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William Robert Abbott + Roseanna Gertrude Evans, New Zealand

written for Rob Abbott who wrote Looking for details on William Robert Abbott who was married to Rosanna Gertrude Abbott, maiden name Evans, lived in, I believe, Marton New Zealand around the beginning of the 1900s. Gertrude died in 1919. Had son called Victor Abbott who is my grand father, who was born in I believe, Dunedin NZ.
Any help would be greatly appreciated

William Robert ABBOTT (1867-1900)
was married in Christchurch, New Zealand on 19 Jan 1887 to
Roseanna Gertrude EVANS (1868-1919)
Roseanna/Rosanna was born in Christchurch on 2 Feb 1868 to Arthur Nathan Evans (1832-1901) & Emily Gillam (1845-1875) who married 10 April 1864.
. .Roseanna's siblings were ..
* 1866 - Henry Evans
* 1868 - 1919 Rosanna Gertrude Evans
* 1870 - James Evans
* 1872 - 1892 Frederick Thomas Evans
.. Frederick was adopted by Joseph (1822-1900) & Emma (1834-1919) Hauley, possibly after the death of his mother when he was 2. He died, as Gunner Evans of the Naval Volunteers, aged 19, on 2 July 1892 and is buried at Timaru as are Joseph & Emma.
* 1874 - 1875 Enoch William Evans (8 months)
* Roseanna's mother Emily, died on 18 March 1875 in Christchurch aged 30, 3 weeks before her baby Enoch. Rosanna was 7. Her brother Frederick was adopted out, maybe her brothers Henry (aged 9) & James (aged 5) were also fostered out, put into a home or adopted, as I have not found them to date. Not known what happened to Rosanna at that age. Six years later, her father Arthur re-married to Emma Gribbin (1847-1920) at The Manse, Christchurch on 10 Jan 1881 and had another 5 children
. . Roseanna's half siblings were ..
* 1881 - 1953 Eli Arthur Evans
.. At 17 Eli was working at the Islington Freezing Works when charged with stealing a letter containing money, the property of the Christchurch Meat Company. He later worked for the railways. In Oct 1902 he was in Christchurch Court for failing to make provision for his illegitimate child. He didn't marry. In June 1922
* 1883 - 1956 William Henry Ernest Evans
* 1884 - 1961 Edward John Evans
* 1888 - 1953 Mabel Fanny Evans
.. Mabel married Freeman Sefton (1891-1953) in St Paul's Christchurch in 1915. They lived at 454 Tuam St., Linwood not far from her parents. They died 3 weeks apart.
* 1892 - 1966 Ruhi Leonard Evans
.. Ruhi married Ruby 'Louisa' Sadler Austin (1895-1966) in 1914. However, she married as Ruby Louisa Evans. Her parents were Henry Austin & Mary Argue. They may have adopted her or she had previously married an 'Evans'. Ruhi & Louisa died a day apart, 20th & 21st April 1966 & buried Bromley.
* Roseanna's father Arthur Nathan Evans, died 19 Oct 1901 aged 69 at their home 24 Tuam St., Linwood and is buried Plot 31, Block 13 at Linwood cemetery with 2nd wife Emma who died 1 May 1920 aged 73 at their home 406 Tuam St., Linwood and with their son Eli

. . .children of William & Rosanna
born in Christchurch
. . ... 1 ..
1887 - Alexander Abbott

born 1 March 1887
Alexander moved to Australia. He tried to enlist in the Australian Navy in March 1904, saying he was 20 having been born 1 March 1884 in Christchurch NZ and had lived there all his life. However they queried the age discrepancy and wrote to his mother Roseanna. Her reply was: Christchurch, 18 May 1904, to Captain Robertson, H.M.S. 'Tauranga'. Dear Sir, we received your letter yesterday about my lad Alexander Abbott joining your ship. I am quite willing for him to join and he has my full consent. I have not the means to get the birth certificate but this the true age. He was born on March 1st in the year 1887, that makes him 17 years last March. Hoping dear sir that you take him. I remain yours truly. R. Abbott.
Perhaps they told Alexander to come back when he was 18 because he enlisted (for 5 years) on 1 March 1905, his 18th birthday. He was 5' 5½", light hair, blue eyes and his occupation was a 'farm boy'.
photo part of Rosanna's letter to the ANF May 1904

Alexander served as #61, Boy 2nd Class in the Australian Naval Force, Conflict: British Navy Era, 1788-1911. He embarked on the 'Tauranga', a Pearl-class cruiser of the Royal Navy. The vessel was originally named Phoenix and built by J & G Thomson, Glasgow and launched 28 Oct 1889. Renamed 2 April 1890 as Tauranga as part of the Auxiliary Squadron of the Australia Station. She arrived in Sydney with the squadron on 5 Sep 1891. Between 1901-1903 in reserve at Sydney before being assigned to the NZ division of the Australia Station. She left the Australia Station 14 Dec 1904. She was sold 10 July 1906 to be broken up for scrap.
photo HMS Tauranga in Tasmania 1902

death of Alexander not yet found. He was alive when his brother Spencer died in 1913, but not mentioned in 1919 when his mother died. He did not die in NZ.

. . ... 2 ..
1889 - 1889 Percy Abbott

born 3 Jan 1889
Percy died 15 March 1889 aged 10 weeks in Christchurch and is buried Plot 208C, Block 0 at Addington cemetery

. . ... 3 ..
1891 - 1971 Sidney Percival Abbott

born 24 Feb 1891
* sometimes written Sydney .. please note .. Sidney was not an All Black as I have seen on an online family tree. That was Harold Louis 'Bunny' Abbott (1882-1971), see footnote at end. When 'The Originals' toured the British Isles, France and USA in 1905-1906 Sidney was only 14.
* Sidney was a painter/paperhanger. He enlisted from 86 Liverpool Street, Wanganui and served twice in WWI. His NOK was his mother Roseanna at the Commercial Hotel, Wanganui when he first embarked in Oct-Dec 1914 as Private 10/480 with the Wellington Infantry Regiment. He was declared medically unfit for war in Egypt and was invalided home to Wanganui, April 1915. He re-enlisted and was at Trentham Camp when he was given his commission. He served as Second Lieutenant 9/1761 with the Wellington Infantry Regiment, embarking Jan-Feb 1916. In Dec 1916 he was reported as seriously ill/severe case, with little hope of recovery. He resigned his commission on 1 May 1917. In June 1917 he was struck off the strength and absorbed, with his original rank and authority as 2nd Lieutenant. In July 1917 he was the Hon. Secretary of the Athletic Football Club in Marton Junction, when he advertised an upcoming Euchre Party and Dance to be held at the Railway Social Hall, on 20 July at 8p.m. Gents 1/6, Ladies 1/-. Funds to go to the club. In Oct 1926 they were living at 23 Russell street, Marton, when he won 6th prize of £25 in the Art Union (Oct 2019 equivalent $2,500)
Sidney married Violet Emily Kendrick (1897-1939) on 26 April 1918. Violet was 1 of 9 children of Joseph Kendrick & Emily Belk. She died 9 June 1939 and is buried at Mt View, Marton with a daughter, Nira Doreen Newman (1926-2011).
photo of Sidney Percival Abbott outside the Wellington Town Hall in June 1926 when he was 35. I have cropped it from a bigger photo showing the group of delegates at the Annual General Meeting of Dominion Council (NZ RSA). The full photo can be seen here with zoom option. Sidney is in the middle of 2nd row from front.

Sidney died in Marton on 14 Aug 1971 aged 80 and is buried Plot 7, Row A, Block 1, RSA at Mt View Cemetery, Marton

. . ... 4 ..
1892 - 1967 Victor Abbott

born 1 April 1892
.. On 29 Sep 1903 Victor, aged 11 and 2 of his siblings, Irene & Spencer were admitted to the Wellington Receiving Home as their mother was unable to support them.
Victor married Ada Beatrice Edmonds (1906-1986) on 22 Aug 1925 in Christchurch. Ada was a daughter of Henry 'Harry' Edmonds & Elizabeth Jane Montgomery (1872-1948, buried Mt View Marton).
* Victor worked on the Railways as a Signalman/Porter. He enlisted for WWI from Marton 11 May 1916. He was one of 30 employees of the Railway Department who appealed the ballots against their staff having to serve due to the important work they did 'at home'. They were temporarily exempted in March 1917. Victor's appeal was dismissed in Oct 1917 as he was a 'no show' at the hearing and he served as Rifleman 69561 with the 34th Reinforcements, Otago Infantry Regiment, D Company, NZEF. His next of kin when he embarked in 1918, was his mother Roseanna c/o Post office, Marton Junction.
children of Victor & Ada, born in Marton
* 1926 - 1998 Nora Ivy Abbott (+ Lane)
* 1930 - Stanley Russell Abbott
* 1931 - 2019 Raymond Spencer Abbott (+ Pell)
* 1932 - 2005 Dorothy Irene Abbott (+ Barnett)
* 1936 - 2013 Coral May Abbott (+Law +Conroy)
* 1940 - 1964 Athol Allan Abbott (aged 23 at Gisborne)
* 1944 - 2017 Kenneth Leslie Abbott (Mt View)
Victor died 17 April 1967 in Gisborne aged 75 and is buried Plot 415, Block RSA at Taruheru cemetery
* Ada died 23 July 1986 in Waihi

. . ... 5 ..
1893 - 1989 Irene Gertrude 'Abby' Abbott

born 2 April 1893
.. On 29 Sep 1903 Irene, aged 10 and 2 of her siblings, Spencer & Victor were admitted to the Wellington Receiving Home as their mother was unable to support them.
Irene died in Wellington, 10 Aug 1989 aged 96 and is buried Plot 30/B, Section 01/2A at Makara cemetery

. . ... 6 ..
1894 - 1913 Spencer Abbott

born 28 May 1894
.. on 29 Sep 1903 Spencer, aged 9 and 2 of his siblings, Victor & Irene, were admitted to the Wellington Receiving Home as their mother was unable to support them.
* Spencer was a fireman on the Wanganui river steamers
Spencer died 10 May 1913 by drowning aged 18
NZ Herald, 13 May 1913
News was received in Wanganui yesterday of a drowning accident which took place in the river on Saturday afternoon about 14 miles above Pipiriki. There was a flood in the river at the time. The steamer Wairau was negotiating a rapid when a fireman named Spencer Abbott, who had come on deck for a few moments, fell overboard. No one saw the accident happen, but Spencer was seen in the water. The river was in flood and the rapid was particularly turbulent, but a half-caste named Arthur Anderson bravely jumped overboard and endeavoured to reach the drowning man, who however, had sank and was seen no more. Spencer Abbott was only 19 years of age and sincere sympathy will be felt for his widowed mother and other relatives who reside in Wanganui
Wanganui Herald, 7 June 1913
- On the 10th May, accidentally drowned at Pipiriki, Spencer, fourth son of the late W. R. and of R. G. Abbott, aged 18 years. Friends are informed that the funeral will leave Hatrick's wharf on Monday at 12.30p.m. for the Wanganui General Cemetery.
NZ Herald, 9 June 1913
The police have received word that the body of Spencer Abbott, the young man drowned at Pipiriki on May 10, was found yesterday at Pipiriki. An inquest will be held to-morrow.
.. The Inquest
Spencer is buried at Heads Road cemetery, Wanganui.
His headstone reads In loving memory of Spencer, fourth son of W. R. and R. G. Abbott accidentally drowned at Pipiriki, 10th May 1913 aged 18 years. 'Gone but not forgotten'.
Wanganui Herald, 11 May 1914
- In loving memory of Spencer Abbott, who was accidentally drowned at Pipiriki, Wanganui River on May 10 1912(sic). Gone but not forgotten. Never shall his memory fade; Loving thoughts will ever linger, Round the grave where he is laid. Inserted by his mother, sister and brothers.
photo credit Sherron Harrison

. . ... 7 ..
1899 - 1899 Ellen Abbott

born 23 Oct 1899
Ellen died in Christchurch, 13 Nov 1899 aged 20 days and is buried Plot 1175C, Block 0 at Addington cemetery

On 31 Aug 1899 (probably earlier as well), they were living at the Chester St., Fire Brigade Station when Roseanna won a 'fancy teapot' in the Crown Brand Tea Prize Competition with 23 tea coupons (the winner won a Lady's silver watch with 194 coupons)

WILLIAM ROBERT ABBOTT died 7 Oct 1900 aged 43
When the Fire Brigades were at work at the fire in Sydenham on Saturday evening, a painful sensation was caused when it became known that Mr William Abbott, who was the engineer engaged in driving the steam engine 'Extinguisher', had fallen dead. It seems that he had recently been complaining of pains in the region of the heart and on Saturday evening, when he was at his work at the engine, he suddenly staggered and fell, dying almost instantly. The deceased leaves a wife and five children, the eldest of whom is thirteen (Alexander). He was a very capable and energetic man and had been for a number of years a member of the Chester Street Brigade.
An inquest was held at the Club Hotel, Sydenham at 5p.m. yesterday, before Mr R. Beetham, coroner. John Owen, fireman, stated that he was a comrade of the deceased and lived at the Chester Street Station. The deceased was an engineer on the steam engine 'Extinguisher'. Witness was at the fire in Sydenham on Friday evening and the deceased was there also. When witness was returning to town with deceased that evening, the latter complained of pains in his chest. At the time of the Papanui fire, the deceased had pains in his chest so severely that he fell down. Alexander Russell, foreman for the Sydenham Borough Council, stated that he was standing by the engine at the fire on Saturday night. The deceased was driving the engine and when witness went up to ask him a question, he seemed to stagger and then fell. Witness opened his collar and carried him into Taylor's boot shop. He was then unconscious and witness called Dr Gane, who arrived immediately. Dr Gane stated that he was called to see the deceased on Saturday evening and found him dead. He had made a post-mortem examination. The cause of death was heart disease, probably brought to a climax by the excitement and exertion in connection with the fire. The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the medical testimony.

South Canterbury Times, 8 Oct 1900
About 8 o'clock last night a fire broke out in Colombo street, Sydenham, in a store and stables owned by Mr Gill and occupied by Mr William West. The buildings were completely destroyed. During the progress of the fire, engineer Wm. Abbott of the Christchurch Fire Brigade, fell down in a fainting fit while driving the 'Extinguisher' engine. He was carried into a shop close by and medical aid summoned, but he expired without regaining consciousness. He had been in the brigade a number of years and leaves a wife and five young children.
photo Colombo Street 1900

Press, 8 Oct 1900
On Saturday evening at the fire in Colombo street, an engineer named William Abbott, while driving the fire engine 'Extinguisher', fell back suddenly to the ground, striking his head with considerable force upon the road. Several men rushed up and finding Abbott unconscious took him in the W. Tayler's boot-maker's shop close by and laid him on the floor. The man's clothing was loosened and he was given stimulants, but failed to show any signs of returning consciousness. Under the direction of Acting-Superintendent Kennedy and a fireman, artificial respiration was continued for some time, but this attempt at resuscitation failed also. Meanwhile a messenger had run over to Dr Gane's house on the opposite side of the road, but the doctor was not at home. Dr Morton Anderson was also telephoned for. Sr Anderson arrived about a quarter to nine and he was followed by a few minutes after by Dr Gane. After a brief examination the medical gentlemen could only declare that the man was dead. The ambulance stretcher was sent for and on its arrival Abbott was conveyed to the Club Hotel.
Abbott was a married man with a large family. He had been a member of the Fire Brigade and about a year ago joined again after a spell. He had been feeling unwell all the week, but he would accompany his engine to the fire.
photo Christchurch Fire Brigade c1890s before the steam engine 'Extinguisher' that William drove

Star, 9 Oct 1900 As will be seen by a notification, the funeral of Engineer William Abbott, will take place today at 2.30p.m. instead of 1.30p.m. as previously advertised. It will leave the Chester Street Station for the Linwood Cemetery.
The flags at the Fire Brigade Stations were flying at half-mast today on account of the death of Mr William Abbott, whose funeral took place this afternoon.
THE FUNERAL A large crowd gathered at the Chester Street Fire Brigade Station yesterday afternoon, on the occasion of the funeral of Fireman William Abbott, who died suddenly at his post on Saturday evening. The coffin, which was of polished wood and was covered with beautiful floral wreaths, was carried on the 'Beltana' engine and rested upon the Union Jack. The engine was followed by about thirty-five firemen and ex-firemen of the Christchurch Brigade, while representatives from Lyttelton and Sumner were also present. A mourning coach, containing the relatives of the deceased, came next and was followed by several private vehicles. The burial service of the Church of England was read at the Linwood Cemetery by the Ven. Archdeacon Lingard.
William is buried Plot 13, Block 16A at Linwood cemetery

* On 9 Oct 1900 at the City Council Meeting, 9 Oct 1900, the motion of Councillor Gray (Charles Mathew Gray 1853-1918, Mayor of Christchurch 1891), seconded by Councillor Samuels (William Epthorp Samuels 1833-1917, 1 of the founders of the Christchurch Fire Brigade in 1860), a sum of £25 was voted to the widow and children of the late Engineer Abbott. He said the deceased left a widow and a family of five children, who were unfortunately not good circumstances (Oct 2019 equivalent of $4,880).
* Money for Roseanna, 9 Oct 1900 At the Opera House last night the Dix Gaiety Company repeated their Saturday evening programme. All the items went well. Mr Dix has decided to give a benefit on Friday evening next to the widow and children of the late Engineer Abbott.
* Subscription lists, in aid of the widow and family of the late Fireman Abbott, are lying at both stations of the Christchurch Fire Brigade and Acting-Superintendent Kennedy will be glad to receive and acknowledge any subscriptions. The Mayor of Christchurch has given his patronage to the entertainment to be given by Mr Dix's Gaiety Company at the Opera House tomorrow evening in aid of the funds.
NOTE There was standing room only at the Opera House and after expenses and salaries were taken out a cheque for £50 9s 9d was handed to the Fire Brigade to be given to Roseanna for her and her children (Oct 2019 equivalent $9,560).
* On 18 Oct 1900 The Woolstons Band played a programme of selections at the Rotunda, commencing at 8p.m. and a collection was taken up by members of the Fire Brigade in aide of Roseanna and children. This raised £2 1s 1d (Oct 2019 equivalent $402).
* On 27 Oct 1900 The total subscriptions of the town folk and business to the late Engineer 'W. R. Abbott Fund' who died suddenly at the fire at Sydenham, amounted to £87 2s 3d (Oct 2019 equivalent $16,650).
* On Sat night, 30 Oct 1900, the Engineers Band gave a performance in the Market Square on behalf of the Abbott Benefit Fund, raised £4 8s (Oct 2019 equivalent $920)

Roseanna Abbott moved north to Wellington, Palmerston North, Wanganui and Marton Junction.
On 29 Sep 1903 in Wellington Court Three children from the one family were committed this morning by the Stipendiary Magistrate's Court, Spencer (aged 9), Irene (aged 10) and Victor (aged 11) Abbott, to the Wellington Receiving Home. The secretary of the Benevolent Trustees, who was present, explained that the mother was unable to support the children.
* The other children still living were Alexander then aged 16 and about to head to Australia and Sidney was 12.
NOTE The Wellington Receiving Home Nominal Rolls hold the details of the committal of children under the Industrial School Acts 1901 - 1915. Each entry in the rolls records the date the child was committed, their age, status, place etc and can be ordered here .. Archives NZ

Roseanna Gertrude Abbott had a son
. . ... 8 ..
1905 - 1983 George 'Arthur' Douglas Abbott

born 1 June 1905
George married Gladys Belinda Reynolds (1912-1969) on 10 April 1931. Gladys was born in Horowhenua, 1 of 8 children of John Henz/Henry Reynolds & Elizabeth 'Lizzie' Plummer.
children of George & Gladys
* 1931 - 1966 Victor Douglas Abbott (Hamilton Park cemetery)
* 1932 - 2019 Beverly Dawn Abbott
.. Beverly married Trevas Ross Abbott (1924-1993), son of William Henry Abbott (1886-1966) & Constance Dorothy Bishop (1898-1944) of Carterton. She died 31 Jan 2019 at the Ranfurly Veterans Hospital and buried North Shore Memorial Park, Section 6, Bronze E, Row B, Plot 29 with Trevas.
* ? Marion Abbott
* George was a Fireman living at 49 Greenwood St., Frankton Junction, Waikato, when he was called up for National Service WWII, Sep 1942 (533467)
* Gladys died 21 Dec 1969 aged 57 and is buried MAGN-18-64 at Hamilton Park Cemetery
George died 21 May 1983 in Hamilton, Waikato aged 77. His last address was 56 Mount View Road, Melville, Hamilton. He is buried CHRRY-37-67 at Hamilton Park Cemetery

ROSEANNA GERTRUDE ABBOTT died 17 July 1919 aged 51
Rangitikei Advocate and Manawatu Argus, 17 July 1919 ABBOTT - On July 17th, at her residence Alexandra Street, Marton Junction, Rosanna Gertrude, relict of William Robert Abbott, of Christchurch, in her 51st year, after a long and painful illness - Palmerston and Christchurch papers please copy.

18 July 1919 It is notified that the funeral of the late Rosanna Gertrude Abbott will leave her late residence at Marton Junction at 2.30 p.m. to-morrow.
the cemetery not yet found

Rangitikei Advocate and Manawatu Argus, 24 July 1919 All accounts against the Estate of the late Roseanna Gertrude Abbott, Marton Junction, to be rendered in triplicate not later than August 8th or they will not be recognised. S. P. Abbott, Railway Station, Marton Junction

On behalf of my sister (Irene), brother (George) and brother on active service (Victor) and myself, we wish to thank the Patriotic Society and the many friends for their kind help and assistance during our mother's painful illness and for all messages of sympathy and floral tributes during our sad bereavement and to especially thank the District Nurse, Mrs A. Grant and Mrs J. Kendrick (Sidney's mother-in-law) for the untiring, ceaseless watch to the last; also Mr W. F. Green - S. P. Abbott (Sidney Percival), Marton Junction.

. . .. . FOOTNOTE . .
Harold Louis 'Bunny' Abbott was born 17 June 1882 in Camerontown, Waikato, to William Abbott & Annie McGuiness. He played rugby union for Taranaki and Wanganui and was one of The Originals, the All Black team which toured British Isles, France & USA 1905-1906. He was the uncle of NZ rugby league international player Edwin Frederick Abbott (1908-1995), who was the son of his brother, Frederick Edwin Abbott (1885-1976) & Violet Daphne Jesty. Harold Louis 'Bunny' Abbott died in Palmerston North 16 Jan 1971 aged 88 and is buried at Kelvin Grove
photo The Originals on tour in 1905. Harold Louis Abbott is sitting 2nd on left .. use this zoom

PEPPER brides NZ 1860-1940


Ada Pepper (1882-1966)
* daughter of Benjamin Pepper & Mary Elizabeth Bugg
married Samuel James Dawson in the Anglican Church, Otaki 29 May 1908. They had 2 children and on 1 July 1912 they adopted another (Alexander Garner Dawson)
* In May 1919 Samuel,a Labourer in Taradale, Hawkes Bay, was listed as a Military Defaulter. In Oct 1919 they separated and Ada was given custody of the three children.
* In Feb 1925, Ada was in Palmerston North & Samuel was in Auckland when the decree nisi was made absolute. Ada was given custody of 1 child.
the known children of Ada & Samuel
* 1910 - 1972 Alexander Garner Dawson
next married William Henry McIlraith in 1925

Adalina 'Ada' Pepper (1875-1952)
* was born in Woolston, Christchurch to William Pepper (1841-1932) & Sarah Taylor (1839-1921)
married Christopher 'Chris' Jackson (1867-1964) in Marshland Church, Christchurch 6 June 1894
* Christopher was born 26 Nov 1867 in Yorkshire, England to Christopher Jackson & Ellen Grange who are buried in Christchurch.
the known children of Ada & Christopher
* 1897 - 1995 Maud Ellen Grange Jackson
* 1899 - 1974 Christopher Stanley Jackson
* 1901 - 1986 Lester William Glanville Jackson
* 1903 - 1987 Rowland Middleton Jackson
* 1905 - 1992 Myrtle Adeline Jackson
* 1907 - 1959 Henry Grange Jackson
* 1909 - 1988 Roy John Jackson
* 1912 - 1998 Ada Annie Fortuna Jackson
* 1913 - 1989 Raymond Paul Hereward Jackson
* 1915 - 2011 Rona Eveline Jackson
* 1920 - 2014 Leonard Albert Septimus Jackson
Ada died 4 Feb 1952 in Rangiriri, Waikato
* Christopher died 20 Nov 1964 in Rangiriri
They are buried Polt 122, Block 1 at Ragiriri
In Memory of Ada Loving wife of Chris Jackson who departed this life 14th Feb 1952 aged 77 years. At Rest. Also Christopher husband of Ada who passed away 20th Nov 1964 in his 97th year.

Adela May Pepper
Robert Henry Cook in 1902

Alice Amy Pepper
Alexander Laughlen Jeffery in 1900

Alice Maude May Pepper (1892-)
* daughter of John George Pepper (1857-1927) & Martha
* granddaughter of George Pepper (1805-1878) & Annie Sandall
married Horace Parker in 1923
NOTE Although they married in NZ, John & Martha's marriage and Martha's surname not yet found.
Auckland Star, 4 Jan 1927 PEPPER - On January 1 1927, suddenly, at his daughter's residence, 48 Willis street, Wanganui, John George, dearly beloved husband of Martha Pepper, 32 Collingwood Street, Ponsonby, aged 69 years. Interred at Aramoho Cemetery.
Auckland Star, 25 June 1928 PEPPER - On June 24 1928, at her daughter's (Alice Maude May Parker) residence, 6 Kotare Avenue, West End, Herne Bay, Martha, the dearly beloved wife of the late John George Pepper and 70 years. Interment at Aramoho Cemetery, Wanganui

Alma Annie Pepper
Frank Wheeler in 1905

Amy Harriet Pepper (1885-1977)
* daughter of Benjamin Pepper & Mary Elizabeth Bugg
married James Edmund Noble in 1908
their known children (born Otaki)
* 1909 - 1975 Alice Margaret Noble
* 1910 - 1992 Bessie Noble
* 1918 - 1967 Leila Amy Noble
* 1920 - Elsie Pepper Noble

Anne Pepper (1828-1915 nee Sandall)
married Robert Chudley (1829-1906) in Christchurch in 1879
* Anne 1st married George John Pepper (1805-1878) in NZ in 1853

Annie Eliza Pepper (1875-1963)
* daughter of Benjamin Pepper & Mary Elizabeth Bugg
married Arthur George Dawick in 1897

Annie Louisa Pepper (1882-1961 nee Smith)
1st married William Charles Pepper (1873-1940) in 1902
* son of Enoch Pepper (1844-1911) & Mary Ann Ursula Clarke (1845-1927)
their known children
* 1903 - 1990 Gwendoline Rose
* 1905 - Evelyn Winifred Pepper (+ Copping, NSW)
* 1914 - 1999 Enid Glenise Pepper
Annie next married John James Fenton (1874-1959) in 1938. John was the father-in-law of her daughter Gwendoline Pepper (see below)

Annie Tounhill Pepper (1895-1958)
James William Priest in 1920

Avis May Pepper (1914-1986)
Brian Deehan Corrigan in 1935

Beth Pepper (1909-1984)
* daughter of George Joseph Pepper & Ellen Staples
married Jack Brady in 1937

Christina Pepper
* An Irish waitress
Thomas Joseph Frederick James Ladd (1874-1926) in 1911
* Thomas was a locomotive engineer
their known children
* 1908 - 1989 Frederick Patrick 'Fred' Ladd
.. Carrier, civilian and military pilot, tourism and aviation promoter. Born in Warkworth. After periods in Auckland and Wellington, the family shifted to Hamilton in 1918 where Fred attended Hamilton High School for one year. When attempts at several professions proved unsuccessful, he joined his father’s carrying business in 1925. On his father’s death in 1926, Fred managed the company and continued to do so for the next 15 years .. more at his link
* 1912 - 1971 Thomas James Ladd
* 1916 - 1990 Stella Margaret Ladd
* 1917 - 1964 John Herbert Ladd

Christina Pepper
Robert George Macmillan in 1927

Doris Maud Pepper
Henry Irwin in 1927

Dulcie Frances Pepper
John Charles North in 1937

Edith Annie Elizabeth Pepper (1888-1957)
* daughter of John George Pepper (1857-1927) & Martha
* granddaughter of George Pepper (1805-1878) & Annie Sandall
married Gwynne Davies in 1914

Eliza Pepper
Michael Mahon in 1860

Elizabeth Pepper
Robert Smith in 1886

Elizabeth Gertrude Pepper
George Little in 1921

Elizabeth Harriet Pepper
Edward Sinkler Huntsman in 1904

Elizabeth Myrtle Pepper
Ray King MacDonald in 1929

Ella Elizabeth Pepper
William Scott in 1910

Ella Mildred Pepper
Alexander Percy in 1926

Ellen Mercy Pepper
* daughter of William & Mercy (1850-1918) Pepper of Aramoho
married James Orr in 1909

Emily Pepper (1877-1954)
* daughter of William Pepper & Sarah Helena Clay
married Albert Earnest Taylor in 1897
their known children
* 1898 - Edith Alice Lillian Taylor
* 1900 - Albert William Baden Powell Taylor
* 1902 - Emily Vera Taylor
* 1904 - Selina Clara Ellen Taylor
* 1907 - Iris Elizabeth Sarah Taylor
* 1909 - Leonard Roy Taylor
* 1912 - Frederick Alfred Ernest Taylor
* 1917 - Doris Evelyn Taylor

Enid Glenise Pepper (1914-1999)
* daughter of William Charles Pepper & Annie Louisa Smith
married Harold Rae Costley (1911-1982) in 1938

Ethel Maud Pepper
Ernest Charles Sorrell in 1915

Eva Pepper
Ferdinand John Coe in 1907

Evelyn Jean Pepper (1909-2000 nee Goddard)
1st married Clifford Higham Pepper in 1926
next married Henry Duffus Johnston in 1934
next partnered John Robert Derbyshire

Evelyn May Pepper
* daughter of George Thomas Pepper & Emily Higham
married Edward Charles Snelling in 1924

Evelyn Ruth Pepper (1896-2000)
* daughter of James Alexander Pepper & Elizabeth Milne
married Henry David Burt (1895-1977) in Papanui, Christchurch 24 March 1920

Florence Ida Pepper
Thomas Bruce Hay Priest in 1918

Frances Catherine Mary Pepper
Benjamin Richardson in 1901

Frances Liseppe Pepper (1884-1946)
married Albert Edward Love (1878-1954) in 1907

Gwendoline Mercy Pepper
Henry Thodore Arnold in 1935

Gwendoline Rose Pepper (1903-1990)
* daughter of William Charles Pepper & Annie Louisa Smith
married Harold Ernest Fenton (1898-) in 1923
* Harold was the 2nd of 11 children of John James Fenton (1873-1959) & Loveday Betson Jane (1873-1937)
* Gwendoline's mother, Annie Louisa Pepper, married her father-in-law, John James Fenton in 1938

Hannah Pepper (nee Sands 1868-1938)
* 1st married William Pepper (1864-1905) in 1888
their known children
* 1889 - 1950 George William Pepper
* 1890 - 1890 Arthur Pepper
* 1891 - 1895 Eva Gertrude Pepper
* 1894 - 1922 Leonard Pepper
* 1896 - 1971 Ruby Hannah Pepper
* 1898 - 1974 Gertrude Pepper
* 1900 - 1974 Bernard Pepper
William died in Hastings 27 Feb 1905 when he accidentally drank caustic soda believing it was home made beer
next married John Scott in 1907
* Hannah died 27 Aug 1938 and is buried with 1st husband William, Plot 419, Block C at Hastings
William Pepper, the beloved husband of Hannah Pepper, died 27th February 1909 aged 44 years.
Oh for the joy of a vanished smile
And the sound of a voice that is still
Also Hannah wife of above, died 27th Aug 1938 aged 69 years. 'Abide With Me'

Irene Doris Pepper (1901-1988)
* daughter of John William Pepper & Charlotte Eliza Hammond
married William Alfred James 'Willie' Pothan (1892-1961) in 1922
* born in Greymouth, 1 of 12 children of John Alfred Pothan & Ivy Maria Steer. He served as Private 8/2702, with the Machine Gun Corps, 1st NZEF. He was a milk vendor in Hastings.
* Willie died 28 Sep 1961 in Hastings
Irene died 28 Nov 1988 in Hastings
* They are buried together Plot A47, Block RSA

Iris Beatrice Pepper
Douglas Lewer in 1936

Jane Maria Pepper
William Charles Heywood in 1882

Johanna Pepper
Robert Johnston in 1910

Joy Lillian Pepper
Charles Lascelles Mark Woodfield in 1938

Lillian Myrtle Margaret Pepper
Alfred Bolton in 1919

Lillias Ruby Martha Pepper (1890-1969)
* daughter of John George Pepper (1857-1927) & Martha
* granddaughter of George Pepper (1805-1878) & Annie Sandall
married Stanley William James Hall in 1911

Loris Joyce Pepper
Lewis Hamilton Thomass in 1939

Lucy Ada Pepper
Charles Tamblin in 1926

Lucy Isabella Pepper
Alexander McGregor Elmslie in 1912

Margaret Ann Pepper
John Simpson in 1896

Mary Pepper
Patrick Ryan in 1913

Mary Ann Pepper
Henry Hooper in 1862

Mary Ann Pepper
Wilfred Henry Burney in 1898

Mary Elizabeth Pepper (1868-1964)
* daughter of Benjamin Pepper & Mary Elizabeth Bugg
married George Bell in 1886
their known children
* 1886 - 1962 Harriet May Bell
* 1888 - 1963 George Megginson Bell
* 1889 - 1976 Linda Mary Bell
* 1890 - 1966 Alice Maude Bell
* 1892 - 1982 Jessie Madaline Bell
* 1894 - 1980 Robert Howard Bell
* 1896 - 1935 William Henry Bell
* 1898 - 1986 Ellen Mary Bell
* 1904 - 1985 Ruby Marion Bell
* 1908 - 1986 Henry James 'Bub' Bell

Mary Emma Pepper
Cyril MacDonald in 1925

Mary Isabell Pepper
William Edwards in 1940

Mary Jane Pepper
Walter Wray in 1907

Mary Joy 'Minnie' Pepper (1863-)
* daughter of George John Pepper (1805-1878) & Anne Sandall (1828-1915)
married John Robert Nicolle in Christchurch 11 Sep 1883

Meryl Emily Pepper
Peter McDonald in 1940

Millie Josephine Pepper (1883-1948)
* daughter of Joseph Stennett Pepper & Elizabeth Cooke
married Robert Taylor 'Bert' Tudehope (1873-1942) in 1905
their known children
* Jack Septon Taylor Tudehope

Minnie Violet Pepper
James Albert Kennedy in 1906

Myrtle Florence Pepper
Edward Henry Frederick Windley in 1936

Olive Blanche Mabel Pepper (1896-)
* daughter of John George Pepper (1857-1927) & Martha
* granddaughter of George Pepper (1805-1878) & Annie Sandall
married Ernest John Bovaird in 1916

Rachel Pepper
Edward Crozier in 1870

Rachel Pepper (1865-1942)
* born Lidington, Bedfordshire, a daughter of Enoch Pepper & Mary Ann Ursula Clarke
married William Henry Bird (1865-1939) in Christchurch in 1887
their known children
* 1887 - 1968 Edith Lucy Bird
* 1889 - 1957 Alice Emma Bird
* 1891 - 1965 William Thomas 'Birdie' Bird
* 1894 - 1972 Ruby Florence Bird
* 1897 - Herbert Eric Bird (died America)
* 1900 - 1981 Rachel Alma Bird
* 1905 - 1965 Hector John Bird
* 1907 - 1971 Joseph Leonard Bird (twin)
* 1907 - 1984 Violet Daphne Bird (twin)
* William died in Whakatane 24 July 1939
Rachel died 19 July 1942 in New Plymouth

Rena Ellis Pepper
John Spencer Giddy in 1939

Rita Marion Pepper
Thomas Clifford Lloyd in 1926

Rose Pepper
Walter William Way in 1907

Rose Clark Pepper
James Henry Brown in 1908

Ruby Hannah Pepper
William James McNab in 1921

Sarah Pepper (1855-1944)
* daughter of George John Pepper & Anne Sandall
married Edward George Wood (1853-1935) in 1875
their known children
* 1876 - 1950 George Bishop Wood
* 1878 - 1962 Mabel Annie Wood
* 1879 - Frederick William Wood
* 1880 - 1943 Harold Edward Wood
* 1882 - 1951 Arthur Oliver Wood
* 1884 - 1939 Frank Sydney Wood
* 1886 - 1923 Ernest Walter Wood
* 1887 - 1887 Alice Jane Wood (twin, 3 weeks)
* 1887 - 1887 Cecil John Wood (twin, 3 weeks)
* 1888 - 1962 Louis Cecil
* 1889 - 1962 Gladys Jane Wood
* 1891 - 1939 Muriel Alice Wood
* 1893 - 1977 Dorothy Gwendoline Wood
* 1895 - 1968 Edward George Everard Wood
* 1899 - 1961 John Evelyn Wood

Thelma Mercy Amelia Pepper
Auguste Fromont in 1934

Thelma Sarah Pepper
Donald Macdonald in 1937

Verna Doreen Pepper
Cecil Albert Helwyn Craw in 1938

Winifred Alice Pepper (1887-1971)
Gordon Alexander Walker (1885-1962) in 1910
their known children
* 1911 - 1985 Henry Gordon Walker
* 1912 - Lillian Alice Walker
* 1914 - 2005 Laurence James Walker

Winifred Olive Pepper
James Carruthers-Black in 1935


PEPPER grooms NZ 1853-1939


Andrew Hugh Pepper (1870-1948)
married Agnes Gibbs in 1898
their known children
* 1900 - 1965 Marjorie Grace Pepper
* 1904 - 1975 Ella Mildred Pepper

Arthur Pepper (1889-1976)
* son of Benjamin Pepper & Mary Elizabeth Bugg
married Sarah Elizabeth Nicholson (1885-1955) in 1908
* daughter of Giles Nicholson & Amelia Clara Lovewell
their known children
* 1909 - 1955 Thelma Mercy Amelia Pepper
* 1910 - 2001 Myrtle Florence Pepper
* 1912 - 1994 Arthur Gordon Pepper
* 1914 - 1986 Avis May Pepper
* 1916 - 1917 Joyce Ada Pepper (9 months)
* 1918 - 2005 Ivan William Pepper

Arthur Pepper (1885-)
* son of William (1847-1929) & Mercy (1850-1918) Pepper of Aramoho
married Isabella Margaret Guthrie in 1923

Arthur Gordon Pepper (1912-1994)
* son of Arthur Pepper & Sarah Elizabeth Nicholson
married Pearl Daphne Mary Clegg (1914-1987) in 1937
* daughter of Joseph Robert Clegg & Agnes Cleaver

Arthur Neville Pepper (1883-1958)
* Arthur was a midshipman on the 'SY Morning,' a steam yacht, known for her role as a relief vessel to Scott's British National Antarctic Expedition. She made two voyages to the Antarctic to resupply the expedition.
He 1st married Ethel May ?. They separated and Ethel was seeking maintenance in the Lower Hutt court from 1929-1931. They divorced 1931
He next married Evelyn Alice Wiseman (nee Horner 1882-1938) in 1934
He next married Vera Hilda Johns in 1939
Arthur died 2 March 1958 and is buried with his 2nd wife Evelyn at Taita cemetery

Bernard Pepper (1900-1974)
* son of William Pepper & Hannah Sands
married Ishabel Annie Mulholland (1906-1991) in 1927
* daughter of Thomas Mulholland & Margaret McKenzie
* Bernard died 18 Oct 1974 at Whakatu and is buried in RSA plot at Hastings. Ishabel died 22 Sep 1991 and is buried with her parents at Hastings.

Charles George Frederick Pepper (1886-1960)
* son of John George Pepper (1857-1927) & Martha (1858-1928)
* grandson of George Pepper (1805-1878) & Annie Sarah Sandall
married Mary Carran in 1910
NOTE Although they married in NZ, John & Martha's marriage and Martha's surname not yet found.
Auckland Star, 4 Jan 1927 PEPPER - On January 1 1927, suddenly, at his daughter's residence, 48 Willis street, Wanganui, John George, dearly beloved husband of Martha Pepper, 32 Collingwood Street, Ponsonby, aged 69 years. Interred at Aramoho Cemetery.
Auckland Star, 25 June 1928 PEPPER - On June 24 1928, at her daughter's (Alice Maude May Parker) residence, 6 Kotare Avenue, West End, Herne Bay, Martha, the dearly beloved wife of the late John George Pepper and 70 years. Interment at Aramoho Cemetery, Wanganui

Clarence Higham Pepper (1906-1962)
* son of George Thomas Pepper & Emily Higham, he was a labourer of 763 Ferry Rd., Christchurch
married Annie Reynolds (nee Kyle 1906-1962) in 1938
* Annie was a daughter of Francis James Kyle (1877-1934) & Catherine 'Annie' Jacobenia Arras (1881-1969). She 1st married Thomas Augustine Reynolds (1898-1936) on 11 Aug 1936. Thomas died 18 Nov 1936 in Christchurch

Clifford Ashley Pepper (1904-died Australia)
* son of George Thomas Pepper & Emily Higham
married Evelyn Jean Goddard (1909-2000) in 1926
* Evelyn also married Henry Duffus Johnston & partner of John Robert Derbyshire

Cyril Borthwick Pepper (1897-1987)
* born 3 Feb 1897, son of Richard Sandall Stennett Pepper & Susan McLachlan Borthwick of Hastings. One of three brothers who served in WWI (see family below). Cyril was a Clerk with the Union Shipping Company. He served as Lance Corporal 49167 with the 26th Reinforcements (Second Draft), NZ Field Engineers, NZEF, embarking on the Maunganui June 1917. He was discharged at termination of service, 21 March 1919
married Margaret Teza McIntyre in 1938
* He/they later moved to America. He died in Oakland, California in 1987 aged 89

Cyril Stennart Pepper (1912-1943)
* son of Richard Sandall Stennett Pepper & Eveline May Woods (see below)
married Arawa Joy Bestic (1916-2013) in 1937 and had 1 child.
* Arawa was born in Waiapu, a daughter of Edward George Bestic & Annie Nightingale Paul of Thames, Coromandel
Cyril died in Wellington Hospital 30 May 1943 aged 31, after falling from a 4th storey window in Salamanca road, Kelburn, whilst walking in his sleep.
Captain Cyril Pepper (20240) was a member of the All Blacks. He played 17 matches with his team which visited Britain in 1935/36. He went overseas with the 2nd Echelon and served with distinction, gaining the Military Cross for bravery. Through being run over by a truck while in a shallow trench, he was severely hurt, lost an eye and was invalided back to NZ in June 1940. He became a staff officer at Army Headquarters, occupying the post of General Staff Officer to the 3rd Home Guard. He was particularly active in training officers and men in bush and mountain warfare. The Manukau players wore armbands in their next game in memory of Cyril who was a former member of the club's senior fifteen and an Auckland and NZ representative. He is buried at Hillsborough Cemetery, Auckland
* Arawa next married Neville Alfred Mitchell (1914-1981)

Douglas John Pepper (1884-1944)
* born 28 Dec 1884 in Palmerston North to William (1847-1929) & Mercy (1850-1918) Pepper
married Jessie Olive Cannons (1885-1960) in Wanganui 3 June 1908
* born 24 June 1885 in Wanganui, a daughter of James Cannons & Mary Herculson
their known children
* 1909 - 1974 Melville Douglas Pepper
* 1911 - Winifred Olive Pepper
* 1912 - 1999 Verna Doreen Pepper
* 1914 - 1962 Rena Ellis Pepper
* 1917 - 2013 Dulcea Frances Pepper
* 1918 - 2009 Jean Ernestine Pepper
* 1920 - 1984 Loris Joyce Pepper
* 1924 - 2003 Auriole Meryl Pepper
* 1926 - 1927 Julie Pepper (Vogeltown, buried Te Henui)
Douglas died 17 Aug 1944 in New Plymouth
* Jessie died 28 June 1960 and is buried with Douglas in Plot 3, Row 21, Lot 9 at Te Henui

Douglas Joseph Pepper (1905-1979)
* son of George Joseph Pepper & Ellen 'Nellie' Staples
married Margaret Mary Cairns (1904-1976) in 1935

Ernest John Pepper (1894-1949)
* son of John George Pepper (1857-1927) & Martha
* grandson of George Pepper (1805-1878) & Annie Sarah Sandall
married Daisy Mary Scotting (1896-1963) in 1935

Frank Pepper
married Mary Isabel Vercoe (1891-? of Ashhurst) in 1927 (her 3rd husband)
* daughter of Joseph Vercoe & Mary Elizabeth Smith
* Mary 1st married Henry John Masson (1893-1959) in the Methodist Church, Carterton 3 June 1914. In Sep 1917 Henry, a motor engineer in Carterton, was seeking a divorce when he told the court that Mary had taken off to Wellington with Alfred Imrie (1889-1967). A decree nisi was granted to be made absolute in Dec 1917. Henry next married Iris Sophia Pinkney (1900-1921) in 1920. He next married Elizabeth Murray Stirling (1897-1959) in 1923.
* Mary 2nd married James William Gavin (1889-1946) in 1920. In Dec 1923 she took off and lived with Frank. In Nov 1925 His Honor of the Napier Supreme Court granted a decree nisi to James to be absolute in Feb 1926. He next married Florence Olga Ling (1894-1971) in 1926 and they are buried together at Hastings.
* In June 1928 Mary & Frank were in Hasting's Court when her sister Agnes Drummond attacked her husband Charles Stephen Drummond with a beer bottle. He often retaliated her attacks. They were accused of violence against each other and that Charles also attacked Frank.
* In Sep 1928 Frank Pepper was charged with robbery with violence in the Hastings Police Court, along with Thomas Martin Power (1899-1979). They were sentenced in Nov 1928 in the Napier Supreme Court. Frank to 12 months prison and Thomas to 6 months.

Frank Clark Pepper (1889-1969)
* son of Enoch Pepper & Mary Ann Ursula Clarke of Christchurch
married Evaline Lillian Smith (1890-1959) in Christchurch in 1912
* daughter of Kate Evelyn Smith
their known children
* 1913 - 1998 Frank Raymond Pepper
* 1914 - 2004 Joy Lillian Pepper
* 1916 - Ruby Ann Pepper
* 1917 - 1992 Claude Macdonald Pepper
* 1919 - 1997 Alan George Pepper

Frederick 'Fred' Pepper (1889-1973)
* son of William (1847-1929) & Mercy (1850-1918) Pepper
married Alice Clara Nicholson (1887-1944) in 1911
their known children
* 1912 - Gwendoline Pepper
* 1914 - 1994 Raymond Frederick Pepper
* 1916 - Ethel May Pepper

George Alfred Pepper (1888-1974)
* son of Henry & Sarah Pepper
married Elsie Caine (1891-1965) in 1920

George Edward Pepper (1909-1960)
* son of Joseph Pepper & Lydia Gertrude Lily Everett
married Irene Margaret Briggs (1912-1983) in 1930

George John Pepper (1805-1878)
* born in West Riding, Yorkshire, George was a storekeeper and cooper. He had a store in London St., Christchurch in 1855
married Annie Sarah Sandall (1828-1915) in 1853
* 1 of 12 children of John Stennett Sandall & Mary Ann Joy
their known children
* 1855 - 1944 Sarah Pepper
* 1857 - 1927 George John Pepper
* 1859 - 1915 Joseph Stennett Pepper
* 1861 - 1921 Richard Stennett Pepper
* 1863 - Mary Joy 'Minnie' Pepper
George died in Christchurch
PEPPER - Sept 1, at his son-in-law's residence, Madras street North, George Pepper, aged 73
* Anne next married Robert Chudley in 1879

George Joseph Pepper (1881-1960)
* son of Joseph Stennett Pepper & Elizabeth Cooke
married Ellen 'Nellie' Staples (1879-1971) in Carterton in 1904
* Ellen was born 9 May 1879, a daughter of Lynn Staples (1856-1943) & Maria Dixon (1861-1898), both from Wales and buried Clareville, Carterton
NZ Mail, 7 Dec 1904 A wedding of interest was solemnised on Tuesday, when Mr George J. Pepper, eldest son of Mr J. S. Pepper, of this town, was married to Miss Nellie Staples, daughter of the late Mr Staples, also of Carterton. The bride was prettily dressed and was attended by Misses Pepper, Humphreys and Miller as bridesmaids, while Mr L. Pepper was bestman. The Church was nicely decorated and the service was a full choral one. The young couple's new home will be Eltham.
their known children
* 1905 - 1979 Douglas Joseph Pepper
* 1907 - Doreen Pepper
* 1909 - 1984 Beth Pepper
* 1911 - 2001 Jack Dixon Pepper
* George & Ellen are buried at Hamilton Park cemetery

George Thomas Pepper (1881-1955)
* son of Enoch Pepper & Mary Ann Ursula Clarke
married Emily Higham (1881-1964) in Christchurch in 1901
their known children
* 1901 - 1990 Evelyn Pepper
* 1902 - 1955 Victor George Pepper
* 1904 - Clifford Ashley Pepper
* 1906 - 1962 Clarence Higham Pepper

George William Pepper
married Adela Ruby Kitt in 1914
their known children
* 1917 - 1994 William Gilray Pepper
* 1919 - 1978 Leonard Ralph Pepper

Henry 'Harry' Pepper (1858-1939)
* born 1 March 1858 in Yorkshire, England, the 2nd of 13 children (8 boys) to Joseph Pepper & Lucy Ann Hare. He emigrated to NZ on the 'Van Dieman', leaving London 22 Oct 1878, arriving Wellington 21 Jan 1879.
married Bess/Bessie Nicholson (1858-1945) in Wanganui 21 Feb 1882
* born 24 Jan 1858 in Scotland, the 7th of 12 children to Hugh Nicolson & Isabella Dalziell, she emigrated to NZ with her parents & siblings on the 'Rakaia' leaving Clyde 7 Sep 1877, arriving at Lyttelton 10 Dec 1877.
their known children
* 1883 - Margaret Pepper
* 1884 - 1967 Lucy Isabella Pepper
* 1887 - 1971 Winifred Alice pepper
* 1892 - 1964 John Henry Pepper
* 1893 - 1992 Christina 'Chrissie' Pepper
* 1898 - 1973 William James Pepper
* 1900 - unnamed Pepper
* 1902 - 1984 Hugh Nicholson Pepper

Henry Pepper (1855-1927)
* Henry was born in London. He died 22 Aug 1927 in Dunedin and is buried Plot 39, Block 108, Andersons Bay, with his stepson, Laurence Fillingham (1903-1928)
married Margaret Eldred Fillingham (1865-1947) in 1905
their known children
* 1907 - 2008 Leonard Alfred Pepper
Otago Daily Times, 13 Dec 1947 PEPPER - On December 12 1946, at her residence, 16 Climie street, Timaru, Margaret Eldred, beloved wife of the late Henry Pepper of Dunedin; in her eighty-third year. "In God's keeping"

Hugh Nicholson Pepper (1902-1984)
* son of Harry Pepper & Bessie Nicholson
married Bethia Elizabeth Bowman (1909-2000) in 1931
* daughter of William Henry Bowman & Elizabeth Wignall Taylor

Jack Dixon Pepper (1911-2001)
* son of George Joseph Pepper & Ellen 'Nellie' Staples
married Audrey Letitia Hattaway (1910-1990) in 1937
* daughter of Frederick Martin Hattaway (1878-1927) & Mary Elizabeth Logan Morrison (1877-1936)
NZ Herald, 24 Dec 1936 The engagement is announced of Audrey Letitia, eldest daughter of the late Mr and Mrs F. M. Hattaway, of To Kawa, to Jack Dixon, younger son of Mr and Mrs G. J. Pepper, of Tokomaru Bay.
* Jack & Audrey are buried at Hamilton Park cemetery

James Alexander Pepper (1868-1946)
married Elizabeth Milne (1872-1930) in Christchurch 1894
their known children
* 1895 - 1973 Stanley Pepper
* 1897 - 2000 Evelyn Ruth Pepper
* 1902 - 1977 Reginald Pepper
* Elizabeth died 2 May 1930
Press, 3 May 1930 PEPPER - On May 2nd 1930, at Christchurch, Elizabeth, dearly beloved wife of James Alexander Pepper, of 126 Bligh's road, Papanui; aged 58 years.
James died 15 Sep 1946
They are buried Plot 24, Block PR3 at Waimairi

James Horden Pepper (1872-1945)
* son of Benjamin Pepper & Mary Elizabeth Bugg
married Marion Ritchie (1880-1952) in 1898
their known children
* 1900 - 1950 James Stanley Pepper
* 1902 - 1902 Robert Pepper (1 day in Otaki)
* 1904 - 1989 Rita Marion Pepper
Evening Post, 26 Dec 1945 PEPPER - On December 26 1945, at the Palmerston North Hospital, James Horden, beloved husband of Marion pepper, of Tasman Rd., Otaki; aged 73 years.
* Marion died 30 July 1952 in Oamaru. Her ashes are interred with husband James, 1 day old son Robert (1902) & their daughter Rita Marion Stewart (1989) & her husband George Herbert Stewart (1896-1973) in Plot 195 at Otaki, Kapiti Coast

James Stanley Pepper (1900-1950)
* son of James Horden Pepper & Marion Ritchie
married Myrtle Jessie Kitching (1900-1966) in 1923
* daughter of Jonathan Victor Kitching & Annie Demler
James died 13 Jan 1950 and is buried Plot 22, Block 11, area H at Kelvin Grove with Myrtle

John Henry 'Jack' Pepper (1892-1964)
* son of Harry Pepper & Bessie Nicholson, he served as Rifleman 48076 with the 1st NZEF
married Martha Annie Gould (1889-1966) in 1915
* born in Wanganui, a daughter of John Gould (1857-1907), buried Te Henui & Christiana Old (1862-1900), buried Kimbolton. She was a granddaughter of (Christiana's parents) John Old & Mary Jane Knuckey
Jack died 17 June 1965 aged 72
* Martha died 15 May 1966 and the are buried Plot B 29, Block 26 at Waverley General

John James Pepper (1877-1938)
* 1 of at least 12 children of Enoch Pepper (1844-1911) & Mary Ann Ursula Clarke (1845-1927) from, Bedfordshire, England. Enoch died Linwood, Christchurch, Mary Ann died New Plymouth
married Christina Emily Niven in Papanui, Christchurch, 23 Oct 1901
their known children
* 1904 - 1965 Doris Maud Pepper (adopted)

John William Pepper (1864-1946)
* born in Akaroa, son of Benjamin Pepper & Mary Elizabeth Bugg
married Charlotte Eliza Hammond (1872-1949) in 1897
* Charlotte was born 6 Nov 1872 at German Bay, Banks Peninsula, 1 of 17 children of James Hammond (1827-1886) & Ann Elizabeth Harris (1832-1909) who met on the 'Steadfast' when emigrating to NZ, 25 Feb 1851. They were to have married on board, their banns were read on the ship, but the chaplain became ill and was unable to marry them. The Steadfast arrived in Lyttelton 8 June 1851 but a storm delayed passengers from disembarking until 13 June. James & Ann married 2 days later, on 15 June 1851. Also read Stanley Pepper below
the known children of John & Charlotte
* 1898 - 1979 Lilian Myrtle Margaret Pepper
* 1901 - 1988 Irene Doris Pepper
* 1902 - 1998 Esma Constance Pepper
John died 6 Dec 1946 in New Plymouth and is buried Plot 3, Row 6 Lot 16 at Te Henui
* Charlotte died 23 Oct 1949 and is buried Plot 1, Row 6, Lot 14 at Te Henui

Joseph Pepper (1884-1955)
* son of Enoch Pepper & Mary Ann Ursula Clarke of Christchurch
married Lydia Gertrude Lily Everett (1886-1975) in 1908
* daughter of Moses Aaron Edmond Everett (1857-1913) & Mary Ann Watkins of Christchurch
their known children
* 1909 - 1960 Edward George Pepper

Joseph Pepper (1885-1963)
married Jeanie McDonald (1882-1946) in 1913
* daughter of Watson McDonald & Mary Ann Harre of Scotland
* Jeanie died 16 Feb 1946
Joseph died 4 Sep 1963
They are buried Plots 62 & 63, Block 25 at Waverley General

Joseph Stennett Pepper (1859-1915)
* son of George John Pepper & Annie Sarah Sandall
married Elizabeth Cooke in 1881
their known children
* 1881 - 1960 George Joseph Pepper
* 1883 - 1948 Milly Josephine pepper
* 1885 - 1966 Leslie Stennett pepper
* 1887 - Ida Annie Pepper
* 1896 - 1952 Edgar Septon Pepper (Vic Australia)

Leonard Alfred Pepper (1907-2008)
* son of Henry Pepper & Margaret Eldred Fillingham (1865-1947)
married Hazel Lavinia Cockburn (1909-1998) in 1932
* daughter of James Cockburn & Annie Harris, Hazel died 28 Aug 1998 aged 89 in New Plymouth
Leonard died 20 May 2008 aged 100.5 in Rhapsody Rest Home, Mill Road, New Plymouth
* they were cremated at Te Henui

Leslie Stennett Pepper (1885-1966)
* son of Joseph Stennett Pepper (1859-1915) & Elizabeth Cooke
married Margaret Ellen Bell (1897-1932) in 1925
* daughter of Andrew Yuill 'Andy' Bell (1858-1928) & Alice Emma Lipscombe (1864-1943, died Greymouth) of Wairarapa. Her father worked as a Carpenter at Ogilvie's mill at Gladstone Siding, involved in the project to build removable houses. He was killed there on 23 Oct 1928 while carrying iron across the yard. He walked from between two stacks of timber, on the skids in the yard, out into the path of the yard locomotive. He was partly deaf and couldn't have heard it coming. Both his thighs and left are were fractured and he was rushed to hospital but died almost immediately.
Press, 8 Aug 1932 WEST COAST NEWS The death occurred at the Grey Hospital on Friday evening of Mrs Margaret Helen Pepper, wife of Mr Leslie S. Pepper, of Nelson Creek. Mrs Pepper, who was 34 years of age, was a daughter of Mrs and Mr A, Bell of Blaketown. Besides her husband she is survived by two children, her mother, two sisters and two brothers

Raymond Frederick Pepper (1914-1994)
* son of Frederick Pepper & Alice Clara Nicholson
married Helen Cleland (1914-1984) in 1939
* born in Wellington, a daughter of Joseph Albert 'Bert' Cleland (1876-1952, buried Omaka) & Gladys Harriot Gibbs (1887-)

Reginald Pepper (1902-1977)
* son of James Alexander Pepper & Elizabeth Milne
married Gladys Rose Marston (1903-1976) in Papanui, Christchurch 24 April 1922

Richard Sandall Stennett Pepper (1861-1921)
married Susan McLachlan Borthwick (1864-1941) in 1882
their known children born Hastings
* 3 sons served in WWI
* 1883 - 1968 Minnie Violet Pepper
* 1885 - 1967 Richard Sandall Stennett Pepper
* 1886 - Alma Annie Pepper
*1887 - 1967 Sydney Charles Pepper
. . As Corporal 44308, Rifleman, H Company, NZ Rifle Company, embarked July 1917. As 2/26/841 in WWII
* 1891 - 1972 Ella Elizabeth Pepper
*1893 - 1915 James Joseph Pepper
. . As Private 10/1614, 3rd Reinforcements, Wellington Infantry Battalion, embarked Feb 1915 for Gallipoli. James was Killed In Action 8 Aug 1915 at Gallipoli. Memorial, Chunuk Bair & Hastings Cemetery
* 1895 - Hilda May Pepper
*1897 - 1987 Cyril Borthwick Pepper (USA)
. . As Lance Corporal 49167, 26th Reinforcements (2nd Draft), NZ Field Engineer, NZEF, embarked July 1917
* 1899 - 1899 Horace Pepper (11 weeks)

Richard Sandall Stennett Pepper (1884-1967)
* see family above
married Eveline May Woods (1891-1975) in 1911
* daughter of William Thomas & Sarah Woods
their known children
* 1911 - 1943 Cyril Stennart Pepper
. . Captain 20240 WWII A New Zealand rugby international. He played seventeen matches for his country on the 1935/6 tour of Britain and France, but did not play in a Test. In WWII he served as a lieutenant in the NZ Divisional Artillery and was awarded the Military Cross for action against the Afrika Corps. However he got badly injured in a car accident and was invalided home. While recuperating back home he died when he fell from the second floor of a block of flats. Buried Hillsborough & remembered with honour on the RNZNVR WW2 Memorial at HMNZS Ngapona, Devonport Naval Base
* 1914 - Thelma Sarah Pepper

Robert Edward Brooke Pepper
married Mary White in 1905
their known children
* 1905 - Gibson Vernon Pepper

Robert Leigh Pepper (1899-1953)
* son of William 'Henry' (1851-1938) & Sarah (1864-1910) Pepper
married Rita May Lloyd (1903-2001) in 1936
* daughter of Joseph Lloyd (1867-1949) & Matilda Clara Mintrom (1868-1919, from St Helier, Jersey)

Stanley Pepper (1895-1973)
* son of James Alexander Pepper & Elizabeth Milne. He served in WWI as Rifleman 24/1573 with the 5th Reinforcements, 2nd Battalion, F Company, NZRB. His father, as next of kin, was living at 126 Bligh's Rd., Papanui, Christchurch. He was wounded in action in France in 1917.
married Gladys Etty Radford (1896-1967) in St Paul's Papanui, Christchurch 22 April 1920
* born at Springvale Estate, Banks Peninsula, the 9th of 9 children of Thomas Radford & Eliza Harris (1857-1937)
NOTE Eliza Harris was a sister of Elizabeth Ann Harris who married James Hammond and were the parents of Charlotte Elizabeth Hammond who married John William Pepper (1864-1946) see above
the children of Stanley & Gladys
* 1921 - 2006 Daphne Evelyn Pepper
* 1922 - 2009 Joyce Eileen Pepper
* 1925 - 2002 Stanley Graham Pepper
* Gladys died 19 May 1976
Stanley died 18 July 1973
They are buried Plot 12, Block AN32 at Waimairi cemetery

Sydney Charles Pepper
married Kathleen Ellen Hay in 1915

Thomas Pepper (1863-1935)
married Emma Jane Cock (1869-1933) in 1892
their known children
* 1894 - 1954 Florence Ida Pepper
* 1895 - 1958 Annie Townhill Pepper
* 1897 - 1980 Mary Emma Pepper
* 1898 - 1964 Thomas Samson Pepper
* 1900 - 1950 Edith Mary Pepper
* 1901 - 1959 Elizabeth Myrtle Pepper
* 1904 - 1972 Lucy Ada Pepper
* 1908 - 1968 William John Pepper
* Emma died 28 July 1933 in Hastings
Thomas died 25 Nov 1935 in Hastings
They are buried Plot 498, Block C at Hastings cemetery

Victor George Pepper (1902-1955)
* son of George Thomas Pepper & Emily Higham
married Lila Louisa Maud Cairns (1902-1926) in 1922
married Rita Florence Daisy Davis (1907-1967) in 1933

William Pepper (1838-1932)
married Sarah Helena Clay (1841-1921) in 1868
their known children
* 1869 - 1869 Francis Willard Pepper (8 months)
* 1870 - James Sisterley Pepper
* 1874 - Ida Pepper
* 1877 - 1912 Emily Pepper
Press, 21 March 1921 PEPPER - On March 19th 1921, at her residence, 35 Mackworth street, Woolston, Sarah, beloved wife of William Pepper; in her 81st year. Peace to the weary.
William died 2 Aug 1932 in Christchurch and is buried Plot 346, Block 21 at Linwood with Sarah

William Pepper (1861-1905)
married Hannah Sands (1869-1938) in 1888
their known children
* 1889 - 1950 George William Pepper
* 1890 - 1890 Arthur Pepper
* 1891 - 1895 Eva Gertrude Pepper
* 1894 - 1922 Leonard Pepper
* 1896 - 1971 Ruby Hannah Pepper
* 1898 - 1974 Gertrude Pepper
* 1900 - 1974 Bernard Pepper
William died in Hastings 27 Feb 1905 when he accidentally drank caustic soda believing it was home made beer. Hannah next married John Scott in 1907
* Hannah died 27 Aug 1938 and is buried with 1st husband William, Plot 419, Block C at Hastings
William Pepper, the beloved husband of Hannah Pepper, died 27th February 1909 aged 44 years.
Oh for the joy of a vanished smile
And the sound of a voice that is still
Also Hannah wife of above, died 27th Aug 1938 aged 69 years. 'Abide With Me'

William Pepper
married Frances Catherine Mary Gaze in 1891

William Charles Pepper (1873-1940)
* son of Enoch Pepper & Mary Ann Ursula Clarke
married Annie Louisa Smith (1881-1961) in 1902
* daughter of Daniel Joseph Smith & Caroline Wright
their known children
* 1903 - 1990 Gwendoline Rose Pepper
* 1905 - Evelyn Winifred Pepper (died NSW)
* 1914 - 1999 Enid Glenise Pepper
William next married Elsie May Southcombe (1901-1982) in 1925
NOTE Annie's daughter Gwendoline married Harold Ernest Fenton in 1923. Annie married Gwendoline's father-in-law, John James Fenton (1873-1959), in 1938
* William died 12 Aug 1940 and is buried Plot 243, Block 17 at Bromley

William John Pepper (1856-)
married Annie Jane Davison (1862-) in 1881
* Annie was born 3 June 1862 in St Albans, Christchurch to William & Jane Davison
their known children
* 1881 - 1882 Annie Jane Rachel Pepper (4 months)
* 1882 - Andrew William Pepper
* 1883 - Rosa Pepper
* 1885 - Frederick Joseph Pepper
* 1886 - Iris Jane Pepper
* 1888 - Mary Eveline Pepper
* 1890 - Evelyn Winifred Pepper
* 1896 - 1981 Edward John Pepper

William John Pepper (1908-1968)
* son of Thomas Pepper & Emma Jane Cock
married Gladys Margaret Osborne (1907-1967) in 1933
* Gladys died 20 March 1967 aged 60
William died 18 Dec 1968 aged 60
They are buried together Plot 1621, Block S at Hastings cemetery


Jeffrey Hall & Katrina Marie Thompson TAUPIRI

JEFFREY HALL sometimes Jeffery
was born 17 June 1827 in Somersetshire, England to John Hall (1801-1837) & Eleanor Puddy (1807-1868)
* He was a soldier in the Maori War
* He was a land owner in Cambridge, Waikato

was born 2 May 1854 in Copenhagen, Denmark to Peter Thompson (1831-1890) & Katrina Maria 'Catherine' Hansen (1826-1899).
Katrina arrived in Auckland NZ with her parents and 2 sisters, Anna (1857-1929) & Maria (often Mary) (1858-1941) on the Ida Zeigler on 4 Oct 1863 (their name on the passenger list is Thomsen). Immediately on arrival Peter was required to serve in the Maori War and they lived in Pukekohe at that time. They moved to Cambridge, Waikato after the war when Peter was given a war grant of 1 acre in King Street, Cambridge and 50 acres in Hautapu.
* Catherine's mother, Catherine Thompson, was a nurse in the Maori War. She died in Cambridge in Aug 1899 aged 73. Her living children were 3 daughters: Mrs Henry 'Harry' Kerr (Anna) & the widow Mrs William Kerr (Mary) of Cambridge and Mrs Jeffrey Hall (Catherine) of Taupiri
* Jeffrey & Catherine were named in 1939 in a list of Cambridge Pioneers who had arrived, or were born there, in 1875 or earlier.
NOTE on Catherine's sisters who married brothers William & Henry Kerr. William & Henry were born in Howick, Auckland, sons of William Kerr (1809-1874) & Bridget Burns (1818-1874) from Ireland. Their father William enlisted with the 91st Reg. Longford, Ireland in 1827 aged 18 and attested to the 91st Regiment of Foot Argyll Highlanders No 465. He served in Jamaica, St Helena, South Africa and India. He arrived in Auckland as a Royal Fencible in 1847/48. They are buried at Howick
.. 1857 - 1929 Anna Thompson married Henry 'Harry' Kerr (1857-1928) 12 Oct 1879 at St Peter's Church, Cambridge. They adopted a daughter. They were the landlords/mine hosts of the Masonic and Criterion (Central) Hotels, Cambridge, before moving to Howick, Auckland in 1902.
* Anna died 18 Feb 1929 whilst visiting Cambridge. Harry had died 13 months before her. They are buried at Howick.
.. 1858 - 1941 Mary Thompson married William Kerr (1851-1879) on 25 Feb 1878. William dropped dead from his horse, 18 months later, on 31 Aug 1879, from apoplexy. He was 28.
* Mary died 2 Sep 1941, at home on the original land granted to her father in 1864. They are buried Hautapu, Cambridge
* Another brother, Robert Joseph Kerr (1848-1902), married Lucy Ellen Martin (1857-1934) in 1875. He is buried in Matamata & Lucy at Te Awamutu

Jeffrey and Catherine married in Cambridge, Waikato on 5 May 1871. Their witnesses were her father Peter and 2 sisters, Anna & Mary
they had 12 children
apart from Alfred born in Cambridge, all were born in Taupiri
.. 1 ..
1872 - 1934 Alfred Hall
born 29 Feb 1872
married Helene Lavinia Stocken (1872-1934) in Mercury Bay, Auckland 19 Oct 1896
* Helene was born in Whitianga, Coromandel Peninsula, 25 April 1872 to William Davis Stocken (1840-) & Lanna Lee (1844-)
known children of Alfred & Helene
born Auckland, Gordonton, Taupiri
* 1897 - 1959 Eileen Lavinia Hall (+Ward)
* 1898 - 1978 William Ernest Jeffery Hall (+Bell)
* 1900 - 1970 Alice Bertha Hall (+Jessen)
* 1902 - 1977 Violet Elizabeth 'Bessie' Hall (+Coughey)
* 1903 - 1946 Muriel Hall (18 July twin, +Mathers)
* 1903 - 1989 Florence 'Folly' Hall (twin, +Bell)
* 1905 - 1999 Elsie Katrina Hall (+Walsh)
* 1906 - 1956 Arthur Amos Hall (+Nelson)
* 1907 - 1980 Lala May Hall (+Akehurst)
* 1908 - 1953 Charles Harvey Hall
* 1909 - 1987 Alfred Norman Hall
* 1912 - 1995 Harry Davis Hall (+Carter)
* Helene Hall died 27 June 1931 aged 59 at Frankton Junction, Hamilton
Alfred Hall died 27 April 1934 in Hamilton
buried together BB-N-031, Hamilton East cemetery
HEADSTONE In loving memory of our dear parents, Helen (note spelling) Lavinia Hall, died 27th June 1931 aged 59 years. Also of her loved husband, Alfred, died 27th April 1934 aged 62 years. Re-united.

.. 2 ..
1874 - 1949 Jane Hall
born 3 Sep 1874
Jane married George Edward Welch (1873-1937) in Hamilton 1 April 1892
* George was a son of Henry Thomas Welch & Eliza Leaning who had 12 children born in Taupiri and Thames. His sister Sarah Welch became the mother-in-law of Jane's brother .. 7 .. Jeffrey Hall below
children of Jane & George
* born Taupiri, Gordonton & Auckland
* 1892 - 1893 George Clarence Welch (buried Taupiri)
* 1893 - 1917 Henry Clarence 'Tat' Welch (Sergeant 26/940, Messines, Belgium)
* 1895 - 1916 George Carlton Welch (Rifleman 26/939, Somme, France)
* 1896 - 1963 Katherine Eliza Welch (+Charles Cave)
* 1898 - 1967 Estelle Jane Welch (+Edward Cave)
* 1900 - 1960 Charles Leslie Welch (+Smith)
* 1902 - 1903 Mervyn Oscar Welch (buried Taupiri)
* 1905 - 2001 Vera Mabel Welch (+Brown)
* 1907 - 1971 Alan Geoffrey Welch (+Harford)
* 1909 - 1992 Raymond Oscar Welch (+King)
* 1911 - 1990 Daisy Adeline Welch (+Atkinson)
* 1913 - 1968 Albert Ernest Welch (+White)
* 1915 - 1962 Eveline Dorothy Welch (+Windsor +McDonald)
* 1918 - 2001 Eunice Myrtle Welch (+Shaw)
* 1920 - 1946 Alma Innes Welch (+Connolly)
* George Welch died 4 Sep 1937 aged 63 in Glen Innes, Auckland
buried Family Plot 62A, Block 5, Area 3 at Waikaraka
Jane Welch died 16 Oct 1949 aged 75 in Ellerslie, Auckland and buried Waikumete

.. 3 ..
1876 - 1936 Peter Hall
born 2 Sep 1876
married Lillian Emily Bingham Barker (1881-1979) in Taupiri 4 April 1904
* Lillian was born 23 Aug 1881 in Onehunga to Emily Ann Bingham (1861-1918). Her name became Barker when her mother married John Barker in 1887. John Barker was a fireman on a train that derailed between Kaukapakapa & Helensville on 4 Jan 1898 and John was killed. (buried Helensville). Emily then moved to Taupiri, with her 7 children, where she became the Postmistress. Nine months after John's death she gave birth to an 8th child (in Taupiri), Arthur Alfred Bernard Barker (1898-1930)

known children of Peta & Lillian
* 1905 - 1966 John 'Jeffrey' Hall
* 1908 - 1978 Clarence Bingham Hall
Peter Hall died 7 Sep 1936 in Whangaripo, aged 60
buried Plot 247, Block P, Area 4, Hillsborough, Auckland
HEADSTONE In loving memory of Peta beloved husband of Lillian E. Hall died 7 Sept 1936 aged 59 yrs
Lillian lived in Christchurch for 2-3 years until 1966 when she moved to Te Awamutu to live with her son Clarence. Clarence Bingham Hall was a freezer hand, living at 4 Carlsen Flats, Shirley Rd., Papatoetoe, Auckland in WWII enlistment. He died 24 Jan 1978 aged 69. Last address 12 Racecourse Rd., Te Awamutu. He was cremated at Hamilton Park. After his death Lillian (then aged 97) moved to Tamahere Rest Home. She died at Matariki Geriatric Hospital, Te Awamutu on 30 Sep 1979 aged 98 and cremated at Hamilton Park Cemetery

.. 4 ..
1878 - 1951 Frederick Hall
born 24 Oct 1878
Frederick married Ethel May Wilson in Taupiri in 1904
* Ethel was born 1 May 1882 in Te Aroha, 6th of 13 children of William Wilson (1835-1906) & Jane Anne Williams (1839-1911)
known children of Frederick & Ethel
* 1905 - 1968 Marguerite May 'Una' Hall (+Bainbridge)
Frederick Hall died 18 Sep 1951 aged 70 in Ngaruawahia
* Ethel Hall died 10 Feb 1966 aged 84 in Epsom, Auckland
buried together Plot 1AH, Block 1, Row A at Ngaruawahia Old cemetery
HEADSTONE To the sacred memory of Frederick & Ethel May Hall treasured parents of Una. God knew best

.. 5 ..
1880 - 1952 William Hall
born 9 Dec 1880
married Ruby Florence Eliza McLeod (1894-1967) in Waikumete 28 July 1915
* Ruby was born 11 Feb 1896, 1 of 10 children of Donald McLeod (1860-1925) from Isle of Skye & Rosina Took (1863-1940) from Essex. Both buried Hamilton
William Hall died 29 Dec 1952 in Auckland aged 72
* Ruby Hall died 31 Dec 1967 in Auckland aged 71
buried Waikumete
Death & Burial data not yet verified

.. 6 ..
1883 - 1942 Katrina 'Lena' Hall
born 3 May 1883
married Charles Anderson Svanstrom (1883-1968) 14 Dec 1909 in Auckland
NZ Herald, 21 Dec 1909
- On December 14 1909, at Auckland, Charles Anderson to Katrina (Lena), second daughter of the late Jeffery Hall, of Taupiri, Waikato.
* Charles was born in Gottenburg, Sweden 17 Nov 1883. He served in WWI, enlisting as Launchman for Portland Cement Co., living at 8 Wellington St., Auckland, formerly of Charlemont St, Whitiora, Hamilton. He embarked 23 May 1918, his NOK was Katrina in Auckland
* Charles died 7 July 1968 in Auckland aged 86 and his ashes interred at Eucalyptus Glade, Waikumete
Katrina Svanstrom died 17 June 1942 in Grey Lynn, Auckland aged 59
buried Plot VI, Row Vlt, Niche Wall, Waikumete

.. 7 ..
1885 - 1961 Jeffrey Hall
born 8 Nov 1885
married Ruby Ethel Wardlow Littlewood (1887-1961) in Papatoetoe 8 Nov 1911
* Ruby was born 13 May 1887 in Taupiri, the 4th of 12 children of Frederick Walker Littlewood (1858-1914), born Russell, died Taupiri and of Sarah Jane Welch (1865-1943), born Thames, died Taupiri. Sarah was a daughter of Henry Thomas Welch & Eliza Leaning who had 12 children in Taupiri and Thames. Her brother, George Edward Welch married Jeffrey's sister .. 2 .. Jane Hall, above
no known children
SILVER WEDDING ANNIVERSARY, 8 Nov 1936 LITTLEWOOD - HALL. On November 8 1911, at Holy Sepulcher Church, Auckland, by the Rev H. Reaves, Ruby Ethel, second daughter of Mrs S. Littlewood and the late Frederick Littlewood, of Taupiri, Waikato, to Jeffrey Hall, Taupiri. Present address: Trafalgar Street, Royal Oak, Auckland
Jeffrey Hall died 3 March 1961 in Epsom, Auckland aged 75
* Ruby Hall died 6 weeks later, on 18 April 1961, aged 73
buried at Mangere Lawn cemetery

.. 8 ..
1888 - 1973 Ellen Hall
born 5 Sep 1888
married Henry Arthur 'Harry' Tustin (1881-1951) in Auckland in 1912
* Harry was born in Wellington to William Tustin & Susan Newman Buckingham. He became an organ builder in Wellington
* Harry died 4 May 1951 in Wellington aged 70
Ellen Tustin died 1 July 1973 in Titahi Bay, Wellington aged 84
buried Plot 54N, Ch Eng2, Karori cemetery

.. 9 ..
1891 - 1976 Hannah Hall
born 31 July 1891
married Ernest Henry Hawkins (1886-1954) in Auckland in 1919
* Ernest was born in Christchurch
no children found
* Ernest Hawkins died 14 Nov 1954 in Waiuku
Hannah Hawkins died 24 Aug 1976 in Auckland aged 85
their ashes interred at Waikumete

.. 10 ..
1894 - 1894 Charles Hall
born 13 Jan 1894
Charles Hall died 3 March 1894 aged 7 weeks
buried Plot 468N, Block 3, Row G at Old Ngaruawahia cemetery

.. 11 ..
1895 - 1973 Caroline 'Carrie' Hall
born 6 July 1895
married Frederick George McSherry (1893-1953) in Hamilton in 1915
* Frederick was born in Hamilton to Frederick William McSherry (1832-1899) of Ireland & Jessie Elizabeth Edmonds (1874-1964)
1 child found
* 1917 - 1991 Kathleen Ruth McSherry
* Frederick McSherry died 25 March 1953 in Auckland aged 60
Caroline McSherry died 31 Dec 1973 in Auckland aged 78
both buried Eucalyptus Glade, Waikumete

.. 12 ..
1898 - 1917 Charles 'Charlie' Hall
born 27 Feb 1898
served as Lance Sergeant 26/1193, embarking as Private with the 4th Battalion, A Company, NZ Rifles Brigade for the Western Front
Charles Hall died of his wounds, 19 Oct 1917 in Passchendaele, France
NZ Herald, 6 Nov 1917
- On October 29, died of wounds in France, Sergeatn C. Hall, youngest son of Mrs C. Hall and the Late Jeffery Hall, Charlesmount Street, Hamilton (late of Taupiri). Greater love hath no man.
buried Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Poperinge, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium
memorial Auckland. Mentioned on parents headstone, see below
NOTE Charles was a nephew of George and Henry 'Tat' Welch who were also killed in the war. See .. 2 .. sister Jane Hall

JEFFREY Hall died in Taupiri 4 Sep 1907 aged 80
NZ Herald, 9 Sep 1907
On Wednesday, the 4th inst., Mr Jeffrey Hall, an old and respected resident of the place, passed away. The deceased had resided in Taupiri for over 30 years. He leaves a wife and large family. Mr Hall had attained the ripe age of 81 years.
* The Waikato estate of Jeffrey Hall was certified for stamp duty as one of the largest deceased persons estate, Auckland regions, at the time of July 1908, valued at £599 (Jan 2020 equivalent of $103,908.00)

CATHERINE Hall died in Auckland 27 June 1932 aged 78
Auckland Star, 27 June 1932
On June 27 1932, at the residence of her daughter, 116 Crummer Road, Grey Lynn, Catherine, beloved wife of the late Jeffery Hall, late of Taupiri; aged 78 years. Funeral will leave Crummer Road at 10 a.m. to-morrow (Tuesday), for service Anglican Church, Taupiri, at 1 p.m. Interment after at Taupiri Cemetery.
OBITUARY of Catherine Hall .. Another link with the early days of this country was severed when Mrs Catherine Hall died on June 27 at the age of 78 years. Born in Copenhagen, Denmark, Mrs Hall was a daughter of Mr peter Thompson, one of the earliest settlers at Cambridge. She came to New Zealand in the sailing ship Ida Zeigler about 70 years ago and settled with her family in the Waikato. In 1872 Miss Thompson, as she then was, married Mr Jeffrey Hall and lived for 40 years at Taupiri, where, at the time of her first visit, there was only one other family. Mrs Hall is survived by 10 children, 36 grandchildren and 33 great-grandchildren. Her sister, Mrs W. Kerr, lives at Cambridge.
they are buried together Plot 26, Row A at Taupiri Lawn cemetery
HEADSTONE In loving memory of Jeffrey Hall, died at Taupiri Sept 4th 1907, aged 81 years also his wife, Catherine Hall, died at Auckland June 27th 1932, aged 78 years. At rest.
* Also a footstone memorial to son Charles
Serg. C. Hall, N.Z.R.B. died of wounds Passchendaele, October 19th 1917, aged 19 years Greater Love Hath No Man.

(as the name Jeffery Hall runs through most of the above families, you will have to work out which 'Jeff' is being referred to in the following timeline)
CAMBRIDGE, 29 Dec 1869
Impounded at the Public Pound, Cambridge, December 19, 1869, by Jeffery Hall, for damages ten shillings:- A Bay Mare, branded W on rear shoulder; not shod. If not claimed within eleven days from the date of this notice, application will be made to a Justice of the Peace for an order for the sale of the above named mare. Andrew Robinson, Poundkeeper, Cambridge

TAUPIRI NEWS, 9 June 1884
... Mr Lovell's new hotel near the railway station is now completed and yesterday the necessary permission for the removal of the license from the old house to the new one, was granted by the Licensing Commissioners. The new house is a large and handsome two-storied building 60 feet x 36 feet, containing seventeen rooms, with ample conveniences for the accommodation and comfort of the travelling public
... A piece of newly-formed main road below the gorge on the river is in a dangerous condition and the attention of the County Council needs drawing to it. Only last week a son of Mr Jeffery Hall, while passing along with a dray and pair of horses, had a narrow escape. Dray, horses and boy, all went over the side into the river and but that assistance happened to be close at hand, a serious accident must have occurred. As it was, it was not without the greatest difficulty that the horses and dray were saved.

Waikato Times, 18 Oct 1890
- In accordance with the resolution respecting the gorse passed at the last Council meeting, the Legal and Finance Committee, accompanied by the Town Clerk and Cr. Bach, made, on the 26th September a tour of inspection of the borough and have to report thereon as follows:- They have found gorse growing in the streets alongside the following properties: T. H. Brown, R. Kirkwood, A. Back (occupier), James Finnerty, Judge Regan, D. B. Cruickshank, A. Clemens, Jeffrey Hall and Wm. Laird (owners)

DEATH of Catherine Thompson
(Catherine's mother)
Cambridge has lost an old and respected inhabitant in the person of Mrs Catherine Thompson, who passed peacefully away early on Thursday morning. Deceased and her husband, the late Peter Thompson, came to the colonies no less than 37 years ago, in which days the early settlers suffered many hardships and had to toil unceasingly. Mrs Thompson was 73 years of age and she leaves three daughters, namely - Mrs Henry Kerr, Mrs Mary Kerr, both of Cambridge and Mrs Jeffrey Hall of Taupiri. The funeral tool place yesterday afternoon after the arrival of the train and it was largely attended by sorrowing friends.

IN MEMORIAM, 4 Sep 1912
- In loving memory of my dear husband, Jeffrey Hall, who fell asleep on September 4, 1907, at Taupiri
Do not ask me if we miss him
There is such a vacant place.
Can we e'er forget his footsteps,
And his dear familiar face?
Inserted by his loving wife and youngest son and daughter, C. Hall, Carrie and Charlie, Hamilton

A social and dance was held in the Gordonton Hall last night in aid of the Hamilton Rugby Union. There was a good attendance, the floor being very good and even the most fastidious expressed themselves pleased with the arrangements. The dance was kept up till about 2.30 a.m. Mr Jeff Hall made an efficient M.C., whilst his brother, Mr W. Hall and Mr Geo. Welsh, assisted with the music. There were about 70 couples present.

Letter To The Editor, New Zealand Herald
Sir, - re the article on the arrival of early settlers 50 years ago (per ship Ida Ziegler), published on Saturday, there are three other than those mentioned by you, who are still in the Auckland Province, being the then Misses Catherine, Anna and Maria Thomsen, but now respectively, Mrs Jeffery Hall, widow, of Hamilton, Mrs Hy. Kerr, of Cambridge and Mrs Wm. Kerr, widow, also of Cambridge. Mrs Hall spent 40 years of the 50 in Taupiri and her sister married two brothers. Whilst writing this, Mrs Hall is talking to me and she drew my attention to the article, so I decided to drop you a line, as it might be of interest to you. J.O.D. (or J.C.D.)

Waikato Times, 19 Oct 1916
A very successful concert was held in the Taupiri Hall on Friday by the Gordonton Maori Troupe, assisted by several Taupiri natives doing various hakas, poi dances, songs and recitations were excellently given, the hakas and poi dances being exceptionally good and the costumes were quite in keeping with the items. Great credit is due to our Maori friends and to Mr Jeff Hall, of Gordonton, who acted as stage-manager. The hall was crowded almost to suffocation and money collected is to be divided between the Taupiri branch of the Women's Patriotic League and the Maori Soldiers' Fund.

whose grandfather was Peter Hall child .. 3 .. wrote .. I am in possession of a silver, tilting kettle over a burner, with the inscription "Presented to Mrs J. Hall by the residents of Taupiri 29th August 1911". This came to me through Peter's wife Lillian. I am puzzled as to who Mrs J. Hall is and the circumstances of the presentation.
* This was presented to Katrina Marie Hall (nee Thompson/Thomsen) when she left Taupiri in 1911 to move to New Lynn to live with her daughter.

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Amelia Mathews Garrick & Robert McDonald Suddens, Wellington NZ

Amelia Mathews Garrick (1865-1909) was born 21 Dec 1865 in Wellington, New Zealand, a daughter of Peter Garrick (1814-1899) & Charlotte Rudman (1837-1870)

Amelia had a daughter
6 March 1887, Elizabeth Jane Garrick. Elizabeth married Walter Brazier Brattle (1886-1977) in 1911. Elizabeth died 3 Oct 1939 in Wellington Hospital aged 52

Amelia married
Robert McDonald Suddens (1857-1908) in Wellington 12 May 1887. Robert was a son of Thomas McDonald Suddens (1834-1917) from Scotland & Jane Martha Woodland (1837-1893) from Durham. They are both buried in Lyttelton.

Amelia & Robert had a son
1900 - 1972 Thomas Edward Suddens

Evening Post, 5 Dec 1904
A prohibited person named Robert Suddens was convicted and discharged with a caution for having been found in the Caledonian Hotel.

NZ Times, 31 July 1906
Robert Suddens, a wharf labourer, was charged with assaulting his wife, Amelia Suddens (a cripple). Mr Dunn, for complainant, said that the husband went home on Monday last, drunk. He struck his wife twice, "knocking her silly." This sort of thing, he said, had happened very frequently indeed. Defendant admitted the offence, but said he could get no peace at home. He wanted a separation and was willing to support his wife. The case was adjourned for a week, his Worship advising the parties to come to some arrangement in the meantime as to separation and maintenance.

NZ Times, 19 June 1907
A MAINTENANCE CASE. Robert Suddens, alias Sutton, was sentenced to fourteen days imprisonment for failing to comply with an order for the maintenance of his wife, the warrant to be suspended if arrears amounting to £2 8s be paid within fourteen days.

Evening Post, 23 March 1908
PETONE POLICE COURT The fact that he had just pleaded guilty to a charge of insobriety detracted from the excuse of Robert Suddens made to Mr Riddell, S.M., this morning, when accused of disobeying an order to maintain his wife. The woman appeared in the Court in a weak, crippled condition, bearing the imprint of severe illness and in pitiful contrast to the unkempt appearance of the husband. The amount of the arrears was said to be £10. The accused stated he did not see how he could pay his board and maintain his wife. He admitted having had drinks. "That is the whole trouble" said the Magistrate. "If you didn't drink so much you would be able to do it. A man who could afford to get drunk could afford to maintain his wife" was the opinion of his Worship, who sentenced Suddens to one month's imprisonment, the warrant to be suspended so long as the sum of 10s a week was paid off the arrears. The first payment was ordered to be made on the 30th instant.

Dominion, 8 Sep 1908
MAINTENANCE. Robert Suddens failed to appear in answer to a charge of disobeying an order to support his son. Defendant was convicted and sentenced to fourteen days imprisonment, warrant to be suspended if the amount due under the order is paid before September 10.

Dominion, 20 Oct 1908
At the Mount Cook Police Court yesterday morning, before Mr J. Collins, J.P., Robert Suddens, for drunkenness, was convicted and discharged.

Evening Post, 3 Dec 1908
SUDDENS - On the 2nd December 1908, at the Wellington Hospital, Robert Suddens, aged 51 years

Evening Post, 20 Feb 1909
SUDDENS - On the 18th February 1909, at the Wellington Hospital, Amelia M., relict of the late Robert McDonald Suddens, aged 41 years (sic 43)

William John DARK (1830-1918), New Zealand & New South Wales

Was born 9 March 1830 in NSW, Australia to William Dark (1800-1868) shipwright, & Elizabeth Cooper (1813-1866)
He was one of the troops serving with the 57th of Foot who arrived in Auckland 25 Jan 1861 on the 'Star Queen'. A detachment of the regiment left Manukau, arriving at Waitara, Taranaki on the H.M.S. Cordelia three days later. He was later in Thames and discharged in Wanganui in 1863 (see notes at end)
photo the HMS Cordelia which transported more than 3,500 imperial troops for the NZ wars

This is the life & times of the colourful character, William John Dark. Of his 3 wives (1 bigamously) and his 6 daughters (from 2 wives), in Australia and New Zealand, as found in family stories and local newspapers.
* To save confusion, some details like name spelling, is written as I know it to be, as opposed to how it was written in reports
* Anything in italics is my addition

18 Feb 1864, Wellington aged 33
William John Dark married the widow, Hannah Remnant (nee Hankins 1827-1871)
* 15 year old Hannah arrived into Nelson on the George Fyfe 12 Dec 1842, with her 19 year old husband James Remnant (1823-1863). James was a son of William Remnant & Sarah Edwards. His brother, George Remnant married Jane Neasham Sherman and they lived in Tasman District with 16 children
The known children of Hannah & James
1846 - Emily Remnant
1849 - 1915 James Remnant
1851 - 1935 Sarah Remnant (+ Drake)
1853 - 1899 Hannah 'Annie' Remnant (+ Campbell)
1858 - Elizabeth Remnant (+ Smith)
James Remnant died 16 May 1863 and is buried St Paul's, Thorndon

photo Willis Street in 1864

Wellington Independent, 20 Feb 1864 DARK-REMNANT
At Willis-street, on the 18th inst, by the Rev J. Aldred, Mr Wm Dark, late of the 57th Regt. Wanganui, to Mrs Remnant, widow.
they had 2 daughters
. 1 1865 - 1948 Margaret Annie Dark (+ Crocombe)
. 2 1867 - 1869 Emily Jane Dark

9 Aug 1866, NSW aged 36
His mother Elizabeth dies Elizabeth Dark (nee Cooper) died aged 53 and is buried in Camperdown Cemetery.
Elizabeth was the daughter of John Tindall (1778-1856), convict to Australia on the 'Indefatigable in 1815 aged 37 & of Lucy Cooper (1792-1848), convict on the 'Broxbournebury in 1814 aged 22. Elizabeth was adopted by her mother's brother, John Cooper (1783-). She married William Dark on 29 May 1829 at St Phillip's, NSW.
Their known children:
1828 - 1901 Elizabeth Dark (+ Northcott, died England)
1830 - 1918 William John Dark
1833 - 1908 Hannah Eliza Dark (+ Coleston)
1835 - 1900 Leonard James Dark
1838 - 1885 George Henry Dark
1843 - 1887 Thomas Joseph Dark
1846 - 1935 Mary Maria Dark (+ Ward)

20 June 1868, NSW aged 38
His father William dies William Dark was born 9 March 1798 in Sydney to Leonard James Darke (-1807) who was sent to Sydney as a convict on the 'The Pitt' in 1792 & Elizabeth Jackson (1768-1837) from Ireland, sent as convict on the 'Sugar Cane' in 1793 aged 23.
William died aged 70 and is buried Grave 234, Zone B, Old Common Ground at Rookwood Cemetery (see wife Elizabeth above for children)

16 Feb 1869, Wellington aged 38
Death of his 2nd daughter Emily Jane Dark. Emily was born 29 July 1867. Her mother was Hannah Hankins/Remnant/Dark.
DARK - On February 13, at Moore street, Emily Jane, daughter of Mr W. J. Dark, aged 18 months.
The Friends of Mr William J. Dark are respectfully invited to attend the Funeral of his late daughter, Emily Jane, which will leave his residence, Moore street, Pipitea Point, This Day, at 4 o'clock p.m.
P.S. - The Brethren of the M.U.I.O.O.F. are respectfully invited to attend.

23 Sep 1871, Wellington aged 41
Death of wife #1 HANNAH DARK (Hankins/Remnant)
DARK - On September 22, at Moore street, Pipitea (Wellington) Hannah, wife of Mr William John Dark, aged 44 years. Deceased was an old colonist, having come to the colony in the ship George Fyfe, in 1842 and leaves a numerous circle of friends.
She is buried Plot 70 R at Bolton Street Cemetery

Inscription reads: In loving memory of Annie, the beloved wife of Duncan Campbell (daughter Hannah Remnant), who died 4 February 1899, aged 45. At rest. Also Hannah, wife of James Remnant and mother of above, who died 22 September 1871, aged 45, "Sorrow vanquished, Labour ended, Jordan passed". In loving memory of Daniel Drake, died 28 December 1924, aged 83 (Daniel Pearce Drake, husband of daughter Sarah), "Pioneer. Until the day break and the shadows flee away". In fond memory of dear mother, wife of the above, died 5 November 1935, aged 84, Ever remembered. Amy, younger daughter of the above (Amy Sarah Drake (1879-), daughter of Sarah Remnant & Daniel Drake), died 23 February 1938.
NOTE That her headstone inscribed is Remnant. Wife of James Remnant.
photo credit Terry Love

1 June 1872, Wellington aged 42
William John Dark married Elizabeth 'Eliza' Hastings (nee White) in the Wesleyan Church, Manners St., Wellington. Elizabeth was a widow. She first married John Hastings in 1859
John & Elizabeth's known children
1859 - 1937 James White Hastings
1862 - Agnes Hastings (+ Brown)
1864 - Elizabeth Hastings (+ Weaver)
1867 - Mary Hastings
1870 - John Hastings
Elizabeth's husband, John was killed 17 Dec 1870, in an accident on the Wanganui River while he was second engineer on the steamer 'Storm Bird'

photo Wesleyan Church on Manners St. Burnt down June 1879

William & Elizabeth had 4 daughters
. 3 1873 - 1954 Emily Jane Dark (+ Simmons)
. 4 1875 - 1951 Williemena Dark (+ Bowden)
. 5 1878 - 1954 Alice Maude Dark (+ Corby)
. 6 1881 - 1884 Mabel Dark

6 Sep 1872, Wellington aged 42
NOTICE (3 months after marriage)
I HEREBY GIVE NOTICE that on and after this date I will not be responsible for any debts contracted by my wife, Elizabeth Dark. William John Dark, Wellington 6th September

20 Oct 1873, Wellington aged 43
At the Resident Magistrate's Court on Saturday, Elizabeth Dark, who had applied to the Court for a protection order against her husband, William John Dark, did not appear when called upon and the case was struck out.

16 Sep 1874, Blenheim aged 44
W. J. Dark was charged upon an information laid by his wife, Elizabeth Dark, upon the ground that she was subjected to cruelty by him. The defendant complained against a lawyer being engaged by his wife, but the Court ruled that the occasion was one in which the informant was justified in engaging the service of a legal gentleman.
. . Defendant said he was willing to leave the whole matter to be decided by the bench, he urged that his wife was in the habit of drinking and demanded to know whether he was bound to keep another man's family, at which point he was shut up by the constable.
. . Mr Rogers appeared for the informant, who deposed that they had been living in Blenheim during the last six months in the same house as her sister and her husband. On being asked to state some of the occasions when her husband had ill-used her, she entered upon a narrative which was to the following effect. The husband was engaged in building a house for Mr Symons (spelt throughout as Simmonds), who was her sister's husband and in the meantime both families resided together. The arrangement did not prove a happy one and there had been a deal of grumbling about it. The sister wished them to find fresh quarters and defendant refused and became so annoyed that he took her head and knocked it against the wall twice in one week. He wished that they should continue to live together at one table and joint cost as before, but her sister objected and wanted them to have separate bills. Defendant refused to open any accounts in Blenheim and her sister said he had the same reason to do so that she had. This state of things culminated on the 1st instant, when she again told him and he said he would be d--d before he would provide anything. He got on a box and hit her with his fist on the face and head repeatedly, blacked her eyes, kicked her person, of which she still bore the marks. He used his boots to her at the same time, remarking that he did not now wear fine ones as he did in Wellington, but hob-nailed ones. After that he went away and never returned to the house till Sunday last, when he came early, 6a.m. and again twice afterwards till her brother turned him out; he wanted her things, but she refused to give them till this case was heard, but he took them. He showed fight and told her brother he would take it out of him. During the week before Sept 1st he locked up his bedroom door, telling her sister not to give her or the children anything to eat, as he would not pay for it. She had four children by her former husband beside one by the present husband, all under ten years old. He is doing nothing for their maintenance, nor has done since Sept 1st; prior to that he has to pay his share to Mrs Symons. She did not want to ask for a separate maintenance if she could get him to support them without.
. . A considerable argument took place between the Bench and Mr Rogers, as to whether the information should charge him with wife desertion before she could claim separate maintenance. Ultimately the charge was amended to show that plaintiff desired a judicial separation, with protection and maintenance for the children.
. . The defendant who stated that he was deaf, took up a deal of time in trying to make statements out of place. After the examination was concluded and had been read over to him, he proceeded on a course of cross-examination in the course of which he elicited that he had told his wife to do what she could to raise money for their support, saying that he would leave Blenheim. He fetched a man up to buy her sewing-machine and when she refused to let it go he took it out and broke it into a million pieces. One of the pieces flew up and struck him on the nose cutting it, he also fetched out a large looking glass and smashed it as well as everything he could lay his hands on. He told her he would raise money by selling his watch, but she knew he had plenty as she saw him with a lot of notes. He brought Lawrence to buy her machine whild he had plenty of money in his pocket. He gave her seven shillings on 1st September, he also gave her eight shillings to pay for a book he had bought, called "Leisure Hour" also bought some oil and brandy to apply as a lotion to his nose. In the night she fetched a bottle of the brandy to allay his nervousness. He had bought four loaves and some jam, also some bacon which he said some man had given him. She was sure she did not take any of the brandy herself. The reason she got a whole bottle was because it was too late to get a small quantity. He drank a portion and the rest was left in his room. He gave her a drop with some water, he also gave her some marks which still remained on her face. Her mother and sister did not have brandy, nor did she and her mother fight. She told him to come away till his face ws better. While in Wellington he fetched her home in a wheelbarrow when he had cut her head, but she was not drunk, she had on one occasion jumped from a window 10 feet high because he had threatened to cut her throat.
. . Agnes Symons was called in support of the charge. She deposed that she was the wife of the captain of the Osprey and the plaintiff was her sister. They lived in the one house. On September 1st, witness's husband and herself did all they could to keep him off her - he flung both cups and egg-cups at her, using very violent language and would have done her some harm but for witness's husband. They had always been fighting, ever since they were married and she had many times come to her covered with bruises. On September 1st witness told her she had better get separate bills for their support, but defendant said he would not run up bills to keep another man's family; told him that he knew she had the children when he married her sister and he had a right to keep them. Nearly every day he said he would not keep another man's family. On that day heard the fighting going on and went to the Ferry for her husband, ash she could not put up with it any longer. On returning she found her sister was in her own room and did not see her again till next day. Did not see defendant till Saturday night when he fetched some things and on Sunday he returned, making a disturbance. Heard him saying "What have I done to yo," and heard blows and struggling; next day her sister had scars on her face and black eyes. He had not contributed towards their maintenance; they were always quarrelling and had lived with her since 1st May. She never saw defendant strike her sister. He drinks occasionally but have not seen him drunk but twice, except on the previous night. Have not seen my sister drunk and whatever drinking there has been on her part was in their own room between themselves on the night they quarrelled. She could not see her sister had had a drop then. He had often said he would not keep her or another man's children.
. . By defendant: I went for my husband because of the row. You were the occasion of my getting a black eye. You beat her in my own house, you old villain.
. . Mr Rogers said these were all the witnesses he should call, whereupon the Court dismissed the case with 11s 6d costs.
NOTE Elizabeth's sister, Agnes White (1841-1895) married Captain John Symons (1826-1892) in 1859 and had 11 children. She died in Wellington of TB aged 53

22 Dec 1874, Blenheim aged 44
NOTICE I hereby give notice that I will not be responsible for any debts contracted in my name after this date without my authority. William Dark.

photo Blenheim wharf 1870s

6 Jan 1877, Blenheim aged 46
A WITNESS IN COURT James Henry Roberts was brought up under remand charged with having obtained money under false pretences from Mr A. Chasey, by inducing him to cash a cheque, he having no account at the Bank .. was present on the Saturday evening when he purchased a horse from W. J. Dark of Blenheim. He was to give 20 for it; he offered a cheque for £20 to Dark in payment, but Dark refused to take it, saying he was a stranger to him and it was after Bank hours

27 Jan 1877, Blenheim aged 46
IN BUSINESS W. J. DARK, Carpenter & Builder, corner of main and Redwood Streets. The above is prepared to execute all Skeleton Buildings at 1s per foot, supplying all materials. Doors and Sashes always on hand.

21 Feb 1877, Blenheim aged 46
DARK v HOMES. This was a action to recover £1 4s 6d, value of a door alleged to have been short delivered. William John Dark sworn: I am a builder living in Blenheim. I produce a bill with two doors charged in it on the 22nd December, 1876. The bill has been paid. I dispute the delivery of one of the doors charged on that date. Plaintiff then called Thomas Webster and Benjamin Hill, who knew nothing of the delivery of the doors in question.
William Newman sworn said: I am a carpenter; I was working for plaintiff at Carter's store all through the job. I saw two glass doors and one wooden door come from defendant's; saw one wooden door come in a dray
. . By Defendant: I do not recollect seeing any other doors delivered. James Lowe carted the wooden door.
James Lowe sworn said: I am a labourer; I was working for defendant in December last all through the month; I delivered two doors at Carter's store in December. I do not recollect if they were wooden or glass doors. I am positive I delivered two doors.
. . By Plaintiff: I delivered the doors in December. I did not work for defendant in January.
Judgment was given for defendant, who was further allowed 14s cost.

12 May 1877, Blenheim aged 47
In the matter of "The Debtors and Creditors Act, 1876" and in the matter of William John Dark, of Blenheim, Builder, a Debtor. This is to notify that at the meeting of the Creditors of the above named debtor, held this day, Mr Alfred George Fell, of Blenheim, merchant, was elected Trustee. Dated this 8th day of May 1877. Alfred Rogers, Solicitor for the Trustee.

6 June 1877, Nelson aged 47
In the Supreme Court of New Zealand, Nelson District. In the matter of "The Debtors and Creditors Act, 1876" and of the Bankruptcy of William John Dark, Blenheim, in the Provincial District of Marlborough and Colony of New Zealand, builder and contractor.
To Mr Alfred George Fell, Trustee in the Bankrupt Estate of the said William John Dark. I hereby give you notice that I desire to apply to the said Court for my discharge under the said Act and request you to call a Meeting of my Creditors for the purpose of taking into consideration such application and passing a resolution relative thereto. William John Dark.
A meeting of the Creditors in the above Estate will be held at my office on Friday, 8th June 1877, at 11 a.m. .. A. G. Fell, Trustee.

photo Nelson waterfront 1870s/80s

16 June 1877, Marlborough aged 47
excerpts from link
.. Mr Conolly moved for an order for the prosecution of the bankrupt, under the Fraudulent Debtors Acts, he having made a fraudulent assignment withing the meaning of the subsection and said he hardly knew whether the proceedings should be in Bankruptcy or in Banco.
.. that on the 13th April the Bankrupt assigned his interest in the contract as appears by the assignment with intent to defraud creditors and that the assignment was made with the knowledge of an intention by the Bankrupt to file his petition. The assignment was as follows:- I, William John Dark, hereby transfer to David Wemyss of Blenheim, builder, the within contract and my interest therein in consideration of his paying the liabilities ..

27 June 1877, Blenheim aged 47
BANKRUPT SALE Mr C. J. W. Griffiths has been favoured with instructions from the Trustee in W. J. Dark's Estate, to Sell by Public Auction, on Saturday next, the 30th instant, The whole of the household furniture. A quantity of Doors, Sashes, Mouldings, &c. The Right, Title and Interest of the Bankrupt in Allotment 45 of Section 46, upon which is erected a substantially built House containing 9 rooms. Also - Section No.8 of 45 Opawa, containing 5 acres 1 perch, subject to existing mortgage.

10 Sep 1877, Blenheim aged 47
William John Dark, builder, charged in the Resident Magistrate's Court with assigning his property, with intent to defraud this creditors, was remanded for a week on bail.

3 Oct 1877, Blenheim aged 47
William John Dark was charged on remand
... His Worship then committed the accused for trial, bail being accepted, himself in £100 and two sureties of of £50 each or one of £100

9 Oct 1878, Blenheim aged 48
LETTER TO THE EDITOR Sir - I wish to correct an error in the name of the street mentioned in your Saturday's issue as stated by me in my letter to the Borough Council concerning the bad state of the culverts. The name mentioned in my letter was not Wellington-street, as I was not aware that our town authorities paid so much respect to the great warrior as to call a street by his name; but, Sir, I certainly thought the name was Wall-street as mentioned in my letter .. I live three yards out of the Borough and pay no Borough Rates .. this same Weld-street, as I am told is the proper name, although it is the main street from the Borough to the Township of Redwood .. I am, &c., W. J. DARK

14 Dec 1878, Blenheim aged 48
.. William John Dark was called but did mot answer to his name.

18 Dec 1878, Marlborough aged 48
.. at ten past midnight the jury came into court and the foreman intimated that they could not agree even to the extent of three-fourths .. The jury, James Sinclair (foreman), William Cullen, Alex S. Duncan, John H. Dalton, Frederick Beauchamp, Thomas Redwood, William Welford, Charles Elliott, Thomas Williams, James Green, James Mackintosh, James Galloway, were then discharged and the Court rose.

20 Dec 1878, Wellington aged 48
William John Dark was summoned by his wife to show cause why a married woman's protection order should not be granted to her.
Complainant said that defendant had repeatedly beaten her with a stick, She had three children, ranging from ten months to five years old.The order was granted and the defendant was ordered to pay 25s a week towards the support of the children.
Defendant then informed the Magistrate that he had been married to the complainant for seven years. She was addicted to drinking, On once occasion he had to cut her down, she having attempted to hang herself; while another time she attempted to drown herself. Once, having got a three-gallon keg of brandy on credit from a store at which he dealt, she drunk herself mad and set fire to the house. On another occasion she beat him about the head with a pair of boots and threatened to rip out his heart. This occurred while he was living at Blenheim. He came to Wellington in the hope of earning a maintenance for his children, but his wife still continued her dissolute habits. Every night during the last fortnight on coming home he found her the worse for liquor. When her first married her he had property in Wellington, but now he had none On Wednesday evening there was nothing for him to eat when he came hone and on Thursday morning he had to go away having had only bread and butter and water for breakfast. On Thursday night he found a silk dress, which he bought for her at a cost of 10 guineas, covered with mud and on his remonstrating with her for leaving her hone she struck him several blows on the face. He then took away a stick from her with which she assaulted him and gave her a blow across her shoulders, asking her how she liked it herself. He should be very glad to separate from his wife, bu he could not afford to pay so much as 25s a week, as he had other children by his first wife to support.
Mr Mansford, after hearing this statement, reduced the amount to 20s per week and fixed the 10th January for the hearing of further evidence, when the order might be reversed. He warned the complainant that, unless she brought evidence to disprove the statement of her husband, it would be the worse for her.

19 March 1879, Wanganui aged 49
IN COURT The charge against J. Danaghy, of stealing bank notes from the dwelling of William John Dark, was next heard. Sub-Inspector Goodall having stated the case, called William John Dark, builder, who deposed that on Sunday, the 9th inst, he had £18 in his possession (2019 equivalent of $3,150), three £5 notes and three £1 notes also and thirteen shillings in silver; at half past 7 o'clock in the morning, met prisoner on the river bank; shook hands with him; prisoner told him he had been unable to get a bed the previous night and had spent the night on some shaving and felt cold and miserable. Witness asked him to go home with him and have some breakfast; he went and witness put victuals and gin before him and he ate and drank as long as he wished. When they went into the house, witness took off his coat and hung it on a nail behind the bedroom door. The notes were in the breast pocket of the coat. The silver was in the trousers pocket. had occasion to leave the house for about ten minutes. Left prisoner at the kitchen table, There was no one else in the house. Went together afterwards for a walk up Liverpool Street. Met Mr Peapell and while speaking to him missed the money and at once accused the prisoner of having robbed him of £18. Prisoner said that he had not got it. Witness insisted on his producing it. Prisoner then walked down the street. Witness then walked down the street. Witness then told Mr J. Young who said he would get the other pound and they Mr Young, witness and two other young fellows followed prisoner down the street. They searched him but could not find the money. They then went into St John's Hotel and asked the landlord if prisoner had changed a note. The landlord said he had, having got a drink and further said the man had asked him not to mention his having changed it. Prisoner then said he would pay the money back out of his pension.

30 March 1878, Wanganui aged 48th birthday
CALLING FOR TENDERS Tenders will be received by the undersigned up till 4p.m., Saturday, April 5th, for cartage of 20,000 feet of timber from Kai Iwi Station to Waverley. Tenders to be addressed W. J. Dark, care of J. W. Armstrong, Ridgway Street.

16 Sep 1879, Wanganui aged 49
In the R.M. Court, before Thomas Bamber, Esq., Mayor and John Duthie, Esq., J.P. on Monday Sept 15.
William John Dark, was charged with assaulting his stepson, James Hastings (aged 29). From the evidence of Constable Tregoning it appeared that he was called to defendant's house, outside which he found defendant's children naked and crying. He was told that defendant had been beating his wife. Cautioned him in usual way and was moving off when he began an assault on his stepson. Prisoner was fined 10s or 48 hours imprisonment. He paid the fine.

photo Wanganui 1870s

21 Nov 1879, Wanganui aged 49
Notice is hereby given that William John Dark, of Wanganui, carpenter, has this day filed a statement that he is unable to meet his engagements with his creditors. The first meeting of creditors will be held at the Court House, Wanganui, on Monday the 1st Dec 1879 at 2.30p.m.
.. At that hearing John James Crawford was duly elected creditors Trustee of the estate of William John Dark.

16 March 1880, Wellington aged 49
COURT DECISION The parties referred to in the following paragraph taken from a Wellington paper are not unknown in Wanganui:- At the Resident magistrate's Court on Thursday morning, his Worship gave his decision in the case of Mr W. J. Dark, who was sued by his wife yesterday, under the Destitute Persons Act. In the examination which took place yesterday, husband and wife made serious counter charges and the Magistrate deferred his decision until to-day in order that the police authorities might inquire into the matter. The result was, that the husband's statements were proved substantially true, inasmuch as it was found that the wife was of intemperate habits, had on one occasion remained out of her house all night and by her quarreling propensities had annoyed several of her neighbors. Under the circumstances, his Worship granted the separation and allowed the husband to make arrangements for the custody and bringing up of the children. The case will again occupy the attention of the Court, as a complication arose as to the capability of Mr Dark to provide adequate funds for the support of himself, his wife and family under the painful circumstances. But as the case of the children has been referred to Mrs Waters, who is a member of the Ladies' Benevolent Society, no doubt that difficulty will be overcome.

10 Aug 1880, Wellington aged 50
William John Dark was charged with failing to adequately support his wife, Elizabeth Dark and three children. Prosecutrix said she had been obliged to leave her husband owing to his ill-treatment. What she wanted was, that the defendant should be made to assist her to keep the children; she could work for her own living. The case was adjourned till to-morrow.
THE ALLEGED ASSAULT - James Hastings (aged 21) was charged on the same day with having assaulted his stepfather, W. J. Dark with a cutlass, but the information was withdrawn.
* Next day William was charge, on remand with failing to adequately provide for the support of his wife and family and was ordered to contribute 7s 6d per week.

26 Oct 1880, Wellington aged 50
Frances Mary Barnette was charge with assaulting William John Dark, but there being no appearance of either party the case was struck out.
amendment ..
William John Dark was charged at yesterdays sitting, with having assaulted Frances Mary Barnette. In our previous report these names were accidentally transposed.

12 April 1882, Wellington aged 52
ASSAULT & THREATENING LANGUAGE - Wm. Dark, an elderly man, was charged with having assaulted Henry Weaver (husband of Elizabeth's daughter, Elizabeth Hastings) on the 6th inst., and also with having threatened to knock his brains out. Mr Fitzgerald appeared for the complainant, who asked that the defendant might be bound over to keep the peace. Henry Weaver deposed that he was a tram car driver and was married to the defendant's step-daughter. On the 6th inst., the defendant came to his house and struck him without any provocation. He picked up a billet of wood and "went for" the defendant in self-defence, striking him on the arm. He had previously cautioned the defendant in self-defence, striking him on the arm. He had previously cautioned the defendant not to come near his house. After the assault the defendant threatened to knock his brains out. The defendant, who asked to be sworn, deposed that he merely went to Weaver's house to ask his wife where her mother was. Weaver ordered him off the premises and threatened him with a spade. Mrs Weaver interfered and then the complainant struck him with a piece of firewood. The magistrate ordered the defendant to enter into his own recognizance of £10 and find one surety of £20 or two in £10, to keep the peace for three months. The defendant said he could not find any sureties and was removed into custody.

15 April 1882, Wellington aged 52
THE SON-IN-LAW (same case as above, different paper)
A charge of assault and threatening language arising out of a family feud occupied the attention of the Resident Magistrate Tuesday morning. From the evidence given it appeared that a young man, named Henry Weaver, some time ago entered the holy state of matrimony, the young lady of his choice having an elderly step-father, named Wm. J. Dark, who strongly, but unsuccessfully, opposed the match. Having secured his wife, the bridegroom cautioned the old man never to come near his premises. This caution was disregarded by Mr Dark, who, on the evening of the 6th instant, went to Weaver's house and there committed certain acts and used language which induced the Resident magistrate to bind him over to keep the peace for three months. He informed the court that he could not find sureties and asked Sergeant Anderson to send to his little children, who had no one to look after them. Before he was removed he said he would speak and, addressing Mr Hardcastle, called out, "This is the third time you have done the same thing to me. It was the same at Wanganui." Dark was hurried out of the Court by the police, but as he passed another door he roared out, "You are a mean, spiteful, wretch." The Resident magistrate took no notice of the prisoner's remarks.

4 May 1882, Wellington aged 52
Of the Bankruptcy of William John Dark, a debtor. This is to notify that William John Dark, of the city of Wellington and formerly of Wanganui, Carpenter, has this day filed a statement that he is unable to meet his engagements with his creditors.

8 May 1882, Marlborough aged 52
BANKRUPTCY we find that William John Dark, a resident in this place not long since, has again filed a declaration of his insolvency.

13 May 1882, Wellington aged 52
William John Dark convened a meeting of his creditors Tuesday at noon, but as no one put in an appearance, the same stands adjourned.

20 May 1882, Wellington aged 52
SUPREME COURT Notice is hereby given that in consequence of the non-attendance of a sufficient number of creditors at the first and the adjourned meeting, of William John Dark, I have appointed Henry John Louis Augarde, of Wellington, a Certified Accountant in bankruptcy, to be Creditors Trustee.

9 Jan 1883, Wellington aged 52
An order was made against William John Dark for the payment of 5s per week towards the support of his four children and the protection of his wife.

17 July 1884, Wellington aged 54
Death of his 6th daughter Mabel Dark. Mabel was born 1 Sep 1881. Her mother was Elizabeth White/Hastings/Dark. Mable died 17 July 1884 aged 2.10
* She is buried Plot 65 S at Bolton St cemetery

1 Jan 1885, N.S.W. aged 54
Death of his brother George Henry Dark
DARK - January 1, at Prince Alfred Hospital, Mr George Henry Dark, third son of the late William Dark, shipwright, of this city, aged 47 years.
* William remains in N.S.W.

8 March 1887, Penrith, NSW aged 57
MARRIAGE #3 William married Ann Emma Parkin (nee Elliott 1836-1920) in her home in High Street, Penrith, NSW
NOTE This was a bigamous marriage. William was still married to Elizabeth in New Zealand (read on)
photo High St., Penrith 1880s

Ann was born in Mulgoa, Penrith, NSW in May 1836. She first married Christopher Parkin (1818-1885) of Bolton, Westmoreland in Castlereagh NSW. Christopher died in Camperdown, Newtown
the known children of Christopher & Ann
All born in Penrith
? - 1874 Christopher Parkin
? - 1932 Jonathan
1859 - 1859 George Parkin
1860 - 1946 Harriett Parkin (Duff)
1862 - 1945 George Henry Parkin
1866 - 1882 Jane Parkin
1870 - 1884 Christopher Parkin
1873 - 1937 William Henry Parkin

8 July 1887, NSW aged 57
Death of his brother Thomas Joseph Dark died aged 44 and is buried Grave 475, Anglican Section DD at Rookwood Cemetery

31 Jan 1895, Penrith aged 64
USING ALIAS DOUGLAS An old man named William Robert John Douglas, a carpenter, was yesterday, at the Water Police Court, committed for trial at the next Criminal Court for obtaining a silver watch, valued at £2 7s 6d, which purported to be signed by W. J. Dark. One being presented for payment the cheque was marked 'no account.' Bail £60 in self and one surety of £60 was allowed.

18 May 1895, Penrith aged 65
PENRITH POLICE COURT Before the P.M. William John Dark, alias Douglas, charged with stealing one black mackintosh coat, value 30s, the property of William Henry Parkin (Ann's son), at Penrith, on the 14th February 1895, was sentenced to seven days lock-up.

15 June 1895, Penrith aged 65
William John Dark, who was some nine or ten years ago a large contractor in Penrith and during which time he married Mrs Ann Emma Parkin, was charged with bigamy. He had married a widow, Elizabeth Hastings (spelt Hastens) at Wellington (NZ) in 1872 and Mrs Parkin in 1887. Both wives gave evidence, the first having come from New Zealand to give evidence.
. . Sergeant Thorndike, sworn, deposed: On the 17th of last month, on accused being discharged from Pentrith lock-up for another offence; I arrested him by virtue of the warrant now produced, wherein he is charged that he, having on the 1st day of June 1872, in the district of Wellington, NZ, did marry one Elizabeth Hastings and he did, while so married, on the 8th day of March 1887, at Penrith, in the Colony of New South Wales, marry Ann Emma Parkin, the said Elizabeth Hastings being then alive; I read the warrant to him and gave it to him to read; he said "how many witnesses have you got? Is the woman her?" I said, "No, I'll send for her"; I showed accused a copy of the register of marriage (produced), which is a certificate of marriage of William John Dark to Elizabeth Hastings on the first day of June 1872, at the Wesleyan Church, Manners street, District of Wellington, New Zealand; accused read it and pointing to the letter S in front of the name Symonds, one of the witnesses said "is that S?" I said "Yes" he then said. "I think you'll have a job to find a woman named S. Symonds" (read Elizabeth's statement below): I produced a copy of the register of the marriage of William John Dark to Emma Ann Elliott, also a declaration made by Ann Emma Parkin in connection with the marriage certificate now produced, which I have shown accused; accused told me that Ann Emma Parkin is his lawful wife and the only wife he ever had.
. . Elizabeth Dark, sworn, deposed: I reside at Wellington, New Zealand; I know the accused, William John Dark; he is my husband; I was married to him on 1st June 1872, in the Wesleyan Church, Manners-street, Wellington, New Zealand; the name of the officiating minister was Mr Buddie; Robert Reid (cooper), of Wellington and Susan Agnes Symonds were witnesses; (Elizabeth's sister was Agnes Symons which is interesting after William's statement that "you'll have a job finding a woman named S. Symonds"), neither of these witnesses are now alive; my name was Elizabeth Hastings (a widow) when I married accused; recognise the names of all the parties on the certificate of my marriage (produced); I lived with accused as man and wife for eleven years; at the end of eleven years I had to take out a protection order against him for cruelty and afterwards lived with my daughter, Mrs Weaver; I had four children, girls (his), which I took with me by order of the Bench; I saw him once after I went to live with my daughter, about six weeks after I left him, in Wellington, but I did not speak to him; I never saw him afterwards till this morning; there was an order made on the protection order for a pound a week for one month, when I was to report; I received 1 on that order; I received 3 in all; I next heard of him from Penrith, N.S.W., received a letter from him; this was about twelve months after I left him; he wrote asking for his children's likenesses; I heard from him again about six months after by letter from Penrith, NSW; never heard from him afterwards; I returned the letter, with the photograph; I got the protection order in January 1888; the officiating minister left Wellington for Fiji and I have heard he is dead; when I married accused he was a widower and had one girl; she has received letters from accused, which I read; I am quite positive he is the man I married - he was deaf then; I never had possession of the marriage lines, he got them from the minister.
. . By accused: I left you and went to Blenheim first, you did not go back to me at my solicitation, I went back with you to Wellington; I never threatened to stab you with a carving knife; I knew you went to stay at --- Hotel, when you were put out of the house after you were insolvent; I went to the hotel, no one was sent for to put me out through making a disturbance; received two letters from you, but I did not reply to them; I knew of no one writing through Mr Johnson, to the Registrar of Births, Marriages and Deaths, he was the Secretary of the benevolent Society at Wellington and I was receiving help through him and had any one written I would have heard.
. . Ann Emma Parkin, Penrith, sworn, deposed: Know accused, first saw him about 9 years ago, in Penrith; he came to my house and introduced himself as a widower and he came from New Zealand; he told me his wife had died in New Zealand; was acquainted with him about 14 months when he proposed marriage; I was at that time a widow, my maiden name was Ann Emma Elliott; I was married to him on the 3rd March 1887, at my own house by the Rev W. E. Bourne, Wesleyan Minister here at the time; my son, J. Parkin and daughter-in-law, Eliza S. Parkin and Mrs Voyce were present; at the time of marrying accused. I could not write, I made my mark; my daughter-in-law put the name down, I did not discern there was a mistake till about a month ago; the signature to the declaration is mine; I lived with him about 12-14 months; I received information from New Zealand that he was a married man; the first letter was destroyed and he told me not to interfere with them, he would tell me all about the contents; I told him I believed he was a married man, I felt unhappy and asked him if it was really true or not; he said someone was trying to make a disturbance between us and if I was not satisfied he would go to New Zealand and find out whether she was really dead or alive; he went away and in about a month came back and said his wife was dead and he went to the place where she was buried; a little while after that some more letters came, I found on of these and had it read; I told him that his wife must be living, the way the letter came she was asking for maintenance for herself and children; the name to the letter was Monaghan; I left him then and went to service in Sydney; I was apart from him about 7 years, mean time I came back to Penrith to live; about 4 months ago he came back, he said everything was all correct, he was a rich man and wanted me to go back and live with him; he told me his wife had been poisoned, she had the horrors, the doctor gave her a draught which was divided into three parts to induce sleep, but the lot had been given; his daughter was implicated in it; accused ordered a lot of furniture and he said it was coming up and X consented to live with him again; I lived with him three days; he went to Sydney to settle some business and said he would be back in three days; I did not see him after till I saw him in the Police Court.
. . By accused: While I lived with you, as a wife you treated me very well.
. . William England Bourne, Wesleyan Minister, residing at present at Rookdale, sworn, deposed: Some eight or nine years ago I resided in Penrith, I was residing here in 1887; remember celebrating the marriage between W. J. Dark and Ann Emma Elliott at a private house - I think in High street; believe accused is the same party; he was deaf; the witnesses names were Parkin and were relations of the bride; certificate produced is a copy of registration of the marriage between W. J. Dark and A. E. Elliott, which I celebrated.
. . Jonathan Parkin (1857-1932), saddler, St Marys sworn, deposed: Know witness, A. E. Parkin, she is my mother; know the accused; remember accused and my mother being married in a cottage in High-street, Penrith, on 2nd March 1887; Rev W. E. Bourne was the officiating minister; my mother's maiden name was Ann Emma Elliott; I was a witness to the marriage; did not notice the name on the register at time of marriage, my mother was a widow at the time and her widowed name was Parkin.
. . The charge was then read over to accused and in reply to the question whether he had anything to say said, "I have nothing to say." Accused was then committed to take his trial at the Quarter Sessions, Sydney, on Friday June 4th, or at such other place as the Attorney General may decide.
Bail was not applied for. On Thursday the old man was formally brought before Judge Docker at the Quarter Sessions in Sydney and pleaded guilty. He was remanded for sentence.

19 June 1895, Penrith, aged 65
SENTENCED William John Dark, an elderly man, who pleaded guilty to a charge of bigamy, was sentenced to three months imprisonment in Darlinghurst Gaol with hard labor.

photo Darlinghurst Gaol, Burton St 1870

photo Darlinghurst Gaol 1891

3 April 1897, Sydney aged 67
* Fought in the Crimea aged 23
* Witnessed the Charge of the Light Brigade aged 24-26
* Went through the Indian Mutiny aged 27
* NZ war, Invasion of the Waikato aged 29-33
. . A man slightly over the middle height, bronzed and bearded, with the top of his head shining like a billiard ball and bullet wounds plainly visible thereon - this is William John Dark, who has active service in the Crimea, the Indian muting, and the New Zealand war of 1863. Just at present William Dark - "I was plain William Dark in the army," he explains - is in Sydney seeking to obtain campaign pension. Like many other veterans who have served the Empire well, although only privates, he is homeless and penniless. Age has told upon him. He stands no longer upright and deafness is creeping on him.
. . 'Other side, please' he said to a Daily Telegraph reporter, who asks him a question or two regarding his active service. And when you get to the other side, you find it is little better. A man cannot endure the hardship of three campaigns and then work hard for a number of years afterwards, with feeling that his physical powers are decaying.
. . But, despite all this, Dark tells an interesting story. It is no romance carefully gathered up after the retailer is dead, "It is no dead man's story," he says, with emphasis, "but what I saw with my own eyes." And what did he see? Was he not toiling up the slopes of Alma when the wounded were being brought down after the fine engagement where British pluck beat Russian endurance? Did he not assist in the work of pursuit? All this he did and more. When the Russians were in headlong retreat from Alma, the regiment in which Dark served re-embarked and landed in time to view the disaster of Balaklava - to see the light cavalry rush to certain death. But this is by the way.
. . Dark enlisted in the 57th Regiment of Foot in 1851. Shortly after he was drafted off to Kilkenny and served there until 1852. Then he volunteered for foreign service in a detachment necessary to make up the strength of the 49th and 47th Regiments. Two years later he was serving in the Ionian Isles, his regiment being stationed at Corfu. Thence they sailed for the seat of war in the Crimea. The arrived too late for Alma. When they landed the battle was over and the wounded were being brought down to the shore. Had not the engines of the troopship in which they were travelling broken down in the Dardanelles, Dark and his comrades would have charged up the slopes of the valley of the Alma with the same courage and enthusiasm as that displayed by the troops who took part in this, the first great engagement of the Crimean war. However, Sir George Cathcart used the new arrivals to pursue enemy right into Sebastopol. They chased them on to the face of the hill that surrounds the city. There they halted. The general had come up by this time and the Russians were sullenly firing a few shots from the citadel. One shell dropped near where Sir George Cathcart and his staff were standing. It did not burst. Some of the men in the vicinity made as if to run. "Don't Run" says the General coolly, "If you do it will give the enemy an idea of their range."
painting Men of the 57th. General George Cathcart (1795-1854) was killed 5 Nov 1854, during the Battle of Inkerman

. . Subsequently the troops retired to the Greenhill, afterwards named Cathcart's Hill and some time afterwards found themselves in the vicinity of the Valley of Balaklava.
. . Was he an eye-witness of the famous charge? His eyes light up at the bare mention of it. Yes, he saw it and then for the first time in his life regretted having bought out of the Light Dragoons, in which he first enlisted. "But for that," he says, with great enthusiasm, "I should have been in the charge." He, too, though only one of the rank and file, has an opinion as to the blunder occurred. "It was like this," says he. "General Airey was in command that day. Lord Raglan was ill. General Airey, according to the talk in the ranks afterwards, gave young Nolan (that was what we called Captain Nolan in those days) an order for the Light Brigade to advance closer to the enemy. Captain Nolan delivered that order to Lord Lucan. Lord Lucan, turning to the Earl of Cardigan, said, "The order we have just received tells us to advance closer to the enemy, but where are we to go." Lord Lucan turned again to Lord Cardigan and a moment after the bugles sounded the charge and the whole brigade was galloping towards the Russian guns and to certain death. There is nothing new in all this. It has been served up to British readers over and over again. But it never loses any of its fascination, particularly when re-related by an eye witness.
. . Then Dark become retrospective, "Poor Nolan," he says, "he was the first to go down. When the charge was sounded he put himself at the head of the brigade. A spent shell struck him in the chest, he uttered a weird cry and his charger, turning round, galloped to the rear and the captain quite dead, but with his hand still gripping his sword, fell within 20 yards of where I was standing."
note which conflicts with William's 'eye witness report' .. Captain Godfrey Morgan, later 1st Viscount Tredegar recalled .. The first shell burst in the air about 100 yards in front of us. The next one dropped in front of Nolan's horse and exploded on touching the ground. He uttered a wild yell as his horse turned round and, with his arms extended, the reins dropped on the animal's neck, he trotted towards us, but in a few yards dropped dead off his horse. I do not imagine that anybody except those in the front line of the 17th Lancers (13th Light Dragoons) saw what had happened.
. . From Balaklava to Inkerman, where the severest and most hotly contested battle of the whole campaign took place, was an easy transition. Dark fought at Inkerman. This is how he tells the story. "On the morning of the 4th of November, the day before the battle, my regiment was detailed for covering duty. We went out about 9 o'clock, carrying our blankets with us. The night was bitterly cold. We lighted a great fire and we had to carry men to restore animation and prevent their being frozen to death in the trenches. About 5 o'clock in the morning we were relieved and returned to our camp on the Green-hill. There was a drizzling rain which had been falling for hours. We were wet through and cold; we had had nothing to eat for hours. Sir George Cathcart and his staff were standing on the knoll gazing through the gloom anxiously to the right. There was the rattle of musketry in that direction. We knew then that the Russians, taking advantage of the rain and fog, had crept up and were attacking our right wing. "Good morning, Inglis" says the General, addressing our major, "you are just in time; go and give those poor fellows on the right a hand; I fear they need it." "I am quite ready, sir," replied the major,"and so are my men" and thereupon we were faced about, cold, tired and hungry as we were, threw aside our blankets and went over to the right and were soon in the thick of the fighting. Three times the major formed us up and three times we charged the advancing Russians/ "Look her," he adds, bending down his head, "a bullet struck me there and ploughed its way in nearly to the skull, but I had the wound bandaged and fought on. We lost all our officers in that engagement and had it not been for the French Zouaves coming to to support, we should have been cut to pieces. When we marched back to camp we numbered 75 all told."
. . The veteran was also in the assault on the Redan - that desperate but wholly unsuccessful affair which caused a great loss of life and ruined one or two military reputations. After this he saw the bombardment of Odessa and about the middle of June 1856, found himself at Malta. Two hundred men were ordered to Aden overland. He was one of them. The Indian Mutiny broke out and the regiment in which Dark served were asked for volunteers. He stepped out of the ranks on the instant and a little later found himself at Bombay. Thence his regiment proceeded up country and joined the flying division. When matters became quiet in India the regiment in which Dark served was sent to New Zealand. *He landed there at the latter end of 1859 and in 1860 was at Taranaki, where war had just broken out.
* 350+ men of the 57th West Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own), the 'Die Hards,' left Poona & Bombay in Nov 1860, landing in Auckland 25 Jan 1861 on the 'Star Queen.' A detachment of the regiment left Manukau, arriving at Waitara, Taranaki on the H.M.S. Cordelia three days later
He fought throughout the whole campaign and in 1863 was discharged at his own request, whilst the regiment was lying at Wanganui. His commanding officer advised him to stick to the army. But he was obdurate. Being a carpenter by trade, he thought he could do better as a civilian. He joined the Volunteer forces of the colony and served the requisite two years.
. . And now, after such a fighting record and an honest attempt to earn a livelihood, he is in Sydney practically destitute. He is 73 years of age(sic 67) and can still do a good day's work; but he finds it difficult to obtain it. He has made an application for a campaign pension and the military authorities have taken the matter up for him and sent the application to the War Office.

28 May 1898, Parramatta aged 68
ASSAULT William John Dark was charged with assaulting one Frederick Thompson and pleaded not guilty. Both men were Asylum inmates and the assault occurred in the Asylum yard. Prosecutor stated that accused was giving him a bad character and on going towards him to tell him not to speak untruths accused struck him with his closed fist, inflicting a black eye. Accused, who was very deaf, admitted striking prosecutor, but in self-defence. He could not hear a word of the evidence.
Albert Nightingale, another inmate, said he witnessed the assault. Prosecutor went towards defendant, but being weak in the legs fell against defendant who struck prosecutor in the face.
One of the warders said the accused, owing to his deafness, was very troublesome in the Asylum. Accused was awarded seven days in Parramatta Gaol.
NOTE The Convict, Lunatic and Invalid Establishment at Parramatta was established in the buildings of the Female Factory. In 1847 the need for this factory ceased to exist and it was closed down by granting the women convicts who were remaining either discharge or tickets of leave. It was thus cleared except for those women who were invalids and lunatics. When it was converted to an asylum, it was for the purpose of housing chronic or deteriorated patients, all of whom were paupers .. Read story here. In 1983 the name was changed to Cumberland Hospital.
photo Parramatta Asylum Dining Yard 1875-1895

20 Nov 1898, Wellington aged 68
Death of wife #2 ELIZABETH DARK (White/Hastings)
Evening Post, 30 Nov 1898
- On 30th November, at the residence of her daughter, Holland-street (Te Aro), Elizabeth Dark; aged 65 years. Her end was peace.
Elizabeth is buried Plot 21 K at Karori Cemetery

7 Feb 1900, NSW aged 69
His brother Leonard dies Leonard James Dark died aged 65 and is buried Grave 474, Zone B, Section DD at Rookwood Cemetery

28 Feb 1900, Sydney aged 69
JUSTICE IN A QUANDARY The authorities of the Central Police Court were in something of a quandary yesterday and, although in most cased the fertile brains of either the deposition clerk or the sergeant-in-charge bridge the difficulties that daily beset their paths, their genius had to retire temporarily beaten at last. The circumstances arose out of a charge against an old man named William John Dark, 76, described as a carpenter, to which the old fellow pleaded not guilty. Dark claims to be an old soldier and wears sundry ribbons on his chest, while his right sleeve lacks a portion of the arm. Constable Ball, who arrested Dark, a powerful man, despite his age and the loss of his limb, stated that at 10:40 on Monday night the man was drunk and used the bad language. On the way to the station Dark played up and kicked constable on the legs. Finding that his was speedily stopped, he then expectorated in the officer's face. This evidence having been given the trouble began. According to the custom, the deposition clerk proceeded to read over the evidence for the benefit of the accused, but Dark could not hear. He was then brought from the dock to a position in close proximity to the clerk, but still he could not hear. Sergeant Davis, whose voice is the admiration of the police and the terror of the reporters, then took a hand."Which is the best ear?" said he and having selected one proceeded to yell into it. "It's no good," remarked Dark. "My ears are mo more use to me than sightless eyes to a blind man." "Well," said the sergeant, "read it." "Read it?" responded Dark as he peered over the paper. "Read it? I can't. My eyes are too dim." This was the last straw and although the deposition clerk facetiously suggested sending for an interpreter, the court sergeant was completely staggered and put Dark's case back to consider some plan of overcoming the difficulty.

12 March 1908, NSW aged 77
His sister Hannah dies and is buried Grave 473, Zone B, Section Dd at Rookwood Cemetery
COLESTON (12 March 1912) - In loving memory of our dear sister, Hannah Eliza Coleston, who departed this life March 12 1908 aged 74 years. Inserted by her only brother William John Dark and sister Mary Maria Ward; also her loving nieces, Ada Empson and Violet May Ward (later Mrs Oliver Clafton). Never forgotten.

WILLIAM JOHN DARK died 21 Nov 1918 in Paddington.
22 Nov 1918 aged 88
DEATH DARK - November 21 1918 at his niece's residence, 178 Boundary street, Paddington, William John Dark, eldest son of the late William Dark, shipwright, of Kent street, Miller's Point (native of this colony) in his 89th year. At rest.
FUNERAL DARK - The relatives and friends of the late Mr William John Dark are invited to attend his Funeral, to leave his late residence, 178 Boundary street, Paddington, this afternoon as 1 o'clock, for Church of England Cemetery, Rookwood.
He is buried Grave, 476, Section DD, Zone B at Rookwood Cemetery

photo William is buried with siblings:
1833-1908 Hannah Eliza Coleston
1835-1900 Leonard James Dark
1838-1885 George Henry Dark
1843-1887 Thomas Joseph Dark

Photo credit Kaz Bee 31-5-2019

photo Paddington c1870, looking over the cemetery before the bodies were relocated in 1917. The area now underneath Lang Park/Suncorp Stadium

7 Dec 1918, Sydney
THANKS The relatives of the late William John Dark wish to return thanks to all relatives and friends for their floral tributes and expressions of sympathy and especially Canon Beck, in their bereavement.

21 Nov 1919, Sydney MEMORIAM
DARK - In loving memory of my dear brother and our uncle, William John, who departed this life November 21 1918. Inserted by his loving sister Mary Ward and nieces Ada Empson and Viola Clafton.
DARK - In loving memory of our dear uncle, William John Dark, who died November 21 1918 aged 88 years. Too dearly loved to be forgotten. Inserted by his loving nieces, Lizzie and Ada

7 Aug 1920
Death of wife #3 ANN EMMA PARKIN (nee Elliott)
Mrs Ann Parkin, relict of the late Mr Christopher Parkin, died at her residence, Victoria-street, St Marys on Friday evening, 30th July, at the age of 84 years and three months. Deceased, who usually enjoyed robust health for a lady of her years, recently took ill with the prevailing influenza and owing to her age did not have the strength to recover. She passed away peacefully in the presence of her children.
The late Mrs Parkin was a native of Mulgoa and was the daughter of the late Mr and Mrs Elliott. Her father was a captain in the navy and had some stirring experiences in old engagements. He came to Australia in the early days and took up a grant of land at Kurrajong. The family later resided at Mulgoa and Castlereagh. Deceased was married at Penrith to the late Mr Christopher Parkin, who pre-deceased her about 36 years ago, He was employed as a rivetter on the first railway bridge across the Nepean River and was a teamster in the early days of the district.
The late Mrs Parkin lived in the Nepean district all her life with the exception of a couple of years she spent at Lithgow, whence she moved about 30 years ago. She moved to St Marys 18 years ago and resided there until the time of her death. She lived in dwellings further west in Victoria-street than her latest home, which was built for her by her son, Mr W. H. Parkin, adjoining his shop and in which she took up her residence four years ago,
Deceased is survived by one daughter and three sons, viz., Mrs Duff (Lithgow), Mr Jonathan Parkin (Penrith), Mr George Parkin (South Granville) and Mr William Henry Parkin (St Marys). There are also 23 grandchildren and 18 great-grandchildren.
The late Mr George Elliott (father of Mr W. J. Elliott, Penrith's inspector of nuisances), who died at Regentville many years ago, was a brother of the late Mrs Parkin. Another brother, Mr John Elliott, and a sister, Mrs Jones, Sydney also pre-deceased her.
The funeral took place on Sunday afternoon, the remains being laid to rest in the Methodist portion of the general cemetery, St Marys, alongside those of the late Mr George Shadlow (1831-1920), who died recently and with whom, of late years, deceased had often conversed, in that reminiscent style in which old people will converse. Rev J. B. Penman conducted the service and Mrs John Price and Son carried out the undertaking arrangements.

20 Feb 1935
His sister Mary dies Mary Maria Ward died aged 89 in Paddington and is buried at Waverley Cemetery
Sydney Morning Herald, 21 Feb 1935
- The Relatives and Friends of the late Mrs Mary Ward, of Paddington, are kindly invited to attend her Funeral; to leave our Parlour 262 Oxford-street, Wollahra, (Thursday) at 3:30, for Waverley Cemetery
WARD - The relatives and firends of Mrs Ada Empson and daughter Iris and of Mr and Mrs Oliver Clafton and family, of Northbridge, are kindly invited to attend the funeral of their dearly loved mother and grandmother

29 March 1948
Death of his 1st daughter Margaret Annie Dark. Margaret was born 16 May 1865. Her mother was Hannah Hankins/Remnant/Dark. She married Charles Edwin Crocombe (1865-1923) in 1887
They had 9 children
1888 - 1954 John Edward Crocombe (+Learmouth +Pachnatz)
1890 - 1907 Charles Cyril Crocombe
1892 - 1974 Mabel Winifred Crocombe (+Roberts)
1894 - 1969 Alfred Bernard Crocombe (+Watson)
1897 - 1982 George William Crocombe (+McLeod)
1898 - 1927 Alice Myrtle Crocombe (+Forrest)
1901 - 1972 Walter Ronald Crocombe (+Hibbert)
1902 - 1977 Elsie Wilhelmina Crocombe (+Burrett)
1904 - 1994 Victor Stephen Crocombe (+Purdy)
* Charles died 6 May 1923 aged 58
* Margaret died 29 March 1948 in Auckland aged 82
They are buried Plot 7B, Row 2, Division B at Waikumete

21 Jan 1951
Death of his 4th daughter Williemena Dark. Williemena was born 8 Oct 1875. Her mother was Elizabeth White/Hastings/Dark. Williemena married Alfred Edward Bowden (1877-1957) in 1902.
No children found.
* Williemena died 21 Jan 1951 aged 75 and was cremated at Karori
* Alfred was the 4th of 14 children of William John Bowden & Emma Gruitt. He died 17 Dec 1957 aged 80 and is buried Plot 80 C at Karori with one of his brothers, Albert Victor Bowden (1894-1959)

3 April 1954
Death of his 3rd daughter Emily Jane Dark. Emily was born 22 June 1873. Her mother was Elizabeth White/Hastings/Dark. Emily married Herbert Hamilton Simmons on 16 May 1892 at St Paul's Presbyterian Church, Napier.
They had a daughter:
1893 - 1976 Violette Maud 'Lettie' Simmons (+ Goss)
* Herbert died 24 Jan 1940 aged 70 & cremated at Karori
* Emily died 3 April 1954 aged 80

29 Sep 1954
Death of his 5th daughter Alice Maude Dark.
Alice was born 9 Jan 1878. Her mother was Elizabeth White/Hastings/Dark. Alice married Master Mariner, Captain George Benjamin Corby (1877-1949) in 1902. George was born in Nelson, the 6th of 8 children of Duncan Corby & Sarah Oram Bartlett. He joined the Union Steam Ship Co in 1915 and retired in 1940.
Alice & George had a daughter
1904 - Eleanor Maude 'Ella' Corby (+ Byrne + Rice)
They then all moved to New South Wales, where they are buried.
* George died 11 Nov 1949 at Potts Pointe, Sydney aged 72
* Alice died 29 Sep 1954 in Potts Point, Sydney aged 76
* They were cremated at Eastern Suburbs Memorial Park, NSW

FOOTNOTE the 'Die Hards'
The 57th Regiment of Foot, NZ 1861-1867
In 1866, after campaigning in Taranaki, the 57th was transferred to Waikato. Regimental headquarters was at Te Awamutu, with companies stationed at Ngāruawāhia and Te Rore. William was discharged in 1863. The 57th returned to England in early 1867 after a 13-year absence. Before they left New Zealand, this obelisk memorial was supplied by a London mason and erected by members of the regiment in New Plymouth’s Te Henui Cemetery. It is dedicated to the memory of the officers and men who had been killed in action or died of disease during the New Zealand Wars.

photo credit Memorial at Te Henui

Richard Maxted & Elizabeth Lampert - Pukerau, NZ

RICHARD Maxted was born 9 Feb 1857 in Kent, England, a son of Edward Maxted (1834-1910) & Harriet Stokes (1837-1914) from Dover, Kent. He emigrated into Port Chalmers on the Christian McAusland, arriving 27 June 1874 as an 18 year old with his parents and 5 siblings.
Edward was with the railways at Pukerau and later became a farmer. They are buried at Pukerau, Gore, NZ. Edward's probate was in Dunedin and he left everything to Harriet during her life and after her death to my son Richard Maxted absolutely. Richard died 5 years after his mother and is buried with them.
Richard's known siblings
born in Kent
* 1857 - 1919 Richard Maxted
* 1860 - Harriet Maxted
* 1861 - 1949 Mary Maxted
* 1864 - Elizabeth Maxted (died before 1874)
* 1865 - 1936 Emily Maxted
* 1867 - Louisa Maxted
* 1869 - 1964 Edward Maxted
. . possibly others here
* born in NZ *
* 1875 - 1937 Charles 'Charlie' Maxted
* 1877 - 1948 Rose Maxted

Elizabeth Lampert was born 14 Oct 1869 in Winton to Thomas Lampert (1836-1931) & Margaret Elizabeth Riley (1839-1924) who married 1858 in Marylebone London, emigrated on the Sir George Pollock into Bluff in Jan 1863 (there were no children with them). They settled in Winton in 1869, starting the first blacksmith shop in town. After 15 years Thomas took on a partner and it became Lampert and Quin. He took over the 'Travellers Rest' in Drummond in 1889, opening a Blacksmith branch at the same time. He bought the 'Farmers Rest Hotel and he and his son carried on as farriers as well as running the hotel. He died in Winton in Jan 1931 aged 94
Elizabeth's known siblings
* 1865 - 1938 Mary Ann Elisabeth
* 1868 - 1937 Margaret Elizabeth Lampert
* 1869 - 1894 Elizabeth Lampert
* 1873 - 1957 Matilda Lampert
* 1875 - 1951 Thomas Charles Lampert

RICHARD & ELIZABETH married 10 Jan 1887
their children
.. 1 ..
1888 - 1956 Margaret Harriet Maxted
* born 24 July 1888
Margaret married William Kirk (1877-1957) 13 June 1917 in the Presbyterian Church, Gore, Southland
* William was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, 3rd of 12 children of William Kirk (1849-1934) & Hughina McLean (1853-1926)
their children
* 1917 - 2000 Vivienne Margarita Kirk
* 1919 - 1990 William Edward Mervyn Kirk
* 1921 - 1969 Stanley Gordon Kirk
* 1924 - 1991 Francis Robert Kirk
* 1926 - 1926 Kelvin Kirk (aged 3 days)
* 1926 - 1926 Owen Kirk (aged 1 day)
* the twins are buried together Plot 7, Block 89 at Gore cemetery with a stillborn baby no date
* Margaret died 28 July 1956 in Dipton, Southland aged 67

.. 2 ..
1891 - 1918 Edward Maxted
* born 27 May 1891
Edward embarked for War in April-June 1917 as Lance Corporal 45106 with the 24th Reinforcements, Otago Infantry Regiment, D Company, NZEF. His previous rank was Private with the Otago Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion. His next of kin was his father, Richard Maxted, at Pukerau, Southland.
Edward died of his wounds 1 Nov 1917 aged 26.
Southland Times, 17 Nov 1917
Private Maxted
On November 1st Private Edward Maxted, a Winton native and Ashburton schoolboy, who left New Zealand as a soldier in the 24th Reinforcement, died of wounds received in action in France. Private Maxted was 26 years of age and is the son of Mr R. Maxted, of Pukerau, on whose farm he was working when he enlisted. He joined the Kelso Mounted Rifles in August 1910 and later was promoted to the rank of sergeant of C. Company, 12th Regiment (Otago) Mounted Rifles in the Territorials. He was a good shot, having won several prizes at competitions. Private Maxted was a member of the Pukerau Oddfellows' Lodge and had been through a number of chairs. He was a devoted son and brother nad was a general favourite with all who knew him.
He is buried IV.E.74., Longuenesse (St Omer), Souvenir Cemetery, Pas-de-Calais, France.
.. photo.. Private Edward Maxted

.. 3 ..
1893 - 1953 Harriet Maxted
* born 23 Dec 1893
Harriet married William Henry Hellier (1889-1955) 23 April 1919. Three months after the death of her father.
* William was born 1889 in Gore to Edward Hellier (1852-1910) & Emma Blake (1860-1920) who were married in Devon, England
Harriet Hellier died 21 Aug 1953 in Invercargill aged 59
William Hellier died 8 March 1955 aged 66
* They are buried together Plot 126, Block 33 at Eastern Cemetery, with Harriet's unwed aunty Rose Maxted (1877-1948)
In loving memory of Rose Maxted died 9th Jan 1948. Also Harriet Hellier, beloved wife of William H. Hellier died 21st Aug 1953. Also William H. Hellier died 8th March 1955
.. photo ..
Grave of Harriet and William Hellier & her father's sister Rose

ELIZABETH Maxted died 21 Nov 1894 aged 25. Her children were then: Margaret aged 6.4, Edward aged 3.6 & Harriet 11 months. Not yet found who helped raise them. I don't believe Richard remarried. Descendants may help.
Southern Cross, 24 Nov 1894
The funeral of the late Mrs Maxted, which took place last Wednesday, was largely attended. Mr Maxted being a right good Oddfellow, as many of the members as possible of the local lodge turned out and joined the procession.
Mataura Ensign, 27 Nov 1894
On Wednesday the late Mrs Richard Maxted, a daughter of Mr Thomas Lampert and a native of Winton, was buried there. Mr and Mrs Maxted left Winton some four or five months ago to start farming at Pukerau, but the latter returned a few weeks ago to die.
* She is buried Plot 29, Old Survey Block 1 at Winton cemetery

21 Aug 1903 Transfer of lease
The following applications to transfer leases or licenses were approved - .. Richard Maxted, Charlie Maxted and Edward Maxted jun., to Richard Maxted; O.R.P. 293, sections 12, 13, 25, block 11, Tautuku

22 June 1918 Purchasing land
RICHARD MAXTED, of Pukerau, Farmer, has applied to purchase Section 8, Block L.X., Waipahi Survey District, now held by him under Perpetual Lease. Any objection to the grant of this application may be lodged at my Office at Gore. H. A. Young, Warden.

RICHARD Maxted died 30 Jan 1919 at Eccles St., Gore, after a lingering illness aged 62.
Mataura Ensign, 30 Jan 1919
The friends of the late mr Richard Maxted are respectfully invited to attend his Funeral, which will leave Eccles Street, Gore, on Saturday, at noon for the Pukerau Cemetery, passing through Pukerau about 1.30p.m.
* He is buried Plot 13, Block 2 at Pukerau cemetery with his parents.
In loving memory of Edward Maxted 1834-1910. His wife Harriet Maxted 1837-1914. And their son Richard Maxted 1857-1919
.. photo ..
The headstone of Richard & his parents

Mataura Ensign, 30 Jan 1920
MAXTED - In fond and loving memory of my dear brother, Richard Maxted, who passed away at Eccles Street, Gore, on January 30, 1919, after a lingering illness patiently borne.
Gone from my side, how sadly I miss you,
My dear brother your memory I'll keep,
Never till life's end will I ever forget you,
Dear to my heart is the place where you sleep.
A better brother never lived,
Nor one more true and kind;
His equal in this weary world
You'll very rarely find.
. . Inserted by his sorrowing sister, R. M., Kaiwera

PUKERAU DISTRICT. Saturday, September 11 at 2 p.m. At the Office of the Southland Farmers Co-operative Association Lts., main Street, Gore. From the Trustees in the Estate of the late Richard Maxted to sell by public auction:
FREEHOLD FARM 527 Acres, 2 Roods, 5 Poles. Being Sections 8 and 9, Block JX and Section 16, Block X., Waipahi S.D.

Rev James Richard Clark - Blacksmith & Minister in NZ

A journal written for Kane133 who asked .. Is there a passenger list for the 'Western Monarch' arriving in Wellington, Jan 1880?. Looking for James R. Clark his wife and children.

.. photo .. Western Monarch
Iron Ship, 1315 tons, built Nov 1875 by the Barrow Ship Building Company. She made 4 voyages to NZ.
* Her 1st voyage was to Port Chalmers (Dunedin) with Captain Watson, arriving 23 March 1878 with 20 passengers & 2000 tons of cargo. Not a good start as she collided with a schooner shortly after leaving the docks in Dec 1877. Repairs were made in Gravesend. Captain Watson was blamed and had to foot the bill.
* Her 2nd voyage, with Captain Watson, was via Bluff with 369 immigrants, landing 20 Jan 1879 .. the passenger list . . She sailed the same day as her sister ship, the 1230 ton, iron ship 'Northern Monarch' which was wrecked in Nov 1903 on her 3rd voyage to NZ. . . The other sister, the 1706 ton 'Eastern Monarch' also sailed to NZ
The Western Monarch made 2 trips into Wellington.
* Her 3rd voyage, with Captain Watson, sailed from Gravesend 1 Oct 1879. She had on board about a dozen first class passengers, 70 second class and around 180 steerage (+ 1 stowaway). They arrived 2 Jan 1880. This is the list Kane133 and I would like to see.
* Her 4th voyage, with Captain Cawse (who took command at the last moment, Captain Erickson being detained by legal matters), arrived 19 March 1887, no passengers but a large cargo of general merchandise.

JAMES RICHARD CLARK was born in Wraysbury, near Windsor, England in April 1852, to Richard Samuel & Eliza Clark. His birth was registered in the 2nd quarter of 1852 in Eton, Buckinghamshire. He married (aged 23) in 1875 to Susannah/SUSAN MARIA BARRETT (1846-1901) in the parish of Forest Hill, Oxfordshire. Susannah was born in Buckinghamshire, a daughter of William Barrett & Anne Greenwood?. Her father was a Publican/Inn Keeper. She was known as Susan in NZ. In the 1871 census James Richard Clark was listed as a 'Smith'

1 Oct 1879 Emigration to New Zealand (aged 27)
James Richard Clark, aged 27, his wife Susan Maria, aged 36, son Will aged 3.3 and daughter Winifred aged a few months, embarked at Gravesend for Wellington, New Zealand on the 3rd voyage of the Western Monarch as above.

.. 1 ..
1876 - 1959 WILLIAM HENRY 'Will' Clark
(aged 24)
* William was born 10 July 1876 in Eton, Berkshire, (historically in Buckinghamshire) near Windsor. He was aged 3 years & 3 months when they emigrated on the Western Monarch.
* William was a Teacher and a Schoolmaster at Koputaroa. He passed his Class E exam in Wellington in Feb 1900. In March 1901 he had a partial pass in his Class D exam. In Jan 1902 all teachers salaries were reviewed and the 'colonial salary' adopted. William's annual salary went from £50 to £135 (equivalent in Jan 2020: $9,200 to $24,000). In Feb 1908 he passed in one subject for Class C and in Feb 1909 he received a partial pass for a Class C certificate in the Teachers' Exams.

.. photo .. Koputaroa School Picnic around the time Will was schoolmaster. No one is identified so don't know if Will & Ethel are there zoom in

Will married Ethel Grace Eleanor Cockrell (1876-1953) 23 May 1906 in Otaki. Ethel was born 31 Aug 1876 in Lambeth, Surrey and was a month younger than William. She was also a passenger on the Western Monarch aged 3 years & 2 months.

NZ Times, 29 May 1906
On Wednesday last Mr William H. Clark, schoolmaster at Koputaroa (Horowhenua/Manawatu district) and eldest son of the Rev J. R. Clark of Sheffield, Canterbury, was married to Miss Cockrell, eldest daughter of the late Mr F. H. Cockrell of Otaki.
Evening Post, 25 June 1906
On the 23rd May, at the residence of the bride's mother (Eleanor Anna 1854-1926), Otaki, by Rev J. R. Clark (his father), William Henry, eldest son of J. R. Clark, to Ethel Grace Eleanor, eldest daughter of the late Frederick Hugh Cockrell (1844-1895).
. NOTE The home of Frederick & Eleanor Cockrell was used for the first regular services of the Methodist Church in Otaki. Frederick was a Society Steward for the Church. He bought Eagar's general store, corner of Mill & Matene Street, in 1883. It was destroyed by fire in 1885. They rebuilt in 1886. It was carried on by Eleanor and later taken over by their son Harold Frederick Ernest Cockrell (1880-1950, superintendent of the Otaki Fire Brigade). The Communion Table was donated in memory of Frederick & Eleanor's contribution to the church.

the children of Will & Ethel
* 1907 - 1995 Edith Grace Miriam Clark *
.. see her notes below
* 1908 - 1985 Eleanor Ruth 'Nora' Clark
.. Nora attended Ngaio School & Ngaio Methodist Sunday School. She married Eric Neil Tibble (1908-2000) in 1931. Eric was a Chief Clerk at the Mental Hospital, Auckland.
* 1909 - 1999 Percival James Comfort Clark
.. In Oct 1958 Percival James Comfort Clark, M.Sc., (graduated from Victoria University 1932) was listed in the NZ Institute Of Chemistry as Chief Organic Chemist at the Dominion Laboratory, D.S.I.R., Wellington. He married Annie Lennox in 1934. In 1972 he was a JP at 57 Ranui Tce, Tawa, Wellington.
* 1910 - 2000 Maurice Frederick Clark
.. Maurice married Thelma Agnes Sinclair (1907-1977) in 1936. A daughter of David Sinclair & Rosina Christiana Jane Frater
* 1912 - 2004 Muriel Winifred Clark
.. Muriel graduated from Victoria College 1935 with a B.A. She married Francis Balfour Talboys (1914-2002).
* Ethel Grace Clark died 1 July 1953 in Auckland & her ashes buried at Waikumete.
WILLIAM HENRY Clark died 12 Nov 1959 in Silverstream, Upper Hutt aged 83. He was cremated at Karori.
. NOTE Will's daughter, Edith Grace Miriam Clark married Arthur Herbert Carman (1902-1982) in Ngaio, Wellington 31 Aug 1932. Arthur had a very full and busy life. He was notable for prominent involvement in many seemingly disparate areas. A prolific writer, his rugby and cricket almanacs in particular won him a wide and respected readership. He wrote books on the Ranfurly Shield & International Cricket. He helped found the Onslow Historical Society, president of the Early Settlers & Historical Association of Wellington. He wrote history on Tawa Flat and the old Porirua road and he wrote The Birth Of A City (1840-1843) (one of my own personal go-to books for Wellington research). He wrote on the Johnsonville Methodist churches and printed by the family firm of Wright and Carman of which he was a director. He was an effective advocate in numerous local issues in Wellington and his bookshop was a well-known meeting place for socialists and pacifists. Before and during WWII, Arthur Carman, as one of NZ's most assertive Christian pacifists, stood alongside Ormond Edward Burton (1893-1974) teacher, soldier, war historian, pacifist, Methodist clergyman, writer and Archibald Charles Barrington (1906-1986) clerk, secretary, pacifist.
Arthur became a noted Christian pacifist and spent some months in Mt Crawford prison in Wellington in 1941 for 'subversion' when he attempted to publicly espouse the Christian pacifist view. His viewpoint had changed from traditional Methodism toward Quakerism following a 1925 visit to the WWI battlefields (he was touring the UK as sole press-correspondent with the 'Invincibles' - All Black rugby team), although he remained a Methodist local preacher for the whole of his life.
* had James been alive, one can imagine Arthur's conversations with his wife's grandfather Rev James Clark, whose views on war were the exact opposite to his own) .. Arthur's Bio is a must-read
.. photo .. Arthur Herbert Carman in 1950

.. 2 ..
1879 - 1963 WINIFRED HILDA Clark
(aged 27)
* Winifred was born 1879 in Eton, Berkshire (historically it was in Buckinghamshire), near Windsor
* she emigrated when a few months old
Winifred married James Bennie (1873-1945) in 1905. James was an Architect, Artist and Draughtsman. He was born in Ayrshire, Scotland to James Bennie (1829-1897) & Janet Stirrat (1844-1926) and came out to NZ with his parents & 6 siblings on the 'Timaru' 19 Oct 1879.

the children of Winifred & James
* 1906 - 2002 Winifred 'Marjorie' Bennie
.. Winifred married ? Tyler after 1945. She died 10 July 2002 aged 96 and cremated Karori
* 1910 - 1986 James Malcolm Bennie
.. James & his wife Marjory were cremated at Karori
in 1917 (at least), Winifred was a member of the Sailors' Friend Society as was her brother Percy

15 April 1937 daughter Marjorie returns from abroad Successful Party Much pleasure was given to a large number of Mrs J. Bennie's friends when she provided them with an opportunity of meeting her daughter, Miss Marjorie Bennie, who has just returned from a tour abroad, where she continued her singing studies (soprano) and widened her experience in library work .. more at link

.. photo .. Winifred Hilda Bennie (nee Clark) in 1939.

July 1939 A party in Honour of Winifred
Mrs James Bennie, who has been president of the Central Group of the Women's Social Progress Movement for the past eight years, was presented with a spray of fragrant daphne and a golden witch bowl at a tea party which the committee gave in her honour yesterday afternoon at the home of Mrs Alexander Gillies, 186 Willis Street. Miss E. Richardson, acting secretary, made the presentation, saying that it was in appreciation of all Mrs Bennie's work as president. In reply Mrs Bennie thanked the members of the committee for their splendid co-operation and for their thought in arranging the party, which had come as a complete surprise to her. Mrs Gillies was also thanked for all she had done for the group and was presented with a posy of flowers. After tea had been served everyone sat and talked for a while. Others present were Mesdames M. Murray, H. Duncan, M. Oakley, R. Wogan, J. Pears, V. Reece, McGreevy, Harris, Lowe and Misses Mary McLean, C.B.E., M. Chappell, Millar, Schramm, G. F. Gibson and Rowe.

1 Sep 1939 - Winifred Entertains check out this guest list!
An 'At Home' was given by Mrs James Bennie at her home, 14 Mount Street (Te Aro), yesterday afternoon. The guests were Lady Carncross (wife of Walter Carncross, newspaper owner & Speaker of the Legislative Council opposed to womens suffrage, knighted in 1922), Mrs G. W. Forbes, Madame Andre Pouquet (wife of France's Consul-General in NZ), Mrs Walter Schmid (wife of 1st Consulate Officer of Switzerland in NZ), Mrs J. B. Martin, Mrs Glion Curtis (formerly Mary Ellen Chivvers. Married Edward 'Glion' Curtis, born USA, Foreign Service Diplomat, formerly vice consul at Budapest, appointed vice-Consul of US at Wellington in 1937 for 3 years), Mrs W. Waddell, Mrs D. Rands (her sister Dorothy), Madame (Marie) Tarbayeff (wife of Major-General Ivan Tarbayeff, of the Imperial Russian Army & vice-president of the Wellington French Club), Mrs Alex Lawson, Mrs W. Kettle, Mrs P. Benham, Mrs A. Longmore, Miss Nellie Scanlan, Miss Violet Kettle, Miss Isobel Biggar, Miss B. Rogers (Palmerston North), Misses Mary and Peggy Butler, Miss Andri Bevin (NZ contralto) and Miss Marjory Anscombe (Marjory Eileen Anscombe (1911-2003) married her son James Malcolm Bennie 6 weeks later). The hostess's daughter Miss Marjorie Bennie, entertained the guests with songs, accompanied by Miss Andri Bevin and Miss Mary Butler gave monologues.
Iceland poppies, daphne and polyanthus were arranged in the drawing-room, their colours blending with the orange furnishing and cream walls. In the dining-room the polished table was set with lace mats and all the decorations were in shades of red. A bowl of red anemones was placed in the centre of the table below a red shaded light. Mrs Bennie was wearing a hostess gown of deep green velvet and matching ornaments and Miss Bennie wore a smart black taffeta suit, the jacket having wide gold stripes.

16 Oct 1939 Their son James gets married
Wedding of James Bennie & Marjory Anscombe .. sister Marjorie was bridesmaid

14 April 1945 husband James Bennie dies aged 72
Evening Post 15 April 1945
The death occurred suddenly on Saturday of Mr James Bennie, well known architect, of Wellington. Mr Bennie was born in Scotland and came to New Zealand with his parents when he was five years of age. With the exception of visits to America in 1920 and many visits to Australia, Mr Bennie has lived in Wellington for over 40 years. He studied his profession in Australia, where he designed the Hobart Exhibition and upon returning to New Zealand was elected a member of the New Zealand Institute of Architects. He was responsible for the designs of nearly all the early picture theatres in Wellington and many churches in various parts of the Dominion. In recent years he specialised in the building of blocks of flats. Mr Bennie was of a very genial disposition. He was very interested in music, was a great reader and a skilled water-colour artist. He leaves his wife, a daughter of the late Rev J. R. and Mrs Clark, a daughter, Miss Marjorie Bennie and a son, Mr James Malcolm Bennie of Wellington and two grandchildren.
James is buried Plot 44 H, Public3 at Karori
.. photo .. James Bennie in 1906

.. photo .. Arcadia Private Temperance Hotel in 1905, newly built. Intersection of Lambton Quay & Stout St., Wellington. James Bennie the architect. Demolished in 1939 to make way for an extension to the State Fire & Accident Insurance building zoom in

WINIFRED HILDA Bennie died 29 March 1963 aged 84. She was cremated at Karori

.. 3 ..
1882 - 1918 PERCY NEWTON Clark
(aged 29)
* Percy was born 19 Feb 1882 in Waitara, Taranaki, where his father was a Blacksmith in the town.
Percy never married
In June 1910 He was living in Wellington. He attended the Wellington District Young Men's Methodist Bible Class Union debate at Petone. The subject was "Should the British Empire Lead the Way in the Reduction of Armament?". It didn't state which side Percy stood on. Mr J. Raine, secretary of the union, stated that, owing to his removal to Auckland, it was with regret that he was compelled to tender his resignation. Mr W. J. Muldoon, assistant-secretary and treasurer was unanimously appointed secretary and Percy was appointed assistant-secretary and treasurer.
Also in June 1910 a farewell social was given to Mr J. Raine in the Methodist Church, Karori by members of the Bible Class and C.E. Society. A good number were present and items were given by Miss Clark, Percy N. Clark and Mr H. S. Hart
In July 1911 Percy was the Club Captain of the new Methodist Young Men's Institute at Karori. He was mentioned at the Wellington Harriers Club and given thanks for his efforts that the Club is now on a firm footing and is applying for affiliation to the N.Z.A.A.A. The control of the club is to be kept among the Bible class members but anyone is at liberty - and is cordially invited - to help swell the membership
In March 1913 Percy was the Hon Treasurer at Wanganui Camp during the annual meeting of the NZ Young Men's Methodist Bible Class Union
In Aug 1915 An enjoyable programme was presented by Mr Percy N. Clark at the Sailors Friend Society. Items were contributed by Miss McCallum and Messrs Laurenson, Peek, Horslap and Mellior and Master Mitchell. Mr C. F. Harris presided at the piano. Prizes were competed for by the sailors and a hearty vote of thanks to Mr Clark concluded a very pleasant evening.
In Sep 1916 he gave a solo performance at the Y.M.C.A. Prayer Meeting.
In Feb 1917 Percy was called to arms.
* Next Of Kin: Rev J. R. Clark, Methodist Parsonage, Whangarei
* Father born Windsor, England. Mother born Cambridge, England
* Height: 5' 10". Weight: 140lbs (63.5kg) Eyes & Hair: Brown
* Medals to go to: Mr J. Bennie, 208 Lambton Quay, Wellington
* Fined 3 days pay for overstaying his leave at Featherston Camp by 3 days, 28th-30th May 1917
30 March 1918 Percy Newton Clark, Private 49292, with the NZEF, 27th Reinforcements Wellington Infantry Regiment, B Company, late of the Registration Department, G.P.O., Wellington, younger son of Reverend J. R. Clark of Woodend, North Canterbury, was KILLED IN ACTION on Somme, France. He was 36.
* one newspaper report says: younger son of the Rev J. R. Clark of Whangarei, formerly of Karori.
* Plague / small scroll sent to father 21 March 1921, Ngaio, Wellington
* Buried Memorial B.8 Euston Cemetery, Colincamps, France
.. photo .. Percy Newton Clark

.. 4 ..
1885 - 1976 DOROTHY MINNIE Clark
(aged 32)
* Dorothy was born 22 Feb 1885 in Waitara, Taranaki
Dorothy married Frederick Rands (1883-1919) in 1912.
* Frederick was born 20 March 1883 in Methven, a son of Henry Rands & Emma Postie. He became a Methodist Minister.
Manawatu Standard, 23 March 1912
At the Taranaki street Methodist Church, Wellington, on Wednesday, Miss Dorothy Clark, second daughter of the Rev. J. R. Clark, of Karori, was married to the Rev F. Rands. The bridegroom, who has a number of friends on this coast, was on Tuesday last presented with a handsome silver watch, by his congregation at Island Bay, Wellington.
.. photo .. Rev Rands Island Bay Church in 1909
corner of Clyde & Mercy Street zoom in

the children of Dorothy & Frederick
* 1914 - 2019 Maxwell Barrett Rands
* Maxwell Barrett Rands passed away peacefully 23 April 2019 at St Andrews Village, Glendowie, Auckland aged 104 years. Beloved father of Susannah, David, Mary, Maggie, Sylvia. Poppa of 11 grandchildren and 15 great-grandchildren
* 1918 - 2017 Dorothy 'Frela' Rands
* Dorothy 'Frela' Grayson passed away peacefully 26 Sept 2017 in Auckland, aged 99. Beloved wife of the late Benjamin Grayson. Much loved Mother and Mother-in-law of Julianne; Phillipa and Colin; Mark and Judy; Catherine and the late Peter. A service held at 185 Schnapper Rock Road, Albany, Auckland

12 April 1915 family at Mahoe
A farewell social was tendered to the Rev F. Rands and Mrs Rands by the members of the Methodist Church in the hall on Thursday last. The Rev Mr White, of Eltham, occupied the chair and the attendance was good. A musical programme was provided and thoroughly enjoyed. Miss Clement, of Eltham, sang very pleasingly and a song was given by Mr Walters, of Mangatoki, in good style. The Sunday School scholars gave a hymn entitled "Good-bye" and Miss Foster gave a humorous recitation, which was encored. Miss Williams, of Kaponga, played a pianoforte solo very well indeed and was enthusiastically recalled. The Chairman in a humorous speech and on behalf of the members of the church and other friends, presented Rev Mr Rands with a 400-hour clock, Mrs Rands with an epergne and Master Maxwell Rands with a silver mug.
Mr Rands feelingly responded and concluded his remarks by an urgent appeal to his hearers, especially the young men, to lead a Christian life. Both Mr and Mrs Rands have endeared themselves to all the residents of the district, irrespective of creed and there is very genuine regret that they are leaving.

12 Feb 1917 Frederick enlisted for war He served as Chaplain Class IV (Captain) with the NZ Chaplains Department, NZEF. His daughter Frela was just born when he embarked in 1918. His next of kin was his wife Dorothy at the parsonage, Methodist Church, Johnsonville. This was crossed out and was changed to Old Kaiwarra Rd., Ngaio, Wellington.
.. photo .. Frederick's Methodist Church in Johnsonville
. a portion of a larger photo

14 Feb 1919 Death of Frederick Rands
The president of the Methodist Conference has received cable advice of the death of the Rev Frederick Rands, Methodist Chaplain with the Forces at the front, on February 14, from influenza. The Rev Frederick Rands was born at Methven 35 years ago. He entered the ministry in 1908 and was stationed at Dunedin South, Levin, Wellington South, Kaponga and Marton. He was an enthusiastic athlete and a popular preacher. In December 1915, while at Marton, he was appointed chaplain to the camp there. Early in 1917 he was appointed chaplain at Trentham. He left New Zealand with the Forces last year and saw service in Egypt, Palestine and France. Prior to 1917 he was employed in the Farmers' Co-op., Ashburton. His father resides at Hampstead. His wife is the daughter of the Rev J. C. Clark, now of Whangarei.
read Frederick Rands story. He is buried Cologne Southern Cemetery. Son Maxwell was aged 4.5 & daughter Frela was 10 months old.
.. photo .. Captain Frederick Rands

22 April 1939 son Maxwell on White Island
VISIT OF SCIENTISTS Dr P. Marshall, consulting geologist to the Public Works Department, Mr S. H. Wilson, Mr M. B. Rands of the staff of the Dominion Laboratory and Mr C Watson Munro of the Dominion Observatory, returned last night from a visit of six days to White Island and stayed at the Commercial Hotel. The party has been engaged in investigational work in connection with volcanic activity and found evidence of a series of changes since their last visit in December. One of the largest fumaroles has changed its position and one of the most active spots has become relatively quiescent while others have changed in the opposite sense. The party left this morning on their return to Wellington.
* Maxwell's book Memoirs of a Minor Chemist * Maxwell's daughter Sylvia Rands (Rev James' great granddaughter)

10 July 1939 daughter Frela attends a party
A large number of relatives and friends gathered at the Tararua Tramping Club rooms at the invitation of Mr and Mrs D. G. Ball, who gave a dance to celebrate the coming-of-age of their daughter Dorothy.

27 July 1945 son Maxwell was a conscientious objector
Further reserved decisions were given today by the No.2 Revision Authority in 25 appeals for release from defaulters' detention camps. Sixteen appeals were allowed and nine released. For release .. M. B. Rands, Wellington
DOROTHY MINNIE Rands died 7 April 1976 aged 91. Her ashes were interred at Purewa.

1880-1881 in WELLINGTON (aged 28-29)
In the census living in Cottleville Tce, Thorndon, Wellington, as a "Blacksmith"

2 July 1881 Blacksmith in Waitara (aged 29)
FOR SALE - A strong Spring Trap and Harness. Apply James R. Clark, Blacksmith, Waitara.

9 Feb 1882 Licensing Committee WAITARA (aged 29)
At the Licensing Committee yesterday, the following candidates were nominated for the undermentioned districts:- .. WAITARA DISTRICT: Frederick Bluck, James R. Clark, Thomas Elliot, Peter Elliot, J. Hay, Hugh Irvine, B. C. Lawrence, John Purdie, James Rattenbury and Richard Townsend

22 Feb 1882 his Blacksmith Shop in Waitara
To Smiths. Wanted, a good Doorman, or an Improver, well up to his work. James R. Clark, Blacksmith, Waitara.
.. photo .. Waitara when they were there 1890s zoom in

1 Feb 1884 Wesleyan Conference (aged 31)
SIXTH DAY - The conference commenced its session in the morning at 10 o'clock. In addition to the ministers whose names have already appeared, the following lay representatives were present:- Messrs R. Arthur (Pitt-street, Auckland), W. Burton (Grafton-road, Auckland), R. Hobbs, M.H.R. (Three Kings College), J. Bycroft (Onehunga), T. A. Joughin (Pukekohe), G. French (Hamilton), J. C. George (New Plymouth), J. R. Clark (Waitara), O. G. A. Harvey (Wanganui), S. Fagan (Rangitikei), W. Moxham (Wellington), J. Knight (Hutt), C. Cundy (Greytown), B. P. Berry (Masterton), E. Green (Nelson), J. King (Christchurch), M. Hall (Sydenham), W. Moore (St Albans), J. S. Olliver (Lyttelton), T. G. Smith (Rangiora), C. Dixon (Ashburton), T. A. Walker (Invercargill), T. Buddle (Treasurer of Connexional Funds), F. S. Prime (Treasurer of Home Mission Fund). The President in the name of the ministers, gave an address of welcome to the lay representatives. The past year had been one of the most successful in the history of the Church in New Zealand and in this he heartily congratulated them.

27 Jan 1885 Waitara East School (aged 32)
The annual meeting of householders took place at the advertised time and though not so largely attended as has been the case on the last two occasions, when a little party spirit was introduced into the question, the meeting was composed of those who take an interest in a matter which is of vital importance to a young country like this. It is deplored that the majority of parents in this district take so little interest in the education of their children; they do not seem to realise that it is their bounden duty to do their utmost to secure for them such advantages as will place them on an equal footing with those among whom they will have to earn their livelihood .. The following gentlemen were nominated for Committee:- Rev T. Fee, Rev F. T. Baker, Messrs T. Elliot, T. Bayly, G. Tatton, J. R. Clark, A. J. Whittaker, G. Pearce, R. Cameron and T. Joll. The ballot having been taken, the Chairman declared the seven first-named gentlemen elected.

30 April 1886 Waitara Householders (aged 34)
The annual meeting of householders was held in the Waitara East schoolroom on April 27th, Mr T. Bayly being voted to the chair. The Secretary of the outgoing Committee read the report and balance-sheet, which was adopted. The following gentlemen were elected for the new Committee:- Messrs Thos. Bayly, Hoby, G. V. Tate, J. R. Clark, Rev Hudson, G. Tatton and T. Elliot. A vote of thanks was accorded to the outgoing Committee and to the scrutineers. The newly-elected Committee then met to elect a chairman for the ensuing year, when mr Clark was unanimously chosen to fill the office.

28 Sep 1887 School Closed (aged 35)
WAITARA - Mr J. R. Clark, Chairman of the Waitara School Committee, wrote to the Education Board intimating that the West School was closed on account of illness of the teachers

17 May 1889 visiting Inglewood (aged 37)
On Tuesday evening a reception tea-meeting was held in the Inglewood Wesleyan Church to welcome the Rev J. T. Pinfold as circuit minister. There was a large audience, the church being filled. Addresses were delivered by Merss J. R. Clark of Waitara, Jackson and Taylor of Inglewood, Smith of Wortley Road, Kurtz and Parkin of Waipuku.

9 Oct 1890 Leasing land (aged 38)
Mr J. R. Clark's tender to lease the Waitara West School site, block 118, for seven years, was accepted, subject to conditions.

29 April 1891 in WAITARA, Taranaki (aged 39)
The annual householders meeting for the election of the School Committee for the ensuing year was held in the schoolroom on Monday evening last. There was a large attendance and a very orderly meeting. Mr J. R. Clark, the Chairman of the outgoing Committee, occupied the chair and read the annual report, which was unanimously adopted. Each candidate then gave a short address, indicating what were his views on the subject of education generally and of its application to Waitara in particular. The meeting then proceeded to the election of committee

4 Aug 1891 made Inglewood Cemetery Gates
Who has our cemetery in charge? Cannot we have two or three paths made. In wet weather one cannot walk to the graves except through long grass, with a result of wet clothes. Some time ago I saw a pair of gates made by one of our blacksmiths, Mr J. R. Clark, to the order of the Inglewood Cemetery Board. Cannot we have something of the sort?

12 May 1892 Lease at Waitara (aged 40)
Mr Faull was requested to report on the state of the improvements on the land leased to Mr J. R. Clark at Waitara

24 April 1894 at OTAKI, Kapiti Coast (aged 42)
School Committee Elections The following particulars of last night's meeting of householders have reached us in addition to those reported on the fourth page:- OTAKI The new Committee consists of the Rev J. R. Clark (Chairman)

.. photo .. St John's Church, Karori 1896 zoom in

5 July 1899 leaving METHVEN (aged 47)
SOCIAL AT METHVEN .. The Methven schoolroom was crowded on Wednesday evening last, at a farewell social given to the Rev. J. R. Clark and family, who are leaving the district to take up duties at Kumara. The Rev R. Taylor, Ashburton, occupied the chair and introduced Mr Clark's successor, Mr Randerson, who received a hearty welcome. Instrumental and vocal items and recitations were contributed by the following:- Mesdames Ward, Rands, Halliday and Young; Misses Hibbs, Lock, Duff and Campbell; and Messrs Lock, Rands, Halliday, Seivwright, G. Hughes and F. Rands. Mrs Batty gave efficient service as accompanist. Short addresses were given by Messrs Wallace, Young and Dart, all testifying to the excellent work done by Mr Clark during his stay in Methven. He had interested himself in starting cricket, swimming and tennis clubs and a literary society, apart from church work. Miss Clark was presented by Mrs Lock, on behalf of the teachers of the Sunday School, with a handsome teacher's bible; and by Mr Rands, on behalf of the officers of the church, with a music portfolio, in recognition of musical services rendered by her. A double silver mounted jam stand and spoons were also presented to Mrs Clark as a token of the esteem in which she was held by the ladies. Mr Clark replied, warmly thanking all for the kindness shown to himself and family. Mr Randerson also thanked those present for the welcome extended to him. Supper was then handed round and a pleasant evening brought to a close.
.. photo .. Methven when they lived there zoom in

16 Feb 1901 Kumara School Committee (aged 48)
A special meeting of the Kumara School Committee was held last evening for the purpose of recommending a headmaster. Present - Rev E. Whitehouse (chair), Messrs Jones, Henham, Marks, Haymes, Rudkin, Forster and Rev Clark (Hon Sec.)

25 Oct 1901 Concert in aid of Wesleyan Church (aged 49)
Despite the unfavourable weather the concert in aid of the Wesleyan Church, held on Wednesday evening in the Theatre, was very successful. A number of Hokitika residents, who had promised to be present, were unavoidably absent. Rev J. R. Clark who had charge of matters, succeeded in finding excellent substitutes. The programme was attractive because of one specialty, the myrioramic illustrations given by the Rev Clark to several items

10 Dec 1901 Death of wife SUSAN MARIA (aged 49)
Susan Maria Clark died 10 Dec 1901 in Kumara aged 55.
West Coast Times, 10 Dec 1901
DEATH of Mrs J. R. Clark
- Quite a painful sensation was created in town on Sunday evening when it became known that Mrs Clark, wife of the Rev Jas. R. Clark, Minister of the Wesleyan Community had passed away. The deceased lady came with her husband and family to Kumara upwards of two years ago, her previous residence being at Methven in Canterbury. Of a delicate disposition she had enjoyed fair health for some time and although affairs took a more serious turn about a month ago, yet few were prepared for the sad and sudden news. Although her health did not permit of her taking a very prominent part in public affairs, yet she was a woman of most kindly and generous parts and for a few will such deep and general sympathy be expressed. Hers indeed was a character from which it was impossible to withhold respect. For her husband, the Rev Jas. R. Clark, and for her two sons and two daughters, the deepest sympathy is expressed.
At evening service yesterday touching reference was made in the Churches to the sad event and sympathy expressed with the bereaved family.
Greymouth Evening Star, 14 Dec 1901
The funeral of the late Mrs Clark, deferred until the arrival of her son from Wellington, is definitely fixed for today at 2p.m. when the cortege will leave the Wesleyan parsonage for the Kumara Cemetery.
West Coast Times, 16 Dec 1901
The high respect in which all classes of the community held the late Mrs J. R. Clark was fittingly demonstrated by the large concourse who follower her remains to the last resting place on Saturday afternoon. The service in the Wesleyan Church conducted by the Revs Richards and Gray and at the graveside by the Revs Gray, Whitehouse and Thompson. The chief mourners were the Rev J. R. Clark, the Misses Clark and Messrs W. and P. Clark, sons of the deceased.

10 Dec 1901 news reaches NELSON
On 9 Dec 1901 the Wesleyan Synod's financial session opened in St John's schoolroom in Nelson.. A telegram was received containing intelligence of the death of Mrs Clark, wife of the Rev J. R. Clark, of Kumara. The Synod instantly sent a telegram of condolence, sympathising with the Rev Clark in his sad bereavement.

6 June 1902 Temperance Meeting (aged 50)
The monthly meeting of the W.C.T.U. (West Coast Temperance Union) was held on Thursday. A large number of members being present. It was decided to have a Temperance Column in the 'Evening Star' every week. Mr Dixon kindly undertook looking after the space in the Railway Station which the Union is taking up. The Rev Clark of Kumara offered to give a lantern entertainment for the funds of the Union. His offer was accepted.

9 July 1903 Kumara Hospital (aged 51)
Rev Clark received a hearty vote of thanks and those who took part with him, in the recent entertainment for the hospital.

.. photo .. Main Street Kumara in 1906. As it looked when James & Susan lived there enlarged view

13 Jan 1904 Kumara Hospital Trustees (aged 51)
A discussion ensued on the question of defining the duties of the cook. A report was received from the doctor and the matron defining the duties. Mr Jorgensen proposed that the clause, imposing on the cook the duty of keeping the matron's room clean, be deleted. He thought that the cook had enough to do in cooking for 31 patients and keeping the kitchen and pantry clean. Rev Clark was opposed to the resolution because he thought that the duties of the cook as defined were very reasonable. It was necessary to keep proper discipline in the institution. In no other hospital was the matron asked to clean her own room. We should not always be behind the times .. much discussion followed

18 April 1904 leaving for PALMERSTON SOUTH (aged 52)
VALEDICTORY .. Dear Sir, As you are leaving the district for another part of the Colony your friends in Kumara desire to express their regret at the loss the district will sustain ..
Palmerston South, 50km north of Dunedin

26 Dec 1904 Playing Cricket in Otago (aged 52)
.. photo .. Rev James Richard Clark, centre row, 3rd from left and his team mates of the Waihemo County Cricket Club. They played against the Waikouaiti County who won on their home ground

4 March 1908 at Auckland Conference (aged 55)
Discussion at Methodist Conference
Messrs Percy R. Paris, James R. Clark and Charles Roberts having completed two years and passed their examinations were admitted to probation for the third year

14 April 1908 moving back to WELLINGTON (aged 56)
The Rev J. R. Clark, who is leaving the Oxford-Malvern circuit to take up work in Wellington by order of Conference after two years service in the district, has been entertained at farewell socials at which presentations were made. Miss Clark was a recipient of a gold bangle from the children and friends of the Sheffield Sunday School. Mr and Miss Clark leave for Wellington next week.

.. photo .. on Karori road, Wellington is the Methodist Church. The original church building is immediately behind it. Taken 1932 zoom in

27 Nov 1909 at LEVIN Conference (aged 57)
Methodist Synod The Synod of the Methodist Church in the Wellington district opened its annual sessions in the church at Levin on Tuesday, November 23rd, at 11 a.m. The regular pastoral session was opened on Wednesday morning at 9 o'clock. The following members were present:- .. & James R. Clark

2 March 1910 at DUNEDIN conference (aged 57)
Methodist Church Thirty-Seventh Annual Conference.
THIRD DAY - Saturday. The Revs James R. Clark, Percy R. Paris, W. W. Avery, Wm. T. Aldridge (late of South Africa) were received as ministers in full connection with the Conference

12 July 1912 at KARORI, Wellington (aged 60)
TARANAKI STREET CHURCH .. Congratulations were extended to the Rev J. R. Clark and the people of Karori upon the successful opening of their new church.

14 March 1913 moving to RANGIORA (aged 60)
Mr and Mrs J. Bennie gave a farewell afternoon tea yesterday to the Rev J. R. Clark and a large number of friends at the Kelburne Kiosk. Mr Clark, who has been resident here for five years, is about to take up a ministry at Woodend, Rangiora. The tea tables were decorated with sweet peas in different shades of pink and pink lilies and a very pleasant afternoon was spent. A programme of music, contributed to by Miss Fleming and Messrs Mazengarb and Phipps, added not a little to the pleasure of the afternoon. The Rev Dr Gibb expressed the sincere good wishes of the Rev Mr Clark's many Wellington friends and Mr Clark briefly responded. Mrs J, Bennie received the guests in a pretty dress of black and white ninon and a large black and white hat. Mr Clark was presented with a case of cutlery from the Taranaki-street Methodist Church, a purse of sovereigns form the Karori Methodist Church and from his Brooklyn congregation a solid silver tea service and tray.
.. photo .. the Kelburn Kiosk/Tearooms in 1910 where they had afternoon tea. With Cable Cars zoom in

19 March 1913 James REMARRIES (aged 61) to
Elizabeth Emily 'Elsie' Brown (1869-1957)
* Elsie was born 16 Oct 1869 in Temuka, 1 of 8 children (6 daughters) of Elijah Brown (1840-1927) & Martha Longson (1843-1903)
Dominion, 26 March 1913
A Temuka Wedding
A quiet wedding was solemnised at 'Dinting House', Temuka, the residence of Mr E. Brown, recently, when Miss Elsie Brown was married to the Rev J. R. Clark, of Karori, Wellington. The ceremony was performed by the Rev F. Copeland, Temuka and the Mrs J. Lawry, Christchurch, president of the Methodist Conference. The Rev and Mrs Clark subsequently left for the north.
.. photo .. Main St Temuka 1910s

March 1915 - March 1923 James' Appointments
Methodist Church Draft of Stations
* James Richard Clark is appointed his station in Rangiora, Canterbury. Again in March 1916. In March 1918 he was sent to Whangarei. In March 1923 James was asked to be placed on the permanent supernumerary list for another year.

12 Feb 1917 son Percy called to arms (aged 64)
The following additional voluntary recruiting have been attested at the Town Hall recruiting office:- .. P. N. Clark, clerk, Mount St., city

1 April 1917 leaving CHRISTCHURCH (aged 64)
The Rev J. R. Clark preached his farewell sermon in the Sefton Methodist Church on Sunday afternoon last to a large congregation. At the close of the service appreciative reference was made to his four years work in the district and in the name of the congregation he was asked to accept the gift of a Kaiapoi travelling rug.
. NOTE The Sefton Wesleyan Methodist Church was built and opened in Leithfield in 1876 then moved to Pembertons Rd, Sefton in 1886. A small building of wood and iron it had seating for 80 worshippers. The ministers at Rangiora were in charge. The building was replaced by a brick church which opened 3 Oct 1931. In 1971 services discontinued. An agreement was reached with the Sefton Anglicans to take over the brick church when vacated by the Methodists. The Sunday School Hall, opened 9 Feb 1958, was shifted to the Woodend Methodist Church in 1973 and the brick church was later sold and used as a home.
.. photo .. Woodend Church opened 1911, where James was Minister 1913-1917 story & photos here (pdf)

2 April 1917 moving to WHANGAREI (aged 64)
The Woodend Town Hall was crowded on Friday evening to bid farewell to the Rev J. R. Clark and Mrs Clark. Mr Clark has been in charge of the Woodend side of the Rangiora circuit for four years and has been appointed by the Conference to Whangarei. The function took the form of a social ..

6 Aug 1917 The Rev's thoughts on 'German Lawlessness'
.. while yielding to no one in his desire for peace, he yet thought this war should be pushed on to the bitter end. If this awful war were to be brought to a successful issue, we must send more men and still more men. Mr Clark said he felt so strongly about this, that he would go himself if the authorities would allow him .. let us starve, let the whole Empire starve, if it comes to that. We can starve, but we cannot live under the Kaiser .. more

5 Feb 1918 Whangarei Boy Scouts (aged 65)
At the Boy Scout parade last night Scout-Master Wrigley said good-bye to the boys. There were also in attendance, Major Clark-Walker, Mr W. A. Carruth (district commissioner) and the Rev J. R. Clark (Whangarei commissioner).

18 Feb 1918 Sudden death of his friend (aged 65)
Profound regret was felt throughout Whangarei yesterday as news spread of the tragically sudden death of Dr Harry Dodgshun Bedford, (1877-1918) M.A., L.L.M., barrister of Dunedin. He was staying with James who had given him some bathing attire before going to sleep so that no one need be disturbed in the early morning when the Dr went off for an intended 'dip' (he could not swim) in the tidal waters of Mair Pool
.. photo .. Harry Dodgshun Bedford in 1901 aged 24, just after he gained the University Senior Scholarship for Political Science and graduated M.A. with honours. He was a member of the House of Representatives

30 March 1918 son Percy Killed In Action (aged 65)
Private P. N. Clark, 27th Reinforcements, late of the Registration Department, G. P. O., Wellington (killed in action), was the younger son of the Rev J. R. Clark, of Whangarei, formerly of Karori.

24 April 1918 Anzac Day (aged 66)
The Rev J. R. Clark addressed the children at the Whangarei School today, as a member of the School Committee, on the subject of Anzac Day

18 July 1918 In Hikurangi (aged 66)
Foreign Mission Services were held in the Methodist Church, presided over the the Rev Clark

4 Aug 1918 Whangarei Pulpit Sermon (aged 66)
In connection with the fourth anniversary of the declaration of war, special addresses were delivered at the local Methodist Church .. Rev J. R. Clark preached upon the text: "He maketh wars to cease." This war had done away with the fallacy that the security of peace was to be prepared for war. One of the first steps after the cessation of hostilities would be that of disarmament - which alone would ensure the peace of the world .. we must wage this war

14 Feb 1919 death of his son-in-law (aged 66)
The death of the Rev Frederick Rands, Methodist Chaplain with the Forces at the front, from influenza aged 35.
* James's son in law Fred died 11 months after his son Percy and a year, nearly to the day, of his good friend Dr Harry Dodgshun Bedford.

29 April 1919 declined election (aged 67)
There were about fifty householders present last night at the meeting held for the purpose of electing a committee for the Whangarei schools. Mr F. Cutforth was voted to the chair, the only other person nominated, the Rev J. R. Clark, declining the position.

.. photo .. Methodist Church Whangarei on Banks Street see enlarged

30 Aug 1919 Complimentary Social (aged 67)
If testimony were required as to the popularity of the Rev J. R. Clark and Mrs Clark amongst the Whangarei Methodist connection, then it was amply forthcoming on Wednesday evening last, when Mr and Mrs Clark were entertained at a complimentary social by the members of the congregation. The function was held in the school room adjoining the church, the building being taxed to its utmost capacity to accommodate the large gathering that had assembled to do honour to the guests of the evening.
Mr Jack said that he was very pleased that the old custom in Methodist law of moving a minister on after having worked for three years in a circuit - whether it were advisable or otherwise - had been altered and it was allowable at the present time for a minister to remain for an indefinite period .. it was hoped Mr and Mrs Clark would remain in Whangarei for several years to come. The congregation was thoroughly satisfied that they had in Mr Clark, the right man, as was fully evidenced by the splendid progress made in all branches of church work during his appointment here. When he arrived the church life was at a low ebb and there was a heavy financial burden upon the circuit and also the church building. It was most gratifying to record that the status of the church had been considerably raised, the congregations had largely increased and the debts had been cleared away .. two other circuits had approached Mr Clark to allow himself to be nominated as their future minister, but he had turned both offers down .. more

14 Oct 1920 James in ill health (aged 68)
Last evening the Whangarei Methodist Church quarterly meeting was held at the parsonage. This is the most important of these gatherings, the September one being that on which ministers are invited for the ensuing year. Before this part of the business came before the members the Rev J. R. Clark, who has been the minister in charge for three and a half years, informed the meeting that as a result of medical advice and other matters he was unable to accept an invitation for another term. Very high appreciation indeed was expressed of Mr Clark's work and the sincerest gratitude to him for the greatly improved condition of matters generally in connection with the church and an earnest hope that his health may be soon restored by a change of climate.

18 Nov 1920 Whangarei School Committee
Owing to the absence on duty of the Rev J. R. Clark, no report from Hora Hora was available.

29 Nov 1920 Methodist Sunday School
Favoured with glorious weather the anniversary services of the Whangarei Methodist Sunday School yesterday were a distinct success. For some weeks past the children had practised assiduously the special hymns used for the occasion and yesterday's singing was a pleasurable feature of the function. Owing to the regrettable illness of the minister, Rev R. J. Clark, the pulpit was occupied in the morning by the Rev W. B. James and in the afternoon by the Rev G. W. Lochore and in the evening by Colonel Mackesy

16 Dec 1920 Y.W.C.A. opening ceremony (aged 68)
Yesterday afternoon a very good attendance of the public assembled at the Y.W.C.A. Hostel in Bank Street to take part in the opening ceremony .. The Mayor then concluded his remarks by reading an apology for his absence from the Rev J. R. Clark

8 Feb 1921 early retirement (aged 68)
The Rev J. J. Lewis has gone to take charge of the Whangarei Methodist circuit in the place of the Rev J. R. Clark, who has suffered a breakdown in health. Mr Clark was to have retired at the next Conference but he is unable to keep up until then.

19 Feb 1921 Motion of Sympathy (aged 69)
It was agreed, on the motion of the chairman, seconded by Mr Palmer, that a letter of sympathy be sent to the Rev R. J. Clark, who had suffered a long illness and now would be absent from his duties for some considerable time.

2 April 1921 moving to TAI TAPU
Tomorrow evening in the Whangarei Methodist Church, the Rev J. R. Clark is announced to preach his farewell service. At the recent Conference in Wellington, Mr Clark was appointed to the Tai Tapu circuit, near Christchurch and he and Mrs Clark expect to leave for their new home on Saturday next, April 9 .. Mr Clark's health has rather badly broken down during the past few months and it is hoped and expected that the change to the Canterbury climate will have the desired effect of restoring him to his usually robust health .. more
4 April 1921 James' last sermon at Whangarei

28 April 1921 Welcome to Tai Tapu (aged 69)
The fifty-fifth anniversary of the Tai Tapu Methodist Church was celebrated by a tea and concert in the Sunday schoolroom. A very large gathering from surrounding districts was present. The occasion was taken to welcome Mrs and Rev J. R. Clark, of Whangarei, who have succeeded the Rev B. Metson.

.. photo .. Tai Tapu Methodist Church 1905

17 Nov 1921 made a Supernumerary (aged 69) he rev J. R. Clark's application to be made a supernumerary for one year, on the ground of ill-health, was granted.

27 March 1922 at Tai Tapu Methodist schoolreem
On Friday evening the Tai Tapu Methodist schoolroom was filled with the friends of Sister May Barnett, who is leaving this evening for the Solomon Islands to work in connection with the Methodist Missions. The New Zealand Methodist Conference has this year been given the sole care of this part of the Methodist Mission field in the Pacific. Mr R. A. Forbes said that when he first came to Tai Tapu 58 years ago, the Methodist srvices were being conducted in the home of Mr Barnett, the grandfather of Sister May. Brief addresses were delivered by Mess T. O. Morgan, R. A. Forbes, B. Gilmour, E. Graham and the Rev J.R. Clark.

16 Nov 1923 Methodist Synod annual meeting
The Rev J. R. Clark was placed on the supernumerary list for another year.

1 Aug 1928 Rev JAMES RICHARD CLARK dies in Christchurch (aged 76)
Press, 2 Aug 1928
The death occurred yesterday of the Rev. James Richard Clark, of 25 Wyon street, Linwood, aged 76 years. The Rev Mr Clark became a supernumerary of the Methodist Church in 1922 and served as a Home Missionary, having no fixed church. He proved himself an excellent pioneer and was well loved by all with whom he came into contact.
On being ordained he was stationed at Woodend and later in the North Island. In spite of a break-down in health he retained remarkable courage and hope, but retired soon after the Great War.
He married a second time and leaves a widow and three children, all of whom are grown up. The children are Mrs Bennie, Mrs Rands and Mr W. Clark, all of Wellington.

Northern Advocate, 3 Aug 1928
Rev J. R. Clark. news has just been received of the death of the Rev J. R. Clark, at Linwood, Christchurch. The late Mr Clark will be remembered by many persons as having been the minister of the local Methodist Church from 1917 to 1921. While here he endeared himself to all by his kindly, sympathetic and helpful nature. The tragedy of the death of Dr Bedford, who was staying with the Rev Mr Clark at the time, was a great shock to him and probably had a good deal to do with the failure of his health (plus his son was KIA 6 weeks later). Mr Clark had a long period of service with the Methodist Church of New Zealand, doing much pioneer work in new districts and difficult circuits. Of no man can it be said more truly that he gave hie life for the work he loved. Many are the friends who will grieve to know that he has gone from among them, but who will yet not regret that the warrior at length has laid his armour by.

.. photo .. Last Will & Testament of James Richard Clark, at Probate 7 Aug 1928

* Elizabeth Emily Clark of Christchurch in the Dominion of New Zealand, Widow, make oath and say as follows:- that according to my knowledge and belief the estate and effects of the said deceased in respect of which Probate is sought to be obtained, are under the value of six hundred pounds (actual was £542 19s 8d, equivalent in Aug 2019 to $54,255). That the said James Richard Clark deceased, was born at Wraysbury near Windsor England and was of British Nationality. That the said Elizabeth Emily Clark was born at Temuka in the Dominion of New Zealand and of British nationality

* In the Estate of James Richard Clark, formerly of Woodend, late of Christchurch, in the said District Methodist Minister, deceased .. I direct my Executrix to pay my just Debts and Funeral and Testamentary Expenses. I give and bequeath to my wife Elizabeth Emily (Elsie) Clark all my real & personal property of what nature or kind soever, to be at her disposal absolutely.

Elizabeth Emily 'Elsie' Clark died 20 July 1957 aged 87
They are buried together Plot 271, Block 29 at Bromley

* Taken from St John's Church, Karori .. The inspiring ministry of the Rev James R. Clark (1852-1928) from 1908 to 1913 drew the Karori people together as a worshipping family and doubled the membership to 60. Raised a Baptist in Windsor, England, Clark became a Wesleyan and a minister in New Zealand. In his second appointment at Karori, this capable horseman, expert gardener and good visitor infused his energy into his congregation

Rev James Richard Clark in Otago Dec 1904 aged 52

see Dec 1904 in timeline for perspective

2 comment(s), latest 7 months ago

Māori & Pacific Island soldiers WW I & II .. F

This is a summarised list of the names and serial numbers of the Māori and Pacific Islanders who served in the Contingents and Reinforcements of NZ in WWI & WWII. It includes the 28th Battalion, the 15th Reinforcements and the Jay Force.

The names & details are those recorded on enlistment. Many Māori Contingent & 28th Battalion soldiers, used alternative names or were known by both Māori and English versions of their names, therefore check the list: NZ soldiers who served AKA WWI

* Go to links for more info on each soldier
* 28th Battalion
* World War I
* World War II
* Online Cenotaph

All names are under construction
They will be added as completed

A .. B .. C .. D .. E .. F ..
G .. H .. I .. J .. K .. L
M .. N .. O .. P .. Q .. R
S .. T .. U & V .. W .. Y
Name ~ Serial Number ~ Unit
* Herbert George 62581 : 28th

* Monty Claude 7192 : 28th
... Brigadier. Born in Carterton, a son of Victor Inglis Lytton FAIRBROTHER & Ivy Alicia REVELL. NOK: wife, Helena Constance Fairbrother, Te Awamutu
- served with: 2nd NZ Infantry Brigade, 5th NZ Infantry Brigade, 20th Infantry Battalion, 21st Infantry Battalion, 23rd Infantry Battalion & 28th (Maori) Battalion
- military awards: Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE), Distinguished Service Order (DSO), 1939-1945 Star, Africa Star (8th Army clasp), Italy Star, Defence Medal, War Medal 1939-1945, Mentioned in Despatches (MiD), New Zealand War Service Medal, Coronation Medal 1953, Efficiency Decoration (ED) and Four bars.

* Godfrey Alexander 16/982 : 2nd

* Lloyd Richard 20854 : 10th

* ? 16/1035 : 3rd
... (1892-1974). From Alofi, Niue Island. Signed the Attestation form with an X. NOK father Pose.

* ? 16/1041 : 3rd

* ? 16/1040 : 3rd
... (1896-). Born Lakepa, Niue. NOK father Muitoa. 20 Sep 1916 declared no longer physically fit for war service

* Sateki 20799 : 9th
.. NOK father John Faletau, Nuia-fu, TOnga

* ? 16/1038 : 3rd

* Dallas Landell 804538 : 28th
* Henry Innes 39535 : 28th

* 16/1036 : 3rd (Rarotongans)
.. aka Fanatoa Folau (1886-1984). NOK father Mago Tamakautoga, Niue Island

* ? 16/1043 : 3rd (Rarotongans)
.. NOK father, Mareni, Niue Island

* Thomas 62582 : 28th

* Percy 811684 : 28th
* Peter 20729 : 8th
.. NOK mother, Mrs Putiputi Hapimana, Te Ngae, Rotorua
* Robert John 25848 : 28th

* ? 16/034 : 3rd
.. NOK father, Tosene, Avetele, Niue Island

* ? 16/1039 : 3rd
.. (-1955). NOK father, Togia, Mutalau, Niue Island

* ? 16/1348 : 3rd
.. NOK mother Line, Tuapa, Niue Island

* 16/1042 : 3rd
.. NOK wife, Taufitimoka, Lakepa, Niue Island

* George 631209 : 28th

* Roy Kerry Turata Rona 801926 : 28th

* Christian Kennedy 817771 : 28th
* Donald 16/519 : 1st
* Donald Hari Pohatu 39032 : 28th
* Jack Sydney 16/876 : 2nd
* James Paumea 16/50 : 1st
* John 817610 : 28th
* Kani 20773 : 13th
* Parekura 67409 : 28th

* Alfred Thornley 9/1007 : 5th

* ? 16/1046 : 3rd
.. (1894-1916). NOK wife, Felevehetupe, Makefu, Niue Island

* ? 16/1047 : 3rd
.. NOK father, Tavita, Alofi, Niue Island

* Charles 8/3579 : 9th
* Colin 39317 : 28th
* Harry 39376 : 28th
* John Henry 71565 : 28th
* Robert 67615 : 28th
* Robert 823196 : 28th
* William Beaumont 6166 :

* Eric James 803071 : 28th

* Tau 19467 : 22nd

* Gaston 20801 : 9th
.. NOK wife, Filiata Florian, Apia, Samoa

* John 19364 : 13th
.. NOK mother, Mrs Mary George Tauwhare, Arahura, Hokitika

* Arthur George 19489 : 13th
* John 19609 : 15th
* Robert Henry 16/212 : 1st

* ? 16/1045 : 3rd (Rarotongans)

* William Edward 810382 : 28th

* Albert 16/983 : 2nd
* Hector Joseph 39536 : 28th
* Walter Tainui 444227 : 28th

* Jacob 67316 : 28th
* Sunny 800858 : 28th

* Robert Try 39033 : 28th
* Walter Momo 450844 : 28th

* Alan Leigh 451591 : 28th

* Ben 801927 : 28th
* Charles 39769 : 28th
* Henry 16/581 : 2nd
* William 65277 : 28th

* Mita 5360 : 28th
* Percival 65446 : 28th

* Samuel Osman 16/173 : 1st

* Arnold 67600 : 28th
* John 16/138 : 1st
* Tanira Gladding 803298 : 28th
* William Frederick Tekaharunga 811673 : 28th

* Kenneth John 7706 : 28th

* Walter Frank 24000 : 13th

* Samuel James 16/1480 : 5th
* Thomas 16/972 : 2nd

* George August 16/1309 : 3rd
* Percy Thomas 16/1403 : 4th

* Michael 801683 : 28th
* Richard Thomas 812592 : 28th

28th Corporal 801927 Ben Fox

Died of his wounds 13 June 1944 aged 28 in Italy

Māori & Pacific Island soldiers WW I & II .. E

This is a summarised list of the names and serial numbers of the Māori and Pacific Islanders who served in the Contingents and Reinforcements of NZ in WWI & WWII. It includes the 28th Battalion, the 15th Reinforcements and the Jay Force.

The names & details are those recorded on enlistment. Many Māori Contingent & 28th Battalion soldiers, used alternative names or were known by both Māori and English versions of their names, therefore check the list: NZ soldiers who served AKA WWI

* Go to links for more info on each soldier
* 28th Battalion
* World War I
* World War II
* Online Cenotaph

All names are under construction
They will be added as completed

A .. B .. C .. D .. E .. F
G .. H .. I .. J .. K .. L
M .. N .. O .. P .. Q .. R
S .. T .. U & V .. W .. Y
Name ~ Serial Number ~ Unit
* Benie 38513 : Pioneer
* David 26129 : 28th
* Hemi 19941 : 21st
* Henry 19707 : 18th
* Hira 65341 : 28th
* James Ngaro 67513 : 28th
* Kereama 817462 : 28th
* Wiremu 812594 : 28th

* Walter 60475 : 25th

* Ben 811961 : Jay Force
... from Horo Horo, Tirau
* Boydie 810772 : 15th, Jay Force
* Charles 16/438 : 1st
* Dets 801922 : 28th
* Edward John 16/319 : 1st
* Felix Joseph 5783 : 28th
* Gilbert 802581 : 28th
* Henry 20617 : 4th
* Henry 16/1255 : 3rd
* Heta 62579 : 28th
* James Hutana 25842 : 28th
* Joseph Harold 811944 : Jay Force
* Kura 39612 : 28th
* Mathew 19846 : 20th
* Mick 19844 : 20th
* Patira 25844 : 28th
* Peter 445743 : 28th
* Raymond 19620 : 15th
... (1898-1955) aka Readmun Edwards & Eruera Reimana. NOK wife Hautai Reimana at Mourea, Okere Falls, Rotorua
* Richard 39650 : 28th
* Sid 19845 : 21st
* Taylor 16/1277 : 3rd
* Thomas 39693 : 28th
* Thomas 811426 : 28th
* Toko 812405 : 28th
* Wi Nira 67407 : 28th
* William 811519 : 28th
* William Josef 805193 : 28th
* Willie 20640 : 7th
... 1 of 43 members of the Maori Pioneer Battalion who served with the NZ Tunnelling Company and assisted late 1916/early 1917 with the preparations of the caverns for the Battle of Arras

* Claude 67408 : 28th
... son of Eparainoca & Hine Ehau of Bartlett's Camp, via Gisborne. Killed in Action 2 Nov 1942 Western Desert, aged 23
* James 65182 : 28th
... son of Kepa & Ngahirapu Ehau of Rotorua. Killed in Action 2 Nov 1942 Western Desert, aged 23
* Kepa Hamuera Anaha 16/872 : 2nd
* Tangi Haere 39174 : 28th

* Charles 19901 : 20th
* Rangi 16/206 : 1st

* Herbert Lance 62804 : 28th
... (1919-1943) NOK sister, Miss H. O. Hippolite, Madsen, French Pass, NZ. Killed in Action 8 May 1943 in Tunusia aged 24. Possible nephew of John next
* John Arthur 62803 : 28th
... (1900-1942) 1 of 12 children of John 'Arthur' Ratapu Elkington (1866-1950) & Wetekia nee Ruruka (1879-1957). Enlisted from Madsen, French Pass, NZ. Killed in Action 2 Nov 1942, Western Desert

* Richard 800856 : 28th

* George 62745 : 28th
* John Rangi 62746 : 28th
* Piri 16/265 : 1st
* Record William 62747 : 28th
* Te Whetu Rereao 805194 : 28th
* Thomas Mutu 25845 : 28th
* Thomas Rangiwahia 822312 : 28th
* Vincent George Tehau 25846 : 28th

? 16/1032 : 3rd Maori (Rarotongans B)
... Born 1895 Hakupu, Niue. Died 2 March 1968 aged 76. Memorial at Alofi National Memorial Niue, & Hakupu War Memorial, Miue

* Edward Erihe 801789 : 28th
* James Samuel 811753 : 28th
* John 811869 : Jay Force
* Peter 16/439 : 1st
* Tawio 805194 : 28th
* Thomas 16/433 : 1st
* William 16/1254 : 1st

* Joseph Maxwell 804543 : 28th
* William WWI 16/1254 : 3rd
... served in WWII as 816137

* William Oliver 16/582 : 1st

* Harry 19956 : 21st
* Mita 20731 : 8th

* Pua 39210 : 28th
* Rangawhenua 62882 : 28th

* Daniel 16/1509 : 5th
* Jack 39315 :
* Paihana 68216 : 28th
* Tame 20682 :

* Edward 65183 : 28th

* Kouru 19573 : 14th
* Tamaho 20059 : 23rd
* Wakamoe : Jay Force
* Whetu 39048 : 28th

* Jack 39050 : 28th

* Haeata 62580 : 28th
* Maremare 817832 : 15th Jay Force

* Pakira Walters 39009 : 28th

* Edward Matapura 60845 : 31st

* Henare 39768 : 28th
... recorded in Soutar aka Harry Edmonds
* Wi 20742 : 8th

* George : Jay Force
* Walter Te Wharu 812597 : 28th

* Captain William 817609 : 28th

* Fred 20632 : 7th
]... 1 of 43 members of the Maori Pioneer Battalion who served with the NZ Tunnelling Company and assisted late 1916/early 1917 with the preparations of the caverns for the Battle of Arras

* Pae 39313 : 28th
* Pera 39691 : 28th
* Rapata : Jay Force
* Tom 801924 : 28th
* Tu 20634 : 7th
* Whiti 16/580, 16/580A : 2nd

* Aperahama 16/318 : 1st
* Hori 60488 : 26th
* Wiremu 6174 : 28th
* Witute Witute 65342 : 28th

* Rangi 20607 : 5th

* Rikihana 19515 : 13th
... (1897-1968). He embarked for war on the Waitemata Jan-March 1917 at the age of 19. His link has 17. He was Secretary and scribe of the Aupouri-Rarara-Ngapuhi Genealogical Committee. Secretary of the Aupouri Trust Board.

* John 16/390 : 1st
... NOK Aquilla Clapshaw, Cricket-bat Merchant, London, England

* Charles 20849 : 10th
* Henry 801925 : 28th
* James 7/1461 : 6th

Rifleman 28513 Benie Edmonds

Son of Salmond & Millie Edmonds of Whitianga
Killed in Action 31 Dec 1917 in Ypres, Belgium aged 22