WOW! 1860 FARMERS IN MELBOURNE'S NORTH WEST,VIC.,AUST.
I found this fantastic description while trying to work out when Jessie Sheppard was replaced on Crowe's Hill by Thomas Crinnion. It has some unknowns (Mr Lincolne)and spelling errors (the occupant of "Stewarton") but is so valuable that I had to interrupt my Bulla research to record it. As "young" creates thousands of results on trove,I have been unable to verify Peter Young owning (or leasing from the Crown) much land in the parish of Doutta Galla (a claim which could be based on this article!) Following the description of the route and terrain, I can only guess that Peter Young was on St John's (section 23 Doutta Galla) and that he was leasing from Lady Franklin, the hill being at Strathmore Heights near Strathnaver Avenue. Where farms can be identified, their names will be provided, inserted into the article as headings in upper case and bold type.
The Glenroy Estate is a special case. Bounded by the line of Rhodes Parade,the Moonee Ponds, Johnstone St/Camp Rd and (roughly)the line of Morley/Valencia/Fairview Sts,it was never a Run but part of a large purchase in the parish of Will Will Rook,made in Sydney on 12-9-1838 by speculators, Hughes and Hosking. Donald Kennedy bought land north of Broadmeadows Township, and the estate described above,cheaply following the 1843 depression. The Camerons probably leased much of the Glenroy Estate for about a decade and named it Glenroy.
The only farm on the Glenroy estate in early times whose name has been specified was Robert McDougall's "Cona" from whence he moved to Aitken's Estate for about a decade before buying Arundel,according to his obituary. Robert was on Cona by 1849 when he wrote a letter to John Pascoe Fawkner in his time machine, finishing the letter exactly a year before he started. That'll make you read the letter!
By the way the Five Mile Creek flowed through the water reserve at Melway 28 F1, along Salmon Reserve etc.to meet the Moonee Ponds Creek at 28 J-K2; the National School just north of the Junction was accessed via GOVERNMENT ROAD. The Young Queen bridge was the Pascoe Vale bridge,the Young Queen Inn being on the west side of the road just north of the bridge.
Robert McDougall's letter revealed why the tenants (i.e. on the Glenroy Estate) did not contribute to the making of Pascoe Vale Rd. (P.4, Argus, 23-11-1849.)
(From the Special Correspondent of the Melbourne Herald.)
THE agricultural district known as Moonee Ponds, is one of the largest and perhaps the most important in the
colony. The general richness and fertility of its soil, the improved system of farming already extensively introduced within its bounderies, and its contiguity to the metropolis are alone sufficient to justify the appellation.
But it comprises amongst its farmers a large proportion of those enterprising agricultural pioneers, who are becoming to this oolony what the Webbs, the Portlands, and the Mechis have for many years been to the mother
country. With an instinctive determination to excel, not only in the tillage of their lands, but in the formationof their herds and flocks, they have pursued their aim with an industrious energy and discriminating judgment that has already resulted in considerable benefit to their brother farmers. On some farms in the district the use of agricultural machinery in almost every branch of farm labour has been reduced to a practical success and a course of action defined that will afford farmers the opportunity of counteracting to a considerable extent, the existing unprofitable rate of wages. On others, herds have been formed that would by no means occupy an unfavourable position, if placed in actual comparison with the most famed stock in England.
And it will be sufficient to substantiate this remark, if I ínstance the yearling short-horn bull bred by Mr. Rawdon Greene, which obtained the first prize of its class at the recent annual show of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society, and its dam, " Bonnet the Fourth," which was also awarded the first prize of its class. The practical value that must attach to the introduction and propagation, in the colony of this first-class stock cannot be too highly estimated.
My first point of observation in the district was at Essendon. On the right of the road from Melbourne Mr. M'Phail cultivates some land, but only to a limited extent. He farms on a much larger scale on the
Deep Creek, also in the Moonee Ponds district.
(Heritage Studies stated that McPhail had owned the part of Hawstead on which Alexander McCracken built his North Park mansion (now the Columban Mission), McPhail seeming to have bought it from William Kissock. The so- called Deep Creek farm was James Robertson's Spring Hill, which is today's Aberfeldie, where McPhail hosted the first Presbyterian services in Essendon. The so-called Moonee Ponds farm would have been "Rosehill" on Main's Estate between Rosehill Rd and Buckley St.)
Mr.Cooke, of the Lincolnshire Arms hotel, has a well-cultivated farm on the left of the road, and here it will be remembered the recent trial of mowing machines under the auspices of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society took
place. The principal crop was oats, a large extent of which was cut for hay. The crop was fully an average,
and in some places exceedingly heavy.
About a mile beyond Mr. Cooke's, on the road to Keilor, is an excellent farm belonging to Mr. Lincolne. The crop was generally good, chiefly oats, and has been harvested in capital order. (See comment 1 below the journal.)
SPRING PARK. (17a Doutta Galla.)
Adjoining Mr. Lincolne's is a large farm belonging to Mr. Patrick Phelan, and quite a baronial residence has been built upon it by the proprietor. About 150 acres were under crop, chiefly with oats, of which the principal portion was cut for hay. Harvesting operations were entirely completed about a fortnight ago ; the crops were all good, and were stacked in prime order.
On the left of the road, opposite Mr.Phelan's, are the farms of Mr. John Dick, Mr.Kavanagh, and Mr. Wilson. Upon all, oaten hay is the principal product, but harvest has only been completed within the last few days.
(See my journal "1888 Geography with the Melbourne Hunt" re James Wilson's farm "Spring Farm" on Main's Estate west of Hoffmans Rd. I can supply title information about Kavanagh and John Dick.)
ST JOHNS? (23 Doutta Galla.)
Turning to the right at this point, and crossing the Deep Creek road in the parish of Doutta Galla, I came upon Mr. Young's farm, nearly in the centre of the Moonee Ponds district. The harvest had been completed, and a steam threshing machine was very expeditiously knocking out tho grain. On this farm about 140 acres were under crop ; 100 were in oats cut for hay, and about 16 saved for seed; only 10 acres were in wheat.
I mention those particulars, which rule throughout the larger extent of the district, as evidence that farmers within a certain distance of tho metropolis regard the growth of hay as more profitable than the production of corn.
BELLE VUE PARK. (253 acres east of Pascoe Vale Rd bounded on the south and west by the Moonee Ponds.)
Crossing a running creek at the foot of the hill upon which Mr. Young's farm is situated I entered the parish of Pascoevale(sic). Here Mr. John Pascoe Fawkner has a pretty estate, which I admired less for the extent of its cultivation, than for the thoroughly English-like appearance it presents. It is surrounded and intersected with high and shrub-like fences, that irresistibly remind one of the green hedgerows of old England.
(Parish of Jika Jika!)
The avenue by which the homestead is approached is prettily bordered with flowery shrubs and majestic aloes. The effect is pleasing, and affords a welcome relief to the endless posts and rails and stone walls with which, with but rare exceptions, Victorian farms are fenced.
CONA. North of Victoria St. Probably the part of section 1 Will Will Rook west of Pascoe Vale Rd.)
Above Mr. Fawkner's estate is the farm of Mr. M'Dougall. The excellence of this gentleman's herd is well known, and it has received some valuable additions by his recent importations.
Well, If the journalist couldn't come up with something interesting and new to say about Robert McDougall, I've got a beauty! Robert was a brother-in-law of Sunbury's Peter Eadie,both having married daughters of John Rankin of Roseneath at the corner of Macaulay and Rankins Rds at Kensington.
At Roseneath Cottage, near Flemington, on Wednesday, 20th inst., by special license, by the Rev.John Reid, Minister of St. John's Presbyterian Church, Doutta Galla, Robert McDougall, Esq., of Glenroy, to Margaret, eldest daughter of John Rankin, Esq. (P.4, Argus,26-7-1853.)
PART OF SECTION 1,WILL WILL ROOK EAST OF PASCOE VALE ROAD?
Opposite this farm is that of Mr. James Macintosh, M.L.A.,known as the Glenroy Estate. Here about 300 acres
were, under crop, and the whole extent has been harvested and stocked in capital order. Oaten hay was the
principal product, and the yield will average about 2½ ton to to the acre. The extent to which machinery is
used upon this farm, and the oomplete success which has attended its application to almost every branch of labour, merit especial notice.
I have already said that about 300 acres were cropped with oats, nearly the whole of which was cut for hay.
Five of Kitchener's mowing machines were simultaneously employed upon the crop, and in six days 260 acres
were cut down. The swathes were gathered with horse rakes, and twelve one-horse carts kept in constant operation for carting. The hay was unloaded and stacked with sufficient expedition to keep the twelve carts at full work, by means of an elevator of more prodigious power and improved construction than I have hitherto seen.
The principle upon which this implement is made, is similar to that of the elevators now ordinarily attached
to threshing machines to ensure greater facility in stacking tho straw. But it is made upon a far larger scale,
and is provided with an immense platform on to which the load is overturned, and from which it is gradually
elevated to any required height by tho machine. This system of gradual elevation is a decided improvement
upon those machines which grapple the load and transfer it bodily, or in only two portions, to the stack. By
the latter process, not only is it absolutely necessary to have more men upon the stack to dispose of the load,
but it is manifest it cannot be so thoroughly separated, and must therefore deteriorate in quality. Besides this Mr. Macintosh's machine is fully and equably employed, and can be driven at a rate that will unload each onehorse cart in two minutes.
There is a stationary steam engine upon the farm, which is used to drive the threshing machine, chaff-cutter, oat crusher, and any other implement for which it is available. Formerly, the practice pursued by Mr. Macintosh was to cut all his oaten-hay for sale, and send it to market in bags. An excellent contrivance has been devised for accomplishing this labour cheaply and expeditiously. Adjacent to the chaff cutter a hole has been dug sufficiently large to hold one full sack. It is covered by a trapdoor in which a circular hole is cut, one half of its circle being in each half of the trap. The sack is lowered when empty through this aperture, and its mouth fastened to the trap door, and held open, by steel hooks. The cut hay is swept from the delivery board into the sack, and a boy fills it and presses the chaff down by stomping upon it. The bag is thus filled fuller than it could be otherwise and the labour of one pair of hands to hold open its mouth altogether spared. With one man to drive the engine, two to draw the hay, one to feed the machine, one boy to fill and press the bags, and one man to sew them up, from four to five tons of hay per day can be cut, and sacked up ready for delivery.
But all the arrangements at Glen Roy partake of the oharacter of those upon a model farm. The outbuildings are
newly built, and exceedingly convenient and commodious. The horse stock, of which seven or eight teams are constantly employed, are useful and well-bred animals ; and the manner in which every operation upon the farm is conducted and finished testifies the superintendence of a practical farmer in the truest sense of the term.
All who are conscious that their own system of management affords scope for improvement, and are anxious to know how it can be best accomplished, will I conceive profit by a visit to Mr. Mackintosh's farm.
SECTION 6 WILL WILL ROOK, POSSIBLY PASTURE HILL AND BAYVIEW FARM EXTENDED WEST TO CREEK?
Again crossing the road in the direction of Broadmeadows, and leaving Mr. M'Dougall's farm on the left, the track leads on to two large farms occupied respectively by Messrs. James, and Gordon Cameron, the former gentleman had 200 and the latter 250 acres under crop. Nearly the whole extent of Mr.Gordon Cameron's cultivation is for oaten hay, and Mr.James Cameron's, wheat and seed oats, in about equal proportions. The crops here were generally good, and harvest is now entirely finished.
STEWARTON (GLADSTONE FROM 1892) (Section 5 Tullamarine.)
The next farm belongs to Mr. M'Connecke, who had very nearly 300 acres under crop. Besides wheat and oats, Mr. M'Connceke had about twelve acres sown with peas which he had saved for seed. The crop was good, and promised a fair yield, but before it could be carted it was very much injured by a strong hot wind to which it was exposed
and which shaled out a large proportion of tho seed. There is also upon the farm a small extent of ground
with Sorghum Saccheratum. It is flourishing well, and is green and fresh looking, while almost every other
plant or grass is sere.
The following shows the correct spelling for the occupant of Stewarton but also that the Broadmeadows Road Board assessed a dead man on the property in 1863,unless the dead John had a cousin named John who took over the lease,or the John who died in 1859 was a visiting cousin of the occupant.
Maconochie.On the 19th ult., of consumption, at Broadmeadows, near Melbourne, Victoria, aged 35,John W. Maconochie son of Alexander Maconochie, Archiestown, Morayshire, Scotland.(P.4, Argus, 16-7-1859.)
Adjacent to the township of Broadmeadows, Mr. Chadwick holds a large extent of grass land, but only cultivates a comparatively small portion. There are several farms on either side of the direct road from Melbourne beyond Broadmeadows, Messrs. Donald and John M'Kercher (sic), have respectively 200 and 100 acres in cultivation, and beyond their occupation is the farm of Mr. J. C. Cochrane, well known to the public as the owner of "Cochrane's Clyde."
William Chadwick may have been leasing Glen Allan or just part of the eastern area of the township where allotments were much bigger and many were bought by speculators.Donald McKerchar's Greenan was on the north west corner of Mickleham and Somerton Roads extending about a quarter of a mile,400 metres,to the west where it adjoined John McKerchar's "Greenvale".
On the left of tho same road there is a large extent of cultivation. Mr. Gordon had about 120 acres under crop.
Harvest is entirely finished in the locality, and when I was at Mr. Gordon's a steam threshing machine was in
Mr. M'Lean has about 100 acres in cultivation adjoining Mr. Gordon's farm. Mr. M'Lean's production is chiefly confined to corn, and the same remark will apply to nearly all the farmers in this locality.
POSSIBLY PART OF THE DUNHELEN ESTATE?
The next farm is held by Mr. McNab, and here harvest is not yet completed. When I visited the farm, there was
a considerable extent of wheat still standing. About 150 acres are under crop, principally in wheat. One paddock is being fallowed. There is a scarcity of good water in this locality, except where largad large tanks have been made to preserve the rainfall.
Beyond Mr. M'Nabs, and in a direct line with Crow's Hill, is Mr. Alexander Mackintosh's farm. About 90 acres are in cultivation, but clearing has been only recently commenced upon the farm, and a considerably larger extent will be cropped next season.
On the right of this farm Mr. Toogood has about 100 acres under crop. Wheat and seed oats are the staple products. On Crow's Hill, Mr. Macpherson farms largely. The harvest is somewhat backward, and a considerable extent remains uncleared.
THE TRACT IS CRAIGIEBURN RD HEADING WEST TO OAKLANDS RD.
Pursuing the tract to the left, and keeping Crow's Hill to the right,the next farm belongs to Mr. Murdoch Mackintosh. Here 137 acres of oats were cut for hay, and 30 saved for seed. One paddock is being fallowed, and there are about 2 acres planted with bolcus, and about the same extent with mangold wurtzel and carrots respec-
tively. The crops upon the farm are generally good, and great care is bestowed upon the management of each
department. There is a fruit garden, comprising about 3½ acres really densely studded with vines, peach, pear,
apple, plum, and apricot trees. The vines, promise a positively redundant yield, and their branches were
loaded down with fruit. The plum and, apricot trees have borne an equally prolific yield, and the pear trees
are more thickly hung with fruit than leaves. The ground has never been manured, but has all been double
trenched to a depth of twenty-four inches.
I was shewn two excellent draught entires in tip top condition, not-withstanding their season is now about finished. One of them is the celebrated Prince Charlie, which won the first prize and one stake in the champion cup, at the recent show of the Port Phillip Farmers Society.Mr. Macintosh is peculiarly fortunate in preserving an excellent supply of good water. It is chiefly obtained from three natural springs in the course of the creek that intersects his farm. I may add that all the crops upon the farm were cut by machinery, and stacked by an
elevator, but of an inferior description to that I have alluded on Mr. James Macintosh's farm, at Pascoe-
WOODLANDS.(Section 2 BULLA BULLA.)
Emerging upon the Sunbury Road, in the parish of Bulla, I turned again towards Melbourne. One of the first estates on the left of the road in that direction belong to Mr. Rawdon Greene. I regret that the absence of the proprietor prevented me inspecting his valuable herd of Shorthorns, but the merits of both his horse and cattle stock are too well-known and appreciated to need commendation here.
GLENDEWAR. (Much of section 15,Tullamarine.)
Passing on towards the Deep Creek, about half a mile from the roadside is the farm of Mr. Dewar. Here about 200 acres are under crop, 50 of which are in wheat, 5 in peas, and the remainder in oats - of the latter only 35 acres were saved for seed. The crops were generally good, and have been stacked in prime order.
GOWRIE PARK.(The 560 acres of 14 Tullamarine south west of Bulla Rd; most of Melbourne Airport.)
On the right of the road of this point is Mr. Duncan's farm, on which the recent trial of reaping machines, under the auspices of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society was held. The crops here were good, for although light in straw, they were exceedingly heavily headed, and promise a very fair field.
There are one or two other farms in this immediate locality, and a few miles beyond it, is Mr. Young's
farm Doutta Galla, from which point, after leaving Essendon, I oommenced my ride through the Moonee
Ponds District. (THE HARVEST IN VICTORIA. (From the Special Correspondent of the Melbourne Herald.)
Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875) Tuesday 31 January 1860 p 6 Article.)
GREENE, MCPHAIL, PHELAN, DICK,KAVANAGH, WILSON, YOUNG, FAWKNER,MCDOUGALL, MACINTOSH, CAMERON, MACONOCHIE, CHADWICK, MCKERCHAR, COCHRANE, GORDON, MCLEAN, MCNAB, TOOGOOD, DEWAR, DUNCAN,
on 2013-12-26 20:56:49
Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.