TULLAMARINE:BEFORE THE JETPORT. THE FILE HAS BEEN FOUND.
A limited printing of this history was done for purchase at the Back To Tullamarine in 1998 with all proceeds going to the Gladstone Park Primary School. The pioneers at the 1989 reunion had expressed disappointment that they could not buy a copy of the handwritten Where Big Birds Soar, which I will later reproduce as a journal.
This journal has been prompted by Elaine Brogan (see comment under the Patullo journal) who told me yesterday that the book must be made available. No pictures or maps will be available here but you will know what they are about. I am killing two birds with the one stone here because the text will later be able to be pasted into a file in which I will be able to place the maps etc. For some reason, the original file disappeared. When I have produced this file, I will supply it to the Broadmeadows Historical Society.
Unfortunately photos from Olive Nash, the Crottys etc were photocopied and are not of great quality. The photo of Alec Rasmussen's picnic at Cumberland would have been a beauty. However, I may be able to ask Neil Mansfield, who is currently transforming the maps in my "Early Landowners: Parish of Doutta Galla" to professional quality, to improve these too.
I will be writing this journal one page (of the book) per day, (or the equivalent amount of text) because I cannot neglect the other journals that I am currently working on. The original text will be slightly changed because I am writing for family historians rather than oldtime Tullamarine residents and more detail will be given of pioneers in the area near Tullamarine. As I no longer have my extensive notes from rate records, Victoria and Its Metropolis, local histories, directories etc but much of the information is remembered, a name or part of it might appear in brackets with a question mark to indicate that I am relying on memory. The text may also change because it is much faster for me to write off the top of my head than slavishly transcribe the previous text verbatim. The original book is available for perusal from the Essendon Historical Society.
Although this is primarily a history of Tullamarine, many residents of Greenvale, Bulla and Broadmeadows are mentioned as well.
BEFORE THE JETPORT
My name 1998.
Photos. PICNIC AT CUMBERLAND 1911 FOR THE TULLAMARINE COMMUNITY. A WHOLE CART-LOAD OF HAY IS LIFTED BY A POLE AND SLEW AT HARRY NASH'S FAIRVIEW. COLIN WILLIAMS AND OTHERS IN FRONT OF HANDLEN'S HOUSE. THE DALKEITH HOMESTEAD ON THE NORTH CORNER OF DALKEITH AVENUE.
TO BE DONE WHEN TEXT IS FINISHED BUT NO PAGE NUMBERS IN THE JOURNAL.
CROWN SECTIONS, GRANTEES AND ACREAGES, PARTS OF TULLAMARINE AND WILL WILL ROOK PARISHES.
B. FARM NAMES IN THE SAME AREA OF TULLAMARINE AND WILL WILL ROOK PARISHES.
C. THE PROPERTIES.
HEADING TOWARDS BULLA ALONG BULLA RD (NOW MELROSE DR.)
LEFT SIDE.Mansfield's Triangle 89 ac.; Bayview (Nash, Campbell, Denham, 139 ac.); The Elms (Parr, 104 ac.); (S?)inleigh (Anderson 41 ac.); Love's dairy farm (257 ac.); Scone (Mansfield, Alf Wright, Alan Payne, Airport terminal area, 83 ac.), Gowrie Park (Thompson and Duncan, Ritchie, Donovan, Bill Ellis by 1960, majority of airport, 560 ac.); Glenara (Clark 1030 ac.)
RIGHT SIDE. (Starting at Wirraway Rd, Melway 16 C7.) St Johns (Stevenson of "Niddrie", Cam Taylor, 300 ac.); South Wait (John Hall, Jack Howse, whose family operated the Travellers' Rest Hotel across Bulla Rd, and bounded by Dromana Ave,Louis St and Rodd Rd, which burnt down in 1899; 1928 railway bridge; Camp Hill/Gowanbrae (Kennie, Lonie, Williamson, Gilligan, Morgan, Scott, Small, Cowan, 366 ac.); Junction Hotel/Cec. and Lily Green's "Green's Corner" store and petrol pump; Broombank (O'Nial/Beaman, Cock, Williams, Morton, Ray Loft, 34 acres); Peachey's dairy (Boyse Crt area-J.F.Blanche, Alf and William Wright, Peachey, 6.5 acres); Holland's 6 acres and Handlen's house on 1 acre (The Melrose Drive Recreation Reserve); Morgan's 2 acres; Sunnyside (Wright, Atkins, Heaps, 43 ac.); Fairview (Nash, 100 ac.); Love's 77 ac. wedge; Smithy (Munsie, Fred Wright); Glendewar (William Dewar, Alf Wright, Johnson, W.Smith, 407 ac.); Danby Farm (Hill, 20 acres.)
BROADMEADOWS RD (from Sharps Rd to Forman St, the part north of the junction now called Mickleham Rd.)
WEST. Dalkeith (half of Kilburn's 400 acre Fairfield, later Harrick's; 200 ac. George Mansfield who built the Dalkeith homestead in 1910, Dawes, Ernie Baker,Loft,Dawson, Percy Hurren who was postmaster and storekeeper at Jones' Corner, Moorooduc in 1950 and attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951); Junction Hotel and the Junction Estate i.e Northedge, Andlon and Londrew Crts; Strathconnan (Wright, Kaye, 142 ac.); Lockhart's "Springburn",198 ac.; Judd's "Chandos Park" 123 ac. including Westmeadows footy ground (Percy Judd, Bamford.)
EAST. Mansfield's Triangle, Viewpoint (E.E.Dunn, later Wright's northern 159 acres and John Mansfield's Grandview of 169 acres south to Camp Hill Park.); Stewarton/ Gladstone (Neil Black, Peter McCracken 1846-1851, Maconochie, Kerr, John Cock 1892-2012, Helen Melville, A.E.Hoadley, L.Roxburgh-after whom Roxburgh Park, Cameron's "Stony Fields" was probably named, Jim Barrow, F.N.Levin, 777 ac.)
SOUTH. Hillside/Carinya Park (James Sharp, Reddan circa 1928/Joe Thomas, 294 acres); Broomfield (Crotty 243 acres.)
NORTH.Mansfield's Triangle (to Broadmeadows Rd); Fairfield (Kilburn, Harrick;400 acres), divided into, from about 1910, Dalkeith 200 acres and Brightview/Ristaro (Reddan/Doyle, 200 acres.)
ANNANDALE AND ARUNDEL RDS TO McNABS RD.
LEFT. Nash, Tom and then Arthur 188 and 165 acres (the 165 acres probably being Chesterfield, leased by the McCormacks whose daughter married Maurice Crotty); Glenview/ Dunnawalla (Alf Cock/John Fenton 254 acres including lot 10 A.C.S., ); O'Donnell's, later Frewen's lot 11 Arundel Closer Settlement, 32 acres; Arundel (Section 1, parish of Tullamarine, north to Oakbank and Barbiston- 1841 Bunbury,1843 Cameron,1853 Edward Wilson, 1868 Robert McDougall, 1889 Rob. Taylor 1904 The Crown resumes all of section 1 and part of section 2,Annandale.) Arundel Farm (the homestead built by McDougall on 179 acres with closer settlement lots 3 and 4 of 113 acres across Arundel Rd -1910 J.B.McArthur, 1925 Arthur Wilson, 1935 Frank Smith, 1949 W.S.Robinson, 1962 W.W.Cockram.)
RIGHT. Annandale (Bill Parr, 165 acres); Geraghty's Paddock (Mrs Fox and John Fox who had their own name for the farm which I can't recall, 121 acres), lots 7 and 8 (no long-term occupants, 200 acres)lot 6 81 acres; Elm Grove, lot 5 of 71 acres, Wallace; lots 3 and 4 (part of Arundel Farm.)
WEST SIDE starting at south end. "Turner's", named after William Turner who was occupying it in 1861, was purchased from James Robertson (Upper Keilor) in 1903 by the McNabs. Originally part of Arundel sold by Edward Wilson; Arundel Closer Settlement lots 1 and 2, 128 acres, Fox; Seafield River Frontage 96 acres; Barbiston (to the west south of Barbiston Rd, 165 acres, Fox); The second Victoria Bank (Mrs Ritchie, Angus Grant, C.P.Blom, Griffin, Al.Birch, Shaw who called it Rosebank, 95 acres); Aucholzie (Ritchie, Murphy, W.Cusack, Gilbertson, 284 +110 acres in Keilor and Bulla Shires; Glenalice and Roseleigh (Mansfield etc.633 acres.) The corner of Mansfields and McNabs Rd was known as Farnes' Corner and it is likely that Charles Farnes owned part of Fawker's subdivision between Roseleigh and Gowrie Park. The hill towards Deep Creek was known as Gray's hill because of Donald and Agnes Gray, the only purchasers in Fawkner's co-operative apart from the Mansfields to stay there for a long time.
EAST SIDE. Oakbank (320 acres including the first Victoria Bank of 160 acres adjoining Seafield, McNab); Seafield (320 acres, plus the river frontage, John Grant, Bernard and Joe Wright, England and Jim Kennedy, Reddan.)
NORTH. Gowrie Park, Scone. SOUTH. Seafield including Seafield School 546 where Incinerator Rd (if extended about 200 metres) would meet the runway. Ecclesfield (Spiers, Vaughan, Alfred Henry William Ellis, 101 acres); 37 acres on the south east corner (John Wright by 1913, William Wright by 1930 and on which Emily Aileen Ellis had just replaced Victor Williamson in 1943.
NOTE. Most of the remaining portion of Grants Rd has been renamed Melrose Drive. Ellis's corner was in Melway 5 D6. Gowrie Park was sometimes a single property and sometimes two properties, the smaller northern part, Gowrie Side, being purchased circa 1960 from the Donovans.(Full title information in my "Early Landowners:Parish of Tullamarine" can be supplied if requested.)
The Browns Rd area near the Arundel bridge was part of Section 1 (Arundel). This must have been sold quite early, becoming the Guthries' "Glengyle" and the abode of Thomas Bertram after whom Bertam's Ford was named. I have produced a journal about the Bertrams and there is much detail about the Guthries in JOHN THOMAS SMITH AND HIS ELECTORS.
BULLA RD. Now Wirraway Rd within Essendon Aerodrome and Melrose Drive from the railway bridge in honour of Jim Melrose, a pioneer aviator. Part of Grants Rd has been renamed Melrose Drive.
WRIGHT ST. South of the freeway, Wright St has been renamed Springbank St to prevent confusion for emergency services etc.
VICTORIA ST. (COMMONLY CALLED NASH'S LANE.)Renamed Greenhill St but now closed.
GRANTS RD. As above.
BROADMEADOWS RD. North of Green's Corner (the 711 garage of 2012), it is now called Mickleham Rd. It of course led to Broadmeadows Township and only went as far as Fawkner St. Journeys to the north would resume at Ardlie St. Hackett St, the western boundary of Broadmeadows Township, was never made (refer to Harry Heap's story) but has been used to avoid massive traffic jams for Greenvale and Roxburgh Park residents, allowing them to travel at a reasonable speed through the Orrs'old Kia Ora to the top of the Ardlie St hill.
BROADMEADOWS TOWNSHIP is now Westmeadows.
"Running with the Ball" by A.Mancini and G.M.Higgins reveals the first of two connections between the 880 acre "Cumberland" and Australian Rules Football. Thomas Wills bought section 7 Will Will Rook at the first land sales held in Sydney in 1838. Soon after, Thomas and Horatio Wills joined other "overlanders" such as Hepburn and Gardiner. Thomas may have sold Cumberland to Coghill soon after or actually lived there for a while. He eventually settled at "Lucerne Farm", the site of the Latrobe Golf Club (Melway 31 C12.)
Thomas Wills was the uncle of Tom Wills who created Aussie Rules in 1858 after experiencing another formative football code at Dr Arnold's Rugby School in England.(No doubt he had seen aborigines playing Marngrook too!) Thomas was also the stepbrother of the mother of Colden Harrison who codified the rules of the game in 1866, and became known as the father of football. The V.F.L. headquarters in Spring St was known as Harrison House.
Alexander McCracken was the first secretary of the Essendon Football Club as a 17 year old Scotch College student, the team playing on the Filson St, Harding St area of his father, Robert's, "Ailsa". Alex was the foundation President of the Victorian Football League from 1897 until resigning shortly before his death in 1915. He lived at North Park, now the Columban Mission on the south side of Woodland St, Essendon but also had Cumberland as his country retreat where Alec Rasmussen conducted his picnics in 1909, 1910 and 1911 and the footy man could indulge his other great sporting love with the Oaklands Hunt.(See "The Oakland Hunt" by D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.)
BEFORE THE WHITE MAN.
The history of the Tullamarine goes back tens of thousands of years. Evidence of this has been found at a quarry on the Arundel Closer Settlement (Melway 14 K2) by James White in 1940 (the Keilor Skull)and later at Green Gully (the wetlands at Melway 14 G8)as archeological websites reveal. There is much confusing information about the aborigines. For example Doutta Galla was said to be an aborigine tribe and was said to mean many trees or no trees. The Woiworung were a language group which used the word Kulin to describe themselves.They consisted of the Wurundjeri, between the Maribyrnong and the Yarra with a famous axe quarry at Mt William near Lancefield, the Bunwurrung whose territory skirted Westernport and Port Phillip Bay(Nerm) as far west as the Werribee River, another tribe west of the Maribyrnong (two of whose phrases "I can hear a ringtail possum" and "a clump of she-oaks"gave the names of parishes west and south of the Saltwater River, Maribyrnong and Cut Cut Paw, the latter including Raleigh's Punt (Maribyrnong), Footscray and Braybrook Junction(Sunshine.)SEE MARIBYRNONG: ACTION IN TRANQUILITY.
One word which illustrates the spread of the Kulin (who hate being called Koories as this term comes from another languge group) is wonga. This meant bronze-winged pigeons and was used by the aborigines (who named features of places rather than the places themselves) to indicate a food source at specific times of the year. Arthurs Seat was called Wonga by the Bunwurrung, the reason for the name explained so well by Colin McLear in "A Dreamtime of Dromana." Surveyor Wedge heard his dusky friend say Yarra Yarra as they stood near the falls at the foot of Queen St and assumed that it was the name of the river. The aborigine was describing a feature, water rushing or tumbling, exceedingly so, as indicated by the repetition. Can you think of a place that might have had tumbling water and pigeons? What about Yarrawonga? It's a long way from Wonga Park and Arthurs Seat isn't it?
The aborigines were not as nomadic as most people assume. They travelled mainly in family groups and covered small areas which could provide for their needs in different seasons. The eel race which gave the name to a Seaford road and Eeling Creek at Rosebud give a clue to what the aborigines were doing at Solomon's Ford (at the end of Canning St in Avondale Hts) and at the two sites mentioned where creeks discharged into the Saltwater River.
Tullamarine, also called Bunja Logan, was a naughty lad. If my memory is correct, he stole potatoes from George Langhorne's aboriginal mission on Melbourne's Botanical gardens site but later, much more seriously, he led an attack on John Aitken's "Mount Aitken, west of Sunbury. He and Gin Gin escaped from the first lock-up by setting fire to the thatched roof.
Two words of interest in the Sunbury area are Goonawarra (black swan) and Buttlejork (a flock of turkeys, probably meaning emus, used as the name for the parish (across Jacksons Creek from Goonawarra) where the majority of Sunbury Township was located. As compensation for using fence posts intended for Robert Hoddle, George Langhorne, was supposed to have supplied the surveyor with 100 aboriginal words, among which were local parish names such as Jija Jika, Doutta Galla, Cut Cut Paw, Will Will Rook (frog sound?), Tullamarine, Yuroke, Bulla and Buttlejork. The odd one out in regard to local parish names is Holden, west of Jacksons Creek and including Glencoe, the site of the Sunbury Pops Festival, and Diggers Rest.
THE ANNALS OF TULLAMARINE.
1824. The first white men to pass through the area were those in the Hume and Hovell party. Cairns indicating their route were erected near Woodlands Historic Park (Melway 177 J7) and St Albans (13 J8.)
1835. John Batman arrived first and on behalf of the Port Phillip Association, bought much land to the north and west of the bay. Having followed the Saltwater(Maribyrnong) River to Gumm's Corner(named after his servant "Old Jemmy" Gumm, who later caused problems by working for Fawkner), he headed east to conclude his one-sided treaty with the aborigines.Batman then returned to Van Dieman's Land to finalise arrangements, leaving Jemmy and others at Indented Head, Near Portarlington to warn off intruders. They were saved from a murderous attack by Aborigines due to a barely intelligible warning from William Buckley, a convict at Sorrento in 1803 with J.P.Fawkner's father, who had escaped and had probably not spoken English for 32 years.
Batman's "Place for a village" at the top of Batman Ave is highly misleading because his preferred site was more likely Fisherman's Bend.
In his hotel in Launceston, John Pascoe Fawkner had heard Batman's boast of being the greatest landowner in the world and had immediately endeavoured to hire a ship. He had many problems, as described by C.P.Billot in "The Life and Times of John Pascoe Fawkner" and when all of these had seemingly been solved, the captain put him ashore just before departure because of financial matters that little Johnny needed to put in order. Fawkner invented seasickness to cover up this embarrassment. He instructed Captain Lancey to explore Westernport, but finding this and the Mornington Peninsula's west coast unsuitable, the party finished up at the waterfall at the base of Queen St and the natural saltwater basin just west of it. The falls, which ensured that the fresh water upstream was not contaminated by salt, were later blasted away and used for dockworks.
1836. Batman and Fawkner had reached some sort of compromise with the latter concentrating his agricultural efforts south of the Yarra but Governor Bourke had acted quickly to stop these overstraiters claiming land that rightly belonged to the Crown. (The aborigines of course had no rights but the unified and fierce Maoris in New Zealand won a treaty!) Bourke was of much the same mind as Batman regarding the place for a capital. A sandbar made it difficult to reach the basin and waterfall referred to previously so he named the most likely site William's Town after the King. Batmanville or Bearbrass or "the settlement" was named only in honour of the Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne (whose name is correctly pronounced by Americans, with the emphasis on the second syllable!)
Soon land had been surveyed and sold in both towns and instructions were issued to survey from Batman's Hill (Spencer St Station site) along the Moonee Moonee Chain of Ponds, dividing the land into parishes of about 25 square miles. West of the creek was the parish of Doutta Galla and east was Jika Jika. North of Sharps Rd, Tullamarine was the parish of Tullamarine and north of Rhodes Pde-Boundary Rd was the parish of Will Will Rook. The parish of Tullamarine was mainly divided into 640 acre (square mile) sections except near creeks and was the last of these parishes to be sold.
1837. Land in the parish of Will Will Rook was sold and speculators, Hughes and Hosking bought much of it. When land values plummeted in about 1843 because of an over-supply of mutton, Donald and Duncan Kennedy bought their land at bargain prices. Donald's widow sold her land between Rhodes Pde and Camp Rd in 1874 but the Dundonald Estate north of Broadmeadows township remained in the family's hands until 1929. Duncan sold his Glenroy West/Jacana land to James Chapman during the land boom of the late 1880's. The name "Glenroy" was bestowed by Camerons and it is possible that there was a family connection with the Kennedys. The author of "The Oakland Hunt" is D.F.Cameron-Kennedy! A whole ship load of Camerons came out in early times and it is not known whether there was a close connection between the Camerons of Glenroy, Ruthven and Stoney Fields (Roxburgh Park.)
The Campbells bought much land between Sydney Rd and the Merri Creek and one of Tullamarine's pioneers, John Grant, was to make his start at Campbellfield. Later grantees in this parish included Camerons of Ruthven, the Gibbs of Meadowbank and Robertsons of Gowrie Park (related through the Coupar sisters), and John Pascoe Fawkner of Box Forest (Hadfield.)Much land in the parish was later leased by John Kerr and Baker, both dairymen on a large scale.
1839. John Grant starts leasing land at Campbellfield. A decade later, he and his in-laws, the McNabs were to select land in Tullamarine.
Land in the parish of Jika Jika was sold.John Pascoe Fawkner was to make a purchase on his own account. His grants at Hadfield, Airport West and especially in the parish of Tullamarine in about 1850 were obtained on behalf of his beloved yoeman farmers, for whom he organised co-operatives. His Jika Jika grant was bounded by the Moonee Ponds Creek, Victoria St-Rhodes Pde, Nothumberland Rd and Gaffney St. A later opponent of squatters, he was himself a squatter on a run near Mt Macedon which gave Monegeeta its name and was spared financial ruin during the 1840's depression only because his grant, Belle Vue Park, was in his wife's name.
Fawkner built a timber house which may have been extended as a double storey house by J.English in 1879. This stands at the top of Oak Park Court, as do the stables, now a residence, which were definitely built by Fawkner. Also near the house is an ancient oak tree, one of many planted by Fawkner, which led a later owner, Hutchinson of the Glenroy Flour Mill, to rename the estate Oak Park.
Fawkner did have to sell the part of Bell Vue Park east of Pascoe Vale Rd; the part south of Devon Rd was sold to H.G.Ashurst, after whom part of Pascoe Vale Rd was once named, and became John Kenan's Merai farm. He leased three farms fronting Rhodes Pde to tenants such as a Mr Hownslow who may have been related to Alf Hounslow, a Tullamarine pioneer.I believe that another tenant was Joseph Bowring; the Bowrings and J.Bowring Journeaux, pioneers near Red Hill might have been related to him.
His neighbour on section 23 Doutta Galla, across the Moonee Ponds Creek from the present John Pascoe Fawkner Reserve, was Major St John, a corrupt Lands Commissioner and magistrate. In his paper, the 5 foot 2 inches Fawkner let St John have it with both barrels and was sued for libel. Fawkner was found guilty and fined a laughably small amount; St John fled in shame.
1840.William Foster and his younger brother John (known as "Alphabetical" Foster because of his many given names) gained a 10 year lease of Leslie Park. Both of them had Leslie as a given name. The land on which their run was situated was soon surveyed and the lease was probably cancelled in 1842. It was probably in the parishes of Doutta Galla and Tullamarine. William was granted section 21 Doutta Galla and section 3 Tullamarine which fronted Sharps Rd west of the line of Broadmeadows Rd. John was granted section 20, Doutta Galla which was between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) and the Maribyrnong River, extending south to the line of Spence St; this was called Leslie Banks and was later leased to William O'Neil of Horseshoe Bend at Keilor and owned by the Delaheys for many decades. The land straddling Sharps Rd became John's after William returned home and gained the name of Springs. This caused confusion because residents on Keilor Rd and Bulla Rd were both described as living at Springs! Most farms along Steeles Creek (fed by the springs and Spring Creek)such as Springfield, Spring Park, Spring Bank and Spring Hill (Aberfeldie)had names reflecting this regular water supply. To prevent the confusion mentioned earlier, Keilor Rd pioneers, such as James Laverty, were later described as living at Springfield.
John Murphy rented land on Glencairn (Melway 177 F12), later granted to Coghill, which became part of Walter Clark's Glenara. He later moved to Diggers Rest but Pat Murphy who was on Aucholzie (Melway 4 D5, homestead) by 1913 may have been related.
1841. Michael Loeman, who established Glenloeman on Tullamarine Island in 1850 (hence Loemans Rd which bisects the "Island") starts working for Dr Farquhar McCrae on "Moreland", bisected by Moreland Rd and named after a plantation in the West Indies owned by the doctor's uncle. (McCrae had bought La Rose and started building the bluestone homestead at the Le Cateaux corner in Pascoe Vale South, which was mainly constructed by Coiler Robertson. Loeman rented Moreland for 14 years and was granted land near Kiaora St in Essendon. The Moreland Rd bridge was called the Loeman Bridge and Loeman St in Strathmore was so named by his good mate, John Kernan.
Michael was involved in the Bulla Road Board/Shire from the beginning in 1862 and for very many years.
Alexander Gibb starts leasing land at Campbellfield which became Meadowbank and Gowrie Park, the latter granted to James Robertson. Alexander built the homesteads of both farms, the first remaining in original condition in Glenlitta Ave. James Gibb and James Robertson both married Coupar girls if my memory of Deidre Farfor's information is correct. Alexander's son, Alexander Coupar Gibb, who like his father was a shire councillor, moved to Berwick and became a member of parliament. Gibb Reserve in Blair St, Broadmeadows is named after this pioneering family.
N.B. The Robertsons of Gowrie Park, Campbellfield should not be confused with the Robertsons of Upper Keilor/ Mar Lodge/Aberfeldie or the Robertsons of La Rose/ Trinifour (Park St, Essendon near the railway line.)
Gowrie Park should not be confused with the 560 acre farm (of the same name) on section 14 Tullamarine, which is now covered by the majority of Melbourne Airport.
1842. Tullamarine parish is alienated (sold by the Crown.)Although several sections were sold immediately, much of the parish was not granted until about 1850. It is likely that the rest of the land was withheld from sale until potential buyers recovered from the depression. Whole parishes were not released for sale at once; advertisements for crown land sales found on trove demonstrate this. Section 1 became known as Arundel but seems to have been called the Glengyle Estate when the Guthries were on it before the Bertrams. Section 5 was called Stewarton; the grantee is shown on parish maps as George Russell but he bought it on behalf of fellow squatter, Niel Black, who probably wanted the 785 acres to hold his stock which was brought from near Colac by drovers.By 1846, Peter McCracken had started a nine year lease of Stewarton but sadly one of his sons did not make the move to the Kensington dairy and the Ardmillan Mansion. He drowned in the Moonee Ponds Creek after accompanying his older siblings who would have crossed near Pascoe St (Westmeadows) to go to school in St Paul's church in Broadmeadows Township. John Carre Riddell was granted sections 6 and 15, the part fronting the present Mickleham Rd north of Londrew Crt becoming Chandos (later Wright's Strathconnan, Lockhart's Springburn and Judd's Chandos (on which Bamford built his timber house.) Riddell later did a land swap with J.P.Fawkner so that all of his land was on the north east of the present Melrose Drive with Hamilton Terrace,divided into acre blocks, between the 1847 road, known as Mt Macedon Road, and Derby St, and the rest of the Camieston Estate becoming farms such as Fairview (Charles Nash) and Sunnyside (Wallis Wright.)
1843. John Martin Ardlie bought part of the future Viewpoint and Eyre Evans Kenny part of Camp Hill from the Crown. Streets in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows) are named after them, Neil Black who had bought Stewarton
and a Mr Raleigh who may have been Joseph Raleigh, pioneer at Maribyrnong (originally called Raleigh's Punt). The first school in Broadmeadows Township was on Raleigh's land until St Paul's was built in 1850.
Major St John bought 23 Doutta Galla, that part of Essendon Aerodrome north of English St and Strathmore Heights/North which tapered as the creek headed south east to just include Lebanon Park at its eastern end.This land later had succession of owners with Flemington butchers, the Mawbeys, being most prominent.
Then it was split into two parts with Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" owning the 300 acres nearest to Bulla Rd and Robert McDougall of "Arundel" owning the 200 acres to the east. Niddrie was bounded by Treadwell Rd and roughly Olive Grove in Airport West, extending northwards to about Fraser St but the name came to describe the suburb south of Keilor Rd.Arundel was across Bertram's Crossing,north of Keilor, so Harry Peck's statement that McDougall and Stevenson were neighbours would not make sense without the knowledge of their land near Strathmore.
Harry said that the two shorthorn breeders were bitter enemies because McDougall favoured the Booth strain and Stevenson the Baines strain. Only a life-threatening emergency would make them speak to each other!
Cam Taylor later had St Johns (300 acres) and the late Gordon Connor told me that it was always green in the middle of summer because of Essendon's nightsoil being dumped there. Gordon lived in Moonee Ponds but would help out with the harvest at Grandma Nash's "Fairview". When the first (northern) part of Essendon Aerodrome was opened in 1922, it was called St John's Field.
In the depression which reached its peak in 1843, Coghill at Glencairn and Raleigh at Maribyrnong established boiling-down works that helped some squatters avoid complete ruin. Tallow, the end product, was sent to England and returned as candles etc. George Coghill was probably also in occupation of Cumberland. It has been said that the expense of building the beautiful Cumberland homestead (ruins at Melway 178 C12) ruined him. (There is at least one photo of the house in D.F.Cameron-Kennedy's "The Oaklands Hunt" and I.W.Symonds has his sketch of it in his "Bulla Bulla".)
W.P.Greene settles on "Woodlands". Two Bulla street names honour his family, Rawdon being his son and Greene St (misspelt as Green St by some dill), was the diagonal western end of Somerton Rd which led to the southern boundary of "Lochton". The groom brought out from Ireland to care for the family's prized thoroughbreds was Thomas Brannigan who later established St John Hill across Konagaderra Rd from Harpsdale. It was at Brannigan's that Tullamarine pioneer, Maurice Crotty, first worked when he arrived in Australia.One of the Brannigans had a huge reputation as a rider.
1844. William Dewar establishes "Glendewar (Melway 5 D5) on land granted to his former employer, John Carre Ridell of Cairn Hill near Gisborne and lives there for 41 years. John Lavars, later to establish his Greenvale Hotel at the south west corner of Somerton and Mickleham Rds, starts working for John Pascoe Fawkner at Pascoeville.
1846. Peter McCracken starts a nine year lease on Stewarton (the northern 777 acres of Gladstone Park/Gardens). During this time his younger son drowned in the Moonee Ponds Creek (near Pascoe St) after accompanying his older siblings as they walked to school (at the newly built St Paul's Church) in Broadmeadows Township. In 1855 he moved to his dairy at Kensington (Melway 42 J4) while his "Ardmillan" mansion was built at 33 Ardmillan Rd, Moonee Ponds. Due to debts incurred through the faied private railway to Essendon, Peter was forced to sell Ardmillan in 1871 and moved to Powlett St, East Melbourne.
The Dodds and Delaheys settle at Oakley Park (the part of Brimbank Park south of the E-W transmission lines.) The Delaheys later owned "Leslie Banks", section 20, Tullamarine, between Fosters Rd (now Keilor Park Drive) and the river, north of Spence St.
At about this time, Donald and Duncan Kennedy bought thousands of acres of land granted to speculators Hughes and Hosking north of Rhodes Pde/Boundary Rd and stretching as far north as Swain St/Dench's Lane near Gellibrand Hill. From 1857, the Glenroy West/Jacana area was Duncan's share. Donald lived at Dundonald on Gellibrand Hill and his widow sold Glenroy in 1874.
Robert McDougall starts leasing on Glenroy. After 14 years, he spent 10 years on Aitken's Estate (Mel.27 G4) before settling at Arundel in Tullamarine. He also owned the eastern 200 acres of St John's whose grazing value would have been seen as he travelled between Melbourne and Glenroy much earlier. It was here that he and Henry Stevenson of "Niddrie" (who owned the western 300 acres of St John's) were non-speaking neighbours, as Harry Peck described in "Memoirs of a Stockman".
William and Catherine Fanning purchase 144 acres at the south corner of Loemans Rd and the Diggers Rest Rd on Tullamarine Island. Edward Fanning, still in occupation, supplied me with much information about this area of Bulla in the 1990's. (See Kathleen Fanning's excellent website about the Fanning family and Martin Dillon, which has an excellent map of the shire of Bulla Bulla.)
1849.Edmund Dunn establishes "Viewpoint" ((6 B12.) A trustee of the Wesleyan church, he had no pangs of conscience about exiting his property towards Stewarton or Camp Hill to avoid the toll gate at Tullamarine Junction (site of the Junction Hotel/Cec and Lily Green's store/Mobil garage and from about 2011, the 711 service station.)
David O'Nyall is running the Lady of the Lake Hotel at Springs. This name, Springs, was confusing because it described the location of James Laverty in Keilor Rd as well, the two locations being at the north and south respectively of William and John Foster's property, "Springs". David O'Nyall's hotel was a stab kick south of the Melrose Drive/Derby St corner and became part of "Broombank". (See itellya's O'Nyall-Beaman journal on Family tree circles.) It adjoined 6 1/2 acres south of Derby St that was part of J.C.Riddell's Camieston Estate and was owned by J.F.Blanche,became Stephen Peachey's dairy and was subdivided by Snowy Boyse, after whom Boyse Crt was named.
1850. Townships are declared at Bulla, Broadmeadows and Keilor. These later became the headquarters of three shires and still boast old shire halls, Keilor's having originally been a court house.
The remainder of the land in the parish of Tullamarine is alienated (sold by the Crown) to Kay, Chapman and Kaye; Loeman; and Fawkner (on Tullamarine Island); Grant and McNab brothers (section 8), Thompson and Duncan (section 14), and George Annand (section 2); Phillip Oakden (9A, the southern part of "Aucholzie) and A.Banthorne (9B,Barbiston and the Seafield River Frontage).
Section 8 was split into three, the northern 320 acres becoming John Grant's "Seafield". John had spent 11 years leasing at Campbellfield and became the first in the colony to plant a large area of wheat, which he probably sold to Barber and Lowe's mill at the pipeworks market site (7 J10.) John also bought part of Oakden's grant at the south corner of McNabs and Barbiston Rds as a river frontage. He donated land for the Seafield National School (1859-1884) where the line of Incinerator Rd would meet the runway at Melway 4 J6.
Duncan McNab bought the middle farm of 160 acres, which he called Victoria Bank and occupied until 1869 when he moved to Lilydale. His sons, John and Angus,returned in 1880,Angus establishing a second Victoria Bank on 95 acres, formerly owned by widow Ritchie, between the north side of Barbiston Rd and Aucholzie.
John McNab called the southern 160 acres Oakbank. The Oakbank estate of later days included the first Victoria Bank, Love's old dairy north of Conders Lane (5 C8), Turner's (4 E12) and a part of the Upper Keilor Estate indicated by Oakbank Rd (4 B11.) John's sons were Angus, Duncan, William, Donald and John. Assessments named them McNab brothers because there was such duplication of given names in Duncan's family. (This Scottish tradition led to the Cairns family of Boneo needing to use nicknames for almost every descendant such as Hill Harry and Carrier Harry!) Over the years, this branch of the family also had Vite Vite (Western District), land at Kooweerup and Oakbank at Yendon near the Geelong side of Ballarat.
The McNabs also had land (Green Gully/Dunhelen at the boundary of Bulla and Broadmeadows Shires (178 D2) and part of William Michie's future "Cairnbrae" (above Melway 177 D1.)Due to the given name confusion referred to above, I do not know whether they were from the family of the original Duncan or John.
John, the founder of Oakbank, married Mary Grant in 1857. As John Grant had married Mary McNab in 1846, the two families were well and truly "in-laws". Oakbank John's son Angus Duncan McNab married Elizabeth Meikle, whom he'd met while mining in Queensland, and their only son was John Alexander Grant McNab, who, with his sons, Ian, Alex and Keith,farmed Oakbank until it was compulsorily acquired for the airport circa 1960.
Harry Peck said in "Memoirs of a Stockman" that Oakbank had the leading herd of Ayshires in Australia. (The Tasmanian herd was based on Oakbank's progeny according to a stock pedigree website! See itellya's McNAB journal on family tree circles.) The McNabs are said to have imported the first Ayrshire cow (Oakbank Annie)into the country but the Grants also claim the credit. John McKerchar, who married Catherine McNab in 1855, also bred Ayrshires at his farm "Greenvale" (after which the locality was renamed) at Melway 178 H6.
The McNabs and John Grant probably occupied at least one seat on Keilor Road Board/Shire from 1863 until 1973 with William McNab serving as President five times.
W.Hall (possibly the father or brother of John Hall who established South Wait) received the grant to the land on which Caterpillar was built, extending south to the line of Dromana Ave. He also had land on Keilor Rd and for a short period had the Tuerong run (on the Mornington Peninsula) at about this time.
The Mansfields buy land(straddling Panton Drive) in the southern half of John Pascoe Fawkner's subdivision of section 13, Tullamarine. The Grays bought their land extending into the horseshoe bend in Melway 4 A2 at this time and were the only other original buyers to become established there. The hill rising from Deep Creek was known as Gray's Hill. Malcolm Ritchie, who had land on Tullamarine Island as well as Aucholzie, would have travelled this hill often so it is no surprise that he married Jane Gray in 1856. William Trotman, who became a pioneer at Greenvale bought lots 1-4 (Melway 4 G3) fronting the south side of the main east-west runway in 1853.
Eventually the Mansfields owned most of the blocks on both sides of Mansfields Rd. Roseleigh, whose homestead remains on the south side (driveway in 4 D3)included land on the north side. North of Roseleigh was Glenalice whose beautiful homestead stood right near the east-west runway and was built with payments made by a speculator who went bankrupt during the 1890's depression. (See itellya's journal about the Mansfields on family tree circles.)
Captain Hunter establishes "Lochton" (177 C4). Six years later a flour mill was built on the property by a Mr (David Robie? See I.W.Symond's "Bulla Bulla")Bain. I believe the Chapmans, whose haystack was burnt down at Saltwater River in 1856, but not on Tullamarine Island which had been sold to the Faithfullswere leasing from Captain Hunter in 1856.In 1857, George Chapman(who established Sea Winds on Arthurs Seat) came to Australia and married Elizabeth Bain in 1865.The Tullamarine Chapmans moved to Springvale and George may have stayed with them before moving to Dromana in 1862. Nelson Rudduck, Dromana pioneer of 1871 married Jane Sophia Chapman. (A Dreamtime of Dromana Pages 58-60, 75-8.) This suspicion of a Chapman/Bain link between Bulla and Dromana may seem far-fetched but so too was the idea that Percy Hurren, the postmaster and storekeeper at Jones Corner Moorooduc in 1950 was the same bloke that owned Dalkeith (west of Broadmeadows Rd) after Leslie King Dawson. A Moorooduc pioneer confirmed that Percy had bought land up near the airport and Percy attended his first Tullamarine Progress Association meeting in 1951!
St Paul's Church of England was built in Broadmeadows Township (Westmeadows.)
Robert Shankland, later to settle on Waltham at Greenvale, builds the original section of Dean's Hotel at the south corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Dean St at Moonee Ponds. (Shankland's biography in Victoria and its Metropolis. )
John Dickins, of whom many details are included in Harry Peck's "Memoirs of a Stockman", establishes "Coldingham Lodge" (Melway 176 D-F 8-10) south of Dickin's Corner (176 D7)and bounded on the east and south by Jacksons Creek.
Malcolm Ritchie works on Glencairn (Melway 4 A-G 1) for George Coghill and likes the look of Aucholzie nearby (Melway B-G 6.)
Charles Nash establishes "Fairview" on lots 1-6 and 15-20 of John Carre Riddell's Camieston Estate between Victoria and Wright St (Roughly Melway 5 G 6-7.) (Lands Office Volume 80 folio 902, vol.89 fol.203.)
Victoria St was named after the young Queen but Tullamarine residents called it Nash's Lane. Wallis Wright must have bought adjoining land soon after. After about 1923 Harry Heaps' family occupied Wright's "Sunnyside" and locals called Wright St Heaps Lane.
Charles Nash also bought "Bayview",109.5 acres,(between the e-w section of Trade Park Drive and the Catherine Ave/Janus St midline) part of section 3 Tullamarine,and a smaller block containing Tarmac Drive, from the Fosters. Vol.180 Fol.402 and Vol. 176 Fol.787. Purchasers near Fairview and Bayview were prominent Wesleyans such as the Andersons.The Wesleyan School No 632 was established at the bend in Cherie St, at the south east corner of Bayview in 1855, and the Methodist Church was builtin 1870 on Charles Nash's small block which had a Bulla Rd frontage at the north corner of the present Trade Park Drive.
Charles Nash sold the block for the church for 10 shillings (probably the transfer fee). The Nash, Parr and Wright families were stalwarts of the Methodist Church for well over a century.(Church Centenary Souvenir, 1970.)
David O'Niall builds the "Broombank Homestead" 70 metres from Bulla Rd at the end of a driveway that is now Millar Rd. He had been running the Lady of the Lake Hotel for three years. In 1852, travellers bound for Sydney were advised to go up Deep Creek (Bulla) Road and take the road to the right when they reached the Lady of the Lake. The road to the right must have been the present Derby St (which does a left hand turn to enclose the one acre blocks of "Hamilton Terrace", named after J.C.Riddell's partner, Hamilton) but continued through the unfenced "Chandos", bought by John Peter, vol.170 folio 2, to Fawkner St, Broadmeadows Township, now called Westmeadows.
After crossing the timber bridge, travellers would climb Ardlie St to Mickleham Rd. Obviously, Broadmeadows Rd (now called Mickleham Rd between Tullamarine Junction (Melway 15 J1) and Fawkner St) was not made at that stage.
Colin Williams told me of the huge number of coins his father found 40 years later while ploughing near the old hotel which had burnt down in about 1870. John Cock leased Broombank 1867-1882 and told Colin's dad, who moved in about six years later that there were ghosts. Ray Loft, who married Margaret Millar, leased the farm for many years but could not buy it until the death of the remaining O'Niall spinster in 1933. Catherine and Minnie refused to sell for sentimental reasons. (See 1860.)
William Chadwick starts working for John Pascoe Fawkner at Pascoeville. Later he bought the 26 acres of Camp Hill south of Carol Grove (15 J-K3), was a butcher and licensee of the Broadmeadows Hotel, and operated the Farmers' Arms Hotel on the south west corner of Mt Alexander Rd and Buckley St, Essendon for 12 years until he moved to Benalla in 1876 and built the Farmers' Arms Hotel there.
John Watt, longtime bell-ringer at the historic Scots Church,Campbellfield (if my memory serves me correctly), after six years renting on Glenroy, establishes "Oakfield" (if my memory etc) east of Tarcoola Drive (Melway 179 K 9-11.) His grant later contained a reservoir that supplied Tullamarine's first reticulated water and was probably operating until the Greenvale reservoir was ready to supply water in the 1970's.
Maurice Crotty starts working for the Brannigans at St John's Hill (Melway 384 J4.)
John Beech had a store in 1853 and started the Beech Tree Hotel. (See itellya's journal about the hotels near Tullamarine on family tree circles.)
John McKerchar establishes "Greenvale" (178 G5.) He married Catherine McNab of (the first)"Victoria Bank"in 1855 and was responsible for obtaining the school on the Section Rd corner, across the road from his farm.
Robert Shankland establishes "Waltham" at Greenvale. The Greenvale reservoir now covers Waltham and its neighbour to the west, "Glenarthur". Robert's son, William, had "Brook Hill" south of Somerton Rd where the Shankland Wetlands have been established.
Argus newspaper co-owner and editor, Edward Wilson buys Arundel. He built the bluestone dairy, still standing proudly, and may have sold the land which the McNabs called Turner's (Melway 4 E12.) Wilson was the leading light of the Acclimatisation Society, which aimed to introduce crops etc but also to make the colony more like "home". Arundel was known as a "model" farm ; experimental crops, Chincilla rabbits and exotic amimals such as monkeys were prominent features of the farm. (K.B.Keeley's Architectural Thesis on Arundel.)
David Patullo establishes "Craigbank" north of the Martin Dillon bridge on Wildwood Rd. (See Kathleen Fanning's Fanning Family History website and itellya's PATULLO journal on family tree circles.)
Ann Parr and her son, James Henry arrive in the colony. James Henry and his wife, known as Da and Ma Parr, later owned "The Elms", which was later carried on by their son,Sam Parr,while his brother Cr Bill Parr farmed the north eastern part of section 2 for which he retained the old name, Annandale. James Henry and Bill Parr were presidents of the Shire of Keilor 6 and 4 times respectively.
Malcolm Ritchie and family establish Aucholzie CONTINUE .
There is no need to continue because my file has been found. See comment 1.
on 2012-08-11 11:33:02
Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.