THE CHADWICKS OF PASCOEVILLE, BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP, ESSENDON, BENALLA, ROSEBUD AND DROMANA., VIC., AUST.
STOP PRESS! (Disregard any claims that do not accord with the following until they are corrected.)
William John Chadwick, father of the Rosebud pioneer of 1918 was NOT the son of William Goldsborough Chadwick, pioneer of Pascoe Vale, Tullamarine, Essendon and Benalla. As in the case of John Bethell (and a brother whose given name I don't recall and who died as a young man) of Broadmeadows and William Bethell of Bulla, William Goldsborough seems to have come out with at least one brother or relative, Thomas. Such facts were rarely given in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS, most likely because Alexander Sutherland issued a questionnaire which did not ask about such connections. William John Chadwick, born in 1849 with a different surname, did not come to Australia until 1862 when he was 11. William John was the son of HENRY CHADWICK.
CHADWICK—CURRAN (Silver Wedding).—On the 19th December, 1874, by license, at Trinity Church, Stratford, Gippsland, by the Rev. G.W. Watson, William John, youngest son of the late Henry Chadwick, Esq., of Manchester, to Emilie, only daughter of Thos. Curran, Esq., of Stratford. (Present address, National Bank of Australasia Limited, Clifton Hill.)
The name, Thomas, is a complication in the Chadwick story. I was presented with a copy of the history of Will Will Rook Cemetery at its launch. This comes from a list of William and Amelia's children in one of the Benalla histories. "Charles William (b. 1859)Thomas (b.1869). On checking the Will Will Rook Cemetery history, I found:
Reg. No.31 Chadwick, Charles William, buried 1860, age 1 year 2 months, Butcher's child, parents-William Chadwick and Elizabeth #5153.
Reg.273 Chadwick,Thomas, buried 14-5-1871, age 2 years 5 months, parents-Thomas and Amelia Rogers.#3833.
The birth details for these two children mesh perfectly with the burial records (which were unavailable until Beryl Patullo's team wrote the cemetery history.)
Was Elizabeth another of Amelia's given names? Was Thomas another given name or pet name of William Goldsborough Chadwick. Were both clerical errors made by the sextant or registrar?
Toying with the idea that Amelia was a Broady girl, I found two Rogers burials.Charles Rogers was a coach proprietor in 1863 and Elizabeth Rogers who died in 1880 at 67 was a hotel keeper at Campbellfield. This hotel may have been the Royal Mail Hotel at Somerton and led to the wrong use of this name for the hotel in Broadmeadows in Amelia's 1908 obituary.
Were Thomas Chadwick and William Chadwick one and the same or two different people?
We know that William Chadwick was in Broadmeadows Township by 1858, because William, a Wesleyan, was appointed to the Board of National School No. 27 to lessen the predominance of Presbyterians (P.40, BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY, A. Lemon.) Thomas Chadwick was granted a licence for the Broadmeadows Hotel in 1855.
*CHADWICK THOMAS Broadmeadows Broadmeadows 17 APR 1855 granted
"Thomas Chadwick was in charge of the Laurel Hotel at the corner of Mt.Alexander Rd and Middle St (Melway 28 K10) in 1866 and Mrs Emma Chadwick in 1881 (R.K.Cole Collection of Hotel Records at the Latrobe Library.)
The second given name of William Goldsborough Chadwick came from a title document. It is not known whether he was the Benalla pioneer or the son of Thomas (and Emma?)Chadwick. On 20-2-1865, Francis Anne Kenny, widow of Eyre Evans Kenny,sold 26* acres of Mansfield's triangle to Thomas Washbourne and William Goldsborough Chadwick.It had been sold to David Mansfield by 1868 and passed to his son, Samuel.
*Mansfield's Triangle was bounded by Sharps Rd (now partly Caterpillar Drive),Melrose Drive and Broadmeadows Rd. It was divided into three parts of from the south, 26, 52 and 11 acres. The 26 acres are believed (from dimensions given in title memorials) to have fronted Sharps Rd and extended north to a parallel line indicated by the south west end of Carol Grove (Melway 15 J3.). It is possible that this land (separated from the rest of Camp Hill by the GREAT ROAD TO THE DIGGINGS in about 1847) might be the land about a mile towards Deep Creek to which William moved from Pascoeville,but it is actually two and a half miles from the Pascoe Vale bridge to the south east corner of the 26 acres. It is however exactly a mile from the end of Devereaux St (Melway 16 D4)near the north west corner of Fawkner's Belle Vue.
Text in italics from my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND, pages C.62, C66 except for the 1855 licence marked with an asterisk.
It is clear that Thomas Chadwick was a separate person and probable that Mrs Emma Chadwick was his widow.
From my DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND, page C.61, with my additions in brackets.
CHADWICK, William, Benalla, is a native of Yorkshire, England who came to the colony in 1852 and commenced work with Mr.J.P.Fawkner on the Pascoe Vale Estate on which he remained for six months after it came into possession (the occupancy) of Mr James(Fawkner having moved to Collingwood). He then started a butcher's business on the estate and, after being there for two years, removed *a mile away towards Deep Creek. Thence he removed to Broadmeadows (Township, today's Westmeadows south of Kenny St) and with the same business connected a hotel, remaining there for six years. (*Possibly 26 acres at Tullamarine leased at this time,then bought in 1865.)
He next proceeded to Essendon where he carried on the same line of business* in conjunction with cattle dealing and after twelve years removed to Benalla where he still carries on hotel-keeping, being proprietor and licensee of the Farmer's Arms Hotel. He has also 640 acres of land and carries on farming, having 100 acres under wheat, oats and barley.He is married and has a family of four** sons.
(P.326, VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT, Alexander Sutherland.)
(*SOME FARMS IN THE SHIRE OF BROADMEADOWS, VIC., AUST. and ...
took over Peter Pitches' hotel at Essendon and ran it for some time as the FARMERS' ARMS HOTEL. Peter, after whom a street is named just south of the extant hotel may have called it the Royal Mail, leading to the mistake in the 1908 obituary.
** Only two, Martin and William, survived when William's widow died in 1908.)
This journal started from an entry in my CHRONOLOGY OF BURIALS AT DROMANA journal, namely: 14-1-1943. THOMAS WILLIAM CHADWICK. This Rosebud pioneer, whose story is told there, was possible a great nephew of the Pascoeville pioneer.
EMAIL TO "ROSEBUD RIPPLE"
I OFTEN WONDERED IF THE ROSEBUD CHADWICKS WERE RELATED TO THE PIONEER OF BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP. THE TOWNSHIP'S TWO HOTELS WERE CALLED THE BROADMEADOWS AND THE VICTORIA. THE FORMER MAY HAVE BEEN CALLED THE ROYAL MAIL BEFORE 1863, BUT I HAVE SEEN NO EVIDENCE. WILLIAM DIXON SCURFIELD WHO HAD LAND IN THE TOWNSHIP MAY HAVE INVITED WM. CHADWICK TO SPEND A HOLIDAY AT HIS HOTEL ON THE WEST CORNER OF PERMIEN ST DROMANA. THE TWO CHADWICK HOTELS WITH THE SAME NAME WERE THE ONES AT ESSENDON AND BENALLA.
It's a small world!
William Chadwick was the licensee of the Broadmeadows Hotel in Ardlie St, Westmeadows in the 1860's after having started as a butcher at John Pascoe Fawkner's Pascoeville. He then took over the Farmers' Arms hotel on the south west corner of Buckley and Mt Alexander Rds* in Essendon for about a decade before moving to Benalla and establishing a hotel with the same name at Benalla. (Victoria and its Metropolis?) Dorothy Fullarton, former Mayor of Essendon, introduced me to Mrs Ivison,who grew up in Benalla and allowed me to borrow two histories of that area which gave more detail such as a photo of the Chadwick family standing by their car when they visited their boy at the army camp next to the Will Will Rook Cemetery (Maygar Barracks and Northcorp Industrial Park today.)
(*The Farmers'Arms was originally near Essendon Station until William transferred the licence to a new building on the site described in 1874.)
OUR ROSEBUD PIONEER.
William Thomas CHADWICK
Regimental number 1019
Religion Church of England
Address National Bank, Benalla, Victoria
Marital status Married
Age at embarkation 38
Next of kin Father, W.J. Chadwick, National Bank, Benalla, Victoria
Enlistment date 17 March 1915
Rank on enlistment Private
Unit name 22nd Battalion Head-Quarters Staff
AWM Embarkation Roll number 23/39/1
Embarkation details Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 10 May 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll 2nd Pioneer Battalion
Fate Returned to Australia 24 June 1916
Date of death 12 January 1943
Place of burial Dromana Cemetery.
It SEEMED likely that the above, the pioneer and servant of Rosebud (despite the given names being reversed in the service history), was the grandson of the Broadmeadows Township Essendon and Benalla pioneer (wrong!) who had only four children, all sons,(WRONG!) of whom only Martin and William were mentioned in 1908. As Tom's (or Will's)death notice shows, he had more than one sibling.
CHADWICK.-On January 12. at his residence. Rosebud, Thomas William, beloved son of the late Emily and William Chadwick, brother of Ethel (deceased), Arthur,and Roy. -Rest in peace.
HIS PARENTS. William John Chadwick married Emilie Curran. He was apparently born in England in 1849 with a different surname and came to Australia in 1862 when he was 11, according to a website, which also has photos of William John above this passage:
"William John CHADWICK,
most likely have been taken at Dromana at the property called "Clifton Villa".
Sadly the property was sold and the house torn down many years ago.
It was sold to the bloke who owned the garage next door, and, a Service Station was built on the site.
He was a Bank Manager probably the National Bank, at Richmond Victoria.
Retired to Dromana, become a Real Estate Agent .
Not being on the ozgen or Ngaireth's lists for Dromana Cemetery, W.J. might have been buried at Benalla.
OUR PIONEER'S GRANDMOTHER? NO! WILLIAM JOHN CHADWICK WAS THE SON OF HENRY CHADWICK OF MANCHESTER.
MRS. WILLIAM CHADWICK
The death took place on Friday evening last of Mrs. Amelia Chadwick, relict of the late Mr. Wm. Chadwick, for many years the owner and licensee of the Farmers' Arms Hotel. The sad news occasioned very deep regret, and the late Mrs Chadwick was one of the most respected and beloved residents of this town. During the past six months she had been suffering from paralysis, and owing to her advanced age, 76 years, her recovery was not expected, and, as stated, the sad event occurred on Friday night at the residence of her niece, Mrs. Murray, in Benalla-street.
Mrs. Chadwick was a native of Suffolkshire, England, and she came out to this colony in 1852, and proceeded to the Broadmeadows district and the following year she was married to Mr.Wm. Chadwick, who predeceased her in
November 1902. For some time they carried on a butchering business at Broadmeadows, but this they subsequently disposed of, and took the Royal Mail(sic, *Broadmeadows Hotel)at the same place, afterward removing to
an hotel of same name (sic*) at Essendon. Here they continued for some years, and in 1877 they purchased(sic?) the Farmers' Arms Hotel,at Benalla, which, in those days was doing a thriving business. Mr. Chadwick sold out
out of this hotel in August, 1901, to Mr Pearcey. Mrs. Chadwick leaves two sons, Messrs, Martin and William Chadwick for whom much sympathy has been expressed in their bereavement. The remains were interred in the Benalla Cemetery on Sunday last, and were followed to their last resting place by upwards of 30 buggies.
(P.2, Benalla Standard, 4-8-1908.)
(*and permission was granted to Wm. Chadwick to remove his present licence from the Farmers' Arms Hotel, Essendon, to a new house at the corner of the Braybrook and Mount Alexander-road, Essendon, to be known
as thE Farmers' Arms Hotel. (FLEMINGTON COURT,P.3, The Age, 24-7-1874.)
pETER PITCHES ESTABLISHED THE ROYAL HOTEL(which may have originally been called the Royal Mail) NEAR THE ESSENDON STATION BUT MUST HAVE BUILT THE NEW HOTEL ON HIS LAND FARTHER NORTH. BUCKLEY ST WEST WAS ORIGINALLY CALLED BRAYBROOK ROAD BECAUSE IT LED TO SOLOMONS FORD, THE FIRST CROSSING OF THE SALTWATER RIVER, USED BY EARLY TRAVELLERS TO GEELONG AND SOUTH WEST VICTORIA SUCH AS GEORGE RUSSELL AND JOHN AITKEN OF "MOUNT AITKEN" NEAR SUNBURY WHO BOUGHT C/A 8 DOUTTA GALLA NEAR THE FORD AS A HOLDING PADDOCK. SOLOMONS FORD WAS SOUTH OF RHONDA ST, AVONDALE HEIGHTS DESPITE COUNTLESS HERITAGE STUDIES STATING IT WAS AT MELWAY 27 B8 NEAR CLANCY'S GRANTS. BRAYBROOK TOWNSHIP STRADDLED THE RIVER.
I should have read further into the Chadwick entry in my D.H.O.T.A.M.A. The website quoted shows that family researchers were fishing in the dark. The following comes from the books about Benalla supplied by Dorothy Fullarton (BENALLA SKETCHED by Judy Bassett and A JOURNEY THROUGH THE PARISH OF KARRABUMET by Joyce Charnstrom and Jacye Symes.)
William Goldsborough Chadwick was born in Leeds, Yorkshire in 1924. In 1854 he married Amelia Rogers (who was born in about 1832 and died at Benalla in 1908.In 1873 he acquired allotment 37 and the Farmers' Arms Hotel, Benalla. Their children were:
John Edward (born 1855,died single in 1888 at Benalla); Elizabeth (b.1857); Charles William (b. 1859);
Martin Goldsborough (b.1863, married Sarah Riley 1885, own farm near dad 1887, retired to Melb. 1923);
Amelia (b.1865, drowned 1878 at Lake Rowan; Thomas (b.1869) thus being about 4 when buried at Will Will Cemetery; John (b.1872, died 1898 at Benalla.)
No mention there about William John. Was that because he was born out of wedlock or was he adopted? He was certainly Amelia's son as stated in Amelia's obituary: "Mrs. Chadwick leaves two sons, Messrs, Martin and William Chadwick." WILLIAM JOHN WAS THE youngest son of the late Henry Chadwick, Esq., of Manchester,(WHO WAS DEAD BY THE TIME OF W.J.'S MARRIAGE IN 1874 (see silver wedding notice at start of journal)AND MAYBE BY THE TIME OF THE 11 YEAR OLD'S DEPARTURE FOR AUSTRALIA IN 1862.
There is much more HANDWRITTEN information that I will supply if requested.
on 2016-05-27 09:31:24
Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.