GARCIA Family Tree and GARCIA Genealogy Records
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GARCIA or García is an Iberian surname common throughout Spain, Portugal, parts of France, the Americas, and the Philippines. It is a surname of patronymic origin; García was a very common first name in early medieval Iberian Peninsula.
It was possibly a Basque surname called "Gaztea", and later was Castilianized, into the medieval Kingdom of Castile, becoming "García".
It is attested since the high Middle Ages north and south of the Pyrenees (Basque Culture Territories), with the surname (sometimes first name too) thriving especially on the Kingdom of Navarre and spreading out to Castile and other Spanish regions.
Origin of the name
Alfonso Irigoyen believed it to derive from the Basque adjective garze(a) meaning "young", whose modern form is gaztea or gaztia. Ramón Menéndez Pidal and Antonio Tovar suggests it may come from the Basque word (H)artz, meaning "(the) Bear". A third etymology suggests it may derive from the Basque words "Gazte Hartz", meaning "(the) young bear". Variant forms of the name include Garcicea, Gartzi, Gartzia, Gartze, Garsea, and Gastea. The original Basque form with an affricate sibilant (/ts/, Basque spelling tz) evolved in Spanish to the current form.
There are Gasconic cognates of Garcia like Gassie and Gassion (Béarn, Gassio 14th century, real name of Edith Piaf, born Edith Gassion).
Other theories suggest that García is of Germanic origin and may derive from wars meaning young warrior or the Visigothic words garxa and garcha meaning graceful prince.
Most common surname in Spain by province of residence García is the most common surname in Spain (where 3.32% of population is named García) and also the second most common surname in Mexico.
In the 1990 United States Census, Garcia was the 18th most reported surname, accounting for 0.25% of the population. It became more common since then, jumping to 8th place in 2000.
Quite rare before the 1st World War in France, except in the French Pays Basque, Garcia is now the 14th most common surname in France (the 8th one for the number of birth between 1966 and 1990), due to an important Spanish immigration. It ranked 2nd in the region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur after the number of births 1966–1990.
García is also the third most common surname amongst Spaniards in the United Kingdom.
As of 2014, 33.2% of all known bearers of the surname García were residents of Mexico (frequency 1:35), 14.1% of Spain (1:31), 8.4% of the United States (1:402), 6.0% of Colombia (1:74), 4.6% of Venezuela (1:62), 4.4% of Brazil (1:435), 4.1% of the Philippines (1:230), 3.9% of Guatemala (1:39), 3.0% of Argentina (1:134), 2.8% of Cuba (1:38), 2.8% of Peru (1:105), 1.8% of Ecuador (1:83), 1.7% of Honduras (1:48), 1.5% of the Dominican Republic (1:64), 1.4% of Nicaragua (1:41), 1.2% of El Salvador (1:47) and 1.1% of France (1:576).
2010 US Census data for GARCIA
This surname is in the top 162,000 names in the US Census from 2010. (There must be at least 100 to make the list).
There are 1166120 GARCIA records listed in the 2010 US Census, and it is the Number 6 ranked name. A GARCIA makes up 395.32 of every 100k people in the population.
Other US Census data for GARCIA
5.38% are White Alone (Non-Hispanic)
0.45% are Black Alone (Non-Hispanic Black or African American Alone)
92.03% are Hispanic or Latino origin
1.41% are Asian Alone (Non-Hispanic Asian and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Alone)
0.47% are American Indian (Non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaska Native Alone)
0.26% Non-Hispanic Two or More Races
GARCIA Family History and GARCIA Family Genealogy Journals
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