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Journal by itellya


POSTSCRIPT 2-5-2018.

I don't hide my wrong assumptions, because they show that even big know-alls like yours truly make them. They are necessary in a search for the truth but a true historian always seeks to confirm or disprove the assumption which Christine has helped this know-all to do, as well as helping me to limit the time of the fiery end of the Lady of the Lake to a few months in the second half of 1861.

My Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around written between the 1889 and 1998 Tullamarine Reunions was based on the pioneers of the shires of Keilor, Broadmeadows and Bulla which all included the area described as Tullamarine. Parish maps and transcriptions of rate records, directories and local histories are all good sources to identify an area's pioneers and properties. The last two areas had official municipal histories, although Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS A FORGOTTEN HISTORY focussed more on speculators than I.W.Symonds' BULLA BULLA which was pioneer focussed. There was no official history of Keilor so I had to rely on three souvenirs: Keilor Village Centenary 1950, Proclamation of the City of Keilor 1961, and Centenary of establishment of the Keilor Road Board 1963. Luckily the Keilor Historical Society had been reformed in 1989 and the dud first President (me) was replaced the next year by Susan Jennison OAM and soon after Chris Laskowski started providing articles from old newspapers for the newsletter.

Then Angela Evans & Co. (Joan Carstairs etc.) produced KEILOR PIONEERS: DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES which was a valuable source for my EARLY LANDOWNERS; PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA. Decades later, I recall with great amusement the tale of "Gay Lothario" and Owen Connor's letter, written WITH AN IRISH ACCENT after he'd returned to Ireland.

My local history career commenced because the history of Tullamarine consisted of only one and a half foolscap pages and Andrew Lemon, who had devoted some pages to my great grandfather, had hardly mentioned any of the other pioneers in my Broadmeadows rates transcriptions, and only a handful of pioneers were included in Alexander Sutherland's VICTORIA AND ITS MEROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT. I wanted to acknowledge as many pioneers as possible, explaining with fair precision where their farms were: i.e. Local History for Family Historians.

It is because STEELE CREEK AND THE LADY OF THE LAKE is the ULTIMATE LOCAL HISTORY FOR FAMILY HISTORIANS that my reading of the book changed from a search for possible errors to pure enjoyment, sharing the delight that descendants of the many pioneers mentioned will experience. Each crown allotment is shown with all owners and tenants listed. Amazingly, there follows a biography of each of these people with extensive genealogy, and terrific detail of their life before and after their time in the vast area, stretching from Tullamarine to Aberfeldie known in the 1840's as Springs. Chris deals with so many families that all the surnames would not fit in the surnames list. Lenore Frost whose books about Essendon's mansions and street names were invaluable sources for my DHOTAMA, has helpfully posted an index for Christine's book on the internet. Here's a link.

My change of focus is indicated by a dotted line.

I have known Chris since about 1990 and admired the great job she did for years as editor of the Keilor Historical Society's newsletter. Her articles were thoroughly researched and interesting. Her book is based on countless sources and mentions many pioneers that I have never seen mentioned.

Intrigued by the title of the book, I suspected that it was due to an extract on page 95 of my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA the only printed copy of which I gave to Bob Chalmers of the Essendon Historical Society.

"SPRING TIMES. (P.S.Crown allotments are in the parish of Doutta Galla unless otherwise stated.)
Steele Creek starts in the parish of Tullamarine. One branch commenced across the now-named Mickleham Rd from the Mobil garage site, where the 1860 geological survey noted the existence of “a constant supply of excellent water”. The map’s topographical contours show no depression that would funnel rainfall into the commencement of a creek, so the source was obviously a spring. The water flowed west one chain into section 3 Tullamarine and continued, south of Foster’s Lane (as Sharps Rd was known) into section 21 Doutta Galla. These two crown sections were granted to W.V.L.Foster, who called his farm The Springs. By 1849, the name Springs was used to describe residents as far apart as Alexander Smith of Norwood (9B and 11B), which straddled Buckley St, James Laverty in Keilor Rd (see 18D), and David O’Nial of Tullamarine, whose Lady of the Lake hotel fronted Melrose Dr between Millar Rd and Derby St. This obviously caused confusion so, by 1856, Bernard Cavenagh (sic, Kavanagh) of 18B, James Collier (50 acres comprising the northern half of Niddrie quarry), Patrick Phelan (17A) and Edward Fegan, operator of the North Pole Inn were described as living in Springfield. Once again a farm name (that of 18B) had been used to designate a locality. Springs and then Springfield referred to the area either side of Steele’s chain of Ponds. The Spring theme was continued with farm names: Springfield (18B), Spring Park (17A), Spring Vale (18D), Springbank (lots 7-11 section 12), and Spring Hill (section 7, allotments 3 and 4). Due to a lack of water, locals referred to the creek as Spring Gully by the 1890’s, as is shown by reports of meets in Cameron-Kennedy’s THE OAKLANDS HUNT."

However in the introduction Christine states: "I was encouraged some years ago by a friend, Lenore Frost, to write a 'short story'covering the early years of settlement in and around Steele Creek, which runs through my former home suburb of Avondale Heights..." Nor is there any mention of my Early Landowners. That Chris had not seen my history is confirmed by the map on page 3 which shows the Lady of The Lake Hotel on section 21 Doutta Galla at approximately Melway 15 G5.

The purpose of this review is to sometimes add information and alert readers to any possible incorrect assumptions so that any other information can be taken as gospel. I had never heard of a Lady of the Lake Hotel being on section 21 Doutta Galla so let's examine the justification of the location shown on the page 3 map.

P. 62, The Lady of the Lake (1844) William Hancock,David William O'Nial
In April 1844, William Hancock obtained a licence for an inn named The Lady of the Lake which was situated on J.F.L.V.Foster's land at the Springs..... In January 1846 the licence of The Lady of the Lakewas transferred to David William O'Nial.

At the top of page 64, after much detail about the O'Nials that I've never seen elsewhere, Chris mentions that the original track (through section 21 Doutta Galla, which I have seen on title documents) was to be replaced by a new road (today's Bulla Rd-Wirraway Rd-Melrose Drive)and O'Nial had no option than to relocate his business.

On 21 June 1850, O'Nial announced in the Melbourne Morning Herald:
REMOVAL. Mr.D.W.O'Nial, landlord of the Lady of The Lake Hotel, Mount Macedon Road, has obtained a removal of his licence from the old to an extensive new house erected within a short distance of the old inn.

This certainly shows that the hotel was in two different locations but not that the first one was on 21 Doutta Galla. Chris states that plans were afoot to build a new road to Mt. Macedon in 1850 but a descendant of E.E.Kenny, grantee of land at the south west corner of the parish of Tullamarine, told me that the new road was surveyed in 1847.

However the road must not have been built for quite a while. Kenny's Camp Hill originally adjoined the Fosters' section 3 Tullamarine at today's Broadmeadows Road. The new road would pass through it so the 89 acres between today's Melrose Drive and Broadmeadows Rd, later called Mansfield's triangle, was sold off by Kenny from 1854.

On 14-11-1854, Kenny sold 11 acres of lot 3 and 52 acres of lot 4 west of Bulla Rd. The latter extending south to the southernmost bends in Birch Ave and Banksia Gr. Kenny died at Camp Hill on 19-9-1861 at 78 and on 20-2-1865 his widow Frances Anne (nee Gray) sold the southern 26 acres of Mansfields Triangle to Thomas Washbourn and William Goldsborough Chadwick.

This would tend to confirm that use of the new road started at about the time the hotel was relocated but the use of "short distance" rather than 13 chains or thereabouts (1.260 kilometres, the distance between the location shown on the page 3 map and the later location*)makes it impossible to confirm the original inn being near the end of Barrie Rd by the creek (Melway 15 G5.)

The north west of Section 3 Tullamarine (a Foster grant and part of SPRINGS) is indicated by the corner of Mickleham Rd* and the Freight Rd/Londrew Court midline. The 1850 Lady of the Lake location given by Chris was: "On the Deep Creek Road, now Melrose Drive, just west of the Broadmeadows in the estate of Camiestown**".

(*Formerly Broadmeadows Rd, then Old Broadmeadows Rd until Hackett St-the west boundary of Broadmeadows Township-was constructed and a bridge built to replace the detour down Fawkner St, turning left at the Broady pub with a climb up Ardlie St, to produce a direct connection with Mickleham Rd.

Messrs. Riddle*** and Hamilton's Estate, known as the Camiestown Estate, at the Springs, on the Mount Alexander* Road Near the Lady of the Lake Inn, and extending across** to the Moonee Ponds.
(P.2, Argus, 12-2-1853.) (*Mt Macedon Rd was now THE GREAT ROAD TO THE DIGGINGS,hence the new destination **north including section 15 Tullamarine. *** Wright St is named Riddle (sic, Riddell; this is my spelling mistake I refer to later) Rd in the Camieston Estate subdivision plan. Like Nash's Lane (now closed apart from Mercers Drive), originally Victoria Rd, it went north from today's Melrose Drive to the Moonee Ponds Creek.)

The north boundary of Foster's section 3 Tullamarine is indicated by Post Office Lane, the north boundary of the Trade Park estate across Melrose Drive from the Derby St Corner.) Its boundary with section 6 was a continuation of this line to Freight Rd. Derby St was part of Camiestown but enclosed Hamilton Terrace, consisting one acre blocks which were rectangular apart from a 1.5 acre triangular block north of the Lady of the Lake site which still exists and was owned circa 1950 by Andy Craig. The rest of the Camieston Estate was divided into blocks of about 7 acres and the large Chandos, later subdivided into Judd's Chandos Park, Lockhart's Springburn and Wright's Strathconnan. The Lady of the Lake was next to, not on, the Camiestown Estate.

Something that always troubled me is that travellers to Sydney via Old Sydney (Mickleham) Road were told to turn right at the Lady of the Lake Hotel*. This would require a detour through Chandos. Even when the original route to Mt Macedon passed by today's Silicon Court, travellers to Sydney would probably have left it near Barrie Rd and entered the parish of Tullamarine (north of Sharps Rd)to follow Broadmeadows Rd. O'Nial's original Lady of the Lake AT TULLAMARINE may have been on Green's Corner on Foster's land (Springs, later Springvale as detailed in another of my recent journals) where the 711 has replaced the Mobil garage that stood there for many decades. This was a SHORT distance from the 1850 "house" which was between the Millar Rd corner and ALMOST the Derby St corner being only 30 chains (600 metres) away. Another possibility was 70 metres from today's Melrose Drive along Millar* Rd (which was the drive to the house.) Colin Williams lived in this house,the "Broombank homestead that his parents occupied after my great grandfather, John Cock (from 1867-1882)and from which the O'Nial girls viewed the Robert O'Hara Burke procession through the cape broom hedge in 1860. This tiny building would indeed have been a VERY SHORT distance from the second "extensive house".

(*Ray Loft who married Maggie Millar bought Broombank from the girls' estate in the 1930's and subdivided it in 1952. John Cock's leasehold increased by about six acres after the Lady of the Lake burnt down about 1870. Colin William's dad found many coins and other relics of the pub while ploughing. My GGF probably mainly grazed until he moved to Springbank.)

*POSTSCRIPT, 1-5-2018. THE PENNY DROPS! Re "Something that always troubled me is that travellers to Sydney via Old Sydney (Mickleham) Road were told to turn right at the Lady of the Lake Hotel*" Christine's reproduction on page 34 of Hoddle's map of 1847 showing the old and new roads to Mount Macedon and ditto to Keilor shows the beginning of TWO TRACKS heading north east from the INN, which I have now accepted was the original Lady of the Lake Hotel. These tracks TURNING RIGHT were obviously heading to the north east corner of section 21, the Sharps/Broadmeadows Rd corner, from where Sydney-bound travellers would head north, fording the Moonee Ponds Creek at what was to become Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) in 1850, and climbing up Ardlie St to reach Mickleham Rd (which past the Marnong gates is still called Old Sydney Road.)

HIS Excellency the Governor, with the advice of the Executive Council, having deemed it expedient to open and make certain Parish Roads, in the District of Port Phillip, viz. :1. New line of road from North Melbourne to the Village of Bulla, known as the Mount Macedon Road. (P.1, The Melbourne Argus, 20-6-1848.)

Other roads were mentioned including an occupation road* which happened to be Oakland Rd which left the road to Bulla at what was the original Oaklands Junction where the Inverness Hotel, the third camping place for R.O.Burke's expedition, was later built. As Oaklands, Nairn, Warlaby etc. along that road were being advertised in September, it seems obvious that the new (Mt Macedon)road was being used because the old road through 21 Doutta Galla didn't seem to head that way.
(*3. Occupation Road, leading from the Mount Macedon Road to Taylor and Green's purchases in Bulla Bulla
Parish.(P.1, The Melbourne Argus, 2-6-1848.)

It is possible that the Lady of the Lake had three sites if there was one on 21 Doutta Galla. O'Nial may have moved to Green's Corner or the tiny house in 1847, as a result of the Governor's proclamation, before relocating to the extensive house in 1850. There was a track on 21 Doutta Galla but there is no proof that it remained in use until 1850.

From my Brownlee/ McLear journal.
As usual this journal arises from research for another journal (in this case, my review of Chris Laskowski's STEELE CREEK AND THE LADY OF THE LAKE. I am pleased to add another early (1843) pioneer of SPRINGS, not mentioned by Christine.
Tierney, Martin, dwelling house, Springs,parish Doutta Galla. (P.1, Port Phillip Gazette, 31-5-1843.)

I now have little doubt that Hancock's Lady of the Lake hotel was on section 21 Doutta Galla and it would seem that Hancock invented the name. Martin Tierney may have had the hotel before Hancock but is not in the book's index. He was there when the 1843 electoral roll was published.

Martin Tierney applied for a license to a house near the Springs on the Mount Macedon road. The bench granted the application, and hoped it would be kept better than the public-house at Keillor, or Mr. Tierney would soon have the license taken from him.


In 1843,his hotel was called the Prince of Wales and its location according to the 1843 Port Phillip electors roll was Springs, Doutta Galla. Had his licence been removed within a month? Yes, and he had been replaced by William Sharp, who may been the father of William Skill Sharp (Harriet's husband) and an ancestor of the Grants of Craigllachie on Tullamarine Island. The alterations may have caused William's insolvency two months later.

Martin Tierney, Mount Macedon Road, Prince of Wales.(P.2, Port Phillip Gazette, 28-4-1843.)

Caution to Publicans. — Yesterday Mr.William Sharp, of the Prince of Wales,Springs, on the Mount Macedon Road, was fined by the police bench, forty shillings,and costs, for a breach of his recognizance in not having sufficient accommodation in his licensed house for guests. Mr. Sharp said that he had only been in possession of
the premises since the first of July, and consequently had no time to effect any improvement, but he intended to make some material alterations immediately. (P.2, Port Phillip Gazette, 9-8-1843.)

William Sharp, publican, Springs, Mount Macedon — Liabilities, £342 6s. Assets, £279 8s. Balance deficiency, £62 18s. (P.2, Port Phillip Gazette, 18-10-1843.)

Now it was Hancock's turn but there was a fundamental flaw with the original Mount Macedon Road in the early 1840's as a site for a hotel- hardly any passing traffic. Sydney-bound traffic would travel up today's Pascoe Vale Rd past the Young Queen Hotel, turn left near the present Broadmeadows Station downhill to Broadmeadows Township and up Ardlie St hill to Mickleham Rd which is still called Old Sydney Road past Donnybrook Road. It was not until 1854 when a timber bridge was built across Moonee Ponds Creek to link the two sections of Ardlie St in the township that Sydney-bound travellers could choose to go via the Young Queen OR the Lady of the Lake.

The link is not working so google BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP, COUNTY OF BOURKE.

N.B. notice Hackett St, the west boundary, which is now part of Mickleham Rd.

The old Mt Macedon Rd would have mainly carried sheep hoofing it to market or the occasional bullock dray carrying squatters' wool to market or supplies to the station. There was still plenty of room closer to Melbourne for hay growing so few hay wagons would have passed The Springs. Hancock did not stay long either. If O'Nial had moved to Tullamarine as soon as work had started on the new road, there were still no diggers passing by but at least there would have been plenty involved in the new road's construction willing to quench their thirst at knock-off time.

...and a rule to administer the freehold property of William Sharp, of Tullamarine, yeoman, was granted to
Harriet Sharp, who also obtained letters of administration of the goods of the same deceased person.
(P.7, Advocate, 24-9-1870.)

"In February 1803 Charles Grimes and an exploration party, made their way up a river known as Mirring-gnai-birr-nong by the native people as far as today's suburb of Avondale Heights."
According to MARIBYRNONG: ACTION IN TRANQUILITY, read in 1990, this means I can hear a ring-tail possum. Probably the same source explained that Cut Cut Paw was the corruption of a phrase meaning a clump of she oaks.

"From the commencement of European settlement the old fording place at the end of Canning St, Avondale Heights, first noted by Grimes in 1803, also became an important crossing point for travellers when travelling to Williamstown or Geelong."

The ford at the end of Canning St was not Solomons Ford as it was not shown on an early parish of Cut Cut Paw map (specified in others of my journals) while the one south of Rhonda St was (with dotted tracks leading south)and was about a mile downstream from fresh water ACCORDING TO GRIMES'DIARIST, FLEMING. The Canning St ford was built by Michael Clancy almost half a century after 1803. The ford near Rhonda St and Clancy's ford are both shown on the page 3 map. I refer to the first Solomon's ford as Grimes' Ford. The second Solomon's Ford was already planned in the mid 1850's, was accessed from the north via North Pole(Milleara)Road and North Road, the ramp still shown on Melway and is named (road to Solomon's Ford) in the same Cut Cut Paw map. The Victorian Heritage Council takes no responsibility for incorrect information provided by municipalities which now appears on Google maps so Chris cannot be blamed for relying on such sources.

P.13. Around 100 aborigines came to John Aitken's tent at "Mount Aitken" in 1936. He considered this tribe more savage than the Westernport tribe.
The Boon-wurrung who lived on the Peninsula as well as the Gippsland coast of Westernport helped Aitken get his sheep ashore when the Chili ran aground near Arthurs Seat in March 1836 so he would have had a fresh memory of their friendliness but they were ready for retribution raids on the neighbouring aborigines of Gippsland according to Marie Hansen Fels in I SUCCEEDED ONCE. One of the raids on Mount Aitken was led by Tullamarine.

P.15.Grimes' party was barred by an aboriginal fish trap. Unable to get their boat across they left their boat at the rocky ford. Upstream of the ford they found excellent fresh water.(Paraphrased.)
I believe Fleming indicated how far upstream. My conclusion is that the fish trap was the Rhonda St ford- not Clancy's ford of half a century later which was just upstream of the start of fresh water, as indicated on Melway.

Gumm's Corner was named by John Batman after James Gumm.
James was commonly known as Jemmy. He caused problems between the Batmans and Fawkner when he went to work for the latter. Jemmy and others in Batman's employ were nearly killed by aborigines at Indented Head, near Portarlington but they were warned about the raid by William Buckley, probably the first man to circumnavigate Port Phillip on foot starting from Sorrento, who could no longer speak English.

P. 16. "In 1835 John Pascoe Fawkner organised for Captain John Lancey and an expedition party led by George Evans to travel to Port Phillip."
According to C.P.Billot's LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER, Fawkner was taken ashore at Georgetown just as they were about to leave, to settle his affairs, and covered his embarrassment by claiming he was seasick.

Okay we all tell a fib or two. It was a miracle that, living among riff raff at Sorrento and Hobart, the 12 year old grew up literate and resourceful. His mother, Hannah nee Pascoe, was responsible. The Moreland Council adopted my suggestion, based on Billot's information, that a street in Gowanbrae should be named after her.

Pages 21-25. How Steele Creek got its name. Wow! I had found no evidence in Shire of Keilor ratebook apart from a suspicion that it might have been related to a Rupert Steele who was leasing land on the north side of Keilor Rd at a fairly late stage, well after the creek had been named. Chris had produced much biographical and geneological information about the Steel and related families.

M.Steel was living at Steel Creek in 1841. In 1840, Richard Cooke had a depasturing licence for Mr Steele's Horse Station, b]Westernport on the Deep Creek in the parish of Darraweit Guim.

Many people would know where Darraweit Guim is and would be mystified that this station could be described as being in Westernport but this squatting district went as far, if not farther north, than south of Melbourne. Westernport squatters included Edward and John Barker who had shared runs near Cape Schanck and William, their brother, near Castlemaine when a main road and creek are named after him.

Michael Steel was the grantee of sections 26-29, a total of 1877 acres on the west side of Saltwater River (Deep Creek)and at the north west corner of the parish. W.J.T.(Big) Clarke was the grantee of about three quarters of the parish.

Pages 25-39.Roads etc.
P.26."Plans drawn by surveyor Smythe in 1842 show a track 'from Geelong' crossing the Saltwater River" at a ford marked just south of (the west end of)present-day Canning Street, Avondale Heights."

This is the only mention of Smythe in the index so the plan is obviously not reproduced in the book. A pity because this could have offered proof that Clancy's ford was the original ford.
The map showing the Rhonda St Ford (Grimes')with no evidence and NO FORD at the end of Canning St (then called North St)is actually James Reid's Braybrook Township map. Here's the link.
braybrook township

Note the location of the pound (mentioned next) near the (Grimes') ford, the track leading south from the ford into Cut Cut Paw, the lack of a track leading south west from the west end of Buckley St at North Pole Rd to the west end of Canning St and the absence of a ford at the western end of Canning St (shown as North St.)

NOTICE is hereby given that, the Public Pound at Footscray, in the County of Bourke, will be removed from its present site to Braybrook, near Solomon's Ford in the said County, and that the same shall be henceforth called the Braybrook Pound. (P. 1, Argus, 10-4-1849.)

(*The 1855 map was almost certainly James Reid's map for which the link was provided above:
Township of Braybrook / [James] Reid Assist. Surveyor, January 5 1855, [No. 55/19])
It is strange that Chris failed to notice that there was no Canning St Ford!
Before we leave this map, notice the road west of the river leading from the township's northern boundary "to Solomon's Ford", that is the second one which the Melbourne Hunt referred to later as McIntyre's Ford.

P.27. The new road* described at the top of the page was a continuation of Buckley St from the east boundary of section 12 (the track that became Hoffmans Rd and was finally made when Dorothy Fullarton was Mayor of Essendon and her son was the President of Keilor Shire.)That is the reason that North Pole (Milleara) Road, not Hoffmans Rd, was called the Essendon road in advertisements for James Laverty's North Pole Inn and the Noble Estate of Spring Vale. The zig zag, north 81 degrees west 3 chains 25 links (65 metres), thence running north 73 degrees west 12 chains 50 links (250 metres)and passing through the property of Mr Dugald McPhail (Rose Hill)thence running south 80 degrees west 25 chains etc. took the road north west to an easier crossing of Steele Creek and south west again. The road then joined the present (east west) road at the dividing line between sections 11 and 12 (Rachelle Rd, named after one of the ill-fated twin girls of John Beale whose property "Shelton" occupied much of J.P.Fawkner's subdivision between it and North Pole Rd.)
(*It is stated that this was a road connecting Mt Alexander Road to Solomons Ford so it could have been Buckley St or Milleara Rd. Knowledge of landowners enabled me to determine that it was Buckley St, known for many decades as Braybrook Road.

Pages 27-38. Excellent detail mainly about the Keilor Bridge and a bit about Steele Creek bridges on Keilor Rd and Buckley St. South Park next to Butzbach would have to be part of James Robertson Snr's crown allotment 13C. Robertson's bachelor son Francis, a member of parliament, later inherited the property and renamed it Mar Lodge. It was then owned by the McCrackens who allowed part of the property to be used as a golf course.

P.34.Hoddle's 1847 map showing old and new Keilor and Bulla Rds. An inn is shown in 21 Doutta Galla but is not named as the Lady of the Lake.. As the second route is not shown north of Sharps Rd it is likely that it was not intended to go to Bulla (which village was only proclaimed in 1847) being merely an access track to section 3 Tullamarine, (the northern part of Leslie Park) formed in 1840 when the Fosters were given a ten year lease (probably cancelled in 1843.) As suspected a track leaves this track in a north easterly direction towards the Sharps Rd/Broadmeadows Rd corner but Hoddle traced only the start of this and other side tracks.

P. 38-9.Good information about the Central and Keilor Road Boards.

P.39-43. The Springs Estate. Excellent information about the land and John and William Foster. Chris shows her awareness that John was made the scapegoat for the Eureka revolt by Hotham, who persisted with the despised licence system despite John's advice to abolish it. No sources are given for the map showing the subdivision of 21 Doutta Galla but the details re boundaries and purchasers seem very accurate. Chris does not include 3 Tullamarine in the Springs Estate despite it being called Springs*. It was only in about 1867 that a portion of Section 3 was called Springvale.

*By 1850 (if not earlier) David William O'Niall had relocated the Lady of the Lake to just south of the present Melrose Drive and Derby St corner at Tullamarine. This was handy to Bulla Village and Broadmeadows Township but also at the midpoint between Robert McDougall of Cona on "Glenroy" and Peter Young of Nairn (Melway 384 H10), the main proponents of establishing the church. The Foster's section 3 Tullamarine was being called Springs too!
THE Members of Committee, appointed at the house of William Coghill, Esq., on the 19th of March last, are requested to meet at Mr O'Nial's, Springs Mount Macedon Road. on Friday the 3th instant, at Four o'clock P.M.
ROBERT M'DOUGALL. Convener.(P.4, Argus, 7-8-1851.)

The area of Tullamarine in section 3 was still being called SPRINGS when David O'Nial died in 1853. Hamilton Terrace, immediately north-west of the Lady of the Lake, was called neither Springs nor Tullamarine in 1853. If Tullamarine was used it meant anywhere in that parish unless a road or landmark (such as the Moonee Ponds Creek) was mentioned.
On the 4th inst., at his residence, at the Lady of the Lake Springs, Mount Macedon Road, Mr David William O'Nial, aged 38 years.(P.4, Argus, 6-1-1853.)

Camiestown, Moonee Ponds, l acre lots in Hamilton-terrace, fronting the main road, with a road 1 chain wide* at the back.(P.8, Argus, 22-7-1853.) * Derby St.


P.41. John Fitzgerald Leslie Foster. An excellent biography, including C of E services being held at the Springs and his donation with William of 155 pounds to the building fund of St Paul's Broadmeadows (Westmeadows) which have not been seen in any other source.

John's horse whipping of Dr Farquhar McCrae over a disputed land transaction in Queen St is ambiguous. The assault happened in Queen St but the land was at Eumemmering near Dandenong. That's why streets are named after both in Dandenong. McCrae was the grantee of MORELAND, named after a plantation his (uncle?) owned in (Jamaica?)which is bisected by Moreland Rd but had purchased La Rose and started building today's heritage listed WENTWORTH HOUSE,with Moreland being managed and then rented by Bulla pioneer, Michael Loeman. McCrae fled to Sydney, fearing further retribution and was instrumental in the early days of the Sydney hospital.

As mentioned re page 105, John Foster donated land near Cherie St, Tullamarine to the Wesleyans.

WESLEYAN.-On Sunday, September 16th,
a new school-room, which will be used
also as a place of worship, in connection with
the Wesleyan Church, was opened. Two ser-
mons were preached by the Rev. J. C.
Symons, of Collingwood. The congregations
were exceedingly good, as also the collections
which were made at the close of each service.
On the following Wednesday a tea-meeting
was held therein, and though the weather was
showery, yet the school-room was filled. Tea
being over a public meeting was held, over
which J. L. F. Foster, Esq., late Colonial
Secretary, presided. After a short, but appro-
priate speech from the chairman, the Rev. B.
S. Walker submitted to the meeting a state-
ment of accounts, and urged the liquidation
of the remaining debt. The Rev. J. Eggle-
ston, of Melbourne, next addressed the meet-
ing in an excellent speech, on education and
its benefits, and was followed by Messrs.
Parnham and Williams. The gratifying in-
formation that the building is free from debt
was then announced, the Doxology sung,
and prayer offered, when the friends de-
parted, pleased and benefited by the after-
noon's entertainment. The building is
situated in Tullamarine, in the Pentridge*
Circuit, and is near** to the Lady of the Lake
Inn, on the Deep Creek Road. The ground
{an acre in extent) upon which it is erected is
the gift of J. L. F. Foster, Esq., and is cen-
trally situated. Previously divine service
was conducted in tho house of Mr. E. Dunn***,
farmer, on the afternoon of every Lord's
Day.(P.5, Argus, 24-9-1855.)
* Coburg after 1869. ** 25 chains or 500 metres. *** EDMOND DUNN

P.44. Edward Winter.
Edward's daughter married Isaac Batey of Redstone Hill near the Lancefield turn off at Sunbury and because of her, contribution to Isaac's fabulous history of Sunbury (and many miles around) my misconception that Mr Trimmer's school of 1850 at The Springs (as discussed in Andrew Lemon's BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY) was on section 21 Doutta Galla was corrected. It was down Post Office lane (north boundary of Trade Park Estate), the boundary between sections 6 and 3 Tullamarine. The Beech Tree Hotel was on section 6, a tad north of opposite the Melrose Drive Reserve. so the school was probably on the north side of the lane too.Governor Hotham blamed Foster for the Eureka Stockade, and was obviously believed by the Batey's, but Christine presents the facts; it was Hotham who was high-handed!

Some years before our '47 trip, farming had started at Keilor, because my late wife, Lydia Winter, was born there in '43, on a farm that her father rented from John Leslie Vasey Fitzgerald Foster. I am not sure if he had the name of Vasey, but it is enough to say with reference to him that his high handedness during Governor Hotham's time brought about the Eureka Stockade. There were sheoaks away back from the Beech Tree, and by my wife's statements, one Jimmy Trimmer had a hut among the trees in question, which he utilised as a school. Mrs. Batey said the rate for each child was 3d. per week. Trimmer was illiterate, because his pronunciation of the words 'could,' 'would,'and 'should' was ' coold,' woold,' and 'shoold.' (P.4, Sunbury News, 16-4-1904.)

EventMarriage Event registration number173 Registration year1877
Personal information
Family nameWINTER Given namesLydia SexFemale Spouse's family nameBATEY Spouse's given namesIsaac

What's in a name? - Cicadas, Bees and Barge PolesCicadas, Bees ...

The location of Springs was discovered from Christine Laskowski's EXCELLENT book according to the author. I have posted some comments about Edward's boss who was granted land that became Coghill's CUMBERLAND just over the Moonee Ponds Creek from today's Melbourne Airport as well as the Latrobe Golf Course Site mentioned in Margaret's blog, (en route to Greensborough where Isaac Batey's father planted the oldest fruit tree in Victoria* for the Flintoffs.)* OLDEST FRUIT TREE IN VICTORIA IN 1937

CONFIRMATION OF: "James Delahey, born on the Saltwater River, Keilor in 1846, married Jessie McCormick, born in Scotland in Ayrshire, Scotland, around 1889."

EventMarriage Event registration number5362 Registration year1889
Personal information
Family nameDELAHEY Given namesJas SexMale Spouse's family nameMCCORMICK Spouse's given namesJessie Mary Josphine

P. 59 THE NASH FAMILY. Chris supplied excellent genealogical and biographical information. Her map of the break up of section 21 Doutta Galla on page 40 has solved my puzzlement of exactly where Thomas Nash's land east of Fosters Rd and straddling Steele Creek was. It was the land labelled 6, Edward Cahill. I'd seen Cahill's assessment of 150 acres but had no idea where it was or if Edward was related to the Cahills on Gumm's Corner until the flood of 1916, after which they were replaced by Jose Borrell.

Harry Nash's widow, Olive, nee Simmons, had told me much about the Nash family in 1989, as Had Hilda Drever and Alma Koch. As my emphasis was to identify the pioneers of the area and specify the locations of their farms, many of which were acquired for the jetport, and record anecdotes, genealogy was not pursued. I suspected that Thomas Nash was a son of Charles Nash and Mary (nee Gage) but it was not until I recently discovered Victorian BDM online that I managed to confirm it.

Mary Gage's family had settled in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows)and Dicky Gage was renowned in the area as a haystack builder. Charles had bought land on Riddle and Hamilton's Camiestown Estate in 1852. Located at Melway 5 F-G 6-7, his farm, "Fairview" consisted of lots 1-6, 15-20 (67 acres 2 roods 25 perches), lots 7 and 21 (9 acres 3 roods and 25 perches) and land (about 20 acres) fronting the Moonee Ponds Creek (except for a water reserve for all Camiestown Estate buyers one chain wide at the bottom of 5 F-G 5.)Charles sold some of his land fronting Wright St to Wallis Wright who named his 40 acre farm Sunnyside. Charles must then have bought some of the small blocks to the south to bring Fairview up to 100 acres.

If I remember correctly Charles Nash's brother, John, was still in the area in 1863 and was assessed by the Broadmeadows Road Board on a BONE MILL.(This was on the end of Wright St where the Tullamarine children's favourite swimming hole THE BONE MILL was, according to Colin Williams. The Broadmeadows children preferred a waterhole to the east called by them Peterson's Hole according to Jack Hoctor, which was actually a corruption of Peter's son's hole, John Peter having bought the land east of Derby and Wright Streets which became "Chandos" Fairview was only a kilometre from Broadmeadows Township so Charles did not have to go far to court Mary Gage.

Christine mentioned his property, mainly within the Tullamarine district, which was valued at 3075 pounds at the time of his death aged 58 in 1884. She described Edward Cahill's former farm which was fairly run down in 1884.

The Nash,Wright and Parr families were stalwarts of the Tullamarine Methodist Church for over a century. Its first services were in the Wesleyan school built in 1855 on land near Cherie St donated by John Foster until the church was built (on the north corner of Trade Park Drive) in 1870, the land, part of Charles Nash's "Bayview" being donated by Charles. The other Tullamarine land mentioned by Olive Nash was a 40 acres paddock on Mansfields Rd used to spell dry cows. Mansfields Rd will no longer appear on maps, swallowed by airport expansion but luckily I did extensive titles research on John Pascoe Fawkner's subdivisions and this paddock, lots 31 and 32 of the section 13 Tullamarine subdivision, which is shown as the Broadacres Kennels and cattery in the 1999 Melway was situated in Melway 4G4 seven chains (140 metres) west of McNabs Rd.

Christine did not detail the break up of section 20 Doutta Galla. She knew that Thomas Nash was a son of Charles and Mary Nash, which I had always suspected but never proved until recently, thus the title of the following. She was not aware that Thomas had a farm on the west side of Fosters Rd.

In 1989, I was able to write plenty about Thomas Nash. He had land on both sides of Fosters Rd, which has since been renamed as Keilor Park Drive. At one time, possibly 1915, he and Bill Parr had 165 acres each of Annandale. As I knew where Bill Parr's homestead was (top right corner of 15 D2), I had assumed that Thomas Nash's land must have been on the south side of Annandale Road. It was.
Wednesday, October 17th
At Three O'Clock.
Annandale Farm
Containing 168 Acres or thereabouts
situated at Tullamarine, about 4 miles
from Essendon P.O. and 10 miles
from the G.P.O., having a frontage to
Annandale Road and Foster's Lane.
Eminently Suitable for Dairying
and Cultivation, or would make a
Splendid Subdivision.
This Property has been in the pos-
session of the members of the Nash
family for the past 40 years.
W. S. KEAST Pty. Ltd.
Stock and Station Agents, Queen's
House, Queen Street, Melbourne, have
received instructions from the owners
That very fine dairying and agri-
cultural property, containing 168
acres or thereabouts, situated 4 miles
from Essendon P.O., 10 miles from
the G.P.O., and one mile from the
school and post-office, having a front
age to Annandale road and Foster's
The soil consists chiefly of good,
strong loam, and is first-class hay
and oat growing country. There are
one hundred and fifteen acres of oats
looking particularly well, 40 acres of
fallow, and 6 acres of peas. Well
watered by 2 dams, 3 galvanised iron
tanks, 4000 gallons, and a large un-
derground cemented tank 14ft. x 14ft.,
full of water at present. Subdivided
into five paddocks, post and wire
The improvements consist of a six
roomed weatherboard house, pine
lined, kitchen, wash house, etc., in
good order. Men's quarters, W.B.,
cooling and separator room, 14-bail
cowshed, 10-stall stable, loose-box,
good garage, implement shed, exten-
sive poultry runs; half acre of young
The agents draw special attention
to the sale of this splendid property,
which is admirably situated, practi-
cally on the border of the northern
suburbs and within three-quarters of
a mile of a subdivisional estate. We
consider the possibilities of this pro-
perty as a subdivisional proposition
to be unequalled on account of its
good position and frontage to main
roads.(P.8, Sunshine Advocate, 6-10-1928.)

As the Keilor rate records weren't very specific about the locations of the Nash properties, I was lucky enough to have Joe Crotty and Noel Butler to supply more detail. Claude Butler had married a Harrick girl and established the Moonya dairy in about 1943. He had bought the above land, which had obviously not sold in 1928 or during the depression that took hold for a decade not much later. The other Nash land seems to have been near Randwick Drive, Keilor Park.
It wasn't only rate records that I found in the strong room to which the rates officer,Adrian Dodoro (Essendon Football Club recruiting officer now) had given me access.
The children at Keilor State School had written a book about the Keilor men who served in W.W.1. The article about Frederick Bernard Nash contained far more than is found in his service record so the pupils must have interviewed the servicemen or their relatives. I remember F.B. had been taken to the Caulfield Military Hospital but (after about 28 years) had quite forgotten that he'd died, aged only 21.

Regimental number 303
Place of birth Ellerslie, Victoria
School Ellerslie State School
Religion Methodist
Occupation Farmer
Address 25 Kielor Road, Essendon
Marital status Single
Age at embarkation 19
Next of kin Thomas Nash, 25 Kielor Road, Essendon
Enlistment date 13 July 1915
Rank on enlistment Private
Unit name 29th Battalion, A Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number 23/46/1
Embarkation details Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on 10 November 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll 29th Battalion
Fate Returned to Australia 23 March 1919
Place of death or wounding France
Age at death 21*

* POSTSCRIPT, 3-8-2020.
When compiling biographies for those named on the Tullamarine War Memorial, I discovered that Frederick Bernard Nash did not die at the age of 21 and supplied evidence to UNSW. THE SERVICE RECORD HAS NOW BEEN AMENDED.
Fate Returned to Australia 23 March 1919
Discharge date 8 July 1920
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Commenced return to Australia from Liverpool on board HT 'Czar', 23 March 1919; transshipped to HT 'Dongala', Suez, 10 April 1919; discharged (medically unfit: gun shot wound, right groin), Melbourne, 8 July 1920.
Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Miscellaneous details Address incorrectly entered on Embarkation Roll as Kielor Road, Essendon, Victoria.
Date of death 23 March 1978
Age at death 81
Place of burial Keilor Cemetery, Victoria
Sources NAA: B2455, NASH Frederick Bernard

At the time, I wondered if Thomas Nash and his hero son were descended from Charles Nash and Mary, nee Gage but finishing WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR before the 1989 Back to Tullamarine and other jobs in hand, such as Anthony Rowhead's bicentennial project to rename Tullamarine Airport's streets after indigenous, European and aviation pioneers, prevented me from checking this with Nash descendants.
Better late than never!

Thomas Nash died in 1947 shortly after retiring and selling the above farm to Claude Butler, and was buried in the Bulla Cemetery. Thomas Nash had been named after Charles Nash's father. Charles died in 1884.

EventDeath Event registration number7994 Registration year1884
Personal information
Family nameNASH Given namesCharles SexUnknown Father's nameThos Mother's nameAnn (Bowen) Place of birth Place of deathBROADMEADW Age58 Spouse's family nameGAGE Spouse's given namesAnn???? MARY!
Mary was probably the informant so "Ann" was probably a blue by the person entering details in the online index.

EventDeath Event registration number1602 Registration year1919
Personal information
Family nameNASH Given namesMary SexUnknown Father's nameGage Richd Mother's nameUnknown (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathEssdon Age81

EventDeath Event registration number1627 Registration year1947
Personal information
Family nameNASH Given namesThomas SexMale Father's nameNASH Charles Mother's nameMary (Gage) Place of birthTULLAMARINE Place of deathROYAL PARK Age88

EventBirth Event registration number1760 Registration year1859
Personal information
Family nameNASH Given namesThomas SexUnknown Father's nameCharles Mother's nameMary (Gage) Place of birthB'MEADOWS (i.e. Shire of Broadmeadows and registered in Broadmeadows Township!)

Charles Bertram Nash, 1827 - 1884
Charles Bertram Nash was born on month day 1827.
Charles married Mary Nash (born Gage).
Mary was born in 1837, in Cambridgeshire.
They had 9 children: Ellen* Cooper (born Nash), Ann GORDON (born Nash) and 7 other children.
Charles passed away on month day 1884, at age 56 at death place. (
Ellen Nash married Mark Cooper. Their daughter Mrs Alma Koch (pronounced Cook), who lived in Forman St, Westmeadows, was one of the Nash descendants whom I interviewed in 1989. Alma recalled walking across "Chandos" to visit Grandma Nash at "Fairview".

P. 50 JAMES WATSON. It was a surprise to find that he had bought part of Springs. I had found the memorial (volume B, folio 658) recording his purchase of the 50 acres and transposed his block on my 1999 Melway but never twigged that he was the lessee and "namer" of Keilor. My transposition of the block's location is identical to that shown on page 40 of the book. Chris has not explained how she determined the boundaries of the section 21 subdivision blocks, from boundary dimensions or a plan on a sketch of title, but I can assure readers that she's spot on regarding Watson's block.It encompassed most of the Cadbury Schweppes block, the western boundary being from 4 to 7 chains from the curving Beverage Drive with the south west corner 1 chain east of the property's entry and the southern boundary was a maximum of 4 chains (80 metres)north of Beverage Drive just west of Steele St.

Strangely original streets in Keilor Village were named after Watson's partner, Hunter, and head honcho of the syndicate, the Marquis of Ailsa, but it was not until James Anderson's "Braeside" south of Church St was subdivided (as Calder Rise?)that Watson was honoured by the name of Watson Rise.

James Watson was the grantee of the land that became Hugh Glass's Flemington Estate and crown allotment 13D Doutta Galla bounded by McCracken St, Keilor Rd, Lincoln Rd and Buckley St (known at that time and for decades longer as Braybrook Rd.)

The following will provide the reason for Watson's naming of Flemington and Rosanna. it also saves me copying titles information from my EARLY LANDOWNERS: PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA.

I had thought that Watsonia was named after James Watson but wikipedia states otherwise: "Watsonia originally belonged to the Wurundjeri people.[2] It is named after early property developer and landowner Frank Watson."

I.W.Symonds in BULLA BULLA stated that Tulip Wright, a native of Lincoln, had built the Lincolnshire Arms in 1850. Like William O'Neil Tulip was a former policeman (Chief Constable?) so I would not suspect he'd tender to build it for James Watson whose advertisement calling for tenders was on page 3 of the 9-4-1850 Argus, according to Christine.
FOR the Painting and Glazing, finding all materials, of a new public house at the junction of the Keilor and Mount Macedon roads, five miles from Melbourne. Apply at the office of JAMES WATSON.Elizabeth-street, 6th April, 1850."

The truth of the matter seems to be that James Watson was the first owner of the hotel and Tulip Wright was the first licensee. Christine states that Watson was in financial difficulty by the end of 1850 and insolvent by early 1851 so it is possible that Tulip had bought the hotel at Bendigo Corner/Essendon Crossroads (as the junction was called over the years)and run it for a year before moving on(to Sunbury?*)I don't think the new licensee was the Argus editor, but you never know, do you?
TRANSFERS. Edward Wilson, the Lincolnshire Arms, from Mr Wright. Granted.
Incidentally, from the same list of transfers:
Charles Fitzgerald**, the Lady of the Lake, from Mr O'Nial. Granted.
(P.4, Argus, 21-4-1852.)
(*If I attach a question mark to a statement, it means I'm not absolutely sure. My belief comes from a reading of Bulla Bulla (without any note being made about Tulip's next hotel) in late 1989, about 28 years ago. My memory's not bad.
Sir John Franklin | Vandemonian Royalty
The Sir John Franklin hotel was in Sunbury, Victoria. 1854 (Tulip) Wright built the Sir John Franklin hotel on Vaughan Street, at its junction with Macedon Street, possibly to tap the custom of both routes. Source: Hume City Council: Heritage Citation - Jackson's Ford, Sunbury. The hotel was named ...after the ill-fated ...)

(**Brother of Ellen O'Nial who died March 1854. P. 66)

Christine has consulted countless sources but does not seem to have referred to VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT (1888)which contains the biographies of many pioneers. Upon Maurice Crotty's arrival in 1853 worked for the Brannigans at St John's Hill (Melway 384 J5 north of Warlaby and across Konagaderra Rd from Harpdale. It was probably on this property that Maurice farmed at Deep Creek before moving to Tullamarine, as mentioned by Chris. The earliest ratebook I could find at Keilor was that of 1868 but Chris obviously found the earlier records which showed Maurice renting 450 acres from Alphabetical Foster. When Mary Crotty wrote in 1867 that somebody had bought part of their farm she was referring to James Sharp whose 133 acre purchase, memorialised in volume 176 folio 786, showed that it included Barry Rd and the north-south part of Allied Drive, and the Airport Drive/Western Ring Road interchange is in its south east corner. Maurice Crotty's 230 acre purchase of "Broomfield" from Foster in 1868, as mentioned by Chris was memorialised in volume 180 folio 386.
(Transposition of titles information on my 1999 Melway.)

Joe Crotty was the last to farm Broomfield and sold out in about 1960 when land to the north was being acquired for the jetport and retired to Ray Loft's old place, the Californian Bungalow at 3 Eumarella St which backed onto the Gordon St house that my great uncle Alf Cock of Glenview had retired to. Joe was living in Sunbury by 1989 when he told me this, so our conversations were by phone and I misheard him regarding his farm's name, thinking he'd called it Bloomfield. This farm and Broombank at Tullamarine which later included the Lady of the Lake block, were both so-named because of the Cape broom which grew in profusion at the former and formed a hedge at the latter in 1860 when Burke and Wills passed by on their way to their second camp by the Incerness Hotel.

Joe put me in touch with his (great nephew?) Glen Cotchen who was researching the Crotty family history and told me about the Governor's mansion on 21 Doutta Galla, the locations of the original and 1890's Broomfield homesteads, the McCormacks' 44 acre "Chesterfield", a triangular farm on section 2 Tullamarine south of Annandale Rd from the Sharps Rd, Fosters Rd corner to Lambeck Drive and Mary Crotty's bravery at Corryong,and gave me copies of letters including the 1867 one mentioned above.

Before adding my additional information, back to James Sharp. Chris mentioned that he had been farming at Broadmeadows in the 1860's before buying land from Foster in 1867. The 1863 Broadmeadows ratebook showed that W. Love was leasing most of Chandos and James Sharp was leasing 40 acres of it. Chandos was bounded by Broadmeadows Rd (now Mickleham Rd) from the Freight Rd/Londrew Court to the Moonee Ponds Creek, Derby St and Wright St.


SECTION 20 and 21.
The north and south boundaries of both sections are indicated by Sharps Rd. and Spence St. Section 21 was between Barrie Rd. (named after the son of Joe Thomas who died young) and Fosters Rd (Keilor Park Drive). Section 20 runs from Keilor Park Drive to the river. In 1840 the Foster brothers were granted a 10 year squatting lease on a station called Leslie Park and this might be why much land in the Doutta Galla and Tullamarine parishes was not alienated until 1849-50. Both William and John had Leslie as Christian names and John's friends called him Leslie. William, the older brother, bought section 21 as well as section 3 in the parish of Tullamarine across Sharps Rd. At the same time, in the early 1840's, John bought section 20. They called their land Springs and the name was confusingly used in 1849 to describe the location of both James Laverty in Keilor Rd. and David O'Nial, who had opened the Lady of the Lake Hotel (near Millar Rd. at Tullamarine*) on his property Broombank at the n.e. corner of section 3, Tullamarine.

(POSTSCRIPT 30-4-2018. It is debatable whether David, whose surname was pronounced as O'NYALL according to Colin Williams who knew the O'Niall girls, Catherine and Minnie,was at Tullamarine by 1849 but I believe his 1850 relocation, a SHORT distance, was from his house 70 metres along today's Millar Rd from Bulla Rd to the larger premises, not from the old Mt Macedon Rd on section 21 Doutta Galla as Chris believed.)

In 1843, John horsewhipped Dr. McCrae of La Rose on 1-12-1843 because he thought the doctor had hoodwinked him in relation to the Eumemmerring Cattle Station at Dandenong, and the Doc. bolted for Sydney. It seems, despite the "Pastoral Properties of Port Phillip" entry under Foster*, that the Fosters were dissatisfied with McCrae's former run and stayed only 1839-40, which prompted their move to Tullamarine. (Notice that main streets in Dandenong are named after each of them.) * 1839-45 but only till 1840 under Station entry.

A fine stone house was built on section 21 and John must have lived there after William inherited and returned home, as it became known as the Governor's house according to Joe Crotty. John Foster was later colonial secretary and as well as drafting Victoria's constitution with his cousin, William Stawell, he served as Governor between La Trobe and Hotham.

In December 1844, one of John Foster's native servants, Booby, was murdered by another aborigine named John Bull while driving a dray back to Springs from Melbourne. Another servant, Maurice Fitzgerald, who was driving a dray behind Booby, was a prime witness.

In 1860, Maurice Crotty, who married a McCormack* lass from Annandale, on the other side of Fosters Rd., started leasing "The Springs". Charles Kavanagh was the occupant of The Springs before Crotty moved in. Seven years later, Mrs. Crotty reported that someone had bought part of their farm. That was James Sharp. Tullamarine Park Rd. was close to the boundary between Sharp's Hillside and the portion that Maurice bought in 1868 and called Broomfield. The original Broomfield homestead was across Tullamarine Park Rd. from Allied Drive and their 1890 house was on the site of Honda's riding school.

(*A McCormack/ Crotty/Delahey/ O?Neil family reunion was held in February 2000. The contact number of 9 739 7182 may help relatives who missed this function to make amends.)

Butcher Thomas bought Hillside in about 1940 and renamed it as Carinya Park. Sharp's homestead was extended by Joe Thomas. Sadly, Carinya Park's homestead was bulldozed in 1998 by Vaughan Constructions; the gate pillars made using stone from James Sharp's original kitchen will hopefully remain.

In 1847, William O'Neil, who later received the grant for 9B Doutta Galla with Davies and Robinson and bought today's Horseshoe Bend Park, was obviously leasing section 20 from John Foster. He was on Lesley Bank, Springs, Mt Macedon Rd according to the directory. Lesley should be Leslie but the inclusion of bank in the farm's name would suggest a river (which forms the west boundary of section 20) rather than the small creek running through section 21.

As mentioned elsewhere, all three roads heading north (Pascoe Vale, Bulla, Keilor Rds) were called Mt Macedon Rd at various stages, but this time it may have meant Keilor Rd. "Leslie Banks" may have included part of section 19 later owned by James Harrick (who was married at Williamstown in 1861 and obviously not yet in Keilor), thus extending to the road.

The Delaheys owned section 20 by 1868 and until at least 1900. Early this century, Thomas Nash, who had been leasing Hillside, bought land south of the bend in Fosters Rd, 150/1 acres straddling the section 20/21 boundary which Edward Cahill had been farming in 1868. Later he added 188 acres north of the present Botanical Gardens. The Wards and then the Williamsons farmed where Keilor Park clubs now play footy and tennis. In about 1943 Claude Butler established the Moonya Dairy Farm on the former Nash land. In 1940, James White found the famous "Keilor Skull" while digging a sand pit at the junction of Dry (Arundel) Creek and the river. This spot (Melway 14,K/2) is at the north- western corner of both the parish and section 20.

Titles information on sections 21 and 20.
Maurice Crotty bought the north western portion of section 21, roughly bounded by Tullamarine Park Rd and consisting of 243 acres, for 913 pounds on 8-6-1868. The Crotty dairy farm, Broomfield, was a feature of the area for a century. The original house was opposite Allied Dr and the 1890's house near the motor cycle school.

Incidentally, in 1867, both Sharps Rd and Broadmeadows Rd were known as Foster's Lane (Vol. 175 folio 509).
Section 20, between Fosters Rd (Keilor Park Drive) and the river, was leased to James Henry Smith for 5 years on 23-6-1857, the lease probably being extended for a further 5 years. On 7-9-1868 Henry and James Delahey bought 692 acres (all but the s/w corner) from Foster/Fitzgerald for 2641 pounds. This farm had been known as "Leslie Banks".

In the land boom of the late 1880's a railway line was proposed, along the east side of the Saltwater River, to Keilor.
This led to subdivisions at the end of Braybrook Rd (renamed as Buckley St) where Ramsay built Clydebank on the
south side and the Rose Hill and Buckley Park estates were placed on sale along Hoffmans Rd.

The Essendon Land, Tramway and Investment Co., which may have been involved in the aforesaid subdivisions,
was certainly expecting to reap quick profits along Fosters Rd. On 4-5-1889 the company signed contracts to buy the Delaheys' 692 acres (whose s/e boundary was the diagonal part of Fosters Rd) for L46 318/3/10 and Maurice Crotty's 243 acres at the n/w portion of section 21(for L10581/4/9), while Thomas Nash contracted to buy 150 acres in section 21 from the company for L 5536/12/7. (This 150 acres fronting the east side of Fosters Rd south of the bend, and therefore including about 20 acres of section 20, had been leased by Edward Cahill for 5 years from 1-4-1866).

The rescissions of the first and third contracts were memorialised on 20-8-1890 and 1-8-1890.
On 4-5-1889 and 18-7-1889 other contracts cancelled revealed that the Doutta Galla Estate Co Ltd, Evan Roberts and James Evans (estate agents), and the Ascot Vale Land Co. Ltd. had also been involved in the web of deals concerning the Delahey, Crotty and Nash land.
(356 808, 364 378, 376 110, 356 809, 356 810, 364 900, and V.356 folios 805, 806, 807.)

No memorial of the Crotty contract has been found but it's a fair bet that the new Broomfield homestead near the Honda Riding School site was paid for with the speculators' money.
Joe Crotty told me that dairy farming on Broomfield was hard work for little financial gain and this claim is backed up by these James Crotty memorials, which almost certainly relate to mortgages:
388 493, 392 697, 400 361, 429 829, 435 769, 473 742, 491 469, 501 688 (14-9-1922), 516 713 (13-11-1925).

On 5-2-1868, James Sharp paid J.F.L.Foster (by then called John Foster Vesey Fitzgerald) L682/10/- for 133 acres 1 rood 10 perches. This had a Sharps Rd frontage from opposite Broadmeadows Rd to 1/3 of the way between Allied Drive and Tullamarine Park Rd. Its s/e corner was near the North/ Thomas St corner and its s/w corner was 160 m west of the start of the off ramp to Airport Dr.(176 786).
Thomas St probably gets its name from the Thomas family, which took over Sharp's Hillside in about 1940 and called it Carinya Park. Barrie St is named after Joe Thomas's son who died young.
James Sharp enlarged Hillside by buying 22A, of 87 acres 1 rood 28 perches, for L1114/15/4 on 10-7-1877 (267 607).
By 1893-4, Sharp had acquired 303 acres and was leasing 294 acres to Thomas Nash while he remained in the homestead on 8 acres.

I have been contacted by Brenda Lee, who has asked me for details of the land on which the club's ovals are located; the following may supplement her story of how the club was formed. This information comes from Titles Office documents, Keilor Council rates, directories and oral history (Gordon Connor and Colin Williams from the pre W.W.1 days and Joe Crotty and Noel and Joe Butler regarding later times.)

The land between Sharps Rd, the lines of Barrie Rd and Spence St, and the river was granted to William Vesey Leslie Foster and his younger brother John Fitzgerald Leslie Foster on 15-10-1842. This land would have been part of Leslie Park, for which the brothers received a 10 year lease in 1840. William's 640 acres, section 21 of the parish of Doutta Galla, was east of Foster's Rd and John's section 20 of 712 acres was west of it.
William sold his 640 acres to John on 31-3-1843 and returned home to claim his inheritance.

In 1847 William O'Neil, who later purchased Horseshoe Bend Farm, was leasing Lesley Bank, Springs, Mt Macedon Rd?, which was probably on section 20, on which the clubs ovals now stand. On 23-6-1857, section 20 was leased to James Henry Smith for 5 years and it is likely that he occupied it for another five years.

On 7-9-1868, 692 acres of section 20 was bought by Henry and James Delahey for 2641 pounds. The vendor, John Foster Vesey Fitzgerald, was none other than John Foster, who had changed his name and returned home to inherit from his late brother. This was all of section 20 apart from the area including the courts running east off Fosters Rd and the western end of Randwick Drive; the northern part of Keilor Park Drive indicates the boundary between sections 21 and 20. The Delaheys owned the land for many decades. A contract of 4-5-1889 to sell the land to the Essendon Land, Tramway and Investment Co. for 46 318 pounds was rescinded on 20-8-1890; the land boom and the prospect of a railway line to Bulla had ended abruptly. The Delahey family, and their relatives, the Dodds, also owned most of the land between Milleara Rd and the river. James Harrick was leasing the 692 acres from the Delaheys in 1900-1.


This morning, I woke up with an urgent task in mind. Almost all of the tenants of James Sharp's Hillside had been detailed except for Michael Reddan. Joe Crotty had told me that Michael was on Hillside during the construction of the Albion-Jacana railway line circa 1928 and his hay harvest was so massive that it was almost impossible to drive a cart between the sheaves.However the list of tenants could not be found in Christine's book so it must have been my subconscious creating drama to keep me on my toes. P.R.Johnson is only mentioned once, on page 94, as an agent re the sale of another property.

A SHORT HILLSIDE CHRONOLOGY.(There are only 17 results on trove for HILLSIDE, TULLAMARINE!)
1888, James Sharp's clearing sale, his farm, like many others such as "Stewarton" (Gladstone Park), having been sold to speculator G.W.Taylor who anticipated the railway to Bulla going along Bulla Rd, with a branch line to Broadmeadows Township, rather than the route along the east bank of the Saltwater River through Keilor anticipated by C.B.Fisher and the Essendon Tramway and Land investment Company purchasers of property, respectively, in the Ascot Vale/Aberfeldie/Avondale Heights, and Fosters Rd areas.
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 21 April 1888 p 7 Advertising

1916, JAMES SHARP'S DEATH.The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 7 December 1916 p 1 Family Notices

1917, P.R.Johnson's long tenancy ends.The Essendon Gazette and Keilor, Bulla and Broadmeadows Reporter (Moonee Ponds, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) Thursday 8 February 1917 p 2 Article

1920, MARY SHARP'S DEATH. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 8 April 1920 p 1 Family Notices
Mary had appointed Isabella Padgett of Hillside, Tullamarine as her executor.
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Thursday 15 April 1920 p 12 Advertising

EventDeath Event registration number6373 Registration year1920
Personal information
Family nameSHARP Given namesMary SexUnknown Father's nameClark James Mother's nameMary (Langwill) Place of birth Place of deathKeilor Age92

I wonder if Isabella's maiden name was McMillan, Clark or Langwill! James and Mary had no children.

P.60. JOSEPH HARPER. The excellent biography does not mention Joe's involvement in horse racing as referred to by Isaac Batey: "The late Mr Joseph Harper, of horse racing fame, stated to me ..." HORSE RACING FAME

One of Joseph's thoroughbreds, Orlando, raced while Joseph was at the Springs. I was not surprised at the identity of the author of this article but that he had commenced writing his memoirs by 1883, well before the death of his wife, Lydia, nee Winter, in 1899.
"Joseph Harper owned the entire blood horse Orlando, which he kept at " The Springs," and used to run on the Melbourne course." ORLANDO

Christine mentions Joseph being a blacksmith and the Harpers moving to Woodend by 1855. Isaac Batey reveals Joseph's contribution to one of the early wool presses, made by the Page brothers of "Glencoe" (the site of the Sunbury Pops Festival.) I imagine that the box was made of iron rather than wood.
"The woolpressing arrangements, though primitive, were very effective, for in 1850 with my help in handing up the fleeces, Mr. Page turned out 11 bales of wool in one day. This appliance, known as the'Lever Press,' was in general use then, and with the exception of the box built by the late Mr. Joseph Harper at a cost of £7, everything else was the work of the two brothers, who were exceedingly handy men." JOE'S BOX

Due to excessive drinking, the Page brothers lost everything and by 1861 one of them was "dependant upon the bounty of Mr Harper", probably Joseph.CHEAP RENT

Too exhausted to resume my review after waking up at midnight after a long nap,but feeling guilty at losing hours of research time, I had a quick look at mentions of Keilor road in the 1840's on trove, and found Booby's murder, D.T. Kilburn's two 80 acres paddocks at Springs and the boxing match etc. mentioned by Chris. Then I tried Mount Macedon road and found a publican who was running the pub for which William Hancock was granted a licence in April 1844. Tierney was apparently only there for a year but like Morris Fitzgerald,Foster's employee and the main witness to Booby's murder,his name is not included in the book's index.

.......; Martin Tierney, Springs, Mount Macedon Road....... (P.2, Port Phillip Gazette, 19-4-1843.)

It seemed strange that Martin's name did not appear in the book's index because his name seemed familiar. Perhaps that was because I have previously inserted this article in the journal. At the risk of repetition*:

Martin Tierney applied for a license to a house
near the Springs on the Mount Macedon road.
The bench granted the application, and hoped
it would be kept better than the public-house at
Keillor, or Mr. Tierney would soon have the li-
cense taken from him.(P.3, Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser, 8-12-1842.)

Martin apparently called the inn the Prince of Wales.
Martin Tierney, Mount Macedon Road, Prince of Wales.(P.2, Port Phillip Gazette, 26-4-1843.)

I thought this Martin Tierney may have been the one running the Victoria Hotel at East Ballarat three decades later but if Mary Deway is supposed to be Mary Dwyer, it appears that Martin Tierney of Ballarat whose first child born on terra firma, at Ballarat in 1857, arrived in 1855.

EventBirth Event registration number136 Registration year1855
Personal information
Family nameTIERNEY Given namesMathew SexMale Ship nameEpaminondas Father's nameTIERNEY Martin Mother's nameMary (Deway) Place of birthAt Sea

*POSTSCRIPT 4-5-2018. My suspicion was correct. Near the start of the journal re "P.62 The Lady of The Lake", I had mentioned my discovery that Martin Tierney had been running the hotel at Springs before William Sharp, neither of them lasting for a full year or mention in the book. William Hancock only lasted from April 1844 till January 1846 when the licence was transferred to O'Nial. Such short tenures seem to confirm my suspicion that there was little passing trade and that O'Nial would have moved before 1850 to the new Mt Macedon road running through the north east corner of section 3 Tullamarine, granted to William Foster on 27-1-1843.

As mentioned previously, the name Springs derived from a spring (indicated by PLENTIFUL SUPPLY OF FRESH WATER noted on the Geological Survey map), not far north of today's Camp Hill Park (Melway 5 15 J1)feeding Spring Creek east which crossed the roads to Broadmeadows (into section 3 Tullamarine) and Bulla Townships, flowed (in 1971 when I arrived in Tullamarine and a few years longer) as a rat-infested drain along the east side of today's Leo Dineen Reserve, curving right around the southern boundary, then south through the reserve on the south side of SPRING Street (shown in Melway 15 H 2-3), merging with SPRING CREEK west (officially so-named by Keilor Council in the 1970's,which starts at 15F1, also on section 3) near Clyne Court. Crossing Sharps Rd, it entered section 21 Doutta Galla, flowing through James Sharp's 1857 purchase and south to its confluence with Steele Creek. The two branches of SPRING CREEK started on section 3 Tullamarine and provided two miles or more of water frontage on that grant and 21 Doutta Galla, whereas Steele Creek provides only half a mile on the latter.

Steele Creek starts at 5 B12 about 30 chains north of Annandale Rd,near the eastern boundary of Geraghty's Paddock, exits Annandale (section 2) after providing a western boundary for the McCORMACKS'1850's 44 acre "Chesterfield", flowing 20 chains farther south into section 20 Doutta Gallabefore curving right and left to cross Keilor Park Drive (originally Fosters Rd) into section 21 at 15 D5, finally merging with SPRING CREEK at the WATER RESERVE in the north east corner of c/a 18A Doutta Galla.

Section 3 Tullamarine was also called Springs so if David William O'Nial had moved to the new road in 1848, his new address would have been the same, Mount Macedon Rd, Springs.

While searching O'Nial in the 1840's to find a name or some other clue to confirm my belief that he had moved to Tullamarine before 1850, I discovered that he was a literate and prominent man.

Another gem was the discovery of what David William O'Nial had been doing before taking over the Lady of the Lake from William Hancock and what a miserable hut it had been during the tenures of Martin Tierney, William Sharp and Hancock.

Stokes' Mt Macedon Inn was apparently the Carlsruhe Inn according to one corresponent, there being no Mt Macedon Inn. Tulip Wright's inn, deemed unsatisfactory also, was at Bulla. The third persecuted publican was D.W.O'Nial.

"The last instance and probably the
worst, is that of Mr D. W. O'Nial,
of " the Springs." Mr. O'Nial is
an old colonist, and for some years
past has been in the employment (as ac-
countant) of Mr. W. Easey ; the nature
of his avocations brought him much in
contact with the public, his irreproach-
able character gained him deserved es-
teem ; his industry enabled him to enter
into a licensed house, also situate on the
Mount Macedon Road — he succeeded a
not very eligible occupant, and his ap-
plication was most flatteringly and res-
pectably recommended. When he ob-
tained the transfer, he found the licensed
premises consist of a hut, and in three
months he has erected a commodious
house, affording three times the accom-
modation required by the Act ; he had
resigned a remunerative situation to
enter into this business, in the natural
hope of creating a competency for his
family; he expended the hard earned
savings of several years in improve-
ments, probably expecting thereby
that he was thus providing for the
public convenience, and best fulfill-
ing the intentions of the Act. But
go he must with the rest. The fiat of
their worships has gone forth — their
breath has consigned (if proper resist-
ance be not offered) unoffending men to
comparative, and probably positive, beg-
gary. It may be asked what is the
object sought by these extraordinary
proceedings ? — the object is, to prevent
bush servants generally, but those in the
employment of certain justices, par-
ticularly, from taking " a glass too
much," when in funds to do so— thus
particular individuals and the public, are
ordered to sacrifice their fortunes and
convenience to prevent the bullock
drivers of some five or six sheepfarming
J.P.'s from occasional intoxication."

D.W.O'Nial probably got his licence renewal on 12 May 1846, 18 days after the above letter was published. [url=]O'NIAL'S PETITION.

I eventually found two names, Weston and Brace, confirming that O'Nial's Lady of the Lake was still on section 21 Doutta Galla in mid 1849.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 21 June 1849 p 2 Article

I'd forgotten about Mrs O'Nial's accident in town.[url=]THE ACCIDENT[/url.]

Before I leave the O'Nials, it is of interest that there are no records on Victorian BDM of the births of the two O'Nial girls who watched the 1860 expedition pass by. It was Colin Williams who told me of this, his father finding many coins while ploughing the former hotel site which had become part of Broombank during John Cock's tenure, and John Cock telling Colin's dad that the Broombank homestead was haunted.
Colin was born in 1900:
EventBirth Event registration number24548 Registration year1900
Personal information
Family nameWILLIAMS Given namesCollin Samuel Smith SexMale Father's nameThos Mother's nameCath (Ellis) Place of birthBROADMEADOWS

Ellen O'Nial was said to have married Richard Beaman but there is no marriage certificate on Victorian BDM, possibly the reason Chris hadn't mentioned the year of the marriage, but the birth record of the first of two Davids (who'd obviously died by 1859) was in 1855. "Beaman" was recorded as the owner of Broombank by 1867 and until his death in 1892, Ellen having died eight years earlier. Strange then that ownership passed to the Misses O'Nial of Docker St, Richmond, not the Beaman children. They obviously made nostalgic visits to their birthplace, regaling Colin with their childhood memories but refused to sell the property to Ray Loft who leased it from the 1920's living on Dalkeith rather than in the tiny homestead built circa 1850 by their father,finally buying Broombank after Minnie's death. Colin gave the girls' names as Catherine and Minnie, the latter obviously a pet name.
EventDeath Event registration number7391 Registration year1926
Personal information
Family nameONIAL Given namesEllen Kate SexFemale Father's nameONIAL David William Mother's nameEllen Theresa (Fitzgerald) Place of birth Place of deathRICHMOND Age79

EventDeath Event registration number4903 Registration year1933
Personal information
Family nameONIAL Given namesMary Johanna SexFemale Father's nameONIAL David Mother's nameEllen (Fitzgerald) Place of birth Place of deathRICHMOND Age85

I can find little fault in Christine's information but this one is a serious error.

Ellen Sturmer described three routes to the diggings, supposedly at Eaglehawk and Forest Creek. As Christine's source was a book rather than a newspaper the destinations cannot be checked. Forest Creek meant Castlemaine and going along Deep Creek road makes sense, as it was termed the great road to the diggings in the early days of the rush, but it did not lead to Somerton and if she meant Somerton Rd, this road was not made for some time.
The Yuroke parish map shows Cliffords Rd joining the old Sydney road and the new Sydney road while land for Somerton Rd has not been reserved and had to be bought from McKerchar and Co. later on. UNMADE SOMERTON RD
The link does not seem to be working. The Yuroke parish map referred to can be accessed by typing YUROKE, COUNTY OF BOURKE into your search bar and opening the first result.

"The first she (Ellen) said was via the road to Sydney (that is north west along Bulla Road to Somerton) which turned eastwards to get onto the old Sydney Road."

There were only two routes to Forest Creek and Eaglehawk, via Bulla and Sunbury, and via Keilor, Diggers Rest The Gap etc. In some forgotten source, perhaps one of Christine's articles in the Keilor Historical Society's newsletters decades ago, I recall Ellen's account of passing through Keilor.

There were three routes to the McIvor diggings near Heathcote- and to Sydney.(See pages 31, 32, BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY.)
These were via the Plenty, via Pascoe Vale Rd past the Young Queen Inn at Pascoeville, Broadmeadows Township and Mickleham Rd/Old Sydney Rd and from 1854 when the timber bridge linking the two portions of Ardlie St was built,via the road to Bulla to the Lady of the Lake, today's Mickleham Rd to Ardlie St in Broadmeadows Township to Mickleham/Old Sydney Rd. These three routes converged near Wallan.

The direct route to Sydney through Pentridge (Coburg) the new Sydney road was on the drawing board by 1850, as was making the OLD SYDNEY ROAD (Pascoe Vale Road)and linking it (via Cliffords Rd, Somerton,) to the new road.

P 67. Colin Williams told me that the Lady of the Lake had burnt down and I'd never discovered when this happened. Christine obviously hadn't known about the fire but narrowed down the time frame of the hotel's end. I'd thought it must have been sometime between the Shinty match of New Years Day 1857 and a posthumous mention of the hotel in 1861.

The Victorian Farmers Journal and Gardeners Chronicle (Melbourne, Vic. : 1860 - 1862) Saturday 19 October 1861 p 16 Article
At a distance of about twelve miles from
Melbourne, on the road to Bulla, is situated
Tullamarine, hamlet, village, or township,
whichever it may be, but under which of these
designations it now ranks we should be rather
perplexed to decide. Time was, when Tulla-
marine might have hoped for development into
a full-blown village, but that was ere railways
had an existence, and before also the now
capitally metalled, but little used road, had re-
placed the rugged and at times im-
passable bush track, the only faci-
lity afforded for travellings in those days.
It was then that butchers, bakers, and store
keepers, plied an active trade with the multi-
tude of draymen who thronged to the levées of
the “Lady of the Lake,” (peace to her ashes)
alas, no more.
The “Beech Tree” alone now
offers the shade of its wide spreading branches,
as a rest for the thirsty traveller; the slight
wooden tenements, in which a thriving business
once was done, are apparently deserted, and the
traffic on the road is insufficient to prevent the
metal becoming nearly as verdant as the fields.(ETC.)

Chris reveals that Roderick McKenzie* was the licensee in 1857, that it was taken over in July 1857 by William Higgins and in June 1860 by Edward Higgins who was still operating the hotel in July 1861."


*Roderick McKenzie may be the man who became insolvent when farming on Upper Glengyle** in 1855 but I have been unable to confirm this. There was a publican of that name who had the Albion Hotel in Elizabeth Street in 1853 after running the Rose and Thistle in the same street previously. (P.3,Argus, 14-3-1853.)
He may have been the man awarded a contract which led him to the Lady of the Lake:
CONTRACTS ACCEPTED — The Government have entered into the following contracts: — Roderick McKenzie, to supply and erect mile-posts upon the various roads in the vicinity of Melbourne (P.5, Argus, 5-4-1856.)

A man named Roderick McKenzie was a grantee in the parish of Will Will Rook in 1852.
156. 304a 3r 22p, Roderick McKenzie, 21 per acre.(P.2, Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer, 31-1-1852.)

This was crown allotment 15A fronting the east side of the old Sydney road (Pascoe Vale Rd) between King William St to almost Phillip St and extending east 7615 links to a line 100 metres past the west boundary of today's Northcorp Industry Park which could be shown by joining King St (north of Northcorp) to the east boundary of the Will Will Rook Cemetery. (Google WILL WILL ROOK, COUNTY OF BOURKE to see the parish map.)

** Upper Glengyle is also a mystery. It was one mile from Keilor while Glengyle was from one to two miles from Keilor. That would mean that Upper Glengyle was the horseshoe bend now bisected by Browns Rd which was not higher than the portion of the Glengyle Estate that Edward Wilson renamed as Arundel, nor farther upstream of it.

I just realised that I have written John Carre Riddell's surname as Riddle somewhere in this journal.
The estate was not only comprised of section 6 as would be assumed from the book. It included section 15, also granted to Riddell. Section 15 was north of section 7 and 6, adjoining them at a line joining Grants Rd and almost Bamford Rd which was the southern boundary of Percy Judd's Chandos Park, later owned by Bamford, and fronted the Moonee Ponds Creek from the present Mickleham Rd bridge to the bottom of Melway 5 D2.

Riddell swapped land with John Pascoe Fawkner so their estates would be respectively on the Broadmeadows and Keilor side of Bulla Rd, thus the Beech Tree was on Riddell's grant but Fawkner's subdivision. The south west corner of Riddell's section 15 was not swapped but sold to John Mansfield (volume 106 folio 595), was Payne's pig farm when acquired for the jetport circa 1960 and now houses the airport terminal building and streets north of Grants Rd (which has been partly renamed as Melrose Drive east to what locals called Ellis's corner on Bulla Rd. The 377 acres 2 roods 6 perches across Bulla Rd between that triangle and the creek was separated from Charles Nash's "Fairview" only by a wedge-shaped purchase (wider at Bulla Rd than the creek)by William Love (v.188 f.367 and v188 f.367) which by 1960 was owned by the GREEK poultry farming Ellis family, related by marriage to the (Chambers?) family who then owned the 377 acre property whose name was guessed by Olive Nash in 1988 to be GLENDURA, this spelling being used in my WHERE BIG BIRDS SOAR of 1989.

Soon after the 1989 Back to Tullamarine, I started my dictionary history of Tullamarine and miles around.That was when I found William Dewar's biography (VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS 1888)and read that he had managed Riddell and Hamilton's estate for some time before purchasing Glendewar! The Cleanaway waste treatment facility, earlier the Hillview Quarry that forced Olive Nash to sell Fairview because of the dust and noise, probably grew from a much smaller hole from which the well regarded DEWAR road metal came.

Christine quotes a description of the Camieston Estate in February 1853 which may justify her claim that the Lady of the Lake was on the Camiestown Estate, which I have previously disputed in this journal:"subdivided into small farms, part of the property having already been laid out as a township. Stores, blacksmith's shop, Inn and other erections having already been established."

As this was before rate books existed, I can only rely on other sources for details of the stores and smithy.
Before settling at Bulla, Gilbert Alston* was at Tullamarine and his smithy may have been on the 28 acres 26 perches which my 1999 Melway transposition seems to indicate was bought by J.Munsie in 1861.In 1883, Fred Wright*, having been Munsie's apprentice took over Munsie's smithy.(*VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS.)

The Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary souvenir of 1970 mentioned Hosking's store across Bulla Rd from Tullamarine State School 2613 on the Conders Lane corner. The school opened in 1884 but the store may have been built just over three decades earlier and was probably on the north east side of Bulla Rd at the bottom left corner of Melway 5 F8,near the north west end of the township, Hamilton Terrace, bounded by Victoria Road (Nash's Lane, now Mercer's Drive), Bulla Rd and Derby St.

As stated elsewhere in this journal, because Derby St meets Melrose Drive at a right angle, the southern-most block in Hamilton Terrace was south of Derby St and triangular with only a post comprising its frontage to Bulla Rd. In the 1920's Stephen Peachey came to Tullamarine because of swine fever in what is now called Hadfield. He had a dairy later subdivided by Snowy Boyse of Barbiston and father of the Essendon footballer, hence Boyse Court. Now that I look at the Melway map more closely I realise that the two sections of Millar Rd (off Bulla Rd and off Derby St)roughly indicate the boundary of Beaman's "Broombank", occupied by John Cock (1867-1882),and Colin Williams' family. When Ray Loft subdivided Broombank in 1952, it would have included the Lady of the Lake block which was added to Broombank during John Cock's tenancy and as the section of Millar Rd off Derby St is just north of the boundary between section 3 to the south and section 6 to the north, THE LADY OF THE LAKE WAS ON SECTION 6 AND PART OF THE CAMIESTOWN ESTATE. Christine was right and I was wrong!

I don't hide my wrong assumptions, because they show that even big know-alls like yours truly make them. They are necessary in a search for the truth but a true historian always seeks to confirm or disprove the assumption which Chritine has helped this know-all to do, as well as helping me to limit the time of the fiery end of the Lady of the Lake to a few months in the second half of 1861.

Christine's every detail is correct. In 1989, Sid Lloyd allowed me to photocopy his brother George's MICKLEHAM ROAD 1920-1952. In it George referred to the farm just south of the railway bridge as South Wait but Sid could not explain the origin of the name. The Lloyd brothers were contractors with stock transport a big feature of their work so they knew the farmers on every road in Tullamarine and many miles around.

John Hall was the son of Joseph Hall and Ann, nee Walton. Southwaite is a village nine miles from Kirkoswald,
Cumberland, England where John's parents had married in 1831.

Gordon Connor was a grandson of Charles Nash and his parents used to go from Moonee Ponds to Fairview every summer to help with the harvest. Among the information that ninety year old Gordon gave me in 1989 was that Jack Howse conducted a slaughteryard on South Wait (as Gordon also called it.)

My maternal great grandfather, John Cock, arrived in 1864 indentured to work for John Hall and a child was born in that year, the birth place given as Tullamarine so Southwaite Gill was almost certainly my family's first association with the Tullamarine DISTRICT.(THERE WAS NEVER A TULLAMARINE TOWNSHIP!) In 1888 John Cock was a prominent citizen and his biography in VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT claimed that he arrived in 1867 (when he started his lease on Beaman's "Broombank" near the ashes of the Lady of the Lake)because an indentured labourer was a virtual slave, liable to prosecution if he left to accept a higher paid job elsewhere and unlikely to succeed if he took his master to court over unpaid wages or other issues.

Once again Christine's findings accord with my research, with much more detail, such as Mrs Poulton, one of the hotel's licensees, being (I presume*) the daughter of MARTIN Dillon, a pioneer of the Bulla District after whom the Wildwood Rd bridge is named (Melway 384 A 12.) * I'D BETTER CHECK!

EventDeath Event registration number13714 Registration year1903
Personal information
Family namePOULTON Given namesMary SexUnknown Father's nameDillon Martin Mother's nameHanora (Quirk) Place of birth Place of deathHoth E Age44

The Howse family was running the hotel by 1854. Christine states that the hotel was almost opposite Southwaite Gill* so it's no surprise that one of John Cock's four wives (all but the last pre-deceasing him) was a Howse girl.
EventMarriage Event registration number3838 Registration year1877
Personal information
Family nameCOCK Given namesJohn SexMale Spouse's family nameHOWSE Spouse's given namesElizabeth Alice

*Boundary descriptions memorialised in Volume 29 folio 783 show that the 9 acre block purchased by T.B.Howse was bounded by Bulla Rd, the east-west section of Dromana Avenue, Louis Street and a southern boundary of 15 chains about a chain (20 metres) south of Rood St (Melway 16 A5.)
Rood is an English unit of area, equal to one quarter of an acre or 10,890 square feet (1,012 m2). A rectangle that is one furlong (i.e. 10 chains, or 40 rods) in length and one rod in width is one rood in area, as is any space comprising 40 perches (a perch being one square rod).

Chris states correctly that Michael later moved to Diggers Rest. As well as farming, Michael had the Manchester Hotel at The Gap*, west of Sunbury, which was discussed in detail in I.W.Symonds in BULLA BULLA. The Gap was a township that took off after 1854 when Brees' bridge at Keilor saw the Keilor or Portland road replace the road through Bulla and Sunbury as the great road to the diggings. Sunbury west of Jacksons Creek and south to the cemetery was in the parish of Buttlejork whose name was supposed to have meant "a flock of wild turkeys" (emus.) The railway revived Sunbury from the late 1850's but the Diggers Rest area from where the railway headed east as far as Clarkfield for Big Clarke's benefit was serviced by the same line and continued to support more than one hotel. Today there is little evidence of the township.

Michael Bourke, Manchester Hotel, Buttlejork, £75; (Sunbury News and Bulla and Melton Advertiser (Vic. : 1892 - 1900) Saturday 28 December 1895 p 2 Article)

The Diggers Rest Hotel at the west end of the Bulla-Diggers Rest road was in the parish of Holden whose name is recalled by the Holden bridge at Melway 176 F4 and the Holden Flora and Fauna Reserve at 352F-K 1-3.

William may have used North Pole Rd (Milleara Rd)more than any other Keilor landowner as he travelled between his grants near Brimbank Park and Bertram's Ford, and Seaford House at Altona. He probably used the original Solomon's ford (Grimes' Rocks)before there was access* from Braybrook Township to the second Solomon's ford at the end of North Rd. (*Only a dotted line on the 1855 map.)

Two others with the same surname mentioned, William, a Kyneton bullock driver (P.64-5) and Patrick (P.124, 132) should not be presumed to be related to Martin.

Martin was the brother of Bridget Gorman who eventually became the wife of William O'Neil,described as a gay Lothario in KEILOR PIONEERS:DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES, and mainly associated with "Horseshoe Bend" at Melway 15 A9.
Martin and William had joined the Melbourne Police by 1841. Bridget was 17 and having been asked to tie the knot a date was set in April of that year but apparently O'Neil demanded a dowry and no knot was tied. Martin and his two sisters moved to Geelong and an action for breach of promise was launched. Bridget was awarded damages of 100 pounds.The marriage eventually took place in 1842*. Their children all married into specified families living in or near Keilor (Paraphrased.)

* EventMarriage Event registration number4538 Registration year1842
Personal information
Family nameGORMAN Given namesBridget SexFemale Spouse's family nameONEIL Spouse's given namesWilliam Henry

The assumption would be that Martin stayed in Geelong, but he actually later farmed at Springs.

MELBOURNE INSOLVENCY LIST. No. 254. Martin Morgan, Leslie Park,Farmer. Debts, £66 3s. 6d. Assets — personal
property, Sec., £12 10s.; debts, good and bad,£114 6s. Balance deficency, £39 7s. 6d.
(P.2, The Melbourne Weekly Courier, 9-3-1844.)

LESLIE PARK of about 1500 acres would have consisted of 20 Doutta Galla (712 acres) and 21 Doutta Galla (640 acres), a total of 1352 acres and may have included c/a 18B, through which Steeles Creek flows from 21 Doutta Galla,later to be known as Springfield and not granted to W.Nicholson till 27-6-1849. According to Sam Merrifield's ANNALS OF ESSENDON, John and William, both of whom had Leslie as a given name, received a ten year lease of Leslie Park in 1840 but sections 20 and 21 were purchased in 1842.Springfield (consisting of 151 acres 0 roods and 20 perches is the only adjoining property that would take the area of Leslie Park to about 1500 acres.

LESLIE PARK, containing about 1500 acres, to be let in small farms, or sold in such portions as may be required. The land is good, and well adapted for the farming purposes or for market gardens; it is six miles from Melbourne, on the Mount Macedon road, and contains the well-known springs. For particulars apply to T. M. MARSHALL. LESLIE PARK

I had considered that the 148 acres required to make Leslie Park's area about 1500 acres might have been part of the Keilor Township now Keilor Park, near Fosters Rd south of Spence St, Keilor Park. However the distances following show that the new road finished at Spence St. (1 mm = 1 chain on map 15.)

NEW ROAD.-Yesterday's Government Gazette contains an announcement that a map and a plan describing the courses and bearings of a new road, from the Junction of Broadmeadows and the Deep Creek Roads to Keilor, had been deposited in the office of the Central Road Board.

The same publication gives the following particulars of the road :-The road commences at the junction of the Broadmeadows and Deep Creek roads, at a point marked K on the plan, running due south 42 chains 17 links, to a point marked F, passing through the properties of Messrs. Clark, Baxter, Macdonald, and Colonel Kenny ; thence due west one mile (already proclaimed) to a point marked D ; thence due south 60 chains to a point marked M; and thence south-west by south 25 deg. 20 min. 21 chains 70 links passing through the property of J. V. L. Foster Esq. The quantity of land required to be taken for the proposed road is twelve acres one rood and twenty perches, and the estimated cost of effecting the said work is three hundred and sixty-six pounds sterling.
(P.7, Argus, 19-4-1856.)

K= top of Melway 15 J1,the present Mickleham Rd/Melrose Drive corner. Melway indicates that Broadmeadows Rd actually runs south for 47 chains so the typesetter may have mistaken a seven for a two.

P.78.THOMAS CAHILL. The original part of Arundel Rd at Keilor is named Borrell Rd. Thomas Cahill's house still stands at Gumm's corner near the bicycle path and overlooking a saucer-like depression. Jose Borrell, one of several Spaniards to INVADE Keilor (with no Sir Francis Drake to repel them!), including Jack Vert from Barcelona, had previously stayed, upon his arrival, with relatives at their market garden near the appropriately-named Garden St at Melway 28 J3. His son, Joe told me that the great floods of the river were in 1906, 1916 and 1974. Jose moved to Gumm's corner after the 1916 flood. There was a gully running through the farm so he levelled it with a horse and scoop. Thomas Cahill's old homestead was extended with the original building becoming the lounge room. The additions have since been removed, only the original homestead remaining as a reminder of Thomas Cahill while the curious depression, Borrell Rd, and street names in Melway 14 H5, remind us of the Spanish invasion and transition from fruit to vegetable growing. In 1974 the depression became a lake and the Burrells harvested their cauliflowers in a rowboat!

The surname GOUDIE can hardly be mentioned without it being linked to the Dodd family. Ray Dodd wrote some fabulous history and there is quite some DODD history here that is only loosely connected to Keilor.

"In 1860 the death of six-year old Elizabeth Tate of Tullamarine, prompted an inquiry into her death."

It would be natural for readers of the book to suppose that the Tates were living near the new Mount Macedon Rd and the Lady of the Lake but in fact they were living about four miles west at Pleasant Vale (Melway 176C 11)on Tullamarine Island and later Tate children attended the Holden School just across Jackson's Creek via Tate's ford near McLeods Rd in the parish of Holden.The Tates would have been unknown by most Tullamarine pioneers, being socially involved at Keilor and possibly Bulla. See:


Meehan's farm as shown on Christine's page 92 map was sold by McKenzie to William Connor on 22-9-1856 (volume 41 folio 243.)John High, Robert George Watson, and David Moolhein are not mentioned in the book. Charles and Joseph Bradshaw are only mentioned in passing. There is a lot of information about John Peel in the book.

It seems that Grey conveyed his share of the grant to Wedge in N 420. Wedge conveyed 18 A to John Gemmell (38 417). On 31-12-1853, Gemmell sold the 132 acres 3 roods and 20 perches to Charles and Joseph Bradshaw for L2657/10/-. Charles and Joseph Bradshaw were involved with 9 of the 20 crown allotments between Brewster and Glass Sts in Essendon, and much of the land between Union and Ascot Vale Rds. It is likely that MacKenzie, who bought most of 18A from the Bradshaws, was the man involved in land dealings in the North, Middle and South St area at Ascot Vale.
The Bradshaws subdivided the grant, naming Erebus, Terror and Snow streets. I believe the first two were named after ships commanded by Nelson. The Bradshaws may have also named Victory St after Nelson’s flagship but the street is not mentioned in the memorial.
The Sir John Franklin hotel, shown on the east corner of Collinson St and Keilor Rd in the 1860 survey map, was actually on lot 1 of allotment A and Henry Elridge’s purchase of this land from Charles Bradshaw is recorded in 20 361. Eldridge bought his corner block for 278 pounds on 1-6-1854. It consisted of 1 acre 3 roods and 17 perches, having frontages of 132 ft to Keilor Rd and 606 ft on the western boundary (Collinson St). The boundary between his lot 1 and High’s lot 2 was 621 ft because the northern boundary (roughly indicated by Swan St) was not parallel with Keilor Rd. The Sir John Franklin Hotel is shown in this portion of the Crown Survey map.

Two other early purchases from Charles Bradshaw were lot 2 (John High, 20 360) and J.MacKenzie (4 pieces, 24 734).
High made his purchase on the same day as Eldridge, paying 285 pounds for lot 2 of 1 acre 3 roods and 24 perches. His land only contained 7 more perches than Eldridge’s and he paid a pound for each one. (A perch is 25 x 25 links or roughly 5 x 5 metres.) He had the next 132 ft Keilor Rd frontage and his eastern boundary, 2/5 of the way to Erebus St, was 637 feet.
John Mackenzie bought his four parcels in 18A and 50 ½ acres in section 21 on 15-3-1855. He paid 3000 pounds to Bernard Kavanagh who had paid 3959 pounds to Charles and Joseph Bradshaw previously (24 734). Kavanagh must have been desperate for cash to accept such a loss. Had he mortgaged the four parcels to the Bradshaws and been unable to complete repayments?
The first parcel was bounded by the eastern boundary of 18 A (a line north from the Roberts Rd corner), Snow St, Terror St and the Government road (Keilor Rd).
N.B. Highlighted names are those specified in the memorial.
The second was bounded by the line of Roberts Rd, Spence St, Erebus St and Snow St , but excluded a half acre water reserve 8 chains (8 mm on Melway) east of Russelton St and a road leading to it from Snow St.
The third was bounded by Keilor Rd, Terror St , Snow St and Erebus St but excluded a block with frontages of 132 ½ feet to Keilor Rd and 617 feet to Terror St, which had been sold to David Moolhein.
The fourth was bounded by Erebus St, Spence St, Collinson St and, after skirting around Eldridge and High’s lots, the government road 662 ½ feet south east to the Erebus St corner,
Lots 1 and 2 consisted of 5.79 acres (965x600 links) and Moolhein’s block 1.87 acres (935x 200 links) so by deducting this 7 acres 2 roods and 19 perches from 132.3.19, we can ascertain that Mackenzie owned 125 acres 1 rood and 1 perch of allotment A, section 18.
On 22-9-1856, Mackenzie conveyed the first parcel of land (bounded by Roberts, Snow, Erebus and Keilor Rd) to William Connor for 462 pounds. This land would have consisted of about 24.4 acres (41 243). William’s widow, Sarah, still owned this land in 1900.She had about 160 acres (lots 23, 24, 33-36, 38-40 in section 19, hence 61 acres) and 18A (99 acres to equal the total of 160 acres). John and Edward McNamara were leasing 369 acres (Spring Park, Springfield and logically 25 acres of 18A.)
As Sarah Connor was leasing 78 acres in sections 18 and 21 and also owned 31 ½ acres east and s/w of the cemetery, she must have been a busy widow.
45 733 R.G.Watson.
On 6-2-1857, John Mackenzie sold lot 13 to Robert George Watson. The boundaries of this land started 861 ft west from the s/e corner of 18A and went west for 132 ft, north for 601 ft, east for 136 ½ ft and south for 617 ft. This was exactly the same block at the corner of Mackenzie’s third parcel that had been owned by David Moolhein in 1855.
On 9-7-1864, Mackenzie sold lots 28-31 of 18A and 50 ½ acres of section 21 to E.Joyce, who paid 2067 pounds to Mackenzie and 108 pounds to Robert Joseph Peel. The 50 ½ acres had been bought from J.F.L.Foster by John Peel for L2015/8/9 on 27-6-1855 and adjoined lots 28-31. The 18A land was the 2nd parcel specified in 24 734 (bounded by Spence,Erebus, Snow and the eastern boundary of 18A ( a line north from the Roberts Rd corner). John Peel had bought this land (lots 28-31) for L290/19/6 on 29-6-1860
but had probably mortgaged it to Mackenzie and been unable to repay the money.

The spelling of this family fluctuated between Christine's spelling and Kavanagh. To check which one was right, I searched on Victorian BDM for a death record for him.

EventDeath Event registration number4433 Registration year1860
Personal information
Family nameKAVANAGH Given namesJames SexUnknown Father's nameBrian Mother's nameCatherine (Not Stated) Place of birthQUE Place of death Age44

The death record of his wife, also from Queens County, Ireland gave the surname as Kavenagh.
EventDeath Event registration number3157 Registration year1859
Personal information
Family nameKAVENAGH Given namesMargaret SexUnknown Father's nameHoran James Mother's nameAnn (Unknown) Place of birthQUE Place of death Age42 Spouse's family nameKAVENAGH Spouse's given namesJas

As they were married in Ireland the spelling of the surname on a wedding record could not be consulted, so I tried births 1840-1856. This had to be the first child born on (or at) Springfield, according to Chris. She was the only one of 7 results for KAVENAGH that made sense despite Margaret's name being given as Mary.
EventBirth Event registration number5253 Registration year1850
Personal information
Family nameKAVENAGH Given namesMary Anne SexFemale Father's nameKAVENAGH James Mother's nameMary (Unknown) Place of birthSPRINGFIELD

Mary was probably named after one of James' siblings who arrived in 1851 and married Terence Joseph O'Hanlon in 1858 after the death of his first wife.
EventDeath Event registration number2346 Registration year1902
Personal information
Family nameOHANLON Given namesMary SexUnknown Father's nameUnknown Mother's nameUnknown (Unknown) Place of birth Place of deathMbury Age72

James and Margaret had six sons and three daughters; Bernard the eldest was born in 1841 so there should be eight other birth records from 1841 until about 1855, when the last child, Ann who died aged 2 in 1857 was born, Were their surnames recorded as Kavanagh or another variation seen, Cavanagh?

Firstly the Kavenagh search was extended to 1856, none of the 8 results likely to be the right ones.

Here's the death record of Michael who died on 1-2-1854 aged 17 months from Dysentry, according to Chris.
EventDeath Event registration number769 Registration year1854
Personal information
Family nameKAVANAGH Given namesMichael William SexUnknown Father's nameJames Mother's nameMargaret (Unknown) Place of birthSPRINGFIELD Place of death Age1

Well, Victorian BDM online was a fat lot of help! MIGHT AS WELL USE A COIN OR DIE!(OKAY, I'M OLD FASHIONED!)

James Henry Kavenagh must have been born in about 1849.
KAVENAGH.—On the 10th ult., at Port Albert, acci-
dentally drowned, James Henry Kavenagh, second
son of the late James Kavenagh, of Springfield,
Keilor, aged 24 years.(P.4, Argus, 8-2-1873.)

KAVENAGH—SLATER. —On the 8th ult., by the
Rev. H. Darling, Emerald Hill, James Henry
Kavenagh, son of the late James Kavenagh,
Springfield, to Harriet Slater, daughter of John
Chartris Slater, St. John's, New Brunswick.(P.4, Record, Emerald Hill, 20-4-1871.)

EventBirth Event registration number42525 Registration year1849
Personal information
Family nameKAVENAGH Given namesJames Henry SexMale Father's nameKAVENAGH James Mother's nameMargaret (Freeman) Place of birthMELBOURNE

James Henry was born in 1849 but unless a typist at Victorian BDM has made a serious mistake, Christine has. His mother's maiden name is given as Freeman instead of Horan. I believe that Christine has assumed that "Ann Horan, Margaret Kavenagh's sister" (first line, second last paragraph, page 101) was unmarried. 737 is the source given for "and married Margaret Horan(737)about 1838."
737. Margaret is listed on James Kavenagh's death certificate as Margaret Horan, on her death certificate as Margaret Horan and on the children's birth certificates as Margaret Freeman.

These are the birth certificates referred to.
KAVENAGH Given namesJohn EventBirth Father's name / Spouse's family nameKAVENAGH James Mother's maiden name / Spouse's given nameMargaret (Freeman) Reg. year1844 Reg. no440

Family name (surname)KAVENAGH Given namesJohn EventBirth Father's name / Spouse's family nameKAVENAGH James Mother's maiden name / Spouse's given nameMargarite (Freeman) Reg. year1844 Reg. no37573

Family name (surname)KAVENAGH Given namesMargaret EventBirth Father's name / Spouse's family nameKAVENAGH James Mother's maiden name / Spouse's given nameMargaret (Freeman) Reg. year1846 Reg. no1820

KAVANAGH Given namesJames Henry EventBirth Father's name / Spouse's family nameKAVANAGH James Mother's maiden name / Spouse's given nameMargaret (Unknown) Reg. year1849 Reg. no3658

KAVANAGH Given namesMargaret EventBirth Father's name / Spouse's family nameKAVANAGH James Mother's maiden name / Spouse's given nameMargaret (Freeman) Reg. year1846 Reg. no39464

Family name (surname)KAVANAGH Given namesMary Anne EventBirth Father's name / Spouse's family nameKAVANAGH James Mother's maiden name / Spouse's given nameMargaret (Freeman) Reg. year1850 Reg. no43656

CAVANAGH Given namesBernard* EventBirth Father's name / Spouse's family nameCAVANAGH James Mother's maiden name / Spouse's given nameMargaret (Freeman) Reg. year1841 Reg. no36006

RE BERNARD: "In 1853, a notice offering a reward for a stolen pony was placed in The Argus by Kavenagh's eldest son, Bernard:"
The pony had been taken from the stable of Mr Bernard Kavenagh. In 1853, Bernard, born in 1841 would have been about 8 years old and unlikely to be addressed as Mr. The boy, like the future Mrs O'Hanlon was obviously named after one of James Kavaegh's siblings who came out with their mother in 1851.

Tomayto, tomarto, let's call the whole thing off, as the song goes!

P.105.KILBURN'S ESTATE. "Kilburn had other land holdings within the district, including a 404 acre farm known as Kilburn's Estate on the Broadmeadows Road."

Usually referred to in rate records as 400 acres, this was all but 240 acres of section 3 Tullamarine and south of a line indicated by the midline between Catherine Avenue and Janus St. It fronted today's Broadmeadows Rd and Sharps Rd from there to its western end. The land to the north of "Fairfield", as the Kilburns called it, had been sold to Ann Parr, John Wright, Thomas Purvis, Charles Nash, George Mounsey and J.F.Blanche and a small block where the Melrose Drive service road meets Cherie St had been donated by John Foster on which the Tullamarine Wesleyan School was opened in 1855. Charles Nash owned about half of the 240 acres, his farm being called Bayview. Charles donated the land for the Tullamarine Methodist Church (north corner of Trade Park Drive.)

The Kilburn farm was leased by George Williamson for many years. Eventually it was sold to James Harrick who divided it into two farms of 202 or 200 acres. In 1910 George Mansfield bought the one fronting Broadmeadows Rd and built the homestead near the Dawson St corner, soon after selling to the Bakers who called the farm Preston Park. Tommy Loft bought it circa 1920 and called it Dalkeith and was succeeded by Leslie King Dawson by 1943 and Percy Hurren in 1951. The other farm, east of the Tullamarine eastern boundary (Fisher Grove corner) became Michael Reddan's "Brightview", later the Doyle farm, "Ristaro".

"Kelly, the son of a tailor, was born in Co.Tyrone, Ireland and it was there that he married Margaret Fox in November 1854."
Margaret Kelly's death record unfortunately did not give her parents' names.

As stated by Christine, Margaret was buried at Keilor.
KELLY.— The Friends of the late Mrs. MAR-
GARET KELLY are respectfully invited to
follow her remains to the place of internment, the
Keilor Cemetery. The funeral will leave the Essen-
don railway station THIS DAY (Thursday, 22nd
inst., at 2.30, on arrival of train from Violet Town.
(P.10, The Age, 22-1-1903.)
How I hate the family notices in this paper, always on more than one page, with no indication of which page the preceding or following notices are on. There was no link for page 1, so I had to select page 2 and then click previous page. Margaret's death notice was not there.

How to confirm my suspicion that Margaret Fox was related to Kelior pioneer, Michael Fox?

Journal by itellya

I have recently purchased Christine Laskowski's book "Steel's Crk.etc" and was interested in mention of Thomas Bertram and Ellangowan. I have been endeavouring to identify :Glenlyle" and Ellangowan since as the name of my neighbour's property in Brown's Rd, is "Ellangowan". They are of the opinion it was named after the school their mother attended in S.Aust, which it could be. Perhaps it is a mere coincidence
A piece I have read on Arundel farm states that Colin Campbell* was the owner following
Capt. Richard Bunbury. Christine states that Thomas and wife Anna McLean Campbell arrived in 1849 and stayed for a while with his brother-in-law, Colin Campbell at "Glenlyle" before purchasing nearby property "Ellangowan." I am pleased that you have given me much information.I now have to find out who owned it before Thomas**.
Re Lawrence Kelly and wife Margaret. In another journal re North Pole Road you wonder if Margaret Kelly (nee Fox) was a sister of Michael Fox who also lived on North Pole Road. This surprised me as *Mrs. Margaret Fox who came to Aust. with son Michael was the greatgrandmother of my late husband, Joe Brown. His grandmother, Bridget Brown*, was Bridget Fox who arrived about 1850. Looking up Death Cert, of Margaret who died in 1881, she did have a daughter Margaret but she is noted as deceased on certificate. Reference to Lawrence and Margaret Kelly in "Dead Men do tell tales" states they were married in County Tyrone. She died at Violet Town in 1903 while staying with her daughter.
I thoroughly enjoyed reading your journals on Keilor and Tullamarine. Thank you.

The writer lived in Browns Rd, which I believe was the subdivision road of Bertram's Ellengowan when the Arundel Closer Settlement was established following the death of William Taylor of Overnewton.

*If this Mrs.Margaret Fox was actually Margaret Kelly, she was Michael Fox and Bridget Brown's mother, nee Burns and the widow of Christopher Fox when she married Michael Kelly.

POSTSCRIPT 6-5-2018, 4 a.m. SEE P.117 MICHAEL FOX.
The information in the link about the pioneering fox and brown families of keilor make it unlikely that Margaret Kelly, nee Fox was the mother of Michael Fox and his sister,Bridget, the wife of Thomas Brown. She may have been related to Margaret Fox and her son Michael Fox who later occupied the former Kelly farm.

EventDeath Event registration number13308 Registration year1918
Personal information
Family nameBROWN Given namesBridget SexUnknown Father's nameFox Chriser Mother's nameMargt (Burns) Place of birth Place of deathKeilor Age85

EventDeath Event registration number9315 Registration year1918
Personal information
Family nameFOX Given namesMichl SexUnknown Father's nameFox Chriser Mother's nameMargt (Burns) Place of birth Place of deathKeilor Age79

Of interest is that SPRINGS PIONEER, SAMUEL FLEMING,who is not mentioned in the book, married a Margaret Brown in Tyrone in 1817. She may have been related to Bridget Brown's husband.
More About Samuel Fleming:
Immigration 1: 03 Oct 1838, "Parland" arrives Sydney, NSW from Londonderry, Ireland.207
Immigration 2: 28 Jan 1840, Samuel Fleming from Tasmania destination "The Springs" Keilor, Vic.208
Residence 1: 13 Sep 1846, "The Springs", Keilor, Victoria.209
Residence 2: 24 Nov 1853, "Rockdale Farm", Kyneton, Victoria.210

The above was in my reply to Tom.

Came across your interesting articles re the Springs Tullamarine/Keilor. My Wife's GG Grandfather was Samuel Fleming who arrived at Port Phillip in 1839 on the ship "Hope" from Sydney,they quickly settled (by family contacts) at the Springs I assume on a ten year lease. They moved to Mia Mia in 1850 becoming one of that area's earliest settlers. The Fleming's family still thrive today.

Obituary of Michael Fox, "Keilor road contractor and farmer" who occupied Cheverstone Farm (page 117) but that still doesn't help me specify on which corner of North Pole Rd his house was located because it consisted of !8c and 18D.

Sincere regret has been expressed at
the death of Mr. Michael Fox. which oc-
curred at his residence, Keilor, on
Tuesday evening, September 3rd. The
deceased gentleman, who was 79 years
of age, had enjoyed excellent health
until the last few years, during which
time he suffered considerably, from
heart disease, which eventually caused
his death. Mr. Fox came to Australia
in his youth, and, after spending a
short time in Queensland, settled at
Keilor. where he resided continuously
for the past 52 years. For several
years he occupied the position of shire
councillor, and at the time of his death
was president of the shire. Mr. Fox's
wife, the late Mrs. Rose Fox, prede-
ceased her husband by sixteen years, as
also did six children — one boy and five
girls Five son's and one daughter
Messrs. Patrick, John, Thomas, Philip,
and Christopher, and Miss Martha Fox
—are now left to mourn, the loss of
good father. The remains of the late
Mr. Fox were interred in the Keilor
Cemetery on Thursday, September 5th,
in the presence of a large number of
friends who were present to pay their
last tribute of respect to one whom
they held in high esteem. Rev. T. W.
O'Collins , officiated at the graveside. R.I.P.
(P.25, Advocate, 14-9-1918.)

FOX.— The Friends of the late Mr. MICHAEL
FOX are respectfully invited to follow his re-
mains to the place of internment, in the Keilor
Cemetery. The funeral is appointed to move from
his residence, North Pole-road Keilor,
THIS DAY(Thursday), 5th inst., at 2.30 p.m.
(P.10, The Age, 5-9-1918.)

P.110. Re: "Meanwhile Laverty had taken over the licence of the twelve roomed Harvest Home Hotel in Moonee Ponds, situated on the property known as McNay's farm.

James McNay was granted crown allotment of section 5, consisting of 51 acres on 21-7-1847. This went from Ascot Vale Rd to the Moonee Ponds Creek between Dean St and the line of Steele St. The reason McNae St goes farther south and Ngarveno St extends north into McNay's grant is that James McNay (or McNae) tended Davies' vineyard on Ngarveno to the south.

The hotel built on the Dean St corner became known as Dean's Hotel and Greenvale pioneer, Robert Shankland of Waltham, claimed in 1888 (Victoria and its Metropolis) to have built the original portion of this hotel in 1852. This claim is supported by a title document.
P 424. Robert Shankland paid McNay 10 pounds on 17-4-1852 for land on the (present) Dean St/ Mt Alexander Rd corner with frontages to these streets, respectively, of 134 5/6 feet and 152 ¼ feet.

McNay sold other land and then the titles trail followed the same sort of track as in Mains Estate with J.P.Bear again involved.

11 298. 1-5-1854. McNay mortgaged about 50 acres to Charles Payne for 1075 pounds.
19 804. 15-11-1854 conveyance of the 50 acres (see 11 298) to John Pinney Bear for 4500 pounds.
Bear subdivided some of the land.
70 44. 4-10-1858. After Bear has reconveyed land to him on 12-11-1855 and 11-4-1856, McNay mortgages the land described in 33 354 to Michael Dawson for 600 pounds.

J.P.Bear’s Subdivision.
28 4042 29-6-1855, Jessie Haining, lot 1 , 410 pounds.
28 519 9-7-1855, John Davies, lots 14-18, 23, 24, 645 pounds.
29 781 14-8-1855, James Laverty, lots 5,6,22, 2715 pounds.
30 328 29-8-1855, John and Peter Pitches, lot 11, 195 pounds.
30 385 1-9-1855, Ralph Singleton, lots 7,8, 565 pounds.
31 82 22-9-1855,J.T.Hinkins, lot 2, 110 pounds
31 83 22-9-1855, Frederick Wood, lot 3, 150 pounds.
31 738 15-10-1855,W.Armistead, lots 12, 13, 380 pounds.
33 353 12-11-1855, James McNay, land as in 33 354 under McNay, 500 pounds.
36 385 11-4-1856, James McNay, 2 pieces, 200 pounds, lot 10 and 19/20.
40 206 16-5-1856, John Wilson, lots 25-28, 225 pounds.
60 601 11-3-1858, William Learmonth, 100 pounds, lot 4.
65 74. 18-3-1857, James Laverty, lot 21, 75 pounds.

Laverty had purchased lots 5,6,22 and 21.Bear's subdivision was bounded by Mt Alexander Rd, Dean St McNae St and a southern boundary indicated by the north end of Lamb St in line with Steele St, the southern boundary of the grant. Lots 5 and 6 were between Mt Alexander Rd and a back lane linking Hinkins and Davies Stsabout halfway between Dean St and the Davies St corner. Lot 21 was bounded by the lane, Hinkins St and Ovens St while lot 22
continuing south to Davies St went a bit farther east. The Harvest Home was less than 2 chains (40 metres) from Shankland's Hotel!

Michael's son John took his deceased father's place as a Doutta Galla councillor and continued for decades before standing for the Tullamarine Riding where he'd probably been living for much of that time, on Geraghty's paddock where Steele Creek starts, which, my memory dictates, he called Bendene.

The information in this journal makes it obvious that Margaret Kelly, nee Fox, was not the mother of Cr Michael Fox or his sister, Mrs Bridget Brown as I had earlier speculated. It also includes anecdotes and details of landholdings. THE PIONEERING FOX AND BROWN FAMILIES OF KEILOR, VIC., AUST.

This is one of the briefest of the pioneer biographies in the book, consisting of only three lines.

The following resulted from an email conversation with Evelyn Brown of Canberra in 2012.

23-2-1863. William Johnson married Wilhelmina Robertson at Gellibrand Cottage in the parish of Yuroke, the home of Wilhelmina’s parents, Peter and Henrietta Robertson. In the same ceremony,Wilhelmina’s older sister, Margaret, married Donald McKerchar, widower (of Colina) of “Springfield”. Donald renamed his property “Greenan” in honour of his wife’s birthplace in Scotland. (This was his 302 ¾ acre grant, lot P of section 9, across Mickleham Rd from Springfield.) A third sister, Henrietta Robertson, married Donald McNab in 1855.
Donald and Margaret’s only daughter, Henrietta (or Etty, who was only a week old when Donald died in 1869) was for many years the postmistress at Greenvale. She did not marry and died in 1944 of drowning (in a dam on the property. Was this Greenan or Springfield North?)
Gellibrand Cottage (must have been reasonably close to Gellibrand Hill) as in 1861 an attempt was made to establish a toll gate and it was resolved to offer Mr Robertson of Gellibrand Hill 8 pounds to ascertain the traffic on the road and to call for tenders for the erection of a toll house and gate on the Broadmeadows Road opposite Mr Robertson’s house. (I have seen no mention of a toll gate near Gellibrand Hill. The toll gate at the intersection of the roads to Broadmeadows and Bulla Townships at Tullamarine and the one at Pascoe Vale would have dealt with travellers likely to pass Gellibrand Hill on the way to Sydney or McIvors Diggings at Heathcote. The local farmers would have hated having a toll gate near Dundonald because they would have been paying tolls every day. The toll gate would most likely have been placed at the intersection of Mickleham and Somerton Rds but there is no mention of a toll gate in that area in the 1863 rate record of the Broadmeadows Roads District.)
Henrietta Robertson (d.22-6-1867 at 76) and Peter Robertson (d.22-10-1876 in Yuroke aged 79) are both buried at Campbellfield.(A list of people buried at the Will Will Rook cemetery, labelled drawer 3 No.11,lists the Robertsons of Gowrie Park, north of present-day Hadfield, and Alex. W.(27-6-1930),Elizabeth (28-4-1919) and Sterbinella (24-1-1867), but not Henrietta or Peter. Therefore I presume they are buried in the graveyard of Scots Church on Sydney Rd.) The Robertsons arrived from Scotland about 1853-4.
The Johnson family arrived from Huntingdonshire in 1852 and John Johnson worked in Moonee Ponds for Peter McCracken.(Peter McCracken was on Stewarton,the part of Gladstone Park north of the Lackenheath Dr. corner, from 1846 to 1855. It was probably here that John worked for him. Peter owned a dairy at Kensington (1855-63) and “Ardmillan”, bounded by Mt Alexander Rd, the line of Trinifour St, Waverley St and Derby St at Moonee Ponds (1855-71), but they were a bit far from Greenvale unless John lived on the farms instead of travelling to work each day. Moonee Ponds meant anywhere near the creek and was invariably used to describe the location of “Stewarton.”)
John Johnson’s son, William, purchased land at Drummond in 1856 as did Peter and Robert McCracken. John went to manage this property and in 1861, John and William bought the McCracken land. William became a prosperous Drummond/Malmsbury identity. His son, John, purchased “Glendewar” at Tullamarine in about 1906 and retained it until his death in 1948. Glendewar was sold in 1951 (probably mostly to Mr W.Smith with A.A.Lord owning the 80 acres including the Hills’ “Danby Farm”and part of Glendewar, which with the Lanes’ Gowrie Park comprised section 14.) From about 1919 to 1934, John Johnson leased, and the family lived on,“Cumberland” adjacent to Glendewar.

Evelyn Brown (P.O.Box 509, Dickson A.C.T.2602) is:
The great grand-daughter of William Johnson
The grand-daughter of John Johnson who bought Glendewar.
The daughter of Walter Frederick Johnson and Emma (McKenzie).
Emma worked for a time at Woodlands before marrying Walter in 1924.
I PRESUME that the John Johnson who worked for Peter McCracken was Evelyn’s great great grandfather.

The Essendon Gazette of 22-7-1909 contains the obituary of Mr W.Johnson of Spring Park, Essendon, who was well known in pastoral circles. The 73 year old pioneer was born in Huntingdonshire, England and came to the Port Phillip District 57 years ago*. A resident of Drummond, near Malmsbury, he was an early breeder of Lincoln sheep. He moved to Essendon in 1903. (P. 127, The Annals of Essendon Vol.1, R.W.Chalmers.)
William’s widow, Wilhelmina, was still living on Spring Park when their third son, James Alexander (born 28-6-1874, died 28-9-1913) was buried in the ninth row of the Church of England section of Bulla Cemetery. John Johnson (D.14-3-1948 at 81) and Blanche (D.12-7-1951) are buried in this row also. The cemetery is at Melway 177, H/8.
*At the age of about 16, so I presume his father, as well as his son, was named John.

Broadmeadows’ ratebook of 1863 mentions three pieces of property in the parish of Yuroke owned by John Johnston. They were:
a farm (N.A.V. 18 pounds) listed immediately after those of Donald and John McKerchar and before entries for the square mile south of Somerton Rd and bisected by Mickleham Rd.
a farm (N.A.V. 54 pounds), known to be his grant, lot E of section 22 at the north west corner of Mickleham and Craigieburn Rds, which consisted of 97 acres 2 roods and 35 perches. He called it Greenhill.
A house (N.A.V. 9 pounds) that seems to have been overlooked and then inserted before
John Johnston was 51 when elected to the Broadmeadows Roads Board (1858?) and, although he remained a member only until 1863, he remained in the district until his death in 1877 at the age of 70. (Broadmeadows: A Forgotten History by Andrew Lemon.)
After W.W.1, Reg Poole renamed Greenhill as Lancedene. (Jack Simmie of Harpsdale.)
Was John Johnston the father of William Johnson? His surname seems to have been consistently written with the T, but that does not necessarily mean it was right. It is a strange coincidence that Reg.Poole took over the Johnston grant and Blanche Wilhelmina Johnson married a Poole.

At first I thought this might be related to Gellibrand Farm, which was advertised for sale in the Melbourne Morning Herald of 11-12-1849. It was 10 miles from Melbourne , was enclosed by a new fence and had a cottage, dairy and two double huts for workers. A 10 mile radius takes in Camp Rd, Broadmeadows but in a line towards Gellibrand Hill, it extends only to the Mickleham Rd turn off. The 10th mile post on Bulla Rd was outside the Parrs’ farm “The Elms” south of the Link Rd corner. As the crow flies, it is 19 km, or nearly 12 miles to Swain St, the entrance to Woodlands Historic Park from Mickleham Rd, which indicates the southern boundary of the parish of Yuroke. As the reference to Gellibrand Cottage, parish of Yuroke, seems to come from a document, we must discount any possible locations south of Swain St- Mladen Court.

The land east of Section Rd, Greenvale, allotment C of section 2, was granted to Leonard James and George Wolfenden Muchell (sic) in 1843. This was subdivided and sold to Messrs Lavars, Bond, Salisbury, Johnson, Davidson, and in 1854, John Lawrence bought lots 6 and 7. Part of lot 6 became the church site in Providence Lane. (Greenvale: Links with the Past by Annette Davis found in the Bulla file at the Sam Merrifield Library, Moonee Ponds.)

Notice that one of the above buyers was Mr Johnson. I wonder if this was John Johnson who had been working for Peter McCracken at Stewarton two miles to the south. There is no mention of a Peter or Henrietta Robertson in the 1863 ratebook despite the fact that they were living in a house near Gellibrand Hill on the 23rd of February in that year. Neither does the surname Johnson appear. Was John Johnston’s house (N.A.V.9 pounds) or farm (N.A.V. 18 pounds and therefore about 40 acres) where Peter and Henrietta Robertson were living without paying the rates? As Henrietta was 72 and Peter 66, it is possible that they were guests of a 56 year old Johns(t)on. It is not possible to determine where Johns(t)on’s house and small farm were but it is likely that they were between Section Rd and Mickleham Rd.*

* POSTSCRIPT 29-4-2018. Title documents show that John Johnson's farm on what was called PROVIDENCE PLAINS was the 40 acre farm located in Melway 178 G-H 11 and later owned by Harry Swain, between Swain St (now closed but the entrance off Mickleham Rd to the Dundonald portion of the Woodlands Historic Park and part of the boundary between the parishes of Will Will Rook to the south and Yuroke) and Providence Lane.

P.126 Re: "In January 1859, having decided to leave the colony, Napier held a (clearing) sale at Rosebank......During the Napiers' absence local farmer James Robertson took up residence at Rosebank."

The question of which James Robertson this was would have stumped Andrew Lemon, author of BROADMEADOWS: A FORGOTTEN HISTORY who called James Robertson of Campbellfield (in today's suburb of Gowrie Park) a Keilor farmer. I would never have known the answer but for Deidre Farfor.
Star Weekly | Historic Robertson's homestead may be restored › News
Mar 20, 2017 - Seven Brimbank councillors toured Robertson's Homestead in Sydenham Park on Saturday to assess whether the 1840s bluestone cottage could be ... Deidre Far For, the great-great granddaughter of James Robertson, the pastoralist who built the house almost 180 years ago, was thrilled the house's ...

The local farmer could not have been the Campbellfield pioneer so that left three possibilities:
1.J.R. senior who founded Upper Keilor and received grants in Doutta Galla from Aberfeldie north to Keilor Rd.
2.J.R. junior of Upper Keilor who inherited the southernmost part of these grants (his brother Francis getting the grant north of Buckley St which he called Mar Lodge.) He built the mansion "Aberfeldie" and was a neighbour of Peter McCracken of "Ardmillan" across Waverley St, so it was no surprise that the two families became related through marriage.
3. James Robertson, son of Coiler Robertson of "La Rose" and brother of Grace who married Peter McCracken before they spent nine happy years at "Stewarton" part of today's Gladstone Park (not the suburb of Moonee Ponds as the author of THE GOLD THE BLUE thought.) A 17 year old brewer on arrival, James probably contributed to the success of the McCracken brewery. His father had purchased section 6 land which James inherited, building the "Trinifour" mansion on the west side of the Park St railway crossing. Coiler Robertson had bought La Rose soon after Dr McCrae had started building the homestead and fled to Sydney when Alphabetical Foster horse-whipped him. Coiler and James extended McCrae's core of the house and it is now known as Wentworth House.
wentworth house - VHD - Heritage Council of Victoria
Wentworth House is historically significant as the home of Farquhar McCrae, an eminent early gentleman colonist, and a member of the notable McCrae family. It has strong associations with pioneer agriculturalists in the district, especially Coiler Robertson, and with James Robertson, a prominent early brewing ...

I'm not a gambling man but I would put my last dollar on number 3.
Napier's original Rosebank homestead, destroyed by fire was fairly close to the extant mansion built by his son in law, (G.W.?*)Barber and thus near Rosebank Avenue (Melway 16 J 12.) Wentworth House is at the north corner of Le Cateau and Mitchell Sts (Melway 29 A-B 1.) Rosebank and La Rose (which extended east to Rose St and north to Bell St), were separated only by the Moonee Ponds Creek.

J.R.3 died at Trinifour in 1879.
ROBERTSON.-On the 6th inst., at his residence, Trinafour (sic), Moonee Ponds, Mr. James Robertson, of La Rose, aged 60 years. (P.1, Argus, 8-9-1879.)

Here's the language of a grant, included on page 57 of my EARLY LANDOWNERS.

Suburban Lot
GRANTEE James Patrick Main VICTORIA, by the Grace of God of the United
DATE 30 October 1846 Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,
COUNTY Bourke Queen, Defender of the Faith and so
ACRES 640 forth:
TO ALL to whom these presents shall come,
WHEREAS in conformity with the laws now in force for the sale of Crown Lands in our Territory of New South Wales, and our Royal Instructions under Our Signet and Sign Manual issued in pursuance thereof JAMES PATRICK MAIN of Melbourne has become the purchaser of the Land hereinafter described for the Sum of Eight hundred and thirty two pounds Sterling….
The 832 pounds did not include the yearly quit rent of one peppercorn (if demanded) and Her Majesty reserved such parts and so much of the said land as may hereafter be required for making Public Ways, Canals, or Railroads… AND ALSO All Sand, Clay, Stone, Gravel and Indigenous Timber….

My EARLY LANDOWNERS:PARISH OF DOUTTA GALLA which covers all the land between the Moonee Ponds Creek and Saltwater River from Swamp Road (Dynon Rd)did not focus on genealogy/biography as much as Christine's book does, and did not provide as much titles information on every single crown allotment in this area as Christine did in her area south to the Steele/Rose Creek junction with the river. However my findings did assist greatly in later explaining family connections (usually between neighbours at the time or before)such as Robert McDougall and one of the Eadies of Sunbury being sons in law of Kensington pioneer, John Rankin, and Sandy Smith's marriage to Robert McDougall's daughter, Jeannie in 1881 (the notice on page 186 of Christine's book).

I had two reasons to delve into section 12 titles information. Peter Anderson, descendant of James Anderson,who married the daughter of (Irma?) Henderson (after whose family Henderson Rd, Tullamarine was named) had been one of my oral history informants in 1989 and Lenore Frost had given what seemed to me the wrong location for Collier's farm.

My map showing the 12 lots on Mains Estate, transposed on Melway from information in memorials, involved some assumptions because the memorials don't mention farm names and some do not specify lot numbers. My assumption was that the numbers went north from Braybrook Rd (Buckley St),the closest part of the square mile to Melbourne, odd numbers from 1-11 up today's Hoffmans Rd and on the other side of Steele Creek, even numbers up Rachelle Rd from 2-12.
Christine's map has no lot numbers and differs from mine in the location of Rose Hill, which I've called Sinclair's farm and her South Park which I've called Rose Hill.

Laverty's lot 6, Farm Hill as shown on Christine's page 156 map was James Laverty's name for the farm. It was later Alex Blair's farm whose name is surely in my journal: THE BLAIRS OF ESSENDON

Lot 8, labelled as Roberts by Christine became part of John Beale's Shelton Estate.
"Early title information about lot 8 is given in 5769, which refers to Sinclair’s Farm, west of the creek and south of Rosehill Rd. See below under Sinclair’s Farm. Sheet B of 7607 continues on, referring only to lot 8.
1-12-1848. J.&.J.P.Bear to Henry Roberts. (E 712.* Wrong memorial. See below.)
1-11-1862. Roberts to Matthew McCaw, mortgage for 150 pounds. 17-6-1863. Ditto.
1-5-1863. Reconveyance, McCaw to Roberts, for 800 pounds.
1-6-1865. Roberts to John Beale, Tullamarine, farmer. (150 124)."
(* F 712 shows that Roberts paid L85/17/- for 50 ½ acres. E 712 concerns the sale of Kilburn land in Melb.)

Lot 5, labelled "Buckley Park (part of)" on Christine's map was Alex Blair's farm whose name is surely in my journal: THE BLAIRS OF ESSENDON Bob Chalmers believes that Alex Blair's farm on section 12 was called "Flatfield." I had been confused by this name because part of the grants obtained by James Robertson senior of Upper Keilor, (stretching from Aberfeldie to a Keilor Rd frontage running east for 400 metres from McCracken St) had been given this name according to Deidre Forfar, a Robertson descendant and Christine stated on page 164 that Flatfield was "near the Keilor Road and the Essendon Hotel.(1374.)The Essendon Hotel, still known by that name when John Coleman ran it,has since undergone several name changes, and was in 1999 called the Grand located at Melway 28 F1, directly opposite Keilor Rd and 400 metres from McCracken St, the eastern boundary of what James Robertson's bachelor politician son called Mar Lodge. I believe that Blair called lot 5 {b]FLOODFIELD.

As Christine has not provided much titles information about section 12, I will post my EARLY LANDOWNER'S information which also includes early suburban history.

SECTION 12 (East Keilor west of Rachelle Rd, Niddrie south of Farrell St.)
Bounded by Rachelle Rd., Buckley St., Hoffmans Rd. and the latitude of the north side of Farrell St., this was granted to James Patrick Main in 1846. He was probably related to Patrick who built the first bridge over the Moonee Ponds Creek at Flemington, still known as Main’s bridge after it had been swept away by floodwaters and rebuilt.
James P.Main, “ builder and settler, Moonee Ponds” in 1841 and 1847, may have been living on Main’s Estate. At the latter date, Thomas Anderson, dairyman, was on “Main’s Estate, Moonee Ponds”. I wonder if Thomas was related to James Anderson (a later occupant of Main’s Estate.)

James Wilson, who came to the colony in 1847 at 21 worked as a shepherd etc., and ran the Golden Fleece hotel at Pentridge for 5 years before buying 185 acres on Mains Estate in 1857. (In 1868, James Wilson was only assessed on 100 acres so he was obviously leasing a part of his land to somebody.) The farm was called Springbank and the homestead, a two storeyed brick mansion, was on the south corner of Hoffmans Rd. and Teague St. until it was demolished in the 1930’s and replaced by a garage which was itself demolished in early 1992.
Keilor’s 1868 ratebook shows that Wilson had 100 acres. His known neighbours on Main’s Estate were William Hoffman 100 acres, Dugald McPhail 221 acres, Thomas Cox 50 acres, James Collier 46 acres.
Possible occupants of the remaining 123 acres of Main’s Estate in 1868 were Thomas James Trahey (Saimey?) 60 ac. and John Foley 70 ac. (POSTSCRIPT 6-5-2018. CHRISTINE'S BOOK DETAILS TREHY AND FOLEY'S FARMS WHICH WERE NOT ON SECTION 12.) p.s. Cox and Collier occupied the site of the Niddrie quarry. (Title information at end.)

Blacksmith, William Anderson was killed in an accident near the toll gate at the Keilor bridge (Brees’ 1854 bridge) on 25-2-1862, leaving his wife Catherine (nee Clark) and children, Janet, Catherine, Margaret, Alex. and James. The widow was Keilor’s midwife for thirty years until dying in September 1892. The daughter named after her seems to have been a pioneer of Ardmillan Rd from 1877 until 1894 (at old No.81, now 65 and 65A and from March 1909 Miss Morris’s Blinkbonnie Ladies College), when she probably moved back into her late mother’s Keilor residence. James worked at many occupations including that of shearer, was an overseer at Arundel in 1868, and in 1882 bought a butcher’s shop in Keilor. When that was sold, he and his wife (Annie Grace, daughter of Donald Stewart) went to a farm on North Pole Rd (50 acres in section 12 on the west side of Spring Gully) and afterwards to Springbank.
A press report of the Oakland Hunt Club’s meet of 20-5- 1899 says that the quarry was chased around Pinnacle Hill to a slaughterhouse, then east to Anderson’s well-kept farm etc. James later, some time after 1930, moved to a farm called Braeside (the 30 ½ acres in Keilor containing Meehan Ct, Watson Rise, Fleming Ct and Tan Ct), where he died on 2-6-1943 at 96. His son Don bought a part of William O’Neil’s Horseshoe Bend Farm in 1937 and his orchard became a feature for those descending down Curley’s Hill into Keilor. Don’s son, Peter, married a daughter of the Hendersons from Tullamarine and still lives across Church St from his grandfather’s Braeside land.
In 1900 James Anderson was farming Springbank of 179 acres and 214 acres (probably Sinclair’s Farm of 114 acres and two farms of about 50 acres each fronting the north side of Rose Hill Rd. He also had 50 acres accessed from North Pole Road (Cox’s Farm, lot 10 of section 12). He later owned “Braeside” on the hill overlooking Church St. and Green Gully Rd. at Keilor.
Blocks on the Rose Hill estate had been sold to 28 buyers but about 60 acres of unsold land was being leased by Chapman Woods. Ralph Dixon moved into Gilbertson St in 1911 and Hoffmans Rd in 1923. One feature he recalled in 1961 (P.6 Proclamation of the City of Keilor) was the Woods family’s dairy farm near Sapphire St. Blocks on the Rose Hill estate had first been offered for sale on 8-9-1888. (“Annals of Essendon” R.W.Chalmers Vol.1.)

(Peter Anderson, Keilor Centenary Celebrations 1950, “Keilor Pioneers etc.” A.Evans, “Ardmillan”R.Gibb, Keilor 1868 and 1900 rates, “The Oakland Hunt” D.F.Cameron-Kennedy, Keilor Township map, Dictionary History of Tullamarine and Miles Around” A Volume, R.Gibb.)
This map shows the subdivision of section 12. Boundaries are obtained from memorials.

An undated Doutta Galla map, known to contain errors in section 23 and O’Brien’s part of 11A, and probably from the boom time of about 1890, shows Mains Estate divided into thirds laterally. From the south they are labelled Rosehill Estate, Buckley Park Estate, and Gillespie (probably the Flour Miller who lived in the house now occupied by St. Columba’s school.) The map is wrong unless Rose Hill and Sinclair’s farm were owned by one person*, lots 5,7, 6 and 8 by another and lots 9, 11 and Cox’s and Collier’s farms by Gillespie, which is highly unlikely as Springbank (lots 11,9,7 ) was still one property in 1918.The middle portion’s name is confusing because William Hoffman’s Butzbach, renamed Buckley Park, was just across Hoffman’s Rd. I had trouble understanding Peter Anderson’s description of the location of his grandfather’s farm as being on Buckley Park; this was a reference to the middle third of Main’s Estate, not Butzbach.
(* Hoffmann is known to have owned Rose Hill, Sinclair’s Farm and lots 5 and 6.)

On 13-3-1916 there was a big sale of land at Spring Gully. Farms belonging to the late Alexander Smith were auctioned. They included Norwood (73 acres of 9B and 13 acres of 11B), Sinclair and Hoffman’s farms (115+48 acres), Cox’s Farm (50 acres) and Colliers Farm (46 acres). Bob Chalmer’s Annals correctly said that all were WEST of Spring Gully, but “Sam Merrifield’s House Names Index” edited by Lenore Frost, states that Hoffmans Farm was on the east bank as well as calling Norwood “Collier’s Farm”. Hoffman’s farm could have been lot 6 west of the creek (48 acres) or Blair’s purchase from Main on the east bank (49 acres) because both blocks, extending about 260 metres north from Rosehill Rd, were owned by William Hoffman. However, for reasons explained later, I believe that lot 6 was Hoffman’s Farm.
An undated subdivision plan at Sam Merrifield Library (which has proved to be Land Plan 3151 of 20-10-1890 ) shows the lots on Butzbach on the other side of Hoffman’s Rd and a subdivision north of Rosehill Rd on section 12. This included those streets with gem names and went north to the northern boundary of Niddrie Secondary College (or the bend in Garnet St just south of Ida St). This area north of Rosehill Rd was Alex. Blair’s purchase from J.P.Main, later owned by McPhail and then Hoffman. The map shows the proposed railway to Keilor.

James Wilson’s old Spring Bank farm was put up for sale, obviously in 1918. The claim is made that the 179 acre farm had been in family ownership for 80 years; nonsense unless Wilson was related to J.P.Main, the grantee (and occupier since at least 1841).

Buckley St actually detoured to a ford, west of the St Bernard’s College car park, and it was not until July 1912 that a wooden bridge was built over Rose Creek.

Probably one of the last farmers on Main’s Estate was Keith Gregory. A butcher at the abbatoirs in Smithfield Rd, he used land fronting Buckley St and opposite Ned Courtney’s Maribyrnong Stud Farm (section 8 west of creek) as a holding paddock for stock, according to Bart Lauricella.

St John’s Presbyterian parish owes its origin to Dugald McPhail, who used to take a led horse to the city to pick up Rev. Hetherington, who conducted early services on McPhail’s farm in 1849. I had assumed that these first services were on Rose Hill but when McPhail bought this farm in 1853, he was probably still living on Spring Hill (Allotments 3 and 4 of section 7). Sandy Smith of Norwood, south west across Buckley St, was involved from those early times and the Keilor Rd Presbyterian Church was named in his memory. His widow donated the land and 100 pounds towards the wooden church in Keilor Rd. Sandy stated that the first services were held on Spring Hill.
McPhail, a tailor in McKillop St, Melbourne in 1842, and the next year in Richmond, rented land from J.F.L.Foster near Fosters Rd from 1844 till 1849, when he was supposed to have purchased his own land but actually leased Spring Hill (Aberfeldie). John and Duncan McPhail, “farmers Saltwater River” in 1849, were obviously on Spring Hill. McPhail later owned the North Park land before Alex McCracken bought it and built his mansion on the south side of Woodland St. Dugald’s son, Donald, played for the Essendon Football Club in the 1870’s. James McPhail married a daughter of William Dewar of “Glendewar” in Tullamarine.


Suburban Lot
GRANTEE James Patrick Main VICTORIA, by the Grace of God of the United
DATE 30 October 1846 Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,
COUNTY Bourke Queen, Defender of the Faith and so
ACRES 640 forth:
TO ALL to whom these presents shall come,
WHEREAS in conformity with the laws now in force for the sale of Crown Lands in our Territory of New South Wales, and our Royal Instructions under Our Signet and Sign Manual issued in pursuance thereof JAMES PATRICK MAIN of Melbourne has become the purchaser of the Land hereinafter described for the Sum of Eight hundred and thirty two pounds Sterling….
The 832 pounds did not include the yearly quit rent of one peppercorn (if demanded) and Her Majesty reserved such parts and so much of the said land as may hereafter be required for making Public Ways, Canals, or Railroads… AND ALSO All Sand, Clay, Stone, Gravel and Indigenous Timber….

James Patrick Main mortgaged section 12 to John and John Pinney Bear on 26 Jan., 29 July, and 3 December 1847 and on 4-4-1848 he made a Conveyance of Equity of Redemption in which the Bears paid him 1030 pounds. (D 801, E 252, E 601, E 956.) The last memorial apparently put the grant into the Bears’ ownership and they sold some of it as detailed later. On 10-1-1854, Main seems to have regained ownership, from Charles Kilburn, of the land that Blair was later to buy from him (49 259) and the southern part of Springbank, which he later sold to Wilson.
On 19-4-1851, Main mortgaged part of James Wilson’s later purchase to James Graham and Alexander McLean Hunter for 325 pounds (M 277). On 10-5-1854, he mortgaged both pieces of Springbank to Thomas Clark, a further amount being paid to him on 10-7-1854 (11 450 and 14 310).

LOT 6. HOFFMAN’S FARM. (Labelled LAVERTYon my map.)
On 21-10-1848, Lot 6 was sold to James Laverty by J. & J.P.Bear (who had become the owners of Main’s grant on 4-4-1848) for L104/12/-. This land was obviously then mortgaged and was reconveyed to James Laverty by Joseph Hall on 9-8-1852 along with 18D (Q 632). The boundaries of this block were Rachelle Rd, Lincoln Dr, Steele’s chain of ponds and a reserved road (Rosehill Rd). North of lot 6 was lot 8.
Laverty mortgaged lot 6 to A.F.Dougall for 600 pounds on 28-10-1858 (70 707). Laverty must have been unable to complete payments and on 16-12-1861, Archibald Falconer Dougall conveyed lot 6 of 49 acres to Dugald McPhail for 450 pounds. McPhail sold it to William Hoffman (together with land east of the creek adjoining lot 6) for 850 pounds on 16-3-1868. I believe that lot 6 became known as Hoffman’s Farm (described as adjoining Sinclair’s Farm and being south of Cox’s Farm in “ Sam Merrifield’s House Names of Essendon”), which was part of the late Alexander Smith’s estate when offered for sale on 13-3-1916. (R.W.Chalmers’ “Annals of Essendon”.)

Main, having regained part of his grant*, then sold two farms between Hoffmans Rd and Spring Gully.
(*Main regained the northern 27 chains of Wilson’s Springbank from Henry Moor (who had bought it fom J.P.Bear for L202/14/- on 31-10-1848) on 4-4- 1851 for L300, and the southern 12 ½ chains from Charles Kilburn (who had bought Sinclair’s Farm, Blair’s later purchase and lot 7 from Bear on 1-12-1848 in F 719) on 10-1-1854 for L288/15/-.)

On 9-8-1855, James Wilson bought Spring Bank from J.P.Main for 4732 pounds. Wilson claimed to have established the farm in 1857 (Victoria and Its Metropolis 1888). Did he mortgage it straight after the purchase and take two years to pay it off? This land ran south 4008 links from the northern boundary of section 12 to the northern boundary of Niddrie Secondary College (29 662.) These boundaries explain the bends in Newman Cres. (north) and Garnet St (south). It is of interest that John Wilson started leasing 18c (which touches the n/w corner of section 12) from J.P.Bear on 31-7- 1855, just over a week before James Wilson bought Springbank.

Wilson’s family seems to have owned the property until 1918. James Anderson was occupying Springbank, possibly by 1895 (1918-23 years) and certainly by mid 1899 (Oaklands Hunt report) and was still there in 1930, his address being given as Buckley Park (Vol.534 fol.973). No mention of Springbank is made in the James Wilson or James Anderson title index but “Sam Merrifield’s House Names Index” contains an entry claiming that Anderson owned the farm. (Owner Mr Anderson. Occupier Mr Swan, butcher of Essendon. Vide Essendon Gazette 8/2/1900. 2 storied brick mansion. Abuts Conniston Ave. Demolished 1930’s.) Conniston Ave. could have been Hoffmans Rd or Teague St.
Land Plan 10004, lodged by C.R.Anderson on 27-11-1923, deals with the subdivision of Springbank. The plan shows that the northern boundary of section 12 was the front fenceline of houses on the north side of Farrell St. The south boundary of Springbank was at the southern end of the bend in Garnet St. See further details at end of Section 12 entry under Hoffmans Rd heading.
Peter Anderson told me that James Anderson’s youngest son was named Colin when I asked if he’d heard of C.R.Anderson. However, the second Christian name of Colin, born in 1900 at Keilor to James Anderson and Annie (nee Stewart), was Lindsay. C.R.Anderson lodged many land plans and was probably no relation of the Springbank farmer.
An undated entry on P. 32 of “Sam Merrifield’s House Names Index” (L.Frost) seems to date from 1918 and, as well as making the ridiculous claim that Springbank had been owned by the same family for 80 years (possibly a typo for 60!), states that the same lessee had been there for 23 years. The previous entry (in brackets above) says that James Anderson owned it and the second seems to indicate that James was only a lessee. Was James Wilson related to James Anderson? Was Anderson sub-letting to Swan?

Main had lost his grant on 4-4-1848 to J.P.Bear who sold lots 2,4,5 and 7 to Charles Kilburn, Rose Hill to Ashurst, the northern 21 chains of Springbank to Henry Moor, 45 ½ acres to James Collier, lot 6 to James Laverty and lot 10 to Thomas Cox between 8-7-1848 and 12-11-1850. Main had regained the northern 2/3 of Springbank from Moor in 1851.
The “release to uses”, from Kilburn to J.P.Main, of two of these pieces of land were memorialised on 10-1-1854:
i.e. 7 88. Commencing 41 chains north from the s/e corner of section 12 and extending a further 13 chains north and bounded in the south by lot 5 in the plan of sale. Main paid L288/15/-. This was the southern 1/3 of Spring Bank, which I assume to be lot 7. The other part regained by Main was lot 5.

49 259. Commencing 2850 links north from the s/e corner of section 12 on the north side of a 50 link wide private road and extending a further 1250 links north. This had to be lot 5. Main paid 2500 pounds.
On 27-5-1857, Main sold this area (Lot 5) between Spring Bank and a road 50 links wide running e-w through the section (Rosehill Rd) to Alexander Blair for L2700/10/-. Its boundaries were: 4274 links (N), the creek running into the Saltwater River to the e-w road (W), this road east 3736 l to a 50 l wide road reserved out of section 12 (Hoffmans Rd) (S) and this road north for 1250 links (E) (49 260). The area of this land, averaging the N and S boundaries, would be 50.0625 acres. On the next day, 28-5-1857, Alex Blair mortgaged this land to John Catto for 1000 pounds. As Blair’s index in the first and second series made no further mention of this land, Catto’s index was consulted and showed that Catto sold it to Dugald McPhail for 630 pounds on 6-7-1861 (108 326). McPhail then sold the land to William Hoffman (together with lot 6, due west across the creek) for 850 pounds on 16-3-1868 (177 896).
Land Plan 3151 deals with the subdivision of Blair’s purchase as well as Butzbach (across Hoffmans Rd), both owned by William Hoffman. This land plan was lodged by J.Tarrant on 20-10-1890. The subdivision would have fizzled because of the depression that started about a year later.

The index for J.P.Main does not include information about the land south of Rosehill Rd. Luckily, much detail is supplied in a memorial recording a mortgage of 1-7-1861 (108 216). On this date Dugald McPhail mortgaged land (specified as 112 acres 2 roods and 19 perches in the reconveyance) to William Hoffman, for 900 pounds. This was Rose Hill.
Its boundaries commenced 3833 links east from the s/w corner, (where Buckley St crosses Steeles Ck), and went east 4397 links to a road reserved out of section 12 (Hoffmans Rd), north for 28 chains, west for 3697 links to the creek running into the Saltwater River and then south along the creek until it reached the boundary of John Aitken’s land (section 8.)
Thoughtfully the clerk added the information that McPhail had purchased the said land from Henry George Ashurst on 1-2-1853. (108 216). The land was reconveyed to McPhail on 16-3-1868, repayment of the 900 pounds having been completed (177 895).
Further investigation reveals that Ashurst sold Rose Hill to McPhail for 2800 pounds (2 144). Ashurst had earlier leased the 112 59/160 acre property to Henry Eldridge on 1-11-1848 at a rent of 56 pounds per annum (F 694) and mortgaged it to James Donaldson on 4-7-1849 (G 674). Eldridge later bought land at the s/e corner of 18A in mid 1854 and established the Sir John Franklin Hotel there soon after.
The reason Rose Hill does not appear in the J.P.Main index is that J.P.Bear became the owner of the whole grant on 4-4-1848 and sold this south eastern part to H.G.Ashurst for L304/5/9 on 8-7-1848 (F 251).
Incidentally, Henry George Ashurst had been involved with land ownership in the area since 1842 when he purchased part of John Pascoe Fawkner’s Belle Vue Park at Pascoe Vale, which later became well-known as John Kernan’s Merai Farm (“Broadmeadows:A Forgotten History” A.Lemon.) On 16-3-1868, McPhail had regained Rose Hill and on the same day sold lot 6 and Blair’s lot ( 49 and 48 acres fronting the whole northern side of Rosehill Rd) to Hoffman for 850 pounds (177 896).
Sketch of Title/ Search Certificate 15377 helps us to trace ownership of Rose Hill further as well as disclosing a treasure (a typed copy of the grant of section 12 to J.P.Main).
McPhail was probably still renting Spring Hill (Aberfeldie) from James Robertson of Upper Keilor when he bought Rose Hill from Ashurst on 1-2-1853. This is despite the claim in “Victoria and its Metropolis” that he started farming on rented land (on sections 20 or 21) in 1844 and six years later removed to land of his own not far distant.
The Sketch of Title also contains the information that Charles Brown Fisher purchased Rose Hill from Dugald McPhail for 3000 pounds on 20-1-1882. According to Dorothy Minkoff in “A History of Ave Maria College and Clydebank”, Fisher owned nearly 600 acres west of Vida St along the north bank of the river by 1876. (Probably section 8, 7 (1) and 7(2), a total of 545 acres and possibly William O’Neil’s 74 acre share of the 9B grant.) Dorothy adds that Fisher’s land on the north bank was sold in 1882, and possibly this included Rose Hill, which he’d bought in January of that year. Unfortunately the C.B.Fisher index makes no mention of section 12 land but my search was worthwhile as it provided information about land at Tullamarine and Avondale Heights. Did Fisher sell the land or lose it through a mortgage, or did it revert to McPhail’s ownership?

LOT 8.
No memorials concerning this lot have been found. The northern boundary of lot 6, 13 ½ chains north of Rosehill Rd, is described as running along lot 8 in Q 632.
Luckily, information about lot 8 is supplied in Search/ Sketch of Title 7607, which revealed that John Beale had land in section 12 as well as Shelton on 11B. A sketch of the land, on the western side of Steels (sic) Ponds, shows a road (Rosehill Rd) 28 chains north of the southern boundary of section 12, a property extending another 1250* links to the north and then Beale’s land. (*Note that this is different from the western boundary of lot 6 given in Q 632. In later conveyances to McPhail and then Hoffman, it was given as 1250 links.)
The land (obviously lot 8 but not specified as such) went another 1300 links further north. The western boundary was a 50 link wide road (Rachelle Rd). The northern and southern boundaries stretched 3941 and 3830 links respectively to the creek. This land today contains the e-w parts of Noga Ave and Lincoln Dr/ Herbert Cres.
Early title information about lot 8 is given in 5769, which refers to Sinclair’s Farm, west of the creek and south of Rosehill Rd. See below under Sinclair’s Farm. Sheet B of 7607 continues on, referring only to lot 8.
1-12-1848. J.&.J.P.Bear to Henry Roberts. (E 712.* Wrong memorial. See below.)
1-11-1862. Roberts to Matthew McCaw, mortgage for 150 pounds. 17-6-1863. Ditto.
1-5-1863. Reconveyance, McCaw to Roberts, for 800 pounds.
1-6-1865. Roberts to John Beale, Tullamarine, farmer. (150 124).
* F 712 shows that Roberts paid L85/17/- for 50 ½ acres. E 712 concerns the sale of Kilburn land in Melb.
It is interesting to discover that John Beale, who owned Shelton west of Rachelle Rd, spent some time at Tullamarine. The 1868 Keilor ratebook shows that Beale was farming 130 acres in the East Keilor area and was no longer at Tullamarine.

This information comes from Sketch of Title/ Search Certificate 5769.
30-10-1846. Grant to J.P.Main. Then the mortgages to the Bears, which I have detailed, are listed as well as a reconveyance to Main.
3-12-1847. Main to J. and J.P.Bear. (E. 956) The nature of this memorial was “Conveyance of Equity of Redemption” which seems to mean that the Bears acquired the whole 640 acre grant.
1-12-1848. J.& J.P.Bear to Charles Kilburn. 114 acres 0 roods 37 perches. (F 719)
1-2-1854. Charles Kilburn to Catherine Gordon Sinclair. (21 999).
10-2-1855. Alexander McCallum leases Catherine’s land for 5 years at 300 pounds p.a. (23 195). The land is mortgaged to Robert McCracken (155 110) and others.
1-3-1871. Dugald McPhail agrees to lease the land from Catherine from 1-3-1871 to 1-3-1874 at 80 pounds p.a.
10-3-1873. C.S.Sinclair to William Hoffman, conveyance in fee.
The land was west of the creek and bounded by Rachelle Rd, Rosehill Rd and Buckley St, that is Sinclair’s Farm of 115 acres on the west bank of Spring Gully as advertised in the Essendon Gazette of 22-11-1917. (“Sam Merrifield’s House Names Index” Lenore Frost, P.32.) When it was advertised, in the same paper, to be sold on 13-3-1916, it was part of the estate of the late Alexander Smith.

John Pinney Bear’s name often crops up while various areas near Essendon are being researched. On 6-11-1852, he bought 18C, which adjoins the n/w corner of section 12 and later added North Pole Farm before selling these adjoining farms to Taylor for a staggering L34 350 in 1888. James Sharp bought the Caterpillar land at Tullamarine from him in 1877. James Laverty bought the site of the Harvest Home Hotel in J.P.Bear’s subdivision of McNay’s Farm in Moonee Ponds.
As mentioned earlier, these men gained ownership of section 12 in 1847,for only 1030 pounds. They were to sell a large part of section 12. As mentioned under lot 8, Henry Roberts bought the land, later acquired by John Beale, on 1-12-1848. The Cox and Collier Farms, north of lot 8, are discussed later.
The Bears sold the part of Springbank between Farrell St and the Coghlan/ Muriel St midline to Henry Moor on 31-10-1848 for L202/14/- (f 622), but Moor resold it to J.P.Main on 4-4-1851 for 300 pounds (M 276).
They sold lots 2, 4, 5 and 7 to Charles Kilburn on 1-12-1848 for 445 pounds. (F 719). Although these lot numbers are written in the Bear index, the memorial does not specify lot numbers. However other memorials give enough information to enable lot numbers to be worked out with fair certainty. No lot numbers have been seen in connection with Spring Bank, Rosehill, Sinclair’s Farm or Collier’s Farm. In 7 988 where J.P. Main regained the southern third of Springbank from Kilburn on 10-1-1854, it is mentioned that the block to the south (Blair’s later purchase and regained by Main on the same day in 49 259) was lot 5.
In an anti- clockwise direction from the north east corner, we can then account for most of Main’s Estate:
i.e. Springbank (J.Wilson), Blair’s purchase, Rosehill Rd, and Rose Hill east of the creek, then heading north, Sinclair’s Farm, Rosehill Rd, lot 6 (1848 Laverty, McPhail, 1868 Hoffman) and lot 8 (1848 Roberts, 1865 Beale). The only area yet to be detailed is that occupied by the Niddrie Quarry.

On 12-11-1850, Thomas Cox bought lot 10 from the Bears for 96 pounds. Consisting of 50 acres 1 rood 22 perches, this land started about 40 metres north of Noga Ave and included the southern 1/3 of the quarry site (K 876). It is likely that this was the 50 acre farm accessed from North Pole Rd, which James Anderson was leasing in 1900-1 and had occupied before moving onto Springbank, but it is also possible that Anderson’s “North Pole Road” farm was lot 8.
Other memorials concerning this land are:
1st series index- none.
2nd series.
307 359. 29-1-1883. Lease to John Beale for 10 years at a rent of 25 pounds p.a.
350 207. 8-5-1888. Contract and conditions of sale to speculator, G.W.Taylor, who also contracted to buy 18 C and D at about this time. (See the reasons why and the outcome in the section 18 entry.) Taylor agreed to pay L5542/12/6, which would have been equivalent to nearly 222 years rent under the terms of John Beale’s lease. C.B.Fisher’s purchase price of 3000 pounds for the 112 5/8 acre Rose Hill in January 1882 showed that the land boom was starting but Taylor showed, by paying almost twice as much for less than half as much land, that the Boom was flying along in top gear! Obviously Taylor forfeited part payments and the land, as he did with so many other farms.
385 168. Mortgage of the share and interest of Elizabeth Julia Whelan in 50 acres, Doutta Galla to John Butler Besley and Henry Besley of Bruthen for L 154/16/8. Elizabeth was the daughter of Thomas Cox and had inherited the land in the will of Thomas Cock (known as Cox), of which Ellen and William James Cock (known as Cox) were the exectrix and executor.
This memorial is the only entry in the E.J.Whelan index and no memorial concerning lot 10 is in the J.B. and H.Besley index so it is impossible to tell whether lot 10 was regained or forfeited.
James Collier bought the remaining 45* acres 2 roods 3 perches from the Bears on 14-2-1849 for 87 pounds cash. (*Called 55 acres in the Bear index but the memorial, which must have been written with poor quality ink, does say forty five.) I’d be willing to bet my last dollar that this was lot 12. It was north of Cox’s land and covered the rest of the quarry site (to a latitude indicated by the northern boundary of the Peter Kirchner Reserve east of the creek). Collier’s index reveals that he also had land on 6C (bisected by Puckle St/Holmes Rd). Another memorial concerns 39 acres in Doutta Galla (perhaps the land on 6C). Other memorials are:
K 750. 14-10-1850. Equitable Mortgage of 45 acres 2 roods 3 perches commencing 67 chains from the s/w corner of section 12 and extending 1406 links to the northern boundary of section 12. Charles Payne paid 35 pounds to James Collier.
236 954. 27-8-1860. Equitable Mortgage of the same land to secure to Margaret Harriss the repayment of 160 pounds she had lent to James Collier. I have been unable to determine whether Collier was able to repay the money or forfeited the land. However, this mortgage has helped to locate a farm mentioned by Angela Evans in “Keilor Pioneers: Dead Men Do Tell Tales”. Lawrence Kelly seems to have settled in Keilor by 1861. (Keilor’s ratebook of 1868 shows that he was leasing 18C of 163 acres from J.P.Bear.) By 1875, according to the above book, he was also renting 48 acres at Spring Gully from Margaret Harris. This would seem to indicate that Collier did lose his block if Margaret Harris still had ownership 15 years later.
The acreage of Collier’s Farm does seem to have been 45 83/160 acres. It is likely that Patrick Joseph Corcoran was leasing it in 1900-1 (part lot 0 section 12, 46 acres). Collier’s Farm was described as 46 acres when the late Alexander Smith’s land west of Spring Gully was advertised for sale on 13-3-1916.
N.B. The entry for Collier’s Farm in “Sam Merrifield’s House Names Index” edited by Lenore Frost, is wrong. The farm described is actually Smith’s Norwood. (See section 9.)
376 185. James Collier’s will of 26-1-1866 left all his (unspecified) estate to his daughter Mary, subject to an annual payment to James Collier’s wife Margaret. James died on 15-12-1868. These details were recorded much later on 13-8-1892 (376 185) and Mary was Mrs Amiss. The arrangements resulted from a marriage settlement between Mary and John Haines Amiss (soon to marry Mary) and the executors, James Jenning and John Cunningham, on 28-7-1879.

Sandy Smith of Norwood (73 acres in section 9 and 13 acres in 11B) finished up owning most of the land on section 12 west of Spring Gully: i.e. Sinclair’s and Heffernan’s farms (163 acres), Cox’s Farm (50 acres) and Collier’s Farm (46 acres). (R.W.Chalmers’ “Annals of Essendon”Vol.1, P. 179, entry dated 13-3-1916.) The first should be Hoffman’s and Sinclair’s Farms (48 + 115 acres). (P. 17 and 32, “Sam Merrifield’s House Names Index.) Hoffman’s Farm was probably lot 6, rather than Blair’s purchase, as on p.19 of the same book, Cox’s farm was described as being north of Sinclairs and Hoffman’s.
HOFFMANS RD 1923-1969. Eddie Deutcher’s memories. The Fullarton Connection.
It is of interest that in 1923 Hoffmans Rd only went south to the northern end of Moushall Ave, which was originally called Hoffmans Rd until 9-11-1960 (Land Plan 10004). Keilor Council had first made moves to have Hoffmans Rd constructed in 1945 but it was not until November 1969 that the road was made. Essendon and Keilor had agreed in 1957 to construct the road forthwith but it was 10 years before work started. The hold up was a dispute about the proposed width, the two councils’ preferences differing by two feet. No doubt the Fullarton connection had something to do with the eventual resolution. John Andrew Peter Fullarton was an Essendon councillor from about 1958 for 13 years (followed by his wife, Dorothy, Essendon’s first female councillor, until 1986.) Their son Graeme was Mayor of Keilor in 1969-70. (“DICTIONARY HISTORY OF TULLAMARINE AND MILES AROUND” R. GIBB, PAGE F.96-7.)
The land plan also shows that Garnet St was called Grieve St until 8-6-1962.
It seems that the 1923 subdivision of Springbank fizzled, probably because the tramway extension to Hoffmans Rd did not eventuate. (The Tramway Extension Estate with frontages to Hoffmans Rd and other, but defunct, streets, was advertised for sale on 12-4-1919 according to Bob Chalmers’ Annals of Essendon, but obviously shared the same fate.)
On 25-7-1930, when James Anderson mortgaged his land across Green Gully Rd from Braeside (13K Maribyrnong of 35 acres, from the midline of Buchan and Tarwin Courts to the bridge) he was described as a dairyman, formerly farmer, of Buckley Park. As explained before, the location of Springbank was known as Buckley Park in those days, the modern designation of Niddrie not having spread south from 17B, which Henry Stevenson had so-named after a suburb of his native Edinburgh in about 1870. The double storey brick Springbank mansion must have been decaying as it was demolished in the 1930’s. James Anderson may have built a new farmhouse before moving to Braeside. Eddie Deutcher said that when he arrived, the farmhouse was a pink weatherboard occupied by Merle someone and then Mr Shell from 1954 or 1955.

Ralph Dixon has been mentioned earlier. It is unclear which side of Hoffmans Rd he built on C.1923 but Eddie Deutcher recalls that he was later living opposite Mary St (present No. 49). The Broadmeadows Observer Souvenir edition of 1961 (Proclamation of the City of Keilor) states wrongly that Eddie Deutcher was the first resident on the Keilor side of Hoffmans Rd; Ralph beat him by quite a few years.
A Mr Spencer subdivided his land into four blocks of 44 ½ x 138 feet (their depth later reduced to 130 feet when Hoffmans Rd was made.) Spencer, of Price St, died in 1980 and his widow later lived next door to Eddie Deutcher. The only other resident of Hoffmans Rd when Eddie moved in was Harry George at the corner of Mary St. Eddie says that the development of Hoffmans Rd mainly took place between 1951-2 and 1965. In 1949, Eddie bought his block (No. 63) for L135. The other blocks sold for L500 (C.1953), L750 (1956) and $15 000 (about 1969). Eddie moved onto his block from St Kilda in 1951 but had to live in a caravan for 2 ½ years because of the post-war shortage of building materials.
Council- owned land in George St was an unofficial dumping ground and a haunt of youngsters who gathered there to smoke. The tip was the source of several fires that threatened the widely scattered houses.
There used to be a training track for trotters near Garnet St.
The Clippertons were another early family in the area. Russell Clipperton was a foundation pupil at the Doutta Galla Primary School. Part of what we now call Hoffmans Rd was occupied by Fred Clipperton’s car wrecking yard and people travelling south had to take the Hoffmans Rd Dogleg which is now called Moushall Ave.
The first shop in Hoffmans Rd was Fred Cook’s general store on the Teague St corner, later Joe Wiley’s and a self serve bottle shop. Probably next was the green grocery started, and still operated many decades later, by Tony Sicerliano. Ray Orchard’s model aeroplane shop and Miss Gartland’s pharmacy were features of the shopping centre for many years.
Power and water came to Eddie and his neighbours in 1953 and sewerage in 1965.
In 1954, Eddie became a Keilor councillor and judging by his grasp and recall of details as shown above, he would have been a good one.
. More of Eddie’s memories are on Pages D. 95-8 of my Dictionary history of Tullamarine and Miles Around.

P.166. Re map at bottom of page: Through no fault of Christine, who had confined her focus to land within the Shire of Keilor, the map shows Buckley Park extending two thirds of the way to Lincoln Rd rather than halfway, with Christine not having commented on this error. South of Keilor Rd,the shire adjoined the Essendon municipality at Hoffmans Rd, which remained unmade with, due to a Lands Department boo boo, a dogleg via Moushall Avenue, for over a century of settlement. While interviewing old residents of Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds before I started EARLY LANDOWNERS, I was introduced to Dorothy Fullarton former Mayor of Essendon who had grown up near Benalla and helped me greatly with information about William Goldsborough Chadwick, a pioneer of Pascoeville, Broadmeadows Township, and the Farmers Arms at Essendon and Benalla. She, as Mayor of Essendon, and her son, simultaneously the head of Keilor Council, finally ended a century of bickering between the two council and got the boundary road made.

It was this knowledge, that the Essendon road mentioned in the advertisement of the sale of the North Pole Inn and the noble estate of Springvale could not be Hoffmans Rd, that later allowed me to discover that the hotel was NOT just west of the Niddrie shopping centre as claimed in a Keilor Historical Society newsletter article. With the aid of boundary dimensions (links on the parish map and feet in the advertisement) I was able to determine eighteen years ago that the hotel was on the west corner of North Pole (Milleara) Rd.

Section 13. (HOFFMANS Rd to LINCOLN RD.)
This was between Buckley St. and Mt. Alexander Rd., which Keilor Rd. was called until at least 1900.
The western half, consisting of lots A and B, between Hoffman’s Rd. and the walking track near Hedderwick St., was granted to William Hoffman, one of the handful of Germans in the north west. He called his house Butzbach but the farm appears to have been known later as Buckley Park. (The renaming may have occurred near the time of W.W.1, when anti- German feeling led to moves to change the names of Coburg and Essendon, the latter thought by some to have originated from Essen, and many residents such as Groenberger of the Junction Hotel at Tullamarine changed their surnames.)
Later owners were Messrs E.A. and William Croft. In 1914, William Croft was the only resident west of Nimmo St; the house was apparently near Croft St. and between Buckley and Temple (Spencer) Sts. This accounts for the kink in Price St.
A map at the Merrifield Library shows that when the estate was subdivided, land containing the “Butzbach” residence of “Croft Esquire” was at the south west Temple (Spencer) St/ Nimmo St corner with Price St (down to the bend) as the western boundary. Part of this block of 4 ½ acres was sold as eight allotments fronting Price and Market Sts on 23-10-1924. The old homestead must have been demolished in the early 1950’s to make way for Croft St, as this street was first mentioned in 1953. Mr Spencer, mentioned in Eddie Deutcher’s memories under section 12, may have been living in the old homestead.
Just as Peter McCracken was one of the first lessees on Stewarton, his brother Alexander Earle McCracken was possibly the first to rent Butzbach. He had erected a four stall stable and a barn on it within 10 months of the grant being issued to Hoffman, and in March 1851 was apparently building a house. A.E.McCracken grew wheat on Butzbach and the farm prospered but due to the ill health of his wife, Jane, this branch of the family returned home in 1857, probably to Ardwell Farm on the Ardmillan Estate in Ayrshire. In a letter written on 14-4-1858, Robert McCracken informed Alexander Earle that Butzbach had been taken up by the McAuleys.

One of the early occupiers of subdivision lots on Buckley Park was Ralph Dixon, who settled in the Gilbertson St area in 1912 before moving to Hoffmans Rd in 1923. Some things he recalled were:
*the two rows of pine trees, through which the drive ran to the Hoffman / Croft house from Buckley St,
*the Woods family’s dairy farm in Sapphire St (see section 12 Rosehill Estate in 1900),
*old Mrs Sinclair’s goats near Ogilvie St,
* and James Anderson’s dairy farm with its homestead on the (1961) service station site. (This was across Hoffmans Rd on the south corner of Teague St.)

P.177 ROBERT DENY DENISON QUINLAN, about whom I've written a separate journal.
P.181 EDWIN LEWIS TASSEL/ EDWIN LOUIS TASSELL. The Martha Cove Waterway was known as Tassell's Creek and a Safety Beach street name still honours this pioneer of Dromana and Avondale Heights. I had traced Edwin from the Survey to the Avondale Heights block and Christine had done the opposite. See my journal which mentions Tassells at Sorrento and Woodend too.

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by itellya Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2018-04-20 04:15:58

Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.

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by itellya on 2018-04-30 15:20:41

My inter-library loan of Christine's book expires on 11 May so I may not be able to provide all the additional information that I already possess about the pioneers named in its index (available on line thanks to Lenore Frost as pointed out in the journal) or search for information about such as Roderick McKenzie and Michael Steele. However, the additional information I have provided demonstrates that Christine's extensive information can provide a basis for further information. Isaac Batey discusses The Lady of the Lake and its proprietor but has strayed from his usual perfect recall by naming it as THE LADY OF THE LADY, an error that was quoted in the Tullamarine Methodist Church centenary souvenir of 1970. I notice that the surnames list shows only twelve names, so I will display the surnames of all the pioneers that I have discussed at the start of the journal.

by itellya on 2018-05-06 17:50:43

Christine could not discuss ALL the pioneers of the Springs, later Springfield, area west of the Keilor bridge or her book would have weighed a ton, very heavy reading indeed! Owen can represent the forgotten, humble, hardy, labouring pioneers of the area.


EventDeath Event registration number13361 Registration year1929
Personal information
Family nameRYAN Given namesMaria SexFemale Father's nameTOOHEY Owen Mother's nameMary (Hickey) Place of birth Place of deathBRUNSWICK EAST Age75

Maria's birth record cannot be found on Victorian BDM online.

In 1855, Maria's brother died aged 9.
EventDeath Event registration number5496 Registration year1855
Personal information
Family nameTOOHEY Given namesMathew SexUnknown Father's nameOwen Mother's nameMary (Hickey) Place of birthKEIL Place of death Age9

The BDM online records are sloppy with the place of birth or death often being recorded using only a few letters and the age with just a numeral.It would seem that Mathew was only 9 days or months old, not years; he was born in 1855, perhaps in the village but more likely the birth was just REGISTERED there.

EventBirth Event registration number9567 Registration year1855
Personal information
Family nameTOOHEY Given namesMathew SexUnknown Father's nameOwen Mother's nameMary (Hickey) Place of birthKEILOR

By 1857 the family may have moved away from Springfield as Maria's sister, Bridget, was born at what could be Frankston, but was most likely Flemington.

EventBirth Event registration number13381 Registration year1857
Personal information
Family nameTOOHEY Given namesBridget SexUnknown Father's nameOwen Mother's nameMary (Hickey) Place of birthF'TON

Maria had been a widow for almost the last three decades of her life.
RYAN.—On the 14th Inst, at his residence, 419
Canning street, North Carlton, James, the beloved
husband of Maria Ryan, son in law of the late Owen
Toohey, of Keilor, aged 54 years. R.I.P.
(P.1, Argus, 16-3-1891.)

Although Springfield was used to describe the locality on the way to Keilor, I recalled that Owen Toohey had later lived in Keilor Village itself, probably mentioned in KEILOR PIONEERS:DEAD MEN DO TELL TALES.
A "reward of £25 for similar information relative to a fire by which, on
the 17th of May last, a butcher's shop and hay store, belonging to Ebenezer Rootsey, and a cottage belonging to Owen Toohey, at Keilor, were destroyed."

Family Tree Circle's terrific Tonkin reveals that Matthew died in 1855 aged 9 WEEKSas well as providing detail of another ill-fated sibling of Maria.

Born: 1855 Keilor, Victoria.
Died: 1855 Victoria.
Age: 09 weeks.
Parents: Owen TOOHEY & Mary HICKEY.

Born: 1865 Keilor, Victoria.
Mother: Named as Mary HICKIE.
Died: 1867 Victoria.
Age: 20 months.
Parents: Owen TOOHEY & Mary unknown.


by itellya on 2018-05-08 13:39:23

Sadly this journal must conclude here because the book is due back in three days, and I will have no opportunity to do more during those days because of other commitments. I will return it to the Rosebud library tomorrow because I'm sure someone is waiting for it to arrive at the Sam Merrifield Library at Moonee Ponds.WHAT A GREAT BOOK!

by itellya on 2018-05-11 03:57:01

I don't like failure but I couldn't identify a squatter named MUTTON who would have been on section 1 Tullamarine before 1842. Because of a map in Christine's book showing Hutton's Station on the south side of Keilor Rd, I suspected that the squatter's name was Hutton. It actually was; I hadn't realised that the digitisation of the name was wrong. William Hutton and his brother David were pioneers in the western district near Mount Rouse.

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