Martin Krause - My Great Grandfather on My Mothers Side
Martin Krause,(Born: 28 Mar 1856 & Died 19 May 1938) was the 3rd child of Johann Krause and Maria Krause (nee Kies).
He married Amalie Friedrica Semmler at Katyil Victoria on 9 Sep 1886.
Martin was Naturalised by the Commonwealth Government of Australia on 5th October 1923. He was 67 years of age.
From information provided by Martin on 2nd March 1923 when he applied for Australian Citzenship he states he was born on 28 March 1856 at Heinsbeck, near Posen in the County of Posen in the country of Germany. (This would have made him 82 years, 1 month and 20 days on his death date) He states his father was German and was named Johann Krause and that his mother was German.
(However, on information provided on his death certificate, he is shown to be 84 years when he died on18 May 1938). No actual birth certificate is available to indicate the exact day of birth.
Personal details on Martins Naturalisation Documentation, show that he was:
five feet & eight inches tall, hair was black slightly turning grey, his eyes were blue and he had the little finger on his left hand bent.
He was living with his wife "Amelie Friedriche" at Federal St Rainbow and that they had six (6) children these being:-
Martin Frederick 34 years of age born at Katyal now residing at Hamilton
Agnes Amelia 32 years of age born Katyil now residing at Rainbow the wife of George Brown.
Ewald Paul 30 years of age born at Katyil now residing at Wal Wal
Otto John 28 years of age born at Katyil now residing at Morwell
Oswald Ewald 25 years of age born at Katyil now residing at Stawell
Bruno Gottfried aged 24 years of age born at Katyil now residing at Hamilton
Martin, also states that he "had two sons that enlisted in and served with the Australian Imperial Forces in the late war".
Martin states that he arrived at Adalaide, South Australia from the port of Hamburg, Germany in November 1862 on a ship called the "Wandrum".
However, checking ship arrivals into Adelaide it is obvious that Martin at aged 67 and having arrived in Australia some 60 odd years earlier as a six year? old child did not have an accurate recall of his arrival in Australia.
A search of the ?Biographical index of South Australians, 1836-1885? was able to find out some information. According to this source the following people arrived in Adelaide on board the ?Wandrahm? on 13 March 1862.
1- Hans Krause; 2- Marie Krause; 3- Martin Krause (2)
Unfortunately I was not able to confirm this information on a shipping list as I was advised that the official passenger list for this voyage of ?Wandrahm? has not survived. There is a notice in the Register, 14 March 1862, indicating the arrival of ?Wandrahm? and the fact that a Marie and Martin Krause were among the passengers, no other information is available.
From the information that is available it is not clear if all members of the family arrived on this ship? As both the father and the oldest son were both called Johann (Hans) it can only at this stage be assumed that Johann & Maria Krause along with their two (2) children Johanne & Martin did arrive at Adelaide on the " Wandrahm"
Loyds Shipping Register describes the "Wandrahm" as a Barque built in 1854 at Reiherstieg, Hamburg Germany.
The ship was 675 Tons net and her dimensions were 135.9 feet long, a 29.5 foot beam and holds 24 feet deep.
Martin, states that on arriving at Adelaide he lived for about 8 years in Adelaide, 8 years at Hamilton Victoria, 30 years at Katyil, near Dimboola, Victoria and the last 14 years at Rainbow, Victoria.
A sidenote to this is that his Father Johann's death certificate shows that Johann had lived "15 years in South Australia and 24 years in Victoria when he died on 1st August 1901 at Katyil, Victoria? Could have Martin got his recall of the stay in SA wrong or was his fathers death certificate information not correct?
At the time of making application for Naturalisation he was in the employ as a Gardener by a Mr Alfred George Merritt, a Raibow Stationer. It was stated in the application that Martin could not read or write english but could speak and understand english language.
Details on his Death Certificate show that he was 84 year of age at death. That he died at the Airlie Hospital Dimboola, Victoria on 18 May 1938 his occupation is shown as Labourer but under this is shown Old Age Pensioner. His father is shown as Johanne Krause and his mother as Maria Krause nee Kies. The informant on the death certificate is shown as Krause but I cannot decipher the initial of the person concerned. He was buried at the Dimboola Cemetery on 19 May 1938, a Lutheran minister is shown as doing the burial.
Details of his birth are shown that he was born at Heinsbeck, Germany and lived in South Australia for 10 years and 68 years in Victoria.
Children shown are:-
Frederich Martin - 51 years
Agnes - 48 years
Otto John - Deceased (My Grandfather, Gallipoli Veteran)
Paul - 46 years
Oswald - 42 years
Bruno - 40 years
Antonia - 33 years (Antonia, is not shown as a child in 1923 when he applied for Australian Naturalisation, Why? in 1924 on the death of his wife Amelia her children show all seven (7) as living! Could this have been an oversight by Martin back in 1923?