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Journal by itellya


The full title of Alexander Sutherland's 1888 publication is VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS: PAST AND PRESENT. It is volume 2 that has the biographical details of many pioneers. I've been told that in order to be included, one had to subscribe , which I presume meant pre-paying for the book (perhaps only volume 2.)

C.N.Hollinshed has much information in his LIME LAND LEISURE about Alexander Sutherland, including his scholastic connection to Professor Hearn and Judge Higgins who owned Heronswood before and after Alexander, a stint at teaching, which explains the tutelage mentioned in the biography of W.C.Martin of Mornington,and financial difficulties.

It was the fact that so many pioneers were not mentioned in municipal histories ,and Vic and its Metro, that led me to embark on a bicentennial project in August 1988 in order to remedy this deficiency. Amazingly a Mr C.Bright* has been mentioned twice in the biographies of others but there is no entry for him under the Mornington District, (the area surrounding Westernport, probably the County of Mornington.)

*My policy is to describe the location of properties properly and I'm not about to allow Alexander Sutherland to get away with not doing so. One of his subjects had managed Bright's property and another was leasing it.

From C. E.Bright, drawing attention to the drainage on the Point Nepean road at Beleura road, also as to cattle (including three bulls wandering on the Esplanade).--Plans to be prepared for draining, and Mr. Bright informed that he has had remedy in regard to the bulls.(MORNINGTON SHIRE COUNCIL. Saturday, December 7th.
South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920) Wednesday 11 December 1878 p 2 Article)

Charles certainly let the council know when roadworks or drainage was required, between theshire hall and Webb's on this occasion. (Same paper, P.3, 19-6-1978.)
He was living at Mornington by 1873 (actually 1872.) (Letter re Rev. Potter, P.1 Argus,19-2-1873.)

This gives a decent clue as to where Bright's property was.
From Mr. C.E.Bright, requesting the council to form a road along tho esplanade from Belleura Gate,
to bridge over Tanti Creek
, and stating he held in hand £40, which, with additional sums to be collected, he was prepared to subscribe towards the object. The clerk of works was ordered to prepare plans and specifications for the work, and an estimate of its cost.(P.6,Argus, 10-12-1872.)

The original name for the area on the west side of Canterbury Jetty Rd (west of Owen Cain's Tyrone)was Manners-Sutton. Sydney Smith Crispo had given it this name in honour of the Governor and his wife. Later,he renamed it Canterbury in honour of the same Governor;Sir John Manners-Sutton had become Viscount Canterbury during his tenure as Governor. ANNA MARIA GEORGIANA BRIGHT of Beleura, Mornington, was the Governors daughter!
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 23 March 1878 p 8 Article

We stated some time since that Mr C.E. Bright, the son-in-law of Viscount Canterbury, was likely to be appointed Agent-in-General in England for this colony. It is probable that the appointment of this gentleman will shortly be announced.(P.2, Geelong Advertiser, 24-4-1873.)

Did Charles and Anna actually own Beleura, and how big was the property?
TO LET -Beleura HOUSE Schnapper Point,the property of C E Bright, Esq , to be Let furnished for a period of one two, or three years. The grounds comprise pleasure garden and about 22 acres of land. Immediate possession. Apply Fraser and Co., 33 Collins- street west. (P.8,Argus,25-12-1873.)

Not much of a summary is needed for pioneers such as John Buckley and John Oswin because the authors of books about the Balnarring district would have consulted Andrew's book, one of the most quoted books in local histories. It looks as if their neighbour, John Davies, did not subscribe. Perhaps the greatest value of this journal will be to family historians whose ancestors were teachers, bank employees etc who may have been in various areas for shorter periods than farmers and so on. The peninsula connection may not have made it in the family folklore. These movements, such as those of Richard Gilsenan of Bulla, Trentham and Eltham can sometimes be traced through trove but it can be a laborious process. Enough detail about each pioneer is given to enable researchers to ascertain whether he is one of their mob.

P. 390.
ALLISON, William. Born 1861 Mornington. Spent 2 years running a small vessel between Mornington and Melbourne, eight and a half years as a blacksmith, then drove the Mornington-Dromana coach until some time ago when he married and took to conducting the Arthurs Seat Hotel, the property of his wife.

Comment. After her husband's death, Catherine Wainwright applied to have the hotel licence transferred to her but as she was the executrix, there was no need to do so. The next year the same woman was running the hotel but now her name was Catherine Allison. There was also a Boag-Wainwright marriage and the two grandmothers of a young Wainwright lad who died circa 1910 were Mrs Allison and Mrs Boag. See the SCURFIELD/ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL entry in my HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA journal.

BALCOMBE, Alexander Beatson. Visit The Briars or just google his name!

BAXTER, Ben, Frankston. Son of Captain Baxter born June 1840 on Batman's Hill, Melbourne.

BAXTER, Captain Ben, Frankston. Google his name. Google Frankston, county of Mornington to see the Carrup Carrup pre-emptive right and grants (Baxter, Sage, Hoddle.) See the SAGE, John Edward entry.

Excerpt from Australian Dictionary of Biography entry for Robert Hoddle.
In Surrey in November 1818 Hoddle married Mary Staton, by whom he had one daughter. After Mary's death in 1862 he married, in July 1863, Fanny Agnes, the 18-year-old daughter of Captain Benjamin Baxter; they had three daughters and one son. After Hoddle's death on 24 October 1881, his widow married Richard Buckhurst Buxton.

BEDELL, John,Shoreham. teacher.

My aim is to acknowledge and honour our pioneers but faced with a huge task of transcription, I took the easy way out as you see above. With a sense of guilt, I tried a trove search and with my mother's adage of SELF- PRAISE IS NO RECOMMENDATION in mind,I believe that John's descendants are going to love this.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Friday 27 March 1891 p 3 Article
... lMr Bedel has beon a resident of the enu>:sil J is.specalabiities. as- a a teacher-a,an ud ... . '3fIrBedells suiccess as an instructor. las been phenomninal.: The miany girls and boys who have

A large section of the community will learn with regret, that Mr John Bedell has severed his connection with the Education Department, and has left Shoreham to assume a position in the Treasury. During the ten years
Mr Bedell has been a resident of the Peninsula, his special abilities as a teacher, and sterling qualities as a man, have secured for him the respect and esteem of all with whom he came into contact. Mr Bedell's success as
an instructor has been phenomenal. The many girls and boys who have secured exhibitions and scholarships under his tuition, form a striking evidence of his exceptional qualifications; the percentage of honours obtained by candidates from Shoreham is unparalleled in the history of our Educational system. It is one of the most glaring defects of the present Act, that it offers no encouragement for men of special aptitude and ability to remain in the service. Did the law allow, and its administrators recognise the necessity for rewarding special excellence we would not see as at present our best men anxiously awaiting an opportunity to secure other employments. The education of youth should be regarded as the most useful and noble of the learned professions. In the existing state of society it is of the highest importance that we should secure thoroughly efficient teachers, possessing cultivated intellect, strong personality, and irreproachable character. Special inducement should be offered to those possessing the requisite qualifications to enter and remain in the service. .The public who provide the funds for the maintainance (sic) of our educational system have a right to demand that the best talent available should be at at their disposal. Unless a reaction sets in, and a more healthy tone is engendered throughout the service, the Department will lose many more of its best men and the staff will all dwindle down to mediocrity.

BOX, John Dixon, Frankston. Born 1840, N.S.W. Came to Victoria 1846. Is President of Mornington Shire Council.
Comment. Director of Frankston Fish Company and heavily involved in church life. See my Frankston history journal.

BRIDGE, Richard Baines, Mornington. Born Essex 1830. Arrived Adelaide May 1852. Chemist at Mornington.
Still there in 1901 but not very happy.
Sir,-To my great surprise and annoyance, I notice that my name appears as one of the vice -presidents of the junior football club here: I have never been consulted in the matter, nor did I authorise my name to be
made use of, and have no desire for any connection therewith. Yours very faithfully, R. B. BRIDGE. Mornington.
(P.2, Mornington Standard, 25-4-1901.)

BROWN, William, Shoreham. Born Dundee 1815. First came as boatswain on the City of Edinburgh in about 1837;it was wrecked on Flinders Island.He was later a gunner for the East India Company for 11 years before returning to England and coming to Victoria in 1852 to take up an appointment in the pilot service. After returning home again in 1856, he came back in 1863 and bought his 160 acre farm.

Comment. The geographically list first assessment of the Flinders Road Board on 8-6-1869 indicates that William Brown's 160 acre property was in the parish of Flinders near Henry Tuck's 970 acres.In the road board's last assessment of 13-6-1874 William was also rated on 169 acres leased from John Duff in the parish of Balnarring.

BROWN William Jnr. 1889-91
Flinders and Kangerong Shire- In this shire there is a contest in one riding only, viz., the Central ; Mr Tas. Wilding nominating in opposition to the retiring member Cr Brown.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 25-8-1892.)

SHIRE OF FLINDERS AND KANGERONG. The only contest was in the Centre Riding, where Joseph Wilding defeated the retiring Cr W. Brown by 21 votes. This result was almost anticipated, as a good many ratepayers desired a change. In the East Riding as usual, that popular representative Robert Stanlry had a walk over, and the same be said of Cr John Cain who was again re turned unopposed, a well-deserved recognition of an able councillor. this occasion George McLear has been re-elected auditor without opposition. A good man in the right place.
((P.2, Mornington Standard, 1-9-1892.)

William Brown Snr was one of the ratepayers in the Flinders Road Board's first assessment of 1869, He had a house and 160 acres of land in the parish of Flinders. By 13-6-1874, he was also paying rates to the road board on 169 acres in the parish of Balnarring that he was leasing from Duff. This was probably just west of Balnarring Rd which separated Balnarring from Bittern, but as no crown allotment of this size can be found and Duff does not seem to have been a grantee, its location cannot be specified. It was possibly on Joseph Hann's land, granted in 1861, south of Warrawee. (Melway 193 C6.)

William Brown might have been related to Jonas Brown who was also an original ratepayer of the Flinders Road Board. He had a house and 594 acres of land in the parish of Bittern. Actually consisting of 595 acres 1 rood and 27 perches and being crown allotments 140, 141 and 145 of the parish of Bittern, this land was granted to him on 8-11-1873. It was between Sandy Point Rd and Westernport, with crown allotment 140 between Kennedy Rd and South Beach Rd, 141 and 145 extending east to the boundary of H.M.A.S Cerberus. (Melway 194 E9 to J 11.)

Mr W. Brown is staying at Mr Cavanagh's "Warrawee," Balnarring.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 26-4-1902.)

Mr W. Brown, of Shoreham, has sold to Mr McLeod, of Balnarring, a house and 75 acres of land. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 4-3-1905.)

Death of an Old Colonist. With the death of the late Mrs Janet Brown, which took place at Shoreham on Wednesday, the 14th inst., of heart failure and paralysis, after a short illness, an old identity of the district, and a colonist of 50 years, is removed from our midst. The deceased lady, who was the widow of the late Captain Brown, of Shoreham, who died in 1890, was born in Dundee, Scotland, 79 years ago. She arrived in this country by the ship "Emigrant" in 1853, having as one of her fellow passengers Mr M'Coll, M.P., who was then a child. It will be of interest to many to learn that Mrs Brown was for some time the only white woman in Queencliff, and the first to reside there. Her husband at that time held a position in the lifeboat service, in which the piloting work of Port Phillip Bay was then included. Being in touch, owing to her husband's connection with pilot work, with the news of both incoming and outgoing vessels, when the tedium of a long voyage, with such fare as salt junk and hard sea biscuit, and experiences of lying becalmed for weeks, in addition to getting driven miles out the course by gales in the broad Atlantic, also the possibility of a mutiny of the crew and other startling contingencies was the order of the day, instead of the few weeks' trip and good cuisine of the modern steam liner, Mrs Brown had a stock of very interesting ancedotes. Many victims of shipwreck on the treacherous coast in the vicinity of the Heads have had reason to remember her kind ministrations, resulting in no few instances in the preservation of life. Of the persons quartered at Qurenscliff in those days, Captain M'Intyre, of Melbourne, and Mr M'Donald, retired lighthouse keeper, who was afterwards for some time stationed at Cape Schanck, are now the only survivors. About 36 years ago the deceased lady removed to Shoreham with her husband, who had a purchased property there. She leaves no children. but Mr Wm. Brown, a nephew. and Miss Brown, a niece, have been living with her from infancy. The remains were interred in the Flinders Cemetery on Friday, the 16th inst. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 24-10-1903.)

SHOREHAM (near FLINDERS). CLEARING SALE. THURSDAY, MARCH 28. ROBERT GUNN & CO. THROUGH their W. N. Wauchope, have received instructions from Mr W. BROWN, Shoreham, owing to his having sold his property, to SELL on the above date at 12.30 The Whole of his CATTLE, SHEEP, HORSES, IMPLEMENTS, HOUSE HOLD FURNITURE, and LAND. WITHOUT RESERVE. Fall particulars next issue.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 11-3-1905.)

It seems that William Brown Junior or his son spent some of his time being what was referred to until quite recently as a WHITE MAGGOT. A report of a football game between Hastings and Shoreham concludes:
Mr. Brown was very satisfactory as central umpire. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 15-8-1895.)

The same chap, whether the councillor or his son had to contend with hoodlums! The writer had trouble spelling Cleine at first. The players are a good representation of pioneering families of Red Hill and eastwards.

HOODLUMS V. SHOREHAM. A second club has been formed at Balnarring. It has been called the Hoodlums. This match was played on the Balnarring ground. Brown captained the visitors, and Vann the locals. Brown won the toss, and elected to bat. Shoreham won by 24 runs. The scores are as follows : SHOREHAM. Forty, b J. Davis, jun. ... S J. Byrne, b Stanley ... 4 J. Clyne, b J. Davis, jun. ... . S W. Brown, not out . 19 IM. Byrne, stp Johnstone, b Stanley ... .. 0 R. Nolan, b Stanley ... o Joe Clyne, b J. Davis jun. ... 0 D. Nolan, b Davis, jun. . T. Clyne, stp Johnston, b Stanley .. M. Byrne, b J. Davis, sen. ... 0 G. Byrne, b J. Davis, sen. ... 1 Sundries ... .. 4 Total ... ...4 Second Innings. P. Nolan, b J. Davis, jun. 0 M. Byrne. b J. Davis. jun. ... o Forty, b Buckley ... ... 1 J. Clyne, run out ... 9 J. Byrne, b Buckloy 5 W. Brown, b Oswin 0 Mick Byrne, b Stanley, .. 10 Joe Clyne, c, b Stanley 5 D. Nolan, b J. Davis, jun. 3 T, Clyne, not out 0 G. Byrne, b Davis, jun. ... 0 Sundries .. ... 1 Total ... *.. 4. Bowling Analysis. - First Innings : J. Davis, Jun., four for 9 : R. Stanley, four for 28: J. Davis, sen., two for 1. Second innings: J. Davis, jun., four for 9 ; R. Stanley. two for 7: Buckley, two for 7 ; E. Oswin, one for 6.. HOODLUMS. First Innings. R.Stanley' b Nolan. 4 J:Davis; jun, c Cliene, b Forty 1 Johnson, c Brown, b Forty ... 0 E.-Oswin, c Byrne, b Nolan ... 7 P. Vann, b P. Nolan ... 2 Jack Davis, c G. Byrne, b Forty 2 M. Buckley, c Forty, b P. Nolan . ... ... 2 J. Buckley, b Forty... ..3 J. Davis, sen., c and b Forty... 0 J. Meehan b Nolan... ... 0 W. Mairs not out ... ... 0 Sundries ... ... 1 Total .. ... 22 Second Innings. Johnston, c Byrne. b Forty 0 Davis, sen., run out... ... 1 Davis, jun.,c Cleine, b Forty 16 Stanley, c Cliene, b Forty ... 1 Oswin, c Byrne, b Forty ... 4 Vann,-b Forty ... 9 P. Buckley, run out ... 2 Jack Davis, b Forty ... 9 M. Buckley, run out ... 9 Mairs, c Forty, b Nolan ... 0 Sundries ... ... 2 Total ... ... 4t Bowling Analysis. - First Innings : Nolan, five for 6; Forty, five for 15. Second Innings: ,Nolan, one for 21; Forty, six for 18. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 14-2-1895.)

In this event, the Shoreham residents were portrayed as HOODLUMS! It was common for meetings of railway leagues to get nowhere because agreement on a route that suited everyone was impossible. See the Flinders objection to OBJECTOR on page 2 of the Mornington Standard of 12-7-1890. I apologise for not correcting all the text.

TO THE EDITOR SIR.-Certain of the good people of Flinders and Shoreham are ever of an enthusiastic and demonstrative disposition so much so, that many years ago they obtained for themselves the unenviable character of being barbarians. That this characteristic, had died out, as civilation and the attendant elements of refining influence has blended with them, was a " consutnm:ttion devoutly to be wished," but, so far as the incursion of a hand ulitd on the ever peaceful neighborhood of Red Hill on the second instant shows : the most sanguine hoper must admit, that as the d--1 having entered the herd of swine, "there remains," as the Qu.tker sitld, " still some taint in.the Iacon.". 'The occlssaion was ; meeting held at R',d Hill. wheat sonie gentlemen, members of the Central Rttil way League met to transtot some il'ttle business relating to the affairs of the League, and to express thi ir satisf trtion at the proposals of the Government re railway extension to these parts ; when. a large number of Flinders a:ail Shorehami residents put in an unexpe:ted app�narance; for what purpose-other than to upnst the meeting-I am at a loss to com?prelhed, this was done, however, atnd most e!Ye:t nally. A stormy and desultory scene followed, nothing relevant to the purpose of the meeting could be transacted. Finally the local residents withdrew and the meeting broke up. The visitors then betook themselves to the road where several speakers prominent amongst whom were Messrs Callanan, Brown and Darley, delivered orations from the top of a stump, to the evident delight of their companions who cheered their efforts lustily. Their wind bags being emptied, with long and continued cheering for themselves, and groans of horrible intensity for the Hill, they dispersed, leaving the locality to enjoy its wonted quiet. It is hoped that in the interest of peace, no more such disgraceful scenes will occur, and that our friends of Flinders and Shoreham, will become wiser; from a retrospect of Wednesday night's outing. By giving publicity to the foregoing through the columns of your widely circulating journal you will oblige. I am etc., OBJECTOR. Red Hill, July 3rd, 1890.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 5-7-1890.)

The 84 acres known as Brown's Farm, at Shoreham, sold by Messrs Rupert Nicolson and Co. on Wednesday. It brought �590, Dr Roderik Sutherland, of Collins-street, being the purchaser. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 22-2-1902.)

SUTHERLAND'S. The farm known as "Seaview," recently part of the estate of the late J.T. T. Smith, has now been purchased by Mr Sutherland. 'The property contains about 80 acres and, like most of the Shoreham land, is an ideal dairying block, for which purpose Mr Sutherland intends to utilise it, and has a good strip of land under cultivation to provide green feed for his cattle. The homestead, which was built by the late Captain Brown, is in a good position, and the Shoreham creamery adjoins the property*.
(AROUND FLINDERS. P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-9-1902.)

*Last night I was tempted to hazard a guess that the 160 acre farm consisted of crown allotments 28 (84.3.15) and 29 (74.3.34), a total of 159 acres 3 roods 9 perches(about 159.8 acres.) Having spent considerable time establishing the location of the creamery for Val Wilson, I believe that Beach Rd (Melway 256 F 9) separated the Shoreham Creamery and Captain Brown's farm(Beach road to bottom of map 256.)

BUCKLEY, John,Balnarring. A native of Ireland who came to Victoria in 1857, spent time at Kew* and lime burning near Port Phillip Heads before he became the first Balnarring resident in 1861.
*Probably the hero that prevented a drowning tragedy in the Yarra.-TROVE.

CALLANAN, Edmund James, Shoreham. Born at Balla Balla near Cranbourne and educated at St Patrick's College, Melbourne, he followed pastoral pursuits until 1883 and in 1884 explored the interior of Western Australia, then married Mary Sarah, only daughter of Captain James Glynn (army) and went to Shoreham to manage the Annandale Estate of his father who had been in the Land Department for many years.

Comment. The first mention of the Callanans in the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong rates seems to have been in the 19-7-1884 assessment when Edmund Callanan was rated on 696 acres and buildings, Balnarring owned by M. Callanan. On 17-7-1886, Edmund J. Callanan, grazier, and Michael Callanan, surveyor, were assessed on 1860 acres and buildings, Balnarring. In 1899, E.J.Callanan's land was specified as c/a 56, 57, 58, 97 (fronting south west side of Pt Leo Rd near Frankston-Flinders Rd),and Michael's 1164 acres probably consisted of c/a 81, part 82, 85, 86, 87, 92 and 85A2 (mainly ex Buchanan on the south side of Callanans Rd.) By 1909, Michael was living at 2 Lorraine St, Essendon.

CLAYTON, Archibald,Flinders. Born Adelaide 1857. Joined Education Department 1872 and after 8 years at Castlemaine and 4 years on the Murray, had been at Flinders for the previous 3 years. He is secretary of the Mechanics' Institute and cricket club and the organist.

COLE G.W., Minto. Much detail in LIME LAND LEISURE, probably supplied by Valda Cole, a notable historian.

DAVEY, Charles Edward, Frankston. Born 1850. Educated at Frankston.

DAVEY, William. Born at Gardiners Creek, his father James having arrived from Cornwall in 1838 and built the first house in Frankston in 1851. Landlord of the Bay View Hotel which he bought in 1874 and also a timber merchant and builder.

Comment. James Davey had the Ballanrong Run near Mornington Racecourse and the Kannanuke Run whose pre-emptive right was between Old Mornington Rd and the coast (Davey Bay etc)as far south as Boundary Rd (Canadian Bay Rd.) Members of the Davey family were granted Forest Lodge, Seven Oaks and Kent Orchard/ Rosslyn near Craig Avon Rd as well as Wannaeue land on Arthurs Seat. Olivers Hill was originally known as "Old Man Davey's Hill" after James Davey's father William who used its elevation to spot fish, as did a member of the Oliver family later on.

DIMOND, James, Dromana. Native of Bristol who came to Western Australia in 1852 and then Victoria in 1854, working for the Harbour Trust at Portland until 1860 when he joined the Lighthouse Department, spending two years in charge of the Gabo Island light. He is now lighthouse superintendent at the Arthurs Seat*

DOLPHIN, Oliver, Frankston. Born Leicester 1851. Arrived Vic. 1869.

Comment. The Dolphin name still appears in local papers during the cricket season, Henry (I think) Dolphin being a star for (I think) Crib Point. I often read the cricket results purely to see how many pioneering surnames are mentioned. When I first saw DOLPHIN,my first thought was of a West Indies origin of the name. If Henry is indeed a descendant of Oliver,the pioneer of 1869 might have been the son of an emancipated slave. See the photo of Henry in the following, which indicates that my suspicion might be right.
Henry Dolphin of Crib Point bats without a helmet during a ...

Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Saturday 15 February 1930 p 6 Article
In 1869,Oliver Dolphin, an Englishman from Leicester,came to Victoria and lived in various parts. He later bought the Pier Hotel from Mr. J. Petrie, its previous owner and builder. Mr. Dolphin improved it greatly, making it one of the best in the colony.

EDWARDS, William, Dromana. A native of London who arrived N.S.W. in 1849 and made a living by droving and cattle dealing then ran a hotel in Ballarat. In 1866 he went to Dunedin in N.Z. and built a hotel. In 1874 he spent 12 months in South Australia then built a hotel in Hotham (North Melbourne.) SOME TIME AFTERWARDS he settled at DROMANA on the MORNINGTON road where he keeps the well and favorably known Schnapper Point Hotel, also owning 300 pounds worth of land in the locality.

Comment. Biography notes were supplied by the person described, so all Alexander Sutherland had to do was put the information into his flowery prose. I don't know which of them was responsible for such a confusing piece. I searched for land circa 1888 owned by William Edwards in the parish of Kangerong and found none*. The well known hotel was called the Schnapper Point only by William Edwards and was actually the Tanti Hotel at MORNINGTON on the DROMANA road. See my journal about the Tanti Hotel, first mentioned in about 1854 but supposedly established in 1852 according to the historical sites information near the entrance of the Mornington Museum.

*In light of the following, William Edwards being described as a "farmer of Dromana in 1878", and the possibility that he indeed had land which was being leased during the years I inspected (and the owner column being blank in almost every assessment), I am prepared to research this again if requested by Edwards descendants. William's confusing biography prompted my extensive research on the Dromana and Scurfield/ Arthurs Seat hotels in order to establish that his hotel was neither of these. Until I discovered his link with the Tanti Hotel, I had a wild theory that his hotel might have been at Rosebud.

PAGE 13, of my ADAMS' CORNER.(Completed in November 2010, about 5 months after I started my Peninsula research and was still scratching in the dark.)
The following information about loans comes from documents in Harvey Marshall's scrapbook.

In August, 1878, Henry Everest Adams gave William Edwards, farmer of Dromana, a loan of 128 pounds and 9 shillings, which was to be repaid with interest on 30-6-1880. Edwards mortgaged crown allotment 86 of section 18A, Wannaeue.

Lawyers weren't historians; this should have been lot 86 of crown allotment 18, section A, Wannaeue. Crown allotment 18 was bounded by Adams Ave, Eastbourne Rd, Jetty Rd and the beach road. Lot 86 was the only block sold in a failed subdivision. Consisting of two acres on the FJ's corner, it had been sold before Robert White (Blooming Bob White) bought the remaining 150 acres in 1875 and came into the ownership of Jack Jones who built Rosebud's first store there circa 1900. The fact that the prior sale of lot 86 was not pointed out led to the sale of c/a 18 to the (Leak/Lake?) brothers being cancelled after an unsuccessful attempt had been made to kick Jack Jones off the 2 acre block.

Land was dirt cheap in 1878, so why would Captain Adams regard this 2 acre block as sufficient security? My now- discarded theory was that William was spending the money to build a hotel upon it, which would dramatically increase its value. The captain had accepted Antonio Bosina's fishing boat Lily as security on a 20 pounds loan. There would be no doubt that Antonio would repay the loan because his livelihood depended on it.

It is possible therefore that William was a friend of the captain who owned 36 acres on Towerhill Rd near the Arthurs Seat summit. Somewhere in my notes I have a later reference to a married woman (nee Edwards) and lot 86, crown allotment 18 Wannaeue.

FLEMYNG, John Bettesworth, J.P., Hastings.
Born in Ireland and obtained a B.A. in Dublin. Came to (Victoria?CHECK) in 1854. Was tutor to the family of the Attourney General in Sydney and after two years became an inspector of schools. In 1872, opened the state school at Hastings. Retired in 1882 and lives on a pension.

Detail about establishment,partners (directors) etc, which can probably be found with a trove search and is somewhere in my Frankston journals. Let's try. I gave up a FFC,BOX search for obvious reasons and substituted Renouf.
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Saturday 15 February 1930 p 6 Article
.....Many of the fishermen reached Rosebud, Sandringham, Port Arlington and Queenscliff in quest of fish and
it was no uncommon feat to sail from Frankston up the Yarra to Melbourne with fish, and come back with supplies, which consisted mainly of flour.

These excursions to the Yarra stopped when Thomas and James Wren commenced running a cart to Melbourne with fish. They sold out to the Frankston Fish Company in 1867.This company consisted of (1) Messrs Henry Prosser, who arrived in Victoria in 1844, and carried fish from Hastings to Frankston, before joining the company;
(2) James Croskell an American from Rhodes, who came to Frankston in 1859; he was also an
extensive land owner; (3) John Dixon Box, born in Tasmania, 1840, and worked with Wren Bros., fish dealers,
Melbourne. Later he bought Frankston's first bakery from Croskell and Ritchie; (4) Phillip Renouf, born at
Jersey Island, arrived in Adelaide in 1863. He carried fish from Frankston to Hastings before joining the company; (5) Thomas Ritchie (senior), born at the Isle of Man. He came to Frankston in 1852, owned Frankston's
first bakery, which was under Frankston House. He built Frankston and Osborne houses. Osborne house was
originally called "Ballacrane." This fish company was begun in 1867 to supply Melbourne with fish.

GILLETT, Francis A.Gillett,Mornington.Born in London, he arrived in Victoria in 1853 aboard the Essex.

Comment.Francis was granted crown allotment 11C in the parish of Moorooduc on 14-4-1874. This was east of the southern half of the Tuerong pre-emptive right with its south west corner being that of the Woods Reserve with Gillett Rd (Melway 152C5) providing access from Buckley's (Balnarring) Road.Its north east corner is now a bit soggy,being at the bottom left corner of 152H4, the eastern boundary being a line joining the two straight sections of Derril Rd.

From Mt Eliza Wikipedia page.
Adjacent to Sunnyside beach sits a historical property Morning Star Estate. Morning Star Estate is a distinctive example of a Victorian era mansion built as a rural or holiday retreat on the Mornington Peninsula, it incorporates a variety of picturesque styles including Tudor and Gothic revival.
Sunnyside estate (now Morning Star Estate) was originally purchased by Londoner Francis Alfred Gillett in 1865 a short time after he arrived in the colony in 1853. Gillett designed the Sunnyside mansion sometime around 1867-1870.

I loved that bit about 1865 being SHORTLY AFTER 1853!!! What did Francis do during that short time? He seems to have been living across Cecil St from the South Melbourne Market site (Melway 1C F12.)
A PARCEL from England for Mr. F. A Gillett,Waterloo-place, lies with J, T. -Hazard, Lonsdale-street west.(P.1, Argus, 3-7-1855.)

I wonder if U.Cory A.Gillett, who also arrived in 1853,was related to Francis.
IF Mr. Neele of this city were to apply at the General Post Office, he would hear of U.Cory A. Gillett,Just arrived from England. 17254 |(P.1, Argus,13-8-1853.)

TOWN LOTS,SANDRIDGE, PARISH OF SOUTH MELBOURNE. Lot 8. Eighteen perches and one-tenth, 118/. the lot, Francis Alfred Gillett.(P.6,Argus, 3-5-1859.)

Sunnyside,crown allotment 5,no section,Moorooduc,between Sunnyside Rd and Manmangur Creek and consisting of 159 acres 3 roods and 9 perches,was granted to John Yewers whose family is discussed at length in Bruce Bennett's THE BUTCHER THE BAKER THE.

Manyung, Norman Lodge, Mount Eliza, Mornington ...
Francis Gillett is believed to have designed Manyung. He owned the property Sunshine* to the south of Manyung. Richard Grices son James built Moondah in 1888 to the north of Manyung.

*I thought I'd better check what Francis actually did call his estate!
The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 5 February 1881 p 26 Article

P.122. Jessie May Gillett (nee Vansuylen) worked in her grandfather, Arthur Pinder's, bakery in Flinders.

Florence Marion Gillett - Pioneer Graves in the Mornington ...
Part of Val Wilson's brilliant history of the pioneers buried in the Mornington Cemetery, this page gives much detail about the Gillett family and includes pictures of Sunnyside and Manyung.

GOMIN (sic)GOMM Henry,Somerville. Born Oxford 1839 and (came to Victoria in the same yearX.) Has lived at Somerville for 21 years and owns 400 acres.

Comments.Henry Gomm and Leila Shaw (and Henry Gomm of Rosebud) cost me 6 months of my life, causing the termination of my PENINSULA DICTIONARY HISTORY and DROMANA AND MILES AROUND ON TROVE,but they did lead to my discovery of FAMILY TREE CIRCLES. After months and months of transcribing rate records and tedious note-making from many local histories, I borrowed Leila Shaw's THE WAY WE WERE believing that I could read it for pleasure only.

That was until I saw a map on about page 4 showing land in the parish of Tyabb owned by Henry Gomm. I wondered if this was the Henry Gomm assessed on the Jetty's Cafe site near the Rosebud jetty. A lengthy search revealed that no Henry Gomm, born in Oxfordshire in 1839 came to Australia in 1839. However, I did discover Convict Henry Gomm,transported to Van Diemans Land not long before 1839 and suspected that Somerville Henry might have been Convict Henry's son. After spending that six months researching and writing THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM, which,like an Agatha Christie novel reveals all at the end (being a journal of discoveries),it was discovered that Aussie 47 had provided the details of Somerville Henry's arrival,recorded on page 16 (of 34) in my book.
George (29), Ann (28),and Henry (4)Gomm arrived in Port Phillip from Liverpool, aboard the Wallace, on 3-11-1844.

The Rosebud Fishing Village block near the jetty was granted to William Gomm on 16-8-1872. He later moved to Hastings and married the daughter of a Hastings pioneer with his brother Henry taking over the block near the future (first and present)Rosebud jetty site. A third brother, Thomas,seemingly living at Dromana, drowned shortly after testifying at the inquiry into Alfred Downward's disputed election to Parliament.All three were sons of Convict Henry and had lived in the parish of Moorabbin and on the peninsula as neighbours of Somerville Henry's family from the 1850's till about 1915; Somerville Henry and his future wife, Margaret Monk, had earlier lived in Balcombe Rd between Charman Rd and Church Rd (now St) Mentone. William left his wife for a 20 year old whom he married after his wife's death. It was wife 2 who sold the fishing village block to one of the Peatey family.

This is the basis of Graham Whitehead's story on the City of Kingston's Heritage website.
People: Two Gomm Families
Mar 4, 2012 - Henry Gomm, a Cheltenham pioneer. ... In the 1850s there were two distinct Gomm families residing in Cheltenham. ..... Graham J Whitehead.

The MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM would not have been needed if his 1888 biography had been as well written as his obituary.
The Late Mr Henry Gomm.
By the death of Mr Henry Gomm, Somerville has lost one of its oldest identities and one of its oldest benefactors. As the late gentleman was a colonist of 74 years, the story of his life is very interesting, especially to residents of this district.

Leaving England with his parents in the ship "'Wallace" he arrived in Victoria in November 1843, being then five years of age. His parents settled in Melbourne and the boy received his early education at St James' School, West Melbourne. When he was 11 years old, his parents removed to Cope Cope where his father was employed as a bunder on Sutherland's sheep station. Gold having been discovered at Bendigo the family resolved to try their fortunes on the goldfields. They remained there about one year and then proceeded to Collingwood
where Mr Gomm Senr. bought land and erected houses.

Some time later the family shifted to Cheltenham and Mr Gomm who was then 15 years of age, became engaged in
fishing pursuits at what was then called Schnapper Point. Subquently he and his father in conjunction purchased a craft and visited Mud Island in search of guana. After several successful trips the vessel was wrecked at Davey's Bay, near Frankston and all the belongings of the crew were lost, as was also the craft.

After the loss of the boat he entered into market gardening but on the outbreak of the Port Curtis digings in Queensland, he journeyed there to try his luck. The venture proved a disastrous failure and Mr Gomm returned to Cheltenham. The following year, 1859, he married Margaret Monk and settled down. Mr Gomm afterwards built a home in this district and 51 years ago last November he brought his wife and family to live at what is now Somerville where all but two of the family were born.

The late gentleman was very enthusiastic in all matters relating to the welfare of the district, his time
money and assistance being always proffered with the greatest willingness and alacrity. - His liberality is too
well known to require much comment as he donated the ground where stand both the local Mechanics' Institute and the Church of England.He leaves a widow, four sons and five daughters also 27 surviving grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Mr Gomm was an only son, he and his three sisters being the total family of his parents.

He was of a very bright and cheerful disposition and was keenly appreciative of a good joke. In boyhood he spent much time amongst the blacks and could speak the language of the aborigines; also he could throw the boomerang and other native weapons.

Of his sons one is now fighting in France, whilst a grandson took part in "the landing" and fought for 6
months in Gallipoli and is still on active service. A second grandson, only 18 years of age, is now in camp
preparing to do his bit for the Empire. So far as Somerville is concerned,it may be truly said that the late Mr
Gomm has left his "footprints on the sands of time."
(The Late Mr Henry Gomm.
Mornington Standard (Frankston, Vic. : 1911 - 1920) Saturday 28 April 1917 p 2 Article)

The "White Pages Lottery" is one that I have often won,having led me to Ray Guest,hence Ron Doig (who explained the origins of streets names on James Trueman's grants fronting the west side of Truemans Rd,Tootgarook. Another win was finding Murray Gomm and his tea chest of treasures! Henry Gomm grew up in the Moorabbin parish with Tommy Bent whose later political influence saw the Somerville Station located right next to Henry's Glenhoya (instead of near Lower Somerville Rd, which Leila Shaw said was the centre of population),and young station master,Graf,transferred to Ascot Vale Station. Who else but Henry Gomm would have been able to get the premier, Thomas Bent, to open the Somerville Fruitgrowers' Show? Even Tommy's relatives, the Huntleys of Brighton and Hillside Orchard at Red hill, would not have dared to even propose such "Three Wishes"!

Incidentally Billy and George Gomm, Henry's grandsons (sons of Paddy) are Legends of the Somerville Football Club and Murray Gomm,son of George who married a Wilson girl from Red Hill) is a local footy show LOCAL FOOTY HERO.

A Somerville Townsman Honoured. -
The smoke-night supper tendered to Mr H. Gomm, sen., of Somerville, on Saturday last proved a most successful
function, and, being the first of this kind of entertainment held there, has decidedly " caught on," as many consider this style of amusement tends to create a bond of good fellowship, and sociability. The scene of the night's gaiety was the " Hotel Somerville," recently erected by the guest of the evening, and the spacious dining hall was christened with as merry a lot as ever graced the boards, at any convivial gathering........ This toast was responded to by Messrs W. A. Shepherd,M. Thornell, W. Noble, and the chairman, all of whom gave some interesting reminiscences of the early days; Mr Mark Thornell stating he had been there 43 years, and for the first twelve months had no meat but kangaroo flesh......etc.
(P.2, Mornington Standard,9-1-1904.)

GRIFFITH Jonah,Dromana. Came to Victoria in 1854. See Jonah (Dohn) Griffith on pages 27,35,42,68, 69,141 and 149 of Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and much more about other members of the family. An "itellya, Griffith" google search will reveal much other information, such as the boundaries of the Griffith homestead block on Jamieson's Special Survey. Melbourne Brindle's map of Dromana,which can be purchased from the Dromana museum,shows the location of Jonah's house in Seaview Pde, in which his mother-in-law Sarah Renouf(nee Prosser and widow of Isaac Sawyer) died. It also shows where Jonah built his fishing boat Doris and habitually anchored it to the east of the Dromana pier. N.B. THERE ARE TWO VERSIONS OF THIS MAP SO CHECK ON THE WEST SIDE OF JETTY RD RE THE HOUSE AND BOAT BUILDING, AND EAST OF THE JETTY RE THE NAME OF THE BOAT.

N.B. In the biographical/genealogical section towards the end of LIME LAND LEISURE, C.N.Hollinshed has assumed that Jonah Griffith was the head of the family when it arrived on the Survey. He was the son of Abraham and Rebecca Griffith and brother of Cr John Calvin Griffith who all settled at the same time. Bruce Bennett took Hollinshed's assumption as gospel in THE BUTCHER,THE BAKER,THE...; thus fiction gradually become history unless such errors are pointed out.

INGAMELLS, Josiah,Hastings. Born Lincolnshire. Came to Victoriain 1862. Commencing as a state school teacher at Geelong in 1869,he went afterwards to Hastings in sole charge of the state school and is still teaching.

IRVINE, William Miller, Mornington. Native of Scotland who arrived in 1855, moving to Victoria after three months.Unsuccessful at the diggings and in New Zealand,he then took charge of Mr Bright's grounds at Mornington for 16 years. Suffering ill health he became proprietor of the Baths and librarian at the Athenaeum. He is a member for the west riding of (Mornington) council.

William was a Justice of the Peace.(Mornington Standard, Thursday 31 March 1898 p 1 Article)

JENNER, Hon. Caleb Joshua, Mornington.Born at Alfriston,Sussex in 1830,he arrived in Victoria aboard the "Clifton" in February 1850 and commenced pursuits at Geelong. He was the M.L.C.for South Province from 1963 until he retired in 1886. He is now renting Mr.C.Bright's estate which has magnificent grounds.

JONES,Alfred, Somerville. N.B.CONFIRMED BY JOHN G.MANN, WHO WROTE THE EARLY HISTORY OF MT ELIZA IN 1926,AS ONE OF THE THREE CANADIANS (JONES, HODGINS, McCURLEY)WHO SUPPLIED TIMBER TO THE "LIVERPOOL" WHICH ANCHORED HALF A MILE OFFSHORE IN CANADIAN BAY, OBVIOUSLY TO THE NORTH OF BOUNDARY (CANADIAN BAY) ROAD IN THE PARISHOF FRANKSTON. Alf's homestead area of the 500 acres was called the Almond Bush Stud. Peggy Gage's father occupied the stud after Alf's death. Valda Cole believes the name of Somerville had Canadian origins and Alf, who owned two horses (one a pacer) called Lord Somerville and Lady Somerville which raced at W.S.Cox's Kensington Park Racecourse, may have suggested the name for the Somerville district at the intersection of the parishes of Frankston,Moorooduc and Tyabb. Almond Bush Stud was east of Grants Rd and thus in the parish of Tyabb.

Born in London,Alf went to Canada with his parents at the age of 12 in 1832. Arriving in Victoria in March 1853 he went to Bendigo with a party of 5 and found 15 ounces of gold in 5 weeks. He had no luck at McIvor's Diggings (Heathcote)and moving to FRANKSTON (Parish of!), supplied the town of Melbourne and the troop(er)s with firewood at three pounds ten shillings per load. After two years, competition had lowered profits so he rented Baxter's Flat for 5 years and in 1860 purchased 500 acres at Somerville, then called Tyabb (Parish of!).

KENNEDY, James, Flinders.
A native of Ireland who came to Victoria in 1859. Next year settled at Flinders, now owning 60 acres and having a selection of 160 acres more. He is a road contractor and builder and was recently engaged in the erection of a new Mechanics' Institute in the district.

COMMENT. The Kennedys were one of several Irish Catholic families that settled in the Shoreham district as described in BALNARRING BYWAYS AND MEMORIES in an article about the sensation caused by the visit by the R.C. Archbishop. They received grants along Stony Creek (64, 63, 63A Balnarring and 12A,13 and 14A, Flinders. ) James Kennedy also ventured west of Main Creek into the parish of Fingal,leasing 151 acres according to the rate collector, probably the selected 160 acres, (most likely near Melway 254 A 10) where the Pattersons and Mary Jane Stenniken were grantees. This explains the (Rachel) KENNEDY,PATTERSON and STENNIKEN graves standing next to each other on the south side of the main pathway in the Rye cemetery.

MARTIN, W.C., Mornington.Born at Benalla and coming to Melbourne was under the tutelage of Mr Alexander Sutherland for 3 years. (*AT SCOTCH COLLEGE.)Joined the staff of the Colonial Bank in 1878 and is now the manager of the Mornington branch. He was previously at North Fitzroy and Brunswick. (*Upon arriving in Melbourne, Alexander Sutherland became a teacher at the Hawthorn Grammar School while studying in the evenings for his Arts Course. He graduated from Melbourne University with honours in mathematics, classics and English.
Throughout his undergraduate studies, he gained several exhibitions including the Shakespeare scholarship which he shared with Mr Justice Higgins in 1874. The following year, he accepted the appointment as mathematics master at the Scotch College but he resigned in 1877 to found his own Carlton College which lasted until 1892.
Alexander Sutherland - National Library of Australia

MULLER, William, Frankston.
Came to Victoria in 1858.Spent a number of yearsat the diggings in Victoria and New Zealand and is now established as a builder at Frankston.

NOWLAN,Peter, Shoreham.
Born in Kildare,he came to Victoria in 1856 and has been farming at Shoreham since 1860.Owns 570 acres used mainly for grazing. In 1868 was appointed Shire Secretary.

The appointment in 1868 was to the position of the Flinders Road Board which combined with the Kangerong Road Board (1863)to form the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong at the end of 1874.Peter's handwriting in the rate records is beautiful.

TENDERS will be received by the Flinders District Board until 12 o'clock noon on Tuesday,the 14th of December, 1869, for tho following WORKS, viz. :
1. Bridge over Warrengate Creek, near Hastings.
2. Do over Manton's Creek, near Mr. Tuck's,Flinders.
3. Do over Double Creek No. 1, near Flinders township.
4. Do over Double Creek No. 2, do do.
5. Culverting and corduroying creek near Buckley's, Balnarring.
6. Culverting and corduroying creek near John Mills', Balnarring.
Tenders to be addressed, under cover, to tho Chairman of the District Board, and endorsed "Tender for-."
Each tender must be accompanied with a cash deposit of 5 per cent, on amount of tender.
Plans and specifications to be seen at tho office of the board, and at Hugh A. Hunt's, Esq., South Brighton.
The board will not necessarily accept the lowest nor any tender.
PETER NOWLAN, Clerk, Flinders District Office Nov. 20,1869.(P.3,Argus, 25-11-1869.)

Peter became the shire secretary in 1875. His brother became a councillor but didn't get into Sutherland's book,revealing its limitations.

From my Shire of Flinders journal.
NOWLAN Lawrence. 1898-1907.
The late Cr. Nowlan. The funeral of the late Cr. Lawrence Nowlan, whose death was reported in our last issue, took place at the Flinders general cemetery last Wednesday week, the funeral service being read by the Rev. Father Hagan, of Mornington. A very large number of residents from all parts of the Peninsula attended, and all the councillors of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong, and the secretary (Mr Fulton) followed the remains of their late colleague to the last resting place. The deceased gentleman, who would have been 62 yeare of age had he lived two days longer, was born at Mullaglimast, County Kildare, Ireland, and was the youngest of a family of four sons and three daughters, several of whom were also old colonists of Victoria, having landed previously to the recently deceased councillor, who arrived in Melbourne 48 years ago, a few months before the visit of the late Duke of Edinburgh. Mr Nowlan came straight to the Mornington Peninsula, where he resided until his death. At first he lived with his brother, the late Mr Peter Nowlan, who was so very well known as secretary of the shire of Flinders and Kangerong from its inception until his death about 14 years ago. Soon after his arrival in the Shoreham district, Mr Lawrence Nowlan took up land at Shoreham, which he subsequently sold after holding for several years. After being employed by the late Mr John Barker, clerk of Parliaments, at the well-known Cape Schanck station, Mr Nowlan purchased land in one of the best sites in the Flinders township, and founded the business which has now been so well known to visitors to Flinders for many years past. His boarding establishment, "The Bungalow," grew to very large proportions, and with the help of Mrs Nowlan's capable management, became a very favourite resort of a large number of Melbourne's best known citizens. It was at this well known house that their Excellencies Lord and Lady Northcote and Sir Reginald and Lady Talbot, with their respective staffs, were quartered on the occasion of their visits to Flinders. His Flinders venture was also a very profitable one to Mr Nowlan from a land speculative point of view. He originally owned the block of land which now includes in addition to the Bungalow grounds, the Flinders Hotel, Flinders battery, and Mr Planck's residence. Most of this property Mr Nowlan sold at the land boom time at a very high figure. Some of it he again bought back at a small price later on. Mr Nowlan has always taken a very great interest in the welfare of Flinders, and has worked very hard in many movements for the good of the place. His subscriptions to local affairs have been very liberal, and he can be ill spared in the small community. For eleven years he has represented the Centre riding rate- payers in the shire council and has done very good work. He leaves no family. Very much sympathy is felt for Mrs Nowlan in her sad bereavement.(P.3, Mornington and Dromana Standard, 5-9-1908.)

OSWIN,John, Balnarring.
A native of Leicester,came with his parents in 1845 and was present at the laying of the foundation stone of the (original)Princes Bridge with Mr J.P.Fawkner in 1846.(MUCH MORE.)

A descendant, Mary Karney, has written books based on the journal of Georgina Oswin and the pioneers near the Tubbarubba area. The family settled on Newstead (Melway 162 A-B 12 and 192 A-B 1 adjoining Seven Oaks and Kent Orchard on the west.)

‎Journal‎ - marelibri
‎Karney, Mary‎ · ‎No Rugged Landscape‎. ‎198 pages, family tree of the Oswins of Newstead, Australia, map of ... A fascinating record of colonial social history, based on the diaries of Georgina Oswin, mother of seven, who recorde the simple ..

PATTERSON, William Lawson, Hastings.
Born in Scotlsand,he came to Victoria in 1854 and was a pioneer settler in the area, builing hisabode in 1860. A nurserymn andseedsman by profession,he holds the offices of deputy registrar of births and deaths and electoral and rain gauge registrar.

PROSSER, Henry, Hastings.
born in London,he came out in 1844.Engaged in the bakery and Fish trade.MUCH MORE. See FRANKSTON FISH COMPANY.

Here's the obituary of one of his daughters. Also a journal about another daughter, Sarah, who married Isaac Sawyer and, after hisdeath married Amis Renouf of the Frankston Fish Company.

Mrs. Tysoe passed away on Sunday, November. 1, at her residence, Davey Street, Frankston. Her health has not been good for some time. She was an old resident of Frankston.Deceased was born at Hastings, andwas daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Henry Prosser. Her father was a storekeeper at Hastings and was a member of thefirm of Crosskell Richie and Company in the early days, when they carted fish from Hastings and Frankston by road with horses, as well as carrying passengers.(P.4, Standard,Frankston, 6-11-1942.)


QUINTON, James, Dromana.
A native of Dublin,he went to Tasmania with his father,arriving in 1860 and following his trade as a builder. On the death of hisfather in 1872,he went to Queensland, returning in 1876 and working as a contractor.In 1881,he moved to Dromana, bought land and sold houses he had built.

RENOUF, Phillip, Frankston.
An old sailor,he left his ship in Adelaide in 1863 and went to Frankston the following year.

RILEY, Edmund,Shoreham.
A native of Tipperary he came to Victoria in 1855. After seven years at the Maryborough and Ovens diggings,he purchased 1000 acres at Shoreham. Was a member of the (Flinders) Road Board and shire for three years. He is married and has ten children.

Edmund was granted crown allotments 23 and 27 in the parish of Flinders,159 acres bounded by Tucks Rd and Stony Creek north of Higgins Lane Melway 256 B-E8, and a triangular 111 acres whose north west corner was across Tucks Rd from number 700. crown allotment 4,granted to E.Riley on 22-3-1899 and consisting of nearly 140 acres, adjoined the south east half of the Main Ridge Nature Conservation Reserve,is indicated by Melway 255 G3 and may be present 276-340 Tucks Rd.W.Riley was granted 313 acres on 15-8-1881,including portions under closer settlement act,indicated by 255 J4 to the creek in G5 and probably C.S. blocks in 255 E-F 1-2. That's about 823 acres.I can't find any Riley grants across Stony Creek in the parish of Balnarring. It is more likely that Edmund SETTLED on 1000 acres (leased it from the Crown)when he arrived.

RILEY'S. (Edmond Riley was granted the triangular, 111 acre, c/a 27 at the junction of Tucks and Frankston-Flinders Rd, south of Higgins' and the 159 acre c/a 23 north of Higgins' across Higgins Lane. Melway 256 C11 and B-E8.)

Another compact well-grassed little dairy farm in this locality, where an abundant rainfall always ensures a
permanent supply of water in the numerous creeks and the rich quality of the soil grows almost all kinds of
crop to perfection, is the property of Mr Riley, at Stony Creek. This gentleman is a very old resident of the
district and has about 200 acres of land in this locality and other property a short distance away. (Or as trove put it: "perty aeshoriaeifseano -away"' -- -)
(P.2, Mornington Standard,20-9-1902.)

RITCHIE, Thomas Frankston.
Born on the Isle of Man and arrived in Victoria in 1852,going to Frankston in 1854. After roaming the colony for some years, he returned to Frankston, married and (with Prosser) began running fish from Hastings to Melbourne, afterwards becoming a member of the Frankston Fish Company.

The original entry to THE SECOND I.G.A. at Dromana Hub must have been at the Pier St end of the building. The story of the founder of the Ritchie supermarket chain would today sadly be seen by few of its customers. There is a photo of Thomas as a young man and a picture of a wrecked ship but probably too close to a beach to be on Corsair Rock.

Early in 1852,the Isabella Watson,a small ship sailing from London to Melbourne was caught in a fierce gale and was wrecked on Corsair Rock near Port Phillip Heads. Several passengers drowned in the treacherous waters of the rip but one survivor was an 18 year old youth, Thomas Ritchie. Eighteen years later,in 1870, he went into business on (what is now) Nepean Highway, Frankston, establishing the first Ritchies store.

I did a trove search for the Ritchie tragedy and scored the bonus of two extensive obituaries.

Death of Mr. Thomas Ritchie
We regret having to record the death, at the age of 73 years, of Mr.Thomas Ritchie, senr., one of the old
landmarks of Frankston. The deceased gentlemen caught a chill while working in his garden some short time ago, and never recovered, finally passing away last Sunday.

His funeral took place last Tuesday, and his body was followed to the grave by a very large number of mourners, the pall-bearers being Messrs. Croskell, Renouf, Box, Parer,Bonnor, and Sherlock. The mortuary arrangements were carried out by Mr.Hector Gamble, of this town. The body was enclosed in a leaden coffin, encased in oak. The hearse was followed by a floral carriage, containing some 50 wreaths, sent by absent friends and old residents of the district. Many were sent from the city, and amongst them was one from the fish salesmen of Melbourne, with whom deceased had been closely associated in the early days of Frankston. Three mourning coaches,followed, and then came some fifty vehicles, which number was increased at the cemetery. The service was read in an impressive manner by the Rev A. P. McFarlane. The bereaved family were the recipients of
a number of letters and telegrams of condolence, among them being one from the Lieutenant-Governor, Sir
John Madden.

IN the passing away of Mr. Thomas Ritchie a notable figure is removed from Frankston life. In late years he
had not, perhaps, been so much in the public eye, but it is safe to say that in the early days he had more to do with the making of Frankston than any other man now living. He always took the deepest interest in the advacement of the town, and spared neither time nor money in furthering its progress.

Thomas Ritchie was the youngest son of Capt. Colin Ritchie, of the 10th. West India regiment (GeorgeIII.), who, in consequence of wounds received in action, retired on half pay. He settled in the Isle of Man, where Mr. T. Ritchie was born in 1834. After finishing his education in Scotland, he decided to try his fortune in Australia, then becoming famous for its gold, and left for Victoria in the Isabella Watson, in 1852,
bringing with him a stock of boots,etc., intending to start business on the diggings. Unfortunately, the ill-fated vessel was wrecked on the 21st.March, on the Corsair Reef, at the Heads, and everything he had was
lost, he being washed ashore on a mast with another passenger named Verdon, nephew of Sir George Verdon,
of Melbourne.

Upon his arrival, he left for the goldfields at Bendigo, but after some time his brother James arrived from Scotland. and together they opened the first grocer's store at Gardiner's Creek (now called Malvern).Afterwards he married, and in 1854 settled in Frankston, where he has since lived. There he built up his fortunes, and became very prosperous. He was a man of great enterprise and pushing energy, and in addition to his large interests at Frankston, he speculated largely in mining ventures, among his properties being the Bunninyong gold mine at Ballarat. He held a controlling interest in the Frankston brick works, at one time a very prosperous concern, and prior to the opening of the railway to Frankston his firm employed some 40 horses in transporting fish from Hastings to Melbourne. He was also for a number of years a member of the firm of Croskell, Ritchie and Co., general auctioneers,of Melbourne and Frankston. The firm consisted of the late Mr. H.Prosser, and Messrs. T. Ritchie, James Croskell, Phillip Renouf, and J. D.Box. Prospering, he built in 1886
what is now known as Frankston House, but then known as Balla Crane, and later on built what is now known as Balla Crane, as a private residence. At this time Mr. Ritchie was a wealthy man, but like many others he became mixed up in the land boom, and also in the land collapse, and his properties and other interests had to be sacrificed, so that in his latter days he was not nearly so prosperous as he had been. By a curious coincidence two of the passengers saved with Mr.Ritchie from the wreck of the Isabella Watson, died quite recently. One,
Mr. Elijah Derrick, of South Yarra, died on the 23rd August, and Mr.Joseph Allen, of Cobden, died on the
13th of the same month.

Mr. Ritchie, who had a family of 11 had the misfortune to have his residence destroyed by fire at Frankston,
and four of his children perished in the flames. Two others died, leaving five surviving, viz., Mr. T. Ritchie
Mrs. W. Deans, Mrs. Pownahll, Mrs.Ward and Mrs. Minogue.Mr. Ritchie leaves a widow to whom all his real and personal estate is devised as sole legatee and executrix. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 21-9-1907.)

We have to record the death of Mrs. Ritchie, relict of the late Mr.Thomas Ritchie, of Frankston. After the death of her husband a few weeks back, Mrs Ritchie never seemed to rally, the separation from her life-long
partner being severely felt. On Wednesday morning last she was found dead in her bed, having passed peacefully away from heart failure. The deceased lady was 75 years of age and was the daughter of Mr. William Kennedy, farmer, of "The Grange" near Clogheen county Tipperary, Ireland.

She came to the colony in the very early days landing in Adelaide from the ship "Lady Elegant" in 1848. She came to Frankston where she resided prior to her marriage to Mr. Ritchie who then lived at Malvern, then known as Gardiners creek. Subsequently Mr. Ritchie started business at Frankston. Mrs. Ritchie was one of the first to buy land at Frankston. She also owned property at Balaclava, Malvern, Somerville and at Mount Eliza. She
owned propetry near Sir John Maddens along the Mornington road, and it was here four of her children were
burned in a lamentable fire.

Through the bursting of the land boom, she, like others suffered great losses, but at the time of her death she still owned the corner stores known as "Ritchies extending to the creek and also the property occupied as a police station.The present generation scarcely know Mrs. Ritchie, but in the early days she was one of the leading ladies of the place, always helping generously in forwarding any good work. She was forward in helping to build the Mechanics Institute and forward in getting the first Wesleyan minister for Frankston. She was of a bright and happy nature and very much loved, but of course getting up in years her daughters have gradually
taken her place. She still has a brother living in Gippsland, and leaves a son, (Mr. T.Ritchie of Frankston,) and four daughters, all married.

The funeral was held Friday, and was largely attended, there being over thirty vehicles, not including mourning carriages. Many beautiful wreaths were forwarded by absent friends. The mortuary arrangements were carried out by Mr. Gamble and the Rev.A. P. McFarlane read the burial service. The pall bearers were Messrs B. Patterson, J. Bonner, E. Stokes, E. J. Murray, H, Peddle, I. Renouf, W. H. O'Grady and W. Scarborough.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 19-10-1907.)

My thanks to (skj74) Steve Johnson of Kananook, a descendant of Henry Cadby Wells and the Kelly family, for correcting the digitisation in both obituaries.

SAGE, John Edward, Frankston.
Born in Devonshire on 25-12-1821,he arrived in Sydney in 1835, working in a merchant's office there until 1840 when he came overland to Victoria employed with them until 1870* excepting one year at the Bendigo diggings. In 1870, he settled at Frankston near his father in law, Captain Baxter,and he owns 400 acres of valuable land there. Mr Sage was at the opening of the first stone bridge,the Lansdowne, built in New South Wales in 1836.

*I would presume that the merchant firm in Sydney was connected in some way with Captain Baxter.

In a search for an article about Robert Hoddle's surveying chain,I stumbled upon the story of a lady who must be the wife of the above.


Calm and peaceful as her life, and as full of human and historic interest, were the memories recalled in an interview which Mrs. J. E. Sage, of Euratta, Baxter, granted to a representative of "The Argus," in view of the interest attaching to the 78th anniversary of her arrival in the district. Born in Crim, County Meath, Ireland, in 1832, the passing years have dealt very kindly indeed with Mrs. Sage, who will celebrate her ninetieth birthday on February 2 of next year. Today, in the home her husband built for her, and little more than a mile from the home to which her father took her on October 25, 1843, this charming, silver-haired old lady finds her
greatest interest and happiness in memories of the 84 years of her life in Victoria.Her memory is extra-ordinarily accurate,and her interest in anything relating to the early history of the colony particularly keen. One could spend many hours with her and not exhaust her fund of valuable knowledge.

When Captain Benjamin Baxter of the 50th Regiment, was ordered in 1836 to proceed to Australia with a company of soldiers in charge of a convict ship, he brought his wife and two baby girls with him. The only incident of that voyage which Mrs. Sage, the eldest of these girls, was ever able to recall was the loss of her straw bonnet. It is easy to imagine the bitter sobs of the little one as she watched her bonnet sailing away on the
waste of waters.

When his regiment was ordered to India a year after his arrival in Sydney, Captain Baxter sold out of the array, and in 1837 was sent by Governor Bourke (to Victoria, to take charge of the first post-office, and also to fulfil the duties of clerk of Petty Sessions, The first post office was in a little wooden building in
Flinders street, belonging to John Pascoe Fawkner. Most of the business of the office was managed by Mrs. Baxter, who, on her own intitiative, despatched the first mail direct from Port Phillip to England in the Thomas Laurie, early in 1839. Captain Baxter soon found the routine of his new posts irksome, and in 1839 sent in his resignation.

Soon afterwards he took up a squatting license for the Currup Currup run, which covered many miles of the
country between Westernport and Port Phillip Bay, and part of which is now the district known as Baxter. He did not take his family there to live, however, until in 1843. From the post-office-which was taken over by Mr. Skene Craig the Baxters removed to Batman's old house on Batman's Hill, but in 1840 Captain Baxter built a two-storey brick house on the corner of Lonsdale and Spencer streets, which was then the fashionable part of the town. Mr. Robert Hoddle and Captain Sturt lived close by.

The first school which Mrs. Sage attended, and which was also the first school for girls opened in Melbourne, was kept by Mrs. Cook, whose maiden name was Nicola Ann Sergeant. Mrs. Cook, who was a widow, dressed always in black silk, wore black silk stockings, and dainty sandal shoes. She wore her hair in curls about five or six inches long on either side of her face, and used a gold-rimmed eye-glass. The school was in a wooden house
on the corner now familiar as Young and Jackson's, which belonged to John Batman. Mrs. Cook became a close personal friend of thc Baxters, and was godmother to one of the daughters.

Interesting events that occurred during Mrs. Sage's first years in Melbourne included the first race meeting, which was held in the hollow below Batman's Hill,and the first cricket match, which took place on the south bank of the Yarra near the present site of the Falls Bridge. She also saw the first iron steamer launched on
the Yarra. This was the Vesta,- which afterwards travelled between Williamstown and Melbourne, Mrs, Sage, was present, too, at the laying of the foundation stone of St. James's Old Cathedral in 1840. The Rev. Compton Thompson was the clergyman in charge, and Mrs. Sage afterward learnt music from his wife.Mrs. Sage remembers many happy visits to the races at Flemington, the first so early as 1841. In those days the stands were on the river side of the course, and the place now occupied by the stands was a beautiful hill with sheoaks and gums,
where the "quality" used to picnic. The poorer people walked to the course from Melbourne. Others travelled on a steamer which came up the Saltwater River and landed them just behind the stands. Mrs.Sage's earliest recollection of the dressing at the races suggests in some degree fashions that prevail at the moment in
London and Paris, and threaten to become popular here. Very low necks and very short sleeves were worn, with skirts just above the ankles. Stockings were always of silk, and "kiss-me-quick"' bonnets, very shady of brim and fitting fairly closely at the back of the head, completed fashionable toilets. As to-day private entertain-
ing was an important part of the racing carnival season.

As well as thc Currup Currup run, Captain Baxter also had a castle station at Port Fairy, called Yambuk, which he took up in 1841, and the cattle travelled backwards and forwards between the two places. The homestead on Currup Currup, in which one of Mrs. Sage's sisters still lives, on the Hastings road-and the home which John Edward Sage-who managed her father's properties, and in later years purchased land adjoining the Currup Currup Estate-built for his bride in 1853, are built of huge sawn logs, obtained from a forest of stringybark on the property.

Mrs Baxter, who lived to be 92 years of age, must have been a wonderful woman. An old portrait shows her to
have been in appearance anything but robust, but her nerve and grit were remarkable. She not only brought up her family of nine- eight girls and one boy without any medical aid or advice, but in the frequent absences of her husband and his manager she was practically in charge of the station. Life at Currup Currup in those early days was, on the whole, very quiet, but very busy. They killed their own meat, made their own butter, bread,
and candles, and grew their own vegetables. And the sewing for a family of eight girls, in days when every stitch had to be done by hand, was no small task.

The bullock waggons would go to Melbourne for stores every two or three months, taking several days over the journey. Mrs. Baxter paid frequent visits to the town, sometimes riding, sometimes driving, when shopping, Government House functions, the races, or other events of social importance called for her presence.
Of friends who were frequent visitors,Mrs. Sage has very kindly recollections of Mr. Edward Wilson, the original proprietor of "The Argus." Mr. Wilson used to visit the McHaffie brothers on Phillip Island for wild boar hunting, walking from Melbourne to Hastings or Stony Point, and always spending some time with the Baxters on his way. Governor Latrobe and Mr. Powlett, commissioner of Crown lands, were other welcome visitors, kangaroo hunting being one means of entertaining a house party.

Mrs. Sage was married at Currup Currup by special license from Dean Macartney, the first Dean of Melbourne, the ceremony being performed by the Rev. Samuel Taylor, of St. Andrew's. Young wives and mothers who are able to take that advantage of the many opportunities that offer today for obtaining advice and medical treatment will be interested to learn that when Mrs. Sage's first baby was born the doctor had to be brought from Brighton, and for one visit of a few hours a fee of £25 was charged. One of Mrs. Sage's most valued possessions is a print of Melbourne during the early period of Sir Henry Barkly's Governorship. There is only one other similar print in existence, which is in the possession of the authorities of the Public Library.
(P.4, Argus, 29-10-1921.)

The Carrup Carrup pre-emptive right and Baxter, Hoddle and Sage grants can be seen near the bottom right hand corner of the Frankston parish map.Google FRANKSTON,COUNTY OF MORNINGTON. Robert Hoddle, surveyor,was also related by marriage to the Baxters,and Uncle Robert's surveying chain was a treasured keepsake of Sage (if I remember correctly) descendants many years later.

This would be the son of the above and probably the father of Peggy Gage who told me that her father farmed Alf Jones' old Almond Bush Stud at Somerville.

MR. JOHN EDWARD SAGE passed away at his home on Saturday,June 8. He had not been enjoying good health for some
time.The late Mr. Sage was a former representative of Centre Riding, Frankston and Hastings Shire Council, and was president for a term.He was a member of the Somerville Show Committee, and enjoyed the friendship of a large circle of friends, as well as being generally held in high esteem throughout the district. He leaves a widow, four daughters and two sons to mourn their loss.

The funeral took place on Monday, June 10, the remains being interred in the Frankston Cemetery.There was a large and representative attendance. A service was held at the home, conducted by Rev. C. H. Ball, who
also read the burial service at the graveside. Mr. Wilkinson, Deputy District Grand Master, read the service of M.U.I.O.O.F.The pall-bearers were Messrs. A.J. Kirton, M.L.A., John ?arrett, A.Fulton, K. Scott, W. Hutchinson, G.Murray, C. Thornell, R. Holmes,
Coffin-bearers were Messrs. A. and E. Sage, sons of the deceased, and Messrs. J. Wotherspoon, A. Shepherd, S.Lord, G. Smith.Messrs. Hector Gamble and Son conducted the funeral arrangements.
(P.6, Standard, Frankston, 13-6-1946.)

Usually local histories are dominated by men,but Nurse Sage is an exception.
Sage, Annie Moriah (1895–1969)

by Janice McCarthy

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 16, (MUP), 2002

Annie Moriah Sage (1895-1969), army matron-in-chief, was born on 17 August 1895 at Somerville, Victoria, fifth child of Edward Arthur Sage, butcher, and his wife Mary Anne, née Murray, both Victorian born. Educated at Somerville State School, Annie worked as an assistant in a grocer's shop before training at the Melbourne Hospital and studying midwifery at the Women's Hospital, Carlton. She was registered as a midwife in September 1924 and granted her nursing certificate in November 1926. After gaining a qualification in infant welfare from the Victorian Baby Health Centres Association, she obtained a diploma of public health from the Royal Sanitary Institute, London. Back home, she was employed (from 1933) in child health, lecturing at training colleges and technical schools, and broadcasting to mothers. In 1936 she became matron of the V.B.H.C.A.'s training school.

On 1 January 1940 Sage joined the Australian Army Nursing Service, Australian Imperial Force. In the following month she was posted as matron to the 2nd/2nd Australian General Hospital. She sailed for the Middle East in April 1940 and served at Gaza Ridge, Palestine, and at Kantara, Egypt. Made matron-in-chief, A.I.F. (Middle East), in May 1941, she was appointed (1942) a member of the Royal Red Cross for her exceptional administrative ability and 'gallant and distinguished service'. Sage returned to Australia in May 1942 and was elevated to deputy matron-in-chief at Land Headquarters, Melbourne. Appointed matron-in-chief, Australian Military Forces, on 4 February 1943, she was promoted colonel on 23 March. She organized the A.A.N.S. for duty in the South-West Pacific Area and oversaw the training scheme for the Australian Army Medical Women's Service.

Affectionately known as 'Sammie', Sage was 5 ft 5½ ins (166 cm) tall, with blue eyes, fair hair, plain features and a dignified bearing. She was a humane and gentle woman with a salty sense of humour. Following the release of twenty-four of the Australian nurses imprisoned by the Japanese, she flew to Sumatra in September 1945 to assist with their repatriation, thereby realizing an ambition she had held since their capture. For her war service she was awarded the Florence Nightingale medal (1947) by the International Red Cross. She accompanied the A.M.F. contingent to London for the Victory March in June 1946. After her army appointment terminated on 23 January 1947, she became lady superintendent (matron) at the Women's Hospital, Melbourne. She also continued, part time, as matron-in-chief, Citizen Military Forces. In 1951 she was appointed C.B.E. Ill health forced her to retire in August 1952. Later that year she unsuccessfully sought Liberal Party pre-selection for the Federal seat of Flinders.

Sage was an active member of the Royal Victorian College of Nursing, the Nurses Board of Victoria, the Florence Nightingale Memorial Committee of Australia and the Centaur War Nurses Memorial Fund. Founding president (1949-50), treasurer (1950-52) and an honorary fellow (1967) of the College of Nursing, Australia, she helped to establish its War Nurses Memorial Centre in St Kilda Road, Melbourne.

In 1956 Sage became a partner in a grocery shop at Somerville which traded as Sage & Lewis. Maintaining an interest in military nursing, she was honorary colonel of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps in 1957-62. She died on or about 4 April 1969 at her Frankston home and was cremated with Anglican rites and full military honours. Part of her estate, sworn for probate at $73,643, was bequeathed to her six nieces and three nephews, to whom she was known as 'Aunty Fam'. In 1969 the College of Nursing established the Annie M. Sage scholarship.

Matron Sage now a farmer.
MATRON A. M. SAGE, former Lady Superintendent of the Women's Hospital, has become a farmer on a 33-acre
Somerville property,pioneered by her great grandfather, Captain Baxter, in 1840. (PHOTO) Here she is, milking
"Nanny," after a day's work stacking feed for her cattle. NURSING is never far from Matron Sage's mind, and yesterday she made the happiest prediction for 1952 - "Australia's nursing shortage will be over in 18 months."
Reason? By then dozens of nurses, who reacted against wartime controls by getting itchy feet, will return to their homeland, glad to settle down."World travel will have made them better women and better nurses- a fact hospitals should remember while they face the present problem of sketchy staffs." A nurse for over 30 years,
nursing now claims only a half-day a week from her "rustic life," when she fulfils her duties as Matron-in-chief of the Australian Army Nursing Service, the rank she gained in 1943 in the midst of a war record, which included service in the Middle East, New Guinea, Borneo, Singapore, and Japan. (P.7, Argus, 25-1-1952.)

"Sammie" to Her Friends
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 3 July 1945 p 7 Article
"Sammie" to Her Friends
She is the Matron-in-Chief of the AANS, a full colonel to boot, and few women look smarter in uniform than does she - Miss A. M. Sage. etc.

To Stand this season at Somerville At "Almond Bush" Travel if Required.
The Champion Pony Stallion MALDON BEAUTIFUL Dappled grey foaled 1910, with good, clean, flat bone and plenty of muscle, style and action and stands about 18.2 hands high. Maldon is by Roy out of Fannie. Roy is by Fauntleroy. Maldon's dam, Fannie, is by Silver Prince, grand sire Silver King (imp). Maldon gained the Society's Champion Ribbon at Frankston in 1914, and in 1919 at Royal Show, Melbourne, First in Class as Sire of Harness Ponies, and Champion for Best Pony.
TERMS—£3 3s, with guarantee £4 4s. Good grass paddocks provided for mares from a distance at 2s per week for grass. All care taken, but no responsibility. Due notice will be given when mares are stinted. All mares sold or exchanged to be paid for as if in foal. For further particulars apply to J. E. SAGE, Somerville
Also at Stud the Pure Bred Berkshire Boar bred by Dookie College ...... Fee 10s
Shorthorn Bull At Stud .... Fee 10s.
(Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 4 November 1921 p 1 Advertising)

SCOTT, Alexander, Somerville.
A native of Aberdeen, Scotland, who came to Victoria in 1852. He engaged in mining and other pursuits until 1859 when he settled in Mornington District where he has lived ever since. He now resides at Somerville where he has 160 acres laid out as a nursery and market gardens.His son,Mr John Scott is also largely interested in the garden.

Alexander's wife's name was Ann,as revealed by her daughter, Ann's, wedding certificate.

Ann was 22 when she married 45 year old William Firth, a native of the Orkney Isles (recalled by the name of his farm at the west corner of Coolart and Eramosa Rds), on 7-6-1882 at Moor St., Fitzroy. Both witnesses were Unthanks.(Wedding certificate, No. 1473 in the registry, in the possession of Murray Gomm of Somerville, reproduced on page 26 of my THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM.)

Ann's daughter, Jean,married William Herbert (Paddy) Gomm,the father of two of the legends of the Somerville Football Club, George and Billy Gomm,who organised Jean's surprise 90th birthday party at their Somerville Hotel in about 1973. (P. 28, THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM, a newspaper cutting provided by Murray,which states that Jean's mother,Annie Scott, who married William Firth,was the first white child born in Somerville "120 years ago",indicating that the article, SURPRISE DAY AT SOMERVILLE,was actually published in 1980.)

ALEXANDER SCOTT & Co. were auctioneers who conducted regular sales at the Tanti Saleyards, between (the much smaller) Tanti Hotel and the railway crossing over Nepean Highway. (Melway 145 G1 between Government Rd and the highway.)

On December 26, Mr. and Mrs.John Scott, of Somerville, celebrated their golden wedding, their marriage taking place at Somerville in 1894,the late Rev. Caldwell, of Mornington, was the officiating clergyman.Mrs. Scott is the daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Henry Hawker, of Grant Road, Somerville, and Mr.Scott, son of the earliest settlers in Somerville, the late Mr. and Mrs.Alexander Scott. Mr. Scott recently celebrated his
81st birthday. Congratulations and good wishes. (P.2, Standard,Frankston, 4-1-1945.)

SEGRAVE, William, Flinders.
Born in Surrey he was engaged in the old country in electrical telegraph work (much detail.) He came to Autralia with the expedition to lay a submarine cable from Tasmania to Victoria in 1869 and has been in charge of the Victorian terminus ever since.He is now local superintendent of both land and cable departments and postmaster.An associate of the Telegraph and Electrical Society, he was married in 1873 to Miss A.Foy and hasa family.

Born circa 1850 and directly descended from aristocracy from the time of the Domesday Book,William was about 19 when he left for Australia. He and Ann (nee Foy)had at least three daughters, the eldest dying aged 21 in 1900.( The Australasian (Melbourne, Vic. : 1864 - 1946) Saturday 17 November 1900 p 55 Family Notices)
Ann gave birth to a son in 1876 but no marriage notice has been found.

Married twice he died at Elsternwick in 1933 at the age of 83. He and his second wife were both Justices of the Peace; they had one son but none of William's children outlived him.(P.20, Argus,27-5-1933,obituary.)

His second wife,Julia, died in 1953. I wonder if he used Morse Code for the proposal.
SEGRAVE—LLOYD.—On the 14th April,1904, at the Presbyterian Church, Hawksburn, Victoria, by the Rev. W. S. Rolland, William Segrave, J.P., superintendent of Submarine Telegraphs, to Julia, third daughter of the late John Lloyd, J.P., of Battery Point, Hobart, Tasmania.(P.9,Argus, 13-8-1904.)

SHAW, Benjamin Douglas,Dromana.
Came from his native place,London,to Victoria in 1852.For a time tried the Ballarat diggings unsuccessfully and was then occupied for some years as a draper travelling all over the Mornington Peninsula. Subsequently he started a store in Dromana, which,however, he did not retain long. He now rents a fine large house with accommodation for visitors to this favourite watering place.

I hope you will forgive me but I just lost an hour's work. There is precious little else about Benjamin in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Trove indicates that Ben's wife was Elizabeth,that in 1876 they were living in Collingwood and that their young daughter, Amy Florence, died while they were on a visit to Finchley house in Echuca. (The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 28 January 1876 p 1 Family Notices; Illustrated Australian News (Melbourne, Vic. : 1876 - 1889) Wednesday 23 February 1876 p 30 Family Notices)

The following makes it certain that the Benjamin Douglas and Elizabeth Shaw of 1876 were our Dromana pioneers.

SHAW.—On the 4th September, at her residence, "Kangerong," Dromana, Elizabeth Shaw, relict of the late B. D. Shaw, aged 69 years. (P.1, Argus, 7-9-1905.) Ben died in 1894.

O - Z - Australian Cemeteries

SHAW Benjamin Douglas 10-11-1894 66
SHAW Elizabeth 5/09/1905 69
SHAW Elizabeth Isabella 23/03/1912 48
SHAW Archibald Vine 25/10/1932 63
SHAW Maud Mary 16/09/1945 69
SHAW Gladys Marjorie 1914 1991
SHAW James Edward Tracey (Jim) 1920 1995
SHAW Montgomery Phillip 22/10/1982 25/10/1982
SHAW John Graham 27/10/1917 16/04/2003 Wife Norma
SHAW Norma Linda 21/08/1921 11/12/2002 Hus John
SHAW Maurice J 5/01/1991 87

We regret to have to record the demise of Miss Elizabeth Shaw, of 'Kangerong,' Dromana, sister of ex-Cr A. V. Shaw, which sad event occurred early on Sunday morning last. The deceased, who had been ailing for some time, was present and obtained several prizes at the Dromana show, held but 10 days before. By her courteous and unassuming manner, the deceased had gained many friends, and her popularity was evinced by the large number who followed her remains to their last resting place in the local cemetery on Monday last.

The burial service was performed by Mr Bennett, missionary in charge of the Presbyterian Church, of which
deceased was a member, and the funeral arrangements were in the hands of Mr J. R. Summerland, of Mornington. A memorial service is to be held in Dromana Presbyterian church on Sunday evening next.
(P.3,Mornington Standard, 30-3-1912.)

The obituary of Benji's son, Archibald,has probably less detail than Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA, but does indicate that the Kangerong Guest House commenced in about 1886. Who was the person from whom Ben was leasing it in 1888? At least it is established that Ben did not build it,unless perhaps, a bank held the title until a loan was paid off.

SHAW—McKEOWN. –On the 4th July, at the Presbyterian Church, Kew, the Rev. J.Barnaby, M.A., Archibald Vine Shaw, "Kangerong." Dromana, to Maud Mary, fourth daughter of James McKeown, Dromana.(P.9, Argus,-8-1903.)

Mr. Archibald Vine Shaw, of Kangerong, Dromana, died on Tuesday, aged 63 years.Mr Shaw was one of the leading citizens of Dromana, and was a councillor of the Shire of Flinders for more than 20 years,during which he was president on two occasions. Mr. Shaw held office in almost every semi-public institution in Dromana for many years, and conducted the guest house Kangerong for nearly 46 years. (P. 6,Argus,27-10-1932.)

Could Ben's wife Elizabeth have been a daughter of Fred Vine, fisherman of Rosebud and Dromana?

Benjamin Douglas married: 1862 Elizabeth VINE. (From tonkin's journal:
SHAW marriages (males) 1857-1863 Victoria Australia ...

SHAW—VINE.—On the 16th inst., by licence at St. Paul's Church, by the Rev. S. L. Chase, Benjamin Douglas, youngest son of the late Robert Elgie Shaw, of the Grove, Hackney, London, to Elizabeth, sixth daughter of Mr. T. W. Vine, of Fitzroy, formerly of the City-road, London.
WARTON—VINE.—On the 16th inst., by licence, at St Paul's Church, Melbourne, by the Rev. S. L.Chase, Henry Richard, eldest son of Mr. Demetrius Henry Warton, of London, to Isabella, youngest daughter of Mr. Thomas Walter Vine, of Fitzroy, and formerly of the City-road, London. (P.4, Argus,21-1-1862.)

SHEPHERD, William, Somerville.
Born in South Yarra and moved to (the parish of) Tyabb in February 1860. When 21 he selected 175 acres and commenced as a market gardener.He is married and has two sons.

The pioneer nursery and orchard in Somerville is without doubt that of Messrs, W. A. Shepherd and Sons,which is situated on Shepherd's road some two miles distant from the local railway station. The homestead in all covers an area of 207 acres, 2 roods,5 perches, 10 acres being reserved for the nursery and 45 acres being planted with fruit. On arriving at the homestead our representative could not help being struck by the busy scene which
burst upon his view, and everywhere it was apparent that here at least the depression experienced of late was
not felt. In a large shed four men, under the supervision of Mr. W. A.Shepherd, jun., were busily engaged
packing young trees, which were to be subsequently despatched to the Somerville railway station, and thence forwarded to their destination. So ex??????????? that it is found necessary to employ on an average four men throughout the whole of the year. The output during the present season has been something enormous, a decided improvement in business being experienced on that of last year, a fact due no doubt to the recent shows held in the place, which have been the means of bringing the district so prominently before the whole of the colonies the principal market of young trees for which the demand is greatest for apples, which goes to show that orchardists and fruit-growers generally are fully alive to the fact that the export of apples to the old country will be one of the leading industries of the country, the demand being principally for local requirements.

Great care has to be exercised when picking the young trees for transit, being first carefully tied together with New Zealand flax, which is specially grown for the purpose, after which they are protected by layers of ordinary bush grass, which is obtainable in large quantities close at hand, the whole when complete having a cone-like appearance.

The nursery is named the Perfection Nursery, and was established 30 years ago by Mr. W. A. Shepherd,senior, who is alive at the present time hearty and well, and, although 70 years of age he still takes an active interest in all matters connected with the nursery and orchard. Mr. W. A. Shepherd, senior, is the pioneer nurseryman of
the district, and no doubt feels conscious of a certain amount of pride in the fact that the opinion formed by
himself 30 years ago as to the suitability of the soil at Somerville for fruitgrowing purposes has, by the flourishing conditions of the place at the present time, been so conclusively proved to be correct, more especially so as when he first selected the site on which the nursery and orchard now stands the country all
around was heavily timbered bush land, which is in marked contrast to the well-cared for and prolific orchards now established throughout the whole of the district.

Mr. W. A. Shepherd,senior, arrived in the colony 38 years ago last December, when comparatively a young man. He will be 70 years of age next January, and, as previous stated bears his age well. He is a thoroughly trained orchardist, having served an apprenticeship of seven years when a lad under the head gardener of Middleton Park, England,then owned by the Earl of Jersey, and was there when the Earl brought his bride home. After serving his apprenticeship, Mr. Shepherd, senior, was for two years gardener at Holland Park, Kensington, England, the residence of Lord Holland, after which he filled the position of gardener at various other places. It will thus be seen that Mr.Shepherd, senior, is an authority on matters connected with horticulture.

Mrs. Shepherd, who is some three years her husband's senior, is also alive and hearty, although she does not bear her age so well as her husband, but still, like him, she takes a lively interest in the busy scene around her. The management of the business is divided between the two sons, Mr. W. A. Shepherd, junior, and Mr. George
Shepherd, who have inherited their father's good qualities regarding the culture of the soil, a fact which is
plainly evident by the splendid specimens of trees to be seen in the orchard. The bulk of the work devolves upon Mr. George Shepherd, who attends to all the correspondence (which at the present time is very extensive) and the despatching of orders, etc., while Mr. W. A. Shepherd, junior, who was recently elected to the high position of president of the Somerville Fruitgrowers' Association, attends to the more immediate work connected with the nursery and orchard, Mr. G. Shepherd, also bearing his share of the burden. Both work together with a

The nursery occupies an area of about 10 acres, and at the present time it is estimated to contain about 200,000 young trees in all stages and of all varieties, which are planted in rows, each row containing from 700 to 800 young shoots. Even to an amateur the vast amount of work necessary is apparent, each shoot being grafted onto blight proof stocks, all of which are of even growth, and the soil free from weeds, the whole presenting a perfect picture, and one which any nurseryman might well feel proud of. The orchard, comprising 45 acres, is situated behind the nursery, and is a very fine one indeed. From year to year it is extended in order to have fresh trees coming into bearing, as well as to keep up the quality of the fruit. Apricots are grown very extensively, 10 acres of this fruit being planted. The crop from these trees last season was very great, as many as eight cases of fruit being obtained from one single tree. The total crop of apricots for the season just over was estimated at about 11 tons, as many as 7 tons being sent away in one day.Numerous varieties of apples are grown, amongst the number being the world -famed Shepherd's Perfection which was first raised on this nursery thirty years ago, and from which the nursery derives its name, and not as many suppose, from the idea that the nursery is perfection in itself. The Shepherd's Perfection is an apple with which Mr. Shepherd's name will be always associated, and which is so well known for its many good qualities. The original tree, now 30 years old,was raised by Mr. W. A. Shepherd,senior, from the pip of a Blenheim Orange apple, and is still vigorous and healthy, it being one of the sights of the place, the elder Mr. Shepherd pointing it out with pride to all visitors.

Last season eight cases of fruit were got off this tree. Peaches, pears,plums, and numerous other varieties of
fruit are also grown very extensively, plums being greatly in evidence, a large demand in that class of fruit being experienced. The fruit grown is of splendid quality, the firm being large prizetakers at the late Somerville show, carrying off the Champion Challenge trophy for the best collection of fruits grown in Victoria, as well as the first prize for the best collection of twelve varieties of apples suitable for export,
and also carried off six other first prizes,two seconds, and one third. As great attention has been paid to the pruning the trees are remarkably handsome and well grown specimens and are singularly free from blight or disease of any kind whatever,a fact due no doubt to the great care that is taken of them and to the unusually dry season last year.

The trees in the orchard are planted 20ft apart each way, thus allowing them plenty of room for growth. Although most of the trees have been planted a number of years, the necessity for artificial manuring is not yet apparent. All the farm yard manure raised on the place is, however, used in the orchard, a good number of the trees receiving a good dressing every year. The system adopted of using the manure is to clear away the soil from the stem and top roots, the roots being bared for 3 feet or 4 feet from the stem, the trenches
formed being left open for some time, after which they are filled with manure, the soil being again thrown in
on top. The firm intend to go in for the use of dessicated nightsoil, which they believe will have a beneficial effect on the yields of the trees. The orchard is ploughed on an average of about twice a year, generally in August and about the end of October, ordinary single-furrow ploughs being used, while for working the soil the acme harrow and a cultivator made by Mr. D. M.Bett, the local blacksmith, is used.The land is worked very frequently during the spring and summer right up to the time when the fruit has attained such a size as to be liable to injury from the horses and cultivating implements.

Great care is exercised in picking and sorting the fruit for market, the main object being to produce as good a sample of fruit as possible, as well as to avoid the fruit being bruised. The apples which are held over for disposal later on in the season are all stored in cases in the fruit room, instead of the practice usually adopted of placing the fruit on shelves or trays, which the Messrs. Shepherd do not approve of, as they
find that by heaping up the apples very often results in many being bruised, and in a very short time they
become unfit for market. In order to allow of the free circulation of air, the cases are placed about 2 inches apart, and are stacked one on top of other.

Vegetables are also grown, but only for home consumption. When Mr.Shepherd, senior, first came to the colony he brought with him some lettuce seed (Paris Cross), which he has kept ever since. A splendid specimen of rhubarb (Topp's Winter),about 2.5 feet in length, was shown our representative, the rhubarb being of a beautiful rich red colour. At the last show the firm obtained first prize for the best brace of cucumbers. Not withstanding the immense amount of labour involved in the working of the nursery and orchard, sufficient time is found for the cultivation of flowers and ornamental plants, a large plot of ground, close to the homestead and in front of the nursery, being specially reserved for that purpose.

Mr. George Shepherd is the fortunate possessor of a splendid collection of stuffed water and land birds, most of which have been shot in the neighbourhood, many being of very rare species. Each class of birds are enclosed in a separate case, each bird being appropriately mounted, the whole collection being valued at £150. Included in the variety is a little Tabuan water crake, which is a very rare species indeed, but the two birds of which Mr. George Shepherd is most proud of are the tiny Little Bittern and a beautiful Australian White Egret, the Little Bittern standing out in marked contrast to the tall and noble-looking White Egret with its snowy white plumes. These two birds are enclosed in a separate glass globe. The crafty Renard is also to be found occupying the place usually allotted to him.

A visit to the homestead would not be complete without a visit being made to the pantry of Mrs. George Shepherd, where, stored away on shelves, are to be found the collection of preserves so successfully shown at the town-hall, Melbourne, and at 8omerville and Cranbourne. The preserves are in just as good a state as when they were first preserved, and form a collection which any housewife might well be proud of.
(P.3, Mornington Standard, 25-6-1896.)

Trove search for george shepherd, suicide,somerville.
SOMERVILLE, Monday - Alarmed by the report of a gun on Sunday afternoonMrs. George Shepherd, sen., ran to a shed near her home, where she found her husband, who was aged 73 years, lying dead with a gunshot wound in the head. Mr.Shepherd had been in ill health for some time.

Mr. Shepherd was well known as an ornithologist. Born at Somerville, he was from boyhood devoted to the study of birds, and his knowledge of insectivorous birds was of great value to himself and other orchardists. In later life he retired from from fruitgrowing and devoted most of his spare time to his hobby. He was a member of the Field Naturalists' Club, a founder of the Somerville Fruitgrowers' Association, and a competent judge of
fruit. He was a judge at many agricultural shows. (P.9, Argus, 28-6-1932.)

Mrs George Shepherd was Minnie Ann (b.12-8-1866,d.30-8-1955), the fourth child of Henry and Margaret(nee Monk) Gomm of Glenhoya near the Somerville Station. Tommy Bent,Henry's longtime friend, ensured that the line passed through the area at that point rather than near Lower Somerville Rd, which Leila Shaw states was the centre of population.(P.31, THE MYSTERIOUS HENRY GOMM- not a journal.)

Commencing 11 a.m. On the Property, "MALURUS," Hastings-Flinders Road, 10 minutes from Railway Station.
W. P. MASON Under instructions from Executrix of the late GEO. E. SHEPHERD, will sell as above:-
SPLENDID FREEHOLD PROPERTY, 10 ACRES (half acre good orchard, garden, etc.), land all cleared and well fenced, with Excellent and Desirable Villa, 6 rooms, vestibule, pantry, scullery and all conveniences,good garage, and substantial outbuildings, poultry accommodation to 1000 birds, etc. Phone installed. (ETC.)
(P.5, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 13-8-1932.)

The late Mr. George Shepherd, of Somerville, bequeathed his collection of mounted specimens of Australian birds to the National Museum. A part of the collection will be exhibited in the children's room to-day.
(P.8, Argus, 21-11-1932.)

In a heritage study, it has been stated that the Shepherds relocated their nursery to from Somerville to former Two Bays Nursery at Moorooduc. David Shepherd is annoyed at such an error. His father married a daughter of Edward Jones of Spring Farm, Moorooduc. A heritage study,perhaps the same one, made another error regarding Spring Farm, confusing it with Edward Jones' "Penbank" also on the south side of Mornington-Tyabb Rd but farther west between Jones Corner and Moorooduc Rd. David and his brother were the ones who relocated the nursery onto the Moorooduc Rd frontage of Penbank. When a small private school in Mornington bought a portion of Penbank they asked David what name they should give to their new school. No prizes for guessing David's suggestion!

SHOTTON, Richard, J.P., Mornington.
A native of London who arrived in Victoria in 1856 and in 1860 joined (Greig?) and Murray,auctioneers until 1878.In 1875 he purchased property at Mornington, built a house and settled in 1879.Grounds of 25 acres are attached to his house and beautifully laid out.

ONE OF MORNINGTON'S OLD PIONEERS.-A most delightful afternoon was spent at the residence of Mr.Richard Shotton, " Ramslade," Mornington, last Saturday, when the many friends of Mr. Shotton-one of the oldest and most highly respected residents of Mornington-gathered to congratulate him on attaining his 90th. year. Mr. Shotton has always taken a most kindly interest in both young and old, and, no doubt, that accounts for the fact that now so many of his old friends are to be numbered no more among the living. He can still be surrounded by those
who love him, and wish him health and happiness in his declining years. Among those who gathered at "Ramslade" on Saturday were many who had known him from earliest childhood, including his stepchildren,Mr. Bancroft and Mrs. Broughton from the Western district. A sumptuous tea was laid out in the big diningroom, the table making a charming picture, with beautiful spring flowers filling the vases and delicious victuals in the dishes. Mesdames Moat and Broughton vied with each other in tempting the guests into eating an unlimited quantity of good things, while Mr. Shotton, in his courteous manner, made each individual guest feel that he or she were
especially welcome. etc. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 3-11-1906.)

Richard was a Justice of the Peace from 1885. ( NEW ROLL OF JUSTICES.The Argus (Saturday 11 July 1885 p 10; P.1, Mornington Standard, 31-3-1898.)

Last Sunday the little Anglican Church at Mt Eliza was filled with an exceptionally large congregation, the occasion being the holding of a special and appropriate service in connection with the recent improvements to the interior of the building, effected by Mr Richard Shotton, J.P., of "Ramslade." A carpeted platform with brass communion rail, prayer desk and pulpit have been added by the donor, and the building has, by these additions, been made attractive and in keeping with church usages.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 12-4-1902.)

Before settling near Mornington, Richard may have lived in Walsh St,South Yarra.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 13 September 1883 p 8 Article)

Richard died at Ramslade, Mornington on 14-6-1911 aged 94. (P.71,The Australasian, 24-6-1911.) His wife died about two decades earlier.
SHOTTON.-On the 21st ult., in the 71st year of her age, Elizabeth Ann, the beloved wife of Richard Shotton, of Ramslade, Mornington. A colonist of 44 years.(P.46,The Australasian, 1-10-1892.)

Thomas Ritchie of Frankston bought Ramslade and had it up for sale in 1923.(IMPORTANT CLEARING SALE
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Wednesday 1 August 1923 p 2 Article)

Due to the vague description of Ramslade's location, I turned to Valerie Wilson's fabulous website with a Mornington Cemetery, Shotton search. Ramslade is still alive and kicking,near Shotton Rd.

Richard Shotton J.P.
‘Ramslade’ 1894 (Photo)

Richard Shotton arrived in the colony in 1856, describing himself as "a native of London, and a freeman and liveryman of the City of London."
He joined auctioneers Greig & Murray four years after arriving, and continued with them until 1878.

Being a friend of Francis Gillett, of nearby ‘Sunnyside’, in 1875 he purchased 25 acres of land on Nepean Hwy, Mt Eliza and commissioned the building of ‘Ramslade’.
‘Ramslade’ 2011(Photo)
He retired to live at ‘Ramslade’ in 1879.
Shotton was active in the Mornington St Peter’s Church and Shotton Rd, on the south of the property on which ‘Ramslade’ was built, is named after him.

Shotton Rd, Mount Eliza

‘Ramslade’ can been seen in
the centre background

THOMPSON, John, J.P., Frankston.
A Welshman who arrived in Australia in 1852,he spent seven years as agent for the RMS Agenoria in Hobsons Bay before moving to Frankston in June,1861,the town then consisting of one hotel, now the Bayview,and a few huts. He is a member of the Mornington Shire Council and has served as President. Has been for some years retired from business.

Thank to my history buddy, Steve Johnson, for correcting the digitisation in this obituary,
A very old Frankston identity, in the person of Mr John Thompson,passed away at his residence, " Skirbeck," on Tuesday, at the advanced age of 74 years. The deceased, whose health had been failing for a considerable period, was able to walk about the township up to a few days ago, when he was confined to his bed, and
despite every care and attention he gradually succumbed and died as stated.

Mr. Thompson was born in Wales (England), and was brought up to a seafaring life. About 50 years ago, in the height of the gold fever, he came to the colony, and was for some time captain of a little steamer owned
by Mr Liardet, which was used to carry mails, etc. to and from the ships which entered the Bay. Port Melbourne and Williamstown were the ports of Mr Thompson's operations.

Here he was married to Miss Cadell. After a time he entered into farming pursuits, taking up land about a
mile from Frankston. This was over 40 years ago. The land not being well adapted for the purposes for which
it was put, and the means of access to market extremely poor, attention was turned to the wood trade of the metropolis, and Mr Thompson established himself in business in Frankston in that line. "Skirbeck" was the site of the place of business, and the wood was delivered by bullock teams at the Frankston pier, being conveyed to the metropolis by Mr Thompson's schooner the "Hannah Thompson." Cargo for others in the trade was taken, others
engaged in the wood traffic being Messrs C. Wells, Henderson and Kennedy.

Fishing was good in those days but the population was meagre, amongst the few dwellings remembered being those of Messrs McComb, Bay View Hotel, Patterson, Ritchie, Cameron, and Tockin's store. Mr Thompson started a general store, and afterwards moved it to the premises now occupied by the Standard office, where he carried on a thriving business. He then built the block of buildings from Sherlock's corner, and carried on business
there until succeeded by Mr Sherlock.

Since that time he has lived privately at Frankston and Melbourne. During the past two years Mr. Thompson has
resided almost continuously in Frankston. He was one of the early members of the old Mt Eliza Road Board,
which did very useful work before the Mornington shire came into existence.He was also a justice of the peace and an ardent member of the Wesleyan church, often filling the pulpit as a preacher. As a strong supporter of
temperance he laid the foundation stone of the local temperance hall. Amongst the many properties which he possessed was the Langwarrin encampment ground, which was sold to the Government for £4 per acre.

The deceased was twice married, but left no children. To his sorrowing wife and relatives sympathy is extended.
The funeral takes place today at the Frankston cemetery at 3 p.m.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-6-1901.)

THORNELL, Henry, Somerville.
Arrived in Victoria in 1855 and spent seven years at Kew before moving to Somerville which then consisted of one or two huts. He purchased 50 acres and took up 60 acres from the Government. Wheat would not grow well so he turned his attention to gardening,which,with his son,he continues.

The Rev. E. Taylor conducted the memorial service of the late Mrs. Henry Thornell on Sunday afternoon, 16th September. in the Wesleyan Church, at Somerville. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 20-9-1894.)

An old resident of the district in the person of Mr Henry Thornell passed away early on Monday. The deceased
had been failing far some time past. The burial service took place at Hastings cemetery on Tuesday afternoon,
most of the residents of the district being represented around the grave. The service was conducted by Rev. W.
Wykes. We extend our sympathy to the sorrowing relatives. (P.2, Mornington Standard, 8-8-1901.)

There is plenty of information about the Thornell family in Leila Shaw's THE WAY WE WERE. See the Henry Gomm entry re Mark Thornell and George Thornell serving as a councillor.

The 1890's depression, whose effects lasted into the new century, saw many lads seek opportunities elsewhere, many such as Henry Falby Gomm and Cr. Thornell* moving to W.A., but another of the Thornells went in the opposite direction.

*We regret to hear that Councillor Thornell, of Somerville, is about to remove to Perth,West Australia.Good men are not so plentiful that we can afford to lose any. Councillor Thornell intends to take his family with him, but will not dispose of his property, which, it is to be hoped, means that he purposes returning to the
district.(P.2, Mornington Standard,1-11-1894.)

Sincere regret was expressed throughout the district when news was received here that Mr. Mark Thornell had died in a private hospital at Kiataia, New Zealand, on June 27, aged 53 years.Mr. Mark Thornell was born at
"Sunny Cottage,". Somerville, his parents' farm. He was the third son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Mark Thornell, of "Frampton," Somerville. etc. (P.7, Frankston and Somerville Standard, 3-7-1936.)

THORNELL, John Jnr., Somerville.
Born at Kew and coming to Somerville in 1860,he was in partnership with his brother until 1882 but now owns 50 acres and rents 111 acres. He has a flourishing garden with all fruits growing well but oranges.

This would probably be the marriage of John Thornell Jnr., explaining why he ended the partnership with his brother in 1882.
Looking for Mary Eaves koala8tourist Posted: 15 Jan 2007 9:36AM GMT
Classification: Query Surnames: Eaves, Thornell
all I know is that she married in Victoria 1882* and her spouse was John Thornell, I believe they lived in the Tyabb/Somerville area.
John Thornell 1857-1931 died in Somerville and was buried at Frankston.
(Looking for Mary Eaves - General - Family History & Genealogy ... › ... › Oceania › Australia › Victoria › General)

This would also be John Thornell Jnr.
John Thornell - Records -
10 Records - Born in Belford, Victoria, Australia on 1857 to John Thornell and Sarah Wiltshire ... He passed away on 24 Jun 1931 in Somerville, Victoria, Australia.

And this would appear to be the arrival of John and his parents (John and Sarah)except that their son, John, was already 8 years old.
John Thornell Life Summary
· 27 January 2015 · 0 Comments
John`s occupation in England was a coal-miner. Family embarked on the ship "Birmingham" from Plymouth on 27 Sep 1854, and arrived at Portland, Australia on 6 Jan 1855. Passenger list showing John Thornell age 36, wife Sarah Thornell age 31, John Thornell age 8, and Thomas Thornell age 6, on film 6341634, # 12 of 134. Same record shows daughter Lucy Thornell died on 18 Oct 1854 at age 2, during the voyage. his religion was Wesleyan, and his occupation in Australia was orchardist.
(John Thornell Life Summary - FamilySearch

* I did a trove search for THORNELL,EAVES (FAMILY NOTICES, 1882)and there was not one result, so I deleted THORNELL. It was there. See why it hadn't come up before?
Thornbll—Eaves.—On the 5th ult, at the residence of the bride's parents, Kew, by the Rev. Richard
Connebee, John, youngest son of J.Thorn ell, Somerville, to Mary, eldest daughter of J. Eaves.
(P. 9s, The Australasian,7-10-1882.)

PRESCRIPT.I'm not sure that John Jnr. was a son of John Snr. but logic would decree that he was. If so, he would have been a brother of Thomas (below.)
POSTSCRIPT. The John Thornell who arrived in the same year as Henry Thornell (1855) at Portland with an 8 year old son named John was not the father of Thomas Thornell (1896 Progressive Somerville)nor John Jnr (whose biography was in Victoria and its Metropolis),who married Mary Eaves. Mary's husband was correctly called John Thornell Jnr., his father being named John.

No. IV,
One of the oldest, if not the very oldest, orchards in Somerville is that at present owned and occupied by Mr. T.Thornell, on the Eramosa road, within easy distance of the railway station. This orchard was established some 20 years ago by the present owner, whose father, Mr. John Thornell, senior, settled in the district with his family as far back as the year 1860, when the surrounding country was in a very wild state, it being by no means an uncommon occurrence in those days for wild kangaroos to be shot at their door. Mr. John Thornell, senior, who is at present 79 years of age, and hale, hearty, and strong, originally bought the site from the Crown and commenced operations in the cultivation of fruit trees almost immediately after his purchase, but did not turn his attention to the nursery business until some two years later, since when the nursery has been gradually extended, as many as 20,000 of nursery stuff being sent away in one year.

Mr. T. Thornell, the present owner, has therefore had great experience in fruitgrowing and the raising of young trees, more especially so when it is taken into consideration that he was thrown into immediate contact with the business at the early age of 12 years, although it cannot be said that he took an active part until he arrived at the more mature age of 20 years, at which time he entered into partnership with his father, the partnership existing for 10 years, when Mr. J. Thornell, senior, retired from the business, which has since been carried on solely by Mr. T.Thornell. The orchard, which is situated at the rear and side of the homestead, Camillia Cottage, covers an area of from 15 to 20 acres, and is well stocked with trees of all kinds,which are in an excellent condition and bearing splendidly, as many as 2,000 cases of fruit being gathered during the present season. Peaches are grown extensively, the principal variety gone in for being the Royal George,which always commands a good market. Of this class of fruit 850 cases of fruit were forwarded to Melbourne during the present season, all of which were of first-class quality. Apricots are also gone in for extensively, but not on such a large scale as the peach. The quantity forwarded to the fruit salesmen this season was 180 cases.

The principal class of fruit grown is however the apple, which is grown on a very large scale indeed, and for which there is always a good demand. The other varieties of fruit grown include pears, plums, cherries,quinces, almonds, and walnuts. All the fruit, when gathered, is packed in cases and forwarded by rail to agents in Melbourne, who in their turn dispose of it all over the colony. Prior to consigning the fruit to agents, it was the custom to convey it by road to the markets in Melbourne, which were visited as often as twice a week, and at times they were thus visited for a period of not less than three months without a spell, as many as 80 cases
being taken at one time. The marketing was done by the present proprietor, who, it will thus be seen, has also
had considerable experience in this direction. The price obtained for the fruit in the early days was, of course, much better than at the present time, and very often the takings at one market alone would amount to as much as £30 or £40. But Mr. T. Thornell has only attended Melbourne markets twice during the last ten years, his previous experience of fifteen years' marketing being quite enough for him, and at present he transacts most of his business through agents, although he does not debar himself from dealing with private individuals whenever the opportunity arises.

This year the yield has been much better than for the previous two or three years, and in many instances it has more than doubled itself, the prices realised also being very satisfactory. The trees are all of good size and condition, and are planted about 20 feet apart each way. They range in age from 25 years down to 7 years, all
bearing well. As much as £20 a year is spent in manuring the orchard, stable manure, bone-dust, and dessicated night-soil being the kinds employed. The manuring generally takes place once a year, in the early spring, the plan adopted being to throw the manure on the ground and then plough it in. Mr. Thornell finds it most beneficial to change the manure every year.

The nursery covers an area of 8 acres,and is situate almost immediately opposite the dwelling-house. At the
present time it is estimated that it contains between 60,000 and 70,000 young nursery stock of all varieties. As previously stated, the cultivation of nursery stock is gone in for on a more extensive scale than formerly, the young stuff being sent all over Victoria, a leading firm of nurserymen in Melbourne being supplied at one time with lines totalling 10,000. It is only to be supposed that a great amount of labour is required in the working of the orchard and nursery, at the present time Mr. Thornell employing two men, one of whom resides with his family all the year round, in a four-roomed cottage erected on the nursery, exclusive of his own and his son's labour.

Great care has also to be exercised, the apples all being worked on blight-proof stocks, being first grafted in order to make them blight-proof and then budded to the varieties required. The birds have not been found to be so troublesome as of late. I might here state that Mr. Thornell has invented a simple and ingenious contrivance for the destruction of birds, which has beenfound to be very efficacious, as well as economical, and within the reach of all, as many as 250 minahs being caught in six weeks. It consists of a frame about 8 feet square, covered with ordinary netting wire, to which a line is attached. It is slightly raised up from the ground and a quantity of rotten fruit placed underneath, which attracts the minahs, who go underneath the netting in order to get at the fruit. The line is then pulled, with the result that the frame falls upon the birds, who are
then removed and killed ad libitum. As many as 12 birds have been caught in this way at one time. It has the
advantage also of saving powder and shot. Of course this is only of use when the fruit is gathered.

The plan adopted for the preservation of the fruit held over is to place it upon layers of dry grass or ferns, which is first laid upon dry sandy soil, and then covered over with thatch grass. By adopting this plan it is found that the fruit is kept in good condition for a much longer time than by any other process. At the present time there are about 100 cases of apples being treated in this way. The orchard is ploughed over sometimes once a year, sometimes twice, but generally the latter-during the spring and autumn.

Mr. Thornell is also a very large landowner in the district, having in all about 400 acres, as much as £14 an acre being given in some cases, besides which he possesses a great deal of property in the city, as well as in South Yarra and Prahran, all of which brings him in a fair rental. At one time he represented the district in the shire council, and, until a few weeks ago, he occupied the position of treasurer of the Somerville Fruitgrowers' Association,of which he is a prominent member.

When Mr. Thornell, senr., first came into the district he had nothing beyond the land which he bought from the
Crown. Mr. T. Thornell is one of few men who can say that he never paid one penny in rental during his lifetime. At one time he dabbled in speculation in buying and selling properties previous to the land boom and was very successful, the land boom* not affecting him beyond decreasing the value of his properties. Mrs. T. Thornell, who was a very large prizetaker at the late shows, has a splendid collection of preserves of between 100 and 200 bottles of all varieties. The son was also successful in carrying off the first prize for the best pony at the show, out of 22 entries. (P.3, Mornington Standard, 16-7-1896.)

* *Michael Cannon's book about the boom (1880's) and bust (1892 on)would have helped the journalist. The land boom increased land values remarkably and many speculators forfeited deposits and part payments to farmers when the bust started. It was the bust which devalued properties, not the boom.

TOWNSEND, John,Dromana.
Born in Devonshire,he came to Victoria in 1854 and was on the Maryborough and Sandhurst* diggings for one and four years respectively and then fished at Sandridge**. He next went to Mornington and thence Dromana where he was largely engaged in building. In 1876,he opened a store which he still runs***. His selection**** of 300 acres has been sold at 2 pounds 10 shillings per acre. He owns two allotments and three houses in the township.

* Bendigo. **Port Melbourne. *** This was in one of the earliest buildings at Dromana in which George McLear and his brothers conducted the first butcher shop in town,(P. 39, A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.) **** John Townsend was granted,in the first half of the 1880's, CROWN ALLOTMENTS 31D. (37 a. 1 r. 28 p.), 31C (100 a. 2 p.) and 30B (50 acres),section B, Wannaeue, All shown on Melway map 170 as follows: 31D, bounded by Old Cape Schanck Rd, Hove Rd, the Leisure Way/Anne St midline and Waterfall Gully Rd west 340 metres to Cape Schanck Rd; 31C. east of 31D to Rosebud Avenue; 30B. Frontage of 500 metres to the south side of Waterfall Gully Rd commencing 366 metre east of Cape Schanck Rd with a depth of 400 metres bounded by, exclusively,Hill Court house blocks and house blocks on the north-south part of Mt Arthur Avenue (but including house blocks on the east-west portion of the latter.)

As these grants total 187 acres 1 rood 30 perches, John must have bought (not selected) another 113 acres roughly and my guess is that he had bought W.Cripps' grants (south of Amberlee Caravan Park to Melway 170F9)and sold them by 1888.

CJ. And T. HAM are instructed by Mr. W.Cripps to SELL, as above,
Land, comprising 101 acres 1 rood 4 perches,being Sections 18.A1 and 30C, parish of Wannaeue, having a frontage to the Cape Schanck-road, at Wannaeue, Mornington*, within four miles of Dromana. The extension of the railway to Schnapper Point must tend to benefit of this land. Title Crown grant.
(* Mornington means county of Mornington, a huge area including the peninsula, part of Gippsland and north at least as far as Mordialloc.)

Land being portion of Crown Allotment 8, parish of Moorooduc, having a frontage of 180ft. to Tanti-road by a depth of 133ft.(P.2, Argus, 5-6-1886.)

Modern Resuscitation Modern resuscitation, known as mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, was first proven to be an effective method of life saving in 1956, by James Elam and Peter Safar. Just a year later, the U.S. military adopted this method as it’s primary resuscitation technique.
Read more at:

Harold Wilson, eldest son of Mr and Mrs H. W. Wilson. of M'Culloch street, Dromana, had a very narrow escape from drowning last Saturday week. It appears the little fellow, in company with a small lad named Stanley Evans, was playing on the banks of a waterhole close to where Mr.Wilson is erecting his new slaughterhouse, and in some way he slipped into the hole, which had at least 5 feet of water in it. The other boy being unable to render his unfortunate playmate any assistance, had the presence of mind to run down to where Mr Townsend and the Messrs Wilsons were at work, and informed them what had happened. They immediately hurried to the hole. Seeing no trace of the child, the father plunged in, and succeeded in bringing to the surface what he considered was the lifeless body of his son. However, Mr Townsend, who acted with judgment, was quickly
at work, vigorously blowing his warm breath into the little fellow's lungs, until he slowly began to regain
consciousness. Mr . G. M'Lear, who lives close to where the accident happened, was sent for, and rendered vaulable assistance, but had it not been for the artificial respiration resorted to by Mr Townsend, it is
doubtful whether the boy would have recovered.(P.5, Mornington Standard,10-12-1904.)

Mr J. Townsend has secured the contract for building Mr C. Marloff's new business premises, and will commence operations shortly.(P.3, Mornington Standard, 20-6-1908.) This would not have been James Townsend. (TOWNSEND.—On the 23rd May, at Dromana,James N, dearly beloved husband of M. C.Townsend, age 36. At rest.-P.1, Argus,26-5-1904.) I believe that James, and his wife had taken over the store and John had resumed his trade as a builder. It seems that John Townsend was a pioneer of the use of mouth to mouth in Australia.

WALKER, James Eccleston, Mornington.
The son of a well- known musician,Henry Walker, whose family went to Ireland with William 111, he was born at Kells, County Meath, Ireland and educated in Dublin. On his arrival in Victoria in 1867, he went to his uncle, Percy Walker,the associate training master at Hotham and becoming a teacher,has been a master in the state school at Mornington for four years. (Many details about his relatives.)

WATKIN, Richard, Dromana.
English born,he came in 1851 from New York in the Melbourne where he settled as a saddler in Elizabeth Street.In 1857,he went to Dromana and BUILT THE FIRST HOUSE IN THE TOWNSHIP AS WELL AS A STORE AND THE ARTHURS SEAT HOTEL*. He now owns the Dromana Hotel and 16 acres of land.A member of the shire council for many years.

One great myth poses as fact in Dromana's history. Due to trove,there is no excuse for this any more. The myth is that the Dromana Hotel was built in 1857. The fact, as shown by trove articles included in my HERITAGE WALK, DROMANA journal, is that Watkins was operating the Scurfield Hotel in 1858 as well as supplying timber to Melbourne's builders,that Watkins established the Dromana Hotel in 1862 (probably in a temporary building because tenders were called by the architect in 1863 for a slate roof) and that George Assender renamed Scurfield's Hotel as the Arthurs Seat Hotel. The house and store probably became Alex Haldan's Dromana Villa and the first Post Office at the Foote St/Latrobe Parade corner run by Alex from 1858.

WILSON, Henry William. See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA and LIME LAND LEISURE for extensive detail which would include the V&IM biography. The name of "Beauvoir" at 8 McCulloch St recalls the Beauvoir Arms hotel near London which Henry operated before emigrating. Countless peninsula streets (WILSON,THAMER, BURDETT, GODFREY etc) are named after members of the family. Henry acquired the nickname of Wingy because of a crushed hand.

PAGE 401.
WORRELL,Joseph Edward, Mornington.
A native of the town born in 1862, he succeeded his father as secretary of the Mornington Shire Council and has held the position ever since. He is also an agent for insurance companies.

Assuming that the above did not start his municipal career at the age of 7, his father was also Joseph Edward Worrell.

MOUNT ELIZA DISTRICT ROAD BOARD.-Notice Is hereby given, that a MEETING of the board will be held at tho Road Board office, Esplanade, Mornington. at 8 O'clock p.m. on Saturday, the 6th November, 1869, for the purpose of making a rate for the ensuing year upon the rateable property in the above district, and that a statement of the said rate can be seen at the office of the board by all parties interested therein.
By order of the board, JOSEPH E. WORRELL, Olerk. Road Board Offlce, Mornington, October 25,1869.
(P.8, Argus, 30-10-1869.)

J.E.Snr. had been an auditor for the Road Board and most likely resigned as such to take over the position of clerk to the board.

In consequence of the resignation of Mr. Joseph E.Worrell as one of the auditors of the Mount Eliza Road Board, I hereby appoint Saturday, tho 26th day of September instant, at the Board-room, Mornington, at 1 o'clock in tho afternoon, for the purpose of ELECTING a person qualified to be an AUDITOR of the Mount Eliza Road District, in the place of the said Joseph E. Worrell. Dated this 15th day of Sept. 1868.
FRANCIS J. 8 STEPHEN, Chairman of the said Board, and Returning Officer. (P.8, Argus, 16-9-1868.)

COLES-WORRELL.-On tho 10th inst, at St. Peter's,Mornington, by tho Rev. James Glover, James John Coles, second son of Mr. James Coles, to Emma Austin, second daughter of J. E. Worrell, Esq. (P.4, Argus, 17-10-1867.)

I've just lost four hours of work despite a good internet signal and I think my computer is about to die. However it appears that Joseph Edward Worrell (born 1862) and Emma Austin Worrell (born 1842, married 1867 in Mornington) were half siblings, and both children of Joseph Edward Worrell (Road Board clerk by 1869), Emma from his first marriage to Emma Maria Chandley and Joseph Edward Jnr. from his second marriage in 1861.

N.B.The letter c.after the names of his two wives refers to the date on which they were christened not (circa)the date of the marriage.

John Edward Worrell - WorldConnect Project

ID: I95323553
Name: Joseph Edward Worrell
Given Name: Joseph Edward
Surname: Worrell
Sex: M
Birth: 23rd July 1817 in St Pancras?, London, England
Christening: 24th Oct 1817 St Pancras
Death: 1877 age 59 in Mornington, Victoria, Australia
_UID: 5A512FFA45BB4CD8A651486E33C4A166A375
Change Date: 27 Feb 2011 at 02:29
arrived Port Adelaide 22nd Oct 1849 on the 'Abberton'

details supplied by L Leonhardt -

HintsAncestry Hints for Joseph Edward Worrell

3 possible matches found on

Father: John Edward Worrell b: 19th April 1788 in North Barsham, Norfolk, England
Mother: Henrietta Ann Austin b: Abt 1790 in Chester, Cheshire, England c: 1st Aug 1790 in St John The Baptist's

Marriage 1 Emma Maria Chandley b: 14th Jan 1817 in St Pancras, London?, England c: 31st March 1820 in St Pancras
Married: in London
Change Date: 26 Jan 2009
Has Children Henrietta Maria Cecelia or Cecilia Austin Worrell b: 1841 in St Pancras, London or Middlesex, England
Has No Children Emma Austin Worrell b: 1842 in Canada
Has Children Frances Fanny Austin Worrell b: 1843 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Has No Children Annie Austin Worrell b: 1845 in Canada

Marriage 2 Margaret Hutton Downward b: Abt 1824 in Sorell or Launceston, Tasmania, Australia c: 10th June 1824 in Sorell
Married: 1861 in Victoria, Australia
Change Date: 26 Jan 2009
Has No Children Joseph Edward Austin Downward Worrell b: 1862 in Snapper Point (now Mornington), Victoria, Australia
Has No Children Henry Austin Campbell Worrell b: 1864 in Hutt (? Mornington?), Victoria, Australia
Has No Children John Bell Austin Worrell b: 1866 in Mornington, Victoria, Australia
Has No Children Caroline Mary Austin Worrell b: 1868 in Snapper Point (now Mornington), Victoria, Australia

Joseph Worrell - Pioneer Graves in the Mornington Cemetery

Joseph Worrell

Joseph Edward Austin Downward Worrell was born in Mornington in September 1862, the child of Joseph and Margaret (Downward) Worrell.

His father, Joseph Worrell Snr., was the Shire Secretary, and when Joseph was 12 years of age he would help his father posting up the Shire’s books etc.

At the age of 14, Joseph was left an orphan, and the Mornington Shire Council appointed him secretary, and a year or two later, also clerk of works, under Mr. Muntz, the Shire Engineer. Joseph Worrell was therefore distinguished in having been the youngest shire secretary in the Commonwealth.

Joseph Worrell married Jessie Westbrook Downward in 1886* and resigned as Shire Secretary in 1888, to begin a career in Real Estate. He was also nominated, and was elected to council, becoming Shire President in 1901.

He was Secretary of the Mornington Butter factory, and for 20 years, was a member of the Mornington Cricket Club - for half of that time, he was captain.

Joseph died at the young age of 40 and the funeral, which took place in October 1902, was one of the largest seen in the district.
(Scan of WILLS AND BEQUESTS article) from The Argus 22 November 1902, p.16

Quote, from one of his many friends.

"He is gone, but his memory
With us will be ever green
A good man and a straighter one
Mornington has never seen"

*WORRELL—DOWNWARD.—On 4th May, at Carlton, Melbourne, by the Rev. T. W. McGregor, Joseph Edward, eldest son of the late J. E. Worrell, Mornington, Victoria, to Jessie Westbrook, youngest daughter of Joseph Downward, late of Hobart. ( Tasmanian News (Hobart, Tas. : 1883 - 1911) Saturday 15 May 1886 p 2 Family Notices)

The Downward family spent much time in Tasmania before coming to the Mornington Peninsula. Joan Downward showed me much information about the family's involvement on the Apple Isle. Hence the notice appearing in a Tasmanian paper.

YOUNG, Mark, Frankston.
A native of Ireland who came to Victoria in 1857,he kept hotels in Ballarat,Otago, N.Z. and Melbourne until1872 after which he built a house at Carrum which he sold on removing to Emerald Hill. In 1875,he purchased the Pier Hotel. He spent 3 700 pounds enlarging the hotel and building baths and a suspension bridge. A founder of the Hibernian Society,he has been President of the Dandenong Shire.

Thank goodness that's the last lot of scribbled notes to decipher and paraphrase.

Google LYNDHURST,COUNTY OF MORNINGTON to find Mark Young's grant on the Carrum Swamp.

I was sure I'd find an obituary if I searched trove for Mark Young, Frankston, obituary but I didn't. However my history buddy wrote plenty about him.

People: Mark Young: Publican, Councillor, and Farmer

Mark Young: Publican, Councillor, and Farmer

When the Victorian government opened the Carrum Swamp to settlement in 1871, Mark Young was one of the men who made a successful application for a licence. Prior to his residency on the swamp he lived at Ballarat and Melbourne, but later moved to Frankston and Tortoise Island in Westernport Bay.

An Irishman, Young came to the colony of Victoria on the ‘David G Fleming’ and arrived at Sandridge on November 27, 1857 when he journeyed to Ballarat. There he was involved in various occupations including keeping a store with his brother. This he did until 1861 when he joined a rush to Otago in New Zealand. There he kept stores at various locations for a short period of time before returning to Ballarat in 1862. He married Julia Baker on February 17, 1863 at St Alipius Roman Catholic Church, and together they had six children, five of whom were born in Ballarat. When the last child was born in Prahran in 1873 the family was living on the swamp. [1]

In Ballarat Young conducted the White Hart Hotel in Sturt Street and became very active in local affairs, serving on the boards of both the hospital and the benevolent institute, and for many years as hose officer in the Ballarat West volunteer fire brigade. He assisted other Irishmen in the foundation of the Ballarat Hibernian Benefit Society and later worked to achieve the amalgamation of that society with the Australian Catholic Benefit Society to form the Hibernian Australian Catholic Benefit Society of which he was elected first president. Selling the White Hart Hotel he purchased the Unicorn Hotel also in Sturt Street Ballarat before moving to Melbourne where he bought the business of the old Hummum’s Hotel in Bourke Street East. This hotel he renamed The Unicorn. Although a successful operation, Mark Young sold this business because of his wife’s ill health and moved with his family on September 19, 1872 to the Carrum Swamp where he had built a substantial house. [2]

Young had pegged out 187 acres of land which like numerous other allotments on the swamp had a serious water problem. To reach the back boundary of his property he was forced to make use of a rowing boat. Nevertheless, despite its physical condition Young persevered, building a substantial home and making other capital improvements to the property to the value of £1000. He joined with other men who had made selections on the swamp in pressing the government to make improvements to its drainage, and chaired a meeting of selectors at Mordialloc on March 11, 1872 where they decided to tax themselves one shilling for every acre of land they held and to do this for three years provided the government agreed to several conditions including making any new selectors liable to pay the tax. During this period Young was elected to the Dandenong Shire Council where he served as president in 1873.

A little over four years after the meeting at Mordialloc, Young, with several other selectors, appeared before the parliamentary select committee appointed to enquire into the promises made to the selectors regarding modifications made to the requirement that they should reside on their selection. [3] This condition was set out in the Land Act of 1869 under which the land was made available. By this time Young had left the swamp property to become the licensee of the Frankston Pier Hotel which he purchased for £380. However, he still had an interest in the swamp because in 1877 he bought from George Whitehead three hundred acres for £750. [4]

Click on thumbnail image to link to larger image

Mark Young’s Pier Hotel, Frankston c1888.

At Frankston Young engaged in various community and business ventures. He spent about £3700 during the 1880s boom enlarging his hotel, building baths and a suspension bridge across the Kannanook Creek. Consequently, he was a strong advocate of measures to encourage visitors to Frankston for they would patronise his establishment. He was elected to the Hastings Frankston Council and while a member sold his baths to the shire. Originally built at a cost of £950, he sold them for £500 but at the time they were operating at a loss of £100 per year. Young argued that despite the operational loss the baths were worthwhile maintaining because they attracted respectable people to the town, people who would not bathe on the beach because they considered such action as immodest. By 1900 they had received considerable damage by storms and wild seas and were described as ‘romantic ruins’ by visitors. [5]

Mark Young stood as an ‘independent liberal’ candidate in the 1880 elections for the Victorian Legislative Assembly. His platform was expounded in a letter published in the South Bourke and Mornington Journal, and during presentations at local meetings of voters. [6] He argued that the prevailing tensions and lamentable differences existing between political parties had to be ended harmoniously and that he could provide the solution by providing a medium course of action, supporting no particular party. By this means he hoped to restore public confidence and improve the circulation of capital.

He advocated reforms to the constitution to allow an increase in the number of provinces, a reduction in the qualifications required for membership of the Legislative Council, and a shortening of the term of office. The civil service, he also argued, was due for reform. Some members needed to be retrenched but those remaining given more security and stability in tenure.

Young believed that all restrictions on bona fide agriculturists settling on the available Crown lands should be removed and at the termination of the squatters’ licences the pastoral holdings should be subdivided so that the farmer could combine grazing with agriculture. This policy was no doubt influenced by his experience on the Carrum Swamp where the difficulties selectors had in meeting the conditions of residency and capital improvements were well known to him. Other proposals included legislating to allow mining on private property, the removal of vexatious taxation, subsidising large ocean steamship companies, and introducing an eligible class of migrants to provide an additional supply of labour in country regions. He expressed strong opposition to what he saw as to the tendency to centralise power encouraged by both past and current administrations. This he believed was most injurious to the permanent welfare of the colony.

Young’s bid for election to the Legislative Assembly failed but he continued to maintain his interest in local affairs. Other activities of Young included forming a company to explore a gold find on the Hastings Road but the vein proved to be insignificant. He was acknowledged as the person responsible for the establishment of the Langwarrin Encampment Ground, the site for the training of Victorian troops before their embarkation to the African or Boer War. He also purchased six hectares of prime land fronting Beach Street Frankston in late 1885 as a speculative venture before leaving the district in 1906 for Westernport. On Tortoise Island he became a farmer where he was badly injured and had to be transported to a hospital in Melbourne.

He died at Malvern on July 27, 1921 when he was ninety one years of age and was buried in the Kew Cemetery. His wife and two of his six children died before him. [7]


Graham J Whitehead (Mark Young bought land from a member of Graham's family in 1877 as you might have noticed. Another article written by Graham pertaining to an entry in this journal is entitled TWO GOMM FAMILIES.)


Victoria and its metropolis: Past and Present, Volume 2, 188, page 401.
Leavitt, T W., History of Victoria and Melbourne. Page 21.
Report from the Select Committee on the Carrum Carrum Swamp Selectors, 1876.
Office of Titles, Melbourne. George Whitehead was the original selector of this land.
Jones, M., Frankston Resort City, 1989.
South Bourke and Mornington Journal, February 4, 1880.
Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages, Death Certificate, No 10691, 1921.

Article Cat. People
Article Ref. 224


by itellya Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2015-04-23 03:56:48

Itellya is researching local history on the Mornington Peninsula and is willing to help family historians with information about the area between Somerville and Blairgowrie. He has extensive information about Henry Gomm of Somerville, Joseph Porta (Victoria's first bellows manufacturer) and Captain Adams of Rosebud.

Do you know someone who can help? Share this:


by itellya on 2015-05-16 09:50:05

Work on this journal has been resumed.

by itellya on 2015-06-17 09:35:28

RAMSLADE. The name itself is worthy of investigation but its origin may never be found. However, today I saw the sign, RAMSLADE, between the reservoir and Shotton Rd, the remaining property as shown in Melway 105 B8, being 1216 Pt. Nepean Rd.

by itellya on 2018-01-18 21:12:25


by itellya on 2018-12-11 11:15:17

The Rye Historical Society has written a review of VICTORIA AND ITS METROPOLIS which includes verbatim transcriptions of the biographies of all the Mornington Peninsula pioneers who subscribed for a copy of the book. Obviously the copious notes taken for the review did not include the author of the work because his name was given on pages 2 and 5 as Alexander Sullivan instead of Alexander Sutherland. Sutherland was the owner of Heronswood at Dromana between the tenures of Professor Hearn and Judge Higgins of "Harvester Judgement" fame and actually suggested the name for Nelson Rudduck's PIAWOLA during his tenure*.

"Receiving word on May 22, from
Dromana, Mrs. Cadle, of “Huiruna,”
Dandenong, learned of the death of
her mother, Mrs. J. S. Rudduck, who
was residing there with her husband
at their home, “Piawola,” the. native
name for nest, and so christened by
the late Mr. Alexander Sutherland,
who remains an authority on much of
Australian early history."
(P.8, The Dandenong Journal, 5-6-1930.)


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