Cork)
Hennessy Mary 20 (from Cork)

Heslington Benson 21

Hingston Andrew 30
Hingston Annie 20

Hocking Richard 23
Hocking Eliza 21
Hocking Henry A 28
Hocking Phillipa 24

Hogan Peter 25

Hubber Henry 21

Hughes H. 18
Hughes Thomas 24

...J
Jackson Thomas 22

James William 43
James Mary 42
James Eliza 16
James John 14
James Charles 13
James Richard H. 2
James Charles 21

Jenkin James 23
Jenkin Sarah 23

Jennings Edward 21 (with Denis McCarthy + Susan Eddy)
Jennings Margaret 20 (from County Cork)
Jennings Lydia 19

Jones Owen 23

...K
Karlene John 19

Keen John 23

Keenan James 18

Keeny Francis 30

Kennedy Julia 21
Kennedy Ann 19

Kerr John 27

Killean Mary 27

...L
le Bas Alex 35

Lee H. 22 (born c1856)
Lee Helena (?) 21
Lee John 2 months
Lee Elizabeth 20

Lenihan William 21 (from Galway)
Lenihan Honora 19 (from Galway)
Lenihan Mary 17

Lesley Margaret
Lesley Benjamin 30

Letcher William 23
Letcher Catherine 24
Letcher Elizabeth J. 2 months

Lewin Alex 21
Lewin Mary E. 23

Linscott Frederick 18

Lobb John 27

Lynch Thomas 27

...M
Madden Maria 19

Maloney John 22
Maloney Honora 22

Maquire Mary 19

Marshall Thomas 26

Martin Louisa 18
Martin Mary 21

Marvin Annie B. 23

Mathews Edward 24
Mathews Henrietta 25
Mathews William Thomas 2
Mathews Edward H. 8 months

Maugan Michael 21

McCarthy Denis 21 ((from County Cork, with Jennings + Susan Eddy)

McCartney William 22

McClelland Joseph 22

McGee Edward 22 (with Michael & Annie Gallagher)
McGee Margaret 23

McGilvray Archibald 48 (from Argyle)

McGuskion (?) H. 25

McKeown George 18 (with James Wilson)

McLemon William 29
McLemon Jessie 29
McLemon John 1

McMahon Timothy 22
McMahon Honora 28

McNamara Patrick 36 (from County Clare)
McNamara Margaret 35
McNamara Patrick 17
McNamara Honora 15
McNamara Catherine 10
McNamara Margaret 8
McNamara Daniel 5

Meredith Robert 24
Meredith Mary 20

Millard James 16
Millard John 22
Millard Robert 18

Mitchell John 19

Morgan Charles 52
Morgan Matilda 48
Morgan Richard 23
Morgan Charles 19

Morris George 29
Morris Caroline 29
Morris Elizabeth M. 2

Murphy John 20

Murray Michael 22

...N
Neill John 23

Newcombe William H. 26

...O
O'Brian Thomas 20
O'Brian Michael 19

O'Donnell Michael 22

O'Keefe Arthur 24
O'Keefe Mary 23

O'Mara John 25
O'Mara James 26

Owen Caroline 18

Owens Robert 24

...P
Pagson William 38

Paul Richard 20

Pearce Henry 25
Pearce Reginald 20

Perraluna Alex 23
Perraluna Elizabeth 21

Peters Richard George 22

Pomeroy John 17

Potts George 30

...R
Randell Elizabeth 17

Reardon Daniel 18 (with Michael & Ellen Sheehan)

Reid Thomas 37 (laborer from Edinburgh)[/COLOR]
Reid Janet 31
Reid Jane 6
Reid John 4
Reid Margaret 2
Reid Janette 4 months

Richardson H. 27

Roberts William 23
Roberts Jane 21

Robertshaw John 24

Roper Daniel 20 (from Donegal)

...S
Sampson James 22

Scully Mary 18 (from Galway)

Sheehan Michael 20 (with Daniel Reardon)
Sheehan Ellen 20

Sheppard Herbert 21

Sherman Joseph 24 (from Gloucestershire)

Sindon Annie 28

Smith George 22
Smith Emily A. 22
Smith Fanny E. 1
Smith James 27
Smith Edward 22
Smith Jane 26

Spellman Thomas 20 (1858-1933)
Spellman Mary 22 (with Mary Burke)

Stack Johanna 22

Stead Frances 17

Stephenson George 34
Stephenson Alice 34
Stephenson Rachael 11

Sullivan Patrick 30
Sullivan Mary 29
Sullivan Bridget 7
Sullivan Mary 4
Sullivan Kate 1
Sullivan Daniel 21
Sullivan John 27
Sullivan Mary 25

...T
Taugney Thomas 22
Taugney Julia 22
Taugney Eugene 9 months

Taylor Ellen 21

Thorn James 23
Thorn Selena 23
Thorn Samuel 2 (1876-1922)
Thorn Walter Henry 16 months (1877-1884)
Thorn Emily E. 7 months

Thornton Thomas A 32

Thomas William 23

Toblin William 25

Trebilcock John 29
Trebilcock Dorothy 28
Trebilcock Francis 3
Trebilcock Mabel 2 months
Trebilcock Thomas 17

Tree James 30 (1849-1935)
Tree Elizabeth 28 (1851-1923)
Tree George 5 (1873-1950), married Edith Mary Wright 1898
Tree John Bolton 2 (1876-1917)

Tregilgus William 20

Tretheway William 23
Tretheway Emma 26
Tretheway Elizabeth A. 8 months
Tretheway Thomas 21

Troon John aged 21

...V
Vines Charles 35
Vines Elizabeth 26

...W
Waldron Robert 27
Waldron Margaret 32

Warne John 18

Whiddon Frank 20

White Walter 13 (with Everall)
White Frederick 13 (with Everall)
White Frank 18

Whitehead John William 20

Wilcock Joseph 26
Wilcock Bessie 26

Williams Ralph 28
Williams Mary E. 22
Williams William 11 months
Williams Jacob 44
Williams Annie 43
Williams Elizabeth 16
Williams George 21

Willis William 21

Wilson William 33
Wilson Anna M. 29
Wilson Edward J. 9
Wilson Margaret R. 6
Wilson William John 3
Wilson James 25 (with George McKeown)
Wilson Joseph 28

Withington Elizabeth 25

Woodgate John 23

...Y
Young Mary 23 (from Renfrewshire)
Young Eliza 6 (from Renfrewshire)


PHOTO
Clipper Ship the WESTERN MONARCH

from the John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland

by ngairedith Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2014-01-25 19:26:58

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