itellya on FamilyTreeCircles - journals

itellya on Family Tree Circles

sort: Date Alphabetical
view: full | list

Journals and Posts


I'm fairly sure that the Elsternwick Hotel is claimed (above the corner entrance) to have been "Est. 1854."

For years (probably from 1988 when my interest in local history changed from an interest to an obsession), I have looked at this claim as I travelled between Tullamarine and the Mornington Peninsula, and wondered whether the present building's core dated from that year. The excellent Elsternwick Wikipedia entry claims that the hotel was built in 1856, so either my memory is faulty or the first part of the building replaced a shanty (possibly with the same name) on the same site after it had operated for two years.

How a google search for FARRELL,MORNINGTON led to my discovery is beyond my understanding, but I believe that readers might be interested in the connection between this historic hotel and Melbourne's most famous nude. I do not intend to copy and paste information but invite you to enjoy the information gathered by writers of original material and appreciate their efforts.

By 1851, a settlement had sprung up on the creek near the hotel site and Ebden's huge estate, whose homestead bore the German name for MAGPIE, "Elster", and the village of Elsternwick was proposed. No doubt a pub or sly grog joint would have soon been built on the busy thoroughfare to the south, so 1854 may indeed be the year it was established. The village was surveyed in 1856 and with the security of ownership of the site, construction of a more substantial building would then make sense.

An amusing tale about the town clerk of Melbourne expecting drive-through service, and then riding his horse into the hotel when he didn't get it, recalls tales of the much later Bulla Shire councillor riding his horse into the Inverness hotel (between the N-S runway and Oaklands Rd on today's Melbourne Airport) in case there wasn't a seat available. It also details the involvement of YOUNG AND JACKSON as paraphrased by Andrew J. Kilsby from articles on page 5 of the 16-1-1867 and 5-4-1867 issues of The Argus. Andrew supplies much detail about the Irish cousins, the Prince of Wales Hotel and CHLOE'S purchase.

Elsternwick, Victoria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,_Victoria
1 Name; 2 History; 3 Today; 4 Transport; 5 Sport; 6 Schools; 7 Residential ... The Elsternwick Hotel (built 1856), corner of Glen Huntly and Brighton Roads.

Thomas Joshua Jackson (Of ‘Young and Jackson’s Hotel’)
Written by Provenance on September 22, 2011
…of Melbourne, Edmund Gerald FitzGibbon,[5] had stopped at the Elsternwick Hotel on his way to Melbourne from Mt Eliza, and, remaining on his horse outside, called for a beer. Finding himself ignored, he then rode his horse into the bar to claim a drink first-hand. Young senior, the landlord, ‘assisted by a man named Thomas Jackson’, promptly evicted him from the bar. Cross‑summons ensued. Young initially claimed FitzGibbon was drunk,…

- See more at:

2 comment(s), latest 3 years, 4 months ago


WILLIAM MANN AT BALNARRING. It would seem that the farmer at Balnarring in 1902 was William Mann, who may or may not have been related to John G.Mann of Mt Eliza two or three decades later. As William Mann was the person rated in 1901 and 1906, his farm described in 1902, which was then said to have changed hands more than any other property in the district,was almost crown allotments 11A and 11B, Balnarring of 185 acres 2 roods and 32 acres granted to James McCormick on 11-3-1876. About ten acres of 11AB might have been acquired by the Crown for the construction of Balnarring and Myers Rds by 1900,leading to William Mann being rated on only 175 acres.

I had little interest in the McCormicks (my focus being on the MANN)until the study below mentioned the store that James McCormick had run on a corner on crown allotment 65A, which every reader of the heritage study (but yours truly)would have assumed was ALSO in the parish of BALNARRING.

The following is selectively transcribed/ paraphrased from pages 25-27 (of 529 pages) of the Strategic Hastings Heritage Study.
Hastings District Heritage Study Vol. 1.pdf - Mornington ...

NAME OF PLACE . McCormick farm house at Willow Creek Vineyard.
OTHER NAMES. Willow Creek Vineyard homestead.
ADDRESS. 166 Balnarring Rd,Merricks North.
STUDY GRADING. Shire (local.)
MAP (Melway) 162H8.
DESCRIPTION. Cited on the winery brochure as being built in 1870, the house appears to be instead a redbrick Edwardian era (etc.)
HISTORY. Cited to have been built in 1870,the house is thought by others to have been built in the 1880’s using bricks made on the property. James McCormick received the grant for this site in 1876, paying 186 pounds for crown allotments 11a and b Balnarring. He died on 12-12-1888 and his executor, John McCormick, a Balnarring farmer, mortgaged the property, which in 1895 was sold to Fanny Chambers, (wife of Balnarring solicitor, Ernest Chambers) who sold it to Thomas F.Jones in 1895.

N.B. 1. McCormicks also ran a store on crown allotment 65A at the corner of Stumpy Gully and Myers Rds.(Miss Hurley.) This could have been on Mann’s farm that was described in 1902; no store was mentioned in 1902 but McCormick apparently operated the store in the 1880’s before his occupation was again given as surveyor before his death in 1888.

I hate vague statements and the location of the store explains why. If any McCormick descendants want to look up crown allotment 65A, don’t consult the Balnarring map. Being east of Balnarring Rd, the corner of Stumpy Gully and Myers Rds is in the parish of BITTERN.

The online Bittern map does not show grantees but I have a paper map which does so. Crown allotment 65 Bittern is at the north west corner of Stumpy Gully and Myers Rds. Crown allotment 65A, consisting of 40 acres, granted to M. McCormick (possibly brother or son of James) on 1-10-1879 is the north east quarter of c/a 65 and thus nearly 400 metres north of the said road corner. If James McCormick’s store was actually on the said road corner, this might have been because he was leasing all of c/a 65 from the crown. The remainder of c/a 65 (65B of 120 acres)was granted to William Myers on 3-11-1898.
However, I doubt that the store was on the said road corner but on a roughly 2 acre block fronting Stumpy Gully Rd immediately north of 65A, exactly 3990 links (802 metres and 66 centimetres) north of Myers Rd. Crown allotment 64A of 2 acres 1 rood and 37 perches was granted to M.McCormick on 20-6-(1880?) The block extended north 98 metres and was almost 100 metres deep.
2. Crown allotments 11AB, Balnarring were at the south west corner of Balnarring and Myers Rds, with frontages, respectively, of 913 and 719 metres. The remaining 159 acres 26 perches of crown allotment 64 were granted to William Myers on 15-2-1905.

3.BUT WAIT,THERE’S MORE! Just as I was thinking the McCormicks might have leased both 65 and 64 from the Crown for some time, my eye roamed slightly to the west and I discovered that John McCormick, executor of James McCormick was granted 60B, 90 acres 1 rood and 10 perches, on 21-1-1902. This block adjoined c/a 65 on the west and its Myers Rd frontage of 2263 links (455 m.) started 4031 links (810.9m.) west of Stumpy Gully Rd.

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 4 months ago


Much detail was given by I.W.Symonds in his "Bulla Bulla, an illustrated history of the Shire of Bulla."
Tulip Wright was granted section 3, Bulla Bulla on 22-6-1856. He soon subdivided the 640 acre block at the north east corner of Oaklands and Somerton Rds, directly north of W.P.Greene's "Woodlands." Mary Daniel, whose Narbonne was near Daniels Rd and Andrew Carroll were early buyers. John Cosgrave bought some of Mary Daniel's purchase. He used to ride a bone-shaker (bicycle) to his farm. Symonds may have said that John was the first treasurer (see below.)

Page C.184, DHOTAMA.
In 1853*,Mary Daniel sold 53 acres to John Cosgrave "who was at that time alderman and first treasurer of the City of Melbourne (sic)." He built a house in 1854 after living in a tent and used to cycle out on a boneshaker from North Melbourne. His children were Katie and Davey.His land was later bought by the Oaklands Hunt Club. (P.44, Bulla Bulla, I.W.Symonds.)
(*Although Tulip Wright's grant seems to clearly state 1856, for the sale to take place in 1853, the grant must have been issued on 22-6-1850,which seems more likely because of Tulip's involvement outside the Bulla area shortly afterwards, e.g.Lincolnshire Arms at North Essendon, Sir John Franklin in Sunbury. John was not an alderman and treasurer at the same time. The term "first treasurer" could depend on whether the Corporation WAS or BECAME the City of Melbourne.I have a feeling that the corporation was set up to control markets etc and was transformed into a city council. The town of Melbourne was incorporated on 22-10-1841 and...The Town of Melbourne was raised to the status of a City by Letters Patent of Queen Victoria dated 25 June 1847, just five years after its incorporation.As the city was in existence for over a decade before John became treasurer, he was certainly not the city's first treasurer.)

John's land (top of Melway 177 K4),between Mary Daniel's "Narbonne" and James Musgrove's land, was bought by the Hunt in 1908 and housed the kennels and kennel huntsman (H.H.Daniel and then his son H.H.Daniel Jnr) until the hounds were moved to "Sherwood in 1946. (Pages 27, 55,239, THE OAKLANDS HUNT,D.F.Cameron-Kennedy.)

Place: Oaklands Hunt Club - Hume City Council
I.W. Symonds, Bulla Bulla: An Illustrated History of the Shire of Bulla, Spectrum ... Mary Daniel had sold a 53 acre allotment to John Cosgrave, alderman and first .

Lot. 9. Two allotments of land near tho residence of Messrs. Coote and White (sic), and other gentlemen, and
adjoining the property of Mr. Alderman Cosgrave, parish Doutta Galla, and near the residence of Mr.
Rankin, 59 x 132. (P.8, Argus,21-7-1858, column 2, SALE OF VALUABLE PROPERTIES BY TENDER.)

F.J.Coote's house was across today's Kensington Rd (formerly Footscray Rd) from Edward Byam Wight's "The Ridge",whose driveway is now The Ridgeway. Coote's house (now 18 Henry St if I remember correctly) after having served as a Footscray Rd dairy became accommodation for priests at the Holy Rosary Church and is heritage-listed (at a higher level than when I first became aware of it.) John Rankin's house was across Princes St (now Rankins Rd) from the future (1860) Kensington Railway Station.

John Cosgrave's land at Kensington was in Melway 42 K3. He purchased most of the land between Hampden and Gower Sts in 1854.I had not noticed previously that he also had bought a triangular block that met Macaulay Rd east of the railway crossing right near John Rankin's house. Also in 1854, he bought land between Gower and Henry Sts which fronted the southern five eighths of the Henry St frontage.

This was granted to William Highett who came to the Port Phillip District to manage the Union Bank. Highett also received a grant in the parish of Yuroke.
His land dealings fill many pages of the lands title index; no doubt many were in Highett. The entrance in Dynon Rd between Kensington Rd and the railway bridge is actually Highett St.
Not long afterwards, Highett sold allotment 20 to lawyer, Henry Jennings, after whom Henry St was probably named. In 1854, Jennings subdivided the land, selling the land north east of Derby St in 78 lots. The main buyers were F.J.Coote, William and David Winder, and John Cosgrave. Coote was a partner in Jennings’ legal firm and Cosgrave was treasurer of the Corporation of Melbourne. William Winder was a brickmaker and David Winder had purchased the land between Stubbs St and the Macaulay Station site in 1849.
Coote bought most of the land between 18 Henry St and Derby St, which also fronted Kensington Rd, and lots 3-7 (the shop area between Gower St and Hampden Rd). The Winders bought nearly all the Macaulay Rd frontage between Gower St and Kensington Rd. Cosgrave bought land on both sides of Gower St from Derby St up to the church and school sites as well as north east of the latter. Land near the Holy Rosary church site was bought by Thomas Lilley (who owned it for 18 years), and Joseph Hore (who sold to John Brooks in 1857.) Across Gower St, Josh Hore, T.Gregory and T.Stubbs bought blocks that they sold to the McMeikans in 1859.
The McMeikans bought land from Cosgrave in 1864 and Coote in 1868 to extend their property to Bellair St. In 1863, J.T.Smith bought all of Cosgrave’s land east of Gower St (sold to Durham in 1879). Smith also bought six of Cosgrave’s blocks south west of the church site, Robert Wallace buying the other 9 blocks (to Derby St) in 1869.
Durham subdivided his land fairly quickly; Munro’s 1884-5 plan of allotment 19 subdivision shows the nearby houses of Durham and Clarke (manager of the Apollo Candle Works in Swamp i.e. Dynon Rd) with Mr Dixon in the old McMeikan house. In 1888, the two rows of terrace houses were added.
In 1871, Frederick John Coote bought lot 68, between 18 Henry St and Kensington Rd.
It had been owned by Henney (1854-65) and Warnock.
The heritage status of 18 Henry St has been significantly upgraded recently. The house had been built by 1867, when a picture was produced showing this house and those of Peter Wilson (church site), McMeikan and Cosgrave (school site). This picture clearly shows lot 68 is fenced off from Coote’s property.

F.J.Coote’s house is in the foreground of this picture (C.1866.)
Serving as a dairy and the residence of Richard Nelson for the first four decades of the 1900’s, the house was called 11 Footscay Rd, from 1893 until 1915.
This map* shows original and later owners of lots in Jennings’ subdivision.

In our obituary column of yesterday appeared an announcement of the death of Mr John Cosgrave who was for many years the treasurer of the Melbourne Corporation. The deceased gentleman was a native of Queenstown, Ireland. In the beginning of 1837 he arrived in Tasmania accompanied by his parents. Shortly afterwards he went on a
whaling voyage but on returning came over to Port Phillip and settled down here. A little while after his arrival he became the licensee of the Fitzroy Arms Hotel* King street and was elected to a seat at the council table of the corporation towards the end of l850 and subsequently became the alderman for the Gipps Ward. During tho excitement which prevailed in Melbourne in 1852 owing to the discovery of gold and the outbreak of the diggings, his business prospered and he soon succeeded in accumulating considerable wealth. He was always noted for his genial and generous disposition and to his generosity can be traced the loss of his fortune. While he was made prosperous and affluent by the finding of the precious metal at Ballarat and Bendigo, its
discovery had an opposite effect on many of the old colonists who in their straitened circumstances were not unfrequently assisted by Mr Cosgrave. Upon Mr Fairwell relinquishing his position of treasurer of the
corporation in 1861, Mr Cosgrave resigned his aldermanship and was elected to fill the vacancy, and ever since then continued to act in that capacity. About 12 months ago he had a severe attack of gout and obtained leave of absence in consequence. He partially regained his health, but was never strong enough to resume his duties.
He was an accomplished boatbuilder and at the last Melbourne International Exhibition obtained the first prize for models of naval architecture. He was 58 years of age and leaves a son and daughter. His remains will be interred in the Melbourne Cemetery this afternoon.
(P.5,top half of column 2, Argus, 27-1-1885.)

It would be a fair assumption that James Cosgrave of the Fitzroy Arms Hotel was related in some way to John Cosgrave and that the hotel was on a corner block.(King/Little Bourke St.)
MISS HARRIET PHIPPS will hear of her brother William by applying to Mr. Jas. Cosgrave, Fitz Roy Arms, Little Bourke-street west.(P.2,Argus, 25-10-1853, MISSING FRIENDS.)

COSGRAVE.—On the 11th inst., of scarlet fever, at her residence, Kensington, Ellen, the beloved wife of
John Cosgrave, city treasurer, aged thirty-nine years. (P.4, Argus, 12-10-1868.)

Funeral Notice.
THE Friends of JOHN COSGRAVE, Esq., City Treasurer, are respectfully invited to follow the remains of his late wife to the place of interment, Melbourne General Cemetery. The funeral to move from his residence, Kensington, on Tuesday, 13th inst., at half past 2 o'clock p m.
JOHN DALEY, undertaker, Latrobe and Spring streets. Melbourne. (P.8, Argus, 12-10-1868.)

ATCHESON.-On the 28th inst., at Kensington, the residence of his son-in-law, John Cosgrave, Esq.,city treasurer, Melbourne, Mr. Matthew Atcheson, aged sixty-four years. (P.4, Argus, 29-10-1867.)

Great regret is expressed amongst yachtsmen at the death of Mr John Cosgrave, whose interest in yachting never seemed to abate. He was one of the original members of the Victoria Yacht Club, and before the existence of that body had in 1858 built and won races with the celebrated Paddy from Cork cutter, 8.5 tons, which is still in Hobson's Bay. He also designed and had built by Edwards, of Princes bridge, the yachts Gleam, Idea, and Soud, centre-boarders, of from three to four and a half tons. In 1877 the Kathleen, a well known prize taker on the Albert-park lake, came on the scene from his design.

In the way of models, Mr Cosgrave took a medal at the last Intercolonial Exhibition, and with his models,
which are now in the Technological Museum, he was awarded first prize in the Melbourne International
Exhibltion. Mr Cosgrave's demise will be much felt for his practical information was always
placed at the command of the beginner. (P.5, Argus, 31-1-1885, YACHTING NEWS.)

It seems that the discovery of gold at Bendigo was due in no small measure to John Cosgrave's glowing report of the Ballarat diggings.

Sir,—On my return from Tasmania a few days ago my attention was directed to a discussion which took place in the Legislative Assembly on the 20th inst., as to who was the discoverer of gold on the Bendigo goldfield, and as I can perhaps throw some light on that subject, I now address you.

Now, Sir, I claim the honour of developing the first gold reef in Victoria and the first silver lode in Australia and I now, for the first time, publicly claim to be one of a party of eight men who discovered the first payable gold on the Bendigo field, and I will now narrate the circumstances leading up to and attending the discovery.

Early in 1851 I was working in Fulton's Foundry, in company with Mr. John Ditchburn, engineer—the now well known share-broker of this city—and others, when the discovery of rich gold on the Turon diggings, N.S.W., threw the people of Melbourne into a state of intense excitement, whereupon James Gardiner and Jonathan Sheldrake,blacksmiths ; Edward Whitehead, drayman ; and myself formed a party to proceed thither, but before starting for Sydney we had an interview with Mr. John Cosgrave, the late city treasurer, who had just returned on a fleet horse from Ballarat, where gold had just been discovered. After hearing his glowing account of the find we decided to try our fortune on that field, and very soon after made our maiden effort as gold diggers on the top of the Black Hill.(Great success, less success later at Creswick and a lack of water at Forest Creek allied with the advice of the Porcupine Inn's Mr Fenton led the party to the Bendigo area etc.) G. M. NEWMAN,
Mining Engineer and Expert.
Phair's Hotel, Collins-street, Aug. 29. (P.10, Argus, 5-9-1890.)

The Corporation's finance committee had apparently recommended somebody else to succeed Mr Fairwell as treasurer and The Argus complained about how despicable it was to appoint a failed businessman,a decayed publican and one of their own to the job. John's successful long tenure must have had the writer eating his words! TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1861.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Tuesday 17 September 1861 p 4 Article

Another member of the Cosgrave family was Edward.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Wednesday 25 April 1855 p 5 Article
... -street. Granted. Edward Cosgrave, FitzRoy Arms, King-street. Granted.

By 1858, John was running the Fitzroy Arms,but in 1860 he moved to a Swanston St hotel.

John Cosgrave, Cleal's Hotel, Swanston-street,from Daniel Cleal. Granted; the name to be changed to Cosgrave's Hotel.
James Healey, Fitzroy Arms Hotel, King street, from John Cosgrave. Granted.(P.5, Argus, 5-9-1860.)

A meeting of the general subscribers to the Hobson's Bay regatta, to take place on the 1st April, was held at the Port Phillip Club Hotel last night. Mr. J. Cosgrave occupied the chair.(P.4, Argus, 9-3-1876.)

No marriage notice has been found for John Cosgrave and Ellen Atcheson.

It would seem that Edward Cosgrave married a Miss Fennell and that she was a widow before her brother died in November.
On the 14th inst., of consumption, at the residence of his brother-in-law, Mr. Daniel Farrell, Leveson-
street, North Melbourne, Mr. William Fennell, brother of Mrs. Cosgrave, FitzRoy Arms, deeply regretted.
(P.4, Argus,16-11-1855.)

On the 15th inst., at his residence, Fitzroy Arms, Corner of King and Little Bourke streets, after five days' illness, Mr. Edward Cosgrave, aged 26 years, much regretted by a numerous circle of friends.
(P.5, The Age, 16-6-1855.)

On the 29th inst., at 185 King-street, Jane, wife of Mr. Caleb Malpass, and sister-in-law of Alderman Cosgrave, aged 25 years. Funeral at 3 o'clock this day.(P.4, Argus,30-4-1860.) Jane nee Atcheson?

John was at the Fitzroy Arms in 1853.
On Saturday, the 19th instant, at her residence, the Fitzroy Arms, corner of King and Little Bourke streets,the wife of Alderman Cosgrave, of a son. (P.4, Argus,24-2-1853.)

Could this be John Cosgrave's father?
COSGRAVE. —On the 18th inst., at his residence, 101 Little Bourke-street west, Mr. J. J. Cosgrave, aged 72 years. (P.4, Argus,19-3-1872.)

Silly me.I had searched for Katie and Davey in family notices without luck,presuming that more formal names would be used.There was nothing about Katherine.
McDONALD–COSGRAVE. –On the 11th inst., at St.Allpius' Church, Ballarat, by the Rev. Father O'Donnell, Michael Richard McDonald, of Ballarat, to Kate, eldest daughter of Mr. John Cosgrave, Melbourne.
(P.4, Argus,15-6-1867.) Their silver wedding notice was on P.1, Argus,22-2-1912; almost illegible but some details (names of church and priests)are different and Katie was John's only daughter.

COSGRAVE.—On the 25th inst., at his residence, Ross-telon, Ferrars-place, Albert-park, John Cosgrave (city treasurer), aged 58 years. (P.1, Argus, 26-1-1885.)

John Cosgrave's children were said by Symonds to be Katie and Davey but the following shows that the surviving son was John Thomas Cosgrave. Davey may have been the son born in 1853 and could have died as a child.

COSGRAVE.---In loving memory of my dear brother, John Thomas Cosgrave, died 22nd September, 1914, at Williamstown (Katie McDonald.)(P.1, Argus,22-9-1915.)

McEWIN-COSGRAVE - on the 6th May,1935 at the Church of All Saints Newtown,Geelong by the Rev Denis M.Deasey B.A., John Oswald youngest son of the late Rev.John McEwin and of Mrs McEwin, Finniss street, North Adelaide to Agnes Beatrice of Dysart, Geelong younger daughter of the late Mr and Mrs J T Cosgrave of Melbourne.
(P.15, Argus, 15-6-1935.)

3 comment(s), latest 3 years, 3 months ago


This is not a comeback either. I downloaded this Mornington Peninsula Shire heritage study because the summary mentioned "Mann" and I was hoping to find if there was any connection between Mr Mann (farmer near Balnarring in 1902) and Mr Mann who wrote the Mt Eliza history in 1926.

Councils rightly engage consultants in an effort to preserve the history and heritage of their areas but when the finished product contains such stupid errors as the one detailed in the title of this journal,one wonders how authoritative the rest of the findings are. As the studies are conducted by professional historians, one can just imagine a local historian claiming that reports of Fawkner not arriving (on his second visit to the Port Phillip District)before John Batman were false. Of course an authoritative source (THE STUDY DETAILED BELOW) would be quoted but that does not change fiction into fact!

Anyone can make a careless error. My usual howlers include confusing east and west and writing 1843 for 1943 etc. Billot's LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHN PASCOE FAWKNER gives a precise time-line for Fawkner's second coming, including the claimed seasickness which prevented him leaving Queenstown and forced him to appoint Lancey to lead his party in his stead while he carried out his legal obligations.

1833 is complete nonsense! Surely professional historians could have third parties with some knowledge of history proof read their final draft before pocketing our rate money. I pointed out errors in a City of Moreland heritage study but was informed that they could not be corrected because the study had been accepted by council! Luckily Mornington Peninsula Shire had Simon Lloyd as its heritage planning officer and when I pointed out that Edward Jones' Spring Farm at Moorooduc had been confused with another of his farms, Penbank at the south west corner of Jones Corner, the mistake was corrected.

July 2013
Prepared for
Mornington Peninsula Shire
Graeme Butler & Associates
Edited by Context Pty Ltd

One of the families at the Collins settlement was that of John Pascoe Fawkner. Reminiscing
about his early Sorrento experiences, Fawkner noted the discovery of three commodities which
were to play major roles in the future development of the Peninsula: the abundant fish in the
bay, the native she-oak which grew profusely in many areas, and the lime deposits, stating
‘Before we left Port Phillip lime was found and this enabled every hut to build a stone
chimney’.56 Fawkner visited the settlement site again in 1833:
I went on shore where the first Settlement had been attempted in 1803—found the spots on
which ourselves and other settlers had built our Bush huts: The butts of the chimneys formed of
limestone were still standing and where each hut had been.57

Today, little physical evidence remains of the Collins settlement. The settlers’ sod huts with
their limestone chimneys have long since gone, as has the jetty built of she-oak. There is even
doubt that the early graves which survive in the settlement area are those of the pioneer
settlers.The graves were discovered in the 1870s and placed in a Crown land reserve in 1879.58

52 Calder, (2002), 20-21; see also Context & Urban Initiatives (2002).
53 Heritage Victoria First Settlement site Sullivan Bay Sullivan’s Bay HO1050 citation; Cotter, (2004), 14.
54 Ursula M. de Jong, Making tracks on the Mornington Peninsula -Quotes from Edgar French in Environment
Effects Act 1978, Blairgowrie Safe Boat Harbour, Assessment and Panel Report, December 1999, 5.
55 Moorhead, Op. Cit. 26.
56 Alexander, Op. Cit. 1 quotes Fawkner.
57 Alexander, Op. Cit. 1.
58 Nepean Historical Society Inc. 2008 comments.


The map (figure 4) on page 24 claims to show tenants in the 1850's and 1860's but as it was probably Smythe's map of 1841, it is unsurprising that no tenants are named. The same map is included in Marie Fels' I SUCCEEDED ONCE (available online) and shows Hobson's homestead near the northern boundary and his (Bullock?) paddock near the southern boundary. The symbol # has obviously been added to the original map by Winty Calder to indicate homesteads such as widow McLear's "The Willow". If I remember correctly the area marked ? was one of the three Boon Wurrung encampments, the other two being just north of the survey (chosen by William Thomas) and near Hobson's homestead whose name was corrupted to Kangerong. The map confirms Colin McClear's claim that Dunn's Creek originally discharged into Sheepwash Creek before Walter Gibson dug the channel of about a mile to the present mouth. Marie Fels wrote glowingly of the friendliness displayed to the aborigines by Hobson and his (sort of) relative, George Smith.

A map showing post 1851 tenants can be seen in Colin McLear's A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA. Henry Dunn had leased the survey from 1846 to 1851. He may have concurrently sub-leased the Mt Martha run. (Osborne State School History.)

The two sentences in bold type are significant in regard to two themes. The first is in regard to the settlers changing the environment, making Dunns Creek enter the bay separately; the original volume of water at the mouth of Sheepwash creek must have created a deep channel which enabled Peter Pidota to load timber there. In regard to the aborigines, the study mentions their decimation and that they had nowhere to flee but from the start (Hobson 1837) they had many friends among the settlers such as the McCraes. If Thomas had not been held up by Robinson in trying to get the Boon wurrung away from the temptations of Melbourne, their demise may have been prevented.

P. ??? Charles Groves*. (*GRAVES.)
Extract from the 1902 farms section near the end of my journal about RED HILL POST 1940 AND PROPOSED BACK TO RED HILL.
GRAVES' (c/a 15, section A,Flinders,s/w corner Punty Lane and Tucks Rd. Only 190 acres. Melway 255 J5, H6, fronting the north west side of Punty Lane with the western boundary being from the creek in the exact centre of G6 to a point almost opposite 425 Tucks Rd.In 1900, Charles Graves Snr and Jnr were assessed on 374 acres, Flinders. I cannot establish where the other 184 acres were. )

A little farther along the road toward the coast we come to "Woodlands," a property of nearly 400 acres, belonging to Mr Graves, a very old resident of the district. Besides having a large orchard and garden, the
owner of "Woodlands" goes in largely for poultry farming. Mr Graves also conducts one of the oldest storekeeping businesses in the southern part of the Mornington Peninsula. The property is in good order and crops of any sort should grow well in the rich chocolate soil.
See A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA re Charles Graves and his business partnership with Mary McLear before moving to Shoreham.
P.???. Steel lighthouse at McCrae. Caption under photo gives the impression that its presence there dates from 1874 although earlier text shows that it was manufactured in 1874 and installed about a decade later.

Dyson’s Peninsula Motors bus lines (1922-) had the school bus run from Sorrento and
Flinders to Frankston in 1930 and Phillips ran buses to Pearcedale in the 1950s.322 Dyson’s and
Lance Whittaker’s Portsea Passenger Service have become dominant in the area. Peninsula Bus
Lines was purchased by the Grenada* Group in 1976 and continues to operate from its Seaford
(* GRENDA. Grenda's Bus Services was founded in October 1945 when George Grenda purchased four routes from Shaves Bus Service in Dandenong.[1]

Over the years a number of acquisitions were made:

Dandenong Boomerang Bus Lines in July 1951[2]
Peninsula Bus Lines, Seaford in August 1958[2]
O Bridges in the early 1960s[2]
H Glenny in June 1965[2]
Blue Line Tourist Coaches, Sydney was purchased in 1973, sold along with Grenda's Melbourne coach operation to AAT Kings in 1975
Portsea Passenger Service in February 1983[3] etc.WIKIPEDIA.

P.89. Dromana and Rye were gazetted as official government township surveys in 1861, and
Rosebud in 1886. Watering places such as Sorrento waited until 1952*(354)and Portsea village was
carved out of private allotments, as a subdivision.355
The name ‘Rosebud’, according to various historians, came from the schooner owned by
Edward William Hobson, which was wrecked on the beach in front of the infant settlement.
Hobson, owner of the Tootgarook pastoral run, purchased the Rosebud from a syndicate of
Melbourne shipping agents in May 1854.**
Although the early Rosebud settlement was on a
much smaller scale than that at Rye, it ultimately outgrew all the other townships in the former
Flinders Shire and is now the centre of local government. The town was surveyed and gazetted
in 1872.
Rosebud’s origins were as a fishing village with a small shipbuilding*** industry.

*S.S.Crispo claimed that he was responsible for the declaration of the village of Sorrento. Charles Gavan Duffy was impressed with Sorrento in Italy as he sailed out from Ireland and is credited with naming the area. As noted in the study, he bought much land in the parish of Nepean. William Allison Blair, a lime merchant, bought much land at Rosebud West (later the Woyna Estate) and near Rye Township. As he sought land in the parish of Nepean, it was inevitable that Blair and Duffy would apply for the same parcel of land. Crispo stated that there was no clear evidence to prove which man was entitled to this particular parcel and being a member of the Coastal Survey (disbanded in 1867 and once led by James Grant)and a close acquaintance of Mr Grant, now in charge of the Lands Department, Crispo suggested that the disputed land be declared a village.

I have found no report of this particular disputed parcel of land; perhaps Crispo's suggestion prevented it becoming the subject of a court case. One well-publicised case (Duffy V Blair)involved each accusing the other of using Dummies. A SORRENTO VILLAGE search on trove produced results only for Sorrento in Italy and the novel AGNES OF SORRENTO until 1869. Two advertisements mentioning the village (Town and suburban lots) appeared in The Argus on 20-12-1869 (P.7) and 23-12-1869 (P.3.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Monday 20 December 1869 p 7 Advertising
... , parish of Nepean, on Port Phillip Bay, adjoining the village of Sorrento. Upset prices £2 10s to ... LOTS. Sorrento, county of Mornington, parish of Nepean, on Port Phillip Bay, at Sorrento Point. Upset ... 9618 words

One would think that the village would have been declared before the advertisement was placed!

Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Thursday 1 June 1899 p 3 Article
The Duffy/Blair dispute. SP.ECIAL LAND COMMISSION.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 9 January 1869 p 6 Article
... brought hy Mr. W. A. Blair against Mr. C. G. Duffy, - and of a similar charge brought by Mr. Duffy against ... insinuated yes-terday that he (Mr, Purves) was a dummy«of Mr. Blair's.

** Peter Wilson gave evidence of Hobson's ownership of The Rosebud in ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD. He stated that the vessel was not insured. It was insured! By James Purves who had bought the lease of Tootgarook Run from Hobson in 1850. A group of about 11 insurance brokers had provided the insurance and most paid up when the vessel was stranded in 1855 but some claimed that the policy was voided because some paperwork had not been produced and that the stranding occurred on the EAST coast of the bay (which the policy did not cover.)

COUNTY COURT OF BOURKE. £200 JURISDICTION. Monday, May 19th. (Before his Honor R. W.Pohlinan, Judge, and Messrs. Laing and Marres, assessors.) PURVES V. KENT.
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Wednesday 21 May 1856 p 2 Article

COUNTY COURT OF BOURKE. £200 JURISDICTION. Wednesday, 28th November, 1855. (Before R. W. Pohlman, Esq., Judge, and two Assessors.) PURVES v. SMYTH.
The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) Thursday 29 November 1855 p 6 Article

The name, Lacco, is synonymous with the building of wooden boats,as a google search for the words in bold type will clearly demonstrate. However these vessels could hardly be called ships and the industry had little to do with the origins of Rosebud. It was Mitchell "Mitch" Lacco (whose wooden statue is just across Murray Anderson Rd from his Rosebud workshop)who established the boat-building dynasty. In about 1916, his mother moved with Mitch to Queenscliff at about the same time as William John Ferrier (hero of the La Bella wreck at Warnambool in 1905) moved his family to their new house "Rosebud" (20 Beach St,Queenscliff.) Here Mitch honed his skills before returning to Rosebud while his mother helped to baby-sit the hero's children.
(Lew Ferrier, the hero's son.)

P.99. At Red Hill, a small store, post office and adjoining bakery were built by W.H. Blakeley in the
mid-1870s. The post office replaced an earlier one and still functions* as the Red Hill Post
Office and General Store.401

*The post office apparently still functioned as such when Sheila Skidmore wrote THE RED HILL. The building (710 White Hill Rd) is still standing with the post office boxes still intact but is now a private residence, having previously been a gallery. P.S. Is it all right for me to claim that the Empire State Building is STILL the world's tallest building? (I'm sure I could find a source even if it's 70 years old!)

P.101. The mistake is not in this study but a previous one. I'm not sure whether it was produced for Mornington Shire or Mornington Peninsula Shire but it gave the name and location of Watson's house and extensive grounds. However, displaying the same carelessness as J.P.Fawkner's supposed visit to the 1803 settlement in 1833, the name of the house was given as Melville House and as Melrose House. I had concluded that Melrose House was the correct version, probably based on an advertisement on trove.

In 1933 Melrose, Watson’s grand house of the 1880s at Mornington was purchased by builder
Eric Dowdle to add to his ‘Mary’ chain of guesthouses.

P. 106. 7.7 Providing health and welfare services
Nelson Ruddock (re the Dromana Bush Nursing Hospital) was Nelson Rudduck.
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 18 January 1935 p 4 Article

Two items that should have been included are:
the many private hospitals mentioned in birth and death notices such as at Mornington, Dromana and Somerville, amateur medico's such as Watson Eaton and some of the women (like Susan Peatey of the Survey)who served their communities as midwives;
the role of Cr Jack and the Edward Wilson Trust in providing the peninsula's first motorised ambulance service.

P.121. This is not an error but an effort on my part to confirm that the IRISH Robert White was involved in the construction of the first proper hospital buildings at the Quarantine Station. In January 1857 there were many advertisements calling for tenders for this work but nowhere could I find any mention of contracts awarded. There were contracts awarded for a cookhouse and fittings for the hospital buildings and tenders called for a jetty. However despite SANITORY STATION and SANITARY STATION being used as alternatives for QUARANTINE STATION, I could not confirm Robert White's involvement.

Robert White was one of several IRISH brothers mentioned in Lime Land Leisure who signed the petition in 1859 against a fence being built from White Cliff to the back beach (as detailed in Peter Wilson's ON THE ROAD TO ROSEBUD.) Pam Colvin is a descendant of this IRISH family. There was a SCOTTISH Robert White from Clackmannan whose family's story is the subject of PENINSULA PIONEERS, written by Stephen Lynch of N.S.W.(Family Tree Circle's toolaroo.) His son, Robert, married (in succession) two daughters of Hill Hillis, was a pioneer of Rosebud 1875-1890 and Red Hill where he was known as Blooming Bob White as he used this word as an alternative to swearing. His nephew was named Robert White on his birth certificate (because his parents had not married due to the unavailability of ministers) but brought up as Robert James (under which name he was granted c/a 27A,section B,Wannaeue); he later adopted the name on his birth certificate and became known as Bullocky Bob White.

Let it then be clearly understood that the builder of the hospital buildings was Irish and, with George, a pioneer of the Sorrento/Rye area.

Quarantine the Second Phase 1856 to 1875 | Nepean ...

A Planned Response – the Second Phase: 1856 to 1875

Our accommodations on the Sanitary Station, either for the purposes of ablutions, or for treating disease, or for providing for healthy immigrants, have been very meagre. There is a prospect that before 1859 they will be ample. During my experience of above three years on the Station, we have succeeded in every instance in stopping and extinguishing the disease for which each vessel has been detained. With the improvements at present in progress, I look forward with considerable confidence to the continued efficiency of the establishment.26

Thus wrote Dr J Reed, Surgeon Superintendent of the Sanitary Station in his report to Parliament dated 1 January 1858 which detailed ‘the principal circumstances connected with the working of the Sanitary Station during the year 1857’. This was possibly the most significant year in the history of the station as it marked the commencement of work on the first ‘permanent’ structures: the five two-storey stone hospital buildings.

The five hospital buildings were sited by Dr. Reed and Alfred Scurry, the afore-mentioned Clerk of Works; two were sited on the rise (Hospital Nos 1 and 2), initially for the use of the ill and convalescing emigrants, and three Hospitals were sited on the flat to provide accommodation for those detained as a precautionary measure. Albert Scurry subsequently prepared the plan for the hospital buildings which are dated November 1856.

Plans for One of First Five Hospitals 1856
Plans for One of First Five Hospitals 1856

In April 1857 Dr. McCrea, the Chief Medical Officer of the Colony approved Scurry’s plans and local contractor Robert White commenced construction. To facilitate the works, White was permitted to keep sixteen bullocks – to haul stone and other building materials – and five horses on the station for the duration of his contract. Permission was also granted to undertake lime burning for the building works and to this end, White was permitted to utilised dead wood found within the station grounds. A quarry was also established at the station to supply the stone. Welch has written that initially the buildings were not rendered, but deterioration of the sandstone within a few years necessitated the rendering of the exterior stonework.27

Concurrent with the construction of the hospitals was the erection of a three-roomed cookhouse – including accommodation – behind the two hospitals on the rise – and three two-roomed stone cottages for labourers more permanently employed on the station. In addition a four-roomed stone cottage for the storekeeper was constructed; it occupied the site of the present-day Administration building.28 Drawings for these structures were prepared by Alfred Scurry and are dated December 1856. A proper jetty was also constructed – initially it was determined that it would be useful if the contractor Robert White constructed a jetty which the Government could then take over, no public funds being available for the purpose at this time.29

White must have balked at this assumption, for in 1858 a contract was awarded to Mussen & Company for the sum of £958 to construct a timber jetty, 249 feet in length, to plans prepared by Alfred Scurry.30

PATRICK TOMUT WEE WEE,a Rosebud fisherman buried at Rye Cemetery, lost his life while conveying four quarrymen to the Quarantine Station in 1869. The quarrymen, who also perished, are named in newspaper reports.

P.146. The sentence about the Rye Anglican Church (in bold type) is not only placed in the second paragraph (about the Dromana Anglican Church) instead of the first (about the Rye Anglican Church), but also gives the impression that it was the first place of worship for the Rye Anglicans. The second (present) place of worship was built on the site of the original school/church built with lime donated by James Trueman. As correctly stated (bold type in paragraph 1), the original stone was used (in addition to stone donated by Ben Stenniken) to construct the second building on the site. It is possible, because of crumbling masonry, that the old building could not be used for services during the period when the present school was being built, and that private homes were used for a while, but the Church of England school/church had been the place of worship for many years.
(Church website, Patricia Appleford's RYE PRIMARY SCHOOL 1667.)

St Andrew’s, Rye, built in 1882, became the second-oldest stone church in the Shire, after St
John’s at Sorrento, and represents the development of a substantial congregation at a
comparatively early stage in the population growth of the region. The church was built, to the
design of Henderson and Smart, with stone recycled from an earlier structure which had served
as a school hall and church until 1875
. For some time the building was used by both
Presbyterian and Anglican congregations. The church was extended in 1980.589

Construction of St Mark’s of Dromana was commenced in 1892 as the third-oldest stone
Anglican church on the Peninsula after St Andrew’s, Rye (1882), and St John’s, Sorrento
(1874). *Prior to this, regular services at Rye had been held in private homes. Between 1885 and
1892, the Union church on the corner of Heales Street and Point Nepean Road was used by
the Anglican congregation. From 1893 until 1960 St Mark’s was included in the parish of
Mornington and Sorrento. The parish hall was added in 1958 followed by the parish office and
opportunity shop in 1989.590

No mention is made of the Dromana and Rosebud Methodist churches, the Rudduck involvement, the Band of Hope, Rosebud’s only Sunday School for many years, the Rudduck organ dispute with the Rosebud Mechanics’ Institute etc.


Newspaper articles that prove the following paragraph from page 150 of the study have been found. A Dame Nellie Melba google search reveals that her son, George ARMSTRONG,inherited her property near the Melba Highway. I had assumed that the concert described by Grace E.Caldwell in 1921 had taken place in 1875 soon after the Continental Hotel opened (in October, according to Coppin's advertisement.) However "mine host" in December 1875 was not Hughes, as stated by Grace, but M.A.Cleary, who became insolvent because patronage had been affected by scarlet fever, stormy weather and THE HOTEL NOT BEING COMPLETED! As Cleary received his certificate of Discharge of Insolvency in October 1876, he must not have been the proprietor of the hotel for long and it is possible that William Hughes (who re-opened the hotel in 1879) became the proprietor soon after the 1875/6 peak season finished. My speculation that "mine host" might have been Sir Daniel Abraham Hughes would now seem to be wrong, although he might have sold the Continental site to Coppin's company, but the reference will not be deleted. If William Hughes was not "mine host" in about 1876,when Helen Mitchell would have been about 15, and Grace E.Calder was instead describing the 1885 concert (which was to raise funds for the cemetery), why would she have described Melba (by then a 24 year old married woman as a GIRL?

P.150. SORRENTO MECHANICS’ INSTITUTE. The hall was the venue of a concert by Madam
Melba, then called Mrs Armstrong on January 24th 1885, when Melba sang two solos and a
duet. This was reputedly her first concert since she first sang publicly, as a child, in her home
town Richmond.614 In the next year, she travelled Europe to begin a serious musical career.(614)
(614. 614 Sorrento and Portsea Yesterday, 58-9. N.B. THIS IS NOT MENTIONED IN THE BIBLIOGRAPHY.)

Is it possible that Dame Nellie gave two concerts in Sorrento? Grace Caldwell linked the first concert with the Continental Hotel (built 1875) which had just been constructed. Helen Mitchell would then have been about 14 years old. Could the author(s) of "Sorrento and Portsea Yesterday" have been a decade off the correct year or were there two concerts, or was Grace Caldwell wrong about Nellie being a girl when she organised the concert and when the Sorrento Cemetery was fenced as a result?

Extract from my journal, written as itellya, DAME NELLIE MELBA'S FIRST CONCERT, SORRENTO ...
Another thing, Dame Nellie Melba Queen of Song, gave her first concert in this the queen of watering places. The Continental Hotel had just been erected* (Hughes being mine host ) and Melba was here with her father. Walking one day they came across the grave of a member of the crew of a recent wreck and being told it was a cemetery which they were going through, the girl exclaimed, "And without a fence!" It was explained that it was probably owing to lack of funds that the cemetery was not closed in. She decided to give a concert, and wrote the placards herself being wise enough not to mention her own name for "singing in public makes a young girl bold" was the father's opinion who was then in ignorance of his daughter possessing "a singing voice." The concert was held, and a sum made that erected the fence that is still there, whilst today if Dame Melba repeated the performance, two people would have to occupy one chair, so great would be the enthusiasm to rehear her-
Sorrento, Sept. 26.
(P.10, bottom of column 6,Argus, 28-9-1921.)

*The Continental Hotel was built in 1875 by Ocean Amphitheatre Co Ltd of which George Coppin was the Managing Director.( Continental Hotel - About‎).

trove search re armstrong, concert (JAN,FEB 1885)/CONCERT, CEMETERY FENCE 1875/ HUGHES, CONTINENTAL 1875
The above hotel is now being tastefully and comfortably furnished, and will be opened to the public at once.etc. (P.8, Argus, 23-12-1875). N.B. M.A.Cleary was the proprietor, not Hughes.

It is possible that "mine host" was not the lime-burning pioneer after whom Hughes Rd was named but an insolvent in 1875, Sir Daniel Abraham Hughes who had sold land to Coppin's Ocean Amphitheatre Company. Perhaps,he had owned the Continental Hotel site and Grace assumed that he ran the hotel. See:MELBOURNE, column 5, P.3,Geelong Advertiser, 13-7-1875. It would seem from the first advertisement that Cleary had not been the first lessee; perhaps it had been Sir Daniel. Coppin advertised,P.8, Argus, 2-9-1875:" SORRENTO Continental HOTEL to LET, now building. Possession in October. Full particulars of G. Coppin." Cleary wrote in December:" Tho proprietor begs to intimate that the hotel is in no way connected with anyone but himself." Michael Austin Cleary became insolvent because the Continental was unfinished when it started operating and scarlet fever (probably the Webster children)and stormy weather had reduced patronage.(P.7, Argus, 9-10-1876,LAW REPORT.)

It seems that Grace's facts were slightly incorrect. William Hughes was the proprietor of the Continental when it re-opened in 1879.
New Furniture and Stock Great Reduction in Prices to meet the times Terms-Board and Residence, 30s per week ; all meals, 1s. 6d Passengers and luggage taken from the steamer to the hotel free of charge
WILLIAM HUGHES, Proprietor (P.3, Argus,27-12-1879.)

The reference to a concert in the Mechanics'Institute in January 1885 is correct and it was in aid of improvements to the Sorrento and Rye cemeteries.
On Saturday evening an amateur concert will be given in the Sorrento Mechanics'Institute, in aid of the improvement fund of the Sorrento and Rye cemeteries. (P.5, Argus,22-1-1885, bottom of second last column.)

A concert which was attended with great success took place at Sorrento on Saturday in aid of the funds of the local cemetery. The hall, which was crowded, was very tastefully decorated. The performers, who were well known amateurs, viz., Mrs Armstrong, the Misses Service, Barry, Dawson, Donaldson, Anderson and Messrs Cadden, Hood and Hesselmann all rendered their solos remarkably well. The funds of the local cemetery will be increased by more than £20. (P.5,halfway down in column 3, Argus, 27-1-1885.)



P. 181. Well, this didn’t tell me anything about John G.Mann that’s not already in my journal: MR MANN WROTE A HISTORY OF MT. ELIZA.
From the bibliography.
Mann, J.; 1926. `The Early History of Mount Eliza on the Morning ton Peninsula’, re printed
in Mount Eliza Community Association, Mount Eliza, Mornington, 1985. In the possession
of Jess White.

3 comment(s), latest 3 years, 4 months ago


Frustration at my edits not submitting caused me to retire twice but my enthusiasm led to resumptions as soon as the situation improved. However now my internet connection is practically zero and has been for weeks. Add this to the frustration of not receiving replies to my emails re the William John Ferrier 110th anniversary (see below) and from schools etc., and the result is that my enthusiasm is as strong as my internet connection, practically zero. When I was having trouble submitting edits,at least I could still research trove etc., but now if I turn on my computer, it is almost certain that the internet will not be connected. That means no trove, no F.T.C., no facebook and no email.

To get a signal,I have to go walkies, a bit like a business owner having to duck home from the office to use the internet. This is the main reason for the almost complete loss of my enthusiasm. This email of May 22 from a council officer,still not followed up almost eight months later, is typical of another factor.

Dear Mr xxxx,

Thank you for your recent letter concerning Ferrier’s 100th anniversary. I have passed your letter on to my Local History Coordinator for advice and will ensure that we reply to you by the end of next week.

Regretfully, my plans for the 110th anniversary of Ferrier's heroism in 1905 and the Back to Red Hill reunion will not be able to be pursued.

As my computer will be unplugged in future, if you send me an email or a private message on F.T.C.,please text your name and F.T.C. to 0438 874 172.
Best wishes to my many history friends and thank you for your help over the years.

1 comment(s), latest 6 months ago


You'd reckon that the name of the author of the history would have been given as John G.Mann! He lived in Harbury, Mt Eliza. John was one of the very active members of the the Mt Eliza Volunteer Bush Fire Brigade. He was a member of the Field Naturalists Group as was Mr S.Mann. When St James the Less Church was damaged by an earthquake in 1932,it was reported:"Mr. J. G. Mann who has an intimate knowledge of the history of the
church, has circulated an appeal for funds to repair the building. A ready response to the appeal is expected."
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Saturday 10 September 1932 p 1 Article)

After Frankston High came second in a Wildflower competition run by 3AR and 3LO at the Melbourne Town Hall in 1930,it was reported:"The students have decided to have an exhibition of wild flowers at the school on Monday next, to see how many varieties they can obtain. Mr.Bincham, the local florist, in Young street, who very kindly staged the exhibit at the Town Hall, has agreed to stage the exhibits on Monday. Mr.J. Mann, of Mt. Eliza, who is an expert in wildflowers has consented to attend and name the flowers brought in.
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Saturday 25 October 1930 p 4 Article)

It is fitting that Mann Rd (Melway 101 J 9) leads to a reserve. I hope that the wildflowers that Mr Mann so loved grace the reserve!

Plenty of sources state that Canadian Bay was named after three Canadians who loaded firewood there but it was only the previously mysterious Mr Mann who named names!

Without amateur historians such as L.Wilding of Flinders,Isabel Moresby (ROSEBUD: FLOWER OF THE PENINSULA) and John G.Mann, much of the Mornington Peninsula's historical information would have been lost. How John would have loved to talk to Isabel about the flora and fauna of Rosebud and New Guinea!

I always felt a little silly quoting MR MANN as the source when discussing Alfred Jones of the "Almond Bush Stud" at Somerville and the Liverpool anchoring well offshore in Canadian Bay. At least we know now that the author was not the aborigine referred to as Mr Mann in Marie Fels' "I Succeeded Once."

I will be requesting the Mornington Peninsula Shire to ask the City of Frankston to name the anonymous reserve at the end of Mann Rd in Melway 101 H10, the John G.Mann Nature Reserve.

John Mann even listed the wildflowers which could be planted in such a reserve.
Floral Reserve Proposals
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 1 April 1938 p 1 Article.

The monthly meeting of the Mt.Eliza Progress Association was held at the Mt. Eliza Hall on Wednesday evening last, when a good attendance of members was recorded. The president, Mr. Tyler, presided. The usual business was dealt with.

History of Mt. Eliza.
At a previous committee meeting, Mr. J. Mann presented a manuscript which for the last few months he has
been compiling, and has now completed. It was read and received with great enthusiasm. Mr. Mann has given in his work a very thorough outline of the locality since it first came into being over 60 years ago.It is very interesting reading now, and will prove more and more so as years go on.

Residents of the Mount are very grateful to Mr. Mann for the time and trouble which he devoted to the work. A hearty vote of thanks was passed to Mr. Mann. The cost of publishing of the book,which is to be printed and published by "The Standard" will be under 30 pounds. This is very satisfactory.
(Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 20 August 1926 p 7 Article.)

John Mann's "Harbury" was assumed to be near Mann Rd, but the following account indicates that it was near Old Mornington Rd and about 300 metres from Marathon (12 Marathon Drive) which was built on the site of James Davey's "Marysville" (built in 1851.) James Davey later built another house overlooking the bay which was replaced by Sargood's "Denistoun." Why did James Davey call his pre-emptive right the Marysville Estate?

An old resident and colonist named Mary Davey, relict of James Davey, expired this afternoon at the residence of her son, after a short illness. The deceased was 86 years of age, and came to the district early in the
forties, her husband and she being amongst the first white people to take up their abode in these parts. Mr Davey at one time owned a sheep and cattle station between here and Mornington*, and what was afterwards known
as the Marysville Estate was his original pre-emptive right.
(The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Saturday 9 September 1893 p 10 Article.)
*There is no evidence that the Kannanuke Run (from the creek to Mt Eliza) adjoined the Ballanrong Run whose pre-emptive right includes the Mornington Racecourse.)

federation-house - Melbourne's Federation Heritage's+Federation+Heritage

Marathon is a large residence and garden established in 1914-24 in the Federation Arts and Crafts style. The house features a conspicuous gabled roof, a tall broad stuccoed chimney and contrasting textures of building fabric, typical of the Arts and Crafts style. The style is also demonstrated in the garden design by the geometric compartmentalised areas, many with central axes, terracing and use of stone for steps and retaining walls.
The garden style also integrates an uncommon Italian design influence by the use of cypresses, clipped hedges, fountains and statuary . The place is of exceptional interest being one of a few notable homes designed for the Grimwade family and it is one of a small group of large summer residences with extensive grounds erected in the first decade of the twentieth century. [15]
Marathon, constructed in 1914, is significant because of the relationship between house and garden. Designed by the architectural partnership Butler and Bradshaw, with substantial extensions designed by Walter and Richard butler in 1924, it is an interesting example of a large beachside residence designed in the Arts and Crafts manner. The garden, also designed by Walter Butler, with its formal terraces, axial layout, structures, stairs, walls, paths, pergolas and ornaments reflects the Arts and Crafts philosophy of garden design, and of creating outdoor "rooms". It is a fine example of Butler's garden design, having the grandest plan and being the largest and most intact surviving work.[16]

WILLIAM ALP'S house (now 4 Cassiobury Avenue)was on seven allotments.(City of Frankston Heritage Study 1991.)The study assumes that it was the house on Grimwade's almond orchard. It would seem logical that the orchard was on or near Orchard Lane on the south side of Daveys Bay Rd but the study,in discussing "Marathon", states that the Orchard Estate encompassed Harleston Rd.

The present Health Retreat on the south corner of Daveys Bay Rd may have been the Childrens' Hospital orthopaedic section mentioned in the same paragraph as Toorak College.

Big Blaze at Mt. Eliza
Stern Fight to Save Property
The most serious outbreak of fire in many years occurred on Monday afternoon when some of the finest homes in the Mt. Eliza district were threatened by a fire which broke out in the dense scrub between Harbury,Mr. John Mann's residence, and the new Pt Nepean road; fanned by a moderate breeze the flames were carried toward the old Mornington road.

Firemen and volunteers waged a stern war with the fire to prevent it reaching Mr. Mann's house. Those who
could bear the terrific heat did what they could to check the advance of the fire while others worked hard
with, axes to. cut away the tall tea tree which grew~ within a few feet of the rear of the house.When it seemed certain that nothing could save the property a slight change in the wind caused the flames to subside a little and the face of the fire nearest to Mr. Mann's was beaten out.

While the fire was at its height in this section, burning leaves or bark were carried by the wind to Marathon,
the beautiful home of Major General, H. W., Griinwade, which stands about one and a half furlongs from Harbury, and ignited the dry grass at the rear of the property. Fortunately the outbreak was seen before it had gained a firm hold and was beaten out. While one party was striving to save Mr. Mann's property another was having an equally stern struggle on General Grimwade's property adjoining Harbury, an almond orchard containing about 500 trees was slightly damaged, but the clearing enabled the fighters to prevent the fire reaching one of houses on the estate occupied by Mr. William Alp.

The fire engine, which could not be used earlier because no water was available, was then taken to a point near Davey's road where a fire plug was found. The value of the new engine was soon demonstrated. Pumping from a main in which the pressure was low an excellent flow of water was delivered from the hose at high pressure and the fire was soon under control at that point.

In the meantime the fire had spread along the bed of Kackeraboite creek and the brigade was recalled to Harbury which was again in the path of the flames. The engine was attached to a private hydrant near General Grimwade's home and water was forced through 600 feet of hose to Mr. Mann's. The pressure was so poor, that the hose itself could not be used, but men ran from the end of the hose to the fire with buckets and succeeded in saving a small cottage and preventing the further advance of the fire in that direction.

The dense scrub in this area was the sanctuary of hundreds of birds that had been encouraged by Mr.Mann to visit his home and to come to him when he whistled. For years he has spent part of his leisure in training the birds to overcome their fear of human beings. Much of the scrub near the house is unharmed, and it is to be hoped that the birds have not perished.

While one face of the fire was being brought under control the other had spread toward the home of Mr.I.Walters and adjoining residences. The fire engine had just been brought to this point when another alarm was given from Miss Violet Teague's property where burning leaves had ignited the scrub about a quarter of a mile from the main fire. This outbreak was beaten out. Had it gained a firm hold several fine homes, the Toorak college and the orthopaedic section of the Children's Hospital would have been endangered. Residents became so alarmed that
the Mornington brigade was summoned but the outbreak was under control when it arrived.

When the wind died down at night the fighters were transferred to the new Pt. Nepean road where the fire was burning fiercely. Working along the face of the fire men and boys beat out the flames and shortly after midnight ,the last of the men were withdrawn. On Tuesday morning many trees and logs were still burning. Some firemen returned to the scene of the fire and extinguished burning trees that were near enough to the edge of the burnt area to cause a fresh outbreak.
(Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Saturday 11 February 1933 p 1 Article.)

Shortly after "Mr Mann's" history was published, the progress association was discussing sales and associated matters.
Cr. Montague suggested that Mr.McIlroy be asked to take the books in hand also. From what he could gather the booklet was being well received. He had heard several remarks that were complimentary both to the author, Mr. Mann, and Standard Newspapers, the publishers of the work. Many members of other associations had told him that they should be very proud of the booklet.
(Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 17 December 1926 p 7 Article.)

As well as his community service at Mt Eliza, John Mann was also much involved in Frankston itself. The Frankston Progress Association was keen to assist his efforts.

The Secretary urged members to assist in every way possible for the Annual Flower Show to be held in the Mechanics' Hall next month, and suggested that they get in touch with Mr J. G. Mann and other members
of the committee.
(Frankston Progress Association
Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 22 August 1924 p 2 Article.)

Wild Flower and Daffodil Show
"In the
From 2.30 p.m.
In the Evening:
Microscopic Slides will be shown by Mr. Jas. Lambie.
All information from-Messrs. P.W. Bartlett, J. Haggart, J. G. Mann,A. Montague, Committee of Management.
(Frankston and Somerville Standard (Vic. : 1921 - 1939) Friday 12 September 1924 p 2 Advertising.)

1 comment(s), latest 3 years, 5 months ago


I don't often write journals about a particular person but there was something special about Mr Wilding, which will become evident when the full title of this journal is given.

After the termination of the Flinders Race Meeting on Friday, 3rd inst., some gentlemen assembled in the State School building, and a presentation of a purse of sovereigns was made to Mr L. Wilding, who left the district for Castlemaine on Monday last, after fifteen years' residence in Flinders. On behalf of the subscribers,
Mr Cooke wished Mr Wilding every success in his new vocation, and expressed regret at his departure from Flinders.

During the time he (Mr Cooke) had been in the district, Mr Wilding had always been very willing to do a large amount of work for the good of the place which many people were inclined to shirk, and he would certainly be very much missed. In replying, Mr Wilding heartily thanked the people of the district for this token of their
goodwill. There were very many things which he could not do, and there was certainly no necessity to explain that to make a speech was one of these things. A certain gentleman in the room would be quite equal to such an occasion, and be able to give voice to proper sentiments for any space of time from a few minutes to a few hours, but he was sorry to say he was not built on the same lines.

He had always been glad to think that he belonged to the place, and to have a hand in anything that was going on. It had been a pleasure to himself to be able to do any work for Flinders. He hoped to visit the district a good many times in the future. (P.5, Mornington Standard, 11-3-1905.)

Flinders ratepayers in the centre riding of the Flinders and Kangerong Shire in 1899 included:
Mrs Ann Wilding 3 acres and buildings, and Robert Wilding 16 acres.

WILDING Joseph 1892-3*
Flinders and Kangerong Shire- In this shire there is a contest in one riding only, viz., the Central ; Mr Tas. Wilding nominating in opposition to the retiring member Cr Brown.(P.2, Mornington Standard, 25-8-1892.)

SHIRE OF FLINDERS AND KANGERONG. The only contest was in the Centre Riding, where Joseph Wilding defeated the retiring Cr W. Brown by 21 votes. This result was almost anticipated, as a good many ratepayers desired a change. In the East Riding as usual, that popular representative Robert Stanley had a walk over, and the same be said of Cr John Cain who was again re turned unopposed, a well-deserved recognition of an able councillor. this occasion George McLear has been re-elected auditor without opposition. A good man in the right place.
((P.2, Mornington Standard, 1-9-1892.)

For the vacancy in the Centre Riding representation in the Shire of Flinders and Kangerong, caused by the resignation of Cr. Wilding through severe illness, two candidates have been nominated Messrs.T.Darley and
J.Pullin, both residents of our town. (P.2,Mornington Standard,26-10-1893.)

No L.Wilding yet,you say!
After the termination of the Reform League meeting in the Mechanics' Hall on the 4th inst., a suggestion, which
had previously been privately discussed,was made, that a fund be organised for the benefit of the widow and young family of the late Frank Culliver who recently lost his life through a lamentable accident. As the sadness of the occurrence has elicited general sympathy and the bereaved family are now left without means of support, the project at once found favour. Mr L.Wilding undertook the duties of honorary secretary and treasurer of the movement, and the following gentlemen, living in different parts of the district, to whom subscription lists have been issued were enrolled as a committee :-Messrs C. T. Cooke, T.Darley, L. Nowlan. F. T. Prebble,J. Simmonds (SYMONDS), J. Guest, H. James(Flinders), R. G. Edwards, L. Murphy(Dromana), J. Crichton (Boneo), and A. Sutherland (Shoreham). (P.6, Mornington Standard,19-12-1903.)

This is not part of one of L.Wilding's articles but he has already solved one mystery for me. Forest Lodge was a well known property at Melway 161 F-H 11 but Bill Huntley told me that it fronted the north side of McIlroys Rd. Crown allotments 23A and 23B Kangerong between J.Davey's grants and that road were granted to William McIlroy. Davey must have bought or leased McIlroy's grants.

TENDERS will be received by the undersigned up to 6 p.m. on WEDNESDAY, the 7th SEPTEMBER, for the LEASE for a period of 12 months of Crown Allotments 23a and b, parish of Kangerong, containing about 156 acres,and known as "Davey's Paddock." L. WILDING, Agent, Flinders.(P.2,Mornington Standard, 27-8-1904.)

- After the New Year, we shall print a series of articles dealing with this subject which Mr L. Wilding, of
Flinders, has undertaken to prepare. The narration of the adventures on the shores of the Peninsula, and in the adjoining portions of Port Phillip and Western Port Bays, of several of the very early explorers of Victoria, and also their impressions of this part of the country, will be dealt with, the occasion of the first attempt at settlement in Victoria, when Collins landed near the present township of Sorrento in 1803, and other memorable historical events also necessarily receiving attention. As it is desired to recount as many interesting incidents regarding the pioneering and settlement of the Peninsula as practicable, for the benefit of our readers, we shall be very glad if old residents and others will extend us their cooperation, and kindly forward any particulars of which they are in possession, and deem, worthy of inclusion, either to Mr.Wilding or to this office as early as possible. (P.2, Mornington Standard,10-12-1904.)

HISTORY OF THE Mornington Peninsula. (Copyright.) INTRODUCTORY.
Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 24 June 1905 p 5 Article.

Grant's discovery of the bay, Murray's naming of Arthurs Seat,Flinder's ascent of Arthurs Seat* and so on can be found in many histories (particularly in 1934) and even on the Matthew Flinders memorial near the Old Shire Hall at Dromana. A trove search for L.WILDING, HISTORY,MORNINGTON PENINSULA, will produce all of his articles, but here I will focus on articles containing information that is available nowhere else.
(*Wilding mentioned Flinder's 16 year old nephew, midshipman John Franklin, who repeated the ascent after his term as Governor of the Apple Isle.)

Charles Graves was obviously one of Mr Wilding's informants but did not mention his stint as a hawker, in partnership with Mary McLear,servicing the whole peninsula, before establishing a store at Shoreham and buying "Woodlands" in the parish of Flinders. Colin McLear did,in his A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA.

Mornington Standard (Vic. : 1889 - 1908) Saturday 2 September 1905 p 6 Article

HISTORY OF THE Mornington Peninisula.
[By L. WILDING.](Copyright.)
EARLY SETTLEMENT : Mr Andrew Buchanan, the well-known Ayreshire cattle breeder, is also a holder of what was once - before the time of the Government land sales -a part of this very early established run. Captain Reid, late of the 45th Regiment, who held what was known as the Mount Martha (* sic) run, had also a considerable slice of the Peninsula in the very early days. The property was afterwards sold to Mr Balcombe, who took no small part in the early history of the Peninsula, and was for some years member of Parliament for the very large electorate in which the subject of these articles are included.
(*The Mount Martha Run, last held by James Hearn, was south of Whites Lane (Range Rd) to Ellerina (Bruce) Rd. Reids run which included the future Mornington Town and township was north of Range Rd. I cannot access the internet at the moment to check the correct aboriginal name* for the run, the pre-emptive right of which was named The Briars by Balcombe after his ancestral property where the imprisoned Napolean Bonaparte was befriended.)
*I succeeded once - Page 19 - Google Books Result
Marie Hansen Fels - 2011 - ‎History
squatters. on. the. Mornington. Peninsula. It was a fact that the Aborigines of the Port ... with Robert Jamieson), Captain Reid (Tichingurook), Captain Baxter (Carup ... The Western Port squatters impressed Richard Howitt on a walk to Western ..

The lime burners seem to have been among the very oldest settlers. In 1840 there were a good many engaged at this occupation at the site of Collins' old settlement, including Mr Henry C. Wells**, who is still living, and resides at Frankston. Mr William (* **sic) Cain, father of Cr John Cain, J.P., of Portsea, was also one of the very earliest settlers engaged in this industry.
(**Henry Cadby Wells walked to the FUTURE Sorrento in about 1841 with his pregnant wife to burn lime with Robert Rowley, returned to Richmond after the 1843 depression reduced the demand for lime to pursue his trade as a bootmaker and returned with a boat in 1849 to crayfish with Robert Rowley and (as confirmed by Christine Nixon, Sorrento historian) built the first limestone house in Sorrento, which became Lugger Jack Clarks CLARKS COTTAGE, demolished when Clarks Mornington Hotel became the Koonya. Henrys daughter was the first white child born in the future Sorrento in early 1842.
***Owen Cain, who soon after arrival, was searching frantically for his 4 year old daughter, Sarah Ann.)

When the lime burners first fixed their????? nearly all the old buildings built by Collins' men were standing, though they were all demolished before very many years. By 1845 there were 17 kilns in full work. Each kiln would employ from 10 to 20 hands getting stone, wood, and doing furnace work. In the early days of Sorrento the place was beautifully grown with sheoak and other trees. The lime burners, however, soon made use of these, and then came the present strong growth of ti-tree, which now covers so many miles of this part of the country.

Evidently the first purchase of land on the Peninsula was in 1841. The special survey system, previously confined to South Australia, was then resorted to in Port Phillip. A person paying 5120 into the Treasury had the right of directing the authorities to make him a survey of eight square miles of unreserved territory, subject to certain provisions relating to water frontages and other matters. Between March 17 and May 1 in that year eight special surveys had been applied for in Port Phillip. One of the applicants was Mr. H. Jamieson, who chose his 5120 acres between Mount Martha and Arthur's Seat*. His area included Hobson's Flats, and was bounded on the west by Port Phillip Bay. A very well-finished house, costing 500, which was put up on this survey, was at that time considered a very fine structure, and was probably as good a dwelling as any in the colony. The survey was occupied for some time by Jamieson Bros, and later on passed into the hands of the Bank of Australasia. In the middle of January, 1851*, Mr Graves, now of Woodlands, Flinders, entered into a tenancy of 4120 acres of the area. The other portion, including the house, was rented by Connell Bros. When Mr Graves and his partner, Mr Brown Lee (who at the start, went in extensively for wheat growing), had occupied the place for about five years, it was purchased by Mr Clark**, the grandfather of Sir Rupert Clark*, the present owner. Five years after the sale Mr Clark (sic x2), Mr Griffiths, and Mr Gibson, whose families are still in possession, became the tenants of the property. The rental paid by Messrs Graves and Brown Lee in the early days was 10s per acre.

*The southern boundary was the present east-west section of the Nepean Highway, otherwise called Bittern-Dromana Rd, with the eastern boundary being Bulldog Creek Rd. Henry Dunn, after whom Dunns Rd in Mornington is named, leased the survey 1846-1851. The homestead might have been (Kangeerong?) homestead built on Edmond Hobsons run in the late 1830s before he moved to Tootgarook. (See "I Succeeded Once" by Marie Fels about Assistant Protector William Thomas.)
**William John Turner Clarke, known as Big Clarke who died at James Hearns residence near Salmon Avenue, Essendon. Hearn was related to Big Clarke, probably through Clarkes brother.
By 1864, Edwin Louis Tassell was leasing the northern 1000 acres from Big Clarke but the ownership of that portion later passed to John Vans Agnew Bruce. Walter Gibson had washed his sheep in the southernmost creek of Safety Beach. Thus the origins of the names of Bruce Rd (the sea lane or Ellerina Rd and boundary between the parishes of Moorooduc and Kangerong) and the three creeks are explained. The subdivisional sale of the Clarke Estate took place in 1907 and the Bruce Estate slightly earlier.
(sic x2)
An owner cant be a tenant on his own property. Clarke was assessed on portions of the estate not being occupied in any given year. By 1851, Mary McLear was leasing The Willow on the north bank of Dunns Creek just east of the freeway and William Marshall, her former groom (who witnessed her husbands murder at the Plough Hotel on the Plenty River on Boxing Day 1849) was leasing land between Pickings Lane and the beach so either of these could have been named as a tenant in 1856 and the Brown Lee and Connell leases were not occupying all of the survey south of Tassells Creek.

One of the founders of the Peninsula was certainly Captain Baxter, whose sheep, which had come overland from Sydney, were pastured at Carrup Carrup (now for many years past known as Baxter's Flat) in 1840.Mr Sage (who is still hearty, in spite of 70 years in Australia, since he landed in Sydney as a young fellow in 1835) made the overland trip with the drover of the Captain's sheep, and was then left in charge of the property, which he managed for 10 years. He afterwards became the Captain's son-in-law, and bought his present land near Somerville, building his slab house from timber cut from the bush in the vicinity. This is a very quaint old place - typical of the early Australian settler's residence.

To return to Captain Baxter's. So many incidents of his life are of especial interest by reason of their connection with the early days of the colony, that the temptation to go beyond the Mornington Peninsula, before the writer passes on to some of the other pioneers, cannot be resisted. Benjamin Baxter was born in Ireland, and joined the 50th West Kent Regiment during the reign of George IV. He saw service in Jamaica and India, and afterwards arrived in Sydney in charge of a company of his regiment on board the Royal George, a transport ship laden with convicts. Mrs Baxter, who followed her husband in the ship Hope, arrived about the same time. On his regiment afterwards being ordered to India, the Captain sold out, and was appointed by Governor Bourke to the combined offices of clerk of petty sessions and first salaried postmaster at Melbourne in the year 1837; at a salary of 200per annum. Mr E. J. Foster and Mr Eyre, a storekeeper, had both previously acted as postmaster in an honorary capacity.

Mrs Baxter (who was born in Bolton, Lancashire, England, 1813) did all the work of sorting and delivering letters, and managed the establishment. The "establishment" was a small wooden shanty of two small rooms, with a loft above and skillion at the back, and situated where the Royal Highlander Hotel, in Flinders street, now stands. A part of the living room, partitioned off with sheets and furnished with a small table, constituted the office. The letter delivery was made through a window, a section of which was on hinges and opened as required.

When the mails, which arrived by trading vessel or overland from Sydney by rider, were being delivered there was always great excitement. The whole township would attend outside the primitive building. It was the rule for a large cavalcade to go out and meet Johnny Bourke (no connection of the illustrious Governor of the period, it will be surmised) when it was known that he was approaching with the overland mail, and escort him to the post office.

The first mail which went direct from the young settlement to England was despatched by Mrs Baxter, in total disregard of official red tape, and without consulting her husband. A wool ship was leaving Melbourne for London in 1839, and Mrs Baxter took the opportunity of saving a great amount of time, and conveniencing the people of Melbourne, by making up the mailbags and sending them on board this craft, instead of forwarding them via the head office at Sydney, in the recognised way. The authorities evidently did not regard this breach of discipline very seriously, and Mrs Baxter continued to be the guiding spirit of Melbourne's postal arrange-ments until her husband retired from his billet in 1839.

The family lived for a year or two in the house built by Batman, the pioneer of Victoria, whose property the Captain had purchased. Another interesting fact relating to the early colonial life of the Captain was that he held for a time a cattle run stretching from the site of Princes Bridge to near Brighton, his stock-yards being situated on the site of the now fashionable suburb of St Kilda.

The family settled at Baxter's Flat in 1842. The old homestead which still stands near the Mornington Junction railway station - is on the same plan as when erected from shingles and slabs cut from the surrounding bush in those early days. There are certainly very few buildings of this age to be found in the state ; though, however, the original slab walls are covered with weatherboards on the outside and the inside is papered. It was for a long time the only house in the district, and before the advent of made roads, was a hard day's journey from Melbourne. For several years assigned servants did most of the farm work, and blacks hovered about the place.

Mrs Baxter is still alive, and resides in the old homestead. This lady and her eldest daughter (Mrs Sage), who was a very young child when they came out to Australia, are very probably the only survivors of the white people in the Port Phillip district previous to 1838. The only son, Mr Benjamin Baxter, now resides at Frankston, and several daughters (one of whom married Mr Robert Hoddle, the first Surveyor-General of Victoria) are living in different parts of the state.
To be Continued.

As well as presenting work by early amateur historians such as Mr Wilding, and Isaac Batey re the Sunbury area,I feel an an obligation to correct any errors and to confirm claims that are made. I have decided to do this before the next article rather than interrupt the narrative. The Keilor Plains entry re Pain has been included because the Westernport District was very misleading, including squatters such as Dryden at Hanging Rock and the Westernport Barkers' brother near Castlemaine. "Payne",the correct spelling in the article was on Coolart.

551 Babinton & Carpenter, 'Glenlyon' run, squatters in Westernport District ...... 551Manton, Charles, 'Big Plains, (Tooradin)' run, squatter in Westernport District.

Eastern Portion of Australia, East 1849/1 (1848/2)
In Westernport, French Island is named, and nearby Jameson and Berry, Dodd and McCrae appear on the Mornington Peninsula. (Jameson on on the Cape Schanck run and McCrae on the Arthurs Seat run. Berry?)

Pastoral Properties: Grazing on the Keilor Melton Plains ...
Jan 1, 1993 - A few monuments to the wealthy squatters survive along with more ... so expeditions to the Port Phillip district which demonstrated vast areas of open ... The earliest areas to be settled in the Port Phillip area were in the open basalt ...... believed to have been Pain's original homestead are located at Grid Ref.

1849 Squatter's Directory - Port Phillip District
1849 SQUATTERS' DIRECTORY OF THE PORT PHILLIP DISTRICT ...... District (image) PAYNE, William - "Coolort" - Western Port District (image)

I succeeded once - Page 140 - Google Books Result
Marie Hansen Fels - 2011 - ‎History
Yal Yal, heir to Bobbinnary, clan head (Barwick 1984: 117); no date Henry ... 10 Dec 1840 Yal Yal was among a party of Western Port Aborigines who came .

HISTORY OF THE Mornington Peninsula. [BY L. WILDING.](Copyright.)
A man named Manton (after whom the present Manton's Creek was named) spent a short time in the Flinders district in the early days, but, apparently, only pastured his cattle in the locality for a time and
then left the district (FOR TOOROODIN!). Another person named Dodd, who hailed from the Isle of Man, occupied
a small run including the site of the present township of Flinders, and built a hut near West Head, some
times called Dodd's Point. Though Mr Dodd was certainly a pioneer, being the first white occupier of a part of
the Peninsula, he moved away too soon to take a large part in its development.

In 1846 the Manton's Creek run was taken up by Mr Henry Tuck, a native of the Isle of Skye, who had landed in Melbourne in 1838 from Tasmania, to which colony he had emigrated in 1830, when a youngfellow of 20. Before taking up the run Mr Tuck had spent several years on the Peninsula in the employment of Captain Reid and Messrs Barker and McRae. In connection with this run there is an interesting document in the possession of Mr Samuel Tuck, a son of the original owner. This is a license given under the hand of Charles FitzRoy, "His Excellency the Governor of New South Wales and dependencies," on the 9th day of December, 1846, permitting the holder to occupy "certain waste lands of the Crown situated in the district of Western Port, in the colony of New South
Wales," upon payment of the sum of 10, which amount had to be deposited each year.

The "certain waste lands of the Crown" comprised an area of 10 square miles, a good part of which was really splendid land. When the run was cut up and sold, Mr Tuck retained a portion of this, upon which his sons now reside with their families. The whole of the run was thickly timbered, and the first house was by the mouth of Manton's Creek.

At this time Mr Payne had a run stretching from Tuck's boundary to Warrandyke,(MUST BE AN EARLY NAME FOR COOLART WHICH RELATIVES OF MAURICE MEYRICK OF THE BONIYONG RUN ARE KNOWN TO HAVE OCCUPIED) which had previously
been occupied by a person of the name of Merrick (sic). A strip of land along what is now known as the Main Ridge, which lay between McRae's and Tuck's runs, was never taken up as a run.

In about 1850, besides the settlement of lime-burners and some small clusters of habitations, the Peninsula
was principally tenanted by persons on the runs of Captains Baxter and Reid, and Messrs Barker,McRae, Pain (sic), Hobson, and Tuck. (Hobson had been managing his brother's run near THE RIVER OF LITTLE FISH, "TRARALGON" and in 1850 transferred the Tootgarook run to James AND PETER Purves. The Barkers had the Cape Schanck and Boniyong (Boneo) runs.)

Some pioneers who had seen trouble with the ancient lords of the soil in other British possessions experienced
a very pleasant surprise when they came to deal with the blacks in most parts of the Port Phillip district. This was especially so within the bounds of the Peninsula, where the blacks were never a menace after the
time of Collins' attempted colonisation. The Mornington settlers never dreamt of harm from the apparently harmless beings whom they saw going about wrapped first in 'possum skins, and later on, when they began to barter with the whites, often in dirty blankets reaching nearly to their knees. When they learnt a little
English the blacks would go meekly up to the houses and plead - "Will gibbit flour, will gibbit sugar ?" in a
very plaintive way. They also soon began to cultivate a taste for " baccy," and other tokens of civilisation.

Vide The Mornington Standard of September 6, 1902, Mr Wells (who has been previously mentioned as one of the early Point Nepean lime-burners) recollects a corroboree taking place at the foot of Arthur's Seat,soon after he came to that part in 1840, at which fully 400 blacks took part. One very old resident averes that the largest number of blacks he ever saw together was on an occasion when he counted 36, including lubras and picanninnies, coming over Baxter's Flat. Another old identity says that after the Peninsula settlement began
the blacks were rarely seen together in numbers of more than 10 or 12, including lubras, and that they had
altogether disappeared by 1856.

No doubt Mr Sage (whom they called Mr Tooce) has come into contact with the aboriginals as much as any man now living in the Mornington Peninsula. He made friends with several of them, especially Yal Yal, a very great man in the tribe, and learnt a good bit about their language. The Peninsula tribe were, as was commonly the case, almost strangers to the members of the neighboring tribe. They were, for instance, quite foreigners to the members of the tribe inhabiting the districts round about Cranbourne, and had several different words in their language. In the early part of Mr Sage's residence in the Peninsula there was great warfare between the tribes, and the kidney fat of a dead opponent was in great requisition, and was supposed to confer a good many benefits on the proud captor.

A primitive postal system was in use with the tribe when Mr Sage first made their acquaintance. Two young men were employed as postmen to go about from camp to canp, circulating news and delivering messages. Bobanardinwas the medicine man. Mr Sage's friend, Yal Yal, very earnestly impressed upon him the
desirability of never walking in front of a blackfellow until he had become very well acquainted with him. One
day he illustrated the probable result of such an indiscretion in a rather startling manner. Mr Sage was sitting writing in his house, with his back to the door, when a voice close to his ear remarked - "Could kill him, Mr Tooce, that time." Looking round, Mr Sage saw Yal Yal standing over him, playfully poising a waddy close to his head. However, the broad grin spreading over the features of his aboriginal friend soon dispelled any alarm which Mr Sage felt.

An old resident, when going over Baxter's Flat on one occasion, was rather perturbed at a lot of blacks crowding around him and making energetic supplication for "white money." He made a bolt through the dusky circle surrounding him, and fully expected to feel some spears in the small of his back as he rode away. However, the blacks evidently had no such intention. After they began to pick up English words the blacks gave themselves such names as Toby, Ben Benzie,Mr Mann, &c.

As an evidence of the quickness of their movements when hunting for food of any kind, though they were sluggish enough at most times, they were often seen wading along the beach, and then, stopping still for
some time in one place, suddenly plucking a spear from between their toes where they had been dragging it along. A further investigation as to the sudden flight of the spear into the water would discover the fact that they had secured another fish for the next meal.

For a good many years the Peninsula was very roughly timbered, and by no means easy of access. There were for a long time only cattle tracks, and the journey to Melbourne was of considerable difficulty - bullock wagons were the only carriages. When a small steam mill was established at Brighton many residents who had previously ground their own flour made a great saving of labor by taking their wheat to that place.

Over a large portion of the land it was impossible to go about much without a good axe*. A disaster, not without its amusing side, happened to three men who essayed to go for a shooting expedition with a spring cart. Though this attempt was not made in the very early days, the roughness of the country materially detracted from the usefulness of this vehicle, and, to add to their inconvenience, the party soon got bushed. Leaving the cart
and harness they took the horse, and eventually extricated themselves and found their way back on to a more
beaten track ; but they could not afterwards locate the abandoned cart, and its whereabouts were not discovered for some 10 years or so, when it was found to have been left near where Mr George Wilson* built his house later on at Shoreham.
To be continued.

*Pt Leo Rd was called the Blaze Track.
**If I remember correctly the spring cart discovery and location is mentioned in Petronella Wilson's GIVING DESTINY A HAND, a history of Sarah Wilson's descendants (Connell,Young,Johnson>Johnstone.) Christie Johnstone married a Tuck girl and is the subject of my journal HOW SARAH WILSON LED ME TO HENRY TUCK.

HISTORY OF THE Mornington Peninsula. [BY L. WILDING.](Copyright.)
TheSchnapper Point (actually Tubbarubba) murder. The Mr Threader mentioned who was said to have quit as rate collector may have been John Threader who was the retiring auditor in 1892 but re-standing,
(The old ex-officer, Mr. Threader, who for the past two years has filled the position of local auditor, was again elected to the position without opposition. MORNINGTON.
South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920) Wednesday 5 August 1885 p 3 Article)

and the same J.Threader who provided mile posts two decades earlier. The route would have been along Old Mornington road,Mt Eliza Way, Wooralla Drive and the Three Chain Road (Moorooduc Rd.)
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Friday 11 November 1870 p 3 Article
... DISTRICT ROAD BOARD. MOUNT ELIZA,-An ordinary meeting was hold at the board room, Mornington,
mile posts between Frankston and Schnapper Point, 21s. per post, J.Threader ; )

This story is told in LIME LAND LEISURE. The two escapees landed at Bushrangers Bay and climbed the cliffs to
the homestead of Robert Anderson's Barragunda which occupied much of Jamieson's old Cape Schank run in the parish of Fingal. Sam Sherlock, the subject of one of my early journals, later had the Rye to Cheltenham horse-back mail run, at that time probably living near the start of Melbourne Rd in Rye with his elder sister who had married Ben Stenniken.

" Mr Anderson and Mr Sam Sherlock (who was then a young fellow of 18), father of Mr S. Sherlock, J.P., of Frankston, were the only persons on the premises at the time,and went out to interview their uninvited visitors, who said they had been thrown on the coast."

"Their next stop was at the Boneo Station, then kept as a dairy by a Mr Mitchell, and also part of Mr Barker's
property. Mrs Tuck was looking after the house at the time. Bradley walked in and asked for a loaf of bread, which was given to him. When, in accordance with the traditional country hospitality, this was refused, Bradley
remarked - "I can't help you if you won't," and then trudged off with his mate.

They made off to Balcombes. In this instance the sailors who rowed them ashore had got ahead and warned Mr Balcombe, who armed some of his men to be in readiness. However, the bushrangers got away without there being any adventure."

" The whaleboat which brought the worthies ashore had two planks stove in, and, in order that she might be
used for fishing excursions at Flinders, Mr Tuck* was commissioned to take her to his home and repair her. She was dragged up the cliff with block and tackle, and put in a bullock dray. Whatever use was made of her in the
meantime, she was eventually turned upside down and made of practical use as a roof for a pigsty."
(*Henry Tuck was a carpenter who with the little assistance that a lawyer could provide, built the McCrae Homestead on the Arthurs Seat run, during which time his son Henry, was born there.)

Mr Wilding wrote about the various land acts which had made it easier for the battlers to settle on the land but without the assistance of the internet and trove could not have been expected to know why Sorrento did not celebrate its 150th in 2011,along with several other peninsula townships.Charles Gavan Duffy, an Irish land rights hero bought much land in the area now occupied by the Sorrento district and William Allison Blair,a lime merchant, bought much land between Elizabeth Drive, Rosebud West and Tyrone with the aim of creating a lime burning monopoly. When Blair's eyes roamed farther west such as near Swan's, each accused the other of employing dummies and a huge court case ensued. Duffy and Blair were in dispute about who had first applied for a particular parcel of land and there was no evidence to support either case. Sidney Smith Crispo of the Victorian Coastal Survey suggested that the disputed land be declared the village of Sorrento and it was,in about 1869-and it sold like hot cakes.

Of the several seaside resorts in the Peninsula which are the scene of inundations by holiday makers in the season, Frankston is a very extensive place, owing a considerable number of private villas tenanted in the summer time by the families of many of Melbourne's most prominent citizens, and also some first-class hotels and boarding houses. One of the oldest buildings, if not the oldest building, is the Bay View Hotel, erected over 52 years ago. The first proprietors of this house may, therefore, be considered the pioneers of Frankston, both as a seaside resort and as a township.

The importance of fishing to early Frankston residents needs to be emphasised. Olivers Hill was originally known as Old Man Davey's Hill but was renamed because a member of the Oliver family used the hill for fish spotting. Extract from young Don.Charlwood's history of Frankston written in 1929.
It was no uncommon feat in these days for fishermen to sail from Frankston up the Yarra to Melbourne, returning with supplies. These excursions stopped when Thomas and James Wren commenced running a cart to Melbourne with fish. They sold out to the Frankston Fish Co. in 1867. This company consisted of: Henry Prosser (who arrived in Victoria in 1844), James James Croskell (arrived in 1859), John Dixon Box (who later purchased Frankston's first bakery from Ritchie and Croskell), Phillip Renouf, Thomas Ritchie (arrived in 1852, and owned Frankston's first bakery, which was under Frankston House). Mr.Ritchie built Frankston and Osborne Houses.

In 1835 Mr. Tom McComb arrived in Victoria from Tasmania, and some years later moved to Frankston, where his wife, Mrs.Mary McComb, was a charitable and efficient nurse.
Mr. Henry Cadby Wells arrived in the early days(his history is referred to in another special article.-Ed.)
(P.13, Frankston Standard, 5-10-1949.)

Very early in the history of Melbourne* several gentlemen of that place built houses at what is now Sorrento. The Sorrento Hotel - the forerunner of the numerous houses of accommodation which are standing in the locality and adjacent seaside township of Portsea - was erected soon after.

1869 was 34 years after the establishment of Melbourne and a year or two after S.S.Crispo declared his private village of Manners Sutton,(renamed Canterbury as soon as the Governor became Viscount Canterbury) and built the original jetty that gave Canterbury Jetty Rd its name. It was Coppin's vision of the possibility of the narrow strip of land, and the amphitheatre, to attract day trippers and willingness to take Crispo's advice to run his own steamer offering cheaper fares,that made Sorrento a famed watering place. Sorrento was named by Duffy who was impressed by the place of that name in Italy on his way out. Portsea was named by James Ford, a convicted machine breaker. Members of the Watson family were early and longtime fishermen in both places.

Mornington, another pretty and much frequented locality, was for a good number of years practically the only township in the Peninsula, and, under the name of "Schnapper Point"(usually contracted to "The Point,") was the centre of what was then a very meagerly populated area. Probably the first church in the Peninsula- the whole of the funds for which were raised by private subscription -was erected about the year 1859. The clergyman was a Mr Robertson. With the exception of the frequently-changed men at the Quarantine Station - which has since the very early days been used as the temporary home of luckless emigrants who had the misfortune to be passengers by a ship on board which there was a case (or supposed case) of contagions disease- Mornington claims to have possessed the first qualified physician on the Peninsula in the person of Dr Rodd, who
came about 1856. The first building of consideration at "the Point" is said to have been the Tanti Hotel.

In the late 1850's when Mornington got its pier,Dromana residents,being more populous because of tenants on the Survey and timber getting on Arthurs Seat, were most upset they'd been overlooked. The Town of Mornington which extended (when surveyed later) only to about Empire St was surrounded by large rural landowners but their advantage was due to the existence of the Mt Eliza Road Board and their rates could be loaded to help pay for a pier; Dromana did eventually get its sorely needed pier,because much of the timber, firewood and wattle bark so necessary for the development of railways,piers for other coastal places,and Melbourne industries such as bakeries,tanneries etc,came from Arthurs Seat.

Another seaside township - Dromana- is claimed to be the locality of the first hotel on the Peninsula which was
known as Skirfield's hotel, and was erected in 1856 or 1857. After this a settlement of fishermen was established. The next building of consequence was the State school. A school had been kept up for a long time by a Mr Pyke, who was a pedagogue of a type not to be met with in the present day.

Many children of Survey residents went to a school near Wallaces Rd (Melway 160 K3)and Mr Pyke may have been the master whose wife was buried on the site according to Colin McLear.
William Dixon Scurfield did indeed have the first hotel, between Permien and Foote St, at the time specified and one of the first licencees was Watkins who established the Dromana Hotel in 1862. A Catholic priest disgraced himself at Scurfield's hotel. The hotel was renamed the Arthurs Seat Hotel but burnt down during the 1897-8 summer. (No fire swept down the slope as claimed by Spencer Jackson in his BEAUTIFUL DROMANA OF 1927.) There were fishermen at Dromana but as stated above most constant employment of labourers was provided in timber-getting. The first store at Dromana was probably the one run for so long by Mrs Holden near the Carrigg St corner.

A few miles out of Flinders - which is certainly not the least picturesque of the Peninsula watering places - Mr Graves, who has been previously mentioned as one of the early tenants of Jamieson's Special Survey, erected the first store south of Schnapper Point. This business is still conducted by him.
At Shoreham.

The first private school - and also the first school of any kind - at Flinders was held in a wattle and daub hut close to what is now the Cemetery Reserve, and the first store-keeping business in the bounds of the
present township was conducted in a hut put up by Mr.William Moat. The stock of this establishment was not
very extensive, and consisted, probably, of two or three bags of flour, a few bags of sugar, and small supplies of other very necessary articles. The Flinders residents of that time did not indulge in luxuries. The next general store was Brent's - which business under a different proprietary is still in existence. Over 30 years ago a station of the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company was established at Flinders, and has ever since been the telegraphic connecting link between Tasmania and the mainland. Mr W.Segrave, the present superintendent,
who was installed at the inauguration of the station as the operator, has ever since been in charge of the establishment, which has now grown into a very large concern. About the first person to embark on a regular boarding house keeping business was Cr L.Nowlan, the proprietor of The Bungalow.

The Moats are remembered by Moats Corner at Melway 160 H5. William Moat's sons were at the Tubbarubba diggings during the 1890's depression,probably working for Bernard Eaton, when they found a clue (Moriarty's watch if I remember correctly)that had not been found before the trial ,held at Schnapper Point decades before, and confusingly called the Schnapper Point Murder for this reason. Planck is a name also connected with the telegraph station.

The first settlers in the vicinity of the present township of Hastings were two brothers named Wren, one of
whom caught fish and the other drove them to Melbourne. The first hotel was established by a person named
The hotel keeper may have been J.Rodgers who was granted 296 acres in the parish of Balnarring (Melway 162 J-G12 and extending 1060 metres south from the PRESENT road. See Frankston re the Wren brothers.

It may be noted that the earliest orchards of any size in the Somerville district - which is at present one of the leading fruit - growing places in the state, but has, from all appearances, a coming rival in the district of Red Hill- were planted about 1868. The honor of being the pioneer orchardists and nurserymen of this locality seems to be divided between Messrs Shepherd, Thornell, and Clark, whose families are still carrying on the businesses.

Somerville's advantage was having a railway thirty years before Red Hill. Somerville could probably thank Henry Gomm for that; he was a boyhood friend of Tommy Bent. What a pity for Red Hill that the Hurleys of Hillside Orchard didn't use their relationship to Tommy to provide similar leverage.Bill Huntley of Safety Beach has an oil portrait of Tommy in full regalia in his lounge room!

The writer can now only regret that he was not enabled to collect a more adequate stock of information regarding the latter history of the Peninsula, and finishes his task in the hope that some latter and fuller account of its settlement and development will be forthcoming from some other source.


2 comment(s), latest 2 years, 11 months ago


In trying to find a notice of a subdivision sale of 10B, Kangerong, Robert Caldwell's grant, for my Red Hill, post 1940 journal,I've come up with plenty of interesting stuff from the 1880's. Thomas Morton of the Dromana (McCrae) lighthouse was refusing to take responsibility for any debts his wife might incur. William Henry Blakeley tried to sell his Red Hill property in 1884.
The 140 acre property was crown allotment 72A, Balnarring,on the east corner of Mornington-Flinders Rd and Red Hill Rd with the north east corner just east of Sheehans Rd and the south west corner where the road enters Melway 190 D5. If William Henry Blakeley had succeeded in 1884, Helen Blakeley would be writing a completely different book, with only a passing reference to Red Hill and the property would have had a different owner in 1902.

FARM for SALE, 140 acres, well fenced and
watered, subdivided, 36 acres cleared, good
land, large orchard, latest fruit, two houses, sheds,
etc., near Dromana. Apply W. H. Blakeley, 116
Russell-street, Melbourne. (P.4, Bendigo Advertiser, 14-1-1884.)

FAIRY VINEYARD. (Melway 159 K9-12,width of quarry and south to top of 171 J-K 12.)
All that piece of land, comprising 250 (sic) Acres. Known as the FAIRY VINEYARD, on which is erected that beautiful MARINE RESIDENCE, substantially built of weatherboard. The property is well watered and fenced, and for a marine residence the site is one of the grandest of many for which our bay is so justly famed.
(P.2, Argus,24-11-1881.)

Aha,it's "Gracefield",I thought, but just to be sure I found the advertisements for Gracefield in 1871 when William Grace was moving to Rye to be near his daughter, Mrs Patrick Sullivan. Patrick built the Gracefield Hotel on William's grants (most of the present Rye Hotel site) about four years later. But there was a major problem. Gracefield was on the only crown allotment of 250 acres near Dromana, but the homestead was built of brick,not weatherboard. Had the brick house burnt down since 1871?

The photo of the Gracefield homestead taken in 1964 and shown on page 87 of A DREAMTIME OF DROMANA (despite not being listed in the index)leaves little doubt that it was of rendered brick. So, if Fairy Vineyard was not Gracefield, where was it? Was there another 250 acre property that I forgot to transcribe from the rates?

DROMANA-Fairy VINEYARD,- magnificent views, about 280 acres house, pretty lawn, fruit trees, &c. Stevenson and Elliot. ( The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) Thursday 11 December 1884 p 8 Advertising.)

In 1879, Stevenson and Matthew Elliot,both coach builders were jointly assessed on 234 acres and buildings,Dromana, which they owned.

Lot 4.
All that piece of land, comprising 290 Acres, Known as the FAIRY VINEYARD, on which is erected that beautiful MARINE RESIDENCE, substantially built of weatherboard. The property is well watered and fenced, and for a marine residence the site is one of the grandest of many for which our bay is so justly famed.

Now we're getting somewhere but did the first advertisement really say 250 acres? No, I was so busy correcting spelling in the digitisation that I didn't check the acreage. It was 290 acres and that has now been corrected. There is only one property that it could be. Crown allotment 4 of section 3,Kangerong, east of "Gracefield" and separated from it only by the wedge-shaped town common that later became the gravel reserve. This was granted to E.Caldwell and consisted of 297 acres. Being north of Boundary Rd,it would have the magnificent views described.

You may care to look back at the first sentence of the journal to realise the irony of the following find (which I knew I would find re c/a 4 of 3, but I had not expected to find 10B,near Red Hill.)

Sale by Public Auction of Two Valuable Properties in the Parish of Kangerong.
RESIDENCE, VINEYARD, ORCHARD, and 297a. 2r. 29p. And FARMING BLOCK of 172a. lr. 36p.
In the Insolvent Estate of Robert Caldwell, By Order of R. E. Jacomb, Esq., Official Assignee
For Positive and Absolute Sale. Terms-One-fourth Cash, Balance 6, 12, and l8 Months, bearing 8 per Cent Interest.

ALFRED BLISS has been favoured witb instructions from R. E Jacomb, Esq., official assignee to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at 82 Collins-street west, on Monday, January 30, at two o'clock,
Tho following landed properties, viz -

Lot 1.-297a. 2r. 29p., parish of Kangerong, fenced in with three-rail fence and subdivided.
Improvements,-Eight room wooden house and cellar, partly plastered, verandah in front, tank and several permanent springs. Large quantity saleable timber. 10 acres of orchard, partly pipe drained. About 10 acres of vineyard, six years planted. About two acres of vegetable and flower garden, shrubs of all kinds. This is the property that Mr. Caldwell has disbursed upwards of ?4000 upon to make into a sea side family residence and vineyard. It is situate three-quarters of a mile from Dromana Jetty, and is admitted to be one of the most beautiful sites in Dromana, and for healthy atmosphere and sea air not to be surpassed.

Lot 2 -172a. lr. 36p., part of Section 10, parish of Kangerong, fenced in with three rail fence.Permanent water-holes and running spring. Rich chocolate soil. Surrounded by farms. About two miles and a half from Dromana Jetty.

Mr. Watkin, of the Dromana Hotel, will direct intending purchasers to the properties. These two lots are for absolute sale by order of the official assignee.
(P.2, Argus,30-1-1871.)

Now that the location of Fairy vineyard has been determined, the next question is whether the name had been coined by the Caldwells or the Melbourne coach builders and importers, Stevenson and Elliot. Nothing personal, but perhaps all the people sharing the surname of Artie Caldwell were "off with the fairies!"

Full particulars obtained at the residence of CUNNINGHAM CALDWELL, ; "Fairy Meadow".
(Illawarra Mercury (Wollongong, NSW : 1856 - 1950) Thursday 25 October 1888 p 3 Advertising.)

Well,that seemed like a good theory until I discovered that I had written a journal called ROBERT CALDWELL OF DROMANA HILL. The Dromana Hill Estate included both 10B near Sheehans Rd and c/a 4 of section 3 on which was the PHAROS VINEYARD. Unless Robert decided to change the name of his vineyard between 1867 and 1870 when he became insolvent, it would appear that a later owner coined the name Fairy Vineyard as used by the coach builders, Stevenson and Elliot. Caldwell lived in Footscray but he would have often seen the colonial steamer, Pharos, sail past his holiday farm as he ensured that his 4000 pound investment was paying dividends and it is most likely that his vineyard was named after the steamer.

Three other points of interest are that Caldwell was big in the wine industry, the name Pharos seems to been adopted by someone writing about Caldwell Wines in N.S.W. in 1941, and that Robert Caldwell's insolvency came about at basically the same time (circa 1870) and reason (problems with sheep in Queensland) as that of Hugh Glass of Flemington.

According to Ewart (Melbourne) Brindle's fabulous map of Dromana pre-1918 (available for purchase at the Dromana Museum), Dr Weld's residence was in the south west corner of "Fairy Vineyard".