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CAULFIELD War Memorial WWI - A

Journal by ngairedith

this was an ANZAC project undertaken by janilye & ngairedith to honour the
(nearly 300) fallen soldiers that are commemorated on the Caulfield, Melbourne, War Memorial. Every soldier was thoroughly researched individually and all information is faithful to that available (many sources)
It was hoped all the soldiers' biographies would have been completed by ANZAC DAY 2013. Unfortunately, we ran out of time and there are still a few remaining.
These will be completed shortly
NOTE care was taken to edit overly sensitive information but this is a 'Roll of Honour' journal and some details may be graphic to some

names taken from Caulfield Memorial Stone. Caulfield Park, Hawthorn Road, Melbourne. The memorial is a metal plaque set in a rose garden (see link)

On the night of July 19, 1916, on a slice of lush farmland just north of the tiny town of Fromelles, the Australian Imperial Forces fought their first battle in France.
By morning, 1900 Australian men lay dead and 3100 were injured or missing. Outnumbered two to one, the men were ordered to cross a 400-metre patch of ground to reach the German lines ? fields already covered by the bodies of English soldiers killed in a similar battle the year before. A few made it through, only to be cut off, captured or killed as they tried desperately to return to the Allied trenches.
It was high summer. During the next few days, German forces dragged hundreds of bodies from the fields to avoid disease and buried them in graves near the village. Most were recovered but one mass grave ? at Pheasant Wood ? remained undiscovered for 90 years
The bodies of more than 200 soldiers killed behind German lines were recorded officially as 'having died in the neighbourhood of Fromelles'. As at this date there are photos of 87 of these lost men of Fromelles with the remainder yet to be found and added to the above site

... go to the site of Tim Lycett and Sandra Playle for more of that story on our
LOST DIGGERS of Fromelles

A ... B ... C ... D ... E + F ... G ... H ... I+J+K
L ... M ... N+O+P ... R+S ... T+U+V ... W+Y

'OUR LOST DIGGERS' of this journal are indicated by *

ALLISON, James William - Private 1869
- born Dec 1891 Leongatha, son of James & Margaret Allison, 95 Murray St, Caulfield
- served with 59 Infantry Battalion - 2 to 5 Reinforcements
- embarked from Melbourne 8 July 1916 on HMAT Ajana
- KILLED IN ACTION 11 May 1917 "In The Field" France aged 26.5
- III. C. 1. Queant Road Cemetery, Buissy, France
* 5' 6", fair complexion, brown eyes (6/6 vision in each), light brown hair
* a letter sent to Mrs Allison, 26 Morrice St, Caulfield on 8 Dec 1919 re the inscription on War Graves, was returned and forwarded to her correct address, 95 Murray St, Caulfield

AMES, Basil - Private 6768A
- born 21 Feb 1898, at Black Flat (later named Glen Waverley), to Basil AMES (1863-1943) & Jane WILSON (1867-1918), attended Black Flat State school & Stott and Hoare's business college
- a Clerk from Murrumbeena, Victoria
- served with 22nd Battalion, A.I.F.
- embarked from Melbourne 11 May 1917 on HMAT Ascanius
- father, Basil Ames, Neerim Rd, Murrumbeena (also Atkinson St, Oakleigh)
- KILLED IN ACTION May 20 1918 in France aged 20
- Grave 8, Plot 3, Row B Mericourt-L'Abbe Communal Cemetery Extension, France
* 5' 5?", medium complexion, brown eyes, brown hair, birthmark left of neck
* personal effects of 3 discs, wallet, photos & belt sent to Neerim Rd, Murrumbeena
* Oakleigh and Caulfield Times Mulgrave and Ferntree Gully Guardian,
22 June 1918

... Another brave young soldier has paid the supreme sacrifice. Signaller Basil Ames was killed in action while fighting for King and country. He was born at Black Flat on February 21 1898. He was a scholar of the Black Flat State school, under Mr Burt and afterwards under Mr Lord, and subsequently attended Stott and Hoare's business college. He enlisted on January 23 1917, and sailed from these shores on May 14 1917. He was in camp in England, where he spent many happy days amongst his father's people whilst on leave. Before he enlisted he belonged to the Snapshots from Home League, and took many snaps to send over to the trenches to gladden the hearts of the brave boys over there. "Bas" (as he was familiarly called) was the only son of Mr and Mrs Ames, of Nerrim-road, Murrumbeena. He was a good boy, and well respected and liked by everyone who knew him. It was the painful duty of the Rev. T. Allday to convey the sad news to his parents, who have been the recipients of very many messages of sympathy in their sad, but proud, bereavement
* Basil's father, Basil Ames, was born 1863 in Kent, England and died in 1943 in Melbourne. He was a builder of Neerim Rd., Murrumbeena. Basil's mother Jane was born 1867 and died at a private hospital in South Melbourne 30 October 1918 just 5 months after son Basil was killed

* ANDERSON, Donald Richard, Private 7438 (see John Edward below)
- NOTE Donald is not on the Memorial at Caulfield
- born Feb 1899 in South Yarra, Victoria to Joseph David ANDERSON (1863-1938) & Catherine Philomina KEALY (1863-1928)
- a Driver of Glenferrie, Victoria
- served with 7th Battalion (Infantry). 25th Reinforcements
- enlisted 3 April 1917 when he was 18
- embarked from Melbourne 4 Aug 1917 on HMAT Themistocles
- mother, Mrs C. Anderson, 319 Glenferrie Rd, (Hawthorn), 44 Regent St, Fitzroy in 1918, 34 Alma Rd, St Kilda in 1919
- KILLED IN ACTION 9 Aug 1918 at Pozieres, France aged 19
- first buried Copse cemetery, Vauvillers, France
- plot 3, row 3, No.15 Heath Cemetery, Harbonnieres, France
* 5' 8", fair complexion, green eyes, dark hair
* letter dated 24 June 1960 from Central Army Records Office to the Public Trustee, 601 Little Collins St, Melbourne ... "Dear Sir, re the Estate of the deceased Ellen KEALY, Your letter of 15th June 1960 is acknowledged. Enclosed please find Certificates of Death No 2386 and 2387 in respect of the death on service of the undermentioned:- 1303 Lance Corporal John Edward ANDERSON & 7438 Private Donald Richard ANDERSON"

ANDERSON, Frederick Kaye - Acting Sergeant 4356
- memorial has P. K. Anderson
- born Jan 1888 in Ponsonby, Auckland to Thomas Frederick ANDERSON & Gertrude Harriet WRIGHT. He married Sarah Ellen EDWARDS (1886-1955) of South Yarra in 1917 and had 4 children in Armadale, Carlton & Collingwood, Victoria. Sarah was at 141, McPherson St, North Carlton, Victoria in 1916
- served with 21 Infantry Battalion A.I.F.
- embarked from Melbourne 29 March 1916 on RMS Orontes
- DIED 3 May 1917 in France aged 29.4
- Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France
* 5' 9", fair complexion, blue eyes, dark brown hair
* his widow Sarah next married Arthur George AUBREY (1896-1942) in Melbourne
* brother of William Walter Anderson below

ANDERSON, John Edward 'Big Jack' - Private 1303
- born 20 June 1892 in Pimpinio (15km from Horsham) to Joseph David ANDERSON (1863-1938) & Catherine Philomina KEALY (1863-1928)
- John was a Shearer & Miner of Glen Eira Rd, Caulfield
- served with the 7th Infantry Ballation, 2nd Reinforcements
- embarked from Melbourne 2 Feb 1915 on HMAT Clan McGillivray
- mother, Catherine Anderson, "Helenslea" Glen Eira Rd, Caulfield
- KILLED IN ACTION (last heard of) 25 April 1915 Gallipoli Peninsula aged 23
- Panel 28 Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
* 5' 10", dark complexion, grey eyes, brown hair
* proceeding of Court of Enquiry held in the Field, France 5 June 1916
* letter to his mother in 1921 to "Iona", Florence St, Mentone. In 1922 she was at 34 Alma Rd, St Kilda
* John's siblings (most of them remaining in Caulfield):
1890 - 1954 William Joseph Anderson
1895 - 1962 Florence Mary Anderson
1897 - 1899 Arthur Anderson
*1900 - 1918 Donald Richard A. Anderson
1902 - 1953 James Edmund Anderson
1909 - 1997 Madeline Sophie Anderson

ANDERSON, Victor Andrew - Private 785
- memorial has U. A. Anderson
- born Sep 1893 in Hawthorn, Melbourne to Jorgen ANDERSON (1859-1925) & Maria JEPSEN, he attended Oakleigh State School thence Central Workmen's College
- a Carpenter and Electrical Fitter of Boundary St., Mordialloc
- enlisted from Melbourne as Victa Andrew Anderson
- served with 21st Battalion (Infantry)
- embarked from Melbourne 10 May 1915 on HMAT Ulysses
- father, Jorgen Anderson, Boundary St, Mordialloc
- KILLED IN ACTION 26 Aug 1916 at Pozieres, France during the charge aged 23
- re-interred Plot 1, Row B, Grave 1b Bouzincourt Ridge Cemetery, Albert, France
* 5' 11?", fresh complexion, grey eyes, light brown hair
Moorabbin News, 24 February 1917
... MORDIALLOC - Private Victor Andrew Anderson, eldest son of Mr and Mrs Jorgen Anderson has been reported missing for a considerable time past but official announcement of his death has now been received. It appears from the records that Private Anderson was killed in action in France on or about 26th August last
* first reported wounded 26 Aug 1916, then missing and reported as being Killed in Action on 6 Feb 1917. The reason appears to be that Victor's body was found in the possession of articles belonging to Private 4665, W. J. Barratt (and the pay book of Victor)
* his father Owned a chicken hatchery 'The "Perfect" Incubator Company' at Boundary Rd., Mordialloc
Moorabbin News, 24 March 1917 The Perfect Incubator has won the approval of Queens and, New South Wales and Victorian Governments, and of thousands of poultry farmers in the Intervening space between Port Darwin and Melbourne, Tasmaria, New Zealand, Fiji, South Africa, &c. The Perfect Patent Brooder rears chicks to perfection. Red Sussex Fowl are the world's finest table birds. I have sold half-grown young roosters at 8s to 10s pair. They are good layers, small eaters, hardy and easy to rear, Catalogue and advice free. - Jorgen Anderson Boundary Road, Mordialloc

ANDERSON, William Walter - Private 2103
- born 2 June 1891 at Williamstown to Thomas Frederick ANDERSON (1867-1963) & Gertrude Harriet WRIGHT (1868-1945), He was a Linesman with the Postmaster General's department
- he married Elsie Mabel YEOMAN (1888-1973), had a daughter Gladys Mabel Anderson (1914-1942)
- served with 14th Battalion (Infantry)
- embarked from Melbourne 17 June 1915 on HMAT Wandilla
- mother, Elsie M. Anderson, 21 Commercial Rd, Footscray
- KILLED IN ACTION 21 Aug 1915 at Gallipoli aged 24.2
- Hill 60 Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey
* 5' 6?", fresh complexion, grey eyes, fair hair
* his father was born in Onehunga, Auckland
* his known siblings:
1888-1917 Frederick Kaye Anderson born in Ponsonby. Acting Sergeant 4356 above
1889-1959 Thomas Alexander Anderson born in Ponsonby
1891-1915 William Walter Anderson born in Williamstown
1893-1895 Gladys Iona Anderson
1897-1970 Gertrude Clarissa 'Clarrie' Anderson

ANGWIN, George Herbert - Gunner 6527
- memorial has C. H. Angwin
- born May 1893 in Campbell's Creek to Justus ANGWIN & Annie Georgina SHORTHOUSE, a Hairdresser of Hawthorn Ave, Caulfield
- served with 4th Brigade Australian Field Artillery
- embarked from Melbourne 18 Nov 1915 on HMAT Wiltshire
- father, J. Angwin of the same address
- KILLED IN ACTION 23 Oct 1917 in Belgium aged 24.5
- Perth Cemetery (China Wall), Belgium
* 5' 6", fresh complexion, brown eyes, dark brown hair
* George's brother Eric John Angwin (1896-1961) was born in Footscray, enlisted at the same time as George. He was an Electrician, at the same address and was Gunner 6526 serving with the same unit. He married Dorothy ARTHUR in 1923 and died in Caulfield
* this family is mentioned in (172 page book) 'The Caulfield Railway Disaster of 1926
* can be bought from Friends of Cheltenham
* Carnage & Courage at Caulfield
* And So Ends the Story of the Caulfield Railway Disaster

ANGUS, Lewis Samuel - Private 3001
- memorial has I. S. Angus
- born Jan 1894 in Morwell, Gippsland to William George ANGUS & Annie Maria SAMUEL, a Buttermaker of Huberts Rd, Caulfield
- served with the 14th Brigade Australian Field Artillery (also has 23rd Infantry)
- embarked 26 Nov 1915 on HMAT Commonwealth
- aunt, Miss E. Samuel, 'Tredegar' St Huberts Rd, Caulfield
- Hit in the right chest with a 3lb piece of shell, at battery position (Ypres Sector). The only hostile shell that fell that day within 200 yards of that position
- KILLED IN ACTION 20 Aug 1917 in Belgium aged 23.7
- Brandhoek New Military Cemetery No 3, Belgium
* 5' 11?", fair complexion, blue eyes, light brown hair

ANNEAR, Paul Dalton - Private 1305 (also 1314)
- memorial has P. D. ANNBAR
- born 1889 Campbell's Creek to James Opie ANNEAR (1853-1904) & Henrietta Dalton DEAN (1853-1909)
- served with 14th Battalion (Infantry)
- embarked from Melbourne 22 Dec 1914 on HMAT Ulysses
- lived with his aunt (mother's sister) Alice Dean at 10 Rusden St, Elsternwick
- DIED OF HIS WOUNDS 28 Aug 1915 on board Hospital Ship 'Formosa' aged 25
- 40. Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
* 5' 4?", medium complexion, hazel eyes, brown hair
The Argus, 13 Sep 1915 ANNEAR - Died of wounds at the Dardanelles, Private Paul Dalton Annear, L.L.B., eldest son of the late James Opie and Henrietta Dalton Annear, of Campbell's Creek, aged 25. Deeply regretted.
* Paul went to Campbell's Creek State then Castlemaine Grammer then went for an L.L.B. at Melbourne University. He was a public Servant of Elsterwick. When first enlisted he was rejected, his chest measurements being too small. He went into training to and when he had the correct measurement he was accepted

ARAM, John Thomas 'Tom' Hamilton - Captain
- memorial has J. T. Aram
- born 9 April 1886 St Kilda, 2nd of 3 children of William ARAM (1848-1889) & Sarah Ann HAMILTON (1859-1943). Attended All Saints Brighton Road State School
- occupation: Clerk Victorian State Service
* 5' 7", 154lbs (69.8kg)
- next of kin: Sarah Ann Ostberg (formerly Aram), of "Glen Fern," Hotham St, St. Kilda East
- served with 57th Battalion (Infantry) 5th Divisional Signal Company A.I.F.
- embarked from Melbourne 4 June 1915 on HMAT Port Macquarie
- KILLED IN ACTION 25 Sep 1917 Glencoran Wood, near Polygon Wood aged 30
- Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium
* his mother Sarah next married Anders Johan OSTBERG (1859-1929 from Sweden to Melbourne via Chicago) in Melbourne in 1892 and had 3 more children
* On 18 Oct 1917 one sealed Valise was sent to his mother "Glenfern" Inkerman Rd, East St Kilda, containing: 1 pair brown boots, Stars, 3 razors, 1 shaving brush, 2 books, 1 Fountain pen, 6 handkerchiefs, 5 collars, 2 ties, 1 cap, 1 mirror, 1 singlet, 1 pair underpants, 1 'Sam Browne' belt, 1 suit pyjamas, 2 shirts, 1 pair shorts, 1 British warm, 1 Tunic, 1 trench coat
On 3 April 1918 his personal effects were sent to his mother of same address: 1 rug, 1 riding whip, 1 fly switch, 14 military note books, 3 books, 1 guide book, 2 brushes, 1 photographic hand book, 2 packets views of Suez, pieces of stone in paper package, 1 acetylene gas lamp, 1 glass shade, 1 singlet, 1 Glengarry cap, 2 Egyptian clay bottles, badge, wallet, comb, 2 coins & poem book
* also served for 8 years in the 52nd Infantry, Victorian Scottish Regiment, Citizen Military Forces
* ARAM, John Thomas Hamilton. Lieut. 2nd Aust Div. Sig. Coy. Date & Place of action: 18-20th Dec 1915, ANZAC. Order of Merit: 11. Recommended: For energy and efficiency in establishing and maintaining communications in 6th Bde. Area and those of the Rear Guard Commander. As a result of his organisation and energy these communications worked excellently. Previously recommended: In G.C. 15/9/15 for good work on Transport Southland when torpedoed
* eye witness (Private 3184, Lee McKinstry Kilroy) accounts:
... Private J. Higgins of the 57th and another boy, carried Lieutenant Joynt back and buried him and Captain Aram (O/C 57th) behind the line in the field (Dickiebusch Cemetery, read notes at Lieutenant Joynt)
War service Timeline: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front
* 4 June 1915 - embarked Melbourne
* 12 July 1915 - disembarked Suez
* 30 Aug 1915 - embarked Alexandria on 'Southland'
* 2 Sep 1915 - the ship Southland was torpedoed
* 7 Jan 1916 - disembarked Alexandria
* 12 Feb 1916 - admitted to 7th Field Ambulance, Ismailia
* 17 March 1916 - taken on strength, 57th Battalion, Tel el Kebir
* 4 April 1916 - admitted to 15th Field Ambulance, Ferry Post (dyspepsia)
* 5 April 1916 - discharged to duty
* 14 April 1916 - promoted to Captain
* 17 June 1916 - embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force
* 24 June 1916 - disembarked Marseilles, France
* 18 Dec 1916 - seconded for duty with 15th Training Battalion, England
* 1 Jan 1917 - with 15th Training Battalion in England
* 28 May 1917 - still with 15th in England
* 2 July 1917 - proceeded overseas to France
* 7 July 1917 - marched in from England with 5th in Havre
* 17 July 1917 - marched out to the 57th in Havre
* 20 July 1917 - returned from duty with the 15th Training Battalion
* 25 Sep 1917 - Killed in Action - hit by shell fire at Glencorse Wood
* Body never found - No known grave OR, as quoted to me by John's great, grandnephew Tom, "known unto God" grave
John's siblings:
* 1884 - 1946 Alexander William 'Alec' Aram
- married Ethel May MOSEDALE (as her 3rd husband)
* 1888 - 1977 Alice Florence Aram
- married Johnathan 'Jack' BRODIE
* 1893 - 1984 Amy Irene Christina Ostberg
- Amy's estate continues to support Vision Australia
* 1895 - 1977 Ebba Dorothy Mabel Ostberg
- married Patrick Michael 'Paddy' GUARAN
* 1897 - 1942 Horatio Engelbrecht Rangor 'Roy' Ostberg
- played AFL for St Kilda 1918-1919. In 1927 he was charged at Caulfied with forging Australian notes
* see also
* One of a pair of colour patches with brass Anzac 'A's for 57 Battalion AIF worn by Captain John Thomas Hamilton Aram who was killed in action at Polygon Wood on 25th September 1917. Aram also served with 2 Division Signal Company

ARMSTRONG, John Andrewartha - Bombardier 19615
- born Sep 1880 in Kyneton to John Andrewartha ARMSTRONG, Solicitor, & Amelia Mary FLYNN, he attended school in Alma Rd., Malvern. He married Leonie SPRINGER in 1915. On enlistment was a Senior Clerk of "Arra Glen", Hawthorn Rd, Caulfield
- served with 8th Brigade Australian Field Artillery
- embarked from Melbourne ?
- wife, L. Armstrong of same address
- DIED OF HIS WOUNDS 1 Jan 1918 in Ontario Military Hospital, Orpington Kent, aged 37
- Orpington (All Saints) Churchyard, United Kingdom
* 6', fresh complexion, eyes grey, hair turning grey,
* a brother was Warwick Windridge Armstrong, (1879-1947)
* Bombardier John Andrewartha Armstrong received a gunshot wound to the left foot which was amputated. Infection set in and he died at the Ontario Military Hospital, Orpington, Kent, from Infection & Meningitis ... "The deceased soldier was accorded a full military funeral. The coffin was draped with the Union Jack. Firing Party and bugler were supplied by the Kensington Rifles stationed at Orpington. Several beautiful wreaths were placed on the coffin by friends of the deceased. Prior to the interment a service was held at the Roman Catholic Chapel at the Ontario Military Hospital, The Rev. Moore presided. The grave will be turfed and an oak cross will be erected by the A.I.F. Administrative Headquarters A.I.F London were represented at the funeral"

ARTHUR, Charles Edmund Perriam - Sergeant 995
- memorial has C. B. P. Arthur
- born in Yarragon, Gippsland to Thomas Peeiam & Georgina ARTHUR
- Charles was a Butcher at c/o Mrs Wallace, Lewis St, Brighton, Victoria
- served with 5th Battery 2nd Brigade Australian Field Artillery
- embarked from Melbourne 20 Oct 1914 on HMAT Shropshire
- mother, Georgina Arthur in Western Australia
- also, Georgina & the late Thomas Perriam Arthur, 43 Tranmere Ave, Murrumbeena
- KILLED IN ACTION May 11 1915 at Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey aged 20
- I. G. 7. Beach Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey
* brother of Thomas Perriam Arthur next

ARTHUR, Thomas Perriam - Private 3756
- born May 1890 in Traralgon to Thomas Perriam & Georgina ARTHUR, attended Brighton State School
- Thomas was a Timber-worker of Murrumbeena
- served with 24th Battalion A.I.F.
- embarked from Melbourne 8 Feb 1916 on HMAT Warilda
- also, Georgina & the late Thomas Perriam Arthur, 43 Tranmere Ave, Murrumbeena
- mother, Mrs Georgina Arthur, Amess Avenue, Murrumbeena
- DIED OF HIS WOUNDS August 29 1916 at 49th Clearing Station, France aged 26.3
- Contay British Cemetery, Contay, France aged 25
* 5' 9?", medium complexion, light brown eyes, brown hair
* brother of Charles Edward Perriam Arthur above. They had a sister who lived at 136 Gheringhap St Geelong in 1927
* wounded in the abdomen at Mouquet Farm

ASH, Stanley Roy - Sapper 1242
- born Aug 1898 Wallan, Victoria to Alfred Samuel ASH (1860-1940) & Catherine TAYLOR (1854-1935, died in Carnegie). A Clerk of Maryborough
- served with 1st Australian Light Railway Operating Company
- embarked from Melbourne D Company on HMAT Runic 20 June 1916. Later transferring to the 15th Australian Light Railway Operating Company
- father, Alfred Ash, Argyle St., Maryborough, Victoria
- DIED OF HIS WOUNDS, 13 August 1917 in Belgium aged 19
- Poperinghe New Military Cemetery, Belgium
* 5' 2?", dark complexion, brown eyes, dark brown hair
* brother, Private 1669A, Henry Oscar Ash also served from Norwood, SA. Another brother, Alfred Thomas James Ash (1890-1947 died in Caulfield

ASHBURN, Allan Henry - Sergeant 4449
- memorial has A. R. Ashburn
- born Sep 1894 in Sydney to Henry & Jessie Eliza Ashburn, 46 Northcote Ave, Caulfield. Hardware Assistant of Northcote Ave, Caulfield
- served with 2nd Brigade Australian Field Artillery
- embarked from Melbourne 28 June 1915 on HMAT Berrima
- mother Jessie Eliza Ashburn, Nothcote Ave, Caulfield
- DIED OF HIS WOUNDS 4 May 1917 (shrapnel chest wounds) in France aged 22.8
- Plot: III. B. 18. Grevillers British Cemetery, France
* 5' 8?", fair complexion, blue eyes, brown hair,
* fought at Gallipoli July/December 1915, embarked from Alexandria for France 22 March 1916, promoted to Acting Bdr 13 Jan 1916, promoted to Sergeant 13 Oct 1916

A ... B ... C ... D ... E + F ... G ... H ... I+J+K
L ... M ... N+O+P ... R+S ... T+U+V ... W+Y

Caulfield Memorial Stone
Caulfield Park, Hawthorn Road

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by ngairedith Profile | Research | Contact | Subscribe | Block this user
on 2013-03-31 07:01:57

ngairedith has been a Family Tree Circles member since Feb 2008.

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by ngairedith on 2013-04-24 20:30:39

The "Ode of Remembrance" is an ode taken from Laurence Binyon's poem,
"For the Fallen", which was first published in The Times in September 1914

The poem has 7 stanzas. Over time, the 4th stanza of the poem has been claimed as a tribute to all casualties from all wars

With proud thanksgiving, a mother for her children,
England mourns for her dead across the sea.
Flesh of her flesh they were, spirit of her spirit,
Fallen in the cause of the free.

Solemn the drums thrill; Death august and royal
Sings sorrow up into immortal spheres,
There is music in the midst of desolation
And a glory that shines upon our tears.

They went with songs to the battle, they were young,
Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and aglow.
They were staunch to the end against odds uncounted;
They fell with their faces to the foe.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

They mingle not with their laughing comrades again;
They sit no more at familiar tables of home;
They have no lot in our labour of the day-time;
They sleep beyond England's foam.

But where our desires are and our hopes profound,
Felt as a well-spring that is hidden from sight,
To the innermost heart of their own land they are known
As the stars are known to the Night;

As the stars that shall be bright when we are dust,
Moving in marches upon the heavenly plain;
As the stars that are starry in the time of our darkness,
To the end, to the end, they remain.

* In Australia, the phrase "Lest we forget" is often added as a final line at the end of the ode and repeated in response by those listening

* In the United Kingdom, New Zealand & Singapore, the final line of the 4th stanza, "We will remember them", is repeated in response

* In Canada, the last stanza has become known as the Act of Remembrance and the final line is repeated

by janilye on 2013-04-26 07:57:18

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