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FRIEDEBURG Passengers, Hamburg to Lyttelton 1872

Journal by ngairedith

Star, 2 Sep 1872
The FRIEDEBURG from Hamburg. This fine iron ship, commanded by Captain E. Kopper, arrived and anchored off the Heads on Friday afternoon. On Saturday morning, the s.s.Gazelle, having on board the Health Officer (Dr Donald), Mr R. J. S. Harman (Deputy-Superintendent), Captain Gibson, Dr Rouse and Mr J. E. March, Commissioners, Dr Haast, Mr Ruddenklau, and Mr Monson - who went down as interpreters - left the wharf, and proceeded down to the vessel, which was then under weigh some three miles outside the Heads and, on going alongside, the usual questions were asked and there having been no sickness on board, the vessel was at once declared clear. On going on board, everything was found to be scrupulously clean and the accommodation for the passengers excellent. The immigrants are mostly Scandinavian's and Poles, with about a dozen German families. They comprise 61 single women and 34 single men, the rest being married people and children. Six children were born on the passage; one child (11 months old), died on July 13. The peculiar feature in this ship is her spacious 'tween decks, which measure 8ft 6in from floor to beam. The sleeping accommodation is very roomy. The cubic space thus set apart has ensured proper ventilation and made the health of the passengers remarkably good and as we have said, no serious cases of illness have occurred.

The ship was built by Messrs Stephens and Son of Glasgow and belongs to Messrs R. M. Sloman and Co. of Hamburg, the well-known ship-owners there, who for half a century have almost exclusively shipped immigrants from that port to America and lately to Queensland. They have a fleet of 18 ships specially built for immigration purposes, of these the Friedeburg is a worthy specimen. The passengers looked very healthy and are in good spirits. Dr J. D. L. Temple is the Surgeon Superintendent and it is owing to his care and excellent management that the immigrants have come out so well. The usual inspection was made by the commissioners and also by the Deputy Superintendent and with the exception of a slight complaint about the water during a portion of the voyage, but which was remedied, there was nothing to complain about. A distilling apparatus would be a great advantage to vessels of this class. As soon as the immigrants are landed the Friedeburg will sail for Java thence to Hamburg and will bring out more emigrants. The s.s.Gazelle took the ship in tow and brought her up to an anchorage off the town. A large number of foreigners visited the ship yesterday. The following is Captain Kopper's report of the voyage:— The Friedeburg sailed from Hamburg on May 21st, passed the Lizards on June the 1st; crossed the line on June 23rd, but was detained by calms at Fernando Norunha for three days; got the S.E. trades from the 8. by E.; had to stay several times on the coast of Brazil until past the Abruhas Shoals; passed the longitude of the Cape on July 21st in 45deg. S.; passed the Crozettes on July 30th and Tasmania August 19th; eastings were ran down in 48deg to 50deg; then had light variable winds to sighting the Snares on Aug 26th; thence had variable winds, with rain and fog, until Aug 30th at, on that day Banks Peninsula was made, Godley Heads same day and at 4 p.m. dropped anchor, making the passage from the Lizards in 90 days.

Star, 2 Sep 1872
Immigrants By The Friedeburg The first shipment of immigrants direct from Germany arrived in Port Lyttelton on Saturday last. The fine iron ship Friedeburg, Captain Kopper, made the passage from Hamburg in 102 days and it is very satisfactory to report that the immigrants have arrived at their destination in excellent health and spirits. The ship was signalled outside the heads on Friday afternoon, but the name of the vessel could not be ascertained until the following day. This fact suggests the urgent necessity that exists for the establishment of telegraphic communication between the Godley Head lighthouse, the signal station and the telegraph office in Lyttelton. The expense would not be very great, in fact it would appear as trifling contrasted which the utility of the work. The lighthouse-keeper could soon be instructed in the art, so that the names of vessels could be telegraphed to Lyttelton and Christchurch immediately upon the signals being made out.
His Honor the Deputy-Superintendent, Mr J. E. March (Chief Immigration Officer), Dr Haast, Mr Ruddenklau and Mr Monson left Christchurch for Lyttelton by the half-past eight o'clock train. Messrs Ruddenklau and Monson proceeded to port in the capacity of interpreters — the former as between the Government officials and the German immigrants and the latter as interpreter between the officials and the Danes and Norwegians. The party was joined in Lyttelton by Drs Donald and Rouse and Captain Gibson who, together with Mr March, are the Immigration Commissioners for the province. The s.s.Gazelle, Capt McLellan, was chartered to take the party to the vessel. The Gazelle started about 10 o'clock, taking the Ben Moro in tow, but some delay was occasioned through the barque getting fast on a bank, which has formed a short distance from the wharf. As soon as she was got off, she was towed to the middle of the stream and left there and the Gazelle proceeded to the ship, which was lying at anchor two miles outside the North Head. On approaching the vessel, the flag flying at the stern bespoke her country and there was no longer any doubt as to her being the Freideburg. Drawing nearer, the immigrants were mounted on the bulwarks of the ship anxiously awaiting our arrival and the chorus of a cluster of single women on the poop settled the point as to their nationality. Seen from the deck of the Gazelle, the large group of immigrants presented a somewhat novel spectacle. Three or four nations were there represented - the Germanic, the Germanic Polish, the Norwegian, and the Danish, all chattering away in the language and dialects of their respective countries. Dr Donald, as Health Officer, was the first to go on board and, as all was well, the whole party followed shortly afterwards. The immigrants were in the very best of spirits and spoke hopefully of the future in their adopted home. Unfortunately, not one of them could speak English and they expressed a considerable amount of anxiety in consequence, but they were in a great measure consoled when told that there were several of their countrymen in the province and that they would soon be able to pick up the language in a country where English was universally spoken.
Among the immigrants there are some who have won decorations for services in the field. One has been in the Holstein, Austrian and Franco-German wars and another in the two latter campaigns. The usual official inspection by the Immigration Commissioners was commenced shortly after going on board. Beginning with the single women's compartment, the muster roll was called over and the girls were asked (through the interpreters) whether they had any complaints to make. Their general reply was that they had been well treated during the voyage. In the married couples compartment, every head of a family was asked separately if he had anything to complain of. In the majority of cases the reply was a negative one, but there were a few who complained of the quality of the water and the insufficiency of diet served out to them. Dr Temple was asked to express his opinion with reference to the dietary scale and he said he thought the quantities of some of the items were too small. Amongst the married couples one immigrant was pointed out as having walked from the Russian frontier to Hamburg (a distance of about 800 miles) with his wife and five or six children, sleeping at farm houses and often times in the open air on their way to join the ship. It was a curious fact, that while those on one side of the vessel (Polish-Germans) complained about the insufficiency of food; those on the opposite side (Norwegians and Danes) expressed entire satisfaction. The former were asked how they could account for this and their reply was that the latter were richer than themselves and besides bringing more comforts with them, had money enough to enable them to procure what they wanted. The same thing, however, was noticeable in the single men's compartment; here the Danes and Norwegians were perfectly satisfied with their treatment on board, while a few of the Germans and Polish-Germans complained of the quality of the water and the insufficiency of the dietary scale.
The captain and doctor speak very highly of the conduct of the Norwegians and Danes and most of his own countrymen during the voyage from Hamburg. We were pleased to observe the cleanliness of the ship in every part and it is doubtless owing to the care taken in this respect that the health of the passengers has been so successfully maintained.
Speaking of the immigrants, if they follow the excellent advice given to them by the two interpreters, they will have no reason to regret coming to New Zealand. Their ignorance of English will doubtless be a considerable disadvantage to them for some time, but they will not be long in acquiring a sufficient knowledge of the language to enable them to get along comfortably with those by whom they may be employed. It is probable that many of them will find employment from their own countrymen.

The Friedeburg sailed from Hamburg on the 18th of May, having on board 292 persons, representing 241 adults. On the voyage out there was one death - a child 11 months old - and six births, thus increasing the number of souls to 297. Of this number 200 are above 12 years old, 82 are between 1 and 12 years and 15 under 1 year. There are 61 single women, 33 single men, 53 married couples and 97 children and infants, including the six born on the passage. Which regard to nationalities, the numbers are as follows: — Germans (including Polish) 102 persons above 12 years, 68 children and 5 infants; Norwegians, 51 persons above 12 years, 5 children and 3 infants; Danes, 47 persons above 12 years, 9 children and 2 infants. This total of 10 infants does not include those born since the sailing of the ship.

The ship is admirably adapted for the conveyance of immigrants and is superior in many respects to the vessels that come from London. The height between decks is 8ft and 6ft, the ventilation is good, but there is an insufficiency of light in all the compartments. Captain Kopper has made one trip to Queensland in the Friedeburg with 300 immigrants and he is highly spoken of by those who have now readied Canterbury under his charge. The surgeon-superintendent, Dr D. L. Temple, who speaks German very fluently and Danish moderately well, deserves to be complimented upon the healthy condition in which so many persons have reached their destination. The immigrants will disembark at noon today and will be conveyed by special train to Addington. The Barracks will be open to employers on Thursday. We are informed that at the Immigration Barracks no fewer than 90 applications for domestic servants have been received. Mr March has remained on board the ship since Saturday and will not leave until the disembarkation is completed. Messrs Ruddenklau and Monson will act as interpreters during the stay of the immigrants at the Barracks.

* The name spelling of these early settlers is as found from various sources, with variations in brackets.
* I have calculated ages from age at death and this can conflict with age on passenger info

Archikowska, Arczikowska, Arezikorerska, Arezikowska
* Wilhelmine 'Wilhelmina' age 37

Borlowski Barlowski, Boloski, Borkowski, Brodek, Brodkowski, Burlowski
* Jozef Maciej 'Joseph' age 29 (1843-1907)
* Dorota 'Dorothy' age 28 (1842-1915)
. naturalised as Joseph Bolowski in Christchurch in 1887

* Juliana age 19 (1853-)

Burchard, Burchart, Burchett, Burkett, Burkitt
* Adam age 46 (1826-1897)
. buried Te Henui
* Anna 'Annie' aged 41 (1831-1887 nee Kaminska)
. buried Stratford Pioneer with 4 infant grandchildren
* Julia Eulalie Leinna age 17 (1854-1894)
. married fellow passenger Mathias Szymanski (below) in 1874, she died in childbirth, buried Linwood with husband
* Johan 'John' age 11 (1860-1933)
. married Barbara Dodunski in 1887, naturalised in New Plymouth in 1925, died as John Burkett, buried Te Henui with Barbara.
* Theofil 'Theophilus' age 4 (1868-1950)
. married fellow passenger, Susan Kurich in 1888, naturalised in Hakumatu in 1924, died as Theophilus Burkett, they are buried Old Taumarunui
* Tomasz 'Thomas' age 6 months (1872-1939)
. married Constance Fabich in 1898, died as Thomas Burkett, buried Inglewood

Burysek, Burischek, Buryoek
* Jozef 'Joseph' age 42 (1830-1896)
. died Waimakariri District
* Dorota Dorathea, 'Dorothy' age 41 (1831-1897)
. died as Dorathea Burischeck, buried Linwood
* Korona, Corona, 'Jesena' age 9 (1863-1933)
. married as Corona Burischek to William Fife in St John's Anglican Church, Latimer Square, Christchurch 1882, buried Linwood
* Katarzyna age 8 (1864-)
* Teresia 'Theresa' age 7 (1865-1945)
. married as Theresa Dorothea Burischek in West Oxford, Canterbury in 1886 to William Knowles, buried Bromley

Cierczicka, Cierzinska
* Mariana 'Maria' age 28

Dobeck, Dunick, Dunnek, Dunnick, Zdonek, Zdunek
* Jozef 'Joseph' age 39 (1833-1923)
. married Maryanna in Wiels in 1858. Naturakused as Joseph Dunick in 1899. Died in Ohaka
* Maryann Barbara age 35 (1837-1927 nee Dobeck)
. Died as Mary Ann Dunick, buried in Linwood with Joseph
* Mikolaj 'Michael' age 9 (1863-1941)
. born Mikolaj Nikolaj Jdunek, married Berthe Bielawski (1875-1947) in Inglewood in 1895 as Michael Dobeck, buried as Nicholas Dobeck in Invercargill with Bertha
* Franciszek 'Francis' age 7 (1865-1928)
. married Letitia Reid in 1906, died in Invercarill & buried Eastern cemetery as Frank Dunnek
* Jozef 'Joseph' age 3 (1869-1947)
. married Julia Szymanska in 1891, Mary Boyd in 1908 & Mary Carey in 1911. Naturalised as Joseph Dunick in Ohaka 1937. Died in Kaipoi & buried Linwood cemetery.

Falska, Feetsku, Felska, Feltsku
* Jakub 'Jacob' age 32 (1839-1926)
. was a farmer in Southland, died as Jacob Falska in Winton
* Juliana age 37 (1845-1897)
. Jacob & Julia are buried Winton
* Maria age 4 (1868-)

Gierszewski, Gearschawski, Gearschewski, Georgewski, Gierzewski
* Johan Jan 'John' age 37 (1835-1935)
* Rosalia 'Rosalie' age 36 (nee Pyszka 1836-1888)
* Szymon 'Simon' age 7 (1864-1872)
. died at sea
* Anna 'Anne' age 1.5 (1870-1945)
* The family moved to Bellingham, Washington, USA in 1886. Anna married Leo Radonski in Washington in 1887. She married Franciszek Radonski in Washington in 1929. All this family is buried at St Joseph Mission cemetery, Johan is buried as John Gorne (1836-1935)

Grafoski, Crokowsky, Grahofski, Grofskey, Grofski, Grofsky, Groufski, Growchowski
* Szymon 'Simon' age 27 (1844-1883)
* Franciszka Gabrielle 'Frances' age 24 (1848-1912 nee Tadajewska)
* Franciszek Cyril 'Frank' age 3 (1869-1915)
* Simon & Franciszek had another 5 children in NZ. At some time he changed their name to Grofski. They are buried in Linwood

Groskowki, Groshinski, Groszynski, Grishinski
* Piotr 'Peter' age 35 (1835-1898)
* Mariana 'Mary' age 26 (1845-1934 nee Urban)
* Jozef 'Joseph' age 2
* Marian-Piotr 'Peter Joseph' (1872-1937) born at sea 18 days after leaving Hamburg. Married Annie Neilson (1873-1948) in 1898, buried together Aramoho
. Piotr & Mariana had another 6 children in Taranaki

Gurney, Gurni
* Franz 'Frank' age 28 (1844-1917)
* Catharina age 30 (1842-)
* Anton age 9 (1863-)
* son born at sea (1872)
. Frank was naturalised in 1877. He died at Le Bons Bay and is buried Linwood

Jablonski, Jablinski, Jablowski, Joblinski, Joblinsky
* Jozef 'Joseph' age 25 (1844-1938)
* Maria 'Mary' age 27 (1850-1917 nee Yeaski)
* Johann 'John' age 1.3 (1871-1946)
. written Janina on passenger list, married Mary Ann Bannon (1867-1934) from Ireland in 1896. They are buried Sydenham.
. Joseph was naturalised in Papanui, Christchurch in 1887. He was a 'roadman' in Papanui in 1893. In 1896 he was a 'gardener' on Papanui road, now named Joseph Blumsky. He & Mary are buried in Linwood as Blumsky

Jakochowski, Jakochowski, Sackohowski
* Karolina 'Caroline' age 19 (1853-1901)
. Caroline married (widower) William Dow (1817-1891) in Christchurch 10 Nov 1876 & had 7 children. She was widowed when the youngest was 13 months old and next married Aaron Kirk 21 March 1892 & had another 2 children. She died in Karewarewa, leaving 8 children and is buried at Rangiwahia

Jaroszewski, Jarosgewski, Jarozewski, Jarozwski, Shaskey
* Mateusz Mathias, Mathius, 'Matthew'
age 37 (1835-1912)
. Matthew was naturalised in Papanui in 1893. He is buried Linwood as Matthew Shaskey
* Anna age 36 (1836-1931)
. Ann is buried Taruheru, Gisborne
* Antoni Antonia age 9 (1863-)
* Johan 'John' age 6 (1866-1945)
. John married Jannie Thompson in 1895 as John Shaskey. He was naturalised as John Shaskey in Christchurch in 1925 where he was a market gardener. He is buried Waimairi.
* Juliane Juliana 'Julia' age 3 (1869-1939)
. married Charles Frederick Benney in 1902 (Julia Sharkey on BDM)
* Franciszka Frances, 'Fanny' age .75 (1871-)
. Fanny married William Thomas in 1910

Kaczorowska Karomiska, Karonkiska, Katzarowska
* Maria 'Mary' age 22 (1850-1911)
. married John Joseph Rock (1852-1928) in 1875. John was killed when knocked over by a car in Christchurch when he was 76. Mary is buried Linwood. John in Sydenham.

* Ewa 'Eva' age 18

* Friederich 'Fred' age 31 (1841-)
* Catharina age 27 (1845-)
. Fred was a farmer on Prestons Road, Marshlands

Kotlowski, Kottlowski
* August Augustus age 44 (1828-1901)
* Mariana 'Mary' age 35 (1837-1914)
* Katarzyna 'Catherine' age 8 (1864-)
* Maria 'Mary' age 6 (1866-1917)
* Anna age 1.6 (1870-)
* Antoni 'Antonio' born at sea (1872-1928)
. married Ellen Glynan in 1896. They are buried Akaroa
. August & Mary are buried Akaroa

Kurek, Kaerick, Kurck, Kurick, Kurich
* Marcin 'Martin' age 41 (1831-1920)
. naturalised as Martin Kaerick in Inglewood in 1882, died in 1920 as Martin Kurick
* Katarzyna Catharina, Katherine age 42 (1830-1903)
* Susana 'Susanna' age 2 (1870-1952)
. married fellow passenger Theofil Burchard / 'Theophilus Burkett' (above) in 1888. They are buried Old Taumarunui

Lisiecka, Leshelkie, Liserka
* Magdalena age 21
. married John Anderson in 1873 as Magdaline Leshelkie

Piekarski, Percasky, Picasky, Pickarski, Pickarsky, Pickaskie, Pickasky, Pickorsky, Picurski, Picwasky, Picwesk, Pie Karsky, Pieharski, Piekarsky, Piersky
* Michal 'Michael' age 27 (1844-1913)
* Ewa 'Eva' age 22 (1850-1926)
* Anastasja 'Anastasia' age 2.3 (1870-1970)
. married Charles August Neilson in 1908, died age 99 & buried Foxton with Charles
. Michael & Eva are buried Linwood as Percasky

* Fred age 32 (1843-)
* Erestyna age 34 (1831-)
* Alwin age 9
* Ernestyna age 4
* Berta age 2

Schielke, Schieltke, Shelker
* Gottfryd Gottfried 'Godfrey' age 44 (1821-1894)
* Ewa 'Eva' age 43 (1823-1909)
* Augustina age 20 (1852-)
* Karolina age 16 (1856-)
* Julia age 9 (1863-)
* Wilhelm 'William' age 7 (1865-1940)
* Gustaw 'Gustav' age 4 (1868-)
* Gottfried died as Godfrey Skelker, Eva as Shilke. They are buried Timaru

Szutkowski, Schilkowski, Schulkowski, Shutkowski
* Adam age 40 (1832-)
* Karolina 'Caroline' age 45 (1827-)
* Fryderyk, Friederich age 8

Szymanski, Schiemanski, Schimanski
* Matheusz, Mathias, 'Matthew' age 22 (1850-1933)
. married fellow passenger Eulalia Juliana Buchart (above) in 1874. Julia died in childbirth in 1894. He next married the widow Anna Rogal in 1899. Matthew is buried with Julia. Annie is buried Waimairi

Tuszynska, Tuschinska, Tushinske
* Marta 'Martha' Ida Hadwig age 19 (1853-1912)
. Marta married in the Auckland Registrar's Office in 1884, as Tuschinske, to Henrich Ludwig Schacht (1854-1939). They lived in Disraeli St., Epsom, Auckland & buried Waikumete

* Juliana age 28 (1844-)

Watembach, Watamberg, Watemburg, Watemburgh, Wattembach, Wattemburg
* Albrecht 'Albert' age 32 (1840-1906)
. naturalised in 1887. Died in Christchurch as Albert Watemburg. Buried Linwood with wife Chatharina
* Katarzyna 'Catharina' age 30 (1841-1915)
* Jozef Joseph, James age 5 (1867-1915)
. married Martha Newstrouski in 1897. Buried Linwood with 8 month old daughter Olive (1908-1908)
* Mariana 'Mary' age 19 months (1870-1950)
. married John Joseph Le Vavaseur (1864-1936) in 1888. Buried Bromley with husband
* Franciszek 'Frank' age 8 months (1871-1927)
. also buried Bromley

Wisniewski, Wischniewski, Wischniewzki, Wisnewski, Urschniewski
* Johan Jan, 'John' age 36 (1836-1913)
* Anna age 28 (1842-1935)
. John died as John Bruce Wisnewski, He & Anna are buried Koupatama
* Antoni 'Anthony' age 5 (1867-1942)
. married Frances Helen Stellar (1869-1940) in 1892. Lived in Stratford. Buried Te Henui with his wife
* Franciszek age 2 (1870-)

Wischnewsky, Wisniewski, Wischniewzki
* Jozef 'Joseph' age 29 (1843-)

Woszewiak, Woczewick, Wodziwack
* Paulina age 29 (1843-)

Dobeck, Dunick, Dunnek, Dunnick, Zdonek, Zdunek
. see Dobeck above

* Michal age 28 (1844-)
* Franciszka age 29 (1843-)
* Stanislaw 'Stanislaus' age 18 months (1870-)

PHOTO 784 ton, iron immigrant ship, Friedburg
with Captain Kopper, from Hamburg, Germany

by ngairedith Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2022-11-05 09:27:54

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