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If walking clubs decided to make their jaunts more challenging, (like Survivor) by including obstacles that already existed (such as your fences) and grudgingly accepted claims for compensation regarding damage to your fences and plants (such as a cherished rose), you just might appreciate why Edmund Dunn's brave stand against a group of powerful men led to a huge organisation* of farmers determined to defend their livelihood.

The Oaklands Hounds was established in 1888 and I have never read, or heard, of a complaint regarding their activities made by any farmers in the area. Probably because many of the members of the club, such as Alexander McCracken (Cumberland), Robert McDougall's son Sandy (Warlaby), and Alister Clark (Glenara) were local farmers.

There was a hunt club on the Mornington Peninsula too.

The club was certainly welcome on huge estates such as Barragunda and by owners of smaller estates, such as John Crichton of Glenlee at Boneo. The Master, George McLear, was a farmer and he was annoyed when people* trespassed on his land so he would have made sure that his members did not deserve the description of hounds which was certainly apt to describe the members of the Mebourne Hunt who had invaded Edmund Dunn's farm at Tullamarine two years later.

*One of them was George's future wife!

Edmund Dunn, brother of Henry Dunn of Mornington, would have been living with Henry on Jamieson's Special Survey when he married Maria George (a fellow passenger on the ship which conveyed Edmund to the colony) in 1847. Edmund had spent five years there before buying Viewpoint (c/a 1 and 2, section 4 Tullamarine) in 1849. By 1868 he probably was also leasing Stewarton so his land consisted of about 1000 acres between the road to Broadmeadows Township and the Moonee Ponds Creek.


A Gentleman's Agricultural and Family Homestead
The Heirloom of a Family.
Near Lady Franklin's and Colonel Kenny Estates,
and adjoining the Property of P. Phelan, Esq.,
M.L.A., Parish of Doutta Galla.
MB, STUBBS is instructed by the pro-
prietors, Messrs. Wright and Crighton, to
SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at Bear's Auction and
Exchange Rooms, 65 Queen-street, on Tuesday,
March 22, at tnelvo o'clock precisely,
their beautiful estate of
in order to close the partnership, fuller particulars
of which will appear in a future newspaper.
Total number of acres, 150, more or less. In cul-
tivation, 70 ; all fine hay-fields ; grass-paddocks, 80.
All fenced in. (P.2, Argus, 5-2-1959.)


Lady Franklin bought section 23 of the parish of Doutta Galla, known as St John's,the grantee returning home in shame after his corruption was exposed by J.P.Fawkner.

Eyre Evans Kenny's "Camp Hill" was at the south east corner of the parish of Tullamarine, bounded originally on the west by today's Broadmeadows Rd, but later by Bulla Rd (now Melrose Drive) and was immediately north of Lady Franklin's estate.

The Doutta Lee estate, crown allotment 22F Doutta Galla, was bounded by Parer Rd, part of Nomad Rd (originally Treadwell Rd), a line just north of Fraser St and Thomas St. It was granted to A. Wright, and James and Thomas Crighton as shown on the map.
On Melway map 15-16, the location of "Doutta Lee" is roughly 15Jj7-8 to 16 B7.

Patrick Phelan's Estate, "Spring Park" was crown allotment 17A immediately south of the western half of Doutta Lee. His co-grantee and father-in-law, Owen Connor, had returned home.

A. Wight's name was ARCHIBALD, and he and the two Crightons had been issued a deed for the 147 acres as tenants in common in 1848.

There had been a previous attempt to sell Doutta Lee in 1858. This time J.F.L. Foster and Thomas Napier are mentioned as neighbours. Mr Foster's private road which gave access from the Deep Creek road is a mystery unless the 200 yards was to the Doutta Lee homestead and it was near today's Hansen Reserve.

Doutta Galla,
Between the Deep Creek-road and the Keilor or
Mount Aloxander-road.
Sale of a Very Valuable Farm of
One Hundred and Forty-seven and a Half Acres,
Adjoining John Leslie Vesey Foster, Esq.'s Pro-
perty, and only divided by a fence from those two
excellent Farms belonging to Messrs. Connor and
Phelan and Thomas Napier Esq.
For Positive and Absolute Sale, to Close a part-
WHEATLEY and BLISS havo been
favored with instructions from Messrs Wright
and Crighton to SUBMIT to PUBLIC COMPETI-
TION, at their rooms, on Friday, October 8, at 1
All that piece or parcel of land situate in the
parish of Doutta Galla, 1.5 miles beyond Essendon,
and just off the Deep Creek-road, containing
147.5 acres of good arable land, now in tho occu-
pation of Messrs. Wright and Crighton, and
used as a farm, with 66 acres under cultivation.
This well-known property is situate 1.5 miles
from Essendon, and just off the Deep Creek
road. It adjoins John Leslie Foster, Esq.'s valuable
estate, and is immediately in the rear of the land
belonging to Mr. Napier and Messrs. Connor and
There is erected on the land a weatherboard cottage,
oontaining three rooms and a kitchen, with out
buildings, and a vory large water-tank for cattle, which is
never dry. The whole is thoroughly fenced in with
a three-rail fence.
There is a metalled turnpike road the whole distance,
and the farm is approached by Mr. Foster's road, 1
chain wide, and is only 200 yards from the main
metalled Deep Creek road.
The crop can be taken at a valuation, if desired.
To any one wishing to be possessed of a first-class
farm near town, this farm affords an excellent opportunity,
as It is only in tho market on account of a dissolution
of partnership.
The title is guaranteed.(P.3, Argus, 1-10-1858.)


George Evans was one of Victoria's earliest settlers. He married Anne Holden in 1843.
EVANS George Marriage HOLDEN, Anne, 1843, 381/1843

No details of her parents' names were provided on her death record.
EVANS Ann Death
parents' names: UNKNOWN
place of death: Sbury, 67, 1893, 3948/1893

EVANS — On the 12th inst., at the residence of her son, Emu Bottom, Sunbury, Anne, relict of the late George Evans, Queen-street, West Melbourne, aged 67 years. R.I.P. (P.2, The Herald, 13-1-1893.)

I have often wondered if the parish of Holden near Diggers Rest was named in honour of George's wife. It seems that it wasn't.

King notes that Bourke named Mt Aitken after John Aitken, and Mt Holden at Sunbury after Captain Holden, one of the party. Presumably this 'bare hill' was ...
Extract from page 8 of the study.
King notes that Bourke named Mt Aitken after John Aitken, and Mt Holden at Sunbury after Captain Holden, one of the party. Presumably this ‘bare hill’ was subsequently responsible for the naming of the Parish of Holden, which it overlooks, and consequently the ‘Holden Road’, which connects the Shire of Melton with what was the original Holden village reserve, and later a small farming district, on Jacksons Creek.

Captain Holden was most likely Captain Charles Holden.
The Westmoreland departed Dublin on 27 April 1838. Thirty-six convicts were under the age of 16. One was only ten years old.
Cabin Passengers included Captain Charles Holden and Ensign Arthur Carlos Henry Rumbold of the 51st regiment. Seven free settlers including Michael Hickey age 17 and John McNamara (both mentioned in the surgeon's journal).
Steerage passengers included - 32 rank and file of the 51st and 80th regiments, six women and five children.

The 51st regiment had a variety of names.
51st Regiment: Yorkshire Light Infantry (Kings Own)
4th (King's Own) 1832-1837 New South Wales, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania.[13][30]

The regiment only served until 1837 which would make it possible for Captain Charles Holden to accompany Sir Richard Bourke on his tour which included a visit to John Aitken at Mt Aitken (named by the Governor) and still be back in Ireland in time to board the Westmoreland by 27-4-1838. Governor Bourke left New South Wales in December 1837 to return to his estate in Ireland. Might Captain Charles Holden have acted as his aide, with a new post on the Westmoreland already arranged?

The Westmoreland article offers the only proof that Captain Holden actually had a christian name and that it wasn't a state secret. A history blog about Melbourne's south western suburbs reproduced extracts from the diary quoted in the Melton Heritage Study, providing the source which I found on Trove in the hope of finding mention of Captain Holden's given name.

Those who take an interest in the early days of this colony will welcome the following extracts from the diary of the late
Admiral King R.N., F.R.S., F.R.A.S., F.L.S., who, as Captain King, accompanied Sir Richard Bourke, governor of New South
Wales, when he visited Port Phillip in 1837, to decide upon a site for a township, and to put the settlement generally " upon its legs." (P.4, Argus, 19-2-1881.)

A large part of the diary extracts dealt with William Buckley's memories. Captain Holden was only mentioned in these passages.
MARCH 5TH. (AT END) " The day before the Governor went on shore he invited Captain Hobson and myself to accompany him in his inland journey. He says there will be no difficulty about horses, but I doubt it. I believe we shall take a cart or two with us.
MARCH 6.Detained on board all day by heavy rain.
" Loaded the heavy dray on the 8th, and found much difficulty in getting the bullocks to start. They belonged to Mr. Ebden.
There was no shafter among them. On the 9th, having despatched the cart with our personal baggage, the party set off. It con-
sisted of the Governor, Hunter, Holden, Hobson, and myself, with Buckley."

The party went south to Geelong and then headed north.

" The next morning the tents being struck, we proceeded to the N.E., in search of a station belonging to Mr. Sams, to obtain in-
formation for the best road to Mount Macedon. In front a bare hill, offering an opportunity of obtaining a good view, Mr. Holden(after whom His Excellency named the hill) accompanied me and assisted me in procuring an extensive set of angles, which, from the magnetic quality of the rock, led me at first, in laying them down on the plan, into some difficulty. Hence we saw several huts on the banks of the Saltwater River, or Darekeberran, and proceeding thither we reached it at an early hour. We found several settlers living here for the advantage of mutual protection. Mr. Sams was absent, and none knew very well the situation at which Mr. Aitken, who we were in search of, resided. A young man named Jackson very obligingly undertook to guide us, and after some considerable trouble we found it, and subsequently brought the dray and pitched our tents."

I believe the extracts in the article were edited by Shillinglaw and the heritage consultants had consulted the actual diary which must have named Holden as Captain Holden.

This is the only other source which indicates that Captain Holden could have been Captain Charles Holden.There is no indication of where he was when he decided to go onto half pay.

MLITARY APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS. (14th and 17th November, 1843.)
51st—Captain E. Woolley, from half pay unattached, to be Captain, vice C. Holden, who exchanges.
(Two papers- links: ; )

2 comment(s), latest 6 months, 2 weeks ago


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Extract from Vin Burnham's story.
When in our teens, we would frequently climb Arthurs Seat, using back tracks through Clacton to reach it (then known as the Clacton-on-sea estate, today known as the “avenues”). In Clacton, near the corner of Ropers Lane and Jetty Rd, there was an old hut called Rats Castle, and when young we were scared of the place. A Mr Alexander used to grow fine apples on a nearby property.

It is likely that the Rat's Castle was on lot 55 of Block L of Vale's 1909 subdivision of Woolcott's unsold portion of crown allotment 17, Wannaeue. See the advertisement and plan-

The blocks were of about 3420 square feet (0.0785 acres) and E. J.'s 2 acres (as revealed near the end of the post) would have consisted of about 25 blocks, almost half of block L, north to a point over Jetty Rd from today's Woonton Crescent.

Mr E. J. Alexander, who has occupied the position of mining manager of the South Langi Logan Company, and who recently resigned, will be leaving Ararat tomorrow to take up his residence at Rosebud, where he has some land. For some time past Mr Alexander has taken an interest in the working up of the Sunday school at the South Langi Logan, and a large section of the people thought, that he should not be allowed to take his departure without some slight recognition being made of the valuable services he had rendered. Accordingly, at the concert and coffee supper held at the South Methodist Church-last night, Mr Alexander was presented 'with a purse of sovereigns, when eulogistic speeches were, made concerning his good work in connection with the Methodist denomination.
(P.4, The Evening Echo, Ballarat, 5-3-1914.)

E.J. APPOINTED AS J.P. (2-5-1914.)

Arbor day at Rosebud. (18-6-1914.)

A well attended public meeting was held in the Rosebud Hall on Saturday, 22nd August, to initiate a patriotic Fund in aid of our troops. Mr Alexander took the chair, and explained the objects of the meeting. (29-8-1914.)



E. J. PREVENTS A BARNEY. (27-3-1915.)



Although E. J. was an Anglican, he had been a great supporter of Methodist* missionary efforts in both areas. He was still active at Christ Church and as Secretary of the Traders Association at St Arnaud**, so he must have been commuting fairly regularly between Rosebud and St Arnaud, probably by train from Mornington.




His wife died early in 1917 and he had probably gone home to comfort her as she declined. Whether she had been at Rosebud with him is unknown.

But that was not the end of his involvement at Rosebud, far from it.

His birth record shows that he died in 1920, aged 62. Mr Jedd must have been referring to letters sent before his death.

E. J. was certainly not acting his age, perhaps because he didn't know what it was. Did the informant get E.J.'s age wrong, thinking that a bloke of about 80 just didn't go tearing round on a bike?

Mr E.J. Alexander, J.P., writing to Mr C. W. Jebb concerning the "Back to Creswick" event, says: - "Seeing that a 'Back to Creswick’ affair is proposed, 1 thought I would write and ask about it. I am a pretty old Creswickite, for I first took up my residence there more than 59 years ago.
Creswick will always be a pleasant recollection to me, and that owing to the constant, unremitting kindness shown me by your father and mother.

I am now settled at Rosebud —a little spot on the Point Nepean road, at the foot of Mount Arthur. I bought two acres of bracken ferns, ti-tree scrub and fern. You would be surprised at what I grow on it. This year I have had about a ton of potatoes, besides the usual vegetables. I have had 30 or 40 cases of apples, several cases of peaches, and about 150 of strawberries, about the same quantity of black loganberries (a fine fruit), and I am now gathering winter-keeping pears, so you can see 1 have not been idle. I am now in my 80th* year, and am thankful that I have vigorous good health. I can do my 50 or 60 miles a day on my bicycle, and when I want to go to Melbourne (48 miles), I cycle there.
You must not be surprised, therefore, if I do visit Creswick in November, to see me flying down the hill on my bike. "

Mr Alexander is well-known and esteemed throughout the Ballarat, Creswick, Allendale and Ararat districts.
(P.6, The Ballarat Star, 30-3-1921.)
* not a digitisation mistake.


ALEXANDER Edwin Jared Death
mother: Mary nee FELTHAM father: Alexander Mark
place of death: St Arnaud, 62, 1920, 7856/1920

Mr E. J. Alexander, retired grocer,
who came to St. Arnaud in 1873, died
on Monday, after a lingering illness.
He was 62 years of age. His wife
died a few years ago, leaving a grown
up family. The deceased was an
earnest worker for the Church of
England, and amongst other positions,
he was secretary for over 25 years.
He was a foundation member of the
Traders’ Association.
(P.6, The Ballarat Star, 22-4-1920.)

ALEXANDER Hannah Death
mother: Unknown UNKNOWN father: Robertson Wm
place of death: St Arnaud, 51, 1917, 3012/1917
A large circle of friends will regret
to hear of the death of Mrs Alexander,
wife of Mr E. J. Alexander, of St. Ar-
naud, which took place at her home,
Queen's Avenue, on Thursday evening,
after along and distressing illness, which
was borne with very great patience.
The end came as a happy release from
suffering. Deceased was the second
daughter of the late Mr W. Robertson,
and was born at Cathcart 51 years ago.

She went to St. Arnaud about 30 years
ago and lived with her aunt, Mrs Gray,
who was then owner of the Royal Ho-
tel, and is still resident in St. Arnaud.
The late Mrs Alexander was married, in
St. Arnaud in 1890, and had resided
there ever since. She was of a very
kind and lovable disposition. Serious
illness overtook her about three years
ago, and since then she has been an in-
valid. Previous to her indisposition
she was an active worker for the
Church of England, of which her hus-
band is secretary. Deep regret at their
loss is expressed for the husband and
family. The latter are:- Mr E. W.
Alexander, St. Arnaud; Lance-corporal
Charles M. Alexander, on active ser-
vice; Miss Annie M. Alexander, Mr H.
N. Alexander, Miss Lily V. Alexander,
and, Master S. P. Alexander, all of St.
Arnaud. Two sisters and five brothers
are also left, viz., Mrs Gilchrist and
Miss M. Robertson, Ararat; Private
J. Robertson, on active service; Mr A.
Robertson, Cressy; Messrs W. and G.
Robertson, Cathcart; and Mr C. Ro-
bertson, Maroona. The funeral took
place on Saturday afternoon at St. Ar-
(P.2, The Ararat Advertiser, 16-1-1917.)

It now seems certain that Edwin Jared (or Jarred) actually was 62 years old when he died. That would make him about 8 years older than Hannah when they married in 1890.



The shopping centre is situated on the east side of Chadstone Road at Melway 69 E4.

The Johnsons called their farm CHADSTONE and it was usually described as containing 14 acres on the corner of Chadstone and Dandenong Roads. Which corner? Although the property's name is not given below, there is no doubt that it was CHADSTONE.

At the Rooms,
40 and 42 Collins street East
At Twelve O'clock.
13 Acres 2 Roods 25 Perches,
At the Corner
of the
MUNRO and BAILLIEU have received Instruc-
tions from the Perpetual Trustees, Executors,
and Agency Company to SELL by AUCTION,
All that
Containing 13a. 2r 25p.,
And being Crown Portion 176,
At Gardiner.
Parish of Prahran, county of Bourke.
in the
And being:
All that piece of land having a frontage of
60ft, to the Murrumbeena road
By a depth of
135ft to a right of-way 12ft. wide.

The above property is well suited for subdivisional
purposes. It has long frontages to the Dandenong
and Chadstone roads, and is situate between the Mal-
vern-road and Murrumbeena railway station.
(P.3, Argus, 25-10-1888.)

See crown allotment 176 on the parish map.

It was on the east side of Chadstone Rd (to which the frontage was 906 links-say nine chains roughly) and extended 755+565= say 13 chains towards Dandenong. As each chain equals 1 mm on Melway map 69, this shows that the shopping centre frontage to Chadstone Rd was also that of the Johnson Farm. Rangeview Rd (10 chains from Dandenong Rd) was probably the start of Scotchman's Creek Rd in the 1870's when the Gardiner Shire was discussing metalling of the 10 chains from Dandenong Rd to Scotchman's Creek Road*. The farm's 13 chain frontage to Dandenong Rd would extend east to the west wall of the Myer extension to the shopping centre.

The VICTORIAN PLACES page for CHADSTONE states that the locality was named after the road in c.1912. The author didn't bother to find out why Chadstone Road was so-named.

Thank goodness for the Malvern Historical Society's page about Chadstone.

MESSAGE SENT TO MALVERN HISTORICAL SOCIETY RE with my amendments in bold type.
Well done to the person responsible for detailing the correct origin of the name, CHADSTONE.
The VICTORIAN PLACES web page needs to be provided with this information. The link follows.
Its ridiculous statement. The name was in use in the 1870's!

"The name comes from Chadstone Road, which was laid out in 1912-13 in Malvern East."

The next sentence could be correct if road was changed to house or omitted. Perhaps William and Rebecca were married there.
"The (road) name probably came from the Chadstone church, north of Malvern Hills, England."

Rebecca, who had been operating "Chadstone" as a sanitorium** for about four years, died in 1877 and a clearing sale* was advertised in the following year.

At Twelve O'Clock
On the Premises,
Corner Dandenong road and Chadstone road,
Gardiner District,
Unreserved Auction Sale of
Two Cows (in Calf) and Heifers
Spring-cart and Harness
Plough, Poultry and
A Lot of Useful Sundries
To Parties Furnishing Dairymen, Farmers, and
G W TAYLOR having received Instructions from
W Johnson, Esq , will SELL by AUCTION, on
the premises as above,
Without reserve Terms-cash
G W Taylor, auctioneer, 64 Collins street west,
and 104 Chapel street, Prahran.
(P.3, Argus, 7-12-1878.)


JOHNSON.—On the 18th inst., at Chadstone, Oakleigh, the beloved wife of William Johnson, aged 60 years.

JOHNSON Rebecca Death- mother: Mary nee LAY father: Chapman David- spouse at death:JOHNSON, William- 60, 1877, 2518/1877
KENT.—On the 11th inst, at Chadstone, Malvern, the wife of J. B. Kent of a son. (P.1, Argus, 13-8-1878.)

KENT William Alwyn Birth
mother: Mary nee CHAPMAN father:James Barr place of birth:MA LV, 1878, 17297/1878

TO BE CONTINUED. William's death record, any connection with the CHADSTONE church near the Malvern Hills in England. Related to J.B.Kent? POSSIBLY!

James Barr Kent's wife, Mary, died in 1915 at the National Bank, Prahran and her father's name was John Chapman so she was definitely not Rebecca Johnson's sister. James was an executor of his father-in-law's will as well as Mary's.

KENT.-On the 27th January, suddenly, at National Bank, Prahran, Mary, the beloved wife of James Barr Kent, aged 53 years. (Private interment.) P.1 ARGUS, 28-1-1915.

KENT Mary Death mother: Esther nee WRIGHT father: Chapman Jno place of death: Pran 53 1915 2803/1915

NOTICE is hereby given that after the expiration
of fourteen days from the publication hereof
application will be made to the Supreme Court of
Victoria, in its Probate jurisdiction, that PROBATE
of the WILL of JOHN CHAPMAN, late of East
Malvern, in the State of Victoria, market gar-
dener, deceased may be granted to James Barr
Kent of the National Bank Chapel street Prahran
in the said State, accountant, and William Simmons
of Kiewa, in the said State farmer, the
executors named in and appointed by the said
Dated the sixth day of April 1914. (P.5, Argus, 8-4-1914.)

John Chapman's father was David Chapman so he was probably Rebecca Johnson's brother, despite Rebecca's mother's birth surname being recorded as LAY. (Perhaps LAY was the way LEIGH was pronounced.)
CHAPMAN Jno Death mother: Unknown nee LEIGH father: Chapman David place of death Oleigh (Oakleigh, immediately south, across Dandenong Rd, of the Johnson property,"CHADSTONE".) 84, 1914, 3052/1914

The early history of Prahran (!912?) found on a FORGOTTEN BOOKS website reveals that J.B.Were was an early grantee of many crown allotments in the parish of Prahran.

Robert Kent, a Liverpool merchant attracted by the gold rush became Were's business partner soon after arrival and ensured that his sons had the best education available to set them up, not for academic prominence, but to provide the opportunity for success if they were prepared to work diligently. They certainly did! Take James Barr Kent for example.

Presentation Ceremony.
._ «._
Mr J. B. Kent, of the National Bank.
Mr J. B. Kent, who has had a long
and honorable service at the Prahran
branch of the National Bank, has
been granted six months leave of
absence on full pay before finally
retiring, owing to failing eyesight.

Steps were taken by a number of
citizens to tender an appropriate
" send off" to Mr Kent, and the out
come as that there was a large and
representative gathering in the
Prahran Mayoral parlor on Thurs-
day afternoon, when presentations
were made to Mr Kent. Without a
doubt Mr Kent has always been
looked upon as one of Prahran's most
popular ard estimable citizens. He
has been 43 years in the service of
the National Bank, of which period
he had spent 33 years at the Prahran
branch of the bank.

At the gathering of citizens on
Thursday afternoon His Worship the
Mayor (Cr A. A. Emblmg) presided.
The Mayor made reference to the
high esteem in which the Kent
family was held, in this connection
mentioning the guest's brothers and
sister. The National Bank was the
Council's bank, and Mr J. B. Kent
had always been willing to take the
Council's money and hold it for them.
(Hear, hear, and laughter). Mr Kent
had always taken a deep interest in
the welfare of the city. He had
given valuable help to all charitable
and patriotic movements. The citi-
zens of Prahran could not allow Mr
Kent to retire without showing their
appreciation of his services both in
his official and private life. The
Mayor, on behalf of the donors, pre-
sented Mr Kent with a cheque for
over 100 pounds; also an engrossed letter,
numerously signed, in which eulogist-
ic reference was made the
unfailing courtesy which the reci-
pient had always extended to
customers at the bark. Appreciation
was expressed at Mr Kent's services
in aid of the charities, and it was
hoped that he would long be spared
to continue his career of usefulness
as a citizen.
Mr Andrews, President of the
Melbourne Bowling Club, wished
Mr Kent every happiness in his re
Cr Willis said Mr Kent had earned
the respect acd esteem of all ; one
never heard an unkind word said of
Mr Bangs said he had known Mr
Kent for thirty years, and never once
came across him in a bad temper.
(Hear, hear, and laughter).
Mr C. N. Long, hon. sec. of the
presentation committee, said that Mr
Andrews was the first to suggest that
practical recognition should be made
of Mr Kent's past services. When
ever he (Mr Long) wanted a favor
from the bank he always got it from
Mr Kent. (Laughter).
Mr J. A. Gillespie, manager of the
National Bank, said the staff was all
of one mind in expressing regret that
Mr Kent had to take extended leave.
He was held in the highest regard.
The toast of Mr Kent's health was
honored with enthusiasm, and, in
Mr Kent said he joined the service
of the National Bank 43 years ago
as a junior clerk. At that time the
only other bank in Prahran was the
Bank of Victoria. He became ledger
keeper, and in 1878 he was trans-
ferred to Melbourne. In 1881 he
was appointed accountant at the
Prahran branch, and had been there
ever since. He had been kindly
given six months leave of absence on
full pay with a view to obtaining an
improvement in his eyesight. He
had been treated with every consi
deration. The staff had always
rendered him everv assistance. Al-
though he was saying good-bye in
his official capacity, he would still
make Prahran his future home.
(Hear, hear). He thanked them all
most sincerely for their kindness as
expressed in the presentations. (Ap
plause). etc.
(P.5, Malvern Standard, 13-10-1917.)

Coming men.
No. 6.—Mr. Robert George Kent.
(P.3, Table Talk, 19-5-1893.)
In seeking an
interview with Mr. Robert George Kent, the lately
appointed Secretary for Railways, it is discovered, so
soon as the first questions are asked about him, that
he is one of those fortunate individuals born with
the invaluable gift of making friends all along the
line, by which is meant something more
than the railway line. Everyone smiles
when you ask about him, and is anxious
to explain that subtle charm in his character
that even disarmed all jealousy among his
schoolfellows when he held the envied position of
Dux at the school he attended, and has, since made
life-long friends of his associates.
No one to look at Mr. Kent would suppose
that he is on the eve of his fifteenth
birthday, having been born in Liverpool, England,
on May 21, 1843. He was the eldest son of the
late Mr. Robert Kent, who was a merchant of that
famous seaport town, attracted to Victoria at the time
of the gold fever and arriving in Melbourne with his
family by the ship Julie in October, 1852. This gentleman
started business in Market-street, Melbourne,
subsequently joining the late Mr. J. B. Were, the firm
for many years carrying on operations as Messrs. J.
B. Were, Kent and Company, in Flinders-lane. The
eldest boy Robert George Kent, was nine years
of age when he arrived in the colony, and was
educated at the old Melbourne Grammar School,
Spring-street, under Mr. Mars Miller, brother of the
late Hon. Henry Miller.

In July, 1859, when he was sixteen years of age,
Mr. Kent went into the office of Messrs. William
Nicholson and Company, general merchants. Three
months after, his employer, who was brother of Mr.
Germain Nicholson, the well-known grocer, whose
name is perpetuated in "Nicholson's Corner," Collins-street,
became Premier and Chief Secretary of
the colony. His Government, which included Mr.
(afterwards Sir) James M'Culloch as Treasurer, and
the Hon. James Service, Minister of Lands and Survey,
lasted from October, 1859, to November, 1860.
Two years later Mr. Nicholson retired from business,
and young Mr. Kent, then nineteen years old, joined
the accountants' branch of the Railway Department,
January, 1862. By the usual gradations he advanced
from one position to another until he was
appointed sub-accountant on July 1, 1879. For ten
years he remained in this position, when a variety of
circumstances combined to make his rise a phenomenal
one. When Mr. Deakin made his sensational
announcement, even for boom times, that Victoria
would hold a Centennial Exhibition, as New South
Wales had declined to do so, the Government service
was searched for a suitable official to fulfil the
important duties of secretary to the Commissioners,
and the choice fell upon Mr. G. T. A. Lavater, chief
accountant of the Railway Department. Mr. Kent
was accordingly appointed acting-accountant during
Mr. Lavater's absence, and held that position right
on, Mr. Lavater never resuming his old post, but
retiring on a substantial pension on October 1,
1891, when Mr. Kent received the appointment at
the salary attached to the office of £1,000 a year.
Only nine months later Mr. P. P. Labertouche, secretary
for Railways, retired on his pension, and Mr.
Kent was appointed in his place on July 1, 1892.
In the thirty-one years that Mr. Kent has been in
the Railway Department there has been a wonderful
expansion of the system, and an entire transformation
of the business. In 1862 there were only 93
miles of railway lines open for traffic, belonging
to the Government, namely, Melbourne to Williamstown,
Melbourne to Geelong, Melbourne to Woodend.
There are now 2,976 miles stretching to each
border town, with trunk and branch lines to every
important place in the colony. In 1862 the capital
cost of the lines then constructed was £7,000,000; by
1892 this had grown to £37,000,000. The income has
increased in proportion—the year 1862 producing
under this head £170,000, while 1892 shows a total
of £3,095,000. Momentous changes have, moreover,
taken place in the personnel of the Railway Department.

Mr. Kent has two brothers, one
of whom, Mr. Harold Kent, is traffic auditor of the
Victorian Railways, having joined the service in
March, 1859; the other, Mr. James Barr Kent, is
the accountant at one of the branches of the
National Bank of Australasia. His only sister,
Caroline, is married to Mr. G. H. Jenkins, C.M.G.,
clerk of Parliaments.
In October, 1874, Mr. Kent was married to Miss
Fanny Isabel Pride, daughter of the late Mr. James
Pride, auctioneer of Melbourne, and they have five
children, four sons and one daughter. Mr. Kent is
an active worker for the Anglican Church, being
honorary secretary and treasurer for Christ Church,
South Yarra, and three of his sons are now being
educated at the Church of England Grammar
School. In so fortunate a career it is grievous to
add that the last seven years Mr. Kent has had a
severe domestic affliction in the constant illness of his
wife, now in a very serious condition.

Another of the rapidly diminish-
ing band of district pioneers died
on 27th March in the person of
Mr John Chapman, at his resi-
dence, Chadstone road, East
Malvern, where he had lived for
57 years. He was a native of
Barnwell, Northamptonshire, Eng-
land, where he worked with his
parents at farming up to 1853,
when he came out to Melbourne.
Like many others the lure of the
goldfields attracted him and he
went to Fryer's Creek, Bendigo,
Ballarat, and other rushes, but had
small success as a seeker of
the precious metal. Returning
to Melbourne, he purchased a
block of 13 acres in Malvern Shire
(as it was then called), close to
Oakleigh. The country then was
very sparsely populated ; beyond
a few white settlers and a roaming
tribe or two of aboriginals there
were no inhabitants, and kangaroo
hunts were frequent over the
heath-clad fields. Although the
late Mr Chapman did not take
part in public affairs, he was keenly
interested up to the last in all that
transpired in the district. He was
essentially a home-loving man,
and devoted his time and energies
to the cultivation of his holding.
Many years ago he owned some
fine greyhounds and indulged in
coursing, but the sport was then
free from betting and other
objectionable features. He won
the Waterloo Cup, also a bracelet,
with Ben, a greyhound with a
fawn coat and two peculiar patches
like a saddle on its haunches.
Although unknown to many of the
younger generation, he was well
known and highly esteemed by the
old residents.
His remains were laid to rest on
Saturday last in the Oakleigh
, the Rev W. E. Secomb
officiating at the grave. The in
terment was a private one, in
accordance with Mr Chapman's
(P.3, Oakleigh and Caulfield Times, Mulgrave and Ferntree Gully Guardian, 4-4-1914.)

Now the interesting thing is that the Northampton County Council has produced an interactive map of the county and you can go straight to the tiny Hamlet of Chadstone near Castle Ashby by typing same in the town or village box and then head to John's place of origin,Barnwell(just before OUNDLE, via the A45 and A605 by entering its name in the box.
Link to the map.,y=269000,zoom=0,base=NCC,layers=,search=,fade=false,mX=0,mY=0

That is the only Chadstone found in a CHADSTONE, ENGLAND search! And it is 97.6 miles east from the Malvern Hills district driving on the M6. St Chad's Church Shrewsbury is a bit closer to the Malvern Hills district being 63.8 miles n.n.w. via A49.
The page about St Chad's church* makes no suggestion of a connection to the origin of the place name, CHADSTONE.

Chadstone Rd went north to Waverley Rd and no grant consisted of exactly 13 acres. Crown allotment 175 granted to J.Landells was immediately north of "Chadstone", consisting of 12 acres 2 roods 2 perches. It had a frontage of 10 chains and extended east 12.5 chains so without doubt it is today occupied by Bellevue and Rangeview Avenues and the part of CHAPMAN STREET connecting them.

On the west side of Chadstone Rd, there was another grant of the same size (c/a 172) but it was just one of several grants acquired by McLure and Hinckley, north to and possibly including Fenwick St which seem to have been subdivided as a whole estate, it is unlikely that John bought c/a 172. Chapman St in c/a 175 is a fair indication that John lived there for 57 years!


There were eight results for the Chapman name.
John was buried in the Baptist section, his age and year of burial matching information provided above.

As his father was David Chapman, this result seemed most likely to be related to John.
CHAPMAN David 64 1935 Wes

This is the only death record for David Chapman in 1935.
CHAPMAN David Death
mother: Esther nee WRIGHT father: CHAPMAN John
place of death: OAKLEIGH, 64, 1935, 7787/1935

Thus David was a brother of Mary Kent whose death record I will repeat here for comparison.
KENT Mary Death
mother: Esther nee WRIGHT father: Chapman Jno
place of death: Pran 53 1915 2803/1915

None of the other 6 CHAPMANS buried at Oakleigh were children of John and Esther.

Only two death records were found for Esther Chapman between 1870 and 1930:
the first died in 1880 aged 39 (born c.1841) with no details re parents or place of death;
the second died in 1929 aged 76 (born c.1853), nee Dobson who died at Hawthorn.

The latter would have only been about nine years old when Mary Kent was born whereas the former
would have been about 21. However there was no death notice and Chapman may have been her birth surname.

John Chapman married Esther Wright in 1860.
CHAPMAN John Marriage WRIGHT, Esther 1860 4122/1860


Is this the birth record of Mary Kent or perhaps a twin sister?
There was no birth record for Mary Chapman.
The old locality name of Gardiner was used.
CHAPMAN Unnamed Female Birth
mother: Esther nee WRIGHT father: John
GARD, 1862, 4313/1862

If the latter, more bad luck?
CHAPMAN Unnamed Female Birth
mother: Esther nee WRIGHT father: John
place of birth: GARD, 1863, 16435/1863

CHAPMAN Emily Birth
mother: Esther Eliza WRIGHT father: John
place of birth: GARDINER, 1866, 4071/1866

CHAPMAN Dick Birth
mother: Esther nee WRIGHT father: John
place of birth: GARDINER, 1868, 25357/1868

CHAPMAN David Birth
mother: Esther nee WRIGHT father: John
place of birth:GARD, 1870, 18120/1870

A Google search seeking genealogical information about David Chapman, born 1870 in Victoria
led to the following page.
It has absolutely no information about his father but we've already got that!
However it confirms that his mother, Esther Eliza, did die in 1880 and that she was born in Middlesex in 1839.
It also gives birth and death details about David's spouse (born at Vaughan near Castlemaine) and children,
(birth places given as Murrumbeena for 5 and Oakleigh for the other.)


Paul Rogers' mention of William Barger being on the late Charles Graves' farm made me wonder if William was the person who introduced evergreen lucerne as a fodder crop on "Woodlands."
I didn't find the article*, read years ago, which I believe named the person, but it would seem that it was not William, who had a clearing sale in 1925 as he was selling the property, and evergreen lucerne advertisements started appearing in 1929.

*Postscript. I eventually found the 1930 article.
Evergreen Lucerne
Westernport evergreen lucerne is reported to have given excellent results on the property of Mr G. L. Andrew, of "Woodlands." Shoreham. who introduced this variety to Victoria. (etc.)

The crazy thing about locality names near Flinders is that both William Barger and Woodlands were described almost equally as being at Shoreham and being at Flinders. To provide even more confusion the township of Shoreham was on the east side of the mouth of Stony Creek in the parish of Balnarring and the township of Balnarring on the west was in the parish of Flinders. Where both Shoreham and Flinders were used to describe the same location, they probably were describing Henry Tuck's former Manton's Creek Run, the east part of the Parish Of Flinders. The west part of the parish had been the Barker family's run.

That common interchanging of names for the same locality was just one of three discoveries related to Woodlands.

GRAVES.—On the 9th of March, at Woodland, near Flinders, Blackhead, of scarlet fever, Henry, third son of Charles and Jane Graves, aged four years ; also, on the 11th of March, William John, youngest son of the above, aged eighteen months, of scarlet fever. The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away, blessed be the name of the Lord."
(P.47, Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers,27-3-1873.)

TO the Licensing Magistrates at Dromana.— I, CHARLES GRAVES, of Flinders, storekeeper, do hereby give notice that I desire to obtain, and will at the next licensing meeting APPLY for a PUBLICAN'S LICENCE for a house situated at Woodlands, Flinders, containing three rooms, exclusive of those required for the use of the family. The seventeenth day of September, A. D. 1875.
(P.1, The Age, 10-9-1875.)
It is hard to believe that he was successful. No mention of the application has been found, even in Leonard Wilding's HISTORY OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA (Mornington Standard, 1905.)

The death notice (identical in two papers) was the only mention of BLACKHEAD in reference to Flinders, Westernport (or Shoreham, which I tried too) when used in inverted commas as a search term (i.e. "Blackhead, Westernport".)
"Blackhead" (as a locality) produced no results in Victoria in the 1840's or 1850's. However BLACKHEAD may not have been a locality name coined by Charles Graves (as in the case of Henry Tuck who obviously told his children that his MANTON'S CREEK RUN near Flinders was known as Merimendiewokewoke-the original name of Manton's Creek- with their young minds partly absorbing such a long word and recalling it decades later as being, as stated on the Flinders Wikpedia page, "Flinders was once believed to have previously been known as Mendi-Moke, but this has subsequently been denied.[3] BY ME!)

"BLACKHEAD" (P.2, The Age, 3-12-1862.)
The Gazette of last night contains a proclamation by the Governor in Council, under the Act of the sixteenth year of her present Majesty to consolidate and amend the law relating to Ports, Harbors, and Shipping, in the colony of Victoria, repealing the proclamation of 30th May, 1853,which defined the limits and boundaries of ports, and made regulations for the same. His Excellency now defines the boundaries as follows : —
Western Port, within a line from Blackhead to Point Grant*, and from Cape Woolamai to Point Griffiths.
*Point Grant is near the Nobbies, Phillip Island's greatest tourist attraction because of the "formally-dressed" birds.

CAPE SCHANK was referred to by Liadet in 1848 as meaning the same as west head. Considering that Cape Schanck was the graveyard of so many vessels it could be assumed that it was not the entrance to a harbour and that West Head was the western entrance to Westernport.


The map shows that the line from Blackhead to Point Grant would have been from West Head to Summerlands and that the Eastern entrance to Westernport would have been where the bridge now connects San Remo* and Phillip Island.

Now how many results would you expect to find in a trove search for "West Head, Westernport". There were only two; the first in 1864, regarding country crown lands at West Head being withdrawn from sale and the second in 1909 about the Golf Club founded by David Maxwell was flourishing. See:

The obvious conclusion is that West Head was named about a year after the new regulation in late 1862 had called it Blackhead but Charles Graves preferred to stick to the old name (as many early settlers at Rye and Mornington did as evidenced by THE BATTLE OF TOOTGAROOK-Sorrento v Rye, and the Mornington team being cheered on with"Go the Pointers!"

Why would West Head have been originally called Blackhead?


I have often referred to land being acquired for the jetport at Tullamarine circa 1960 or 1961. The following shows that the purchases could not have begun before 24-8-1961.
The article was found in a "parish of tullamarine" search on Trove.


This was posted on the PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA Facebook page and as it seemed likely that due to a new algorithm, it was going to be deleted by Facebook, rather than copy it into a word file where nobody would see it, I decided to copy it directly into a journal.

Shane Cleave sent me a message, and as I don't know him from a bar of soap, I wasn't going to answer it. Luckily I did. If you or others want me to be able to help you, write a post, starting with my name and then some information, such as in Shane's message.
Shane's message (edited by me.)
I am Shane Cleave from Flinders. If you don’t mind I would like to find out more about the Cleave family. I think they settled in Red Hill South. My grandfather was Walter Cleave. Thank you for your posts.

This was the only result in a "Walter Cleave" trove search limited to the Mornington Standard, Frankston.
Clearing sale—Shoreham, Alex Scott and Co report having held, on the 26th inst, at Wattle Grove, Shoreham, a most successful sale on account of Mrs Smidt, executrix in the estate of the late John J. Smidt, when they disposed of the whole of the cattle, ponies, household funiture and effects at highly satisfactory prices. The properties were not sold by auction, but were subsequently disposed of privately. "Wattle Grove" of 81 acres was purchased by Mr William Batholomew of Flinders, ten acres (on the Dromana and Flinders roads???????) by Mr W. Walter Cleave Jr of Red Hill, half-acre township allotment at Flinders by Mrs C. Johansen.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, Frankston, 3-7-1915.)

As there were possibly dozens of people named Walter Cleave who were totally unrelated to Shane, rather than barking up the wrong tree and catching a red herring, I did a "CLEAVE, RED HILL" search and discovered an Anzac, born in Traralgon, and his brother, also an Anzac.

Theodore Ernest CLEAVE
Regimental number-19782
Place of birth-Taralgon (sic), Victoria
School-Balmarring, Flinders and Main Creek, Victoria
Religion-Church of England
Address-Red Hill, via Mornington, Victoria
Marital status-Single
Age at embarkation-19
Next of kin-Father, W W Cleave, Red Hill, via Mornington, Victoria Previous military service-Nil
Enlistment date-30 July 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll-30 November 1915
Rank on enlistment-Gunner
Unit name-Field Artillery Brigade 8, Battery 30
AWM Embarkation Roll number-13/36/1
Embarkation details-Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A7 Medic on 20 May 1916
Rank from Nominal Roll-Gunner
Unit from Nominal Roll-8th Field Artillery Brigade
Fate-Died of wounds 2 June 1917
Place of death or wounding-Ploegsteert, Messines, Belgium
Age at death- 21
Family/military connections
Brother: 19783 Gunner Charles harper CLEAVE, 8th Field Artillery Brigade, .............
Other details
War service: Western Front
Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal


CLEAVE Ernt Theodore Birth
MOTHER: Mary Harper nee RICHEY father: Wm Walt
place of birth: TRARALGON, 1896, 15563/1896

Charles Harper (reg. no. 12398 / 1894) born at Gunbower, all other details as above.

Shane, because of interaction with descendants, I have been able to write stories about thousands of pioneers about whom I knew nothing at first except a name in rate records or on a parish map. If W. Walter Cleaves was your grandfather, I don't even have those details. Where exactly were the 10 acres on the Dromana and Flinders road? (Melway co-ordinates.) How were W.W., T.E., and C.H. Cleave related to you?

If you or others are able to answer these questions, I will be able to press on with my research.

There is a fair chance that this post will be labelled scam by Facebook's algorithm and deleted by Facebook so I suggest that readers copy it before this happens and write a comment stating that they do not regard it as scam.

Postscript, 9 a.m. 17-9-2022.
Further message from Shane (edited by me.)
Thank you for your reply. (The above post.) Yes, C.H. Cleave was my grandfather's brother. I have his world war medals and more and I am very respectful of them. A cousin of mine, John Tuck, gave them to me. Thank you again for your help. I know a lot about the Tuck side of the family; my grandma was a Tuck, E.Cleave born 1895. She lived (with?) us and told me a lot about about the Tuck side but not the Cleave side. My father A.W Cleave born 1930 👍

CLEAVE—TUCK.—On th 7th September, at St McCartan's Catholic Church, Mornington, by the Rev. Father O'Hagan, William Walter, eldest son of William Walter and Mary Harper Cleave, of Red Hill, to Ethel, second youngest daughter of Elizabeth and the late Thomas Tuck of Flinders. (P.5, The Age, 8-8-1921.)

CLEAVE William Walter Birth
mother: Mary Harper nee RICHEY (Ritchie?) father: William Walter place of birth: GUNB (Gunbower), 1882, 3110/1882

TUCK Ethel Birth
mother: Elizth nee HADDOW father:Thos
place of birth: FLINDERS BALNAR(ring), 1895, 12198/1895

RE SHANE'S COMMENT: "My father A.W Cleave born 1930"- no birth record was found. However there was one for the daughter* of Albert Bertram Cleave, he being a brother of Theodore Ernest, Charles Harper and William Walter.

CLEAVE Albert Bertram Birth mother: Mary Harper nee RICHEY father: William Walter place of birth:GUNBOWER
1888. 11939/1888

CLEAVE Albert Bertram Marriage CAIRNS, Janet Thompson 1916 4668/1916

CLEAVE Vera Jane Birth mother:CLEAVE, Janet Thompson nee CAIRNS father:CLEAVE, Albert Bertram place of birth:Flinders
1920, 21743/1920

2 comment(s), latest 8 months, 2 weeks ago


Due to trouble submitting journals because of spasmodic internet signals (which resulted in the loss of countless hours of research and my retirement as Itellya on three occasions), only one image being able to be attached to each journal, and the format required to create links to articles, I have been posting my historical research regarding the area near Tullamarine and the Mornington Peninsula on Facebook group pages: WE REMEMBER TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND IN THE EARLY DAYS and PIONEERS OF THE MORNINGTON PENINSULA.

Facebook was in trouble for allowing the spread of misinformation and personal attacks on others so it has come up with an algorithm to stop such misconduct- which still allows the publication of phony events while labelling historical research as scam.

The members of my two groups are pleading for me to continue my posts but there is little point in doing so- if they are likely to be deleted by Facebook. A Google search for Aitken's Hill near Craigieburn will reveal the myth that it was originally called Mt Yuroke. I tried to correct this on Facebook but my information was deleted. Hence my previous journal!

I have published many journals about the pioneers near Tullamarine, based on rate records, but many of them, especially those who moved away (to retire and be cared for by a relative, or died in a hospital) may have slipped through the cracks because my transcriptions were only done every 15 to 20 years and were mainly in regard to farmers, not residents of Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Townships. My LATE OF TULLAMARINE search on trove was an attempt to discover some of these pioneers.

After a four hour marathon waiting for my research to post until I aborted the attempt, and a restart, which also seemed doomed to the same fate, I submitted the title and then this short, sad story.
Fingers crossed that it will submit too. (Phew!)
There are 139 results on trove, more than one for some pioneers (same information in different papers.)
All 139 results can be found by doing the same search that I did on trove.

1907 W ANGUS LOVE Born circa 1842 and as Keilor was given as the place of death, probably lived on that side of Bulla Rd near Tullamarine S.S. 2613 (whose site was purchased from the Loves.)

1912 W JOHN MANSFIELD Brother of David Mansfield and father of Willam John (who with his son William John, died at Bertram's Ford in 1906.) Had a farm called Grandview at the junction of the Bulla and Broadmeadows roads which may have been the southern 165 acres of Viewpoint (established by Edmund Dunn in 1849 and adjoining Camp Hill to the south.)

1906 W WILLIAM JOHN MANSFIELD Son of John Mansfield (above) who was obviously living on the Melbourne Airport terminal site (the south west corner of section 15 Tullamarine); this would explain why the Hill lad who escaped the tragedy at Bertram's Ford and lived near the east end of the east-west runway joined them on the ill-fated trip to St Albans. The triangular block which became Stan Payne's pig farm, "Scone" was probably purchased in the 1850's from Riddell and Hamilton by John Mansfield who had probably moved to Grandview by 1906, allowing his son to occupy (but not become the owner of the triangle which would explain no real estate* being left in William John's will.)

His death record.
JOHNSON John Death
mother: Wilhelmina ROBERTSON father:JOHNSON William places of birth and death: DRUMMOND, BOX HILL
81 1948, 2460/1948

John Johnson was the grandson of an early landowner north of Broadmeadows Township, also named John Johnson who soon after arriving worked for Peter McCracken on Stewarton (renamed Gladstone in 1893) which was immediately south of the township. The original John soon afterwards bought 40 acres, immediately north of Gellibrand Hill in Machell's subdivision which was called Providence Plains (between Swain St and Providence Lane.) The 40 acre property was later owned by Harry Swain, hence the name of Swain St, the entrance to Dundonald. The original John also bought a block on the north west corner of Mickleham and Craigieburn Rd near John Crowe's Mt Yuroke and called it Greenhill. He was a member of the Broadmeadows Road Board only until 1863.

The family then moved to Dummond but returned to the Broadmeadows area in the early 1900's. The second John's father, William*, bought Spring Park in Keilor Rd and John's family farmed Glendewar and after Alexander McCracken's death, Cumberland, west of Dundonald.
* So named in John's death record. However I needed to prove that William Johnson was the son of the original John Johnson. William died in 1909 and this is his death record.

JOHNSON Wm Death mother: Sarah, nee MUNS father:Johnson Jno place of death:Esdon 73, 1909, 8462/1909

In BROADMEADOWS:A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, Andrew Lemon stated that the original John Johnson stayed in the district until his death in 1877, aged 70.
There was a death record (5007 / 1877) for John Johnston*, a native of Edinburgh, son of Jane nee Henderson and John (presumably) Johnston whose spouse at death was Jane Henderson and died aged 70, no place of death given.
It would seem that the spouse at death was a mistake by the registrar or a Victorian BDM typist.

Surely there must have been an obituary or article to support Andrew's assumption that he was the grantee of "Greenhill".
There was a death notice but why didn't Andrew state exactly where he died?
JOHNSTON*.—On the 12th inst., at his residence, Green-hill, Euroke*, Mr. John Johnston, aged 70 years.
(P.27, The Australasian, 16-6-1877.)

*The name of the parish was Yuroke but was sometimes rendered as Euroke. The surname was given as Johnston in the death record (which illustrates some confusion) and the death notice, so the informant may have been a neighbour on Crow's Hill (formerly Mt Yuroke, renamed after the property's founder John Crowe), not a member of the family!

However, the apparent error in the spelling of the surname reinforces my belief that Johnstone St between Broadmeadows Township and the Broadmeadows railway station was named after the early Broadmeadows Road Board member, the grantee of "Greenhill" and unknown to Andrew Lemon, the original purchaser of 40 acres in the Machell subdivision north of Dundonald which became known as Providence Plains (which Peter Robertson, father of William JOHNSON'S wife seems to have occupied and named as GELLIBRAND FARM.

The story with which this entry started was written from a 22 year old memory of a lengthy email conversation with Keith Brown of Canberra whose wife Evelyn is a JOHNSON descendant.

To illustrate, here is the 1948 death notice for John JOHNSON of Glendewar/ Cumberland?Glendewar.
JOHNSON.— On March 14, at Box Hill, John, the beloved husband of Blanche and loving father of Evelyn (deceased), Leslie (deceased), Walter*, Reg, William, Blanche, Ettie and Agnes, aged 81 years. Late of Tullamarine. (P.3, The Age, 15-3-1948.)

Evelyn Brown (P.O.Box 509, Dickson A.C.T.2602) is:
The great grand-daughter of William Johnson
The grand-daughter of John Johnson who bought Glendewar.
The daughter of Walter Frederick Johnson and Emma (McKenzie).
Emma worked for a time at Woodlands before marrying Walter in 1924.

Part of my rate research and Keith's story.
The Essendon Gazette of 22-7-1909 contains the obituary of Mr W.Johnson of Spring Park, Essendon, who was well known in pastoral circles. The 73 year old pioneer was born in Huntingdonshire, England and came to the Port Phillip District 57 years ago*. A resident of Drummond, near Malmsbury, he was an early breeder of Lincoln sheep. He moved to Essendon in 1903. (P. 127, The Annals of Essendon Vol.1, R.W.Chalmers.)
William’s widow, Wilhelmina, was still living on Spring Park when their third son, James Alexander (born 28-6-1874, died 28-9-1913) was buried in the ninth row of the Church of England section of Bulla Cemetery. John Johnson (D.14-3-1948 at 81) and Blanche (D.12-7-1951) are buried in this row also. The cemetery is at Melway 177, H/8.
*At the age of about 16, so I presume his father, as well as his son, was named John.

Broadmeadows’ ratebook of 1863 mentions three pieces of property in the parish of Yuroke owned by John Johnston. They were:
a farm (N.A.V. 18 pounds) listed immediately after those of Donald and John McKerchar and before entries for the square mile south of Somerton Rd and bisected by Mickleham Rd.
a farm (N.A.V. 54 pounds), known to be his grant, lot E of section 22 at the north west corner of Mickleham and Craigieburn Rds, which consisted of 97 acres 2 roods and 35 perches. He called it Greenhill.
A house (N.A.V. 9 pounds) that seems to have been overlooked and then inserted before
John Johnston was 51 when elected to the Broadmeadows Roads Board (1858?) and, although he remained a member only until 1863, he remained in the district until his death in 1877 at the age of 70. (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History by Andrew Lemon.)
After W.W.1, Reg Poole renamed Greenhill as Lancedene. (Jack Simmie of Harpsdale.)
Was John Johnston the father of William Johnson? His surname seems to have been consistently written with the T, but that does not necessarily mean it was right. It is a strange coincidence that Reg.Poole took over the Johnston grant and Blanche Wilhelmina Johnson married a Poole.

At first I thought this might be related to Gellibrand Farm, which was advertised for sale in the Melbourne Morning Herald of 11-12-1849. It was 10 miles from Melbourne , was enclosed by a new fence and had a cottage, dairy and two double huts for workers. As the crow flies, it is 19 km, or nearly 12 miles to Swain St, the entrance to Woodlands Historic Park from Mickleham Rd, which indicates the southern boundary of the parish of Yuroke. As the reference to Gellibrand Cottage, parish of Yuroke, seems to come from a document, we must discount any possible locations south of Swain St- Mladen Court.

The land east of Section Rd, Greenvale, allotment C of section 2, was granted to Leonard James and George Wolfenden Muchell (sic) in 1843. This was subdivided and sold to Messrs Lavars, Bond, Salisbury, Johnson, Davidson, and in 1854, John Lawrence bought lots 6 and 7. Part of lot 6 became the church site in Providence Lane. (Greenvale: Links with the Past by Annette Davis found in the Bulla file at the Sam Merrifield Library, Moonee Ponds.)

Notice that one of the above buyers was Mr Johnson. I wonder if this was John Johnson who had been working for Peter McCracken at Stewarton two miles to the south. There is no mention of a Peter or Henrietta Robertson in the 1863 ratebook despite the fact that they were living in a house near Gellibrand Hill on the 23rd of February in that year. Neither does the surname Johnson appear. Was John Johnston’s house (N.A.V.9 pounds) or farm (N.A.V. 18 pounds and therefore about 40 acres) where Peter and Henrietta Robertson were living without paying the rates? As Henrietta was 72 and Peter 66, it is possible that they were guests of a 56 year old Johns(t)on. It is not possible to determine where Johns(t)on’s house and small farm were but it is likely that they were between Section Rd and Mickleham Rd.

23-2-1863. William Johnson married Wilhelmina Robertson at Gellibrand Cottage in the parish of Yuroke, the home of Wilhelmina’s parents, Peter and Henrietta Robertson. In the same ceremony,Wilhelmina’s older sister, Margaret, married Donald McKerchar, widower (of Colina) of “Springfield”. Donald renamed his property “Greenan”in honour of his wife’s birthplace in Scotland. (This was his 302 ¾ acre grant, lot P of section 9, across Mickleham Rd from Springfield.) A third sister, Henrietta Robertson, married Donald McNab in 1855.
Donald and Margaret’s only daughter, Henrietta (or Etty, who was only a week old when Donald died in 1869) was for many years the postmistress at Greenvale. She did not marry and died in 1944 of drowning (in a dam on the property. Was this Greenan or Springfield North?)
Gellibrand Cottage (must have been reasonably close to Gellibrand Hill) as in 1861 an attempt was made to establish a toll gate and it was resolved to offer Mr Robertson of Gellibrand Hill 8 pounds to ascertain the traffic on the road and to call for tenders for the erection of a toll house and gate on the Broadmeadows Road opposite Mr Robertson’s house. (I have seen no mention of a toll gate near Gellibrand Hill. The toll gate at the intersection of the roads to Broadmeadows and Bulla Townships at Tullamarine and the one at Pascoe Vale would have dealt with travellers likely to pass Gellibrand Hill on the way to Sydney or McIvors Diggings at Heathcote. The local farmers would have hated having a toll gate near Dundonald because they would have been paying tolls every day. The toll gate would most likely have been placed at the intersection of Mickleham and Somerton Rds but there is no mention of a toll gate in that area in the 1863 rate record of the Broadmeadows Roads District.)
Henrietta Robertson (d.22-6-1867 at 76) and Peter Robertson (d.22-10-1876 in Yuroke aged 79) are both buried at Campbellfield.

John Johnson’s son, William, purchased land at Drummond in 1856 as did Peter and Robert McCracken. John went to manage this property and in 1861, John and William bought the McCracken land. William became a prosperous Drummond/Malmsbury identity. His son, John, purchased “Glendewar” at Tullamarine in about 1906 and retained it until his death in 1948.Glendewar was sold in 1951 (probably mostly to Mr W.Smith with A.A.Lord owning the 80 acres including the Hills’ “Danby Farm”and part of Glendewar, which with the Lanes’ Gowrie Park comprised section 14.) From about 1919 to 1934, John Johnson leased, and the family lived on, “Cumberland” adjacent to Glendewar on the east side of Moonee Ponds Creek.

Just before the 1890 depression, David sold his farm to a speculator who expected a railway to Bulla to pass close to the property. The railway didn't happen, the speculator became insolvent and with the deposit and part payments he'd forfeited, David built the beautiful Glenalice.

1870 W WILLIAM SHARP. William Sharp and his wife Harriet (nee Faithfull, formerly Hodgkinson) owned blocks (in John Pascoe Fawkner's subdivision of section 10 Tullamarine), located at Melway 3 C 2-3 and land across Jackson's Creek in the Organs Park Park.
Judy Hodgetts, a Faithfull family researcher provided the following information about Harriet's two marriages circa 2000.

Abraham Hodgkinson was the 3rd mate on the “Royal Consort” which left for Australia on 9-11-1843 and arrived on 18-2-1844. He was paid L8/19/6 for his duties, which indicates that he did not jump ship as many sailors did a decade later during the gold rush. On board as passengers were Thomas Faithfull 37, his wife Mary Ann 39, and their children: Harriet Ruby 19, Sarah Amelia 17, Henry 14, Jane 11, Moses 8, William 4 and Thomas 2. The Faithfull family must have soon arrived in this area for when their eighth and last child, Anne, was born on 9-6-1846 the birth was registered at Bulla.
Now it seems that Abraham Hogkinson, about 31 during the voyage out, was using his time off duty for more than sleeping. A certain 19 year old lass had caught his eye and he was to marry Harriet on 10-2-1850. Abraham was to live only nine years after his marriage but fathered eight children because he started early! Did they elope? The registrations of his childrens’ births indicate his whereabouts before buying land on Tullamarine Island:
Ester b. Moonee Ponds* & d. Melbourne 1845, Maria b. Gippsland 1848, William b. Keilor 1849, Marian b.1851 and Sarah b.1853 at Jordans Creek (up Castlemaine way), Thomas b.1855 Tullamarine, Harriet b.1857 Flemington (may have needed special medical care for the birth), Abraham b.1860 Tullamarine (d.1861.)
(Moonee Ponds could have indicated that he was working for Loeman on Moreland, Robertson on La Rose or Fawkner on Belle Vue Park, leasing part of 23 Doutta Galla, working for Kenny on Camp Hill, McDougall etc on Glenroy, Peter McCracken on Stewarton, Coghill on Cumberland, Dewar on Glendewar, Greene on Woodland or Firebrace on Melford Station, i.e. anywhere near the Moonee Ponds Creek!
Several historians have made the mistake of assuming that “Moonee Ponds” meant the present suburb.)
Anyhow, getting back to Abraham’s farm. On 25-2-54, Abraham bought Edward Pope’s allotment for 150 pounds (12 981). For an amount that was not entered in the memorial, he then purchased the neighbouring allotment from Frederick Anthony Thies on 4-5-1855. I have not been able to find the conveyance of John Beasley’s allotment, but Abe obviously owned this by 1-9-1855, when he mortgaged all three allotments to J.H.Brooke for 100 pounds (30 384).
On 30-7-1858, Abraham conveyed Beasley’s lot and the eastern part of Thies’s lot (which is not part of the Organ Pipes Park) to Henry Mildenhall for 125 pounds (66 695). Mildenhall became the husband of Sarah Amelia Faithfull, the sister of Abraham’s wife, Harriet. Abraham Hodgkinson died on 2-12-1859. In 1862, his widow married William Skill Sharp but Harriet again became a widow when William died on 4-8-1870.
On 15-7-1879, Thomas Hodgkinson conveyed Pope’s purchase and the western half of the lot originally bought by Thies (both now part of the park) to his mother Harriet Sharp for 140 pounds. (282 230). The memorial indicates that the title was converted (to Torrens?) in 1890 so details of further conveyance cannot be obtained for free.
Harriet Sharp died on 24-12-1885. Her will of 17-12-1885 left “the old farm” (lot 7 and the western half of lot eight to her daughter Amy Ann Sharpe and “East End Farm”, her present homestead (allotment 7A of section 5 in Holden) to her son, John Sharpe. Thomas Hodgkinson was appointed as Amy’s trustee until she turned 21.John Sharpe, her sole executor, specified on 31-3-1886 that the Holden farm consisted of 36 99/160 acres and the old farm of about 31 acres. (See 11A re spouses of Harriet’s kids.)

1884 D MARY HANDLEN (nee Guthrie.)
HANDLEN.— On the 13th November, at Ulupna, Mary, the beloved wife of Patrick Handlen, of Ulupna,late of Tullamarine.
(P.1, The Age, 18-1-1884.)

HANDLEN Mary Death
mother: Bridt nee MORAN father: Guthrie Thos place of death registration:NUMURKAH
spouse at death: HANDLEN, Patrick
46, 1884, 13559/1884
Riddell and Hamilton bought sections 6 and 15 (mainly between today's Melrose Drive and Mickleham Rd) and after doing a land swap with John Pascoe Fawkner, grantee of section 7, so the latter's estate was entirely on the Keilor side of Bulla Rd and theirs on the Broadmeadows side, sold Glendewar to William Dewar, the present Airport Terminal site to John Mansfield and Chandos to John Peter. The land between Nash's Lane and Wrights Lane north of the back lane (Derby St) was subdivided into small blocks of 5 acres which were eventually consolidated into farms such as Charles Nash's Fairview and Wallis Wright's Sunnyside and Hamilton Terrace between Bulla Rd was divided into acre blocks 200 metres deep, with 20 metre frontages to Bulla Rd and the back lane. Noah Holland had six blocks which became the Melrose Drive Reserve and the next block, roughly opposite the Beech Tree Hotel, was the Handlen Family's. The house, right near the footpath, was still standing in 1971 when I moved to Tullamarine but must have been demolished soon afterwards. This block was later added to the Melrose Drive Reserve. The Morgans owned the next block which now adjoins the reserve.

1917 D JAMES SHARP OF HILLSIDE, THE NORTH EAST PORTION OF SECTION 21 PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA, PURCHASED IN 1867, WHICH BECAME THE THOMAS FAMILY'S CARINYA PARK CIRCA 1940. Sharps Rd was named after James who in 1863 had been leasing part of John Peter's Chandos.

A change of format.






6 comment(s), latest 8 months, 2 weeks ago


Locations of Broadmeadows Township, and the three MOUNTS (with suggestions about how their names came about.)

Proclaimed a township in 1850, this was the administrative centre of the Broadmeadows Road Board/ Shire for about 70 years before a new town hall was built near the Broadmeadows station, (the new centre of population due to subdivisions in the Strathmore/Glenroy area), in 1928.

Surrounded by Hackett St (never made, and renamed Mickleham Rd when the bridge over Moonee Ponds Creek was built c 1982); Kenny St; Lyons St; and to the south, the creek and Forman St, it is roUghly indicated by Melway 5 K 6,7 to 6 D7.

The railway station's location was first called Broadmeadows East to prevent confusion but later the old township was called West Broadmeadows and then Westmeadows and it is now part of the suburb of Attwood.
Located at Melway H 12, its summit is 202 metres above sea level, and it was not the only Mount Gellibrand in Victoria in the early days of settlement. Both were named after the same person, Joseph Tice Gellibrand* who perished near Colac where the other one is located. (* )

Port Phillip Association[edit source]
As early as January 1827, Gellibrand in partnership with John Batman applied for a grant of land in the as yet un-colonised region at Port Phillip. They stated that they were prepared to bring with them sheep and cattle to the value of £4000 to £5000. This application was refused, but the two colonists maintained their interest in the pursuit of obtaining land at Port Phillip.[4]
In 1835 Gellibrand became one of the leading members of the Port Phillip Association, a company of 17 colonists who devised a plan to obtain and divide amongst themselves thousands of acres of land on the northern shore of Port Phillip through a treaty with the local Wurundjeri people. Gellibrand, having a strong foundation in law, drew up this Batman Treaty which stipulated that the Aboriginal people would hand over all of the land within 10 miles of the northern shore in exchange for a yearly hand-out of basic provisions. Gellibrand was assigned a block of land that is now the region that extends from Laverton to Spotswood.[5]

Given their long association, It is possible that Batman had noticed Mount Gellibrand, as he travelled east to the site of the treaty, and named it in honour of his old friend. The one near Colac was so-named by 1843. It was possibly named by one of those searching for Joseph Tice Gelliband and Hesse when they disappeared, such as Frederick Armytage and Thomas Roadknight.

Even though the Mount in Mickleham Rd. was reduced in status to a hill, at least it retained the surname of a very early and brave pioneer.
This would seem to be located on crown allotment C of section 20, parish of Yuroke. It is almost certain that John Crowe first used the name - for his farm.

In the 1940's John had been leasing crown land in the parish of Kelbundoora and was described as living on the Merri and Darebin Creek in Electoral rolls. He often served on juries and in 1848 was elected as a committee member of the Port Phillip Farmers' Society.
Committee of Management for 1849 (which may have turned his focus to the west.) Note the known residence of some of his colleagues which I have supplied in brackets.
William Thomson (co-grantee of section 14, Tullamarine)
Coiler Robertson (of La Rose, heitage-listed as Wentworth House, Le Cateau St, Pascoe Vale House)
Archibald McDougall (Perhaps this should be Robert McDougall of "Cona", Glenroy.)
M. McNamara (possibly of the parish of Doutta Galla)
Joseph King
M. Loeman (Managing or leasing the Moreland Estate; bridge in Moreland Rd named after him; established Glenloeman on Tullamarine Island in 1854.)
John Crowe
David Duncan, Treasurer. (Co-grantee of section 14 Tullamarine.)
(P.3, Argus, 10-10-1848.)

On pages 227-8 of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, Andrew Lemon has listed original purchasers of crown land in the various parishes in the Broadmeadows District. No year of purchase is given for John Crowe's purchases in section 20 Yuroke is given.

They were bought on 8-5-1851.
175. Bourke, 191a 0r 38p, parish of Yuroke, allotment C, part of section 20. A M'Lachlan, 22 3s.
176. Bourke, 160a, parish of Yuroke, allotment D, part of section 20. John Crowe 52 2s.
(P.4, Argus, 9-5-1851.)

It is strange that A. McLachlan was recorded as the purchaser of 20C and M.Ainslie was not mentioned a a co-purchaser of 20 D.
Perhaps the reporter's notes were wrong or he'd made a blue in transcribing them. Or 20c was purchased by McLachlan on John's behalf.

This was first used in 1847 to roughly indicate the location of the mysterious Mount Jophet (to which no other reference was found in Trove or Google searches) where the Mercer's Vale Hunt was to meet.

Mercer's Vale was the original name for Beveridge where Ned Kelly grew up. It was on the direct route to Sydney.

Unfortunately two hour's work trying to ascertain whether this Mt Aitken was the one between the Dunhelen homestead and Craigieburn at Melway 386 C11 or the one west of Sunbury (see Melway key map 8 E3) has been lost due to a poor internet signal.
Many of the meets were places on the direct route to Sydney which became the Hume Highway, so it is likely that the Mt Aitken mentioned was at Melway 386 C11 between the Dunhelen homestead and Craigieburn.
It is my belief that only once did they met anywhere near Mt Aitken west of Sunbury.

THE Mercers Vale Hounds will meet at Mr. Beattie's Station, Salt Water River , on Wednesday the 4th; on Monday the 9th at Mount Jophet, near Mount Aitken ; and on Saturday the 14th at Kinlochewe, each day at eight o'clock.
(P.2, Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser, 4-7-1847.)

Research into the marriages of two Collyer brothers to John Batman's daughters led me west to the Toolern Vale area and I found many Beatie grants were next to those of John Aitken west of what became the Calder Highway. This is the reason that I believe that the said station was near the other Mt Aitken. Henry Beattie managed and then bought John Aitken's Mt Aitken estate.

The above states that John Aitken was admired and liked by his fellow squatters so it is possible that the Brodies or some other squatter near Craigieburn had named the hill on the Dunhelen Estate after him but he had certainly never lived in that area as stated in the otherwise excellent Mt Aitken College's history.

Mt Yuroke did not become Aitken's Hill as claimed in websites about volcanoes.

A post in Fading Victoria* draws the same wrong conclusion and presumed that a word had been accidentally left out but Yuroke was a reference to Mt Yuroke being in the parish of Yuroke**- in its north western corner.

* [Craigieburn / Mickleham / Greenvale] Aitken Hill
24 JULY 2007, 9:55AM
A bit of trivia today, according to the Registrar of Geographic
Names, the recognised names for Aitken Hill are:

Aitken Hill (official)
Aitkens Hill (historical)
Mount Aitken (historical)
Yuroke (historical)

I've also seen it referred to as Mount Yuroke (perhaps they missed a word)

Mount Yuroke/Crow's Hill is probably in crown allotment C of section 20, parish of Yuroke but it can be seen why the farm was sometimes described as being at Mickleham (as it adjoined that parish) and Craigieburn (as it was near Craigieburn Rd.)

Mt Yuroke became Crow's Hill, presumably to honour John Crowe.
John Crowe died fairly early in the district's history and although Mt Yuroke (like Mt Gellibrand) was downgraded from a mountain to a mere hill, the locals probably honoured his memory by calling it Crowe's Hill and this became the name of a farm on the hill with the e at the end of Crowe missing.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 19 January 1857 p 8 Family Notices
... Funeral Notices. THE Friends of the late JOHN CROWE, Esq., are respectfully invited to follow his remains to the place of interment, this day, Monday, the 19th instant. The Funeral procession to move from his late residence, Mount Yuroke, at ten, passing Broadmeadows etc.

M M'CAW & ANOTHER have received instructions from Messrs Glover & Edwards, of Mount Euroke (Crow's Hill), to sell by auction, at above farm, on Wednesday, 1st March, at eleven o'clock sharp, etc.
(P.2, The Age, 27-2-1865, item 3 in column 3 of scan.)